Lymph Node Assessment and Skin Disorder Syndromes

Lymph nodes are usually assessed when the part of the body in which they are located is examined. And the body’s lymphatic drainage system is extensive. Since the major function of lymph nodes is to collect and filter the lymph of bacteria, and other foreign matter as it returns to the circulatory system, the doctor must have knowledge of the lymph’s directional flow.

Tender, enlarged warm lymph nodes are generally indicative of infection or inflammation proximal to their location. For example, occipital or post-auricular adenopathy is often seen in local scalp infection. Such as pediculosis, tick bite, or external otits. Cervical adenopathy usually accompanies acute infections in or around the mouth or throat. In children, however, small, non-tender, movable nodes are frequently normal.

Nodes are palpated with the distal portion of the fingers, by gently but firmly pressing in a circular motion along the regions where nodes are normally present. When assessing the nodes in the head and neck, the child’s head is tilted upward slightly but without tensing the sternocleidomastoid or trapezius muscle. This position facilitates palpation of the submental, submaxillary, tonsilar, and cervical nodes. The axillary nodes are palpated with the arms relaxed at the side but slightly abducted. The inguinal nodes are best assessed with the child in the supine position.

Localization, quantity, size, shape, mobility, consistency (elastic or dense), temperature, and tenderness are noted, as well as reports by the parents regarding any visible change of enlarged nodes.

Skin disorder syndromes
• Syndrome of changing the color of the skin and the mucous membrane (symptom of cyanosis, jaundice, paleness and hyperemia).
• Syndrome of exudative diathesis (maceration, weeping, erosion, scaling, hyperemia, cradle cap).
• Hemorrhagic skin syndrome (petechiae, hematoma, ecchymosis).
• Dystrophy syndrome (thin skin, trophic rash, scaling, fissure).syndrome of injuring the skin (scratches, intertrigo, ulcer, excoriation or erosion, wound).
• Pigmentation changes syndrome (local or total hyperpigmentation or depigmentation).
• Moisture changes syndrome (dry skin, wet or moist skin).
• Sensation changing the skin syndrome.
• Elasticity changing the skin syndrome.
• Itching syndrome (total or local).
• Syndrome of general skin lesions.
• Syndrome of local skin lesions.

Mucous membranes disorder syndromes
• Fungous damage of the mucous membranes (candidosis, oral moniliasis).
• Syndrome of inflammation of the mucous membranes (Ulcer, erosion, hyperemia, aphtae).

The lymph nodes disorder syndromes
• Hyperplastic syndrome of lymph nodes (local, general).
• Lymphadenitis (local, general).

The subcutaneous fat disorder syndromes
• Syndrome of sclerema.
• Syndrome of sclerederma.
• Syndrome of decreased turgor
• Syndrome of decrease trophy (local, general (anasarca)).
• Syndrome of excessively developed fat (paratrophy, obesity).
• Syndrome of edema (total, local).
• Syndrome of thickening (infiltration) of subcutaneous fat.
• Syndrome of myxedema.

Appendages of the skin disorder syndromes
Hair disorders syndromes
• Alopecia syndrome (universal, circumscribed).
• Hypertrichosis or hyrsutism excessive pilosis).
• Hypotrichosis.
• Dystrophic disorders of hair (thin hair, tailing of hair, fragility of hair, lusterless of hair).
• Syndrome of untypical growth of hair.

Nails disorders syndromes
• Dystrophic disorders of nails
• Micotic lesion
• Trauma
• Congenital disease
• Syndrome of inflammation of nail
• Nail dysplasia
• Deformation of nails syndrome (congenital, acquired).

These are possible syndromes you will diagnose when objectively examining the patient’s skin. Complicated huh?

What Causes Eczema Rash?

Eczema rash is a very frustrating symptom of eczema. For some people, it means the difference between wearing short sleeves and being comfortable in their own skin, and needing to wear long sleeves to avoid other people seeing the scabbing and rash that has developed. But what causes the rash that so many people suffer from with eczema? The answer is not perfectly clear and simple as it varies for every single person, but it can be narrowed down to a handful of possible causes.

Eczema rash is an allergic reaction. It is your body’s way of rejecting some sort of irritant, similar to sneezing or coughing is your respiratory system’s way of rejecting irritants. The best way to eliminate this reaction is to find and eliminate the irritant! For some people the irritant is very obvious. If every time you pick up a cat, you get a massive itchy rash, then obviously you should be avoiding cats!

But for other people, it can be much trickier to find the trigger for an eczema rash. If you don’t know exactly what is causing it, I recommend getting an allergy test from your dermatologist. This simple procedure can identify exactly what is causing the reaction by exposing your skin to samples of various substances. Whatever your skin reacts to the most to is likely what needs to be avoided.

To keep eczema rash at bay, plan your meals out so as to avoid these substances. Pack a lunch instead of buying so that you know exactly what you are eating and avoid letting it harm your body. You should do this even when going to family events or dinners so that you can provide yourself an effective alternative against whatever might be served at that particular event.

It’s also important to regularly apply medicated creams such as hydrocortisone or a prescription cream given to you by a dermatologist regularly. The more moisturized your skin is, the more effectively it can heal, rebuild and recover from the eczema rash. Dry skin will not be able to do this nearly as well and you will likely get more irritated and recover less effectively.

Dry Penis – Major Causes, Symptoms and Best Treatment

Many men, of all ages, experience dry penis skin at some stage in their life, especially on the shaft and head of their penis. In fact, when dry penis skin presents itself, most men immediately believe the worst — they have contracted a STD or other illness from their partner or lover. This can, in many cases, lead to sexual anxiety between couples, with the condition becoming worse. It can also have an adverse affect on the sufferer’s self-confidence and sexual habits, as well as their sex life.

However, this need not be the case. In most instances, dry penis skin is directly related to how the skin of the penis is treated and cared for, especially before, during, and after sexual intercourse and masturbation.

Now, before moving on, it is important to clarify that there are many common and simply treated conditions for dry penile skin. These conditions can be rectified over time and will not cause the sufferer any long term damage. In fact, once the cause is found many dry penile skin conditions will clear up and allow the sufferer to enjoy a happy and fulfilling sex life, as they once did. Therefore, rather than letting dry penis skin become a problem, let’s look at some of the common causes, symptoms, and treatments of this condition.

Dry Penis Skin Causes

The most common cause of dry skin on the penis or a dry penis head is lack of care when masturbating or having sexual intercourse. The penis is delicate; its skin is softer than any other skin on the body and it has many nerve endings and capillaries. All of which make sex that much more pleasurable. Therefore, rubbing the penis against clothing, not using adequate lubrication when masturbating or having anal or vaginal sex, and coming into contact with genital stubble, can cause penile skin to dry and become flaky.

Other typical causes of dry penis skin include: allergies, dermatitis, psoriasis, eczema, and candida. On rare occasions, a STD may be responsible for making the penis skin dry, but usually other symptoms will become apparent.

Dry Penis Skin Symptoms

Dry penile skin may appear on the penis head and shaft after rough sexual activity. In addition, red patches and cracks may even become visible on the skin and the penis may be painful to touch.

Allergies, dermatitis, psoriasis, and eczema share similar symptoms, such as dry patches on penis that may be flaky and itchy. On occasions, the penis may feel as though it is hot and burning with visible inflammation. The skin may also crack and weep, and be itchy.

Apart from making the penis skin dry, candida causes the penis to become red, inflamed and itchy. In fact, the itch is so insatiable that it will be hard to ignore. A discharge from the eye of the penis may also be noticed.

Typically STDs have many other symptoms that make them stand out from common causes of dry penile skin. These include blisters, bumps, sores, unusual colored discharge from the eye of the penis, and an unpleasant odor and pain when urinating.

Dry Penis Skin Treatment

All of the penis skin conditions mentioned are treatable, though it will take time for the penis to heal and repair itself. This is why it is recommended to abstain from any sexual activity until the dry penile skin disappears. If it is suspected that rough sexual activity has made the penis skin dry then it is suggested that a penis specific creme, (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil), is used daily. This type of product protects the skin of the penis from damage, as it adequately moisturizes the skin and feeds the cells with vital nutrients that keep it optimal condition at all times.

If, after a week, no noticeable change in the condition of dry penis skin has been seen, or the symptoms indicate that more than rough sexual activity is making the penis skin dry, then it is recommended that medical advice be sought.

Is Psoriasis Contagious?

Is Psoriasis Contagious?

Whether you’ve developed psoriasis yourself or you know someone who has, one of the first questions to cross your mind is probably: “Is psoriasis contagious?”. And the answer, thankfully, is no.

Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition that many people suffer from all their lives. In fact, it’s estimated that four to seven million Americans are diagnosed with psoriasis each year. Psoriasis is not contagious though, because it’s believed to be a problem created from your body’s own immune system.

When the human body is functioning normally, it produces new skin cells gradually. The skin cells on the surface of your skin need about thirty days to die off and shed themselves. During that time, new skin cells are being created deep below the surface of your skin, and these new cells gradually rise to the surface over the thirty day time period, arriving just in time to replace those that are ready to shed.

With psoriasis however, your body’s immune system is reacting to some sort of trigger. Commonly known triggers include getting a severe illness or infection, such as strep throat, or going through an extremely stressful period in life. Your body starts pushing the new skin cells to the surface much more rapidly than normal. In fact, the new skin cells reach the surface in just a few days, instead of taking about a month as they normally would. With these new skin cells rising so rapidly, the existing surface skin cells have not had time to die off and shed themselves. So you end up getting a “pile up” which tends to manifest itself in the form of dry, white, flaky areas known as psoriasis.

And since psoriasis is caused by something in your own immune system, you cannot pass the condition on to others. Thus psoriasis itself is not contagious.

Now if you develop psoriasis due to one of the common triggers such as a severe illness or infection, that illness or infection can of course be passed on to others. But not everyone develops psoriasis when a contagious disease or illness is caught, so the psoriasis itself is not contagious, but the underlying factors which cause you to develop psoriasis could be.

Even though psoriasis is not contagious, you are probably looking for a way to cure the problem. Some people have severe cases of psoriasis, and this can be quite uncomfortable… at times even debilitating. Most doctors and scientists feel that psoriasis cannot be cured, but they do have medications and treatments which will help relieve some of the most common and problematic symptoms.

Herbal medicine specialists however, believe that you can greatly reduce the severity and frequency of psoriasis flare ups, and some believe you can cure the problem completely.

Common alternative remedies for treating psoriasis usually involve treating the internal problems within your body. You can reduce the inflammation and itching with external applications of herbs such as aloe vera, but to actually reduce or eliminate the psoriasis itself, herbalists feel you need to cleanse and detoxify your body. This process is achieved through various diet changes, getting additional vitamins and minerals into your system, and cleaning out the liver, colon, and digestive tract to remove built up toxins and waste.

Note: Statements in this article are not approved by the FDA, and should not be considered as professional medical advice.

Penis Fungal Infection

A penis fungal infection can affect a man at any point in his life. He doesn’t have to be sexually active to contract candida albicans, however if a man is sexually active with a partner who has an active vaginal yeast infection outbreak, he is certainly at risk for getting yeast in his penis (and surrounding genitals). Since these types of infections are generally known to occur in women, it is difficult for a man to deal with the reality that he can also be affected by this fungus. In addition, it can be quite embarrassing to discuss or share with another person, or even their physician. This article will discuss some symptoms, causes and effective home remedies for a penile fungal infection.

Penis fungal infection symptoms

A man with excessive yeast in his penis usually experiences a bumpy, itchy rash along the penis shaft, with the tip (or head) of the penis experiencing the most discomfort. In some cases, the rash can turn into sores and lesions – in severe cases bleeding can occur. Also – some men experience a white creamy discharge coming from the penis that is of a cottage-cheese consistency in nature. Untreated penile yeast can also travel beyond the penis into the scrotom and around the male genitals. Some men with a the yeast fungus also experience pain during intercourse or swelling at the head of the penis. Note that some sexually transmitted diseases could also present themselves with symptoms that appear to be that of a yeast infection, so care must be taken to determine the proper diagnosis.

Penis fungal infection causes

As discussed earlier, men who are sexually active with a partner who has a current vaginal yeast infection are at risk for catching it. Although this is the most common cause for sexually active men, other causes could be not giving enough ventilation (or air) to the male genitalia. Yeast thrives and multiplies in areas in the body that are dark, unventilated and prone to excessive moisture – making the male genitals (particularly the penis) prime candidates for the infection. Other reasons for excessive yeast in the body is the consumption of excessive sugar in the diet – this includes foods high in refined sugars as well as carbohydrates (which convert to sugar when digested in the body). Beer also contains yeast.

Penis fungal infection remedies

Many men who suffer from yeast infection of the penis can have some success with topical creams that can be purchased at the drugstore or stronger ones that are prescribed by their physician. Others opt for home remedies for yeast infection – including tea tree oil and apple cider vinegar solutions which are good options if one is suffering from recurrent yeast infections where traditional treatments don’t seem to work. Another option is to apply yogurt to the affected area(s). Yogurt will offer some soothing relief for the pain and itching, however make sure that the yogurt is 100% natural and sugar free. While applying yogurt containing sugar might appear to work initially, remember that excessive sugar in the body can contribute to the spread of yeast. Sexually active men should abstain from sex until an active yeast infection is under control. Wearing a condom might only server to irritate the lesions and sores.

Keep in mind that to do nothing is not a remedy. Once a yeast infection takes hold in your body, action needs to be taken to remediate the problem. Doing nothing will also give the yeast an opportunity to further multiply, spread and cause more pain and discomfort. Hoping that the infection will go away is not an effective solution.

ADD and Allergies – Is There a Link?

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood disorders in the United States and is typically a life long problem. Children with ADHD often struggle with low self-esteem, troubled relationships, poor performance in school, focus and attention problems, difficulty controlling behavior and hyperactivity.

If your child has more than 3 of these symptoms, allergies could be the culprit.

  • Inattention
  • Easily Distracted
  • Difficulty focusing
  • Become bored, especially if it’s something they don’t like.
  • Difficulty focusing.
  • Organizational skills are usually lacking and learning new things can be a challenge.
  • Poor followthrough. Not finishing homework assignments, losing homework and misplacing items are typical.
  • Doesn’t seem like they are listening when spoken to.
  • Daydream
  • Problems following directions, becomes confused easily.
  • Can’t sit still.
  • Constantly talking
  • Must touch everything in sight.
  • Have trouble sitting still in school, at dinner or on the bus.
  • Is constantly in motion.
  • Problems with quiet time.
  • Impatient
  • Blurts out inappropriate comments, shows emotions without restraint and act without regard to consequences
  • Have difficulty waiting for a reward or waiting in line.
  • Often interrupt conversations.

Why is ADD under-reported?

Because children may sit quietly and may not be paying attention to what they are doing, the child can be overlooked, parents and teachers may not notice that he or she has ADHD.

Could food allergies have an effect on your child’s behavior?

That’s the word from doctors at Long Island College Hospital in New York City, who presented their findings at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology in Denver.

The study involved 20 children between the ages of 5 and 18, all of whom had been diagnosed with ADHD. But only two had been evaluated for allergy problems, even though all had a family history.

The researchers screened the children for allergic rhinitis, using not only a focused personal and family history, but also blood and other types of allergy testing for mold, cockroaches, dogs, cats, feathers, ragweed, trees and grass.

The results? Eight of the children (40 percent) were diagnosed with asthma or atopic dermatitis, three (23 percent) with allergic rhinitis, and nine (69 percent) had at least one positive allergy test. Fifteen of the 20 also had a history of at least two allergic symptoms.

Based on those findings, the researchers concluded that a high percentage of children with ADHD may also harbor allergies.

The authors suggest all children diagnosed with ADHD should also be tested for seasonal and environmental allergies and that treatment might improve their overall behavior and symptoms.

Many parents will acknowledge that too much soda and candy makes their kids bounce off the walls on a sugar high, but what if a child’s persistent hyperactivity was caused by tomatoes, eggs, gluten or some other seemingly innocuous food?

That is what a Dutch study published found. In kids with ADHD, researchers found that putting them on a restrictive diet to eliminate possible, previously unknown food allergies or sensitivities decreased hyperactivity for 64 percent of kids.

It isn’t the first time researchers have tried to link ADHD to things kids eat, such as sugar, food dyes or other preservatives, but even with this recent study, pediatricians remain skeptical of a true connection between diet and hyperactivity disorders.

A study published today in the Journal of Pediatrics says that one type of pesticide commonly used on fruits and vegetables may be contributing to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, or ADHD.

Researchers took urine from over 1,000 participants ages 8 to 15 and analyzed it for pesticides. 119 of the children had symptoms of ADHD. Those with the highest concentration of pesticides were more likely to have the disorder, according to the study.

“It’s consistent with other studies that have looked at organophosphate pesticides and have found that exposure of children to organophosphates in early life can cause brain injury. This study builds on those other studies,” said Dr. Philip Landrigan, chairman of the Department of Community and Preventive Medicine at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York.

If there is a link between allergies and behavior problems, if we are able to eliminate allergies from these children, would it be possible to improve behavior, concentration and offer these kids a more normal life. That’s the opinion of Dr. Ynge Ljung who has created a home allergy treatment that addresses what is believed to contribute to this disorder.

The Allergy Kit, as it is called, not only treats most food allergies, but also treats herbicides, pesticides, heavy metals, vaccines and childhood vaccinations. Milk, sugar and gluten are also believed to contribute to ADD and is also treated in The Allergy Kit using natural allergy remedies.

Do yourself and your child a favor and check out the newest natural allergy treatment and get your life back and bring peace back to your family. It’s fast, easy, safe and permanent.

Irritability While Quitting Smoking (And How to Avoid It)

Increased irritability is one of the strangely accepted facts about quitting smoking. As nicotine is slowly removed from the bloodstream, you become irritable and unable to concentrate. Why?

The accepted scientific cause for irritability is that it’s a part of nicotine withdrawal, and has to be dealt with just like the rest of the symptoms of withdrawal. This isn’t exactly the case, however.

Virtually everybody who quits smoking begins to regret their decision a few days in, as their learned connection between daily activities and smoking cause them to have cravings for cigarettes. You become frustrated weighing the benefits of quitting versus the immediate gain of being able to concentrate instead of constantly thinking about smoking.

It’s all understandable, I went through the same thing the first few times I tried quitting smoking, unsuccessfully, I might add. Eventually, you give in to the cravings and go right back to smoking. Alternatively, you could stick to your guns and push through…and keep having the cravings for months. That doesn’t sound very fun at all.

The trick to quitting smoking and not having to look back is to convince your mind, from the beginning, that it doesn’t need cigarettes in order to function. Remember, non-smokers don’t feel the urge to light up when they’re stressed, why should you?

You feel the urge to smoke when, for example, you’re stressed because you’ve trained your mind to believe that smoking somehow eases your stress. Sure, it may take your mind off the fact that you’re stressed, but it doesn’t really solve anything.

Depression: The Death Fantasy

Depression affects 1 in 3 people in the UK and can vary from mild to extremely severe. Having suffered severe depression for the majority of my life, I feel equipped enough to be able to discuss the way the mind works in relation to the topic of depression and death.

At some point while suffering with severe depression, I began to start thinking about death. Death I eventually began to believe as being the only option available to me to rid myself of the pain I was experiencing. Of course, I now know that it is not the only option, but I sincerely believed that it was at the time.

The death fantasy that those who suffer with severe depression begin to experience had pounced on me and was starting to cloud and distort my mind. There wasn’t a day that passed that I wasn’t thinking about death in one way or another. At first, I had simple thoughts. What would my funeral be like? Who would attend it? But over time, these thoughts became more isolated and the questions I began to ask myself started to turn into images in my mind. I could actually picture myself following through with suicide.

I would question how easy it would be to kill myself? Could I just step out off the pavement into the road and in front of oncoming traffic? Could I jump from a bridge? Could I hang myself or poison myself? Which of these methods would be the quickest, the least painful?

Of course, I knew what I was thinking wasn’t right. I knew I should not be torturing myself with this type of thought, but I couldn’t stop myself, I couldn’t help myself and I started to think about things more deeply. How long would it be before someone noticed I wasn’t around? How long would it take for my body to be found?

The worst times were when I was sat alone, at home with nothing on TV, no-one to talk to and no-one around that could distract me or talk some degree of sense back into me. If I went to the kitchen to make a sandwich, I was troubled when I picked a knife out of the cutlery drawer and began considering how I could use it to slit my wrists. I only ever made my sandwich and never became a self-harmer, but the thoughts were there, the death fantasy always lingering in my mind, in my daily routines, ready to pounce on me if things got too tough, if I found I was unable to cope with something. It’s like it became an opt-out ‘option’ there if I needed it.

I started to question if this type of thinking meant that I was crazy? Maybe I wasn’t right in the head; maybe I actually was a loony or a psycho? For certainly any ‘normal person’ wouldn’t be thinking about death, wouldn’t be as fixated on it as me?

Many people think that suicide attempts are a ‘cry for help’ but I can categorically say that they are not necessarily that. Depression distorts the mind so much that all a person can think about is the negativity in their lives and a way out of the pain – death. They hate to feel sad, to feel depressed, to feel as thought they are unable to function. No-one that suffers with depression wants to feel the way that they do and it is a very scary thing to find yourself contemplating your own death in your mind.

Thankfully, I managed to get myself into my GP’s practise. But the fear of telling a professional the type of thoughts that you are thinking is huge. I worried that I would be sectioned, worried that I would be thrown into a straight jacket and dismissed as crazy in a mental institution. The courage that I had to find to discuss what was happening in my head was immense. However, it took strength, courage and a strong belief in that I was doing the right thing to help myself.

And the advice I would give anyone else who may be suffering depression and in a similar position to that which I was in is to seek the help, to talk to someone, to try to do something before considering the only option that you think is available to you. Because death isn’t your only option – you can get better and have a life depression free. I am living proof.

Author reserves all rights to this article

(c) Samantha C Weaver

How to Dominate Your Phobias – The Three Classes Of Phobias You Must Know

1. What is Phobia?

Phobia is an emotional disorder. It is caused by an interaction between biological and environmental factors such as disturbances, emotional trauma and unpleasant situations that often become adapted to a person’s memory. After many repetitions of the same situations, these unpleasant memories are converted to fear and consequently change the person to become phobic.

Phobia is constant, severe but unreasonable, irrational fear of one of an object, a place, a situation or an animal. Normally, most people are not frightened by these things. In reality they pose little or no actual danger but the resulted fear is out of proportion to the threat. However, we can develop phobias of virtually anything and here the body and mind react as if the danger is real.The contact or the simple thought of having a contact with these things send them into an anxiety or panic attack. These fears can interfere with an individual’s life and lead to considerable anxiety and stress because the person feels physical sensations of fear, like a faster heartbeat and breathing, feelings of nausea, sweaty palms.

Phobia is consciously recognized by the person but he has no control.Anxiety and avoidance are difficult to control and may significantly impair person’s functioning and even physical health.

2- What Are The Classes Of Phobia?

Phobias can be classified into three classes:


Agoraphobia is the fear that happens when you are put in a certain place where it seems difficult to escape or where help will be unavailable when need arise.

Examples: being on a bridge, on busy streets or crowded stores.

Acrophobia is the fear of height.

Claustrophobia is the fear of an enclosed place like an elevator

A construction worker with a fear of heights avoids taking jobs in high places

With school phobia a child usually refuses to go to school, or protests extravagantly.When ordered to school, he or she may become physically ill, or fake the symptoms of illness to avoid going.


Social phobia is that phobia where people are scared that any sort of embarrassment will happens to them in a public place.

Examples: fear of public speaking or eating in public,


Specific phobia can be classified into four phobias categories which contain more than 350 types of specific phobias

  • Situational phobia
  • Flying phobia (pterygophobia) or death phobia

    Travel phobia is likely to avoid traveling as much as is possible. If forced to travel by car, they are likely to prefer to be in control of the car, rather than be a passenger

    Fear of driving or hodophobia

    An executive with a strong fear of flying may turn down a promotion that would have involved a lot of travel.

  • Fear of natural environment
  • fear of height (acrophobia)

    fear of water (hydrophobia), fear of thunderstorms, fear of dark

    An employee who works on the 15th floor of an office tower prefers taking the stairs each day due to an intense fear of elevators and other enclosed places

  • Animal phobia
  • Fear of animals: spiders, snakes, dogs or mice,

  • Blood-injection-injury phobia.
  • Any situation that links to blood such as fear of doctors, syringes and needles (aichmophobia, belonephobia),, wounds, injections, dentist.

    A medical student may drop out of school due to an extreme fear of blood.

    The fear of doctors or needles can lead people to avoid needed medical care such as medical examinations, blood work, vaccinations or medical procedures.

Home Exercises For Anxiety – 4 Proven Exercises For Reducing the Symptoms of Anxiety

Do you have anxiety or panic attacks? Do you find that although you have anxiety, medication is not for you? Or maybe you are taking medication but want to supplement with some home exercises for anxiety to get even better results?

There are many things you can do at home to relieve your anxiety symptoms, reduce your anxiety or even prevent it. The number one key to treating or eliminating anxiety is relaxation, and the University of Michigan Health Center has released as guide explaining both why you need to learn to relax and how to do it.

The guide talks about the relaxation response; defined as “your personal ability to make your body release chemicals and brain signals that make your muscles and organs slow down and increases blood flow to the brain.” Drugs can to a certain extent help you achieve this, but did you know you have the ability to do it yourself without the help of drugs?

There are several different ways to achieve the relaxation response, but it’s important to understand what it is before we go into the how. When I talk about relaxation as a home exercise for anxiety, I’m not talking about taking a nap or relaxing on the couch. The relaxation we’re aiming for is a state where your body is relaxed while your mind is still alert.

Examples of relaxation techniques that you can use as home exercises for anxiety are meditation, yoga, deep breathing, Progressive Muscle Relaxation and visual imagery. Don’t be discouraged if you don’t feel your anxiety evaporating immediately as you start practicing your relaxation; all of these are techniques that can be taught, and the more you practice them the better results you’ll get.

So how exactly do these home exercises for anxiety work, and which one’s the most effective? According to the University of Michigan Health Center, there is no indication that any of these techniques are superior to the rest; they all work and you can practice one, some or all of them. It’s up to you to figure out which ones suit you better.


There are a lot of different types of meditation that can help you, but practicing mindful meditation seems to be the one that has the best results on anxiety. Mindful meditation is about being completely present in the moment. When you use mindful meditation as a home exercise for anxiety, try to not focus on anything but what is happening right this second. Focus on a word or a phrase like “peace” or “I am very relaxed”, and repeat it to yourself over and over. If you have a hard time using words, you can try counting slowly or focusing on your breath. If you notice that you are “spacing” or that your mind is wondering off, just gently reel yourself back in by focusing on you “mantra” or your breath.


Yoga is also about being present in the moment. There are many different styles of yoga, and you can get DVD’s for a guided yoga class in your own home. If you are completely new to yoga, I will recommend that you attend a beginner’s yoga class to learn to do the postures correctly. This will help you get more out of your home exercises for anxiety, and you will learn to avoid injury.

Progressive Muscle Relaxation

Progressive muscle relaxation may sound complicated, but it’s really not. It’s simply put a series of exercises where you tense your muscles before you gradually relax them. The “science” behind this technique is that people with a lot of stress and anxiety in their life tend to have tense muscles even when they are resting. By tensing the muscles one area at a time and then relaxing, your muscles will not only go back to the state they were in before you tensed them, they will be more relaxed.

Visual Imagery

Visual Imagery is all about using your own imagination to distract yourself from your anxiety. If you experience bad anxiety, you may not initially believe that using your imagination can be one of the really effective home exercises for anxiety, but it really can. Visual Imagery is not just about imagining things, it about using certain techniques to activate all you senses while you are visualizing. It can take a little bit of practice to get into the visual Imagery technique, but when you do, you learn to focus all your concentration inward on your imagery and it’s a quick and easy way to beat anxiety and panic.

Deep Breathing

Deep breathing is not the same as a lot of breathing. When people are stressed or anxious they tend to breathe a lot of short shallow breaths. According to the University of Pittsburg Medical Center, shallow and fast breathing into our upper chest creates short restless brainwaves. Deep breaths into the abdomen and not just the chest creates longer, slower brainwaves, similar to the ones we have when we feel relaxed. Practicing deep breathing techniques is an easy and very effective home exercise for anxiety.

Insomnia – Why Does it Happen and How to Go Back to Sleep Fast

Insomnia is not a disease. It is a symptom for severe medical and psychiatric disorders. It is not defined based purely on the number of hours of sleep since each individual has different sleeping patterns. While most people have had difficulty initiating sleep and have experienced the downside of having a sleepless night, few people look for medical advice.

Generally, a sleeping disorder that lasts for less than a week is known as transient insomnia. Short-term insomnia, on the other hand, is a symptom that lasts for three weeks; and a chronic insomnia lasts more than three weeks. This disorder can happen to all age groups.

Statistics show that women are more prone to having difficulty in sleeping than men. It is also more common among people that live below the poverty line and mental patients. Stress is the main cause for short-term or acute insomnia. Other causes of transient and short-term insomnia include: changes in work schedule, stressful situations, withdrawal from drug, stimulant medications, sedative, and alcohol, too much noise near the sleeping area, jet lag, and acute surgical or medical illness.

There are psychological problems that may eventually lead to insomnia. Some of these include depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety, stress, and schizophrenia. Travelers, seniors, pregnant women, menopausal women, shift workers, and adolescents have the highest risk of developing a sleep disorder.

Certain medications, including over the counter cold and asthma medicines, are associated to insomnia. Medications for high blood pressure, depression, anxiety and schizophrenia are known to contribute to the sleep disorder as well. Caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol are lifestyle habits that also cause insomnia.

Insomnia alone is not lethal although the daytime symptoms of it can cause accidents and poor performance on one’s daily activities. People who suffer from it have poor concentration, focus, and memory. They also tend to be irritable; hence they tend to have impaired social interaction. Due to an insomnia patient’s lack of motor skills, he/she become more prone to accidents.

There are many ways to relieve this disorder and to get back to sleep fast. Some people turn to sleeping pills so they can sleep better. Medications, which are the easiest remedies to insomnia, are often not recommended by doctors to prevent addiction to it that can cause adverse effects. Such medications should be the last resort.

Here are some natural ways that can help one to fall asleep fast:

o Create sleep-conducive sleeping environment is one of the most basic things to do. Make sure the bed is comfortable and lights are off.

o Improve your diet. A healthy lifestyle will improve the quality of your sleep. Eat a healthy amount of dinner at least two hours before bed time, and get rid of unhealthy lifestyle habits that affect sleep.

o Avoid heavy intake of alcoholic beverages, coffee and tea, especially a few hours before bedtime. Contrary to common belief, alcoholic beverages do not actually help you get quality sleep. Although it may make you drowsy, alcoholic beverages actually most often reduce quality sleep.

o Most importantly, do regular exercise.

Treat Ingrown Toenail The Natural Way

Having an ingrown toenail is not an occasion to celebrate, yet knowing one can treat ingrown it naturally is a joyous occasion. By applying home remedies, you can save time and money from having to visit your health care provider. So first, you may wish to give it a go to see if you can solve the problem yourself, not withstanding, if the problem persists, professional medical advice should be sought.

Infection fighting essential oils such as lavender, tea tree or oregano that has been diluted in a small amount of olive oil may be rubbed into the affected toenail as a gentle treatment. Essential oils can also be added to a tub with warm water and the toe can be soaked to reduce any pain or irritation that comes with the territory of having an ingrown toenail. Hydrogen peroxide which can be easily found at any retailer, along with homeopathic calendula tincture make great additions to warm foot soaks as well.

Lovely oil infusions of calendula or St. John’s Wort will help promote natural pain relief and healing of inflamed tissues. All you have to do is take a small amount of either oil and rub it on and around the ingrown toe nail. One can make these oils themselves, or go to their health food store and purchase ready-made oil. This application can be done as much as needed for relief.

Hydrotherapy applications are another source of comfort for one suffering from discomfort from this problem. One can try cold or warm compresses depending on one’s preference and place it on the toenail for relief. This treatment can be done as much as needed without any consequence.

Nutrition plays an important role in the healing of an ingrown toe nail. Certain vitamins like vitamin C are important in the diet to keep the immune system strong. A strong immune system is essential to keep infections from invading the body. Vitamin B is also a vitamin that when is in abundance in the diet can help heal the ingrown toenail, as well as prevent it in the future. Eating a diet that is balanced, and has plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables and lean protein can help one make sure they get the essential nutrients they need. Supplements may also be used as necessary too, especially when trying to speed up the healing process.

Even when using natural methods to treat ingrown toenail, it is advised to monitor the toes to make sure it does not become infected or doesn’t worsen. If the ingrown toenail is not appearing to heal, check with a physician for further assistance to treat ingrown toenail.

Nail Fungus – Why Does it Occur? How to Get Rid of Nail Fungus

Nail fungus occurs when fungi infect nails of hands and feet. This infection is also known as the ‘Onychomycosis’. For the fungus to grow and thrive it is necessary to find dark, moist and warm environment. This is why you will find toenails being affected with nail fungus rather than the hand nails. Studies have revealed that there are at least 35 million people in the world who suffer from such infection.

Fungal infections take time and effort to get rid off. There are several methods you can use to get rid of it. However, all remedies will take time. Instead you should try and prevent growth of any type of fungal infection; this can be done by maintaining proper hygiene. Toenails are susceptible because of the environment, it is necessary to use comfortable footwear, so that the feet are properly ventilated and there is less chance for fungus to grow.

If you want to get rid of nail fungus it is necessary to know correct and effective medication. At times there are OTC drugs that can help you. However, when these medicines cannot remove fungus you should try and use more effective medicine, there are several medicines that can affect the fungus directly.

What does nail fungus do to the nails? Nail fungus will make nails weak and chapped. Affected finger and toenails will look darker than they do normally. As the nail fungus becomes older nails will keep on darkening. You will find your nails are becoming thicker and flakier. You will find the hardening begin from nail bed, making it difficult to cut the these and maintain hygiene.

Nail fungus can be particularly irritating when it starts spreading. You will find that once one nail has been affected other nails also start getting affected if no efforts are made to stop and curb the infection. Though nail hardness generally prevents growth of nail fungus, it is not completely successful in stopping it. Our nails have some empty spaces at the sides and between skin and the nail; it will start invading these spaces and eat into keratin that covers the nails.

Fungi are living organisms with an ability to multiply quite fast, therefore you need a targeted medicine for fungal infection. First symptom that your nail has been affected with fungus is the discoloration that occurs immediately. When more and more nails get affected you will find them starting to discolor.

Nail fungus can be killed and controlled when it comes into contact with any solution of acidic nature. Amongst all home therapies it is said that the vinegar therapy and acidophilus beer recipe are the most effective therapies. Vinegar avoids growth of the fungus and at the same time it can kill the fungal infections.

There are over-the-counter drugs which will help you get rid of the fungus, however, there are some time tested and tried natural cures that target the fungus directly and manage to kill and cure it. Complete cure for nail fungus takes about 2-3 weeks depending on how deep the fungus has reached and the stage of the fungal infection.

How To Decide To Use Warm Moist Heat Or Cold Therapy

The way to decide when to use heat versus cold is dependent upon what has happened, when. It would be simpler if the issue were clear, but that is not the case when deciding what to use. Physical therapists, athletic trainers, doctors all have to take the patient as they are, when they show, and deal with the situation at hand. This article is an attempt to help educate the patient on what to use if there is injury or chronic pain.

First is this warning for all patients and health care practitioners:

Hot or Cold Therapy should not be used by individuals who are sensitive to temperature extremes, such as those with circulatory problems, diabetes, nerve damage, paralysis or sensitive skin.

Now having stated the warnings let’s figure out what to use, when. First let’s talk about the use of cold therapy.

  • Cold therapy often revolves around the acronym RICE (rest, ice, compression, elevation) and reminds us how to treat injuries, such as sprains, strains, bumps and bruises.
  • Cold therapy, Ice Therapy, Cold Pack or “Cryotherapy” should be applied within 72 hours following any type of acute injuries such as a knee sprain or an ankle sprain.
  • Cold therapy can also help treat some overuse injuries and chronic pain.
  • Cold therapy will help stop bleeding in the muscle, reduce pain and inflammation.
  • Cold also causes contraction of the involuntary muscles of the skin.
  • Cold therapy is generally used to relieve pain after exercise or other strenuous activity.
  • Cold or ice should never to applied directly to the skin.

As you see a general rule is to use cold therapy within 72 hours of the injury as an aid to decrease the inflammatory process ( our body’s way to prevent further injury and accelerate healing).

Today you may be familiar with those situations where there is spinal cord or brain injury and one of the first steps is to stop the swelling. Additional swelling actually may cause permananent paralysis in spinal cord injuries. We have found this can be the causative problem of permanent neural cell destruction so the advanced method of treatment is to stop the unnecessary swelling. This is done by advanced chilling methods to decrease the temperature in the injured tissue areas.

A very important point to remember is the use of cold therapy involves settling or calming the inflammatory processes. When one exercises, as one should to increase the elasticity of the injured structures, that this is simply the reinjury of the area. The use of cold is due to the process of reinjury when rehabbing, so the old injury is now not old, but a new injury of much less severity.

Stretching and increasing range of motion is in reality a process of allowing some healing to occur, but then reinjuring to restart healing but with greater range of motion going forward. decide when to use heat versus cold is dependent upon what has happened, when.

Now let’s look at warm, mosit heat therapy. Warm, moist therapy: Apply heat to help reduce pain and promote healing once swelling has subsided.

Please note this type of heat is referred to as “warm, moist” heat and not “heat therapy” or “hot therapy”. There are so many situations where dry heat is not indicated. In many clinical settings heat thearapy is administered by use of infrared lamps. Infrared lamps are the same heat source we use to keep french fries warm!! This often is not the heat therapy of choice.

Unfortunately even in classic wound care manuals the heat treatments are referenced as the use of “infrared” but this form of dry heat is actually contraindicated and retards healing, rather than assisting in wounds. The big advantage of warm moist heat is to stop pain. By stopping pain, especially during rehab. exercise programs, one is able to increase range of motion due to lack of pain.

Warm, moist heat should be used during the exercise programs and prior to. The reason for using warm moist heat prior to stretching exercises is the heat increases blood flow which also increases the elasticity of the area where the blood flows to. Increased elasticity is caused by the additional blood flow in the area and the veins are expanded as are the tissues and cells due to the increased capacity due to the increased blood flow.

The heating pad is put over the area to be stretched and there is less pain, greater range of motion and increased tissue elasticity. The restoration of function to an injured area is accelerated when warm moist heat is used in conjunction with and during exercising.

As a general rule once the exercises are finished then it’s often good practice to cool down the area with cold therapy to subside the inflammatory effects that occurred during the stretching. For chronic pain patients, those suffering some form of pain etiology for greater than 3 months, the use of cold or warm moist heat is dependent upon what form of thermal therapy provides the most relief. It is common for chronic pain patients to use combinations of cold and warm moist heat to relieve pain.

If an electrotherapy device is used such as a tens unit or interferential unit then in most situations you want to use warm moist heat actually during the use of the tens or interferential unit. The reason for using warm moist heat during interferential stimulation is the moisture of the pads actually puts water, a conductor of electricity, onto the skin surface and this makes for less resistance and greater penetration.

The 2nd reason is the warm heat increases blood flow to the area and blood is also conductive to electrical stimulation and that adds to better conduction so the pleasant stimulus of the interferential is delivered to the targeted sensory nerves. The combination of warm moist heat and interferential therapy provides much greater carryover pain relief. Pain often returns once the thermal effects wear off but with interferential the carryover can be extended considerably longer, often measured in weeks for the chronic pain patient.

In summary,

  • Cold for immediate post injury and
  • Cold for immediate use after stretching and/or exercising
  • Warm, moist heat for pain whether acute or chronic
  • Warm, moist heat in conjunction with electrotherapy to extend carryover pain relief and increase conductance in the injured area or area pain being experienced.
  • Warm and Cold for pain whether acute or chronic condition.

Unexplained Bruises – Dangerous Bruises and What You Must Know

Bruises can be gotten easily by being knocking yourself into things. Sharp edges, protruding objects from furniture at home are the main culprit. These are blue and black spots that result, that are being called bruises. However, there are certain unexplained bruises which can be dangerous.

If you find a bruise or multiple bruises that seem to have appeared immediately from the slightest touch, you should really consult your doctor. This is the dangerous kind of bruise mentioned earlier.

‘Senile purpura’

Yes, older people suffer from this more. This condition is also known as “bruises of the elderly”. As humans age, collagen (elastic fiber) that gives the skin and blood vessels the supple properties, become thinner. When blood vessels become thin, blood is able to seep through the vessel walls. Internally, this will cause large blue black or bruises for the whole body part (an entire leg or arm). They look frightening and treatment should not be delayed. It is the norm for one of old age symptoms. In fact, they are common. Treatments for the ‘senile purpura’ is the same for caring for a normal bruise.


Beware of taking too much aspirins or acetaminophen. These drugs can cause sudden bruises. They contain anticoagulants, which is a blood thinning agent. Taken in excess, you will see that bruises will more likely happen.

Blood disorders

Hematological, or blood related problems, e.g. low platelet count. These may appear as bruising at first. Platelets are blood cells that aid in blood clotting (a good thing, to stop bleeding). Bruises may also indicate leukemia or cancer of the blood.

Vitamin K deficiency

That said, if you do not consume enough Vitamin K, you will lack proper blood clotting abilities. Bruising often times propose that your body needs more Vitamin K.