Pneumonia and Nutritional Needs

Pneumonia can be caused by bacteria, a virus or fungi and leads to an infection in either one or both of the lungs. In the United States, approximately three million people will develop pneumonia each year, with about a half million having to be admitted to a hospital for treatment. Five percent of those who contract pneumonia die from it, making the illness the sixth principal cause of death in the United States. In this article, we look at how nutrition, protein and a well-balanced diet can help in preventing pneumonia infections.

Pneumonia may at first look like a cold which may seem to get progressively worse with symptoms that can include high fever (it may rise as high as 104 degrees). Additional symptoms include shaking chills and a productive cough (sputum is produced with each cough and may be discolored or sometimes streaked with blood). Pain in the chest may develop if the outer area of ​​the lungs (called the pleura) is affected; this pain may be sharp and will be worse during deep breaths, however, the pain is not always present. In some cases, pneumonia can be slower to develop and in other cases there may not be a lot of coughing at all, especially if the infection is away from the larger airways. Children, babies and the elderly may not show any particular signs or symptoms of pneumonia.

Some pneumonia is diagnosed only after an examination by a doctor reveals crackling sounds or coarse breathing in the chest. There may also be breathlessness, wheezing or the breathing sounds may be eliminated in certain parts of the chest. A chest x-ray is the definitive way to diagnose the pneumonia, however sputum samples, blood tests and bronchoscopies can typically be ordered as well. The sputum samples can determine what the exact cause of the pneumonia is and determine the course of medical treatment. The blood work can help to determine how serious the infection is and may also provide a clue as to whether it is caused by a virus, bacteria or fungi.

In addition to medication, there are some treatments that may also need to be done. Pleural effusion is the collection of fluid in the pleural space which must be removed by the insertion of a needle into the chest in what is called a thoracentesis. In serious cases, this fluid may need to be removed through a surgical procedure.

Generally speaking, most often the leading cause of bacterial pneumonia is streptococcus pneumonia, which causes a sudden onset of symptoms including shaking, chills, fever and rusty colored sputum. This infection can spread to the blood and does so in 20-30% of cases, with 20-30% of those cases resulting in death.

There are two vaccines that can be used to prevent pneumococcal disease and is recommended for all children under the age of two and certain children between two and four who have additional medical risks to consider. It is also recommended that adults who are high risk for this illness, including the elderly, diabetics, those who have kidney or lung disease, chronic heart, smokers, alcoholics, and those who have had their spleen removed, receive the vaccine.

Antibiotics may be used for bacterial pneumonia, however, it is important that the cultures be completed to be sure that it is bacterial in nature. Another type of pneumonia that will respond to antibiotics is often seen in those who suffer from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or alcoholism.

Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a bacterium which results in a very slowly developing infection with symptoms that include chills, fever, muscle aches, a rash and diarrhea. This bacterium is commonly found in the summer and fall months and is usually referred to as atypical pneumonia.

There are other conditions that are technically pneumonia variants, including Legionnaire's Disease and others. Legionnaire's disease is often caused by water supplies that are contaminated and can be potentially fatal if it is not accurately diagnosed and treated. Pneumonia is only a part of the overall condition, which also includes high fever, a very diarrhea, slow heart rate, vomiting, nausea and chest pain. This is more typical in smokers, older men and people with depressed immune function.

It is important to keep in mind that pneumonia that is caused by a virus will not respond to any kind of antibiotics. The body's own immune system typically will fight off the infection on its own, however, it is important that the condition be monitored so that a secondary infection does not develop and worsen the illness.

Fungal infections that lead to pneumonia are very rare in the United States and each have specific types of medicines and treatments that are used to eliminate them.

Consideration must be made not only for the type of organism that is causing the pneumonia but where it was contracted before medication can be prescribed. In recent years, several strains of infections have become resistant to the medications that were formerly used to treat them. Of these, methicillin resistant Staph aureus, or MRSA, is the most commonly known. It may be necessary for people with this type of infection to be placed in contact isolation, especially in a hospital or long-term care setting. It is also important to monitor anyone who is coming in or out of your room if you are in a hospital, not only for MRSA but for another of the super bugs called C.difficile. A recent study found that one in five nurse's uniforms had C.diff on them, as did handrails, waiting room tabletops and other hard surfaces.

It is important then to make sure that you are doing everything that you can to stay healthy, especially during the cold and flu season or for those who are at high risk for infection. Those who are in weakened health, including those who are being treated for autoimmune conditions, using chemotherapy for cancer or other conditions, have chronic diseases, smoke or come in regular contact with those who may have pneumonia, should have the vaccine as directed. Healthcare workers are especially encouraged to have this vaccine.

In addition to getting the vaccine, there are other things that can be done to protect yourself from the pneumonia infections: eating a healthy and well-balanced diet, getting enough rest each night and exercising at least thirty minutes every day. It is also important to make sure that you are managing the sources of stress in your life.

Part of a well-balanced and healthy diet can be protein supplements, especially those that you can stash in a gym bag on your way to exercise.

Making a protein supplement your between-meal snack can be a great way to not only ensure that you are getting enough protein (which is vital to a strong immune system) but that you are not starving yourself between each meal.

Treat Pleurisy With Effective Home Remedies

Pleurisy is provoked by the inflammation of the pleura membrane. This membrane has the role to line the interior part of the chest and to protect the lungs. When this membrane is inflated the pleura layers rub one against the other causing discomfort and severe pain while breathing. Shallow and rapid breathing, shortness of breath, sour throat, swollen joint and a sudden weight loss are other symptoms of pleurisy.

This ailment is also caused by tuberculosis and pneumonia. Chest injures can also be responsible for this disease, too. Common cold can also lead to this condition.

Pleurisy can be successfully treated using some well recommended natural home remedies.

Apply hot fermentation towels on the painful areas and on the chest to get an immediate relief. Do this three to four times a day. Do not apply ice packs on the chest because these will worsen the problem. Strap your chest tight to restrict the lungs movement and get relief.

Celery has miraculous antispasmodic properties so use it on regularly bases. Herb hog weed is an herb usually used as a natural remedy against pleurisy. Prepare a powder from this herb and take this remedy daily. It has the property to remove the deposited matter from the bronchial tubes.

Milk diet is also recommended in treating pleurisy. Drink fresh milk daily. Eating an orange daily can be also very helpful because oranges have a great contribution in strengthening the body immune system and they can overcome the weight loss.

Air baths on the seashore at the first hours of the morning are very beneficial and helpful, too.

Holy basil leaves are also used in pleurisy treatment. Eat 20 gm of holy basil leaves in the morning, before breakfast and in the evening, too. This remedy dries out the pleura fluid helping the patient to get a quick relief.

Prepare a loose linseed poultice and apply it on your chest, back and shoulders.

Black seed oil is also a good remedy for pleurisy. This oil improves the immunity system and that's why is recommended in pleurisy cure. This disease can be cured using celery leaves and seeds.

Olive leaves are known for their effective effect in curing viral, fungal and bacterial infections. This remedy has also anti-oxidant effects. Due to these properties it has proved to be very efficient in treating pleurisy.

Persons who suffer from pleurisy should adopt a diet rich in cabbage, potato, gourd and cauliflower.

The consumption of pleurisy root tea has the property to keep the lungs and chest clear out. The tea helps the patient to cough up the mucus and to get rid of it.

Using a humidifier has proved to be very useful in pleurisy because it keeps the air moist and the sputum thin.

Rosemary and eucalyptus proved to be other efficient home remedies. Rosemary is known for its property to alleviate the pain and eucalyptus has the ability to help the patient to get rid of infection.

Ionic minerals are a combination of many trace elements, minerals and salt. Regular bathes in salt lakes or having air baths in salt mines are also very beneficial for the persons who suffer from pleurisy.

Understanding the Steel Production Chain


Investors in the steel sector often come across terms such as slab, hot dip galvanized sheet, or coated sheet – but the definitions of these terms and interrelationships between the different steel products in the production chain are by no means always clear. In this article, the authors describe the steel product 'production' chain and the flow of products from semi-finished to finished product.

The Three Semi-Finished Product Groups

The three main finished steel product groups are tube, flat products and long products. These finished products are produced from semi-finished steel products which are usually made by continuous casting of liquid steel. These so-called semis corporation,

  • billet: typically a square some 6 or 12 meters in length with cross-sectional area of ​​100 – 120 mm square to a maximum of 180 – 200 mm square – used for long products and seamless tube
  • slab: usually up to 12 meters in length and conventionally from ~ 150 mm up to ~ 400 mm thick – used for flat products (and subsequently, welded tube)
  • bloom: usually above 180 or 200mm square to around 300 – 360 mm square (to a maximum of ~ 400 mm square) – used for large section and long products.

The Finished Products

Turning to the different finished product groups,

  • billet is typically hot-rolled into light long products. These products generally combine bar – which can be round, square, angled etc. This light long category often includes merchant bar products (rounds, squares, hexagons, rectangles, flats etc used mainly as support structures for building, construction, machinery) as well as reinforcing bar (typically 8 – 18 mm in diameter, and used for concrete reinforcement). Light long products can also include wire rod, which is generally under 13.5 mm in diameter, and is formed in coils rather than in lengths. Steel wire, steel mesh, nails and other fasteners are typically made from wire rod.
  • slab is typically hot rolled into plate or into hot rolled coil. Beyond this step, there is cold rolling, which typically takes hot rolled steel coil and further reduces the gauge to produce cold-rolled coil. Cold-rolled steel can be used as such (eg in machine components), but is often coated to produce zinc coated sheet or tin plate. Zinc coated sheet is often processed further still – to make so-called organic coated sheet – where a plastic coating further adds to the anti-corrosive properties of the steel.
  • bloom is typically roled in a blooming mill, to produce large sections or very big bar shapes.
  • welded tube in turn is usually made by bending of hot rolled coil or sheet (made from slab); although plate or cold-rolled steel can also be used for welded tube making depending on the desired wall thickness.
  • seamless tube is usually made by billet piercing.

The steel production process chain in summary therefore, usually consist of the following steps:

  • production of liquid steel
  • production of semis
  • hot rolling of semis to make light long products such bar or hot rolled plate or coil
  • cold rolling of the hot rolled bar or coil product, to produce cold-rolled coil or cold drawn products such as steel wire.

Dislocations of Extremities and Homeopathy

Homeopathy can help dislocations? This is one of those situations where the benefit of modern medicine melds well with homeopathy. The combination of the two has been a mainstay of emergency rooms in hospitals around the world. I urge you to consider boning up on homeopathy so that it is available in your world, as well.

Homeopathy is a branch of medicine that used to comfortably nestle along side all other divisions of medicine. Unlike what most people think, it does not mean home remedies and it is not herbalism. Instead, homeopathy is a specific medical paradigm practiced the world over by doctors and lay practitioners. It is used in hospitals, clinics and private practices. Unfortunately, in the United States, it went out of favor in the 1940's due to the overwhelming excitation from the so called miracle drugs. Now that the dust has settled and we have realized the damage done by antibiotics and other drugs, homeopathy is enjoying a revival in the US

Let's look at dislocations. Upon the first indication of an injury, the first step is to administrator Arnica montana in a high potency. It will not only relieve the pain without side effects, but will reduce swelling and aid in the overall "shocky" sensation that occurs after an injury. Even if the sufferer is currently taking other medications, homeopathy will not interfere. It will relieve the often quite painful and sleepless nights that ensue. If this first step is delayed, it can be taken up days later. However, it's prudent to begin homeopathy as soon as possible.

From the moment of dislocation, use pain as the determining factor for how often Arnica montana bought to be administrated. In other words, if the pain is severe, it has been shown that by giving Arnica every 10-30 minutes in the beginning, it will eliminate the suffering. Even accompaniment nausea can be relieved. It can be continued for days as long as the pain returns. This could last for as many as 5-15 days of treatment with Arnica.

The next step is to get an x-ray in short order to verify the dislocation and mechanically correct the break. Once it is clear that the dislocation is set appropriately and the initial pain is resolved, the next remedy to begin is Calc phos 6x. This has historically been shown that when used routine daily for as long as a month or so, that the healing of the bone is more thorough.

Homeopathy stimulates the body's ability to heal itself by simply matching the stimulus response. Such efforts in study after study over the last two centuries have shown that the remedies are effective, but that's not the critical consideration. Simply put, the critical consideration is that this elegant view of human health WORKS.

The homeopathic treatment of injuries is rational, intelligent and safe. There are no side effects and no addictions. Get a leg up on your understanding of the use of homeopathy. It could be the solution you're looking for when a limit is in need.

The information provided in this article is for educational purposes only and may not be construed as medical advice. The reader is encouraged to make independent inquires and to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare provider.

Recovering Lost Videos From Sony Handycam DCR – DVD650 Camcorder

Sony Handycam DCR-DVD650 camcorder is a high-definition camcorder with hybrid video recording capability on both Memory Stick Pro and DVD. With exceptional imaging quality, this camcorder has all the capabilities of being a professional choice and acceptable among users desiring good quality videos. With such a vast use, video data loss is not an exception in Sony Handycam DCR-DVD650 camcorder. This category users often report problems of inaccessible or lost videos from their camcorder. In such situations if they fail to restore lost videos from the present backup or backup is unavailable, they can resort to Video Recovery Tool.

Video data loss in Sony Handycam DCR-DVD650 camcorder can result from:

Deleting one or more videos from Sony Handycam DCR-DVD650 camcorder by mistake.

Turning off the camcorder or ejecting the memory device before videos could have been completely written to its DVD or Memory Stick Pro. Such events cause interrupted write operations and cause the storage device to get corrupt.

Shooting videos when the batteries of Sony Handycam DCR-DVD650 camcorder are conking out.

Using DVD or Memory Stick Pro on various devices

Corruption of DVD or Memory Stick Pro makes videos inaccessible and they can not be played in the Sony Handycam DCR-DVD650 camcorder or on any computer. However, you can reformat the corrupted storage device and rebuild it, but on the other hand, this causes data loss too. All the videos that are stored on the DVD or Memory Stick Pro will be deleted. To restore them, the best and safest solution is to use your last backup.

There are situations when a Sony Handycam DCR-DVD650 camcorder may not have any suitable backup that can be used to restore the deleted or lost videos. In such circumstances, a Video Recovery Software can help.

Any Video that is deleted from DVD or Memory Stick Pro of Sony Handycam DCR-DVD650 camcorder is actually not deleted. The camcorder just removes its entry, while marking the space as available for other files. So until this space is re-occupied by a different file, a Video Recovery Software can recover and restore it to a safe location.

Stellar Phoenix Photo Recovery is an advanced utility designed for recovering lost videos from camcorders, DVD, memory sticks, CD, hard disks and other storage media. Available for both Windows and Mac OS X, this Video Recovery software supports video file formats like MOV, AVI, ASF, WMV, WMA, M4P, MIDI, and more.

Trigeminal Neuralgia – The Worst Pain Known To Man?

My Story

I first suffered from Trigeminal Neuralgia (TN or tic douloureux) in 1995 when I was 28. At this time I did not have a clue what the pain was that I was suffering from. I was in the RAF and had just returned from a tour of duty in the Falkland Islands. During this period I had the odd twinge, but in no way could this be described as pain. On my return the pain increased, so I went to see many dental specialists in the RAF. I was treated with root canal treatment, Temporomandibular Joint Disorder. For this the dental technicians made me a couple of splints for my bottom teeth. These were 1 and 2mm in thickness. I wore them for approximately 6 months, but unfortunately they made no difference, as I was not suffering from it. The intestinal pain affected an area on the right hand side of my face from the chin to below the right ear.

None of the treatment that went on for about 18 months proved successful because at this time they did not know what I was suffering. The pain got so intense and my job did not help as I worked on nights as a radio operator. Part of my job was to wear head phones, these only made the problem worse. Talking was difficult, eating was hard and life was not too pleasant. Temazepam did no good either, the pain was the worst I had ever suffered.

The turning point in my condition came a year after leaving the RAF when I discovered the Internet. I went to Google and typed in 'intense facial pain' and waited for the results to come back. I found all sorts of links, but one of the sites listed stuck me. I went there and the symptoms described were very similar to what I was suffering. The pain is best described as a bolt of lightning shooting through one side of the face. The pain is intense, sometimes in my case going on for a few minutes at a time. There was very little that could be done to halt the onslaught. Direct pressure over the area had some affect, but did not take the pain away.

The triggers for the pain can be as mundane as brushing your teeth, a breath of wind or simply talking. Winter and its icey winds were a lot worse than summer warmth. But by far the worst offender is eating. Eating can be a nightmare, during the worst episodes it was not uncommon to lose weight. I would not waste my time eating things like apples, lettuce and other food that didnt contain any calories. While to most people these foods are fine, to a TN sufferer like me these foods are best avoided, otherwise you will lose weight. When driving a car even the road surface would have an affect on whether the pain kicked in or not. Even when there was no pain, it was sitting there in the background waiting for the trigger to release its latest onslaught of ultra pain – imagine tooth ache, only 10 times worse! – honest.

Having found what I thought was the problem I was suffering from I took my findings to Goole Hospital. The Ears, Nose and Throat specialist confirmed what I thought and he prescribed me Tegretol. Almost immediately I felt some relief from the pain. Initially my dosage was kept low until I was on the high end of the dosage. The problem I found with Tegretol was memory loss, and a general feeling of 'fuzziness'. I could not come off them as the pain was too intense, but they were becoming less and less useful to my condition. Sometimes, dependent on the dose I took that day, and the amount of food I ate I had a feeling of slight overdose – dizzy is not the word. It only happened a couple of times, and it was not pleasant.

The specialist at Goole referred me to a Consultant Neurosurgeon at Hull Royal. Here I had an MRI brain scan in the Hull Royal Scan Unit, this confirmed, and made a better indication of what was going on. Armed with my scans I then went to see one of the neurologists at the hospital. He thought it would be a good idea if I was admitted as soon as possible for an operation to numb the pain. I was admitted into hospital on the Monday morning a month later.

Radio Frequency Coagulation Operation

The operation I was going to have was a Radio Frequency Coagulation. This is administrator

Infants Torticollis – What it is and How to Help Baby

Does your baby have infants torticollis? If the baby's head tilts to one side and they always seem to look in one direction the answer is yes. While some cases, called acquired torticollis, are more serious and are caused by a tumor or mass on the brain or spine, they are more rare. The more common form of infants torticollis that babies are born with is sometimes called congential torticollis and can be easily fixed.

Why does this happen? Usually it's how the baby might be positioned in the womb or through some kind of trauma during delivery. This trauma or injury causes a shortening or contracture of the sternocleidomastoid muscle. If you notice the baby's head tilting to one side and they have trouble tilting or turning to the other take them to the doctor right away. Torticollis is easily corrected when found early.

Once the doctor evaluates the baby he will suggest a stretching and exercise program for baby done either by the parents or a physical therapist. The baby's neck muscles are gently stretched and reinforced by massage and exercise. The parents can play with the child and encourage him to turn his head the other way through different activities. They can hold a toy to his non-affected side or stand on non-affected side while talking to him. Place baby on tummy and hold toys above for him to look up at or during stroller rides have stroller toy in front for him to grasp.

Catching this condition early and use of physical therapy stretching and exercise will usually fix this problem and it is usually corrected by the time child is 18 months old. On the rare occasion this does not work surgery is suggested and will fix this. The realization that your baby has torticollis can be disturbing but it does not have to be.

Five Simple Skin Care Tips

You can find tons of tips for keeping clean healthy skin. These tips range from typical cleaning methods to easy-at-home masks. A combination of your diet, lifestyle, and the methods you use for cleansing your skin all play a vital role in maintaining healthy looking skin.

These five tips will help you on your way.

Cleanse Your Skin. Wash your face each day, and do not forget the throat and neck area. Using a facial cleanser will help to eliminate dirt, oil, and make-up they may have built up on your face. A facial cleanser will also exfoliate the skin. Residual cleanser can block pores and cause breakouts, so be sure to rinse off the cleanser thoroughly after use. If the cleanser is causing irritation to your skin or any kind of itching, burning sensations, stop using that brand immediately. It is doing more harm than good.

Drink Plenty of Water. It is tough to reach the recommended eight glasses of water each day, however it is vital you get as close to that eight glasses of water each to maintain your skin's elasticity. Try to avoid sodas and any other drinks containing caffeine. Caffeine will lead to dehydration.

Use Clean Make-Up Tools. Any cosmetic brushes or sponges that you use should be cleaned regularly. Not cleaning them can lead to spreading bacteria and germs that could result in breakouts. Soak them in warm, soapy water at least once a week. Afterward, rinse them thoroughly and lay them out to dry. You should also replace these tools after intensive use.

Do Not Use Pore-Clogging Products. Oily products that clog your pores can cause breakouts. Look for moisturizers and sunscreen that contain noncomedogenic formulas. They will lessen the risk of acne breakouts. Liberal use of moisturizers and foundation helps in preventing impurities from being absorbed into the skin.

Avoid Stress. This one can be pretty tough to do. Stress leads to breakouts, especially for adults. Time should be set aside to do something that you find relaxing. Exercise programs are a great idea and can boost your energy while relieving stress.

Ketogenic Diets And Their Rapid Weight Loss Effects

Virtually all weight loss diets to varying degrees focus on either calorie reduction or the manipulation of the intake of one of the three essential macronutrients (proteins, fats, or carbohydrates) to achieve their weight loss effects.

Ketogenic diets are a group of “high-fat, moderate protein” or “high-protein moderate fat” but very low-carbohydrate diets. The term ketogenic basically refers to the increased production of ketone bodies occasioned by the elevated rate of lipolysis (fat break down). Ketones are the acidic by-products formed during the intermediate break down of “fat” into “fatty acids” by the liver.

The first sets of ketogenic diets were actually developed as far back as the early 1920s by the Johns Hopkins Pediatric Epilepsy Center and also by Dr. R.M. Wilder of the Mayo Clinic to treat children with hard to control seizures. The diets were designed to mimic the biochemical changes that occurred during periods of fasting, namely ketosis, acidosis, and dehydration. The diets involved the consumption of about 10-15 grams of carbohydrates per day, 1 gram of protein per kilogram bodyweight of the patient and the remaining calories derived from fats.

Today, the promoters of ketogenic diets are strongly of the view that carbohydrates especially the high glycemic index ones are the major reasons why people gain weight. Carbohydrate foods are generally metabolized to produce glucose, a form of simple sugar that is generally regarded as the preferred energy source for the body as it is a faster burning energy. Although the body can break down muscle glycogen (a mixture of glucose and water) and fat to produce energy, it however prefers to get it from high glycemic index carbohydrates from diets.

Of the macronutrients, carbohydrates are therefore argued to be the major cause of weight gain. This is more so because the increased intake of high glycemic index carbohydrate foods generally causes fluctuating blood sugar levels due to their fast absorption into the bloodstream and which more often than not leads to the overproduction of insulin. This is where the problem actually starts.

Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood glucose levels and therefore maintenance of the energy in/energy out equation of the body which rules body weight. Excess amounts of glucose in the bloodstream causes the excessive secretion of insulin which leads to the storage of the excess glucose in the body as either glycogen in liver and muscle cells or fat in fat cells.

One aim of ketogenic diets is therefore to reduce insulin production to its barest minimum by drastically reducing carbohydrate consumption while using fats and proteins to supplement the body’s energy requirement.

Despite the ability of ketogenic diets to reduce insulin production, their main objective is ultimately aimed at inducing the state of ketosis. Ketosis can be regarded as a condition or state in which the rate of formation of ketones produced by the break down of “fat” into “fatty acids” by the liver is greater than the ability of tissues to oxidize them. Ketosis is actually a secondary state of the process of lipolysis (fat break down) and is a general side effect of low-carbohydrate diets. Ketogenic diets are therefore favorably disposed to the encouragement and promotion of ketosis.

Prolonged periods of starvation can easily induce ketosis but it can also be deliberately induced by making use of a low-calorie or low-carbohydrate diet through the ingestion of large amounts of either fats or proteins and drastically reduced carbohydrates. Therefore, high-fat and high-protein diets are the weight loss diets used to deliberately induce ketosis.

Essentially, ketosis is a very efficient form of energy production which does not involve the production of insulin as the body rather burns its fat deposits for energy. Consequently, the idea of reducing carbohydrate consumption does not only reduce insulin production but also practically forces the body to burn its fat deposit for energy, thereby making the use of ketogenic diets a very powerful way to achieve rapid weight loss.

Ketogenic diets are designed in such a way that they initially force the body to exhaust its glucose supply and then finally switch to burning its fat deposits for energy. Subsequent food intakes after inducing the state of ketosis are meant to keep the ketosis process running by appropriately adjusting further carbohydrate consumption to provide just the basic amount of calories needed by the body.

For example, the Atkins Diet which is obviously the most popular ketogenic diet aims to help dieters achieve what the diet calls the individual’s Critical Carbohydrate Level for Maintenance (CCLM) – a carbohydrate consumption level where the dieter neither gains nor loses weight anymore.

In 2003, the Johns Hopkins treatment center came up with a modified version of the Atkins Diet protocol to treat a group of 20 children with epilepsy. After the treatment, it was observed that two-thirds experienced a significant reduction in their seizures while 9 were able to reduce their medication dosages and none developed kidney stones.

Furthermore, there are ongoing scientific studies by the National Institute of Health (NIH) concerning the effectiveness of the classic ketogenic diet and the modified versions of the Atkins Diet in helping people to lose weight and also in the treatment of epilepsy. It is equally interesting to note that the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) is carrying out studies on the effect of ketogenic diets and also formulating medications that will be able to produce the same effect on weight reduction.

Hair Loss Surgery for Women

When the shampoos, the creams and the pills are not working to stop hair loss, there is the option of surgery. Drugs can hinder your daily lifestyle and you have to take them every day, probably for the rest of your life, where the surgical procedure, it's just once off and you get rid of the problem once and for all. Chances that you will face the same problem are slim.

The hair transplant surgery is the most surgical procedure to stop hair loss. If you have thin hair or some bald spots on your head, this will be the best surgical procedure for you. The doctors or surgeon, extract hair from the healthy parts of the head and then placed on the spots in need of healthy hair. It takes skill and care to perform this procedure, as the hair should, be an exact induction of the original healthy hairs. The skin is removed, from the healthy part of the head and then the hair is divided into single units. Women with a thin hairline are the ideal candidates for the hair transplant surgery.

Another surgical procedure used in reversing hair loss is the scalp reduction procedure. The name says it all; the scalp is literally reduced by removing the bald spots. If you think you are going bald on the crown of your head, this procedure will solve your problem. When they surgically remove the bad skin, they sew together the good skin to cover the wound. No more bald spots after that.

A receding hairline is best solved by, flap surgery. The procedure entails, skin from the back part of the head, is flapped to the front of the head, covering all the bald parts. With time, the hairline is restored, and long, healthy and thick hair begins to grow back. The growth cycle, is returned to normal and the bald spots on the front part of the head are taken away for good, problem solved. You will not suffer from a receding hairline anymore.

Like all surgical procedures, how you treat yourself, your eating habits and how you take care of the affected parts all changes. For the next one or two months you will be going through a series of treatments that your doctor will prescribe and recommend. Antibiotics and other forms of medication will also be needed to ease your pain and aid in recovery. Infections are also a high possibility after surgery so taking your prescribed medication is very important. Certain creams may also be used on 'new skin and hair' after surgery to help effect the change and prevent any hair loss on the scalp.

Surgery solves your problem at the time you are in the theater and allows your hair to begin growing normally again. It has become a popular option among women who want their hair back to normal.

10 Ways to Naturally Increase Your Sex Power

Sex is an integral part of our life. It is one of the most precious gifts given by nature to mankind. Sex is one of the most basic things that is required by our body. The feeling of fulfilling sex can not be compared to anything. It gives immense pleasure, builds a strong bond between couples, reduces anxiety, tension, depression and anger.To enjoy sex life to its fullest and be able to enjoy sex life till old age we can follow these simple steps:

1- Diet: Diet rich in protein is a very rich fuel for sexual energy. Zinc and vitamin B-Complex is also very important for sex. Avoid excessive salt intake and diet rich in saturated fats.

2- Exercise: It is a very common conception that heavy body builders have more sexual power than those who are lean and thin. This a completely wrong conception.. A man with lean and thin physique may be very active sexually than a man with muscular and showman body. Even moderate and light exercise can help to increase the sex power greatly. On the contrary a wrongly done heavy exercise done without any supervision can badly affect a man’s sex life. Se the next time you hit the gym… be sure not to overdo… In fact a 30 minute jogging or running and simple push ups can do wonders for your sex power if done correctly.

3- Lifestyle: Avoid sedentary lifestyle. Try to be as physically active as possible. A lazy lifestyle can lead to numerous medical problems like diabetes and obesity which are known to be killing your sex life.

4- Keep away from anxiety, tension and excessive workload.

5- Live life with energy and enthusiasm. Follow your dreams, indulge in your hobbies as often as you can and enjoy the things you like in your life. Happy people are said to enjoy sex more than those who are tensed.

6- Take a glass full of milk daily, preferably with 2-4 pcs of dates.

7- Grind equal quantity of almonds, apricot and cashew with dates and take it with a spoonful of honey in the morning. It is very good for increasing sex power.

8- Milk of camel is considered as a wonderful medicine to increase sex power.

9- Take 5 grams of pure mucuna pruriens powder with a glass of milk daily to increase sex power and enjoy having sex till old age.

10- Aloe Vera juice is also very effective in increasing the sex power.

By following these simple steps you can easily and greatly increase the sexual stamina and endurance. But in more severe cases or when these simple measures don’t work, it is highly recommended to consult a sexologist.

5 Common Causes of Penis Smell and How to Freshen Up the Funk

Pent up in an area that gets a lot of moisture and not a ton of ventilation, penises often carry a smell. But if that smell has changed or gotten more pungent, it may be a sign there's something foul afoot. Most reasons for penis odor can be easily easily and all can be prevented. Let's learn a little about the most common causes of penis smell and how to prevent funky smells from invading the area.

# 1: Smegma

Smegma brings the funk like nothing else and is generally the first thing that pops into mind when the subject of penis smell comes up. Smegma is the buildup of moisture, oils, and skin cells around the shaft of the penis and under the foreskin in uncircumcised men. When it builds up, it can manifest as a chunky, off-white paste which leads to infection and inflammation.

The best way to combat smegma is a thorough washing. Using a gentle cleanser and warm water, retract the skin from the foreskin and delicately wash the area. Then rinse thoroughly and pat dry with a soft towel. Repeat daily until smegma disappears.

If foreskin will not retract or the infection and irritation does not subside, see a medical professional.

# 2. Yeast infection or Thrush

Yeast infections occur when Candida fungus on the penis grows out of control. This overgrowth gives the penis a moldy smell. Yeast infections can also include redness, itching, burning, and white chunky discharge. It can be caused by lax hygiene or be contracted from a partner.

Men having these symptoms will need to see a doctor for diagnosis and medication. The most common medication prescribed is Diflucan.

# 3: Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) which is contracted by having vaginal, oral, or anal anal sex with someone who's already infected. Chlamydia is a tricky one because it does not always cause symptoms but, in some cases, people experience penis odor, a burning sensation during urination, discharge, and testicle swelling.

Treatment requires a trip to the doctor for an antibiotic. Treatment can take seven days so be sure to refrain from sex while undergoing diagnosis and treatment.

# 4: Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is also an STI and is spread through intimate contact with the vagina, anus, or mouth of an infected partner. Like Chlamydia, it does not always present symptoms; however, for those who are symptomatic a penis odor presents as well as a burning feeling when urinating, soreness, bleeding, itching, pain while defecating, and green, yellow, or white discharge.

Treatment for Gonorrhea also requires a doctor's visit for diagnosis and treatment. The most common method of treatment is an injection of Rocephin and a round of oral medications. The course of treatment runs at least seven days, so refrain from intimate contact while being diagnosed and treated.

# 5: Non-gonococcal urethritis

Non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU) occurs when the urethra gets inflamed. It's called "non-gonococcal" because it is caused by something other than gonorrhea. Symptoms include a sour odor, soreness, and irritation at the tip of the penis, cloudy discharge from the penis, and a burning sensation when urinating.

It's important to seek medical treatment immediately as NGU can lead to infertility when untreated. A doctor will prescribe antibiotic to fight the infection and the normal treatment time is seven days. Since NGU is able to be spread through intimate contact, refrain from sex during diagnosis and treatment.

How to Prevent Penis Smell

There are a few ways to prevent penal odor from ruining a romantic night or leading to more serious medical issues.

– Cleanse the penis regularly – daily is preferred but be sure to bathe after sex and working out as well, in addition to any extra sweaty days.

– Wear loose, cotton underwear to give the genital area a more breathable environment.

– Sleep in the nude to give the genital area circulation.

– Keep pubic hair trimmed as longer pubic hair can retain smells and hold in dirt, moisture, and bacteria.

– Practice safe sex by using condoms and having frank discussions about sexual history and health prior to having sex.

– Use a specially formulated penis health creme (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which has been clinically proven safe and mild for skin) daily in the genital area. These crèmes are created especially for the area and contain key nutrients to not only hydrate the penis but also reduce bacterial and promote cellular function.

How to Beat Sleep Loss With Natural Remedies

Many type 2 diabetics need to wake up several times a night in order to urinate. I know I do … at least once, sometimes twice, sometimes three times, a night.

This, of course, interrupts a good night's sleep.

The resulting sleep loss can cause a variety of medical disorders. Indeed it can exacerbate the risks of conditions such as heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, neuropathy, blindness etc that determine the burden of being a diabetic.

Medical disorders caused by loss of sleep

You probably know that after a poor night's sleep you will wake up groggy and grumpy.

But did you know that sleep loss can impair your judgment, mess up your memory, and wreak havoc on your general health, sex life and good looks?

Here are six broad categories of disorders caused by a lack of sleep:

[1] Serious physical health problems … can be caused by persistent sleep loss.

These disorders include heart disease, high blood pressure, and strokes. As a diabetic, your risk of developing these serious medical conditions increases even further when your sleep is interrupted permanently night after night.

[2] Impaired cognitive processes … are another consequence of a lack of sleep. For example, sleep is crucial in giving your brain space in which to sort out and consolidate your experiences and memories of the day.

French and American researchers discovered that brain events called "sharp wave ripples" are responsible for consolidating memory. These ripples also transferred stored information from temporary memories (in the hippocampus) to long-term memory storage (in the neocortex).

Sharp wave ripples occurs mostly during deep sleep. So, if you do not get enough sleep, chances are you'll forget what you have experienced or learned during the previous 24 hours.

But that's not all. Lack of sleep impairs your alertness, attention, concentration, reasoning and problem solving skills which also makes learning and remembering difficult.

[3] Accidents … are more frequent with people who are sleepy.

The basic reason seems to be that, coupled impaired cognitive abilities, a lack of sleep causes blurred vision and together these make for poor judgment and decision-making.

In one study, workers who complained of excessive daytime sleepiness had significantly more work accidents, and repeated accidents in particular, compared to their fresh-wake collections.

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration in the USA has estimated that fatigue is a contributory factor in 100,000 crashes and more than 1,500 road deaths a year in that country.

Sleep deprivation was a factor in some of the largest industrial disasters of the 20th century … such as the nuclear accident at Three Mile Island in 1979 … the nuclear meltdown at Chernobyl in 1986 … and the Exxon Valdez crude oil spill in 1989 which created one of the worse environmental disasters ever caused by humans.

[4] Your sex drive … can be killed off by a lack of sleep.

Men and women who have been deprived of sleep often state that they have lower libidos and less interest in sex than they used to have, according to sleep specialists.

Men who suffer from sleep apnea pauses in breathing while you sleep secret abnormally low levels of testosterone (the principal male sex hormone) during the night, which would explain why these men have reduced sex drives.

But so far, scientists have been unable to explain why a lack of sleep lowers the sex drive in other men and in women.

[5] Old looking skin … a skin that lacks elasticity and smoothness, and dark circles under your eyes … can be caused by a lack of sleep.

There are two reasons for this:

Firstly, when you do not get enough sleep your body releases more and more cortisol, the stress hormone. But excessive cortisol can break down collagen, the protein that keeps skin smooth and supple.

Secondly, a lack of sleep reduces the release of human growth hormone. When we are young, HGH helps us grow. As we get older it is involved in increasing our muscle mass (which Declines as we age), keeping our skin thick and supple, and strengthening our bones.

HGH is released during deep sleep, as part of normal tissue repair. If the usual wear-and-tear of the day is not patched when we sleep we will soon begin to look old. Unfortunately sleep loss interrupts the release of HGH.

[6] Weight gain … is another serious effect of sleep loss, especially if you are diabetic and need to slim down in order to beat you diabetes.

People who sleep less than six hours a night are almost 30% more likely to become obese compared to those who sleep seven to nine hours, according to a study published in 2004. This suggests that there is a link between lack of sleep and an increase in appetite.

Here's the explanation:

Ghrelin , the "hunger" hormone, stimulates the appetite while leptin , the "satiety" hormone, suppresses the appetite. Recent research indicates that loss of sleep is associated with increases in ghrelin and decreases in leptin.

But not only does sleep loss stimulate your appetite … it also stimulates cravings for high-fat, high-carb foods.

Diabetics beware!

Cures for sleeplessness

Given the seriousness of the numerous medical disorders that loss of sleep can bring, finding a cure or at least some way to improve the quality and duration of your sleep is vital, especially if you are diabetic.

You could of course start taking sleeping pills . But these do not, in my personal experience, give you quality sleep.

Most people who take sleeping pills wake up feeling groggy and remain semi-somnambulant for several hours until the effect of the chemicals in these sleep aids wears off.

Thus it would be better to avoid drugs and try natural remedies.

Here's a few you might find effective:

[1] Exercise early … in the day … as morning exercise seems to affect the body rhythms that influence sleep quality.

In a study published in the journal Sleep , researchers reported that women who exercised moderately for at least 30 minutes each day on 7 mornings of the week enjoyed better sleep than those who exercised less or later in the day.

Why is the timing of exercise and sleep interconnected like this? There is no firm answer.

A possible explanation may refer to bodily temperature. Your temperature increases during exercise and takes up to six hours to drop back down to normal. Cooler bodies are linked to better sleep so if you exercise earlier in the day you'll be well cooled off before bedtime.

[2] Green tea … before bedtime is great for relaxing your body in my experience.

Green tea contains L-theanine, an amino acid that is reputed to prevent the anxiety that interferes with sleep. L-theanine was shown, in a study in 2007, to reduce the heart rate and immune response to stress. It also induces brain waves that are linked to relaxation.

[3] Warm milk … sipped before bed is an old-fashioned natural remedy for sleeplessness.

It may work to relax you because it invokes pleasant memories of your mother rocking you to sleep on her breast.

It is best to sip warm almond milk as it contains a lot of calcium which helps the brain make melatonin, a hormone involved in the regulation of the sleep-wake cycle.

[4] Melatonin … is an internal facemaker that controls the timing of your drive for sleep.

Melatonin induces drowsiness, lowers bodily temperature and puts the body into sleep mode. The hormone is produced naturally within the body.

Research on the effects of melatonin supplements on people who have insomnia has delivered mixed results. It restores sleep and improves its quality in some insomniacs but has no affect on others.

Melatonin supplements are available over-the-counter. But, due to a lack of regulation, they are not always subject to careful or consistent manufacturing and should be treated with caution.

[5] Magnesium … plays a key role in sleeping.

Research has shown that even a minor lack of magnesium can prevent the brain from settling down at night.

Good natural sources of magnesium include green leafy vegetables, wheat germ, pumpkin seeds and almonds. Integrating these foods into your regular diet is easy.

But be careful and check with your medical advisor before taking magnesium supplements as magnesium can interfere with several common medications and too much of it can be harmful.

[6] Lavender oil … is calming and can encourage sleep in some people.

Try taking a hot bath with lavender oil before bed is a pleasant experience that may relax your body and your mind. Try it.

[7] Valerian root … is a medicinal herb with a sedating effect that has been used to treat sleep problems since the time of the Ancient Romans.

However scientific research on the effectiveness of valerian is mixed and any benefits always take several weeks to become effective. Check with your doctor before using it.

[8] Avoid bedtime snacks … like the plague, as the digestive process can disturb your sleep and prevent the sunset of deep sleep.

Do not eat anything for at least two hours before your sleep.

[9] Bedroom ambience … is really important for getting a good night's sleep.

Here are a few tips for keeping your sleeping environment as tranquil as possible:

  • No TV or other players in the bedroom … to avoid distractions
  • Keep the temperature cool but not cold
  • Make sure the bedroom is dark
  • Filter out unwanted sounds, using a white noise machine if necessary
  • Use a firm but comfortable mattress that has good support
  • Use a firm pillow that supports you head and neck
  • Use linen sheets … their breathability reduces sweat, body odor and skin irritations.
  • Wear pyjamas … to send appropriate signals to your mind

Final tip … If you do not fall sleep within 30 minutes of getting into bed and turning off the light, get up and leave your bedroom. Read or do something else that requires concentration until you feel sleepy again. Then return to your bed.

Penile Bruising – What Causes It and How to Help

Most active men take bumps and bruises in stride; in fact, in most cases, they might not even notice when they occur. However, when penile bruising develops, men tend to take note – a penis bruise can be disconcerting and worrisome. Fortunately, most causes of bruising on the penis are not serious, but it is helpful to know what can cause the problem and to be aware of issues that might require specialized penis care.

Some common (and less-common) sources of penile bruising are described here, followed by tips for managing discomfort and speeding healing.

Blunt force trauma

A heavy blow to the groin area, whether caused by a flying object, a misplaced knee or a clumsy maneuver, can result in sore, damaged tissue. This occurs when the capillaries under the skin are broken by the force of the impact, allowing blood to flow freely under the skin. While the majority of bruises caused by such injuries are minor and heal on their own, it is worth bringing them to the attention of a doctor, especially when accompanied by severe pain, to rule out something more serious.

Penile fractures

While the penis does not contain any bone, it is possible to rupture the erectile tissue when it is rigid, resulting in a penile fracture. This usually occurs during aggressive sexual maneuvers. Men who experience a loud popping sound that is accompanied by severe pain and/or signs of bruising should seek immediate medical attention.

Thrombosed lymphatic vessels

The penis is lined with lymph vessels that carry lymph fluid. These vessels can develop blockages during vigorous sex. The blockages may appear as raised lumps on the penis, and they may be tender to the touch and/or develop a bruised appearance. This condition is not serious, and generally, the blockages resolve on their own within a few days or weeks.


This condition, characterized by a painful erection that will not subside, occurs when blood becomes trapped inside the penis. Darkening of the skin or bruising may also appear. Men who experience an erection that lasts for several hours, and that is not brought on by sexual stimulation, should seek immediate medical attention, as this is considered a medical emergency.

Dealing with a penis bruise

Obviously, in the case of a traumatic injury, or when bruising appears on the penis for no apparent reason, the first step in treating the problem should be the emergency room. But for minor cases of bruising, and for ongoing treatment after the initial check with a doctor, men can follow the steps below to ease the pain and restore the skin to normal:

1) Apply cool, and then warm compresses. In the first hours after an injury, applying a cool compress (or simply a washcloth soaked in cool water) to the affected area can slow the spread of blood under the skin, reduce discoloration and decrease the level of discomfort. Ice or frozen gel packs should not be used directly against the skin, as frostbite may occur. In the following days, a warm washcloth applied to the area may help to increase the flow of blood to the area, allowing faster healing to take place.

2) Take an over-the-counter painkiller. Anti-inflammatory medications such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen may help to ease the pain caused by an injury to the penile skin. Men should only take these as recommended and should check with a doctor first if they are taking any other medications.

3) Allow time for healing. As difficult as it may be, it is important to leave the penis under wraps for a time to allow the healing process to take place; rough handling or the bending and twisting that come with sex can cause not only pain, but further injury to the already damaged tissue.

4) Try a penis health crème. Men who are not already using a penis health crème (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil) to nourish and protect the penis may opt to try a product like this during the healing process. A crème that is enriched with vitamins C and D may support healing of the circulatory tissue and damaged skin, while emollients like Shea butter and vitamin E promote recovery and overall penile health.

Acupuncture: The Best Pain Reliever

Acupuncture is a traditional healing practice. It is believed that this therapy originated in China. In this therapy, the needles are widely used in order to provide relief from the pain. This is a very effective method which is being used world-wide in order to provide improved health standards.

This is an age-old technique in which the acupuncture doctor inserts the needles in various portions of the body. These needles provide workout on the nerves in order to provide relief from the pain. These needles help in improving the flow of energy through the body, thus offer a better health standards.

As per the philosophy of acupuncture, the body of a human being is full of energy. The body remains free of any energy, if the proper flowing of the energy from one part to another part take place. If there is any disruption in the flow of the energy, then it will cause illness. So, by using needles, the acupuncture doctors use needles.

When these needles get penetrated into the body, these help in re-establishing the flow of energy in a proper manner. The needles when get penetrated, then these establish the connection between the skin and the energy. This eventually results in improving the flow of the energy. This energy flow is very effective in offering a perfect health standard and relief from the pain.

The acupuncture doctors use this technique in order to provide relief from the pain of various body parts. This is a very effective pain relieving technique in which needles play a crucial role. These needles are manufactured using stainless steel. These are basically the sterilized and offer no adverse effect.

These needles when get inserted in the skin, provide sensation to the tissues. This eventually results in the flow of energy from one part of the body to the other. There are several advantages associated with this healing practice. The first and foremost is that though it involves needles, yet this therapy doesn’t provide any adverse effect to the body.

This therapy doesn’t involve any medicines and doesn’t show any side effect. Moreover, being an age-old traditional healing practice, this is very effective in providing a cure from pain.

There are various acupuncture doctors that are rendering their services. They are offering treatment for back pain, joint pain and pain from various portions of the body. This treatment has the ability to provide relief from the pain. If you are suffering from body pain, then you must use this therapy to get a better health standards.