Is Hepatitis B Contagious?

Living with hepatitis B is very difficult, but fortunately – today we have a natural way to cure it, which anyone can easily apply at their homes. There are lots of problems with having hepatitis B, and it can greatly limit your life in many ways. That’s why it is important to understand some basic facts about this disease, and is hepatitis b contagious. Read on.

Hepatitis B can be a touch difficult to detect as much as half of the infected people do not exhibit any symptoms that may alarm doctors. That’s one of the reason why living with hepatitis b is hard. A patient infected with HBV virus can start showing symptoms after thirty days from the date of infection, while some even show signs of this disease as late as after 180 days from the date of infection. Common Hepatitis B patients show symptoms such as nausea, appetite loss, fever, severe itching, experiencing pain under the right rib cage, jaundice, exhaustion, color of urine turning dark, vomiting and grayish stools appearing on body.

Is hepatitis b contagious?Asking people you know, to go get a hepatitis b vaccine is beneficial, because they won’t have to be living with hepatitis b, like you. Vaccine for Hepatitis B was first developed in 1981. It contains HBV surface antigen ‘HBsAg’ and it is received in three doses. According to experts’ recommendations, the second dose should be received at least one month after receiving the first dose, while the third and final dose ought to be received after at least three months from the date of the first vaccination. Initially doctors and medical experts thought that Hepatitis B vaccination can prevent the disease for up to seven years, however, later on research showed that subjects with good first response to the vaccination become immune to Hepatitis B for as long as 25 years.

How can hepatitis B be cured? There is a new treatment option, which was developed in 2009 in Australia. It is a herbal cure, which anyone can apply at the privacy of their own home. It is based on the fact that after introducing certain herbs in the body, the enzymes which the hepatitis B virus uses in order to replicate, are blocked.

Common and Advanced Cirrhosis Symptoms

Cirrhosis is a serious medical condition which is used to refer to a group of chronic diseases in the liver due to which the normal liver cells are damaged and simultaneously the amount of normal liver tissue decreases in quantity to be replaced by scar tissues. The symptoms through which this disorder is manifested are known as cirrhosis symptoms and although they may be very few at first, their presence increases with the increasing severity of the disease.

Among the first few cirrhosis symptoms, the first is the loss of functioning of the liver cells and the eventual distortion of the lever as a result of scarring. It is this distortion which may obstruct the blood flow to the liver and cause other problems in an individual’s physiology like fatigue, weakness, exhaustion and loss of appetite. The failure of the liver in performing some of its vital functions could further lead to a number of associated functions within the body being affected like production of clotting factors and the blood proteins, reduced production of bile and enzymes and breakdown of old red blood cells. Some of the other prominent symptoms are weight loss, easy bruising of the skin, redness of palms and frequent infections.

If not attended to at this stage, the disorder aggravates and the advanced cirrhosis symptoms is usually jaundice due to the deposition of bile in the intestine and the formation of gall-stones in the gall bladder. If the bile pigment is deposited on the skin as well, the affected individual may feel itchiness of the skin. Further ignorance or neglect leads to fluid retention in the abdominal cavity thus becoming a breeding ground for further complications. Therefore, it is imperative for these symptoms to be diagnosed and identified correctly in their initial stages so as to commence medical treatment and eventual cure of this disorder.

Potassium Citrate Dietary Supplements

Potassium Citrate is used extensively as a dietary supplement. It is also seen to be highly effective in the treatment of conditions like kidney ailments.

It is a mineral that is essential for the body and thus, it is important to ensure that the right levels are maintained throughout. An average person requires anywhere between 2000-4000 mg of potassium citrate on a daily basis. Our body derives its requisite of potassium citrate from food. It is naturally present in foods like banana, cauliflower, orange juice, tomatoes, raw carrots and cabbage, beetroot, yam and papaya. It is important that the body’s needs of potassium citrate be adequately met.

Deficiency of potassium citrate in the body may manifest in many forms like irritability, weakness, anxiety, depression, pain in the joints, constipation and irregularity in heart beat, water retention, headaches, growth problems and even high levels of cholesterol. Thus, a supplement is advisable in cases of extreme deficiency so as to be able to maintain a balance. It is essential that the supplement be taken under the supervision of a medical practitioner.

Potassium citrate is very useful in treating ailments related to the kidney. Potassium citrate has the unique property of being effective in maintaining the requisite balance in the uric acid levels. Thus, it is used by medical practitioners for the treatment of conditions like urinary calculi or kidney stones. Potassium citrate is also seen to be useful in bettering muscle and nerve functions.

Potassium citrate supplements of any kind are not advisable in the case of patients suffering from any ailment related to the kidney. It can actually have very drastic adverse effects. People using anti-inflammatory drugs are also advised to keep off potassium citrate supplements.

Precautions to be followed before starting on a course of potassium citrate supplements:

o It is essential to inform your medical practitioner of any past history of kidney related diseases or heart ailment.

o High blood pressure patients and those having any kind of allergy must also intimate the doctor in advance.

The medical practitioner must be consulted immediately in case of an overdose or any abnormal symptoms noticed while using potassium citrate.

Home Solutions When Vomiting

Vomiting, puking or hurling are all different words used to describe the same thing. Whether you be a human or a dog. Why do you puke? This is the bodies way of getting rid of stuff in their stomach that does not agree with you or is bad for you. Doing this can be caused by many things.

Nobody likes that feeling of your stomach getting tight and you just know what is coming next. Lets see if we can help relieve you of some of the bad things that you feel when you vomit.

One thing you have to look out for. If you puke up blood, get your butt to the emergency room A.S.A.P. If it looks like brown used coffee grounds get to the emergency room. I’m sure your parents have told you what their parents cures were for this disgusting expulsion of stomach contents. There are all kinds of solutions to this throwing up thing. Now there are things available at the pharmacy with needing a prescription.

Grandmothers cure for the pukes seem like a good idea at the time, but may not be the best solution. When you vomit, it is a sign that there is something else wrong with you. You should be done throwing up after 24 hours. If you are not, get to the doctor. Cures in the home. coke syrup. This supposedly settles your stomach. vomiting will make you lose liquid from your body that will need to be replaced. You can accomplish this by consuming Gatorade, Power-aide or water.

Just be sure to wait at least 60 minutes before you drink anything after puking.

Besides coke syrup, any kind of non carbonated syrup is good. It will settle your stomach. A slush drink for your vomiting. Ginger and apple juice. Just mix a half a teaspoon of the ginger with apple juice. Water down the apple juice with a quarter cup of aqua. Make sure the ginger is completely mixed with the liquids. Then blend in the ice until slush consistency.

You can also make little homemade frozen pops out of this concoction. You can also try drinking rice water. You boil rice, strain, then drink the water. Kinda sounds gross, but they say it works.

It is supposed to put stop to the puking. Clove water. Probably tastes disgusting. You soak cloves in water, then drink the water. That makes me want to puke just thinking about that. Apple cider vinegar is said to be a good solution to vomiting to. It is said to help out women that vomit due to being with child.

Dilute the apple cider vinegar with water, drink it before sleepy time. It will be like drinking stinky feet water. There you have some home cures to puking. I don’t know if I would try them, but you might be up for it.

Sepsis Food Poisoning

Food poisoning is a sepsis (the presence of harmful microorganisms or associated toxins in the blood and tissues), that is caused by consuming foods that are contaminated with pathogenic bacteria, toxins, viruses, prions or parasites. These contaminations are normally as a result of improper handling, storage or preparation of food. Pesticides added to food can also add in the likelihood of consumption of the viruses. Contact that Pests, such as flies and cockroaches have with food, further increases the change of contamination.

Because symptoms often don’t occur for several hours after the contaminated food is eaten, it is hard at times to ‘pin the tail on the donkey’ and figure out exactly where it came from. Initial Food Poisoning symptoms generally include: vomiting, diarrhea, fever, nausea, abdominal pain, headache or tiredness. Typically our body is able to recover by itself from the poisoning, after a short period of time. In rare cases, especially with babies and pregnant women, food poisoning can result in permanent health problems, and in even more extreme cases, death.

The time that passes between the food consuption and the actual presence of the virus, is known as the incubation period. During this period microbes are passed through the stomach and into the intestine where they attach the cells that line the intestinal wall. They then being to multiply.

Practicing good hygiene during the three stages of food preparation(before, after, during), can greatly reduce the chance of food poisoning. Be smart about your health and take the necessary precautions when working with food.

Can Probiotics Help to Heal Ulcers?

Ulcers are formed in the stomach when acid in the stomach comes into contact with unprotected tissues. Mostly, the stomach protects itself naturally against this acid burn, but occasionally this protection breaks down for some reason. The result is basically an open sore that develops on the lining of the stomach. Most people used to think that an ulcer was caused by stress or by eating too much spicy food. While either of these can cause more acid in the stomach, it has now been found that ulcers are caused by H. pylori, but only when certain conditions are present. In fact, many people have H. pylori in their gut, but never develop ulcers.

Another cause of ulcers is when certain medications such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications are taken over the long-term for whatever reason. Not only do these drugs cause more acid to form in the stomach, they block the production of prostaglandin, which helps to prevent injury and maintains blood flow. To a lesser extent, radiation therapy, excessive alcohol consumption and burns can also cause ulcers.

Probiotics have been found to be an effective and useful aid in helping to heal ulcers. Used alone, they cannot heal an ulcer. But when used in addition to other traditional forms of treatment, Probiotics not only help the healing process, but also prevent certain unpleasant side effects caused by the treatment.

What exactly, are probiotics? They are friendly bacteria of various kinds that have a positive effect on the overall health of the gut. The best known one is the probiotic found in yogurt, Lactobacillus acidophilus, but there are many other kinds. Lactobacillus Reuteri is another probiotic that is found naturally in the gut. It not only helps to boost the immune system, but it helps the body to absorb certain nutrients such as minerals, needed for optimum health.

While not quite strong enough to kill off H. pylori the bacterium that causes ulcers, on their own, probiotics certainly inhibit its growth.

If you have severe abdominal pain it is not wise to self-diagnose and treat, but the advice of a health-care provider should be sought immediately. Ulcers are dangerous and should never be left untreated. However, with prompt treatment many nasty complications can be avoided and the ulcer can almost certainly be cured. Just be sure that your doctor also prescribes probiotics in addition to any other treatment.

In the case of the traditional triple therapy of two antibiotics and an acid blocker, additional probiotic treatment will not only enhance recovery, but also help to stop unpleasant side effects such as nausea, vomiting, metallic taste in the mouth, diarrhea, and headache. And since the success rate of this traditional treatment seems to be becoming less effective – probably due to the resistance of H. pylori to antibiotics – it is certainly a wise step to provide other non-antibiotic treatment that can and does help recovery. And even without recovery enhancement, who wouldn’t want symptoms such as those listed above eliminated if at all possible?

Bad Stomach Gas? How to Cure Excessive Or Severe Stomach Gas

Were you aware that the real cause of excessive bad stomach gas is completely different from what you expect in fact in over 85% of the population chronic bloating and digestive problems are directly linked to a fungal growth known as candida. Find out today why this is as well as what you can immediately begin doing to cure excessive or severe stomach gas in 3 steps.


#1. Stop the Junk! Literally, any processed food is dead food, if you have any type of digestive problem the first thing you need to do is eliminate all the problematic foods which can create this situation to begin with, most notably refined foods. This means eating whole foods like fresh fruits & vegetables, cooking your own grains and only eating fresh wild fish and organic fresh meats. By doing all this you relieve stress on the digestive system and can actually get somewhere, instead of always trying little things and not placing effort on actually helping yourself.


#2. Digestive Enzymes: If you’re suffering from bad stomach gas then odds are the problem begins with improper digestion in the stomach. To solve this you can use digestive enzymes to help absorb more nutrients while also using betaine to increase stomach acid to ensure better breakdown of food (Stomach acid is a good thing, unlike what drug companies are trying to make you believe).


#3. Candida Cleanse: This is a yeast that lives inside all of us and creates an abundance of fermentation when it multiplies, otherwise known as gas! This also applies pressure to release the gas, a great deal of which can travel up as many candida sufferers have impacted colons. This is what creates the stomach gas to occur. The more candida grows the more gas and digestive problems you’ll experience in addition to a huge list of other symptoms commonly experienced from it. The bottom line is once you clear out candida your digestive problems will end, in addition to all the other health problems you have been experiencing with no known cause!

Quick Fix For Your Acid Reflux

Heartburn is rampant. It affects about 60 million Americans daily. It must be countless worldwide. Even children can be subject to it’s discomforts. Call it acid reflux, GERD, or heartburn, you still want some relief.

For some people it is chronic. For others Acid Reflux is only an occasional problem. It matters little which is your situation. When it hits you want a quick fix for your heartburn.

Prevention, of course is the better course. And that is possible, as is a cure. Right now, while your throat is burning, you have the burps, and you know you won’t sleep tonight, the following tips will help you get some immediate relief. What you really want is a real cure, and that actually is possible naturally. But for now try these ideas.

1. Try chewing some sugar-free gum. It will cause your glands to produce more saliva, which, as it runs down your throat, will help rinse that acid back into the stomach where it belongs. The flavor isn’t the most important thing, but some folks find peppermint does not work so well. Neither does plain water.

2. Hard candies are a good thing to suck on. They cause you to create saliva the same as chewing gum. Saliva has bicarbonate properties that help neutralize the acid.

3. My Dad’s favorite relief came from a tablespoon of bicarbonate of soda mixed in a glass of water. For him it seemed to work fairly well.

4. Apple Cider vinegar mixed in warm water will do the same rinsing as baking soda and might be easier for you to swallow.

5. There are herbs you can make into tea. The best way is to make a quart or so ahead and just keep it on hand for when you need it. Use ginger, oregano or basil, or a combination if you like, and be sure to let it steep for at least half an hour.

You can use these natural quick fixes for heartburn whenever it strikes. But, realize they are just temporary solutions to a serious problem. Use these as needed while you cure your heartburn. That’s right, CURE! A permanent and natural system to cure acid reflux is possible if you find the right program, one that will get to the root cause of Acid Reflux. You know you can’t spend every day depending on some quick fix for your Acid Reflux.

Bile Reflux: The Makings of An Unhappy Gut

You wake up one day and you think you have another case of acid reflux, but this time, with the usual treatments… it doesn’t go away. After a bit more research, maybe even a few doctors visits and tests later… you discover you have bile reflux. But what in the world is bile reflux?

Let’s Take a Closer Look at This Frustrating Condition…

Bile reflux, also known as bile gastritis is a condition that many individuals in every part of the world is suffering from. Unlike with acid reflux, bile reflux usually cannot be controlled by simply a change in the lifestyle or diet. Instead, it may need to be managed with medications and sometimes, surgery.

What is Heck Is Happening In My Gut?

The first thing you need to do is gain an understanding of what happens when you have bile gastritis. Bile is liquid that is in the liver and there are times when this substance can back up. When it “backs up,” the bile goes into your stomach and up into the esophagus. Researchers have found that there is no harm, but if it continues for a long period of time, without treatment, the consequences could be serious. For example, if you let bile reflux to continue, you are increasing your risk of developing esophageal cancer.

Here is What You Need To Look Out For…

In order to determine if you have this condition, you will first need to know what to look for. There are a couple of symptoms attached to bile reflux. Some individuals may experience a great deal of pain in the abdominal area. Others may have frequent heartburn. Some individuals with this condition may also have nausea and start vomiting. The vomit may have a green or yellowish color to it (this is the bile). Some individuals have even experienced extreme weight loss.

Should You Go See A Doctor?

Some individuals do not realize that when they are experiencing the above symptoms that they should go see a doctor. If you start to lose a large amount of weight and you are not trying or are constantly having heartburn, that would be a good indication that it is time for you to go for a doctor’s visit. If you are currently taking medication for reflux disease, but it does not seem to be working for you, then you should talk with your doctor about it.

Ok, So What CAUSES Bile Reflux?

There are a couple of factors that could cause an individual to experience bile gastritis (reflux). Complications from surgery is one of those causes. Those individuals who have had gastric surgery may develop bile gastritis if the pyloric valve was damaged during surgery. Peptic ulcers would be another cause of this condition. Peptic ulcers can block the valve, which could prevent the stomach from functioning like it should – this results in the fluid backing up. Some individuals who have had gallbladder surgery have experiences bile gastritis as well.

Bile Reflux or Acid Reflux?

Many individuals who develop bile reflux and acid reflux are confused. There are many who believe that bile reflux and acid reflux are the same thing, when they are, in fact,two different conditions.

The main different between the two are what is coming back up and where it is coming from. When an individual has acid reflux, the stomach acid will be backed up. When an individual has bile reflux, the bile from the small intestine will be backed up. Also, individuals with bile reflux are more likely to experience heartburn and pain in the upper abdomen.

Should You Get A Test?

Individuals who wonder if they have this condition may want to know about the testing that can be done. Often times, an endoscopy can be done in order to determine if the individual has bile reflux. During the endoscopy, a small camera will be placed in the esophagus in order to see what is going on. The medical staff may also do what is known as ambulatory acid tests or esophageal impedance. With esophageal impedance, they will be measuring the liquid reflux that is happening in the esophagus.

A Closer Look At Treatments

There are a great deal of treatment methods that are available and there are a couple of medications that individuals can take in order to get the relief they need – Sequestrants is one of them. Sequestrants are used in order to disrupt the circulation of bile. Another useful medication that individuals can take would be Ursodeoxycholic Acid.

Ursodeoxycholic acid will help promote the bile flow. Other individuals may be given a prescription forprokinetic agents. Prokinetic agents are used in order to help the stomach frequently empty itself. There are also proton pump inhibitors – they can block acid production altogether. You can get these at your local drug or grocery store.

Yikes! Surgery?

Sometimes, the medications prescribed by a doctor may not work, but that does not mean you have to live with this annoying condition forever. When the medication does not work, the doctor may recommend surgery. For this condition, there are two different types of surgery. The first one is called diversion surgery. The second type of surgery is anti-reflux surgery. For those individuals who have had gastric surgery, diversion surgery is recommended. During diversion surgery, the surgeon will create an area where the bile will drain into. With anti reflux surgery, the surgeon will cut a piece that is wrapped around the esophageal spinster.

But before you go under the knife or pop pills for years, be sure to try natural health treatments for bile reflux.

An Increase In Risks?

Many individuals throughout the world are suffering from bile reflux. Those who have a family history of these conditions, your chances of developing it are high. Those individuals who suffer after eating spicy foods are also more likely to develop the condition as are those who are overweight and are having a hard problem losing weight. All of those things are said to trigger bile gastritis. Perhaps you might need to make some small changes to your lifestyle in order to deal with this condition.

Do you smoke? Then quit smoking.

Apart from this, you should also avoid eating fatty foods, drinking carbonated drinks and avoid drinking alcoholic beverages. You may want to start eating smaller meals each day as well.

Are you overweight? Then lose some weight.

Sometimes, something as simple as losing weight and changing your diet can help you, but not always (it is still worth a try). Some individuals have also found that raising their bed up helps them find relief. If you are stressed, you need to watch your stress levels. This is because stress can hinder the digestion process.

If you continue to experience the symptoms, no matter what you do, you need to call and make an appointment with your doctor. Tell your doctor about the symptoms you are having and he/she will take it from there.

If you have been diagnosed with what is known as gastroesophageal reflux disease and the medications prescribed are not helping you, then you should contact your dcotr because you may need to have additional treatment for bile reflux.

One More Thing…

Remember, each case is different and you simply need to see what is going to work for you in your circumstance. It is always a good idea to get checked out when the symptoms first start to develop. This way, you will be able to get a grip on it before it spirals out of control and develops into a problem that is worse than bile reflux.

EBV Facts and Statistics

What is Epstein Barr Virus?

Epstein Barr is a virus that belongs to the herpes family. It infects the salivary gland cells and a white blood cell called a leukocyte. Epstein Barr virus is the major cause of infectious mononucleosis.

What are the symptoms of EBV?

Typical symptoms include a sore throat, fever, swollen lymph glands and fatigue. There may be other symptoms like a viral rash, headache, light sensitivity, respiratory symptoms, body aches, nausea and liver and spleen enlargement.

What are the complications of Epstein Barr virus?

EBV facts show that complications of this illness, although rare, can be potentially life threatening. Complications include a ruptured spleen, anaemia, reduced platelets, neurological disorders, CFS and secondary infections and inflammation like pneumonia, meningitis and pericarditis.

Epstein Barr virus has also been linked to Burkitt’s lymphoma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma and MS although more research is needed to see how these conditions are triggered.

Who gets Epstein Barr virus?

EBV facts and records show that the virus infects up to about 50% of children before the age of five. In young children the infection is usually mild and asymptomatic. The virus is common in teenagers and young adults. Most people have had the infection by age 40.

What is the incubation period of Epstein Barr virus?

Incubation is about 30-50 days although this can be shorter in children.

How long does Epstein Barr virus last?

EBV facts reveal that in the majority of cases the infection is mild and short-lived, lasting only a week or two. In some people the virus can relapse and has been known to recur for weeks or months.

How is the virus spread?

The virus is spread mainly through saliva through kissing or the sharing of drinks, lipsticks, eating utensils, towels etc. EBV facts and stats show that only about 5% of people acquire the virus from someone who has an acute infection. The bulk of the virus is spread by carriers who shed the virus intermittently even though they may not exhibit symptoms.

What is the medical treatment for this illness?

Most doctors recommend rest and fluids to treat the virus. Some doctors may prescribe pain killers, antibiotics (if there is a secondary infection) and corticosteroids if there is severe inflammation.

What are the natural treatments for EBV?

Natural treatments are based on boosting immunity, repairing the adrenal glands and cleansing the liver. Some of the more popular remedies include nutrients, herbs, anti-inflammatory foods, homeopathics, essential oils and therapies like acupuncture, stress management and graded exercise.

Lymphedema Leg Treatments

Lymphedema in the leg can be the result of a hereditary condition wherein the individual’s genetic make up plays a major role. In such cases, the lymphatic system is not properly developed at birth, which causes the lymph to accumulate in the legs and cause a swelling. The family history also shows the incidence of leg lymphedema in these cases.

Surgery to remove lymph nodes, lymph vessels or radiation therapy for cancer in the groin, pelvis or the abdomen may cause a disturbance in the lymphatic system, thus causing secondary lymphedema in the legs. Breast cancer treatment may cause lymphedema in the arms of the patient, but leg lymphedema is usually a result of cancer treatment for the liver, prostate, lungs or the abdomen. Fluid generation in the abdomen that spreads down towards the legs can also be another cause for lymphedema.

Treatment must be started as soon as the initial signs become apparent. A painful swelling on the leg is the first symptom that you will observe. Sometimes you may also feel a swelling behind the knee, accumulated fluid in the area or even a heavy feeling in the ankles. It is imperative to visit your doctor if you observe any of these signs. Lymphedema can be reversed if it is diagnosed and treated at the initial phase. Simple techniques can help to lessen the swelling in the first stages of the condition. Using elastic stockings regularly and elevating the feet as often as possible are a great help to bring down the swelling. At night, you can wrap the leg diagonally with elastic wraps and keep the feet elevated. This helps the lymphatic flow.

Simple exercises for the leg like pumping it up and down, leg kicks or even moving the toes while standing helps to control the condition. Even daily walking as an exercise regimen can aid in keeping the lymphedema under control. It is important to maintain skin hygiene. While bathing, it is necessary to apply soap, rinse the legs with water, and wipe dry the area between toes. Any infection or an ingrown toe nail must be treated immediately to avoid complications.

People who have leg lymphedema must wear closed footwear with soft, padded socks to avoid injuries to the feet. Toenails must be cut carefully and feet must be kept clean and dry at all times. Patients with leg lymphedema must avoid wearing tight clothes or socks and undergarments with tight elastic. Compressing the limb might lead to an increase in blood pressure and cause swelling. Using compression stocking during air travel is essential. Even though there may be no cure for lymphedema of the leg, it is quite possible to delay the onset or diminish the threat of developing the ailment if due care and precautions are taken.

When Does a Leaking Heart Valve Mean Heart Valve Surgery?

A leaking heart valve fortunately, does not always mean valve surgery. And, heart valve surgery, if it becomes necessary, does not always have to mean that you’ll need an open-heart surgery.

In fact, most people with a leaking valve disorder, are totally unaware of their valvular disease. Their mildly leaking valve condition goes undetected because it just never progresses to the point of needing treatment.

Symptoms which might indicate that your leaking heart valve also called valve regurgitation is worsening to the point of needing some form of treatment are: unexplained fatigue, shortness-of-breath especially when you exert yourself, heart palpitations, an awareness of your heart beat, fluttery or irregular heart beat, chest pain also referred to as angina, dizziness or fainting, and swollen ankles or feet.

The heart valves are made to move your blood through your heart in one direction. When there is valve leakage, the valve leaflets fail to close properly, and some of the blood is regurgitated backwards in the wrong direction.

In severe heart valve leakage or regurgitation, the heart has to work much harder to re-pump the blood back through your heart and into your body. This “over-work” causes enlargement of the heart.

If you begin to notice that your normal everyday activities are tiring you out, and you’re experiencing one or more of the symptoms we’ve already mentioned, it may be time for you to visit your Doctor or cardiologist.

For example, do you notice that walking up your drive to the mail box is exhausting, or maybe just bending over to take clothes from the dryer causes chest pain, or do you experience breathlessness just from being outdoors the heat? These could all be signs of heart valve disease.

Your GP can listen to your heart with a stethoscope. Often, just listening to your heart can tell your Doctor if you have a heart murmur. Depending upon the severity of the murmur he or she hears, your GP may refer you to a cardiologist.

The cardiologist’s diagnosis will probably include one or more of the following tests:

– an electrocardiogram (ECG), a test that measures the electrical activity of your heart to see how well it is working

– an echocardiogram, an ultrasound scan that produces a picture of the inside of your heart – a chest X-ray – a heart cath, a small tube (catheter) is threaded up to your heart through an artery – usually in your groin. A dye that shows up on X-rays is injected into your blood stream and X-rays are taken to produce an image of the blood flowing through your heart – a cardiac CT scan that uses X-rays to make a three-dimensional image of your heart.

If these tests show that your have a severely leaking heart valve, then, you will probably require some form of heart surgery. When possible, heart valve repair surgery is always preferable to valve replacement surgery because your own heart tissue is being used to make the repair; however, if you need a valve replacement, the artificial and pig valves are overwhelmingly successful.

As of this writing, the only approved option for treating severely leaking heart valves is open-heart surgery with heart-lung bypass. But, if your problem is a leaking mitral valve, you just might be in luck, some 30 hospitals across North America are now participating in an FDA-approved clinical study of an experimental device for repairing a leaking mitral valve, which does NOT require open-heart surgery.

This is truly exciting news! Amazingly, this minimally invasive procedure can repair a leaking mitral heart valve while the heart is still beating. In this FDA-approved clinical study, an experimental device and procedure use a catheter inserted into a vein in the groin.

Heart Attack Description

Also known as acute myocardial infarction, heart attack is the leading cause of death worldwide. An average of 1.2 million Americans suffer from a heart attack annually and 40% of these people die. This condition is characterized by an interruption of the blood flow to a particular region in the heart. The interruption results to oxygen shortage which causes heart tissue damage and tissue death.

People with a history of stroke, atherosclerotic heart disease or angina and abnormal heart rhythm have a higher risk of experiencing a heart attack. The disease mostly affects men over 40 years old and women over 50 years old. There are also medical and scientific studies stating that women who use contraceptive pills have a higher risk of a heart attack than those who does not use them. A person’s lifestyle can also increase chances of a heart attack. Smoking, drinking, drug abuse, presence of high triglyceride levels in the food you eat, high LDL levels and low HDL levels are some of the risk factors you should learn to avoid. On the other hand, individuals diagnosed with diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure and high stress levels are also considered to be at serious risk.

A person having a heart attack will experience chest pains, nausea, shortness of breath, vomiting, sweating, palpitations and anxiety. These symptoms are usually experienced by males while in females, symptoms include fatigue and weakness. There is evidence that at least 30% of all myocardial infarction incidents have no visible symptoms and are considered to be “silent” infarctions.

A person suffering from a heart attack requires immediate medical attention to prevent sustained heart damage Aside from receiving oxygen, glyceryl trinitrate and aspirin; persons having heart attacks will undergo a series of diagnostic test including an electrocardiogram, blood test and chest X-ray. These tests will determine levels of troponin or creatine kinase which are usually indicative of heart tissue damage. Treatment can involve thrombolytic therapy or percutaneous coronary intervention. For severe cases, a bypass surgery will be performed to unblock the affected coronary artery.

Heart attacks are usually triggered by intense exertion, both psychological and physical. Acute severe infections like pneumonia can also trigger heart attacks. A person at risk of having a heart attack usually has a clinical history of chest pains that lasts for more than 20 minutes. The person will also have changing ECG readings as well as fluctuating levels of serum cardiac biomarkers.

People who survived a heart attack can reduce risk of recurrence by monitoring blood pressure and implementing lifestyle changes. They would not be allowed to smoke, drink excessively and will be encouraged to exercise regularly, eat a well-balanced diet and take long-term medication. These medications include antiplatelet drug therapy (aspirin), beta blocker therapy (metoprolol), ACE inhibitor therapy, statin therapy, aldosterone antagonist agent eplerenone and omega-3 fatty acids.

Complications from a heat attack are very likely to occur immediately. These complications can include congestive heart failure, myocardial rupture, pericarditis, life-threatening arrhythmia and cardiogenic shock. This is the reason heart attacks can be so fatal, as the effects occur rather rapidly.

Age Ranges and Risk Factors For Getting Heart Disease

Is there any correlation between age and heart disease? What are the age ranges for getting heart disease? Who might be susceptible to this disease? These are all excellent questions that we will answer in this article along with covering the major risk factors for heart disease. So if you have a few minutes to spare why don’t we get right to it.

Without a doubt there is a correlation between age and heart disease but just because the numbers are stacked in the favor of those over 50 years old does not mean that someone in their teens or twenties can’t have a heart attack or stroke. In fact it happens all the time, but normally outside factors (heat, drugs, dehydration) or genetic defects trigger a deadly series of events. But while these deaths are very sad, they don’t reflect the true nature of heart disease.

Heart disease is a combination of the heart muscle weakening and atherosclerosis (arterial blockage or hardening). The fact of the matter is that as we age our arteries start to fill up with cholesterol, mainly from poor lifestyle choices. This process may take 20, 30, or even 40 or more years to play out but when it does symptoms such as shortness of breath, excess fluid in the body, fatigue, excess sweating, weakness, chest pain, and/or poor circulation or discoloration in the extremities start to show up.

Statistically heart disease is almost exclusively reserved for those over the age of 65, with 83 percent of heart disease death occurring in those 65 or older. There is one interesting dynamic that occurs as it relates to men and women. Prior to age 55 women have less heart attacks but by the time they reach 65 they are equally likely to have a heart attack and more likely to die from it within a few weeks.

What are the six primary risk factors?

*Tobacco smoke: Statically the more prevalent smoking is the higher the risk of coronary heart disease. In fact smokers are about 3 times more likely to develop heart disease. Smoking also brings down the age range for heart attack and stroke substantially. When smoking is combined with other risk factors such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, and high blood pressure, it can be particularly deadly.

*High blood cholesterol: As we age our cholesterol levels naturally rise. When problematic cholesterol levels are combined with other risk factors the risk of a heart attack or stroke increases even more. Some have found a natural cholesterol reduction supplement to be helpful in the this area.

*Inactivity: According to the CDC 39.5 percent of heart attack victims are inactive.

*Obesity and being overweight: Women whose waistline is over 35 inches and men whose waistlines are over 40 inches are more at risk of heart disease even is no other risk factors are present. Additionally, being as little as 10 percent over your ideal body weight increases your risks as well.

*High blood pressure: When a person has high blood pressure their heart has to work harder causing it to thicken and become stiffer. It also increases the risk of stroke, heart attack, kidney failure, and congestive heart failure.

*Diabetes: Diabetics are at great risk of heart and artery disease especially when it is not managed well. About 75 percent of diabetics will die from some form of heart or blood vessel disease.

Methods Of Diagnosing And Treating The TB Infection

Tuberculosis is an infection caused by the Koch bacillus, it primarily affects the lungs and it is contagious, healthy persons receiving the infection if living or working in the same place with the infected person. By coughing, the infected person spreads the germs into the air, and others inhale them.

One way to diagnose TB is by performing a skin test called the intra-dermal reaction of tuberculin. The person that is suspected to be or to have been infected with TB is considered to have developed a hypersensitivity to the TB germ.

The test consists in injecting into the skin a purified protein derived from the TB germ. After more then 48 hours the skin area will present a bump. If the bump is large, the test is considered to be positive, meaning that the TB infection has occurred.

Even if the test is negative, it should be repeated after a while, because the test is not a 100 percent accurate.

Another method of diagnosing TB is performing a thoracic X-Ray which shows where in the lungs is the infection localized and how greatly it is expanded.

If the suspected person coughs, doctors take the sputum and with the help of the microscope they search for the TB germs in the sputum. This is quite an accurate method of diagnosing TB.

After diagnosing TB, doctors have to test what drugs will be most efficient against the particular strain of the TB bacteria, using genetic engineering techniques like polymerase chain reaction (PCR).

To prevent the spread of TB in other people, health authorities have ordered that every child to get a shot of the bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG) vaccine. This is a vaccine prepared of a weakened Tb germ, and it is considered to be the most effective vaccine in preventing childhood cases of TB.

Other general preventing methods of spreading the TB is hospitalizing the infected person, and practically isolating it from those who are healthy. Treatment must be followed at least 6 months constantly because interrupting the treatment could lead to spreading the disease in other organs, like: kidneys, intestinal tract, and lymph nodes, and even leading to the death of the infected person.

In treating TB, doctors use a combination of antibiotics because using only one drug could lead to the bacterial resistance to this drug. The drugs used nowadays are: isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol, in different combinations.

Generally if the treatment is followed all the way, a person can heal without problems, and reintegrate within the society in about 6 to 9 months.