Can the Color of a Bruise Denote Its Severity Or Age?

Any person, be it a restless kid or a responsible adult, is bound to get at least a bruise once in a while. It ‘s inevitable. And for those people who bruise easily, that once in a while might as well be all the time. But can we tell the severity of a bruise just by looking at its color?

When you get hit, a bruise may appear kind of reddening at first, but in time in can take on many different colors. Bruising occurs when small blood vessels under the skin rupture or tear. The blood that flows out of these small vessels becomes trapped in a pool under the skin, and cannot return to normal circulation. Bruises are usually caused by a bump or fall, but they tend to heal o their own. Older adults in particular bruise very easily, and often don ‘t even remember or notice what caused the bruise. But even though they look bad, bruises are not a major health problem.

You cannot tell the severity of a bruise just by its color, however you can determine when it occurred. In the first few minutes the bruise is generally red or pink, as blood collects beneath the skin. Then, within a few hours, the layer of trapped blood takes on the typical black and blue shades. Throughout the next two to four weeks, the bruise slowly goes away. As it heals, the body beaks the trapped blood down to its components, and then recycles them. The various compounds in the blood have different colors, consequently, so do the compounds into which it breaks down. During the process of healing, various compounds and breakdown products show through the skin.

You can tell the age of the bruise judging by its color, which denotes the stage of healing. Generally, dark black, blue or purple colors of a new bruise gradually fade, and are replaced by a succession of colors. Violet turns into green or dark yellow, which gradually fades into light yellow, and then disappears.

However, in some cases a bruise does not heal on its own. Instead of breaking down the trapped blood, the body walls it off and forms a firm swelling between the skin and the muscle. This swelling is called a hematoma, and can sometimes be painful, and if it does not go away on its own it might need to be drained by a doctor.

The Gallbladder Is Long Gone, But The Pain Is Still There

If you have a gallbladder removal surgery, you are not alone. More than 700,000 Americans lost their gallbladders last year.

You were told that surgery would be a simple, painless procedure, without big scars, and the recovery would be fast. Possibly, you were also told that the gallbladder is just a sac for bile storage and anyone can live after gallbladder removal without any problems. Sorry to say that but this is not entirely true.

Some people sooner or later suffer from pain where gallbladder was, and in the middle back. These people cannot enjoy foods they love, and often complain of bloating, gas, nausea, heartburn, diarrhea, or constipation.

If the person does not have a gallbladder and has indigestion and pain, he or she suffers from postcholecystectomy syndrome. Cholecystectomy is a medical expression for the gallbladder removal surgery. According to medical literature, 10-15% of people without gallbladder eventually have postcholecystectomy syndrome. Even brilliant performance, extensive surgical experience, and up to date equipment, does not guarantee that the postcholecystectomy syndrome would not develop.

Some people with postcholecystectomy syndrome suffer in silence considering it is normal, some get the symptomatic treatment that masks the symptoms, or they become addicted to painkillers, others undergo more surgical procedures, etc. Sadly, many people continue to live the unhealthy life-style and poor eating habits, which make things worse.

Fortunately, many sufferers from pain and indigestion after gallbladder removal can improve their condition by using complementary and alternative medicine approach. In my articles and in my book, I put a lot of information on this matter. Most people do not clearly understand the critical role of the gallbladder, especially when it comes to bile in digestion, detoxification, acid-alkaline balance, gut motility, cholesterol metabolism, etc.

Gallbladder is an essential part of digestive team that also includes liver, pancreas, stomach, duodenum, small and large intestines. All these organs work like a well-organized orchestra. Two conductors regulate the digestive team. First, nervous system as a sophisticated computer controls interrelated activities of these digestive organs. Second, blood messengers – digestive hormones supervise the work of entire gastrointestinal tract. By analogy with an orchestra, as lack of the violins causes cacophony, so without gallbladder digestion will never be normal.

Stress, eating habits, especially, how to eat, when to eat, what to eat, what is the right food combination, influence on proper digestion. Alcohol, drugs, some medication can activate or inhibit the digestive system, as well.

Gallbladder is not just a simple sac. There, bile is concentrated and get ready to take part in digestion fats and fat-soluble vitamins.

Bile is brown-yellowish, extremely complex mixture of water, minerals, bicarbonate, cholesterol, lecithin, cholesterol. Bile consists of bile salts, bile acids, fat-soluble toxic substances, bile pigments. In some situations, these substances can become fearfully aggressive and irritate, corrode bile ducts, sphincter of Oddi, duodenum, end even stomach, esophagus, and colon.

It is known by medical researches that bile is an alkaline solution and acidity in the body causes acidic changes in the bile. When it happens, bile is getting terribly aggressive, corrodes surrounding organs causing pains, spasms and bile reflux. I repeat myself, aggressive acidic bile and also acidic pancreatic juice is the core of many unpleasant symptoms after gallbladder removal.

To understand what happens without gallbladder, let us focus on gallbladder and its crucial role in digestion. It is known, liver produces bile that goes to the gallbladder, collects, and concentrates there. When fatty, semi digested foods enter into the first part of the small intestine – duodenum, gallbladder contracts, and concentrated bile goes into the duodenum to digest fatty foods.

This process is regulated by the sphincter of Oddi; strategic valve between the bile duct and the first portion of the small intestine – duodenum. Normally, if there no food in duodenum, sphincter of Oddi is closed. During that time, bile from liver goes into the gallbladder, so it expands like a balloon. Therefore, gallbladder has a buffer function to prevent increasing pressure inside the bile duct.

Without gallbladder, everything goes wrong due to spasms or dysfunction of the sphincter of Oddi. Bile from liver collects in the bile duct, pressure inside the bile duct increases causing its extension, inflammation and pain. It also can create high pressure inside pancreatic duct and possible inflammation of pancreas – pancreatitis with severe pains.

There is another awful thing that could happen when sphincter of Oddi opens at an inappropriate time, when duodenum is empty, with no food in it. Aggressive bile irritates duodenum’s walls causing their jerky motions, which can lead to bile reflux. Moving in wrong direction up to the stomach or even esophagus, bile is the common reason for stomach inflammation, ulcers, and stubborn heartburn.

By the practice of the European doctors and my own 40 years experience to heal the postcholecystectomy syndrome naturally, the focus needs to be done on the root of the problems. The goals of the non-drug, alternative medicine treatment includes:

• Make the liver bile liquid, avoid congestion

• Make the liver bile alkaline, diminish aggressiveness

• Decrease pain and inflammation of bile ducts, sphincter of Oddi, duodenum, stomach

• Decrease spasms or looseness of the sphincter of Oddi

• Decrease bile reflux

• Correct deficiencies

• Restore the friendly intestinal bacteria

• Improve digestion, etc

This can be achieved by taking a few basic steps.

The alkaline diet with a large amount of vegetables is highly beneficial. Fresh vegetable blends, vegetable soups, cooked, steamed, boiled vegetables are beneficial.

Herbal teas such as chamomile, peppermint, fennel, ginger can assist in producing and easy elimination of the liver bile. Combination of herbs, some herbal formulas from knowledgeable herbalists also can do this job but also reduce inflammation and pain.

European doctors recommend persons after gallbladder surgery to drink healing mineral water. The most researched is healing mineral water from famous mineral spa Karlovy Vary in the Czech Republic. It is known that gallbladder removal surgery has more than hundred of years of history. Therefore, Karlovy Vary healing mineral water from the spring or prepared from genuine Karlovy Vary spring salt at home has been used by generations of European doctors for hundred of years.

Minerals, trace elements, and bicarbonate from the Karlovy Vary healing mineral water improve liver function; alkalinize the body, make liver bile liquid, and less aggressive. Karlovy Vary healing mineral water enhances pancreatic function, helps to release more pancreatic digestive enzymes, and thus alleviates many unpleasant digestive symptoms, such as heartburn, gas, bloating, nausea, constipation, and diarrhea. Numerous medical papers support the healing actions of the Karlovy Vary healing mineral water in many liver, gallbladder, and pancreas disorders.

Acupuncture is another alternative method that can reduce the nagging symptoms after gallbladder removal such as pain and spasms. By author’s experience, acupuncture can be helpful in the sphincter of Oddi dysfunction that accompanies quite often postcholecystectomy syndrome.

Methods of complementary or alternative medicine can be used alone or in conjunction with conventional medicine. The goal is to find the knowledgeable, licensed medical practitioner or practitioners to alleviate negative consequences of gallbladder removal.

The information contained here is presented for educational, informational purposes only. It is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. This information is not to be used to replace the services or instructions of a physician or qualified health care practitioner.

Nystatin and Diflucan – The Myth Exposed

There exists the myth that Nystatin and Diflucan are very powerful antifungal treatments. This myth exists due to the fact that they are the most prescribed and revered antifungal. It also exists because the drug companies and your Doctor may say it’s so.

However the herbal kingdom also contains antifungal substances. In fact there a dozens and dozens of different antifungal compounds that exist in nature in the forms of herbs.

The purpose of this article will be to reveal the myths, the pros and the cons of both the herbal antifungal and the prescribed drugs such as Nystatin and Diflucan.

Nystatin and Diflucan are given to patients who suffer from chronic fungal or yeast growth. The fungal yeast growth could be anywhere in the body, the intestines, genitals, mouth etc. The assumption is that the medicine will kill the fungus, it will go away and all will be well. This is about as ignorant as the person who invites Osama Bin Laden or Charles Manson to his home for dinner and expects to have a nice quiet evening at home.

Limitations of Nystatin and Diflucan

Nystatin is particularly known for causing drug resistance in different strains of Candida Albicans. It has done this for several reasons. One is that it has been so widely prescribed. Millions of individuals prescribed this drug equals billions of colonies of Candida have had a chance to mutate against it. Beyond this however, it is typical for Nystatin to be prescribed for periods of time that exceed 30 days. My contention is that drug resistance in Candida colonies begin after the colony has been exposed to the same medication for 21 days continuously. Nystatin can be prescribed for 30,60 or 90 days at a time.

Diflucan is rarely prescribed for that long because it is simply too toxic and may cause liver and kidney damage. However is it not as toxic as Nizerol which could cause a disaster if prescribed that long.

Nystatin is active mostly in the intestinal tract and is poorly absorbed systemically. This is an advantage of Diflucan or Nizerol in that they are absorbed systemically and are not limited to the intestinal tract.


The definition of Dysbiosis is an imbalance in the intestinal tract of normal intestinal flora. Lactobacillus Acidophilus which inhabits the 20-30 foot long small intestine and Bifido Bacterium which inhabits the 6-8 foot long colon are the most abunant protective bacteria in the digestive tract. They help produce vitamins, help us digest and absorb nutrients from our foods and also protect us from harmful bacteria, parasites and yeasts which find their way into our digestive tract. When medication such antibiotics, steroids, antacids, and immune suppressing drugs are taking these friendly protective organisms die-off. This condition is called “Dysbiosis”. “Dysbiosis” is a state of imbalance where the harmful micro-organisms achieve an abnormal dominance over the good organisms. This allows a build up of toxins produced by the organisms and also disrupts normal digestion. Due to this, stomach acid and enzymes produced by the pancreas that digest foods (particularly proteins) lessen. This leads to incomplete digestion of proteins.

It is impossible for someone to have an overgrowth of Fungus or Yeast without also developing Dysbiosis. This is because once the friendly flora that protects us from Fungus or Yeast in compromised the growth of harmful bacteria and parasites occur along with the Fungus or Yeast. Does Nystatin or Diflucan kill harmful bacteria or parasites? The answer is no!

So if you use these drugs to eliminate your Candida problem and if you are lucky enough that they do indeed eliminate it, you are still left with the harmful bacteria and the parasites the make up the remainder of your Dysbiosis. That being the case the harmful bacteria and the parasites prevent your friendly bacteria from growing back despite the hundreds of dollars you are spending on acidophilus and probiotics. So what happens in time? Well of course, the Candida grows back again? Why? Because you treated Candida only and not the complete problem which is the Dysbiosis!

Why Use Herbs?

1. Antifungal herbs are plentiful do you can rotate 3,4 or 5 different ones taking each one for 4, 7 or 10 days at a time and then moving to another one without ever causing dug resistance to occur.

2. Herbs are much less toxic then the prescription antifungal drugs.

3. All the antifungal herbs are to a greater or lesser degree also effective against harmful bacteria and parasites. So when you use the herbs you’re treating the Dysbiosis and not just the Candida. This gives you a better chance a eliminating your Dysbiosis so that the acidophilus will grow back!

The “cons” regarding using herbs are very few. Allergic reactions may occur in very sensitive individuals to some of the plant substances in the herbs. That aside there are none.

So while in fact there is the myth of Nystatin and Diflucan being so powerful, you now may see that they are nothing more then big bullies who can’t ever do the job correctly so like all bullies their own short comings lead to their eventual failure.

Menstruation Disorder V – Understanding Menorrhagia – Definition, Causes and Symptoms

I. Introduction

As we mentioned in previous articles menstruation is the shedding of the uterine lining. It is normal to the reproductive system of women and happens on a regular basis. Normal menstruation happens around 3 to 7 days. During the monthly menstrual cycle, female sex hormones prepare the uterus to support a pregnancy. If pregnancy happens, menstruation will be suspended until giving birth of a child, abortion, or miscarriage. Otherwise the uterine lining sheds and menstrual blood, tissues, fluid and mucus leave the body through the vagina caused by natural reaction in the female reproductive system from low levels of certain growth hormones.

II. Menorrhagia

The last stage of the menstrual cycle is the shedding of an endometrial lining’s blood vessels. Normally,the process of blood forming clots occurs(coagulation) to limit and repair the damaged blood vessel resulting in a stoppage of blood flow. Menorrhagia is an abnormally heavy and prolonged menstrual period with excessive menstrual bleeding lasting longer than 7 days or blood loss exceeding 80 ml caused by abnormal blood clotting, disruption of normal hormonal regulation of periods, or disorders of the endometrial lining of the uterus.

Since normal menstrual cycle about 28 days in duration, with bleeding lasting an average of total blood loss less than 80 mL, women with menorrhagia over the menstruation may have blood loss greater than the body’s iron reserves and reproduced by the body leading to anemia.

III. Causes

1. Stress

Women whp cannot adjust to events in life that are stressful, or seem to be stressful in their mind causes hormone imbalance resulting in overproduction of either estrogen or progesterone.

2. Hormone imbalance

For whatever reason, heavy blood flow may also occur for most women.

3. Vitamin K deficiency

Vitamin K is blood coagulation. Normally produced by bacteria in the intestine, women with intestine diseases may not produce enough vitamin K to stop the heavy flowing of blood during menstruation.

4. Anemia

Women with the type of anemia having red blood cells breaking down faster than normal people, may also have heavy flowing of blood during menstruation caused by regular blood flow and breaking off of red blood cells thereby, reducing the coagulation function.

5. Perimenopause

Women in the perimenopause normally have higher levels of estrogen levels and lower levels of progesterone because ovulation is less consistent.

IV. Symptoms

1. Spotting or bleeding between menstrual periods

2. Excessive menstrual bleeding

3. Heavy period

4. Symptoms of anemia (caused by loss of iron in the blood)

5. Constant pain in the lower abdomen during menstrual period

6. Irregular menstrual periods

I hope this information will help to rejuvenate your health and detoxify your body. If you need more information, please follow my article series of the above subject at my home page at:

How Dangerous Is A Sigmoid Colon Polyp?

A sigmoid polyp is a mass of cells that grows in the sigmoid colon, which is the s-shaped section of the large intestine near the end of the digestive tract. A sigmoid polyp is a matter of some concern because it can – but doesn’t always – become malignant. Therefore, it is described as being pre-cancerous.

Even though polyps don’t always result in colon cancer, it’s best to remove them if they’re detected. This can be done during a colonoscopy. A colonoscopy is a surgical procedure in which a doctor examines the inside of the colon to make sure it’s healthy. He or she will use a device known as a colonoscope during this examination. A colonoscope is a long flexible tube with a tiny video camera attached to the front, which enables the surgeon to look for signs of cancer in the walls and lining of the colon.

There are several types of sigmoid polyps. They are sometimes small and flat. These are called sedentary polyps. Or they can look more like a mushroom with a stalk, in which case they’re known as pedunculated.

Some sigmoid polyps are tiny – as small as a pea. Other are huge and can become as large as a golf ball. Those that are smaller and mushroom-shaped become cancerous less often than those that are flat and large. Typically, the bigger the sigmoid polyp, the higher the chance that it will become malignant.

The major risk factors for sigmoid polyps include

  • Aging – they appear much more often after age 50
  • Obesity
  • Tobacco use
  • Eating a lot of low fiber, high fat foods
  • Heredity – you’re more likely to have a sigmoid polyp if there are others in your family who have also had them

Small colon polyps don’t present symptoms. This is why it’s important to have colon cancer screenings as recommended by your doctor. It’s very important to have these screenings after age 50, but your doctor may recommend them sooner if you’re at higher risk.

Large colon polyps may present symptoms like

  • Rectal bleeding or blood in stools
  • Stools may become noticeably more narrow
  • Bowel difficulties like diarrhea and constipation, or pain during bowl movements

Sigmoid polyps that are discovered early can generally be removed safely and completely. The first step is to find out if a mass is malignant or not. Your doctor can take a sample during a colonoscopy and have it analyzed.

There is no sure method of preventing sigmoid polyps from developing. You can certainly lower your risk, however, with lifestyle changes and regular screenings.

Getting some exercise and eating healthier food (especially high fiber types) definitely help. Be sure you get enough calcium because it helps protect you against cancer. Broccoli, kale and canned salmon are good calcium sources. Vitamin D also appears to help reduce your risk.

If you smoke, stop. If you consume a lot of alcohol, cut back.

Having a sigmoid polyp doesn’t need to frighten you. The most important thing is to find out that you have it before it becomes malignant, so it can be removed and you can remain colon cancer free.

Myoma – What Every Woman Should Know

What is Myoma?

Myomas are non cancerous tumors that are commonly found in the uterus. It is a condition that affects almost 75% of women, especially women in their 30’s and 40’s.

Just last month, I was experiencing abdominal pains and headaches, so I decided to consult my doctor. The doctor did a couple of tests, CT scans, and found multiple cysts in my uterus. Hearing the word “tumor”, I got scared, because the condition was very new to me and my family. The doctor was kind enough to let me know the details. According to him, uterine tumors or myomas are completely normal in women after giving birth. They tend to grow during the reproductive years, due to the boost in estrogen levels. I calmed down knowing that these tumors are actually not cancerous.

There are different treatments for myoma, some doctors prescribe only medicines. In my case, the doctor recommended surgery because the tumors were causing discomfort and occasional pain. Personally, I prefer not to have surgery if there is an alternative. But anyway, I trust my doctor, so I went on to have Myomectomy. Prior to the surgery, I was required to eat healthy foods, and was not allowed to eat at least 8 hours before the operation. While the preparation was hard enough, the actual operation ran smoothly. I was given anesthesia and it was very quick. I did not feel a thing. I was always the weak type, but just after 2 days, I was able to get up and I felt a lot better, as if nothing happened. The operation was a total success and I thank my doctor for the excellent job.

I think that uterine tumors are very common to us women, and we must face it eventually. So if you think you have Myoma, please consult your doctor immediately. It is not really something you must be afraid of. Just remember to choose your doctor with care. Having a good doctor will ensure you a quick and smooth recovery.

What Types of Ovarian Cysts Are Possible After 50?

The types of ovarian cysts in women over the age of 50 are exactly the same as the types of ovarian cysts in women under the age of 50. The profound difference is that post-menopausal women are significantly more susceptible to developing a cancerous cyst. Your doctor may have shared with you the term for your condition described below.

Most ovarian cyst cancers are diagnosed in women over 60 years of age. In women over 80 years with ovarian cysts, 90% will be diagnosed with a malignant tumor. With this age group as with every other, the key to survival is early detection. A malignant ovarian cyst found in the early stages can often be successfully treated and survival rates are good. If you are over 50, keep up on regular pelvic examinations for early detection of cancerous cysts.

Types of ovarian cysts are:

Epithelial: developed from tubal tissue this category encapsulates several sub-category of cyst which may be benign or malignant.

Follicular: a fluid filled sac and the most common type of ovarian cyst.

Theca Lutein: excessive stimulation caused by high levels of certain hormones leads to this cyst type.

Corpus Luteum: asymptomatic and found on only one side of the ovaries. The result of a follicle releasing the egg but failing to break down and disappear. This is classed as a functional cyst.

Dermoid: The strangest cyst it can contain elements of eyes, teeth, skin and hair.

The causes of ovarian cysts after menopause are different, not due to eggs not being released, and treatment approaches will therefore be different. The cyst of a pre-menopausal woman may resolve itself or be treated with hormones and disappear. This is not the case post menopause.

Post menopausal cysts will generally not clear independently and cannot be treated with hormones. Total removal is the preferred option to eliminate the likelihood of the cyst developing a malignancy. The risk of ovarian cancer in women over 50 years is significantly higher and most doctors will recommend treatment.

Whereas the majority of cysts in pre-menopausal women can be left to resolve on their own. This is the most significant distinction for women over 50 – not the types of ovarian cysts but the treatment options and prognosis.

So although the types of ovarian cysts are the same in all women regardless of age, the behaviour and development of the cyst in post menopausal women is significantly different. An entirely different treatment approach is therefore required.

Hormonal balance during a woman’s life may be influenced by a variety of factors such as nutrition, diet, lifestyle, exercise, stress, emotions, age and ovulation. Clinical research has proven out that use of Dong Quai aids in keeping female hormones in check- imagine that!

Thrush in Adults

Even though it isn’t the most attractive thing to say, Thrush in adults is actually a pretty common infection. Thrush is caused by a yeast infection or more scientifically known as the Candida fungus. While the Candida fungus is actually present in your body anyways if your micro organisms do not keep them under control you are at risk for an infection. Thrush can occur in your mouth or in your private parts as well so keep an eye out for those common Thrush symptoms. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms be sure to consult your dentist or doctor soon for treatment advice.

• White lesions inside of your mouth that are creamy white

• Sore throat and hard to swallow

• Thick white discharge (in women)

• Enflamed, red, sore or itchy head of penis in men

• A fever

• Irritability

Causes, symptoms and treatments for Thrush in adults

When thrush in babies occurs it can make the already difficult task, even harder. Now thrush is not a fatal or serious occurrence in babies but it is good to handle it quickly to avoid any repeat infections. You can easily become frustrated and overwhelmed if you do not treat the symptoms of Thrush the right way. It will make the already tedious tasks like nightly feedings and diaper changing even more stressful and difficult for you. Recognizing the very common thrush symptoms that will appear in your baby is thrush is present. If he/she is experiencing any of these you should seek treatment quickly. Not wanting to take their bottle of feedings, being fussy for hours on end, having a sensitive mouth that appear to be in pain, white lesions will appear inside of the mouth on various areas.

Since Thrush in adults is less common keeping your babies and children safe and healthy is important. When adults do become infected with Thrush it is usually due to their immune system being weakened or from an imbalance in the Candida level. There are ways to determine whether or not you are experiencing symptoms of Thrush and how to go about treating them. While there are not a lot of treatments options for oral thrush the few that there are usually are the most effective ones.

The best avenue to purse is that of the more natural remedies. However, be sure to keep an eye out for any weird side effects that some of these “natural” remedies have. Sometimes they can present more of a problem than the Thrush infection itself. If you want to learn the long term strategies that will help clear up your Thrush and prevent it from ever coming back, then you do have a few options to choose from. Guides, like Thrush911, are a great way to find out those hidden secrets to curing your Thrush naturally and quickly. You may find that these guides give you the best success so why wouldn’t you take the chance and try it out when you have nothing to lose but the infection.

Hepatitis – Causes, Symptoms, Types, Prevention and Treatment

Hepatitis is characterized by the destruction of a number of liver cells and the presence of inflammatory cells in the liver tissue caused by excessive alcohol drinking, disorders of the gall bladder or pancreas, including medication side effects, and infections.In this article, we will discuss causes, symptoms, types, prevention and treatment of hepatitis.

I. Causes of hepatitis

A person can develop hepatitis if they contract one of the viruses that can cause liver inflammation, or as a result of exposure to substances that can cause hepatitis. There are two ways that can lead to hepatitis: it can either occur as a result of infections or from autoimmune processes.

Hepatitis can be divided into two subgroups:

1. Acute hepatitis

Acute hepatitis caused by the below in result of inflammation that causes damaging to the liver’s normal function and lasting less than six months. People having a weakened immune system and weaken liver, making them more susceptible to be infected by hepatitis.

a) Infectious viral hepatitis such as hepatitis A, B, C, D, E.

b) Inflammation of liver caused by Epstein-Barr virus and cytomegalovirus.

c) Inflammation of liver caused by other bacteria.

d) Medication overdose causing damage to liver tissues and cells such as tranquilizers, chemotherapeutic agents, antibiotics and anesthetics.

e) Excessive alcohol drinking.

2. Chronic hepatitis:

Chronic hepatitis means active, ongoing inflammation of the liver persisting for more than six months. Chronic hepatitis, although much less common than acute hepatitis, can persist for years, even decades. In most people, it is quite mild and does not cause significant liver damage. It may be caused by hepatitis B and C viruses, drugs and excessive alcohol drinking. It can also result in cirrhosis, with an enlarged spleen and fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity. In some people, continued inflammation slowly damages the liver, eventually resulting in severe scarring of the liver, liver failure and sometimes liver cancer.

II. Symptoms

1. Jaundices

Jaundices caused by the excession of a chemical called bilirubin accumulated in the body’s tissues. When the liver is damaged by hepatitis virus, it’s unable to do its normal job and this chemical accumulates in the blood and starts to leak out into body tissue resulting in a yellow color in the skin, and especially around the whites of the eyes.

2. Loss of appetite

Loss of appetite is also called anorexia, is often the first symptom of acute hepatitis. Sometimes this symptom lasts for a very short time before being replaced by nausea and vomiting.

3. Fatigue

Fatigue is a debilitating tiredness and is a big source of frustration for people with liver disease. When the liver is damaged, feelings of extreme weakness is common.

4. Pain in the muscles and joints

Pain in the muscles and joints can last from days to weeks and are very common in acute hepatitis infection.

5. Low blood sugar

Infection by Hepatitis A virus may cause low blood sugar. Therefore regular monitoring of blood glucose level with constant glucose infusion is essential, because dangerously low blood sugar is a constant threat.

6. Insomnia

Insomnia is caused by liver inflammation of hepatitis virus C leading to trouble of sleeping, and waking up often during the night. Some people also experience unusually vivid, intense and frightening dreams.

7. Pruritus

People with hepatitis C sometimes have pruritus, itching to the palms of the hand and the soles of the feet.

8. Lymphadenopathy

Hepatitis may also cause inflammation of lymph nodes. They usually appear in the armpits, groin and neck.

9. Weakness

Hepatitis C also causes a sense of weakness. This symptom can vary from mild to severe and tends to come and go.

If you have any of the above symptoms, please consult with your doctor immediately.

III. Types of Hepatitis

1. Hepatitis A (HAV)

Hepatitis A causes swelling and inflammation in the liver and is very common in underdeveloped countries, resulting in drinking water or eating food that is infected by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). It can also be transmitted through sexual intercourse. This type of hepatitis usually has slow onset and most people fully recover. Hepatitis A can be discovered by blood testing.

2. Hepatitis B (HBV)

Hepatitis B virus is most often contracted via blood contact such as blood, semen, body fluids, IV drug abusers sharing needles or someone using tainted needles. It can also be transmitted through sexual contact and from mother to baby during childbirth. Hepatitis B causes inflammation of the liver leading to a serious infection that can cause liver damage, which may result in cancer.

3. Hepatitis C (HCV)

Hepatitis C, like hepatitis B is spread via blood and body-fluid contact such as blood, semen, body fluid, IV drug abusers sharing needles or someone using tainted needles. Hepatitis C used to be the most common type of hepatitis acquired through blood transfusions until a test for it became available in the 1980s. Hepatitis C causes inflammation of the liver resulting in liver damage that can lead to cancer. It also commonly leads to chronic liver inflammation and slowly damagesthe liver over a long period of time before leading to cirrhosis of the liver, that means scar tissue replacing normal, healthy tissue in result of blocking the flow of blood through the liver and preventing it from from working as it should.

4. Hepatitis D (HDV)

Hepatitis D is caused by the virus HDV. You can only get hepatitis D if you are already infected with hepatitis B. Hepatitis D also causes inflammation of liver and is transmitted through infected blood, needles and sexual contact with with a person infected with HDV.

5. Hepatitis E (HEV)

Similar to hepatitis A, hepatitis E is also caused by drinking water or eating food that os infected by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). It can also be transmitted through sexual intercourse causing temporary swelling of the liver and no long term damage to it.

IV. Prevention and Treatment

A. With Foods

1. Fresh water algae

Fresh water algae contains high amounts of antioxidant-chlorophyll that has the power in strengthening the immune system to fight any bacteria and virus infection. It also helps in cleansing liver toxins as well as fat build-up in liver.

2. Whole grain products

Whole grain product stimulates the liver to rid the body of toxins, supports the heart and is rich in protein, B vitamins, and fiber. It also helps lower blood cholesterol, reduce tumors, strengthens the immune and treats hepatitis.

3. Green vegetable juices

The fresh raw vegetable juices are vitally important in the nutritional treatment of hepatitis. Green Vegetable juice contains high amounts of vitamin C, bioflavonoids, carotenoids, living plant enzymes to aid digestion & vitamin K resulting in cleansing of liver toxins as well as strengthening the immune system, helping to fight against hepatitis infection.

4. Legumes

Legumes contain the nutrients and good sources of water-soluble fibers that your body needs to produce and activate the dozens of enzymes involved in the various phases of detoxification.

5. Cold water fish

Cold water fish contain high amounts of essential fatty acids that helps to support the detoxification pathways in the liver, break down toxic chemicals and toxins from the blood stream. A healthy liver filter will keep your blood stream clean and free of dangerous toxins and microorganisms. The regular use of a liver tonic such as essential fatty acids support the repair of liver cells.

6. Limit daily intake of alcohol

Alcohol is a potent toxin to the liver. Excessive alcohol drinking can lead to cirrhosis and its complications, including liver cancer.

7. Stop smoking

Cigarette fumes contain high amounts of cadmium, a toxic chemical that causes not only blood clots but also weakens the immune system functioning by fighting against harmful viruses and detoxifying the liver.

B. With Chinese Herbs

Here are some Chinese herbs that have been used to prevent and treat hepatitis with proven results.

1. Natural schisandra

Schisandradra contains essential oils, acids and lignans that help to regenerate liver tissue caused by excessive drinking of alcohol and hepatitis virus.

2. Milk thistle

consists of three components silybin, silydianin, and silychristin that help to reverse liver damage from alcohol, liver injure in result of chronic hepatitis and sloe the advance of cirrhosis.

3. Dan shen Danshen

is frequently used for these problems in combination with other herbs in treating liver diseases such as cirrhosis, fibrosis, and chronic hepatitis B.

4. Lycii

Lycii contains high amount of beta-carotene that helps to nourish and tonify liver and kidney.

5. Chinese licorice

Licorice contains a compound called glycyrrhizin and has a long history of medicinal use in both Eastern and Western systems of medicine in treating infections caused by viruses, such as hepatitis.

6. Astragalus

Astragalus is used conbination with other Chinese herbs are thought to possess properties in treating cancer, viral infection and immune system disorder. Astragalus is an ingredient in

7. Baikal scullcap

Baikal scullcap contains a chemical of baikalin that helps liver to detoxification and fight against liver infection.

8. Gynostemma pentaphylla

This herb has been used over thousand years in Chinese history in treating a variety of diseases such as high blood fat, heart disease, strengthen immune system as well as hepatitis.

9. American ginseng

American ginseng contain the ginsenosides ingredient that is effective in preventing GalN-induced liver cell damage and is a useful agent for chemoprevention of cancer or inflammatory diseases such as liver infection by hepatitis virus.

C. With Nutrition

1. Cranberry juice

Study shows that cranberry juice can be used as alternative antibody in helping our immune system fight off the hepatitis virus before it can do damage to the liver.

2. Lemon juice

Lemon juice contains high amounts of vitamin C that helps to fight against free radical build up in our body as well as detoxifying liver cells damaged by hepatitis viruses to regenerate, forming new liver cells.

3. Apple cider vinegar

Apple cider vinegar contains malic acid and acetic acid and it is effective against most viral diseases including Hepatitis virus.

4. Olive leaf

Olive leaf helps to improve immune system and contains achemical oleuropein which converts to elenolic acid in the body. The oleuropein targets viruses and bad bacteria before they can cause any damage to the body including liver, while relaxing blood vessels.

5. Peppermint

Peppermint is a stimulant that helps to relieve digestive disturbances caused by chronic hepatitis by stimulating the release of bile.

6. Honey

Honey provides the energy needed by the body for blood formation and blood cleansing. It also increases the liver’s glycogen through the increase of blood glucose, helping the liver to function properly and fight against hepatitis virus.

7. Royal jelly

Royal jelly contains protein, vitamins B, C, E, niacin and pantothenic acid that helps to strengthen our immune system, protecting our body against any viruses including the hepatitis virus as well as cleansing toxic deposits in the body.

8. Green tea

Green tea contains the highest concentration of powerful antioxidants called polyphenols that scavenge free radicals. It also seems to protect the liver from the damaging effects of toxic substances such as alcohol.

D. With Supplements

1. Vitamin C

It is found only in fruits and vegetables and is highest in fresh, uncooked foods. Vitamin C is an antioxidant vitamin. It helps prevent oxidation of water-soluble molecules that could otherwise create free radicals. Vitamin C not only stimulates the immune system but also improves the prevention and treatment of infections and other diseases.

2. Vitamin E

Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin with antioxidant properties and is used for prevention or treatment of numerous health conditions such as liver detoxification. Vitamin E levels have been shown to be low in people with hepatitis as well as in those who later develop liver cancer from long-standing hepatitis therefore increasing the amount of intake of vitamin E may protect the liver from damage in people with hepatitis C.

3. B vitamins

B vitamins support metabolic functions, including energy production, nerve cell immune system functions and as well as antioxidant activity.

4. Selenium

Selenium is an essential trace mineral that helps in cleansing liver toxins. Selenium is proven to have a protective role against hepatitis B. The right dose of selenium will help to ware off liver cancer.

5. Flax seed

Flax seed is an excellent vegetarian source of essential fatty acids that helps to reduce inflammation of liver and restore damaged liver cell membranes. It will also support the filter inside the liver, which removes microorganisms, dead cells and toxins from the blood stream.

6. L-Glutamine

L-Glutamine contains high amounts of amino acid and natural growth hormones that help to combat the effect of alcohol addiction, benefiting the liver and strengthening the immune system.

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7. S-adenosymethionine (SAMe)

Study shows that S-adenosymethionine (SAMe) has ananti-oxidant effects in chronic liver disease and in the treatment of viral hepatitis C. It also helps to restore abnormalities and cellular dysfunctions in human liver disease. Oral SAMe is also helpful in treating patients with chronic liver disease.

E. With Herbs

1. Red clover

Rich in micro-nutrients it possesses activity against several bacteria. A good dietary supplement of vitamin A and Iron, it also contains B- complex, vitamins C,F, and P, some selenium, cobalt, nickel, manganese, sodium and is particularly rich in magnesium, calcium and copper.

2. Oregon grape root

The herb stimulates the action on the liver and is one of the best blood cleansers. Mild stimulant to the thyroid functions and aids in the assimilation of nutrients.

3. Echinacea

Echinacea is an immuno stimulant. Enhancing the body’s resistance against both bacterial and viral infections it is probably the best detoxifying agent in Western Herbalism. It cleanses the blood and lymph systems, helps arrest pus formation and tissue putrefaction

4. Sarsaparilla

Sarsaparilla purifies the urino-genital tract, dispelling all infection and inflammation. It’s purifying action extends to the nervous system and is therefore useful in many nervous disorders. Sarsaparilla’s diaphoretic and blood cleansing action is useful for rheumatic inflammation.

5. Licorice root

Licorice root is a natural anti-inflammatory agent. It helps to increase the secretion of digestive enzymes and bile and is widely regarded as the supreme liver tonic.

6. Burdock

It clears congestion, reduces swelling and dispels toxins via the skin, kidneys and bowel. It is a nutritive and rejuvenatory tonic . Historically it has been used to support the action of the kidneys in urinary tract infections.

7. Dandelion

Dandelion cleanses the liver, kidneys, lymph and bowel and is ideal for toxic blood conditions. It increases the secretion of digestive enzymes and bile and is widely regarded as the supreme liver tonic.

F. With Common Sense Approaches

1. Reduce intake of saturated and trans fats

Uncontrolled diet that is high in saturated and trans fats not only cause cholesterol build up in your arteries but also increase high blood pressure and also damaging the immune system. It also is the main contributor to gallstone formation, fat liver that reduce the normal function of liver and making it vulnerable for virus infections.

2. Avoid intake of processed foods

Processed food contain high amounts of salt and artificial food additives that causes free radicals to build up in the body and high blood pressure. They are also toxic to the liver causing the kidney and liver to work harder in cleansing the extra toxins in the bloodstream. If this lasts for a prolonged period, they may damage the kidney and liver causing liver inflammation if infected by the hepatitis virus.

3. Limit alcohol drinking

Drinking a maximum of 250 ml for women and 500 ml for men will help the circulation of blood, nourish the body’s cells, and strengthen the immune system and liver. Excessive drinking not only causes liver inflammation, but will also lead to cirrhosis.

4. Drink a lot of green and yellow juices

Green and yellow juices contain high amounts of vitamins C, E and B that help to detoxify the body’s toxins and reduce burden of the liver. Green and yellow juices also help to protect our body from free radical build up, normalizing the liver function.

5. Quit smoking

Cigarettes contain toxic cadmium causing high blood pressure, increases the risk of calcium clotting up the arterial wall and reduces the amount of antioxidants in the body in result of weakening the immune system and liver causing the liver to be easier to be infected by hepatitis virus.

6. Limit intake of sugar

High amount of sugar promotes liver inflammation and free radical damage.

7. Do not overdose your medication

Overdosing medications is toxic to the body causing extra burden for liver function.

8. Do not share things with others such as clippers, scissors, toothbrushes or anything that may have come into contact with blood or body fluids.

9. Casual sexual activity must be taken with extra care.

IV. Other Treatment

1. Liver Detoxification

Strengthens the immune system with vitamins, nutritional supplements and herbs that we have been discussed lengthily in other articles.

2. Ozone therapy

Ozone oxidizes the cells of the body systemically. It stimulates enzymes and phagocytes of the white blood cells which chew up the viruses and the bacteria in the blood. It also activates alpha interferon, gamma interferon, interleukin II and tumor necrosis factor. It is effective in treating hepatitis B patients with high successful rate.

3. Lamivudine therapy

Combining vaccine therapy with lamivudine has improved therapeutic potential for chronic hepatitis B. It helps to strengthen the immune system fighting against the hepatitis B virus specially with patients with chronic HBV infection and active viral replication.

4. Interferon-alpha therapy

Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a serious health problem because of its worldwide distribution. There are over 350 million people in the world infected with chronic HBV, 75% of whom live in the Asia-Pacific region. Interferon-alfa and direct antiviral agents such as lamivudine and adefovir are effective in the therapy of chronic HBV infection but only with some success, particularly in perinatally infected patients, patients with lower ALT levels and those with negative chronic hepatitis B.

5. Pegylated interferon

Pegylated interferon may be considered the best choice of treatment for patients with chronic hepatitis B infection. This therapy has been shown to be superior to both conventional interferon as well as lamivudine in the treatment of both hepatitis B positive and negative chronic hepatitis B with successful rates of 35-45%.

I hope that this information will help. If you need more information of the above subject, please visit my home page at:

Scarring of the Liver – Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis of the liver is the deterioration of the liver due to scar tissue that has developed replacing the normal healthy tissues of the liver. This disease can develop for numerous reasons and for the majority of individuals who have this condition more than one cause has contributed to its development.

The most common causes of cirrhosis are alcohol abuse and hepatitis C. When this scar tissue develops on the liver it is irreparable and in its beginning stages cirrhosis may be asymptomatic – meaning that an individual will have any symptoms -, however, as the liver continues to deteriorate further complications will arise and may be the first indication that an individual has this disease.

Causes of Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis of the liver has many potential causes with one of the most common be alcohol. The abuse of alcohol over time damages the liver creating scar tissue and is the leading cause of death in patients with cirrhosis. Chronic hepatitis C is the second leading cause of cirrhosis and spread by the contact of human blood that is infected with hepatitis C.

Hepatitis causes the liver to become inflamed and when it is left untreated over time this inflammation damages the liver creating scar tissue. Other causes of cirrhosis include hepatitis B and D, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, autoimmune hepatitis, inherited diseases, infections, drugs, toxins, and other diseases that cause damage to occur to the bile ducts of the liver.

Symptoms and Complications of Cirrhosis

When scar tissue begins to replace the healthy tissue within the liver, this can cause an impairment or loss in liver functioning. An individual may be asymptomatic in the earliest stages and then begin to experience symptoms that include, unexplained weight loss, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, weakness, loss of appetite, itching, veins will develop that appear to be spider-like, and the build up of fluid within the abdomen that will cause bloating and abdominal pain. As this disease begins to progress, many complications will arise and often times these complications are the first indication of cirrhosis and leads to its diagnosis.

As the liver begins to lose its functioning edema will occur which is the swelling caused by a build up of fluids within the body that typically begins to appear in the lower extremities. Swelling of the abdomen may also occur – ascites – and this can lead to a serious infection that is called “bacterial peritonitis”.

An individual may bruise or bleed easily due to the fact that the liver produces the proteins that are body needs to aid in the clotting of our blood. Portal hypertension can also occur which is pressure that is increased within the portal vein and this can cause the expansion of blood vessels in the esophagus or stomach that have the potential to burst and cause an individual to bleed seriously requiring emergency medical attention. Gallstones can also develop from the build up of bile within the gallbladder, and jaundice which is the condition that causes the skin and whites of the eyes to turn yellow.

Treatment of Cirrhosis

The treatment of cirrhosis depends greatly upon how far the disease has progressed as well as the complications it may have caused. The goal when treating cirrhosis is to stop any further damage from scar tissue occurring such as the immediate cessation of the consumption of alcohol if that is the cause of the cirrhosis.

When cirrhosis is ignored or left untreated, it can become a life threatening condition that will require a liver transplant in order for survival. If you suffer from cirrhosis of the liver, it is essential that you follow all of the recommended forms of treatment prescribed by your doctor to prevent any further damage from occurring that can lead to total liver failure.

Symptoms of Renal Calculi

Experiencing chronic pain at the lower side of your back? Do not take such a symptom lightly. It may be a sign of renal calculi. Renal calculi are commonly called kidney stones. These are crystalline materials that form, through time, in the urinary system. If not diagnosed early, it can cause failure of the renal system. This can result to life threatening blood poisoning.

Many people have kidney stones but most particles are small. They are allowed to pass the renal tubes without being felt. However, there are cases when the stones are too big. They can either block urine flow or scrape the walls of the urinary vessels. Both may lead to severe pain, poisoning or infection.

Urine color can be affected by renal calculi. Blood may be mixed with the urine, causing it to be reddish or pinkish. There is also a burning sensation when urinating. The patient usually urinates more often, but at smaller amounts. This is due to the cuts of the urinary vessels.

As the stones pass through the system, the patient may feel a searing pain at the sides of the lower abdomen. The pain feels like cramping or slicing. This sensation may spread to other abdominal regions, then to the groin. It may be accompanied by vomiting and nausea.

If there is fever, the patient must be brought immediately to the hospital. This is a sign of blood infection.

Upon experiencing these symptoms, the patient should increase water intake. This will help in passing the renal calculi. If the pain and urine blood persist, medical attention should be immediately sought.

Heartburn, Indigestion and Vomiting Are Common Stomach Problems

Most people are bound to suffer from one kind of stomach problem or another. There are dozens of different disorders, but the problems that people most frequently complain about are indigestion, vomiting and heartburn. Each of these conditions has its own set of causes, symptoms, and treatment options.

Possibly the most common stomach problem in the world is vomiting. This condition can be triggered by any of a large number of causes, including viral infections, excessive alcohol drinking, over-fatigue, and pregnancy.

When you vomit frequently, your body tends to lose huge amounts of fluids. This can eventually lead to dehydration, which can be a root of several more serious health conditions. It is therefore very important to replenish your body’s fluids by drinking a lot of water. Even if you think your body is just going to reject the water that you drink, you still have to make an effort in avoiding dehydration.

Another common type of stomach problem is heartburn. Excruciating pain and tightness in the lower chest is the most common symptom of this illness. For some people, the pain may be nothing more than a mild cramp that will soon fade away but for others, the relentless pain can last for several days, or even weeks. Heartburn is usually caused by the type or amount of food that you have eaten in the past two days.

When you overeat or consume extremely spicy foods, the intestinal muscles tighten up, preventing the food from being released out of the stomach. This spurs the stomach to produce more acid, which will then rise to the esophagus and result in the burst of pain that we know as heartburn.

Heartburn and other similar kinds of stomach problems can usually be treated by taking an over-the-counter antacid. This medication will bring the acidity down to normal levels and eventually get rid of the pain and discomfort. For more serious problems however, you might need to seek professional treatment.

Stomach problems can turn into more severe medical conditions if not given immediate and adequate treatment. Prevention of these illnesses is usually much simpler than getting treatment. In fact, all you need is to eat a healthy diet everyday, take in lots of fluids, exercise regularly and get enough sleep. These good health habits will significantly reduce your risk of developing serious problems, while improving your overall physical condition as well.

Food Poisoning – An Overview

What is Food Poisoning?

Food poisoning results when you eat food contaminated with bacteria or other pathogens such as parasites or viruses. Your symptoms may range from upset stomach to diarrhea, fever, vomiting, abdominal cramps and dehydration. Most such infections go undiagnosed and unreported.

But the Center for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that each year about 76 million people in the United States become ill from pathogens in food, and about 5,000 of them die.

Over 55% of such cases are caused by improper cooking and storage of foods, and 24% by poor hygiene, such as not washing your hands while preparing food. Only 3% of cases are from unsafe food sources. Keeping your hands clean while working with food is the single most important thing you can do to prevent food poisoning.

About 20 organisms can cause food poisoning. After you eat food contaminated with bacteria, they will multiply in your stomach and bowels. Some bacteria give off a toxin when they multiply. As a result, nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps and diarrhea occur. Vomiting and diarrhea are the body’s way of eliminating the toxin, and most cases of food poisoning run their course without needing medical attention.

Not all invasive organisms cause vomiting as a symptom, but almost all of them cause diarrhea. Blood in your stool occurs in many types of food poisoning and is considered to be serious. Abdominal cramps are also common, and sometimes you will have a fever. Be sure to contact a physician if a fever or bloody stools are present.

Common Sources of Food Poisoning

Campylobacter is the leading cause of bacterial food poisoning in the USA. It causes several million cases a year, resulting in hundreds of deaths. Eating undercooked chicken or food that has been in contact with raw chicken most commonly causes campylobacter. The Center for Disease Control estimates that up to 70%-90% of chickens are infected with campylobacter.

To prevent the disease, cook chicken thoroughly, with no pink remaining. Wash your hands frequently when handling raw chicken. Use paper towels to dry your hands. If you are using a sponge or dish-cloth to clean the counters, use a fresh one after working with raw chicken. Wash your cutting board with a diluted bleach solution before using again. And any utensils or dishes having contact with raw chicken need to be washed and rinsed with soap and water before using again.

E. coli 0157: H7 infection causes an estimated 25,000 cases of food poisoning each year in the USA. Most of these result from undercooked, contaminated ground beef. The organism lives in the intestines of healthy cows. Meat can become contaminated during slaughter when intestinal fecal matter is mixed with beef that is ground into hamburger. Contaminated meat looks and smells normal, so it is not readily detectable. Bacteria on cow udders or milking machines can also contaminate raw milk.

To prevent this form of food poisoning, cook all ground beef until no pink is showing. Make sure all of the meat juices are clear, not pink or red, and that the inside of the meat is hot. If you are served an undercooked hamburger in a restaurant, send it back. Consume only pasteurized milk products, and drink only water treated with chlorine or other disinfectants.

Botulism is caused by clostridium botulinum, a spore-forming bacteria. This form of food poisoning is very rare, but can be life-threatening. It may result from eating improperly processed, low-acid foods such as green beans, mushrooms, spinach, olives and beef or fish. Improper home canning methods often account for botulism cases. Improperly processed commercial products can also cause this serious disorder.

To avoid botulism, don’t even taste canned food that is soft, deteriorating, fermenting or doesn’t smell right. It isn’t worth a life-threatening illness. When in doubt, throw it out.

Infant botulism is more common in spring and summer, and is rare in winter. Infants younger than one year of age are at the highest risk. Symptoms include muscle weakness, a weak cry, difficulty in feeding, constipation, head lag, increased heart rate and a decreased gag reflex. A baby with botulism is described as a “floppy baby,” as the infant will have weak muscles, especially in the arms, legs and neck.

Infant botulism has been associated with eating honey. The Center for Disease Control suggests that honey should not be given to infants under six months old, and the Honey Industry Council extends the safety limit to one year. Honey is not an essential food for infants, and should never be given to them.

Summary of Food Poisoning

Most symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps and diarrhea are due to viral infections and are not true cases of food poisoning. An accurate diagnosis can be difficult because the pathogenic organisms are found in different kinds of food and have varying incubation periods. Also, eating a substance and getting sick immediately afterwards is not the typical course for food poisoning. Most people are not aware that food eaten several days previously can be the cause of food poisoning. Always be sure to consult a physician when experiencing severe gastrointestinal symptoms.

Information in this article was gathered from the Safety Information website at and the National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse website at

How To Recognize The Signs Of An Ulcer

An ulcer is a crater like sore usually 1/4 to 3/4 inch in diameter (can sometimes be 1 to 2 inches in diameter) and can form in either the lining of the stomach (gastric ulcer), below the stomach at the beginning of the small intestine in the duodenum (duodenal ulcer) or sometimes (but not often) in the esophagus (esophageal ulcer). Also the stomach and duodenal ulcers can be referred to as peptic ulcers.

An ulcer is caused because of an imbalance between the aggressive and defensive factors of a persons stomach and there are two ways in which this can occur. This first is where too much of the body’s digestive juices (hydrochloric acid and pepsin) have caused damaged to the stomach lining. The other and which is the more common of the two is when damage has been caused to the stomach lining in another way and it makes it susceptible to damage even by ordinary levels of the body’s gastric acid (digestive juices).

If a person who is suffering from a ulcer does not receive the right kind of treatment then further complications could arise. They may find themselves suffering from a bleeding ulcer in which the ulcer has eaten into the blood vessels and blood has been able to enter the digestive tract. Or they may even suffer a perforated ulcer and this is when the ulcer has eaten a hole in the stomach wall or duodenum and both bacteria and partially eaten food will be able to escape through this hole causing inflammation to the stomach as well as either narrowing or blocking the intestinal opening which will not allow food to leave the stomach and enter the small intestine.

The more common symptoms to look out if you have an ulcer are as follows:

It feels like a sharp ache between the breastbone and belly button.

Often the pain is felt only a few hours after you have eaten. However, this pain can also occur during the night or early in the morning at those times when your stomach is empty.

Sometimes eating a particular food or taking some antacid medication will help to take the pain away for a while.

You may find you lose your appetite.

In some cases people suffering from ulcers often complain of sudden, sharp stomach pains.

You may feel nauseas.

You might find yourself burping or hic cupping more frequently.

You may experience some weight loss.

Should you find yourself vomiting and there is blood in the vomit (or it looks like coffee grounds), then you need to contact your doctor straight away.

If you bowel movements become bloody or blackish in colour then this may well indicate a far more serious problem and you should arrange to see a doctor immediately.

If after reading the information above you think that you may have an ulcer then it is important that you make an appointment to see your doctor as soon as possible. Unfortunately if a ulcer is left alone and allowed to grow then other more serious problems may evolve.

Hyperacidity Cure – Effective and Permanent Natural Treatment

Acid dyspepsia or hyperacidity is presence of excess acid in the stomach, it needs to be cured effectively and permanently because if it stays for longer period can cause serious damage to the health. According to medical experts acid and alkali are present in the human body and are part of the body, however healthy body is an alkaline body, which means that alkali shall be present in the larger part than the acid. The most serious unhealthy conditions are acidic conditions. All the foods which a human being eats either leaves an acidic ash or alkaline ash which forms the nature of the body.

Acid is important for digesting the food effectively, sometimes due to different reasons gastric glands situated in the stomach secrete more than required acid which creates condition of hyperacidity in the body. There are many factors which work as triggers for gastric glands to secrete more than required acid in the stomach. Lifestyle related issues, eating habits, foods, sleeping pattern and environment, all play an important role in affecting the secretion of acid in the stomach. Certain types of food are known to promote excess acid secretion and some drinks like tea, coffee, habit of smoking and alcohol also promote excessive acid secretion.

To get an effective and permanent treatment of the problem one must consider all the possibilities which can initiate the problem to identify the root cause. There are many remedies which can provide immediate relief from the problem but without treating the root cause of the problem the treatment will not be permanent in nature. Some commonly associated problems which may initiate hyperacidity are constipation, flatulence, indigestion, malfunctioning of liver and stress. Hyperacidity in a person having any of these problems subsides with the treatment of the problem itself.

Consuming buttermilk after meals is an excellent remedy for hyperacidity and if taken regularly can provide effective and permanent treatment. Eating jaggery or a piece of clove after meal also helps in treating the problem. Lemon may be acidic in nature but contains digestive enzymes and good acid, consuming sweet lemon juice before meals helps in digesting the food and nullifying the acid in the stomach.

Increased intake of fruits like banana, melon, pineapple, apple and guava are very useful in treating the problem of hyperacidity. Consumption of water shall be paid importance not only to avoid the excess secretion of acid but also for good overall health, an adult shall consume 8-10 glasses of water everyday. Avoiding spicy food and fried food is a good practice to prevent hyperacidity.

Ginger is an excellent remedy for all sorts of stomach related issues; it has medicinal properties as well as acts as a good digestive aid. Preparing traditional tea mixed with ginger can also work as a good remedy for hyperacidity. Consuming ginger juice with honey after meals is a sure remedy for curing excess acid secretion and good digestion. Apart from remedies healthy habits are equally important for treating the problem effectively and permanently. Do not lie down immediately after the meals, take a mild walk after meals, most of the time people eat contradictory foods like milk after meat or lemon in the diet and milk later, such habits surely promote excessive acid during digestion to cause hyperacidity.