3 Best Foods for Kidney Stone Prevention

Suffering from stone formation in the kidneys is one of the most common concerns for most people out there. Unhealthy food habits and inadequate water consumption are considered as the prime reasons behind the formation of stones in the urinary tract.

The accumulation of dissolved minerals in the inner lining of the kidneys results in the formation of stones which can grow from small to the size of a large golf ball with a crystalline structure.

As mentioned earlier lack of adequate water intake in the body leads to the formation of stones in the kidney as the insufficient supply of water fails to dilute the uric acid which makes the urine more acidic that gradually lead to stones formation. The most common symptoms of this disorder are bleeding and burning sensation while urination, vomiting, the formation of pus in the urine in association with fever and shivering.

Medical practitioners and researchers suggested maintaining a healthy lifestyle backed up by a nutritious diet plan and most importantly regular consumption of a minimum of 8 – 10 glasses of water or healthy juices lower the risks of stone formation in the kidneys. If you are sufficiently hydrated it will help your system to dilute the chemicals responsible for stone formation.

Apart from water, the inclusion of top 3 food habits in your diet can plays significant role in kidney stone prevention. Such as:

1. Increase in citrus intake: The best sources of naturally occurring citric acid are lemon, oranges, and grapefruits. Citric acid builds a protective shield against the formation of stones in your kidney. It helps in breaking up the potential blocks of stone formation into smaller pieces which get expelled through urination.

2. Include calcium (Vitamin D): Lower your oxalate level by including more calcium into your diet. It is always advisable by the health experts to extract calcium from natural sources rather than from the supplements. Milk, cheese, and yogurt are considered as the prime sources to obtain calcium. Apart from these, dark green vegetables, nuts, seeds, and legumes are also the rich source of calcium. It is equally essential to increase the intake of vitamin D, as it helps in the absorption of more calcium. The lower is the calcium level in your diet, the more is the increase in oxalate level which is primarily responsible for the stone formation.

3. Watery fruits and vegetables: Though drinking sufficient water and healthy fluids are advisable to prevent stones formation, the consumption of watery fruits and vegetables are prescribed by the physicians to get rid of stones. The inclusion of watery fruits and vegetables like watermelon, raspberries, oranges, cucumber, and pineapple help in keeping the body well hydrated thus reducing the possibility of stone formation in the kidneys and urinary tract.

The build-up of stones depends on a lot of factors including hereditary and medical cases have also proved that one person may suffer from kidney stones for multiple times during his/her lifetime and men is the worst sufferer of chronic stone formation. Prevention of causes that are responsible for this complication is a bit tough process which requires some patience and determination. One must not ignore the primary symptoms of stone formation before it takes a fatal leap.

The Ling Legacy – Swedish Massage Techniques

Swedish massage has been with us since the 18th century. Dr. Per Henrik Ling is regarded as the father of Swedish massage. The techniques he pioneered are still at the root of the practice today and serve as a wonderful way to relax while increasing oxygen flow within the bloodstream and releasing toxins from one's muscles.

This form of massage has survived for centuries because it works and because it's a very physically enjoyable experience for the recipient. If you've ever luxuriated in the pleasure of a Swedish massage and then basked in the afterglow of its consequences, you'll understand why Ling's legacy continues to be so extremely popular.

Swedish massage works (and feels so good) because it's much more than a simple rubdown. Practitioners utilize a number of specific techniques to produce an incomparable massage experience. Let's look at the six techniques that make up this long-lived massage sequence.

Effleurage. The massage begins with a serious of light strokes delivered via the fingertips, thumbs and palms of the masseuse. From the recipient's perspective, this serves as an introduction to the process, a warm-up that induces relaxation.

Petrissage. At this point, the massage increases in vigor. The gliding movements that marked the effleurage stage are replaced by a more intense kneading of the area being massaged.

Friction. The masseuse transitions from the strong kneading of petrissage to the application of circular pressure primarily utilizing the palms.

Vibration. During this stage of Swedish massage, the masseuse applies movements that quickly vibrate the body.

Percussion. At this point, the stroking and rubbing usually associated with massage are replaced by tapping and chopping movements. This portion of the sequence is the one most frequently associated with Swedish massage. When people think of the practice, they often conjure up mental images of a masseuse delivering a rapid series of "karate chop" -like hacks to the recipient's back. That the percussive portion of the massage.

Movement. The massage concludes with stretching and bending, facilitated by the practitioner.

Every true Swedish massage moves through this same six-step process. The combination of activities produces a unique overall experience that produces some wonderful results.

When one considers the information with which Dr. Ling had to work during the 1700s, the fact that he created a foundation for a form of massage that generates such positive results is nothing short of amazing. Whether he was a true genius visionary or just happened to accidentally stumble upon an approach that works, there's no doubt that he created something special.

Today we understand the body better than ever before. We've mapped our genetic codes, have equipment available to show us exactly what's happening inside us, utilize amazing tests that can show even the slightest irregularities and continue to enjoy the benefits of new technologies designed to keep up healthy and to improve the quality of our lives. Still, there's room for a simple six-step massage that's kept through the centuries. Swedish massage is a perfect example of how some of the older strategies for improved well-being remain worthy of consideration, support and use

Are You Ready? Learn How to Lose Weight in a Month Fast!

Starting and sticking to a fitness regime is not so easy and often one of the main reasons why most of us remain the way we are.

Overweight and unfit.

With a stressful and sedentary lifestyle, more and more people are falling prey to the menace of excess weight gain and associated health problems from an early age. Has being overweight and obese lead to low self-esteem making you feel sorry about yourself? Do you seek solace in binge eating only to regret it later? Do you find yourself unable to break this cycle? If the answer is yes, then you definitely need to take steps to boost your system and know how to lose weight in a month fast!

We all know the basic promise to lose weight. It is to eat sensibly and raise your fitness level. Well, it certainly sounds easy but is much more difficult to follow as we all know. There are numerous other factors which can contribute positively to your weight loss plans and help you to lose weight in a month fast. Before you get started, ask yourself why is it necessary for you to become slim? Write down the possible reasons why it is important to for you to lose weight. Reasons like looking and feeling better, improved health and energy can really motivate you. Read it every day to reaffirm your resolution to achieve your target.

Another very important factor while trying to lose weight fast in a month is to realize your preference while choosing a workout plan. Do not choose an indoor workout if you like being outdoors or vice versa. An uninspiring exercise period is one of the main reasons for people to drop out halfway. Also try and workout at the same time each day as the body adepts to the fitness regime better and after a while you will get exercise pangs instead of hunger pangs!

If you have not been exercising for a long time and your lifestyle is sedentary then do not rush into a demanding and tough workout regime. Understand and determine your current fitness level to avoid any possible injury while exercising. None of us can go from being overweight to super fit overnight so be realistic in your approach. If you want to lose weight in a month fast then take one step at one time. Try to stick to your diet and exercise schedule every day and you will notice the difference shortly and so will others!

High Tibial Osteotomy to Treat Osteoarthritis of the Knee

A High Tibial Osteotomy is a descriptive term used to describe an operation used to treat osteoarthritis of the knee. An osteotomy is the act of cutting a bone. 'High Tibial' details the location of this cut, the upper portion of the tibia or shin bone that forms the bottom half of the knee joint.

A high tibial osteotomy is used to treat unicompartmental osteoarthritis of the knee. This means that the arthritic wear is bound to one half of the knee – either the inside, or outside of the joint. When arthritis wears down one side of the articular cartilage covering the ends of the bones, angulation occurs. These results in a disproportionate amount of body weight being taken through the worn side. This in turn leads to an increased rate of wear and an acceleration of symptoms such as pain, stiffness and swelling.

A high tibial osteotomy looks to realign the knee to even share weight between both the inside and outside of the knee. This is achieved by cutting the bone then either taking a wedge of bone out, or adding a wedge of bone in.

This type of surgery has a long recovery period as the cut essentially fractures the main weight bearing bone of the lower leg. Even after surgically fixing the bone in its new position, it is unable to take any weight for a significant period of time. This has a major implication for work, lifestyle and everyday activities.

This operation is not suitable for everyone but can be a valuable tool for those too young for a total knee replacement.

Prostate Massage Ejaculation Techniques!

If you are looking to increase your ejaculations, you may want to consider prostate massage ejaculation techniques. Massaging the prostate for orgasm has become a very accepted way to naturally stimulate the seminal vesicles and enjoy a larger and more fulfilling ejaculation in men. There are of course many reasons for wanting an increase in ejaculate. The obvious is for pleasure. A great orgasm is better than a good orgasm. But, there is also a more practical side and that is to produce more sperm for conception.

In the past people may have withered at the thought of massaging the prostate for orgasm because of the physical location of the prostate. But, with morays changing constantly and people becoming more free about sex in the information age, more and more folks are seeing the benefit and are growing to appreciate the Eros involved in performing this technique. The prostate is accessed through the anus, although you could be effective by just massaging the perineum as well. This is the area between the testicles and rectum.

Prostate massage ejaculation techniques really are subject to what feels good and is effective to each individual. The best way to explore how well a certain technique works is to try it out yourself before you have a partner enjoy it with you. Before and during masturbation try both the outside perinea massage as well as inserting a finger into your anus and massaging the prostate that way. Doing it yourself first means you have more control over the act and if you don’t like it you can stop. It also allows you to get know yourself and what you like without your partner avoiding possible embarrassment.

Massaging the prostate for orgasm can change your sex life immensely. Being able to have a fulfilling and large ejaculation can really have great intellectual effects as well as physical benefits. Having a satisfying orgasm has a major effect on your well being and health. Many health risk factors are decreased when a male enjoys happy and fulfilling ejaculations. It has been proven time and again that ejaculatory health is very important and employing prostate massage ejaculation techniques can help achieve that healthy state. Don’t be afraid of the prostate massage, embrace it and enjoy orgasms.

Are Hot Tubs a Cause of Urinary Tract Infections?

If you aren’t sure what causes urinary tract infections, don’t feel bad, you aren’t alone. In a 2003 survey sponsored by the Bayer Corporation, 75% of the women questioned did not know that bacteria, such as E. Coli, are the origin of utis.

The urinary tract is a sterile environment. Urine is also sterile. E. Coli bacteria generally live in the intestine and do no harm there. Sometimes, however, they spread to the urinary tract and cause a painful infection.

How does E coli get to the urinary tract? The major ways are sexual intercourse, wiping from back to front after urinating, and sometimes from soaking in warm water.

Clean, well-maintained hot tubs do not cause utis all by themselves. If the water is cloudy or has tiny particles floating on it or in it, probably it hasn’t been cleaned recently. The best time to use a hot tub at a health club is in the morning, when, hopefully, it has just been cleaned and not many other people have been in it yet. The hot tub filters need cleaning, too; not just the tub itself. And some hot tubs have too high a level of chemicals. This can upset the pH balance of your urinary tract if you use the tub often, making it a more welcoming environment for the bacteria.

Just because the bacteria reach the urethra, doesn’t mean you will get an infection. Bacteria like a warm moist environment to grow in. You need to make sure they don’t get it. If you wear a swimsuit in the hot tub, take it off immediately when you get out. Take a shower after your session. Don’t wear tight-fitting pants. Do wear cotton undies. Definitely go to the bathroom as soon as you feel the need.

Another good way to protect yourself from a uti is to use an herbal remedy two or three times a year to keep your system in balance. It will maintain the health of the urinary tract, bladder and kidneys and help eliminate contaminants like bacteria and viruses.

Herbs often used in natural uti remedies are buchu and bearberry leaf. They both stimulate the production of urine, causing you to go to the bathroom more often, flushing out your system. Bearberry leaf also has astringent properties that tone the lining of the urinary tract, making it harder for the bacteria to attach themselves.

There are many causes of urinary tract infections. Hot tubs can contribute to an infection, but you don’t have to give up enjoying the physical and mental health benefits they can provide. Just be careful about how you use them; and pro-active, keeping your body healthy naturally.

Type 2 Diabetes – Are These Five Foods Included in a Paleo Diet?

The Paleo diet plan is one that is very popular among many, especially in the Type 2 diabetes community because it does do a great job at keeping your blood sugar levels well-regulated, plus helps to lower your cholesterol and blood pressure reading. The Paleo diet plan and the diabetes reduction plan do tend to go hand in hand because they have many of the same goals. They both…

  • emphasize eating lean proteins and healthy fats over carbohydrates;
  • reduce or omit the consumption of processed and refined carbohydrate sources;
  • will have you eating plenty of healthy fats to provide energy and keep your blood sugar levels stable, and
  • promotes vegetables as one of the main foods to consume.

Most people who start the Paleo diet plan see excellent results within the first two or three weeks, so if you are still looking for a diet plan to help you lower your blood sugar and your body weight, it is one you want to consider.

Meanwhile, there are various foods people question – are these Paleo or not? Let us clear up some of that confusion…

1. Peanut Butter. Because peanuts are considered a legume and legumes are banned, peanut butter is also not permitted. If you want to have the smooth taste peanut butter offers, try almond butter instead. It is just as good and is a safe option when following the Paleo diet.

2. Cheese. Because dairy products are not recommended on the Paleo diet plan, cheese is also restricted and should not be consumed on this diet. Butter is often allowed, so you can use this to help add healthy fats to your food and add more flavor to your dishes.

3. Red Wine. Red wine is thought to be acceptable despite being an alcoholic beverage. Red wine is loaded with antioxidants and therefore will provide many health benefits.

The trick is to drink red wine in moderation. You should not be drinking an excessive amount of red wine when following any diet plan.

4. Coffee. Coffee, due to its high caffeine content, is out-of-bounds on the Paleo diet plan…

  • herbal tea,
  • green tea, and even
  • green coffee as it is lower in caffeine,

are all options you can drink instead.

5. Oatmeal. Finally, oatmeal, because it is a cereal grain is a restricted item to consume when following the Paleo diet. Some people will add it if they are very active and need to take in more calories, but for the general person, it is taboo.

Keep these tips in mind when following the Paleo diet and make sure you are following the program as advised for best results.

Relaxation Techniques Relieve Arthritis Back Pain

There is no way better than another to relieve arthritis back pain. No one single technique is guaranteed to produce complete and consistent pain relief. You will often need a combination of methods which you will add to, and drop, over time.

Relaxation techniques have been proven to relieve arthritis back pain. Pain in your back causes stress and stress makes the pain worse and may prolong it. To help break this vicious cycle, try these relaxing techniques:

Try exercising in water. If you don’t have access to a warm-water pool, you can do warm-water exercises on a smaller scale in your own tub, Jacuzzi or whirlpool bath. Warm water is a good place to stretch and strengthen your back muscles, even for those who have difficulty exercising on dry land. Acting as resistance to help build muscle strength, the buoyancy of water makes exercise seem easier and more comfortable. In a recent study by Japanese researchers, exercise, whether on land or in water, decreases pain levels, increases the body’s production of inflammation-fighting hormones and decreases stress and anxiety, which can make back pain worse.

Try progressive relaxation where you tense and relax your body’s muscles from toe to head. Beginning with the muscles of your feet and calves, tense and gradually relax them. Continue upward until you have tensed and relaxed the muscles of your neck and face. Concentrate on deep breathing as you go.

Try guided imagery to take your focus off your stress and pain. Select a place in your house where you won’t be disturbed. Play serene background music. Search your memory for the most beautiful, the most peaceful pain-free place you have ever been. Or imagine it in as much detail as possible, the sights, the sounds, the feelings. Take as much time as you need; reach a state of calm and peace before you open your eyes. For extremely effective guided imagery, use self hypnosis techniques.

Consider biofeedback to learn how to control your body’s responses to pain triggers.

Try massage. Massage relieves stress, and is one of the most useful, and widely-used, therapies for back pain. Researchers at the University of Miami School of Medicine, reported that chronic back-pain patients receiving two 30-minute massage sessions a week for five weeks reported less pain, anxiety, depression and better sleep than the control group. They also demonstrated better low-back flexibility and had higher levels of pain-relieving serotonin and dopamine.

Swedish massage is a full-body treatment using oil or lotion to massage the top layers of muscles. It focuses on muscles and joints to improve their function. There are several other types of massage, including deep-tissue massage, neuromuscular massage and myofascial release.

Try manipulation. Both chiropractors and osteopathic physicians use manipulation to ease back pain. The way they do it varies. Osteopathic manipulation often involves massaging the soft tissues (such as muscles) about the spine, while chiropractic manipulation involves the ligaments and vertebrae of the spine.

Restrict movement. People with a back condition that requires stability may benefit from a brace or corset at some time. Elasticized, close-fitting undergarments supporting the lower hips, lower back and abdomen can typically be worn under your clothing.

Corsets are adjustable and made of elastic while braces are sturdier and have metal stays. Both are used to reduce pressure on the discs, small, circular cushions of tissue that act as shock absorbers between the vertebrae. Also to provide back and abdominal support and keep the spine stable while it heals.

Top Eight Reasons to Stop the Snoring

It is important to try that occasional snoring does not result in long-term harm for themselves or others. It becomes a serious health issue, when snoring occurs every night and disturbs the whole family sleep. Unfortunately continual broken night's sleep, affects everyone differently, ranging from infants, to the person snoring.

It is in everyone's interest to stop the snoring and get quality sleep for optimum health and wellbeing.

Research studies have found:

1. Infants and preschoolers in the house suffer from the side effects of having a disturbed night's sleep, are at increased risk for later childhood obesity.

2. There is a very strong association between reduced hours of sleep and mental health problems, which include bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder. This especially affects adolescents.

3. Broken night's sleep can cause headaches and even hallucinations.

4. Prolonged loss of sleep can result in memory loss or lapse.

5. The likelihood of developing diabetes and heart disease, was three times higher for the rest-deprived than for those who get the recommended amount of sleep.

6. Men who suffer from chronic insomnia have a four times greater risk of premature death.

7. Have shown that sleep deprivation aggravates most acute and chronic musculo-skeletal conditions, such as, strains, sprains and arthritis.

8. Insomnia can cause fibromayalia, a chronic soft tissue pain disorder.

Due to the high risk then, of developing serious health issues, not only for the snorer, but for those around them, it is important to take snoring seriously. Ignoring the problem will not make it go away, so take charge, find what is the cause and how to stop it.

The Baby Boomer Athlete

Are you a Baby Boomer? If you were born between the years of 1946 to 1964, you are part of the 79.1 million Boomers, committing 29 percent of the total US population. According to the AARP, every seven seconds a Baby Boomer turns 50! And, about one-third of Americans who take part in sports activities are Boomers.

As this generation grows older, they are working harder to keep their youth and vitality, are staying active with physical activity, and unfortunately are experiencing more injuries than the generation before them.

A US Consumer Product Safety Commission report states there were 1 million sports injuries to persons between the ages of 35 and 54 in 1998. This is a 33% increase over the same statistics of 1991. While this sounds like disturbing news for aging bodies, many sports-related injuries are minor aches, sprains and strains that can be treated or even pretented using self-treatment techniques. Whether you are a weekend warrior or a lifelong athlete, the following suggestions may help you stay limber and reliably pain-free.

Warm-up before stretching or an activity. Muscles that are warm through slow-paced pre-exercise such as jogging or walking, will be less likely to tear.

Stretching before and after exercise. Stay limber and flexible. Stretching is one of the best preventive measures against injury.

Get fitted with the proper shoe. This is a top priority especially for running, hiking, and cross training. Go to a running store with someone on staff who will analyze your walk, arch, and how your foot turns in or out during activity. They will then fit you with a shoe having the right amount of support or cushioning for your particular body type. This alone can substantively reduce the incidence of injury.

Start daily conditioning. Do some type of activity every day to help condition your body for more strenuous weekend exercise.

Try adding low-impact activities to the mix. Such as: Pilates, Yoga, Tai Chi, Elliptical Trainer, Recumbent Cycling, Spinning.

Add strength training to your weekly routine. Stronger muscles mean better joints and a more energized body.

Create a workout program with balance. Combine stretching, strength training and cardiovascular exercises to keep your body in balance.

Use RICE If pain does creep into your body after an activity, use the technique of RICE immediately to reduce inflammation. Never use heat in the first 48 to 72 hours after an injury occurs, as this will increase swelling and bruising. Rest-Ice-Compression-Elevation can make the difference in a fast, effective recovery from a sprain or strain.

Try massage. For tight, stressed muscles, massage therapy can be relaxing and helpful treatment for minor pain. Self-message is easy to do on legs, ankles and feet.

Give cognitive behavior therapy a go. This therapy works on the concept that you can reprogram your mind to increase performance or decrease pain triggers, incorporating relaxation and other visualization techniques. Professional athletes have been using it for some time to rehearse a perfect performance in their mind before an event.

Physical activity may produce its own set of challenges for Baby Boomers. But inactivity itself is a threat to health. A sedentary lifestyle is associated with an increased risk of diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, osteoporosis, stroke and some cancers. Regular physical exercise helps Boomers strengthen muscles, which in turn stabilizes joints, increases flexibility and keeps age-related diseases at bay. Better to be a buff Baby Boomer than a middle-age couch potato!

This information is not intended as a substitution for professional medical treatment or consultation. Always consult with your physician in the event of a serious injury.

Female Hair Loss Treatment – Can it Work For Me?

Is there a Secret Cure for thinning hair?

If you are a woman facing this disturbing situation, you may be struggling to understand why it is happening to you. You were almost certainly not expecting it to happen just yet – (if at all). After all, female hair loss is extremely rare – right? Baldness happens to men, not women! And if you're young, the realization that you have a growing problem can be much worse. "Hair thinning or loss after the menopause – maybe, but certainly not now, not at my age."

You are not alone

Sadly, female pattern baldness is a condition much more common than many people think. Most women can not imagine they may one day be temporarily seeking some form of female hair loss treatment, that it may become a necessity for them as well as their husband or boy-friend. Female pattern baldness is not so easily recognizable as with men, at least in its early stages.

Women should not immediately be worried if they notice thinning hair at specific times like menopause or illness, or during or after pregnancy. This is often caused by a hormone imbalance that rights itself very quickly.

See A Specialist first

But if you think that your thinning hair is not normal, then you should try to see a specialist for an early diagnosis. It is better to see a specialist rather than familiarly on a self-examination because self diagnosis is never very accurate. Professional or specialist female hair loss treatment may then be recommended.

Women do not lose hair like men, men have a more obvious thinning of their hair and they have a different hair thinning pattern (male pattern baldness). An average man's hair begins to thin earlier than the average woman's. For most women the sunset of hair loss is around 50.

What else can it be?

If you see your hair thinning at the back and front of the scalp, this may suggest that you have Androgenetic Alopecia. When the entire scalp looks to be thinning, it is an obvious sign of the Androgenetic Alopecia.

Although I have suggested that female pattern baldness usually starts at 50, it can also start in the late teens or early twenties. Age is really no guide at all, and that is why you must see a specialist to accurately diagnose the causes of hair thinning.

Thinning hair has many causes – and many are treatable

There are also a few causes of hair loss in women that are not associated with any hair loss pattern and may not need a female hair loss treatment. They include Trichotillomania, which is caused by regular continous hair pulling – usually habitually and unconsciously.

Then there is Alopecia Areata (thought to be an auto-immune disorder), Triangular alopecia which is usually only temporary, Scarring Alopecia, which causes scarring of the scalp, and Telogen Effluvium, which is usually hormone, drug or stress related. For all of these problems, treating the underlying condition leads to a reduction or cure for the hair loss it is causing.

A Female Hair Loss Treatment that actually works?

If you do not fall into this bracket, fear not. All is not lost! Even if you do have female pattern baldness, and you have seen a specialist and have had this condition confirmed, help is finally at hand. You can forget about wigs, floppy hats and expensive transplants.

Minoxidil and Provillus: At long last there is available a female hair loss treatment that is both effective and inexpensive. It is called Provillus for Women, and its active ingredient, monoxidil, is FDA-approved as a hair loss treatment. Also now available is the male version – Provillus for men, again with minoxidil but in a different formulation.

Remember however, Provillus for Women and Provillus for Men are different products! So if your hubby is losing his hair too, do not even think of economizing by investing in a single tub.

So how can you personally benefit?

Yes, an effective female hair loss treatment is now a reality for many women and men. If you would like to learn more about minoxidil, and how its use as a female hair loss treatment in Provillus for Women may help you, follow the links in the final paragraph of this article and discover lots of additional informative articles on hair loss, its causes and its solutions.

Forensic Blood Spatter Analysis – How It Can Help Solve Crimes

Understanding Blood Spatter as Evidence

If you turn your television on in the evening it is very likely you will find a television show where investigators are using some type of forensic or scientific method to collect or identify evidence. If you’re not into the crime television shows you can turn to the real television shows where they analyze a crime scene that has already been solved and the suspect is convicted using forensic evidence collected at the scene.

Having over thirty years of a law enforcement investigative background and working hundreds of homicide cases, I can assure you today; if you take a case in front of a jury you better be able to produce some type of forensic or scientific evidence if you want a conviction.

In this article I will explain some of the very basics of blood evidence and how to interpret the clues the blood evidence leaves.

Blood pattern’s and the interpretation of bloodstain patterns are very convincing evidence when used by an investigator that understands and can identify and explain them.

Blood evidence is most commonly used by a law enforcement investigators in criminal cases having experience and training in blood spatter. However, if a private investigator is assisting in a defense case with an attorney or working with a family in a wrongful death case and he/she has an understanding and knowledge of blood patterns, it can just as useful.

Some of the items blood evidence can show is movement and momentum during an attack, the type of weapon, and if more than one type of weapon was used. It will reveal to the trained eye how many times the weapon or weapons were used, and the distance between the victim and the attacker.

There are three basic types of blood patterns:

(1) Low velocity spatter.

This occurs with a minimal amount or no force. The blood pattern is much larger than those of medium velocity and high velocity.

This is commonly caused by the force of gravity, such as blood dropping off a finger or hand.

(2) Medium velocity spatter.

This type of blood pattern is usually caused by some form of force or movement. This blood pattern is commonly seen in beating type attacks. The blood is being moved or carried by something more than just gravity and less than high velocity.

A keynote to remember with this type of blood spatter is that during any type of blunt force trauma the first strike or blow does not create any type of blood pattern. It is not until the actual trauma has started to bleed from the wound and a second blow is struck, causing the blood to disperse out from the force or is cast off the weapon. A good rule of thumb is the larger or blunter the weapon the smaller the blood droplets.

(3) High velocity blood spatter.

This type of pattern is produced by an external tremendous force. The easiest way to describe this type of pattern is often referred to as a mist or spray. High velocity patterns are commonly created by gunshots, explosives, and injuries from heavy machinery have often been known to create a high velocity pattern.

High velocity blood spatter droplets, due to their size, are often times invisible to the naked eye. When investigating high velocity blood spatter it is best to use a high intensity light and/ or a magnifying glass to locate and identify the blood evidence due to the size of the blood droplets.

High velocity blood spatter can also be used to determine the distance of a subject involved in a shooting. When a bullet enters the body it causes an effect called “blow back”. This is blood blowing back in the direction the bullet came from. This fine mist will only travel a distance of two to three feet. You will often find tiny mist type droplets (high velocity blood spatter) on the sleeve and sometime chest of the subject firing the weapon.

This can be very important when attempting to determine or dispute the distance between the shooter and the victim in cases where self defense is claimed. In some cases to identify the shooter, as often times this blood evidence is very difficult to see and goes unnoticed. The suspect does not see any blood on his clothing and fails to clean it after being involved in the assault or homicide. Several reported suicide cases have turned into homicide cases with this type of evidence after investigators found high velocity blood spatter on the reporting parties shirt sleeves.

Another type of blood evidence is blood transfer. This is blood that has been carried from one source such as hands, hair and even clothing then transferred to another object.

When examining blood evidence, remember that blood will flow down due to gravity, and being a fluid, it will take the path of least resistance. This will assist you in identifying the position your victim at the time of the injury, and if the victim was moved in any manner. Often times the lack of blood evidence or a” void” indicates that something has blocked the blood flow or spatter. Again this can indicate the victim was moved or an item of evidence is missing from the scene.

An investigator using the blood evidence at the scene can also determine the angle of impact. By measuring the blood droplets their width by their length (minus the tail) to determine the arcsine. This will determine the angle of impact. Once an investigator knows the angle of impact, this can help the investigator to determine if the victim was standing, kneeling, or laying down at the time of the incident. Or even if the attack was moving around.

This article is only the beginning and a very basic idea of using blood evidence in your investigations, however, as you can see, just the basic can assist you with your case.

Varicose Veins: Natural Treatment

Varicose veins are a sign that your superficial veins are becoming weaker. They are, unfortunately, quite a common problem affecting 3 people in ten, most of whom are women. The job of the veins is to collect blood from the peripheral areas and return it to the heart. In contrast to arteries, veins do not have muscles in their wall, but only inner valves to prevent blood flowing backwards. The muscles in your legs, every time they contract as you walk, help greatly to push the blood in the right direction.

There are many reasons why the vein wall and valves may become weaker, including genetic predisposition, being overweight, hormones, jobs which involve excessive standing, general lifestyle, smoking etc.

Over time the valves no longer expand and separate properly. This serves to increase the pressure in your veins and causes your blood to pool. This may then lead to swollen, twisted veins and symptoms including “heavy” legs, cramps, blue purple lumps, swollen ankles or, in the latter stages, dermatitis, eczema, ulcers or thrombophlebitis.

From a “natural” point of view there is a lot you can do in the early stages of the formation of Varicose Veins. First of all, you should start by trying to control your weight: the less weight our legs have to sustain the better. Secondly, you should take regular physical exercise, especially walking, in order to strengthen your leg muscles and use their pump action to send the blood back towards your heart. Try to avoid standing up too much but, if there is no other choice, raise yourself regularly up on to your tiptoes when standing. Never cross your legs when sitting down, and wear compression stockings, especially when flying. Wash your legs using alternatively cold and warm water, as this will help to stimulate your blood circulation.

Take regular doses of Vitamin C with bioflavonoids (1 gram per day), eat plenty of fresh berries (strawberry, blackberry, blackcurrant, are all particularly beneficial), rich in anthocyanins to protect the vein wall, or take one or a blend of the following herbal tinctures: witch hazel, horse chestnut, gotu kola, bilberry.

A good antioxidant (astaxanthin and blackcurrant from Higher Nature, 2 capsules daily) will help both the veins and your general wellbeing. Massage your legs regularly, from the bottom to the top, with an organic balm with astringent properties like Inlight Organic Foot & Leg Balm.

Dr. Mariano Spiezia

How to Get Tons of Top 10 Rankings Guaranteed

Okay I admit it. I was kidding. I can not guarantee top 10 search engine rankings any more than the next guy.

But hold on. Before you click away in disgust I believe I've got the next best thing. That all but guarantees you'll get top 10 rankings. Lots of them. For next to nothing. So you might want to stick around and find out what this is all about.

You see to hear some tell it a top 10 ranking is a shoo in. A gimme. A piece of cake.

Must be since Google AdWords are crammed with all sorts of beckoning, come along ads that suggest as much.

Now admittedly in any food chain even the bottom feeders play a role in the big scheme of things. But I do not know. Such pitches may be hard for the typical traffic starved newbie to resist. I mean these ads suggest for a mere $ 49, $ 69 or $ 99 you'll be rolling in top 10 rankings in no time.

The sad truth is you may indeed land some top 10 rankings. But they will not be for keywords that produce much if any traffic. And if you do not get any traffic what good are the top 10 rankings?

Still, let's not be so hasty. While I'm not advocating anyone plunk down hard earned cash in the hopes of landing high search engine rankings for competitive keywords, hidden in the hype is a low cost strategy. In other words there's a way to make this work. If you know how. And you will in about 60 seconds.

Here's all you do.

Simply fire up Wordtracker. (A subscription is about $ 8 for a day.) Start looking for related keywords by doing a search for a broad, general, generic keyword in your niche. Then drill down and dig up all the related "exact" keyword phrases that have 9 or fewer competitive pages. All that's left is to optimize a page on your site for each one and presto chango! A top 10 ranking!

See? A surefire formula for guaranteed top 10 rankings. Brain dead simple too.

Now I call such search terms "orphan keywords". Orphans because the search volume is so low they are all but ignored by the fat cats intent on landing the big fish – aka high rankings for terms that get hundreds of searches a day.

That fact makes these orphans super simple to rank in the top 10 for. Especially since many of the competitive pages are not even optimized the least little bit.

But hold on. Let's not high five all around just yet. There's a tradeoff. As I suggested lack of competition is a sure sign such terms are not searched for often. Maybe no more than a mere handy times each day in Google.

Okay so how do we make lemonade out of those lemons?

The best way to make this tactic work is to find a ton of these terms. And do not worry. Most niches are loaded with orphan keywords.

Then here's your next step. Simply create content pages that each focus on two, or at most three, of these small fry.

Put up 100 such pages and you've probably got 250 of these 9 or fewer competing pages phrases covered.

To get to 100 pages all you do is create four pages a day – five days a week. If you miss a day make it up over the weekend. But by the end of five weeks you'll have 100 pages hard at work for you. Now that's not so hard now is it?

Even better these orphans come with a collective traffic jolt you would not expect.

I'm looking at one list of orphan keywords that shows 309 daily searches in Google. Another came in around 513. While the orphans for a third niche had over 1876 Google searches each day according to Wordtracker!

Given all that I usually claimed this micro traffic idea to a friend with an already successful web site. In other words he was not hurting for traffic. Which made this a no lose proposition for him to test.

About four weeks later he excitedly reported his traffic had doubled!

That's right doubled. That got my attention. Should get yours too. Because this orphan keyword strategy is a surefire way to get top 10 rankings for a whole host of less keyword phrases. Giving you near exclusive access to the traffic that comes with them. While leaving the bruising battles for the hyper competitive terms to someone else.

Pretty clever, huh? Absolutely.