Ingrown Toenails – How to Treat & Prevent Them

An ingrown toenail is a curved shaped nail which grows into the skin at the edges. Mild curvature of the nail may not result in much pain, but severe curvature can cause redness, swelling, considerable pain and infection. The medical term for an ingrown nail is onychocryptosis. “Onych/o” means nail, “crypt” means hidden and “osis” means disease or condition. The roots of the word describe a hidden nail condition, which is what happens in severe ingrown nail infections. The nail curves in and grows into the skin edges.

The skin becomes inflamed and as the swollen skin covers the nail, the nail edges become hidden. The nail corners can break through the skin, causing an opening in the skin and potential for infection. The medical term for an infected ingrown nail is paronychia. “Par/a” has many meanings, but is defined as alongside of, beside or near, “onych/o” means nail and “emia” means presence of an infectious agent and is shortened to “ia” in paronychia.

The most common area for an ingrown toenail is at the great toenail. Ingrown toenails are common in children who play sports such as soccer or football, in adults who wear certain types of shoes or in individuals with fungal toenails. Many cases can be self-treated, but severe cases may require a procedure and/or antibiotics. Ingrown toenails can be a very serious problem for diabetics or individuals with poor circulation and at the first sign they should seek treatment immediately.

Causes: Some individuals have a genetic predisposition to developing ingrown toenails and the problem can start early in life. More common causes of ingrown toenails include inappropriate shoefit, trauma and improper nail cutting technique. Shoes which are too small can place pressure on the toes and cause the nail edges to curve in. This is more common with rigid, narrow shoes, such as dress shoes or soccer cleats. Shoes which are too large can also cause ingrown toenails.

This is more common with running shoes or hiking boots, when the individual is going up and down hills. The foot slides back and forth in the shoe and the repetitive trauma at the toes increases the pressure on the nail, increasing the chance for an ingrown toenail. Socks which are too tight can also cause ingrown toenails and this tends to be more common with thin dress socks and stockings. This has also been reported to occur with the use of the Strassburg Sock, a soft night splint worn while sleeping and used to treat plantar fasciitis.

Blunt injury or trauma can cause ingrown toenails. Catching the toe on a table leg or bed post can initially cause injury to the toenail. Dropping something on the toe, even of moderate weight, can cause inflammation to the skin surrounding the nail and as the nail grows, it grows into the inflamed skin, worsening the condition. Sports, such as soccer, increase the chance of ingrown toenails. This is more common at a younger age when children are learning the sport and more likely to kick the ball with their toe.

Nails should be cut straight across and cutting the nails too short, cutting down the sides of the nails or excessively rounding the edges can all cause ingrown toenails. Individuals with hyperhidrosis, excessive foot sweating, are at increased risk for ingrown toenails because the excess moisture weakens the skin and increases the chance for bacterial infection. Individuals with a fungal infection of the toenail (toenail fungus/onychomycosis) are at higher risk for developing ingrown nails. The fungus affects the nail bed and distorts the shape of the nail.

Signs and Symptoms: The early signs of an ingrown nail are tenderness along the nail edge, with or without swelling or redness. Many times individuals report dull, generalized pain at their toe when walking or in shoes. In some cases individuals only feel this pain at night, when the bed sheets and covers place pressure on the toe. This pain is reproduced when palpating the nail border. The skin edge may be hard or swollen. As the condition worsens, the skin edge becomes red, the area swells, becomes tender and very painful. There may be oozing, bleeding or pus and the drainage may show up on the socks. Moderate redness and swelling are signs of inflammation, but a significant amount of redness and swelling, pus or red streaks indicate infection.

Treatment: Treatment should be initiated at the first signs of an ingrown toenail to avoid worsening of the condition and possible infection. Soak the foot in warm water and epsom salts for 15-20 minutes three times a day. Wear open toed, or loose fitting shoes, avoid tight socks and decrease activity. The redness and tenderness should decrease within 2-3 days of foot soaking, but the soaking should be continued until all signs of inflammation have diminished. Don’t cut the nail on the edges or down the sides, this could further worsen the problem. If the redness worsens, if there is pus, excess drainage or streaking, see your healthcare provider immediately. If you are diabetic or have poor circulation, do not self-treat the condition.

If there are signs of infection, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics. In many cases, antibiotics can be avoided if the ingrown nail is addressed. A wedge resection of the nail can be performed. This involves your doctor using a specialized nail cutter to take out the wedge of nail growing into the skin. The procedure does not require anesthesia and works best when only the corner of the nail is growing into the skin. Soaks are recommended for 5-7 days following the wedge resection.

The second option is a nail avulsion. A nail avulsion is a partial or complete removal of the toenail. The toe is numbed with local anesthetic and the nail is freed from the surrounding skin and removed at the base. It is most common to remove only the section of nail which is causing the problem. The nail will always grow back in and depending on which toenail is removed, the nail can take up to 8 months to regrow. Warm water soaks with epsom salt twice a day for 5-7 days are recommended and typically a few days after the procedure, the toe is pain free. If the ingrown nail was due to trauma, poor shoe fit or poor cutting technique, when the nail regrows, it should grow in correctly and there should be no further problems or complications.

For individuals with recurrent ingrown toenails, a permanent nail procedure may be necessary. This procedure is called a matrixectomy and involves destroying or removing the root of the nail. A chemical matrixectomy is the most common procedure and this can be done in the office. The procedure is exactly the same as a nail avulsion, but a chemical (usually phenol or sodium hydroxide) is placed on the nail root to destroy it and prevent the nail, or side of the nail, from growing back. In some cases, surgical removal of the nail root may be necessary.

Prevention: The best treatment is prevention and this starts with proper care of your feet and toenails. Cut your nails straight across. Do not leave sharp edges at the corners, but do not excessively round the edges. Cut your nails regularly so they don’t become too long and hit the front of your shoes, but don’t cut your nails too short either. Make sure your shoes fit properly and avoid shoes which are too tight or too narrow. Avoid socks which are too tight and constricting. If you are diabetic or have poor circulation, see your podiatrist regularly.

Nail Fungus Or Nail Psoriasis?

Nail psoriasis usually appears in people that already have psoriasis on their skin. In rare cases nail psoriasis may appear before the skin manifestations. And in the rarest cases psoriasis will only appear on the nails of a person and will never appear anywhere else.

In the case when there are no psoriasis lesions on the skin of a person, and only the nails are damaged with psoriasis, it is sometimes difficult for a doctor to make a correct diagnosis. Nail psoriasis often resembles a fungal damage of the nails. In this case it is helpful if the person knows of her/his family history of psoriasis.

Nail psoriasis that is mistakenly diagnosed as a nail fungus will not receive a correct treatment, which is why it is very important to achieve the correct diagnosis.

Here are the most common signs of nail psoriasis:

– Point hemorrhage of the nails – your nails in this case may resemble a thimble. The surface of the nail plates is covered with tiny grains or pits. This happens due to the loss of some cells on the nail plate.

– Some of your nails may become loose and to partly separate from the place where they are connected to the finger. There will appear hollow white spaces underneath the nails. Usually these spaces first appear at the tip of the nail and then start progressing towards the root of the nail. These spaces will grow with time causing the nail to rise above the surface of the nail bed.

– The skin underneath the nail may become thick. This also leads to the separation of the nail from the nail bed and to the raising of the nail above the nail bed.

– There may appear a discoloration underneath the nail plate that resembles a blood or oil drop. It is usually of a yellow-red color.

– Sometimes there may appear lines going across the nails. These lines appear due to the inflammation of the skin underneath the nail affected by psoriasis.

– Sometimes psoriasis also appears on the skin of the finger right next to the root of the nail and next to the nail cuticle. The affected skin in this case looks like a usual psoriasis lesion – silvery-white scales on top of a red inflamed skin.

– The nail affected by psoriasis usually becomes brittle, thick and starts crumbling. It is especially uncomfortable when the toe nails get affected by psoriasis.

– Sometimes there may appear the so-called splinter hemorrhage – tiny black lines visible through the nail plate. Splinter hemorrhage appears when the capillaries on the tip of your fingers or toes bleed underneath the nail plate.

Due to the unhealthy state of the skin affected by psoriasis under the nail it may become infected with a fungus. Sometimes it happens the other way around – nail psoriasis occurs after a fungal infection of the nail.

With the correct diagnosis it is possible to treat nail psoriasis (with different degrees of success). Besides hormonal medicines and other drugs that your doctor may prescribe to you, there are some natural means that may help your nails to feel better.

Here are some of the natural ways that you can try at home:

– Try to eat more Calcium (milk, yogurts, cheese etc.) and gelatin.

– Before going to sleep soak your hands in a tray filled with sea water (you can collect the sea water at the sea and store it in a large bottle in the refrigerator).

– Before going to sleep soak your nails in warm vegetable oil (olive, sunflower etc.), herbal oil (chamomile etc.) or apply a plain fatty cream onto your nails and underneath of them.

Chronic Lumbar Strain – How to Recognize and Deal With Chronic Lumbar Strain

Chronic lumbar strain, also known as back strain, is the most common type of back injury, usually caused by straining the muscles, tendons or ligaments along your spine. It is by far the leading cause of low back pain in the United States and can be the result of incorrect posture and poor technique when picking things up, especially heavy objects.

It can cause severe pain, obstructing an individual’s ability to perform normal activities and can be temporarily debilitating. For example, muscle spasms from a simple back strain can cause excruciating lower back pain that can make it difficult to walk or even stand.

Injuries to the spine, neck and/or back should never be ignored; after all, what begins as a minor strain can quickly turn into a chronic back injury if not properly treated. Most episodes of back injury can be successfully treated with anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen, naproxyn, and/or acetaminophen (tylenol), with ice packs for 24 hours, followed by heat therapy.

A mobility exercise program can be used to strengthen the core muscles (abdominal and back) to prevent the re-occurrence of back injury or strain. If lifting heavy objects is something you must do, back injury can be eliminated by stooping down with trunk upright, and accomplishing the lift by putting the greatest strain on the muscles of the legs and thighs. By applying ergonomic principles to work station design, equipment and worker movements, back injuries can be virtually eliminated in the workplace. Proper posture habits are another way to help prevent back injuries from re-occurring.

Regardless of your goals and methods for your back exercise program, you should use caution, as even a minor back strain can be painful and prevent you from being very active until it heals. Mild back strain is an inconvenience that can take up to two weeks to heal. Moderate to severe back strain is painful and can take as long as 6 weeks to heal.

What’s Good For Bruises?

A bruise is basically damage to the skin which leads to some change in its color. There are three types of bruises: subcutaneous (beneath the skin), intramuscular (in the underlying muscle), and periosteal (bone bruise). The main symptoms are pain, swelling, and skin discoloration. Breakage of blood vessels which then leak into the skin cause the actual discoloration of tissues. Deep bruises can result from sprains, serious falls or broken bones, while superficial bruises can occur from bumps, pinches or suction on the skin. The change in color is largely dependent on the depth of the bruise. As it heals, the bruise usually changes to a bluish color, then a yellow-green, before finally returning to the normal skin color. This change in coloration occurs as dead cells are removed and replaced by the body. It can take from days to weeks for a bruise to heal depending on the severity and type of bruise.

Certain individuals have a greater susceptibility to developing bruises from an injury. Disorders like anemia and obesity increase the risk of getting bruises. Easily bruised skin can also indicate brittleness in the walls of the blood vessels or problem with blood-clotting. Bruises also also occur suddenly in some individuals without any apparent cause such as hemophiliacs, persons suffering from leukemia, or if blood-platelet levels are low as a result of using blood-thinning medications. An individual deficient in vitamin C and bioflavonoids is also likely to suffer from brittle blood vessels and is prone to developing bruises even from minor injuries.

Some vitamins and herbs are considered beneficial in treating bruises. Herbs, and other healing foods, which may be helpful if consumed, include: alfalfa, dandelion, grapes, pineapple, and shavegrass. Vitamins include: C, calcium & magnesium, D, E, K, and zinc. In addition, some herbs may be helpful if applied to the bruise. Herbs, and other healing foods, used externally include: agrimony, banana skins, bay, birch, cabbage, caraway, celery seed, chamomile, cinnamon, fenugreek, lavender, lemon balm, mullein, oak bark, onion, oregano, parsley, potato, radish, slippery elm, thyme, turmeric, and turnip.

Call your doctor if you are bruising spontaneously without any reason, or if there are signs of infection around the bruised area including streaks of redness, pus or other drainage, or fever. Call your doctor immediately if you feel extreme pressure in a bruised part or your body, especially if the area is large or very painful.

Disclaimer: This article is for entertainment purposes only, and is not intended for use as diagnosis or treatment of a health problem or as a substitute for consulting a licensed medical professional.

Neck Related Elbow Pain – Role of Wrist Extensor Muscles

Neck pain – elbow pain – extensor carpi radialis longus

Commonly neck pain is due to C5, C6 cervical nerve root irritation. This can produce pain and spasm in the extensor carpi radialis longus muscle which crosses the elbow and therefore pain in the elbow can also be felt by the patient.

Extensor carpi radialis longus receives C5 and C6 nerve root fibers through the radial nerve. Together with the brachioradialis and the extensor carpi radialis brevis, it is one of the three muscles that is known as the wad of three. These three muscles can give significant pain in the elbow commonly known as tennis elbow.

It originates from the outer aspect (lateral) of the lower one third of the arm bone (humerus). Inserts into the base of the second knuckle (metacarpal bone) on the back of the hand.

Its action is to bring the wrist up as in making a fist. It can also deviate the hand away from the midline of the body.

Neck pain – elbow pain – extensor carpi radialis brevis

Neck pain secondary to C5, C6 nerve cervical root irritation can cause pain and spasm in the extensor carpi radialis brevis muscle causing elbow pain.

This is one of the three muscles known as the wad of three and together with the triceps, causes the common condition known as tennis elbow.

It arises from the arm bone just above the elbow joint in the region called the outer (lateral) epicondyle and inserts into the base of the third knuckle (metacarpal) bone. It lifts the wrist and also deviates the hand away from the trunk.

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Pain After The Removal Of The Gallbladder

At present, approximately 750,000 people will get their gallbladder removed this year in America alone. Thanks to popularity of laparoscopic surgeries, many people think that removing their gallbladder is a simple procedure. Though the procedure itself is not very risky, complications after gallbladder removal surgery affect about 10-15% of patients and it is known as postcholecystectomy syndrome.

Even after perfectly performed surgeries, some people develop post-op symptoms. These symptoms may last for many months, or even years. Such symptoms may include abdominal bloating and discomfort after eating, pain, usually in the right upper part of the abdomen.

There are many potential reasons for pain after gallbladder removal (cholecystectomy). For example, a wide range of nerves branches surrounds the gallbladder. They regulate not only the gallbladder, but also the duodenum, pancreas, stomach. The accidental cutting of these nerves can cause pain, and disrupt the normal work of these organs.

Common problem after surgery is that it disrupts the function of the sphincter of Oddi, the muscle valve between the bile duct, pancreatic duct, and duodenum. If the valve becomes spasmodic, the bile and pancreatic juice cannot be properly eliminated. It is called Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction. The back-up of bile raises the pressure inside the ducts, leading to pain, and can cause severe inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis) or bile ducts. Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction can be aggravated by using painkillers, which can lead to spasm of the sphincter.

The Sphincter of Oddi is the muscle valve which regulates the flow of bile and pancreatic juice into the duodenum (the first part of the small intestine). The nervous system and special messengers- digestive hormones regulate the proper work of the Sphincter of Oddi.

The Sphincter of Oddi is closed if there is no food in the intestine. At this time, bile is remained in the gallbladder and pancreatic juice is retained in the pancreas. Spasms and blockage of valve may cause back up of the bile and pancreatic juice. If a small amount of bile reaches the pancreatic duct, severe trouble can ensue. Bile activates the digestive enzymes inside the pancreas so these enzymes start to digest their own pancreatic tissue, causing pain, congestion, inflammation (pancreatitis).

Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction can affect people after abdominal surgeries. For example, statistics show that almost 20% of individuals after gallbladder removal have the Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction.

Here are some examples of what can make the Sphincter of Oddi spasmodic:

• Conditions such as mental stress, depression and anxiety

• Irregular eating, fasting, eating on the go or while watching television, dieting, and bad combinations of foods such as eating starches with fatty foods and sugars

• Using alcohol and nicotine, taking some drugs, medication,

• Lower thyroid function or menopause

• Acidic, aggressive, corrosive bile with sand, sludge in it, and more

Usually there are combinations of these factors in predisposed people with sedentary lifestyles overweight, chronic stress. The Standard American Diet, which is consist of processed and acid-forming foods such as sweets, red meat, alcohol, bad fats, white flour increases acidity in the whole body.

The Standard American Diet leads to acidic changes in the bile and pancreatic juice too. The bile is getting acidic and the quantity of bile acids in the bile rises as well. Aggressive bile acids irritate the wall of the Sphincter of Oddi leading to muscle spasms.

3-4 quarts of blend of the pancreatic juice and bile travel throughout the Sphincter of Oddi daily. When they become acidic, these fluids are very “aggressive,” corrode and irritate surrounding tissues, mainly the Sphincter of Oddi.

Bile is a vehicle for eliminating of the toxins such as bile pigments, heavy metals, drugs, medications from the body. Bile ducts is often harbor for parasites too. Therefore, is no question that the Sphincter of Oddi is an easy target for irritation and damage.

Gallbladder removal makes people think that “now everything is OK”. Unfortunately, surgery does not eliminate the provocative factors but can create Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction.

The most common and prominent symptom of Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction is upper abdominal pain. This is often experienced like a sharp pain in the middle of the abdomen or below the right rib cage. Pain can be severe, may bring people to the hospital and require taking the pain medication. However, in large number of cases, pain may be mild and usually does not need painkillers. Pain is accompanied often by bloating, nausea and vomiting and can be worse after consumption of the fatty food or alcohol.

If pain and other symptoms after gallbladder surgery continue non-drug, alternative treatment may be helpful. Alternative medicine for healing of the Sphincter Oddi Dysfunction is widely used in other countries all over the globe.

The healing program of the Sphincter Oddi Dysfunction may include:

• Herbs

• Nutritional Supplementation

• Customized Healing Diet

• Taking healing mineral water prepared from genuine Karlovy Vary spring salt at home

• European Whole Body Cleansing with Colon Hydrotherapy

• Restoration of Friendly Intestinal Flora

• Various style of the Acupuncture

• Chiropractor’s adjustment

• Abdominal Massage

• Relaxation, Meditation, Hypnosis, Custom Hypnosis CDs

Alternative and holistic medicine can be used independently or as complementary medicine.

The information contained here is presented for educational, informational purposes only. It is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. This information is not to be used to replace the services or instructions of a physician or qualified health care practitioner.

Embarrassed Or in Denial? 5 Signs of Dysbiosis

You try to eat healthy but are still struggling with dysbiosis? Do you still get the feeling that something is still not quite right? Are you tired of dealing with the embarrassing sounds and smells? Do you feel like you’re always tired no matter what you eat?

I feel your pain because I have suffered from dysbiosis before myself and so have just about all of my clients. Sure, no one wants to talk about it and openly admit to it. Maybe it really is too embarrassing for most. Maybe some are still in denial. The truth is that the longer they try to hide it and ignore what is going on, the worse the problem gets and the harder it becomes to reverse.

I hope you don’t fall into this category. If you do, then I’m not asking you to declare it to the world. Instead, I just want you to first be honest with yourself and admit that you have a problem that you need to deal with now before it gets any worse. If you have any of these signs and symptoms, then you are dealing with dysbiosis whether you like it or not.

1. Bloating, Gas, Belching After Meals

This is typically the first sign of dysbiosis. You eat a meal and not too long after, you get that fat feeling. Your belt gets tight as you lose control of your expanding stomach. That’s right, you’re bloated.

Not only do you feel like a blimp, and then it gets worse. All that bloating is from excessive gas in the intestinal tract which has to get out one way or another. You might be on the lucky end of the more socially acceptable and easier to hide, belching. You might be on the not so lucky end trying to find a way to deal with the excessive gas, foul smelling or not. Or you might be like most people and experience both.

You see, when you eat, you are also feeding the bacteria in your gut, good and bad. When dysbiosis is present, you are creating an all you can eat buffet for the bad bacteria which produce the gas that bloats you and that you then have to pass.

2. Constipation and Diarrhea

This is another sign that ranks right up there with #1 with respect to dysbiosis. You probably don’t realize it but the bulk of your stool actually consists of bacteria. No, it isn’t fiber like you once thought. Depending on what exactly is growing in your gut depends on whether or not you become constipated or suffer from diarrhea.

If you have an overgrowth of bacteria or parasites in your gut then your body might be trying to force them out to protect you which results in diarrhea. Or you might suffer from a yeast overgrowth and a lack of bacteria which is common with Candida which results in constipation. The big picture is that dysbiosis causes both ends of the spectrum.

3. Indigestion

This is a common sign of dysbiosis that is way too often overlooked. This is because it is almost always associated with high stomach acid. The reality is that this is rarely the case.

Almost always the problem is caused by low stomach acid. And more importantly, it is a bacterial infection, known as H. Pylori, that is driving the problem. In fact, H. Pylori has been scientifically proven to be the leading cause of stomach ulcers.

4. Undigested Food in Stool

If you are seeing undigested food in your stool, then you aren’t digesting it properly. You definitely have dysbiosis. There is a weak link somewhere, if not everywhere, in your digestive tract that is not allowing you to properly break down your food. If you aren’t going to digest it, the harmful bacteria, parasite, and yeast will. This only worsens the problem.

5. Fatigue

Fatigue is probably one of the most overlooked signs of dysbiosis. Rarely do people associate fatigue with their digestion but it is much more common than you might realize. As we’ve already covered, the food you eat is also feeding your gut bacteria.

When these bacteria, parasites, and yeast eat your food they are releasing toxic byproducts and alcohol that your body absorbs. There is also associated inflammation that can travel to the brain. This impairs the immune system and literally uses your energy for immune purposes rather than for giving you energy.

When fatigue is present, people tend to consume foods that are high in sugar and carbohydrates to give a quick boost of energy. Unfortunately, this is exactly what your dysbiosis feeds on.

Do yourself a favor and take the first step in correcting your dysbiosis and stop feeding the problem.

Cut sugar out of your diet and focus on whole foods, especially vegetables. Vegetable fiber is one thing that the good bacteria thrive on. So make sure you are eating plenty to give them a fighting chance.

Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding and Pelvic Inflammation Disease

Unexpected bleeding is always a concern for a woman at any stage of life. Bleeding other than a normal menstrual period can be great cause for alarm. Intermenstrual bleeding refers to vaginal bleeding (other than postcoital) at any time during the menstrual cycle other than during normal menstruation. Postcoital bleeding is non-menstrual bleeding that occurs immediately after sexual intercourse.

Causes of abnormal vaginal bleeding

There are many possible causes for abnormal vaginal bleeding. By itself, it does not necessarily indicate a serious condition.

Possibility of pregnancy

Ovulation might lead to mid-cycle bleeding

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a hormone imbalance that interferes with normal ovulation which can cause abnormal bleeding.

Birth control pills sometimes cause abnormal vaginal bleeding. Minor bleeding between periods during the first few months might occur if you have recently started using birth control pills. Bleeding might occur if not taking your pills regularly

An intrauterine device (IUD)

Infection of the pelvic organs (vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries) may cause vaginal bleeding

Tests to be done

Doctor should carefully examine medical history. A complete physical examination will be performed including a thorough pelvic exam

The exam includes careful inspection of the external genitalia, urethra, and anal area.

The vaginal walls and cervix are inspected for the presence of any abnormalities or retained foreign objects. Fluid samples may be taken to test for the sexually transmitted diseases

Pap smear will be taken to examine for cancer

An ultrasound of the abdomen and pelvis may be performed

An endometrial biopsy may be performed to take a sample of tissue from the lining of the uterus

Pelvic Inflammation Disease

Most cases of PID are due to the bacteria that cause chlamydia and gonorrhea. These are sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

You might be at risk if you

Are sexually active and younger than 25

Have more than one sex partner


Symptoms of PID:

Fever (not always present)

Pain in the pelvis, lower abdomen, or sometimes the lower back

Vaginal discharge with abnormal color, texture, or smell

Other symptoms that may occur with PID:

Bleeding after intercourse



Frequent or painful urination

Increased menstrual cramping

Irregular menstrual bleeding or spotting

Lack of appetite

Nausea, with or without vomiting

No menstruation

Painful sexual intercourse

If left untreated, it can cause serious problems, such as infertility.

Diagonosis of PID:

Doctor will do a pelvic exam and will check for:

Abnormal discharge from your vagina or cervix

Lumps near your ovaries and tubes

Pain in your pelvic organs

Your doctor will also test you for STIs and urinary tract infection, and if needed, pregnancy. your doctor may do other tests.

Ultrasound – a test that uses sound waves to take pictures of the pelvic area.

Endometrial biopsy – the doctor removes and tests a small piece of the endometrium (the inside lining of the womb)

Laparoscopy – the doctor inserts a small, lighted tube through your abdomen (stomach area) to look at your pelvic organs.

Treatment of PID:

Antibiotics will be prescribed

Hospitalization required if it is severe

Prevention of PID:

Practice safer sex (use of condom)

Don’t douche ( it increases the risk of PID)

Get tested regularly for sexually transmitted disease

See a doc right away if you are seeing some of the above-mentioned symptoms

Natural Remedies For Polyps

Today on natural remedies for polyps we will take a look at the two main problem areas and move onto the best treatments. Sinus passage blocking and infections are caused by polyps but doctors do not know with certainty exactly what causes these growths. There is evidence to support the theory that intolerance to aspirin can cause this problem.

This of course is not the main cause but just a statistic that ran true whilst testing many patients. Allergies are not thought to be a major factor in the development of polyps but is believed that men aged over 40 are more likely to get this growth than any other asthmatic groups.

Many Doctors have pointed to asthmatic patients as being more vulnerable to getting nasal polyps. Up to 1/3 of people with nasal polyps will have them come back after a successful removal of this growth due to frequent sinus infections, repeated colds, asthma among many other sinus problems.

Natural Treatment for Nasal Polyps:

Okay, natural remedies for polyps are few and far between but we have found a really effective method here. Go get yourself some honey and horseradish. Take 200 g of both and mix them together well. Now, take 1 teaspoon each morning and night until the mix is finished. Your nasal polyps should be cleared up before this remedy is consumed.

If this does not work for you then you may have to take a trip to your local Doctor for a closer inspection. Nasal polyps are among the easiest to rid yourself of, so don’t be too worried. They are usually cleared up or removed without much problem at all.

Rectal Polyps

A rectal polyps can be extremely uncomfortable as you may already know by now. A mass of tissue breaks through the mucous membrane of the colon and the pushed out into the digestive tract.

There are many people who will have rectal polyps but never suffer any symptoms and the polyps are usually found during exams like a colonoscopy. Passing blood through the rectum may very well be a sign of polyps as well as Diarrhea. There are few natural remedies for polyps that have worked well for most, but, of course we have the best natural treatment here for you.

Natural Treatment for Rectal Polyps:

The size of the polyps in question will largely determine the correct treatment as well as the location, but if you want to go down the natural route you need to go get yourself…

· 6 tablespoons of pumpkin seeds

· 7 hardboiled egg yolks

· O.5 l of sunflower oil

You now need to grind those pumpkin seeds in a coffee grinder or something similar until they turn to powder. Then add the powder to the egg yolks and sunflower oil making sure to mix very well together. Now, put the mix on a steam session for about 15 – 20 minutes before taking off and letting cool right down. Keep in the refrigerator for storage.

Every morning take I teaspoon of the mix (on an empty stomach) and repeat every morning for the next 5 days. After the 5 days is up, take a break for 5 days and then continue for another 5 days after that. Repeat this process until the mix is completely gone. This is the best natural remedies for polyps so make sure to stick to the schedule as provided above for best results.

Intramural Fibroids – How to Get Rid of an Intramural Fibroid

An intramural fibroid is one that grows in the middle of the uterine wall. Intramural fibroids can cause the uterus to appear larger than it actually is, and make the woman look pregnant, or have a pot belly that cannot go away with dieting or exercise.

Typical symptoms include excessive menstrual bleeding, menstrual clots, painful periods, feeling bulky, constant pelvic pain or pressure, and bladder and colon problems, such as frequent urination, trouble urinating or constipation, which are caused by the fibroid pressing on nearby organs.

When fibroids are very big, they can even block the supply of blood, oxygen and nutrients to other organs, such as the kidneys, and in some cases large intramural fibroids can cause permanent damage to the kidney.

Intramural fibroids can have a negative effect on fertility, and the Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York reported that women with these types of fibroids experienced 11% less pregnancies than women with submucosal fibroids, and 58% more miscarriages. They also reported an increased risk of caesarean and preterm delivery.

A study carried out at the University of Valencia in Spain concluded that intramural fibroids did not affect the pregnancy rates of women going through IVF. But Baskent University in Turkey found that IVF drugs for stimulating ovulation actually increased the size of intramural fibroids.

The most common treatment option for intramural fibroids is abdominal myomectomy. It is particularly recommended when the fibroids are larger than 5 or 7 centimeters, or when multiple fibroids need to be removed.

An abdominal myomectomy is a procedure where the fibroids are surgically removed through an incision in the abdomen. The surgeon would pull the uterus through the incision and the fibroid is cut out. The uterus is then repaired with sutures then put back into place. As with all surgeries, it carries the risk of bleeding and infection, but something to be aware of is adhesions and scar tissue. Some women have found that their scar tissue adheres the organs, and can lead to further problems such as blocked fallopian tubes.

Another option is Uterine Artery Embolization, a surgical procedure to block the blood vessels that supply the fibroids, so that they become starved of blood, oxygen and nutrients and the tissue dies.

Leeds Teaching Hospital carried out a study on 10 women with intramural fibroids 11 centimeters of larger. Each of them were had a Uterine Artery Embolization, and the doctors followed up their progress after 12 and 36 months. They found that most of the women’s symptoms had subsided, but two of them were still feeling bulky, and two required additional surgery due to damage to their kidneys. After 7 months, one of the patients needed a hysterectomy. Although the doctors concluded that Uterine Artery Embolization was a safe procedure, if you look at the statistics, 20% of the women who went through the surgery needed additional surgery. I also found other statistics to show that the 30% of women who have this surgery experience the return of their symptoms within five years.

Another complication with Uterine Artery Embolization is heavy vaginal bleeding. The McGill University in Canada studied two women who were experiencing abnormal bleeding after going through the procedure for their intramural fibroids. The surgeons performed an endometrial biopsy and found that both women had necrotic fibroids (this is when the tissue has died, due to a lack of blood supply).

Shortly after the biopsy, both women developed a septic uterus and required a hysterectomy. In their report, the doctors concluded that Uterine Artery Embolization – especially when performed intramural fibroids located close to the uterine lining, on carried a high risk of infection. This makes sense, as dead tissue can attract a lot of bacteria.

Endometrial Cysts – Diagnosis and Treatment of Endometrial "Chocolate" Cysts

Endometrial cysts are also called endometriomas or “chocolate cysts,” because they are filled with dark blood resembling chocolate syrup. They’re a result of a condition know as endometriosis.

Endometriosis occurs when pieces of tissue break away from the uterine lining and become attached to organs outside the uterus. In about 50 percent of cases, these tissue patches build up in or on one or both ovaries.

After successive menstrual cycles, these misplaced sections of endometrial tissue bleed and gradually form endometrial cysts. In time, as the cysts grow, they can become as large as a grapefruit.

Because they often cover large parts of an ovary, these large cysts can prevent ovulation and cause infertility.

Some women have no symptoms when such a cyst is present while others experience severe menstrual cramps and pain during intercourse or during bowel movements.

Diagnosing Endometrial Cysts

A complete medical history and thorough pelvic examination is very useful when diagnosing endometriosis and its resultant complications — such as ovarian cysts.

During the physical exam your doctor may find signs of the disease including nodules formed due to endometriosis in back of the vagina, in the rectum and on ligaments supporting the uterus. Other signs include tender and enlarged ovaries, lumps in the abdomen or a uterus drawn back and attached to the rectum.

o Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is useful in locating endometriosis formations in soft tissue.

o Ultrasound is used to examine tissue masses attached to the uterus and the ovaries.

o Many physicians consider a technique called laparoscopy the only safe and reliable way to distinguish between endometriosis, pelvic growths and other disorders that produce symptoms similar to those of endometriosis.

By inserting a tiny lighted lens of a laparoscope through the navel, the doctor can see into the abdomen and examine surrounding organs. Endometrial tissue formations outside the uterus can be distinguished from cysts, tumors, fibroids or adhesions. Fallopian tube obstructions and pelvic inflammatory diseases can also be identified.

While complications are uncommon, when a sizeable endometrial cyst ruptures and spills into the pelvic cavity, it can cause internal bleeding. The cyst contents may also spill onto other organs such as the uterus, fallopian tubes, bladder or intestines. This can cause scar tissue to form; resulting in pain and potential fertility problems.

Most typically, endometrial cysts are treated with surgery or drugs.

Surgical techniques

Surgery is often used to remove an endometrial cyst to preserve fertility. The most common technique is laparoscopic surgery whereby the surgeon inserts a telescopic device into the patient’s abdomen through a small incision below the navel.

The doctor’s objectives during this procedure are to remove the cyst or cysts from the ovary, provide fast pain relief and reverse infertility.

Laser surgery is sometimes used to cauterize ovarian cysts

Medical treatments

Typically, doctors will prescribe drug therapy to treat endometrial cysts only when the patient is not attempting to conceive. The drugs for such applications are usually hormones that prevent ovulation. This reduces uterine cell production and makes recurrence of such cysts less likely.

Natural treatments relieve pain and enable you to avoid surgery

If you’re suffering from endometrial cysts, you should seriously consider natural measures to shrink the cysts and prevent them from returning. Such treatments would enable you to avoid surgery.

Dietary supplements, vitamins and herbs can help you control endometrial cysts while balancing your hormones and improving your overall health while strengthening your immune system and organ functions.

Rather than undergoing surgery or seeking relief through hormones, drugs, pain pills or other medications, you can apply natural methods for relief from pain and illness caused by endometrial cysts.

And natural methods are safe for you and your baby if you are pregnant.

Thrush – Candida Symptoms and Treatment

Thrush, or candida, is a truly bothersome condition that may affect either women or men.

Anyone who has had thrush will know of the discomfort, pain and distress that this condition can cause. So what is thrush and can it be prevented?

The medical name for thrush is candida or candidosis. Thrush is caused by an overabundance and imbalance of bacteria and natural fungal yeast found in the body. It commonly manifests around the woman’s genitals although it can affect men and may also appear in the mouth.

Oral Thrush

Oral Thrush can be seen as cream colored or pale yellow spots within the mouth which can be very uncomfortable; it is often accompanied by a burning, sore sensation. If you are experiencing such symptoms, a doctor should be consulted to diagnose the condition as it can mask other more serious conditions such as mouth cancer.

New born babies can develop oral thrush from picking it up during birth when passing down the birth canal. Drinks of cool water, especially after a milk feed, help to relieve the discomfort.

Other sufferers can include denture wearers, people with poor nutrition or an immune deficiency as well as those prescribed steroid medication or steroid inhalers.

Treatment is through the use of prescribed antifungal medicines that generally stay in the mouth for a while such as pastels or mouth washes.

Genital Thrush in Women

Initial genital symptoms tend to be an itching and a burning soreness in this sensitive area. This is soon followed by swelling and itching deep within. Sometimes the woman also experiences a discharge. The discomfort is such that, no matter what the sufferer is doing, it cannot be ignored.

Naturally, fast and immediate relief is desired by the sufferer. Truly effective treatment usually takes time, however bathing with cool water or soaking in a cool bath can bring relief, as can the application of nappy rash cream or a cream specially formulated for this purpose.

Long term relief may be found by applying an overnight pessary. Ask your pharmacist or medical advisor for the name of a good one. These are available both on prescription and over the counter.

Doctors may prescribe weekly pessaries or tablets for women who suffer from frequent attacks of thrush in order to put a stop to the annoying cycle.

There are several things which can cause thrush in the genital area. These range from antibiotics or the controlled application of chemotherapy; wearing close fitting underwear and/or tights; overly rigorous cleaning with soap of the affected area and diabetes.

It can also be brought on through bodily changes caused by pregnancy or passed on through intimate contact from one partner to another. Despite the latter, thrush is not classed as a sexually transmitted infection or STI.

Understanding the reasons that thrush occurs helps in controlling and eradicating the condition. Common sense and easily managed home control measures include:

– Stop wearing tights. If tights must be worn, use crotch-less ones

– Wear loose-fitting clothing – pants/trousers/slacks or jeans

– Wear pantie liners which are renewed regularly to ensure the infection does not remain or spread. Sanitary wear should also be changed frequently

– When washing the genital area, do not use soap. Use aqueous cream or a soap substitute instead

– Wash your hands after going to the toilet and wash or apply cream to the affected area

– Keep a cloth specifically for the genital area and boil-wash it regularly

– Refrain from using perfumed products on the genital area as these can cause irritation and encourage thrush.

Genital Thrush in Men

Although not as common as with women, men may also suffer from genital thrush. In men, it tends to show itself under the foreskin and/or red patches on the shaft. A discharge may also be noticed.

Treatment is by the use of anti-fungal creams or tablets.

Some home control measures are identical to those recommended for women. e.g.

– Wear loose fitting underwear, jeans, pants/trousers

– When washing the genital area, avoid the use of soap. Use Aqueous cream or a soap substitue instead.

– Wash your hands after going to the toilet and wash or use cream on the affected area.

– Keep a cloth specifically for the genital area and boil-wash it regularly.

– Refrain from using perfumed products on the genital area as these can cause irritation and encourage thrush.

Finally, thrush and candida, though unpleasant, can indeed be controlled by good hygiene, though it may not necessarily be caused by poor hygiene itself.

Diagnosis by a medical doctor, often through a swab test, is highly recommended in order to rule out other conditions and obtain the correct medication.

Dog Hepatitis – Owner’s Guide to Hepatitis in Dogs

Hepatitis in dogs is a highly contagious viral disease. It mainly affects the liver. However, it can also affect various other organs.


As you just learned, this disease is caused by a virus. This virus is known as canine adenovirus type 1, or CAV-1 for short. Most dogs get infected when they come into direct contact with an infected dog. Infected body fluids can also be a method of transmission. The virus can also be passed by parasites such as fleas, mosquitoes, and ticks.


Dog hepatitis can be either severe or acute. Dogs with the acute form will experience vomiting, fever, and diarrhea. The disease can also cause swollen lymph nodes, pale gums, and yellowish eyes. If your dog’s liver also swells up, he may stop eating.

Dogs with the acute form of this disease usually recover after a week or so. On the other hand, the severe form is usually fatal. Common symptoms include bloody vomit and diarrhea, bloody nose, and bloody gums. Since severe damage is done to the liver, it can also result in a coma or seizures.


Mild cases of hepatitis in dogs usually requires that your dog be hospitalized. Treatment involves giving intravenous fluids to combat dehydration that can be brought on by the diarrhea or vomiting. Additional supportive care may also be necessary.


There is no specific treatment for hepatitis in dogs. As mentioned, the severe form of this disease is often fatal, usually within a week. Sometimes, an infected dog can die within mere hours of showing symptoms. Dogs may be able to recover from the acute form.


The vaccine to guard against dog hepatitis is usually given to puppies. However, it can also be given to adult dogs that have yet to be vaccinated. The vaccine can contain either adenovirus type 1 or 2. Although type 1 is responsible for this disease, a vaccine containing type 2 will also help prevent it.

Cirrhosis of the Liver Life Expectancy – How Much is It?

The truth is, that the average life expectancy of an individual, who has cirrhosis of the liver, will be significantly, if not many times shorter, than a healthy person. The good thing is, that you can do certain things, in order to solve that problem. If not treated properly, the average cirrhosis of the liver life expectancy, is about 5 to 10 years, and if the problem is caused by obesity, or alcohol – even shorter. Read on to learn more.

There are many reasons, for cirrhosis of the liver. Alcohol is probably the leading cause, but there are many other. Regardless of the cause, there are ways to reverse liver cirrhosis naturally. The main function of the liver in the body, is removing toxins from the blood stream, helping fight viral and bacterial infections, and acting as a blood storage. Liver cirrhosis interferes with all of those functions significantly, which causes your body to not function properly. After a period of time, toxins builds up, and your body can no longer fight bacterial infections effectively. That’s why the life expectancy is reduced significantly.

The life expectancy, will be significantly shorter, if your liver cirrhosis is caused by alcoholism, or obesity. Obesity will make the cirrhosis progress a lot faster, and alcohol leaves your liver with a permanent damage, that can be reversed by only a few ways.

Dieting can increase the cirrhosis of the liver life expectancy slightly. The diet that should be adopted is a normal, healthy diet, with lots of vegetables and less saturated fats, and sugars. If you are obese, removing the excess weight from your body will significantly prolong your life expectancy, even if nothing else is done, to treat the progression of the disease. The current method of treating liver cirrhosis, which more often that not does not work that good, is simply treating the progression of the disease, and attempting to slow it down. That is done by ingesting chemicals, which trigger the release of certain ammonia salts in the body. There are, however, natural methods, which can enable your body to start repairing the damage, and slowly remove the scar tissue, replacing it with healthy liver cells.

Renal Calculi: Kidney Stone – Ayurvedic and Natural Treatment

Renal Calculi: Kidney stone

Kidneys provide a natural system for blood purification which is a nature’s gift to our body. Kidneys are two in number and are in the shape of beans. They are connected by a urine tube each to urine bladder. The main function of kidneys is straining. They strain harmful substances from the blood and throw them out in the form of urine. They maintain the specific gravity of blood and deep the blood pressure stable. If kidneys do not work properly, then the accumulated poisonous elements present in the urine such as urea, uric acid, potassium chloride, sulfate and phosphate settle inside in the form of stone resulting in renal calculi.


Irregularity in diet and wrong dietary habits leading to obstruction in urination an accumulation of chemical elements in the kidneys.

Faulty digestion of uric acid and calcium or improper functioning of parathyroid glands too cause the formation of various shapes of stones.

Taking polluted water also contributes to stone formation.

The formation of kidney stone sometimes sends out blood along with the urine without causing any pain. When the stone changes its place, pain is felt around the urine bladder. At times, there is severe pain causing great worry. Urine flows just drop by drop producing a kind of burning sensation and the body becomes weak.


1. Take carrot and raw potato juice

2. Take less food because by eating less, the extra energy of the body gets engaged in throwing the stone out.

3. Eat kulthi dal soaked overnight: Take 100 grams of kulthi pulse and cook it in the morning with 750 gms. of water. When it remains only 300 gms, add little salt and pepper and eat it. Taking cucumber along with will show quick positive results.

4. From the point of view of precaution, abstain from taking items beet root strawberry, peach, berry, tea and coffee as all these contain an excessive amount of oxalate. Also avoid heavily fried food items.

5. Taking apple juice regularly stops stone formation. If it has already formed, even then it will come out with urine as it wears out. Apple juice cleanses the kidneys in quite a big way.

6. Drink 25 to 50 gms of boiled beet root water according to age and take one or two cucumbers along with meals without fail. Avoid rice and tomato. Do not obstruct urination even for a second. Do not sit in one pose longer than an hour.

Even after once the stone comes out and, if faulty dietary habits still continue, the process of stone formation may persist.

1. If stone has started forming in the kidney, then regular practice of Mahamudra, Yogmudra and Udiyan Bandh will simply throw it out.

2. By living on juice diet for some days, the stone will come out in the form of sand.

3. Drinking coconut water to drink with a straw a number of times during the day and nothing else.

4. Wherever is the pain, take cold and warm water’s formation for 15 to 20 minutes.

Ayurvedic herbs for kidney stone

Emblica officinalis

Tribulus terrestris

Boerhaavia Diffusa

Chandraprabha vati.