Food Poisoning – Its Frequency, Symptoms and Prevention

Food poisoning may have been a joke back in your college days when you were using it as a cover-up for a really bad hangover, but the reality is pretty sobering. According to the US Centers for Disease Control, 76 million Americans get food poisoning every year. Of those, over 300,000 require hospitalization and 5,000 actually die. That’s as many people dead from food poisoning as from asthma or alcohol poisoning.

What’s scariest is that while we may like to think it is the second-rate restaurants that are making us sick, most cases of food poisoning originate in the home. The condition is a fair weather friend, too: Most cases occur in summer, when warmer temperatures make it easier for bacteria to grow on food.

Food Poisoning Symptoms

These usually include vomiting, diarrhea and stomach cramps. These typically start 4 to 36 hours after eating the affected food, but have been reported to show up as early as 30 minutes to as late as 30 days after eating.

Different kinds of food poisoning will give different kinds of symptoms. If your vision is affected, you’ve probably got botulism (which is one of the nastiest conditions around, by the way), especially if you are having difficulty speaking, trouble breathing and paralysis that starts near the top of your body and moves downward. Salmonella poisoning will deliver bloody diarrhea along with fever and chills. If you are seeing an awful lot of blood in your diarrhea, you may have the infamous E. coli. If you have any of these symptoms get yourself to an emergency room immediately.

How to Prevent Food Poisoning

The first thing to do is understand that the bacteria that causes food poisoning needs warmth. So keeping your foods at the appropriate temperatures will help a lot. That means when you are buying the food, bringing it home, storing it, cooking it, and eating it.

1) While not all food poisoning comes from meat and dairy, these kinds of foods are more likely to grow the bad bugs that make us sick. To keep food cool just after you’ve bought it and on the way home, bring a cooler and a few frozen cold packs. Putting at least the meat and dairy in the dark, cold cooler cuts your risk by a lot.

2) Another thing to be aware of when you are buying food is the expiration date. Just because something is on the grocery store’s shelves does not mean it is before its expiration date. Many items are just at their expiration dates. Be like your Mom and dig in to the farthest back items to get the piece of food that has the expiration date that’s furthest out.

3) Cook your food at the temperatures recommended, and within two days of buying it. Eat it promptly, or store it safely. If you have even a whisp of a doubt about whether a food is okay to eat, toss it. This is especially important if you are feeding it to young children or elderly people, as these two groups are particularly vulnerable to food poisoning.

4) Wash your hands. Again, be like your Mother. Wash your hands for at least 20 seconds under running water. Keep hand towels clean.

5) Thoroughly wash all vegetables and fruits. Briefly soak vegetables in a bath of two tablespoons vinegar to one pint of water to get the dirt, pesticides, bacteria and any waxy residues off. You won’t get sick and the vegetables will taste much better.

6) Put your kitchen sponge in the microwave at least every other day. That sponge is the dirtiest thing in your kitchen. It is disgusting, but your toilet seat may actually be cleaner. And anti-microbial soap is good, but its not enough. Just 30 seconds in the microwave will kill all the germs on the sponge.


What is an ulcer? Basically, an ulcer is an external or internal sore or lesion that is a sign of necrosis (death of the tissues at a cellular level). Most ulcers that plague people are called “gastric” ulcers which are internal in nature. However, there are several kinds of ulcers and they include: decubitus ulcer, peptic ulcer, serpent ulcer, gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcers, ulcerative colitis, bed sore, and canker sore (herpes).

Internal ulcers usually occur on the mucous membranes (the internal skin) in the gastrointestinal tract.

Peptic ulcers occur where the lining of the stomach have been eroded away due to extreme acidosis. Like peptic ulcers, duodenal ulcers, gastric ulcers, and ulcerative colitis occur in the digestive tract or gastrointestinal tract. However, gastric ulcers in the stomach are the most common ulcers.

The symptoms of internal ulcers include inflammation (chronic burning), stomach pain, and bleeding (from the rectum). Internal ulcers are the result of ACID, too much acid in the body. And where does this acid come from? Answer: degenerate diet and lifestyle!

Eating meat, dairy, and starches all contribute to acidosis, for meat converts into URIC ACID, dairy converts into LACTIC ACID, and STARCH converts into CARBONIC ACID.

And lets not forget about the acidic beverages Americans greatly consume which plays a major role in acidosis – soda pop (which has a pH of 2 – GREATLY ACIDIC!), orange juice (processed and boxed); milk, Kool Aid; coffee and hot cocoa, various fruit punches, beer (devil’s brew), wine and other spirits to name a few.

And then there’s stress! Stress makes the body acidic. Stress is very detrimental to human health, but many people are under it due to being misaligned or disconnected with God, Nature and the Universe predicated upon finances (the lack thereof), job insecurity and/or unhappiness, marital/relationship problems, living a lie or chronic lying; debt (credit cards, behind on the home mortgage or car note, etc.); living unrighteous (fornicating, adultery, scheming, stealing, etc.), legal situations and litigation (usually as the defendant); and unemployment to list just a few of the things that causes stress.

You see, when you have to digest or process so much stuff in life, it usually results in digestive problems, that’s why gastric ulcers are the most common form of ulcers.

Stress creates too much acid in the body. Stress and a very poor diet will undoubtedly lead to stomach or digestive problems and many times this will lead to headaches, bilious or migraine headaches. And what do most people take for headaches? Answer: drugs in the form of aspirin. Aspirin converts into ascetic acid and literally eats up your red blood corpuscles (just like white vinegar does). Aspirin is so caustic on the internal lining in the stomach and digestive tract that it literally burns a hole in the lining of the digestive tract causing gastric ulcers which eventually leads to internal bleeding which many times is manifested in blood in the stools.

And eating and drinking acidic things does not help the situation, but only exacerbates the situation. This is why people with “acid reflux” usually are prescribed “antacids.” An antacid is an “anti” acid or that which counteracts acid. And what counteracts acid? Answer: ALKALINITY! Although the antacids are alkaline in nature, they break down into the body as acids and further the problem. Antacids only “mask” the problem (acidosis, ulcers), but does not heal the problem.

So now we have an idea of what causes ulcers, what can be used to heal ulcers?

Healing ulcers naturally

The best remedy for healing ulcers, especially gastric (stomach) ulcers is a diet rich in natural green foods – eating plenty of green cruciferous vegetables and drinking vegetable juice daily or as often as possible. Green foods are very healing! Parsley, kale, spinach, broccoli, cilantro, Roamine and green lettuce, watercress, asparagus, etc. are some of the best green foods available. And remember, green foods are naturally antacid without any adverse or negative side effects such as Tums or Rolaids and other OTC (over the counter) drugs.

Cabbage juice is probably the best instant healing remedy for ulcers. I usually tell people suffering from ulcers to drink 2-4 ounces of cabbage juice daily.

One day Stevie Wonder called me and asked me to help a friend in dire need of help and healing from ulcers. Stevie’s friend was in Philadelphia, PA, a very long distance from California and needed help right away. I told the person to overdose on cabbage juice and watch the instant results. Two weeks went by and then I received a call from this person who was so elated and grateful and who told me the cabbage juice regimen worked wonders. His ulcer problem was gone! I told him to stay on that drink for preventative measures and to keep eating raw and green as long as he could.

Aloe vera juice is also excellent for healing of ulcers. Two ounces of aloe vera juice should be added to each glass of drinking water. Aloe vera is very soothing to internal sores (ulcers) and also helps to stop internal bleeding.

The herbs White Oak Bark, Witch Hazel Bark, Goldenseal Root, Cranesbill (Alum Root), Shepherd’s Purse, Solomon’s Seal, Dragon’s Blood, Cayenne Pepper, and Manjistha help to stop internal bleeding, especially when used in combination with each other. However, Cayenne may cause irritation due to its natural heating effect and therefore should be used sparingly.

The herbs White and Black Willow Bark, Meadowsweet, Birch, Peppermint, Wintergreen, Spearmint, and Balm of Gilead can be used (as a tea) in place of anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin.

Stress reduction and elimination are mandatory in healing ulcers. The herbs Kava Kava, Valerian Root, Chamomile, Jatamansi, Blue Vervain, Lavender Flower and Passionflower are great nervine herbs that help in stress reduction and elimination.

Yoga/deep breathing exercises, transcendental meditation, crystal therapy, positive thinking, aromatherapy (essential oils of Lavender, Bergamot, Neroli, Valerian, and Davana); Tai Chi, massage therapy, colon therapy, relaxation, deep sleep, living righteously and standing on and for truth can all help to reduce or eliminate stress – Guaranteed!

DHERBS.Com provides five formulas that can physically help an ulcer sufferer. Our Ulcer Buster formula, Nervine formula, Bio-Salicin (Headache & Pain) formula, Digest-Aid, and Electric Greens Cell Food formula used during a short duration (in conjunction with a green foods diet and cabbage juice therapy) can help an ulcer sufferer rid him/her self of ulcers in a matter of days.

Ulcers are a degenerative disease which means they are a preventable and reversible disease and can be prevented or reversed through proper diet and lifestyle.

This health article is compliments of http://www.DHERBS.Com and Djehuty Ma’at-Ra, The People’s Herbalist


Heartburn and Candida – What is it and What to Do

The article will tell you heartburn and candida relationship. What’s this heartburn that’s often found with candida? A registered nutritional consultant and naturopathic doctor, explained that this might be a hydrochloric acid deficiency, which is also found in people in general. Unless someone has an ulcer, he always puts his candida clients on HCl supplements and digestive enzymes. The acid prevents the yeast from colonizing the stomach wall and also insures good protein and fat digestion, reducing the chances of allergies. It also protects against “critters” getting into intestines and causing problems.

There is a long list of health problems either caused or strongly linked to low stomach acid including candida, hypothyroidism, lupus, and various autoimmune diseases–don’t underestimate it!

He suggested that you get HCl caps at any health food store. If you can’t find them, try taking bitter herbs shortly before you eat to stimulate more acid release in the stomach.

Someone just found out that her chronic heartburn caused a precancerous condition called barrett’s esophagus, so don’t discount heartburn (especially long-term) as a minor discomfort! Any type of reflux should be addressed by a professional if it lasts for more than a month or two, especially if it is severe.

Another person jumps in and declares that heartburn is her main symptom. She can’t find no rhyme or reason as to cause. For example, yesterday, she had buckwheat pancake with fresh stevia sweetened applesauce. Vegetables and chicken breast stir fry for lunch. And she had heartburn most of the day. Last night she went to a party, had pizza, shrimp with red sauce a glass of beer! No heartburn! She takes Betain Hydrochloride, with pepsin tabs and Gastrozyme before meals. She has had upper GI and everything was checked and normal as in no sign of GERD.

Hyperacidity, Its Symptoms, Causes and Home Remedies

Medically known as acid dyspepsia, Hyperacidity is one of the common ailments seen in people from cities and metros. Acid Dyspepsia is a combination of two words Acid and Dyspepsia which means disturbance in the digestion process due to acid. It is a medical condition in which there is an excess release of Hydrochloric (HCl) acid in the stomach. In the human body, the stomach muscles are covered with a regenerative lining which prevent the stomach muscles from coming in contact with these acids. But as the acid level increases in the stomach, this protective lining gets eroded faster, resulting in the contact of our stomach muscles with these digestive acids and hence causing a sensation of burning called hyperacidity.

Hyperacidity Symptoms:

  • An increase of sourness and heat in the body.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Indigestion, which produces toxins in the body and Constipation.
  • Thinning of the Mucous layer (Stomach Ulcer).
  • Bacterial and Viral Infection. A bacterium called Helicobacter pylori is also responsible for Hyper acidity.

Hyperacidity Causes:

Depending upon the individual’s eating habits, lifestyle, body adaptation and medications, the causes may vary from individual to individual. Below are some mentioned causes for Hyperacidity:

Eating Habits:

a) Spicy, oily and fried foods cause the problem of acidity

b) A protein-rich meal like milk or milk products which are harder to digest

c) Citrus fruits, vinegar, and caffeinated drinks

Lifestyle Activities:

a) Irregular sleeping patterns

b) Over Eating

c) Stress, Anxiety and Hypertension

d) Pregnancy, fasting, Obesity, Aging


a) Prolonged intake of medicines like antibiotic, oral contraceptives, antidepressants

b) Steroids and Painkillers

c) Thyroid and Blood Pressure Medications

Overcoming Hyperacidity:

Symptoms can easily give the gesture of Hyperacidity. Further, patients can go to their primary care doctor. The doctor can use the process of historical evaluation to determine the cause of hyperacidity. If it is at an initial stage, the doctor can advise antacids for temporary relief, H2 receptor blockers, and proton pump inhibitor. If it is at a critical stage, detailed endoscopy of the esophagus and stomach can also be advised by the doctor.

Self-Care Tips for Hyperacidity:

  • Regulate your eating and sleeping habits
  • Eat properlycooked, less oily food
  • Avoid Overeating and eat at regular intervals
  • Practice Yoga and Meditations to remove stress, anxiety from life
  • Avoid Milk or milk products at night as they are hard to digest
  • Reduce smoking and alcohol consumption

Home Remedies for Hyperacidity:

  • Take a glass of cold milk after a meal
  • Take a pinch of baking soda added in a glass of water. It can give immediate relief
  • Bananas are full of potassium and can help reduce acidity symptoms if taken daily

Bile Gastritis: The Secret Culprit To Acid Reflux Pain

Increasingly today, it seems more people are having problems with their stomachs. We see more and more advertisements for products to help with various ailments that we may have or think we have. Very often, people will simply take an over-the-counter medication without knowing if it is really going to help with the problem at hand.

What many people may not be aware of is that while they may think they have all the symptoms of a typical case of indigestion, heartburn or acid reflux, that there are other problems or maladies that may exist that can only be treated by a physician.

One of these illnesses is referred to as bile gastritis. Many may ask the simple question, just what is bile gastritis?

This is a medical term that many may never have heard before. While not as common as the ailment known as acid reflux, both do act in a similar manner. It is very often also referred to as bile reflux as well, as this condition often goes hand in hand with it. Simply put, it is an inflammation in the stomach that begins to happen when bile, which is produced by the liver, begins to leak into the stomach. If this lasts long enough, the fluid can even begin to erode the lining of the stomach and eventually reach the esophagus, causing the feelings typically associated with heartburn.

Bile gastritis in itself is not very common. Often it occurs in people who have had some type of surgery which may lead to the situation that can cause it. If you have had your gall bladder removed or perhaps some sort of stomach surgery related to weight loss such as a gastric bypass, then you are at risk for the conditions to occur.

Any of these types of surgeries can cause the problems because typically in these procedures there is some sort of disruption in how the body does store bile. This can cause the bile to begin to be stored in places that it does not normally go to or belong, such as the stomach.

There can be other causes of gastritis that may lead to problems. The use of particular kinds of medications can often cause the symptoms and problems. Anti-inflammatory drugs or aspirin and other medications similar to this have been known to cause issues that can lead to stomach complications. Infections that are caused by viruses or bacteria have also been known to cause this. There are also signs that stress and chronic vomiting can create the circumstances under which gastritis will exist.

Symptoms of the illness can be quite varied and often people have no symptoms at all, making it difficult for a doctor to diagnose. Of course, since the backflow of bile into the stomach can cause higher levels of acids to form in the stomach, there can be a great deal of abdominal pain and inflammation that may occur in some people. The pain can range from very mild to very severe, depending on the person and the extent and regularity of the bile reflux.

Heartburn can be another symptom that may occur. This is often seen as a burning sensation that happens in the upper part of the stomach, chest or throat and can again range from mild to quite intense. People who are experiencing this often find that the most severe heartburn occurs right after they have had a meal or during the night.

Nausea and vomiting are other indications that there may be a problem. Because of the irritation in the stomach that is happening, the feeling of being sick may carry with you often. Vomiting is also not the usual type you would see with a stomach flu or virus. Very often, the vomiting from this illness will contain blood or a material that looks like coffee grounds. This is an indication of severe damage to the stomach lining and you should seek the help of medical professionals as soon as possible if this happens.

Another indication may be the occurrence of weight loss. Since the lining of the stomach will be so irritated and inflamed, many people do not feel like doing any eating at all. This can lead to not just an average weight loss, but a severe one. The loss of appetite that occurs can cause a large, unintended decrease in weight.

There is really only one method that this ailment can be accurately diagnosed by a physician, and that is through the performance of an upper endoscopy. In an endoscopy, the doctor will insert a long, thin tube with a tiny camera attached to it. This is inserted through the patient’s mouth and is guided down into the stomach. It is only through this method that the doctor can then get a look at the stomach, the lining and the irritation and see what is going on. The doctor may also perform a biopsy while doing the endoscopy to remove a small sample of tissue for further analysis.

There are not a lot of treatment options available. The majority of the treatments often prescribed for acid reflux do not work under these circumstances since these medications are designed to deal with problems involving acid, not bile. If it has not been a chronic occurrence, often the body is able to heal itself. Eating a piece of bread or drinking milk after a meal may provide some relief. If the pain is severe and often, the doctor may prescribe sucralfate, which helps provide a protective coating in stomach and intestines to help the healing process. The doctor may also recommend surgery be performed to move the bile duct further down in your body to make it more difficult for bile to seep into your stomach.

Bile gastritis, while difficult to diagnose and treat, can be dealt with. A physician may recommend changes in diet and exercise to eliminate foods that may cause the production of more bile and acid. While these changes alone may not give a solution, they can help provide relief on a daily basis.

Pericarditis – Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

Pericarditis is a swelling and irritation of the pericardium, which is a thin sac-like membrane surrounding the heart. Pericarditis may be acute or chronic. Common symptoms of this condition include a sharp stabbing chest pain which intensifies on lying down; breathlessness while reclining; low grade fever; an overall sense of weakness, fatigue or feeling sick; dry cough; and abdominal or leg swelling. In the majority of patients with pericarditis, there is no known cause for this condition. A few patients may develop this disease after a viral infection, a major heart attack or heart surgery. Trauma, inflammatory disorders like lupus and rheumatoid arthritis, and other diseases like kidney failure, tuberculosis, cancer and AIDS can also cause this condition.

The Ayurvedic treatment of pericarditis is aimed at treating the inflammation of the pericardium and reducing the excessive accumulation of fluid. Medicines like Ras-Sindur, Malla-Sindur, Sameer-Pannag-Ras, Yograj-Guggulu, Punarnavadi-Guggulu, Punarnavadi-Qadha, Arjunarishta, Dashmoolarishta, Triphala-Guggulu, and Panch-Tikta-Ghrut-Guggulu are used to reduce the inflammation in the pericardium.

Herbal medicines like Arjun (Terminalia arjuna), Pushkarmool (Inula racemosa), Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), Behada (Terminalia bellerica), Punarnava (Boerhaavia diffusa), and Gokshur (Tribulus terrestris) can also be used for this purpose.

Medicines which act on the ‘Rakta’ and ‘Mansa’ dhatus (tissues) can also be used to treat this condition. These medicines include Musta (Cyperus rotundus), Kutki (Picrorrhiza kurroa), Patol (Tricosanthe dioica), Patha (Cissampelos pareira), Nimba (Azadirachta indica), Triphala (Three fruits) and Draksha (Vitis vinifera). Medicines like Laxmi-Vilas-Ras, Shrung-Bhasma, Maha-Laxmi-Vilas-Ras, Suvarna-Sameer-Pannag-Ras and Makar-Dhwaj- Ras are used to strengthen the heart, improve the therapeutic response, and also improve the immune status of the body.

It should be remembered that pericarditis can lead to complications like constrictive pericarditis and cardiac tamponade, both of which need surgical intervention. Early diagnosis and treatment of this condition is therefore very important. All such patients should be under the regular care and supervision of a Cardiologist.

General Information About Edema

General Characteristics of Edema

Edema is the abnormal swelling of some part of the body due to the retention of fluid in body tissues. Most often, when physicians refer to edema, they are talking about swelling of the lower legs or ankles. Edema is not a disease itself. Rather, it is a sign that may be related to illness or injury or may simply be related to an inappropriate life style. To treat edema, the underlying cause should be identified; appropriate treatment can then be initiated. While some of the causes of edema are minor, others may be life-threatening; therefore, any unusual swelling should be investigated by a doctor.

Simple Causes of Edema

Swollen feet and ankles are quite common in people who are on their feet a lot, such as dentists, cashiers or barbers. The problem usually disappears with rest and an appropriate change in daily habits. If a job requires a good deal of standing, the employee should take hourly breaks to sit down and, if possible, raise the feet for a few minutes. This edema occurs when the veins in the lower extremities fail to keep pace with the arteries, the outward flow of blood lagging behind the inward flow. If the large veins of the lower extremities are actually diseased, the edema brought on by standing is likely to be very noticeable.

Swollen ankles also may be caused by tightness around the upper legs, such as that caused by garters, rolled stockings or other constricting garments. In these instances, simply not wearing such garments should end the edema.

Weak leg muscles, particularly those in the calf, also cause edema. Older women, whose leg muscles may deteriorate with normal aging, are thus highly susceptible to edema. Deep varicose veins in the legs, another frequent complaint among older people, contribute to edema as well.

Many women experience some edema just before their menstrual periods, which may be noticeable in their breasts, legs and abdominal areas. It should disappear with the onset of menstruation. Many of the hormonal changes surrounding menstruation, pregnancy and contraception can contribute to edema. It has been a troublesome problem for many women taking birth control pills. The higher the estrogen content of the pill, the more likely it is that the woman will develop edema. Reducing salt intake may help. In fact, excessive salt consumption also may be responsible for edema, in both healthy people and those with special health problems. Since salt tends to hold water in the body, restricting salt intake is frequently advised–and sometimes vital–for those with edema problems.

Organic Disease

Edema also can be a sign of the onset of kidney, liver or heart disease. Repeated episodes of leg or ankle swelling, or any unexplained episode that lasts more than a day or two, should be reported to a physician.

A frequent cause of edema is congestive heart failure, a condition in which the heart fails to pump as effectively as it should. When inadequate amounts of blood are circulating, salt and water are retained by the body in the legs and, sometimes, the abdomen. The result can be a significant weight gain amounting to 10 to 15 pounds or more.

Kidney and liver disorders are other common causes of edema. If the kidneys are unable to excrete the excess salt in the diet from the body, a buildup of body fluid may result. Edema associated with kidney disease is often first noticed as a puffiness in the face. Liver disorders, particularly cirrhosis of the liver, may also lead to excess body fluids. Some drugs, such as the beta blockers used to treat high blood pressure, also may cause sodium retention and edema, unless they are given with a diuretic.

Depending on the cause of edema, the physician may recommend a variety of treatments. Those most often recommended are the restriction of salt intake and the use of diuretics. These are medications that prevent the re-absorption of salt and water by the kidneys, thus decreasing edema and diminishing some of the symptoms of congestive heart failure.

Restricting Salt Intake

Salt is a natural component of most of the foods we eat, so we cannot eliminate it totally from our diet. However, careful monitoring of food and its preparation can eliminate much of the salt that is added during the commercial processing and the traditional cooking of foods. Remember, high quantities of salt are hidden in many foods, particularly canned soups and vegetables, TV dinners, preserved meats (such as hot dogs, ham, bacon and corned beef), cheeses and baked goods.

Summing Up

Edema is a warning sign that some normal body process has gone awry. Sometimes the problem may be localized, and a simple change in life style may eliminate the swelling. At other times, it is a symptom of a generalized disease that warrants treatment. Any recurrent swelling of the legs, or generalized body puffiness or unusual weight gain, should be investigated by a physician.

Living With Mitral Valve Prolapse Syndrome, Dysautonomia

To begin, contact a knowledgeable cardiologist, who specializes in MVPS/D. Some patients have to take literature to inform their local doctors. Before I found my good cardiologist, I read the few books and articles available then and gave the copied articles to my doctor. He then arranged for a cardiologist, specialized in MVPS/D, to visit the clinic monthly.

The cardiologist might need to prescribe medications for your many and varied symptoms. Not all MVPS/D patients take medications. If you can tolerate your symptoms, as my son chose to do, you don’t need drugs. If you can’t control your chest pain, the doctor can prescribe a beta blocker. If your nervous system gets out of control, other medications can be prescribed so you can live without panic attacks, extreme nervousness, or even migraine headaches. Every patient is different.

Two musts for all MVSP/D patients are exercise and rest. The easiest exercise is a daily, half-hour walk at least four to five times weekly. If it’s too cold or hot outside, find an indoor place. A treadmill or stationery bicycle can be used. Yet adequate rest is necessary to recondition your body with adequate exercise.

The final necessity lies in diet and drinking. Include no stimulants, which include caffeine and sugar. Most MVPS/D patients have low blood volume, so it is vital to drink enough liquids daily. A good equation to use is one ounce of non-alcoholic fluid to every degree of the outside temperature. Thus if the day is 70 degrees, drink 70 ounces.

While MVPS/D varies with each patient, all MVPS/D patients must include in their lives diet (and drinking) and exercise (and rest), locate a knowledgeable cardiologist, and perhaps take medications. Once those nasty symptoms are under control, you can enjoy life again.

Pulmonary Embolism and Infarction

What is this Condition?

Pulmonary embolism is the blockage of a pulmonary artery by foreign matter or a dislodged thrombus (a clotlike substance). The most common respiratory complication in hospital patients, pulmonary embolism strikes an estimated 6 million adults each year in the United States, causing 100,000 deaths.

Rarely, pulmonary embolism leads to localized destruction of lung tissue called pulmonary infarction by blocking the arterial blood supply. Infarction is more likely to happen in people with chronic heart or lung disease. Although pulmonary infarction may be so mild as to cause no symptoms, massive embolism (more than 50% blockage of the pulmonary arterial circulation) and infarction can be rapidly fatal.

What Causes it?

Generally the blockage is caused by dislodged thrombi that originate in a leg vein. More than half such thrombi arise in the deep veins of the legs and are usually multiple. Less commonly, thrombi originate in the veins of the pelvis, kidney, liver, heart, and arms. Thrombi form because of damage to the blood vessel wall, poor blood flow from the veins, or increased blood clotting.

Occasionally, the emboli contain air, fat, amniotic fluid, tumor cells, or talc (from drugs intended for oral use that are injected intra­venously by addicts). Thrombi may turn into emboli spontaneously when clots dissolve, or they may be dislodged during injury, sudden muscle action, or a change in blood flow to the arms and legs.

What are its Symptoms?

Total blockage of the main pulmonary artery is rapidly fatal. Smaller or fragmented emboli cause symptoms that vary with the size, number, and location of the emboli.

Usually, the first symptom is labored breathing, which may be accompanied by chest pain. Other symptoms include a rapid pulse, a productive cough (sputum may be blood-tinged), slight fever, and fluid buildup in the lungs.

Less common symptoms include massive coughing up of blood, a rigid chest to avoid pain caused by movement, and leg swelling. A large embolus may cause bluish skin, fainting, and swollen neck veins.

The blockage may also cause signs of circulatory collapse, such as a weak, rapid pulse and low blood pressure, along with signs of too little oxygen in the blood such as restlessness.

How is it Diagnosed?

The doctor evaluates the person’s history for factors that predispose to pulmonary embolism. The doctor also conducts a physical exam, listens for certain heart and chest sounds, and orders some or all of the following diagnostic tests:

o Chest X-ray helps rule out other respiratory diseases and shows fluid buildup, areas of collapsed air sacs in the lungs, and signs that suggest pulmonary infarction.

o Lung scan shows poor blood movement in areas beyond blocked vessels.

o Pulmonary angiography (an X-ray study of lung circulation) is the most definitive test but poses some risk. It may be used if the doctor isn’t sure of the diagnosis or to avoid unnecessary blood-thinning drugs in high-risk people.

o Electrocardiography (a recording of the heart’s electrical activity) helps distinguish pulmonary embolism from heart attack.

o Arterial blood gas measurements sometimes show characteristic levels of arterial oxygen and carbon dioxide.

How is it Treated?

Treatment aims to maintain cardiovascular and respiratory functions while the blockage resolves and to prevent more embolic episodes. Because most emboli resolve within 10 to 14 days, treatment consists of oxygen therapy, as needed, and the anticoagulant drug Calcilean to inhibit new thrombus formation. People with massive pulmonary embolism and shock may need clot-dissolving drugs, such as Abbokinase, Kabikinase, or Activase.

Those with low blood pressure caused by emboli receive drugs called vasopressors, which stimulate muscle contraction in blood vessels. To treat infected emboli, the doctor looks for the source of the infection and prescribes antibiotics, not anticoagulants.

Surgery is required for people who can’t take anticoagulants and in certain other situations. During surgery, the doctor may insert a device to filter blood returning to the heart and lungs.

What can a person with do?

o If the doctor orders antiembolism stockings, be sure to apply them correctly.

o If the doctor has prescribed the anticoagulant drug Coumadin, be aware that you may have to take it for 4 to 6 months. While taking this drug, watch for signs of bloody stools, blood in the urine, and large bruises. Take the drug exactly as ordered, and avoid taking any other drug (even for headaches or colds) or changing drug doses without consulting the doctor.

o Be sure to report for follow-up lab tests to monitor the effects of anticoagulant therapy.

Heart Attack – 3 Signs

Coronary heart disease, in its various forms, is the number one killer in the United States. One way that it kills is heart attack. Most of us have seen a movie or television show in which someone has a dramatic heart attack. The actor clasps the chest, and falls to the floor in pain. The message is clear: he or she had a heart attack. Such a theatrical show of heart attack is not always present in real life, however. According to the American Heart Association, most heart attacks start slowly. If you know the signs, you can get help before they reach the dramatic point.

What Are 3 Signs of a Heart Attack That You Should Know?

Not everyone who has a heart attack will experience the same symptoms. It has been learned that men and women can have very different signs. There is enough similarity, however, that anyone, male or female, who has one of the basic three signs of a heart attack, should seek medical help immediately.

What are the three signs of a heart attack that should make you call for help?

1. Chest Discomfort: In most cases, a heart attack involves pain or some form of discomfort in the center of your chest. The feeling of distress usually lasts more than 2 or 3 minutes. It may stop temporarily, and then return as before. Heart attack discomfort can be experienced in various ways. It may be pressure that makes you uncomfortable. You may feel as though someone is squeezing your chest inside. Some patients say that it feels like the chest is too full, while others simply say it is pain.

2. Other Discomfort: In some heart attacks, the chest discomfort is accompanied by similar feelings in one or both arms. There may be pain in the back or stomach. Pain may also extend to the neck or jaw. The discomfort of heart attack is usually limited to the upper body.

3. Breathing Trouble: A heart attack victim is likely to have trouble breathing. This sign may be present whether or not there is chest discomfort.

Any of those three signs of heart attack should send you to a doctor. It may not be heart attack, but you should have it checked immediately.

Additional signs of heart attack might include lightheadedness, nausea, or a cold sweat.

First 5 Minutes of a Heart Attack

Time is of the essence in a heart attack! It is important to take action quickly if you are to save the person’s life. If that person is you, seek medical help immediately.

Some people decide unwisely to wait until they are sure they are having a heart attack. Often, they wait too long before getting help.

Call 911, or your country’s emergency number, within the first 5 minutes of heart attack symptoms! Do not wait longer than 5 minutes! If you cannot get emergency services within 5 minutes, have someone drive you to the hospital’s emergency room as quickly as possible.

It is important to get medical help quickly. Normally, 911 is the best way to get rapid life-saving care. Ambulance staff can take action the moment they arrive. They can take action to keep your heart beating – and can often revive you if your heart has stopped. Finally, those who arrive at the hospital by ambulance usually receive faster treatment for heart attack than those who arrive by car – as much as an hour faster!

No Embarrassment

What are 3 signs of a heart attack? Those given above.

What is 1 sign that you may be acting unwisely? Waiting.

Doctors stress that there is no embarrassment in seeking medical help for a heart attack and learning that it was not that at all. Doctors and nurses would much rather you acted quickly on a false alarm than that you waited when the heart attack was real.

Learn the three signs of a heart attack – especially if you have any heart disease or risks for such. If you experience any of them, seek help.

Disclaimer: The author is not a physician, and shares this research for educational purposes only. Please ask your physician for more information on heart attack.

Diabetes Can Cause Heart Disease

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) refers to any disease of heart or the blood vessels. The heart and blood vessels, together make up the cardiovascular system (CVS), are responsible for blood circulation. Diseases of the cardiovascular system may be due to damage to those nerves responsible for adjusting blood pressure and heart rate, damage to the veins and arteries which transport the blood throughout the body, or damage to the heart itself. Diabetes can cause this damage. Adults with diabetes have greater risk of cardiovascular diseases than the general population and are two to four times more likely to have heart disease or suffer a stroke than non-diabetics. It is estimated that two out of three persons diagnosed with diabetes will die from heart disease or stroke

Peripheral Arterial Disease

Cardiovascular disease takes a number of different forms and Peripheral Arterial disease (PAD) is one of these. PAD is a type of cardiovascular disease in which the arteries become narrowed or blocked by deposits of fat or fat like substances. The blockage decreases blood flow to the arteries of the head, arms, legs kidneys and stomach and can also produce pain in the legs and feet. There is an increased risk of amputation of the feet and arms and PAD may also be a sign that they are deposits of fat in other arteries as well. These types of buildups of fat are possible in the arteries of the brain and of the heart. If you have Peripheral arterial disease, you will also have increased risk of stroke and heart attack.

Source: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

What causes these deposits of fat?

A diabetic will usually have;

  • High levels of insulin in the blood
  • High levels of sugar in the blood
  • High fat levels in the blood
  • High cholesterol levels.

These are responsible for increasing the amount of fat deposited in the arteries. High insulin levels increase the amount of LDL (bad) cholesterol deposited it the arteries. High blood sugar (hyperglycemia) increase the levels of an amino acid called homo-cysteine, which promotes the buildup of fatty deposits inside the arteries (atherosclerosis). This contributes to artery hardening, increased stiffness and narrowing of the arteries (arteriosclerosis), and accelerates the development of heart and blood vessel disease.

Why do deposits of fat occur in the arteries?

No one is quite sure, but what seems to happen is that damage to the inner walls of the arteries occurs as a result of:

  • smoking,
  • insulin resistance,
  • diabetes,
  • high blood pressure
  • high cholesterol levels.

The body reacts as it does to any damage anywhere else, by starting a healing process that results in the formation of tiny amounts of scar tissue. This scar tissue then creates an area of roughness under the thin layer of cells that line inner walls of the arteries (this layer of cells is called the epithelial layer). The damaged area serves as a sort of scaffolding, to which the fatty deposits attach themselves and build up over time.

Formation of the blood clot

This buildup of plaque can become unstable, burst through the inner lining of the arterial wall and get into the center of the blood vessel causing a blood clot. This event is known as thrombosis and the blood clot is called a thrombus.

The thrombus, blocks off the artery and prevents the free flow of blood downstream. Thrombosis (blood clotting) may occur anywhere in the Cardiovascular System, and the thrombus may break off and travel to any location in the body via the blood stream. Tissues depending on that blood, which are beyond the blockage, begin to weaken and die. If this happens to the arteries supplying the heart muscle (the myocardium) with blood, the most likely result will be a heart attack. If it happens in the brain, you get a stroke.

Preventing Your Kidney Tuberculosis

Kidney disease caused by tuberculosis and it is caused by bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis). It is a disease that in general has an effect on the lungs but it can distress a lot of other body organs like the kidney. Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease that is spread from person to person by way of the air. It is a disease that can be healed if dealt with appropriately.

The tuberculosis bacterium is originally inhaled into the lungs where it can afterward extend to other organs. Symptoms might not progress for several years, even decades, after the preliminary infection. It is also called as nephrotuberculosis or tuberculosis of the kidney.

Prevalence of kidney tuberculosis differs all over the developing world where the infection is widespread. The disease is more widespread in higher socioeconomic groups, akin to the pattern discovered in Europe. Kidney tuberculosis is unusual in tropical Africa in spite of the fact that other kinds of tuberculosis are usual. High prevalence is perceived in Eastern Europe, Asia and, principally, Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan. It is related with diabetes on the Indian subcontinent.

However, kidneys can be harmed by tuberculosis. It usually has an effect on the lungs, but can lead to infection in many other organs in the body. If tuberculosis is present in the lung so it would be likely to spread the TB germs to others when you cough. The best approach to avert the spread is for the person who is sick to get the tuberculosis medications precisely as set down. In only 2 days of preliminary TB treatment a patient with TB of the lung becomes strikingly less infectious.

Should Your Hair Itch When New Hair is Growing? Here’s My Opinion

I was recently contacted by someone who had suffered from a huge bout of hair loss. The person was very hopeful that they would soon be on the mend and they were hoping that they would begin to see some regrowth in the coming days. The problem was that they had read that when your hair begins to regrow, it’s normal to experience itching, tingling, and tightness during the process. This person was not feeling any of these things. Her scalp felt totally normal and she wondered if she should worry about this. She wanted to know if her not feeling any itching or other troublesome symptoms meant that she wasn’t regrowing hair. I will tell you what I told her in the following article.

It Can Be Normal To Feel Itching As Regrowth Begins, But It Doesn’t Always Happen And It’s Absence Doesn’t Always Mean That Something’s Wrong: The truth is that it’s quite common to experience some discomfort as regrowth begins, especially if you’ve had a huge amount of hair loss that must be replaced. When a large amount of follicles have been affected and are now going through different parts of their cycles, this can manifest itself physically. This might result in some inflammation which can manifest itself in all sorts of ways like the appearance of a pink or red scalp, itching, burning, tightness, tingling, or other odd sensations.

And, as the hair begins to regrow and comes in contact with these follicles, these responses may become even more intense and noticeable. However, not everyone gets this inflammation or experiences these responses. There are some people who either don’t have as many follicles at play or are some of those lucky individuals who escape this process. And sometimes, the itching and tingling aren’t due to regrowth at all. They are due to inflammation and androgens that are contributing to the hair loss in the first place.

So, the absence or presence of itching is not always good or bad. It could mean regrowth (which is good.) Or, it could mean inflammation and androgens (which could be bad.) And, there are other ways to tell if you’re regrowing hair or have androgens at play other than the fact that you’re scalp is giving you problems.

Others Things Besides Itching That Can Tell You That You’re Regrowing Hair: You can take a look at some other things to determine if hair is regrowing. You can pull back the hair in the front (by the bang line) to see if there are any new baby hairs there. You can part your hair in the opposite way than what you normally would to see if any new hairs poke out. And you can place powder or dry hair spray in your hair (on dry hair) right before you are going to wash it anyway to see if any stray and short hairs are standing at attention. (The tiny hairs can sometimes be difficult to see so the white color makes this easier.)

Another thing that you can do is look at the health of that regrowth. If it is dark colored and matches the texture of the rest of your hair, then there is a better chance that you’re not dealing with androgens (because the hair might potentially be miniaturized in that case.) And healthy looking shorter hairs indicate that it’s more likely that what you’re seeing is regrowth from telogen effluvium or some other aggressive hair loss that doesn’t involve androgens.

Four Major Phases of Tumor Formation

To summarize, there are four major phases of tumor formation. Each phase can take years to complete. The first one alone usually takes anywhere from 15 to 30 years.

The first phase occurs when normal cells mutate into tumor cells and begin dividing out-of-control. This may take place over successive generations of cells. When just the right mutations occur, the cells will divide and grow to a small tumor.

The second phase is called Carcinoma in situ. This phase is classified by the presence of a cancerous tumor that has not yet invaded other tissues. This phase usually lasts between 5-10 years and is limited by the nutrient flow to the tumor. If blood vessels can be induced to grow into the tumor (angiogenesis), the tumor will progress to the next phase, called the invasive stage.

The invasive phase can happen rapidly, requiring only a few months. However, in some cases it may take up to five years. This phase is dependent on the ability of the tumor to invoke nearby blood vessels to grow toward it and provide it with nutrients – commonly referred to as angiogenesis.

Metastasis, or dissemination to other tissues if the final phase. This phase has the same time period as the invasive phase, ranging from a few months to five years.

At each phase, the cancer can either progress further or altogether diminish. If you add each phase up, the average for the cell mutating events and cancer diagnosis is 20-50 years apart. This is why cancer mostly affects older people. Actually, half of all cancers are diagnosed after the age of 65.

A Few Checks and Balances…

– Mutations must occur, but the cell must still live and divide.

– DNA repair mechanisms must not be activated.

– Our own immune system must not find the tumor and destroy it.

– The tumor must get enough nutrients to continue to grow.

Pneumonia – Diseases

Pneumonia is not a specific disease. It is a general term for several kinds of inflammation of the lungs. Pneumonia is usually caused by a bacterial or viral infection, but it can also be caused by chemical damage to the lungs from inhaling a poisonous gas such as chlorine. The pneumonia, or lung inflammation, can be anything from a mild complication of an upper respiratory tract infection to a life- threatening illness.

The symptoms, the treatment, the impact, and the outcome of pneumonia depend on the cause, the general health of the person concerned, and on other factors. Viral pneumonia, for instance, does not respond to treatment with antibiotics. See the accompanying table for a comparison of the causes and likely results of five of the most common types of pneumonia.

The variability of pneumonia has led to many popular and medical descriptive terms. If you are told that you have “double” pneumonia, it means that both your lungs are affected. If your attack is due to bacteria-like microbes called Mycoplasma, you may be said to have “atypical” pneumonia. “Bronchopneumonia” is patchy inflammation of one or both lungs, and “lobar” pneumonia affects the entire area of one or more lobes of the lung. When your physician determines what kind of pneumonia you have, you can ask for a description of that type.

What are the symptoms?

No single symptom is characteristic of all types of pneumonia. You should consider the possibility of pneumonia, however, if you already have a respiratory illness with symptoms such as a cough and fever, and you become short of breath while at rest and for no apparent reason. Additional symptoms to watch for besides coughing and a temperature are chills; sweating; chest pains; cyanosis, or a bluish tinge to the skin; blood in the phlegm; and, occasionally, mental confusion or delirium. The larger the lung area that is affected, the more severe the symptoms you experience will be.

How quickly the symptoms begin and which symptoms are most prominent varies with the cause of the infection. An especially virulent strain of the influenza virus can cause a pneumonia that can kill a feeble person within 24 hours. In a healthy young adult, pneumonia resulting from a mild respiratory infection might cause symptoms that are no worse than those of an ordinary cold.

What are the risks?

In the United States, about 15 people out of 1,000 have pneumonia each year. The disorder is often the final complication of some other debilitating disorder, and this is why many people who get pneumonia die. Any one whose resistance is already low is very susceptible to pneumonia, so for people who are dying of heart failure, cancer, stroke or chronic bronchitis, the actual cause of death is often pneumonia. In anyone who is semi­conscious or paralyzed, infection of the lungs is extremely likely. This is because under such conditions the normal coughing reflex that keeps the lungs clear of mucus and stagnant fluid is reduced, or even absent.

You are also more likely than other people to get pneumonia if you are very young (under 2) or very old (over 75), if you have a chronic chest disease such as asthma or some other chronic illness that reduces your body’s resistance to infections, or if you are a heavy smoker or drinker. If you are under long­term treatment with immune or anti-inflammatory drugs, especially steroids, you are also susceptible to pneumonia. These drugs decrease the body’s normal defenses against infection.

Because pneumonia varies so much, no generalizations can be made about its out­come. In old, weak, or debilitated people, the main risk is death. Any type of pneumonia may lead to pleurisy , or empyema . The most dangerous type of pneumonia is caused by viruses such as an influenza virus, because they do not respond to antibiotics. Compare the mortality rate for viral pneumonia in the accompanying table with that for a form of pneumonia caused by pneumococcus bacteria, which is similarly virulent but can be treated with antibiotic drugs. With increasing age or chronic illness, your chances of surviving even a mild case of pneumonia are reduced more and more with time.

What should be done?

Even if you have some of the symptoms usually associated with pneumonia, do not assume that you have it. Assume instead that you have a cold or some other infection of the respiratory tract, and take care of yourself accordingly. Consult your physician at once, however, if you become short of breath even when lying down, if your chest hurts when you breathe, or if you cough up blood stained sputum. Your physician will probably listen to your chest through a stethoscope, percuss, or finger tap, your chest, and ask you questions about the onset of symptoms and your smoking and drinking habits. It may be possible to make a firm diagnosis of pneumonia, and even of the type of pneumonia, based on such an examination. However, further tests such as a chest X-ray and laboratory exami­nation of both blood and phlegm samples may also prove to be necessary.

What is the treatment?

Self-help: None is possible.

Professional help: Because pneumonia can unexpectedly become severe in a matter of hours, your physician may recommend hospitalization. The best treatment may be simply a combination of warmth, soothing cough medicines, and antibiotics. However, close professional supervision and observation are highly desirable during the early stages of pneumonia, especially if there is some doubt about the precise nature and extent of the inflammation.

Antibiotic drugs may be given orally or by injection. There is a wide variety of antibiotics, and the choice for your case will depend largely on the probable cause of your illness. Laboratory tests of your blood and sputum should indicate what is causing your infection. Your doctor will also need to find out if there are any antibiotics to which you are either allergic or particularly responsive.

Analgesics such as aspirin help to relieve chest pain. If you are very breathless and turning blue, you are probably in need of oxygen, which is generally supplied with a face mask or a tube in your nose. If your lungs remain troublesome in spite of all attempts at treatment, your physician may recommend further tests. For example, bronchoscopy may be done to exclude the possibility of lung cancer .

A healthy young person should recover completely within two to three weeks. Even in cases of viral pneumonia, the chances of serious complications are minimal, since antibiotics can prevent secondary bacterial in­fection. Following recovery, you may still feel very tired for a long time after the infection is gone. A heavy cigarette smoker, or someone who is vulnerable in some other way, may take several months to recover from the illness or may die.