Sinus Polyps – Are These Growths Dangerous?

First of all, sinus polyps (sometimes called sinus cysts) are not cancerous growths. In fact, they have nothing to do with sinus cancer. Nasal polyps are teardrop-shaped growths or swollen tissue that appear on the mucous membrane covering the surface of nasal passages and sinuses.

Depending on their size and location, these growths may go from barely noticeable to extremely unpleasant. Polyps range in size from tiny to about the size of a small seedless grape. Small polyps located in the nasal passage or sinuses hardly cause any symptoms and are barely noticeable.

On the other hand, large growths and/or prolific clusters can restrict breathing through one or both nostrils and also slow down or prevent sinus drainage altogether. Bacteria and viruses love this environment; without adequate drainage, puss filled pockets soon appear, followed by a vicious sinus attack… and therein lies the danger.

How the Mucous Membrane Works

As mentioned above, the nasal passages and sinuses are lined with a mucous membrane. This membrane contains millions of tiny blood vessels and minute hair-like growths called ‘cilia’. Mother Nature demonstrated an incredible piece of biotechnology with the mucous membrane. This mechanism performs three invaluable and breathtakingly elegant roles.

The mucous membrane continuously secretes a sticky fluid (mucous) in order to trap foreign particles, such as bacteria, viruses, dust, pollen and airborne pollution. The mucous membrane has a corrugated surface containing many nooks and crannies of varying depths. This not only increases its surface area, but also causes vortexes and eddies that agitate the inhaled air in a similar manner to river water flowing down a rapid. This action enhances the scrubbing and filtering effect of the sticky mucous.

Once these particles are caught, the cilia sweep back and forth, thus propelling the saturated mucous outwards. The waste then exits through the nose and/or out the back of the throat. In addition to the static and turbulent filtering actions, the mucous membrane performs a third essential role.

As the air flows over this extended area, it is heated or cooled (depending on the outside air temperature) to close to body temperature while being moisturized at the same time. This results in an ample supply of warm, moist and clean air to the lungs… That is until unwelcome nasal polyps disrupt the air flow and force you to breathe through the mouth.

What Causes Sinus Polyps?

The precise biological action that initiates the growth of polyps is unknown. However, studies show that initial growth is triggered by a number of factors:

  • Prolonged and sustained inflammation of the mucous membrane covering the sinuses and nasal cavities. People suffering from chronic sinusitis (long-term and repetitive) with attacks lasting longer that 12 weeks are prone to the development of sinus polyps.
  • Age: People over the age of 40 often develop polyps for no apparent reason.
  • Allergens and pollution are a known cause of inflammation followed by the growth of polyps. Therefore people suffering from sinus allergies are at risk.
  • This also applies to fungal growth in the nasal passages as experienced by people suffering from fungal sinus infection.
  • Children with cystic fibrosis face a high risk of developing sinus polyps.
  • Hereditary factors are thought to contribute toward the development of polyps.

There is much ongoing research being conducted into the causes, treatment and prevention of these troublesome growths.

What Are The Symptoms?

If left untreated, the number and size of sinus polyps will increase with the passage of time. An abundance of small polyps or one or two large growths will tend to obstruct the sinuses and nasal passages. This obstruction will eventually lead to one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Difficulty in breathing through the nose caused by constant stuffiness.
  • Postnasal drip (mucous discharge via the back of the throat).
  • Runny nose.
  • Persistent symptoms of a common cold.
  • Impaired or loss of the sense of smell and taste.
  • Facial swelling followed by double vision.
  • Facial pain leading to a sinus polyp headache.
  • Itching around the eyes.
  • Snoring. Sometimes followed by sleep apnea (patient stops breathing for extended periods during the night). This condition could be dangerous.
  • Frequent sinus infection. Polyps hinder mucous drainage, and this inevitably causes infection. This damming effect creates a build-up inside the sinus cavities… and this is a natural breeding ground for fungi, bacteria and viruses.

As mentioned earlier, people with small polyps are often asymptomatic (experience no noticeable symptoms).

Natural Remedies For Treating Fibroid Tumors (Leiomyomas Or Myomas)

The fibroid tumors which are also known as leiomyomas or myomas, affects almost half of the population of women above the age of 40 years. Another study conducted revealed that they are prominent in approximately 50% of black women and 25% of white women in their reproductive stage and till the menopause. These are usually uncomfortable but generally don’t provoke the need of surgery. These can be treated well with the natural methods or remedies which are safer when compared to other methods and are without the risk of side effects.

Doctors dealing in natural medicine and the Naturopaths usually suggest the herbs which will aim at regulating the periods, balancing the hormones and reducing the inflammation to help reduce the fibroid tumors. Some of these herbs which works best for the stated purpose are as mentioned below –

1. Motherwort is the drug prescribed in order to relax the uterine muscles and for balancing the hormones along with preventing the cramps of the disease.

2. Goldenseal is effective in reducing the inflammation of uterine muscles and helps keeping the uterine tissues in health state.

3. Liquorice root is used in order to reduce the bloating sensation and help the liver detoxification process.

4. Chasteberry helps to reduce the excess estrogen and balances the hormones. It also reduces the PMS symptoms and inflammation.

5. Dong Quai is also helpful in protecting the liver and in reducing the inflammation.

6. Siberian ginseng is helpful in preventing the heavy bleeding which usually takes place in the disease.

7. Red clover has the ability to help liver getting rid of excess estrogen.

8. Echancia herb is useful in controlling the benign tumors and reducing the inflammation.

9. Red raspberry is effective in controlling the excess bleeding and in re-establishing the lost minerals and vitamin levels.

10. Black cohosh is the herb useful in relieving the menstrual pain and is beneficial in problems linked with menopause. It also protects the liver and is an anti-inflammatory drug.

11. In addition to these other herbs including Dandelion, Milk Thistle, and Yellow Dock Root are beneficial in metabolizing the estrogen and reducing the risks associated with excess of hormone.

One can use these herbs in alone or in combination to make tea of the same. Prepare the tea by putting a small handful of herbs to the boiling water pot. Heat for sometimes and drink the same thrice a day. This process is basically used to get an extract out of the drug or herb and the same is used to heal the disease by drinking. One may even get these herbs in the tincture or powder form. This remedy is effective in reducing the fibroid tumors in a period of two months.

Apart from the above mentioned drugs for the natural treatment of fibroid tumors, exercise also plays an important role in the reduction of the same below an acceptable level. Exercise helps to reduce the toxins and balance the hormone levels in the body. One should give enough care to the diet as this is important to maintain a good health. Diet should include all the components of a balanced meal. The fibroid tumors can also be effectively reduced by placing the warm castor oil packs on the stomach.

If You Have Ovarian Cysts, the Menstrual Cycle Will Tell the Tale

An ovarian cyst forms when an egg is released from the ovary during ovulation. In the days prior to ovulation, the follicle forms grow around the egg. However, in some cases, the follicle fails to break open and release the egg. What happens instead is that fluid remains and a cyst forms on the ovary. As this happens with ovarian cysts menstrual cycles may have sharp pains associated with them. However, there really are no early symptoms that a cyst is forming. For that matter, there are no signs that the cysts exist unless it’s accidentally discovered during an ultra sound for some other reason or they’re discovered in a routine exam. The doctor will probably watch it for a couple of months and make sure that it disappears on it’s own as it should.

Sometimes the ovarian cysts menstrual cycle will become spotty or even just the opposite, extremely heavy. Either of these situations could be a sign that you have cysts. If this type of situation continues, see your doctor to get an update on the status of your condition. Left untreated, it can grow into septated ovarian cysts that eventually have to be surgically removed. The masses can grow quite large and even mirror a pregnancy in size and symptoms.

Symptoms that you may have a larger spectated ovarian cyst include lower abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and extended abdomen. If any of these symptoms linger, see your doctor. The longer you allow this type of cyst to remain, the greater your chances of it damaging other organs or developing into a cancerous growth. This is not to scare you, but to make you aware of what could happen. In most cases, there is nothing cancerous or malignant about it.

Ovarian cysts menstrual cycles can be extremely short, extended, spotted, heavy or completely absent. Checking that your cycle is normal is one way of early detection in ovarian cysts. Additionally, if you have pain in your abdomen shortly after beginning or ending your cycle, this too could be an early indication that a cyst could be or is formed. Just remember, in many cases, there simply are no signs. They appear for no good reason other than you may be genetically dispositioned to cysts. Have your doctor watch it and don’t worry.

Yogurt For Thrush? Find Out If Yogurt is an Effective Treatment For Thrush

Yogurt is a popular home remedy for thrush that you may have come across. The question is, does it really work? The answer is yes and no. Yogurt may have some beneficial effects for treating thrush, but generally can’t cure thrush by itself. The reason is that yeast can be quite resilient and persistent – usually yogurt just isn’t a strong enough treatment.

However, at the same time, yogurt certainly can’t hurt and is worth a try as a home remedy. If you want to try using yogurt for thrush, buy the highest quality yogurt you can find, and always use plain, unsweetened yogurt. Much store bought yogurt is loaded with added sweeteners that will simply make the thrush worse. (Always avoid added sweeteners if you suffer from thrush, as yeast love sugar!) Also, try to use organic yogurt if you can.

You can also buy a yogurt maker and try making your own yogurt. You can use a high quality yogurt maker as the starter culture and add a little to organic milk and then just put in the yogurt maker, which only costs about $30. Organic milk is much less expensive than organic yogurt.

If you’re treating a baby with thrush, I would seek out goat’s milk yogurt, which can usually be found in health food stores. Goat’s milk is less allergenic and more easily digested than cow’s milk, making it a better choice for infants and babies with thrush.

From there, just try eating lots of plain, unsweetened yogurt and cut all excess sugars and starches (including artificial sweeteners) out of your diet. It might work or it might not, but it definitely won’t hurt you!

In my personal experience, once a person, whether young or old, develops thrush, it’s usually a sign the yeast is pretty well entrenched and it takes a bit more comprehensive approach to get rid of it permanently. However, the natural approach is far superior to using prescription drugs, which often have harmful side effects and many times don’t even get rid of the yeast!

I just recently read an article in which even medical researchers admitted that anti-fungal drugs are quite toxic and rarely get rid of all the yeast. So the fact that you’re wondering if you can cure thrush with yogurt means you’re looking for a natural remedy and you’re on the right track.

Oyster Can Give You Hepatitis A

From 1983 to 1989, the incidence of hepatitis A in the United States reached 58 percent. Some 35,800 cases were reported in the latter year.

Many were foodborne-related outbreaks that occurred in Alaska, Florida, North Carolina, and Washington. The contaminants included, among others, an ice-slush beverage purchased from a convenience store and iced tea prepared by an infected intravenous drug user who made sandwiches and drinks in a restaurant.

Contaminated frozen strawberries from a processing plant in California were the cause of two separate hepatitis A outbreaks in Georgia and Montana. In the former,13 students and two teachers of an elementary school contracted the disease in two weeks after eating strawberry shortcake in the school cafeteria.

In the Montana episode that took place at an institution for the developmentally disabled, 13 got the disease during a three-week period following the ingestion of desserts containing frozen strawberries.

An early outbreak in London in 1989 involved more than 50 residents of a group of villages. This was traced to bread prepared in a shop and its outlets by workers with soiled hands.

The womanizing librarian Giovanni Giacomo Casanova once recommended 50 oysters for breakfast for those hungry for aphrodisiacs. But instead of getting the girl of your dreams, following that advice could give you hepatitis A.

The reason? Shellfish (oysters, mussels, cockles, or clams) are more likely to transmit the disease. This is because shellfish filter large amounts of water and tend to leave large quantities of bacteria and viruses behind, including the one responsible for hepatitis A.

This was the sad experience of China which had three separate hepatitis A epidemics in 1978, 1982 and 1988 – all attributed to eating raw shellfish. The largest outbreak occurred in Shanghai in 1988, affecting about 300,000 people with 45 fatalities, according to Stephen C. Hadler of the Center for Infectious Diseases Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta, Georgia.

“The first documented .outbreak of hepatitis A due to ingestion of shellfish was reported in 1956 when 600 Swedes who had eaten oysters harvested from waters contaminated with human sewage, contracted the disease. Since that time, numerous outbreaks have been reported from Europe, the USA, Asia, and Australia. While cultivation and distribution of shellfish is often carefully regulated, the nature of the business makes policing of the laws extremely difficult. Harvests are often provided to a variety of wholesalers who, in turn, supply a number of outlets. These factors, together with the prolonged incubation period, make shellfish-associated infection difficult to investigate so that many probably go undetected,” revealed Ian D. Gust in “Epidemiological Patterns of Hepatitis A in Different Parts of the World” published in the journal Vaccine.

Believe it or not swimming can make you susceptible to hepatitis A. This was reported by Dr. Frank J. Mahoney of the CDC in an article in The Journal of Infectious Diseases.

In that article, Mahoney said 20 people aged four to 36 succumbed to hepatitis A in 1989 after swimming in contaminated water in a campground in Louisiana.

Prior to the outbreak, the victims swam in two public pools – a Jacuzzi pool and an adult pool which investigators said could have been contaminated with fecal material or raw sewage owing to the pools’ unusual design and filtering system. That plus the behavior of the swimmers (who either swallowed or spit water while swimming) put them at great risk for contracting hepatitis A.

“We speculate that the pools may have been contaminated either by fecal contamination from one of the swimmers or by cross-connection with the sewage. Several people reported that children wearing diapers were allowed to swim in the pools on the weekend in question. The management at the campground reported that fecal contamination of the pools by swimmers was not uncommon,” Mahoney and his colleagues said. (Next: Homosexuals at risk for hepatitis A.)

Cirrhosis Symptoms – How They Progress And What To Expect

Cirrhosis symptoms may develop gradually and in some cases no symptoms will be noticed, but when symptoms of cirrhosis do occur they can include a range of health problems from indigestion to confusion and impotence. This article shares what cirrhosis is, what causes it and how you can treat the disease to prevent further health complications.

Cirrhosis is defined as a chronic disease of the liver that leads to scarring and decreased function or failure of the liver.

Cirrhosis Symptoms And Causes

Early symptoms are not always present but when they are they may include:

  • Abdominal indigestion or pain
  • Enlarged liver that may be felt in the upper right side of the abdomen
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Poor appetite
  • Weight loss

If the condition goes undetected or untreated additional symptoms may occur including:

  • Jaundice (yellowing of skin and eyes)
  • Dark urine
  • Visible blood vessels under the skin that resemble spiders (spider angiomas)
  • Nose bleeds or bleeding gums
  • Hair loss
  • Swelling in legs and abdomen
  • Bowel movements that may contain blood, be loose or discolored (i.e. dark, pale or clay-colored)
  • Increased bleeding or bruising
  • Impotence, loss of interest in sex and breast development in men (gynecomastia)
  • Confusion or problem solving difficulties

Cirrhosis is an inflammation of the liver that is typically caused by long-term abuse of alcohol or Hepatitis C infection.

Other causes include autoimmune inflammation of the liver, disorders involving the drainage system of the liver (the billiary system) such as primary biliary cirrhosis and primary sclerosing cholangitis, Hepatitis B, medications, metabolic disorders of iron and copper (i.e. hemochromatosis and Wilson’s disease), non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), or exposure to chemicals.

Cirrhosis Diagnosis And Treatment

Diagnosis may be initiated by the observation of the aforementioned symptoms by a person with the disease. If symptoms are noticed, a consultation with a medical doctor is necessary. To form a proper diagnosis a physical examination will be performed, which may include analysis of blood for the presence of anemia, clotting problems or low serum albumin.

Additional test of the urine or imaging test such as x-rays, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Computed Tomography (CT), or Ultrasound of the abdomen may be performed. A biopsy of the liver can confirm the presence of cirrhosis.

Treatment includes making changes to one’s lifestyle, including avoiding alcohol if it was a causative factor in the disease and eating a nutritious diet that is low in salt. A physician may prescribe iron supplements to counter the increase in bleeding, diuretics may be prescribed to reduce swelling, and antibiotics may be used if an infection is present.

Damage already suffered by the liver cannot be reversed but early detection can stop the progression of the disease. If the disease is allowed to progress a procedure called transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) may be necessary to help blood flow more efficiently in your liver, stomach, esophagus and intestines, and then back to your heart. If cirrhosis progresses to end-stage liver disease, a liver transplant may be necessary.

Applications of Calculus

Calculus is a branch of mathematics with applications in just about all areas of science, including physics, chemistry, biology, sociology and economics. Calculus was invented in the 17th century independently by two of the greatest mathematicians who ever lived, the English physicist and mathematician Sir Isaac Newton and the German mathematician Gottfried Leibniz. Calculus allows us to perform calculations that would be practically impossible without it.

The most basic concept in calculus is the notion of a derivative. The derivative f'(x) of a function f(x) is a new function whose value is equal to the slope of the original function at every value of the argument x. In order to define the slope of a function at a point, it is first necessary to study infinitely-small quantities known as infinitesimal quantities. This is probably the hardest part of calculus. Once everything, such as the derivative, is defined in terms of these infintesimal quantities, it is relatively easy to work with them.

Another basic concept in calculus is the integral, which is used to compute areas and volumes. Although it is not at all obvious, the integral turns out to be the opposite of the derivative. Still, computing integrals, i.e. integration, is in general more difficult than computing derivatives, i.e. differentiation.

Isaac Newton invented calculus in order to solve certain problems in physics, such as computing the gravitational force on an apple near the surface of the earth. Thus, it should come as little surprise that physics is perhaps the discipline for which calculus is most widely used. However, it is also widely used in other areas of science as well. For instance, calculus is used in chemistry to compute reaction rates, in biology and sociology to model population growth, and in economics to model compound interest.

How to Get Rid of Vomit Smells

Vomiting is one of the ways your gastrointestinal system gets rid of the “bad stuff.” Normally, it is a short-lived symptom; but the consequences of vomit should be quite apparent to even the most feeble minded.

When you have children, pets, and/or a significant other that suffers from bouts of vertigo/morning sickness, vomit is an unpleasant reality that you may have to clean up now and then. It’s important that you clean up immediately to avoid staining and to quickly disperse the unpleasant odor. For more information regarding this topic, just read and follow the simple tips below.

Vomit Smell Removal

* Remove the vomit from the carpet or other surface; this should always be the first step. Try to do this without spreading the mess around and be sure to wipe up any solids so that only the wet spot remains. Also, if nauseous, be sure to open up the windows for fresh air to let the fumes out, lest you donate your own two cents into the pile of semi-digested goop.

* Sponge the spot stained by the vomit with cool water. Then add half a cup of salt to two quarts of water and use this to further sponge the area and rinse with plain water.

If this does not work, soak the stain for 30 minutes with cool water. Blot the area again with a sponge and some diluted dish detergent until the stain is gone.

* Heavily sprinkle pet carpet deodorizer on the area and let sit for a short time. The just vacuum it up! You may have to do this a couple of times; if so, let the second “dose” sit for a while longer or even rub the deodorizer in with a damp rag. Let it dry and vacuum again. That should do it.

* There’s just something about vinegar when it comes to stains and odors, isn’t there? Vinegar (a weak acid) is a great way to clean, disinfect and deodorize surfaces, including those victimized by vomit.

Of course, vinegar doesn’t smell much better than vomit (one would say they smell almost the same), but the smell of vinegar eventually diminishes, while vomit smells doesn’t. It’s the lesser of two evils, if you will.

* If vomit has penetrated the actual cushion of your coach or carpet, you may have a harder time getting rid of the smell, but keep trying. You may have to saturate a cushion in vinegar water to get to the center to neutralize this smell.

Afterwards, let the cushion air dry outside in the warm sun for a few days. Then, just to be sure it’s dry all the way through, put the cover back on and tumble dry it at the laundromat with fabric softener sheets. The combined heat of the sun and the laundromat should help kill the vomit odors that the vinegar water didn’t neutralize.

* Another thought; after you’ve thoroughly gotten rid of the vomit smell, try child-proofing your couches. If the cushions have zippered covers, take all of the cushions out, and wrap the cushions in large plastic bags, tape tight as possible. Then put the cushions back in their cases.

Not only will you have waterproofed your cushions, but it the plastic-wrapped cushions are easily cleaned and maintained. Conversely, once you buy new cushions, never take them out of their vacuum-tight plastic packaging.

* Steam cleaning will help remove vomit smells. If soap and water doesn’t work, try renting a powerful steam cleaner with a hand-held attachment. Whatever you do, don’t use harsh chemicals and make sure you do your best to dry the area you’ve cleaned.

* Here’s an ensemble method using a whole bunch of cleaning agents: try spraying the affected area with a mixture of vinegar, Pine-Sol and a scented liquid soap. Let it dry thoroughly, and then use some Febreze spray to finish the job. It’s undoubtedly hard to work through all that, but it beats trying to run out to buy new furniture.

* Pour a generous amount of baking soda over the area and let it soak in. This will help get rid of the vomit odor; sodium bicarbonate is a great absorbent powder. Then vacuum up the baking soda residue completely.

Once that’s done, set a towel over the damp area, press down on the towel and leave it until the area dries completely. If the stench persists, either consult a cleaning professional or repeat this method until the stench is gone.

* Speaking of cleaning professionals, they’re also an open option for vomit smell removal. Whatever the situation of the hirer, a professional cleaning service can cost a lot less money than most people would expect. Indeed, if all else fails, commercial carpet and rug cleaning equipment do exist to help you out.

The cleaners provide all the equipment and detergents and above all, they have the experience of having cleaned rooms which would probably make your vomit-stinking room smell like the Rose Parade in comparison.

Vomit Smell Removing Products

* Nature’s Miracle truly is a miracle when it comes to bad odor removal, even vomit smell removal. Cat urine is the worst and hardest smell to get rid of, but it easily folded against the power and ability of Nature’s Miracle. You just need to saturate the affected area with the product and the natural enzymes will immediately get to work to rid you of the offensive smell.

Furthermore, it’s not just for cat urine; it also removes all organic stains and odors, including foods, blood, vomit, feces, grease, dirt, grass, smoke and perspiration. Add that to that fact that it’s usable on carpets, floors, furniture, clothing, and so on and so forth, and you have a winning brand right there! Goodbye, vomit smell!

* There’s this product called Dryell and you find it in Wal-Mart; it comes in a kit with bags and a bottle of special cleaning fluid. If you take the fluid and squirt it on the vomit stain repeatedly while blotting it with a white rag, the stain will eventually come out.

* Pine-Sol is a household cleaning agent used in bathrooms, kitchens, and other cleaning applications. The primary ingredients in Pine-Sol are pine oil, surfactants and isopropanol. Labeling also warns of alkyl alcohol ethoxylates content in the product, but all in all it’s a good cleaning product when it comes to vomit odors as well.

* Fresh Wave has an array of all natural, non-toxic and earth-friendly products for the laundry, upholstery, floors and the air that are designed to attract, capture and neutralize sour house odors.

* Buy a large pump of Febreze; it works on everything. Smelly hampers, sticky rental cars, sleeping bags that stink of camp fire, and of course the topic of discussion, odoriferous regurgitated food; you name the smell, Febreze can quickly quell.

Stomach Flu Symptoms or Food Poisoning?

Stomach flu symptoms and signs of food poisoning can be almost indistinguishable.

Infectious diarrhea can be caused by a virus or by bacteria. Regardless of the classification of the pathogen causing the acute gastroenteritis the results will be very much the same.

You will feel pretty sick, will likely have a fever and also experience nausea, diarrhea, and maybe even stomach cramps.

An intestinal virus can picked up from food or from other surfaces. Bacterial food poisoning however, occurs because the bacteria actually live and grow on the food eventually causing the food to spoil or go rotten. While nobody would want to eat rotting food that smells bad, most bacterial food poisoning occurs before the food has reached that rotten stage so even though the bacteria are there and multiplying and growing it might not be obvious to you and the others at the banquet table.

So how can you tell if the vomiting and diarrhea you are experiencing are stomach flu symptoms or food poisoning? Well most of the time you cannot tell just by the symptoms. It would only be possible to tell for sure by testing the stool and this is rarely done.

Most often an intestinal virus or even a bacterial food poisoning will be a shortlived illness and you will recover within a few days. It may only be necessary to see a physician if the symptoms do not resolve and the illness progressively worsens. This can indicate that there is a rare serious bacteria involved, or that your body is just not able to fully recover perhaps because of dehydration or some other underlying condition that has worsened as a result of the infectious diarrhea.

The one symptom that is more typical of a bacterial food poisoning than a viral gastroenteritis is bloody diarrhea. While it is possible for this to occur in infants and toddlers with acute gastroenteritis, is it not typical. On the other hand, bloody diarrhea may be common for many of the bacterial infections from food poisoning and this characteristic of diarrhea stools distinguishes several of the more serious types of infectious diarrhea such as that caused by E coli.

If you have diarrhea and can see bright red blood in it, then that would be a reason to go see the doctor. However, most cases of food poisoning and intestinal flu are not serious enough to warrant visits to a physician and will subside on their own within a few days of becoming sick.

So even though stomach flu symptoms may not be distinguishable from food poisoning, there may be other ways to tell if you picked up an intestinal virus or ate some rotten food. In my experience however, people who have fever, nausea, vomiting, stomach cramps and diarrhea aren’t usually interested in leaving the house to get these kinds of details attended to. You might want to just go to bed and let the illness run its course.

These two types of illnesses however, can differentiated by observing the way that they spread. If you know someone who has been sick with vomiting and diarrhea, and then you become sick, and then a day or so later someone else in the family comes down with similar symptoms, it is likely an intestinal virus that has been transmitted from person to person. The analogy would be like a domino trail with each domino falling individually.

If however, you have been at a social gathering where food was served and a large number of people become ill all with the same symptoms, at the same time, then this is likely food poisoning. The analogy here would be a tower of dominoes crashing all at once instead of one by one.

So the signs of stomach flu and symptoms of food poisoning are pretty much the same with the possible exception of bloody diarrhea. However, you should be able to determine whether an intestinal virus or a bacteria was the source of your torment by the nature of the spread of the illness.

The only other definitive way to tell the difference would be to have a stool sample examined and honestly by the time you are well enough to do that the illness will be over anyway.

Aloe Vera is the Solution to Mouth Ulcers

One of the side effects of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD) like Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis is mouth ulcers. Common mouth ulcers are Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis (RAS) and Recurrent Intra-oral Herpes (RIH). The reason why these extra-intestinal symptoms occur is not clearly known. However, they coincide with flare ups of the disease.

There are many causes for mouth ulcers. They include skin causes like erythema multiforme, liche planus; microbial causes like herpes, chickenpox, infectious mononucleosis; gastrointestinal causes like Crohn’s, Ulcerative Colitis, Coeliac; rheumatoid causes like systemic lupus erthematosus, Reiter’s syndrome, Behcet’s disease; blood causes like neutropenia, leukaemia or due to drugs like Nicorandril, cytotoxic agents, NSAIDs, oral nicotine replacement therapy. Other reasons why ulcers occur include deficiencies in nutrition or sensitive food intake.

Ulcer patients generally take soft, bland food that is rich in nutrients. This is most likely to be a macrobiotic diet. In combination with this diet most ulcer victims are resorting to applying aloe vera topically. Studies have shown that localised application of aloe vera does help in the treatment of ulcers of the mouth. In fact the medicinal capabilities of laoe have exceeded the expectations of medics. Additionally aloe vera helps in oedema control, pain control and fast healing.

Another use of aloe-vera is in controlling inflammation. Its anti-bacterial qualities mean that it finds use in the treatment of chemical burns, traumatized gum tissue, post tooth extraction, periodontal surgery sites etc. Aloe users should keep in mind that treatment of mouth ulcers depends on contact time. The medication should be given at minimum of five minutes to act on the area before rinsing it out. While these are only a few of Aloe vera’s uses there are a lot more effects that aloe vera can cause. Other properties of the products of this plant include anti-fungal, astringent, laxative, anti-bacterial and anti-viral properties.

19 Best Home Remedies for Acidity

Read this article to know the best Home Remedies for Acidity. First of all let me tell you what is Acidity?

Acidity refers to a set of symptoms caused by an inequity. More names for acidity are hyperacidity or acid dyspepsia. Acid reflux or Acidity is one of the most normal diseases that cause heart burns in the upper body

Acidity can be a result of inappropriate dietary regimen or stress. It is a problem which when left unattended to, results in peptic ulcer and other complications. It is quite a simple problem when it begins, but it can get out of hand easily if not taken critically. It means the excess secretion of acid by the gastric glands of the stomach.

The usual signs of heartburn are a burning sensation or pain in the stomach after one to four hours of a meal. The too much secretion of hydrochloric acid in the stomach causes acidity. Acidity can be a result of improper dietary regimen or stress

The too much secretion of hydrochloric acid in the stomach causes acidity. Some causes of acidity include Alcohol, caffeine, nicotine, chocolate, citrus, tomato, peppermint, fried and fatty foods, over-eating, stress, some medications, and being overweight. Acid Reflux Disease causes harms to the esophagus as the acidic contents from the stomach, containing acids and pepsin, pushes back to the esophagus since the sphincter develops into weak and can no-more prevent the contents from stomach from gushing back in esophagus

Skipping meals, not eating on time, fried and spicy food, stress, anxiety, insomnia, obesity, pregnancy, smoking, alcohol, and wearing tight clothes can give you hyperacidity and heartburn.

Acidity is a problem that occurs very commonly; so going in for medications every time doesn’t seem to be a very good thought. Some home remedies can be used to treat and prevent acidity.

Here is a list of some best Home Remedies for Acidity:

Home Remedies for Acidity

1) Eat a cup of vanilla ice cream or drink a glass of cold milk to get rid of acidity. This is an easy Home Remedy for Acidity

2) Raita prepared with fresh curd, grated cucumber, fresh coriander, tomato is a sure shot remedy in aiding digestion, and helps eliminate acidity.

3) Mint: Fresh mint juice taken every day or fresh mint leaves boiled in a cup of water and sipped slowly after meals also helps to keep the stomach acids at bay

4) Mint juice before meals keeps acidity at bay. This is another good Home Remedy for Acidity.

5) Chewing 5-6 basil leaves relieves flatulence and acidity.

6) Half a glass of fresh pineapple juice should be taken after a meal for treating and preventing acidity

7) A piece of jaggery or gur after lunch and dinner prevents acidity

8) A very simple remedy for acidity is thin butter-milk mixed with 1/4 teaspoon of black pepper powder

9) 9) One of the common Home Remedies for Acidity – Onion (pyaz): The juice of onions is an excellent remedy for acidity.

10) Habitual eating habits and a healthy diet can prevent acidity

11) Drink plenty of water (at least 6 to 8 glasses per day) and other fluids to maintain the acid balance in the stomach

12) A sherbet made with kokum and jeera reduces acidity

13) Lemon rind can also be eaten to prevent heartburn

14) A glass of cold milk provides instant relief. This is an effective Home Remedy for Acidity

15) Eat almonds to give relief to symptoms of acidity

16) Chew a few holy basil (tulsi ) leaves to get relief

17) Bananas, watermelon and cucumber have protective action against the acidity and heart burn

18) Lemon: Juice of one lemon mixed in half glass of water and ½ teaspoon sugar if consumed before meals helps to relieve acidity and is a good Home Remedy for Acidity

19) When suffering from acidity, drink five to eight glass of coconut water a day.

Tried And Tested Herbal Treatments For Hyperacidity

Generally, hyperacidity is a condition caused by the excessive formation of acid in the stomach, in which patient feels a burning sensation. In order to understand the cause of this, it is necessary to know that the stomach produces a number of juices that are necessary for digestion.

One of them is a dilute form of hydrochloric acid, which is needed to break down complex foods such as proteins. Indigestion is frequently caused by the consumption of over-large meals particularly when these are of fatty nature. Globules of excess fat, not being digested in the stomach, are inclined to coat other food and slow down the digestive process. This causes the stomach to supply more digestive juices, including acid, with resulting discomfort caused by gas formation.

Common Causes of Hyperacidity

There could be a lot reasons or causes for the flare-up of hyperacidity. It could be idiopathic, or arising from an unknown cause. The flare-up of hyperacidity could also be related to some behavioral or diet factors, such as prolonged ingestion of aspirin or some anti-inflammatory drug, prolonged alcohol ingestion, eating spicy and highly seasoned food like chilly, pickles, etc. Stress could also be an important cause for hyperacidity as well as heavy smoking.

Common Symptoms of Hyperacidity

The most common symptoms of hyperacidity are : A steady pain of short duration in upper abdomen immediately following a large or spicy meal or aspirin ingestion; Nausea, vomiting, and loss of desire to eat which may persist for 1-2 days; Heartburn or sour belching; Early repletion or satiety after meals; A sense of abdominal distension or ‘bloating’; Flatulence (burping, belching); Vomiting of blood or blood in stools.

Effective Herbal Remedies For Hyperacidity

There are a lot of suggested herbal concoctions and remedies for naturally curing hyperacidity. Here are three popular and effective methods for treating this condition:

– Carrot and Cabbage juice. To prepare, wash and slice in small pieces one big carrot and 1/4 kilo cabbage. Osterize the carrots and cabbage with 2 glasses of water. Strain and add 1 tablespoon sugar. Adding sugar is optional. Keep the mixture in the refrigerator to cool, and be sure to prepare for one day’s supply only. Drink one glass of the carrot and cabbage juice 30 minutes before meals, and when there is gastric pain.

– Olive oil. Take one teaspoon of olive oil 30 minutes before meals for severe symptoms.

Do this only when there are symptoms, since olive oil may increase cholesterol blood level.

– Peppermint. Although there are more than 30 species of mint, peppermint is one of the most popular, with its purple-laced stems and bright green leaves. Peppermint is widely utilized as a food, flavoring and disinfectant. As a medicine, peppermint is famous for its effects on the stomach and intestines.

Peppermint is a tasty way to relieve gas, nausea, and stomach pain due to an irritable bowel, intestinal cramps, or indigestion. Peppermint is a carminative, or an agent that dispels gas and bloating in the digestive system and an antispasmodic capable of relieving stomach and intestinal cramps. Peppermint can be used for too much stomach acid (hyperacidity) and gastroenteritis, and it is safe for infants with colic.

Gastritis Treatment – Homeopathic Remedies For Gastritis

When the lining of the stomach is inflamed, irritated or infected, it is called gastritis. The condition can be chronic or acute. It is usually chronic among people who suffer from extreme cases of iron deficiency. Any type of stomach disorder can disrupt the regular functioning of the digestive system and can lead to other physical disorders including ulcers. The symptoms of gastritis can get worse with the intake of rich and spicy foods. So it is recommended to avoid warm foods. Here are some natural Homeopathic remedies to cure gastritis.

Coconut: Coconut water is an effective remedy; it allows the stomach to rest while providing the required minerals and vitamins. Consuming coconut water alone during the initial stage of gastritis can greatly help cure the condition.

Marigold: Marigold is an herb that can is used to treat gastritis. An infusion made from this herb should be taken daily, one tablespoon twice a day.

Rice: Acute cases of gastritis can be cured with the intake of rice gruel. One cup taken twice on a daily basis can help improve mastication of food in the stomach as they promote the flow of gastric juices.

Lycopodium: Also called grape vine, this is a kind of club moss found in tropical areas and mountains. The intake of lycopodium helps relieve gastritis symptoms such as indigestions, belching, stress and bloating.

Buttermilk: A mixture of curd, buttermilk, cumin water and asafetida can be highly beneficial for those suffering from gastritis.

Water: Drink a lot of water daily. Drink at least eight large glasses of water a day.

Potato: The juice from potato has been proved to relieve gastritis. Drink a half cup of potato juice a half hour before meals, at least 2-3 times a day.

Nux Vomica: The seeds from an evergreen tree, which contain brucine and strychnine, are used to make Nux vomica. Gastritis symptoms such as stomach pain, heartburn, bloating, constipation and diarrhea can be relieved with Nix vomica.

Garlic: For immediate relief from gastritis, take 2 pieces of garlic and roll it in dry seedless grape. This provides fast relief from the discomforts caused by the condition.

Veratrum Album: White hellebore or Veratrum album is common in Europe. It bears a yellowish-white flower and is highly poisonous. Veratrum album is a natural treatment for gastritis and it can relieve most symptoms of gastritis such as hiccups after consuming hot drinks, belching, belching after eating, mucus ejection when burping, vomiting, terrible hunger and great thirst.

Pulsatilla: Pasque flower, a dried herb, is used to make Pulsatilla. This remedy is ideal for those whose symptoms keep varying a lot. Heartburn and bloating are two common symptoms that can be effectively treated by Pulsatilla. It also relieves other symptoms including depression, loss of appetite, diarrhea, white coating on tongue and greasy taste in the mouth.

Peppermint: Peppermint provides a lot of benefits for those suffering from gastritis. It contains several volatile oils like menthol which relieves stomach ulcers, indigestion and other stomach related problems.

Endocarditis -Definition, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Endocarditis is known as an infection of the endocardial area of the heart, which is an uncommon but not rare disease.The most common structures include are the heart valves. Endocarditis can be describe into two categories are native valve acute & subacute endocarditis,prosthetic valve endocarditis,depending on whether a micro organism is the source of the problem. The organisms streptococci “strep”, staphylococci “staph”, or pneumococci or gonococci or species of bacteria that generally exist on body surfaces are the main source of it. It is mostly caused by bacteria. Rarely, can be caused by fungi or some other kind of organisms.

Endocarditis is an infection of the inner region of the heart or the heart valves produced by bacteria generally found in the intestinal tract or urinary tract and mouth.Endocarditis appears when infectious organisms, such as bacteria or fungi, enter the blood stream and reside in the heart.Whch lead to a serious symptoms that needs prolonged treatment and on occasion causes injury to the heart or even death.

Causes

Some bacteria generally exist on various parts of the body, such as the mouth & upper respiratory system, the intestinal tract or urinary tract, and the skin. Some surgical & dental methods, intravenous drug use, cardiac categorization and other invasive procedures, cuts, bruises and minor surgical procedures result a bacteremia. Bacteremia is common after many incursive procedures, but only some bacteria commonly cause endocarditis.Bacterial endocarditis appears when bacteria in the bloodstream accommodate on abnormal heart valves or other damaged heart tissue.

Once the bacteria infect the inner region of the heart, they keep on to multiply producing large particles called vegetation that may then break off and move to the lungs, brain, kidneys and skin. They go on with a particular infection may also seriously damage the heart valve on which the vegetation’s have developed.

Symptoms

Symptoms of acute endocarditis include such as blood in the urine ,small broken blood vessels on the palms and soles of the feet,cough,red painful nodes in the pads of the fingers & toes ,paleness ,nail abnormalities,abnormal urine color , low appetite.

If severe heart damage results shock, the person may collapse suddenly, have a acute pulse and have pale, cool skin.

Symptoms of endocarditis include such as:

  • Intermittent low grade fever.
  • Chills & excessive sweating .
  • Fatigue .
  • Body weakness.
  • Vague aches.
  • Joint pains.
  • Severe Back pain.
  • Heart murmur.
  • Weight loss.
  • Shortness of breath on exertion.
  • Swelling of the feet, legs and abdomen.
  • Rapid or abnormal heartbeat.

Treatments

High dose antibiotics are usually prescribed for patients at risk for developing endocarditis. A person is most at risk when undergoing those dental or surgical procedures most likely to cause bacteremia with organisms that commonly result endocarditis.

Hospitalization is generally needed initially to administer intravenous antibiotics. Continual antibiotic treatment is required to cure the bacteria from the heart chambers and valves,Typically two to six weeks.

Surgery to replace the affected heart valve is generally needed,If heart failure causes as a result of damaged heart valves, or if the infection is breaking off in little pieces, resulting in a series of strokes, or there is evidence of organ damage.

Pulmonary Edema

Pulmonary edema is the accumulation of excess fluid in the extravascular space of the lungs. This accumulation might occur slowly, as in a affected individual with occult renal failure, or with dramatic suddenness, as in a patient with left ventricular failure after an acute myocardial infarction. Pulmonary edema most commonly presents with dyspnea.

Dyspnea is breathing perceived by a affected individual as both uncomfortable or anxiety-provoking and disproportionate towards the degree of activity. The affected individual at first notices dyspnea only with exertion but may progress to experience dyspnea at rest. In severe cases, pulmonary edema may be accompanied by edema fluid in the sputum and can trigger acute respiratory failure.

Etiology:
Pulmonary edema is a common problem associated with a variety of medical problems. In light of these multiple brings about, it’s helpful to think about pulmonary edema in terms of underlying physiologic principles.

Pathophysiology:
All blood vessels leak. In the adult human, leakage from the pulmonary circulation represents lower than 0.01% of pulmonary blood flow, or even a baseline filtration of around 15 mL/h. Two thirds of this flow occurs across the pulmonary capillary endothelium into the pericapillary interstitial room.

This really is 1 of two extravascular spaces in the lung-the interstitial room and also the airspaces-that contain the alveoli and connecting airways. These two spaces are protected by different barriers. The pulmonary capillary endothelium limits extravasation to the interstitial space whilst the alveolar epithelium lines the airspaces and protects them towards the free motion of fluid.

Edema fluid doesn’t readily key in the alveolar space simply because the alveolar epithelium is nearly impermeable towards the passage of protein. This protein barrier creates a powerful osmotic gradient that favors accumulation of fluid within the interstitium. The amount of fluid that crosses the pulmonary capillary endothelium is determined by the area area from the capillary bed, the permeability of the vessel wall, and the net pressure driving it throughout that wall (transmural or driving stress).

The transmural pressure represents the balance in between websites hydrostatic forces that often move fluid out of the capillary and also the net colloid osmotic forces that often maintain it in. The Starling equation Jv ≈ ([Pc – Pi] – [ c – i]) illustrates this relationship mathematically, where Jv may be the net fluid motion in or out of the lungs, Pc is the capillary hydrostatic pressure, Pi is the interstitial hydrostatic stress, is the reflection coefficient, and c and i are the capillary and interstitial hydrostatic pressures.

An imbalance in 1 or a lot more of these four factors-capillary endothelial permeability, alveolar epithelial permeability, hydrostatic pressure, and colloid osmotic pressure-lies behind almost all clinical presentations of pulmonary edema. In the shorthand of clinical practice, these four elements are grouped into two types of pulmonary edema: cardiogenic, referring to edema resulting from a net increase in transmural stress (hydrostatic or osmotic); and noncardiogenic, referring to edema resulting from increased permeability.

The former is largely a mechanical procedure, the latter largely an inflammatory one. Nevertheless, these two types of pulmonary edema are not exclusive but closely linked: Pulmonary edema happens when the transmural stress is excessive for a given capillary permeability. For instance, within the presence of damaged capillary endothelium, small increases in otherwise normal transmural pressure might cause big raises in edema formation.

Similarly, when the alveolar epithelial barrier is broken, even the baseline filtration throughout an intact endothelium might trigger alveolar flooding. A number of mechanisms aid in the clearance of ultrafiltrate and guard against its accumulation as pulmonary edema. Although you will find no lymphatics in the alveolar septa, you will find “juxta-alveolar” lymphatics within the pericapillary space that normally clear all of the ultrafiltrate.

The pericapillary interstitium is contiguous using the perivascular and peribronchial interstitium. The interstitial pressure there’s negative relative to the pericapillary interstitium, so edema fluid tracks centrally, away in the airspaces. In impact, the perivascular and peribronchiolar interstitium acts as a sump for edema fluid. It can accommodate approximately 500 mL with only a little rise in interstitial hydrostatic pressure.

Simply because this edema fluid is protein depleted relative to blood, there is an osmotic balance that favors resorption in the interstitium into the bloodstream. This is the main source of resorption of fluid from these collection locations. The perivascular and peribronchiolar interstitium is also contiguous using the interlobular septa and also the visceral pleura. In the event of pulmonary edema, there’s increased interstitial flow to the pleural space exactly where parietal pleural lymphatics are very effective at clearance.

Pleural effusions observed in patients with elevated pulmonary venous stress represent another reservoir for edema fluid, 1 that may compromise respiratory purpose lower than would having the same fluid in the lung parenchyma. Finally, there’s evidence that edema fluid might track along the interstitium into the mediastinum exactly where it’s taken up by lymphatics.

At some undefined critical degree after the perivascular and peribronchiolar interstitium have been filled, increased interstitial hydrostatic stress causes edema fluid to key in the alveolar room. The pathway into the alveolar room remains unknown. Within the case of cardiogenic pulmonary edema, elevated transmural pressure might outcome from elevated pulmonary venous pressure (causing increased capillary hydrostatic pressure), elevated alveolar area tension (thereby lowering interstitial hydrostatic pressure), or decreased capillary colloid osmotic pressure.

When the rate of ultrafiltration rises beyond the capacity from the pericapillary lymphatics to get rid of it, interstitial fluid accumulates. When the rate of formation continues to exceed lymphatic clearance, alveolar flooding results. Simply because it is an ultrafiltrate of plasma, the edema fluid of cardiogenic pulmonary edema initially has a low protein content, usually less than 60% of the patient’s plasma protein content.

Noncardiogenic (increased permeability) pulmonary edema is occasionally referred to clinically as acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Alveolar fluid accumulates as a result of loss of integrity from the alveolar epithelium, permitting solutes and large molecules this kind of as albumin to key in the alveolar space.

These alterations may outcome from direct damage to the alveolar epithelium by inhaled poisons or pulmonary infection, or they may occur after primary injury to the capillary endothelium by circulating poisons as in sepsis or pancreatitis. This really is in contrast to cardiogenic pulmonary edema, in which both the alveolar epithelium and the capillary endothelium are generally intact. Owing towards the disrupted epithelial barrier, edema fluid in elevated permeability edema includes a high protein content, usually a lot more than 70% of the plasma protein content.

The list of possible causes of injury is broad and is associated with a diverse group of clinical entities. So many various difficulties are grouped together in this syndrome because they share injury to the alveolar epithelium and damage to pulmonary surfactant, which outcomes in characteristic alterations in pulmonary mechanics and function.

With inhalation damage, this kind of as that created by mustard gas throughout Globe War I, there is direct chemical injury to the alveolar epithelium that disrupts this normally tight cellular barrier. The presence of high-protein fluid in the alveolus, especially the presence of fibrinogen and fibrin degradation items, inactivates pulmonary surfactant, causing big raises in area tension.

This outcomes inside a fall in pulmonary compliance and alveolar instability, primary to locations of atelectasis. Elevated surface tension decreases the interstitial hydrostatic stress and favors further fluid movement to the alveolus. A damaged surfactant monolayer may improve susceptibility to infection as well. Circulating elements might act directly on the capillary endothelium or might have an effect on it via various immunologic mediators.

A common instance is gram-negative bacteremia. Bacterial endotoxin does not trigger endothelial harm directly; it causes neutrophils and macrophages to adhere to endothelial surfaces and discharge a range of inflammatory mediators such as leukotrienes, thromboxanes, and prostaglandins too as oxygen radicals that trigger oxidant damage.

Both macrophages and neutrophils may discharge proteolytic enzymes that cause further harm. Alveolar macrophages may also be stimulated. Vasoactive substances might cause intense pulmonary vasoconstriction, primary to capillary failure. The pathology of increased permeability pulmonary edema reflects these changes. The lungs appear grossly edematous and heavy.

The area appears violaceous, and hemorrhagic fluid exudes in the cut pleural area. Microscopically, there is cellular infiltration of the interalveolar septa and the interstitium by inflammatory cells and erythrocytes. Kind I pneumocytes are broken, leaving a denuded alveolar barrier. Hyaline membranes form in the absence of alveolar epithelium.

These are sheets of pink proteinaceous material composed of plasma proteins, fibrin, and coagulated cellular debris. Fibrosis happens in some instances. Nevertheless, complete recovery with regeneration in the kind II pneumocytes of the alveolar epithelium might also occur.