Back Pain: Cancer, Stones and Tumors

Although not as common, prostate cancer, kidney disorders (stones) and spinal tumors represent a small percentage of back pain. Since low back pain is a common condition, many people ignore it and do not realize that there may be a more serious undering problem that is causing the pain. All three should be considered as a differential diagnosis in order to treat it properly and effectively. Luckily, the majority of back pain is benign and self limiting.

The good news is that most low back pain is due to mechanical causes (muscles, joints) that can be treated and resolved within weeks to months.

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men, excluding skin cancer. After lung cancer it is the leading cause of cancer death in Canada. One in eight men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer and about one third of them will die from it. Men over the age of 50 have an increased risk. The cause of prostate cancer is both hereditary and environmental. Diets low in selenium, high in red meat fat, and / or smoke, increase the risk of prostate cancer.

Although there are no symptoms of early prostate cancer, symptoms such as chronic low back pain (months), difficulty with urination (starting and stopping), a poor stream during urination, a burning sensation while urinating or excessive urination at night should not be ignored .

These symptoms are not specific to prostate cancer, but can also indicate other urinary problems. Early detection is very important in order to treat it successfully. Yearly physical examinations are necessary for all men over the age of 50. Along with the examination of the prostate, be sure that your physician also orders blood tests, to measure the levels of prostate specific antigen (PSA). PSA is a substance that is produced in the prostate. Once the prostate is enlarged, there are higher levels of PSA found in your blood. An increased level of PSA in your blood, is one of the earliest signs of prostate cancer.

If prostate cancer is detected early, it can be treated. Surgery and / or radiation therapy are the primary methods of care. A proper diet is critical in decreasing the risk of prostate cancer. Vitamin D and E supplements along with a reduction in overall dietary fat will decrease the risk of prostatic cancer.

Another rare source of back pain comes from the kidney. There are many conditions that can affect the kidney, which can refer pain to the low back. Any type of infection / infection in the kidney or an obstruction in the ureter can cause low back pain. Since kidney stones are probably one of the most prevalent children's conditions, special attention should be directed to it.

The kidneys are the body's filtering system. The blood in your body passes through them and any undesired substances are excreted in the urine. Unfortunately, if there is a build-up of certain chemicals or minerals, kidney stones are formed. There are many factors that play a role in the formation of these stones. Age, sex, a family history of kidney stones, the amount of water consumed, climate, and dietary factors are just a few things that contribute to their formation. Calcium oxalate (most common), calcium phosphate and uric acid are three different types of kidney stones.

The pain that is caused by kidney stones is due to an obstruction of the ureter, the organ which connects the kidney to the bladder. The bladder stores the urine until it's time to get rid of it. Kidney stones are not always smooth and round; they can have jagged edges. As these kidney stones pass through the ureter they scrape the inside of it, causing severe pain. Symptoms include blood in urine, a burning sensation while urinating, difficulty urinating, nausea / vomiting and / or excruciating back, abdominal or groin pain.

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, you may have kidney stones and it's important to visit your doctor immediately.

Drinking a lot of water and keeping well hydrated is one of the best ways to decrease your risk of having kidney stones. The stones are usually small enough that you will pass them in due time. If the stones are too large to pass, shock wave lithotripsy and various types of surgical procedures are done.

Spinal tumors are probably the rarest of the three conditions that we are discussing. These tumors are uncommon but still represent a small percentage of causes of low back pain.

Spinal tumors can either be benign or malignant. Benign tumors of the spine grow slowly and are less aggressive. These tumors can become a problem when they get too large and compress or impinge the spinal cord or peripheral nerves. There are several benign tumors that originate in the spine, including hemangiomas, osteoblastomas and osteochondromas. Depending on the type of tumor and its characteristics it may be left alone or removed. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy may also be used

Walking Pneumonia: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, And Treatments

Pneumonia is a respiratory disease and atypical or walking pneumonia is a type that is considered less dangerous than the normal pneumonia. When someone suffers from pneumonia, he or she should be hospitalized immediately. A person who suffers from walking pneumonia, on the other hand, is usually unaware that he is affected by the disease. Thus he usually walks around with it, and hence the name. The disease is usually caused by several types of bacteria such as Chlamydia pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, and Coxiella burnetii. It can also be caused by viruses such as Respiratory Syncytial Virus and Adenovirus.

What are the symptoms of walking pneumonia? The symptoms are similar to those of pneumonia. These include chest pain, headache, cough, fatigue, fever, and sore throat. These symptoms affect the body gradually and it takes about three weeks to reach the full effect. They are commonly not severe and it makes the patients think that they are just symptoms of a mild flu. Thus, patients usually continue their daily activities with no hassle.

What are the causes of this disease? Like any other viral or bacterial diseases, it is contagious then it spreads easily in crowded places. Public places like shopping malls, public transportation, and schools provide the ideal breeding ground for viruses and bacteria. If someone suffices from walking pneumonia, he or she can spread the germs by coughing or sneezing, or through close contact like kissing. Since the symptoms are mild, many people with the disease do not realize that they have it in their body and they walk around in public places. This disease primarily affects adults, teens and children older than five years old.

How to diagnose the disease? Chest x-ray is the only way to diagnose it. The test will help doctors examine the inflated lungs and the alveoli that are filled with fluid. By examining the fluid distribution, the physicians will be able to determine the type of pneumonia the patient has. A blood test is then performed to determine the causes of the illness.

What are treatment options available? The treatment actually depends on the causes of the disease. If it is caused by a bacterial infection, the patient will have to take antibiotics such as doxycycline or azithromycin for three to ten days. On the other hand, antibiotic treatment will not be effective for viral infection. Patients are also usually advised to have more rest and drink plenty of liquid. To help speed up recovery, doctors may also prescribe some supplements such as vitamin C, acidophilus, and zinc. Natural remedies are also available such as green tea with lemon, onion, garlic, and fish oil.

Dyspnea and Cyanosis – Important Clinical Symptoms of Respiratory Disorders


Difficulty or shortness of breath associated with marked awareness of the effort of respiration is called dyspnea. In the left-sided heart failure and in hypoventilatory states, the patient becomes more dypsneic in the recumbent posture and considerable relief is obtained by sitting up. This is referred to as orthopnea. Attacks of severe breathlessness occurring during sleep at night may awaken the patient and assumption of the erect posture gives relief. This is termed paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea. This is also characteristic of left-sided heart failure. Respiratory disorders that lead to dyspnea may fall into different groups.

• Central causes for dyspnea affect the respiratory center, e.g encephalitis or cerebrovascular accidents.
• Significant airways obstruction is a common cause for dyspnea. Obstruction to the airway may be mechanical as due to a foreign body or functional as due to spasm. Larger airways may be obstructed by aspirated foreign bodies. Diphtheritic membrane, tumors, blood or secretions. Obstruction to the larynx produces inspiratory stridor and in-drawing of the chest wall. Dyspnea is felt both during inspiration and expiration. Obstruction to the smaller airways occurs in asthma, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and extensive bronchiectasis. In these conditions the difficulty is felt more for expiration and the characteristic expiratory wheeze may be heard.
• Disorders that impair the process of gas exchange eg, massive pulmonary collapse, pulmonary embolism, respiratory distress syndrome, fibrosing alveolitis, pulmonary fibrosis and extensive parenchymal diseases such as tuberculosis, cystic disease and malignancy.
• Disease that prevent expansion of the lung, eg, pneumothorax, pleural effusion, kyphoscoliosis, injury to the chest wall, paralysis of respiratory muscles etc.
• Dyspnea is commonly the first symptoms when the inspired air does not supply adequate amounts of oxygen to the individual. This happens when the oxygen tension is low as in high altitudes or in gas poisoning.
• Hysterical hyperventilation presents as dyspnea. In this, the subject voluntarily hyperventilates. Other traits of the hysterical personality may be evident. Excessive removal of carbon-dioxide due to overventilation leads to repiratory alkalosis and tetany.
• In diseases like pneumonia and pleurisy, painful restriction of respiratory movements leads to hypoventilation and dyspnea.


Bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes due to the presence of excess of reduced hemoglobin in peripheral blood is called cyanosis. In extensive diseases of the lungs, central cyanosis occurs due to defective oxygenation of arterial blood or the development of functional arteriovenous shunts. In chronic bronchitis and emphysema, the main defects are those of ventilation and perfusion. In fibrosing alveolitis, the defect is mainly one of diffusion. Differentiation between respiratory and cardiac causes of cyanosis can be made on clinical grounds in many cases. In respiratory diseases inhalation of oxygen helps in clearing the cyanosis, whereas this is not so in cardiac lesions with right to left shunts.

Silky Smooth Penis Skin – How to Keep Penis Skin Smooth and Supple to Increase Sexual Pleasure

Silky smooth penis skin is just so touchable and luxuriant, especially to anyone lucky enough to enjoy this lovely tactile experience. It also means that the penis skin is healthy and cared for, and when skin of the penis is in optimal condition, it is invigorated and more sensitive and receptive to stimulation. This, of course, leads to better sex and improves sexual function.

Ignoring Penis Skin Can Lead to Problems

There are many problems associated with ignoring the skin of the penis. These include:

Penis skin that is not cared for can become dry and scaly – This is unsightly and does not encourage sexual activity. In fact, it can be a real turn-off for your partner, and may even reduce sexual confidence.

Penis skin can become desensitized – If the skin of the penis is not cared for then it can become hardened and not as receptive to the touch. This means that sexual excitement can be reduced during foreplay and sexual intercourse, which can reduce the intensity of climax and overall sexual satisfaction.

Penis skin is a protective barrier – Healthy skin of the penis protects the human body from infection and illness as it forms a protective barrier between major organs and the outside world. With cracked or broken skin of the penis it is possible, during sexual intercourse and masturbation, to have harmful bacteria enter the body and create illness.

Penis skin is an insulator – When the skin of the penis is in optimal condition it maintains the temperature of the penis. This, of course, prevents the penis from feeling the cold more than it should, which means that its size and functionality is maintained.

What Does Silky Smooth Penis Skin Mean to You and Your Partner?

With healthy penis skin comes more pleasure. The skin of the penis has an improved sensitivity and this then creates a more dynamic sex life. Plus, it is enjoyable to touch, which will increase the longevity of foreplay and the likelihood of fellatio, if this is what you and your partner enjoy. It may also encourage your partner to be more adventurous, and experiment in the bedroom, taking their time to stroke, fondle and tickle your penis, further heightening your climax.

Better Sex with Better Penis Skin

A satisfying sex life leads to happiness and contentment, but with healthy penis skin often a new found confidence is gained. Not only does the penis look good, but it feels great. This may then lead to more sex and a possible increase in sexual enjoyment, especially, if previously, the owner of the penis felt self-conscious of the condition of their skin.

How to Get Smooth Silky Penis Skin

The best way to improve the health of your penis skin is as follows:

Eat a balanced diet that includes mono-saturated fats – This is a healthy fat that prevents your skin from becoming dry and flaky. Some great sources of this are olive oil, nuts, and mackerel, as well as herring, tomatoes, avocado, and egg yolk.

Use a natural cleansing product – Avoid dyed and perfumed skin cleansing products for cleansing the penis, instead use natural cleansers such as, goat milk or olive oil soap.

Don’t exfoliate – Some areas of the skin are more sensitive than others. So, while it is okay to exfoliate say the legs, arms, and torso, it is not recommended that the skin of the penis be treated in the same manner. Exfoliating this area of the body will decrease sensitivity and could possibly lead to the hardening of the skin. This, in turn, will lessen sexual excitement and pleasure, and may even reduce sexual function.

Apply a penis specific moisturizer daily – Use a penis specific creme daily (health professionals often recommend Man1 Man Oil) which is rich in essential vitamins and minerals. Products such as this are said to increase penis skin elasticity and sensitivity, as well appearance, and can improve sexual function and pleasure.

Natural Ways to Treat the Bronchitis

The term bronchitis is explained as the inflammation of bronchial tubes. Bronchial tubes are the airways leading towards the lungs. There are two types, sometimes acute bronchitis and chronic bronchitis. Acute bronchitis is usually caused by the same viruses that are the reason of the common cold. However, the chronic bronchitis is mainly due to smoking or breathing in dust for a long period. Chronic bronchitis can result in long-term respiratory tract problems.

Acute bronchitis starts with a sore throat or sinus infection and then spread to the airways. The main symptoms are dry cough over a long period of time, production of mucus, shortness of breath and difficulty in breathing and fatigue. Bronchitis is, however, a little complicated than the common cold, but acute bronchitis can be cured by using simple home remedies.

If you have bronchitis, get sufficient rest and drink plenty of liquids. That will help you with acute bronchitis. If the coughers for more than 3-4 weeks, you should consult a Doctor. The alternative medicines for bronchitis are limited. However, there are some home remedies that can help cure this disease. Eat a diet with high content of fatty acids. The fatty acids can be those that you can obtain from Omega 3 oil or fish. Avoid smoking, if you do, if you have bronchitis. Also, avoid second hand smoking as it is equally hazardous. Herbal teas can help a lot while suffering from the disease. Slippery elm tea helps in cough and sore throat. Fenugreek and thyme are the herbal supplements that help in decreasing the inflammation. Thyme has an antiseptic effect which also helps cure cough. Lobelia is also helpful to cure coughs and for releasing the inflamed tissues.

Breathing in warm, moist air can help a lot with the inflated tissues. Bronchitis can be cured by adding warm water in eucalyptus oil and inhaling its steam. Using red clover also helps cure acute bronchitis. It has antispasmodic properties that are a good sedative to relax the muscle cramping and nervous exhaustion associated with bronchitis. Marshmallow root and mullein can also help in the same way like slippery elm.

There is a need to boost up your immune system so that it can fight the disease and illness. Take vitamin C containing fruit juices like citrus fruit juices. Echinacea can also boost up the immune response of the body and help in getting back to normal. Zinc supplements are also a way to boost up the immune system.

Eucalyptus oil can also be applied externally to reduce the inflammation and for comforting muscles. Take a steam bath. Inhaling steam can help cure inflammation of the bronchitis. The peppermint relaxes the airways and fights bacteria and viruses. It contains menthol that helps in the opening and relaxation of airways.

Avoid caffeine and alcohol as they are diuretics. Drink herbal teas that can help you feel better. Garlic capsules can also help in decreasing the severity of bronchitis. Drinking ginger tea is very helpful in almost all respiratory tract diseases. Carrot and garlic mix juice can help inflamed tissues to relax. Eat red pepper or increase its amount in your meal. Sipping hot lubricants like chicken soup also helps in acute bronchitis. It will give you energy as well as a soothing feeling to your bronchial tubes. The ideal way to use all the herbs is to make herb tea. It combines the effect of herb with a warm, soothing effect of the hot lubricant that will make you feel better. Hot poultice of linseed can be applied on the back and chest as it will ease the pain. These remedies are very helpful but do not forget to contact your medical advisor if the bronchitis gets worse.

Torque Converter Lockup

Although the torque converter clutch is not part of the engine, it can make the car feel like the engine has a problem. The torque converter clutch is also known as a lock up converter. The lockup clutch has many purposes and is part of the transmission. A regular converter in an automatic transmission is made to slip at idle so that the car doesn’t move. As the accelerator is pressed the RPM’s raise and the torque converter will start to lockup or engage. When the converter engages the car will move.

Even though the torque converter is engaged it never completely engages the way a manual transmission car clutch will. It will always slip a little, which is not very efficient. This is why a manual transmission car gets better gas mileage and has more power than an automatic transmission car. To increase power and mainly fuel mileage, a TCC is added to an automatic transmission.

The torque converter clutch is an electronic clutch that will engage the engine and drivetrain 100 percent. The TCC is made to engage usually only in the top gear when the car is cruising, not accelerating. The lock up converter will disengage when the accelerator is pressed hard enough. Over time the clutch will wear out especially if the vehicle ever towed anything and was operated in overdrive (top gear). This will wear the clutch out prematurely. If you have a tachometer you will see the RPM’s drop a few hundred when it engages.

If the TCC is bad one of three things will usually happen. First, the vehicle will tend to rev up and down as it engages and disengages, not being able to keep the converter clutch locked up. Second, the converter clutch will engage randomly in gears that it shouldn’t even engage in usually. Third the clutch doesn’t want to disengage. As you slow down the vehicle won’t downshift and if you try to accelerate the RPM’s will be so low that the vehicle will have difficulty moving quickly. In extreme cases the lockup converter will try to keep the vehicle moving as you try to stop at a stop light, or will stall out and die.

Many people think that this problem is coming from their engine because it causes the car to stall. The check engine light will not always show an error for the TCC. Most lockup converters are controlled by a wire or wires that plug into the transmission. It is possible on some models to simply disconnect this plug. This is not a problem and will only cause you to lose a little gas mileage. The RPM’s will run slightly higher than before but will not harm anything or be an issue.

Hip Dysplasia and Your Dog

Your pet's health is important to you. After all, they are part of your family! Sadly, dogs of all ages are subject to hip dysplasia; however, in most cases, the symptoms do not begin to show until the middle or later years in a dog's life. This disease primarily affects large and giant bred dogs, such as German Shepherds, Labrador Retrievers, Rottweilers, Great Danes, Golden Retrievers, Saint Bernards, although it can occur in medium-sized breeds as well.

Hip dysplasia is caused by a laxity of the muscles, connective tissue, and ligaments that normally support the joint. Most dysplastic dogs are born with normal hips, but due to their genetic make-up (and possibly other contributing factors) the soft tissues that surround the joint develop abnormally causing the subluxation (a partial dislocation of bones that leaves them misaligned but still in some contact with each other.) This "dislocation" and the consequent "reshaping" of the hip leads to the symptoms associated with this disease, which may or may affect both the right and / or left hip.

Symptoms of hip dysplasia in your pet can include:

o Walking / running with an altered gait;
o Resisting movements requiring full extension of their rear legs;
o "Bunny Hopping" gait;
o Showing stiffness, pain in their rear legs after exercise, or first thing in the morning;
o Difficulty climbing stairs;
o Limping;
o Unwillingness to participate in normal daily activities;

Many pet parents attribute these changes to normal aging, but once treatment has begun, they are pleasantly surprised to see a more normal, pain-free gait return. While researchers agree that hip dysplasia is a genetic disease, they also believe obesity can increase the severity of the disease in genetically-susceptible animals. Lack of consistent, muscle-building exercise can be another risk factor.

Veterinarians typically diagnosed canine hip dysplasia by combining:

1. Clinical signs of arthritis and pain;
2. Complete physical exam;
3. X-rays

If your pet is showing outward signs of arthritis, there are usually easily-recognized changes in the joint (visible on x-rays.) Additionally, your veterinarian may be able to feel looseness in the joint, or may detect pain when they fully- extend your pet's rear leg (s).

Roughly one half of all dogs evaluated by their vets have no physical signs of the disease, but are being evaluated for their "hip health", as they are intended to be used for breeding. Breeders want to ensure their animals are at a "low risk" for transmitting the disease to their offspring. There are two different testing methods that can be performed: the traditional is OFA (Orthopedic Foundation for Animals) testing; the other, relatively newer, technique is the PennHip method.

Once diagnosed, canine hip dysplasia can be treated surgically; your veterinarian will determine which procedure, listed below, is best for your pet, based on his or her age, body size, and severity of the hip joint's deterioration:

1. Triple Pelvic Osteotomy (TPO)
2. Juvenile Pubic Symphysiodesis
3. Total Hip Replacement
4. Femoral Head and Neck Excision

Check with your veterinary pet insurance provider regarding their policy with the above-mentioned surgeries, as they can be costly. Medical management of hip dysplasia and osteoarthritis has improved tremendously in recent years, thanks to innovative drug therapies. However, because hip dysplasia is primarily an inherited condition; there are no preventative products on the market today. Through proper diet, exercise, supplements, anti-inflammatories, and pain relievers, pet parents can decrease the progression of degenerative joint disease, but the looseness in the joint will not change significantly. Below are suggestions from experts in the medical management of the disease:

1. Weight Management: Helping your pet maintain their recommended weight is perhaps the most critical part of this equation; surgical procedures and medical therapies have far better outputs if you pet is not overweight; more than 50% of the pets in the US are overweight, making it reasonable to absorb that many of the dogs with hip dysplasia / osteoarthritis are also overweight. If your pet is overweight, ask your veterinarian for recommendations regarding a lower calorie dog food and an exercise program;

2. Exercise: Exercise is equally important in losing and / or maintaining your pet's specific weight. That exercise should provide good range of motion and muscle building, but minimize "wear and tear" on your pet's joints. Leash walks, swimming, and slow jogging are ideal low-impact exercises. Remember, it is important to exercise daily; regular exercise in shorter sessions is always better than long work-outs on weekends. Again, your veterinarian can recommend an exercise program appropriate for your pet you have questions;

3. Warmth and good sleeping areas: Keeping your pet warm may help him / her be more comfortable; you may consider keeping your home's temperature a bit warmer. Also, an orthopedic foam bed helps many dogs with arthritis; those with dome-shaped, orthopedic foam distribution weight evenly, reducing joint pressure; (they make getting in and out easier for your pet, too!) Remember to keep the bed in a warm spot away from drafts;

4. Massage and physical therapy: Your veterinarian can demonstrate how to perform physical therapy and massage on your pet to help relax stiff muscles and promote a good range of motion in their joints. Begin by petting the area and work up to gently kneading the muscles around the joint with your fingertips using small, circular motions; usually work your way out to the surrounding muscles. (Moist heat may also be beneficial);

5. Making daily activities less painful: Going up and down stairs is often difficult for our arthritic pets; it can make going outside to use the bathroom difficult. Many pet parents invest in ramps, especially on stairs leading to their yard, making it easier for their pets. Ramps can also make car travel easier for arthritic dogs.

By following these recommendations, you can minimize your pet's discomfort from and the progress of hip dysplasia.

Cerebral Palsy Discrimination Still a Problem

Ignorance and Thoughtlessness still result in Discrimination against Cerebral Palsy Victims

Rajiv Rajan recently made headlines for cerebral palsy discrimination when he was asked to disembark from an Air Sahara plane. Because he was wheelchair-bound and suffered from some of the symptoms of cerebral palsy, which can include lack of muscle control and movement, seizures, spasms, visual and hearing problems, and hyperactivity, they believed that it was a risk to have him on board, and requested he produce either a certificate showing he was fit to fly or another individual to accompany him. Since he had neither, he missed his flight to New Delhi, where he had business to conduct.

When Air Sahara refused to let him on board, he tried with another airline, SpiceJet, and was refused again. To add insult to injury, Air Sahara called the police, and even when police vouched for him, airline officials still refused to welcome. Rajan aboard.

For Most, Cerebral Palsy Discrimination a Daily Occurrence

Most victims of cerebral palsy discrimination, however, never make the news. Ask anyone who has been diagnosed with cerebral palsy about getting a job, and you'll hear story after story of cerebral palsy employment discrimination. Even walking down the street, many people mistake the seizures and spasms for drunkness. There have been cases where a display of the hyperactivity that carriers grabral palsy has resolved in some thinking that they are high on drugs.

Education, Putting Aside Assumptions, Key to the Solution

Organizations such as United Cerebral Palsy (UCP) and Scope attempt to educate the public to decline this type of discrimination. Only when people are educated about the possible symptoms a person with cerebral palsy and similar diseases may show will discrimination begin to diminish.

Treatment of Sleep Paralysis

Over the years the available drugs and medicines as treatment of sleep paralysis are generally designed at making sure you sleep without waking up at night. They are basically sleep inducing drugs. It got me wondering if there were no alternative ways of dealing with this condition.

By coming to know and understanding how it works my research provided some rather useful answers. The sudden interruption of sleep whilst a person is in the middle of REM sleep causes sleep paralyses. That's why the medication is sleep inducing; it is so that you do not wake up at all during the night. So instead of taking medication that will knock you out for the whole night why not avoid the things that will cause you to wake up at night.

If you are considering natural treatment of sleep paralysis you will have to start by sticking to a regular sleeping timetable. Obviously this is to make your body accredited to waking and sleeping at fixed times. Taking on a regular amount of exercise to avoid tension and stress is also a good idea. Avoid taking in caffeine, alcohol and smoking in the times before you sleep.

The environment that you sleep in also must be looked at. There should not be too many distractions especially in terms of light and sound that will jostle you out of your sleep. A relatively dark, not pitch black but dark and quiet room is recommended.

As you can clearly see that treatment of sleep paralysis approach that I am using here is focused on avoiding the causes, after all prevention is better than cure. It would be a good idea to get to know all the possible causes and some of the natural ways that you can make use of to get rid of sleep paralysis.

The History of the Honda CB1100

Honda CB1100 (1980 to 1983).

The first Honda CB1100 was launched in 1980 and received immense popularity due to its powerful engine schematics, notable handling as well as the promulgation of a visibly comfortable riding experience. In essence, termed as a sports bike, the original CB1100 featured an in-line four stroke, air cooled (4 valves per cylinder) DOHC engine with a displacement rating of 1062 CC. On the other hand, it had a bore value of 70 mm as well as stroke value of 69 mm in conjuction with a compression ratio of about 9.7 to 1.

Consequently, in accord with such a powerful engine, the CB1100 had the ability to produce 110 Horse Power at about 8500 revolutions per minute which meant that it could effortlessly accelerate to a top speed of about 128 miles per hour. On the other hand, acceleration was further enhanced because of the incorporation of a 5 speed chain transmission gearbox that allowed the CB1100's rider to shift smoothly from one gear level to another.

On the other hand, the Honda CB1100 was also fitted with a commendable suspension system that not only allowed for exceptional handling at high speeds but also addressed in an extremely comfortable riding experience. The front tire dimensions were measurable at 100 / 90-18 whereas the rear tire dimensions measured at 130 / 90-17. In terms of braking power, the CB1100 had a dual disc braking unit inside its front tire as well as a single disc braking unit within the rear tire. In essence, these two units were able to provide ample braking power allowing the rider to slow down the bike easily and effortlessly.

Lastly, the CB1100 also had a large fuel capacity of about 20 liters which was another plus point since one could get excellent mileage out of it.

Honda CB1100 (2000-2003)

After the first version of Honda CB1100 was manufactured and produced from 1980-1983. The Honda Motor Company released a brand new version of the CB1100 during the year 2000 and its production continued until 2003. In essence, the latter model was inherently different from its predecessor in terms of its physical exterior, design and styling. The new Honda CB1100 had a slightly more rugged outlook as well as an old school Harley look to it which is why it became so popular among local as well as international consumers particularly in Australia. On the other hand, there were also slight modifications in terms of engine schematics and most experts agreed that the newer version of the CB1100 outclassed the latter one easily.

Fundamentally, the new Honda CB1100 featured a liquid cooled, four stroke, in-line four cylinder engine with a displacement capacity of 1140 CC. On the other hand, it had a bore value of about 73.5 mm as well as a stroke value of 67.2 mm. Also, the CB1100 had a compression ratio of about 9.5 to 1 which was similar to its predecessor. Another similarity that the new Honda CB1100 shared with the 1983 Honda CB1100 was the fact that both were fitted with a five speed chain drive gear box. However, the wheelbase of the 2000 Honda CB1100 was about 1490 mm whereas the trail was approximately 775 mm. This inherently allowed the Honda CB1100 (2000 model) to provide more stability particularly at high speeds.

On the other hand, the front tires comprised of Dunlop D205 110 / 80R18 whereas the rear tires consist of 140 / 70R18. Similarly, the wet weight of the new CB1100 was about 247 kilograms, slightly on the heavier side although this did not have any impact whatsoever upon the overall engine performance of the bike in terms of speed and acceleration. Lastly, in terms of mileage the 2000 CB1100 was slightly expensive with a fuel consumption rating of about 6 liters per 100 kilometers. However, motorcycle enthusiasts fell in love with the rugged stylish outlook of the 2000 Honda CB1100 as well as its commendable performance.

Guinea Pig Health

Guinea pigs are prey animals with survival instincts to hide illness or pain so guinea pig health problems and diseases are usually not noticeable until their advanced stages.

Cages / Feet

Cavies (guinea pigs) do better in cages with solid floors. Wire mesh floors can injure their feet and even cause foot infections such as bumblefoot. This is one of those guinea pig diseases which is easy to prevent. Just get cages for your pet with solid floors.


Toxemia of pregnancy is common and kills many females. Signs include sweet smelling or fruity breath due to ketones, loss of appetite, lack of energy, and excessive salivation.


Their teeth like many rodents never stop growing so in attempt to prevent their teeth from getting too large for their mouth they are constantly gnawing which lessens the length. And also for this reason you need to supply his cage with things he can chew on.


Guinea pigs actually feed fairly consistently (how nice is that? The rest of us would swell up) so a constant supply of hay or other food is recommended.

They like alfalfa and will eat large amounts if it is given to them and it is a source of amino acids, protein and fiber. Some think excessive alfalfa can lead to obesity or even bladder stones because of the calcium so that may be something to watch out for.

Neither cavies or humans are able to make their own vitamin C when most mammals do. And like humans stripped of vitamin C they will get scurvy which can be fatal to cavies. Signs for this could be joint stiffness or they can just get sluggish. They need to get their C from fruit like apples or vegetables like cage, spinach, celery and carrots or a daily supplement.

They also need vitamins D, A and E as well as certain minerals or can get vitamin deficiencies or muscular dystrophy.

But do not make any drastic changes in your pet's diet. Cavies do not do well with sudden changes in diet and in fact may even stop eating and starve.


If your pet is scratching excessively he may have a parasite. You can brush through his hair searching for them they are small and brown in color. You can get a special shampoo from the vet which will take care of it. You will also need to clean and disinfect the cage.

Head Tilt

It could have been torticollis or wry neck which is usually gone in a day. If he is having problems walking with it as well it could be a middle ear infection which could potentially damage his hearing so you would need to take him to the vet.

With most guinea pig diseases it's best to take your pet to the vet preferably one who specializes in exotic animals.

Flat Head Syndrome – A Guide to Head Shape Abnormalities in Infants

What types of head shape deformities are seen in infants?

Deformational plagiocephaly (Often known as flat head syndrome) is an abnormal shape of a baby's head caused by external forces. The baby's head may appear to be misshapen or asymmetrical immediately after birth, or the abnormal shape may become noticeable n the first few months of life. Parents and carers are often the first ones to notice the unusual shape of the head and usually bring it to the attention of the GP or health visitor during a regular check up. Head shape abnormalities are usually more noticeable at bath time when a baby's hair is wet and in babies with little hair.

Deformational brachycephaly is when the entire back of the baby's head is flat (central flattening) and the head is very wide. The forehead is often bossed or prominent on both sides, and the height of the head is very high. Often, babies with this problem have a history of excessive time in carriers and car seats, or suffer from medical conditions that do not allow the baby to be placed on the tummy. Treatment through orthotic management attempts to correct the disproportation of the head shape and the associated deformities.

Asymmetrical brachycephaly is a common type of brachycephaly where the head is excessively wide and is also asymmetrical. Treatment through orthotic management focuses on improving both symmetry and the proportions of the baby's head.

Deformational scaphocephaly is characterized by a long and narrow head shape, sometimes caused by consistent positioning of the baby on his or her side. Like symmetrical brachycephaly, scaphocephaly is mainly a deformity of proportion, although the elongated shape can also produce abnormal frontal and posterior changes in the head.

Premature babies are particularly preceded to scaphocephaly, because a side-lying position is often used in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) for easy access to monitors and other equipment. Treatment through orthotic management focuses on normalizing the proportion and overall shape of the head.

Craniosynostosis is caused by the suture between the plates of the baby's head fusing together prematurely, and can occur at any of the sutures between the 5 plates of the baby's skull. The area that has fused does not grow at the same rate as the rest of the skull which can cause pressure to the brain. This is a rare condition affecting only 1 in 2500-3000 births. Treatment of craniosynostosis is surgery to remove the section of fused skull and allow normal development. This is usually performed by a neurosurgeon or a craniofacial surgeon.

What causes deformational plagiocephaly?

There are several causes of deformational plagiocephaly, and some of them occur before the baby is born. Restricted space inside the mother's womb can create excess contact in certain areas of the baby's head. This is often the cause of deformation in infants positioned in a breach position, cramped in utero due to multiple foetuses, or in babies who spend excessive time with the head confined in the birth canal. Suction or vacuum instruments can also create forces that can deform the newborn skull, which is soft and pliable. After birth, the skulls of premature babies are particularly susceptible to deformation because they are thinner and more fragile than those of full term babies.

The skull is made up of several plates with fibrous sutures between them. This allows the skull plates to slide over each other to ease the passage of the baby's head through the birth canal. Usually, the head becomes more symmetrical and better proportioned within 6 weeks of birth if the deforming forces are no longer present. However, the flattened area may not resolve if the baby's head continues rests in the same position. This is particularly problematic if the baby has neck tightness at birth (torticollis).

Are there other causes of head shape deformities?

Another leading cause of abnormal head shape in young babies is neck tightness caused by congenital muscular torticollis or neck trunk muscle imbalance. Torticollis is usually caused by an imbalance in the sternocleidomastoid and other neck muscles, which results in the full range of motion in the neck. It is estimated that about 85% of the babies with deformational plagiocephaly also have some kind of neck issue.

Typically, the head of the baby with torticollis is tipped to one side and rotated to the opposite shoulder, causing the head to consistently rest in the same position. This constant pressure to the same side of the head causes flattening. Torticollis can also pull abnormally on the base of the skull and cause the ear on the same side of the flattening to be pushed forward. In severe cases, the forehead can also be pushed forward on the same side, the facial features including the eyes, cheeks, and the jaw may not be symmetrical.

Another postnatal cause of abnormal head shapes occurs when the back of the baby's head rests for prolonged periods of time against a hard surface like a car seat, bouncy chair, swing or push chair.

Before 1996, babies were put to sleep on their tummies, which varied the amount of force on the back of the head. Since the "reduce the risk" advice from the FSID (Foundation for the Study of Infants Death) as an effort to end the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), babies now spend all night on their backs until they are able to roll and reposition themselves.Unfortunately, the combination of the equipment we use to carry and position our babies during the day and placing them to sleep on their backs all night has led to an increase in head shape deformities. It is very encouraging that the incidence of SIDS has reduced by 40% following the introduction of "back to bed".

The best way to reduce the potential for the head shape problems is to increase the time your baby spends on his or her tummy during the day while wake and supervised.

Detox – Beneficial or Barbaric?

It has been stated that detox diets and products – do neither harm, nor good!

What is Detox? It is supposedly the cleansing of the kidneys, liver, bowel and stomach. It usually combines an eating and exercise program with herbal supplements … to purify and purge your body of all 'toxins'. To cleanse the colon inner walls allowing larger amounts of waste matter to pass through the bowel. Detox – claims to prevent and cure diseases – giving you more energy – but … with no scientific proof!

These are short term diets – not aimed at weight loss – but rather to cleanse the system. They are not recommended for diabetics, those with low blood pressure, eating disorders or teenagers – as they do not provide sufficient fuel to support sports and physical activities. They can become addictive!

Why detox? Because the liver can become overloaded – especially when our lifestyles become unhealthy. The liver cleanses almost three liters of blood every minute – under 'normal' circumstances it can clear 99% of bacteria and other toxins from the blood before it re-enters the bloodstream. Symptoms of overloading the liver may include fatigue, low grade infections, flatulence, nausea, migraines, constipation, bags under the eyes, skin irritations, etc.

Some examples of detox plans include:

– 'lemonade diet' – where you have nothing much more than a concoction of lemon juice, cayenne pepper and maple syrup – for a minimum of 10 days

– a 15 day 'quick cleanse' program – includes 24 natural herbs and 7 additional ingredients

– 'dual action cleanse' – a natural herbal formula – to act as a total body purifier and to unclog your colon

And many more … what they mainly have in common is that they usually include several days of liquid diet followed by eating organic raw fruit and vegetables – then gradually re-introducing other foods, but excluding red meat, wheat, sugar, eggs and packaged foods.

To ramp up these detox effects the diets also include laxatives, salt water drinks, digestive aids and tonics – to induce bowel movements. This is intended to regain vitality and lose weight.

Nowadays you just have to purchase a detox kit from the chemist, healthfood store, or supermarket shelf – swallow some supplements, follow the diet and wow – you are cleaned!

However …. consider …

Fasting causes the body's metabolism to slow down

Weight loss due to fasting is likely to be muscle tissue and water

You may feel tired, weak, nauseous, hungry – or experience headaches

Fasting can become addictive and may lead to eating disorders

Malnutrition may occur – if continued over extended periods

But – can years of drinking alcohol, over eating, eating the wrong foods, taking drugs – be magically reversed by a brief detox program?
Is fasting … purging … eliminating a lot of food groups … good for you?
If you're looking for a quick fix solution – then it's fine for short term.
But – how quickly we revert to our old habits.

The alternative …

Eat lots of fresh vegetables, vitamin C enriched foods – citrus fruit, strawberries, dark green vegetables

Eat Omega 3 foods – salmon, mackerel, sardines

Nuts and seeds

Herbs – milk thistle, tumeric, lecithin, dandelion, and globe artichoke – can all produce a protective and curative effect on liver damage

Stop smoking

Avoid drugs and medicines, exposure to chemicals

Drink 8 glasses of water

Do deep breathing

Or..perhaps something as simple as drinking freshly squeezed fruit juices – first thing in the morning on an empty stomach can be the healthy alternative – fruit acids are effective detoxifiers!

Jelqing Techniques – The Difference Between Jelqing For Length and Jelqing For Girth

Jelqing is a form of natural penis enlargement that has been used by men in the Middle East for over 5000 years. The basic principle of Jelqing is to create a separation between the cells of the penile tissues so that new cells can form in the created space.

This technique has been used in the Arabic world for hundreds of generations. The endowment of the men in a family is very important due to the large role that masculinity and male dominance play in the Arabic world. The size of your penis is considered to be an indicator of your masculinity and power; size in this case most definitely matters and larger is better as it will lead to you being more widely respected. Jelqing is usually taught to sons by their fathers from a very early age and is very effective in producing a large, heavy, flaccid penis and an incredibly hard erection that is extremely thick and impressively long.

You can perform Jelqing exercises in the privacy and comfort of your home just as Arabic men have done for centuries. All you need is a good oil based lubricant and the capability of steam heating a soft flannel cloth large enough to cover your manhood.

There are two primary methods to Jelqing – to Jelq for length and to Jelq for girth. Arabic fathers show their sons how to use both techniques interchangeably as well as in combination to get the largest most powerful penis possible.

Jelqing Basics

The basics are relatively simple, you start with a semi-erect member that has been relaxed by being wrapped in a warm cloth for a few minutes and then firmly stretched for a period of 45-60 seconds. The organ is then massaged to a semi-erect state of at least 50% but less than 80%. You should Jelq for five to 10 minutes at a time and then allow your organs to calm down under the warm cloth before continuing. Do not perform more than three procedures over the course of an hour and not more than one hour per day.

Alternately, you may choose to perform a mini Jelq session in the day and another more intense session at night before bed.

Using a finger circle (the OK sign) start at the base of your penis and pull up toward the head with a bit of pressure to force more blood into the tissues. Repeat with the other hand in a continuous motion. Each pull on your penis should last for less than 3 seconds and no more than five seconds; as with any exercise this is best done in a slow and controlled manner. Although masturbation is an important part of the overall Jelqing procedure you should never ejaculate while Jelqing and should avoid, if possible, ejaculating during your masturbation for full erection sessions throughout the day. These mini sessions should last no more than a couple of minutes and should be mild.

Different Techniques for Different Goals

When Jelqing for length is performed with the basic technique you should be only mildly erect around 40-50%. You should perform the motion straight down and put more stress on the ligaments at the base of the penis.

When Jelqing for girth make yourself harder – around 80% of full erection. You want more pressure on the erectile chambers than on the ligaments and base tissues. You also may want to use the V technique instead of the finger circle. Make a V with your fingers and place on the penis base, then cup your free hand under the organ and move both hands toward the head of the penis. Repeat with reversed hands. Try to perform these V exercises for as long as you can, but if you start to grow harder than 90% stop and relax. If you feel yourself starting to generate semen stop for the night and Jelq no more until the next day.

Penis Function and Gout Can Be Linked

It's no news that we prefer things that work rather than things that do not work, and so a man is much happier when he is blessed with good penis function rather than faulty penal function. Maintaining a proper level of penal health is one way to help maintain penis function, but sometimes issues arise outside of pen is health which can affect function. For example, health conditions that develop elsewhere in the body may have a secondary effect on the penis. Surprisingly, this can be the case with gout.

About gout

Many people are surprised to learn that gout is even still a "thing" today. Often if a person thinks of gout at all, they think of it as something that used to affect decadent gluttons from centuries past and visualize a bewigged and pomaded nobleman who has overindulged in wine and rich foods, sitting with a banded foot raised on a velvet stool.

In fact, gout is not necessarily a "rich person's disease" at all, and is more common today than one might think. As many as 8 million people in America suffer from gout, a substantial number. And they are by no means all members of the moneyed elite.

Uric acid

Gout is technically a form of arthritis, in that it attacks the joints of the body. While it may appear in the ankles or knees, the majority of gout cases occurs in the toes – and almost always in the big toe.

Gout occurs when there is too much uric acid in the body and this acid forms large crystals which then get stuck in the joints. It can be quite painful, sometimes leaving a person unable to walk.

Uric acid is formed as a waste product when the body digests foods containing a substance known as prurine. Usually, the uric acid leaves the body through urination – but if there is too much uric acid, it gets into the bloodstream and there can form the nasty crystals.

Prurine is found in many foods, including red meat, beer, dried beans, organ meats, and some kinds of seafood. Consuming too much of these may cause uric acid to build up, but some people have a genetic predisposition towards developing uric acid. Pother people may have medical conditions, such as diabetes, or lifestyle issues, such as obesity, which can also increase the risk of developing gout.

Gout and penis function

So how does a problem in the big toe potentially affect penis function? It has to do with blood vessels.

The lining of blood vessels is called endothelium, and the stronger the endothelium, the stronger the blood vessel. Penile blood vessels especially need to be strong, as it is their ability to accommodate increased blood flow that effects erect penis function. But as uric acid travels through the bloodstream, it can cause damage to the endothelium. When uric acid levels are high, as with gout, the potential to damage the endothelium increase substantially.

Men with gout, or who suspect that they may be inclining toward gout, should consult with a doctor to discuss options for lowering uric acid levels and maintaining them at an acceptable level.

Whether penis function is affected by gout or other factors, it stands to reason that the healthier the penis, the more resistant to issues it can be. Therefore, men should regularly apply a top drawer penis health creme (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin) . It's especially important to select a crème that contains both L-arginine and vitamin C. L-arginine is an amino acid which helps boost nitric oxide production, which enables penile blood vessels to more properly expand as needed. And vitamin C also aids in proper penile blood flow, buttressing the efforts of L-arginine.