Fracture – Its Pathophysiology, Signs and Diagnosis

Violence or trauma leads to a break in the bone as well as injury to the underlying structures and soft tissues. There is tear in the periosteum which covers the bone. The blood vessels which supply the bone and the periosteum are ruptured leading to haemorrhage. The haemorrhage leads to the formation of a haematoma (a swelling containing clotted blood) around the fracture site.

In severe fracture, nerves, skin and muscles around the fracture site may be damaged producing severe pain and loss of function. Pain may also be produced as a result of severe swelling arising from bleeding from the damaged vessels and inflammatory reaction. Complete break across bone shaft brings about deformity which presents with change in alignment and contour e.g. angulation, rotation of a limb or shortening of a limb.

When there are bone fragments over the site of fracture as occurs in comminuted fracture there is crepitation on palpation or on attempt to move injured limb. Severe pain and shortening of the affected limb also occur as a result of spasm of the surrounding muscles. Severe pain and haemorrhage as occurs in open fracture produce shock.

Injury to underlying organs or tissues e. g. Brain, lungs, urinary bladder, spinal cord etc may occur as the broken bone ends penetrate into them thereby leading to brain injury, pneumothorax, bladder perforation, or paralysis. The bone may also damage the nerve supply to the part thereby causing thereby causing paralysis e.g. injury to the radial nerve as a result of fracture of the Radius can cause paralysis of the arm.

Communication of the bone end with the exterior and presence of an open wound give opportunity for micro-organisms to infect the wound. This may lead to osteomyelitis (Inflammation of the bone marrow) if not properly handled.

Signs and symptoms of fracture
1. Severe pain: Fracture is usually accompanied by a very severe pain. Pain from fracture is about the worst pain so far. The kind of pain sometimes is enough to make the patient go into a state of shock if not controlled.

2. Deformity: Deformity occurs especially with fracture of the limbs. The part below the affected limb can be rotated outwards or inwards. In some cases the affected limb is shorter than the second.

3. Loss of function: The individual is unable to make use of the affected part due to pain, tenderness or deformity. One obvious sign of fracture of the lower limb is that patient cannot walk with the affected limb. In case of the arm the patient can also not lift with the affected limb or move it above the head.

4. Muscle spasm: There is usually involuntary muscle contraction around the fracture site. This is often responsible for the severe pain and shortening of the limb.

5. Oedema: There is severe swelling around and below the fracture site as a result of effusion of blood into the surrounding tissues. Oedema could also be due to inflammatory reaction from the injury.

6. Crepitation: Crepitation is heard or felt as the patient attempts to move the affected part or on palpation. This is due to the bone fragments rubbing against one another.

7. Paralysis: Paralysis of the affected part may occur if the broken bone end pierces the nerve supplying the part. For example if the broken bone of the femur hits the femoral nerve there is going to be paralysis of the leg. Fracture to the forearm could lead to bone fragment piercing the radial nerve and subsequently paralysis of the forearm and the hand.

8. Discoloration: Discoloration of the site occurs as a result of the effusion of blood under the skin. This is referred to as ecchymosis.

Diagnosis of fracture
1. Presenting signs and symptoms: Signs and symptoms such as Crepitation, shortening, outward or inward rotations are diagnostic.
2. X-ray: This will reveal part of the bone that is broken.

C5 C6 Disc Herniated

A C5 C6 disc that is herniated can cause incredible pain and disability for the person suffering with it. This article will discuss the most common symptoms associated with a C5 C6 herniated disc, causes, and three things you can do from home for relief.

Before we get into all of that, though, we need to discuss what a herniated disc is, because without this background, the rest of the information will not make sense.

The discs of the spine serve 2 purposes. First of all, they are a special type of ligament, which holds the bones of the spine together. There are actually 23 discs of the spine, each one separating 2 bones.

The second purpose of the disc is to act as a cushion, or shock-absorber whenever you move. Because the disc is separating the bones of the spine, it prevents the bones from touching whenever you move (which would be very painful).

Now, the intervertebral discs are very special in the way they are made. They each have a firm outer covering (called the annulus), and a jelly center (called the nucleus). When a disc herniates, the outer covering will tear (and we’ll talk about why in just a moment), and the jelly starts to shift from the center of the disc into the area where the disc is weak from the tear.

This creates a bulge in the disc, which sounds like it would be painful, but surprisingly, the discs of the spine are designed to not feel pain. Why? Well, think about it – if one of the main purposes of the disc is to absorb shock, wouldn’t it make sense that it be designed to not feel pain? After all, if the discs of the spine did feel pain, you would hurt every time you move!

So, the question becomes – if a disc does not feel pain, why can this condition be so painful? Well, unfortunately, the disc will tend to bulge where the nerves of the spine are located, which usually applies pressure to the nerves.

The nerves of the body are very sensitive, and any amount of pressure that is applied to them can not only cause severe pain, but also disability. You have to realize that the nerves control everything in the body.

So, for example, a C5 C6 disc that is herniated will affect the nerves that control the muscles in the shoulders, arms, hands, neck, as well as other areas of the body such as the head, eyes, ears, and thyroid gland.

Because of this, if there is any pressure applied to these nerves (whether it be from a herniated disc, or some other condition), it is very common that you will not only experience neck pain, but also symptoms related to these other areas.

For example, you may also experience arm pain, burning, numbness, weakness, headaches, thyroid problems, problems with your vision, ringing in the ears, etc.

So, now that we’ve established what a herniated disc is, and the types of symptoms you may experience from a C5 C6 disc that is herniated, let’s discuss the causes of the problem.

The most common cause of a herniated disc is trauma – some type of injury. Whether it be from a car accident, lifting something heavy, a sports-related injury, or some other type of trauma.

There is also a genetic component to this condition. If you have any other family members who suffer with spinal problems, it is possible for you to be born with weaker discs, which predisposes you to a disc herniation. This doesn’t mean that your stuck with the problem – it just means that you need to take extra steps to keep your spine strong if you have a family history of this.

So, what can you do about a C5 C6 disc that is herniated? Most doctors would recommend medications, physical therapy, pain injections (such as cortisone or epidurals), or even surgery. There are many things you can do at home as well. We’ll discuss just 3 things you can do from home for relief in this article.

First, if you’re actually experiencing pain, the best thing you can do from home is use ice over the painful area. It’s important to note that you have to use the ice over the disc in the neck, even if you feel pain elsewhere. You must treat the source of the pain in order for it to be alleviated.

So, how do you use the ice for the most effectiveness? Well, you want to use real ice, rather than a substitute (such as a gel ice pack, or frozen vegetables). Place the ice directly on the skin, and leave it on for 15 minutes maximum or until the area becomes numb (whichever comes first). Repeat this treatment every hour for best results.

Consistency is truly the key with ice – it will typically take 3 – 6 treatments before you will experience any relief. In most cases, if you are consistent with this treatment, you can expect to experience quite a bit of relief within 3 days.

The second thing that you want to keep in mind with a C5 C6 disc that is herniated is your sleeping position. It is very important that you are using the correct pillow so that you don’t make this condition worse over time.

I would recommend that you use only 1 pillow, and you especially want to be sure that you don’t stack pillows under your neck, which forces the neck into a flexed position. This position is very hard on a herniated disc, and will actually make your condition worse.

The 3rd tip I’ll give you today is that you bounce on a therapy ball at home. A therapy ball is one of those large balls you see at health clubs or in physical therapy clinics. You basically want to sit on the ball and gently bounce up and down.

Now, you’re probably wondering how that will help a disc problem in your neck. Well, remember how we discussed that the discs of the spine are made up of that hard outer covering, and jelly center? The jelly of the disc is very important, because this is where the nutritional and oxygen is stored in the discs, which is very important for the discs to heal properly.

The only way you can get new nutrition and oxygen into the discs of the spine is by physically pumping them, which is what this exercise will do for you. It doesn’t matter if your injured disc is in the neck or somewhere else in the spine – this exercise will effectively pump new oxygen and nutrition into the disc for faster healing.

If you would like more information about a C5 C6 disc that is herniated, you can visit my website,

Trigeminal Neuralgia – Are You Making These 3 Deadly Mistakes Managing Your Trigeminal Neuralgia?

Read on to find out 3 of the deadliest mistakes trigeminal neuralgia sufferers are making, and straight talk on the 6 things you can do instead

Mistake # 1- Being a passive rather than an active patient – The conventional medical model incorporates the notion that the doctor provides instructions and you the patient are expected to follow the instructions. This model has serious shortcomings, especially now that you are dealing with chronic pain. This model not only fails to recognize, let alone address the underlying problems, but your emotional, psychological and social needs are also ignored.

What to do instead: In managing your trigeminal neuralgia, there are 2 things you must do instead;

1. You must take an active role in determining your treatment plan

2. You must take a proactive role in moving beyond drugs and surgery onto the path that leads to optimal health and wellness. This path involves your body, mind and spirit. It is achieved only by following a comprehensive approach that complements your treatment plan with a wellness plan. One way to do this is to follow a step by step program which you can do on your own or with the help of a health coach if you prefer.

Mistake # 2 – Taking a single bullet approach to getting well again – By single bullet approach, I mean looking for that one magic trigeminal neuralgia treatment that is going to make it all right again. This is a set up for frustration and disappointment. Trigeminal neuralgia is a complex problem for which there is no single treatment. No wonder physicians and patients alike who take this single bullet approach are at their wits end.

What to do instead: You must complement your conventional treatment of trigeminal neuralgia with an approach that includes the following 3 things:

1. Destroy the underlying microorganisms

2. Work on rebuilding your immune system

3. Follow a nutritional program that facilities the healing of your nerves and the restoration of the myelin sheath

This is the only approach to the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia pain that gives you any meaningful hope of successfully managing your trigeminal neuralgia and getting well again.

Mistake # 3 – Not finding the cause of trigeminal neuralgia in your particular situation – Conventional medicine treats your trigeminal neuralgia symptoms, but rarely if ever helps you determine the cause of the problem. Neither drugs nor surgery is designed to deal with underlying causes. If the truth be known, there are many causes of trigeminal neuralgia, atypical trigeminal neuralgia and idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia. These causes, when properly addressed, go a long way in ameliorating and in many cases eliminating the pain.

What to do instead: Seriously consider kinesiology testing as this can help you screen for possible causes of nerve deterioration. Kinesiology will help to identify heavy metal toxicity, food sensitivities, microorganisms and electromagnetic frequency sensitivities among other causes. These have all been identified in patients with trigeminal neuralgia and these patients improved significantly when these underlying causes were addressed. Kinesiology testing may be the most important step you can take in determining the cause of your trigeminal neuralgia.

Epidural Injections Work Well For Treatment of Pinched Nerves

Patients have benefited from epidural injections since they were invented back in the 1950s. They can provide excellent pain relief for conditions such as sciatica or radiculopathy from herniated discs, along with symptoms from spinal stenosis compressing nerves.

Epidural injections work exceptionally well which is why they have remained in steady use over the past 60 years. The success overall of epidural injections has exceeded 75% consistently in research studies. The absolute best results with epidural injections are obtained when the patient has other treatment options as well including chiropractic treatment, spinal decompression therapy, physical therapy, acupuncture and massage. If these treatments are used in combination, success rates may be well over 95% in pain relief and avoiding surgery.

Epidural injections are a pain relieving procedure. They’re not intended to fix any problem, but are designed to mask a patient’s pain. They can allow individuals to participate better in their physical therapy, play with their kids, get back to work, and reduce the need for narcotic medications for pain control.

They work well in both the neck, the thoracic spine, and the lumbar spine. They’re not meant as a treatment for simply neck pain or back pain itself. They are truly meant for pain that radiates out into the arms and legs from a pinched nerve. When a nerve is pinched from a herniated disc for instance, that in and of itself does not cause pain. What that does is spark up inflammation, which can then cause the radiating pain. It is the heavy anti-inflammatory nature of the steroid medication that is administered which relieves the pain by bathing the nerve roots with the cortisone.

Epidural injections are administered in an outpatient setting. Patients may receive IV sedation, but it is not absolutely necessary. They may just need some local numbing medicine where the needle is being placed into the skin. Currently almost all epidural injections involve steroid medication. In the future, most likely we will end up seeing some nonsteroidal medications and probably some stem cell injection materials as well.

There are 3 different types of epidural injections. These are intra-laminar epidural injections, which were the first type invented and involve placing the steroid medication just under the bone overlying the spinal canal. These work well but about a decade ago a new type of epidural was invented.

This option places the needle much closer to the area of nerve root compression and this is called a transforaminal epidural steroid injection. The foramen is where the nerve root leaves the spine and this injection goes out this area so it is called “transforaminal”. This is very common in the lumbar spine but not so common in the cervical spine. Up around the neck there is a potential for very serious competitions so most pain management doctors do not offer this kind of epidural injection there.

The third type of epidural injection is called a caudal epidural. A pain management doctor places the cortisone through the buttock region through an area called the sacral ala. The steroid medication is then injected along with some numbing medicine and it flows from the bottom of the spinal canal up and can reach a few levels for pain relief. This type of injection works better when a patient has multiple nerve roots compressed such as in spinal stenosis.

Overall, the complication rates from epidural steroid injections are very low. The good to excellent results hover between 75 to 90%. This is equivalent to surgical outcomes at the one-year point. A large study was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association showing that at the one-year point results were equivalent but the patients who had epidurals were able to avoid the risks of surgery.

Prior to undergoing spine surgery, individuals should look to see if epidural injections could help possibly avoid undergoing the knife.

Stem Cell Treatment: Effective for Treating Parkinson’s Disease

Famous people like actor Michael J. Fox, Evangelist Billy Graham, and boxer Muhammad Ali are just some people who are known to have Parkinson’s disease. In recent years and in the U.S. alone, it is estimated that 1 million people suffer from this type of progressive condition that affects the brain, nerves and body movement. Michael J. Fox himself has been an active advocate in educating people and financing research to find a cure for this disease. With the recent scientific developments, one of the most promising treatments for this disease is the stem cell treatment.

The exact cause or causes of why a person develops this condition is still unknown. Most scientists and researchers will tell you that the loss of nerve cells in the brain that are responsible for the production of dopamine is the link to this illness. Genetics and other environmental factors like virus and toxic substance may be additional factors that contribute to the decline of dopamine production in the brain which then causes it to send the wrong signals to the body.

Individuals suffering from Parkinson’s disease have problems with the motor movement and experience tremors in the hands, feet and face; difficulties in balancing the body, swallowing of food and bowel movement are also symptoms of this condition. Eventually the patient will face memory and concentration difficulties, depression and unstable mood swings.

However, all is not lost for patients diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease. Nowadays, there are several effective treatments for this condition; one of which is the stem cell therapy. Although not yet a routine clinical procedure, it possesses so much possibility that more medical companies and researchers are pooling their resources and time to search for a cure.

Basically, the process or method of the therapy is to replace the dead cells in the brain with other identical cells; in some cases, stem cells gathered from a newborn’s healthy placenta. After it goes through several procedures, these stem cells will be injected under the skin and monitored closely. The human body generally accepts the presence of these replacement cells within a few hours, if not a day and a significant improvement and slowing down of the progression of the disease will be noticed.

According to Dr. Omar Gonzales, who is the director and founder of Integra Medical Center, 80% of the total number of patients treated with stem cell therapy have seen improvements in their conditions. Patients revert back to their normal, and in this case, pre-Parkinson’s self. There is more balance, coordination and improved gait, improvement in mental clarity and a decrease in stiffness and rigidity.

However, more studies are required on how to continually produce this type of cell needed to enhance the production of dopamine. So, what kind of stem cells will work best? Since there are so many types of stem cells in a human body like placenta, blood, bone marrow, and retinal or skin cells, the question now becomes which of these stem cells will work best in treating certain disorders?

Another challenge posed for researchers is on how to continually come up with a source of cells that will be developed, cultivated and maintained in laboratories for them to become dopamine neurons. The moment answers to these questions are found, it is more likely that this treatment will become a major impact in addressing this neurodegenerative disorder.

Modern innovation and continuous research are being conducted on how stem cell therapy can be more effective and stable in treating Parkinson’s disease. Because of the positive outcome of this treatment, more patients suffering this disease can now face the future without fear.

Wryneck Torticollis – Medical Treatments and Alternative Therapies

Wryneck and torticollis are characterized by painful spasms in the neck. A wryneck usually occurs suddenly and is self limited, often vanishing mysteriously. In contrast, torticollis comes on gradually; at first it is intermittent, but it keeps worsening until affected muscles are chronically contracted and the neck posture remains abnormal more or less permanently. Wryneck and torticollis are relatively common, affecting about 1 in 10,000 people, with women slightly outnumbering men. What causes the muscle spasms is often unclear. In some acute cases, entrapment of a nerve arising from the upper spinal cord is responsible. Infection, inflammation, dislocation of a joint in the neck, a thyroid disorder, and a tumor are other possible causes. Heredity is also a possible factor. In congenital torticollis, a baby is born with an injured or malformed neck muscle. Many patients have other involuntary muscle tics and spasms, or spasmodic dystonia, as well. Doctors are frequently unable to identify any single reason for wryneck or torticollis. In the past, cases were often attributed to hysteria and treated as a mental disorder. Physicians now agree that although torticollis can lead to emotional problems, those problems are rarely, if ever, the underlying cause of the affliction.

Diagnostic Studies And Procedures

Newborns should be carefully examined for signs of muscular asymmetry affecting the neck. Adults will be questioned about past nerve and muscle disorders, and recent accidents involving the head and neck. Tests will include a neurological examination, X-rays, CT scans, or MRI, and possibly electromyography, which are studies of the muscles’ electrical impulses.

Medical Treatments

Most patients benefit from a combination of medical and alternative therapies. Regardless of treatment, 10 to 20 percent recover spontaneously within five years. The outlook, however, is best for patients whose problem stems from an identifiable orthopedic disorder.

Drug Therapy

Prescribed drugs usually include such painkillers as aspirin or stronger nonsteroidal anti inflammatory agents; anticholinergic drugs such as trihexyphenidyl to block certain nerve impulses; and muscle relaxants, such as diazepam (Valium). In some cases, haloperidol or perphenazine (Etrafon or Triavil) are prescribed, but side effects such as lethargy and movement disorders limit their use. Studies indicate that injections of botulinum toxin type A into neck muscles reduce painful spasms and normalize head positions for up to three months in most patients. However, this treatment has not yet been approved by the FDA for neck problems.


When other approaches have been unsuccessful, neurosl1rgery to sever some of the nerves that control the neck muscles may help.

Alternative Therapies

A combination of physical therapy and massage sometimes provides temporary relief, and if started in the first year of life, can cure congenital torticollis. The daily regimen includes stretching the shortened neck muscle that holds the head at an abnormal angle. Other alternative therapies include:

Acupuncture and Acupressure

Six sessions with a qualified acupuncturist may provide relief and halt the muscle spasms. Applying pressure to the jaw may give temporary relief.

Biofeedback Training

This technique, which helps a patient control and relax neck muscles, is now a standard treatment.


Many chiropractors specialize in the treatment of neck pain, including wryneck, using manipulation and electrical stimulation.

Hydrotherapy. Whirlpool baths, alternating hot and cold needle showers, and underwater massage are used by some physical therapists to alleviate muscle spasms and neck pain.

Massage Therapies

Traditional massage, perhaps combined with physical therapy, can be helpful. Others find the more vigorous massage of rolfing or shiatsu beneficial.


People who have tension induced wryneck might benefit from meditation and breathing exercises.

Self Treatment

Application of heat can sometimes ease simple wryneck. A battery operated vibrating neck massager that can be worn like a scarf while you read, work at a desk, or do chores may also help. If you work at a computer or use the telephone often, take frequent breaks. Change positions, shrug your shoulders, and gently move your head from side to side. Don’t cradle the phone between shoulder and neck; instead, try a speakerphone or headphone. Maintain good posture, keep your shoulders down, and avoid sudden head movements. Try to sleep on your back, using a rolled neck pillow. If you suffer chronic neck pain, use a special pillow that provides hot and cold therapy. Sold at medical supply stores, these have a gel pack that can be cooled in the freezer or heated in the microwave and then inserted into a sleeve that fits under the neck. On a long car or plane trip, rest your head on a traveler’s neck pillow. If a spasm develops, rub it with an ice cube wrapped in a plastic bag using a circular motion. If this doesn’t help, take a hot shower. A pulsating shower massage on the tensed muscle may relax it.

Other Causes of Neck Spasms

Whiplash and other neck injuries can cause muscle spasms and pain. In some cases, tardive dyskinesia, a movement disorder caused by potent antipsychotic drugs, affects the neck.

Physical Therapy – What Type Of Conditions Can Physical Therapists Treat?

Physical therapy is known for healing certain diseases and health conditions such as back pain but don’t you know that physical therapy can even address major injuries and certain illnesses? In fact it is recognized by many people as a legitimate alternative type of treatment that is effective in dealing with certain health problems. Some people confused physical therapy with occupational therapy. Occupational therapists are people who are tasked to aide people who are born with physical disabilities while physical therapists are those professionals who treat pain, injuries and other health conditions that need short term treatment. A good example of people needing physical therapy are those who have been in car accidents and have suffered minor injuries.

Despite the modern advancement in technology, many people in the medical field still recognize physical therapy as a legitimate and effective way of treating certain physical disabilities and other health problems. PT essentially addresses these health conditions by means of appropriate and specialized exercises. These set of physical activities will help enable a person to move normally thus giving him the freedom to live his life the way he used to do.

Many people can attest that PT is effective in addressing certain physical injuries with or without any equipments and gadgets. the first step a PT will do to a patient is to conduct a thorough examination on the person’s condition once done he will then create a schedule of daily physical activities that will help the individual gain muscle strength, endurance and motor coordination. All these are needed in order for the patient to move normally and to enable each of his body part to function well. The PT is also tasked to demonstrate to his patient the right way of executing each physical exercise. If a patient is diligent and hard working in executing the physical exercises, he will surely gain maximum benefits from the activities.

Kids with cerebral palsy can also benefit from physical therapy. Many parents would invest their money in paying for a PT’s professional fee in hope to give their kids a normal life. Often times, people who suffer accidents would opt for physical therapy instead of undergoing surgery. There are countless PT supplies being sold in the market these days to help speed up the process of healing and if possible, to help steer clear of undergoing surgery. One common therapy that is also widely accepted by many people is the hydro therapy which deals with health conditions with the aid of water and certain physical exercises that can facilitate the patient’s blood flow. A person can even be treated with hydro therapy without leaving his home if he has a whirlpool bath or much better if he has a pool.

If you do not want to undergo surgery or you simply want to be treated without too much medication, you can opt for PT. Nowadays there are so many PT techniques and equipments that can aide an ailing person and help recover. Some of these exercises may seem awkward but nevertheless if you want a speedy recover you should listen to your PT.

Infectious Mononucleosis Symptoms – Sore Throat, Swollen Glands, Fever and Cough

Acute infectious mononucleosis symptoms can include a red sore throat, swollen lymph glands, fever and respiratory discharge. Although these infectious mononucleosis symptoms may be annoying and uncomfortable, they are your body’s way of ridding the virus from your system.

Let’s have a look at these infectious mononucleosis symptoms in more detail and see why they should be allowed to run their course, rather than be suppressed with conventional medication.

A sore throat.

When your throat is infected by a microbe like Epstein Barr – the virus that causes mono, your body responds immediately. The throat tissue sends out biochemical distress signals that attract phagocytes – the white blood cells that kill and scavenge the virus.

Your throat may appear red and inflamed but there is a reason for this. The blood vessels in the affected area widen and become more permeable in order to allow more white blood cells, immune proteins and warmth to flood the tissue.

Your sore throat is a signal that Nature is taking its course. The best response is to rest your body, avoid overuse of your voice, keep yourself hydrated and let your body heal. If you continue to rush around, use your voice or take pain killers to mask the pain you may find you prolong your recovery or get even sicker.

Swollen glands

Sore, swollen and inflamed glands are a typical infectious mononucleosis symptom seen throughout this illness. Swollen glands are normally felt in the neck although some people feel them in the armpits and groin.

The role of the lymph is to drain your body of antigens like viruses and to produce antibodies to fight infection. When your glands are swollen it means your body is working overtime to rid the infection from your body.


Of all the infectious mononucleosis symptoms, fever is probably the most debilitating. It will make you feel heavy, tired and lethargic.

Fever plays a crucial role in fighting mono. Its job is to raise your body temperature to the point where viruses and bacteria cannot survive. Fever also stimulates interferon which stops the virus from spreading to adjacent cells.

Fever should be allowed to run its course unless it goes dangerously high (above 40 degrees C or 104 degrees F). Very high fever can trigger convulsions particularly in children. To lower a high fever sponge the body with luke warm water or have a tepid bath. Avoid using aspirin or Tylenol as studies have shown that taking these can suppress the body’s ability to produce antibodies which fight the invading organism. Aspirin in particular should be avoided as it has been linked to Reye’s Syndrome – a potentially fatal disease which causes brain and liver inflammation. This risk is greatest in children under the age of 16.

Respiratory infectious mononucleosis symptoms – coughing, sneezing and nasal discharge

When an infection strikes, your body produces histamine which causes immune cells to flood the area triggering infectious mononucleosis symptoms like swelling and pain. Histamine also causes mucus to be produced to help flush dead microbes out of the body. Nerves in your throat and sinuses sense swelling and mucus, forcing you to sneeze, cough and blow your nose.

Taking cough medicine, antihistamines or nasal sprays may reduce the natural elimination of the Epstein Barr virus from your body. This can lead to a longer recovery time or it may lead to secondary conditions like sinus infections, bronchitis or pneumonia.

It is vital that you allow your infectious mononucleosis symptoms to run their course naturally. A sore throat, swollen glands, fever and respiratory discharge are all indications that your body is fighting the infection. Suppressing your infectious mononucleosis symptoms with pain killers, cough medicine, antihistamine or corticosteroids will only mask your symptoms temporarily.

Symptoms Of Tonsillitis In Adults

The main symptom of tonsillitis in adults is a sore throat, it can be quite mild to very severe. This condition is quite popular in children, but a growing percentage is experiencing tonsillitis are from adults.

There are many different reasons why you may experience tonsillitis such as glandular fever and viral infections. The swelling that you usually experience is often caused by a viral or bacterial infection and treatment should be started as soon as possible.

You may experience symptoms such as:

  • An ear ache
  • Headache or migraine
  • Stomach ache
  • Overall pain in the body
  • Nausea
  • Bad breath
  • Swollen tonsils

It is quite often that you will see the tonsils to be quite swollen and red, which is caused by inflammation and this is one of the most popular symptoms of tonsillitis in adults today. A good sign to know if you have tonsillitis is:

  1. Gray or yellow coating may cover your tonsils
  2. The areas around the throat and mouth may become red and sore
  3. You may get swelling around the neck, especially where your lymph nodes are located
  4. Vomiting or abdominal pain
  5. You may experience a fever

In some cases, your tonsils have to be removed, but only as a last resort. If tonsils become so large that it is blocking your airway or stopping you from swallowing and also antibiotics and other forms of treatment have not worked, removal of the tonsils will need to be done.

The best types of treatment that seem to work effectively are using natural ingredients. They will not give you harsh side effects and are also very gentle to the body.

Herbal treatments that can be used for tonsillitis are very effective and do not give you side effects. The most effective are gelsemium, which has been shown to help speed up the healing process.

Gallium aperine is a tonic that can cleanse your lymph glands and also your tonsils. It has also been shown to help reduce the swelling around the tonsils as well.

It is also important to avoid any type of irritants such as cigarette smoke. By doing this your symptoms will reduce much faster.

There are many different types of tonsillitis treatment that you can follow which are very effective. It is always important to remember to start treatment straight away because you can sometimes get worse symptoms such as an infection of the throat and also fever.

By learning about what the symptoms of tonsillitis in adults are, you will be able to start treatment early and also will experience less pain and discomfort from this type of condition.

How to Treat Metabolic Syndrome and Hypoglycemia Symptoms

When you don’t take care of your health, you are prone to having different illnesses. Metabolic syndrome and hypoglycemia are two of the most common disorders that occur in about 20 to 30% of the population particularly in industrialized countries. Here are some ways on how you can treat these two disorders.

Metabolic syndrome is a group of conditions which include elevated blood pressure, increased level of insulin, having excessive fat at the waist area and cholesterol levels that are beyond normal that result in diabetes and heart diseases. When you are diagnosed to have metabolic syndrome, treatment should be done immediately so that your risk for developing other serious diseases will be avoided. There are medications that will be given to you depending on your current condition. You will need to take them as prescribed, never missing a dose and not going beyond what was instructed. Along with that, you will need to do some lifestyle changes to speed up your recovery.

Obesity is one of the primary causes of metabolic syndrome and to resolve that, you will need to have regular exercise at least 30 minutes to an hour daily. Along with that, you need to have a healthy diet by limiting your intake of unhealthy fats and increase the fruits, vegetables, whole grains and fish on your diet. You also need to lose weight to decrease your blood pressure and insulin level. This will help decrease your chances of having diabetes. If you are smoking, you need to stop it when you are diagnosed of metabolic syndrome. The chemical contents of cigarettes increase the insulin resistance of your body which worsens your health state.

On the other hand, hypoglycemia is a health condition wherein the blood sugar is below normal. The normal glucose level in the body is 80 to 120 mg/dl and when it goes lower than that, it would result to hypoglycemia. Although this can happen to anyone, those who have higher risks are the ones who have diabetes, both type 1 and 2. Other causes of hypoglycemia are tumors that produce insulin and some medications that alter the blood sugar level of the body.

Knowing the different hypoglycemia symptoms is vital in the treatment so that it should be addressed immediately. Some of the common symptoms are nervousness, intense hunger, profuse sweating, weakness and trembling, palpitations and in some, trouble with speaking. Treating these hypoglycemia symptoms require the immediate intake of sugar that is easily absorbed such as soda, table sugar and juice. About 15 grams of glucose is needed and the hypoglycemia symptoms will begin to improve within the first five minutes. After that period and there is still no improvement, another 15 grams is needed. For those who cannot take anything by mouth, they should immediately be brought to the hospital or you can call the paramedics so that IV access will be established. Dextrose will then be given intravenously, the dose depending on the blood sugar level. Glucagon, a medication that is injected intramuscularly, can also be given by trained personnel.

Being extra careful with your health is all worth it, especially if you want to avoid having metabolic syndrome or hypoglycemia symptoms. But if you already have any of these disorders, you can still make some changes so that they can be treated.

Natural Cure for Diabetes

Food Therapy should be followed under the supervision from your doctor. Check your sugar level frequently so that sugar levels do not go beyond the recommended level

Foods to avoid

It is always advisable to avoid some foods if you are diabetic such as refined sugar, sweets, syrups, glucose, jam, molasses, fruit sugar, ice-cream, cakes, pastries, sweet biscuits, chocolates, soft drinks, condensed milk, cream and fried foods. Fats like butter, ghee and hydrogenated vegetable oil should also be avoided. White sugar and white flour should be reduced drastically. Avoid all processed foods, junk food, pastries, cookies, canned and preserved foods. They contain harmful preservatives and lot of salt. Avoid soft drinks since these have a lot of sugar. Try to avoid fried foods from your diet.

Smoking results in the using up of oxygen in the body. It will result in less of oxygen needed by the body to metabolize glucose. So smoking should be avoided.

Foods to be limited

Salt consumption should be reduced to a minimum. You will get enough salt form the vegetables and fruits you eat. Reduce animal foods especially red meats. Reduce poultry and egg. Reduce caffeine and alcohol. Do not drink tea and coffee more than 2 cups a day. Try to replace it with green tea or herbal teas like Parsley tea, Blueberry leaf, Tea made of tender walnut tree leaves, Water in which kidney bean pods have been cooked is good diabetes.

Do not consume alcohol in empty stomach. Alcohol on an empty stomach can cause low blood glucose or hypoglycemia.Foods that should be consumed in moderation are honey and other natural sugars like palm sugar, dates which can be used instead of white sugar. Remember these should be consumed in very little quantity only.Pasta, coconut, other nuts, unsweetened juices, eggs should be limited. You can replace it with whole grain, unpolished rice and Soya products. Try to eat whole grain bread instead of white flour. Fats like olive oil and peanut oil are more advisable that hydrogenated fats. Low fat food like skimmed milk and low fat home made cottage cheese can be taken in moderation. You can also substitute it with yoghurt. Sea food and fish also can be taken in moderation.

Foods to be taken

Drink at least 8 glasses of water a day.

An alkaline diet with natural food is recommended. Wholegrain, fruits, nuts, vegetables, and dairy products form a good diet for the diabetic. Raw vegetables can be taken in high quantities. It has been found that cooked foods raise blood glucose higher than raw, unpeeled foods. Cooking destroys many of the enzymes and some vitamins and minerals.

Eat at least five fruits every day. Fruits like grape fruit, pomegranate juice, Indian blackberry, banana, granny smith apples, fig, cranberries, black berry, kiwi fruits, and citrus fruits are highly recommended. It can be taken as a snack. Cucumber, Lettuce, onion, garlic string beans cucumber radish, tomato, carrot, leaves; spinach turnip, cabbage and Jerusalem artichoke are good for diabetes. Colorful vegetables are good for the functioning of pancreas. Drink Fruit juices without sugar. Brewer’s yeast and sprouted alfalfa and mung beans are good for the body. Unripe banana also can be cooked and eaten.

The most important of all is eating high fiber diet which lowers need for insulin. It releases energy into the body slowly. It has also been found that diabetes decreases and may even disappear in people eating a high fiber or whole food diet. High fiber diet has more chromium and chromium is very good for people with diabetes.

Eat lot of potassium rich foods like raw peanuts, tomato, bananas, melons, dried peas, potatoes, apple cider vinegar, skimmed milk powder, wheat but do not take potassium supplements.

Include soluble fiber in your meals like barley, oatmeal, almond meal, dried beans, kidney beans, cooked black beans, peas, cereals, chickpeas, Bengal gram which has low glycemic index, , Black gram, lentils and corn or garbanzo beans to helps considerably in reducing blood sugar levels. Soy products like tofu, tempeh, soymilk, soya powder, soy bean sprouts, nuggets etc are also very good in containing neurological complications in diabetes. You can make bread out of any of the whole grains. Get a lot of soluble fiber into your diet. When you eat lots of bread, cereal and starchy vegetables you will get enough of starches which is very helpful for diabetes. Insoluble fibers, found in bran (oat bran, wheat bran), whole grain breads, whole grains and nuts, act as intestinal scrubbers by cleaning out the lower gastrointestinal tract. Fiber cleans your intestinal tract by moving out the food so that it wouldn’t stay there and putrefy. Butter milk and yoghurt diet are very beneficial.

Helpful herbs and vegetables

1. Bitter Gourd (Karela): Bitter gourd Momordica-charantia or bitter melon juice contains plant insulin and should be taken 2 ounce 2 times daily on an empty stomach. It is found to be very effective for diabetes.


It can be cooked as any vegetable and eaten.


The bitter melon powder can be made by drying. Take bitter gourd powder I teaspoon daily in empty stomach.

2. Taking half a teaspoon of cinnamon a day may help prevent the onset of diabetes. Even soaking a cinnamon sticks in your tea, could also benefit non-diabetics who have blood sugar problem but are unaware of it.

3. 30 gram fenugreek seeds can be soaked in a glass of water at night and after 12 hours take it and grind it into a paste with the soaked water and drink it on a empty stomach.


2 teaspoon if powdered seeds can be taken with water or milk.


You can add fenugreek into anything you cook.

4. Eating upto 3 grapefruits a day has also been helpful.

5. 1 tablespoon of amla (Emblica officinalis) after removing the seeds extract the juice and mix with a cup of bitter gourd juice and take daily for 2months in a empty stomach.

6. Gymnema Sylvestre a traditional ayurvedic herb the leaf of which is to be taken up to 4 grams per day.

7. Indian blackberry seeds or Jamun seed powder (scientific name of Jamun is Eugenia jambolana or Syzygium cumini L and) is very good for diabetes. Take 1/4th teaspoon with 1 teasoon honey for 50 days.

8. Eating freshly crushed raw garlic 3-4 grams a day lowers blood sugar. You can wash it down with a glass of water.

9. Neem seeds daily 2 times a pinch. Taking a gram of neem leaf daily helps in diabetes.

10. Bael (Aegle marmelos) : The leave of the bael tree when chewed are very useful in diabetes. Pulp of this fruit could be dried and taken in doses of 5 to 10 gms a day.

11. A pinch of pure turmeric powders mixed in amla juice (Indian goose berry) and eat daily in empty stomach.

12. Use of turmeric and gooseberry in equal quantities in powder form taken with warm water is very useful in this behalf. These activate the pancreatic cells and more insulin is produced.

13. Wild jeerakam cumin seeds black colored 60 gm in 1 liter and boil a reduce it ti 1/4th liter and take half divide it into two equal parts and drink one part in the morning and one in the evening 2 times daily.

14. Grind (Bacopa monnieri )Bhrahmi and add a teaspoon of it to milk and drink.

Vitamins that help

Supplements in natural forms are more conducive to the body.

Magnesium supplementation has been shown to improve insulin sensitivity.

Vitamin C: 500 mg is recommended. Vitamin E: This vitamin is very valuable for diabetes. A daily dose of 200 i.u. of Vitamin E is recommended for a fortnight at a time.

Chromium: Whole grains, seeds, mushrooms, corn oil and brewer’s yeast are relatively good sources of biologically valuable chromium.

Vitamin A:. Take A dose of 15,000i.u. on alternate days.

Vitamin B: Avoid large dosage of vitamin B because this vitamin interferes with the absorption of insulin by cells.

Things to do

Controlling your Weight is the best way to treat diabetes. Exercise improves the body’s response to insulin. An exercise program should be started only with the advice of a doctor to avoid unnecessary complications. Walking, light games, jogging and swimming are also good.

Yoga can help a lot. To relieve stress do meditation once a day for 10 to 40 minutes. Yogic asanas like Siddhasana, Vajrasana, Talasana, Yastikasana,, like Yogamudra, Hastapadasana, Paschimottanasana, Chakrasana, Ustrasana, Bhujangasana, Sarvangasana and Viparitakarani, as halasana, shalabhasana, dhanurasana, Pratipaksabhavana and shavasana will also be beneficial.

Obesity – A Lifestyle Choice

Obesity is an ever growing problem in the UK and the US and cost the health services millions every year in the treatment of people with obesity related diseases. The availability of so many processed, fatty and foods that are generally bad for us has increased dramatically over the years and it has become increasingly difficult to choose what foods to include in our diet.

Many food products and gadgets are available to make our increasingly busy lives that bit easier, but they also make it easy to make the wrong lifestyle choices. Using the car to pop round to the local shops may save you time and effort but it is also taking away useful natural exercise which the body needs which can come from walking to the shops instead.

In many buildings lifts and escalators are available to take you to other floor levels and are the easy and convenient option to take, but using the stairs to go up or down a few floor levels would be much more beneficial to your health. Couple that with the availability of all the quick ready meals and fast food restaurants and it is clear to see how easy it is to start heading down the road to obesity. While these food products and gadgets do make our lives easier, they also make us lazy.

Obesity is caused from lack of exercise and a bad diet. It can affect some people more greatly than others due to the differences in metabolism but with willpower, education, the right food choices and exercise it can be avoided. Allowing yourself to become obese does not only cause you wardrobe problems but will seriously affect your health. Things such as heart disease, strokes, high blood pressure and depression can all be brought on with obesity. Once obesity is diagnosed it can be a long and difficult process to reverse the effects but with determination and the right help it can be done. The best thing is to catch the signs early on and make steps to change your lifestyle by slowly introducing exercise and the right type of foods.

Taking up exercise does not mean you have to take on expensive gym memberships or purchase costly exercise equipment. These are things that can be considered later on if you feel you want to. Starting off slowly and making little changes will go a long way towards a healthy lifestyle. Taking a ten minute walk three times a week can help to reduce your waist circumference and improve your heart health immensely. It could also help to relax your mind and give you some much needed down time. The walk does not have to be at a brisk pace either, if you are walking and are still able to talk to a friend without getting out of breath you will still be reaping the benefits. Start taking the stairs instead of the lift or escalator, take the dog out for a walk or take a stroll to the park with the kids. Believe it or not this will all be useful exercise for you.

There are many different diet fads around these days, all claiming to make you lose weight some way or the other some may work and some may not. Healthy eating should be viewed as a lifestyle, something that you will do for the rest of your life rather than for a couple of months or until the weight comes off. Healthy eating does not mean having to eating tasteless boring foods for the rest of your life either. For the most part it is all down to the way food is prepared which could make the difference between a healthy meal and an unhealthy meal.

A burger for instance is widely viewed as unhealthy. This is because we think of burgers that are prepared in various fast food restaurants which are made with high fat beef and laden with cheese and high calorie sauces, but a freshly prepared burger made with lean mince and topped with tomato sauce, lettuce, freshly cut tomatoes inside a wholemeal bun is very good for you and quite delicious too.

If you allow yourself to become obese then the road back can be a long a difficult one, involving doctors, many trips to the hospital, and possibly surgery. It is important to make your lifestyle changes early which will make things significantly easier. Making small changes will go a long way to improving your health, wellbeing and outlook on life.

Exercise Tips:

Take regular walks (10-20 minutes three times per week at least)

Use the stairs instead of the lift or escalators

Head down to your local swimming pool and do some lengths

Purchase an aerobic DVD and follow it a couple of times per week.

Healthy Eating Tips:

Swap sugary snacks for fruit snacks

Choose vegetables you enjoy and have them with your meals

Don’t miss meals Eat at least three times a day

Avoid processed food and eat fresh as much a possible

Treat yourself to your favourite foods (healthy or unhealthy) once or twice per week only

Iceland Moss – Discover The Healing Qualities Of The Herb (Part 1)

Iceland Moss is a perennial. The upper part of the foliage of the lichen is olive brown or brown gray and shiny, while the underside – green gray. The lower part of the foliage is reddish. Plant has fruits arranged along the sides of the foliage. The fruits are dark brown and shaped like shield. The color and size of the plant depends upon the light and other environmental factors.

Iceland Moss can be found growing in poor sandy soil in coniferous and mixed forests. The herb can be collected during entire summer. However, the best time to collect the plant is June and July. You should hand-pick it and remove sand, needles and other adulterations. There are other lichen species, which can be used for medical purposes. These species are Usnea barbata, Parmelia furfuraea, Evernia sp. and Cladonia sp. and they grow hanging from trees. They are used to produce various compound remedies industrially, as well.

  1. Foliage is rich in various polysaccharides produced by fungi and algae the lichen contains. These polysaccharides are lichenin, isolichenin, pustulan and some unknown substance, and usually are referred to as lichen starch. In addition, the plant contains lichen acid, 2 percent bitter fumar protocetraric acid, 0.1-1.5 percent protolichesterin acid, protocetraric acid, cetraric acid and usnic acid, which accumulates the most during winter. The herb is proven to contain proteins, vitamin B, ascorbic acid, 4-4.5 percent lipids, sterols, carotenoids, 1-2 percent mineral substances and other biologically active substances.
  2. The active substances the herb contains possess bactericidal, antiseptic, emollient, wound healing and body strengthening properties. Polysaccharides lichenin, pustulan and isolichenin stimulate immunity and increase protection ability of your organism. They have positive effect on natural nonspecific immunity and prevent sarcoma from growing in experimental animals. Some fungal polysaccharides have citotoxic effect on cells of certain organs.
  3. Usnic acid and fumar protocetraric acid have bactericidal action, and improve the performance of stomach, intestinal canal and liver. They have positive effect on vegetative nervous system and stimulate cardiovascular regulatory center.
  4. Pharmaceutical companies produce various remedies containing active substances or foliage of Iceland Moss. These remedies are used to treat hoarseness, inflammation of upper airways, bronchitis, pharyngolaryngitis, tracheitis, trophic ulcer, pulmonary emphysema, bronchial asthma, varicose ulcer, burn, traumatic ostemyelitis and erosion of cervix uteri.
  5. Lasting consumption of the herb, as well as, consumption of large quantities of it might lead to liver disorders, and irritation of stomach and intestine.

Penis Rash – Important Causes, Symptoms and Best Treatment

There are many causes for penis rashes. Some are mild and easily treated whereas others are a little more serious and will take time to heal. There are three common conditions that cause penis rash. These are penis acne, penis eczema, and penis scabies. All of these conditions are treatable and, if detected early enough, will not cause any lasting damage to the penis. Let’s look at these conditions in greater detail, so that painful penis rashes can become a thing of the past.

Penis Rash Causes

Three common conditions that cause penis rash are penis acne, penis eczema, and penis scabies.

Penis Acne – The skin on the penis is the same as any other part of the body. The only difference is that penis skin is erogenous and therefore more sensitive. Thus, the causes of penis acne are the same as acne on the face, neck, and back, and are typically begun by bacteria or hormonal influx.

Bacterial penis acne is caused by bacteria called ‘Propiorubacterium’, which lives in the skin’s hair follicles. These bacteria produce an enzyme, which dissolves oil (sebum) produced by the skin. However, on occasions the bacteria produce too much of the enzyme and this then bursts the hair follicles. The area around the hair follicle then becomes red, inflamed, and infected.

Hormonal penis acne is caused by ‘androgens’ in men. This hormone is secreted during puberty. It increases the size of the skin glands and also amplifies oil production. This, in turn, can then create a food source for bacteria, which are attracted to the area and then infect the site.

Penis Eczema – Also know as ‘Atopic Dermatitis,’ eczema is often genetically inherited and can be triggered by allergens such as, soaps and detergents. Sufferers of this type of eczema are also likely to have hay-fever, asthma, and other allergies.

Penis Scabies – Scabies on the penis are caused by an eight-legged mite that is microscopic in size. This mite is transferred via clothing, bedding and sexual contact. It may take as little as a few days to notice these mites, or as long as 4-6 weeks. It just depends on the sensitivity of the penis skin.

Penis Rash Symptoms

While all penis rashes have similar symptoms, some are more profound than others. By looking at the penis rash carefully and then noting down the symptoms, it may be possible to diagnose the problem and find a suitable treatment. Penis acne, penis eczema, and penis scabies have the following symptoms:

Penis Acne – Can appear as a rash, with the skin being red and inflamed, having bumps, and even white heads or other lesions.

Penis Eczema – The penis skin may be itchy, a rash may appear, and the skin may feel as though it is burning. Skin breaks may also become apparent, with the skin oozing and becoming crusty or rough to the touch. In addition, red bumps may appear along with painful cracks.

Penis Scabies – The mites will cause the sufferer to itch, especially at night, which may result in sores appearing. The penis skin will become inflamed and a penis rash will become visible, small lesions may also appear on the skin. Usually, no more than 10 mites will be on the penis at one time and they will leave a small ‘S’ shaped track under the skin; so look carefully for any signs of activity.

In extreme cases, the sufferer may have crusted scabies. This presents itself as a thick, dry, scaly rash, which spreads across an area of skin. This type of penis scabies is the hardest to treat and is the most contagious as thousands of mites can be present.

Penis Rash Treatment

It is important that the penis rash is treated as quickly as possible to avoid permanent penis skin damage and sensitivity reduction. Penis acne, penis eczema, and penis scabies can be treated as follows:

Penis Acne – It is important not to squeeze or pop any penis acne blemishes as this may cause scarring on the skin of the penis. Instead, cleanse the infected area of the penis with an antibacterial wash made for sensitive skin. In addition, apply an acne spot treatment or antibacterial cream to the area. This will reduce the inflammation and redness.

Penis Eczema – The cause of the allergic reaction, if any, must be removed. Change soaps and detergents, wear different clothing, and use alternatives to latex condoms for protection. If the condition does not rectify itself, a medical practitioner must be consulted. They will most likely prescribe a hydrocortisone cream, which must be applied to the affected area daily.

Penis Scabies – A prescription medicine is used to treat scabies, therefore a visit to a medical practitioner is a must if it is suspected that this is the cause of the penis rash. In addition, it is important that anything that the sufferer has come into contact with is cleaned or thoroughly vacuumed. This includes all clothing, bed linen, towels, and furniture. Also, try to avoid scratching the penis and keep any sores clean.

For all conditions, it is also recommended that a penis specific creme, (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil), is used daily. This type of product protects the skin of the penis from further damage and, it helps the skin heal and rejuvenate. As, this product contains vital vitamins, minerals, and amino acids that keep the skin of the penis in optimal condition at all times.

Sore Penis – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Causes – A sore penis may be caused by a number of things that are relatively simple, such as aggressive sexual activity during masturbation or intercourse. Other causes of a sore penis can vary depending on the depth of pain that you are experiencing. The first question that you need to ask yourself should be, “Is my penis sore or painful on the inside or the outside, or both?”

If you are experiencing external pain then you may have any one of a number of conditions, such as a yeast infection, a sexually transmitted disease, psoriasis, balanitis, or a simple skin condition, just to name a few. However, if you are experiencing internal pain with your sore penis, then you may have a urinary tract infection, a fractured penis, a scrotal infection that has spread to your penis, or a penile ulcer.

In fact, medical practitioners suggest that there are more then 50 causes of a sore penis that range from mild to severe. Therefore, it is important that you seek medical advice if your penis hurts for any longer than a day or two. Most sore penis complaints due to aggressive sex and simple bruising should disappear, or show signs of improvement after this time.

Symptoms of a sore penis that do not disappear or improve after two days vary depending on the cause. Most external conditions will present with red, flaky, and irritated skin, possible skin cracking, ulceration, or bruising. Whereas, most internal conditions of a sore penis will present with symptoms such as, pain and an inability for the penis to function correctly, which may mean that urinating, sexual activity, or the appearance of the penis is impaired. For example – If you fracture your penis you will hear a popping sound, which will be immediately followed with pain ( If you believe you have fractured your penis it is vital that you seek immediate medical attention ).

Treatment for a sore penis depends on the type of condition that you have. Treatments can vary from using a penis specific crème, a medication, or having possible surgery. Therefore if you have a sore penis with persisting symptoms it is important that you seek medical advice, so that you condition can be diagnosed.

Health practitioners often recommend a penis health crème that helps many men suffering from penis skin issues including a bruised penis. A quality penis health crème ( “Man 1 Man Oil” is recommended ) should contain penis specific vitamins and minerals plus select moisturizers, anti-bacterial properties and vitamin e to maintain healthy penis skin and treat penis skin issues.