Alcoholic Liver Disease

Alcoholic liver disease occurs due to an acute or chronic inflammation of the liver due to alcohol abuse. This disease usually occurs after a prolonged use of alcohol. In the United States 10% of men and 3% of women suffer from problems related to alcoholic consumption.

The occurrence of the disease depends on the amount of alcohol consumed and the duration it is consumed in. The greater the duration and greater the amount leads to a greater chance for liver disease to occur.

Other factors include the toxicity of ethanol to the liver, susceptibility to the disease, and genetic factors. Studies have shown that women may be more susceptible than men. The disease starts as inflammation (hepatitis) and progresses to fatty liver and cirrhosis. Alcoholism generally leads to three pathologically different liver diseases. They are the fatty liver (Steatosis), hepatitis and cirrhosis.

The disease will not show any symptoms until it advances. Complications that arise are alcoholic encephalopathy and portal hypertension.

The symptoms include loss of appetite, nausea, jaundice, abdominal pain, fever, ascites, weight gain, mental confusion, excessive thirst, dry mouth and fatigue.

Other symptoms are vomiting blood, bloody bowel movements, paleness, fainting, lethargic movement, fluctuating mood, impaired judgment and confusion.

Liver function tests and liver biopsy are the common tests done to detect the disease. Treatment includes the discontinuation of alcoholic use, providing high calorie, high carbohydrate diet to break down the protein present in the patient's body. Counseling and rehabilitaion may prove necessary for the patients.

Liver transplants become necessary if the situation advances to cirrhosis. Once the patient becomes medically stable, there is a need to abstain from drinking. Although stopping drinking may result in the reversal of fatty liver and hepatitis, liver cirrhosis may continue, but progressive liver deterioration can be checked.

Dissolving Kidney Stones – Painful Stones Can Be Prevented & Dissolved With These Non-Surgical Tips!

Kidney stone (also known as renal calculi) surgery is a medical operation that can be avoided when one is aware of ways in preventing and dissolving kidney stones. As such, even though your doctor says that surgery is needed to get rid of the pain, you may still want to weigh your options carefully.

Most people unfortunately have become overly dependent on doctors to watch after their health. It is undeniable how valuable hospitals and medical professionals are but you should also do your part in watching over yourself.

You may not realise it but the human body is like a miraculous structure that can learn to heal itself, given that you assist it in doing so. Indeed there are non-surgical alternatives to achieve this when it comes to prevention and removal of painful kidney stones.

The formation of stones in kidney begin when the body experiences dehydration, resulting in reduced urine levels. This can eventually lead to the formation of calcium stones with painful renal calculi as the end result.

It is therefore important to prevent dehydration and you will do well to stay away from beverages as soda. This is because soda is a deceiving drink for even if you are truly thirsty your body will be tricked otherwise. Soda actually causes faster removal of liquids, further hastening your dehydration. This is why soda drinkers are even more prone to having renal calculi.

When it comes to dissolving kidney stones, phosphoric acid is one useful ingredient that can be found at many homes. Unlike other acids that are harmful to the body, phosphoric acid is different because it has substances that can help the problematic stones dissipate. Though the process may seem a little slow initially, you will know that it is working eventually. This is because after a few hours, the dissolved stones will be flushed out by your body.

To Know About Hiatal Hernia Symptoms

Hiatal hernia is a dysfunction which occurs within the body when an organ protrudes past the muscle walls which are responsible for holding that organ in place and inside the body. This protrusion emerges within the upper section of the stomach into the thorax from a tear in the diaphragm. There are two main types of hiatal hernia, one is par esophageal hernia, which occurs when the upper section of the stomach pushes through the hiatus permanently and rest next to the esophagus. The other is called sliding hernias which causes the gastro-esophageal junction and a portion of the upper section of the stomach to slide up through the hiatus and into the chest cavity.

Having hiatal hernia can get complicated because many persons who have developed it display no symptoms of having the illness, then later on they start to experience symptoms and this time it has more likely become very serious. The basic symptoms are, pain in the upper stomach and chest. This is caused from heart burn and gastroesophageal reflux disease. Symptoms usually become severe when the person leans forward or lie down or when they try to lift heavy equipment. Hiatal hernia also exhibit symptoms like excessive coughing, and difficulty when swallowing food, extreme belching and even hiccups. These symptoms are especially more painful for women experiencing pregnancy.

If It is not detected formally and treated then it may become much worse and start to let the individual encounter even more harmful symptoms for instance strangulated hernia which occurs when the part of the abdomen that protrudes through the diaphragm loses its blood supply and begins to die . This produces unbearable discomfort in the chest and abdomen. Other severe symptoms include nausea, constipation andability to pass your gas. All of these can become agonizing

These occurrences are thought to be a medical emergency that needs urgent medical attention. If you start to throw up blood then this is an indication that you need to visit a hospital. As well as If your stool turns dark and tarry, if your heart beat becomes abnormal and you start to feel dizziness or shortness of breath, then these are also indications of severity. If these symptoms show up you may be asked to take a series of test to properly inspect your body.

There are a number of practices that can increase the possibility of getting a hiatal hernia. For example more stress on the body, due to overworking, or limited amounts. Search for ways of minimizing your stress level at home, work or school. Your heredity may also play an essential role in you being affected by hiatal hernia, if it is known to run in your family then you should consider getting a check up and start to steps to adjust your lifestyle so that you reduce your chances of getting it .

Unhealthy lifestyle habits such as smoking, increases your risk of being affected by hiatal hernias, also obesity and the training that comes with constipation. Refrain from trying to do anything which places your body under more strain such as picking up heavy objects or constantly bending over. Also try to exercise more regularly and stay away from fried and fatty foods, surplus amounts of alcohol and food that have caffeine.

Health Tips From Your Own Body?

While going about our lives, especially as we get older, we think of our mortality and focus more emphasis on health tips. We read glossy magazine articles which advise us what to eat, what to drink, and how much of it should we consume. Morning and evening news broadcasts exhibit daily or weekly health tips informing us of the latest in nutritional information.

Visually dazzling websites blog about cutting edge wonder mechanisms which will help us burn fat and achieve ideal abs. Mass media outlets have shaped our philosophy involving what’s good for us. They’ve inculcated in our heads what we should do for our bodies based on countless laboratory experiments sponsored by corporate conglomerates.

But what about taking a more holistic approach to health tips? How about using common sense to listen to your body and learn what it specifically needs, or doesn’t need, to be at its best? Sounds strange? Not if you put it in the right light.

Ever realize how specifically eating fried chicken livers gave you heartburn? Notice when you specifically ate white rice instead of the healthier brown rice, you felt sickeningly bloated? Remember specifically eating a couple of oysters that sent you scampering nervously for the nearest bathroom?

In each of these instances, you’ve specifically identified what your body does not like. You listened to your body because it was wildly protesting the foods you fed it. Now, recall the last time you ate an apple, or chomped on a celery stick. Even though it may have happened a long while back, you don’t remember feeling anything, did you? You just kept right on going with your day, thinking nothing of how your body greatly appreciated a nutritious snack. Your body kept quiet because it was contented. You provided your body with your own health tips without even realizing it!

It turns out, for a growing number of people, you don’t have to spend lots of dollars to buy lots of magazines to get lots of health. You don’t have to spend hours clicking through websites, one after the other, staring at your monitor, trying to absorb every health tidbit you come across. You just have to listen to your body and use common sense. There’s no need to join a trendy gym. Cut out the perpetual beatings mass media provides despite their good intentions, and be your own source of health tips.

Each day brings a whole slew of new tips or old ones viewed from a different angle. You’d go crazy trying to read and absorb them all. Then what usually happens? You get fed up and reach for a donut, tired of the incessant media barrage and wander off, seeking solace in sugars.

Take a moment and simply remember your body is your individuality. Those articles you see and hear about are for the masses. Yes, they’re there to help you, but take them only as a guide. When it comes right down to it, the best health tips are those which you’ve gained over the years living your life.

Look, your body will give you your own fitness tips, it will tell you what you should be eating and what you should be steering clear of. You just have to listen for those health tips!

Peptic Ulcers – Causes and Cures

A peptic ulcer is a sore in the inner lining of the stomach or upper small intestine (duodenum). When the intestine or stomach's protective layer is broken down, ulcers develop. The digestive juices contain hydrochloric acid and an enzyme called pepsin that can damage the intestine or stomach tissue. These can also injure the esophagus. There are various treatments that cure peptic ulcers the symptoms of which go away quickly.

Gastric ulcers are one form of peptic ulcers that are formed in the stomach. Those that form in the upper small intestine are called duodenal ulcers.

Causes of peptic ulcers:

The two most common causes of peptic ulcers are:

Use of non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID's)
Infection with Helicobacter pylori bacteria

Peptic ulcer is caused when H. pylori and NSAID's break down the stomach or intestine's protective mucus layer which produces digestive juices from damaging the organs.

Symptoms of peptic ulcer:

The most common symptoms of peptic ulcer are burning pain between the navel and the breastbone. Some people also have back pain. The pain can last for a few hours and again come back to last for weeks. Some sufferers of peptic ulcer may experience loss of appetite and weight loss, vomiting, bloating or nausea. Black stools may be another symptom and these symptoms vary from one person to another.

Diagnosis of peptic ulcers:

Some simple tests relating to the use of blood, breath or stool will show signs of peptic ulcer if it exists. Doctors may also look for signs of H. pylori infection. An endoscopy test may also be performed by a gastroenterologist. Small areas of tissue may also be removed for ruling out stomach cancer.

How are they treated?

Most people will be prescribed medicines that reduce the amount of acid in the stomach. You may have to take antibiotics if you have an H. pylori infection. Quitting smoking and alcohol can better your chances of recovery from peptic ulcer. Use of medicines such as aspirin, ibuprofen, or naproxen for a long term may lead to peptic ulcer.

You should not in any case ignore symptoms of an ulcer. You have to treat the symptoms which can go away in a short time with the right amount of medication. If left untreated, Peptic ulcer can become fatal. Even after treatment, some ulcers may recur and you may have to continue treatment for a long time.

Disclaimer: The contents of this article are for informational purposes only. We aim to be as accurate as possible, but there may be some unintentional omission of information. The content is not a substitution for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your doctor or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding your medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on within this article.

Think Twice Before You Ask Your Doctor To Prescribe Antibiotics

Studies by health experts and reputed doctors have revealed that antibiotics cause more harm than good. By this, it does not mean that antibiotics do not do any good at all. They are good only if you take them when you are sick enough to need them. Of course, if you have undergone a surgery, you need antibiotics so as to ensure that no infection develops at the activated spot. Similarly, you need to take them when you have severe infections such as pneumonia or Pharyngitis due to Strep Throat. If you have common colds with cough, sneezing, etc., antibiotics are not necessary at all.

The problem is that there are many bacteria that are antibiotic-resistant also. They may survive the antibiotics you take and since they are quite strong, they may multiply more quickly than you expect.

It is true that the common cold you may be suffering from is viral. But common cold is not bacteria. So, you can not treat it with antibiotics. Further, antibiotics are capable of killing all types of bacteria in your body and this means that they will kill both the bad bacteria and the good bacteria. The gut in your system is full of good bacteria and only with their help, you are able to get your food digested. The number of such good bacteria in your body is more than the number of cells in your body. These good bacteria that are otherwise known as "intestinal flora" bestow immunity health benefits on you. If you study about them, you will come to know these intestinal flora can ferment the energy substrates that remain unused, they can train body's immune system, can keep the growth of species that are harmful at bay, can regulate the gut's development, produce vitamins like Biotin, Vitamin K, etc. and also the required hormones that direct the body in the process of proper storage of fats.

By taking antibiotics when not needed, you will be killing these good bacteria. Instead, you should ask your doctor the ways to supply your body with probiotics. The best source of probiotics are fermented foods. Even fermented vegetables are good for improving the amount of good bacteria in your gut.

Simply put, you should take antibiotics only if you suffer from life-threatening illnesses or if you have undergone a surgery. You should never forget the fact that antibiotics are not capable of killing viruses. If you eat the right types of foods including fermented foods and do your exercises regularly, you may not fall sick at all and so, you may never think of taking antibiotics. Of course, your fermented foods will keep supplying your body with probiotics that may help you to have a good amount of good bacteria in your gut.

Alternative Treatments For Acidity

Almost every one of us had suffered from hyperacidity in the past. Acidity is caused by the excess secretion of acid in the stomach and intestines. Normal secretion of acid is required for the digestion of the food in the stomach but when it is increased due to certain reasons, it results in acidity.

If you take food containing fewer amounts of fibers or very spicy food, it can cause acidity. In addition, if you are habitual of smoking and taking large quantities of alcohol, your stomach lining gets damaged resulting in acidity. Stress and anxiety are also culprits for acidity.

Do you know that alternative treatments can be very beneficial in treating acidity? Alternative treatments include homoeopathy, ayurvedic, herbal and natural remedies, naturopathy and yoga and not to miss general home remedies.

Homoeopathy can help you in treating your acidity and any stress or anxiety along with it. Homoeopathy treats you as a whole curing your disease and restoring your health. The remedies include carboveg, lycopodium, nuxvomica, argentums nitricum and many more. Carbo veg is given for acidity due to spoiled or bakery foods. This spoiled or bakery foods will make you feel burning sensation in stomach and nausea with water brash. Lycopodium is given in feeling of fullness just after little food. If you are taking too much alcohol, tea or coffee with nausea and empty feeling in stomach, then nux vomica is for you.

Naturopathy can also be very useful for your hyperacidity. You can use hot compression with chamomile oil over your abdomen to get relief from pain. Chebulic myroblan (harad) and amla juice can be taken to neutralize the effect of excessive acid. You can also do some yoga to prevent acidity. Makarasana (crocodile position, Vajrasan (thunderbolt pose) and wind relieving pose can help you in improving your digestion and preventing acidity in future.

Ayurvedic medicines such as minty capsules, amla capsules and acigon can help you to combat acidity. But always take the prescribed remedies from ayurvedic doctor.

Few days back, I had severe acid which lasted for 2-3 days with no relief from medicines, so I tried few home remedies and they really helped me. You can also use some of them if you do not want to take medicines. A cup of cold milk, banana, cucumber, and water melon gives instant relief from the burning. If cumin seeds are boiled in water and taken with every meal, it will give you relief. Taking coconut water and simply chewing it relieves acidity. You should avoid onion ,adish, unripe fruits and vegetables and spicy oily food as they increase acidity.

Acidity can cause a lot of discomfort to you and if it becomes a routine, then it can be very embarrassing at times. You should always try to use natural and alternative treatments for acidity to prevent the side effects caused by taking repetitive allopathic medicines.

Diagnosing Gastritis – What To Expect

Self-diagnosing Gastritis is pretty impossible. Take a look at the common symptoms: nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, heartburn, belching, and bloating. All of these are symptoms of many other ailments, too, from serious illnesses to mild inconveniences. You may think you have gastritis when in fact you just have a simple heartburn that can be alleviated with a Rolaids tablet.

So in order to know whether gastritis is really what ails you, it is necessary to see a doctor and have him or her perform tests to arrive at a definitive diagnosis. There are a few different tests your doctor may run, or he or she might run some combination of them.

First is the upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. This sounds much more complicated than it is. The doctor simply takes an endoscope – which is a very skinny tube with a miniature camera affixed to it – inserts it down your throat and into your stomach. A monitor similar to a TV will show what the camera is seeing down there, and the doctor will investigate the condition of the stomach lining to see if it has been damaged. It's not particularly comfortable to have a tube down your throat, but it's not painful or tragic for most patients and they numb your throat first. The doctor might also take a small piece of tissue from your stomach lining to run tests on it, a process known as a biopsy.

The second test is a simple blood test. This is a rather roundabout way of diagnosing gastritis. What the doctor is checking for in the blood is to see if your red blood cell count is down. If it is, that's a condition known as anemia – and anemia is often caused by a bleeding stomach. Here, if you have anemia, it could mean you have gastritis or some other condition that is resulting in a damaged stomach lining.

Continue reading to discover other tests that may be carried out to confirm gastritis and sign up for the free newsletter focusing on over gastritis through natural means.

Finally, the third test is a stool test. You provide the doctor with a sample of your stool, and he or she tests it to see if there is blood present in it. If there is, it's a good sign that your stomach is bleeding. The doctor can also check the stool for the H. pylori bacterium, which is one of the leading causes of gastritis. If the bacterium is in the stool it means it's in the digestive tract and probably in the stomach, too, causing damage to the protective stomach linings.

If the cause is the H. pylori bacterium, solving gastritis is simply simple: Antibiotics kill the bacteria, and your symptoms go away. If the cause is something else, your doctor may prescribe other drugs to lower the amount of acid in your stomach. You may have to avoid certain foods and drinks, too, at least until your stomach has healed itself.

EMPYEMA (Pyothorax)

Definition: It means the presence of pus in the pleura.

Etiology: Empyema is always secondary to infection in a neighboring structure, usually the lung.

Causes are:
1 Commonest cause is Pneumonia.
(2) Pulmonary tuberculosis.
(3) Bronchiectasis.
(4) Lung abscess or gangrene.
(5) Mediastinal abscess.
6 Carcinoma of the esophagus.
(7) Pericarditis.
(8) Penetrating chest injuries.
[9] Sub-phrenic abscess.
10 Septicemia and pyemia.
(11) In some cases idiopathic.

Causative organisms:

(1) Mycobacterium tuberculi.
2 Pneumococcus.
(3) Streptococci.
4 Escherichia coli.
5 H. Influenzae.
(6) Staphylococci etc.

Clinical Features:

Symptom and signs of the primary disease, usually a history of precedenting attack.
(1) Rising temperature with rigor.
2 Anorexia, malaise, sweating and shivering.
(3) Dyspnoea with increased pulse and respiration rates.
4 Toxemic appearance and pale.
(5) Bulging of intercostals spaces on the affected side; edema of the chest wall.
6 Pulsation may be seen in left sided cases.
(7) Clubbing of fingers.
(8) Offensive breath may be present.


1 Total leukocyte count 15,000 to 20,000 per mm. Sq.

(2) X-ray of chest-shows localized collections of fluid.

(3) Aspirate shows presence of pus. The culture reveals the causative organism.

(1) Heart failure.
(2) Amyloidosis.
(3) Pyemia.
(4) cerebral abscess.
(5) Bronchial fistula.
(6) Lung abscess or gangrene.
(7) Bronchiectasis.
(8) Pulmonary osteoarthropathy.
[9] Permanent pleural thickening.

In case of early diagnosis, prognosis is good.

(1) Absolute bed rest.
(2) Treatment of primary condition.
(3) Exploration of chest and drain of pus.
(4) Soft or semi-solid and nutritious diet; plenty of water to quench thirst.
(5) Fomentation of chest to relieve pain and apply hot to the affected side.
(6) Antibiotics (Penicillin 1 million every 46 hourly or chloramphenicol) may be given.

What is Lymphedema Treatment?

Complete Decongestive Therapy is the best lymphedema treatment that is available today. The aim of the treatment is to reduce the swilling and prevent the fluids from pooling in the affected limb. The procedure involves lymphatic massage, compression bandaging, skin care and exercise. If treatment is begun in the early phase, the condition can be reversed. Complete decongestive therapy is a time consuming process that is often uncomfortable and inconvenient. However, it is the only fool proof method which can provide relief to the patient.

Skin hygiene is extremely important to eliminate debris and bacteria that collects on the surface of the skin. Cleansing of skin is essential and regular inspection helps to spot any developing infections like cellulitis. Early treatment of the infection prevents sepsis and other complications that might follow. Keeping the weight under control helps lymphedema patients manage the condition better. It also helps to avoid wearing constricting jewelry or tight clothes so that there is no constriction to the limit. It is best to take extra care to avoid even minor injuries. Even if there is an injury, it must be taken care of, however minor it may seem.

The use of compression garments is considered fundamental in treating lymphedema. These garments must be worn by the patient continuously. At night, the garment can be removed but the affected body part must be kept elevated to encourage the circulation. The compression garment must be properly outfitted so that it gives the best compression. If it is loose, it can not provide the compression necessary for lymphedema treatment and the fluids will start accumulating in the limb. Beside, an ill-fitting compression garment may cause skin irritation to the patient, which is not a good sign. To stimulate the flow of fluids, regular exercise is a must. Even otherwise, exercising promotes a feeling of well-being that goes a long way in helping the body to heal.

Lymphedema is usually not treated with surgery. Patients who have severe lymphoma that is hampering their daily activities may opt for surgery. In such instances, the volume of the affected limb is reduced with the help of surgery. This may be of assistance to improve the functioning of the extremity to perform the daily activity which would have been impossible otherwise. The surgical procedures may intervene to develop the impaired lymphatic drainage or remove the tissue buildup that hinders functionality.

People try various new methods to manage this ailment which is a lifelong companion for those diagnosed with it. Some herbal extracts are said to reduce inflammation or improve lymphatic flow. Homeopathy is another alternative therapy that some patients advocate. Liposuction, magnetic therapy, acupuncture, Kinesiology, light beam generator therapy and laser treatments are some alternative lymphedema treatment methods that patients try out in their search for a cure for lymphedema.

Hyaluronic Acid – The Key To The Fountain of Youth

What is Hyaluronic Acid?

Hyaluronic acid (also called Hyaluronan, or HA) is a component of connective tissue whose function is to cushion and lubricate. Hyaluronan occurs throughout the body in abundant amounts in many of the places people with hereditary connective tissue disorders have problems such as joints, heart valves and eyes. Hyaluronic acid abnormalities are a common thread in connective tissue disorders. Interestingly, they are also common biochemical anomalies in most of the individual features of connective tissue disorders such as mitral valve prolapse, TMJ, osteoarthritis, and keratoconus.

The Importance of Hyaluronic Acid (Hyaluronan, HA)

Hyaluronic Acid is present in every tissue of the body. Retention of water is one of the most important biological functions of hyaluronic acid, second only to providing nutrients and removing waste from cells that do not have a direct blood supply, such as cartilage cells. With a lower than adequate amount of hyaluronic acid, nutrients can not be moved into these cells and waste can not be eliminated from cells. Hyaluronic acid is sometimes abbreviated as HA. Hyaluronic acid is found in the synovial joint fluid, the vitreous humor of the eye, the cartilage, blood vessels, extracellular matrix, skin and the umbilical cord.

Hyaluronic Acid; "The Key To The Fountain of Youth"

Hyaluronic acid has been nicknamed by the press as the "key to the fountain of youth" because it has been noted that at least some people who ingest a lot of Hyaluronan in their diets tend to live to ripe old ages. ABC News had a show on a village in Japan and hyaluronic acid entitled, "The Village of Long Life: Could Hyaluronic Acid Be an Anti-Aging Remedy?"

Hyaluronic acid for use by humans has been derived from rooster combs. Rooster combs provide the purest form of hyaluronic acid (Hyalurinan, HA) available.


o Hyaluronic acid moisturizes skin from the inside out, smoothing out wrinkles in the process

o Hyaluronic acid helps people who need to ease the flexing of their joints, especially their knee, by restoring cushioning to their joints

o Hyaluronic acid is suitable for men and women in their 30s and 40s who are beginning to see the first signs of aging

o Hyaluronic acid is suitable for seniors who have established joint conditions

Angina and MI (Heart Attack) – Two Common Causes of Chest Pain

Two Causes of Chest Pain

There are many causes of chest pain, but angina is the most common one, MI (or heart attack) the most serious. Normally the coronary arteries (blood vessels to the heart) carry oxygen and remove waste products. They may become narrowed from fatty deposits in the blood vessel walls or hardened – often both. The combination is called atherosclerosis and it causes several heart problems.

Most commonly is Angina (Pectoris): The chest pain of angina is caused by temporary loss of oxygen to the heart muscle from reduced blood flow. Lack of blood flow also causes a build up of carbon dioxide and lactic acid. This combined with the reduced oxygen results in chest pain, which is like 'cramp' in the heart muscle.

Angina episodes are often caused by exercise – but that may simply mean running for the bus, not necessarily a marathon. Similarly, the chest pain goes away again when the person rests. The work which the heart has to do (and so the amount of chest pain) can be reduced by the drug Nitroglycerin. As a First Aider, you can help the person to administrator this (hint, read the label – it goes under their tongue) but do not simply decide to give something you happen to find in their pocket!

Angina Pectoris may be stable or unstable

Stable Angina is the commonest form. It follows a typical, predictable pattern. Worsened by exercise, emotion or other triggers and usually relieved by rest in 2-5 minutes.

Unstable angina is more serious. It may be caused by increasing blockage in the blood vessels to the heart. Pain may change in intensity or 'come and go'. Unstable angina may come on at rest and not be relieved by rest. It may be a warning of an MI or heart attack in the near future. Treat it seriously!

More serious yet is the MI (Myocardial Infarction) or heart attack . This is the process of damage or death of heart muscle due to a complete stoppage in blood flow. It can be due to blood clot, embolism, spasm, tumor, etc. Whatever the course, the area of ​​muscle not getting blood flow will start to die. Heart failure and death of the person may follow, depending on the area affected and how much of the heart has been affected. Acute MI is a common cause of death and effective CPR, Defibrillation and ACLS are needed to reduce the chances of this happening.

The first step in managing either of these conditions is to recognize them!

Signs & Symptoms

Common to both:

  • Pain in the chest, often spreading
  • Often the person says their chest feels 'heavy' or 'crushed'
  • Pale skin, can be sweaty
  • Pain in the throat / jaw / teeth
  • May have increased pulse rate, irregular pulse
  • May be short of breath.

Extras for MI

  • Probably nausea or vomiting
  • Dizziness or confusion

Of course, the symptoms can vary, and can be identical for both conditions. If you are not sure, call an ambulance and be safe.

First Aid Treatment for Angina

  • Get them to rest (ie: sit down, stop doing whatever caused the angina)
  • Help with any medication
  • Free flow of air (open windows, loosen ties / collars)
  • Wait

First Aid Treatment for MI (Heart attack)

  • All of the above, plus
  • Get an ambulance!
  • If they are not seriously allergic to it, give ASA / Aspirin to suck or chew
  • Give oxygen if trained to do so
  • Take & record pulse & resp rate while waiting for the ambulance
  • Ask about any history of heart conditions.

When to get help

Always – for a Heart Attack!

  • If this is a first attack of angina, but passes quickly (less than 5 minutes) tell them to see their doctor
  • If this is a first attack of angina lasting more than 5 minutes, get an ambulance
  • If the angina attack does not settle with meds / rest call an ambulance
  • If they say the angina is different from their 'normal' – call an ambulance

Red Cross Courses

Angina and Chest Pain are covered in CPR & AED, OFA1, Emergency First Aid and Standard First Aid.

Preventing Your Kidney Tuberculosis

Kidney disease caused by tuberculosis and it is caused by bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis). It is a disease that in general has an effect on the lungs but it can distress a lot of other body organs like the kidney. Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease that is spread from person to person by way of the air. It is a disease that can be healed if deal with appropriately.

The tuberculosis bacterium is originally inhaled into the lungs where it can afterwards extend to other organs. Symptoms might not progress for several years, even decades, after the preliminary infection. It is also called as nephrotuberculosis or tuberculosis of the kidney.

Prevalence of kidney tuberculosis differs all over the developing world where the infection is widespread. The disease is more widespread in higher socioeconomic groups, akin to the pattern discovered in Europe. Kidney tuberculosis is unusual in tropical Africa in spite of the fact that other kinds of tuberculosis are normal. High prevalence is perceived in Eastern Europe, Asia and, mainly, Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan. It is related with diabetes on the Indian subcontinent.

However, kidneys can be harmed by tuberculosis. It usually has an effect on the lungs, but can lead to infection in many other organs in the body. If tuberculosis is present in the lung so it would be likely to spread the TB germs to others when you cough. The best approach to avert the spread is for the person who is sick to get the tuberculosis medications precisely as set down. In only 2 days of preliminary TB treatment a patient with TB of the lung becomes strikingly less infectious.

Why the Internet is Dangerous For Kids

You probably heard from other parents that the internet is a dangerous place for kids. Yes and No. Internet if approached correctly can bring enormous and positive benefits to your child’s knowledge and development. Why the internet is dangerous for kids actually has to do with the fact that bad guys can easily hide their identify and have easy access to your kids online, without even knocking on your front door.

Here I will outline some of the dangers your kids may encounter on the internet.


Cyberbullying is when another child or teen on the internet is harassing your child. Similar to the bullying that happen in school, the only difference is all the bullying activity is happening online with your child staying in their room. The other child or teen can humiliate, threaten, and embarrass your child using harsh words, offensive photos that can affect your child’s self-esteem, or simply calling them names.

Sexual Exploitation

This is when a sexual predators try to lure your kids into offline meetings by using persuasive tactics online. They can sometimes offer gifts to your kids (usually something that you can’t afford or refuse to buy for your kids), try to show them something they don’t have (raises their anxiety and interest level), or offering them cash advance for a promised job. Once you kids defenses are low, their anxiety and interest level are high, there is high probability that they may consider meeting the predators offline. Other parents may not be able to give you specific examples why the internet is dangerous for kids, they just tell you that “the internet is dangerous, keep your child away from it”.


Cyberstalking is when the stalker relentlessly pursuing their victim online and is much more likely lead to some offline attacks. When the attacks moved from online to offline, this is where the situation gets more serious as they can include some form of physical contacts. Therefore, it is always crucial for your child not to reveal any personal identifiable information to anyone online. This include your home address, their school name and places where they hang out often.

These are just few examples of why the internet is dangerous for kids. Apart of guiding your kids to behave online, you may also want to consider taking additional measure in order to stay more vigilant. One of the effective approach most parents take today is to install a parental control software. Net Nanny Parental Control software is one such software and has the ability to block unwanted and harmful sites from reaching your children.

Click here to learn more about Net Nanny Parental Control software now and start protect your kids safety online.

The Alternative Names For Breast Cancer

Alternative names for breast cancer are: cancer of breast; carcinoma – ductal; carcinoma – lobular.

Other names do people employ is familial; malignant neoplasm of breast; malignant tumor of breast; and mammary cancer.

Breast cancer is a disease in which certain cells in the breast become abnormal and reproduce with no control or order to shape a tumor. The most usual form starts in cells lining the ducts that bring milk to the nipple (ductal cancer). Other forms start in the glands that generate milk (lobular cancer) or in other areas of the breast.

However, not all breast cancers are similar. They happen from various areas of the breast, have various names and work in a different way, though they externally come out the same.

The first strength of mind for naming is whether the breast cancer is “in situ” or “invasive”. In situ cancers stay in the boundaries of the type of cells that shaped them. In situ indicates “in place”, staying where it belongs and not spreading. Therefore in situ cancers are at times named precancerous, signifying they might grow into invasive cancers at some later time. Roughly 20-40% of in situ cancers will do this if not removed. At present, roughly 12% of detected breast cancers are in situ.

The second part of the name informs something regarding that particular type of cancer. A number of breast cancers get their names from the cells of the breast that turned into cancer. If the cancer happens from the cells of the tubes or ducts that normally bring milk to the nipple, it is named “ductal” or from the ducts. Eighty percent of breast cancers are ductal.

If a cancer happens from the part of the breast that generates milk, it is named a lobular cancer. “Lobular” refers to lobes, or the milk creating structures. Ten percent of breast cancers are lobular. Another cancer kind is inflammatory breast cancer (3%) which leads to the breast to appear like it has an infection.

The names of other rare types explain what the pathologist observes when s/he looks at the cancer under the microscope. For instance, tubular breast cancer still shapes tube-like structures, medullary breast cancer has the color of the part of the brain named the medulla, mucinous cancers have mucus-like material, and papillary cancer has finger-like projections.