Stomach Problems Which Cause Dog Vomiting

Serious stomach problems invariably cause dog vomiting. These problems can be best diagnosed by a gastroscopy (a thin fibre-optic instrument which is passed in through the mouth and into the stomach), X-rays and ultrasound. When a gastroscope is not available, exploratory surgery can be done but is a lot more intrusive for the dog.

Dogs are relentlessly inquisitive about there surroundings and are prone to rummaging around in trash and trashcans. This has been known to cause many stomach problems in canines from this ‘scavenging’ of scrap foods. Because many of these food substances have gone bad by the time they are eaten, in many cases this leads to the following stomach conditions.

Acute Gastritis

Gastritis is generally caused when dogs scavenge but it can also be brought on by infections, parasites and poisons. This causes the dogs to vomit and go off their food. Treatment will involve removing any known or obvious cause of the gastritis and also correcting any complications such as electrolyte imbalances. Feeding the affected dog is restricted.

Chronic Gastritis

A dog with chronic gastritis will regularly vomit over a period of time. The problem may be caused by persistently eating grass or by foreign objects. It can also be caused by chemical irritations or food allergies.

Diagnosis of chronic gastritis: Blood samples may reveal an increase level of eosinophils, which is a type of white blood cell that is involved in the immune response to parasites and allergies. If a biopsy shows the presence of eosinophils in the wall of the stomach, a diagnoses of eosinophilic gastritis is made.

Treatment includes metoclopramide which is an anti-emetics. This will hinder continued vomiting. Fluid therapy and corticosteroids are used in cases of eosinophilic gastritis. Anti-ulcer drugs such as cimetidine and ranitidine, and protectors of the mucous linking of the stomach such as sucralfate and misoprostol are also used to cure the problem.

Ulcers

Drugs are the most common cause of stomach ulcers in dogs. These are corticosteroids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs(NSAIDs). Stress and severe sickness can also cause ulcers. Dogs who suffer from ulcers will vomit intermittently, they will lose weight and will appear unhappy (as the dogs owner, you will easily notice this). The vomit could show fresh or old blood and the dogs stools may be black (melaenic) from blood originating in the stomach or duodenum.

Another albeit unusual cause of stomach ulcers comes in the form of the presence of mast cell tumors on the skin. These tumors release large quantities of histamine, which in turn triggers hydrochloric acid release in the stomach. Any dog with several mast cell tumors should be assumed to be at risk from stomach and duodenal ulcers.

The most accurate way to diagnose the presence of ulcers in the stomach is through the use of a gastroscopy. Contrast X-rays and ultrasound can also be used but are not as accurate.

The cause of the ulcer meeds to be eradicated. Severe anaemia may occur due to blood loss and can be treated with a blood replacement and a combination of drugs to protect the mucous lining of the stomach and to enhance tissue repair. Medication will continue until further gastroscopy’s show that all ulcers have healed.

Dogs are more sensitive to the ulcer inducing capacity of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), than humans are. Therefore it is important to only give NSAIDs to dogs which are meant for canines. Do not give dogs people NSAIDs.

Obstructions

Dogs sometimes eat things which are not edible. These can cause obstructions in the dogs digestive system. Tumors and scarring can also cause obstructions around the pyloric canal (where food moves from the stomach into the duodenum). The affected dogs will vomit, lose weight and often appear uncomfortable.

Contrast X-rays will probably show little sign or even no emptying of stomach contents into the duodenum. Ultrasound tests may show an enlarged, fluid filled stomach and a gastroscopy will reveal the exact cause of any obstruction. Surgery will usually be required to remove an obstruction like this.

Motility Disorders

The contents of the stomach may enter the intestines too quickly or too slowly. Delayed emptying is a common cause of vomiting and loss of appetite.

When the exact cause of delayed emptying is unknown, dogs are treated according to the sign which they show of this problem. Metroclopramide will help stop the vomiting, while cisapride will stimulate the emptying of the stomach.

Food Poisoning in Restaurants – How to Take Action

Have you ever eaten at a restaurant and later became violently ill, even to the point of being hospitalized? If so, you may have been the victim of food poisoning due to the restaurant’s negligence regarding food safety rules and regulations, and may be entitled to compensation for your suffering and time off from work.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that there are approximately over 70 million incidences each year in the United States, with many of these cases going unreported because the individual affected was not aware that it was indeed caused by ineffective compliance to food safety rules. Symptoms of food poisoning include uncontrollable vomiting, diarrhea, stomach cramps, fever, and severe exhaustion. If you think you may have eaten contaminated food at a restaurant or any other establishment which serves food, you may be able to file a lawsuit and receive monies if you win the case against the negligent party.

Initially, what you should do if you think you are the victim of food poisoning is go to the hospital immediately to be diagnosed, documented and treated. Blood will be drawn from you and tested for pathogens which caused the food poisoning. It is important to your case to have documentation provided by a doctor that states you are indeed experiencing a bout of food poisoning after eating at a particular restaurant so state food regulators can examine the cleanliness of the restaurant.

The amount of the medical care necessary for you to fully recover from the food poisoning will be deemed your “damages” when you go to court, which is what you will ask the negligent party to compensate you with. Food poisoning, in legal terms, is actually considered a “tort”, or “unpremeditated negligence” on the part of the defendant, or the “tortfeasor”. As a person who experiences illness from a tortuous injury such as food poisoning, you will warrant compensation for your physical as well as emotional and financial (lost wages) damages the defendant has caused you to suffer.

You will need to file your lawsuit within one year (most states have a one year statute of limitations) in small claims court, but the sooner you file and retain a lawyer, the better your chances of winning the case. You do not have to have a lawyer but it is recommended since the origin of your illness must be shown that it was indeed the restaurant you had eaten at prior to becoming sick. There are attorneys which specialize in tort cases. In most states, if you are suing for more than $5,000, you will have to file your lawsuit in municipal court; anything above $25,000 and you will have file it in the Superior Courts. Since this is a civil lawsuit, the burden of evidence will be on you as the claimant. This is where having a good tort lawyer comes in, as he will be skilled in knowing what exactly is necessary to prove your case.

Good and Bad Foods for Stomach Ulcers

Not all foods are good for the stomach. When the stomach is suffering from ulcers, it is but wise to know what are the good and bad foods for stomach ulcers.

Ulcers are sores in the lining of the digestive tract. Types of ulcers are identified where they occur. Doudenal ulcers are ulcers in the duodenum. Ulcers in the stomach are known as gastric ulcers and ulcers in the esophagus are called esophageal ulcers.

What Causes Stomach Ulcers

There are various causes for stomach ulcers to occur but all are linked to food and proper hygiene. Before, most doctors believed that ulcers are mainly caused by stress and by eating too much acidic foods. But that all changed after a laboratory experiment discovered that a bacteria called H. pylori causes the infection in the digestive tract forming sores. Acidic foods and gastric juices can only aggravate the sores by burning the digestive tract walls.

Ulcers in the stomach are also caused by some anti-inflammatory medicines. These medications are what doctors usually give to patients with arthritis. These can be corrosive to the stomach lining, so if taken for a prolonged period of time, can increase the risk for ulcers. Naproxen, ibuprofen and aspirin are some of the known anti-inflammatory medicines that may trigger stomach ulcers.

How to Treat Ulcers

As mentioned earlier, stomach ulcers are mainly caused by an infection. So the primary recommendation that your doctor will give you will be to treat the sores by killing the bacteria first. This medication will last for 2 to 3 weeks or until there’s no more trace of the bacteria in your stool. However, this treatment may not always be effective for people suffering from other diseases like diabetes and arthritis.

So to avoid any complication, why not treat stomach ulcers naturally?

The Bad Foods

Obviously, you wouldn’t want to experience its symptoms. You don’t want to feel the pain and see blood in your stool. Hence, you must avoid acidic foods that may trigger these symptoms. Alcohol, caffeine, spicy foods and high intake of sodium (or salt) can all contribute to this ailment. The first three increase the production of acids in the stomach while sodium can irritate its walls.

Sodium is not only contained in salt but most medicines and vitamin supplements contain sodium at a level unnecessary for our bodies. If you are taking some other medications, you must drink lots of fluids, especially pure water to help eliminate excessive sodium fast.

The Good Foods for Stomach Ulcers

Adding oily fish such as salmon, mackerel and halibut in your diet is very effective in treating ulcers naturally. Omega-3 fatty acids are found in high levels in oily fish, and studies show that Omega-3 increases the production of prostaglandins, a compound known to protect the walls of the digestive tract.

Antioxidants present in fruits and vegetables also help lower the risk of developing ulcers by protecting the lining of the stomach. They also help relieve symptoms when ulcers are already present. Dieticians recommend bananas, kiwi, apricots, raw cabbage juice, carrots and bell peppers.

Other good foods for stomach ulcers are almonds, whole grains, wheatgerm, cheddar cheese, sunflower seeds and sesame seeds. These foods are good sources of amino acids, the building block of proteins which are proven to help repair damaged portions of the stomach lining.

Cure Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism by Balancing Your Body

Millions of Americans suffer from a problem with their thyroid. Most problems with the thyroid deal with either having hypothyroidism (abnormally low thyroid hormone production) or hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid hormone production). Yet, doctors’ are unable to give an explanation as to why people are suffering from these diseases. If a cause is not known how can prevention or a cure be possible?

The proper way to study disease is to study health and what influences a change in health. To maintain good health, your body needs to have an alkaline balance. The alkaline maintains your inner electro-magnetic conductivity. The electromagnetic current is what runs our body and this is how nutrients are sent to cells in our body.

Toxins, germs, viruses, yeast, molds and bacteria are unable to take over the body when there is an alkaline balance or ph level of 7.36 in the body. This is a very delicate balance. Your red blood cells are what brings the nutrients and oxygen through your body. There is a negative charge on the outside of each blood cell that keeps them from sticking together.

Our lifestyle (the things we eat, our mental attitude, a sedentary lifestyle, what we drink) can create an acidic environment inside our bodies destroying the delicate alkaline balance that has protected us from disease. Blood cells begin to stick together and move through the bloodstream slower and you receive less oxygen and nutrients. This destroys your energy. Your body then goes into survival mode.

The body will do whatever it takes to maintain its balance. Your body will first use up the reserved alkaline in order to neutralize the acids in the body. The ratio of alkaline to acid is 20:1, so your body is going to go through the reserve quickly, especially if you are adding more acid to your system. During this phase vital nutrients in the body are also being depleted.

Once your body is depleted of alkaline, this is where disease begins to fester. As your body becomes more and more acidic, cells begin to weaken and die. They release acids into the bloodstream and your body becomes more and more polluted. As your cells become weaker, your body can no longer function like it’s suppose to.

Our bodies break down because they have gotten out of balance. Acids then go into the weakest parts of the body and begin to destroy it. This is the reason millions of people suffer from thyroid problems. There is a breakdown of the healthy cells in the thyroid due to over-acidification. This weakens the thyroid gland causing an imbalance.

By alkalizing and energizing your body you can slowly rebuild your thyroid to become healthy once again.

The body can heal itself if we would stop killing it through an unhealthy lifestyle. There are five vital things that need to be done in order to reverse thyroid disease, actually any disease for that matter. They are:

1. Proper Oxygenation – Proper breathing and exercise

2. Water

3. Proper Nutrition – eating foods that are high in alkaline

4. Positive Thinking -remove negative thoughts and attitude

5. Alkalinity – maintain the body’s ph balance

Don’t let anyone lie to you. There is a cure for hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism and any other thyroid problems, by taking a natural approach that requires dedication and a major lifestyle change. It’s up to you to decide if you want to regain your health or continue to treat the symptoms. Do your research and follow the five steps so that you can live a healthier life that’s disease free.

Hyperacidity Natural Remedies – Simple Ways to Cure the Problem

Presence of excess acid than normal is the condition of hyperacidity which can be treated effectively by simple remedies. As this condition can promote heartburn, ulcers and acid reflux, you should treat this as soon as possible. Stomach needs certain amount of acid to digest complex foods, lack of acid can slow down the digestive system, but due to many factors, sometimes gastric glands secrete more than necessary quantity of acid which causes the condition of hyperacidity.

As there are many factors which are responsible for hyperacidity and it is a situation which can give rise to other problems which are capable of disrupting the normal daily routine of any person, hence all round treatment of the problem is necessary for effective treatment. Remedies can provide simple ways of curing the problem but until the root cause of the problem is not treated the problem keeps on surfacing. Too much recurrence of hyperacidity can damage the delicate internal tissues of the stomach to cause blisters which may turn into dangerous ulcers.

Frequent hunger, pain in upper abdomen after a large meal, vomiting, nausea, bitter taste in mouth, burning sensation in the stomach are few common symptoms of hyperacidity. A glass of cold milk with very little amount of sugar is the most commonly used and effective remedy for treating hyperacidity. Milk has enzymes which can nullify acid and reduce the pain or burning sensation immediately. Drinking ample amount of water in the day is very important for treating hyperacidity as water improves digestive system and also works as alkali to effectively nullify the excess acid formation.

Chewing basil leaves after meal or fennel seeds are also good for controlling excess acid secretion, it improves digestive system to provide an effective treatment for the problem. Chewing a piece of jaggery also helps in reducing the acid presence in the stomach. Ginger is excellent herb for all sorts of digestive problems including excess acid secretion. Ginger tea made by mixing some quantity of ginger in boiling water, using ginger in salad or as a spice in the food can very effectively alleviate the problem of hyperacidity.

Consumption of fruits like banana, apple, melon, cucumber and avocado also keeps the problem of hyperacidity under control. Avoiding consumption of tea, coffee, alcohol and beverages also helps the body in digesting food without secreting extra amount of acid. Sugar intake shall also be reduced to minimum as sugar promotes acid formation. Use lemon either with food or by mixing it in the water for treating the problem of hyperacidity effectively.

Eating habits and life style related issues also play an important role in causing hyperacidity. People with lack of physical activity and exercise can develop this problem very easily, overweight people put extra pressure on their digestive system to promote this problem. People under stress or who sleep less can also suffer with excess acid formation even though having relatively healthy digestive system. Some simple changes can also work as effective remedies for hyperacidity like taking a light walk after meals, avoiding tight fitting clothes, eating in a right posture by keeping the back straight as much as possible and chewing well before consuming the food.

Causes, Symptoms and Natural Remedies For Gastritis

Gastritis is a disease characterized by irritation and inflammation of mucosa or stomach lining. Our stomach lining secretes certain enzymes, acids that aid digestion. It also secretes mucus that saves the stomach lining from the corrosive action of acid. Inflammation of stomach lining or gastritis lowers the production of digestive enzymes and acids jeopardizing the process of digestion. Acute gastritis is caused due to sudden and severe inflammation of the stomach lining. If gastritis continues for a prolonged period, it becomes chronic in nature. Erosive gastritis is a type that results in loss of stomach lining due to erosion or wearing out. Erosive gastritis may be acute or chronic, and may result in severe ulcer formation. Erosive gastritis caused due to some surgery, illness or injury is also known as stress gastritis.

Causes of Gastritis

1. Helicobacter pylori infection
2. Other bacterial, fungal, parasitic or viral infection.
3. Prolonged intake of non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
4. Excessive alcohol intake
5. Swallowing corrosives
6. Swallowing foreign bodies
7. Chemotherapy
8. Endoscopies
9. Potassium supplements and iron tablets.
10. Traumatic injuries
11. Severe burns
12. Critical illness
13. Surgery
14. Heavy meals
15. Autoimmune disorder invading healthy cells of stomach lining.
16. Diseases like Crohn’s disease, pernicious anemia.

Symptoms of Gastritis

1. Upper abdominal pain or dyspepsia
2. Nausea
3. Vomiting
4. Belching
5. Acid reflux
6. Bloating
7. Indigestion
8. Loss of appetite
9. Bad breath
10. Feeling of fullness in upper abdomen
11. Concentrated burning sensation in upper abdomen
12. Passing of blood in stool
13. Blood vomiting
14. Passing black, tarry stool.

Natural Remedies for Gastritis

1. Consuming two plantains early morning and then drinking a glass of milk after 30 minutes should be practiced every day to get rid of gastritis.

2. A glass of orange juice with some roasted cumin seeds and a pinch of rock salt added in to it is a quick natural relief from gastritis.

3. Lightly chewing and sucking two pieces of clove can give relief from gastritis

4. Drinking a glass of milk every night before going to bed helps one to deal effectively with gastritis.

5. Four crushed cloves of garlic may be consumed every morning in empty stomach. This is an effective gastritis remedy.

6. If one takes a heavy meal, to eliminate the possibility of gastritis, one may take a glass of water mixed with 2 teaspoon apple cider vinegar and one teaspoon honey.

7. Sucking a piece of jaggery after meals is a cure for gastritis.

8. Fennel seeds may be boiled in water, strained and sweetened with honey and then drunk frequently to tackle gastritis.

9. Two teaspoon of white vinegar may be taken after every meal to control gastritis.

10. Drinking ginger tea or spearmint tea frequently is a good natural remedy for gastritis.

11. Drinking a glass of water by adding powdered, roasted cumin seeds in to it is a gastritis cure.

12. Coconut water should be drunk frequently to check gastritis.

13. Cabbage based diet is good for gastritis patients. It ensures passing of clear motion and expulsion of gas from body.

14. Taking two or three big gulps of curd mixed rice can minimize gastritis symptoms.

15. Avoid heavy meals, take fiber rich diet, food rich in flavonoids and antioxidants should be consumed.

16. Refined food items are to be avoided and healthy cooking oil like olive oil should be used while cooking.

Coxsackie Virus – The Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD)

Coxsackie virus (or coxsackievirus) is commonly known as the Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD). This is because it causes a blister-like rash that affects the hands, feet and mouth of the patients.

The majority of patients identified and diagnosed with Coxsackie infection are children under 10 years of age, with occasional cases infecting adults as well.

There are over 24 different serotypes of the virus (meaning that it has different antigens on the viral surface). Host cells that are infected with Coxsackie viruses would break open (lyse).

The common strain is the Type A viruses (mainly serotype A 16) which cause herpangina (painful blisters in the hands, feet, mouth and throat areas). Type A also causes conjunctivitis (inflammation of the white area of the eye as well as the eyelids).

Type B viruses cause epidemic pleurodynia which has the symptoms of fever, lung, and abdominal pain, and headache that lasts for about two to 12 days). It is also termed as the Bornholm disease.

In rare cases, both these viruses can cause pericarditis, myocarditis and meningitis.

HFMD is contagious and can spread from person to person. Infection is spread by direct contact with nose and throat discharges or droplets, or by contamination of the feces of the infected patients.

Pregnant mothers who are infected can pass Coxsackie virus to their newborns, which may cause serious problems for the newborns.

There is no specific medical treatment available for HFMD. Only symptomatic treatment is given, such as relief for fever, aches and pain from the blisters and ulcers.

Steps to curb the infection include frequent washing of hands (especially after using the toilet, or after diaper changes), washing soiled clothes and disinfection of contaminated surfaces in the house, such as table surfaces, toys, and floor, as the virus can live on these surfaces for days!

Leg Edema – Causes and Treatment

When you feel a swelling sensation on your legs, most likely, you are experiencing water retention in your legs, or what is also known as leg edema. This can be a very uncomfortable feeling and can occur in either legs or one. It is noticeable if the swelling appears in the calves or the lower part of your leg.

What Are The Main Causes of Leg Edema?

Pregnancy. Leg edema commonly manifests during the last trimester of the pregnancy. Due to the growing fetus, force is applied on the vein that transmits blood from the legs, which is known as the vena cava. And since body fluid also increases during pregnancy, any excess fluid accumulates in the feet.

Prolonged sitting or standing position. One of the most common causes of leg edema is sitting or standing for long periods of time. This inhibits the circulation of blood, thus, blood is pushed down the lower leg that causes the swelling.

Side effect of medication. Some medicines, when administered to patients, produce adverse effects like swelling and soreness of the legs and other parts of the body. Examples are anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-depressants, steroids, and maintenance medicines for high blood pressure.

Allergic reaction. Allergies on certain foods or insect bites may also cause soreness. Bee stings, for example, can instantly cause the swelling of the area where a bee stung an individual. The swelling is mainly the body’s response to the histamines produced by the allergic reaction.

Internal injury. In some cases, it can be brought about by an internal injury affecting the legs or failure of the kidney and other internal organs. If there is the presence of blood-clotting, it will also lead to leg edema since there is a blockage in the normal blood flow.

Enlargement of veins. When you develop varicose veins, this means the veins become enlarged, thus, causing leg and ankle swelling, accompanied by throbbing leg pain.

How Do You Treat Leg Edema?

Swelling of the legs is treatable and dependent on the cause of the edema.

Minimize salt intake. Ensure to trim down your salt intake as this is a known factor for water retention. This will include your consumption of junk food such as chips.

Take diuretics. Drinking herbal teas makes you urinate more, thus, you expel excess salt and body fluid from your body.

Elevate legs. Lie down on your bed and prop up your legs on pillows, keeping your legs above heart level. You can do this for about half an hour, 4 times a day.

Walk. Do some brisk walking as this will surely help your blood circulation and send some excess fluid back to the heart.

Stress Management For Patients Suffering From Mitral Valve Prolapse Syndrome

When a person has mitral valve prolapse syndrome (MVPS), stress management is vital. The autonomic nervous system (ANS) of an MVPS patient needs to stay balanced to keep away the nasty symptoms. I like to think of it as keeping the “dragon in the cave.”

SET LIMITS:

An MVPS patient must know his/her limits. Otherwise, people will ask you to do more than you can handle. You will ask more of yourself than you can handle. You must be able to say no to whoever asks for your help when you are unable.

STICK TO LIMITS:

It’s easy to think of your limits or write them on paper, but to stick to them is another chapter of the story. You really want to attend a writing workshop or a quilter’s convention, but what are its hours? How many days does it entail? Can you provide the transportation? If the event is not within your limits, you must say no, realizing another event, book, or person will fulfill your need.

FEAR:

On the other hand, you cannot let fear grip you by the throat and not allow you to attend events or attempt exercises or go wherever you want. If you don’t know if you can cope with a 3-day conference, then maybe you should try. Go with a positive attitude. You don’t have to attend all the meetings. You can choose which ones to attend and rest when needed.

KNOW YOURSELF:

Whatever you do or not do, gauge your choices on the knowledge of your self and your freedom and limitations with MVPS. A doctor knows what to suggest only by what you tell him/her about yourself. For daily living, you must be your own wise guide.

Do you become exhausted in large gatherings? Then limit your time when you attend one. Do you become dizzy when bending down? Then raise yourself slowly. Does your heart race when you get angry? Then when you are angered, choose and practice how to express yourself with authority in a calm voice. Some must step away and rethink the situation rather than blast out their negative emotions.

Each situation is different, and an individual must attune to his/her personality to know how best to react. The point is to remain as balanced in emotions as possible for your stress management.

When I first had to deal with MVPS/D, I was a good example of how NOT to be. I stuffed my emotions inside. That never works. In time I grew to learn how to remain as settled inside as possible in a situation. And you will also as you live each day to the fullest.

Pathological Condition – Acute Myocardial Infarction

Acute Myocardial Infarction (MI) can be defined as condition in which, there is death or necrosis of myocardial cells. It is generally diagnosed at the end of the ambit of myocardial ischemia or acute coronary condition. Myocardial infarction occurs once myocardial ischemia oversteps a critical threshold and overcomes myocardial cellular repairing mechanism that is contrived for maintaining normal operating function and hemostasis. Ischemia at such critical threshold level for quite a longer period ends up in irreversible myocardial cell damage or in worst cases, even its death.

Classical symptoms of acute MI include fulminant chest pain (a typical radiating pain that travels from the left arm or left side of the neck to the heart), dyspnea (shortness of breath), nausea and/or vomiting, palpitation, profuse perspiration and anxiety (often called as sense of impending doom). Statistics say that women might experience less typical symptoms as compared to that of the men, most commonly dyspnea, weakness, gastrointestinal disturbance, and tiredness. Roughly, about one quarter of all myocardial infarctions are silent i.e. they do not show any chest pain or other signs.

Most of the cases of myocardial infarction are caused due to a commotion in the vascular endothelium that is linked with unstable atherosclerotic plaques those stimulate the formation of an intracoronary thrombus that ultimately ends up in coronary artery blood flow block. If such blockage persists for longer duration (approximately 20 to 40 min) there will be irreversible myocardial cell damage and cell death. The development of atherosclerotic plaques occurs over a period of years and even to the decades. However, the reason for initial vascular lesion that leads to the development of atherosclerotic plaques is still illusive.

Generally, it is high level of cholesterols in the bloodstream that restrict the blood flow to the cardiac tissues. Excessive body fats, high cholesterol and/or lipid profiles can be few of the main culprits for myocardial infarction. The blood vessels are nothing but the hollow pipe or tube-like cylindrical structure that allows the blood to flow flawlessly. High cholesterol levels start accumulating onto the walls of blood vessels and this, in turn, results in narrowing of the blood vessels. The blood supply is reduced and over the times, it could be cut-off for a while (ischemic conditions, where there is transient loss of blood supply). When the affected organ is heart, it is ischemic heart attack.

The damage

The severity of myocardial infarction is dependent on three main factors: the degree of the occlusion in the coronary arteries, the tenure of time of occlusions, and the presence or absence of circulation of the collateral blood. Usually, if there is more proximal the coronary occlusion, there will be more extensive chances of myocardium at risks of necrosis. Simply putting, larger the myocardial infarction, greater is the chance of death because of mechanical complications or pumping failure. If vessel occlusion is for prolonged period, there are more chances of permanent myocardial damage distal to that occlusion.

As the continuance of the occlusion will increase, the area of myocardial cell death will expand that finally extends from the endocardium to the myocardium (middle layer) and finally to the epicardium (innermost layer). The area of myocardial cell death will then spread laterally to area of watersheds or collateral perfusion and usually, after 6-8 hours have passed of coronary occlusion, most of the distal myocardium would have died. The magnitude of myocardial cell death reflects the extent of the myocardial infarction. If blood flow is successfully restored before the major damage to the myocardium, more heart muscle can be saved from the permanent damage or death and the life can be saved.

10 Signs of Heart Attack

This is a list of the most common heart attack symptoms. From chest pain, nausea, heartburn to the “Levin’s Sign”.

1. Chest pain: This is the most common symptom reported by heart attack victims. If you suddenly begin to have pain in the chest, you should call a doctor or go to the emergency room immediately. The pain from a heart attack can be severe, but it doesn’t have to be. Sometimes mild pain is a sign of a heart attack.

2. Pain in the shoulders, arm(s), or jaw: Pain can radiate from the chest or you may feel more pain in these three areas than you do in the chest.

3. Nausea, fainting or dizziness, weakness or anxiety: Sudden nausea, weakness and dizziness with a fear that something is wrong. Common symptoms in women.

4. Pressure in the chest: Mild to severe.

5. Irregular heart beat or palpitations: This is when you can actually feel your heart beating and can tell it is beating rapidly or “fluttering”. Sometimes this can be misunderstood as an anxiety attack.

6. Shortness of Breath: If the heart is not pumping correctly, it will be difficult or impossible to breathe. If you feel short of breath after a period of rest, such as when you get up in the morning or you have been riding in a vehicle all day, this should be taken even more seriously.

7. Heartburn: You can feel pain in the same area as you do when you have eaten something you shouldn’t have eaten. Don’t dismiss heartburn pain.

8. Sweating excessively: Breaking out in a sudden sweat and feeling “clammy”

9. The “Levin’s Sign”: The classic movie “fist held to chest” position. While many people don’t do this, some do so automatically when they are having a heart attack.

10. No Signs at all: A heart attack can occur without any signs or symptoms. This doesn’t mean of course, that you should run to the emergency room because you feel good. Many women don’t feel any pain at all when having a heart attack. Diabetics and seniors are also at risk for this symptom. If you have any chest discomforts or you have cause to worry about heart disease, see your doctor and have your heart check out. Of all the symptoms, this is the worst one of all. The only way to ease this symptom of heart attack is to prevent the heart attack.

Heart Disease – What Is The Difference Between Organic Heart Disease And Degenerative Heart Disease?

Although Heart Disease is the main cause of death in the Western World it is amazing how little the general public actually know about it.

For example very few people realize that there isn’t just one type of Heart Disease. In fact there are at least ten different types and these fall into two distinct categories – Organic and Degenerative.

The major difference between Organic and Degenerative Heart Disease is their causes.

Organic refers to a situation where the organ (the heart) is damaged by a specific event. This can also be referred to as “acute”, which simply means that it happened suddenly or over a short period of time. Degenerative Heart Disease (sometimes referred to as “chronic”) is caused by gradual deterioration over a long period of time.

There are two types of Organic H.D. – Congenital and Rheumatic .

Defects that occur at birth are classed as Congenital Heart Disease. These may affect the heart itself : it may not have developed normally during pregnancy, the wall of the heart may be damaged (hole in the heart), or the blood vessels may be underdeveloped. These defects may be hereditary or more likely have been caused by external factors such as drugs or infection during pregnancy. They are normally diagnosed at birth or in early childhood but it is not uncommon for the symptoms to occur for the first time in adulthood..

Rheumatic Heart Disease can be the result of a bout of rheumatic fever. Occurrences have decreased considerably due to the use of antibiotics to treat rheumatic fever.

There are at least eight specific diseases, which fall into the category of Degenerative Heart Disease. The common factors within this category are that the disease has progressed gradually and that there is no specific event that has caused it.

The vast majority of people who are diagnosed with Heart Disease have some form of degenerative heart disease. This is the form of disease that is the target of the awareness campaigns and is the type that we can help to prevent by our lifestyles choices.

How Does a Person Get Tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis is caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria. The disease usually affects the lungs but it can also affect any organ of the body like the bones or heart. Earlier, before the discovery of antibiotics, the disease was more popularly known as consumption as there was no treatment and people suffering from the disease would just waste away and die. However, today there are many antibiotics available to treat people and most recover without any problems.

So, how does a person get tuberculosis? The bacteria that are responsible for the disease are released into the air when an infected person coughs, sneezes, spits or shouts. These airborne bacteria are then inhaled by uninfected people who are close by or in the vicinity. On inhalation of the bacteria, the disease sets in after an incubation period, which can last as long as few years. A person cannot get the disease by touching or shaking hands with an infected person. The only way to get the disease is to breathe the air when you are close to the infected person; and inhaling a small number of bacteria can cause the disease.

There is one form of the disease which a person can get by drinking unpasteurized milk. This form of the disease is caused by Mycobacterium bovis bacteria. Earlier, this was the main cause of the disease among children but now it rarely occurs because most milk is pasteurized.

If a person suffering from tuberculosis does seek medical help and treatment, he is bound to infect 10 to 15 people each year. However, it is not necessary that a person infected with the Mycobacterium will fall sick with the disease.

Ovarian Cystadenomas Are Considered A New Growth – A Form Of Ovarian Cyst

Ovarian cysts are one of the most common conditions that gynecologists and obstetricians deal with. However, being told that you have an ovarian cyst means different things to different women; there are several different common types of these abdominal masses.

An ovarian cystadenoma is just one of several ovarian cysts that many women experience. Unlike functional cysts, which occur as a normal part of a menstrual cycle, a cystadenoma is considered a new growth or neoplasm.

Different Types Of Ovarian Cystadenomas

A cystadenoma is categorized based upon the composition of the actual cyst mass. If the cyst is at least 2 inches in diameter and is filled with clear fluid, it is considered to be a serous cystadenoma. Women from the ages of 20 to 50 may be at risk for this type of ovarian cyst. However, it is more likely to occur in women who are in their 30s and 40s.

Serous cystadenomas are almost always benign, but there is some risk of cancer associated with the cyst. It is also possible that this mass will grow quite large, creating pressure on surrounding organs, as well as causing abdominal swelling and weight gain.

Another type of ovarian cystadenoma, the mucinous cystadenoma, is filled with thick, sticky fluid. These masses often grow to be quite large. They are usually not diagnosed until they are at least six inches in diameter; however, in some cases, they can grow to be extremely large, weighing upwards of 100 lbs!

Younger women suffer from mucinous cystadenomas at lower rates than older women; most cases occur in women between 30 and 50 years of age. This cystadenoma also brings the same risks as the serous type, including pressure on surrounding organs and possible malignancy.

Treatment for Ovarian Cystadenomas

Once ovarian cystadenomas are discovered, they rarely shrink or diminish on their own. Some cases can stabilize to the point where the cyst isn’t causing interference with normal function. Depending on the size and activity of the cyst, surgery may be recommended.

A small cystadenoma may be removed via laparoscopic surgical procedures. Large masses, however, usually require full abdominal surgery to successfully remove the cyst.

Prevention and Care

While there is really no good alternative treatment for an active ovarian cystadenoma, there is a lot that you can do to prevent developing this cyst in the first place.

Diet and lifestyle choices that are made in your younger years will directly contribute to your overall health, including in the reproductive system. Women who are overweight are at an increased risk of developing an ovarian cystadenoma.

In addition, eating processed foods, artificial preservatives and high-fat fast foods can also increase the chances of hormonal imbalance and all types of ovarian cysts.

Favoring a diet high in fruits and vegetables, quality proteins and lean dairy can ensure that you never have to suffer through a cystadenoma surgery. If you have a family history of ovarian cysts, extra caution is warranted to reduce your risks.

While there is always a place for medical intervention, natural care is often as effective. Doctors are becoming more aware that a person’s individual choices probably have the biggest impact on their overall health and well-being.

When it comes to an ovarian cystadenomas, adjusting your diet and lifestyle are big steps to reducing risk. There are supplements, herbs and holistic approaches that can assist your body in maintaining optimal reproductive function.

How to Cure Mast Cell Canine Cancer – Tumors in Dogs Treatment

Unfortunately, for us dog lovers, canine cancer and tumors in dogs are becoming an epidemic. If you have a dog that has canine cancer or tumors, you need to act fast to give your dog the best chance against this deadly condition. Mast cell tumors are among the most common tumors in dogs, especially dogs that reside in the U.S. I find it interesting that the country where a dog lives has to do with how likely he/she is to get canine cancer or tumors. It has to be due to bad commercial dog food tainted with chemicals and harmful inhalants in the environment.

There are different forms of this condition and may go by other names such as: mast cell sarcoma, or mastocytomas. Even though there are many different names for the condition, they are all mast cell tumors and the treatments are similar. Also, the good news is modern veterinary treatments can put into remission about 80% of dogs with mast cell canine tumors.

The prognosis for a dog with mast cell cancer depends on the stage and grade of the tumor. The skin tumors are considered to be quite curable and about half never reoccur after being surgically removed.

Surgery and chemotherapy can be very harsh on your dog, but if a he/she tolerates it well their quality of life can be quite good, even during the treatment period. Prednisone (a corticosteroid) may be prescribed to reduce pain and swellings, but it is designed to only treat the symptoms not the underlying cause.

Many dog owners are reporting that they are not getting the results they were expecting or their dog still got worse or died. These conventional veterinary treatment methods, developed over the last century or so are used to reduce the tumors, but should always be seen as only one part of a whole treatment plan.

We need to understand that these methods alone do not cure cancer.

Triggering your dog’s natural immune response is the only way to allow the dog to overcome cancer and/or tumors. This is why we recommend natural, alternative options to enhance your dog’s immune response to go along with other conventional treatment. Even after surgery, radiation or chemotherapy the underlying cause of the cancer is still there, which allowed the cancer to form in the first place.

Chemo and surgery do not deal with this underlying cause of the cancer.