Kidney Stones Treatment Free From Meditations & Operations! This is Fine Treatment

Thermobalancing Therapy eliminates any kind of renal calculi specifically of their sizes naturally by using special device for Kidney Care.

The Device for Kidney Care
is an excellent treatment for kidney stones:

* Simply dissolves renal calculi and relieves problems with urination;
* Relieves pain naturally, without resorting to medications, herbal remedies or operations;
* Provided a natural treatment for the cause of renal calculi, not just its symptoms;
* Promotes normal functioning of kidneys and events renal calculi formation.

This Device for Kidney Care is simple to wear and it will not have an effect on your day-to-day activities. This device can be used as a preventive measure against kidney stones formation.

The Cause of Renal Calculi – Kidney Stone

The cause of a renal calculi development in the body was unknown until Dr Allen created the Theory of the Origin of Health Disorders, which explains, that the cause of kidney stone is an increased pressure inside the kidney's tissue. This pressure upsets the stability and filtration of minerals that leads to the progress of kidney stones disorder with steady stone production. The only way to terminate the route of the renal calculi formation is to stop this pressure.

Current Approaches to the Kidney Stones Treatment are Damaging

The alternative therapies help only in cure of the symptoms but not of the cause of the renal calculi, herbal remedies and nutrition restrictions do not dissolve kidney stones.

The pills and tablets take is a risk of gastrointestinal problems: from stomach pain to ulcers and severe constipation.

Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) is painful and has adverse side effects such as high blood pressure as a result of the kidney tissue damage and diabetes can be developed because the ESWL procedure is harmful for the pancreas tissue. Also, not every type of the renal calculi can be evaluated by ESWL. Moreover, small pieces of a stone are occasionally left in the body and additional operations are needed. ESWL does not discontinue renal calculi formation in the future.

Prognoses of the surgery on the kidney are very poor: bleeding, infection, and chronic renal failure are common.

Thermobalancing Therapy Simply Dissolves Kidney Stones

A new Thermobalancing therapy is not comparable to common heating treatments such as gel or pasty-wax and electric heat pads because these treatments do not regulate the temperature and, also, everyone should understand that:

1. The high temperatures destroy living cells of the already stressed organ. It is known that temperatures above 40C can result in death of the living organism.
2. The low temperature decreases cellular metabolicism and, thus, interfering with the natural therapeutic processes.

The unique natural Thermobalancing therapy dissolves every type and any size of kidney stone simply, without any adverse side effects.

The natural thermo-elements, a major component of the new therapeutic device, brings pain relief effectively. By making temperature constant in the affected area of ​​the kidneys the device for kidney stone treatment creates an ideal environment for the capillaries to stabilize the body temperature inside the kidneys tissue and supply it with all necessary nutrients, thereby helping the area to recover and to dissolve the stone. This Device for Kidney Care is an excellent treatment for kidney stones because it tackles the cause of the renal calculi problem.

How Body pH Can Affect Your Energy Levels


In order to accomplish all the many millions of complex functions that occur over the course of the day, your body has to be able to communicate with itself … all the way down to the cellular level. And do you know how it does this? Through pulses of electricity. That's right, electricity.

Your body operates on an electro magnetic current. Believe it or not, all of the organs in your body emit these fields of electrical current. In fact, nerve signals are nothing more than electrical charges.

What creates this electrical power in your body is a very fine balance that exists in your bio chemistry. And of all the systems in your body that depend on this delicate, bio chemical balance, one of the most important is your blood stream. This is where pH comes into play. But what is pH?


PH is a scale that measures how acidic or alkaline a substance is. The scale ranges from 1 to 14 with 1 being very acid, 7 neutral and 14 very alkaline.

So what does pH have to do with you and your blood? Well, the pH of your blood is extremely important. The ideal pH level for your blood is right around 7.35 and your body goes to strict lengths to maintain this level.

Why? Because if your blood pH were to vary 1 or 2 points in either direction, it would change the electrical chemistry in your body, there would be no electrical power and in short order you would drop dead. As you can see, maintaining the right pH level in your blood is pretty important !!

With this in mind a good way to avoid upsetting this delicate bio chemical balance would be to take a look at those things that can compromise the maintenance of the ideal pH level in your body. And what is the main culprit in this case? The answer is the creation of acid in your body.

Before we look at what causes acid, here's a graphic example to give you an idea of ​​what can happen in the blood when your pH drops to less than ideal. Red blood cells are how oxygen is transported to all the cells in your body.

As red blood cells move into the tiny, little, capillaries, the space they have to move through gets pretty small. In fact, the diameter of the capillaries gets so small that the red blood cells sometimes have to pass through these capillaries one red blood cell at a time!

Because of this, and because it's important for the red blood cells to be able to flow easily and quickly through your body, they have a mechanism that allows them to remain separate from each other. This mechanism comes in the form of the outside of healthy red blood cells having a negative charge. This causes them to stay apart from each other, sort of like when you try to push the negative ends of two magnets together. They resist each other and stay apart.

Unfortunately, acid interferees with this very important mechanism in a pretty frightening way. Acid actually strips away the negative charge from red blood cells. The result is that your red blood cells then tend to clump together and not flow as easily. This makes it much more difficult for them to flow easily through the bloodstream.

But it also makes it harder for them to move freely through those small capillaries. This means less oxygen gets to your cells. Acid also weakens the red blood cells and they begin to die. And guess what they release into your system when they die? More acid.

I could describe a whole list of processes that occurs when your system becomes and remains acid but I think you get the idea. The point is that aside from the acid that is secreted into your stomach to aid digestion, acid in your body is bad. Really bad.

In regards to producing energy in the body, here's an easy question for you. What do you think happens to a person's energy level if over time their system becomes more and more acid, their biochemical balance is disrupted and their red blood cells can not deliver oxygen and nutrients as efficiently to all their cells? The answer is simple. Their energy level drops. Dramatically.

Are you beginning to get the picture here as to the importance of pH in your body? Good. Now let's take a quick look at what causes acidity in your body and then look at steps you can take to get your body pH back to an ideal level.


The primary cause of an acidic condition in your body is from what you put in your mouth. In other words, what you eat and what you drink. And it is not how "acid" something may seem when you eat or drink it. It has to do with what is left over when you digest it.

Specifically, does eating or drinking something leave behind an acid or alkaline "ash". For example, I do not know about you but I love seafood. Scallops are one of my favorites. However, when your body digests scallops, it leaves an extremely acid ash. In fact, scallops are one of the most acid foods you can eat.

Unfortunately, a lot of the things most people put in their mouths create an acid ash. These include alcohol, coffee and a lot of flesh protein in your diet. Interestingly enough, stress also tends to create an acid condition in the body.


Fortunately, it is pretty easy to immediately change your pH for the better and make it more alkaline. The first step is to understand which of the foods you are eating and the drinks you are drinking are acid and which are alkaline. Then it's simply a matter of eliminating some of the more acid foods you are eating and adding in more alkaline foods.

However, before you start, it's important to get a baseline of what the pH is in your body so that you can see how you are improving or if you need to continue to eliminate more acid foods and add in more alkaline ones.

You can do this by testing the pH of your saliva on a regular basis. This is really simple to do. More details on how to do these are provided on some web pages I have created for you to help you out. A link to these pages is provided below.

In addition to decreasing the amount of acid foods you eat and increasing the amount of alkaline foods you eat, one of the best ways to immediately begin changing your pH is to drink "green drinks". You can make these by simply adding a powder that is made up of a whole host of vegetables that are highly alkaline to a glass of water. Information on suggested green drink powders to use is included on pages that I have a link to below.


Clicking on the following link will take you to some pages I created that have more information on alkaline and acid foods, how to test your own pH and what to look for in green drinks.

Start taking the steps described above and you may very well find your energy levels increasing over time. Mine certainly have.

– Andy Long

Dog Food – Some Things to Consider

It is best not to assume that any commercial dog food is fine for your pet. Just as with humans, dogs have their own unique tastes and digestive idiosyncrasies; and as with human food, some is healthier than others. Here are just a few suggestions of things you might look for when deciding what to feed your dog. Hopefully it will give you some ideas to consider when purchasing dog food.

You might consider dry food, called “kibble” versus canned food. The dry food has a significant amount of fiber in it, but is mostly carbohydrate based with corn and/or wheat. If you are a person who considers organic food for yourself, you may know that most corn and wheat are now genetically modified. If this is a concern, be aware that unless you buy organic kibble, this is mostly what your pet will be eating. If it is not a concern to you, know that as with humans, corn and wheat are not well tolerated by many and tend to produce digestive upsets.

Kibble food is not nearly as messy as canned and it is considerable less expensive to purchase. Also because of its hardness it massages the gums and is less prone to produce tooth decay. This cannot be said of the canned food.

The down side to canned food is that it has hardly any fiber in it, is quite expensive, and can easily promote tooth decay.

Be aware of pet food recalls. For a while many brands were recalling their food due to chemicals and certain preservatives that were harming dogs. Some even died. At this point those issues have been remedied as far as I know, and most pet foods are currently safe according to their standards, which currently are much higher than they once were. Before buying any dog food though, read the ingredients and compare one to the other. If a brand’s top ingredients are chicken by-products (feet, beaks, nasty stuff), while another has “chicken” without by-products, go with the chicken. The first few ingredients should tell you quite a bit about the food, even if you don’t understand what all the ingredients are.

I cannot stress enough, do not feed your pet junk food. Consider that what is bad for you, is even worse for them. Sugars and sweets are terrible, not only on their digestion but also on their overall health. Chocolate is toxic to dogs, so please don’t even go there. White bread and heavy carbohydrate diets increase fat production, and excessive fat is as harmful on a dog as it is on a human.

Raw meat and bones were once the food of wild dogs, but the dogs of today have hundreds of years of domestication in their genes. They no longer can digest raw meat and bones like their ancestors. Chicken bone especially, splinters and can rip the esophagus and intestines. Many a dog has chocked and died on pieces of bone lodged in the throat.

One last suggestion is to make your own homemade dog food. This is quite expensive but is probably your best bet in terms of a healthy diet, if done correctly. There are certain supplements added to commercial food that must be supplemented when making your own dog food. If you choose to go this route, please do thorough research first on what is the best recipe to make, being sure to include all necessary nutrients. You can find many such recipes on the internet.

Hopefully this has given a little direction in helping you choose the correct dog food for your pet. Both kibble and canned food have their pros and cons. Please be stringent as to any human food you feed your pet, being especially careful not to feed sweets or a diet of white carbs. Making your own dog food is always a good consideration, as long as it contains all the necessary nutrients.

Ulcers – Open Sores Not Heartburn

Ulcers are open sores that can occur inside the body or on its outer surface. The latter are often referred to as pressure ulcers or bedsores, and they occur most often in people who are confined to bed or a wheelchair. The term is commonly used to refer to a peptic ulcer, which is an ulcer in the upper gastrointestinal tract. The two major forms of peptic ulcer are chronic duodenal ulcers, which occur in the part of the small intestine leading out of the stomach, and gastric ulcers, which occurs in the upper part of the stomach. Peptic refers to the fact that these ulcers are caused partly by digestive juices, one of which is acid-pepsin.

Ulcers occurs in approximately 10% of the population. They are much more common in men than in women. Duodenal ulcers occur four times more often than gastric ulcers. The highest incidence of gastric ulcers is from age 60 to 70, whereas it is highest for duodenal ulcers when a person is in the fifties.

The primary symptom of an ulcer is pain in the area between the navel and the breastbone. The pain may be a burning sensation or a continuous gnawing sensation; some people with ulcers are awakened at night by pain. The pain is often relieved by eating or by taking antacids. Some people with ulcers have no symptoms, or they experience a bloated sensation after eating. Other people with gastric ulcers lose weight because they develop an aversion to food; eating increases their discomfort. In more severe cases, ulcers may cause internal bleeding, which is passed as black, tarry stools or as red blood when bleeding is massive.

Treatment focuses on relieving pain and helping the ulcer heal. The most widely accepted treatment is the administration of medication that inhibits acid secretion. It is also common to give antacids, which are effective and less expensive but may require more frequent dosages. Blood tests may reveal the presence of an organism named Helicobacter pylori in some people with peptic ulcers. When this organism is present, standard antacid treatment is supplemented with a combination of bismuth and antibiotics that cure the H. pylori infection and prevent recurrence in the majority of patients.

Ulcer sufferers are instructed not to take aspirin and not to drink alcohol, since these substances irritate the stomach lining. In addition, drinks containing caffeine, such as coffee and tea, are omitted from the diet because these drinks stimulate the secretion of gastric acid. Greasy or spicy foods may also cause discomfort. Peptic ulcers usually heal within one to three months with active medical treatment. Surgery is indicated when there are complications such as unresponsiveness to medications, obstruction, or when the ulcer perforates and allows stomach acids to pass directly into the abdomen. These complications require immediate medical attention.

People who develop ulcers are often described as hard-driving, successful individuals who have strong needs to please and receive attention from others. They are also characterized as stressed, tense, and conflicted between needs for dependence and independence. Ulcer sufferers seem to have an overactive digestive system in response to chronic stress. A person who is prone to gastric upset can take preventive action by avoiding aspirin, caffeine, and alcohol and by learning better relaxation and communication skills in order to cope with stress and to meet personal needs more effectively.

Apigenin – A Cancer Fighting Phytonutrient

Apigenin is a powerful cancer fighting phytonutrient (a group of non-essential chemical compounds which are found in plants and have a variety of health benefits) that can also prevent allergies, protect the body’s cells and more. In this article I will be providing a full breakdown of apigenin and outlining its main functions, the richest food sources and the potentially adverse effects of consuming too much.


Apigenin was initially discovered along with the other flavonoids in 1938 by Albert Szent-Gyorgyi. Upon discovering the flavonoid, Gyorgyi thought he had discovered a new vitamin and gave them the name vitamin P. However, it was later discovered that flavonoids were not essential to human health and therefore not vitamins.


Like many flavones, apigenin is a powerful antioxidant which protects your body from damaging free radicals (harmful by-products that are released during oxygen related reactions). It can also prevent multiply types of cancer such as breast cancer, colon cancer, leaukaemia, lung cancer, ovarian cancer, prostate cancer, skin cancer and thyroid cancer. Additionally, apigenin is a powerful anti-inflammatory (a substance that reduces unnecessary inflammation in the body’s cells) and antispasmodic (a substance which prevents muscle spasms). Finally it can prevent allergies (such as asthma, food allergies and seasonal allergies), prevent atherosclerosis (a condition where hard plaques from in your artery walls and restrict the flow of blood which can then increase your heart disease risk) and protect your body’s deoxyribonucleic acid (the body’s main genetic information carrier that is also known as DNA).


Apigenin can be found in various plant based foods with green leafy vegetables often being the best source. Some of the apigenin foods include artichokes (4.7 milligrams (mg) per 100 grams (g)), green celery hearts (19.1mg per 100g), parsley (225.93mg per 100g), peppermint (8.71mg per 100g), vine spinach (62.2mg per 100g) and red wine (1.33mg per 100g).


Consuming large amounts of apigenin can interfere with cancer fighting agents and actually negate the cancer protecting properties of this flavone.


Although apigenin is not considered essential to human health it is still a highly beneficial nutrient. It can protect you against cancer, oxidative damage and much more. It is also relatively easy to add apigenin to your diet with parsley and peppermint both being excellent sources that can go with almost any meal. So if you don’t currently get enough apigenin in your diet consider making some changes and start reaping the rewards of this powerful flavone.

Some Hard Facts About Hyper-Acidity!

Almost every one of us experiences acidity or heartburn some times or the other. Blame it on faulty diet or lack of exercise, hyperacidity is one of the commonest conditions we observe in medical practice. The condition gives rise to heartburn (burning in chest), loss of appetite, vomiting sensation, nausea, vague discomfort or pain in upper abdomen, and at times frank vomiting. Today medical community is worried about recurrent acid reflux disease, as it may be the sign of early cardiac malady or esophageal adenocarcinoma too. No doubt, instead of gulping antacid tablets, one must consult physician if he or she is experiencing such spells recurrently.

We all know that hyperacidity results due to variety of causes. But in day to day clinical practice, I have observed some causes those slip our mind while counting the causes of acid reflux disease. Let's see-

(1) Irregular meals : In almost one third of my patients, I observe this as an important cause. Blame it on packed schedules or just laziness to have timely meals, but this is one of the chief causes of hyperacidity. You skip meals and the condition worsens. Explanation for a layman is simple. Tell me where should all that acid go that is created for digesting your food go? According to ancient health sciences, it is known that there are certain times during the day when the acid (digestive acid or bile) production is at its peak. It is also observed that it is produced maximally around 11am to 1 pm. If you do not have your meals during this time, that acid is not given any task of digestion and it sets out to trouble you. That's why diet-experts ask us to steer clear of fasting and stuff alike. When I asked my patients to follow stricter meal times, surprisingly 90% of them reported betterment in their acid symptoms.

(2) Post-meal nap : Today we all agree with the fact that power-nap gains work efficiency. But when should we have power nap? Immediately after food? No! In my clinical practice, I have seen many patients who say the post-meal dozing is must for them. And they tend to lie down immediately after meals. I studied the patients of acidity those used to sleep immediately after food. Around 70% of patients reported increase in their acidity immediately after getting up from sleep. Those without a tendency of acidity too developed discomfort in stomach when they slept immediately after food. When I told them to leave a gap of about 1 and h hours or the least 1 hour after food, they tend to develop fewer acidic spells. Further it also helped them to lessen their fat absorption and thus reduce weight to some extent, as sleeping immediately after food is also one of the causes of obesity.

(3) Taking antacid tablets recurrently : This I would like to explain on the basis of principles of homeopathy. More you suppress the expression of inner disharmony, more it will emerge to deteriorate the system further. Similarly, the antacid tablets try to suppress the acidity and this suppression leads later to increased acidity and heartburn. Reduce the dosage of antacid tablets and opt for some natural acid reliever like homeopathic medicine and the acidity is gone.

(4) Drinking less water : In the clinical practice, I have seen that if you want to point your finger to a causative factor that leads to the greatest number of diseases, I will point it to lack of adequate water intake. So many known and unknown symptoms can be relieved just by increasing water intake. Almost all my prescriptions contain a bottom line- drink at least 8 to 10 glasses of water per day, irrespective of the type of disease I am treating. This free ingredient in our body is thankfully available free of cost (I m not talking of bottled water) and we can nullify or prevent thecoming maladies just by drinking more water. If you fail to keep track of how much water you are drinking, fill in a container with 10 glasses of water. You can go beyond it but not short of it. Acid is diluted with water intake when in excess. That's why ancient sciences recommend drinking water in between the meals but not immediately after meals that may cause indigestion due to dilution of acid needed for digestion.

(5) Late night meals : In ancient Hindu literature, meals are prohibited after 12 midnight. Going against the body's circadian rhythm will make you suffer with symptoms like acidity and / or migraine. As mentioned above, after late night meal, one tends to sleep immediately, which is also one of the causes for acidity.

(6) Junk food : When I see children eating bags of kurkure every day and their parents worrying about their lack of appetite and nausea, I wonder! Why can not we stop the habit of such nasty practices? When our children are young and impressionable, you give them such junk food, they grow with that habit, and when they reach knowledgeable age, you want them to get rid of the habit. Is it sensible? It does not mean deprive them of the food that they love. But putting strings to the frequency of eating is in the hands of parents. Such things lead to acidity in future. Also we can try to give them better food alternatives those are equally tasty but healthy. If you do not want to cater blames of your young ones of suffering from horrendous acid spells later in life, do something now! It might be late tomorrow!

(7) Lack of physical activity : Well, the last but the most important points. When I studied the female patients of acidity who were housewives and were spending time in sedentary recreational activities like watching TV for many hours in a day, the finds were astonishing. After leading a luxury life, these were the women who were the victims of acidity and migraines more than others. To be accurate, 70% of women reported acidity at least twice or thrice a month. Same results were observed in people like us; I mean sedentary office workers. Around 60% of so-called brainy people suffer from acidity quite frequently. Intensity-wise, the acidic spells in these people were found to be more intenet than the above mentioned house-wives (making us think if stress is also a contributing factor). On the contrary, when I studied working-class women (those who work in fields and earn living by strenuous work whole day), the acidity was found in less than 15% of cases. Nothing more need be said! Exercise and you will steer clear of hyperacidity!

Well, no doubt, there are tendencies to acidity in some people. Genetic factors may play a role too. However, by following certain rules given in above points, we can modify those nasty tendencies. And when this is followed by apt homeopathic treatment, one can get totally cured of hyperacidity; something we all wish for!

Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment of Gastritis

Gastritis is the inflammation in the lining of the stomach which can be caused by a number of conditions. The stomach contains a layer of mucus that helps to protect the stomach walls or lining from the acid and other fluids that are used to digest foods. When this layer of mucus becomes damaged or weakened, the stomach wall or lining is then exposed to the acid which causes it to become inflamed.

Gastritis can be either acute or chronic. Acute gastritis is when the inflammation of the stomach lining occurs suddenly and is severe. Chronic gastritis is when the condition develops gradually and an individual may have chronic gastritis for years without experiencing any symptoms.

Symptoms of Gastritis

When an individual develops acute gastritis they are most likely to experience a sudden burning pain in the area of ​​the upper abdomen along with nausea. Individuals who have chronic gastritis may not experience any noticeable symptoms at all or have symptoms that begin to occur regularly as a dull aching pain, a loss of appetite, or a feeling of fullness after taking just a few bites of food.

Gastritis may also cause weight loss, vomiting, bloating, and belching. In rare cases, bleeding may occur in the stomach that will be noticeable in vomit or after a bowel movement with stools that appear black and tarry.

Causes Associated with Gastritis

The most common cause of chronic gastritis is the Helicobacter pylori bacterium or H.pylori. H.pylori is an extremely common bacterium that is passed from person to person and it is estimated that over half of the entire population is infected with H.pyori; however, this bacterium typically does not cause any problems or complications in the majority of individuals.

It is not known why this bacterium causes complications in some individuals but not others. It is thought that people may be more susceptible to H.pylori due to inheritance or lifestyle factors such as smoking and excessive levels of stress.

Both acute and chronic gastritis can occur due to the regular use of pain relievers called NSAIDs or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Common over-the-counter NSAIDs include "Advil", "Motrin", and "Aleve".

Using these drugs only occasionally will reduce the chances of developing gastritis. The excessive consumption of alcohol can also cause gastritis and is commonly associated with acute cases. Severe burns, major surgery, critical illness, and traumatic injuries are also associated with the development of gastritis in some individuals.

Treatment of Gastritis

Treatment for gastritis depends on the type of gastritis and its cause. In some cases such as gastritis that is caused by alcohol or NSAIDs, when these substances are eliminated the gastritis may go away on its own. When the cause of the gastritis is infection by the H.pylori bacterium, the patient is treated with antibiotics in order to destroy the bacterium.

All cases of gastritis are typically treated with antacid medications to reduce the stomach acid in combination with any medications prescribed to treat the undering cause. While many types of gastritis can be controlled with over-the-counter remedies , if you are experiencing any severe symptoms or any bleeding – no matter how small the amount – when vomiting or in stools, it is essential that you contact your physician as soon as possible for a medical evaluation.

Cardiovascular System Diseases – Treatment and Prevention

Cardiovascular disease, along with various cancers rank among the first death factors in the modern world. Cardiovascular system problems from year to year affect a growing number of young people. In order to prevent a terrible trend you are given information about the main types of diseases. Treatment of cardiovascular diseases is mainly to take preventive measures; otherwise it will go under the surgeon's scalpel, as very few diseases treated by medical methods.

Ischemia. Coronary heart disease is a seal or vasoconstriction of the arteries delivered oxygen to the heart. The overwhelming reason for the restriction of blood vessels is atherosclerosis – the gradual process of accumulation of cholesterol on artery walls. Causes of coronary heart disease may also be metabolic, inflammatory and allergic processes and other types of vascular pathology. Therefore, in order to reduce the risk of developing coronary disease should first develop proper diet habit.

Treatment of cardiovascular disease Arrhythmia. Irregular heartbeat – random or acceleration (tachycardia – more than 120 beats) heart rate. Arrhythmia can be caused by heart disease (the cardinal reasons), the influence of drugs, smoking, excess alcohol consumption, stress and sedentary lifestyles. To prevent the development of arrhythmias you should go ahead a healthy lifestyle, eating more healthy foods and exercise, which normalize the natural rhythm of the heartbeat – morning exercise and fresh air.

Heart failure – a complex disorder in which the heart pumps blood less than it should. Most likely to occur when fatigue and overload of the heart, or for violation of its blood supply. To avoid the development of cardiovascular disease need to be able to fully rest and recover.

Heart defects (congenital or acquired) a structural change in the ventricle, atrium, valve or the main vessels of the heart, blood circulation in the body or the heart. Causes of congenital heart disease (occurring before birth) person is not fully understood, but much can be caused by viral diseases, overweight, drug use, alcohol by the mother during pregnancy. Acquired heart often develops as a result of diseases – rheumatic fever, sepsis, atherosclerosis, syphilis. Unfortunately heart disease is one of those for cardiovascular disease for which there is not one hundred percent of preventive measures which reduce the likelihood of disease. Treatment of heart disease as congenital or acquired, in most cases is only possible during surgery.

For more rare cardiovascular diseases include cardiomyopathy (disease of the heart muscle) and pericarditis (inflammation of the tissues surrounding the heart). A cause of cardiomyopathy associated with genetic diseases, but for sure is not known. Pericarditis can cause infections (viruses, bacteria, rickettsia, fungi, protozoa), rheumatism, joint diseases, autoimmune diseases, myocardial infarction, renal failure, radiation, cancer, parasites.

Exercise With Leg Lymphedema

Fitness Article: Exercise with Lymphedema of the Leg…

I am writing this article from two points of view, as an experienced fitness trainer / strength coach who has studied health issues for many years and as a patient who suffers with lymphedema of the leg daily. I have been able to maintain my lymphedema pretty well, but that is because I have done extensive reading on the subject, I listened to my doctors, and I have extensive knowledge of exercise. It is on my mind every day, at almost every moment because it takes great effort to maintain properly. I have included the description of lymphedema below.

Lymphedema is a difficult thing to deal with and must be maintained all day long, every day. There is no cure for lymphedema. I have had lymphedema in my leg since my 1991 cancer surgery. I went from being a gymnastics coach and fitness trainer who exercised daily to being bedridden after my surgery as a result of the lymph nodes being removed along with the cancer. My life changed drastically, but I went back to work and learned how to maintain it as soon as possible. Several doctors told me that I would be bedridden for the rest of my life and that I would never work again. That was in 1991.

So, what is lymphedema? Here is the definition by the National Lymphedema Network…

“Lymphedema is an accumulation of lymphatic fluid in the interstitial tissue that causes swelling, most often in the arm(s) and/or leg(s), and occasionally in other parts of the body. Lymphedema can develop when lymphatic vessels are missing or impaired (primary), or when lymph vessels are damaged or lymph nodes removed (secondary).

When the impairment becomes so great that the lymphatic fluid exceeds the lymphatic transport capacity, an abnormal amount of protein-rich fluid collects in the tissues of the affected area. Left untreated, this stagnant, protein-rich fluid not only causes tissue channels to increase in size and number, but also reduces oxygen availability in the transport system, interferes with wound healing, and provides a culture medium for bacteria that can result in lymphangitis (infection).”

So, what types of exercise can a lymphedema patient perform? That depends on the patient and whether they have medical clearance to exercise. Once cleared for exercise, the best exercise to reduce the leg swelling is swimming because the person is horizontal, in motion, and performing a non-impact movement. The second best exercise for a person with leg lymphedema is riding a recumbent bike. It is also non-impact, it’s a steady motion, and the legs are elevated slightly.

If the patient is in good physical condition otherwise and they have the lymphedema under control (as much as possible) they can use the elliptical machine. That is, if they can tolerate it from a fitness and medical standpoint. Make sure the lymphedema patient has permission from their doctor to perform exercise, especially an intense exercise such as the elliptical. Keep the person with lymphedema OFF THE TREADMILL. Walking and running cause the leg swelling to become MUCH worse because they are high impact. Picture someone putting ice cream into an ice cream cone and then packing it in. The swelling becomes dense, packed in if not maintained properly. The more severe, the more difficult it is to deal with.

In my experience, it can take an hour with the leg elevated before the swelling even BEGINS to go down and several days or weeks for it to completely drain. People with lymphedema should be wearing their compression stocking if their doctor prescribed it and sleeping with her legs elevated every night, unless their doctor has told them otherwise. It is important to stay in motion and to only perform non-impact exercises. For example, squats are often better than walking lunges for someone with lymphedema. The walking lunge is an impact exercise. Do NOT encourage a person with leg lymphedema to participate any exercise classes that include impact exercises. If they are in good shape the spin classes will keep the circulation going and help will lose or maintain a healthy body weight. It’s all about keeping the body in motion without ANY impact exercises.

Keep in mind that of the lymphedema is from a new surgery the patient MUST be cleared to begin exercise because if they begin to exercise before the doctors allow them to exercise they will cause problems with the lymphatic system. My doctors told me the swelling from the surgery would never go down if I started to exercise too soon and that I would cause permanent damage. I was told to wait one full year after my surgery before I was allowed to exercise my legs. I waited 10 months and couldn’t stand it any longer. I HAD to return to exercise because it was what I enjoyed and it was my life. Not being allowed to exercise my legs was extremely difficult for me because I spent a lifetime in the gym. Again, make sure the lymphedema patient has FULL medical clearance to exercise.

Here is something that many people do not know. When a person with lymphedema is not in motion and does not have compression stocking on their leg, they must keep their legs elevated in order to prevent swelling. Something as simple as waiting in line at the grocery store could cause enough swelling to keep a person in bed the next day. The swelling begins in less than a minute, literally, when standing still or sitting without the leg elevated. It is truly a challenge every minute of the day to keep the leg from swelling and those around lymphedema patients must be patient and considerate.

There is plenty of information on lymphedema. It is either primary or secondary. Secondary lymphedema would be caused from something such as a cancer surgery. Mine is secondary because my lymph nodes were removed from my upper thigh on one leg during my cancer surgery. If the lymphedema is not controlled it can end up being elephantitis. Yes, it is a real medical condition and it is very serious. There are lymphedema support groups throughout the USA. The National Lymphedema Network has plenty of information.

Let me know how I can help you…

Karen Goeller, CSCS

Cardiology Heart Disease In Men And Its Prevention

Cardiology Heart Disease ranks second after cancer as the major cause of death in America. For men in general, cardiology heart disease is more likely than women. This is because men apparently, acquire cardiovascular disorders 10 to 15 years earlier than women do. Men are more likely to die at their prime age. Heart-disease-related deaths often come to men in ages 35 to 65.

Cardiology heart disease prevention has 1 secret:

The combined approach of making healthier lifestyle choices, one that treats all facets of physical and emotional health. It is highly important as well, to get appropriate treatment for other conditions that can increase risk of coronary artery disease, such as high cholesterol, diabetes, and high blood pressure.

One must also eat foods based on metabolic type to determine whether the diet that's right for a person is one of low-fat, high-fat, or other diet plans. Regular intestinal exercise is also recommended. One must also address stress and emotional issues in order to maintain a healthy heart and prevent cardiology heart diseases.

The most common cardiology heart diseases or ailments are:

  • Coronary Artery Disease / Myocardial Infarction
  • Valvular Heart Disease
  • Valvular Heart Disease and Endocarditis
  • Mitral Valve Prolapse
  • Mitral Valve Prolapse Syndrome
  • Heart Failure
  • Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome
  • Atrial Fibrillation
  • Supraventricular Tachycardia
  • AV Nodal Re-entrant Tachycardia

With a growing number of heart-failure patients, the care and prevention of the most vital organ of the body, the heart, is most needed.

Brain Tumor – The Symptoms and Diagnosis

The signs of brain tumor depend on the size, location and type of tumor. Symptoms may appear whenever a tumor pushes a nerve or injures a particular area in the brain. They can also be caused if the brain enlarges or fluids build up in the skull.

Majority of the common signs of brain cancers are the following:

– Headaches (regularly worse at daybreak)
– Vomiting or nausea
– Problems in walking or balancing
– Changes in personality, mood or capacity to contemplate
– Memory problems
– Changes in vision, hearing or speech
– Muscle trembling or jerking
– Numbness or itchy feeling in legs or arms

If the symptoms indicate that there is indication of brain cancer, the doctor can do any of the consequential procedures as basis of its diagnosis:

– Physical examination – the doctor examines general sign of health
– Neurologic examination – the physician checks the attentiveness, strength of muscle, reflexes, coordination and reaction to pain. The eyes are also examined to find out if there is any swelling due to the tumor pushing the nerve which attaches the brain and eyes.
– CT scan – an x-ray apparatus connected to computer which takes series of thorough pictures of a head. The patient is given an injection of special tint in order that the brain can be seen visibly in the picture. The picture may show growths or tumors inside the brain.
– MRI – a forceful magnet attached to computer which makes comprehensive pictures of sections in the body. These pictures are shown on a screen and can be printed also. Sometimes, a particular dye is inserted in order to help illustrate differences in the various tissues inside the brain.

The following tests are also considered to help diagnose brain tumor:

• Angiogram – a particular dye is injected to the bloodstream and runs in the blood vessels inside the brain in order for them to appear on x-ray. If a growth is present, it can be seen by the doctor.
• Skull x-ray – various forms of brain cancers cause calcium accumulation inside the brain or changes on the bones in the skull. Through x-ray, changes can be checked.
• Spinal tap – the physician may take a sample of CSF (cerebrospinal fluid – a fluid that fills up the spaces around the brain as well as the spinal cord). This is done with use of local anesthesia. The spinal tap can be done around thirty minutes. The patient lies flat within several hours after extraction of CSF to avoid headache. Laboratory test is done to check for the presence of cancer cells and other indications of problems.
• Myelogram – refer to the x-ray of the spine or spinal cord. Spinal tap is done by injecting a special dye in the cerebrospinal fluid. The patient tilts to let the dye combine to the fluid. This procedure asserts the doctor discover cancer on the spinal cord.
• Biopsy – it is the removal of sample of tissue to search for cancer cells. The pathologist examines the cells under the microscope in order to verify abnormal cells. A biopsy may show tumor, tissue changes which may lead to tumor and other situations. This is the surest way in diagnosing brain cancer.

Pneumonia in Babies and Children

Pneumonia is a disease of parenchymal tissue infection in the lungs. This disease is a severe infection that often occurs in infants and children. In Europe and North America the incidence reaches 34-40 cases per 1000 children per year.

When confirming diagnosis of pneumonia, a doctor must decide it based on the complete anamnesis (interview with the patient) and a physical examination. Sometimes he needs to do a chest x-ray and laboratory tests. In children, age is an important factor in diagnosis. Pneumonia in neonates (newborn babies) aged less than three weeks is usually transmitted from the mother at birth. Common causes are Escherichia coli , Streptococcus group B, and Listeria monocytogenes . At the age of 3 weeks to 3 months the main cause of bacterial pneumonia is Streptococcus pneumoniae and viruses. Common causes of pneumonia at age 4 months to 5 years is a kind of virus named respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).

Signs and Symptoms

Signs and symptoms that led to the diagnosis of pneumonia in children are fever, cyanosis (bluish, especially on the lips), and more from one of the symptoms of respiratory distress, they are: rapid breathing (tachypnea), cough, nose flaring, and retracted chest wall. Moreover, there is an additional voice in breathing. If the child is able to communicate / talk, he / she will complain of shortness of breath.

At the time of examination your doctor will ask you some important things, sometimes the age of the child, immunization status (had been immunized or not), a history of lodging in the hospital, the estimated source of infection, the drug that has been used. This is very important to confirm the diagnosis and determine the appropriate therapy.

Pneumonia should be suspected in children less than 2 years if there is any sign of tachypnea. Based on WHO criterion, it is called a tachypnea if breathing is more than 60 times per minute in infants less than 2 months, more than 50 times per minute in infections 2-12 months, more than 40 times per minute at 1-5 year olds, and more than 30 times per minute in children over 5 years. The calculation must be performed precisely in one minute.

Additional Examination

In most children, laboratory tests to determine the cause are not really necessary. Examination is required if there are severe symptoms, a hospitalized patient, or if there is a complication with other diseases.

Chest X-ray is not a routine examination. Indications of this examination are dubious physical examination, a long term pneumonia (not healed), unresponsive to antibiotic treatment, and possible complications such as pleural effusion (fluid in the pleural cavity, layers that wraps the lungs).


Therapy selection decisions will be based on the age of the child, clinical findings, and epidemiological factors. The use of antibiotics is essential in management of bacterial pneumonia. In certain circumstances there will be required a hospitalization.

Infants less than 3 weeks with signs of respiratory distress should be referred to the hospital, with the assumption that the cause is bacterial, unless it was provided the existence of other causes. Blood cultures, urine and cerebrospinal fluid (brain fluid) should be done. Therapy using ampicillin and gentamycin should be started immediately.

Infants aged 3 weeks to 3 months suspected bacterial pneumonia are also require special attention, especially if there is fever, tachypnea, or looking very weak (toxic). This situation may also require hospitalization. Initial therapy begins with cefuroxime or cefotaxime. Other examinations needed are blood culture, urinalysis, and cerebrospinal fluid test; complete blood examination with leukocytes count; and examination of the chest image. After stabilized, treatment can be replaced with oral antibiotics for 10 days.

In patients aged 4 months to 5 years of hospitalization is required if there are signs of hypoxia, or respiration more than 70 times per minute. Other indication of reference are hard / shortness of breath, snoring breath, feeding difficulty, and less supervision of the family. Virus is the major cause of pneumonia in this age group. Another common cause is bacterial pneumonia. Thus, the empirical antibiotic treatment in this age group can also be done. In this group of age, diseases is usually preceded by coughing and colds. Empirical therapy is usually performed using amoxicillin and initial therapy with a single dose of ceftriaxone. Hospitalized patients treated with cefuroxime or cefotaxime. If the child is stable and has no more fever, it can be followed by oral therapy and can be discharged.

In older children (5 years and above), the significant cause of pneumonia is streptococcus. The must be referred to the hospital if there are signs of hypoxia, cyanosis (bluish), respiration more than 50 times per minute, difficult breathing (shortness of breath), and less supervision from the family. The therapy will be cefuroxime or cefotaxime. If stabilized, it can be replaced with oral therapy and can be discharged.


Immunization of infants has been shown to reduce the risk of outbreak of pneumonia. Vaccination associated to this disease are Measles, HiB (Haemophillus influenza B), Influenza and varicella (chicken pox).

This disease is an air-borne disease, which is transmitted through the air. Wearing masks while catching a common cold or flu will reduce the possibility of transmission of this disease. Separating a sick child in other room, will also reduce the risk of transmission.

Disease of the Pleura and Pulmonary Cysts

Inflammation of the Pleura is called Pleurisy. In dry Pleurisy, the pleural surfaces are inflated without fluid in between them. In many cases pleurisy is associated with effusion. Both dry pleurisy and pleural effusion may develop at different stages of the same disease process.

Dry or fibrinous pleurisy : The pleura gets involved from the disease of the underling lung. Trauma to the chest may also lead to Pleurisy. The suggestive symptom is the catching pain felt acutely over the affected area by inspiratory movements thought about by deep breathing, coughing or sneezing. Its etiology are as follows: Pulmonary tuberculosis, pneumonia, bronchogenic carcinoma, pulmonary infarction, connective tissue disorders (such as systemic lupus erythematosus, polyarteritis nodosa, and rheumatoid disease), rheumatic fever, viral infections (especially Coxsackie [Bornholm disease], hepatopulmonary amoebiasis , and uraemia.

The physical examination reveals reduction of movement on the affected side and the presence of pleural friction rub on auscultation. Pleural rub has a superior grafting quality. The rub is heard better by gentle pressure of the chest piece of the stethoscope on the chest wall. Unlike rales, it is not altered by coughing. With the development of pleural effusion, the rub may disappear in most cases. Pleural rub will be distinguished from crepitations and sounds arising from movements of the chest wall. Other painful conditions like Pneumonia, myocardial infarction, and herpes Zoster have to be differentiated from pleurisy.

Pleural effusion : In this condition, fluid accumulates between the two layers of the pleura. Normally, pleura contains only a small amount of fluid. The pleural fluid remains in dynamic equilibrium with blood. Movements of the lung favor the movement of the fluid in and out of the pleural space. In most of the disease states, absorption of the fluid is reduced. The fluid may be contained in the general pleural space or it may be located in the interlobar fissure, infrapulmonary space or may remain adjacent to the mediastinum. The fluid progressively compresses the subjacent lung which undergoes collapse.

The development of symptoms depends upon the speed of accumulation of fluid and its quantity. Common symptoms include dyspnea, pleuritic pain, or symptoms of the underlying disorder. High fever may occur in acute pyogenic infections. Tuberculosis may be associated with lower grades of fever. Pleural fluid is clinically detectable only when it is about 500ml in volume but radiologically it may be detected even when the volume is only 350 ml. A fully developed moderate or massive effusion reveals fullness of the intercostal spaces and restriction of respiratory movements of the same side. Midline structures are shifted to the opposite side. Percussion elicits stony dullness with the highest level in the axilla and lower levels in front and back (S-shaped curve of Ellis). This is the most constant physical sign. The Traube's space, which is the area overriding the gas bubble or the stomach, is obliterated in left-sided effusion. Breath sounds, vocal femitus and vocal resonance are diminished or absent. Aegophony may be present above the level of effusion. At times bronchial breathing may be heard over a pleural effusion.

Complications include: Respiratory embarassment, massive bilateral effusions which may be fatal due to respiratory failure, secondary infection of the pleural fluid which converts it into empyema, organization of fibrin from the fluid on the surface of the collapsed lung (cortication) that prevails re- expansion, and fibrosis of the pleura and obliteration of the pleural space (fibrothorax) which develop as a sequel to long standing pleural effusions.

Radiographic appearance: If the fluid volume is small only the costophrenic angles are obliterated. As the fluid accumulates further, it throws a triangular lateral opacity obscuring the hemidiaphragm. Large pleural effusions shift the midline structures to the opposite side. An interlobar effusion in the oblique fissure produces an elongated cigar-shaped shadow seen better in the lateral view. Fluid in the horizontal fissure throws a rounded shadow seen in the PA-view. The term "vanishing pulmonary tumor" has been used for inter-lobar effusions since they clear up with treatment.
Character of the fluid: Pleural fluids may be transudates or exudates. They differ in physical and biochemical nature. Transudate (Clear, often bilateral, does not clot on standing, specific gravity less than 1015, protein content less than 3g / dL, cells less than 100 / Cmm). Exudate (Opalescent or turbid, unilateral, often clots on standing, above 1015, above 3g / dL, cell count is high).

Congestive Cardiac failure, nephrotic syndrome, hypoproteinemia, constrictive pericarditis, and myxedema may cause transudation into the pleura. Exudates are caused by tuberculosis, Pneumonias, Pulmonary infarction, bronchogenic carcinoma, pleural secondaries, dyscolagenoses and hepatopulmonary amoebiasis. Rare causes include subphrenic abscess, postmyocardial infarction syndrome and acute pancreatitis. Tuberculous effusion is straw-colored. The fluid is hemorrhagic in malignancy and infarction and it is chylous (milky) in lymphatic obstruction due to filariasis and lymphomas. Collection of purulent fluid in the pleura is called empyema.

Microscopy: In acute bacterial infections, neutrophils predominate, lymphocytes predominate in tuberculosis. Eosinophils may predominate in dyscolagenoses and pulmonary infarction. Examination of a wet preparation stained by methylene blue reveal malignant cells in over 90% of cases of malignant effusions. Identification of the nature of the malignant cells is done by Papanicolaou's technique. The nature of chylous fluid is confirmed by demonstrating the presence of fat. Elevated amylase levels are suggestive of acute pancreatitis (500 units / ml of higher). Values ​​of LDH are raised in exudates. Gram-staining, Ziehl-Neelsen staining, and culture help in identifying the causative microbes. When investigations, pleural biopsy may be attempted. Special (Cope's) needles are available for this purpose. Although a positive biopsy is diagnostic, a negative biopsy does not exclude pleural malignancy.

Principles of treatment
Pleural effusion may rarely present as an emergency with respiratory embarrassment. In such cases, emergency measures are required to give relief-especially if the effusion is massive or bilateral. The fluid is aspirated by thoracentesis done in the eighth or ninth intercostal space in the posterior axillary line after anaesthetising the part. Sufficient fluid id removed to relate the distress. Whenever pleural fluid is aspirated, it is also subject to diagnostic investigations.

Elective management
Medical therapy is instituted depending on clinical features and pleural fluid analysis. it is ideal to aspirate the fluid after instituting specific drug therapy. Aspiration is indicated: to make the diagnosis; to alleviate distress and to remove the exudate so as to hasten full recovery of the pleura and avoid complications. It is generally advisable to restrict the volume of fluid removed at one sitting to 1 Liter or less in order to avoid pulmonary edema. Aspiration has to be repeated at times. Two or three aspirations will be adequate in most of the cases of tuberculous effusion. In malignant pleural fluid tend to recollect even after repeated aspirations. Drugs used to be instilled intra-pleasurally with the hope of raising the local concentration of the drug. Intra-pleural administration of drugs should be required only in some rare cases, if proper systemic therapy is given. Sometimes aspiration of the pleural cavity may give rise to complications. These include pleural shock, anaphylactic shock due to anaesthetic, bleeding into the pleural cavity, pulmonary edema, infection, and incidental introduction of air into the pleura.

Cysts of the Lung may be congenital or acquired. Congenital cysts are of three varieties:
1. bronchogenic-these may be solitary or multiple;
2. alveolar cell types-these also may be solitary or multiple; and
3. mixed types having elements of both bronchogenic and alveolar cysts.

These vary in size and may be unilateral or bilateral. They may be located anywhere in the lung. They are filled with fluid at birth, but air enter the cavity later when bronchial communications develop. The cyst may be thick- or thin- walled. Cystic disease of the Lung may occur in association with fibrocystic disease of the pancreas. This is common in Western countries, but is rare in Asia and Africa.

Acquired Cysts
These may be resentous bulous emphysema, subpleural ysts or parasitic cysts, which include hydratid disease and paragonimiasis. The severity of symptoms is determined by the magnitude, size, time of diagnosis, and presence of complications. When the lung parenchyma is grossly reduced, respiratory embarassment and respiratory failure may develop. Super-added infection is common and this is characterized by fever, cough, purulent sputum, and even hemoptysis. Although pulmonary osteoarthropathy may occur, it is a late feature. This is in contrast to bronchiectasis, in which clubbing is an early feature. Potential complications are infection, hemoptysis, Pneumothorax, fibrosis, and Cor Pulmonale.

Cystic disease has to be suspected when a child presents with recurrent respiratory infections. Presence of other congenital abnormalities should strengthen this suspicion. X-ray shows thin-walled cysts, which may be single or multiple. Tuberculosis, bronchiectasis, and Lung abscess have to be differentiated. In congenital cystic lung bronchography delineates the lesions. In the case of single non-communicating cysts, the dye does not enter the cavity.

A large single cysts producing respiratory embarassment from infancy has to be excised. When the cysts are multiple, surgery is contraindicated. Medical management is on the same lines as for bronchiectasis.

Bronchitis in a Pregnant Mother

Bronchitis can affect anyone. From children to the very old, the disease does not choose. It is very difficult for a pregnant mother having the infection. The disease is as a result of inflammation of the large bronchi by viruses and bacteria pathogens. When this takes place, symptoms are felt. These include an expectorant cough, fever, fatigue, headaches, wheezing, shortness of breath and sometimes pain in the chest.

As a result of mucous causing blockage in the airways, shortness of breath, wheezing and pain in the chest are experienced. Bronchitis a pregnant mother should not be taken lightly. You should consult a physician the minute you detect the symptoms. Self treatment of the disease is discouraged. This is because you may never know the harm you are doing to the unborn child.

The doctor's prescription should be taken as prescribed. Sometimes, the doctor may decide not to prescribe anything for a pregnant mother with bronchitis. This is especially if the causes are viral pathogens. In this case, the symptoms will just disappear on their own after a few days. If the symptoms are severe, the doctor may decide to give some relieve medication. It is stressing enough having the occasional ups and downs related to pregnancy. This combined with another disease can adversely affect the health of the mother to be.

The expectorant cough in a pregnant mother can be very challenging. Most of the times, you will find out that you cough out almost everything in your stomach. You should therefore eat small portions of food frequently throughout the day. A lot of fluids are also encouraged. As you vomit a lot when having bronchitis, you are at a risk of being dehydrated. The good thing is, after a few days, all will be well.

How to Fix the Rabbit Corkscrew by Yourself

Those that have a rabbit corkscrew in their homes, will see that in time, it starts acting strangely and instead of rotating the cork upwards it will do the opposite. This basically means that the cork will not pop out anymore, and instead it will be pushed in or broken inside the bottle. If you have noticed this situation, then you have to know how to fix the rabbit corkscrew, and the next steps will help you with this.

Step 1: You have to see how the rabbit corkscrew works when placed on top of the wine bottle. Its two side pins will clamp on the sides of the bottle, and then have to be in the right position, below the handles, so that the screw will not be allowed to rotate in the wrong direction.

Step 2: Once the two pins have been identified, you should focus on the movement of the corkscrew’s handles. When you push them, they should securely place the pins on each side on the bottle. If they aren’t, then the inside bushing that helps them to do that might be deteriorated. This bushing is a small plastic circle that is placed on the inside.

Step 3: The bushing of the rabbit corkscrew should be covered, depending on the model, beneath the pins. You have to take the covers off and then evaluate the state in which the bushings are. In most cases, they travel to the outside of their enclosing area, which makes it difficult for the screw to pull the cork out.

Step 4: If this is the case, and the bushings are placed upper, then all you need to do is to push them back into their original position and the rabbit corkscrew should be fixed. To do this, use any type of tool that comes in handy, which can fit into the housing and can be used to push the bushings backwards. Once you manage to do this, using even a regular kitchen knife, the corkscrew is ready for normal usage again.