Ankle Dislocation

What Is an Ankle Dislocation?

An ankle dislocation happens any time a bone within the ankle joint is shifted out of location. Generally resulting from trauma to the ankle joint, a dislocation is really a painful injury that calls for fast medical attention. Treatment usually entails surgical treatment as well as a recuperation period of up to 6 months.

The ankle joint is composed of 3 primary bones: the tibia as well as fibula, the two situated within the leg, as well as the talus, located within the foot. When a dislocation happens, 1 or more of these bones might be out of joint. A pure ankle dislocation is really a unusual event. Usually, ankle dislocations happen in conjunction with either a fracture or sprain.

How Do I Manage a Dislocated Ankle?

An ankle dislocation happens when the joint shifts away from its typical alignment. The talus bone within the foot separates from the tibia bone, which could place sufficient stress upon nearby ligaments to induce tearing. Physicians firmly recommend that an individual who experiences extreme ankle pain as well as inflammation visit an emergency room as soon as feasible so professionals can properly diagnose as well as deal with a dislocated ankle. A physician may try to manually set the joint back into place, place a wrap or cast for the ankle, as well as explain home-care treatments.

Most dislocations are generally caused by acute ankle injuries from abrupt falls or twists. A dislocation is normally simple to identify, as the joint swells right away as well as the foot looks to become misaligned from the rest of the leg. Expert medical attention is required to correctly deal with a dislocated ankle. Prior to medical aid is obtainable, a person ought to immobilize the joint as best as possible as well as stay away from placing any pressure on the foot.

How To Treat Sprains, Dislocations and Fractures

Sprains, dislocations and fractures are the type of injuries that involve a lot of pain and swelling. Also, walking becomes very difficult, so it’s even harder to get help if you don’t have your phone around. And if it happens during a disaster, when there’s nothing but chaos all over the place, you’re in for the time of your life!

Now, I don’t mean to get all apocalyptic about this, but I do believe it’s very important that you know basic measures when you’re dealing with bone and joint injuries.

So let’s take them one by one and go through the whole process together:

Sprains

Most people get a sprain at least once in their lives, so you’re probably familiar with the symptoms: pain and swelling mostly, but also discoloration (when the sprained area turns black and blue).

Now, even if it hurts, do not call 911 for a sprain. Those guys take on more severe cases. However, according to firstaid.about.com, you should go see a doctor if there’s one close to you, especially if you’re experiencing:

  • severe pain
  • inability to put any weight on it victim unable to put any weight on it
  • inability to move it
  • inability to walk
  • numbness
  • redness or red streaks spread out from the injury
  • pain, swelling, or redness over a bony part of your foot

When it comes to treating sprains, you should think RICE (rest, ice, compress, elevate):

REST the sprained joint. Don’t try to walk if you’re feeling severe pain whenever you take a step or two. But if you have to walk, use a cane to take most of your body weight.

ICE the sprained area with an ice pack.

COMPRESS it with an elastic bandage. Like this:

ELEVATE the sprain above the level of the heart during the first 48 hours. Just place your foot on top of some pillows or a rolled blanket and keep it that way as much as possible.

Dislocations and Fractures

According to eMedicalHealth.com, these are the guidelines to treat a fracture or dislocation if medical help is not available:

  • Apply a cold pack to the area of fracture or dislocation to decrease swelling and to relieve pain.
  • Flush open wounds associated with compound fractures with clean, fresh water and cover them with a dry dressing.
  • Splint the injured area to keep it from moving. Support a broken limb by using the best material available for a splint, such as sticks, part of a backpack frame, or other stabilizing device. Wrap tape around the splint and the extremity affected. For example, if a forearm is broken, the splint should run from the wrist to the upper arm and support the arm without repositioning it.
  • Monitor the extremity near the fracture or dislocation, assessing any loss of sensation, decreased temperature, and pulse.

However, the first thing to do is call 911. ALWAYS.

Pain can get pretty nasty in case of dislocations or fractures, so take 1-2 tablets of acetaminophen (Tylenol) every 4 hours or 1-2 tablets of ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) every 6-8 hours.

I really hope you’ll never have to take these measures, not for yourself or for anyone else. But if you do, I hope they help you treat your injury and relieve your pain. Make sure you stay safe, alright?

Hip Fractures – A Guide For Recovery

Hip Fracture Basics: Types and Causes of Broken Hips

Hip fractures are serious injuries that often require surgery to repair. Every year in the United States alone over 300,000 people suffer broken hips and require hospitalization. Of that number, over half of those people suffering a hip fracture are over the age of 80.

Bone density, age, and other medical conditions can all contribute to the likelihood of a broken hip, but generally a fracture occurs because of some sort of trauma to the area, like a fall. Most hip fractures in the elderly are caused by falls, while in younger patients – car accidents and other high impact injuries are the most likely causes.

Elderly women and other patients with osteoporosis are at a greater risk of suffering a broken hip in the event of a fall. Because osteoporosis weakens the skeletal system by causing loss of bone mass – bones and joints are at a greater risk of fracturing in the event of trauma.

Hip fractures are actually the breaking of the femur (the bone that extends from the pelvis to the knee) inside or near the hip joint. Hip fractures are generally placed into 2 main classifications – a Femoral Neck Fracture or an Intertrochanteric Fracture. Both of these types of fractures are very serious and in most cases will necessitate surgery to repair the fractures.

Femoral Neck Fracture

The femoral neck is just below the head (top) of the femur. A femoral neck fracture generally occurs within 1 to 2 inches from the end of the femur.

Intertrochanteric Fracture

This fracture occurs within 3 to 4 inches of the head of the femur and usually requires the use of a metal plate and screw to hold the bone in place while it heals – allowing the head of the femur to continue moving normally in the hip socket.

Though hip fractures are generally caused by a serious trauma – a fall or a high impact injury – other factors can contribute to the risk of sustaining a broken hip.

Age

Statistics show that age is a large factor. The majority of hip related injuries and fractures occur in people over 80. There are two main reasons why this may be true: bone density loss and the presence of other medical conditions affecting balance and mobility. But also effecting elderly patients are general aging issues like loss of vision and a decreasing or weakening sense of balance.

Medical Conditions

Osteoporosis puts patients at an even higher risk for breaking a hip simply because it reduces bone density. There are a number of other medical conditions that will also lead up to and increase chances of developing osteoporosis which in turn can lead to increased risks for hip fractures.

The development of other diseases and conditions like Parkinson’s disease which effect a person’s mobility and balance can contribute to an increased risk of falling and breaking a hip as well. Diabetes, arthritis, and similar diseases can also effect a person’s activity levels which in turn increases risk.

Physical Inactivity

Because physical inactivity can lead to the weakening of bones, tendons, and muscles – it can also contribute to a higher risk of fracturing critical bones and joints. Physical inactivity can in turn lead to other conditions such as obesity and weight gain which can put a larger strain on a weakening bone structure. Maintaining a regular physical activity schedule will often reduce a patient’s risk of hip fracture.

Mortality Rates and Common Problems Associated with Hip Fractures

Hip fractures are serious injuries that require immediate medical attention because there are a number of problems and conditions that can arise because of the broken bone. Studies have shown that mortality rates following a hip fracture can be rather high for a number of reasons which include the development of other serious medical conditions (blood clots and infections) as well as the age of the patient at the time of the injury (since the majority of fractures occurs among seniors).

A study published in the British Medical Journal places mortality rates within one year of suffering a fractured hip at 20%. And this number only increases with the age of the patient – as many as 33% of patients over the age of 80 die within a year of breaking a hip. The 30 day mark following surgery for a fractured hip is high in this population also – coming in at about 10%.

A number of factors contribute to these high numbers. Post-operative complications like infections (i.e. pneumonia or bronchitis) are dangerous factors. The general health of the patients involved in the study also contributes to the high mortality rates. Because as we talked about, a number of other conditions can increase a patients risk of breaking a hip. These same conditions (obesity, diabetes, osteoporosis, Parkinson’s, and others) can also make recovery more difficult.

Mobility factors increase risk as well. Because a broken hip makes it even more difficult for patients to get proper exercise, the overall deterioration of the body due to inactivity can bring about other health problems or exasperate existing conditions like heart disease. For patients that are bedridden following surgery, pressure sores and infections become an increased risk.

Overall, the general health of a patient prior to the sustained injury and following surgery is going to play highly in determining the likelihood of the patient’s complete recovery. This is why younger patients tend to recover more completely and quickly as they are less likely to have preexisting medical conditions that are going to be worsened by the injury.

Mortality rates and other complications decrease significantly in patients that work hard at maintaining an active and healthy lifestyle regardless of age. Often for these folks – a broken hip is a temporary setback, though it is still a serious injury. Recovery though will often be a lot simpler if the patient has maintained general good health prior to fracturing their hip.

How Hip Fractures are Treated

In most cases, a hip fracture is going to require surgery. In cases where surgery is not possible because of an illness or other factor – traction may be used. In those cases without surgery – the main treatment for a broken hip relies mainly on pain reduction.

Both types of hip fractures – the femoral neck fracture and the intertrochanteric fracture – require surgery. The exact procedure is slightly different for each type.

Intertrochanteric Fracture Surgery

When the break is lower on the femur as in an intertrochanteric fracture (occurring 3 to 4 inches from the head of the femur) a different procedure is generally used. Doctors will attach a metal plate to the side of the femur and insert a metal hip compression screw into the femur. This compression screw and plate allows the bone fragments to compress together and mend themselves.

Femoral Neck Fracture Surgery

With a femoral neck fracture, surgery will generally involve one of three types of procedures: metal screws, replacing part of the femur, or total hip replacement.

Using metal screws, the surgeon will align the bones and fix them in place with three long metal screws which will remain in place and not be removed. These screws serve to allow the bones to mend back together as well as strengthen that section of the femur.

If the doctors are unable to align the bones in a way that will allow them to heal properly, they will usually attempt a procedure known as a hemiarthroplasty. This involves removing and replacing the damaged head and neck of the femur with a metal prosthesis.

Total hip replacement is the most invasive of the three options. If for some reason, the socket joint in the hip is damaged – total hip replacement might be the best option. In this procedure, the surgeons will not only replace the top portion of the femur, but also the joint section of the pelvic bone. One of the benefits of total hip replacement is that it allows patients to become mobile again sooner after the surgery than other options. This can help to prevent other complications associated with major surgery from developing.

Hospital stays after surgery for a hip fracture can vary in length – although the average stay in the hospital generally lasts a week. The majority of patients will require physical therapy for a long period following the surgery to recover completely. Older and less mobile patients may even have to look to a long term care facility if they don’t have available help or care at home.

Help With Recovery and Prevention of Hip Fractures

Exercise and physical activity is a key in helping with both recovery from a hip fracture and prevention of those fractures. Because mobility is limited following surgery for hip fractures, the use of a rolling walker is often a good idea for elderly patients as it will help them get the exercise to speed up healing and also help to prevent another fall from aggravating the injury further.

Everyday tasks will probably become a little more difficult for a patient recovering from hip fracture surgery. Things like bending over to tie shoes or getting dressed in the morning will require a little bit of extra effort. Lifting the affected leg into bed or onto the couch will also become more difficult at times during the recovery. There are quite a few products like extended shoe horns and leg lifters which can ease the pain and difficulty of recovery.

Often times, simple tasks that are taken for granted become more complicated. Bathing for example is an everyday thing that becomes tough following hip surgery. A sponge on an extended handle or a bath bench become tools which can really help.

To make recovery easier, the purchase of a “hip kit” is a small investment for quite a bit of help. Common items that you’ll find in a hip kit include:

  • Long Handled Sponges
  • Long Handled Shoe Horn
  • A Dressing Stick
  • Extendable Reachers or Grabbers
  • Leg Lifters

Mobility and physical therapy are both important factors in helping to speed up recovery. Full use of the hip will take some time, but in patients that were healthy prior to the surgery, a full recovery is possible and likely.

Exercise is a major factor in recovery as well as the prevention of other complications arising because of the surgery. Any help that a patient can enlist – either from family or qualified medical practitioners is going to aid them in recovery.

Prevention Tips

Learning how to prevent falls is another factor that is going to seriously limit the likelihood of breaking a hip.

* Building railings or ramps to help with stairs around the home is a good idea.

* Installing rails next to the toilet and in the bathtub or shower is another preventative measure. They’re also great ideas to help somebody who is trying to recover from hip surgery since their mobility will be more limited for a time.

* Rearranging furniture to allow for clear paths.

* Check rugs and carpets for slippage or places somebody could trip.

* Consider the use of a hip protector – a low profile pad that you wear beneath your clothing and over your hip to help absorb any impact from a fall.

* Keep cords stowed safely away.

* Place used items in easy to reach places – avoid step stools and ladders where balance might be lost.

* Make sure areas of the home and yard are well lit. Being able to see a hazard is half the battle.

* Wear practical shoes that are non-slip.

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle can also decrease your risk of breaking a hip. Not only exercise, but proper nutrition is important.

* Weight Bearing Exercise – Helps to fight bone density loss and works to maintain the strength of tendons and muscles that support the joints. Not only that, but regularly walking or exercising will help to maintain your sense of balance and agility – making the likelihood of a fall less likely.

* Smoking – Believe it or not, smoking actually works to reduce your bone density. So not only can it cause cancer – but it can weaken your bones.

* Calcium and Vitamin D – Proper nutrition and watching levels of calcium in your diet (through foods or supplements) will work to maintain your bone density so that in the event of a fall, you are less likely to fracture your hip. Vitamin D is also a key component of this process as it helps your body absorb and process calcium.

Other Hip Fracture Resources

There are a ton of available resources on the web these days that can help you in the prevention of or recovery from a hip fracture. The following is a listing and review of some great web sites and articles if you would like more information on hip fracture prevention, treatment, and recovery.

The Mayo Clinic

The Mayo Clinic is a highly respected non-profit organization and clinic that maintains clinics in Minnesota, Arizona, and Florida. They also have a very informative web site that is a great resource for countless medical conditions. The section of the web site on hip fractures is very in depth and organized in a way that you can find information very easily on prevention of hip fractures or help with recovery from hip surgery.

Care.com

Care.com is an interesting web site in that it deals with the care of patients following surgeries like total hip replacement. On this web site you’ll find questions and tips related to helping patients or parents who are going through a difficult hip surgery recovery.

Advice on how to deal with the medical condition is provided, as well as advice on how to help the patient mentally get through the recovery is discussed.

This web site also provides access to a network of caregivers and service providers in your area if you need additional help with recovering from hip surgery. You can find providers for any level of help that might be needed, from full time care to part time help with housework and chores. The great thing about this service is that you can post your needs and interview potential caregivers as well as look at a background check.

EveryDayHealth.com

Maintaining an active and healthy lifestyle are the best preventative measures that you can take towards avoiding a hip fracture. Working as an online community and resource, EveryDayHealth.com is a great resource and web site to use to maintain that active and healthy lifestyle.

Nutrition information and tools like their ‘meal planner’ and ‘weight tracker’ are great ways to make sure you are doing everything you can to stay healthy. Participating in the community forums is also a great way to meet other people facing the same issues or working towards the same goals.

Hip fractures are a common injury, especially among the elderly – so reaching out to a community like EveryDayHealth will give you the opportunity to find understanding support of what it is you might be going through following hip surgery.

Finding the proper support, medical care, and tools to aid in the recovery from hip fracture surgery is a key component to reducing the difficulty and likelihood of complications from a broken hip. Whether you have experienced a hip fracture or are just interested in the prevention of a future injury – there’s a myriad of online resources available to help you in that quest.

How Do They Fix a Broken Collar Bone?

Lance Armstrong broke his collar bone (clavicle) on March 23, 2009. He was competing in a race in Spain when he and several other cyclists were involved in a bad crash. Doctors in Spain diagnosed him with a fractured clavicle, one of the most common orthopaedic cycling injuries.

The injury

Clavicle fractures are very common – up to 5% of all fractures that occur each year. Most of these are fractures through the middle of the shaft of the bone, called mid-shaft clavicle fractures.

Most of these happen when someone falls directly onto the shoulder.

The treatment

Over the years, the vast majority of these fractures have been treated non-surgically with a sling and some early therapy exercises. The bone usually heals on its own in six to eight weeks total.

Lance Armstrong had surgery to fix his broken clavicle. This was done using a plate (flat piece of metal with holes in it) and several screws. The metal stabilizes while they heal together.

Surgery allows patients to return to low-impact activities faster than letting the bone heal on its own. The clavicle usually stops hurting immediately after surgery, though some incision soreness is normal for a few days.

Pros, cons, and expectations of clavicle fracture treatment

Should you have collar bone surgery after a fracture? Only you and your surgeon can decide for sure.

Surgery for a fractured clavicle has risks such as infection, injury to nerves and blood vessels, and the risks that go along with anesthesia. You can have bone healing problems whether you have surgery or not. Sometimes patients want the plate taken out after the bone heals.

Some patients want surgery to avoid a weird-looking bump on their shoulder from the shape of the bone as it heals. The problem is that after surgery, you’ll have a scar in the place of the bump, and the bone may be prominent because of the plate on top of it. This may be more noticeable the thinner you are. clavicle bump and clavicle scar

There are both proven and theoretical advantages to fixing these fractures with metal hardware. Some problems with non-surgical treatment are as follows:

* weakness and pain in the shoulder

* loss of shoulder motion

* loss of endurance

* neurologic symptoms like numbness or tingling

* cosmetic deformity

If someone you know has broken their collar bone recently, make sure they discuss all these details with their doctor.

Common Causes of Cerebral Palsy

More than 500,000 Americans have cerebral palsy, a type of brain damage that impairs movement and can cause mental retardation. Cerebral palsy is one of the most common causes of childhood disability. Annually, between two and four of every 1,000 live births in the U.S. are affected.

The origins of cerebral palsy are rooted in congenital factors, injuries at birth or injury or illness within the first two to three years of life. Children with cerebral palsy may exhibit stiffness and rigidity in movement, abnormal muscle tone, cognitive impairment, problems with speech and seizures.

Babies born to teen mothers or women older than 35 carry a higher risk of having CP. Problems during pregnancy that can increase the risk for baby palsy include:

• Infections during pregnancy: Rubella (German measles), cytomegalovirus (a herpes-type virus), and toxoplasmosis (an infection caused by a parasite that can be carried in cat feces or inadequately cooked meat) all have the potential of causing fetal brain damage.

• Uterine or birth canal infections: These conditions may cause inflammation of the placenta, which can damage the brain of the fetus and lead to CP.

• Hormones: Use of estrogen or thyroid hormones during pregnancy have been linked to cerebral palsy.

• Drugs and alcohol: Illegal drugs, alcohol and some prescription medications, such as methotrexate, are suspected in fetal brain damage leading to CP.

• Other factors: Bleeding in the uterus in the third trimester, large amounts of protein in the urine and high blood sugar levels also may contribute to babies with palsy.

Complications during the birth also can cause cerebral palsy. These complications provoke brain damage in the infant and give rise to CP and its host of symptoms. Premature babies are at the highest risk for complications during birth. Problems include:

• Difficult labor: The trauma of a prolonged birth and oxygen deprivation for the fetus increases the risk. The early separation of the placenta from the uterine wall also can deprive the fetus of oxygen.

• Breech birth: When the baby emerges from the birth canal feet, knees or buttocks first, the potential for brain damage increases.

• Maternal infections: If the mother has a strep infection, for example, and this reaches the baby’s brain during birth, brain damage and cerebral palsy are potential consequences.

Cerebral palsy also can result from brain damage after birth. Serious illness or injury leading to a lack of oxygen to the brain can cause CP in infants.

Evidence of cerebral palsy may not emerge immediately after birth. Parents and caregivers may see the first signs of a problem when the child fails to meet development milestones for rolling over, crawling or walking.

Most people with CP have spastic cerebral palsy, which can affect either the whole body or specific regions and cause muscle stiffness and an imbalanced posture. About 75 percent of people with baby palsy develop some degree of mental impairment. More than half of this group has mild to severe mental retardation. The remainder can function normally but has some type of learning disability.

Erb’s palsy is limited form of baby palsy involving muscle impairment in the arm. Between one and two babies in every 1,000 live births have this condition. Erb’s palsy arises after a network of nerves near the neck, the brachial plexus, is stretched. These nerves control the feeling in and movement of the arm, hand and fingers.

This injury typically occurs during a difficult birth or prolonged labor. If the baby is breech in presentation or must be pulled from the birth canal quickly or with force, this cluster of nerves can be damaged. Most babies with this palsy recover on their own, but it can take as long as two years for the recovery to be complete.

Stroke (Paralysis) – Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

Stroke is a medical emergency which results when the blood supply to a part of the brain is cut off or greatly reduced. An ischemic stroke is the most common type of stroke, occurring about 80 – 85 % of the time, and is due to a blood vessel in the brain getting blocked because of cholesterol deposits called atherosclerosis, or because of blood clots called emboli. A hemorrhagic stroke, resulting from a ruptured blood vessel in the brain, while not so commonly seen, is definitely more serious.

Depending upon what part of the brain and how much of the brain tissue is affected, stroke can cause symptoms like weakness or paralysis of the limbs, paralysis of the muscles of the face, difficulty in speaking, coordination problems, dizziness, vision problems, sudden headache, and loss of consciousness. This can result in monoplegia (paralysis of one limb), hemiplegia (paralysis of upper and lower limb in one side of the body), and paraplegia (paralysis of lower limbs).

Stroke is known in Ayurveda as “Pakshaghaat”. Ayurveda has mentioned facial paralysis as a separate disease entity called “Ardita”. Acute stroke is a full-fledged medical emergency where immediate hospitalization and specialized medical care of the patient can be life saving and can minimize permanent disability. After a patient is discharged from hospital, it is imperative to start Ayurvedic treatment at the earliest possible, to get maximum benefit.

The ancient Ayurvedic texts mention mild purgation as a special form of treatment for stroke. This treatment modality is, surprisingly, not recommended in Ayurveda for any other neurological condition resulting from a disturbed “Vata” dosha. It is believed that this treatment helps to reverse the pathology in stroke, by normalizing the “Prana Vayu” (which regulates the functions of the brain) and bringing about normal functioning of the blood vessels, muscles and tendons. Castor oil, and Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), treated with castor oil, are recommended for this purpose.

Massage of the entire body using medicated oils, followed by steam fomentation, is considered an important part of the treatment for stroke. Bala (Sida cordifolia) oil and Narayan (Asparagus racemosus) oil are commonly used for massage, while a decoction of Nirgundi( Vitex negundo), Dashmool (Ten roots), or Erandmool (Root of Ricinus communis) is used for medicated steam fomentation.

“Basti” or medicated enema is also a unique part of Ayurvedic treatment for stroke. Both the “Niruh” and “Anuvaasan” types of enemas are used in an alternating fashion. Dashmool decoction is usually recommended for Niruh Basti, and Til oil (Oil of Sesame) is recommended for Anuvaasan Basti.

Medicated nasal drops are used to stimulate and bring about early recovery of the special sense organs. This therapy is known as “Nasya”. Anu Tel (oil), Shadbindu Tel, Panchendriya Vardhan Tel and medicated ghee are used for this purpose.

Traditional Ayurvedic formulations used in the treatment of stroke are: Yograj Guggulu, Mahayograj Guggulu, Vata Vidhvansa Ras, Tapyadi Loha, Sameerpannag Ras, Vata Gajankusha Ras, Ekangveer Ras and Bruhat Vata Chintamani. Herbal medicines useful in this condition are: Sarpagandha (Rauwolfia serpentina), Rasna (Pluchea lanceolata), Dashmool, Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), Bala, Maash (Phaseolus mungo) and Nirgundi.

Results with treatment depend upon the amount of permanent damage resulting from stroke, the time of commencement of treatment, the presence of other complications like high blood pressure and diabetes, and the overall physical and mental conditioning of the patient.

Hernia – Causing Strain on Bowel or Kidneys

Hernia occurs when the abdominal wall structure ruptures or an opening takes place there. As a consequence thereof, the wall of the abdomen is destroyed and there is an outcropping via that membrane which is rather thin. The outcropped parts are mainly sections of the fatty tissue that make up the abdomen or certain parts of the intestine (small and large). Mention may be made of Hiatal hernia which happens when the tummy comes out through the diaphragm and rises till the chest. However, hernia can happen anywhere in the human body.

Hernias can lead to pain in the chest besides heartburn. Moreover, hernias can stop blood flow to that affected part, and during such abnormal situations surgeries are the only ways out.

Hernia can be of the following types: Indirect, Direct, Inguinal, Obturator, Spigelian, Umbilical, Incisional and Femoral. Hernia can be caused by many factors. The main ones are obesity, coughing, weight lifting exercises, lung ailments, exertion of pressure on the abdomen during pregnancy and the presence of hernia in the umbilical cord which may then pass on to the baby.

Hernia can occur if anyone keeps on putting too much of strain on the bowel or the kidneys during bowel movement or urination during Straining during a bowel movement or urination. Moreover, hernia may take place if there is too much of fluid in the cavity that makes up the abdomen.

Different types of hernia have different sets of symptoms. The commonly reported symptoms of hernia are belching, heartburn – especially when one lies down or while bending — chest pain, groin pain during bending, groin soreness, appearance of lump which may be painless, esophagus blockage, swallowing problems, and/or protrusion(s) that may be just tender or swollen for that matter.

If hernia is diagnosed, strictly follow your physician’s schedule. Some of the commonly prescribed methods to check hernia is to say ‘NO’ to depression, cut down on the regularly taken diet, avoid non-digestible food items, quit smoking or/and alcoholic substances, never to lie down or even bend after meals, and avoid tight-fitting clothes. Moreover, ensure that you do not exert pressure on the abdomen while coughing and stop lifting heavy articles.

The best way to control hernia is to consume fibery items like grains (including millet and barley), vegetables (sweet potatoes, cabbage, artichoke, and dandelion), herbs (aloe vera, arrowroot, parsley, mint, asafetida, cumin, fennel, among others) and lots of fruits. To prevent constipation and thus obviate the possibility of putting undue pressure on the intra-abdominal area is to increase the amount of liquids especially water. Take to regular exercise. Sweating can also help excrete toxic items from the body. Go for six meals in lesser amounts instead of three large meals. But, remember to not consume such items you may be allergic to. Moreover laugh away your blues by enrolling yourself in the local laughter club.

One of the popular remedies for hernia is to consume Cayenne pepper, sweating out a lot by either exercising, brisk walking, or by drinking tea (warm) in a room that is hot. One can also get relief from hernia by placing a rupturewort tea-soaked cloth on the portion that is affected.

Spinal Fractures

High energy trauma to the bones of the spinal column are the most common cause of spinal fractures. This high energy trauma often occurs in the thoracic and lumbar regions of the spine, which translate to the mid and lower back respectively. There are a number of ways to treat spinal fractures, but in order to treat them, they must be classified correctly.

There are three main types of spine fractures, which are discussed below:

Flexion Fracture Pattern: Also known as a teardrop fracture, this occurs when the spine is flexed and compressed, resulting in the displacement of a fragment. There are two major types of flexion fracture patterns:

  • Axial burst fracture. This is a type of vertical fracture that occurs when the vertebrae are compressed, forcing the inter-vertebral disc to collide with the vertebra below. This can be caused by landing on one’s feet after falling from a great height.
  • Compression fracture. This type of fracture can affect more than one vertebral bone and cause it to collapse. This type of fracture is sometimes caused by an underlying medical condition like osteoporosis.

Rotation Fracture Pattern: This type of fracture occurs as a result of forceful flexion and rotation of the spine. There are two major types:

  • Transverse process fracture. This type of fracture occurs as a result of extreme sideways rotation or lateral bending of the spine. This is an uncommon type of fracture and is also considered benign since the fracture does not affect stability.
  • Fracture dislocation. In this type of fracture, vertebra may become displaced and, as a result, cause severe spinal cord compression as well as damage to the surrounding soft tissue. This type of injury is considered severe because it greatly affects stability.

Extension Fracture Pattern: This type of fracture often occurs in motor vehicle accidents where there is enough force to pull apart the vertabrae while the pelvic area of the body is stabilized by a lap seat belt.

Individuals with spinal fractures will experience moderate to severe back pain which is made worse by movement. If the spinal cord is injured, the individual will also experience numbness, weakness, tingling and in some cases, bowel and bladder dysfunction.

Spinal fractures require immediate medical attention and are treated based on severity as well as fracture pattern. Treatment can involve non-invasive procedures, such as wearing a back brace, or surgical treatment, depending on the severity. Surgery is often necessary in cases where there is significant vertebral compression or nerve damage.

Spinal injuries can be painful and debilitating, but with the right type of treatment and rehabilitation, recovery is attainable.

Bulging Disk – Symptoms, Treatment and Pain Relief Options

How is your lower back holding up?

Do you have a bulging disk that is causing you problems?

1.) Introduction to This Article

Bulging disks can cause you a lot of problems, both emotionally and physically. Not only do you have to wince in pain when the disk problem flares up, but you will then have the let down of having an injured back. It is no secret that a bulging disk can bring your lifestyle to a grinding halt, unless you face your problem and do something about it.

2.) Definition of a Herniated Disk / Bulging Disk

Herniated Disk: Displacement of at least part of the nucleus, of an intervertebral disk. This displacement of part of the rubbery centre of an intervertebral disk can then place pressure upon the spinal cord. This can cause pain down one (or both) of your legs, including the possibility of feeling numbness as well.

3.) Treatment Options

Treatment depends on the severity of the bulging disk. Sometimes for a minor instance, rest can be all it takes to help you get better. However, if your problem is more common than this, then bed rest and a variety of other options should be considered. This includes orthopedic support and physical therapy. Surgical removal of the protruding aspect of disk can help reduce symptoms as well.

4.) Braces For Support

Surgery for a disk problem is possible, but your physician will most likely tell you that they would like to try conservative treatment options first. Rushing into the surgery is not what a quality physician would like to do, unless they think it is your best option.

Many physicians will recommend that their patients use a low profile, light weight back support to help reduce pain and promote healing. They are aware of back braces for the lower spine because they are medically documented in the health field. They can help reduce pain because they will off load your spinal structures by using biomechanical principles, like increasing intercavitary pressure. This slight increase can help alleviate the pain caused by a bulging disk.

If the pain is not totally alleviated, a well designed back support can also help to stop you from making certain movements that will further your lower back injury. The other good thing about back supports is that they will be easily hidden by the use of a t-shirt as well. So this is not really a problem at all. – If you have back pain problems due to a bulging disk, you should consider using one today.

*This is health information. Speak to your physician about medical advice for your particular situation. We believe in the benefits of lower back support, but you should speak to your doctor for medical advice.

Trigeminal Neuralgia – The Suicide Disease

It may start off as a tingle. Then, as time goes by that tingle becomes a stinging sensation slowly creeping up the side of your face. All of a sudden, you feel like someone has taken a blow torch and is burning your skin off. What kind of suffering would one encounter such as this? It’s called Trigeminal Neuralgia and it’s a facial nerve disease that can be an caused as an onset to diseases such as Multiple Sclerosis.

Background

The Trigeminal nerve carries sensation from the face to your brain. When this nerve malfunctions, the result is a mild annoyance to excruciating pain that can interfere with daily life. Trigeminal Neuralgia is also called the “suicide disease” because many people who suffer from this disease and are unable to seek relief become depressed and often become suicidal. It is hard to diagnose from doctors and the most common people affected are women over 40.

Symptoms

Pain can be spread out or focused on one side. It can range from a from a twinge to a stabbing and burning sensation.

Diagnosis

The doctor may order CT or MRI scans to determine if the patient indeed has Trigeminal Neuralgia.

Treatment

Medications geared towards controlling pain are administered. Three common drugs used for treatment are: Carbamazepine, an anti-convulsant drug. Other drugs include: phenytoin, gabapentin and lamotrigine and baclofen. When this doesn’t work, surgery is the next option. Some procedures such as Gamma Knife Surgery (where the nerve is severed) have proven quite effective in treating Trigeminal Neuralgia.

Tips to Fix a Pinched Nerve in the Lower Back Pain – Relief Options – Special Report

Do you wonder if you might have pinched a nerve in your lower back?

Do you want to know what you can do about this back problem?

1.) Introduction

A pinched nerve in your lower back can cause you a lot of pain. Maybe you know this all to well by now. Is it interfering with your ability to go about your day and live a normal life? You can relieve your symptoms and find relief from the pain and suffering and without surgery, too.

To begin, you should know exactly what a pinched nerve is. In regards to the lower back, a pinched nerve identifies the fusion of nerves that extend out of the lower spine. As a result of the compression, in addition to lower pack pain, a person may experience numbness, tingling, and soreness in the affected areas.

2.) Reasons & Symptoms

Pinched nerves can be caused by a variety of reasons. Among those which are generally associated with the condition are osteoarthritis, earlier accidents or injuries, trauma, obesity, stress, the added weight brought on by pregnancy, strenuous activities, and improper posture.

The sciatic nerve is the widest and longest nerve in the human body. It extends from the lower back to the toes, although it changes names along the way. When it is pinched, it can create the following painful symptoms:

• Aggravating muscle contractions

• Stinging or tingling originating in the lower back and extends all the way down to the toes

• Reduced feeling in the feet and ankles

• Bursts of pain throughout areas impacted by the sciatic nerve

Typically a pinched nerve affecting the lower back is diagnosed by a doctor after various medical tests which may include x-rays, MRIs, nerve tests, and CT scans.

3.) Fixing the Pinched Nerve in the Lower Back

Quite a few options exist for fixing a pinched nerve in the lower back. The solution prescribed by most physicians is usually based on the cause of the irritation. While surgery is always a last resort because of the complexity involved and the low success rate, there are other options for pain relief like alternating between hot and cold compresses and avoiding positions which cause pain.

Still, the most highly effective, non-surgical method of obtaining pain relief is a back brace. By wearing a brace, an individual with a pinched nerve can alleviate discomfort by restricting the motion of the spine while keeping it in a straight line.

Brace supports have changed over the years; they are no longer rigid, bulky girdles that draw attention to a person’s imperfection. These days, back braces are invisibly worn under a blouse or shirt; all the while providing unseen but much needed respite from pain.

Note: Medical advice on back supports should be provided to you by your local, licensed orthotist.

Infant Illnesses – Congenital Muscular Torticollis

Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT), commonly called ‘wryneck’, is a condition in which a baby’s neck muscle is shortened, causing the head to tilt to one side. This is usually present at birth and its lifespan depends on the underlying cause. CMT usually affects 1 in 10 babies.

Why does CMT occur?

CMT may occur for a number of reasons. Difficult births such as delivering a large baby or breech deliveries are some of the causes that a baby could be born with CMT. Diagnosis is usually made by the paediatrician within 2 to 3 months after the birth. During delivery if the neck muscle is stretched or injured, fibrosis or scar tissue is developed. This causes the muscle to shorten or tighten and hence causing the baby’s head to tilt to the side. Defects in the development of the neck muscle or abnormal fetal positions can also cause CMT. CMT appears to be more common in males than females. Studies have shown that 10% of babies with CMT have had family members born with CMT.

How is CMT traced?

A pediatrician is able to trace CMT with the aid of x-rays and ultrasound examinations. The x-rays assist in tracing abnormalities in the neck and shoulder bones. Usually, x-rays are opted for when the cause of CMT is a congenital malformation of the cervical spine. Some children with CMT will also have other musculoskeletal problems, and thus, x-rays of other parts of the body may also be required. To differentiate CMT from other neck pathologies, ultrasonography might be first carried out. Once CMT has been identified, x-rays and ultrasound will be chosen based on the severity of CMT.

Can CMT be prevented? What are the treatments that will be offered for CMT?

CMT may not be prevented but it can be treated. Treatment is usually conducted through either medications or exercising of the muscles, depending on the severity of the condition. Usually parents will be referred to physical therapists to learn the exercises that are to be used on the babies in order to exercise the muscles. These exercises include turning and side bending the child’s head to stretch the muscle. Most of the time, the neck mass may enlarge during a baby’s first month but gradually has the tendency to decrease and eventually disappear. At times, surgery is also one of the considerations to correct the shortened muscle. Also, the child’s age, medical history and the parent’s opinion would be considered before any type of treatment begins.

Are there any effects to the treatments?

Most infants, after treatment, have no future problems. However, a small number may develop an abnormality of their ability to tilt the head, a difference in the size and shape of the two sides of the neck and at times perhaps even an extremely slight degree of scoliosis. The risk of these complications does not appear to be affect by the different kinds of treatments used. However, there are problems if CMT is left untreated. These problems, sometimes can lapse into long term problems such as loss of motion of the neck, untreated inflammatory disease and at times, even loss of function in the child. Although successful operations have been carried out on children even up to ten years of age, it is always better to detect CMT early and treat it.

When should I consult my pediatrician?

Although symptoms of CMT vary from child to child, it is best to consult your pediatrician when you observe your child tilting his/ her head to one side or his/her chin appears to be turning towards the opposite side. After all, the faster it is detected, the better and more efficiently can treatment be carried out.

Torticollis Or Acute Wry Neck

Acute wry neck or torticollis is relatively uncommon and precipitated typically by the sudden onset of significant neck pain which leads to reflex neck muscle contractions and the maintenance of an abnormal neck position. This abnormal posture is known as torticollis and is a sign of an underlying problem of some kind, but this article discusses an acquired torticollis secondary to an acute neck pain of mechanical origin. It is typical for patients to report they woke with severe neck pain and torticollis, with the process often assumed to be secondary to sleeping in an inappropriate position during the night.

Typical initial presentation a high level of neck pain with muscle spasms and the inability to restore the head to the central posture. A few days or up to a fortnight is enough to resolve most of these pains and treatment is analgesia, collar if needed, physiotherapy such as neck massage, neck stretching and neck exercises. When examined a patient exhibiting torticollis will keep their head flexed to the painful side to some degree and also rotated away from the painful side. The usual symptoms are stiff neck, limited range of motion and neck and scapular pain, with onset often sudden such as when hair drying with a towel or turning the head fast.

The first thing a person is aware of is the sudden pain on one side of the neck, often severe and lower in the neck. There may be pain radiating also down over the scapula and out over the shoulder. If a considerable amount of arm pain is present then this should raise the suspicion of a lesion of one of the cervical nerve roots. Nerve root problems are usually somewhat slower in onset but if the symptoms presented on waking this could be the diagnosis. The outcome is very likely to be just as good as the muscle or joint strain which is more common, but recovery typically takes longer over a period of weeks.

On examination by a physiotherapist the patient will be distressed by the severity of the pain and may have found it hard to sleep. They may guard the head by moving carefully to avoid jarring the aggravated structures. The head will be stuck in the typical abnormal posture and any attempt to bring it back towards normal will be met with a significant increase in pain. The posture of the head will be recorded by the physio with ranges of motion achievable and the resulting symptoms. The physiotherapist will take the history including previous episodes and how this one came on, either suddenly or during the night.

Any thoracic, shoulder blade, shoulder or arm pain will also be recorded. The physio may decide to test the reflexes of the biceps and triceps muscles to check if the C6 or C7 nerve roots are involved should the symptoms indicate the possibility. The sensibility of the skin to light touch can also be investigated for similar reasons. The physiotherapist is less likely to choose to test the muscle power in the shoulders and arms as this would cause an increase in pain and not reflect the patient’s true muscle strength. The usual questioning to exclude potentially serious underlying causes or complicating medical conditions will be undertaken.

Physiotherapy management of an acute wry neck is based on the same principles for all injuries of soft tissues. Firstly the physio attempts to reduce the inflammation and pain of the injury and thereby the muscle spasms which exacerbate the pain. Analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs can be very useful as the pain is the primary problem and not some anatomical abnormality of the neck. Typical physiotherapy management includes ice, use of a collar if indicated and gentle tractioning of the neck relax the neck muscles and settle pain.

Progression on to further therapy techniques is planned once the pain is under control such as neck massage, gentle muscle neck stretches for muscle tightness and mobilisation of the joints. The patient is asked to perform active movements within reasonable pain limits. On restoration of more normal neck ranges of motion and head position the next stage of physiotherapy is to increase the neck muscle strength and endurance so that the person can return to normal.

3 Electronic Devices for People Who Can Not Talk

If you can not talk there are three different products on the market to give you a voice. There is not any reason for you not to be able to communicate with the world. Do you need one of these amazing devices or do you know someone who does.?If you have answsered yes or no to either question, read on.

(1) TTY MACHINE FOR SPEECH INPAIRED ONLY

(a) A TTY Machine is a telephone with a keypad.

(b) It is an operator assisted which is called a relay service.

© Your call is placed by a special TTY Operator.

— You type your message to your phone contact

— When the other person answers.

—You will type your message

— You will be able to hear your the other person speak.

A. TTY MACHINE FOR DEAF OR SPEECH IMPAIRED

It is a telephone with a keypad and small screen.

—Your call is placed by a special TTY Operator.

—You type your message to the operator.

—The operator will type a message to your phone contact.

—-The entire phone conversation will be done by typing.

(d) This service is especially valuable to the person who can not speak or hear.

(2) THE ELECTROLARYNY

(1) A small electronic machine which fits the palm of your hand.

(2) It is placed up against your neck.

(3) You then mouth your words.

(4) The vibrations make words.

(5) Your words are heard.

Problem:

When the device is placed against your neck it will cause soreness.

Both the electronic devices listed above are FREE through the California Access Program. If you do not live in California contact your utility company and find out what program they have for the hearing and speech handicapped.

The phone number is 800-806-1191 and the fax # is 800-889-3974. The website is http://www.ddtp.org.

—You need to contact the California Access Program for an Application.

— It needs to be signed by your doctor and faxed or mailed to the above number.

—When you application is processed a Field Representative will call you and come to your home.

—At that time, you will receive training in the equipment best for your special needs and install it.

(3) (SGP) SPEECH GENERATING DEVICE

(1) The SGP device is not a device you can receive FREE. Medicare and most insurance companies will pay for this amazing electronic device.

(2) This is a small computer you carry with you.

(4) You type on the keyboard push a button and the computer will speak.

(5) You can even pick out the voice you like from several samples.

(6) This electronic device gives you a voice to the world without a relay operator to get involved in your telephone call.

(7) You can carry on your usual conversation with people in the same room or on the telephone. Ask your doctor or your speech therapist about this amazing device. There are several different computers to choose from.

There is not any reason one of the above choices will not work for you – a loved one or friend.

Tell somebody about the choices for them to use – and to have their voice heard.

Thank you for reading my article. Please feel free to read any of my numerous articles on several different subjects.

Copyright Linda E. Meckler 2007

Symptoms of Throat Cancer – Having a Chronic Sore Throat?

Although there are many types and forms of cancer, the cancer of the throat is a dangerous type of cancer affecting many people around the world these days. The cancer of the throat can affect any human being, but a certain group of people are more prone to this form of cancer. Cancer of the throat is more prevalent in people who smoke regularly or are exposed to a lot of passive smoking. People with chronic acid reflux disease are also at a higher risk of contracting this type of cancer.

Another group of people that are more at risk of contracting cancer of the throat are those with a family history of this disease. A cancer that affects the pharynx (the area that connects the mouth and the nasal cavity), the vocal cords and/or the larynx (the voice box) in a patient is known as cancer of the throat. Each year some 5000 to 7000 people die of throat cancer in the United States. African American men are most at risk of contracting cancer of the throat. People with cancer of the throat are far more likely to have cancer in their pharynx than in the larynx. Men are much more at risk of having the cancer of the throat then women, and roughly 25000 new cases of throat cancer are diagnosed each year.

There are some symptoms that will point towards the cancer of the throat and if you have any of these symptoms you should consult a doctor as soon as possible. Like any disease an early diagnosis and treatment can save your life. Especially with cancer if it is diagnosed well in time treatment can be much more effective. Unfortunately the early symptoms for throat cancer are quite general and can be mistaken for some other conditions like sore throat, flu and common cold, these symptoms should not be ignored and a through checkup should be done to diagnose the problem correctly.

Chronic earaches are a common symptom of throat cancer; these aches can sometimes be mistaken for an ear infection caused by flu. Chronic sore throat is another major symptom of throat cancer and it can be persistent and not go away. A dry throat and difficulty speaking, sometimes it can feel like there is a lump in the back of the mouth, throat or neck, this symptom can also make one sound hoarse. Sometimes a patient suffering from cancer of the throat will feel numbness all over the face. A throat cancer patient can show visible sores on the tongue and mouth.

Pain or difficulty swallowing, some times difficulty even swallowing liquids are a symptom of throat cancer and should not be ignored. Sudden unexplained weight loss in any person is a sign of concern and is a symptom of throat cancer or some other type of cancer. Bleeding from the throat and blood in the sputum is another symptom of cancer of the throat. If you suffer from any of these symptoms or a combination of the symptoms get yourself properly checked out, it is not necessary that you are suffering from throat cancer just because you have some symptoms but it is important to rule out the presence of this dangerous disease in a timely manner.