Lung Cancer and Pneumonia

Frequently lung cancers are picked up on a routine chest X-ray in anyone experiencing no symptoms. If cancer cells begin to grow up in one of the bronchioles near the aveoli, the tumor could turn into the size of a golf ball or even larger without causing symptoms. Even when the chest X-ray looks normal, cancer might be assumed if the one has taken up blood, develops unrelenting hoarseness, has had repeated episodes of pneumonia in the same place in the lung, or has chest pain or trouble in breathing.

Lung cancer is a most significant disease after the age of fifty. Much more widespread in men than in women, its incidence rate is growing faster than any other type of cancer. The cause remains unidentified but remarkable evidence points to tobacco's guiltiness, even if automobile exhaust fumes and other gases are strongly suspected as well. Cancer in the lung frequently starts with a blameless cough which may be dry or productive of blood streaked sputum. The likely, perceptible difficulties are wheezing, hoarseness, pain in the chest, and weight loss, all indicating the potential presence of a serious disease.

Sometimes the initial sign of lung cancer is pneumonia, with fever. There might also be a cough with yellow sputum when the tumor closes a bronchial tube and infection expands behind the blockage. If a tumor extends directly from the lung into the tissues of the chest wall, it might lead to pain.

In view of the fact that lung cancer can typically be seen on the X-ray film, a chest X-ray is one of the first tests you will have. As with most types of X-ray pictures, a chest X-ray brings about no discomfort. But even if a tumor is not seen, the chest X-ray may offer other clues to the diagnosis, such as pneumonia in the lung.

Your doctor might want you to have a chest X-ray even though the diagnosis is already obvious. The intention is to be able to evaluate it with previous and later X-rays, to follow your progress and observe for likely changes in the lung tissue. It is significant for your doctor to realize whether the cancer is developing, or whether it is responding to treatment and shrinking.

Chest Pain Not Caused by Heart Disease

Before I begin, let me make sure you know that you should consult your doctor for * any * chest pain, to rule out a serious health problem. However, there are other things that can cause pain in that region. Some are minor and some may be as life threatening as heart disease.

Heartburn : Acid creeping into your esophagus can cause pain in the chest that is somewhat similar to that of angina. It may seem like a minor nuisance, but it can cause serious problems. Untreated, it can lead to cancer of the esophagus.

Once you've been diagnosed, you may find some herbal preparations useful. To coat the esophagus and stomach, licorice and marshmallow root may help. Peppermint oil could also be useful.

Costochondritis : Inflammation of the rib cage, particularly the ribs and cartilage can cause rib cage pain. If you are diagnosed with this disorder, ask if willow bark and / or getu kola can help reduce the pain and inflammation.

Pleurisy : This is an acute situation that can threaten your life. It is a swilling of the lining around your lungs. It can cause a high fever and difficulty breathing. It is best treated by a doctor, and may require antibiotics.

Arthritis : Both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis can effect your chest. While bone density is a major problem in this area, obesity can also be an issue. Watching your diet is important to prevent and also to deal with osteoarthritis of the rib cage. Rheumatoid arthritis is an auto-immune disorder, so it is difficult to prevent an attack on the rib cage.

It is possible to use willow bark and gotu kola for some types of arthritis in your rib cage, but you should clear it with your doctor. RA may be made worse by some herbs. If you're allergic to aspirin, do not use willow.

How To Win The Lottery By Mixing Numbers

If you’d like to know how to win the lottery, mixing numbers is one way. Some individuals like to choose numbers out of the sky, but this isn’t always effective. In fact, it is the closest thing to completely ineffective. Even if you do opt to go this route, you need to ascertain you aren’t choosing numbers that are part of a pattern that is too distinct, such as 6,5,4,3,2,1. Using patterns like sequences is usually not a good idea. On the other hand, studying patterns based on historical winnings is.

Now you might think that mixing numbers is just taking any number from 1 to 49 randomly. It should not be so. Mixing numbers in this case involves something more calculated. But first things first: research on previous winning numbers. What were they? Who won and when? It is essential that you look back and find out which numbers get chosen the most regularly and the ones that get chosen the least amount of time. With this you will be able to better comprehend precisely which numbers you should begin playing.

Initially, it’s ideal to choose mainly hot numbers. Hot numbers are those that get selected the most often. You may be able to improve your odds of winning this way. Once you have an idea of how the numbers function, then you can now start mixing things up, combining both hot and cold numbers. Based on studies, most of the actual winning numbers happen to be a mix of even and odd numbers.

So if you want to know how to win the lottery effectively, it’s a good idea to have your numbers mixed as much as possible. If you’re playing pick 6, then do something like 3 even numbers and 3 odd numbers. Just a note: avoid choosing numbers from just one number group. So ideally, you want to pick one number from 1 to 9, one number from 10 to 19, and so on. Similarly, you can go ahead and mix up high and low numbers.

Regardless, there’s no “guarantee” that you’ll win. If there was, everyone would be a winner just because they have a good strategy. However, there is a guarantee in raising your chances of winning. So which one would you rather go for, better chances or none at all? What matters is you use the right methods as well as taking precautionary steps when playing the game. Everyone knows playing costs money, so always play within your budget. And if you feel you’re beginning to get addicted and lose control, stop for the day and play again another time. It takes a great deal of focus and analysis in choosing the winning numbers.

Just by altering the way you play the game you will help raise your chances of hitting the jackpot. It does not simply take coincidence or luck to match those winning lottery numbers. All you need is a bit of a strategy and basic understanding of probability. Those are the types of things that will assist you in obtaining quick results you’ve always wanted. And the sooner you know how to win the lottery the right way and begin employing wiser strategies the quicker you’ll hit the jackpot.

Bronchitis is Contagious

Bronchitis is caused by pathogens. It is an inflammation of the large bronchi of the lungs. Bronchitis can be as a result of bacteria or viral infections. The contagious viruses include influenza, rhino virus and respiratory syntactical virus. When a healthy person comes into contact with a person suffering from bronchitis, chances of a bronchitis contagious taking place are high. This is through the mucous, cough and sputum. Sharing food or drinks in one container is a sure way of getting the contagious pathogens.

The symptoms of bronchitis contagious are an expectorating cough, fever, fatigue, shortness of breath, wheezing and chest pains. One may have some or all of the above mentioned symptoms. The condition is further revealed by a doctor's physical examination. This will include a variety of tests to the breathing sounds, sputum, blood and a chest x-ray.

A sputum test will show neutrophil granulocytes. These are inflammatory white blood cells. They usually infiltrate the lung tissue as a result of damage to the airways. Bronchitis contagious can be treated by antibiotics. This is if the results of the disease are bacteria pathogens. Bronchitis caused by smoking can not be valued by anything else but quitting the habit.

An expectorant cough syrup can be a useful drug if the cause of the condition is bacteria. They will be flushed out of the lungs. Bronchitis contagious caused by a viral infection usually disappear on its own after a few days. If the cough lasts for more than a month, a doctor should be consulted to check there are other underlining causes.

How To Treat Sprains, Dislocations and Fractures

Sprains, dislocations and fractures are the type of injuries that involve a lot of pain and swelling. Also, walking becomes very difficult, so it's even harder to get help if you do not have your phone around. And if it happens during a disaster, when there's nothing but chaos all over the place, you're in for the time of your life!

Now, I do not mean to get all apocalyptic about this, but I do believe it's very important that you know basic measures when you're dealing with bone and joint injuries.

So let's take them one by one and go through the whole process together:


Most people get a sprain at least once in their lives, so you're probably familiar with the symptoms: pain and swelling mostly, but also discoloration (when the sprained area turns black and blue).

Now, even if it hurts, do not call 911 for a sprain. Those guys take on more severe cases. However, according to, you should go see a doctor if there's one close to you, especially if you're experiencing:

  • severe pain
  • ability to put any weight on it victim unable to put any weight on it
  • ability to move it
  • accessibility to walk
  • numbness
  • redness or red streaks spread out from the injury
  • pain, swelling, or redness over a bony part of your foot

When it comes to treating sprains, you should think RICE (rest, ice, compress, elevate):
REST the sprained joint. Do not try to walk if you're feeling severe pain whenever you take a step or two. But if you have to walk, use a cane to take most of your body weight.

ICE the sprained area with an ice pack.

COMPRESS it with an elastic bandage. Like this:

ELEVATE the sprain above the level of the heart during the first 48 hours. Just place your foot on top of some pillows or a rolled blanket and keep it that way as much as possible.

Dislocations and Fractures

According to, these are the guidelines to treat a fraction or dislocation if medical help is not available:

  • Apply a cold pack to the area of ​​fracture or dislocation to decrease swapping and to treat pain.
  • Flush open wounds associated with composite fractures with clean, fresh water and cover them with a dry dressing.
  • Splint the injured area to keep it from moving. Support a broken limb by using the best material available for a splint, such as sticks, part of a backpack frame, or other stabilizing device. Wrap tape around the splint and the extremity affected. For example, if a forearm is broken, the splint should run from the wrist to the upper arm and support the arm without repositioning it.
  • Monitor the extremity near the fracture or dislocation, assessing any loss of sensation, reduced temperature, and pulse.

However, the first thing to do is call 911. ALWAYS.

Pain can get pretty nasty in case of dislocations or fractures, so take 1-2 tablets of acetaminophen (Tylenol) every 4 hours or 1-2 tablets of ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) every 6-8 hours.

I really hope you'll never have to take these measures, not for yourself or for anyone else. But if you do, I hope they help you treat your injury and heal your pain. Make sure you stay safe, alright?

Options For Treating the Painful Coccyx Tailbone

There are a variety of reasons why the coccyx tailbone will give you pain. The main reason for coccyx pain is the fraction of the tailbone when you accidently slip. Yes that is correct, when you fall or slip the tension is that you will hit the floor with all your weight gravitating backwards. This will mean that all the body weight will be transferred on to the tailbone. Now when that happens the tailbone is likely to get fractured or broken.

The fractured tailbone can not be surgically treated without it is so severe that it needs to be surgically removed. The surgery of the coccyx is not a good thing as things can go wrong during the surgery and it can affect other vertebrae in the spinal column. The better option is to take the pain relieving cortisone treatment or the painkillers that will help you be free from pain for a couple of months.

Visiting a massage therapist who is a specialist in the treatment of the coccyx disorders can be helpful. The challenge lies in the fact that there are not very many folks who are expert in giving the massage at the coccyx area. Massage in the wrong position can even worsen the pain.

The other reason for the coccyx pain is the childhood defect in the tailbone. This type of defect can not be treated and the pain at best can be avoided. The best option for this is to use the seat cushions. These seat cushions are designed so as to make sure that the tailbone is not in direct contact with the chair on which you sit or the car seat on which sit and drive.

There are several types of seat cushions available in the market. These seat cushions come in a variety of styles and designs. Some are gel filled and some have the memory foam in them. You need to select the one which will help you alleviate the pain. Again, remember this is just prevention and you just can not eliminate the pain.

In some cases the dislocation can happen because of the fall even though there is no fracture. Expert orthopedic surgeons can easily put back the dislocated tailbone in place. The challenge is to find a doctor who is an expert in all this. You get into the wrong hands and the chances are that you will end up having much more pain than earlier.

Cerebral Palsy Symptoms

Cerebral palsy is a non-progressive disorder resulting from a variety of causes. It is primarily a dysfunction of tone, posture and movement secondary to brain abnormality or damage and may also be associated with additional handicaps. Onset occurs before brain growth and development are complete, that is from conception to the second birthday.

Although the disorder is lifelong, that is, it can not be cured, it is not unchanging. Movement patterns may change during development, maturation and / or intervention by health professionals.

It is difficult to describe cerebral palsy symptoms without using clinical terms. There are several essential types of cerebral palsy, determined by the location of damage within the brain. We will describe these types now.


The clinical features of spastic cerebral palsy are those associated with damage to the cerebral cortex and corresponding pyramidal tracts. Symptoms and motor problems include paucity of movement, increased resistance to passive movement, muscle spasm, clonus (rapid contracting and relaxation of muscles), exaggerated deep tendon reflexes and absence of change in muscle tone associated with a change in posture, for example, moving from a supine to a sitting position.


In this type, abnormalities in motor coordination affect the body as a whole. This is associated with damage to the basal ganglia and extrapyramidal tracts. It can lead to athetosis, which is an irregular writhing movement, exaggerated by active movement and disappearing or decreasing during sleep. Dystonia reiter to the adoption of bizarre, purposeless posturing of the extremities of the body as a whole. Hypotonia refers to the lack or decrease in muscle tone coupled with a lack of resistance to passive movement.


In this form of cerebral palsy the cerebellum is the site of damage. Symptoms include incoordination and lack of balance. An intention tremor appears on active movement.


Those people who display more than one type of cerebral palsy are said to have mixed cerebral palsy.

The majority of people with cerebral palsy have one or more of the following associated handicaps and symptoms: learning disabilities and intellectual impairment (although generally those with diskinic cerebral palsy are less affected than those with spastic cerebral palsy); epilepsy occurs in about one third of all cases; one third of all cases have visual problems of varying degrees of severity; hearing defects affect 10% of those with cerebral palsy; speech and language problems are present in half of all cases; other problems that are frequently associated with cerebral palsy are disorders of perception, emotion, behavior and sleep.

Bell's Palsy (Facial Paralysis) – Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

Bell's Palsy is a paralysis or weakness of the muscles of one side of the face, usually due to damage to the facial nerve. It may also affect the sense of taste, salivation and tear formation. Most patients improve spontaneously within a few weeks to a few months, however, a few may have permanent residual facial weakness.

Bell's palsy is known as "Ardit" in Ayurveda. However, the symptoms of Ardit may be a part of stroke, ie, a complete paralysis of one half of the body, while Bell's palsy is usually considered to be self-limiting. Ayurvedic treatment of this facial paralysis consists of local application, oral intake of medicated oils, local fomentation, medicated nasal drops therapy, and oral medication in the form of tablets.

Medicated oils used for local application, oral intake and nasal therapy are: Bala (Sida cordifolia) oil, Narayan (Asparagus racemosus) oil and Chandan-Bala-Laxadi oil.

Mouth wash and gargling with luke-warm water is considered very effective in relieving symptoms.

Local medicated steam fomentation is given of decoctions of Erand mool (root of Ricinus communis), Rasna (Pluchea lanceolata), Dashmool (Ten Herbal Roots) and Nirgundi (Vitex negundo). Dry fomentation is given by preparing a poultice (medicated packet) of wheat flour and oil.

Oral medications useful in facial paralysis are: Yograj Guggulu, Trayodashang Guggulu, Vata Vidhvansa Rasa, Sameerpannag Rasa, Brihat Vata Chintamani, Tapyadi Loha, Dashmoolarishta and Bhallatakasava. Single herbal medicines used are: Guggulu (Commiphora mukul), Nirgundi, Dashmool, Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus) and Kuchila (Purified Strychnos nuxvomica).

For refractory patients, some doctors advise blood-letting from a nearby vein or by leech therapy. Courses of medicated enemas are also advised in some patients.

Milk, ghee, butter, mutton soup and black gram are advised in the diet in large quantities. It is best to avoid prolonged exposure to cold.

Milestone Machine: 1984 Hildebrand and Wolfmullet

"Before the beginning of great brilliance and beauty there first must be a period of complete chaos."
– I Ching

One could arguably trace the embryonic days of motorcycling back to 1817 and the German 'hobby horse' which was in effect a human powered two-wheeler with the locomotive force provided by paddling one's feet along the pavement. Good for shoemakers, bad for the spine. More efficient cranks and pedals attached to a wheel did not appear until 1861 when a Frenchman put it all together. Over the next two decades, a success of two-, three- and four wheeled steam- and gasoline-powered cycles huffed, puffed and sputtered themselves into existence as the evolution of the motorcycle spawned ever newer, and often better, designs across Europe and America.

Although the above quote from the prophetically I Ching may not refer to the entire state of the fledgling world of motorcycles prior to 1894, it was not until that year that things began to coalesce. The year brought comprehensive changes, those advances synthesized from German, French and British designers and manifested in one of the seminal machines of motorcycling … the Hildebrand & Wolfmuller.

The stage was set: Munich, Germany, 1894. Not far away in Russia, Nicholas II, the last of the pre-Soviet czars had ascended the Throne while further east China and Japan were at war in Korea. However, politics and empire building were of little interest to brothers Heinrich and Wilhelm Hildebrand. They were busy revolutionizing human transportation. True, their initial focus had been on building steam powered machines in an effort to conquer the steep inclines of their beloved Bavarian hills, but it was a start, if a hot and bubbly one. After a period of steamy experimentation, Heinrich and Wilhelm discovered that a bunch of hot air could only take you so far. Being bright and industrious lads, the Hildebrands decided to join forces with two nimble-minded engineers Alois Wolfmuller and Hans Geisenhof, both residents of nearby Langsberg, a few kilometers from Munich. Geisenhof bought some extra clout to the party as he had been a member of the Benz automobile group and knew his way around powerplants.

The Geisenhof / Hildebrand early efforts asserted in a rather anemic and unreliable two-stroke gasoline fed engine, a powerplant that did not reach their level of expectations. But then it was Wolfmuller's turn to try his hand. He met the challenge, designing a much more robust four-stroke engine of parallel twin design. Unfortunately the sheer mass of metal that went into his creation proved too burdensome for the spindly bicycle "safety" frames of the era. In fact, very shortly after implantation, the weight of the engine snapped the frame. Now they had an engine, but no frame.

It was not exactly back to the drawing board since the H & W team came up with a reworked version of the frame originally utilized by their 1889 steam bike, so all that effort had some pay back after all. The twin-tube, open duplex design nicely accommodated the big four-stroke gas engine. It seemed to be a well-planned out execution including the fuel tank attached neatly to the down-tubes. In any case it all managed to hold together well enough for the clerks at the Munich patent office to grant their official state stamp of approval. Thus as of January 1894 the Hildebrand & Wolfmuller motor cycle was a legitimate, and then saleable, product. Now all the four inventors had to do market the fruits of their labor.

They promptly formed a company called, with true Teutonic verbal efficiency, the Motofahrrad-Fabrik Hildebrand & Wolfmuller and built headquarters in Munich. The company's coffers were well stocked with funding and now it was full-steam, rather now full-gasoline, ahead as the entrepreneurs hastened to put their innovative H & W motorcycle into production … and into the history books as literally the first vehicle to be described with the generic term "motor cycle."

The H & W was also remarkable for several other "firsts." For one, it featured the largest engine ever successfully fitted into a two-wheeled production vehicle in the 90-year history of two-wheelers with a displacement of 1498cc from a pair of horizontal cylinders with a bore and stroke of 90 x 1117 mm.

A closer look at the engine uncovers its steam heritage as the design incorporated long connecting rods that linked, in a steam locomotive style, directly to rear wheel spindle cranks that incorporated an epicyclic reduction gear. The solid rear disc wheel stand in place of a flywheel (a design that would later haunt H & W) while a pair of wide rubber straps facilitated the return stroke of each piston. Borrowing from the Daimler auto people, the H & W utilized a platinum hot tube as a means of igniting the fuel that found its way from the gas tank to a surface type carburetor. The inlet valves themselves were automatic, while long rods and a cam on the rear wheel operated the two exhaust valves.

Yet another technological development borrowed from other designers was the combination rear fender / water tank configuration. First innovated by the Englishman Edward Butler and the Frenchman Georges Richard, the fender served not only to keep the rider tidy, but also served as a reservoir for a supply of water used to cool the engine. In addition one frame tube took the place of an oil tank. Yes, an oil-in-the-frame, water-cooled four-stroke engine of almost 1500cc displacement built more than a hundred years ago. Such wonders obviously will never cease, but this was a "first."

It also sees the Munich motorrad was the first motorcycle to come equipped with pneumatic tires, the air-filled rubber treads built by the German company of Veith via the British Dunlop company who had pioneered the tire design in 1888.

Now, with all the accolades heaped up the H & W notwithstanding, the machine did have its share, and then some, of shortcomings. The term "spoon" is used to describe the Stone Age-ish contrivance working its friction upon the front tire. When it was applied, it also automatically closed down the throttle, while in the early models, a pedal operated a metal plate to bring it into direct contact with the pavement in a further if desperate effort to slow the bike's forward progress. It certainly made for an entertaining and startingling sight in the dark hours of night with sparks flying all about. At least it would give ample warning for pedestrians to make their escape.

The starting procedure for the H & W required grit, grip and cardio-vascular integrity. Gripping the machine you flung it and yourself forward, your legs pumping as fast as they could go until you heard the pop and crack of ignition … there was no clutch by the way … and then you would leap aboard and make all effort to quickly find the thumb-screw operated throttle and then turn it just the right amount to maintain an equal supply of fuel. In other words, athletic ability akin to Olympic bobsledding and the dexterity of a brain surgeon were helpful.

But the rewards were … well you were off and running to a maximum of 28 mph, all the H & W's 2 h horses could manage at a ripping 240 rpm. Again, these are relative fun-factor figures since we must remember we're blasting along on 1894 roads, our snarling, spark throwing machine terrorizing man and beast. The world would have to pass in a blur, since even the steam powered trains of the day, riding on nice safe steel rails, could only manage twice the bike's speed.

The H & W was indeed "wunderbar", and at first glance a brilliant success, a miraculous machine that treated the fancy of many an adventurous and advantaged garde customer of the day. Orders flooded the company's offices to the tune of 2, 000, 000 Deutschmarks. Such was the public demand, and the money in hand, that Hildebrand and Wolfmuller ordered up architectural plans for an all new factory to be identified on the Colosseum Strasse. Its vast interior would be home to 1200 employees not to mention satellite buildings and the contracting of work from many local engineering workshops. You could say that H & W had brought a boom of more than one kind to the city of Munich.

As part of the promotional activities H & W sent one of their new machines to Paris to test the French Vichy waters. The plans included a public relations feee hosted by bon vivant Pierre Giffard, a newspaper publisher and pioneer motor sport enthusiast, who in fact had hosted the world's first motoring contest, the 1894 Paris-Rouen race.

Once again it was another glorious outing for the H & W, and as a result the French company of Duncan, Suberbie et Cie signed on as licensed dealers. However, they felt the German name might not be that much of a selling card for their French customers and conjured up the named "La Petrolette" which seemed to translate to something like "small gasoline." But in any case there was an almost immediate order for 50 of the motorcycles, so the French called in for a hundred just to be safe.

Now the "Duncan" of that French company was an Englishman transplanted to Paris, and he was very bully for the bike, and thought it would be good advertising to stage a race in the lovely town of Lille. So it came to pass in the spring of 1895 that the roar of "La Petrolettes" were to resound in the previously tranquil French countryside. However, Fate made a sudden and foreboding detour in the fortunes of the H & W. A fire broke out in the event's hotel the night before race day, the flames ravaging the three bikes intended for the demonstration. Moreover, adding insult to injury, the loud sounds of the exploding Dunlop tires fed rumors that the gasoline powered machines were inherently dangerous. While the event was canceled, it did not thwart the H & W company's plans for expanding their market.

Looking for the proper venue to highlight his product, Wolfmuller himself transported two bikes to Italy where he and Giovanni-Battista Ceirano, an automobile enthusiast, would ride them in another history making event, the country's first combination car and bike race. The machines would speed from the city of Turin to the village of Asti and return, all on the day of May 28, 1895.

Over hill and dale, the slew of pre-1900 cars and motorcycles slid, slipped and surged along the 62-mile course. By day's end, the two stalwart H & W's with Wolfmuller and Ceirano covered in dust and glory crossed the finish line in 2nd and 3rd Place, bested only by a Daimler automobile. But that glory was short-lived as the next race, the important Paris-Bordeaux-Paris race ended in disaster at the mid-way point as both H & D entries fell victim to what were becoming glaring and dangerous design flaws. The problems lay with the hot tube ignition, and the erratic handling of the rear wheel caused by its poor flywheel effect that in turn caused the rider to lurch around violently on his mount.

When things go wrong, they can go wrong all at once and as if nobody had an inkling until it all too late. Not only were the bikes in need of "recall," the bean-counters back in Paris and Munich finally figured out that the cost of making the machines was more than their price tags. In effect, the company was operating in the red. And then it started, the droves of first-time customers, recently acquainted with their new purchases, were writing unsuccessful letters about starting problems among other issues.

Worse yet, many wanted their money back. Sadly, by 1897 and after producing approximately 800 machines, the German and French companies imploded, and the H & W was no more. While the marque became another of the many short-lived and long extinct motorcycles, it had well-earned its niche in the history books. As the first production motorcycle, H & W had brought together many innovations and the genius of several nations, and in so doing carved yet another stepping stone on the long, often rocky road of the motorcycle's evolution.

In all fairness, the Hildebrand and Wolfmuller should have remembered in the context that it represented the pivotal moment when the so-called motor-bicycle entered the public consciousness as the motorcycle. And like many technological introductions, it had a dramatic effect on the cultural psyche. An English test rider of the day, after riding the H & W responded, "I have never forgotten the first sensation of riding a bike propelled by its own power. staunch believer in the motor-bike and predicted a great future for it. "

Bruxism and TMJ – An Effective New Treatment

Bruxism is a disorder of unconscious jaw claching and teeth grinding that causes pain in the temporo-mandibular joint, a sensation of soreness and tension in the jaw as well as headaches, neck pain and even migraines. Over the years, continuing grinding wears down the teeth and can even cause cracking and severe tooth damage. Bruxism to some degree, especially at night, is very common. As long as there are no symptoms of pain or dental damage, it does not needarily require treatment. However, once a person feels pain, he / she usually seeks a treatment for Bruxism.

Bruxism can be exacerbated by a variety of factors. Malocclusion (poor fitting together of the teeth), stress, anxiety, certain medications such as SSRI antidepressants and certain diseases such as Huntigton's and Parkinson's can all worsen Bruxism. Use of drugs like methamphetamine and cocaine, as well as overuse of caffeine and alcohol will frequently cause people to brux.

Treatment of Bruxism has been plagued with difficulties. Dental devices have been successful in protecting teeth from damage at night, but have not been effective at stopping the pain and soreness that companies severeve Bruxism. Of course, the claching and headaches do not subside with dental devices. Biofeedback, relaxation exercises and meditation have been variable effectively in controlling stress with some people, but most do not find the relief that they are looking for in behavioral modification techniques like these.

Botulinum toxin (BOTOX®) has recently been seen to be very successful in treating the grinding and claching of bruxism. BOTOX® is an injectable medication that weakens muscles and is used commonly in cosmetic procedures to relax the muscles of the face and decrease the appearance of wrinkles. BOTOX® was not originally developed for cosmetic use, however. It was, and continues to be, used to treat diseases of muscle spasticity such as blepharospasm (eyelid spasm), strabismus (crossed eyes) and torticollis (wry neck). Bruxism can also be regarded as a disorder of repetitive, unconscious contraction of the masseter muscle (the large muscle that moves the jaw). BOTOX® works very well to weakened the muscle enough to stop the grinding and clenching, but not so much as to interfere with chewing or facial expressions. The strength of BOTOX® is that the medication goes into the muscle, weakens it and does not get absorbed into the body. Side effects and allergies are unheard of. Despite the occasional brouhaha in the media, BOTOX® has been shown to be one of the safest medicines ever seen. Over the last 20 years and 20 million treatments, there has never been a serious complication directly attributed to the drug. This is a safety record that puts Aspirin to shame.

The treatment of Bruxism with BOTOX® involves about five or six simple, reliably painless injections into the masseter muscle. It takes a few minutes per side and the patient starts feeling the effects the next day. Occidentally, some bruising can occur, but this is quite rare. The symptoms that are relieved by this procedure include:

Grinding and clenching
Morning jaw soreness
TMJ pain
Muscle tension throughout the day
Migraines triggered by clenching
Neck pain and stiffness triggered by clenching

The optimal dose of BOTOX® has to be worked out for each person – some people have stronger muscles that need more BOTOX®. This is done over a few touch up visits with the physician injector. This treatment is expensive, but sometimes BOTOX® treatment of Bruxism can be canceled to medical insurance (plans vary – it is a good idea to call your insurer beforehand to find out what is covered and what documentation is necessary). The effects last for 3 months or so. The muscles do atrophy, however, so after a few rounds of treatment it is usually possible to either decrease the dose or increase the interval between treatments.

Doc … I've Got Severe Pain Between My Shoulder Blades – What's Causes It?

There are many causes of pain in the shoulder blades. Pain between the shoulder blades can occur as a result of mundane problems such as working at the computer too long without a break. Some causes though are serious and must be addressed immediately.

Here are some them:

Gall Bladder Pain

Sporadic pains in the middle of the upper abdomen, or just below the ribs on the right side are felt. The pain may spread to the right shoulder or between the shoulder blades. The pain can be accompanied by nausea and vomiting and sometimes excess gas. The attack can last from a few minutes to two to three hours before getting better. The frequency and severity of attacks is very variable. Attacks can be triggered by eating fatty foods such as chocolate, cheese or pastry. It can be difficult to distinguish the pain from other diseases, such as: gastric ulcer, back problems, heart pains, pneumonia and kidney stones.

Neck source from arthritis or disc disease

This is a general pain located in the neck area and may be associated with stiffness in the neck muscles. The pain may radiate down to the shoulder or between the shoulder blades. It may also radiate out into the arm, the hand, or up into the head, causing a one-sided or double-sided headache. The muscles in the neck are tense, sore and feel hard to the touch. Acute pain can give rise to abnormal neck posture in which the head is forced to turn to one side; This condition is known as torticollis.
The pain at the base of the skull may be accompanied by a feeling of weakness in the shoulders and arms. There may be a prickly or tingling sensation in the arms and fingers.

Angina Pectoris

Angina pectoris derives from Latin and translates as 'tight chest'. It feels like a heavy, crushing pain or a constricting feeling in the center of the chest behind the breast bone (sternum) or on the left side of the front of the chest. The pain can radiate out to either one or both arms, more often the left. It can be experienced in the throat, jaw, the stomach and, more rarely, between the shoulder blades.

Angina is often bought by:

o physical exercise

o psychological stress

o extreme cold

oa heavy meal.

Once these trigger factors stop, the pain generally ends quickly, usually within 2 to 10 minutes.

Liver Cancer

Liver cancer, an abnormal cell growth in the liver presents in two ways:

o Primary cancer means that the cancer started in the liver

o Secondary cancer of the liver occurs when a cancer starts someplace else and spreads to the liver.

The early warning signs of liver cancer:

A hard lump in the abdomen, below the rib cage on the right side.

Discomfort in the upper abdomen on the right side.

Pain around the right shoulder blade, or pain between the shoulder blades.

Yellowish skin color (jaundice)

Abdominal swelling causes a feeling of fullness

Esophageal Cancer

Esophageal cancer appears as a tumor, or an abnormal growth of cells in the esophagus. The esophagus is the food passageway that connects the throat to the stomach.

Esophageal cancer usually doesnt cause any symptoms until the cancer has advanced to a stage that is too late for effective treatment. The main symptom is difficulty in swallowing food. There is a frequent sensation of food getting stuck in the throat or chest.

Signs of advanced esophageal cancer include:

Pain when swallowing.

Pain in the throat or back, behind the breastbone or pain between the shoulder blades.

Decreased appetite and weight loss.

Hiccups with the feeling of food getting stuck in the throat or chest.

Vomiting and coughing up blood.

Aortic dissection

When the aorta, the major artery leading from the heart, tears, there can be sudden sharp pain in the spine between the shoulder blades. This is an obvious surgical emergency.

Bad Breath Because of Tonsils

Bad breath because of tonsils is a different condition from bad breath caused by bacteria living on the tongue and breaking down cells and proteins naturally present in the mouth. When bacteria colonize and infect the tonsils, the condition is tonsillitis, and it is an infection that requires medical attention.

The bacteria that cause tonsillitis are almost always Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria – most people know the condition as strept throat. The infected tonsils become extremely inflamed, developing pockets of pus in the tonsillar crypts and causing an extremely sore throat, often accompanied by fever and vomiting. When the tonsil produces pus bad breath results. Bad breath because of tonsils has a rotten meat odor that is subtly different from the rotten egg sulfur smell produced in ordinary bad breath. In addition, the unfortunate person with tonsillitis generally feels extremely unwell and there is no doubt that something serious is going on.

Bad breath because of tonsils is not the worst consequence of strept throat. A greater danger is the risk of the infection being followed by scarlet fever, or rheumatic fever, which can damage the heart. Most cases of strept throat will get better on their own, but treatment with antibiotics risks the other diseases from developing later. When a tonsil produces pus bad breath and fever, see your doctor and get a diagnosis. If you have strept throat, you will need an antibiotic.

Not all sore throats are caused by Streptococcus pyogenes, however – many sore throats are caused by viruses, or by bacteria that have no serious consequences. They simply cause misery for a few days, then they're gone. Your body's immune system should be able to take care of these transient infections and no antibiotic treatment is required. An infected tonsil produces pus bad breath generally only in strept throat; however, if you do get bad breath because of tonsils with a sore throat that is not caused by Streptococcus pyogenes, the problem should resolve when the sore throat does.

If you think you have bad breath because of tonsils, but you do not have a very sore throat, the chances are that the problem is not located on the tonsils, but on the tongue or in other areas of the mouth where sulfur compound- producing bacteria thrive. This is a different story altogether. If the problem is ongoing, see your dentist or doctor for a professional opinion, then tackle it with one of the many available remedies.

What is Decompetition and Why Does it Matter?

Get out a piece of paper and draw a line down the middle. On the left side, list all the positive things that you have experienced through competing (whether in sports, in school, in business, in politics, etc.). These might include things like fun, excitement, challenge, camaraderie, and pride. On the right side, list the negative things that you’ve encountered in contests. These may include such internal things as stress and anxiety, as well as external behaviors, such as fighting, cheating, lying, and so forth. Then ask yourself this: Why does competition sometimes lead to such positive experiences and sometimes to such negative outcomes?

Some people believe that competition goes awry when people get carried away; when they become too competitive. Problems arise, so it is said, when people want to win “at any cost.” There’s an element of truth to these statements. Still, they are more myth than reality. And it’s a myth perpetuated by the media, such as sport broadcasters, who are fond of praising people’s competitiveness until something ugly happens; then they blame the guilty party for being overly competitive.

From years of working with athletes and coaches, I’ve come to a different conclusion about the sources of the problems that too frequently mar competition. Here’s the key idea in a nutshell: There are two very different ways to think about the whole meaning, purpose, goal, and value of competition. Each of these two ways has its own very distinctive (and highly predictable) characteristics and consequences. One of these two ways leads to such outcomes as excellence and enjoyment. The other will not always result in cheating, antagonism, and corruption but will, nonetheless, open the door to these negative outcomes. Unfortunately, most people are unaware that there is more than one way to think about competition. “Isn’t it just trying to beat other people?” Not really.

The first way, which we call “true competition,” is based on the original meaning of the word. Please bear with me for a moment as I get just a little academic. The term “competition” comes from Latin roots and literally means “to strive with.” Importantly, it does not mean “to strive against,” but rather to strive with. Competition involves striving with your opponent. In true competition, the contest enables all who participate to push themselves toward excellence. When we are true competitors, the challenge provided by a worthy opponent, and the effort we exert to try to win, are valued because they help us reach the boundaries of our capacities. True competition is mutually beneficial to all who participate. Everyone gains through pursuing excellence, and by experiencing the enjoyment that comes through vigorously pursuing a worthy goal. Sure, winning is more fun. But win or lose, we gain.

The second way, which we call “decompeitition” (short for decomposed competition), is antithetical to the actual meaning of the word. Rather than “striving with,” decompetition comes when we “striving against.” Decompetitors see competition as a miniature war. They see their opponents as enemies. The goal is reduced to conquering over others. While the gulf between “striving with” and “striving against” may be experienced in a variety of quiet and subtle ways, it is still an immense chasm as wide as it is important.

Most people exhibit both tendencies to some extent. We may vacillate between being true competitors and being decompetitors. But our failure to recognize that these are really two quite different, quite distinct, processes has limited our ability to understand when, why, and how negative behaviors occur in contest settings. Of course, in this short article, I can only hint at the profound differences between them and how to gain control over the mental processes at work. But I will conclude with an essential point.

If you are interested in doing your very best, if you are interested in peak performance, and if you desire to sustain your enthusiasm and enjoyment, then true competition is a far more reliable path to get you there. There’s an old locker-room mythology that “nice guys finish last,” but nothing could be further from the truth. Thinking of the contest as a miniature battle promotes distracted thinking, lack of consistent focus, unreliable motivation patterns, undesirable stresses, and lack of adequate impulse control. True competition not only builds on sound ethics, it results in excellence of performance.

How Often Should Your Hotwife Play?

This is a topic for more advanced couples who are currently living the hotwife lifestyle or have definitely decided to “do it” — and now they’re just working out the details.

And one detail that’s really important to work out properly and in advance is how often should your hotwife play?

Now, while this is a decision each couple can make only for themselves and there are no “rules”, there are some common-sense guidelines you really will benefit from bearing in mind if you’re both to get the most pleasure from the lifestyle and avoid the most common and dangerous pitfalls: his jealousy and her falling for another man.

As I’m sure you can imagine, it’s easy for jealousy to raise its ugly head in a hotwife marriage if the husband perceives the wife is seeing “too much” of her lover and not enough of her husband.

How much is too much?

It’s hard to say, but in my own experience and the experience of men I’ve spoken to about this who are in a similar situation, it’s not so much how often she sees her lover as it is how regularly that is. In other words, when it becomes a habit, then that’s when the problems can start.

For example, I remember when Joss has just hooked up with a new lover and the first week she spent five nights with him out of 7, simply because the sex was that good. She had him back to the house and stayed at his, too.

That wasn’t a problem at all, though, because it was new and exciting and she was exploring all kinds of new things, then coming back and sharing them with me.

But then I remember another guy she used to see where I started feeling uncomfortable about it and couldn’t put my finger on it. Then I realized it was because she was seeing him every Saturday night and it was becoming a habit — meaning it felt like she was getting into a relationship with him.

And that was obviously something we both wanted to avoid. Since Joss and I communicate openly, honestly and clearly, it was easy for me to say something and she changed what she was doing and saw him less habitually.

Fortunately, the other big danger — of your wife falling for the other man — often comes from the same source: habitual liaisons that start to look and feel like a relationship. I say “fortunately” because the cure is the same for both problems: make it less of a habit and so less of a relationship.

It’s not that your wife should have no feelings for her lovers (it’s better if she does, because the sex is hotter and the hotter it is, the more fun it is to watch, listen to, and hear about) but it’s important for the husband to be secure at all times in the feeling he is “No. 1”.