Treating Hyperacidity

You've just had your fill at a fancy restaurant when all of a sudden you experience a sharp pain in your stomach. The pain appears to extend to your heart and you're all sweaty. Blame it on hyperacidity – a common condition that happens when you eat spicy or fatty foods.

Hyperacidity refers to the excess acidity of the stomach that causes a burning pain after meals. The problem is also called acid indigestion or sour stomach and is a common symptom of gastric or duodenal ulcer, both of which can be triggered by skipping meals or eating irregularly, smoking, stress, excess alcohol or caffeine consumption, and the use of certain drugs like aspirin or cortisone which irritate the stomach. In others, the cause of excess stomach acid is unknown.

"Twenty minutes after eating a hearty meal, it happens: a searing pain in your midsection. sour, as though you have just drunk a stale orange puree. When nighttime comes, you wake up sweaty because your stomach hurts: it burns painfully and you even feel as though the pain even extends to your heart. of hyperacidity. "It is painful, irritating and can cause sleepless nights." And you are not alone, "explained MedicinesBlogger.Com (MBC).

"Every night, millions of people wake up just to ease the pain that hyperacidity brings. It is a common medical condition that distresses people of all races and ages. as some do, "MBC added.

For relief, you may occasionally take antacids under a physician's guidance. But these drugs should never be used regularly without consulting a doctor for they have side effects. Calcium carbonate, for instance, can cause constipation and produce rebound acidity, a condition wherein more acid is produced after the product is taken. Magnesium tend to cause diarrhea while simethicone is a questionable ingredient.

"Antacids counteract stomach acid and treat symptoms, but they can cause complications. For ex¬ample, sodium bicarbonate, a primary antacid ingredi¬ent, contains large amounts of sodium which can aggravate kidney disease or high blood pressure," said the editors of Consumer Guide's "Family Medical Guide."

As for the time-honored remedy of drinking milk to neutralize excess stomach acid, forget it! This habit can cause more trouble since milk tend to increase stomach acid.

"A study at the Veterans Administration Hospital in Los Angeles, shown that milk (either whole, low-fat or skimmed) had a minimal effect on the existing environment of the stomach. "according to Carole Ann Rinsler in" The Dictionary of Medical Folklore. "

A more practical way to deal with hyperacidity is to drink plenty of water and avoid the risk factors such as alcohol, cigarettes, aspirin and caffeine. There's no need to stick to a bland diet. People with hyperacidity can eat anything they want to (provided the food they take does not make matters worse). What is important is that the person eats regularly or consumes small frequent meals.

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Do You Have Gastritis?

Contrary to common belief, gastritis is not a single disease but rather different different conditions. "Gastritis" simply means "inflammation of the stomach," and stomach infection can be caused by a variety of factors. When the stomach becomes inflamed, it is because something has happened to irritate the stomach lining. Gastritis can be mild or severe, temporary or chronic. It can be very painful in some patients, and even fatal if it is not deal with properly.

Injury, illness, bacteria, or viruses can cause gastritis with the most prevalent cause worldwide being a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori. This bacterium invades the mucous lining of the duodenum and stomach and can cause peptic ulcers in addition to gastritis. It is one of the few known bacteria that can survive the stomach's very acidic environment; most other organizations are destroyed. Luckily, it is possible to have the Helicobacter pylori bacterium in your stomach and never see any symptoms.

You can also develop gastritis due to a breakdown of the immune system. If you've had a prolonged illness, or if you are on immunosuppressant drugs for cancer treatment or have HIV, this can weak your immune system and make you more susceptible to developing gastritis.

One type of gastritis is more specifically known as erosive gastritis. This is where the stomach is not just inflamed, but is being worn away. The stomach lining can be eroded by a variety of irritants, including aspirin. Crohn's disease can wear the stomach lining away, too. Typically, a person with erosive gastritis does not know he has it at first, because it generally develops very slowly over time. Often, the person is otherwise quite healthy and shows no symptoms until finally the erosive gastritis becomes severe enough to be noticeable.

Continue reading to discover more about the different kinds of gastritis and sign up for the free newsletter focusing on over gastritis through natural means.

A subcategory of erosive gastritis is called acute stress gastritis. This is when a sudden injury or illness causes a breakdown of the stomach lining and inflammation of the stomach. The injury need not even be stomach-related – sometimes an injury that involves heavy bleeding or major skin burns can cause it. The reason why these apparently unrelated injuries could cause erosive gastritis is not definitively known, but a theory is that the injuries cause reduced blood flow to the stomach as the blood being being sent to the damaged areas for healing purposes, which causes the stomach lining to become weak.

Radiation treatment can cause gastritis, too, if it is infected upon the lower left side of the chest or the abdomen, near the stomach.

Some patients who have had stomach operations, particularly to remove part of the stomach for weight-loss reasons, develop gastritis afterward. Usually the gastritis erupts in the place where tissue has been stitched together after surgery. It is thought that it happens because the surgery restricted blood flow to the lining of the stomach, or because the lining was exposed to too much bile during the surgery.

Understanding Pericarditis

Pericardial disease or pericarditis is an inflammation of any of pericardial layers. Pericardium is a thin double-walled fibroserous sac that surrounds the heart and consists of:

  • Fibrous layer – the most superficial pericardial layer.
  • Serous layer – the inner layer which in its turn is divided into outer parietal and internal visceral layers.
  • Pericardial fluid – the lubricating serous fluid located in the pericardial cavity between the parietal and visceral layers. It serves to reduce the friction of the heart during cardiac contractions.

Pericardium performs an important function by protecting the heart and maintaining its adequate position so that it could work properly.


In most cases pericarditis develops as a complication of an underlying disease. Since it’s an inflammatory condition, it might seem that it could be the consequence of an infectious disease. However, there are different types of pericarditis depending in its cause:

  • Pericarditis caused by viral, bacterial, parasitic or fungal infections. The most common infectious organisms include streptococcus, Epstein-Barr virus, Candida fungi, toxoplasma, echinococcus.
  • Pericarditis provoked by autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, scleroderma.
  • Traumatic pericarditis that results from severe injuries or trauma in the chest area. Sometimes it can develop after a surgical intervention in this area.
  • Pericarditis developing due to tumors located directly on the pericardial layers or in the adjacent areas.
  • Pericarditis associated with serious metabolic disorders such as Addison’s disease.

The most common causes of pericarditis include rheumatism and tuberculosis. Besides, the provoking factors for pericarditis are myocardial infarction, endocarditis, allergic reactions, and radiation therapy.


Since this pathology usually develops as a complication of other diseases, it lacks specific clinical symptoms; however, depending on the type, pericarditis symptoms include any of the following:

  • Piercing or sharp pain in the middle or left side of the chest that can spread to one or both shoulders
  • Attacks of heart palpitations
  • Fever
  • Fast or irregular heart rate
  • Swelling of ankles, legs or feet
  • Breathlessness
  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Dry cough


The goals of pericarditis treatment involve:

  • Relieving symptoms
  • Treating the underlying conditions
  • Preventing complications

Treatment methods and its duration are determined by the cause that provoked inflammation and complications, if any. Once experiencing first symptoms of pericarditis, one should seek medical advice as soon as possible.

Complications and prognosis

In general, pericarditis is considered a disease with a benign outcome since timely qualified treatment leads to a complete recovery in the majority of patients. However, in rare case severe pericarditis can cause serious complications:

  • Cardiac tamponade is caused by too much fluid being collected in the pericardium. It’s a dangerous condition that prevents adequate cardiac contractions and leads to a dramatic decrease in blood pressure.
  • Chronic constructive pericarditis, a rare disease that needs time for development. It causes the formation of scar-like tissue throughout the pericardium, which makes it stiff thus preventing the heart from functioning properly.

Pathological Condition – Acute Myocardial Infarction

Acute Myocardial Infarction (MI) can be defined as condition in which, there is death or necrosis of myocardial cells. It is generally diagnosed at the end of the ambit of myocardial ischemia or acute coronary condition. Myocardial infarction occurs once myocardial ischemia oversteps a critical threshold and overcomes myocardial cellular repairing mechanism that is contrived for maintaining normal operating function and hemostasis. Ischemia at such critical threshold level for quite a longer period ends up in irreversible myocardial cell damage or in worst cases, even its death.

Classical symptoms of acute MI include fulminant chest pain (a typical radiating pain that travels from the left arm or left side of the neck to the heart), dyspnea (shortness of breath), nausea and/or vomiting, palpitation, profuse perspiration and anxiety (often called as sense of impending doom). Statistics say that women might experience less typical symptoms as compared to that of the men, most commonly dyspnea, weakness, gastrointestinal disturbance, and tiredness. Roughly, about one quarter of all myocardial infarctions are silent i.e. they do not show any chest pain or other signs.

Most of the cases of myocardial infarction are caused due to a commotion in the vascular endothelium that is linked with unstable atherosclerotic plaques those stimulate the formation of an intracoronary thrombus that ultimately ends up in coronary artery blood flow block. If such blockage persists for longer duration (approximately 20 to 40 min) there will be irreversible myocardial cell damage and cell death. The development of atherosclerotic plaques occurs over a period of years and even to the decades. However, the reason for initial vascular lesion that leads to the development of atherosclerotic plaques is still illusive.

Generally, it is high level of cholesterols in the bloodstream that restrict the blood flow to the cardiac tissues. Excessive body fats, high cholesterol and/or lipid profiles can be few of the main culprits for myocardial infarction. The blood vessels are nothing but the hollow pipe or tube-like cylindrical structure that allows the blood to flow flawlessly. High cholesterol levels start accumulating onto the walls of blood vessels and this, in turn, results in narrowing of the blood vessels. The blood supply is reduced and over the times, it could be cut-off for a while (ischemic conditions, where there is transient loss of blood supply). When the affected organ is heart, it is ischemic heart attack.

The damage

The severity of myocardial infarction is dependent on three main factors: the degree of the occlusion in the coronary arteries, the tenure of time of occlusions, and the presence or absence of circulation of the collateral blood. Usually, if there is more proximal the coronary occlusion, there will be more extensive chances of myocardium at risks of necrosis. Simply putting, larger the myocardial infarction, greater is the chance of death because of mechanical complications or pumping failure. If vessel occlusion is for prolonged period, there are more chances of permanent myocardial damage distal to that occlusion.

As the continuance of the occlusion will increase, the area of myocardial cell death will expand that finally extends from the endocardium to the myocardium (middle layer) and finally to the epicardium (innermost layer). The area of myocardial cell death will then spread laterally to area of watersheds or collateral perfusion and usually, after 6-8 hours have passed of coronary occlusion, most of the distal myocardium would have died. The magnitude of myocardial cell death reflects the extent of the myocardial infarction. If blood flow is successfully restored before the major damage to the myocardium, more heart muscle can be saved from the permanent damage or death and the life can be saved.

Things You Must Avoid to Prevent Bacterial Vaginosis – Reduce Your Chances of Having A BV Infection

A healthy vaginal environment is acidic laden with lactobacilli. A woman with bacterial vaginosis (BV), on the other hand, has other bacteria build-ups that outnumber the lactobacilli. Among the most commonly found microorganisms after testing vaginal samples are bacteroides, gardnerella vaginalis, mobiluncus and mycoplasma hominis. These bacteria mess up the vaginal pH, making it a more conducive place for them to grow and multiply.

Although the infection is mild, its symptoms can be very vexing. But you must know that there are things you must avoid to prevent bacterial vaginosis and among them is sugar. Foods rich in sugar are not recommended for people prone to BV. Sugar is food for these bacteria, enabling them to survive and multiply.

Citrus fruits are also among the things you must avoid to prevent BV. Although these fruits contain generous amounts of vitamin C, they are advised against women with BV. Once digested, these fruits turn into basic ash.

For a woman with bacterial vaginosis, her already high pH will only worsen if she takes foods that turn into basic ash. This will only aggravate the condition and prevent the healing of the infection. Other things you must avoid to prevent bacterial vaginosis include alcohol, coffee, fast foods, processed foods, saturated fats from animal products and refined flour products like bread and pasta.

If you can, you should also practice abstinence. Often, this is only done as a last resort for women with recurrent BV. You should also avoid unprotected sex and having multiple partners. This can make you prone to infection, especially if you have an IUD as a method of contraception.

Pneumonia – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Pneumonia Definition: Pneumonia is an acute or chronic disease marked by inflammation of one or both lungs. An inflammation of the lungs caused by viruses, bacteria, or other microorganisms and sometimes by physical and chemical irritants.

The air sacs in the lungs fill with pus and other liquid. Oxygen has trouble reaching your blood. If there is too little oxygen in your blood, your body cells can not work properly. Because of this and spreading infection through the body pneumonia can cause death.

Pneumonia can range from very mild to very severe, even fatal. The severity depends on the type of organism causing pneumonia as well as your age and undercoming health.

Pneumonia may be defined according to location of the lung as:

  • Lobar Pneumonia (occurs in one lobe of the lung).
  • Bronchopneumonia (tends to be patchy)

Causes of pneumonia:

Bacteria, Viruses, and Other Causes of Pneumonia

Some of the important bacterial causes are:

Gram-positive bacteria:

  • The most common cause of pneumonia is the Gram-positive bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae (also called S. pneumoniae or the pneumococcus ).
  • Staphylococcus (S.) aureus , the other major gram-positive bacterium responsible for pneumonia, accounts for about 2% of community acquired pneumonias. It is associated with viral influence, and can develop about five days after the onset of flu symptoms.
  • Streptococcus pyogenes or Group A Streptococcus : This bacterium affects the functions of the lung, which in turn leads to pneumonia.

Gram-Negative Bacteria.

  • Haemophilus (H.) influenzae is the second most common organism causing community acquired pneumonia.
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a major cause of pneumonia that occurs in the hospital. It is a common pneumonia in patients with chronic or severe lung disease.
  • Other gram-negative bacterium that cause pneumonia include E. coli , Proteus and Enterobacter .

Viruses: A number of viruses can cause pneumonia either directly or indirectly, and include the following:

  • Influenza. Pneumonia is the major serious complication of viral influence (the "flu") and can be very serious.
  • Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). RSV is a major cause of pneumonia in infections and people with damaged immune systems.
  • Herpesviruses. In adults, herpes simplex virus and varicella-zoster (the cause of chicken pox) are generally causes of pneumonia only in people with impaired immune systems.

Other possible causes of pneumonia may be:

  • Pneumonia is caused by an infection or injury to the lower respiratory tract resulting in inflammation. Pneumonia can also result from the aspiration of gastric contents, water, or other irritants.
  • Pneumonia can also be caused by inhaling substances, such as caustic chemicals, food or vomit into the lungs. This is known as "aspiration" pneumonia.
  • Smoking, heavy drinking, heart failure, diabetes, or having a lung disease, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), also increase the risk of developing pneumonia.

Symptoms of pneumonia:

The symptoms of pneumonia vary from person to person, and few people experience all of them.

The possible symptoms may be:

  • Fever, which may be less common in older adults.
  • Fast heartbeat is one of the primary symptom of pneumonia.
  • Feeling very tired or feeling very weak.
  • Loss of appetite may occur in case of pneumonia.
  • Vague pain under and around the breast bone may occur, but the severe chest pain associated with typical bacterial pneumonia is uncommon.
  • Patients may experience a severe hacking cough, but it usually does not produce sputum.
  • Cough, often producing mucus from the lungs. Mucus may be rusty or green or tinged with blood.
  • wheezing
  • difficulty breathing
  • Sometimes nausea, vomiting, muscle aches occurs.
  • Mental confusion.
  • Coughing up sputum containing pus or blood.

Home remedies for pneumonia:

Parsnip Juice: The juice of parsnip, a root vegetable botanically known as Pastinaca sativa, is very effective for the treatment of pneumonia. Basil: Rub the oil of basil on the chest of the patient and give internally the juice of 5 leaves of basil mixed with a little ground black pepper at six hourly intervals. This will induce sweating and treat the patient from pneumonia.

Vegetable Juices: The juice of carrots, in combination with spinach juice, or beet and cucumber juices, helps in the healing process.

Toss the Cigarettes: Smokers are much more likely to develop bronchitis than nonsmokers. If you stop smoking, you may cough up even more mucus for a time, but that's actually a good sign. "It means that your lungs are working to clear themselves out.

Turpentine Oil: The pain of pneumonia can be relieved by rubbing oil of turpentine over the rib cage and wrapping warm cotton wool over it.

Eat Onions: Onions contain a number of ingredients, including quercetin, a compound in the bioflavonoid family that may help protect the lungs from infection

How to Treat Pleurisy Holistically

Pleurisy sounds a pretty scary sort of disease to have, and not one most health professional would advocate you try to treat with home prescribing. But things always start off small, and if you can nip it in the bud at the early stages, chances are it will never develop into anything serious.

Even if you have a past history of pleurisy and you know the tolling signs of another bout, before you rush off to get your normal treatment, it might be worth asking yourself this. Are they getting more or less regular? Are they getting less or more intense?

If you are getting more intense bouts, and they are coming more frequently, then ask yourself another question. Are you going towards cure or away from it? If they are getting worse or more intense, then maybe your current treatment is not doing you a lot of good.

Both the wet and the dry type of pleurisy can respond very well to the homeopathic medicine Bryonia, if your unique and personal symptoms include the following:

  • the pain is worse for the slightest move, even a cough
  • the pain improvements with pressure, such as lying on the affected side
  • you have a large thirst at infrequent intervals
  • you are averse to being disturbed, preferring to be alone and quiet

If you can see your symptoms in this symptom picture, then Bryonia is probably going to be a very effective medicine for you.

Homeopathy works by improving your immune system to the extent where you can cure you. So it's worth taking heed that you have pleurisy in the first place, because your immune system is compromised.

This is quite normal in today's world, when people are not encouraged to follow their own intuition or feeling. Where everyone gives their power away to someone who has less interest in your health than in the fees they can make from you.

Top Notch Quality on Cheap Miami flights

Are you planning on a vacation to Miami? Well, that must be a specially-anticipated for experience. Many cheap Miami flights are very much so 'in' for several reasons. As winter approaches and fall comes to an end, we all know that there are thousands of travelers all over the United States of America looking for cheap deals to reach the city of warmth and sea-shore fun. Low airfare and easily-affordable tickets is one thing while being cheated on at such offers is another. Many cheap Miami flights are easy to find but hard to differentiate on basis of quality. This helpful and concise guide will assist you through your choice of airlines and other requirements.

Miami is famous for its summery beauty and beach entertainment. Citizens of comparatively cold states will always jump in Miami for a warm dip in the sea. However to let these special people to the state is identical another ordeal. We know how hard it is to spend money on flights that offer inferior service and terrible journey. Here are several airlines that offer cheap Miami flights. Do not worry; these offers come along with impressive services.

America West is an airline that proudly offers the cheapest deals with the best offers made. Ticket prices range from $ 180 to $ 210. Travelers are promised healthy food, friendly staff and a smooth journey, for certain. Departures usually take place on the Western Coast of United States of America. Travelers care allowed bringing bulk of luggage for their convenience. The air hostesses of American West continue to gain respect and admiration from the eyes of the world for their helpful and kind manner of making their passengers feel at home.

Air Canada is famous for its premium quality and affordable rates. Canadian travelers, certainly tired of the cold at home, love to experience Miami heat and exciting fun when it is the winters in their own country. To keep them deprived of such fun would be almost criminal. Therefore Air Canada offers the cheapest rates for Miami flights. They start from a small amount of $ 190 to an affordable $ 280. Helpful staff is always present at your service. If you are in the mood, you can even play board games in the plane. Air Canada promises to make you feel at home.

Air Jamaica offers cheap Miami tickets. If you are looking for affordable tickets that will not go heavy on your wallet then Air Jamaica offers Jamaican fun and cheap rates all in one ticket. At a low price like $ 170, you can fly from Jamaica to Miami in a few hours. The non-stop flights are not as uncomfortable as other flights are. Special discounts are made on special occasions. Who thought Jamaican fun and Miami heat could have been combined in one go?

Air Transat offers premium deals at the lowest rates for Miami. On special occasions like festivals or Easter, it slashes the zeros off your ticket and makes it less than ever. That means the price goes lower for your sake but never the quality of the airline. All cheap Miami tickets by this airline come along top notch packages for future use. Tickets range from $ 190 to $ 250. Healthy and fresh food is offered at all three times. Desserts and other delicacies are provided to the travelers for the sake of their entertainment. Air Transat proudly claims to come up to the expectations of travelers.

American Eagle sticks to first class quality at lowest prices. With its swift service and smooth journey, you are bound to feel as if you are riding an eagle to Miami. Premium deals are made at the price of $ 185 for business and leisure travelers. First class quality is not barred by the low price. That is precisely why American Eagle takes pride in being hailed as America's soaring eagle on the international front. Christmas and Easter offers are made during the festive season. Travelers are informed well in-time. Friendly and helpful staff is always present at your service. Pampering could not have been priced less than this.

It is safe to remember that enjoying your journey to Miami is what matters the most but always consult local travel guides for more information and accuracy on cheap Miami flights. Your money and time is well-valued.

Cool Lipo Laser – Assisted Liposuction Reveals Men’s 6-Pack Abs by Removing Fat, Tightening Skin

If a man has done the work to get six-pack abs, his muscle definition won’t show if it’s hidden behind a layer of fat just under the skin — known medically as subcutaneous fat. New Cool Lipo goes a step beyond traditional liposuction, using laser technology to tighten the skin after excess the fat is melted and removed. This skin-tightening effect is what brings out a man’s six-pack abs.

Just-released statistics from the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS) show that liposuction is the second-most-popular cosmetic surgery in the U.S. — and the number-one procedure for men. In 2008, 341,144 liposuction procedures were performed on American men and women.

If a patient has well-developed muscles, the idea is to get as much of the fat off so there is as little fat as possible between the skin and the toned musculature.

Laser-assisted liposuction, in conjunction with a liposuction technique called abdominal etching, helps bring out men’s six-pack abs.

How does abdominal etching work?

Before liposuction surgery, the plastic surgeon asks the patient to flex his abdominal muscles. The surgeon then makes drawings on the patient’s skin to mark the spaces felt between the muscles. During liposuction surgery, the surgeon gives a little extra attention to melting the fat in those depressed areas.

Cool Lipo melts and suctions away the fat, then it gently heats the underside of the skin to tighten the collagen-and reveal the muscle definition.

Traditional liposuction melts and removes fat, but can sometimes lead to sagging skin due to lost volume. Laser-assisted liposuction’s collagen-tightening effect helps avoid loose skin after liposuction surgery.

Laser-assisted liposuction also offers patients an easier recovery than traditional liposuction. There’s less bruising and swelling after Cool Lipo, so there’s less downtime. Patients spring back a bit quicker after their surgery.

Women also benefit from Cool Lipo, although most women don’t want quite as much abdominal muscle definition as men. Women want some muscle definition, but they don’t want to look masculine.

Torticollis – What You Need to Know

The muscles in your neck are in uncontrollable spasms, and your head is twisted to one side. You suffer from pain daily and sometimes that pain radiates into your shoulders. You may have torticollis, also called spasmodic torticollis or cervical dystonia.

Torticollis is a disorder where the neck muscles contract uncontrollably, causing the head to be twisted or turned in various positions. Sometimes a jerking of the head will also occur. This condition is usually painful and certain activities such as standing and walking can make spasms worse, making even simple tasks difficult. Severe heads are not unusual with torticollis.

While anyone can get this condition it is more common in middle aged females, usually between 35-60 years old. Symptoms usually begin gradually then plateau to a place where they do not get any worse. For certain patients torticollis can be a debilitating condition that leads to depression.

There is no cure for torticollis but there are different treatment options. Some people take different medications, pain relievers and may get routine massage to help relax muscles and relieve discomforts.
Others go a more holistic route using acupunture and reike therapies. While others will opt for surgery.

Currently there are two different brain surgeries for torticollis: one called "lesioning procedures", which involves destruction of targeted, abnormal brain tissue and the other is called "deep brain stimulation" which mimics the effects of lesioning using electrical impulses.

If this condition is affecting you, see your doctor, take care of yourself and take heart-there is plenty of hope and help on the way!

Thiamine (Vitamin B1) How, Why and When to Supplement

Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)

Sources and Physiological Functions

Requirements and Sources: Pork, whole grains, and legumes are the richest sources of thiamine. Outer layers of seeds are particularly rich in this vitamin.

Populations at Risk: The populations most at risk of developing a thiamine deficiency are chronic alcoholics in Western countries and those with an over dependence on polished rice as a staple in undeveloped nations. In alcoholics it may be caused by reduced intake, reduced absorption, and impaired ability to use the absorbed vitamin. Thiamine is spared by fat, protein, sorbitol, and Vitamin C. High carbohydrate intake, parenteral glucose, pregnancy, lactation, high basal metabolic rate, and antibiotics will increase needs. Also, it is readily lost in persons consuming raw fish, tea, coffee, blueberries, red cabbage, and cooking with excess water and baking soda. Breast fed infusions of thiamine deficient mothers are particularly at risk, as death from cardiac failure can result within a few hours, even though the mother appears healthy. Other risk factors include chronic colitis, fever, malignant disease, sprue, and thyrotoxicosis. Intestinal absorption of thiamine appears to be controlled and limited, and modest increases in the serum concentration were accompanied by active renal clearance.

Signs and Symptoms of Deficiency: Children present with aphonia, cardiomyopathy, and polyneuritis. Symptoms involving the heart include tachycardia, cardiomegaly, and cardiac failure. Neurological symptoms include mental confusion, anorexia, ataxia, nystagmus, and weakness of hands, calves, and feet as a result of degeneration of sensory and motor nerves. Thiamine deficiency in adults is called Beri-beri and is characterized by dry skin, irritability, disorderly thinking, and progressive paralysis. In chronic alcoholics, a syndrome of Wernicke's – Korsakoff "s Psychosis develops. Ataxia and Nystagmus (Wernicke's) develop early and, if left untreated progresses to amnesia, confusion, and polyneuropathy (Korsakoff's). % of the patients Vomiting, diarrhea, edema, and weight loss are other non-specific symptoms.


Due to relative increase in sympathetic activity, nervousness, sweating, tachycardia and tremors can be seen with excess thiamine. Edema and vascular hypotension occurs as a result of capillary leakage. Allergies, fatty liver and herpes are common. Folates and thiamine cause seizures and excitation when administered in high doses directly into the brain or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of experimental animals, but have rarely been reported to cause human neurotoxicity, although fatal reactions to iv thiamine are well known.

Biochemistry: The biologically active form of thiamine is TPP (thiamine pyrophosphate). It acts as a coenzyme in the oxidative decarboxylation at the pyruvate and the alfa-ketoglutarate steps in the energy producing Kreb's cycle and is particularly important in the tissues of the nervous system. It also acts as a coenzyme in the oxidative decarboxylation (of alfa-keto acids and in the formation or degeneration of ketols) by transketolase in the Pentose phosphate pathway, the intermediate products of which are used in the synthesis of ribonucleotides such as ATP & GTP , deoxyribonucleotides such as dATP & dGTP, and nucleic acids DNA & RNA. Thiamine is also essential for protein catabolism, acetyl choline synthesis, normal muscle tone in cardiac and GI tissues, and for normal growth and appetite.

In human the storage of thiamine is in greatest concentrations in skeletal muscle, heart, brain, liver, and kidneys. The human stores about 25 to 30mg of thiamine. ThMP and free (unphosphorylated) thiamine is present in plasma, milk, cerebrospinal fluid, and just about all extracellular fluids. Unlike the highly phosphorylated forms of thiamine, ThMP and free thiamine are capable of crossing cell membranes.

Recommendations: RDA in mg

  • Infants birth to 6 mos – 0.3mg
  • Infants 6 mos to 1 yr – 0.4mg
  • Children 1 yr to 3 yr – 0.7mg
  • Children 4 yr to 6 yr – 0.9mg
  • Children 7 yr to 10 yr – 1mg
  • Adolescent males 11yr to 14 yr – 1.3mg
  • Adolescent females 11 yr to 14 yr – 1.1mg
  • Adolescent males 15 yr to 18 yr – 1.5mg
  • Adolescent females 15 yr to 18 yr – 1.1mg
  • Adult males 19 yr to 50 yr – 1.5mg
  • Adult females 19 yr to 50 yr – 1.1mg
  • Adult males 51 yr plus – 1.2mg
  • Adult females 51 yr plus – 1.0mg
  • Pregnant Women – 1.5mg
  • Lactating Mothers – 1.6mg

Thiamine hydrochloride is the common supplemental form. Thiamine therapy for alcoholics may involve a single injection of 10-mg thiamine or 50 mg of oral fat-soluble thiamine propyl disulfide that permits efficient absorption in alcoholics. Erythrocyte transketolase activity is considered the most reliable index of the functional state of thiamine.

Thiamine B1

Food Source – Serving Size – Number of milligrams per serving

  • Pork (lean arm braised) – 3.5 oz – 0.60mg
  • Pork (bacon cured / pan fried) – 4.48oz – 0.88mg
  • Navy beans (canned) – 1 cup – 0.37mg
  • Pinto beans (canned) – 1 cup – 0.24mg
  • Pinto beans (boiled) – 1 cup – 0.32mg


A cross-sectional investigation of patients with congestive heart failure being treated with loop diuretic therapy shown that thiamine deficiency may occur in a substantial proportion of patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) and dietary inadequacy may contribute to increased risk. Men and nonwhite patients with CHF appeared most likely to have evidence of thiamine deficiency, although this reflects, in part, the gender composition of the patients enrolled for the study. Patients with more severe CHF (as indicated by lower percentages of left ventricular ejection fractions) had greater biochemical evidence of thiamine deficiency. Another study found left ventricular ejection fraction to be adversely affected by thiamine deficiency and described that, when these patients were supplemented with thiamine intravenously, the ejection fraction improved significantly. Thus, nutritional assessment of thiamine status, including dietary intake, may be an important component of care for patients with CHF who are being treated with loop diuretic therapy.

Cognitive functioning

A study by Benton et. al demonstrated the association between improved thiamine status and improved performance on a range of measures of cognitive functioning in females. No such association was found in males. Although it was not possible to establish the rationale for a beneficial response in females rather than males, there is evidence that females respond differently to dietary factors.

Alzheimer's disease:

Results of one study suggest that probable Alzheimer's Disease (pAD) is associated with a decrease in plasma thiamine levels. In another study, a 40-50% reduction of thiamine diphosphate (TDP) was found in patients with frontal lobe degeneration of the non-Alzheimer's type (FNAD). As TDP is an essential co-factor for oxidative metabolism and neurotransmitter synthesis, and because low thiamine status (compared with other species) is a constant feature in humans, a nearly 50% reduction in cortical TDP content may contribute significantly to the clinical symptoms observable in FNAD. This study also provides a basis for a trial of thiamine to improve the cognitive status of the patients. A mild beneficial effect in patients with Alzheimer's disease was observed on supplementation with Fursultiamine (TTFD), a derivative of thiamine, at an oral dose of 100 mg / day in a 12-week open trial. Similar benefits were observed in another trial with high dose thiamine (3-8 g / d), while a 12 month study with 3 g / d of thiamine showed no appearance benefit in slowing the progress of dementia of the Alzheimer's type. Thus, weak and contradictory evidence suggests that vitamin B1 may be helpful for Alzheimer's disease.

Assessment of thiamine status

In several human studies during the past 10 years, thiamine status was measured either by measuring thiamine pyrophosphate response alone or by using TPP response measures in conjunction of calculated estimates of thiamine intake from diet histories. Some investigators have combined estimates of thiamine take with measures of thiamine status other than TPP response, such as erythrocyte TPP [18] or plasma TPP In some of these reports, poor thiamine status, as defined by TPP response, could not be related to less -than-adequate thiamine intake. Several authors have noted that valid TPP response measures depend on a kinetically normal normal enzyme. Here, disease states, such as alcoholic encephalopathy, may affect enzyme-cofactor binding, and thus, TPP response. Rigorous statistical analysis of relationship between urinary thiamine excretion and TPP response seems to be lacking in the report generally cited as evidence of the validity of TPP response measures. In the ICNND report, categories of thiamine status appear to relate superbly to urinary thiamine excretion, but when there is no clear break-point in the curve for thiamine take plotted against urinary excretion, it is difficult, in contrast to the case with urinary riboflavin excretion, to define deficiency. One author has demonstrated that in non-human species, pyruvate dehydrogenase appears to be a more sensitive indicator of tissue thiamine deficiency than is transketolase. A study by Gans et. al. raises questions about the usefulness of the TPP response as the sole indicator of marginal thiamine status. Thiamine status was measured in 137 incarcerated and 42 nonincarcerated adolescent males by use of both dietary data data and a standard biochemical assay, thiamin pyrophosphate (TPP) response. Although average daily thiamine intake of nonincarcerated subjects was significantly higher than that of incarcerated subjects, both groups appeared to be at minimal risk for marginal thiamine status. Comparison of TPP response values ​​indicated that there was no significant difference between groups. However, approximately 24% of the total population appeared to have less than adequate RBC thiamine on the basis of current standards for TPP response. Neither dietary intake nor reported previous alcohol intake was correlated with TPP response. Thus, clinical standards of thiamine deficiency seem to lack firm definition. Perhaps a better, more valid metabolic measure, such as thiamine or TPP in plasma, should be investigated and adopted. Also, take data as well as some appropriate measure of enzyme activity or function may be important values ​​to assess to describe the thiamine status of a group more correctly.


Thiamine is essential in the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. It is also needed in the synthesis of ATP and GTP and nucleic acids DNA and RNA. It acts as a coenzyme in the energy producing Kreb's cycle and is particularly important in the tissues of the nervous system. Thiamine is also essential for acetylcholine synthesis, maintenance of normal tone of muscle in cardiac and GI tissues, and for normal growth and appetite.

A number of claims have been made about the beneficial effects of thiamine on numerous conditions. (Fibromyalgia, HIV Support, Pregnancy and postpartum support, Canker sores – mouth ulcers, and minor injuries)

Evidence strongly suggests that patients with CHF may benefit from thiamine supplementation. Patients with CHF who are on loop diuretics are shown to have thiamine deficiency and patients with more severe CHF shown greater biochemical evidence of thiamine deficiency. Thiamine supplementation is shown to improve the left ventricular ejection fraction significantly.

Thiamine supplementation may improve cognitive functioning and has been shown to improve performance on a range of cognitive tests in females.

Populations who are prior to be deficient in this vitamin, like chronic alcoholics, patients with malabsorption syndromes, and those who consume high carbohydrates should receive supplementation. Pregnancy, lactation, high basal metabolic rate, and parenteral glucose therapy will increase the requirements of thiamine. Breast-fed infusions of thiamine deficient mothers should receive adequate supplementation, as death from cardiac failure can result within hours, even though the mother appears normal.

Our recommendation for adults is 25 mg / d. This amount can be obtained from approximately 41 servings of Pork (lean arm braised), 28 servings of Pork (bacon cured / pan fried), and 80 servings of Pinto Beans (boiled). The RDA for adults is 1.5 mg / d, although a range of doses from 1-25 mg / d is usually consumed. Thiamine therapy for alcoholics may involve a single injection of 10-mg thiamine or 50 mg of oral fat-soluble thiamine propyl disulfide that permits efficient absorption in alcoholics. Wernicke's syndrome, which involves ataxia and nystagmus, develops early and, if left untreated, may progresses to Korsakoff's psychosis, the neurological manifestations of which are irreversible in 75% of the patients. Fatal reactions to high doses of IV thiamine have been reported.

Treat Gingivitis At Home – How To

Bleeding gum is known in medical terms as "Gingivitis". It is an inflammation in the mouth affecting the tissues around the teeth and gum. Gingivitis occurs when the teeth are not well taken care of by proper oral hygiene practices. The symptoms include bleeding of the gum during and after brushing of the teeth, bad breath, tender gum, painful gum among others. The gum turns red and swollen. If not treated promptly, the disease can degenerate into a serious problem as destruction of bone and teeth loss can occur. If you do not brush and floss your teeth regularly, you run the risk of contracting gingivitis. These measures are to remove the thin layer of bacteria called, "plague". A regular visit to the dentist is also a good idea. However, there are things you can do at home to prevent or arrest the situation.

Take These Steps At Home to Treat Gingivitis

  1. Use herbal toothpaste and mouthwash twice a day regularly to cure gingivitis.
  2. Make a homemade saline solution by putting a pinch of salt into a glass of lukewarm water. Rinse your mouth in the morning and evening daily to increase blood flow and ease swelling of the gum.
  3. Use mouthwash that contains menthol, sage oil, chamomile tincture, peppermint oil. Toothpaste containing sage oil, peppermint oil is also effective in the treatment of gingivitis.
  4. Rub your gums with coconut oil, sesame or drink diluted lemon juice to soothe the bleeding and receding gum. Also eat raw melons, pears and apples in order to soothe the bleeding and receding gums caused by gingivitis.
  5. Make a mixture of baking soda and water. Dab the affected area with a finger and then brush with the herbal powder. Not only would it heal but also neutralize the acidity of bacteria.
  6. Select from between sesame oil, sunflower oil or canola oil, and combine one ounce of the varies oil with ten drops of tea tree oil, six drops of myrrh oil, three drops of lemon oil, and one drop of peppermint oil. Combine these oils together well and massage into your gums after brushing your teeth. You can also use this oil mixture as a mouthwash after massaging into your gums. Be careful not to swallow.
  7. Use toothpaste that contains chamomile or prepare strong chamomile tea. It is helpful to drink chamomile in tea form, drink a cup in between meals or use it as a mouthwash. Chamomile can reduce inflammation and bacteria caused by gingivitis.

Social Security Disability Application Tips

The decision to file for Social Security Disability is often one problem with worry. Applicants worry about whether they'll be approved, about whether their application is complete, about whether they've provided enough evidence, about how long it will take to get a decision, and more. For some, the Social Security Disability application is filed as a last ditch effort, after a long period of struggling to survive and support themselves while disabled. Many of them do not have any back-up plans, and are in desperate need of the help Social Security Disability benefits will provide to them until they're well enough to work again. In these cases, it's more important than ever that their initial application be as strong as possible.

How Can I Ensure My Social Security Disability Application Is Strong?

When you apply for SSDI or SSI disability benefits, the application requests about your medical condition, work and education history. All of the information will be considered as the application is reviewed and an initial decision is reached. There are also certain documents that help establish your eligibility for disability around identity, in particular pay attention to the two forms that describe your medical condition and authorize disclosure of information to the SSA. In addition, document about your identity are required. These documents include:

– Birth certificate or other proof of birth
– Naturalization papers
– US military discharge paper (s)
– W-2 forms (s) and / or self-employment tax returns for last year.

Aside from these documents, the more information you can provide about your disability, the better. If you've deleted a record or diary of your symptoms and how they've affected your life, that's a valuable piece of evidence towards your disability, and it should be included.

Why Is the Initial Application So Important?

The SSA, though they're working to improve it, has quite a backlog of cases. If your initial application is denied, it could take you up to 3 years of appeals and hearings to get a really final answer. In their efforts to improve the process, the SSA is introducing new technology that will help accelerate approval for those who seem to qualify. Quick Disability Determination (QDD) uses a predictive model to analyze certain elements of data within the electronic claims file to identify claims where there is a high potential that the claimant is disabled and where evidence of the person's allegations can be quickly and easily obtained. The QDD was tested in the Northeast in 2007, and allowed 3% of new cases to be completed in as few as 11 days. Arizona, New Jersey and North Dakota were the next to pick up the new technology, and it's continued to be added to other states across the country.

This means that if your application is complete, you may be identified by the QDD and have your application fast-tracked through the system. Without a thorough application, there's no chance of this happening, and you may have to wait a significant amount of time for your final decision.

How Can I Get Help with My Social Security Disability Application?

Disability lawyers are a big help in this regard – their experience with understanding SSDI and SSI requirements allows them to quickly identify any areas of the SSDI or SSI disability application that might halt its progress. A disability lawyer will be able to advise applicants of what kinds of information the application is missing, as well as help them work with medical professionals to access the necessary evidence to support their claims.

Gallbladder Polyps – Causes, Risks, Treatment

Gallbladder polyps sometimes grow inside the gallbladder, where they protrude from the lining of the interior wall. Polyps vary in size, with some reaching one centimeter in diameter or even larger. They are usually found in about four-to-five percent of individuals who report to their doctor that they're experiencing gallbladder pain.

Medical researchers have not been able to discover the precise cause gallbladder polyps. But it has been proven by research that someone who is older than 50, or already has gallstones, has a higher chance of having gallbladder polyps.

Gallbladder polyps fall into five different categories.

* Cholesterosis – This type is partially formed by cholesterol and is the most common of the five categories.

* Adenocarcinoma – This is the type that's cancerous.

Three other types are reliably uncommon: hyperplastic, adenomyomatosis, and cholecystosis.

Many people who have polyps are not even aware of it because symptoms rarely make themselves known. However, they may cause some degree of tenderness in the abdomen. This discomfort occurs in the upper right of the abdomen, and may be steady or intermittent. Pain from is almost never constant or severe. Severe pain, especially if it's steady, is more likely to be a gallstone symptom.

Polyps are usually detected when your doctor does a gallbladder polyp ultrasound test, but he or she would normally use such a diagnostic tool only if other symptoms of gallbladder trouble have appeared.

In cases where polyps are detected, your doctor will schedule a follow up to test for cancer.

In most cases, there's no need for gallbladder polyp management or treatment. Gallbladder polyp surgery usually means removing the entire gallbladder, and is typically done only when the patient is experiencing a disturbing level of pain. "Cholecystectomy" is the medical term for a gallbladder removal operation. You can live without a gallbladder, so if you're starting to have gallbladder problems, removal may be the smartest way to prevent future trouble. Your liver is capable of handling many of the functions normally performed by the gallbladder.

Once again, cholesterol is the most common type of gallbladder polyp, and it is formed partally by cholesterol. Excess cholesterol causes many different kinds of gallbladder trouble. To avoid problems with your gallbladder, you should eat a low cholesterol diet that features a variety of cholesterol free foods.

Here are some other tips that will help prevent gallbladder polyps and other gallbladder conditions:

* eat red meat sparingly and avoid fried foods – especially deep fried foods
* use olive oil and vinegar on salads. Many commercial salad dressings contain unhealthy sugar and fats.
* refrain from eating big meals – especially fatty, cholesterol-rich foods – just before bedtime
* be smart if you're on a weight loss program. Focus on losing weight gradually, because crash diets can harm your gallbladder and other digestive organs.

If you're already bothered by gallbladder polyps or other gallbladder problems, you can avoid aggravating them by

* do not drink sodas and similar carbonated beverages
* prefer low fat dairy products to higher fat varieties
* choose leaner cuts of meat and be sure to remove excess fat before cooking.
* ask your doctor if you should be taking fish oil supplements. These contain a substance known as omega-3 fatty acid, which helps limit the formation of cholesterol in bile ..
* find recipes that contain ginger and tumeric, which have been shown to be good for the gallbladder.

And naturally, a diet that's good for your gallbladder will benefit your heart too, so make sure your meals include a lot of fruits, vegetables and grains.

Genital Warts – How To Get Rid Of Genital Warts The Natural Way So You Do not Have To Go See A Doctor

Do you have genital warts? If you do, you should be embarrassed. Studies show the one out of four people has genital warts, so that means that 25% of the population is walking around with warts on the private areas. Now, I know that mites not sound fantastic, but its the truth of the world and we have to deal with it. If you have gotten warts then you'll be happy to know that there are natural ways to get rid of them without having to go to a doctor. What are they?

There are special ointments using natural plant medicine that can cure you of genital warts without going to a doctor. We all know that going to a doctor and telling them that can be very embarrassing. You can avoid that simply by ordering your genital wart medicine on the Internet. And there's another great thing about it to.

If you have warts and you want to get a prescription that you have to go to a doctor. Why not just order it over the Internet and have it sent to you and avoid the embarrassment of dealing with the doctor's office and the doctor.

In conclusion, warts affect more people than you think. They can easily be treated and should not be neglected as they can cause further damage if not deal with. The longer you put off doing with your warts the bigger and more painful they can be. Sexually transmitted diseases need to be treated with quickly so that others do not get infected.