Referred Pain From The Lumbar Spine

A Pain deep in the cheeks of your bottom can be referred from the lower back. There does not necessarily have to be pain in the lower back as well for pain to be referred into the buttocks.

What are the symptoms of pain referred from the back?

An aching in the buttocks that is difficult to pinpoint.

The slump test may reproduce buttock pain which is eased when the neck is relaxed back (extended).

Areas of the lumbar spine may be tender and have poor mobility.

Tight gluteal muscles and other muscles of the buttocks.

What can I do?

See a Physical Therapist who can identify the problems in the lower spine.

Begin an exercise programme that will stretch and strengthen the muscles supporting the lumbar spine.

Stretch the gluteal muscles and hip rotator muscles.

What can a Physical Therapist professional do?

Manipulate and mobilize the segments of the lumbar spine. This is a good way of assessing whether the lumbar spine is a cause of buttock pain. If it is then symptoms will be relieved.

Deep tissue sports massage techniques can be applied to the lower back and buttocks to release muscle tension, particularly in chronic conditions.

Acupuncture or dry needling can also help reduce chronic tension in muscles.

What other injuries are related or similar?

Piriformis syndrome


Sacroiliac joint pain.

What is the Sacroiliac joint ?

The Sacroiliac Joints are located at the bottom of the back. You have one either side of the spine. The Sacroiliac joints help make up the rear part of the pelvic girdle and sit between the sacrum and the ilia.

There are torsional or twisting forces applied to the pelvic girdle when the lower limbs are moved. These limbs act like long levers and without the sacroiliac joints and the pubic symphysis (at the front of the pelvis) which allow movement, the pelvis would very likely be subject to a fracture.

These joints can often get stuck or in some cases one half of the pelvis can glide forwards or backwards, which is often referred to as a twisted pelvis. When this occurs it often irritates the Iliolumbar ligament which results in Inflammation. This is usually indicated by tenderness around the bony lumps which you can feel if you place your thumbs either side of your lower back.

Inflammation of the sacroiliac joints and associated ligaments are very common, especially following pregnancy where the hormone relaxing is released and this results in the relaxation of ligaments in preparation for childbirth. In most cases the causes of sacroiliitis are mechanical, however there may be other medical inflammatory conditions present such as Ankylosing Spondylitis as well as others which will need attention.

Symptoms include:

Pain located either to the left or right of your lower back. The pain can range from an ache to a sharp pain which can restrict movement.

The pain may radiate out into your buttocks and low back and will often radiate to the front into the groin. Occasionally it is responsible for pain in the testicles among males.

Occasionally there may be referred pain into the lower limb which can be mistaken for sciatica.

Classic symptoms are difficulty turning over in bed, struggling to put on shoes and socks and pain getting your legs in and out of the car.

Stiffness in the lower back when getting up after sitting for long periods and when getting up from bed in the morning.

Aching to one side of your lower back when driving long distances.

Specific assessment tests:

The Stork test – to assess weather the sacroiliac joint is moving correctly.

Leg length difference measurements – both straight leg and bent leg assessments.

Ilia rotation – this assesses weather the ilia is rotated on one side creating imbalance.

What can a Physical Therapist or GP do?

Use diagnostic tests to discover the cause of the problem.

Eliminate medical diseases such as Ankylosing Spondylitis.

Treat the cause as well as the symptoms.

Prescribe anti-inflammatory medication (e.g. ibuprofen) and rest.

Use electrotherapy equipment to treat affected tissues.

If indicated and safe to do, level the pelvis via manipulation.

Articulate sacroiliac joint and restore normal function.

Sports massage will help relieve any soft tissue tension in the area.

Use injection therapy.

Advise Ice and cold therapy to reduce inflammation.

What are the similar or related injuries and conditions?

Ankylosing Spondylitis

Myofascial pain

Low back pain

Coping with Sciatica

Sciatica is a pain that starts in the back and radiates down one of the legs. It is quite a common complaint and is sciatica is caused by pressure on the sciatic nerve which runs down into the leg. The medical term is acute nerve root compression. The cause of pressure can be varied from a Slipped (Prolapsed) disk to muscle tension (Piriformis syndrome) or something less common such as a tumors, bony growths and infections.

A prolapsed disc or slipped disc as it is sometimes known is not simply a disc that has ‘slipped’ out of place. Intervertibral discs separate the bones of the spine (or vertebrae) and their function is to act as shock absorbers or cushioning for the spine and allow movement.

They quite happily allow flexion and extension (bending forwards and backwards), lateral flexion (sideways movement) and twisting. However a combination of the two can put excess stress on the spine and damage the discs. This is particularly common in people who may lift heavy objects and twist with them for example unloading heavy boxes off the back of a lorry.

The intervertebral discs are filled with a soft liquid in the middle called nucleus pullouts and when a disc prolapses this liquid squeezes out and puts pressure on the spinal cord compressing the nerve routes and causing pain.

Depending on where the sciatic nerve is pinched will determine where you feel the pain which can radiate to the front of the knee or right down the back of the leg to the foot. The L5-S1 disc is the disc most commonly damaged and the L4-L5 disc the next most commonly damaged.

Sciatica Symptoms

Acute low back pain.

Pain radiating down the leg. This pain may be sharp and accompanied by pins and needles and / or numbness.

Pain is often triggered by a minor movement such bending over to pick something up.

Pain may be worse by sitting, lifting, coughing or sneezing.

Pain is usually relieved by lying down, often on one side.

Pain is often better in the morning after a nights rest.

Scoliosis or an S shaped or bent spine as seen from behind is often present with the patient bending away from the side of pain.

There may be muscle spasm in the lower back.

Tenderness in the lower back when pressing in.

Pain on the straight leg raise test which is not apparent when just stretching the hamstring only.

Sciatica treatment

A Short Rest in bed if necessary in a position that is comfortable.

A doctor may prescribe NSAID’s (non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs) such as ibuprofen. Should always be taken under the direction of a doctor and do not if the patient has asthma.

Apply heat or a hot bath may help to relieve muscle spasm.

Use a heat retainer or back brace can provide support in the early stages.

See a sports injury specialist or doctor.

Begin extension exercises as soon as pain allows.

What can a Physical Therapist or GP do?

Determine the cause of the sciatic pain.

Prescribe anti-inflammatory medication e.g. ibuprofen or muscle relaxants.

Use sports massage techniques to relax tight muscles.

Gently apply mobilization techniques to the spine.

Use traction or advise on the use of and Inversion Table.

Apply electrical stimulation in the form of a Tens machine or Interferential.

Apply ultrasound treatment.

Operate on a slipped disk if neurological signs (nerve related symptoms) continue or worsen.

After the acute painful phase

Restore pain free movement to the back through mobilization and stretching techniques.

Ensure posture and correct lifting techniques are learned and maintained.

Strengthen the core stabilizing muscles of the spine.

The Role of the Large Intestine in Digestion

The large intestine is the last part of the digestive tract. It has three main regions – cecum, colon and rectum. These three regions form an almost rectangular “frame”, with the coils and loops of the small intestine inside it.

The cecum is a short pouch that links the small intestine to the colon and is about 5 feet long. Large intestine is connected to the small intestine through the ileocecal valve. Small intestine sends almost liquid digestive waste product to the large intestine.

Colon absorbs most of the water from this liquid product and converts it into more solid form that the body excretes as feces via the rectum and the anus.

Unlike the small intestine, the colon’s long muscle does not form a complete tube. Instead, the muscle is concentrated into three bands called taeniae coli. These run the length of the colon and form pouches along the length called haustra.

The muscular movement in the wall of the colon, mix and propel feces along the digestive tract towards the rectum. The movement of feces varies in rate, intensity and nature depending mainly on the stage of digestion.

There are three different types of motions that take place within the colon, they are known as segmentation, peristaltic contractions and mass movement. While peristalsis propels chyme in the forward direction, segmentation moves chyme in both directions. Fecal material travels very slowly in the colon, compared to the small intestine, to allow for water absorption within the colon walls.

Almost all the chemical breakdown of food is completed in the small intestine. And almost all the nutrients vital for the bodily functions are absorbed in the small intestine.

Almost digested liquefied food is called chyme. Chyme passes from the small intestine through the ileocecal valve into the cecum. From there it reaches the first part of the colon, the ascending colon.

The main function of the colon is to convert liquefied chyme into semi solid feces for storage and disposal. Sodium, chloride and water are absorbed through the lining of the colon into the blood, making the feces less watery.

Bicarbonate and potassium are secreted by colon to replace the sodium and chloride. There are also billions of friendly microorganisms that live within the colon. These bacteria live in symbiotic relationship with the body.

The innermost layer of the colon is the undulating mucosa. This layer has the goblet cells in the intestinal glands, which is responsible for secreting lubricating mucus. This mucus helps ease the passage of the feces.

The rectum is around 5 inches long and it is normally empty except just before and during the defecation. Below the rectum lies anal canal, which is around 1.5 inches long. Within the wall of the anal canal are two strong sets of muscles. They are internal and external anal sphincters.

During defecation, peristaltic contractions in the colon push feces into the rectum, which triggers the defecation reflex. Further contractions push the feces along, and the anal sphincters relax to allow them out of the body through the anus.

Billions of microorganisms, mainly bacteria, live in the large intestine. These are called the gut flora. These bacteria are harmless as long as their population is within a certain range and as long as they are confined within the large intestine.

These bacteria produce enzymes which break down certain food components, especially plant fiber cellulose. Humans cannot digest cellulose. This way, the bacteria can feed on the undigested fiber in fecal material and provide nutrients for the body and help reduce the amount of fecal material.

As part of their metabolism, bacteria produce vitamin K and B. They also produce hydrogen, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide and methane gases. Most of these gases escape through the anus as flatulence. In addition, the gut flora also help control harmful microbes which may enter the digestive system. They also help the immune system in fighting disease by promoting formation of antibodies and the activity of lymphoid tissues in colonic lining.

At least one-third of the excreted fecal weight is gut flora. The gut flora and body exist in a mutually beneficial partnership.

How To Get Rid Of Candida Naturally – This Is How To Cure Candida Overgrowth The Natural Way!

Candida or yeast infection is a very common problem. In fact, about 75% of women have had or will have at least one episode of Candida in their lifetime and approximately 40-50% of women will have a recurring yeast infection. About 5% of the entire adult female population has four or more episodes of yeast infection per year.

The 90% of the cases of yeast infection are caused by a fungus called Candida albicans. Although Candida albicans is normally present in low concentrations in the vagina along with other bacteria, it can switch from a latent and asymptomatic state to a clinical state, under certain conditions. These conditions include the presence of sugar in the body, the lack of air, having a weak immune system and the use of certain drugs, such as steroids or antibiotics that directly alter the vaginal bacterial flora. Another predisposing factor is pregnancy. Most women have their first episode of yeast infection during their pregnancy, due to the fact that the pH of the vagina changes. What is more, women who take oral contraceptives, obese women and those who wear tight trousers seem to have an increased risk of suffering from this condition.

The symptoms: The most common symptoms of yeast infection are whitish vaginal secretions accompanied by a burning sensation and / or itching in the vulva and the vagina that can be particularly intense at times. Other common symptoms of candida are fatigue, irritability, depression, bloating, and intestinal and digestive disorders.

How to treat candida:

  • Do not use synthetic clothing.
  • Do not wear tight pants.
  • Limit sweets, dried fruits, simple sugars (sugar, honey), milk and dairy, cheese and alcoholic beverages and bread. On the contrary try to consume more vegetables and fish, cold-pressed olive oil, whole grains and fruits. It would also be a good idea to include ginger, cinnamon, garlic and other herbs in your diet.
  • Use antifungal washes during the menstrual period and after sexual intercourse (semen changes the vaginal pH). However the use of antifungal washes can only last for limited periods and always under medical supervision.
  • Boost your immune system: It is essential to pay attention to anything that weakens the immune system like antibiotics, corticosteroids, immunosuppressive drugs, dental amalgams, vaccines and birth control pills. Needless to say that stress also weakens the immune system. Therefore, any effective anti-candida therapy often includes a proper change in the lifestyle of the individual, like physical activity and adequate rest. Massage, breathing exercises and relaxation techniques can stimulate the secretion of endorphins and thus improve the response of the body against the numerous threats encountered in daily life.

Now Pay Close Attention Here:

Menstrual Cycle Disorders – Discover Effective Herbal Remedies To Deal With Them (Part 1)

Menstrual cycle disorders are usually caused by female or some other disease. They might involve increased or reduced amount of blood flow (sometimes even resulting in amenorrhea), changes in your menstrual cycle and painful periods.

  1. Mix parsley fruits (2 parts) and common rue tops (1 part). Infuse 3 grams of the mix of herbs with half a glass of hot water and boil the tincture for 7-10 minutes. Afterwards, decant it and drink the whole decoction within a day to deal with amenorrhea.
  2. Mix equal quantities of herbs of common rue tops, perforate St John’s-wort tops, yarrow tops, liquorice root and juniper fruits. Infuse a tablespoon of the mix of herbs with a glass of boiling water and boil the tincture for 15 minutes in water bath. Afterwards, leave the decoction to brew for an hour and decant it. Drink a glass of the tincture twice a day – in the morning and evening. It is a great remedy to deal with delayed menstruations.
  3. Mix celery leaves (2 parts), sweet-flag rootstock (2 parts), pot marigold blossoms (1 part), marjoram tops (2 parts), melissa leaves (3 parts) and hop trefoil blossoms (2 parts). Infuse 3 tablespoons of the mix of herbs with a liter of hot water and boil the tincture. Fill a thermos bottle with the decoction and leave it to brew for 3 hours. Decant it and drink half a glass of the tincture 6 times a day to deal with painful periods.
  4. Mix senna leaves (2 parts), greater celandine tops (2 parts), common rue tops (1 part), black nightshade fruits (2 parts), red rose fruits (8 parts) and parsley root (3 parts). Infuse 3 tablespoons of the mix of herbs with a liter of hot water and boil the tincture. Fill a thermos bottle with the decoction and leave it to brew for 3 hours. Decant it and drink half a glass of the tincture 6 times a day to deal with painful menstruations.
  5. Mix love parsley root (3 parts), tansy blossoms (1 part), fat-hen tops (4 parts), wormwood tops (1 part) and marjoram tops (3 parts). Infuse 3 tablespoons of the mix of herbs with a liter of boiling water and boil the tincture for 15 minutes in water bath. Let the decoction brew for 3 hours and decant. Drink half a glass of the tincture 6 times a day to deal with reduced amount of blood flow.

Gallbladder Polyps – Causes, Risks and Best Treatment

Gallbladder polyps are different in size and as the name says they are usually found in the gallstones. They don’t affect a large number of people, only a small percent of people experiencing gall bladder problems have them. The cause of gallbladder polyps is still a mystery. However some studies have shown that there a high risk groups which can be affected with them; older people over 50 years old and people already suffering from gallstones.

There are several types of gallbladder polyps: cholesterosis, adenocarcinoma, adenomyomatosis, hyperplastic, and cholecystosis. The most frequent of all types is the first one on the list – cholesterosis and it is usually formed because of high cholesterol levels in the bile, while the second one is the most dangerous as you may guess from its name – adenocarcinoma.

Because the symptoms of gallstones polyps are not so obvious many people don’t even realize they are being affected by this condition. The symptoms of gallbladder polyps is usually a mild and periodic painful sensation and tenderness of the abdomen usually located in the upper right part. On the other hand if the patient experiences severe pain in this region it may be a symptom of gallstones.

To confirm the existence of polyps we use an ultrasound test for gallstones polyps. If the presence of polyps is confirmed then a cancer test is usually recommended just to be safe.

Usually there is no need to treat gallbladder polyps and if the patient experiences severe pain then the gallbladder is usually removed. It is good to know that the human body can function normally without a gall bladder because it is not a vital organ and the function of the gallstones is transferred to the liver which starts to produce bile. So you have to remember that the removal of the gall bladder is not dangerous and that you can continue with normal life easily if you alter your eating habits a bit and reduce your food portions.

Disease of your gallstones generally starts just as gall stones. Gall stones tend to be little materials which create whenever bile solidifies within the gall bladder. Getting gall stones is really a pretty typical situation and generally not really reason for worry. Lots of people have got gall stones which don’t need any kind of therapy.

There are several tips which can help in the prevention of gall bladder polyps and gall bladder disease:

• avoid deep fried food

• start using olive oil or vinegar in your salads

• reduce your food servings to smaller portions

• avoid eating fatty food before going to bed

• avoid losing weight rapidly

• enrich your nutrition with oily fish, fresh vegetables, fresh fruits, ginger and turmeric and grains

Calcified Uterine Fibroids

Calcified uterine fibroids are much more silent than the usual fibroid. Symptoms will vary with position and size, just like the ordinary ones, but the one clear difference is the greatly reduced severity of pain. Becoming calcified is an end stage for a fibroid. They will not likely undergo any more changes in size after this point. Because of that they do not exert increasing amounts of pressure on anything over time.

However, calcified uterine fibroids can still cause problems depending on where they are located. You could experience some of the same symptoms like the urgency to urinate, constipation or diarrhea. You may also still experience some of the same heavy bleeding as well during your menstruation cycle. The only noticeable difference is lack of pain, though multiple or heavy fibroids will cause some pain no matter if they are calcified or not because they can pull on ligaments and such just because of their size alone.

While these might not be as painful, they can still interfere with your life; especially if you have a lot of them or if they become rather large. Surgeries are usually done to remove these fibroids, but that does not have to be your only alternative. There are different herbs and natural treatments available that could help as well. Fibroids do not happen overnight, but they usually take awhile to make their symptoms dramatic. That gives you time to use natural treatments to cure them without the risk or pain of surgery.

Scalp Cysts – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

A scalp cyst is a small bump that resembles acne/pimples and is usually found in hair follicles. Scalp cysts generally disappear by themselves within a week of their appearance IF the underlying causes are nothing serious. If a scalp cyst does not disappear within a week, or if the cyst consistently reoccurs on your scalp, you will have to take measures to quickly address it. If you don’t treat it quickly enough, long-term scalp-related health complications will be inevitable.

Cysts on the scalp usually develops for a variety of reasons one of which can be the due to inadequate attention to the hygienic cleanliness of the scalp. An unclean scalp is likely to have grease and dirt on it that can block hair follicles. The thing is, if you’re not taking care of your scalp by shampooing at least once every other day, this negligence can lead to the formation of a cyst.

Another reason for the development of a scalp cyst can be due to damage to the scalp skin that occurred from excessive itching of an irritating area of the scalp. Aggressively itching an already irritated scalp is very likely to cause a bruise which will inevitably morph into infected sores if the itching isn’t stopped or the cause of the itch treated.

To address a scalp cyst problem, ask your doctor or dermatologist to prescribe you Bactericidal/Germicidal Antibiotics and a Hydrating Cleanser. There are several Bactericidal Antibiotics out there, so you need to use a specific type of them to address your scalp cyst issue. The Hydrating Cleanser is necessary for the simple fact that it ensures complete cleansing of the blocked sebaceous glands on your scalp. (Sebaceous glands are microscopic glands in the skin which secrete an oily/waxy matter, called sebum, to lubricate the skin and hair)

Be aware that an untreated cyst on the scalp can lead to hair loss so do not put off addressing it as soon as possible with the two aforementioned medicinal weapons. And when your scalp cysts have been cured, you can prevent them from recurring by being rigidly uncompromising about your scalp cleaning habits. In other words, make sure to take care of your scalp. There’s absolutely no reason for you to go days without washing your hair/scalp. No reason!

Oral Yeast Infection – Thrush

An oral yeast infection in the mouth of infants and adults is called “thrush.” It is usually caused by the tiny yeast called Candida albicans. It appears as thick white lacy patches that can form anywhere inside the mouth, including the tongue or palate.

If the white patches are scraped away, the area underneath will be red and may bleed. Occasionally, an oral yeast infection can cause the tongue to be red without a white coating.

Newborn babies, adult denture users, and people with endocrine disorders such as diabetes or hypothyroidism are the most at risk for oral yeast infections. Older adults often experience thrush under their dentures.

In AIDS patients, an infection called esophagitis may form in the upper digestive tract, and can be a serious health threat for these patients. This is an infection very similar to thrush, but it extends down from the mouth into the esophagus and stomach.

Thrush can be very painful and this can make it difficult to eat and drink, which can lead to dehydration. Any child that goes without drinking liquids for more than 12 hours should be taken to the doctor. The same care should be taken for elderly adults. Anyone with a compromised immune system must see a doctor immediately if they see the symptoms of an oral yeast infection.

Treating Oral Yeast Infections

Oral yeast infections are usually treated with antibiotics that require a prescription. Most symptoms go away soon after beginning an antifungal medication, and if the infection is mild enough, it may even go away on its own.

Your doctor may be able to diagnose thrush by taking a look, but if in doubt she’ll take a scrape from the infected area in the mouth and send it to the lab.

Oral infections that look a lot like thrush can be caused by other things – including the early stages of cancer. That makes a qualified diagnosis that much more important.

The first step in treatment will be to get rid of the yeast, and this is usually done with prescription antifungal medication in a form that can be sucked or as a liquid that is held in the mouth before swallowing. Medications that may be prescribed include nystatin (Mycostatin) and fluconazole (Diflucan).

If the infection spreads because your immune system has been compromised, your doctor will use a systemic treatment that is taken orally or intravenously, and treat the infection very aggressively.

According to the Mayo Clinic, some oral yeast infections require no medical treatment at all because they go away on their own. For instance, healthy toddlers may get thrush after being treated with antibiotics. Your child’s doctor may suggest that you add unsweetened yogurt to your child’s diet because yogurt contains beneficial bacteria. If this doesn’t help, your child’s doctor will prescribe an antifungal medication.

Healthy adults can also try eating yogurt, or take a dietary supplement that includes the good bacteria called acidophilus. This may restore the microbial balance, but if it doesn’t work a prescription will be needed.

The second step in treating oral yeast infections is to correct any condition that may have caused it. Dentures will need to be treated to destroy the fungus and ill-fitting dentures may need to be repaired or replaced. If the patient is diabetic, an adjustment may be needed in the diabetic medications that are being taken.

Since a high-sugar diet is known to cause oral yeast infections, a change in diet should always be considered in addition to any other treatment for thrush.

If an infant who is breast feeding gets thrush, the mother will also be treated to keep the infection from being passed back and forth between mother and child.

Hepatitis A – Hepatitis B – Hepatitis C – The Simple Facts and the Cures

What is Hepatitis A – Hepatitis B – Hepatitis C:

Hepatitis A – An inflammatory viral disease of the liver with a short incubation period. Hepatitis A may be transmitted by eating contaminated food, by fecal-oral contact, and/or through household contact. Hepatitis A may be mild to severe; symptoms include fever, nausea, and jaundice.

Hepatitis B – Formerly called serum hepatitis, it is caused by the hepatitis B virus. About 12% of cases progress to chronic hepatitis. It is spread through shared needles, through sexual contact with infected individuals, through exposure to infected body fluids, and from mother to child. Common symptoms include abdominal pain, fatigue, fever, jaundice, and elevated liver enzymes.

Hepatitis C – is a life-threatening, disease of the liver, which is transmitted by exposure to blood. A particularly dangerous form of viral hepatitis, it is caused by an RNA virus. Hepatitis C can lead to serious, permanent liver damage, and in many cases, death. More than 82 percent of those who are infected will progress to chronic liver disease. It is suspected that there are, at present, more than 4.5 million people in the United States that are infected with hepatitis C, and more than 200 million around the world.

What causes Hepatitis A – Hepatitis B – Hepatitis C:

Hepatitis A – is caused by a virus. The virus that causes hepatitis A is called the hepatitis A virus. Hepatitis A is spread by close personal contact with someone else who has the infection. You can also get hepatitis A by: Eating food that has been prepared by someone with hepatitis A, or by drinking water that has been contaminated by hepatitis A.

Hepatitis B – is easily spread by direct contact with the blood or body fluids of an infected person. For example, hepatitis B can be transmitted from an infected mother to her baby at birth, through unprotected sex with an infected person, by sharing needles for injecting street drugs, and by occupational contact with blood in a health-care setting. Hepatitis B is not spread through food or water or by casual contact. People can have hepatitis B and spread the disease without knowing it. Sometimes, people who are infected with hepatitis B virus never recover fully from the infection. They carry the virus and can infect others for the rest of their lives.

Hepatitis C – is one of the viruses that causes hepatitis, or inflammation of the liver. It is spread predominantly by contact with infected blood and much less from other body fluids. Risk factors for having Hepatitis C include those who have used shared needles, and those that have received a blood transfusion prior to 1991, and those who have been tattooed.

Hepatitis A – Hepatitis B – Hepatitis C – Symptoms:

Hepatitis A – A lot of people with Hepatitis A show no symptoms at all, or they go unnoticed because the symptoms are so mild. Older people are more likely to have symptoms than children. People who do not have symptoms can still spread the Hepatitis A virus. Symptoms of hepatitis A usually develop between 2 and 7 weeks after infection. The most common symptoms to appear are the following: Nausea or vomiting, Diarrhea, Fever, Rash, Fatigue, Jaundice, Dark Urine.

Hepatitis B – Like Hepatitis A, some people show no symptoms when they are infected with hepatitis B, or the symptoms may be very mild and flu-like. Any symptoms that can appear may include: Jaundice, Fever and tiredness, Diarrhea, Stomach pains, nausea and vomiting.

Hepatitis C – Again like with Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B, folks with Hepatitis C may show no symptoms either, but when they do, they will probably include any of the following: Mild fever, headache, muscle aches, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Later symptoms may include dark coffee-colored rather than dark yellow urine, clay-colored stools, abdominal pain, and jaundice.

Hepatitis A – Hepatitis B – Hepatitis C – Treatment:

Hepatitis A – There is no specific treatment for Hepatitis A. Rest is recommended during the worse phase of the disease when the symptoms are most severe. People with acute hepatitis should avoid alcohol and any substances that are toxic to the liver, including acetominophen. Fatty foods may cause vomiting because secretions from the liver are needed to digest fats. Fatty foods are best avoided during the acute phase.

Hepatitis B – Acute hepatitis B usually goes away by itself and does not require medical treatment. If very severe, symptoms such as vomiting or diarrhea may require treatment to restore fluids and electrolytes. There are no medications that can prevent acute hepatitis B from becoming chronic.

Hepatitis C – Initial treatment of Hepatitis C will depend on whether the infection is in an early stage or whether it has progressed. Treatment of short-term (acute) hepatitis: Acute Hepatitis C may not be treated because symptoms are usually mild or absent, and hepatitis C is therefore often not diagnosed. By the time Hepatitis C is detected in most people, it has already progressed to long-term infection. However, when acute hepatitis C is identified and treated with medications, the development of progressive or chronic infection may be prevented.

Hepatitis A – Hepatitis B – Hepatitis C – Prevention:

Hepatitis A – Transmission of the virus can be reduced by avoiding unclean food and water, thorough hand washing after using the restroom, and thorough cleansing if there is any contact with an affected person’s blood, feces, or any other bodily fluid. Daycare facilities and other institutions involving close contact with people may be more susceptible to rapid transmission of Hepatitis A. Thorough hand washing and good hygenic practices before and after each diaper change, before serving food, and after using the restroom can help prevent institutional outbreaks.

Hepatitis B – Screening of all donated blood has reduced the likelihood of contracting hepatitis B from a blood transfusion. As an initial screen, blood donors are now required to fill out a questionnaire about their sexual and drug use activities. The blood of those who are in high-risk groups is not used. Also, serologic tests are used to screen collected blood for the hepatitis B virus. Mandatory reporting of the disease allows state health care workers to track people who have been exposed and to immunize contacts that have not yet developed the disease. Formerly, hepatitis B vaccine was made from human blood products, so it was not received well by the public. Sexual contact with a person who has acute or chronic hepatitis B should be avoided.

Hepatitis C – Is spread primarily by direct contact with human blood. Transmission through blood transfusions that are not screened for HCV infection, through the reuse of inadequately sterilized needles, syringes or other medical equipment, or through needle-sharing among drug-users, is well documented. Sexual and perinatal transmission may also occur, although less frequently. Other modes of transmission such as social, cultural, and behavioural practices such as body piercing and tattooing, can occur if inadequately sterilized equipment is used. High risk groups include injecting drug users, recipients of unscreened blood, haemophiliacs, dialysis patients and persons with multiple sex partners.

There is a website that provides cures, facts and great information on Hepatitis A – Hepatitis B – Hepatitis C and numerous other medical conditions, the website is called: All About Health, and can be found at this url:

By Robert W. Benjamin

Copyright © 2007

You may publish this article in your ezine, newsletter, or on your web site as long as it is reprinted in its entirety and without modification except for formatting needs or grammar corrections.

How to Reverse Cirrhosis – Cure Your Liver Cirrhosis Naturally

When the liver cells start hardening and get scarred, because of a degenerative inflammatory disease mainly caused by excessive alcohol consumption, it is called cirrhosis of the liver. Some of the symptoms of liver cirrhosis are jaundice, red palms, vomiting, enlarged liver, weight loss, poor appetite, weakness, fatigue, upset stomach, diarrhea or constipation.

Well, it is possible to reverse cirrhosis of the liver and this article is dedicated to the methods of cirrhosis reversal.

  • You should always try your level best to consume a very balanced diet consisting of at least 75% or, if possible, even more fresh live raw foods, fresh seasonal fruits and veggies and just squeezed juices.
  • Leafy veggies and herbs like raw turmeric, milk thistle, dandelion, artichoke, fringe tree, yellow dock, lycopodium, most varieties of nuts, asparagus, broccoli, raisins, spirulina, plums, dulse, kelp, peas, legumes and brown rice, bitter gourd, cooked neem leaves etc are extremely beneficial for the health of your liver.
  • Prim rose oil and flax seed oil in their unfiltered organic varieties can take care of your liver.
  • Essential fatty acids, omega 3, 6 and 9 fatty acids are also beneficial and they are found in fishes, fish oils and in nuts.

Things to avoid in order to prevent cirrhosis

  • If you want to bid adieu to liver damage and cirrhosis forever, you have to completely give up on alcohol and all kinds of alcoholic beverages.
  • You also have to stay away from drug abuse, LSD, ecstasy drugs, party drugs, cocaine, grass, pot, marijuana and everything else except doctor prescribed drugs as they can severely damage your liver.
  • Try to eat lesser quantities of animal protein such as eggs, fish, meat, poultry products, chicken etc.

Prostate Stones – What Are the Symptoms?

Prostate stones are very common in men as they age. These stones are simply calcified protein particles that in medical terminology are called corpora amylacea. In the medical trials performed so far, they have not been able to figure out the real cause of these stones. Many of the patients in the trials did not have the same reactions to the medications, treatments and possible prevention suggestions.

One of the most common issues for men over 40 is for them to experience swelling of the prostate or prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The swelling in the prostate is caused by secretions that get stuck and can’t escape the gland. When these secretions sit in the gland for a short period of time they turn into prostate stones. The formations become round, almost like a pearl. The formation or presence of these stones does not mean that the man is more likely to contract prostate cancer – but they do need to be treated for the condition, as it can be painful.

For the most part men with this condition show now symptoms, but if they do show symptoms they usually fall into one or more categories: urination problems, pain and/or Muscle cramps.

The most common symptom for prostate stones results in problems urinating. Because the swollen prostate pushes on the urethra, it can be hard for the bladder to fully empty. This causes the urge to urinate frequently, but only a small amount of urine is passed. Also having a hard time starting, weak flow or dribbling is another common sign of stones in the prostate.

Normally pain is not felt until the stones have grown fairly large. When pain is experienced it will typically present itself in the lower back, lower stomach and sometimes even directly above the pubic area. If a patient is having pain, typically the only solution at this point is surgery.

Prostate stones have also been known to cause muscle cramping in the pubic area and the lower abdomen. Obviously many things can cause cramping of the muscles, but if you suspect a prostate issue you are wise to mention it to your doctor.

Because all men age – nothing we can do to stop that – issues with the prostate gland are bound to affect almost every man that lives past the age of 40. These are not conditions to be extremely worried about, as long as you are educated on the symptoms and discuss any issues you have with your doctor. Having prostate stones does not mean that you will get prostate cancer. Stones are just one of the annoying issues that can develop in this interesting male gland.

In summary, if you experience frequent of painful urination, pain in the groin area and lower abdomen or muscle cramping while urinating – these are all symptoms of prostate stones and should be discussed with your doctor.

Dog Health – Vomit

When it comes to dog health, vomit is one major physical symptom that affects all animals at one point or another. It is usually the symptom of an underlying illness.

There are many possible causes of dog vomiting, so it is important to observe and collect all of the symptoms and facts in order to get to the underlying cause. Occasional dog vomit is not uncommon, as it is a natural way of discarding upsetting foods or foreign objects

Some dog health vomit is usually just a passing inconvenience which disappears after a short period of time – between 12 and 24 hours. During this period, ensure that the dog fully rest from any food or large amounts of water so that the intestinal tract can ease and settle down.

Some dogs are more sensitive to irritation than others are and will vomit often. The trick is to know when vomiting is a sign of more serious problems.

Obliviously, prevention is the best method to eliminate consumption of possible bad things for your dog to eat. Never leave anything within reach of a dog that might not be a good thing to eat. Be careful of houseplants and other common items of interest that would present a target of opportunity. This includes toys that can easily be ingested sue to size or materials.

But if your dog vomits more than three times in a day, or two days in a row this is not normal and can be a cause for concern. First thing to do is look for what your dog may be eating to cause this vomiting. There might be something that he is continuing to eat that is the cause.

There are numerous things you can do at home to treat this common health problem in dogs and they are all very effective. So, before you work yourself into a tizzy and start making an appointment for the vet – calm down and observe your dog’s behavior, because chances are, there isn’t a problem.

Food Poisoning: What to Do

The food you eat may look good and taste delicious, but its appearance and flavor may be deceiving at times. The symptoms of food poisoning can be immediate or gradual, depending on the type of contaminant present in the food. The common signs of food poisoning are vomiting, severe headache, loose bowel movement, weakness, and stomach discomfort. Immediate attention should be given to people suffering from these symptoms.

Call medical help.

Ingestion of contaminated food could lead to serious health conditions, so, once a person suffers from diarrhea or vomiting after eating, suspect that he has been food poisoned. Appropriate medical attention should be given, so, the affected person should be taken to the hospital immediately for proper treatment. Antibiotics are usually given, and they may have to be taken for a few days.

Get adequate rest.

One of the simple food poisoning remedies is complete rest. A person needs rest to recover properly. The immune system of the body will need energy to deal with the disease. While your body recovers from the disease, you will have to stay in bed. Usually, many people are severely affected by the condition that they have no choice but to stay in bed.

Replenish lost fluids and electrolytes.

One of the effects of food poisoning is that the affected person will quickly run out of liquids in their body due to frequent vomiting and LBM, which will make them suffer from dehydration. Increasing fluid intake, therefore, is necessary. In severe cases of fluid loss, if the patient becomes unconscious, fluids may have to be replenished intravenously, meaning, injected into the patient’s body. Oral rehydration solution can be given for mild cases. This solution consists of water and some salt and sugar to replenish the lost ions in the body.

You can drink clear soda or soup. Avoid caffeine-laden drinks, which will only make dehydration worse. Drink more than 8 glasses of water a day to keep yourself hydrated. You will know when you are well hydrated by looking at the color of your urine. Clear urine indicates good hydration.

Take ONLY the medications prescribed by your doctor.

Vomiting can be harmful to your esophagus, because the esophageal lining is not designed to withstand stomach acid. The passage of stomach contents through the esophagus may cause esophageal irritation. Stomach acid also erodes the teeth enamel. There are OTC medications that can coat the throat and esophagus to protect them from the stomach acid. In many cases, your condition will improve on its own as long as you keep yourself well hydrated.

Allow your body to get rid of the toxins or bacteria that caused poisoning. You may be tempted to buy anti-diarrhea medications, like Loperamide, but you are discouraged to take these medicines. Their action is to slow down bowel movement, which will inhibit release of digestive tract irritants.

However, you must be responsible and only take the medications that are prescribed by your doctor. No one understands your condition better than your doctor does.

Do not eat too much.

Toxins disrupt the function of your digestive system. Any food you ingest will not be digested properly as you are not completely healed, so, it may only worsen your condition. The less work your stomach has to do, the faster it will recover. You should not eat anything within a few hours after symptoms appear. This will allow your digestive area to settle.

Start eating soft foods, which are easy to digest. Examples are soup, porridge, banana, crackers, or gelatin. Stop eating if you feel like vomiting again or if you feel nauseous.

Dealing With Stomach Ulcers

When you have been diagnosed with stomach ulcers, it means that you have developed small breaks in the tissue that lines the stomach. These breaks and holes can cause a considerable amount of pain, primarily because there is nearly continuous leaking of stomach acid through it. These “little” holes can be anywhere from 1/8″ to ΒΌ” and are most often found along the intestines. Left untreated, they can become bigger and your condition will worsen.

Symptoms Associated with Stomach Ulcers

Stomach pain is the primary symptom of ulcers of the stomach and it can be so extreme that it wakes you up in the middle of the night. The pain is generally located in the upper abdomen or just below the breastbone. It usually occurs within a few hours of eating, and the only way to quiet it down is to eat something, anything. This just may be the reason that most sufferers report gaining too much weight, even though it causes them abdominal pain.

Other symptoms associated with this condition can include, oddly enough, loss of appetite in some, followed by weight loss. Nausea, vomiting, bloody vomit, bloody stool, and swelling of the abdomen. Lastly, ulcer sufferers also report feeling a burning sensation in the stomach that may last anywhere from 30 minutes, to 3 hours.

What Causes Stomach Ulcers

There are any number of causes that can be linked to this condition. Stress, smoking and too much alcohol are some of the very common causes. If there is a history of ulcers in the family, you may be more likely to develop them. Some may develop them as a reaction to certain medications, while still others may develop them as a by-product of some serious and chronic medical conditions, like emphysema and rheumatoid arthritis. Again, those occurrences may actually be linked to the medication being taken for those conditions.

Improper diets, like those that are high in sugar, acids and things that retard normal digestion are also a factor. Developing ulcers is one of the first signs that the fad diet you may be on is causing your body to react inappropriately to whatever food your diet is comprised of or the lack of necessary nutrients that have been eliminated from it.

Diagnosing the Ulcers

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms outlined, it is imperative that you be examined by your doctor as soon as you can. Ulcers are nothing to fool with, and if you delay too long, it can develop into a condition known as a bleeding ulcer, or hemorrhaging ulcer. When it gets to that point, it can only be treated through surgery. To determine exactly what type of ulcer you may have, stomach or duodenal, your doctor will have to administer some tests to pinpoint the location of the ulcers.

The most common test is an upper GI series. This consists of a barium drink, taken just before a series of X-rays are shot. The barium will be distributed throughout your upper digestive tract, and will be visible on the X-rays. Any perforations will be outlined by the barium, and your doctor will then know which treatment plan will work for you.

Treatments and Cautionary Tips

The point of treatment is to first reduce the amount of acid in your stomach, as well as strengthening the protective linings that come into contact with that acid on a regular basis. Never self-medicate with over-the-counter medications, because they may actually make it worse. The medications your doctor will give you might be similar, but they will be at a dosage he knows that your body can handle, without causing more damage. Surgery is only an option of the last resort.

Even after your stomach acid has been reduced to a better level, you still need to be cautious about what you put in your body from that point on. Stomach ulcers can reoccur, if acid levels rise due to irritants introduced back into the body. Aspirin, ibuprofen and even iron supplements can irritate the walls once more and even prevent the ulcers from ever healing; so can stress, so it might be wise to take up meditation to teach you to deal with it better.

Hyperacidity Natural Remedies – Simple Ways to Cure the Problem

Presence of excess acid than normal is the condition of hyperacidity which can be treated effectively by simple remedies. As this condition can promote heartburn, ulcers and acid reflux, you should treat this as soon as possible. Stomach needs certain amount of acid to digest complex foods, lack of acid can slow down the digestive system, but due to many factors, sometimes gastric glands secrete more than necessary quantity of acid which causes the condition of hyperacidity.

As there are many factors which are responsible for hyperacidity and it is a situation which can give rise to other problems which are capable of disrupting the normal daily routine of any person, hence all round treatment of the problem is necessary for effective treatment. Remedies can provide simple ways of curing the problem but until the root cause of the problem is not treated the problem keeps on surfacing. Too much recurrence of hyperacidity can damage the delicate internal tissues of the stomach to cause blisters which may turn into dangerous ulcers.

Frequent hunger, pain in upper abdomen after a large meal, vomiting, nausea, bitter taste in mouth, burning sensation in the stomach are few common symptoms of hyperacidity. A glass of cold milk with very little amount of sugar is the most commonly used and effective remedy for treating hyperacidity. Milk has enzymes which can nullify acid and reduce the pain or burning sensation immediately. Drinking ample amount of water in the day is very important for treating hyperacidity as water improves digestive system and also works as alkali to effectively nullify the excess acid formation.

Chewing basil leaves after meal or fennel seeds are also good for controlling excess acid secretion, it improves digestive system to provide an effective treatment for the problem. Chewing a piece of jaggery also helps in reducing the acid presence in the stomach. Ginger is excellent herb for all sorts of digestive problems including excess acid secretion. Ginger tea made by mixing some quantity of ginger in boiling water, using ginger in salad or as a spice in the food can very effectively alleviate the problem of hyperacidity.

Consumption of fruits like banana, apple, melon, cucumber and avocado also keeps the problem of hyperacidity under control. Avoiding consumption of tea, coffee, alcohol and beverages also helps the body in digesting food without secreting extra amount of acid. Sugar intake shall also be reduced to minimum as sugar promotes acid formation. Use lemon either with food or by mixing it in the water for treating the problem of hyperacidity effectively.

Eating habits and life style related issues also play an important role in causing hyperacidity. People with lack of physical activity and exercise can develop this problem very easily, overweight people put extra pressure on their digestive system to promote this problem. People under stress or who sleep less can also suffer with excess acid formation even though having relatively healthy digestive system. Some simple changes can also work as effective remedies for hyperacidity like taking a light walk after meals, avoiding tight fitting clothes, eating in a right posture by keeping the back straight as much as possible and chewing well before consuming the food.