The Most Common Prostate Cancer Treatment Options

Prostate Cancer Treatment Options

There are different types of prostate cancer treatment options for men who have different stages of tumor development. There is low, intermediate and high risk localized and locally advanced prostate cancer and then tumors that return after initial treatment. Due to advancing research there is a lot of prostate cancer information on hand for patients to further their knowledge of the condition.

Firstly, low risk localized cancer of the prostate is highly undesirable to develop or grow for years. Patients are usually offered active monitoring (or active surveillance) which keeps track of the tumor and its development. However, sometimes symptoms of prostate cancer are never caused because it develops incredibly slowly. If it does start to develop, then treatments for prostate cancer will likely be surgery to totally excise the prostate gland or radiotherapy.

With intermediate risk the cancer can start to develop after a few years and so internal radiotherapy (brachytherapy) or active monitoring are likely to be offered plus surgery to excise the prostate gland or external radiotherapy to the prostate.

High frequency ultrasound and cryotherapy may be offered under clinical trials but they are not standard treatments for prostate cancer.

High risk sufferers typically have surgical treatment for prostate gland removal or external radiotherapy focused on the prostate. Internal radiotherapy is not normally used as, in high risk cases the cancer has slowly spread and has grown through the capsule enclosing the prostate gland. So external radiotherapy is used to make sure all the cells are reached. Surgery, radiotherapy are normally used in conjunction with hormone treatments.

Locally advanced cancer is where the cancer has grown through the prostate gland's surrounding capsule. Surgery and external radiotherapy along with hormone treatment are offered. Metastasis means the spread of cancer cells. Metastatic prostate cancer means that cancer cells have spread away from the original tumor permeable into the blood stream and lymph glands.

If the cancer returns after the first treatment it can be treated with hormone therapy. If the initial treatment was surgical then radiotherapy is irrevely. If it has spread then it can not be cured however, with the use of hormone therapy to lower testosterone levels, it can be controlled. There are a lot of treatments available for this and doctors will explain all these at appointment.

Different treatments come with different side effects, risks and benefits which medical professionals will explain in full before concentration of treatment.

The prognosis depends on the grade and stage (Stage I to IV) of the cancer rather than the treatment choice. Men with slow growing, well differentiated, smaller tumors typically have the best prognosis. The good news is that these comprise around three quarters of tumors (stage I or II).

Staging means that the doctor 'stages' the cancer based on the character of its cells, the tumor size and extent of metastasis. For this type of cancer, two staging systems are used namely, TNM (tumor, node, metastases) system and the Jewett-Whitmore system.

New clinical studies are improving prostate cancer treatment options and therefore the survival rate is increasing all the time.

Is There a Health Effect of Drugs in Drinking Water?

Recent studies by the Environmental Protection Agency and the US Geological Survey have found small amounts of pharmaceuticals in our drinking water. The drugs found in drinking water were measured in parts per billion or trillion.

Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs) make up a wide variety of chemical substances, including prescription, cosmetic, over-the-counter pharmaceutical drugs, fragrances and many others. PPCPs can be found in any water body effected by raw or treated sewage, including rivers, streams, ground water, and many drinking water sources.

These drugs and substances enter into the environment and our drinking water several ways:

  • Medication residues pass out of the body and into sewer lines
  • Some people flush unused medication down toilets or place them in the trash
  • Several PPPs remain after waste water treatments and cleansing by water treatment plants

According to Dr, Sarah Janssen, MD, PHD, and MPH, a science fellow at the Natural Resources Defense Council, "Ever since the late 1990s, the scientific community has recognized that pharmaceuticals, especially oral contraceptives, are found in sewage water and are potentially contaminating drinking water. " So, is there a health effect of drugs in drinking water?

Dr. Janssen says, "We do not know. It's true that the levels [of the medications found in drinking water] are very low. But especially when it comes to pharmaceuticals that are synthetic hormones, there is concern, because hormones work at very low concentrations in the human body. "

Dr. Janssen's view is also confirmed by the EPA. Suzanne Rudzinski, deputy director for science and technology in the Office of Water at the US Environmental Protection Agency, says "At this point we do not have evidence of a health effect, although it's an area of ​​concern and one we will continue to look at. "

So what are consumers suppose to do while more studies are being done? Should you be using bottled water only? Well, first realize that about twenty-five percent of bottled water coming from the tap, according to the Natural Resources Defense Council.

If the bottled water is labeled "purified water" or "reverse osmosis" water, the water has gone through a treatment of distillation, reverse osmosis or other process. This can remove some of the PPCs but also demineralizes the water and takes out the healthy components.

Several leading professionals from private organizations recommend a home filtration system to help reduce the drug levels. Make no mistake, scientists and government officials can not say for sure if the level of drugs in drinking water is low enough to have an adverse human health effect. So take some time and find out which filtration systems can help to remove PPCs.

Movers – 7 Secrets to Finding the Right Moving Company

Quick Summary

  1. Get referrals from local real estate agents and friends who have moved recently.
  2. Only consider movers that are licensed, bonded and insured.
  3. Investigate your potential movers through the US Department of Transportation, the Better Business Bureau and MovingScam.com.
  4. Evaluate a minimum of 3 movers based on in-home estimates of goods to be moved.
  5. Price isn’t the only factor- extremely low bids indicate a desperate mover.
  6. Ask for written “Binding Not-To-Exceed” estimates.
  7. Avoid “rogue movers”- if you feel uncomfortable, trust your instincts!

The Details

If you decide to hire professional movers, you’re faced with a big decision- how do you find reputable movers or moving companies? The good news is that a small amount of time spent on researching potential movers can help insure a stress-free move. This article outlines those research steps.

Getting Started: Referrals

Getting referrals is clearly the best way to start your review of potential moving companies. While the Yellow Pages (for those of us who can even find their phone books!) and web searches can help, referrals can provide the best leads. Ask your friends, co-workers and new neighbors about their experiences. Look for people who have moved in the past 12 months, as companies’ quality changes over time. Be sure to ask for details such as the names of people they worked with, what went well, and what to watch out for. Even information about moves that didn’t go well can be helpful.

In addition to friends and co-workers, try to get referrals from industry professionals. Check with your leasing agent or real estate agent for experiences of their clients- they can be a wealth of helpful information. If you work for a large company, check with the Human Resources department to see if they have someone who works with relocation (even if you’re not receiving relocation assistance- they may be willing to pass on useful information anyway). Getting these types of referrals will get your research started on the right foot.

Licensing

Movers are regulated by federal, state and local laws. At the federal level, a moving company that carries goods across state lines (interstate) needs to be licensed by the Department of Transportation (the DOT does not regulate local movers). At the state level, laws vary widely, and several states (Alaska, Delaware, District of Columbia, Maine, Maryland, South Dakota, Utah, and Vermont) don’t require moving companies to have a separate license. For those that do, verify that the licenses are current. We also recommend that your movers be bonded and insured, both as proof that the company is legitimate and financial stability in case the worst happens and you need to file a claim.

Investigate Potential Movers

Once you know the basics about your potential moving companies, it’s time to find out about people’s experiences. You want to know get opinions from objective, third-party opinions based on dozens or hundreds of consumer evaluations. While almost every moving company has had some kind of complaints, having objective resources is important. Fortunately, there are a few excellent resources you can use for free. The U. S. Department of Transportation has a website devoted to its “Protect Your Move” program. There you’ll find a link that will allow you to look up individual moving companies. You can also check the websites of MovingScam.com, ProtectYourMove.gov and the Better Business Bureau. It’s a good idea to check all 3 to make sure you see a complete picture. Again, almost any mover who has been around for awhile will have a complaint from someone- you’re looking for patterns of issues and how the movers attempted to resolve the issues.

In-home Estimates

Many companies provide methods for customers to obtain an estimate over the phone or on the web. This presents tremendous convenience for the consumer. Until a moving company representative takes a physical inventory, any estimates they create won’t be very reliable. You should also be somewhat concerned when a moving company isn’t interested enough in your business to request an in-home visit. It can also be tempting to get only one or two estimates for an upcoming move. This presents two problems. The first problem is that it’s very difficult to evaluate an estimate without having a few others to use as comparisons. The second problem is that you miss valuable opportunities to evaluate a mover’s personnel without ever having met them. It’s worth the time to get these estimates in person.

Pricing

Price is obviously very important in selecting a moving company. However, it isn’t the only factor. In fact, we think that quality, safety and reliability are at least as important. When you think that you will be trusting all your most important possession to be driven off by complete strangers, it puts pricing in some perspective. Further, if you see an estimate that’s more than 1/3 lower than the next lowest estimate, it’s a good idea to find out why. Very often an extremely low estimate is a sign of movers who are either very inexperienced or desperate. And neither of those reasons should be cause for encouragement!

“Binding Not to Exceed” Estimates

There are 2 primary types of moving estimates- binding and non-binding. Non-binding estimates are not contracts, and provide those moving with limited rights. Binding estimates are contracts and are binding on both you and the moving company. “Binding Not to Exceed” estimates put a firm cap on the amount you can be charged, so long as you don’t request additional services or add items to be moved. Moving companies tend to be careful in creating such estimates, and many companies don’t offer them at all. However, wherever possible, see if you can get your potential movers to agree to creating one for you.

“Rogue Movers”

The Department of Transportation offers specific warnings about scam artists known as “rogue movers.” These groups offer a very low estimate for an upcoming move. However, once your goods are on their truck, they demand exorbitant fees to release your possessions. Here are the warning signs the DOT points out:

  • The mover doesn’t offer or agree to an on-site inspection of your household goods and gives an estimate over the phone or Internet-sight-unseen. These estimates often sound too good-to-be-true. They usually are.
  • The moving company demands cash or a large deposit before the move.
  • The mover doesn’t provide you with a copy of “Your Rights and Responsibilities When You Move,” a booklet movers are required by Federal regulations to supply to their customers in the planning stages of interstate moves.
  • The company’s Web site has no local address and no information about licensing or insurance.
  • The mover claims all goods are covered by their insurance.
  • When you call the mover, the telephone is answered with a generic “Movers” or “Moving company,” rather than the company’s name.
  • Offices and warehouse are in poor condition or nonexistent.
  • On moving day, a rental truck arrives rather than a company-owned and marked fleet truck.

A Final Note

While selecting a moving company can be an imposing task, it’s important to note that moves with reputable companies tend to turn out well. Following the simple steps in this article can help ensure that your move is a successful one.

Types and Process of a Drug and Alcohol Rehab Facility

There are four different types of rehabilitation centers available to those looking for drug and alcohol rehab facilities: Primary care, extended primary care, secondary care and tertiary care. These different drug and alcohol treatment centers accommodate all the different stages in the treatment process and a patient will usually complete at least two of these by recommendation of their therapist or recovery counselor.

Primary care facilities
Primary care facilities typically have a program lasting three to four weeks and are an intensive treatment type which requires a doctor or psychiatrist to examine the patient and refer them to the center. Clients will stay in the center as in-patients for the duration of their stay but are allowed visitors at allocated times and only after their first week in the center. The first week is generally a time for detoxification if needed or if it has not been completed in a hospital already, and also a time to settle in and has introduced the to recovery program of the center.

The program at a primary care rehab will consist of intensive therapy groups, individual counseling and written work throughout the day and attending recovery meetings such as Narcotics Anonymous and Alcoholics Anonymous. In primary care, addicts begin the process of living each day without drugs, yet without much stress of exposure to the outside world as this may cause heavy emotional reactions resulting in the relapse of the patient. Primary care treatment centers are extremely costly and whilst some medical aids do pay for the treatment fees, many do not.

Extended primary care facilities
Extended primary care is a type of facility that runs an inpatient program similar to a regular primary care facility, but the client stay for a longer period; usually three months but in some cases and when the client is still not ready to progress to the next stage of their recovery they can stay longer. Extended primary care facilities will run a recovery program exactly like the normal primary care facilities with all day groups and one-on-one counseling.

The difference between the two types of center is that extended involves a longer stay, the patients will perform the therapeutic duties such as cooking dinner at week-ends, making their beds and gardening as well as their therapy. With extended primary care treatment, patients are able to access the same level of therapy as in a regular primary care center, but for much longer, allowing clients a better chance at recovery.

Secondary care facilities
Drug and alcohol rehab patients will often leave a primary or extended primary care facility to move to a secondary care facility for further assistance with their substance abuse problems. Every treatment center differs from another but a secondary care center will generally have a less intensive program than primary care centers and allow much more freedom than primary or extended primary.

There is usually an all day program but with only one or two therapy groups per day. Clients participate in care counseling, therapeutic duties, written work and house meetings as well as the therapy, while some that have jobs or are studying are allowed to go out during the day to work or college / university.

Patients at a secondary care facility are free to go out during the evenings, whether it is to recovery meetings or to have good, clean fun. There is a curve and every client must fill in a daily plan detailing their plans for the next day which must be followed. In secondary drug and alcohol rehab facilities, clients are reintroduced back into society gradually and without too much pressure, but still having a program to follow at their treatment center.

Tertiary care facilities
Tertiary care is a drug treatment facility that allows a little more freedom while still helping the addict to immerse themselves further back into society and additionally providing a safe place to return to at night. Tertiary care facilities usually do not run a day time program except for maybe an occasional art therapy group or step work group and will have group therapy a couple of times per week in the evening.

Clients are free to spend their day as they wish as long as they abide by the rules of the center such as no using substances, no association with anyone using substances, no visiting bars or night clubs etc; they also do not need to provide a daily plan with their intended whereabouts. Job seeking or finding some meaningful way to spend time working on themselves is compulsory, this could entail voluntary work for instance. The curfew of the center is generally later and patients can often request to sleep at home on weekends as long as their home is a safe place.

Research has shown that addicts who receive long term, in-patient treatment in a drug and alcohol treatment center are more likely to remain absent than those who participate in shorter programs.

Drug and alcohol rehab centers are a very successful way for struggling addicts to seek help for their addiction and most centers will refer clients to further centers to help them start a successful life of recovery. Patients benefit from healthy living, intensive therapy and a daily program of recovery in a drug and alcohol rehab, giving them the chance to begin a new life and maintain it once they have finished with their addiction treatment.

Medical Device Innovations: From Sci-Fi Movies to the Real World

Star Trek Tricorder

The handheld medical device used in the popular Star Trek Enterprise might soon become a reality. With Qualcomm having began a contest to see if anyone can create a working tricorder (that weighs less than 5 pounds and fits in the palm!), the healthcare industry might be able to benefit from this great innovation. With the ability to diagnose different conditions (ranging from anemia, diabetes, pneumonia, sleep apnea, and chronic diseases amongst others) and monitor vital signs (like blood pressure, heart rate, temperature and respiratory rate) of patients, the tricorder can be used by patients in the comforts of their homes, without having to visit the doctor.

Ender’s Game Robotic Medical Assistant

While Ender’s Game featured a surgical robot performing brain surgery, robotic medical assistants majorly enable safe patient lifting, reducing incidents of workplace injuries, and hence improved clinician staff retention and satisfaction as well as patient satisfaction. These assistants are highly mobile, can move in any direction, and seamlessly operate in confined spaces. They can either work side by side with a trained nurse with the ability to perform simple tasks like monitoring vital signs or delivering medicine. Some robotic nurses serve as interfaces for doctors to use over distances to communicate with patients, and can be supervised by a remotely located nurse, enabling remotely located clinical experts to monitor, diagnose and treat patients in real-time

Mission Impossible Augmented Reality Contact Lens

Google Glass may soon become passé, as augmented reality contact lenses are here. If you’ve ever dreamed of neon interfaces float in front of you and information projected into your eyes (and not on screens), your dream might soon become reality – like showcased in Mission Impossible. With a futuristic vision, device manufacturers are working on developing lenses that will read the light from projectors fitted to glasses. Consisting of a small display, a camera, an RF antenna and sensors, these lenses will detect eye movement, and give patients the ability to control certain inputs just by blinking. These specialized lenses will help users focus on both close and faraway objects. What’s more, advanced AR lenses will also measure blood glucose from tears, and will transform the treatment and management of diabetes.

The Next Black Smart Garment

Move on smart wearables, as smart garments are soon going to become hugely popular. Documentary film The Next Black showcases smart garments (fibretronics) with microchips implanted into them. From socks and sleeves, to shirts and shorts – these smart garments have the ability to react to body temperature, track heart rate, monitor emotions and other vital signs (or even the mood of the wearer) and can be used by doctors in novel ways – without having to grab a phone or tap a screen. By decoupling the touch interface from the digital device, smart garments incorporate sensors that enable simple monitoring, and send the captured data through a wireless signal to the wearer’s mobile device.

The Fifth Element 3D Bio-printer

When makers of The Fifth Element showcased 3D bio-printing, little did they know the concept would someday become a reality! Imagine the level of innovation at which technology has now reached – while 3D printing is being popularly used to create objects, the technology is now being exploited in the medical field. 3D bioprinters are being used to build human tissues (and even organs), for the purpose of research as well as transplantation. Using computed tomography and MRI, bioprinters take a layer-by-layer approach and reconstruct cells and tissues which are then fed with oxygen and nutrients to keep them alive.

The Unscientific Approach

Although they are very much popular these days, there are a lot of controversies surrounding the practice of chiropractic medicine. For one, some of them do not actually follow the usual medical approach to health problems. Meaning, some of them would be mercifully resorted to in fact getting a cure for a certain problem that they get rid of scientifically accepted principles like immunization and fluoridation. With this, can they be trusted?

Actually, it's a pointless issue to try to debate science with their conservative approach. For one thing, science has their own sets of guidelines that they believe is true based on the scientific researches that they had employed through time. On the other hand, the different approach of chiropractic medicine may not be rebut as something wrong since this branch of medicine had also employed their unique approach in order to better prove that what they are doing is indeed beneficial to the body. This is seen on the many people who tested positively to the result of chiropractic medicine.

However, if you are really skeptical in trying to use their approach then you do not have to worry since there are chiropractics that would employ science and their conservative approach at the same time. Through them, you can get the best out of the two worlds.

You need to look for reputable one however given that there are many of them who honesty had escaped out of the window just in order to get more profits. Ask around for recommendation.

Shrinking Hemorrhoids – How to Treat Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids are a common medical problem in many people. There are many people who have them and are not even aware that they exist. What causes people to notice them is when they become painful and itchy because they have protruded on to the external part of your body. There is no determination on how large the hemorrhoid can be. If it becomes greatly inflated due to irritation, then you could experience great pain and discomfort. To combat these symptoms, then you may need help shrinking hemorrhoids.

One of the easiest ways to help you begin the process to shrink your hemorrhoid is to apply a topical ointment. This will help to soothe the pain and any itchiness that you may be experiencing. Many topical ointments can be found as over the counter medications at your nearest drug store. However, many of these types of creams are designed to provide instant relief from a hemorrhoid, but may not treat the root cause for those people who are frequent sufferers of hemorrhoids.

If you are a frequent sufferer if hemorrhoids and you are battling a large hemorrhoid that has been inflamed, then you may have to seek a medical professional to have the hemorrhoid drained with a tube. This will help to shrink the size of the hemorrhoid so that it can heal properly while providing you less discomfort.

These procedures will help you to manage an existing hemorrhoid. However, if you get hemorrhoids quite frequently, then you may need more information on what you can do to prevent them from ever developing again.

Five Common Myths About Hearing Aids Debunked

There are many misconceptions about hearing aids. Many of these opinions are based on our own fears and what we remember from our older relatives that lived in a different era. Things have changed and hearing aids are now worn by younger patients and are designed to be nearly invisible. Additionally, they have been redesigned to minimize static and feedback. However, rumors persist about these devices that tend to mislead those that may benefit from using them. Here we will address five of the most common myths regarding hearing aids:

1. They can correct your aural loss in a similar fashion to eyeglasses restoring vision to 20/20 eyesight.

The truth is that hearing aids, unlike eyeglasses, are not meant to restore permanent aural loss. They are simply used to improve your listening and communication abilities to levels that couldn’t be achieved without their use. Though this may seem like disappointing news to some candidates, many eventually accept that regaining these skills can still substantially improve the quality of their lives.

2. They are not necessary if your hearing loss is minimal.

Every person has different listening needs. Also, there are different ranges and degrees of aural loss. If you ignore your difficulties, you are not only going to feel less in control, but you may frustrate loved ones that will be unable to help you. Treating your condition will not only improve your overall relationships with people, but it will increase your odds of living your life to its fullest. There is no need to deprive yourself of the peace of mind you will have from being able to listen to all the sounds around you.

3. There is no reason to use two of them.

Because we use both of our ears to localize sounds, drown out background noise, and increase the sound quality of what we naturally hear, it is crucial that those who have suffered hearing loss in both ears use two devices instead of one. After all, the combination of what is heard in both ears provides a dual ear-brain connection that rehabilitates the pathways that are used for learning and language.

4. Only the elderly should worry about this.

There are nearly 48 million people over the age of 12 with aural issues great enough to hinder their communication abilities. That is approximately one in five people. Also, it is important to note that 65% of those in any age range with difficulties are under the age of 65. Six million of those are between the ages of 18 and 44. These types of limitations need to be dealt with, regardless of age, or they may adversely affect social interactions, personal safety, and occupational and educational performance.

5. They make horrible sounds and give feedback that can be deafening.

This used to true, but there have been several advances in the technology that is currently being used. They no longer squawk or hiss, and are up to 99% free of feedback. As a matter of fact, many models now come with feedback cancelation as a common feature.

If you feel that you may need hearing aids, it is always best to make an immediate appointment with your audiologist. He or she can conduct an in-depth screening and determine which course of treatment will best suit your needs. The doctor can also address any questions that you may have concerning any audiology myths that may be confusing to you.

Five Common Myths About Hearing Aids Debunked

There are many misconceptions about hearing aids. Many of these opinions are based on our own fears and what we remember from our older relatives that lived in a different era. Things have changed and hearing aids are now worn by younger patients and are designed to be nearly invisible. Additionally, they have been redesigned to minimize static and feedback. However, rumors persist about these devices that tend to mislead those that may benefit from using them. Here we will address five of the most common myths regarding hearing aids:

1. They can correct your aural loss in a similar fashion to eyeglasses restoring vision to 20/20 eyesight.

The truth is that hearing aids, unlike eyeglasses, are not meant to restore permanent aural loss. They are simply used to improve your listening and communication abilities to levels that couldn’t be achieved without their use. Though this may seem like disappointing news to some candidates, many eventually accept that regaining these skills can still substantially improve the quality of their lives.

2. They are not necessary if your hearing loss is minimal.

Every person has different listening needs. Also, there are different ranges and degrees of aural loss. If you ignore your difficulties, you are not only going to feel less in control, but you may frustrate loved ones that will be unable to help you. Treating your condition will not only improve your overall relationships with people, but it will increase your odds of living your life to its fullest. There is no need to deprive yourself of the peace of mind you will have from being able to listen to all the sounds around you.

3. There is no reason to use two of them.

Because we use both of our ears to localize sounds, drown out background noise, and increase the sound quality of what we naturally hear, it is crucial that those who have suffered hearing loss in both ears use two devices instead of one. After all, the combination of what is heard in both ears provides a dual ear-brain connection that rehabilitates the pathways that are used for learning and language.

4. Only the elderly should worry about this.

There are nearly 48 million people over the age of 12 with aural issues great enough to hinder their communication abilities. That is approximately one in five people. Also, it is important to note that 65% of those in any age range with difficulties are under the age of 65. Six million of those are between the ages of 18 and 44. These types of limitations need to be dealt with, regardless of age, or they may adversely affect social interactions, personal safety, and occupational and educational performance.

5. They make horrible sounds and give feedback that can be deafening.

This used to true, but there have been several advances in the technology that is currently being used. They no longer squawk or hiss, and are up to 99% free of feedback. As a matter of fact, many models now come with feedback cancelation as a common feature.

If you feel that you may need hearing aids, it is always best to make an immediate appointment with your audiologist. He or she can conduct an in-depth screening and determine which course of treatment will best suit your needs. The doctor can also address any questions that you may have concerning any audiology myths that may be confusing to you.

Flu Tests – Accuracy and Necessity

Kids today go everywhere, do everything, and catch a lot of colds. But sometimes, it's more than a cold. With the abundance of antibiotics and vaccines available, the human body becomes immune to many diseases, but viruses are not one of them. The common colds and viruses can often be mere nuisances, but sometimes they become something more. The recent outbreak of swine flu caused a scare, and people became aware that flu is not always something to be taken lightly. It is there necessary to have reliable testing that will detect the flu at an early stage.

Along with the common cold, influenza is one of the most common acute respiratory infections, producing symptoms such as headache, chills, dry cough, body aches and fever. It affects 10% – 20% of the United States population annually, resulting in more than 110,000 hospitals and 10,000 to 40,000 deaths. The Influenza A virus is typically more prevalent and is associated with the most serious influenza epidemics, while influenza B infections typically present more mild symptoms. Diagnosis is difficult because the initial symptoms can be similar to those caused by other infectious agents. Considering that the influenza virus is highly contagious, accurate diagnosis and prompt treatment of patients can have a positive effect on public health. Accurate diagnosis and the ability to distinguish between A or B antigens can also help reduce the utilization of antibiotic and gives the physician the opportunity to prescribe an appropriate antiviral therapy. Initiation of antiviral therapy within 48 hours of symptom infection is recommended for more rapid reduction of symptoms and to reduce viral shedding. The Genzyme flu test can provide rapid detection of influenza A and / or B viral antigens from symptomatic patients, and is frequently used by doctors.

The OSOM Influenza A and B test kit is a rapid, yet accurate flu test. The test takes only about a minute to set up, so patients are not kept waiting. Results are available within ten minutes, and they have an excellent rate of accuracy. Specimens are grouped with a nasal swab, and clear instructions provide a guide on how to conduct the test. The immunochromatographic assay features easy-to-read results with three distinct lines that differiate between Influenza A and B flu strains. Two extra test sticks are included for external quality control testing.

Although necessary, flu tests are sometimes left out of medical budgeting due to cost cutting. DealMed.com offers the OSOM Influenza A and B test kit, and a wide variety of medical supplies at affordable prices. They staff medically trained personnel to help with purchases, and provide express shipping if necessary. Go to DealMed.com to find out more.

Beagle Skin Health – Problems, Symptoms, and Treatments

Beagle Skin health

Beagles are happy, energetic, compassionate and loving dogs and most families would love to have a beagle as a pet. And like other dog breeds, beagles also have health problems-they are predisposed to certain diseases. One of the health issues of beagles is that they are prone to skin infections/problems.

What are the common skin diseases of beagles?

As with other dog breeds, skin problems in beagles can be caused by numerous agents including infectious agents (bacteria, virus, fungi, parasites), external irritants, allergens and trauma (burns, radiation).

Bacterial dermatitis (pyoderma)

Bacteria that can cause skin infections include Staphylococcus intermedius (most common causative agent), normal resident bacteria of the skin (Staphylococcus sp., Streptococcus sp.), Pseudomonas sp., and E.coli.

Areas such as lip folds, facial folds, neck folds, axillary areas, dorsal or plantar interdigital areas, vulvar areas, and tail folds are especially prone to bacterial pyoderma because the warm and moist conditions in these areas allow the bacteria to overgrow and colonize the skin surface.

Dermatophytosis

Dermatophytes (Microsporum canis, M. gypseum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes) are the common fungal agents that cause skin problems in dogs. In dogs that have dermatophytosis, the affected area(s) are alopecic, scaly patches with broken hairs. Papules and pustules can also form in the affected area.

Mange and external parasites (fleas and ticks)

Mange mites (Demodex sp. and Sarcoptes scabei) can also cause hair loss and dermatitis. Fleas and ticks can also trigger dermatitis. A condition called flea allergy dermatitis is common in dogs and flea bites cause severe irritation and dogs may develop hypersensitivity to the flea saliva (which is injected during feeding/biting).

Allergy (Atopic dermatitis)

Allergens in the environment can trigger an allergic reaction which is mostly observed in the skin (allergic inhalant dermatitis or atopy). Allergic inhalant dermatitis is a very common allergy in dogs with ~10% of the canine population suffering from the condition. The most frequently affected areas include the feet, face, ears, axillae, and abdomen.

Food allergy is also a common type of atopy in dogs. Foods that most frequently cause allergy to dogs include beef, chicken, corn, wheat, soy, and milk.

Other causes of skin problems

Nutritional deficiencies, hypothyroidism, hyperadrenocorticism, excessive estrogen production or administration can also result in skin problems (often seen as hair loss).

How do I know my beagle has skin disease?

Generally, problems in the skin are manifested as:

  • Itching and scratching
  • Inflammation of the skin (dermatitis)- seen as reddening of the skin (erythema), scaling, pustules
  • Scratching
  • Loss of hair
  • Licking

How are skin diseases diagnosed?

With skin problems, the vet will need to make a thorough examination of the dog (type of lesions, location/affected area(s)) and know the dermatologic history. The vet may also need to perform tests to help him with the diagnosis such as Wood’s lamp examination (dermatophytosis), fungal culture, allergy investigations (dietary tests, patch testing, and intradermal testing), skin scrapings, combing of hair coat for fleas or lies, and biopsy. In some cases, the skin infection or itching may be idiopathic after all diagnostic tests have been performed. In cases of idiopathic skin diseases, corticosteroids or antihistamines and essential fatty acids can be given.

What is the treatment for skin problems?

To effectively treat skin infections require that the underlying cause should be determined. Bacterial pyoderma is treated by oral antibiotics (given for 21-30 days; longer duration of treatment for chronic cases).Dermatophytosis is treated by giving the dog antifungals such as Itraconazole, fluconazole, terbinafine, ketoconazole, and griseofulvin. Insecticides can be given if there are fleas and ticks.

Until the underlying cause is determined, topical and systemic therapy may be given. Cleansing and antiparasitic shampoos are available and can be used for routine cleansing (remove dirt, excess oil from the hair coat). Medicated shampoos that contain chlorhexidine and benzoyl peroxide are widely used for their antibacterial property. Antiseborrheic shampoos contain tar, sulphur and salicylic acid and they can be used for seborrheic dermatitis. In the case of antifungal shampoo, they have not been shown to shorten the course of infection and are best avoided.

What can I do to help keep my beagle’s skin healthy?

Feed your dog a complete and balanced diet that will meet his nutritional needs.

Whether your beagle is a puppy or an adult, make sure that he is getting the right amounts of protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. Dogs also require linoleic acid, an unsaturated essential fatty acid that is important for coat and skin health, found in corn, safflower, sunflower and soy oil.

Regular grooming

Brush your dog’s coat at least once a week and bathe your dog for 1-2 times per week. Brushing the haircoat will not only provide the bonding you need with your pet but it will also help massage the skin and release natural skin oils. Regular brushing will also give you the time to check for presence of ticks, fleas or other skin and haircoat problems.

Regular check-up

Bring your dog to the vet on a regular basis to have him checked for skin parasites or early signs of skin and hair coat problems. Skin problems can be caused by an underlying disease condition and it will help your dog a lot if the disease is diagnosed and treated early.

Go For Acupuncture to Treat Your Infertility

Acupuncture origin from China, everyone knows that. It basically works because it could induce hormones like endorphins to be produced for the wellbeing of patients. These hormones help antibodies to fight germs and infections. But what many people do not know is that acupuncture it is also relatively effective to treat infertility, usually together with herbal concoctions.

It is useful too for men who have erectile dysfunction, lousy sperm quality and low sperm count.

A study carried out in the United States in 2004 revealed that ladies who underwent IVF (in vitro fertilization) for fertility only had a 36 percent success rate. When combined with acupuncture, the figure shot up to 51 percent.

The study also found that those who underwent IVF had a 20 percent chance of miscarriage or still birth. But when IVF is used together with acupuncture, the rate dropped to only 8 percent.

Using acupuncture to treat infertility is most effective is the cause of the problem is a functional one. For example, the woman is suffering from endometriosis infertility, hormonal infertility or follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) infertility. It will not work with blocked fallopian tubes.

In Chinese medicine, the belief is that when infertility occurs, it is most likely due to blocked energy flow in the body. The cold and heat system is not in equilibrium, and there is insufficiency blood.

When treating a woman who has infertility problems, the acupuncturists will treat the individual in a holistic manner, unlike in Western medicine where they treat the illness. Chinese sensei holds the opinion that when the overall health of their patient is restored, all problems disappear with it.

In instances where acupuncture can not treat infertility, it may still be used in addition to other fertility methods because of its (acupuncture) ability to regulate blood circulation and menstrual cycle and improve the quality of the ovum released.

Because traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine have their pros and cons, many doctors have been able to harness the strength of both treatment methods to treat their patients with great success.

Heartburn Natural Remedies

Heartburn natural remedies are in plenty; they will come in handy when heartburn pain does not allow you any peace. Heartburn is very common and is caused by many factors among them eating large portions of food at once as well as eating certain types of foods. At least 20% of all people will suffer the condition every week. It can also indicate conditions like gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

Before considering heartburn natural remedies, it is paramount to seek the help of a qualified doctor who will analyze the problem. This will help rule out some deep-seated conditions like the above named example. GERD has the potential to lead to more serious conditions like oesophagitis, strictures, esophageal bleeding and ulcers.

Heartburn natural remedies will not have any side effects and when followed closely, you can also prevent the condition from happening often.

Diet is one of the remedies that can really help overcome and manage the problem. There are those foods that are known to trigger heartburn. Diet as one of the best heartburn natural remedies will require precision and keeping tabs on food taken will be the key. The following food list will trigger it.

• Raw onions

• Garlic

• Black pepper

• Vinegar

• Fatty foods

• Spicy foods

• Coffee

• Citrus juice

• Carbonated beverages

• Alcoholic beverages

• Citrus fruits

• Chocolate

• Peppermint

• Spearmint

Time factor is very important and in this case, the interval after eating and going to bed. Those who suffer the condition often are those who eat then less than an hour later go to bed. Don’t go to bed or lie down when 2 or 3 hours have not passed after a meal. This is one of the proven heartburn natural remedies.

Stress has been associated with heartburn and according to the National Heartburn Alliance people who are stressed will suffer this condition more. It will take longer for digestion to take place in people who are stressed hence aggravating heartburn and effects thereof. Simple ways to prevent stress will help remedy the problem.

Smoking will cause or make heartburn worse. Therefore, in the list of heartburn natural remedies, quitting this habit will have an extra advantage.

DGL (deglycyrrhizinated licorice) which is an herb has been found to be beneficial when it comes to the condition. A chewable DGL will help ease the problem.

Aloe Vera juice is another one of heartburn natural remedies that will act against the problem. It has been used for centuries for this and other health conditions as well.

Marshmallows will in many instances remedy the problem. This is because it comes with mucilage that has the ability to cater to the problem by soothing the esophagus lining. There are so many other products that will provide relief to this problem. Do not forget the value of seeking help from a health care provider.

What is Orthognathic Surgery and How Can it Help Improve Facial Deforities

Orthognathic surgery combos maxillofacial surgery or jaw surgery with orthodontics. The ideals of this type of surgery are to improve one's bite and make chewing easier. The surgeries done are designed to correct misalignment of the jaw and make the jaw fit together properly. Facial imbalances such as an underbite, overbite or cleft palate can be corrected using orthognathic surgery. Orthodontics are used to correct malocclusions of the teeth and to improve gummy smiles, where large areas of gums are showing when a person smiles. TMJ disease can be corrected or pretented using orthognathic jaw surgery. Patients who have jaw problems that can not be treated with orthodontics alone have orthognathic surgery to correct the jaw abnormality so the teeth work properly.

Surgery on the upper jaw is called a maxillary osteotomy and surgery on the lower jaw is called a mandibular osteotomy. A patient can have one or both of these surgeries at the same time in order to correct the alignment of the upper and lower jaw and to improve the functionality of the upper and lower jaw. The surgery is generally done using incisions inside the mouth so that there is no external scarring visible.

The term "orthognathic surgery" was first coined by Dr. Harold Hargis, a Doctor of Dentistry. He was the first to consider cleft palate as part of orthognathic surgery. The surgery is used to treat dental problems that can not be treated with orthodontic treatments alone. Bones are cut and re-aligned and then held in place as part of the surgery using screws, plates or screws.

The various indications for orthognathic surgery include the following:

  • Discrepancies between the upper and lower jaw alignment, which can be vertical, transverse or antero-posterior
  • Facial skeletal abnormalities that result in airway problems, sleep apnea or soft tissue problems
  • TMJ pathology that causes facial skeletal discrepancies.

Orthognathic surgery is done by an oral and maxillofacial surgery specialist or a craniofacial surgery specialist and is aided by an orthodontist who straights and aligns the teeth. Braces are often placed before the surgery and after the surgery are complete. There are retainers used as well, often after the braces are completed and removed. Orthognathic surgery is also a part of repairing cleft lips and cleft palates. The orthodontist and the orthognathic surgeon work together to align the bite and teeth.

The surgeon who does the surgery needs to have training in dentistry as well. Oral and maxillary surgery specialists are often trained in dental procedures so they can identify what a normal bite and how to achieve one. This allows the maxillofacial surgery specialist to work best in conjunction with the orthodontist to achieve the best in a normal bite.

It requires a great deal of planning by a multidisciplinary team. Sometimes a speech and language therapist is included along with the maxillofacial surgery specialist and the orthodontist. There may need to be molds of the face created so the anatomy of the person's face is well understood and the surgery can be planned. X-rays need to be taken as well as photographs and software exists that can predict how the person will look after the proposed surgical procedure. The patient can see what he or she will look like after the procedure is over with.

The primary goal of orthognathic surgery is to get a normal bite and a face that looks as pleasant as possible. The airway may need to be enlarged. In fact, orthognathic surgery can correct obstructive sleep apnea in 90 to 100 percent of cases. Both the upper and lower jaws may need surgery in order to enlarge the airway. A nasal tube is used to intubate the patient because the mouth needs to be easily accessed. Bones are cut for greater patency of the airway and the individual can breathe more easily in their sleep.

Combating Ehlers Danlos Syndrome With Bodysuit Shapewear

Ehlers Danlos Syndrome, also known as “Cutis hyperelastica”, is a rare condition where there exists a defect in the synthesis of collagen. This inherited disorder has no quick fix or elixir because the severity of the condition can range from benign to malicious. If defined in base terms, “cutis hyperelastica” is extreme hyper mobility, which is defined by joints which bend this way and that, leading to constant dislocation of joints due to lack of muscles and collagen. When one looks at numbers, one in every ten thousand to fifteen thousand are afflicted with any particular range of hyper mobility.

Two Doctors, Edvard Ehlers of Denmark, and Henri-Alexandre Danlos of France, defined this condition at the turn of the 20th century.

Mild forms of hyper mobility exist all around. When one can bend fingers in different directions that would be a form of hyper mobility.

A 3 year old girl in the U.K. was born with an extremely acute type of this condition. This young 3 year old names Olivia Court has been to numbers of doctors and surgeon and undergone two hip surgeries in order to help her walk.

Olivia’s mother and father, Lena, thirty-six, and Adrian, forty-one, a couple based out of Earl Shilton, Leicestershire, were alerted to the condition when Olivia still could not crawl or sit up at the age of one. After meeting countless numbers of doctors and surgeons they went through with the two hip surgeries. However, Olivia would end up with a dislocated hip, even when wearing a cast for eleven months that covered her from her chest to her knees.

With incredibly weak muscles that could not support her joints, Olivia could not walk, sit up, or even crawl. After the two corrective hip surgeries, the doctors and surgeons gave up on Olivia’s condition.

After doctors told them that they would never see their daughter run, Lena and Adrian strove to find a way.

Finally a surgeon gave them a suggestion. Something attune to shapewear was suggested for Olivia. It seemed like a great idea, but it was incredibly expensive. With a price tag of £2,500, this second skin like bodysuit was designed to keep her joints together by strengthening her weak muscles.

After learning that their local NHS Trust could not fund the bodysuit due to lack of medical evidence, the Courts were assisted by a local community group that was able to raise the money.

The bodysuit must be worn 5 days a week, 8 hours a day. The suit, made from Lycra, is facilitating a normal life for Olivia.

The suit allows Olivia to attend school regularly without bouts of exhaustion and fatigue.