Tamiflu – You've Got 48 Hours To Stop The Flu

When I say, "You've got forty eight hours" do not get me all wrong. These forty eight hours refer to the time that you should act when you show up with the symptoms of bird flu. Now that you would like to know what bird flu is; I'll have to go back a bit on the details. Bird flu is a disease given to birds, cats, other species of animals and also humans by the virus strain H5N1. This causes the influenza of type A. The types of Influenza are the type "A" influenza, the type "B" influenza and the type "C" influenza. The type "B" and type "C" influenza are not considered to be that dangerous as they show up only in some species and have very little symptoms in human beings. Type "A" influence is the most dangerous among the influenzas and they have caused problems of varying proportions like the epidemic of 1918 which is reported to have caused the death of about 20 million people around the world.

The viruses that cause these problems are the H and the N strains of the virus. The H and the N stands for hem agglutinin and Neuramidase respectively. Now there are sixteen strains of the virus of the H form and nine strains of the virus in the N form. A combination of these two strains would create only up to two hundred and fifty six strains of the virus. Not all strains are considered dangerous. They mutate in to a new form as and when they get in to a host body. The form that accounted for the epidemic of 1918 was the H1N1 strain.

Now the H5N1 strain is causing problems to the human population and the bird population. This strain is also called as the avian strain. This strain of the virus jumps from the bird or an animal host on to the human beings. When they infect the human beasts the human beasts show up a variety of symptoms. The symptoms of influenza are it starts of with sore sore with a follow up of body pain. You may experience high fever and dizziness. This is when you may consult your doctor. If you have been diagnosed with bird flu after studying where you have been exposed and your required sample tests, you will be starting on the drug.

For the drug Tamiflu to give you full effect it should be diagnosed within forty eight hours of you showing up the symptoms. This has prompted the caption in the first line. Any way starting off with Tamiflu is not the end of your problems. You got to follow the required dosages of the medication.

Tamiflu comes in a suspension form of the medicine and a capsule form of the medicine. The capsule form of the medicine contains seventy five grams of the active drug. If you are having the influence in the first case you are told to take one capsule of seventy five grams in the morning and one capsule of seventy five grams in the evenings. You are required to follow this routine for a period of five days. If you have been diagnosed with a problem for the kidneys and are undergoing treatment for the same, then you should take only one tablet a day. The above dose that I have given you is for adults, adults over the age of thirteen.

For children the dosage is a bit different. For children you are expected to give the medicine which is available in the suspension form. The amount to be administrated is pre-calculated by the weight of the child. For children who are less than 33 pounds the recommended dosage is thirty milligram. For children weighing between thirty three pounds to forty pounds the dosages is forty five milligrams. For children in the weight group of 51 to 88 pounds the dosage is sixty milligrams. And for children weighing above 88 pounds the dosage is 75 milligrams.

Treat Your Arthritis With Miraculous Homeopathy

Skeleton, the body frame, the attached muscles, ligaments and sheaths form the basic structure of human beings. So, the disorders associated with these parts form the biggest malady in human beings.

Back: There is a statistical record that the disorders of back are the commonest cause of sickness related absence from work. Back problems can be roughly divided into:

1) Disorders related to vertebral column

2) disorders related to spinal musculature.

How Homoeopathy helps?

Homoeopathic remedies help to tackle the root cause of the disorder. They alleviate the pain as well as prevent further damage to the stressed ligaments, muscles and bones.

In cervical spondylosis, there is spinal disc degeneration in cervical, i.e., neck region. The symptoms may include neck pain, giddiness etc. Remedies like Rhus tox, Lachananthes, Gelsemium, etc. along with certain neck exercises can avoid inconvenient neck belts.

In case of lumbago (low back pain) one must rule out spinal pathology, kidney stones, white discharge in women due to pelvic inflammatory disease, prostate pathologies and chronic fatigue syndrome or paraspinal musculitis. The treatment must be directed to tackle the cause. For example, women who have undergone caesarean section with spinal anaesthesia often complain of lumbago (low back pain). Remedies like Hypericum, Ledum pal etc. help them to get rid of it. Other remedies like Sepia, kali carb, Rhus tox, Arsenicum album, Lucopodium etc. help to relieve lumbar pathologies.

Arthritis of various joints: Arthritis is an inevitable degenerative process that affects various joints with age.

1) Shoulder pain: Though there can be various causes of shoulder pain, the most common are traumatic, degenerative or inflammatory in origin. Remedies like Ferrum met, Sanguinaria, Arnica, etc. are helpful particularle in shoulder pain.

2) Hand and wrist pain: Remedies like Ruta, Actea spicata, Kalmia, etc. act particularly in wrist pathologies.

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that mainly occurs as a result of aging process. It affects different joints including hip, knee, joints of hand, etc. There is aching type of pain usually provoked by the use of the joint. As the disease progresses, there can be limitation of movements and in later stages, there can be deformities.

Homoeopathic medicines like Ruta, Pulsatilla, Rhus tox, etc, act in 3 steps.

1) Alleviate pain

2) Arrest further progress of the disease and

3) Revert the pathology to certain extent. (Depending upon the individual response to drugs)

In Rheumatoid arthritis, RA factor, i.e., rheumatoid factor is positive. If it is an early rheumatoid arthritis, Homoeopathic remedies are capable of curing it completely. In later stages when deformities set in, Homoeopathic remedies arrest further damage and revert them to some extent. At least with these remedies, without any side effects, patients can carry out day-to-day activities without any hassles!

Degenerative Disc Disease – Non-Surgical Spinal Decompression Can Help

Millions of Americans suffer from severe back and neck pain as a result Degenerative Disc Disease. DDD as it is often referred to in the literature is not really a "disease" in the common sense of the word, but rather a term used to describe a process or condition that develops gradually and worsens over time. Use of this term indicates that the cartilage-like disks between the spinal vertebral joints are the primary cause of the symptoms, and that the degenerative changes are rather advanced. To some degree intervertebral discs lose their flexibility, elasticity, and shock absorbing characteristics as we age as do the other tissues in the body. Abnormal or excessive mechanical stresses or injuries of the past coupled with hereditary, developmental, and metabolic effects can rapidly accelerate this process.

As the implied disc dries out and loses height (a process known as desiccation) it causes the vertebra to become closer together narrowing the channels through which the nerve roots pass. A dry, hard disc can absorb less shock and is that more easily torn resulting in a greater likelihood of herniation or bulge further compressing or pinching the nerves. As the stress on the joint compounds and osteoarthritis begins to result, bone spurs form and ligaments thicken (hypertrophy) gradually narrowing the nerve channels even further. These factors in various combinations and degrees of severity mitigate the space in the nerve channels, a condition known as spinal stenosis (narrowing), and conspire to compress (pinch) the nerves.

Symptoms of Degenerative Disc Disease

The most common symptom of degenerative disc disease of the lumbar spine is low back pain (lumbalgia). If the cervical spine is affected, the most common symptom is neck pain (cervicalgia). When degenerative disc disease causes compression of the cervical nerve roots there may be shoulder pain, arm pain, and pain in the hand / fingers (neuritis, neuralgia, radiculitis), and may be associated with numbness and tingling (paresthesia). When degenerative disc disease causes compression of the lumbar nerve roots there may be butt pain, hip pain, leg pain, and pain in the foot / toes. This often is accompanied by muscle weakness in either the arm or leg.

Spinal Decompression Treatment

In the past, a patient suffering from disc problems was usually given pain medications or injections, directed to refrain from physical activities, referred for physical therapy, and when they were not progressing they were sent for spinal surgery or simply told to learn to live it. Since 2001 when the FDA finally approved non-surgical spinal decompression therapy, there is new hope for those who suffer from degenerative disc disease. Spinal Decompression Therapy is a non-invasive, non-surgical treatment performed on a special, computer controlled table similar in some ways to an ordinary traction table. A single disc level is isolated and by utilizing specific traction and relaxation cycles throughout the treatment, along with proper positioning, negative pressure can actually be created within the disc. It works by gently separating the offending disc 5 to 7 millimeters creating negative pressure (or a vacuum) inside the disc to pull water, oxygen, and nutrients into the disc, thereby re-hydrating a degenerated disc and bringing in the nutrients needed to heal the torn fibers and halt the degenerative process. As the disc is re-hydrated the shock absorbing properties are restored and a normal life can be resumed.

Emotions and Babies – When and How Babies Display Their Emotions

Emotions are revealed through facial expressions and modulation of voice tones. During infancy stage, expression of emotions is done in a forceful way and it occurs without any external cause. They express it in the form of crying and shouting. During the first two months of infant stage, the baby shows only two emotions — pleasure and displeasure, caused by physical stimulation. The baby shows out these emotions through body movements like relaxing the body to show pleasure and tensing the body with waving arms and kicking legs while crying to show displeasure.

By the third month, physical stimulation combined with psychological stimulation allows the baby to express the emotion of pleasure with a smile when he comes in contact with a human face and expressing displeasure with facial expressions and crying. During childhood, expressions are no longer displayed forcefully but through more reasonable means. This is due to factors of language development and also development of social behavior, which enables the child to understand that it is not proper to show emotions at all times. The development of her mind puts a check on emotional outbursts. Some common emotions a child expresses are happiness, anger, sadness, fear, love, sympathy and empathy. Let us see how these emotions are expressed.

Happiness

Happiness is expressed by the baby with fully joyful smiles to start with, and later with lively or prolific laughter. The baby smiles and laughs on attaining new skills or on overcoming an obstacle to reach a goal. He also shows happiness at the affection and stimulation of the care-givers. During the early weeks baby smiles when full, to gentle touches and sounds. By the end of first month, he smiles at something, say a bright object that comes across his field of vision. Social interaction begins by 3 months when baby smiles on coming into contact with familiar people, Laughter begins around 3 to 4 months when the parent is playful with the baby.

Around 6 months, baby smiles and laughs more on contact with familiar people. Around 10 to 12 months, baby’s smile differs with context like a broad cheek raised smile in response to a parent’s greeting, a reserved smile to a friendly stranger and a mouth-open smile while engaged in stimulating play. The baby is socially well developed when he is 2 years old and his emotional expressions become intentional or purposeful. He is delighted to respond to an adult attending to him amidst his play with an interesting toy.

Anger

Anger is expressed by newborn babies when they are hungry, find any inconvenience in body condition like change in temperature and when they face over-stimulation or too little stimulation. The frequency and intensity of anger increases from 4 to 6 months into the second year. They express this emotion in specific situations like when an interesting object they are playing with is removed from them or when their goal is blocked by an obstacle or when the care-giver leaves the place for a brief time or when a toy he is playing with stops functioning. Anger is intense when the baby does not receive the expected warm behavior from the care-giver. Anger is expressed in the form of outburst of bad temper – the baby may hit, kick, cry and scream.

Sadness

Sadness is also expressed in the same situations as that which causes anger. But this emotion is expressed much less frequently than anger.

Fear

Infants around 6 to 12 months express this emotion. They express fear for an animal, when left alone, when they meet a stranger, go to strange places and when they hear a sudden loud noise. Fear is expressed by crying. Infants of this age-period show reluctance to play with a new toy due to fear. Those who have just started to crawl show greater fear. Rise in this kind of fear after six months comes as a hurdle in the way of exploratory behavior of crawling and walking babies. Most infants and toddlers, though do not express their fear when they get to interact with strangers. They are still cautious of strangers, though. The baby cries out of fear when picked up by an unfamiliar adult in a strange setting. This fear can be reduced by the way of approach of the stranger who picks up the baby. He has to approach slowly, presenting the baby with an attractive toy or playing an interesting game the baby is familiar with.

Love and Sympathy

These emotions are expressed by the baby mostly to the intimate care-giver, the mother of the baby. When the baby sees the mother in his room he gives out a broad friendly smile. When picked up he pats her face, puts his gentle tiny hand into her hair and clings close to her body. Sympathy is expressed by the baby through facial expressions which the baby learns from the mother’s reaction to a situation.

Empathy

Empathy is an emotion caused by observing and recognizing what is happening to others – feeling bad because someone else is feeling bad.

Copyright Oonjal Technologies 2009. All rights reserved.

Betta Fungus – How to Tell If Your Betta Has Caught a Fungal Infection

Betta fungus can be caused by many factors, the most common of which is an unclean habitat.

Because your betta fish swims in a self-contained ecosystem with a finite quantity of water, plants, rocks, and square footage, you need to realize that your fish breathes, excretes, drinks, and sees through the water you place him in.

So as the water becomes contaminated and planned with excrement, leftover food, and as the rocks start eroding, as the plants start decaying, and the fish is constant respiring, you need to remain vigilant about your fish's water quality, otherwise not only will your habitat develop fungus, but your little marine friend will inevitably develop fungus as well!

So how can you tell if your fish has eaten a betta fungus infection?

Your fish may be exhibiting one or more of the following symptoms which are listed below:

– Betta has patches of white spots all over his body or head that look like little patches of cotton.

– He may be less active than usual.

– He may have a reduced appetite for eating.

– His fins may be clumped, and his body color may be pale and less vibrant than before.

So how can you cure (and prevent) betta fungus?

Adding aquarium salt to your fish's habitat is an extremely effective way to combat betta fungus and to prevent it from occurring again in the future.

There are also numerous fungus medicines you can get for your fish from the pet store.

TMJ Treatment Options – Ways to Relieve the Symptoms of TMJ

There are several TMJ treatment options available for the TMJ sufferers. Some measures are meant for instant relief while some claims totally eliminating TMJ syndrome.

That's well and good but to achieve long lasting effect of any TMJ treatment options you are going to undertrack, you have to identify the underlying cause of the condition and directly address this one to totally eliminate the symptoms.

However, whatever the underlying cause of the condition, may it be trauma or jaw dislocation, here are some possible TMJ treatment options that healthcare professionals may give you:

Home Remedies

There are some practical things you can do to at least reduce the severity of the symptoms of TMJ. Since anything that increases the tension in the jaw area would aggravate the condition you have to mind your diet. See to it that you stick to soft, yet well-balanced meal. Avoid chewy and hard foods altogether. This will just aggravate the pain.

Another things you can do at home is apply warm compress to the affected area. After which you can exercise your facial muscles. An example of such exercise is opening and closing your mouth by slowly moving your lower jaw while moving it from side to side.

Also, see to it that joint is in correct position. To do this, make sure your upper and lower teeth are slightly apart while your lips are closed. Keep your mouth on the top of your and breathe through your nose.

Support

Support are sometimes fitted over your upper and lower teeth to promote relaxation. However, this depends on the undering cause of your condition. Many times, a mouth guard is fitted to prevent clening and grinding of teeth especially during night time.

Invasive Procedure

Depending on the gravity of your condition and the severity of the symptoms, invasive procedure may also be considered. In this process, cortisone will be injected in the affected area to reduce inflammation and pain.

Another procedure may include insertion of two needles with one needle carrying cleaning was and the fluid will exit through the other needle.

Surgery

Surgery should only be considered as a last option. This involve the removal of your jaw joint and replacing it with implants thus, making this process irreversible.And even if this is offered to you as an option, you would do well seeking other medical opinions before proceeding.

These are currently the more conventional TMJ treatment options. There are other programs though that offers a more holistic approach.

Nerve Pain: Try Using Visualizations And You May Get Some Relief

"Neuropathic" means nerve damage and returns to nerve pain. So far there's very little that science can do about it. But it's possible that your subconscious may be able to help you find some relief.

The two forms of neuropathic pain – peripheral and central – both occurs when a nerve is damaged from injury or some other source. If the damage is in the periphery of your body, you feel pain from touch immediately. If it's in the central nervous system, you only feel it after a delay of 20-30 seconds – and potentially the pain is more intense.

Peripheral Nerve Pain

Some major types of peripheral nerve pain include the following:

o Posttherpetic Neuralgia occurs after an outbreak of shingles has healed. Shingles damages the nerves, which then send unclear and overblown pain messages to the brain. The result can be aching, burning, or jabbing pain in the area of ​​the former shinglees infection.

o Trigeminal Neuralgia affects the trigeminal nerve, which sends impulses from the face and head to the brain. The pain can be severe and is usually felt on one side of the jaw as being knife-like or electric in nature.

Central Nerve Pain

Central nerve pain is unique among the types of pain in that it is the only one that is caused by the central nervous system itself. All other types occur in the periphery and are transmitted to the central nervous system. This makes central pain unusually bizarre and severe – sometimes the worst pain known to humanity.

Some major types of central pain include the following:

o Dysesthetic Burning is a blunt, metallic burning feeling that has a strangely cold quality to it. It goes on at a constant level over large areas of the body. Any light touch, particularly from clothing, triggers flares of unbearable pain.

o Hyperpathia is a sharp, overwhelming reaction to pain that people who do not have central nerve pain would find only some painful. It tends to occur on parts of the body where the dysstatic burning is the least. Ordinary bumps and abrasions can become excruciating.

o Allodynia is pain that occurs from stimuli that are not normally painful. It appears near but not on the area stimulated. The slightest of moves can trigger the pain.

o Other forms of central pain include permanent cramping in given muscles, shooting pains, pins and needles, and agonizing bladder and bowel pain.

Neuropathic Pain and the Subconscious

Through visualization statements it may be possible to focus your subconscious on the brain chemistry involved in central nerve pain.

Visualization statements represent the specific language that your subconscious desires you to read back to it to help ease your pain. They're simple and are targeted directly at the main factors that could bring you relief.

You can obtain these statements by learning how to communicate directly with your own subconscious mind. The process is straightforward and can be done at home by working with a facilitator over the telephone. You need no special skills and no previous experience in working with the subconscious.

We have not yet worked with neuropathic pain. However, the signals for this pain are transmitted by the same neurotransmitters that we normally deal with when focusing the subconscious on other kinds of pain:

o We have experience using visualization statements to address glutamate, substance P, norepinephrine, and acetylcholine, the four major pain transmitters.

o We've used visualizations to address endorphins / enkephalins, GABA, serotonin, and dopamine, the four major pain inhibitors.

Reducing the Pain Signal

The above eight neurotransmitters play a major role in increasing and inhibiting nerve pain. Putting these factors back in balance is that a preventive measure, one that helps to keep the pain signal from being generated in the first place.

But an important part of your pain relief strategy also needs also to be to attempt to reduce the pain signal once it has been generated. This can be approached by focusing the subconscious on numerous chemical weak points (we call them leverage points) where it may be possible to use visualizations to reduce the pain signal.

If you can learn to engage your subconscious, you most likely will be able to identify which leverage points apply to you. You can then use visualization statements to give your subconscious the daily reinforcement it needs to potentially take the edge off your pain at those points.

Tonsilloliths 101 – Who Else Wants a Cure For Tonsilloliths

Tonsilloliths, or also called tonsil stones, tonsillar debris, or calculi of the tonsils, are clusters of calcareous matters that build up in the tonsillar crypts of the palatin tonsils. They are white or yellowish and irregularly shaped bumps caused by the collection of food particles, mucous, dead white blood cells, sulfur producing bacteria, post nasal drip and other debris in the mouth. They are not dangerous, but can be an annoying nuisance. People having this problem feel an irritation in the back of their throat.

Tonsilloliths are usually confused with tonsillitis. Tonsillitis is an infection of the tonsils that cause severe sore throat, swollen glands, pain, headache, ear pain and sometimes fever. They can be either a bacterial infection or a viral infection. An antibiotic can be taken to cure a tonsillitis caused by a bacterial infection. A viral infection, however, will take time to go away and will not receive any treatment.

Tonsilloliths irritate the throat and cause horrible bad breath. They are not a serious heath problem and can be treated in the comfort of your own home. But first, you must change your daily oral routine. Brush your teeth at least two times a day followed by scraping of your tongue. You can try to remove these nasty foul smelling chunks by using clean syringes or cotton swabs to force the bumps out. Also, gargle with salt and water solution. Another home remedy you can use is the Waterpik which is a curved tip syringe. You just need to be extra careful not to blast the stones so as not to damage the sensitive areas near your throat. Once the bumps are out, make sure you practice a good oral hygiene to prevent them from coming back.

Myoskeletal Alignment and Nerve Pain

Manual therapists often blame nerve root pressure for pain arising from spinal misalignment. Pinched nerves are commonly targeted as the reason for unexplained neck and back pain. For years, bodyworkers have blamed nerve root compression for pain due to spinal misalignment. However, today most of the medical community disregard the “pinched-nerve theory” because of an absence of neurological signs such as paresthesias, tingling, numbness, motor loss, etc.

Some researchers dismiss the nerve root as a pain sensitive structure. Most do agree that pinched nerves can occur in extreme cases of trauma, muscle entrapments, and chronic degenerative disc disease. To experience nerve entrapment… lie on your side, place an arm above your head, and rest on that arm for a few minutes. The arm will eventually lose sensation as the nerve is stretched and compressed. This is an example of ‘pinching’ of a nerve.

There is a catch (no pun intended). Severe compression of a ‘healthy’ nerve may cause paresthesias, motor loss, sensory deficits, and loss of normal reflexes…but pain is absent. On the other hand, if the compression continues and the nerve’s dural sheath is rubbed raw, becomes inflamed (intraneural edema) and then compressed…pain will be present. This “silent nerve root compression syndrome” was first hypothesized by James E. Wilberger, MD in the Journal of Neurosurgery. His research suggests that time is required before functional alterations create mechanical nerve fiber deformation and accompanying pain.

How’s it work? Compression on an inflamed sensory nerve or its surrounding capillary beds over a length of time can cause the brain to experience pain (nociception). The pressure on the tethered nerve causes muscle cell contraction which leads to altered firing order patterns, protective spasm, faulty posture, wasted energy, and pain. However, it is rare for extended pain to exist as a result of nerve compression.

Pain caused by oxygen deprivation of the sensitive nerve tissues is a far more typical occurrence. This harmless and reversible condition can be extremely painful. Chronic back pain is most commonly blamed on pathologies such as herniated discs, bone spurs, etc., The pain often results from mechanical strain on joint related tissues such as spinal ligaments, joint capsules and muscles.

Here’s the good news. There is a form of manual therapy that can effectively treat both types of problems; the reduction in nerve function (tingling and numbness) as seen in piriformis and thoracic outlet syndromes, and also pain due to nerve fiber irritation. The objective of Myoskeletal Alignment(R) is to improve joint mechanics in the affected area to allow healing of the joint and surrounding soft tissues.

In Myoskeletal Therapy, the joint is held in a specific position with one hand and the surrounding soft tissues are stretched with the other. The client/patient isometrically contracts to a count of 5 and relaxes as resistance is met. This isometric muscle contraction is followed by a pin-and-stretch articular mobilization which releases motion-fixated joints. This very effective manual therapy technique often alleviates pain immediately once the abnormal joint position is corrected. This allows better movement with less nerve pain.

There will always be a certain amount of discussion over what symptoms qualify to be called a pinched nerve. Many nerve compression experts will continue believing that neurological tissue can be only be compressed by bone. Others maintain that a herniated disc and osteoarthritis are the primary culprits leading to a weak nerve signal.

Who Has Epilepsy?

Although epilepsy can start at any point during a person's life, most epilepsy is diagnosed in childhood, and most of all in the first year of life – around 140 out of every 100,000 babies under the age of one are diagnosed with epilepsy per year. This drops to 40 adults per 100,000. However, recent reports have shown that epilepsy is increasing in older people, who account for a quarter of all new diagnoses, according to a survey by the National Society for Epilepsy. The condition is twice as common in older people as it is in the population as a whole.

It may be even more common than is documented, because some of it probably goes unrecognized. Diagnosing epilepsy in the elderly can be difficult. In many cases the seizures are mild, and, while this is excellent news in terms of control, it may also mean that it's not so easy to spot them for what they are. Aunt Alice's daydreaming, Gran's 'funny turns', may form part of family folklore and certainly not be seen to warrant medical investigation. We tend to expect illness and absent-mindedness in older people as a matter of course. However, epilepsy in later life may well be among the more preventable cases of the condition. The older we get, the moreiable we become to reduced fitness and health, but, in particular, epilepsy in the older person is often due to cerebrovascular disease which leads to small scars in the brain. In general, the risk of epilepsy in older people may be reduced with proper attention to lifestyle, including healthy eating, enough exercise, not smoking, and drinking alcohol moderately. Paying attention to lifestyle issues may help people of any age gain better seizure control and improve general health, and may also prevent your epilepsy getting worse in older age.

Epilepsy is divided almost evenly between the sexes, though a few epilepsy syndromes occurs exclusively in girls. Epilepsy is slightly more common in men, and there are various reasons why this may be so. One reason is that men are more likely to suffer head injury and brain infection. Another theory is that the brains of boy and girl babies develop differently in the womb due to differences in male and female sex hormones. The brain matures more quickly in girl babies than boy ones, so that girls are less vulnerable to perinatal anoxia (lack of oxygen around birth) which can damage developing areas of the brain. The Y chromosome which produces maleness in unborn infants also slows development down, so that boys are born around two to three weeks behind in marriage than girls, so making them more vulnerable to injury. This vulnerability persists into adulthood – one study showed that, in women, 50 per cent of the risk of developing epilepsy was past by the time they were 19, but in men, this did not happen until they were 24. This risk is thought to outweigh men's larger brain size. Another study showed that the brains of men and women only became the same size when they are 100, when they have both shrunk enough to be similar! There is some evidence that the prognosis or outlook is slightly worse in women, and it has been suggested that this is because women's brains are tougher, a more severe event is needed to precipitate the epilepsy. But, in practice, most of these differences are slight – again, each person with epilepsy representations an individual case, and should be treated as such.

Despite its high prevalence, epilepsy, traditionally the 'Cinderella' of the health service, contributions little by way of research money – out of the UK's annual £ 2 billion medical research budget only £ 336,000 is spent on epilepsy, less than £ 1 per person with epilepsy, and comparing unfavorably with say the £ 250 per person with muscular dystrophy and £ 140 per person with multiple sclerosis.

A recent survey of health managers in the UK revealed that only 5 per cent had set service standards for epilepsy. However, this may change as epilepsy achieves greater media coverage and public interest, something which is taking place – over the past few years, according to the National Society for Epilepsy, epilepsy has become an 'interesting' subject as genetic research and modem brain- scanning methods reveal more about the condition.

What to Do With Other People's Stuff

We all have those leftover things that we just can not seem to throw away, from a child's first art project to a strange gift from a favorite weird aunt. There are hand-me-downs, 'the good furniture' from deceased relatives, household items from those who moved, freebies sent through the mail, impulse purchases; the list goes on and on. The problem is when we have such a problem getting rid of such things that the home is overwhelmed by 'stuff'. Here is a new diagnosis for the pack-rat syndrome: Hoarding.

The cases presented on the television series "Buried Alive" are so extreme and the people so obviously mentally ill, that the rest of us pack-rats breathe a sigh of relief as we tell ourselves "well, I thought I was bad, but those people have a problem ". As if that excuses our own hoarding tendencies, we go about our lives feeling better about ourselves.

Check yourself with these questions:

Do you find yourself talking about the lack of space?

Are you tripping over things in the bedroom or other rooms?

Do you have multiples beyond three of items that last a long time?

Are you keeping paperwork from thirty years ago?

Is it impossible to keep your home looking neat?

Have you been renting storage more than six months?

If you have answered yes to any or all of these questions, you are a pack-rat and in danger of becoming overwhelmed with stuff. Either that, or you are on the road working and have no idea when you will be settling down again-and do not want to get rid of your favorite things. You would still likely be a pack-rat, without before putting things in storage you really examined everything and got rid of whatever is not irreplaceable or something you absolutely love.

Spring is a great time for passing the old stuff on to other pack-rats, as evidenced by the popularity of garage sales. Redecorating is another great time to get rid of the old and bringing in the new. The good news is, there is always someone who can use your old stuff and probably someone, somewhere, is looking for exactly what you have. eBay is full of things people need to get rid of and there are now people who will take your stuff and put it on eBay for you. Those entrepreneurs are making a good living out of helping others pass their items on to those who want them.

Most people just do not have fascinating enough lives to have all the stuff they have collected. By fascinating I mean having a lot of different talents and abilities that require a stock of raw materials to create with. Many people just work and go home to watch TV, maybe read or use the computer, and go out to movies and social functions. None of that requires a whole lot of 'stuff'. I am still amazed at one woman who had the neatest house I have ever stayed in. Whatever she was not using at the present time was discarded. There were a few items from her grandkids but other than that, not much other than furniture. Even her kitchen was sparse by my standards. My gourmet cook side had apoplexy from trying to work in her kitchen.

For those who shivered at the mere idea of ​​living in sparse surroundings, consider the art of feng shui, which preaches the more Zen model of décor, to allow the chi (energy) to flow smoothly through a home, bringing health, peace and happiness . For those of us who are so fascinating that it has a strangle-hold on us, I have the perfect solution … closets, lots of well-organized closets. It works and it also allows for the more Zen-like decorating that I prefer. You do not have to go through life without what you really love. Just figure out that that is and dump the rest.

© 2010 Dr.Valerie Olmsted All Rights Reserved

Exercises That Aid in Stroke Recovery

There are many exercises that aid in stroke recovery. There are physical, mental, and occupational exercises used by therapists during stroke rehabilitation. Some of them are:

1. Physical Exercises – As the word connotes, these are a range of bodily motions meant to tone fat, enhance muscle buildup, and strengthen the body. Stroke patients are given physical exercises to hone them to move their body, avoid spasticity of the muscles, and regain strength, balance, and independence. Samples of exercises that aid in stroke recovery include:
a) Passive Range of Motion = this aims to keep the muscles flexible and the joints lubricated through movement of the shoulder, elbow, wrist, fingers, hip, knee, and ankles.
b) Active Assisted Range of Motion = this set of exercises begin once the affected limb has been restored of its function and involves the help of another person in its performance
c) Active and Resisted Range of Motion = exercises taught during this phase enables the patient to move their own limbs without assistance through all the range of motion at every joint, such as those involving free weights, resistance bands, and the manual resistance coming from the therapist.
d) Coordination Exercises = this focuses on the regaining control over the affected limb by lifting the leg or placing it on the heel of the other leg, for example.
e) Balance and Stability Exercises = this entails the control of the person's trunk while sitting or standing. Thus, the patient is asked to do a series of exercises incorporating sitting and standing with the aid of parallel bars, walkers, and canes.

2. Mental Exercises – Mental exercise to reverse the effect of stroke on the patient are normally done under cognitive rehabilitation as the case may apply. Often, exercises include memory retention and sharpening such as math functions, reasoning, logic, and concept. These exercises are repeated over time as long as it is necessary.

3. Occupational Exercises – Exercises include learning to do daily activities that will help the patient go back to normal life, such as sweeping the floor, brushing the teeth, picking up pieces, folding clothes and linen, among others. The goal is to let the patient do this things, over time, on his own.

There are many exercises that aid in stroke recovery and are used during the rehabilitation process. These exercises should always be done with caution to avoid further injury. It is best that these are performed with professionals only.

Help For the Alopecia Sufferer

Although alopecia [al-oh-PEE-shah] is a common disease, its name is not widely known, and even though it is not life-threatening, it's sporadic nature and tendency towards recurrence often has considerable psychological effects on the alopecia sufferer. Alopecia is the medical term for hair loss or baldness. It is the name which designates the reliably redundant and early fall out of hair that appears previously weakened by follicular obstruction. While in come cases there can be no cure, many times new treatment options offer hope for the alopecia sufferer.

Hair Loss

While previous estimates on what substances 'normal' hair loss have been quoted as high as 100 to 150 hairs a day, recent studies show that number should actually be closer to 35 to 40 hairs a day. Yet what concerns us here is not the normal shedding of the hair, but rather abnormal hair loss, also known as alopecia. By the age of thirty-five, some forty percent of both men and women show some degree of hair loss. Partial or complete re-growth of hair can follow, but permanent loss of hair can occur when the roots of the hairs are severely damaged. Forms of this disease should be studied so that the alopecia sufferer can work towards a solution for their hair loss.

Types of Alopecia

Traction alopecia is a common cause of hair loss due to pulling forces exerted on the scalp hair. Traction alopecia is more common in women than in men because women are more involved with hairstyling practices such as braiding or chemical hair straightening, and they are more likely to use tight curlers and nylon brushes and to wear chignons or buns. Female pattern alopecia or baldness is less common than male pattern alopecia. Male and female pattern baldness is usually a genetic condition, although female pattern alopecia rarely leads to total loss of hair. The loss of hair from this type mostly starts at the front, the sides or on the top of the head. The hair loss from alopecia areata is typically seen in patches on the head and or body. Alopecia areata monolocularis means that hair loss occurs in one spot only, usually on the head. Alopecia areata multilocularis means that hair loss occurs in several spots, and loss may not be limited to the head. It can progress to the complete loss of hair from the head (called alopecia totalis) and can even spread to result in loss of all hair on the head and body. Called alopecia universalis, it is a severe form of alopecia areata. This alopecia sufferer experiences permanent loss of all body hair, including eyebrows, eyelashes, and hair in the pubic area and armpits. Toxic alopecia is characterized by the temporary loss of hair and is caused by an overuse of medications or some vitamins, or is bought on by certain diseases such as thyroid or postpartum disorders. Diffuse alopecia is the term for loss of hair after acute chronic systemic diseases, emotional stress, febrile illness or childbirth. Another common form of hair loss, postpartum alopecia is caused by hormonal changes during the course of a pregnancy. There is usually very little sign of these changes during the pregnancy itself, but rather a sudden and very excess loss of hair from three to nine months after the birth of the child. While this hair loss is often very traumatic for the new mother and alopecia sufferer, the hair growth cycle typically returns to normal within a year after the end of the pregnancy. Alopecia is a condition that is not limited to humans only, as it can also affect your cat or dog. As you can see there can be many types of alopecia sufferer.

Causes of Alopecia

Many autoimmune diseases, like lupus and AIDS can cause hair loss. An alopecia sufferer may have experienced mental or physical trauma. Those suffering from eczema may experience some hair loss as well. Vigorous combing and chemical bleaches and styling products can additionally irritate the scalp to cause further hair loss or it may be caused by the use of hair dryers, combs or any other heated metallic element capable of generating lesions on the scalp. Alopecia may occur because of nerve disorders, congenital abnormalities of the hair, genetic factors, heredity, alteration of the immune system, injuries and thyroid problems. Some medications like thallium, high doses of vitamin A and retinoid also cause a type of alopecia.

Treatments for the Alopecia Sufferer

As an alopecia sufferer , you should always discuss any medical treatment with your Health Care Provider. Physicians, especially dermatologists, must recognize this condition early to prevent irreparable hair loss. A professional will be able to advise you as to whether your condition will go away on its own, stop if you discontinue use of certain medications or end a habit, or if you can help yourself with a system of treatment. The most effective treatment is now available for purchase and use in the home. It consist of scalp hygiene products, nutritional supplements and a personal low level light laser brush that stimulates hair growth. Always buy from a reputable dealer that has FDA approval and a guarantee program.

The Homeopathic Treatment of Otitis Media

When you go searching for a holistic treatment of otitis media, do not skip over homeopathy. Homeopathy is one of the most effective treatments of all and any kind. It is wholly natural and holistic. It only works by improving your immune system. And the only reason for disease is because either you do not yet have an immune system (as in babies and toddlers), or yours is shot to pieces. Or moving toward that unenviable position.

Then you will get many health problems, which will recur endlessly or just will not go away.

There are many medicines that can be used in the homeopathic treatment of otitis media, but Hepar sulphuris is one of the most common.

To be effective, the symptoms of the personal otitis media should be a close match to the potentially effective homeopathic medicine. If you can not see this match, then it's illegally that the medicine will do any good.

Let's have a look at the keynotes of Hepar sulph:

  • the most important symptom is the exquisite pain that the patient suffers – the child will shriek and can not be comforted
  • the pain is worse at night
  • the pain is worse for cold, such as cold weather or especially a cold wind blowing into it

There may or may not be a discharge. If there is, it is normally yellowy in color and smells offensive – rather like rotten cheese. If the discharge is internal, there can be a host of potentially dangerous problems. If the discharge leaks into the brain, there is no capacity for the brain to expand to accommodate it. So brain symptoms can develop.

Apart from the dangers, you do not want to see someone in so much pain. And I'm sure you'd like to get back to bed and sleep sooner rather than later. Keep Hepar sulph handy for the effective treatment of otitis media, one which is characterized by the hyper sensitivity to pain.

The Importance With Early Detection of Hearing Loss in Children

Every parent wishes their child to be healthy and most of all happy. Children with disabilities such as hearing loss can live full and completely happy lives. However, if gone undiagnosed or ignored, a disability such as hearing loss can cause irreplaceable damage. The early years of a child's development are of the utmost importance. It is a time when they learn language, understanding, cognitive skills, and motor skills. If your child shows signs of hearing loss, make sure to have him or her see a specialist, so the issue does not worsen.

Hearing loss is not defined as complete deafness. There are multiple levels of hearing loss, from slight toounding, depending on the frequencies as which they can hear sounds. Issues with hearing can either be environmental, come from infection or disease, or most commonly genetic. No matter what the cause of the problem is, it needs to get tested so the specialist can help you take the right steps to improve your child's development.

Many states require that newborns be tested for hearing issues within the first hours of their birth. This does not mean that problems can not develop later, so it is important that parents will constantly be on the lookout for signs and symptoms related to hearing loss. Early signs can be detected by parents that can alert to some sort of hearing issues. If parents notice any of these symptoms, they should immediately make an appointment to see a specialist.

Signs for children's hearing problems include not being able to recognize a parent's voice, consistent sounds, or even to his or her name. Children begin recognizing a parent's voice from after the first few months of birth and his or her name soon after that. If still a child does not acknowledge frequently heard voices or sounds, it may be a sign of hearing problems.

During development, a child's attentiveness can also become a sign of hearing problems. Children with hearing problems often become easily frustrated, as it is difficult for them to communicate. If they are having trouble understanding you, asking for things repeatedly, or constantly questioning what you are trying to communicate, there might be an under issue.

Speech development is an important step within all children's developmental process. There is of course no strict schedule that all children should adhere to. Even brothers and sisters take different amounts of time to develop cognitive skills. However, if a child's speech development is long delayed, there might be cause for concern. Unclear speech can also be a sign of hearing problems. If you suspect any of these signs occurring in your child, it is better to be safe than sorry. Have your child tested by a hearing aid specialist just to be sure. It can make all the difference in the world with your child's development.

If a child does have hearing impairment, a hearing aid can be of great assistance during development. Many public school systems offer special education to assist with the development and education of hearing impaired children. Hearing aids can afford your child the best opportunity for a normal development for those with hearing problems.