Pneumonia and the Necessity of Hospitalization

Pneumonia is a common type of pulmonary disease that involves inflammation and infection of the lungs, triggering an overproduction of mucus at the level of the respiratory tract. The intensity and the duration of the symptoms generated by pneumonia differ from a person to another, according to factors such as age, overall health and the immune system’s capability of fighting against infections. While people with strong immune systems are less likely to acquire pneumonia and develop complications, people with compromised immune systems or increased susceptibility to respiratory disorders are exposed to a high risk of developing complicated forms of pneumonia. Due to this fact, pneumonia has a high incidence in elderly people, which also commonly develop further complications.

In present, most people diagnosed with pneumonia require hospitalization. In the absence of proper medical care and frequent monitoring, some patients with pneumonia may experience a rapid aggravation of the disease, and for this reason doctors recommend hospitalization to all pneumonia sufferers. However, patients with milder, uncomplicated forms of pneumonia can be spared of hospitalization, by receiving medical treatment at home. Considering the fact that once developed, pneumonia is little contagious, patients with milder forms of the disease rarely spread it to other people. Thus, certain categories of patients with pneumonia can receive pneumonia treatments in the comfort of their homes. In fact, patients with mild types of pneumonia such as “walking pneumonia” don’t even require bed confinement, being able to carry on with their daily activities on the entire duration of the treatment.

On the premises of hospital overcrowding and very high hospitalization costs, doctors have lately focused on limiting the overall number of unnecessary hospitalizations. In future, hospitalization may even be avoided for elderly people in nursing homes when they develop pneumonia. Recent studies have revealed the fact that certain nursing home residents can be spared of hospitalization, by receiving pneumonia treatments in nursing homes instead. Elderly people in nursing homes already benefit from medical surveillance and assistance, rarely requiring hospital medical care. Judging by this fact, nursing home residents diagnosed with mild, uncomplicated forms of pneumonia that have a stable overall condition may not require hospitalization at all.

By reducing the number of unnecessary hospitalizations among nursing home residents with pneumonia, both patients and doctors may benefit from the process. Furthermore, judging from a financial point of view, avoidance of unnecessary hospitalization can save up to 1.500 dollars per patient.

In order to determine the necessity of hospitalization among nursing home residents with pneumonia, a group of Canadian researchers has recently conducted a study that involved the collaboration of 20 nursing homes. Half of these institutions were asked to follow their usual medical care procedures, while the others were asked to follow the instructions imposed by the researchers. Thus, when they were confronted with cases of pneumonia among residents, each group of nursing homes followed a different approach: the usual care group transferred patients with pneumonia to the hospital, while the referential group followed the imposed guidelines before deciding upon hospitalization.

The established guidelines required nursing home residents with stable conditions to receive the treatment of pneumonia inside the nursing home. Residents that didn’t meet the established criteria (presented with complications or had unstable conditions) were transferred to the hospital. The referential group involved the participation of 327 nursing home residents with pneumonia, while the usual care group included 353 residents with pneumonia. During the study, only 10 percent, respectively 22 percent of the residents in the two groups were eventually hospitalized. By the end of the study, the researchers concluded that residents in both groups responded similarly to the treatment of pneumonia, regardless of medical regimen. Thus, the study has confirmed the fact that hospitalization can be avoided for nursing home residents diagnosed with mild, uncomplicated forms of pneumonia.

Generalized appliance of the Canadian researchers’ guidelines regarding the necessity of hospitalization among nursing home residents with pneumonia can considerably reduce medical care costs. Researchers inform that by reducing the number of unnecessary hospitalization among residents with pneumonia, the costs savings would be around 70 million US dollars for Canada and up to 800 million US dollars for the United States each year.

Simple and Best Home Remedies for Pleurisy

An inflammation of the pleura is called pleurisy. It is caused by microorganisms, which gets into the pleura by blood and lymph. Usually it occurs while being ill with tuberculosis or pneumonia. Other, non-infectious origin of the pleuritis can begin because of tumours, blood diseases, rheumatism, injuries of chest or ribbing.

Pleura is the membrane which covers the lungs. Outer one covers inner wall of the chest and the other one covers the substance of the lungs. Between those two membranes, there is a little space, filled with fluid and because of that lungs can move freely. When pleurisy occurs, blood, air or lymph can get between membranes, and it causes the pressure for the lungs and aggravates the breathing.

There are three types of pleurisy – dry, wet and sometimes purulent. As pleurisy usually is a viral infection, it can occur sometime even in epidemics. Little children can get ill easily, but generally it can happen to anyone, if pneumonia or other similar diseases are left untreated.

Symptoms: Inflammation begins suddenly, patient feels severe pain that can be on any part of the chest. While breathing deeply or coughing the pain gets worse. Other symptoms are choking, shallow breathing, tremor, general weakness, little appetite, fever and so on.

Home Remedies: If you feel that you could be sick with pleurisy, you should visit your doctor as soon as possible. First of all, pneumonia or other disease which has caused pleurisy needs to be cured. Another very important step is to egest excess of the liquids from the pleura, so that lungs could expand. Pleurisy is mostly cured with antibiotics, yet there are a few home remedies and methods, which can help you to feel better –

Hogweed: This herb is very beneficial while being ill with pleurisy. Dry the roots of this herb and mash up till the powder. Consume it at least three times per day.

Celery: You can try to use this herb too as it has antispasmodic properties.

Milk: Drink more milk while you are sick as it cures pleurisy effectively.

Cotton: Warmth relieves the pain. Use cotton as heating pads on the chest four times per day for about half an hour.

Water: It will really make you feel better. Drink at least five to six glasses of water every day.

Proper diet: Be sure your diet is well-balanced, for you need to strengthen your immune system. Food which has more proteins and vitamins, will help you to get well soon. You should avoid cold, and fried food.

Massage: Soothing, warm massage helps a lot. Just do not forget that it can be done only 3-4 days after pain relieves, fever drops and when the cough is not so bad.

In order not to get sick further, all the diseases, which can cause the pleurisy need to be cured very carefully. Furthermore, it is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Try not to smoke, do not forget to rest after work, eat healthy food and spend enough time outside in the open air.

Chest Congestion and Cough: Some Common Causes

Mucus and fluids that are not well expelled from the body system lead to chest filling up hence chest congestion and coughing. The cough accompanying the congestion is what helps doctors make a diagnosis in knowing the cause. Most people think that cold is the only cause of chest congestion but there are several things that can cause this condition.

Causes of chest congestion and cough

Allergy: This is one of the common chest congestion causes and is caused by varying airborne products. Those with allergic reactions towards such products end up experiencing congestion, cough, and rash. These symptoms are common in people who are allergic to mold, smoke, and dust and pollen.

Cold and flu: Chest congestion and cough can also be caused by common cold and flu which is a viral infection. The two have similar symptoms which include cough, sore throat, runny nose as well as cough and chest congestion. Both cases can be mild of serious.

Asthma: This chronic respiratory condition causes narrowing of airways due to an allergic reaction or cold air hence causing congestion in their chest, cough and wheezing. Bronchitis is another culprit of this problem and can be serious if left untreated. Bronchitis is a bacterial or viral disease that is characterized by bronchi inflammation.

Pneumonia: Another cause of chest congestion and cough is pneumonia which is a respiratory disease. This is caused by lung inflammation that can be as a result of bacteria, parasites and viruses and is very contagious is untreated.

Chest congestion and cough remedies/treatment

Chest congestion can be taken care of by treating the medical conditions above through medications such as antibiotics in the case of bacterial diseases. Other drugs are effective in treating all the conditions and although asthma has no cure, it can be taken care of using sprays or medications that relieve the symptoms.

Drinking lots of fluids loosens the congestions by dealing with the mucus filling up the chest. Hot drinks such as tea and chicken soup are also a good home remedy of taking care of congestion in the chest and cough. It is also essential to keep off allergens which cause allergic reactions and also sleeping in a way that the head is elevated so that breathing can be easy. These home remedies can be very helpful in keeping the doctor away as well as the drugs and medications meant to treat the medical conditions.

If you have been experiencing chest problems and you didn’t know what was causing it, now you know. If the home remedy does not work for you, it means that you have to consult the services of a doctor so that the correct diagnosis maybe done and the right treatment offered. Chest congestion should not be left untreated as it may cause severe damages and the difficulty in breathing can be life threatening at some stages. A cough that seems to persist should also be given medical attention just to be sure that it is nothing serious.

Cure Acute Bronchitis – Learn More About Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment

Maintaining good health is of utmost importance because only a healthy body can fight against the harmful micro-organisms that can cause diseases. Moreover, you can become a productive person in society only if you have a healthy body. The effects of acute bronchitis, for instance, can disrupt the flow of day-to-day living.

Acute bronchitis is a common occurrence. The effects of acute bronchitis are many. However, of the two varieties of bronchitis, acute bronchitis or short-term bronchitis is easy to manage, control, and cure, given that it has been properly diagnosed.

Recognising the Signs of Acute Bronchitis

Correctly recognising the various symptoms of this disease helps you take the necessary steps to prevent its further progress. Acute bronchitis patients suffer from a hacking, productive cough with plenty of mucus secretion, contracting sensation around the area of the eyes, headaches, tightness in the chest, low grade fever, and breathlessness. Since the symptoms of acute bronchitis are just like those of the common cold, it is easy to mistake this disorder to be common cold.

Who Does Acute Bronchitis Affect?

Acute Bronchitis usually affects children, infants, tobacco smokers, old people, people living in polluted areas, and people with a weak pulmonary system. If this condition is left untreated, it can progress into chronic bronchitis. This respiratory disorder can occur at any season; however, the cold months of the winter aggravates it.

Treatment to Alleviate the Effects of Acute Bronchitis

It is very easy to treat this disorder and gain relief from the effects of acute bronchitis. The treatment plan includes getting plenty of rest, inhaling steam, taking hot showers, using humidifiers, and drinking plenty of fluids such as water, soups, and fruit juices. However, consulting the doctor is very important to determine whether the condition is due to the action of bacteria or fungus. In such cases, the doctor will prescribe some antibiotics or anti-fungal medication.

In order to alleviate the effects of acute bronchitis, people suffering from this disorder should cease smoking completely or at least cut down the number of cigarettes smoked per day. Avoid dusty areas. If you happen to live in a polluted area, intall air purifiers in your house.

Causes of Acute Bronchitis

Bronchitis usually follows a cold. The same virus that is responsible for common cold is also responsible for bronchitis. People also contract acute bronchitis due to continuous exposure to irritants that can cause inflammation of the bronchial tubes. The other factors that can cause significant damage to the bronchial tubes are dangerous chemical fumes, smoke, and dust.

Understanding the Effects of Acute Bronchitis

The inflammation causes constriction of the bronchial tubes. This the reason why bronchitis patients have difficulties in breathing. If you neglect this condition or continue the lifestyle patterns, such as smoking and living in polluted areas, that cause it, this condition can develop into chronic bronchitis, which can cause untold damage to the bronchi and the tissues surrounding it.

Acute bronchitis lasts for a duration of 10-12 days. Usually, it is followed by cold or flu. Bronchitis is a contagious disease. It can easily spread from person to person due to the infectious particles discharged while coughing or sneezing. To protect others from getting infected, cover your nose and mouth well when you cough or sneeze in the presence of others.

In case the cough does not recede even after a month, you need to see a doctor. Peristent cough could be also be due to other serious conditions, such as pneumonia. Observe the color of the mucus discharged while coughing or sneezing. If blood is observed along with the mucus secretion, the condition is serious and requires the attention of your medical practitioner.

These are some of the few things you ought to know about the effects of acute bronchitis in order to effectively manage and treat the condition. Acute bronchitis has to be prevented from turning into chronic bronchitis. It is important to see your doctor immediately if you recognise the symptoms of bronchitis. Only after performing the appropriate medical tests will the doctors be able to properly diagnose and treat acute bronchitis.

Shoulder Joint Dislocation – Part 2

The conservative treatment of dislocations of the shoulder is a controversial matter in orthopedics, with management in a sling for anything from one to six weeks. An immobilising strap may be applied around the waist but this is not universal. The arm is kept in to the side with the forearm across the abdomen (officially internal rotation and adduction) to prevent stresses to the injured areas, avoiding arm away from the body and moving it outwards (officially external rotation and abduction).

Recent scientific studies have given new ideas on why these injuries should be immobilised in particular ways. One study done via MRI scanning showed that the socket and the fibro-cartilage rim, which is often damaged, were kept in most intimate contact with the arm by the side and the shoulder externally rotated at thirty-five degrees. A second study performed with dead bodies showed a reasonable range of movement where the two important structures are closely applied if the arm is in slight adduction. Bringing the arm forwards (flexion) or out sideways (abduction) tended to disrupt the joint rim.

How long a person should be in a sling is not clear and wearing a sling for three to four weeks is common in younger people with perhaps a bit shorter for older patients. One study indicated that the chances of the shoulder dislocating again was reduced by having a longer period of immobilisation. However, another long study following patients over 10 years did not find any effect on the recurrence rate by the period they were immobilised. At the three or four week point the patient is usually reviewed by a physiotherapist and rehabilitation started.

Rehabilitation starts with pendular exercises which allow range of motion of the shoulder joint without high levels of stress through the area. The patient bends at the waist and permits the arm to hang vertically, making movement easy. Physiotherapists will teach scapular movements to maintain range of this area and progress the patient towards active assisted exercises next. Muscle function and range of movement can be facilitated by using the unaffected arm to participate, thereby allowing increased but controlled forces to be applied.

External rotation will initially be limited due to the re-dislocation risk and gradually allowed to increase as the weeks go on, but it is never pushed strongly and there may be an advantage to the patient if they lose some range of this movement. This may protect them from easily going into the risky and vulnerable dislocating position again. At six weeks much of the soft tissue healing will be well advanced and patients can start doing full active range of movement and strengthening exercises for the shoulder and shoulder girdle.

Stronger rehabilitation can be pursued if the patient needs high performance from their shoulder but four months should typically elapse before overhead sports practise will be wise. Older patients or those with greater tuberosity fractures (a bit of the upper arm bone where tendons attach) have a somewhat better prognosis. Modification of a patient’s typical activities may be required by limiting arduous work, controlling overhead activities and deciding not to indulge in sporting activities which carry increased risks.

Thirty percent is the overall re-dislocation rate for those of us who are not athletic, and this rises very steeply to 82 percent in sports people and athletes. How old the patient is has a strong influence on how likely they are to dislocate again, with under ten years having a 100 percent likelihood of re-dislocation. Older people in their forties have a much reduced chance between nought and twenty four percent. Repetitive re-dislocation may mean that a patient requires surgical intervention to prevent further episodes of joint problems.

When a problem shoulder should be surgically managed is not generally agreed but surgery early after the dislocation may be helpful. Scientific studies vary but in one there was only a four percent re-dislocation after arthroscopic shoulder stabilisation compared to a 94 percent re-dislocation rate in those managed non-operatively. Conservative treatment may have higher recurrence rates than those managed surgically. Open surgery used to provide better stability results but newer techniques with the arthroscope have meant that this technique is now as good.

Best Knee Braces For Preventing Dislocations

A dislocated kneecap can be very painful. A dislocated knee can be even worse. A dislocated kneecap, or patella dislocation, happens when the kneecap comes off its groove at the end of the thigh bone. A knee dislocation occurs when the thigh bone and shin bone lose contact.

Dislocation of the kneecap or patella

Dislocation of the patella the first time can be a serious injury, but the dislocation can happen easily again without so much pain. The patella, shaped like a triangle, comes off its groove, in which it is designed to only move vertically, and rests on the side of the leg. This usually occurs when the knee is twisted during a forceful impact. Deformity of the leg can be observed instantly. Ligaments holding the patella in place are usually torn the first time.

Dislocations of the knee

Knee dislocations often happen during traumatic experiences such as car accidents, sports injuries and severe falls. The knee ligaments are usually ruptured during a dislocation. Damage to the surrounding nerve and vascular structures are of the utmost concern. Vascular injuries can jeopardize the health of the leg and lead to the obligation of emergency vascular surgery. Cartilage and meniscus damage can also occur during a knee dislocation. The dislocated knee will need to be reset after the professional care giver assesses which of the four important knee ligaments have been torn.

Braces

To prevent the knee or kneecap from dislocating again and further damaging cartilage and ligaments, the DonJoy Tru-Pull Lite knee brace is the answer.

The Tru-Pull Lite knee dislocation brace was designed to keep the patella in its proper alignment in the groove and reduce the pain from damaged ligaments during dislocation.

This knee dislocation brace is designed with pull straps above and below the patella to prevent it from dislocating again, while applying a constant corrective force on it.

The Tru-Pull Lite soothes mild to moderate dislocation pain when worn everyday for routine activities. For those who need full knee support, try the DonJoy Tru-Pull Advanced System knee dislocation brace. It is the perfect dislocated knee brace as it was intended to place a dynamic pull on the patella during extension to prevent derailment and decrease pain.

The Tru-Pull Advanced System includes straps that have an elastic effect around the patella for greater control during extension. The adjustable buttress gives you the leverage you need adding greater versatility.

The Tru-Pull Advanced System is ideal for athletes and generally very active people. It can play a major role in dislocated kneecap treatment as it protects the patella and knee from further damage, helping the ligaments and damaged cartilage to heal properly, and reducing the risk of a further dislocation before the knee has healed completely. Different types of knee braces are also recommended for other knee injuries.

Fractured Femur – Three Exercises to Start Your Recovery

A fracture of the femur will respond like all other fractures if the initial response to repair it was correct and timely. The femur being a heavy bone designed to support your bodyweight will need the time to heal properly and the proper exercise to assist the body in lying down new bone growth during the healing phase. If surgery was required and in many cases it is due to the trauma to other soft tissue around it, you will start on three basic exercises that will start your road to recovery.

1: Quadricep Sets: After your surgery you will be assigned physical therapy. the therapist will start on an isometric exercise for your thigh. You will be instructed while in bed to push the back of your knees into the bed and hold for a slow count of five. Doing this exercise 10 times is a good start. it will help to strengthen the thigh after the trauma and surgery and, re-educate the muscle on what its job is. With the thigh being a large four muscle group, much of your work in the future will entail strengthening this group.

2: Gluteal Sets: This resembles the quadricep set, this time you will be squeezing your buttocks together and holding as well for a slow count of five. After surgery all these muscles are affected and need to be stimulated to respond again after anesthesia. Your gluteals or buttocks in other words are powerful muscles that get neglected but their proper strengthening are mandatory to walk properly again.

3: Lying Hip Flexion and Extension: You will be positioned in bed lying and asked to slowly bend your affected hip and knee together while sliding your heel on the bed. Now more then likely you will need help with this. Your therapist may either place their hand under your heel to assist with the movement or, place something down that will take away some of the resistance of the bed linens. completing this exercise for 10 reps at first is a good start also.

By starting with these three basic exercises you are on your way to a full recovery which will take hard work, determination and focus.

Once you get further along, the exercises get much more progressive. With hard work and time, you will overcome and good nutrition and rest will do wonders as well.

What Happens When You Break Your Collarbone?

The clavicle is a very fragile bone that rests above your chest and is responsible for lifting your shoulders upwards. It is different from most other bones in the human body in that it is not surrounded by any muscle and you can feel that distinctive bone shape because it is only covered by skin.

Because it is so fragile, breaking off fracturing your collarbone is not hard to do. It can happen to people of all ages and is especially common with newborn babies. Normally to collarbone does not fully develop until the child reaches his or her late teenage years. This makes the clavicle extremely prone to breaking and fracturing.

One of the most common ways to fracture this bone? It can happen easily when you try to break your fall with your outstretched hand. This impact can placed too much pressure on the fragile collarbone. The same goes with receiving impact on the outside of your shoulder.

If the fracture is mild, a person might not even know that this has happened. So what might be the symptoms? If you have fractured your clavicle bone, you would notice almost immediate swelling as well as bruising around the affected area of your shoulder. There will be a sharp pain associated with the injury and you will have a very hard time trying to lift your shoulder or move your arm. Once the swelling goes down, you can actually feel the fracture (depending on its severity) under the skin.

If you suspect that this has occurred, seek immediate advice from your general practitioner. The doctor will normally give you a thorough examination as well as in x-ray to analyze how severe the fracture is.

Most cases require no surgery to be performed. The clavicle bone normally heals itself with sufficient rest as well as immobilization. There are many clavicle slings and braces available to help promote and speed up recovery periods. The only time that one would require surgery is if the bone is actually broken or has been displaced.

Cerebral Palsy Discrimination Still a Problem

Ignorance and Thoughtlessness still result in Discrimination against Cerebral Palsy Victims

Rajiv Rajan recently made headlines for cerebral palsy discrimination when he was asked to disembark from an Air Sahara plane. Because he was wheelchair-bound and suffered from some of the symptoms of cerebral palsy, which can include lack of muscle control and movement, seizures, spasms, visual and hearing problems, and hyperactivity, they believed that it was a risk to have him on board, and requested he produce either a certificate showing he was fit to fly or another individual to accompany him. Since he had neither, he missed his flight to New Delhi, where he had business to conduct.

When Air Sahara refused to let him on board, he tried with another airline, SpiceJet, and was refused again. To add insult to injury, Air Sahara called the police, and even when police vouched for him, airline officials still refused to welcome Mr. Rajan aboard.

For Most, Cerebral Palsy Discrimination a Daily Occurrence

Most victims of cerebral palsy discrimination, however, never make the news. Ask anyone who has been diagnosed with cerebral palsy about getting a job, and you’ll hear story after story of cerebral palsy employment discrimination. Even walking down the street, many people mistake the seizures and spasms for drunkenness. There have been cases where a display of the hyperactivity that accompanies cerebral palsy has resulted in some thinking that they are high on drugs.

Education, Putting Aside Assumptions, Key to the Solution

Organizations such as United Cerebral Palsy (UCP) and Scope attempt to educate the public to decrease this type of discrimination. Only when people are educated about the possible symptoms a person with cerebral palsy and similar diseases might show will discrimination begin to diminish.

The 3 P’s: Perfectionism, Procrastination, and Paralysis

Do you set your standards high, but always feel like you’ve failed? Learn about the 3 “P’s” and end the vicious cycle that keeps you stuck and ineffective.

The Vicious Cycle

Perfectionism, procrastination, and paralysis – one often leads to the next, in a vicious cycle, especially on large, long-term projects with no clear deadlines. Let’s look at each part of this cycle, and explore some concrete steps that you can take to disrupt the cycle.

Perfectionism

Perfectionism can be defined as striving towards impossibly high goals. Perfectionists are caught in a trap – they can never be good enough. They engage in rigid, black or white thinking about their own performance – if it isn’t perfect, it’s horrible.

Ironically, perfectionists often achieve a product that is far less than perfect. At times, their performance is mediocre. In contrast, those who aim at more realistic goals can outperform the perfectionists. How can this be? The procrastination and paralysis that results from overly high standards causes the perfectionist to wait until it’s too late, then rush to do something; anything. The more relaxed realist, in the meantime, is able to put an effort in earlier, over a more prolonged period of time, with more chance to let time and subsequent changes or editing improve the final product.

Procrastination

When you believe that your next project should set the world on fire, you are setting yourself up for failure. At some level you know that this level of achievement is unlikely. You lose your energy and excitement for your project.

On a football field, when the coach yells at the team that they are a bunch of @$#% for playing so poorly, the players may play better. That is because they are enraged at being humiliated and they can use the rage to batter their opponents. This doesn’t not work in other spheres! Criticism, whether from your boss or your own inner critical audience slows you down, and interferes with your thinking process.

It is so easy to put off the next step of your project when thinking about it makes you experience unpleasant feelings. So you procrastinate. “I’ll get started tomorrow, and work twice as hard.” But it’s hard for you to ignore the fact that you are not living up to your own high expectations for yourself. “I’m lazy.” ” I have no will power.”

As time goes on, you start to grind to a halt. That leads to the third “P.”

Paralysis

You do absolutely nothing on the very project that is most important to you. This is devastating for your self-esteem, and very discouraging. It’s hard to plan your next project when you failed to complete your last one.

How to Avoid the 3 “P’s”

There are steps that you can take to avoid falling into the vicious cycle of the 3 “P’s.

· Become aware of the perfectionistic audience voices in your head (no, you’re not crazy.) You can’t learn to ignore them if you don’t know that they’re talking to you.

· Learn how to answer them back (don’t do it out loud or people will think you’re crazy.) An example would be, “OK it’s not my best work but at least I’m finishing it.”

· Look for role models who are satisfied with “good enough.” Note how they get things done and are not looked down on by others.

· Set up realistic goals. One way to tell if a goal is realistic is if you can actually do it. For example, “Read two articles and write for 15 minutes before 5:00 tonight” is a realistic goal. “Read two articles and write for 6 hours and write 10 pages before 5:00 tonight” is not a realistic goal.

· If you have reached the third “P,” drastic steps are needed. Talk to a trusted friend, find a “project buddy,” or seek coaching. Do Not Give Up – it is very possible to get yourself out of the paralyzed state and back to productivity with just a little help.

A Final “P.” Or Maybe Two.

Productivity

Start with baby steps. Do a little every day. As you observe your own productivity, however small it may be, you will start to feel better about yourself. You were capable all along – it’s just that your unrealistic expectations stopped you from functioning optimally. Eventually your productivity will start to look like Progress. And that’s the last “P” for today.

Constipated After Hernia Surgery? A Guide For Hernia Surgery Patients

A hernia is a surprisingly common malady that tens of thousands of people face each year. The simple, non-technical definition of a hernia is simply that of a protrusion of internal organs – such as the intestine – through a weakened muscle wall.

The potential causes of any given hernia are many, but they include everything from having a congenital predisposition to hernias (i.e., it can be inherited) to experiencing a sports or lifting injury.

For some patients, a hernia is painful. Others barely feel it, but when they move they feel a slight tug in their abdominal or groin region. And still other sufferers feel no pain at all, but they may notice a bulge in the abdomen or groin.

In any case, the most often-recommended cure is to undergo surgery to get it repaired. The surgery can be performed as a laparoscopic surgery – whereby a very small incision is made to allow a tiny camera and surgical tools to enter the affected area. Or, it can be performed as the more traditional open surgery, whereby a larger incision is made. In either case, usually an artificial mesh is inserted into the affected area to help make it stronger. The mesh helps prevent future recurrences that would require another surgery.

All hernia surgery patients face a recovery period of a few to several weeks. This gives the body the opportunity to heal the surgical incision, while the muscle wall can become stronger.

Some hernia surgery patients experience constipation, which can be painful or uncomfortable to suffer through. If you are constipated after hernia surgery, here is a guide for hernia surgery patients that can help:

The Reason Hernia Surgery Can Lead to Constipation

Why does this type of surgery lead to constipation in some patients? There can be many reasons for this. However, the most common reason is that the process of any type of surgery that directly or indirectly involves the gastrointestinal system can cause a temporary disruption in bowel movements. This is potentially due to a number of factors, including the fasting before surgery and a different diet that is sometimes followed in the days after surgery. But one of the biggest causes are the medications that are typically taken after this type of surgery.

Ways to Get Things Moving Again

You should be able to get your bowel moving again in the days and weeks after surgery. Try these tips:

* take fiber supplements

* eat fiber-rich foods like beans and fruit

* drink lots of water

* drink less milk and eat fewer dairy products

* use laxatives

* take short walks (but be careful not to strain your healing incision)

When to Call a Doctor

If your constipation problem does not improve on its own after a week or more, or if you feel particularly intense pains in the intestines, you should contact your doctor. Be prepared to explain to him or her details about your constipation, as well as what you have been doing to remedy it and for how long.

By taking the proper steps, you can get things moving again and start feeling better after surgery.

Back Brace For a Compression Fracture – Which Braces Are Best? Find Professionals Near You

How is your back doing?

Do you currently have a compression fracture that needs attention?

1.) The Nature of a Compression Fracture

Compression fractures are unfortunately common and found within the spine. They are caused by axial load and flexion of the spine to the point where the anterior aspect of the vertebrae compresses and fractures under the stress.

Unfortunately, many people can have compression fractures and not realize it, thinking it is just back pain from growing older and having “arthritis”. They may keep pain medication close by and if the fracture does not heal, the individual can become more depressed as the pain lingers on. – Increased breathing problems and compromised posture can result from these kinds of fractures.

2.) Two Groups of People Who Suffer Most From Compression Fractures

Typically, there are 2 general types of situations when someone sustains a compression fracture:

A.) Individuals that have osteoporosis, which has caused bone-weaking.

B.) People that suffer from cancer that has now reached the bones of their spine (vertebrae).

3.) Back Braces For Support vs Other Treatment Options

People have choices when it comes to treating a fracture. You could do nothing and see what happens (not recommended). A person could also go in for a surgery, or the same individual could use a back brace as a useful conservative treatment option to help them heal their spinal fracture.

4.) Stopping Flexion of the Spine – Why This Can Be Important!

There are many types of back braces available, some are prefabricated and others are custom made. Depending on where your fracture exists will partially dictate what kind of brace you will need to get. – Often times, compression fractures are located in the thoracolumbar junction (in the middle of your back). Fractures in the spine do not always happen at this thoracolumbar junction and can actually occur anywhere.

Essentially, when a person uses a back brace to help promote healing in this scenario, they are preventing flexion at the fracture site. Preventing recurrent flexion on the vertebra that is fractured is beneficial and promotes healing. When you stop flexion, you allow your body a chance to heal because you are not constantly aggravating the issue at hand.

5.) Finding A Brace Provider (Licensed Orthotist ) Near You

It is important to work with a licensed brace specialist near you for best result. These individuals are known as orthotists. – It is important to work with these specialists for many reasons. For example, they have to earn their credentials in orthotics, pass exams on bracing, and take continuing education in order to keep their licenses. These individuals know which brace to fit you with due to your body type and size. They will evaluate you in conjunction with your doctors request to help you get the brace you need.

When it comes to the health of your spine and bracing, would you want to work with a specialist, or would anybody be ok? – We pose this question to you.

Note: This is not medical advice. This is health information. Every person’s medical situation is different so it is important that you speak with your local, licensed orthotist regarding your orthotic treatment.

TMJ – What Is a Clicking Jaw Joint?

If you have a clicking jaw, it may mean that you have a problem with your temporomandibular joints, or TMJ. Millions of people suffer from TMJ dysfunction, and it is estimated that as many as 75% of the population may experience symptoms of TMJ discomfort.

TMD, or temporomandibular joint dysfunction, is a complex pathology affecting either of the TM joints or the craniofacial muscles of the head, neck, and upper back. It is known as the “Great Impostor” to many practicing dentists due to the complexities of the pathology and the difficulties diagnosing the source of the problem.

When you have a clicking jaw, it means that the jaw is momentarily displaced in the proper joint position, and upon opening, the jaw clicks back into the proper position.

Even though a clicking jaw may not come with any pain, it may be the beginning of a much more serious problem as over time the jaw may lock, thus creating difficulties with chewing and speaking. Often times there may be pain associated with a locked jaw since the muscles are not in harmony with an abnormally functioning jaw.

What Happens When My Jaw Clicks?

To understand what happens when your jaw clicks, you must first understand how the jaw works during normal function. The jaw joint is a complex joint that contains a joint head, or condyle, that is wrapped in a joint disc. The disc is the protective covering of the bony condyle, and lubricates the joint during jaw opening. When the TMJ is displaced (usually toward the back), the disc gets popped forward as there is no longer any space for it in its normal position.

Where the disc used to be in a normal TMJ, it now rests just to the front or the side of the joint head, and during opening the disc will click back on. This is the noise or pop that you will sometimes hear.

Over time, as the cartilage-like disc gets more stretched out due to trauma, or continued wear as it sits out of place, the disc can be permanently out of place. This is known as a disc displacement with no reduction, or more commonly called “lock jaw.”

As you can see, a clicking jaw joint is in the early stages of a severe disc displacement or lock jaw. Even though there may not be pain associated with a clicking jaw, the problems of the TMJ have begun.

If the TMJ is not taken care of, the jaw click may eventually stretch out the cartilage disc until it completely severs from the surrounding connective tissue, thus leaving no protective covering around the condylar joint head. If this were to happen, the joint shape will change as the bones will be rubbing together and typically this is associated with severe pain.

What Do Neuralgia And Sciatica Have In Common?

Both neuralgia and sciatica (a form of neuralgia) affect people in their nerves, leading to chronic pain that can be very difficult to treat. Neuralgia is more commonly found in older people; however, anyone can suffer from both neuralgia and sciatica, sometimes in an ongoing battle where it comes and goes.

Neuralgia can be caused by a number of things including drugs, illness such as diabetes or infections like shingles when the nerve endings are put under pressure. Often, the cause is difficult to pinpoint. Neuralgia can either be central or peripheral and there are several types including trigeminal neuralgia, dental neuralgia, occipital neuralgia or postherpetic neuralgia. Sciatica is also a type of neuralgia that affects the nerve that runs from your spine, through your pelvis, down your leg and to your foot (the sciatic nerve).

Sciatica can be caused by overusing the leg, which impacts this particular nerve. It can also be caused by pressure on the pelvis, which affects the nerve endings of the sciatic nerve. This could come from a slipped disk, problems with the piriformis, tumours or pelvis injuries. Neuralgia and sciatica are thus both associated with damage to the nerves or the sciatic nerve respectively.

Because of the effect that neuralgia and sciatica have on the nerves the symptoms can vary. Those affected by neuralgia may feel muscle weakness or some sensitivity on parts of their skin while those affected by sciatica will feel a more localized pain along their sciatic nerve from their hip joints to knee joints to ankle joints, normally only on one side. Or they will feel the same symptoms as neuralgia – muscle weakness or sensitivity – but just along their leg. However the common symptom of neuralgia and sciatica is pain, which can be incredibly crippling. Pain may be constant or sharp and sudden.

Treatment for both neuralgia and sciatica is difficult as there are no tests to determine that the symptoms a person is experiencing are indeed neuralgia as they are similar to symptoms such as multiple sclerosis.

However pain relief is on the top of the lists for treatment for both neuralgia and sciatica because the pain for both can be so severe. Pain relief medication can range from antidepressants to over the counter painkillers or injections. For neuralgia, treatment will include trying to target the cause of the nerve damage whether it is diabetes or a tumour or shingles which is affecting the nerves. It is also often difficult to control pain because the nerves don’t react typically to painkillers in cases of neuralgia and sciatica.

For both neuralgia and sciatica, the symptoms may go away on their own, otherwise surgery can be considered for both if the pain continues over a long period. Surgery can help relieve the cause of the pain and nerve damage. In the case of sciatica, physical therapy is also an option where the legs, through which the sciatic nerve runs, can be stretched and flexed. The area which is sore can also be isolated by putting ice or heat on it.

Because of the nature of which neuralgia and sciatica come about, they are more commonly regarded as a symptom from a cause, than an actual isolated condition as something has caused the damage to the nerves which has resulted in the nerve pain. However both are very real and painful experiences to which there is often no quick fix and can lead to tender areas all over your body from back pain to muscle weakness. Those who experience this should consult their physicians as soon as possible.

Pinched Nerves in the Pelvis

What is a Pinched Nerve?

Your nerves come from your brain, down through your spine and then branch out from there out to your organs and muscles. The nerves control and regulate these organs and muscles and ensure that they are functioning properly.

Two of the largest nerves branch out from your pelvis and travel down your legs. These nerves control the entire function of the legs and feet.

Now imagine what happens if your pelvis were to roll just a little. Not only would it make the rest of your spine go on a sort of tilt, but it would also tend to cut off or restrict those nerves travelling down your legs.

Unfortunately, you may not realise that this is happening until it is already well advanced. And by the time you do feel it, it is no longer a simple condition. By this point, you will be starting to get pain down one or both legs, numbness in the legs, loss of muscle control, loss of muscle strength and possibly also loss of control of your lower organs – such as your bowel and bladder. Even having chronic constipation can be a sign that your nerves in that area are out of order, and could be a sign that other problems are there.

The problem is, as we get older we tend to exercise less, and furthermore we tend to use our lower back much less. That means less squatting or crouching, less twisting and bending – and slowly the lower spine grows less and less mobile. What can happen is that the body starts to calcify those lower vertebrae – meaning, it’s starting to “grow” calcium on the spine joints so that they start to join together.

The spine does this to protect you. Because you have injured your back with motion, and because the injury hasn’t been corrected, it decides to stop further motion.

However, this is another way that you can get pinched nerves in your lower back and pelvis!

So What Can Be Done About It?

It is a good thing that pinched nerves can be treated! And in fact, they can often be remedied quickly. However, if the condition is a long-standing one, it may take some time for the area to open up properly and allow the nerve to flow freely again. This is simply because the spine has degenerated around the nerve, and calcium buildups and misalignments of the spinal vertebrae are now restricting the area. It’s no longer a quick fix!

That being said, even these bad degenerative conditions can be handled with chiropractic.

Give it a go yourself. You will be simply amazed at the health benefits for your whole body, and not just the area you were trying to handle.