Menstruation Disorder X – Types of Menstruation Disorders

Menstruation is the shedding of the uterine lining. It is normal to the reproductive system of women and happens on a regular basis. Normal menstruation happens around 3 to 7 days. During the monthly menstrual cycle, female sex hormones prepare the uterus to support a pregnancy. If pregnancy happens menstruation will be suspended until given birth to a child, abortion, or miscarriage. Otherwise, the uterine lining sheds and menstrual blood, tissues, fluid and mucus leave the body through the vagina caused by natural reactions in the female reproductive system due to high levels of certain hormones. Most women get through their monthly periods easily with no problem at all, other women experience many physical and emotional symptoms just before, during, or after menstruation from irregular menstruation, excessive blood discharge, delay of menstruation, menstrual cramps and many other symptoms. In this article, we will discuss the types of menstrual disorder.

1. Dysmenorrhea

Dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation) means that women have periodic pains during or prior to, or after menstrual periods in the lower abdomen caused by disruption within the uterus contraction as a resulting of excess prostaglandins.

2. Menorrhagia

Menorrhagia is an abnormally heavy and prolonged menstrual period with excessive menstrual bleeding lasting longer than 7 days or blood loss exceeding 80 ml caused by abnormal blood clotting, disruption of normal hormonal regulation of periods, or disorders of the endometrial lining of the uterus.

3. Fibroids and abnormal uterine bleeding

Fibroids are benign tumors that originate from muscle tissue adhering to either the inner or outer uterine wall as a resulting of varied estrogen levels in the women’s body caused by unhealthy diet, prolong menstruation, emotional distress, physical inactive and abortion.

4. Amenorrhea

Amenorrhea is defined as a delay of menstruation. There are 2 types of amenorrhea:

a)Primary amenorrhea is defined as no period by age 16 and

b)Secondary amenorrhea is defined as period begins at the appropriate age, but later stops for more than 3 cycles or 6 months.

5. Premenstrual syndrome

Premenstrual syndrome is referred to symptoms occurring between ovulation and the beginning of menstruation that causes bloating, cramps, fluid retention, breast tenderness, sugar craving and many others such as anxiety, and mood swing as a resulting of excess estrogen that interrupts with liver function.

6. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder

The severe case of premenstrual syndrome that affects approximate 3% to 8% of women in the US alone. It can interfere with a woman’s function, ability, and social or occupational life. Women having a history of major depression, anger or mood disorders are at higher risk for PMDD than other women as resulting of abnormal response to normal hormone levels.

I hope this information will help , if you need more information of the

above subject please follow my series of the above subject at my home page at:

Do You Know How To Differentiate Hemorrhoids From Rectal Polyps?

There are lots of similarities between internal hemorrhoids and rectal polyps; both diseases affect the ano-rectal area and they are outgrowths from within the lower rectum.

Rectal polyps are fleshy growths situated in the lining of the large intestine; they can also arise in other parts of the colon. These growths are very common and their incidence increases with age; about 50% of people over the age of 50 years will have at least one form of these growths.

The main danger of having these growths is that some of them can become cancerous when they transform into more deadly cancers of the colon.

Hemorrhoids on the other hand are basically painful, swollen and inflamed veins of the lower portion of the rectum or anus. These inflamed venous tissues are very common in pregnant women and in elderly people. They occur as a result of increased pressure within the veins of the anus which causes them to swell and become painful.

Both of these diseases can be asymptomatic and they could also present with similar symptoms of painless intermittent rectal bleeding. There are however some marked differences between these two similar conditions:

1-Rectal polyps are benign tumors that could transform into malignant tumors over time; this is why doctors usually cut a small portion of these growths which they send to the laboratory for examination under the microscope to check for the presence of malignant and cancerous cells.

Internal piles on the other hand are not really tumors; they are swollen masses of over dilated veins and their surrounding inflamed tissues. They do not become malignant and they are not usually life threatening.

2-Polyps cause mainly abdominal pain while hemorrhoid pain causes more of pain in the butt. Piles also lead to constipation whereas constipation actually leads to piles.

3-Because of their potential to transform into malignant tumors, polyps are treated mainly by surgical excision. If they can be totally removed their chances of future transformation into malignant tumors is greatly reduced.

Hemorrhoids however are best treated by a simple lifestyle and diet changes in combination with the use of herbal remedies. Surgery is only reserved for the few severe cases that were most likely not treated on time till they developed complications.

4-You can prevent piles successfully by adopting simple lifestyle changes that includes simple exercises, diet changes and the consumption of high fiber foods. Lifestyle and diet changes on the other hand have no effect on the successful treatment and outcome of rectal polyps.

Subserous Fibroids – Natural Treatment For Your Subserosal Fibroid

Subserous fibroids are those that grow on the outside of the uterus, and cause the uterus to appear larger than it is. They typically grow during menstruation, as this is when their blood supply to the uterus is greatest. The blood supplies the subserous fibroids with nutrients and oxygen, which causes them to accelerate their growth.

Subserous fibroids have the potential to grow very big, and can even expand to the size of a six month pregnancy. They can cause a feeling of bulkiness and constant discomfort. They can also cause pain in unrelated areas of the body, such as the lower back or the back of the legs, as they can stimulate sensory nerves attached to these areas of the body.

Symptoms of subserous fibroids include abdominal bloating, especially during menstruation, as well as looking pregnant due to the bulky fibroid. Because of their size and location, they can put pressure on other organs, including the colon, causing difficulty in moving the bowels, and the bladder, causing incontinence or difficulty in urinating. They can even damage the tubes that connect the bladder to the kidneys, and damage the kidneys.

Another disadvantage of very large fibroids is that they need a lot of blood to keep themselves alive. Sometimes the blood cannot reach the centre of the fibroids, and this causes parts of the fibroid to be starved of blood and oxygen and then tissue death, which can be extremely painful.

They can sometimes be mistaken for ovarian cysts, especially if they are attached to the outside of the uterus by a stalk. The only way doctors can tell the difference between a subserous fibroid and an ovarian cyst is by performing an MRI, as ultrasounds don’t give enough information. MRI stands for Magnetic Resonance Imaging and it is a new technology that allows a radiologist to produce detailed pictures of the inside of the body.

According to doctors, subserous fibroids are easier to remove surgically than most other types of fibroids, as they are on the outside of the uterus. The most common surgical option is a laparoscopic myomectomy. This is a form of keyhole surgery, where the surgeon makes small incisions in the abdomen in order to surgically remove the fibroid.

A study was carried out at the Third Military Medical University in China, where doctors reviewed the effectiveness of myomectomies and Uterine Artery Embolization. Uterine Artery Embolization is when the blood supply to the fibroids is surgically blocked in order to shrink fibroids by depriving them of blood and nutrients.

The doctors treated 142 women with fibroids ranging from 2 cm to 12 cm with either myomectomy or Uterine Artery Embolization, and then followed up with each woman about 16 months later to see whether the fibroids came back. They found that the fibroids grew back in 5 of the women, which indicates that it is not completely foolproof.

Although surgery can provide you with fast results, there are risks. For example, laparascopic myomectomies can damage blood vessels or the intestines. They can also cause additional scar tissue and adhesions, which can affect your digestion and fertility. Uterine Artery Embolization causes tissue death, which can lead to serious infection in the uterus that can spread to other parts of the body. While the tissue is dying there will be a lot of pain, and the dead tissue will cause a very unpleasant vaginal odor.

The Threats of a Painful Ovarian Cyst

Most ovarian cysts are simply functional or benign. However, if they are the hemorrhagic kind they can develop into ovarian cysts that cause intense pain. An ovarian cyst is a small enclosed volume within the ovary with fluids inside contained in a thin boundary. A follicle that exceeds by 2cm the size that is normal is categorized as an ovarian cyst. Other ways of referring to a hemorrhagic cyst are haematocyst; blood cyst; and haematocele. A classic sign of a hemorrhagic cyst is the appearance of pain to the right of the abdomen. Bleeding can occur rapidly and extensively and submerge the entire ovary in a short period to induce considerable pain. Such a cyst is the result of a blood vessel in the system rupturing and blood makes its way into the system. The blood in the ovary can then start to produce clots that can be perceived typically by using a sonogram. Sometimes, a hemorrhagic cyst breaks open and releases blood to inundate the abdominal cavity.

It is when the cysts rupture that the pain becomes unacceptable. Luckily, these events are self-limiting and do not typically obligate surgical action. Even if the cyst breaks open, the correct state of health can be restored if the sufferer rests sufficiently. It is uncommon however for vaginal evacuation of the blood to occur. Tetracycline has been suggested as a medicament that is effective in treating hemorrhagic cysts although sufferers should always obtain a doctor’s confirmation. When torsion happens, another kind of painful ovarian cyst happens. Ovarian torsion is also named adnexal torsion and is a painful and serious state that means that emergency action is required.

Endometriosis can bring on endometroid cysts which are created when a small domain of endometrial tissue bleeds and becomes rejected. The tissue becomes transplanted to another location where it grows bigger. Severe and persistent pain is one of the chief symptoms of endometriosis. It is when the cyst ruptures that the pain exceeds all limits of tolerability. As blood collects in the tissue it turns a darker shade of brown, which explains its name of chocolate cyst. Upon ultimate rupture of the cyst, the fluids in the interior can then enter the bowels, uterus, and pelvis.

If multiple follicular cysts are generated in the ovaries these are referred to as polycystic ovaries. This situation also known as polycystic ovarian syndrome causes problems with the correct menstruation cycle. PCOS retards the ovulation process making cysts filled with clear fluid develop next to the ovaries. PCOS is still not entirely clear to health care professionals. Nonetheless, the reasons for PCOS happening have been hypothesized as genetic weaknesses or lacking hormones. Studies indicate that insulin-resistant women have more chance of contracting PCOS. The same ovarian cells that are active in the development of teeth and hair can also contribute to dermoid cysts. This is an infrequent kind of cyst but can grow big and turn out to be quite painful. It is also frequent that women with ovarian cysts mix up the signs of endometriosis with signs of pelvic inflammatory disease.

Ovarian cyst torsion can be brought on by a number of factors, and a typical one consists of anatomic developments. Cyst torsion commonly occurs for young teenagers with abnormal growth such as long fallopian tubes or missing mesosalpinx. It is often well into the diagnosis when ovarian cyst torsion is pinpointed which often turns into cyst necrosis or infarction. The pain is piercing in cases of ovarian torsion even if no instances of decease have been registered. The existence of a big corpus luteum during pregnancy makes the risk bigger that a sufferer will undergo ovarian torsion.

Ovarian cysts whether benign or malignant are all in potential danger of torsion. There is no long-term remedy using prescription medicines for painful ovarian cysts, even if temporary pain alleviation may be gained. There are numerous factors that are involved in the existence of painful ovarian cysts. These factors may either generate cysts or simply worsen the condition of those that already exist. Women who are undergoing infertility treatment with ovulation induction for example are even more menaced. The explanation is that the theca luteum cysts will typically make the volume of the ovaries bigger. A holistic solution however will address the fundamental underlying problem and in this way bring a long lasting solution. Conventional medicine on the other hand only works on the symptoms. Any results are therefore short-lived and may be subject to different side effects. A holistic agenda is a program working at different levels to target all the real reasons that ovarian cysts develop.

Home Remedies For Vaginal Thrush – 4 Effective Tips That Work

Vaginal Thrush is caused by a fungal organism called candida. Hormonal changes in the body, unprotected sex, birth control pills, wearing wet clothes and undergarments, consuming sugary foods etc are known to cause thrush. The good news is that you can use home remedies for vaginal thrush to get relief.

First thing you need to do is stop taking birth control pills. Theses pills work by bringing about hormonal changes. And this is one of the reasons for candida infection. It is better to use external condoms for this purpose. Condoms will also prevent this infection from getting transmitted from your partner. Another important thing is to get treatment for your partner also.

One of the best home remedies for vaginal thrush that effectively kills fungal organisms is garlic. You can consume raw garlic orally and also apply it topically by creating a fine paste. Use it for a couple of days and your problem should vanish.

Another excellent home remedy for this problem is boric acid. Add 4-5 tablespoons of boric acid powder to a sitz bath tub with warm water. Make sure to sit in the tub for 15-20 minutes such that your vagina gets exposure to the water with boric acid. Repeat the sitz for the next few days. Once you get cured it is a good idea to use this method once a month as a preventive measure.

To speed up the process to cure candida infection it is best to avoid foods that aid the candida organism. Avoid foods like – pickles, bread, pizza, bagels, croissants, sugar, beer, sprouts, mushrooms and any other food that has yeast in any form.

Always remember that home remedies for vaginal thrush may not give you instant results but these are effective in the long run and they don’t produce any side effects.

Hepatitis A, B, C

Hepatitis is a state or condition where in hepatic cells at the liver, are inflamed or has been infected. “Hepa” is derived from hepatic or liver and “itis” means inflammation or swelling. However, there are 3 common classifications/types of hepatitis. They vary in causes, routes/ method of acquisition, as well as treatments.

The three common types of hepatitis are; Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C. Let us start with their common feature. First is that they are all infection of the liver and requires prompt medical attention. Also, they are all viral in nature. It means that all the causative agents are hepa viruses with different strains and features.

Hepatitis A is the most common of all hepatitis. It is acquired via oral-fecal route and is a common problem in countries or remote places where hygiene, water sanitation, and sewage system is generally poor. Hepatitis can also be acquired through sexual intercourse and can be considered as an STD.

Hepatitis B can be acquired through blood and other body fluids. It is highly prevalent in cases of unprotected sex and health worker exposures. This type is potentially lethal when symptoms are left untreated. Some may even be carriers through a lifetime.

Hepatitis C is transmitted through blood to blood. It is a possible prerequisite to chronic infection once the symptoms already started to occur. Live cirrhosis is one of its common complications.

General symptoms of hepatitis are nausea, vomiting, and more importantly jaundice of the skin and the sclera. Jaundice is a state where pigments of skin or the white of the eyes become yellow. There are other 7 known types of hepatitis and it is essential that one seeks medical attention right away because of possible liver cirrhosis. Effective prevention of hepatitis is hygiene and antiviral medications are available to market as treatments.

Cirrhosis of the Liver


Cirrhosis is a chronic liver disease, marked with the impairment of liver tissue, loss of function of the liver, scarring on the liver, accumulation of water in the abdomen and bleeding. Cirrhosis is a term introduced by Laennec, Paris clinician, and it is originated from the Greek word cirros, meaning yellow, because the liver of diseased person is yellow.

Cirrhosis occurs as a result of other diseases of the liver, which damage liver over time, and in most cases it is hepatitis. The most common cause of cirrhosis along with a genetic predisposition and hepatitis is alcoholism. There is also Cryptogenic cirrhosis in which nor alcohol nor jaundice are present.


Patients general condition is changing. Patient suffers from greater loss of body weight, feels tired and their body temperature is increasing. They have a feeling of heaviness in the stomach, and are fat intolerant. The skin of patient becomes yellow, because the liver can not remove bilirubine.

On the skin, chest and arms red dotted spots are appearing, with a thin blood vessels that are formed in shape of spider webs (spider nevus). The palms are experiencing redness (palmar erythema).

In men sometimes comes to testicular atrophy, gynecomastia (painful breast augmentation), and reduced hairiness. In severe forms severe abdominal pain may occur. That is a sign that there is an infection, depression and loss of concentration, and fluid accumulation in the abdomen (ascites).


The abdomen of the patient begins to swell noticeably, and the amount of excreted urine is reduced. While excreted urine has a characteristic dark color. The abdomen becomes very tense and is expanding to a maximum yield point of the skin. Therefore the patient has great difficulty with breathing.

Patient chances

People who suffer from liver cirrhosis are very thin, and their leanness is particularly evident on the legs, mainly because there is ascites in abdomen region, and it seems that the patient has a big belly and skinny legs. The skin changes to characteristic color, which ranges from gray to brown, and if jaundice is present, then there can appear yellowish color in the patient eyes.

The nose and cheeks are getting a characteristic red color, and on the head tiny red dots are appearing. Sometimes these spots are noticeable on the palms and soles. Patient often loses his body hair, especially in the armpit area.


Persons liver feels hard on touch, it has irregular surfaces and sharp clear edges, while the spleen is greatly enlarged. There is a significant increase in gamma globulin. Increased levels of bilirubin are a sign of jaundice, and it is necessary to measure the specific enzyme in order we could establish the diagnosis.


Cirrhosis is a very serious disease and should be primarily prevented. The first and basic preventive measures are we need to minimize or entirely remove drinking of alcohol. In case of hepatitis patient should follow the detailed instructions from their doctor in order to heal his liver and avoid the complications of the disease, which often leads to cirrhosis of the liver.

Patient must also comply with his diet regime and avoid a greater amount of salt in food. Furthermore he should avoid any efforts, cold weather conditions and contact with persons suffering from infectious diseases. For patients who also have ascites, it is necessary to include adiuretic therapy.

It should be emphasized that the liver cirrhosis is an incurable disease, which with proper treatment can be kept under control and therefore prevent progression of the disease. The only way of healing the patient completely is liver transplantation.

Kidney Stones – Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

Kidney stones or Renal Calculi is the common term for Nephrolitiasis, a sometimes extremely painful condition where a build up of calcium, oxalate and uric acid creates hard crystal structures which vary in size from very small to golf ball like.

The kidneys are two bean shaped structures which lie near the middle of the back just under the ribs. They are responsible for removing excess water and wastes from the blood, passing it out through the ureters as urine. They are also involved in maintaining the balance between sodium and potassium in the body and in the detoxification of the blood.

Kidney stones can form anywhere in the urinary tract, are mostly passed out without any problems but when they get stuck the pain is of an extraordinary intensity.

Kidney stones occur at least once in the lifetime of about 10% of the population, more often in women and the peak age is from 20 to 40. The incidence is higher in Caucasians and because of the higher likelihood of dehydration it is more common in hot climates.

Causes of Renal Calculi:

The exact cause is not known but predisposing factors include;

· Dehydration which causes a reduced urine production and allows the coagulation of substances that should be dissolved in the urine.

· Obstructions, particularly in immobilised patients in whom urination is often impaired allowing the solids to clump together.

· Infections which may well be the result of bacteria growing behind the initial obstruction.

· Metabolic factors such as gout, defective metabolism of oxalates, excessive intake of vitamin D and calcium and genetic defects.

· Bowel disease, Ileal bypasses or renal tube defects.

· Uric acid kidney stones which form when the uric acid level in the kidneys is higher than that in the blood.

Signs and Symptoms of Kidney Stones

Most renal calculi are small enough to pass through the ureters without any pain at all but when they get to a size where they obstruct the opening of the ureter they can cause intense pain of a level often compared to that of child birth. Typically the pain travels across the back and through the abdomen into the genital region varying in intensity as the peristaltic contractions in the ureters come and go. Sometimes the stones may be present in the renal pelvis and this may present as a dull pain which is more constant. When the pain is severe it may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, abdominal distension, fever and blood in the urine.


Patient observation, x-rays, ultrasound, intravenous pyelograms, urinalysis MRI and CT scans are used alone or in combination to confirm diagnosis and to determine the size and location of the stones.

Treatment of Kidney Stones

Treatment is dependent on the size and location of the stones but in 90% of cases the stones are less than 5mm in diameter and can be allowed to pass naturally after increased fluid intake either by drinking or by the administration of an IV solution. Strong analgesics or other pain relief methods such as powerstrip pain patches need to be administered to control the pain and lessen the spasms. Sometimes a diuretic is added to promote urine flow and further calculus formation. Walking if possible should also be encouraged. Most stones will pass within 72 hours but for some it can take weeks.

Larger stones can be either broken up with a form of shock wave therapy called Lithotripsy or they can be manipulated and removed by introducing a cytoscope into the urethra.


Recent studies have shown that the restriction of dairy food which used to be advised is probably incorrect and that foods rich in calcium will actually help prevent kidney stones, however the impact of calcium supplements is not certain and it may pay to avoid them. Very recent research on Cell signaling molecules seems to indicate cell signaling supplements may well help to bring the body back into balance.

As with so many health problems, exercise is highly recommended because movement will help stones to mobilize. Adequate hydration is essential to prevent recurrence.

Why Is My Dog Vomiting? Top Reasons Why a Dog Throws Up

Most dogs throw up more than once in their life, and in many cases, the vomiting is over as quickly as it starts. Vomiting usually results from inflammation or infection of the stomach and upper small intestine.

Dogs that eat very quickly often vomit their food back up soon after they have finished their meal, even though they are in perfect health. The food isn’t digested at all, and they will often eat it again straight away. Gross, I know, but they don’t seem to mind.

If your dog makes a habit of this, you may want to feed him two smaller meals a day rather than one big meal. Some dogs eat fast because they are concerned that the other dogs in the household will take their food. If you have more than dog, keep them apart at mealtimes to avoid this feeling of competition.

Vomiting often occurs if your dog eats something they shouldn’t have. This could be food that is rotten, or maybe a rock or part of a chewed toy that irritates the lining of their stomach and intestine as it passes through. Sometimes these things can get stuck in the intestine, and that’s when the problems begin.

If this occurs, your dog’s vomiting will get worse, he will go off his food and his abdomen will be very sore. Anything he does eat or drink will come straight back up. This can quickly become life threatening, and your dog will need surgery to remove the obstruction.

Pups may vomit if they have a heavy burden of roundworms in their small intestine, as they can interfere with the passage of food.

Often the first sign of a viral infection such as parvovirus is vomiting and loss of appetite. If your dog is unvaccinated and starts to vomit and show signs of depression, contact your vet quickly.

Vomiting isn’t always a sign of serious illness. If your dog throws up once or twice but is otherwise well, it may not be anything serious and you can watch and wait for about 12 hours. Don’t feed him for 24 hours, then start with small frequent meals of a bland food such as chicken and boiled white rice.

However if your dog has a sudden onset of repeated vomiting which doesn’t resolve with the above treatment, if he is depressed or if there is blood in the vomit, it’s time to call your vet.

Vomiting more than once or twice a week over a longer period of time can lead to nutrient deficiencies and a lack of energy. This type of vomiting is more likely to be associated with conditions such as food allergies, or inflammatory bowel disease. Chronic vomiting can also be a feature of liver and kidney failure, and is often accompanied by other symptoms such as drinking a lot of water, and passing lots of urine.

Our dogs are like family to us and so naturally it’s very upsetting when they become sick. Wouldn’t it be wonderful if you knew how to give your dog a check-up, so you could spot a problem early? Before it became truly serious or even life threatening?

Food Poisoning – Do You Have a Legal Claim?

Anyone who prepares food for others, especially those who do so on a commercial basis, has a duty of care to make and serve food that is both nutritionally acceptable, as well as considered to be fit for human consumption. Any food that is contaminated in anyway such as with glass or metal particles, or with vermin feces or parts, or food that has been poisoned or improperly stored or prepared is dangerous to the health of anyone who would consume it, and is classified as not fit for human consumption. Sometimes it is not as obvious as to why or how the food has become tainted so a review by a trained professional may be required in order to assign liability.

Failing to take certain precautions and uphold this duty could result in legal liability for those who suffer harm. This includes paying for medical expenses, a loss of income, pain and suffering, as well as any future medical bills associated with the illness, or permanent disabilities.

Victims of food poisoning do not have to prove that the person who served the food knew it was harmful, however if any employee knew of a potential problem and did not stop the food from being served, this information could prove quite helpful in a food poisoning lawsuit.

When to File a Legal Claim, and When Not To

Just because you got sick from eating food that came from a commercial establishment does not mean that you have grounds for a lawsuit, or that you should file a lawsuit. If for example, you have experienced a day or two of intestinal or stomach problems that left you a bit dehydrated, but no worse for wear, you do not really have a viable claim. Even if you still wanted to file such a claim, the benefit would not outweigh the costs, and most attorneys would not feel as though the potential damages recouped would be worthwhile.

For the most part, the majority of food poisoning cases resolve on their own, without medical intervention in a matter of a couple of days. These types of cases, if you must pursue them, could be filed in a small claims court, to seek minimal damages. That being said, if you have been severely poisoned, resulting in hospital bills, a loss of income for a month or more, permanent health problems such as muscle or nerve damage, or even a death has resulted, you have grounds for a much more serious legal claim.

Actions to Take if Food Poisoning is Suspected

If you suspect that you have been poisoned by eating food at a commercial outlet, the first thing you should do is seek medical attention. For the most part, symptoms that appear within a short period of time after eating the food are indicative of food poisoning. While it may be difficult because the restaurant will not save it for you, you should try to preserve some of the food if possible for use as evidence later. If it is found that the food poisoning is more serious in nature, the victim or his or her family or friends should contact a personal injury attorney who specializes in food poisoning as soon as possible. These professionals know how to secure evidence that will be needed at a later date, as well as obtain statements from witnesses and employees right away, before memories fade over time.

If you suspect food poisoning almost immediately after consuming the food, or even while still at the commercial outlet, you may want to talk to the employees yourself to find out if they knew about the issue, or have had other similar problems. You may be surprised by how much information you can obtain in this fashion. This type of information can help a great deal should you end up pursuing a legal claim. Not only that, anyone who was served the same food should write down exactly what they ate, as it will be important down the road and they may not remember later on. This helps to establish a strong case for the source of the contaminated food.

What to Do If You Experience Food Poisoning on Vacation

Should you fall ill while eating food on vacation, look for a personal injury attorney locally; do not wait until you are home. If you fall ill while on a cruise ship or at a resort, it is not likely that the staff or management will admit fault, and they will claim you are ill for another reason. That being said, if a large number of people on the same ship or at the same resort fall ill, then it is quite obvious the food is to blame. If the extent of the illness is not severe, a free trip, or free meals may be issued for compensation. There are no laws governing how much compensation should be given, however.

When to Hire an Attorney

If your case of food poisoning exceeds a small amount that would be handled in a small claims court, it is wise to contact a personal injury attorney who specializes in this area of the law. Since a restaurant’s livelihood is based upon their reputation, do not expect an admission of guilt easily. This is where an attorney can come in quite handy. He or she is skilled in documentation and investigation into these types of claims and can easily obtain required information.

If you or someone you know has suffered because of food poisoning and you suspect negligence has occurred, it is best not to wait to contact a personal injury attorney. More than likely you may be entitled to receive damages for medical bills, pain and suffering, and even loss of income. Most personal injury attorneys work on a contingency basis, which means you have nothing to pay upfront, until the time your case is settled. You should not hesitate to take the proper steps to seek the justice you deserve. You are not only protecting yourself, but also the health of others.

What You Should Know About Colon Ulcers

A colon ulcer is a sore that appears inside the lining of a person’s colon. Often people who have a colon ulcer will suffer from bleeding and infection and as a result of this inflammation the cells within the colon begin to deteriorate. Unfortunately a colon ulcer may be the first signs of a much more serious condition known as Ulcerative Colitis or Colon Cancer or even Crohn’s Disease (an inflammatory bowel disease).

So if you have at some time suffered from at least one colon ulcer and are now starting to experience unusually severe abdominal pain, constant fevers, loss of weight, loss of appetite and fatigue then it would be wise to make an appointment to see your doctor. Although these are common symptoms of a colon ulcer they could also lead to the diagnosis of Ulcerative Colitis. As yet it can not be proven what actually causes this condition, but doctors have certainly found that the immune system is affected. For many people suffering from colon ulcers they can be treated with drugs which puts the condition into remission or for the more severe cases then surgery may be the best course of action.

A very small percentage of people who are diagnosed with Ulcerative Colitis are at risk of developing colon cancer in the future even if pre-cancerous cell are not found that the time of them being tested for a possible colon ulcer. Also it will depend on how severe the damage is to your colon and the more severe the damage then the chances of developing colon cancer is increased. However, a doctor can carry out a colonoscopy which can determine at any time if you have any pre-cancerous cells present in your colon. So the earlier that this cancer can be diagnosed then it will make it easier for it to be treated effectively.

Now we are going to look at Crohn’s Disease which is an inflammation of the bowel and is very much like Ulcerative Colitis but can cause a lifetime of discomfort and complications to the person affected. As yet there has been no definitive evidence as to what causes this disease, but in most cases where people have been diagnosed with this disease it has been found that someone in the family also suffers from an inflammatory bowel disease as well. Yet again this form of disease can be treated with either drug therapy, surgery or them having a more restrictive diet.

So for anyone who is diagnosed with a colon ulcer it is advisable that they get a thorough examination carried out by their doctor in order to check to make sure that there aren’t any more serious conditions involved. Also by diagnosing the condition of a colon ulcer earlier on then you will find that recovery from such an ulcer will be much easier.

Top Causes of Hyperacidity

Hyperacidity is also known as acid dyspepsia. It is a disease which affects more than 25 % of the US population. Irregular and unhealthy eating habits in people residing in urban and modern cities have led to the huge rise in the incidence of the disease. The primary medical causes of hyperacidity are as follows:

* Stomach ulcers: This is the main reason of hyperacidity in lots of people. As soon as it is diagnosed, the patient has to get the ulcer removed surgically. This will treat hyperacidity too.

* Acid reflux disease: This is a gastric disorder many people suffer from. The gastric acids in the stomach reach the food pipe, which is known as the esophagus. Due to this, the level of acid in the stomach goes up thus leading to hyperacidity.

* Stomach cancer: Some patients suffering from stomach cancer have been reported to suffer from hyperacidity. Though rare, hyperacidity in stomach cancer patients has been known to be fatal. As such, it is very important to get hyperacidity treated if it persists for more than a couple of weeks. Timely diagnosis is very essential.

There are many things which trigger off hyperacidity in some people other than the ones stated above. Regularly eating heavy, spicy, oily and salty food is widely known to cause acidity. Excess intake of sour food containing high acid levels and a sedentary lifestyle with little or no exercise have also been known to be culprits. A stressful lifestyle, heavy smoking, regular drinking of alcohol and caffeine are also well-known causes. Moderate walking before going to bed at night, reducing the consumption of drugs like aspirin and drinking a lot of water throughout the day leads to considerable relief in patients. Summing up, a healthy lifestyle with regular exercise and a balanced diet is essential to keep hyperacidity at bay.

Top Causes of Hyperacidity

Hyperacidity is also known as acid dyspepsia. It is a disease which affects more than 25 % of the US population. Irregular and unhealthy eating habits in people residing in urban and modern cities have led to the huge rise in the incidence of the disease. The primary medical causes of hyperacidity are as follows:

* Stomach ulcers: This is the main reason of hyperacidity in lots of people. As soon as it is diagnosed, the patient has to get the ulcer removed surgically. This will treat hyperacidity too.

* Acid reflux disease: This is a gastric disorder many people suffer from. The gastric acids in the stomach reach the food pipe, which is known as the esophagus. Due to this, the level of acid in the stomach goes up thus leading to hyperacidity.

* Stomach cancer: Some patients suffering from stomach cancer have been reported to suffer from hyperacidity. Though rare, hyperacidity in stomach cancer patients has been known to be fatal. As such, it is very important to get hyperacidity treated if it persists for more than a couple of weeks. Timely diagnosis is very essential.

There are many things which trigger off hyperacidity in some people other than the ones stated above. Regularly eating heavy, spicy, oily and salty food is widely known to cause acidity. Excess intake of sour food containing high acid levels and a sedentary lifestyle with little or no exercise have also been known to be culprits. A stressful lifestyle, heavy smoking, regular drinking of alcohol and caffeine are also well-known causes. Moderate walking before going to bed at night, reducing the consumption of drugs like aspirin and drinking a lot of water throughout the day leads to considerable relief in patients. Summing up, a healthy lifestyle with regular exercise and a balanced diet is essential to keep hyperacidity at bay.

Tips on How to Overcome Gastritis

Gastritis is not a disease on its own but a symptom of abnormal digestion. It is characterized by inflammation or irritation of the lining of the stomach. It affects millions of people worldwide. It can be divided into 3 categories: (1) erosive and hemorrhagic gastritis (2) non erosive and nonspecific gastritis (3) specific gastritis indicative of a disorder.

Gastritis can be due to a number of causes including excessive alcohol consumption, prolonged use of non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, also known as NSAIDs, such as aspirin or ibuprofen, or bacterial infection. Commonly, the bacterium that causes the inflammation of gastritis is the same as that which causes most stomach ulcers. Sometimes gastritis can develop after major surgery, burns, traumatic injury.

Symptoms of gastritis include abdominal discomfort, pain, bloating or gas, irritation, headache, general malaise, nausea and sometimes vomiting. Aside the use of medications, there are ways to combat gastritis by selective food inclusions or eliminations.

Positive actions to overcome gastritis include the following:

1. Limit or where possible eliminate your intake of simple sugar (sweet, fruit, and milk), flour, caffeine, alcohol, fatty foods, spicy foods and tomato products. These foods irritate the stomach lining, increase the production of stomach acid and weaken the sphincter at the end of the esophagus causing the extra acid to move up the esophagus.

2. Coconut water is an excellent remedy for gastritis. It gives the stomach the necessary rest and provides vitamins and minerals.

3. Eating a light or soft diet provides a lot of assistance. Cessation of smoking and relaxation therapy can also help. Eating a diet high in fiber may not only cut your risk of developing gastritis and ulcers in half, but fiber-rich foods may also speed the healing of ulcers. Vegetables are particularly protective sources of fiber and seem to reduce the amount of inflammation in the lining of the stomach.

4. Take a long term daily dose of Omega 3 Fish Oil 1000 mg to reduce and subsequently eliminate inflammation.

5. A daily dose of a multi vitamins and minerals tablet to assist in digestive health.

Pericardial Effusion and Pericardial Tamponade

Pericardial Effusion refers to an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pericardial cavity (the layer surrounding the heart). There is limited amount of space in the pericardial cavity, and if sufficient fluid accumulates, it can lead to an increase in the intra-pericardial pressure, and reduce normal ventricular filling. Pericardial effusions can be acute or chronic, and

When a large enough volume of fluid accumulates such that ventricular filling is compromised, it is referred to as “cardiac tamponade”.

What Can Cause Pericardial Effusions?

• Pericarditis

• Certain infections

• Renal failure

• Heart surgery

• Inflammatory disorders, such as lupus

• Post-myocardial infarction pericarditis (known as Dressler’s syndrome)

• Cancer that has spread to the pericardium

What are the Symptoms of Pericardial Effusion?

Clinical manifestations of pericardial effusion are highly dependent on the rate of accumulation of fluid in the pericardial space. The faster the rate of accumulation, the small the volume of fluid required to cause symptoms.

A small pericardial effusion may have no symptoms at all. Larger effusions may present with chest pain or pressure symptoms. Typically, pericardial pain is relieved by sitting up and leaning forward, and made worse by lying down in a supine position.

There may also be signs of cardiac compromise, such as light-headedness, fainting spells, breathlessness, palpitations, swelling of the feet and ankles etc.

How are Pericardial Effusions Diagnosed?

After conduction a clinical interview, your doctor will perform a thorough physical examination to look out for the following signs:

• Beck’s Triad of pericardial tamponade: (i) muffled heart sounds, (ii) raised jugular venous pressure, (iii) hypotension.

• Pericardial friction rub: when pericarditis is present, a high-pitched grating sound is sometimes heard. This sound is heard most frequently during expiration and when the patient is upright and leaning forward.

• Pulses paradoxus and widened pulse pressure

• Signs of congestive heart failure such as raised jugular venous pressure, edema of the lower extremities etc


Chest X-ray: shows an enlarged cardiac silhouette, may also show pleural effusion.

Electrocardiogram: electrical voltages are observed to be lower than normal.

Echocardiogram: pericardial effusions appear as an “echo-free” space between the pericardial layers.

Pericardiocentesis: this procedure is used for both diagnostic as well as therapeutic purposes. Basically, a needle is inserted into the pericardial space, and the fluid is withdrawn. This immediately relieves the intra-pericardial pressure, and the fluid can also be sent for laboratory testing.

How are Pericardial Effusions Treated?

Treatment will depend on the underlying cause, as well as the severity of impairment of cardiac function. Pericardial effusions due to a viral etiology often spontaneously resolve after a few weeks, even without treatment. Pericardial effusions due to inflammatory conditions such as lupus are often treated with anti-inflammatory agents.

If cardiac function is impaired due to the effusion, then the pressure may be relieved with pericardiocentesis, or surgical creation of a pericardial window.