13 Factors That Affect the Rate of Hair Growth

Generally, the hair grows about half an inch per month. However, there are variety of things can affect the rate of hair growth. By knowing these factors, we can have the most control to help us maximise how fast hair grows.

  1. Age. Generally, the incidence of hair loss in both males and females corresponds to chronological age. The older you get, the greater your chances of losing hair. People usually experience slower growth as they age.
  2. Climate. It is said that our locks grows faster in warmer weather. On the other hand, the sun can damage the scalp and hair. So it is recommended to protect your locks against UVA and UVB rays with a hat or a sunscreen especially in the summer months. Cold can also affect growth. Cold air can make the hair dry, fragile, and more brittle.
  3. Diet. The rate of growth also depends on the health of the scalp and follicles. To ensure faster hair growth, your diet should include fresh fruits and vegetables. Good nutrition means the best possible condition for building strong, radiant locks.
  4. Vitamins and Minerals. The B vitamins are especially helpful in having healthier hair growth. Important minerals are iron, zinc, iodine, and silica.
  5. Rest and Sleep. Having adequate rest is important to the body and even to our hair. Lack of sleep can negatively affect various bodily processes, including growth of hair. Make it a point to rest when you are tired and try to get at least 7 hours of sleep daily.
  6. Exercise. When you exercise, there is an improvement in your general health. It also increases blood flow to the scalp for better oxygenation and nutrient distribution.
  7. Stress. Learn how to control stress since this is one of the more common reasons behind sudden hair loss. When you are under pressure, this puts more follicles in the resting phase of the hair cycle.
  8. Genes. Genetic factors are responsible not only for hair color but also on density, texture, and growth. In people who are genetically prone to hair loss, DHT or dihydrotestosterone initiates miniaturization of the hair follicles. In time, the hair becomes thinner and the overall volume of your tresses decreases. Eventually, the hair follicle can cease to produce hair completely.
  9. Hormones. Certain hormones can affect the growth of hair. Among these are thyoroid hormone, estrogen, and testosterone. Both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism can lead to loss of hair. The female hormone estrogen increases the number of follicles in the hair growth cycle as seen in pregnancy. After childbirth, the level of this hormone drops and the hair starts to shed. The male hormone testosterone, on the other hand, combines with 5AR or 5 alpha reductase to form DHT. DHT is identified as the main cause of balding in men and women.
  10. Health issues. Various medical conditions such as thyroid problems, scalp infections, lupus, lichen planus, and alopecia areatea can adversely affect the general condition of the hair.
  11. Hair and scalp condition. There are a number of factors that can contribute to slower hair growth. These are ringworm infection, folliculitis or inflammation of the hair follicles, psoriasis and seborrheic dermatitis. Hair that is dry is prone to breakage and hair loss.
  12. Lifestyle. Various lifestyle factors can affect hair growth. Smoking has been linked to baldness and premature hair ageing. Living healthier and taking everything in moderation is key to promote a fit body and healthy locks.
  13. Hair products. When choosing a shampoo, opt for an organic and herbal based blend that promote and maximize healthy hair growth.

To ensure healthy hair and faster hair growth, caring for your hair should be part of your daily routine.

Cold Water Protective Clothing Guidelines

After their raft flies in the cold waters of the South Fork Boise River, Russ Campbell and Amy Gerver cling to the upside down raft through a long rapid. They are experienced rafters and are dressed in "Farmer John" neoprene wetsuits, neoprene booties, neoprene gloves, waterproof paddle jackets, life jackets, and helmets. However, within only a few minutes in the very cold water, they are unable to respond to instructions, or swim to shore. They die soon thereafter of hypothermia or drowning. Their unharmed deaths have been a catalyst for my research into water temperature ranges, survival time in cold water, and protective clothing for cold water boating.

Water temperatures March – July, in the Northern Rockies. These temperatures are a summary of measurements taken on Fish Creek, a tributary of Idaho's Lochsa River, and at the Sawtooth Fish Hatchery near Stanley on Idaho's Salmon River.

* Month / Fish Cr. Temp / Salmon R. Temp
* March / 35-39 ° F / 33-43 ° F
* April / 39-43 ° F / 36-47 ° F
* May / 43-46 ° F / 41-52 ° F
* June / 46-54 ° F / 45-58 ° F
* July / 54-66 ° F / 51-59 ° F

Fish Cr. measurements, courtesy of Idaho Dept of Fish & Game, Alan Byrne 1998 (My Lochsa River pundits tell me Fish Cr. is one of Lochsa River's warmer territories. Salmon River measurements, mean temps 1999-2000, courtesy of Sawtooth Fish Hatchery, Idaho Dept of Fish & Game

Water temperature is influenced by air temperature, percentage of snow-pack melting, groundwater temps, and solar warming. Expect colder water at higher elevations and at further north latitudes. Also, dam control water may be significantly colder in the months of June-August. This is a major factor on South Fork Boise River, South Fork Payette below Deadwood River, and in the Grand Canyon below Lake Powell, where river temperatures remain in the 40 ° F range at mid-summer.

Cold Water Temperature Survival Time
Water conductors heat 22 times faster than air, quickly reducing body temperature.

Water temp ° F Time before Exhaustion or Unconsciousness
– 32.5 ° – Under 15 minutes
– 32.5-40 ° – 15-30 minutes
– 40-50 ° – 30-60 minutes
– 50-60 ° – 1-2 hours
– 60-70 ° – 2-7 hours
– 70-80 ° – 3-12 hours
– Over 80 ° – Indefinite

This table is widely available on line. Based on Alexander Report

Survival time in cold water is also affected by: body temperature, glycogen (blood sugar) level, percentage of body fat, physical conditioning, mental attitude, exertion, and most importantly ——- protective clothing worn.

Protective Clothing & Hypothermia

Protective clothing is important in the boat, as well as in the water. Kayakers will experience direct conductive cooling from cold water through the bottom of their boat. Both kayakers and rafters will cool down when out of direct sunlight. Also wind, rain, and wave splash will cool down boaters quickly. A cold boater will react more slowly and is at higher risk of accident.

The very best Cold Water Survival advice is: Stay Warm while out of the water !! If shivering starts: RE-WARM by stopping! Add more dry clothing, eat high sugar foods, and drink hot non-alcoholic fluids. Some dry-land exercise may help re-warming. Alcohol should not be consumed by cold boats: it dilates the capillaries and causes further cooling of the skin.

As humans cool down: available glycogen (blood sugar) is depleted and core temperature drops from the normal 98.6 F. to the mid 90 degree range. A boater who is shivering, may show signs of fatigue and fatigue and will probably be less closely coordinated (symptoms of Mild Hypothermia). They can make really stupid decisions, and may be irritable or apathetic. They are much more likely to have an accident and be forced to swim.

Since water is much denser than air: it conducts heat from the body approximately 22 times faster than air. When boats with Mild Hypothermia enter water below 60 degrees F: remaining body heat is quickly lost. They will cool down very quickly into Moderate or Severe Hypothermia, because their body temperature is already lowered and their glycogen stores are depleted. Within a few minutes in water below 60ï, ° F —— hands will lose dexterity; then the mind fogs and swimmers may be unable to save themselves.

Warmer boats have a longer survival window in cold water because: higher body temperatures and higher glycogen levels allow a longer period of physical and mental agility.

Clothing for Cold-Water Survival.

There is some agreement among cold-water survival experts as to what protective clothing should be worn to survive in water below 60 ° F. Most experienced boats have a good idea about what water temperatures may be, and what clothing should be worn for a particular situation. Unfortunately a lot of beginning and intermediate boats do not have a clue about water temperature, or correct clothing. In many cases, these are the people most likely to swim and least likely to have the right clothing for cold conditions.

The major choices are DRYSUITS and WET SUITS.

DRYSUITS are designed to keep you dry. They are generally constructed of waterproof nylon fabric, with a waterproof entry zipper. Neck and hand openings are sealed with waterproof latex gaskets. Feet may be encased in the suit or stick out through latex ankle gaskets. Drysuits are worn with a light insulating layer inside for warmer water, heavier insulating layers for colder water. Insulation worn under dry suits should be synthetic insulations or wool. Cotton or down will hold water and lose all insulating value when wet.

Survival time in a drysuit is lengthy, even in very cold water. Coated nylon drysuits can be sweatboxes in air temperatures above 60 ° F, but Goretex and some other water-proof breathable drysuits may be worn with relative comfort in air temperatures up to 90 ° F. Drysuits have become standard garb for most experienced cold-water boats.

DRYSUIT PLUSES: They really are waterproof! Except for your head, there is no entry shock of cold water contacting your body. Trapped air inside adds considerably to swimmer buoyancy. (Note! Kayakers must immerse themselves in water and remove most trapped air from dry suits, "burp the suit," to retain neutral buoyancy needed to Eskimo roll). Dry suits also keep body warmth when paddlers / rowers are experiencing cold air temperatures, shade, wind, rain, and wave splash

DRYSUIT MINUSES: by nature of their technical construction, drysuits are expensive: prices range from $ 360.00 to $ 1,000.00. Some new users find the latex gaskets, especially the neck gasket uncomfortable. The neck gaskets can be pre-stretched over bowls or smooth helmets, or cut to fit larger: but most users do not mind the snug gasket fit. Drysuits can be sweaty in warmer temperatures, but Goretex suits do not have a very wide range. The suits are somewhat time consuming to put on and take off, and bathroom stops do require partial suit removal, without extra option zippers are installed.

Drysuit gaskets are natural latex rubber, should be regularly touted with 303 Protectant, and depending on use, will probably need to be replaced every two to five years. Drysuit fabric should also be periodically treated with durable water repellency treatments (DWR) to prevent heat loss from the fabric "wetting out." (Note on pricing: drysuits are generally less expensive than funerals.)

WETSUITS were originally made from neoprene, but now come in a wider range of stretchy fabrics. Suits range from one piece full coverage "STEAMERS" that are the warmest, to vests and shorts. Thickness of material also varies, but 1mm to 3mm thickness is available for river users, because thicker neoprene limits movement. Per the name, water enters the suits and is warmed by body heat. Fit should be snug to prevent circulation of cold water. Boaters can combine wetsuits with waterproof paddle tops to increase warmth when out of the water.

WETSUIT PLUSES Wetsuits are much less expensive than drysuits, ranging from $ 80.00 to $ 195.00. Other than occasional washing, there is little maintenance. The thicker suits do improve buoyancy and pad against impacts. Wetsuits help protect swimmers from hypothermia in all but the coldest water.

WETSUIT MINUSES The suits lack breathability and can be uncomfortable in hot weather. Full wetsuits can be difficult to put on and take off.

Swimmers have died of hypothermia in reliably short times in cold water in "Farmer John" wetsuits that leave the user's arms unprotected. The deaths of wetsuit wearers Amy Gerver and Russ Campbell, is a sad lesson that wet suits do not maintain body warmth for survival in very active cold water. I have checked float time through the rapid they died in —– as less than 5 minutes. I believe they were already suffering Mild Hypothermia before the accident. That is the most likely explanation for why they became incapacitated so quickly.

People get hypothermia in wetsuits most quickly when the suits drain and refill: so cooling body core temperatures. This can happen repeated when swimmers are clinging to the side of a raft that is going up and down through a rapid. It also happens when a boater is constantly getting slapped with waves while paddling. There can be a considerable loss of body heat from wind and water related evaporative cooling of a wet wetsuit. Some new wetsuit materials are designed to reduce evaporative cooling.

Insulated head, feet, and hand covers will keep paddlers warmer both in and out of cold water.

Recommended Clothing for Water Temperature
Water Temperature Recommended Clothing

Over 80 ° F Minimal.
– 60-79 ° F – Light wetsuit vests, paddle tops, Kayakers-drytop 60-69 ° F.
– 50-59 ° F – 3mm body, 2mm arms / legs Full or "Steamer" wetsuit, or dryuit with light insulating layer, Kayakers add drytop with insulation.
– 40-49 ° F – Drysuit-light to midweight insulation inside. 5mm "steamer" wetsuit (availability limited). Kayakers need heavy insulation: drysuits with head, hand and feet insulation.
– Below 40 ° F – Drysuit with midweight or heavy insulation, head, hand, and feet insulation. Or just say no!

The US Coast Guard, which has Gore-tex drysuits available for its small craft crews, mandates those crews wear drysuits when water temperature is below 50 ° F.

In Closing, I must agree no boats expect to be swimming for more than a few minutes before they are rescued or make it to shore. Unfortunately, long swims take place. My experience with this was: chasing my sister-in-law down the very cold and flood swollen Bruneau River (3,300CFS), after her raft flipped right in front of me. She was in the water, in a drysuit, for about 15 minutes in constant Class IV rapids, clinging to the flipped raft. When rescued she was very tired and slightly cold, but alive.

Further Suggestions:

– Read a book on river rescue -Les Bechdel's "River Rescue" is the classic.
– Take a swift-water rescue course.
– Take a comprehensive first aid course with a CPR component.
– Boat with people who have taken the above suggestions.

Dress smart to stay warm, both in and out of the water. A cold shivering boater is going to cool down and become incapable of self-rescue much more quickly than a warm boater, when plunged into cold water.

Dental Implant Surgery Pain and Problems

Dental implant surgery shows a high success rate of up to 95%. Majority of the patients who have chosen to undergo this procedure are found to be happy with their replacements and their new set of teeth. Therefore, implants show to be the best solution to the problem of missing teeth – trumping over bridges and dentures. However, even if dental restorations prove to be the best, there are instances when dental implant surgery pain and problems arise.

Although dental implant surgery pain occurs, it is very rare. Some of the common causes of dental implant surgery pain are fractures implants, rejected implants, poor implant placement, incorrect positioning, and low quality implants used.

One of the main reasons for tooth implant problems is that the implant failed to fuse together with the jawbone. This is called failure to osseointegrate. If there is not enough amount of jawbone to fuse with or the bone has been infected, it can lead to failure to fuse with the implant.

Too much stress or overloading can cause implant fraction. Incorrect position can also cause implant fraction.

A person who has the habit of smoking or heavy drinking can compromise the success of the surgery. Moreover, this can lead to other problems such as implant fracture or gum disease.

What Causes Dental Implant Rejection?

There are several causes of dental implant rejection. These includes insufficiency bone to fuse, infection, stress, and habitual grinding of teeth during sleep called bruxism. Poor dental hygiene can also lead to dental implant surgery pain and implant rejection.

When there is insufficient bone to fuse, usually the patient is subjected to bone grafting to increase the available jawbone. However, some patients are hesitant to undergo this procedure which is why they try to find other ways to get the implant without grafting. If the dentist recommends bone grafting, make sure that you follow the advice.

If the implant does not fuse properly into the jawbone, the implant can move and be dislocated. This can cause discomfort and pain. If this happens, a new type of implant should be used or a new restoration should be attached into the implant. In some cases, bone grafting may be required.

Infection can be caused by contamination during surgery. In some instances, bacteria can already be hiding in the jawbone and causes dental implant surgery pain afterwards.

Stress on teeth can also cause the fixture to fail. Too much stress can lead to overloading. In this instance, it fails and the adjunct teeth may be compromised.

New Multiple Sclerosis Treatment – Hope For the Future

For those who must learn to cope with the fact that they have been diagnosed with the incurable disease of multiple sclerosis the future may seem bleak. While there is currently no known cure for MS there is constant research being done to find a successful new treatment for multiple sclerosis that will help keep the symptoms in remission for more patients. In January of 2010 the FDA approved the use of a new drug for the treatment of MS.

Finally a New Multiple Sclerosis Treatment

On the 23rd of January the USFDA approved the drug Fampridine SR as a new multiple sclerosis treatment. Following 10 years of research and study at the University of Rochester Medical Center, this new medication has been found to actually enhance lost neurological feelings in many patients who have MS. It was these successful results that led the FDA to finally approve this new medication for use by the general public.

According to Dr. Andrew Goodman, chief of the URMC MS Center, doctors finally have access to a drug that when using in combination with other therapeutic treatments that may help improve the mobility of patients who suffer from multiple sclerosis. He hailed the development and approval of the drug as a "good day for people who suffer from MS." He went on to say that it may help many to regain some of the independence they once enjoyed.

How Does This New Multiple Sclerosis Treatment Work?

As most of us know MS is a disease of the central nervous system that causes a variety of symptoms including muscle spasticity and paralysis as well as poor balance and coordination. It can also result in loss of vision and slurred speech to name but a few of the symptoms. These symptoms are a direct result of the body's own immune system attacking the myelin layer that surrounds the brain and spinal cord.

The use of Fampridine SR is thought to actually improve the transmission of signals in the patients nervous system that has previously been affected by their MS. This new multiple sclerosis treatment blocks the potassium ion channels in their nerve cells and theby restores the levels of signal conduction from one cell to another. In tests 35% of the patients experienced an increase of at least 25% in their walking speed. They also noticed that they could walk further and were able to stay on their feet for much longer periods of time.

As with any new multiple sclerosis treatment results are going to vary from patient to patient. The only real side effect that has been seen is a slight increase in the risk of seizures. However during ten years of clinical trials the number of incidences has been relatively low when the drug was administered at the recommended dosage.

Dealing with Acid Reflux

Heartburn, as acid reflux is commonly called, is a very unpleasant and annoying condition. Chronic acid reflux problems are commonly associated with symptoms such as laryngitis, sore throat and swallowing difficulties. A constantly upset stomach and a frequent sensation of vomiting and belching are also among the common acid reflux symptoms. Other problems caused by acid reflux are as follows: bad breath and tooth erosion, gum infection and chest pains caused by the acid. Although heartburn is not considered to be a condition condition, it can cause permanent damage to the esophagus and can also lower the quality of life for acid reflux patients.

In order to eliminate the negative aspects of acid reflux you should try to follow some of the following tips. Begin by leading a healthier lifestyle. For starters, introduce a light exercise in your daily routine. However, do not exercise right after eating, as this may cause your abdominal muscles to contract because of the effort and to push food up on the esophagus. If the exercise is carried out before meals, you will improve your blood flow and reduce the chances of acid reflux problems. Exercising regularly will also help you reduce the body fat levels. This will have a direct effect on acid reflux, as abdominal body fat puts even more pressure on your stomach.

Your actions and behavior after meals may help reduce the chances of acid reflux. Keeping an upright post relieves the abdominal muscles of some pressure, which means that digestion goes smoothly and chances of heartburn are diminished. One of the most active acid reflux triggers is lying down right after a meal. Try to stand up or sit for at least one or two hours after a meal, allowing your stomach to complete digestion. If you are having problems with acid reflux at night, you might want to use a larger pillow that will keep your head raised to tilt the head of your bed by a few degrees in an upward direction.

Tight clothing and any other element that puts pressure on your stomach may trigger acid reflux. Also, try to avoid emotional fluctuations because stress induced acid reflux is also a common condition. A rising temperature will have your muscles contract – including the abdominal muscles, which will soon turn into acid reflux. Your diet is the next important thing to watch. Eating smaller meals at intervals of 3-4 hours is better than having larger meals. You should also try to have your main meal of the day at lunch, not at dinner. This will allow you to go to bed without having to worry about digestion time, as a smaller dinner will be easier to digest.

Some people respond negatively to some food items while others do not. When you experience heartburn make sure to write down a list of all the items you consumed and identify the ones causing the problem. In general, here are the things you want to avoid as much as possible: spicy foods, fatty foods, alcoholic drinks, coffee, chocolate and peppermint. As you would expect, the higher the quantity of the troublesome food the more acid reflux you will have.

Should We Choose Between Health and Fitness?

Even now there are a lot of people who hold to the opinion that fitness exercises make you healthy as well. No need to care about wholesome nutrition and enough sleep because exercises do all this for you. You can eat everything you like, go to sleep in the morning or don’t sleep at all, never see a doctor and pay absolutely no attention to warning signs of your body. All this will be compensated by persistent efforts at the gym. As physical exercises make you fit, then it is obvious that you become healthy. Is that right? Absolutely, it is not.

To understand it, we should first understand the difference between fitness and health. Let’s define fitness as the ability to perform physically – to run, jump, lift, press, throw or catch. And health will be the immunity, metabolism, proper functioning of the body, no signs of diseases and good clinical tests. As you see, they are quite different things. You may feel fit but not entirely healthy. Haven’t you read recently about heart attacks, serious illnesses and even passing of outwardly fit people? Probably, you have and not once.

So, why do people sometimes mix up these two things: when they are fit and when they are healthy? Well, maybe it happens because physical exercises have such impacts not only on our bodies, but also on our minds, that we don’t want to think about any problems which may occur. If our bodies change for the better, it seems to us that we are acquiring strong health. It’s just the psychology. If something makes us happy, it should always be something good.

Certainly, physical training is the core component of good health, but only a component. We can strengthen our muscles or increase the vital capacity of lungs. We can train our heart or endurance. We can develop our abilities to the utmost. And if we do it right and use no forbidden pharmacology, we contribute a lot to obtaining good health. But all this is not everything that you need to be healthy. Training alone can’t build ultimate health.

There are a lot of other factors that influence our state of health. First of all, it is our diet. If we overeat, we are sure to gain weight, bad weight – fat. So, it is very urgent that we watch the amount of calories eaten. The diet should always be wholesome, low-fat and rich of vitamins. And we can’t sleep less than it is necessary for the body to operate. In effect, our bodies are but mechanisms that need protective care, i.e. sufficient amount of nutrients, sufficient amount of rest and so on. If something goes wrong, the body always gives warning signals. And the last but not the least, we should visit a doctor regularly, even if nothing worries us. Just to be sure.

So, fitness is necessary for all of us. Our bodies are designed to move and act. And as we lack it in our everyday life, fitness is a real way out. But try to think about it as a physical supplement, which, being very important, at the same time is only a supplement. Sometimes it may ruin your health when used thoughtlessly. And, of course, it is not a substitution of health, as it is only a vital part of it.

The Benefits of Home Care

Private home care for the sick and elderly is a choice that will not only influence the person involved but it may also help you to minimize the costs of private healthcare.

Home comforts

Providing care at home will allow you to keep the comforts of home and create a safe recognized environment. Hospitals and other multiple care services can be a busy noisy area that may diminish the amount of rest the patient receives. A known environment will also speed the healing process.

Personalized care

When you choose home care for your loved one you will be ensured that the care you pay for is the care you receive. The caregiver will only have to care for one person meaning you will receive personalized care based on your specific needs.


Care at home costs a lot less than care in private nursing institutions and hospitals. The reduced costs of the care will enable you to use the additional funds you have available to create a more comfortable atmosphere and environment.

Additional support

By committing to home care you will provide the patient with the additional support of family and friends readily available. A great support system goes a long way in the healing, comfort and improved health of the person receiving the care.


One of the most valuable aspects of home based care is the level of independence it provides the sick person. Being unable to move around and go about their daily affairs is one of the main causes of depression in sickly patients. With a home care nurse available the patient will be more mobile and independent reducing the risks of depression and the need of additional medication to manage it.

Stress reduction

By receiving care in a friendly, known environment, the degree of stress on the patient is greatly reduced, resulting in a healthier patient that is more susceptible to the care and medication needed to keep them comfortable.


It has been found that people receiving home based care tend to live longer, high quality lives, than those in other institutions. This relates directly to the family involved and reduced stress effects of this type of care.


Providing your loved one with home care will save you money and provide you with the peace of mind that the care they receive is of the best quality possible and provided in a safe and friendly environment. The patient will have a reduced risk for depression and stress related illnesses. The support of friends and family is a tool with immeasurable value where the health of your family member is concerned.

Tanto in a Deadly Ritual Called Seppuku

The Japanese swords have become known worldwide as a 'must-have' for any weapon or sword aficionado. It stands out as an outstanding weapon of power and legendary work of art in appearance and make made by pattern wielding or folding. A Tanto knife may appear as one of the wide variety of ordinary, modern Japanese short swords. Did you know that Tanto knife plays a part in a deadly Japanese ritual? Let's turn back time and find out its part in a Japanese ritual called Seppuku.

Seppuku was an integral part of feudal Japan way back during the period of 1192 to 1868. Japanese uses Seppuku as a formal term for ritual suicide. It is also called Hara-kiri when used as a common language term. It was developed as an important part of the code of discipline for bushido or a code of the samurai warrior class. Seppuku entails stomach-cutting disembowelment or removal of some or all of the vital organs found in the abdomen of a samurai.

All samurai deeply regards honor dearer than life itself. When disgrace befalls a samurai, self destruction was not only considered simply as right but the only correct decision to make. A samurai resorts to hara-kiri or seppuku for the atonement of disgrace and defeat. When the samurai has ended his life, his loyal followers may express their grief and affection for their master by it. Seppuku is a practical solution when a samurai shows attempted for an enemy, protest against unjustice, as a way to get their lord to revoke an unworthy action and as a means to save others. In the eyes and judgment of a samurai, Seppuku was an acknowledged display of their courage, loyalty, moral character and honor. It is executed through regardless without whether ordered as punishment or chosen in preference to a dishonorable death at the hands of the enemy.

The Seppuku Ritual
The Tanto is a Japanese short sword with a traditional overall length of 11.93 inches or about 30 centimeters. The length of blade is 5 inches to 12 inches long. It is efficiently reliable for extremely close fighting as well as for a ritual called Seppuku. The Tanto was then the perfect choice as an instrument for Seppuku. In this detailed ritual, Seppuku was usually performed in front of spectators. A samurai was bathed and dressed in white robes, ate his favorite meal and after he's done eating, the Tanto was placed on the same plate. The samurai dressed ceremoniously sometimes confined on special cloths, preparations for his death by writing a death poem. Standing beside him is his selected attendant (kaishakunin), the samurai would open his kimono, take up his Tanto or Japanese knife and plunge it into his abdomen and make a left to right cut. The kaishakunin then performances dakukubi or a cut in which the warrior was all but intentally decapitated or having his head cut off. Such task should be transported out with precision requiring the kaishakunin often to be a skilled swordsman. It is usually agreed in advance that the kaishakunin swiftly do the decapitation as soon as the dagger was plunged deep into the abdomen.

Seppuku in Modern Japan
The year of 1873 marked the time when Seppuku as judicial punishment was officially abolished shortly after the Meiji Restoration. However, voluntary seppuku did not completely fade away in samurai history. Some military men used Seppuku as a protest against the return of a conquered territory to China by General Nogi and his wife on the death of Emperor Meiji in 1912. Thousands of soldiers and civilians were killed to die rather than surrender at the end of World War II . Author author Yukio Mishima and one of his followers committed public Seppuku at the Japan Self-Defense Forces headquarters after a failed attempt to list the armed forces to stage a coup d'etat. Mishima committed Seppuku in the office of General Kanetoshi. His attendant is Masakatsu Morita who tried thrice to ritually behead Mishima but failed. Hiroyasu Koga finally completed to behead Mishima. After this fatal ritual, Morita then tried to commit Seppuku on himself but his own cuts were not enough to be deadly. He gave the signal to Koga and was beheaded by the same person.

Despite the abolition of Seppuku in modern Japan, there are isolated sued cases committed by some Japanese for failed businesses, involvement in love triangles or even failing school examinations. Death is still considered by many as a better end than dishonor and disgrace.

Urology for Children

Pediatric urology is the diagnosis and treatment of urological conditions in kids. Typically, children have different problems than adults when it comes to their urinary systems. Often, these are congenital problems, which are problems present at birth, rather than problems due to injury.

Congenital Problems

Congenital problems treated by pediatric urology typically include birth defects surrounding the bladder, the male reproductive organs, or the urethra. Examples include undescended testicles, deformities of the kidneys, urethra, or ureters, or ureteropelvic junction obstruction. Ureteropelvic junction obstruction occurs when something obstructs the connection between the kidneys and the ureter, making it difficult to completely remove artery from the body. Each of these conditions requires intervention, and some can be life threatening, which means intervention with a specialist is vital.

These conditions often require surgery to correct so the child can live a normal, healthy life. Often, surgeries are scheduled in the early years, even during infancy. This allows the child to grow and develop normally without the stigma associated with urinary disorders.

Non-Congenital Conditions

Some conditions are not congenital. They may occur as the child develops if he or she does not grow properly. They may be behavioral, like chronic bed-wetting. They may develop because of infections. These are some of the common conditions treated in pediatric urology.

Sometimes children develop chronic urinary tract infections. This can occur in up to six percent of girls and two percent of boys. Because urinary tract infections are more likely to cause kidney damage and infections in children, it is cruel to treat them quickly, and also find out what is causing them if the infections become chronic.

Children may also struggle with bladder fistula. This occurs when the bladder connects to another organ or the skin in a way that it should not. This can cause frequent urinary tract infections, and is treated through a fairly routine surgery.

Pediatric urologists also treat pediatric problem problems, such as cysts or kidney failure. Urinary tract cancers also fall into the realm of pediatric urology.

Choosing a Doctor

When dealing with the urinary and reproductive systems, children often feel uncomfortable with a doctor. For this reason, you need to find a urologist who is not only experienced with working with children, but if possible specializes in working with kids. This ensures that they know how to help children overcome their discomfort and embarrassment, and also gives you confidence that they relate well to the fears and expectations of the youngest patients.

If you have friends who have seen a pediatric urologist, ask them about the doctor they used. If you do not, use review websites to find a doctor in your area that has a good reputation. You also may be able to get a referral through your pediatrician, who can recommend a pediatric urology specialist that he or she respects. With these resources, you can find the best doctor to get the help you need for your child.

General Health Tips

The health of a person will always be his greatest wealth. Ask any person and he will tell you why he would always prefer to be wanting in material things provided he is blessed with good health. The importance of good health should be taught to children while they are still young so that when they older, they have already gotten accustomed to a healthy lifestyle.

Some parents give everything to their children and let them eat unhealthy food. They reason out that they can allow their children to eat anything they want since they are still young and they will have all the time in the world to take care of their health when they grow old. This seems to be a wrong notification because a child lives by what has been taught since he was a baby. Thus, a child who has been raised eating unhealthy food will always have a yen for such type of food even when he is already a grown up.

Every responsible parent should teach his children the general health tips that they should live by from childhood as well as when they become older. Training children to live right and to eat healthy food can make the difference in how they are going to take care of their health later on in life. It is always wise to teach children to drink plenty of water instead of carbonated beverage while they are still young. Water is an elixir of health. Drinking plenty of water can work wonders on the skin and on the overall health of a person.

Every child should be taught the value of starting the day right by eating a healthy breakfast. A healthy child who has proper nutrition and exercise will perform better in school than a child who neglects breakfast and exercise. Sanitation should also be part of the general health tips that should be reflected to the child. This should include regular washing of hands with water and soap. This practice can minimize the transfer of bacteria when children are playing with unclean objects or with sick playmates.

However, parents should also make sure that kids have completed the required vaccination shots at an early age. Also ask their doctors for new vaccines that can be given to the child to avoid the spread of new diseases. Even parents should practice these general health tips to serve as good examples to their children. It is foolhardy to teach kids to practice things when the parents themselves do not lead by example.

It is also a good idea to undergo annual check ups to make sure that nothing is wrong with the person. By doing this, illnesses are easily detected and can be treated at an early stage before they get worse.

While it is true that there are illnesses that are genetically transmitted, a person should always take care of his health and the health of his family by sticking to the general health tips.

There are other things that can be done to lead a healthy life but what is important is to be aware of what one has to do and what one has to avoid to lead a healthy life.

Periodontal Disease: Gum Disease Treatments

Periodontal disease is a common type of oral disease that affects many individuals throughout the United States. There are several different types of this disease that range from simple inflammation of the gums, to more serious deterioration of the soft tissue that supports the teeth. Taking good care of your teeth is the best form of periodontal disease gum treatment. Ways that you can take care of your teeth include brushing daily, flossing, avoiding foods and beverages that can deteriorate your teeth, and maintaining regular dental checkups. You can actually stop, or at least slow down the progression of periodontal disease by maintaining good oral health care.

There are various types of periodontal disease and therefore, there are also various types of periodontal disease gum treatments. For example, gingivitis is a type of disease that is caused by plaque and tartar buildup on the teeth. If the plaque and tartar remains for too long, it can feed the growth of bacteria, which will cause the gums to become inflamed. Swelling of the gums is what is known as gingivitis. The gums will appear red and swollen. The best type of gum treatment for this disease is to keep up with regular brushing and flossing that will kill the bacteria growth and reduce swelling.

Another type of disease is known periodontitis. If you do not take care of gingivitis right away, it can progress to periodontitis. The gums around the teeth swell even more and eventually begin to pull away from the teeth. The space between the teeth and the gums can easily become infected. However, your body will naturally respond and fight back against the spread of infection. As your body fights, it can cause severe damage to the bones and the connective tissue that supports your teeth. Therefore, it is important to seek out periodontal disease gum treatment for this disease from your dentist.

Periodontal disease gum treatments can get rid of an oral infection. However, there are certain risk factors that can reduce the effectiveness of treatments. For example, smokers are more likely to develop a form of gum disease than those who do not smoke. Therefore, you should quit smoking if your dentist has diagnosed you with a type of gum disease. Females are prone to several hormonal changes throughout their lifetime. As their hormones change, it can increase their likelihood of developing a periodontal disease. Illnesses and certain types of medication can also make your more susceptible to the development of gum disease.

The 7 Secrets of Health

Great sages, doctors, and masters of all cultures and all times have identified a few simple keys to health: proper breath; nutrition; inner cleansing; moderate exercise; enough rest; a positive, now-focused outlook, and living in harmony with nature. In my practice as a naturopath and energy healer, I am continuously drawn back to these basic elements of health, yet I still find that very few people really understand how vital they are.

As we achieve wellness and balance in any of the seven key areas, the benefits also spread into the other areas, making our task of achieving total wellness that much easier. When each area of ​​our life and health is brought into wellness, we are raised from just feeling 'well enough' to a level of unprecended health and wellbeing. But even making small improvements in these seven are as of health will deliver benefits, helping us feel stronger and healthy in body, mind and spirit.

Correct Breath

When we do not breathe correctly, we seriously affect our physiological and mental health. We deprive our cells of necessary oxygen, and of the life-force (or prana) that is carried within it. Shallow breathing contributes to the release of histamine, a chemical that causes allergic reactions, promotes inflammation, and contributions to asthma. Lactic acid builds up in the brain, affecting our moods and mental acuity; lymphatic fluids are not pumped through the body, which means that cellular waste can not be properly eliminated.

All this means that poor breathing leads to a build up of toxins and wastes in the body while restricting the body's supply of healing, balancing, energizing life force or prana. This creates a vicious circle of escalating illness, and affects our psychological wellbeing. Correct breathing and regular deep breathing clears the body of pollutants, and also clears and calms the mind.

Inner cleansing

I consider the major cause of disease in our times to be toxic overload, where the body is struggling under a burden of accumulated toxins, and can no longer safely get rid of them with normal detoxification processes.

We are continuously bombarded with toxins in our air, water and soil, our food, and even our homes. When we are healthy, not overly stressed, eat wholesome, fresh foods, and limit our exposure to environmental toxins, our bodies can potentially detoxify themselves naturally. Inner cleansing and elimination processes are continuously at work, clearing our bodies of waste and harmful substances that we have eaten, breathed in, or absorbed through our skin.

On the other hand, a body that can no longer effectively clear toxins due to illness, poor immunity, or toxic overload is being slowly poisoned. That body is like a city under siege! It switches from the normal healing mode to a state of emergency. Normal healing and repair processes are brought to a stop, and everyone (all your cells and organs) is preoccupied with defense. Over time, if your body is not cleared of toxins and allowed to recover, your immune system becomes exhausted, and you are prey to a host of health problems. Now, your body needs your help to detoxify.

So what is the solution? Just by choosing natural products and eating more unprocessed foods, we reduce our toxic load. Aim for balance: more clean whole foods; pure water; enough exercise; deep breathing; and less exposure to harmful substances or chemicals. Remember that otherwise healthy athletes who swim in chlorinated pools often develop an allergy to chlorine, and many bakers develop allergies to chemicals in flour, or to wheat, due to constant exposure.

Good Nutrition

We are always being told to eat healthy foods, but not many of us appreciate the powerful role of food in building and growing health of body and mind. Food is your body's fuel. If the quality or quantity of your food is poor, your body will simply can not have enough fuel to provide the energy you need, or the fuel will be of poor quality.

Nor will your immune system work properly if your foods lack the fiber, nutrients and enzymes needed to support and build health. A strong immune system is your best ally in the quest for lifelong health and resistance to disease. To build and maintain good immunity, you must take in all the nutrients your body needs to fuels its many metabolic activities, to help detoxify and to heal your body, to draw on when under additional stress, to nourish your nervous system and brain, and to maintain a healthy biochemistry.

Good nutrition also helps maintain the right pH needed for metabolic processes such as digestion, circulation of blood, and release of body chemicals. To maintain the correct balance of biochemicals – enzymes, hormones, neurotransmitters etc. – your body requires a more alkaline internal environment. Too much acid weakens the immune system, promoting infection and inflammation, and upsetting many metabolic processes that are essential to good health.

Fortunately, what you eat has an intense effect on your body's acid balance. A diet rich in raw or lightly cooked vegetables and fruit is the best way to alkalinise your body. This in turn supports the body's natural detoxification processes, and strengthens your immune system.

Moderate exercise

Aerobic exercise (the kind that active kids and adults get when they play) gets the heart pumping blood into the muscles, tissues and organs, and the toxins flushed out. Stretching helps release accumulated tension and free toxins from the joints. Strength building groups stronger muscles and organs.

Exercise not only strengthens our muscles, heart and lungs; it also ensures that more oxygen-rich blood is pumped to all parts of the body so that every cell is bathed in vital nutrients, and stimulates the release of healing, 'happy' hormones. Our plump cells are rejuvenated, undoing the effects of aging so that we look and feel younger.

Moreover, wastes and toxins are quickly flushed through the body's elimination channels, preventing the harmful buildup of sludge and toxins around our cells and in our tissues. Your lymphatic system, which carries cellular waste and toxins away from our cells, can not push the toxins out without the body is active. This can cause your body to store weight, since fat is an ideal storage place for toxins. Only one hour of moderate exercise a day can keep your body's energy, nutrients, and cleansing processes flowing: that can be as little as a brisk daily walk in the fresh air.

Enough rest

When it is at rest, your body repairs and counteracts the normal damage and stress caused by everyday living. Without frequent rest, your body can be quickly pushed too far, stressing the immune system, and making you more susceptible to infection, illness and disease.

Sleep is there suddenly strongly important to your health, both physiological and psychological. Even 30 minutes of additional sleep at night can make a huge difference to your mood, your ability to think clearly and to learn, and your body's ability to recover from daily stresses. Recent research shown that starting school even 1 hour later can give school children the sleep they need to significantly improve their school performance.

The amount of sleep needed by any individual can vary, although around 8 hours is usually considered a good average. You can gauge what you need by how you feel. If you are constantly feeling stressed, tired, or irritable, or are forgetful and overly anxious, you may not be getting enough sleep. Add another 30 minutes to your sleep time and note the difference.

You also need sufficient rest in addition to good sleep. How you rest is up to you. Many find deep relaxation exercises very restful and refreshing. A calm stroll along the beach can be restful, as can stopping now and then in a busy day to stretch, or just sitting and breathing in the clean air as you watch the clouds. Qi Gong, Tai Chi and Yoga can be restful as they relax and calm both body and mind, and the smooth motions wash the tired body with fresh energy, oxygen and blood.

Most important is the quality of your rest … and also of your sleep. Built up stress or over-tiredness can cause disturbed, shallow sleep, as can allergies and other health problems. Worrying, negative emotions, feeling overwhelmed, helpless or angry can make it difficult to really rest. You might sit down with a cup of tea, but your distracted mind is not resting, which means that your body is not fully relaxed.

The point is that both your body and mind need breaks through the day, time to let go and relax. If you find this difficult, you may find the sixth health secret especially helpful.

Living in the moment

What do I mean by this? A combination of things that together move us from negativity to a positive attitude and what is often called greater personal effectiveness. When we are present in the moment, we are not tied to the past with its regrets, guilt, and other negative baggage, nor are we distracted by wishful thinking or dreaming about the future. Instead, we are centered in this moment, which enables us to live consciously.

Living in the moment reduces the major causes of stress: worry or fear about the future, or dwelling on past hurts or errors. It frees us to focus more productively on doing what must be done now to get the results we want. It also frees us to appreciate what is already around us, and to give to those around us with a lighter more joyful heart. Our life force flows more freely; our health flourishes; it is easier to balance the different parts of our lives and our emotions and to find calm.

A calm person is at peace with himself and the world. A calm mind is able to be fully in the moment. It is the secret of emotional resilience and a keen intellect. When we are able to maintain calm and to return to calm in times of stress, we become more reflective. We are more able to stop before reacting, and to choose our responses based on our own values ​​and ideals instead of feeling pushed to act in this or that way. A calm mind is an awesome source of inner strength and resilience.

Living in harmony with nature

Really, everything you have just read is part of living in harmony with nature. That's because what is good for nature is also good for us. We are, like it or not, a part of nature, and our bodies are designed to live and maintain health through continuous beneficial interaction with our environment. If our environment is not conductive to health and wellbeing, we are fighting a constant uphill battle to maintain health and recover from everyday stresses and wear on the body.

Keep in mind that illnesses and allergies are often a product of the interaction between your body-mind and your environment. Your health will depend to a great extent on whether you create and maintain a health-supporting environment.

It can help to see yourself as the energy body that you are, living in a world of energy. In some areas, you are the positive pole, in others, the negative. If you try to be all of one or the other – all giving or all taking – you throw the relationship between you and nature (including those around you) completely out of balance. The result? Blocked or damaged energy, distress, and poor health.

There is a huge amount of information out there on living a more natural life. Some of it is a bit extreme, but lots of it can be easily applied and adapted to your life.

In the long run, the secret of living in harmony with nature is balance between what you give to the world and what you take from it, between what you take into your body and what you take out of it, and moderation in all things. Balance is the key.

Managing Incontinence With Absorbent Bed Pads And Other Quality Products

Children and adults alike can experience incontinence throughout the day and even at night as they sleep. This condition refers to the involuntary passage of urine and is known to affect millions of individuals from across the globe. There are various types of incontinence but the majority of incidences can be attributed to two specific types: stress incontinence (where the pelvic floors are too weak to control or prevent urination, causing urine to leak when a person coughs, laughs, or experiences other pressures to the bladder) and urge incontinence (where an intense urge to urinate causes urine to leak soon after the sensation is felt). In other cases, faecal incontinence (the inability to control bowel movements) is also present.

A person with incontinence will have constant concerns about his health, hygiene, and appearance. In order to manage the condition, he will need to use specifically designed products that will absorb and contain the waste material every time the involuntary passing occurs; these products can also help keep the waste away from the person's skin, control odour, and enable the person to go about his daily activities both inside and outside of his home to help him continue with his routines and maintain a good quality of life. To achieve proper incontinence control and management, it would be best to choose and use quality products like pull-up pants, sheets, and bed pads made specifically for this purpose.

Bed pads are ideal products for children and adults who experience night-time incontinence. This condition can cause urine to leak onto beddings and mattresses which would need to be regularly washed to ensure proper maintained hygiene. Unsightly stains can also appear on the beddings-another issue that can be tedious or costly to address. Bed pads provide an effective barrier between the sleeper and the beddings and mattress; there are disposable kinds that can simply be replaced every night and there are also washable types that can be cleaned and reused again and again, so offering a more cost-effective option. These pads absorb the fluid and can be secured to the bed to prevent accidents from occurring on the entire surface.

Aside from bed pads, personal incontinence products like Tena products also provide a solution for a variety of needs and preferences. The brand offers disposable and discreet pull-up pants that enable a user to easily dress himself in the same way he would put on regular underwear. People can also choose to purchase Tena's range of shaped pads that provide maximum absorbency and comfort.

Attends incontinence products also offer a wide range of options for users of all ages. The brand has pull-ons, large shaped pads, small shaped pads, and slip all-in-ones. Not only do these products ensure the proper level of absorbency and durability, they also provide convenience in putting the garments on and taking them off-a huge advantage for older users who may have significant difficulties with their range of motion as well as for the carers who assist their elderly patients in managing their personal hygiene.

Experiencing incontinence may mean that a person will need to modify certain aspects of his personal hygiene habits, but it does not have to mean a radically altered lifestyle that inhibits a long list of activities. With the right products of the best quality, a person can continue experiencing good quality of life and improved health and hygiene.

The Growing Taller Secrets on Children Are Early Detection and Intervention

Short stature is a medical term to children or adolescents whose statistical height is 2 standard deviations or more below the average height of their peers of the same age and sex. Generally, any child or adolescent who is significantly shorter than their peers is considered to have short stature. Most parents are anxious that this condition may be signs or symptoms of underlying health problems or abnormalities on their children. Many Pediatricians are bombarded with questions from worried parents about the nature of this condition and how to correct if there is some deficiency.

The growing taller secrets on any child development do not necessarily mean giving them any external injection or growth pill to boost human growth hormone (HGH), which can be hazardous to their health. The best thing that any parents could do to help their kids over this type of condition is to understand and know the root cause.

Short stature does not necessarily mean that your child has medical problems. There are many conditions related to short stature that include:

* Genetic short stature (or familial short stature). The shortness of a child is inherited from their parents. This condition becomes apparent at the age of 1-2 years old and begin to grow at constant normal rate. They enter puberty at the same time as others except that their natural height is always at the bottom or below the curve but parallel to it.

* Constitutional delay of growth or what you call "late bloomer" – Same with the above condition, children with constitutional delay are born with normal size but their natural growth falls below 5% of growth curve after 1-2 years of age. They enter puberty later than their peers therefore, their growth and development are lagged further behind. Most of these children will eventually reach their normal final adult height. There may be a positive family history of pubertal delay.

* Nutritional deprivation. This is the most common condition but sometimes unrecognized problem. Children with nutritional deficiency characteristically are more problematic in weight gain than height growth and that they are typically diagnosed as failure to thrive. The growing taller secrets on this type of condition are to serve your kids with healthy and balance diet.

* Precocious puberty. Typically, children with this condition have tall stature initially. But because of early maturation of bone, they cease to grow at an early age that oftentimes resulting in short final adult height.

The growing taller secrets of all children are on regular monitoring of their growth and development, and early detection and intervention by Pediatrician if the growth rate has declined or stopped.

The treatment for short stature is depended on the nature of causes, and no treatment is necessary if your child has familial short stature or constitutional delay of growth.

In the case of puberty being delayed to such degree that it causes a psychological problem which interferes its normal life, a pediatric endocrinologist can give him a low dose of sex hormone.

When it comes to nutritional deficiency, parents should consult a Nutritionist (dietitian) to correct the problem.

For precocious puberty, a medication is available to stall the pubertal progress and after the treatment, the final normal adult height can be preserved.