What to Know – Tuberculosis and TB Testing

Tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious, bacterial disease caused by bacteria known as mycobacterium tuberculosis. TB usually causes infections in the lungs but can also infect other parts of the body like the kidneys, bones, joints or lymph nodes. Many believe the disease isn’t something that occurs within the so-called, “developed,” world. This is untrue. According to the New York Department of Health approximately 1300 cases are reported in the state each year. TB is an airborne spread disease that comes out in the sputum of an infected person when they are talking, shouting, coughing, sneezing, or spitting. TB can be contracted by anyone of any age and it kills approximately 1.7 million people across the globe every year.

Those at risk of contracting tuberculosis usually have had prolonged exposure to individuals with the disease. In the US, individuals with TB are most often found in hospitals, prisons and homeless shelters. As a result, healthcare workers, illicit drug users and law enforcement workers are most at risk. Those individuals living or traveling in Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa, Asia, and Eastern Europe, where the disease is more common, are also at greater risk. Other groups, particularly those with cancer, diabetes and HIV are also considered to be at greater risk.

TB can lay dormant, or latent, for years without ever causing obvious symptoms. A person with latent TB will not have the TB germs in their sputum nor will they display any other obvious symptoms. TB is considered to be in the contagious disease stage when TB the germs are detected in the sputum of the infected individual.

If you suspect that you’ve been exposed to individuals with TB, or if you’ve been diagnosed with a disease that weakens the immune system like HIV, then a visit to your doctor or to a walk in clinic may be advised. Symptoms of TB include night sweats, fever, fatigue and persistent coughing. It’s important to remember, however, that TB may be contracted without any of these outward symptoms. The only way to be sure is through TB testing.

TB testing is done through a skin test called the Mantoux test. This is also known as a PPD test and happened in two stages. During the first stage of testing a trained health worker will intravenously inject a substance called tuberculin into the top layer of skin on the lower part of the arm.

48 to 72 hours later the patient returns for the second stage of testing where a trained healthcare worker observes the skin around where the tuberculin was administered. If the skin is raised and hardened it’s an indication that the patient may have TB bacteria in their body. This swelled area, if it appears, is known as an induration. A physician would then administer additional testing including chest x-rays and blood tests to be sure of a positive diagnosis. If there is a positive diagnoses there are several drugs that may be given to eradicate the bacteria from the body.

New Restorer’s Decision Making Guide to How to Restore Your Foreskin

How to Restore Your Foreskin

A New Restorer’s Decision Making Guide

by Steve R.H., FRC Site Editor

(email with Q’s or Support steve@foreskinrestorationchat.info )


A……Short Intro to the Restorer’s Restoration Decision Guide

1……Are you ready for the non-surgical restoration commitment?

2……Tight Circumcision? – How tightly were you circumcised?

2a…..Tapeless Devices? Or Taping Methods?

3……Restoration methods for very tightly circumcised men

4……Restoration methods for men with average or somewhat looser circumcisions

5……Vitamin / Health Assistance for skin health and skin cell growth

6……Removing Tape from the penis without pain, sores, tears, or rips

7……Methods to keep the tape from coming off prematurely

7a…..When do I tell my partner about my restoring? Should I tell him/her?

8……24/7 Restoring? Or Cyclical Restoring. Which is faster? (New Medical Research Info)

A. Short Introduction to the Restorer’s Restoration Decision Guide

There are many answers on the internet. This is a dilema in itself because so much information answers questions but creates confusion. Confusion creates a problem when it comes to making decisions – and coming up with the right questions, at the right times. Foreskin restoration information ‘overload’ frequently causes depression and anxiety in men who have just learned about restoring.

This guide is an attempt by a somewheat experienced foreskin restorer to help put some method to the madness of information, after you’ve decided to non-surgically restore your foreskin. Hopefully it will alleviate some of the confusion and mistakes I personally have experienced during my restoration, and those that I have heard of first hand. Maybe sparing you some embarrassments, depression, confusion, or frustration.

1. Are You Ready for the Non-Surgical Restoration Commitment?

If you think that a successful foreskin restoration of your own is possible without considerable emotional fortitude, sorry to have to disappoint you. A non-surgical restoration can take years. Average lengths of time would be useless to report except to serve as inspiration or loose guidelines, so it *is* reasonable to assume that a man with an average circumcision (ie. not too tightly circumcised) can complete a restoration – that is, a man can obtain full coverage of the glans of the penis to look uncircumcised – in about 2-years on average. With some dedication. And certainly with an large emotional commitment.

You must realize that after you decide to restore your foreskin, there is not going to be a magic-pill that will regrow your foreskin overnight. When we speak of an ’emotional commitment’ – it means a commitment to yourself and your sexual pleasure and identity.


We all often think we have a high level of patience, but what many men discover, after starting their restoration, is that their patience is really ‘stretched’ to the limit, and unfortunately most men who start restoring – quit. Whether it is out of depression that their restoration is not progressing fast enough, or the man’s thought that “it’s simply not possible”. Many of these men re-appear years later saying “I wish I hadn’t given up years ago, or I’d be finished restoring by now!” – moral of the story – don’t start unless you plan on sticking with it. It will save you emotional exhaustion and disappointment. Just remember – it *is* – absolutely – possible to restore your foreskin and grow new skin cells!

2. Tight Circumcision? – How tightly were you circumcised?

Just as there are a vast variety of shapes, sizes, and appearances of all penises, circumcised or not; there are just as many variations on methods, and variations of circumcisions. Tight/close circumcisions. Loose circumcisions. Circumcisions that leave a man looking practically uncircumcised, etc.

(a) If your penis experiences pain or a tight pulling sensation while fully erect – you were circumcised tightly/aggressively.

(b) If your penis bleeds or forms any little tears anywhere along the penile shaft when you obtain erection – you are much too tightly circumcised.

(c) Can’t move any – or hardly any – skin onto your glans while erect? You likely had an average North American Circumcision.

(d) Able to – with minor pulling – roll skin up onto the glans while erect? You probably had a looser circumcision

(e) Able to easily roll skin to almost cover the glans while erect? – You have a very loose circumcision.

If you feel your circumcision falls into A, B, or C, then you may have to start your restoration with some of the less aggressive restoration methods – and will most likely be required to – at least start – with a taping method. There is nothing wrong with this. Many, many men start with taping – and finish their restoration taping. This author included.

If you believe you fall into categories D or E, you may be able to start slightly ahead of the men circumcised more tightly. You may be able to begin with a tapeless device if you chose. There is some debate as to whether tapeless or tape-utilizing methods produce faster or slower results. It has been this author’s experience that taping methods produce the best, fastest results. This of course is this author’s personal experience only.

Tightly circumcised men, regretfully, will be the most likely restorers to spend a longer amount of time restoring to completion. If you are circumcised tightly, keep in mind, however, that as you develop and grow more new skin, restoring becomes exponentially faster as there are more skin cells to divide to create new cells – causing the restoration of your foreskin. SO, tightly circumcised: don’t despair!

Users of the FRC website (http://foreskinrestorationchat.info) have frequently reported having started AND FINISHED restoring even tho their circumcisions and penile skin as a result, were – in their words – “tight as a drum” Again – do NOT despair. Many circumcised men have suffered privately behind closed doors as a result of their overly tight circumcisions (one is tempted to call such circumcisions “clumsy, botched”) – have begun restoring, and have reported a night-and-day improvement in their sex lives – and yes, their male or female sex partners do report such happiness at the marked imrprovement in their restoring partner’s pleasure responses, as well as their own pleasure being given to them by their newly restoring partners.

2a. Tapeless Devices? Or Taping Methods?

There are many “tapeless devices” available by many commercial manufacturers all over the internet. It is important to realize that there is no need to purchase these commercial devices to restore your foreskin. The reason these manufacturers have designed these devices is to fulfill a niche market – the market of men who are restoring but cannot, for one reason or another, deal with using tape methods. NOTE: That most surgical tapes, such as 3M MicroPore or Rejuvenesse are hypo-allergenic and if you get sores or irritations from those tapes, chances are that you are not using proper tape application methods. Methods on application of tape or tapeless devices can be found on the main FRC page.

NOTE TO TIGHTLY CIRCUMCISED MEN: You will most likely need to start restoring – at least for a couple months – using the X-Taping (Cross Taping) method to loosen-up some skin on your penis to open up some more opportunity to use more aggressive, faster methods. It is possible for a tightly circumcised man to even start with T-Taping (this author’s favorite method).

NOTE TO LOOSELY CIRCUMCISED MEN: You have the luxury to pick and chose which method or commercial device you chose to use for your restoration. While this author doesn’t personally feel tapeless methods/devices are unnecessary, many men prefer tapeless devices because of the ease of use (eg. can be removed very quickly for intimacy, no peeling tape off the penis, no making t-tapes, etc.). If you are loosely circumcised, or believe you are, try starting with the T-Tape/Tension-Strap method. There is a great link on the FRC site, linking to the exceptional “T-Tape Picture Book” – a photo-guided instruction manual for those who want to try the great T-Tape foreskin restoring method.

Loosely circmcised men usually need not start with a X-taping method (which is used most often by tightly circumcised men to obtain some more useable skin for faster methods). Some tapeless methods you can order include the: TLC-tugger, CAT II Pro, Tug-a-hoy. (Links all on FRC) Tapeless devices (or “tuggers” as they are often called) do have some advantages, as alluded to above. For one, not having to place tape – an adhesive – on the skin of your penis is a major enticement to tapeless tuggers for many restoring men.

Almost every tape a restorer can use will still leave some amount of residue on the skin, after removal. There are lotions (mineral oil with citrus extract products, for example) that will literally disolve away most surgical tape residue from the penile skin when using a taping method, and you simply rinse away with water. This is not a very time consuming process.

When you get accustomed to ‘taping’ you find you can apply your t-tapes in as little as 30-seconds, and remove it completely (including all residue that may be left) in about 5-minutes (soaking in warm water time, then slowly pulling the soaked tape away from the skin, removing any residue, etc.)

Another “bonus” to tapeLESS methods regards urination. Let’s face it, you will have to ‘go’ at least a few times a day, and worse if you’re a coffee drinker! (Make a mental note: If wearing tape on your penis when you go to the office, reduce your coffee consumption, or your boss may wonder why you’ve disappeared to the bathroom back and forth for half of the day!)

Tapeless methods do allow for urination without having to remove the device. Not all tapeless methods allow urination without removal – but it has become a common feature in most varying designs. Wearing a T-Tape for example, one must unclip the tension strap and ‘open’ the end of the T-Tape to pull the skin back to urinate, then reverse the process when finished. Experienced tapers, however, can often accomplish this with great discretion and speed even at a public urinal! It’s recommended you get to know your device while utlizing “public stalls” in washrooms. Try not to smile – you’ll soon become famiiar with how disruptive ‘bathroom breaks’ become while restoring – tapeless or not. Don’t lose your sense of humor over all of this, because in retrospect most men do have stories they like to share or report that are nothing short of hilarious (ie. man wearing a PUD – a metal tugger – went through a security checkpoint at an airport…not hard to guess what that poor guy went through!). Think of the bar stories you’ll have!

Bottom line when it comes to tapeless or tape methods is a matter of purely personal choice.

3. Restoration Methods for Very Tightly Circumcised Men

Tightly circumcised? You are in good company. Millions of men are circumcised too tightly. Most circumcisions in North America are done to the standard of the Jewish custom of “bris periah” – the complete and utter removal of the entire foreskin and all of it’s components (ie. the frenelum, inner mucosal skin, etc.). This is usually accomplished by circumcising infants with a Gomco Circumcision Clamp, or Plastibell device. Some men manage to escape such radical circumcisions, but most do not – not in North America anyway.

For the tightly, radically circumcised man, there are some methods to begin a foreskin restoration.

1 – You should spend a few months X-Taping to loosen some of the tight skin on your erect penis

2 – Manually pulling on the skin with your fingers (see Manual Rest. link on main page) to loosen skin, 10-15mins at a time, a few times a day.

When the skin is loose enough from the X-taping and/or Manual restoring methods, you can ‘graduate’ to wearing a more comfortable T-Tape and tension strap to expedite the skin growth process. Whenever you have the opportunity (eg. after using the washroom, after/during showers, etc.) you should manually pull tightly on the shaft skin, up over the glans as far as you can without causing pain. PAIN IS NEVER, EVER A GOOD INDICATION OF PROPER RESTORING.

One way many tightly circumcised men “get in” some easy to accommodate manual restoring, and in fact the same method many restorers regardless of their type of circumcision use, is to do as follows:

While erect – right after your shower and you have dried off is best – grab about midway up the penis with your thumb, index, and middle fingers, forming a decent grip around your penis. Then simply pull the skin (which will already be somewhat tight from the erection) back towards the body and hold it for 15-20 seconds, then rest for about 30-seconds, repeat. Do this for five to ten minutes – but stop if you start feelings your penis and skin becoming raw or sore. This method will do more to loosen a tight circumcision than you might imagine, and again, looser skin opens doors to easier use of faster, more aggressive methods of restoration.

“I’m so tightly circumcised that I really doubt there is any skin to successfully restore.” – Untrue. ALL skin will stretch, grow, and create new skin cells if put under tension. No matter how little you have. It may start off with some difficulty, and start off somewhat slowly, but remember, speed of skin growth only becomes exponentially faster as you gain and ‘loosen’ more.

4. Restoration Methods for Men with Average or Looser Circumcisions

For men circumcised in a manner that left some amount of loose skin on the shaft of the penis, there are some more options open and available to you in your restoration. Just as men tightly circumcised, you have the option of X-taping, but you can also easily use T-Taping, or even try a commercial ‘tugger’ or two. In the interest of simplicity of access, and short-term cost, I recommend starting off with T-Taping (see links on FRC).

Looser skin allows you to more comfortably wear a T-Tape as well. Looser skin, means more skin – when T-Taped and under tension with your tension strap attached to your T-Tape, the tension pulls the penils shaft skin and remaining foreskin out over the glans and allows the whole contraption to accommodate erections either at night – or spontaneous ones during the day. Many tapeless devices simplt cannot accommodate erections and must be removed at night to ensure no damage occurs – but to be fair, a select few tapeless device manufacturers and home-made tapeless tugger designs can and are worn at nightt and can accommodate erections.

So take your pick guys, if you got away with a loose circumcision, you have many options available to you. It is recommended that you examine the Foreskin Restoration Methods Comparison Chart, you can find the link to that as well on the FRC website.

5. Vitamin / Health Assistance for Skin Health and Skin Cell Growth

As you would expect, when you are ungoing your own non surgical foreskin restoration, it’s best to be in, and remain in good overall health.

There are a vast number of men who use Vitamin E religiously, both orally and topically. In light of new medical research on vitamin E and it’s possible link to an increase in morbidity, this author will not recommend any ‘good’ internal doseage of Vitamin E. “E” can, and maybe should be applied to the penile skin that is under tension – in between restoring sessions. It appears (from many men’s reports and personal experience) that a simple 400IU Vitamin E caplet broken open and spread and massaged into the skin is both soothing, and actually seems to speed the healing of irritated skin. Ph-neutral soaps or soapless body cleansing lotions enriched with Vitamin E, used in the shower, might also be useful.

There is very experimental medical research out of Beijing, China, that has proven a medical agent called Papaverine Topical Cream actually sped the growth of skin! This is a very short excerpt from a medical abstract from the Southern-2 Ward, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China: “This study shows that the rate of tissue expansion can be accelerated by topical application of papaverine cream”

This information is not provided in this text to get your hopes up. It’s provided to show that research into skin, cell, and tissue growth is happening right now, around the world. Eventually circumcised men will be able to very rapidly restore their foreskins with these medical – albeit non-surgical – methods if the speed of this type of research grows – or at least continues.

Until science evolves to a point whereby we can smear some cream on a circumcised penis and within a day or two have a newly regrown restored foreskin, let’s be practical! It is critical to maintain skin moisture in between wearing your tape or tapeless devices (‘while you are restoring’). Many men find simple mineral oil too greasy and tends not to absorb quickly enough into the skin, but if you find your skin does absorb mineral oil quickly, massage that into your skin daily in between taping (being very sure to thoroughly cleanse all trace of oil before next restoring-session!). This author prefers to use: “Vaseline (brand) Intensive Care Unscented Extra Strength Lotion” (containing many moisturizers and Virtamin E – for ‘very dry skin’)” Now that Vaseline got the plug (!) I must say that this particular brand of moisturizer absorbs *very* quickly, is completely greaseless with no oils, and is all sorts of great! After a great deal of experience with different lotions for moisturizing after restoring-sessions, this one hands down must be given a try by all restorers.

Another suggestion often offered by restorers is to use a lotion with not only Vitamin E, but also with Lipids.

It is suggested that lipids actually enhance the speed of the skin repair and cellular restoration process. Take it for what it is worth. There is sufficient conflicting evidence both that prove lipids are helpful and that lipids are useless to warrant your own research into “lipids” on the internet to make this decision.

Ensure you are eating a healthy amount of fish. If you aren’t, include some in your diet, as it is suggested fish oils are essential to skin health. Also, a good, trusted namebrand multi-vitamin once a day, with perhaps the addition of fish oil (cod liver oil, halibut liver oil…) supplements as they are good for the skin would be useful. Useful not only for healthy skin, but also for your general health! Be aware however, that this author is not a doctor and these are (not medical) suggestions made from personal experiences, reading, and those experiences and reports of other restoring men. Use good sense and consult your GP before you decide to start supplementing your diet with vitamins.

6. Removing Tape from the Skin Without Pain, Tears, Sores, Rips…

Even tho this section best belongs in a taping-methods guide, I felt it important enough to make a short entry on this matter in this guide. Many of you reading this will have already decided to start restoring and are perhaps reading this reflecting, or referring to it. Many of you are also causing yourself damage using a taping restoration method – not necessarily by too much tension or improper taping procedures – but by plain, simple tape removal ! A great many restoring men have been either turned off of restoring altogether because of the pain they cause themselves removing their tapes, or it converts men to a search for a tapeless tugger product. There are a few very, very simply rules to removing your tape without pain, tears, sores, or rips:

Soak in a hot bath for five minutes and then remove tape slowly under the water

Always remove the skin from the tape – not the tape from the skin (what this means is,

grab the tape and slowly roll the skin off the grip of the tape, do not pull on the tape,

roll or push down on the skin AWAY FROM the tape)

You can purchase a citrus mineral oil – rub it over the taped area, wait for a minute, and

gently and slowly remove the tape (keeping the above rule in mind!) All residue should

come off with the tape. If it doesn’t, the citrus in the oil will make the residue simple to roll off.

Never try to remove your tape (unless it’s an emergency!) without at least soaking it in some form of oil-based lotion, very warm baths/water, or something to loosen the bond that the tape has created between itself and your skin. If you feel any pain at all removing your tape, chances are you are going to have either a sore, or irritated spot at that location after you get the tape off. Don’t ake any chances, remove the tape slowly, it can be done within 5-minutes without any negative effects!

7. Methods to Keep the Tape from Coming Off Prematurely

If removing the tape is the least of your problems after you start trying out the taping method, then keeping he tape ON, or keeping it from slipping, will be the next problem you’re likely to encounter. Some men find that they cannot keep their tapes from losing grip and slipping off the skin after even 4 or 5 hours. The point here is to have the tape stay-put where you placed it, for as long as you want it to stay there. Try these methods:

From the drugstore, purchase a small bottle of $3 or $4 “Friar’s Balsam” (Tincture of Benzoin)

It is a type of astringent. With a Q-Tip, paint a very thin layer over the area of skin on which you

will be placing the tape. Let the liquid painted on the skin dry for about 30-seconds before applying

your tape. Then apply your tape as usual.

The Friar’s Balsam holds AMAZINGLY well, and requires

that you soak in the hot bath for a few minutes longer to get the tape to come off later.

Another suggestion. Lightly dust the area of your body that is likely to have your penis held against (your leg,

your lower stomach – if sleeping with your tension strap over your shoulder) with unscented baby powder. It

will absorb any extra moisture caused by the heat of the penis being held against the body so tightly by tension.

You can also dust the outside of the tape lightly with baby powder as well, which will help absorb any moisture

that might othewise infiltrate the delicate surgical tape.

ALWAYS: Ensure that if you use the T-Tape method, that you place the midline of the “T” along your Point of

Equilibrium (POE) on your penis. The POE is the point around your penis on the skin where if the tape is applied

and pulled, equal tension is spread over both the inner and outter area of skin. In most men just starting to restore,

with an average circumcision, the POE is usually right along your circumcision-line. In tightly circumcised men who

may have difficulty locating their POE, use the circumcision-line as well, as your POE. Taping along your POE will

ensure that the tape is baring the load of the tension equally, so that the adhesive holds longer without one area

slipping, causing the whole tape to fail.

7a. When do I Tell My Partner About my Restoring? Should I Tell Him/Her?

Having to discuss this issue with anyone, particularly your most intimate friend – your partner, can be the most difficult thing to do. The chances of you being able to hide your restoration process from your loved one will be next to impossible. So it has to be dealt with sooner or later. Express how important “trying this out” is to you. Be prepared to answer the question “why would you want to do this?” – It invariably seems to be the first or second question that comes up! That is something no Guide can help you answer. But it is certainly something worth taking some time to consider. “Why do you want to restore?”

Men and women have contacted me in relation to their partner’s restoration. All have said that they are supportive of their partners’ restoration efforts, and in some cases they were the one who introduced them to the idea in the first place! It’s rare to hear of an unsupportive partner – even if their level of support is purely a matter of tolerance out of love for them.

Your partner may ask you if you are doing this because they of them – because they “can’t please you anymore”. It’s important to make sure that your partner is told – frankly – that restoring your foreskin is a decision for you, about you, and something you want – nothing to do with them, you just hope that they will be supportive and not think you are crazy for doing this.

Inform them that most men’s sexual pleasure increases greatly as a result of restoration, and many of their partners report enhanced sexual pleasure as well. Ultimately your choice to restore could potentially enhance both of your sex lives! Two documents you can show your partner, when you “come out to them” about restoring, can be found at the following links:

Why Would a Circumcised Man Want to Restore His Foreskin (http://foreskinrestorationchat.info/jfaq.html) by John Geisheker, J.D., LL.M (General Counsel, Doctor’s Opposing Circumcision, D.O.C. [http://faculty.washington.edu/gcd/DOC/] )

What is Foreskin Restoration by FRC, Document appears on main page of site (http://foreskinrestorationchat.info)

8. 24/7 Restoring? Or Cyclical Restoring. Which is faster? (New Medical Research Info)

There is nothing more hotly debated in the restoration community than the issue of how long to wear the tension/weight on the skin in order to obtain the maximum skin cell growth in the shortest time. For a long time, the general restoratin community was convinced that a restoring regimen as close to 24/7 as possible was optimal. In other words, it was believed – and still is by some – that foreskin restoration would be completed/achived faster the longer you were ‘stretching’ the skin.

Well, medical research in every shape and form is luckily, always evolving. For years, the co-founder of NORM (National Organization of Restoring Men) Wayne Griffiths, has tried to convince restoring men that a 24/7 regimen is not the answer to the most expeditious skin growth. The following is a quote from a posting in the FRC Forums by Wayne Griffiths:

“When we look at the body builders, trying and successfully getting more muscle and you have a muscle to be lengthened for sure the Dartos/Peripenic muscle… you need to follow as the most recent research has indicated, and as i have been ‘preaching’ for 15 years, growth is had when the cells have a chance to perform mitosis. One needs to understand that just looking at it in a mechanical/physical situation, if you were a rubber band stretched to the fullest extent, could you tie a knot in the middle of yourself? I think not. So the resolving of the chromatin of the nucleus into a threadlike form, which separate into segments or chromosomes, each of which separated longitudinally into two parts, one part of each chromosome being retain in each of two new cells resulting from the original cell.

“The three papers researching tissue expansion have only been done since 1997 + – and the latest in 2004…have shown that cyclical moderate tension is the most successful and productive method of growing new cells. These studies i am sure will change to some extent the regimen for tissue expansion in the medical field for harvesting.” (Wayne Griffiths, NORM – http://www.norm.org)

Taking this information into consideration, a 12-hour restoring day, with 8-12 hours off, each day, 6-days a week, would seem to be an appropriate suggestion. Of course, for any new restorer, the length of time you may be able to tolerate wearing your device or tape could be very short. It takes a while to become used to wearing tapes and devices and thus be able to comfortably wear them for longer periods of time.

This document should not be taken as medical advice and is meant to compliment, rather than supplant the relationship between you and your doctor.

What Makes Fibroid Tumors Grow? 3 Probable Fibroid Causes

Uterine fibroid treatment would be much simpler and easier if the fibroid causes can be pin pointed with certainty. Luckily in majority of cases these tumors are benign and therefore harmless. Only when they increase in size or numbers will it cause symptoms which may be become unbearable.

Although the precise cause of fibroids can never be determined, research has indicated link between certain factors which increase its incidence in women. It is important for you to understand that these tumors occur due to multiple factors and the fibroid causes are never the same for all women.

In this article I am going to share information on the common causes of fibroids and highlight the category of women who are at a greater risk of suffering from it. This will prepare you and make you understand the whole issue better before you start your uterine fibroid treatment.


Medical research has indicated that excess estrogen is the most common cause of fibroids. However not all women with elevated levels of estrogen will develop this condition. What has been established is the fact that in most women suffering from fibroids usually the levels of estrogen is very high.


Women of Afro-Caribbean origin are three times more likely to suffer from uterine tumors.

Body Weight

Estrogen basically boosts the growth of fibroids and is both manufactured as well as stored in fat cells of our body. Hence overweight women by merely losing their weight will be in a position to reduce the levels of estrogen and shrink the tumors naturally.


Uterine tumors are known to be hereditary. If your mother or sister has got fibroids, chances are that you too may suffer from fibroids.


Certain pesticides or herbicides often contain high levels of estrogen. Exposure to substances with high estrogen levels automatically increases the chance of fibroid growth.

Early menstruation

Women who being menstruating at a very early age are more likely to suffer from fibroids as compared to those who start late.

The above mentioned fibroid causes are some of the known causes which are capable of triggering the growth of the tumors in most women. However there are cases where fibroids occur due to no apparent reasons making the uterine fibroid treatment all the more difficult.

Since the exact cause of fibroids is still a mystery conventional treatment for uterine fibroids is not successful in many cases. For the same reason for fibroid cure natural treatment works much better than conventional medication.

Type 2 Diabetes – Infections and Pneumonia!

If you are diabetic, you really need to be constantly vigilant about infections. Whether you are a type 1 or a type 2 diabetic, infections come easily and can end up taking a limb or your life. In fact, 82,000 lower limb amputations are performed on diabetics annually, according to the National Diabetes Statistics fact sheet, NIDDK, 2003, for the year 2001. Sixty percent of all amputations occur amongst diabetics.

When a diabetic has a lung infection, generally the lung won’t be removed unless there has been serious tissue death in the lung. But that doesn’t mean that a diabetic shouldn’t try to stop the process from happening in the first place.

The signs and symptoms of pneumonia may include:

  • shortness of breath
  • cough
  • sweating
  • shaking chills
  • fever
  • headache
  • muscle aches and pains
  • fatigue, and
  • chest pain that worsens with breathing or coughing

However, the older that you are, the more likely it is that you won’t have a very high fever. And some infectious agents will also produce nausea, vomiting and/or diarrhea.

As a diabetic, any infection that you have should become a reason for you to visit your doctor. Different types of pneumonias can be life-threatening, depending on the bacterial or viral agent that causes the infection.

For example, Streptococcus pneumonia occurs when the same bacteria that cause strep throat gets into your lungs and causes an infection. You may have heard the term walking pneumonia, which is caused from an infection from the Mycoplasma genus. Staphylococcus bacteria can cause pneumonia, and so can viruses. The most common viruses associated with pneumonia are influenza A, which is the flu virus, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). There are dozens of bacteria and viruses that can take a diabetic down quickly with pneumonia.

The worst infections are usually Pneumocystis carinii and other fungal infections. Fungal infections necessitate doses of heavy duty antibiotics that can damage your liver and other organs. This adds to the physiological stress that a diabetic is already dealing with.

Pneumonia is contracted by breathing infectious micro-organisms into your lungs. However, we all breathe the same air, and one must think – why is it that one person gets infection while another person does not? The answer is that good and bad microorganisms live in your respiratory tract at all times. It’s only when the immune system is run down that your body becomes unable to fight against the disease-causing bacteria, viruses or fungi. When this happens, these disease-causing bacteria, viruses, and/or fungi start reproducing their numbers rapidly. Once their numbers hit a critical mass, infection becomes difficult to stop.

The answer is to keep your immune system healthy, and of course, eliminate, reverse your type 2 diabetes.

What is Pleural Fibrosis?

Asbestosis is commonly called fibrosis of the lungs. Pleural fibrosis can be seen as somewhat related to asbestosis in that there is evidence that individuals who have developed pleural fibrosis have an increased risk of developing asbestosis or fibrosis of the lungs later on. This is another one of the side effects of exposure to asbestos. It is one of the less deadly side effects but should still be taken seriously.

Asbestos exposure comes in a variety of forms. One way to be exposed to it is at a low level for intermittent or extended periods. The other common way to be exposed the asbestos is through a short period of time but with heavy exposure in that period. This is called amphiboles exposure. 

Pleural fibrosis is the name for the condition in which a person will develop fibrous tissue in the pleura (the casing in the chest cavity around the lungs and over the diaphragm or around the heart or around parts of the digestive tract). The fibrous tissues can develop in a small area of the pleura (localized) or be much more widespread. In addition to the variation in how widespread the tissues are, there is also a wide range of variety in the thickness of the fibers. When it is thinner, pleural fibrosis will show up as a slight milky discoloration. When thicker, it can be a thick, white peel that can encase an entire or both lungs in their entirety.

We know that pleural fibrosis is directly related to exposure to asbestos. We know this because clinical examinations of pleural fibrosis have shown that the tissue typically contains at least asbestos fibers. In some cases, the fibers contain asbestos bodies and fibers. The lungs have also been shown to have asbestos fibers and bodies in them.

Like all conditions and diseases tied to exposure to asbestos, pleural fibrosis develops around fifteen years after the short period of heavy exposure to asbestos. The amount of time since the first incidence of exposure is much more important than the cumulative amount of exposure.

Like pleural plaques, pleural fibrosis is frequently diagnosed by accident or chance when a chest x-ray is performed. In light cases, there are frequently no symptoms. In heavier cases, patients have been known to complain of breathlessness, chest pain, or both to their doctor. This does actually reduce the amount of functioning in the lungs but frequently with very few symptoms. This is true even when the chest x-ray which diagnosed the pleural fibrosis indicates that the condition is widespread. 

In rare cases, the fibrosis may become so severe and thick that it restricts the patient’s ability to breath. When this happens, a pleurectomy is usually performed to remove the afflicted pleura completely.

For more information on pleural fibrosis and other conditions and diseases associated with asbestos, please visit http://www.mesolawsuit.com.

Eucalyptus Oil For Colds and Flu

Recently I came down with a cold, flu, and some heavy chest congestion. My 8-year daughter also became sick.

One of the Natural Remedies I used was Eucalyptus Oil, which helped to reduce the chest congestion and the symptoms of the flu.

Herbalists use this oil to treat colds, coughs, and other respiratory ailments. Eucalyptus helps to loosen phlegm and improve lung function.

The active ingredient in eucalyptus oil is cineol or euclyptol.

The oil is a fine decongestant and has strong germicidal and antibacterial effects. Some other uses for Eucalyptus are skin problems, muscle, and nerve pain. It has been used as diuretic, and to lower blood sugar.

Here’s how I use this oil to help me when I have a cold with cough and chest congestion. Just before bedtime, I rub the oil on my chest and throat. Then I wrap a cloth around my neck to keep it warm and to help the eucalyptus to penetrate the skin.

If you have EMU oil, you can add a drop or two of EMU to the eucalyptus oil to help it penetrate your skin faster and deeper. EMU oil has the property of penetrating the skin and moving deep into your tissues and to carry any other substances that are mix with it into the skin.

I use plenty of eucalyptus oil in the rub, but some of you might react to it so just rub a little to see it you will be OK with it. If you use eucalyptus oil with other oils, it becomes less irritating.

Eucalyptus oil can also be used in a steam inhalation to help with colds or flu.You can also mix eucalyptus with tea tree oil and massage your chest and back when you have the flu.

You can also mix eucalyptus with thyme, rosemary and lemon and diffuse it into the room when you are sick with the flu or cold.

Only use eucalyptus for the time need to clear you cold. Long-term use of this oil has an effect on the liver.

Do not use eucalyptus oil on children under 6 years.

Sinusitis And Bronchitis – Most Common Winter Diseases, Treatable With Homeopathy

During the winter period, bronchitis and sinusitis are the most common conditions especially in areas with cold climates. Patients which accuse symptoms like headaches, fever, nasal discharge, difficult breathing and cough are usually diagnosed with sinusitis or bronchitis.

These respiratory conditions can frequently heal by using homeopathic remedies, annulling the necessity of antibiotics administration. Both sinusitis and bronchitis can appear in acute forms which are temporary and in chronic forms requiring a permanent care. In acute stages they can be treated by temporary herbal medication until symptoms disappear; in chronic forms however they necessity further investigations in order to be benefic deled with.

Causes of sinusitis and bronchitis might be bacteria, viruses or fungal organisms or even different types of allergens operating in acute or chronic timing.

Sinusitis is mainly characterized by fluid or mucous nasal discharge, obstruction of the nasal passages and feeling of pressure inside the sinus cavities. Disturbing headaches and facial pains around the frontal or maxillary area are important signs in differential diagnosis with common colds or flu.

Acute sinusitis can develop high fever and chills; left untreated it can lead to the apparition of bronchitis or pneumonia as the bacterial infection spreads to the other respiratory areas.

The homeopath physician must know if the condition is acute or chronic to be able to prescribe the most efficient treatments. Major importance has the way the disease has occurred and under the influence of which environmental factors. Such factors can be stress, allergens, diets or even contact to possible contagious cases.

Actual symptoms, the order of appearance and the way they affect the patient’s life are important to establish a certain homeopathic medication. In sinusitis determinant are the localization of the pains and the aspect and smell of the discharge. Homeopathic remedies base more on the symptoms than on the cause of infection because there is no real efficient treatment for sinusitis.

If the patient’s complaints are connected to high pressure inside the sinuses, yellow to green coloration of the mucus and localization of the pains in point areas, the sinusitis can be treated successfully by homeopathic remedies. The most common herbal medication for sinusitis is Kali bichromicum.

Sinusitis with more fluid nasal discharge slipping down the posterior side of the throat causes cough and requires clearing of the throat. Sometimes patients accuse bad breathe, sweating and a metallic taste in the mouth, they might present a thick coat on the tongue and quick sessions of cold or hot feelings. If also fever is absent the best homeopathic remedy seems to be Mercurius solubilis. Patients suffering from irritability usually use Hepar sulphuricum or Nux vomica to treat sinusitis and develop some side-effects. Milder sinusitis improves with Pulsatilla Nigricans.

Persons treated with Hepar sulphuricum complain more about the symptoms and are more irritable when they are cold. They sneeze more and the respiration through the nose is stopped by dry wind or cold air.

Physical Therapist Ensures Safe Treatment of Joints Dislocation

Physical therapist treats the patients of movement constraints and bodily disabilities and victims of accidents to recover from their injuries and live a normal life. The therapist gives training and exercises to the people who are having fitness problems and according to them it is the most effective way to work out fitness related problems. Every one of us holds health nearest to heart and puts it on top priority but it would be hardly seen that people do something practical.

There are many researchers who have shown with scientific evidence that the trainings given by a physical therapist not only heals physically but mentally as well. The physical aspects include healing the discomforted, aching and strained muscles and get them back to the working order. The restoration of the degree of movement is also part of the physical good. The psychological good includes mental stress relief and removal of anxiety. These two benefits together make it a wonderful and highly essential treatment. Therapy can rightly be termed as prevention because it helps your keep safe from many serious diseases.

The physical therapist diagnoses the real problem with the aching and painful body part then fixes the cause by specially designed exercises. The specially designed exercises and physical movements are very specific in nature and one bodily problem is only worked with the exercise specifically designed for it.

Physical therapist should always be consulted if some feels unusual or abnormal pain in the body; this should be brought to the knowledge of the therapist so that he may figure out the cause before giving you the exercises. The mild and gentle nature of exercises makes them workable for people of all age groups and one does not feel any pain and stress. There is nothing which can be called bad about the therapy and that is why it is recommended by medical scientists and health care experts. This is an effective tool and everyone who requires bodily treatment should give it a shot.

How to Identify Pituitary Gland or Hypothalamus Damage After a Head Injury?

Head Injury and Hormonal Dysfunction

Traumatic brain injury, also known as TBI, can damage the hypothalamus and pituitary gland. Located at the base of the brain, they regulate our hormones and can release insufficient or increased hormones when damaged, so disrupting the body’s ability to maintain a stable internal environment.

When pituitary gland damage causes reduced hormone production, the condition is called hypopituitarism and was first reported almost 100 years ago. Originally thought to be a rare occurrence, recent research on adult survivors of severe brain injury, now report the incidence of pituitary hormone deficiencies to be between 23% and 69%.

Symptoms and assessment

Most people’s hormone levels are severely affected in the early stages after traumatic brain injury, even if the pituitary is undamaged. This makes pituitary damage hard to identify and whilst later in the recovery process it may become clear that some symptoms are caused by hormonal changes which can be tested, there are currently no clear guidelines for the assessment and treatment of pituitary function after brain injury.

The effects of pituitary and hypothalamus injury vary because of the different hormones which can be affected and some symptoms are also similar to the more common effects of brain injury, which is another reason why the problem is not easily diagnosed.

Overlapping symptoms are:

• Depression

• Impotence and altered sex drive

• Mood swings

• Fatigue

• Headaches

• Visual disturbance

Other symptoms include:

• Muscle weakness

• Reduced body hair

• Irregular periods/loss of normal menstrual function

• Reduced fertility

• Weight gain

• Increased cold sensitivity

• Constipation

• Dry skin

• Pale appearance

• Low blood pressure/dizziness

• Diabetes insipidus

Whilst each symptom may be caused by a change in the level of a particular hormone produced in the pituitary gland, there are many possible causes of all of these symptoms, so a thorough assessment is needed before a firm diagnosis can be made.


Early on, hormonal problems can cause neurogenic diabetes insipidus, which is characterised by increased thirst and excessive production of dilute urine. This is due to a reduction in a hormone called vasopressin (anti-diuretic hormone) and is treated by administering desmopressin and replacing lost fluids.

In the later stages, if hypopituitarism is confirmed, hormone replacement therapy may be used to restore normal hormone levels, to help manage the symptoms. There are different treatments available, depending on the particular hormones involved and the nature and extent of the symptoms.

The assessment and treatment of hypopituitarism after brain injury is a complex process and as with any treatment, you should discuss the pros and cons with your doctor before making any decisions.

Further information

The full extent of hypopituitarism after brain injury is unknown, whilst it seems to occur mainly after severe brain injury some studies have shown that pituitary gland damage may also occur after apparently minor head injuries. However many of the symptoms can be caused by damage elsewhere in the brain, and if this is the case treatment for pituitary dysfunction will not work.

If you suspect symptoms of hypopituitarism, or any other hormonal condition, you should speak to your GP who, if they feel it appropriate, may refer you to an endocrinologist who can run a variety of hormone level tests and even a scan, to look for damage to the hypothalamus or pituitary gland.

Add Aromatherapy to Help Treat Stress Fractures

A stress fracture is a common, but serious repetitive use injury. Unlike a normal fracture, which is usually caused by an acute event such as falling off a ladder, this type of fracture is the result of a less severe force acting on the bone over and over again.

This type of injury is most commonly seen in athletes, soldiers, backpackers, and dancers where they are repeatedly impacting the hard ground or floor with the full force of their body weight again and again. There are ways to decrease the impact on the bones, but when a stress fracture appears it can be treated in various ways. Things like physical therapy and massage with essential oils, can aide in healing of stress fractures.

Without early treatment a stress fracture may worsen into a deeper, more serious fracture, so it is important to diagnose the stress fracture as early as possible and get quick treatment. Diagnosing a stress fracture can be somewhat tricky. They do not typically show up on x-rays. The only diagnostic tests that will diagnose a stress fracture are a CT scan, and MRI, or a 3-phase bone scan. Stress fractures, like their traumatic cousins, can take as few as 4 and as many as 16 weeks to heal.

During the early stages, you should avoid bearing any weight on the injured limb. Doctors will usually give you some type of cast, even one that can be removed such as an air cast, and crutches so that you can keep still get around. During this time you should avoid physical activity that could make the fracture worse. If your cast is removable, and your doctor says it’s ok, you can swim without placing too much strain on the injury.

During the first week you’ll want to use ice packs as much as possible. This will help keep the swelling to a minimum and help relieve pain. You’ll likely visit your orthopedic specialist several times during the healing process, and during those visits they can advise you of the level of activity that you can safely perform with the injury. This will vary based on your individual situation, but it’s important not to rush yourself back into an activity. You could do more harm than good.

At all stages in the healing process, you can perform massage on the area with essential oils like Myrrh, Olibanum, Cistus as long as the area does not have any open wounds. If you are in a traditional plaster or fiberglass cast, you can apply the oils above and below the cast.

You can prevent stress fractures in the future a number of ways. First, be sure that the shoes you are wearing are appropriate for the activity you are performing as well as for your feet. There are many shoe manufacturers who produce specialized athletic shoes that are not only specific to certain activities like running or hiking but also to different types of feet. If these aren’t in your budget, you can also find specialized orthotic inserts for your shoes at most drug stores. In addition, be sure that you are using proper form during your activities. While it may take more effort, and feel a little strange, in the long run it will lessen the strain on your bones and help prevent stress fracture.

Common Forearm Fractures in Children

Types of Childhood Forearm Fractures

The main categories of fractures are non-displaced or displaced fractures and closed or open fractures. Displaced fractures involve the bone snapping into two or more parts and these parts do not line up. A non-displaced fracture is one in which the bones break but are still in anatomic position. These fractures require a procedure to re-align the bones. A closed fracture is where the bone breaks but does not protrude through the skin. An open fracture, however, involves the bone breaking through the skin.

Torus Fracture

A torus fracture, is also called a “buckle” fracture, results in the top layer of the bone on one side compressing and buckling away from the growth plate. This is a stable fracture, with the broken segments not separated or displaced. These breaks hurt but do not cause a deformity.

Metaphyseal Fracture

With a metaphyseal fracture, the break is across the upper or lower portion of the bone shaft. With this type of injury, the growth plate is not affected.

Greenstick Fracture

A greenstick fracture runs through a portion of the bone, causing it to bend on the other side. This term came about because doctors described this fracture like a green stick breaks. These types of injuries occur only in children, as adult bones won’t break in this manner.

Galeazzi Fracture

The Galeazzi fracture affects the radius and the ulna bones. These types of injuries are usually displaced with dislocation of the ulna at the wrist area.

Monteggia Fracture

With a Monteggia fracture, both forearm bones are affected. The ulna breaks and the top and the radius dislocates. This is a severe injury that requires immediate urgent care.

Growth Plate Fracture

Growth plate fractures, also called physeal fractures, occur at or across the growth plate, typically in the area where the radius attaches with the wrist. This area heals well, with less than 5 percent having complications.


Symptoms really depend on the type of fracture, but most fractures cause severe pain and numbness of the hand and forearm. Sometimes, the fracture causes a bent appearance of the forearm. Other symptoms include swelling, bruising, and inability to rotate or turn the arm.


Treatment depends on the degree of displacement and the specific type of fracture. The severity of a fracture depends on the location and the amount of damage done to the tissue and bone. A minor fracture could heal within a few weeks, whereas a serious fracture could take months to heal. Treatment also depends on the age of the child, the degree of deformity, and the stability of the break. The goal of treatment to a fracture involving the growth plate is restoration of normal alignment with minimal trauma.

Nonsurgical Treatment

Many fractures of the forearm in children can be treated without surgery. Casts and immobilizing devices protect the bones while they heal. Sometimes it is necessary for the orthopedic specialist to manipulate the bones into proper alignment, a process called reduction.

Surgical Treatment

Surgery to realign the bones and secure them in place is necessary if the skin is broken, if the fracture is unstable, if bone segments have been displaced, and if the bones cannot be manipulated to realign through reduction. Once the surgeon aligns the bone segments, he may use metal implants, pins, or a cast to hold these in place.

Long-Term Outcome

Once your child’s cast comes off, the wrist joint or elbow joint may be stiff for a few weeks. This will resolve without the need for physical therapy in most cases. Your child’s healing bones will be temporarily weak following immobilization, so you should not allow rough play, climbing, or contact sports for 3 to 4 weeks after the cast comes off.

Cerebral Palsy Issues – Sleeping Disorders

Cerebral palsy affects a group of nervous system functions causing significant issues in their life. These neurological disorders contribute in many problems that a child has to face like not being able to walk, eat or even sleep. Cerebral palsy and sleep disorders go hand in hand with each other and are a key issue that both the parent and the affected child face. Not only this, the child will have other problems like seizures and motor development that can cause discomfort while sleeping.

Cerebral palsy usually affects infants or children below 2 years of age. Every parent looks forward to the time that the infant will fall asleep because it is only then that they can rest. Though children with cerebral palsy are same as the other children, whether they will sleep or not depends on the condition they are in. Children with cerebral palsy will have varying degree of sickness in them and it is unique with every child. The condition and problems that your child has may or may not be there in the other child. Similarly, whether your child will sleep at night or not depends on the condition of your child.

However, most of the times infants do sleep for 6-7 hours without interruption and if at all the child wakes up it will be because of hunger or wetness or bad position. The child will have to be attended to at these situations and if there is someone to respond to their needs, there won’t be much problem. But as the child grows, there can be lot of sleeping disorders that will be noticed. Seizures being the most common neurological disorder that a child with cerebral palsy will face, the sleep cycle is usually disturbed. This needs adequate treatment since sleep plays an important role in any individual’s daily activities. Hence, a diagnosis of the child will be required depending on which the treatment will be suggested.

In a normal sleep, a child will toss and turn throughout the night. For children with cerebral palsy, this movement can be painful due to their low motor skills and muscular issues. Physical therapy will be suggested to develop the motor skills and suitable medication is suggested to control seizures during sleep. If these are taken care of, a child has better chances of sleeping in the night without any sleep problems.

Sleeping disorders should be given due importance and treated by giving medications that include light sedatives or melatonin. Sleeping disorders can give rise to many other problems like depression, irritability, behavioral issues and health problems which will further complicate the life of a child. As the child grows, he has to be continually examined and treatment should be altered according to the changes in the child. With such cerebral palsy training, the child will learn to adapt to the different problems that can occur. In this way, the child will learn to lead a fairly normal life and with appropriate treatment and devices, they can develop motor skills too. In this way, the child will sleep more peacefully!

Sleep Paralysis

Sleep paralysis happens to a person when he is fast asleep and he is unable to move. There are also some problems that could be seen in every action as well as in his emotions including speech. This problem mainly occurs just before the person is about to sleep or even when he wakes up. There are many people in this world who suffer from the sleep paralysis. They are not able to move their limbs while sleeping. While in some cases it has been seen that there is some presence of complete skeletal muscle paralysis. There are reports that say that people experience someone is sitting on their chest due to which they feel quite suffocated. It might be also a possible cause of hereditary disorder as well. In this case, although a person feels awake, still he is unable to move or even speak anything.  

Causes of sleep paralysis

When it comes to this disease, there are various potential causes associated with it. It might be due to presence of low levels of melatonin and it might also include reasons like sleeping in certain different positions or even stress as well as irregular sleep schedules. So, these are some of the causes of this disease.


One of the best ways to treat this disease is to reduce stress as well as tensions from the mind of the individual. Exercising too helps a lot in treating this problem. It is very important that you go for a consultation of a good doctor who would be able to suggest appropriate medicines in order to cure this problem. There might be some mental disturbances in the mind of a person when he suffers from sleep paralysis. It is best if the person can go for set-sleeping patter which likely helps in preventing this problem. 

Hernia Pain After Surgery – 3 Tips For Faster Recovery

A hernia can arise at any time. In some cases, it occurs slowly over time, with the muscle of the abdominal wall slowly weakening until some tissue or bits of internal organs poke through. In other cases, a bout of strenuous activity can cause a hernia to occur more suddenly.

Often, the hernia will be easily visible as a protrusion outside of the body, pushing the skin over it outward and upward. In some cases, the protrusion can come and go over time as different degrees of stress or pressure are placed upon the affected area. But even in these cases, the hernia is ever-present – it is just the protrusion itself that comes and goes.

If you believe you have a hernia or have been diagnosed as such, it is important to seek medical attention. Depending upon its state, your doctor may choose to order surgery to have it repaired. This is particularly true if the hernia is determined to be incarcerated or encapsulated, which means that the protruding tissue poses some greater health risks to the body.

What Happens During Hernia Surgery

Hernia surgery essentially consists of the making of a small incision (laparoscopic procedure) or larger incision (open surgery) near the hernia. The protruding tissue is gently pushed into the body cavity and then sealed with a mesh material. The mesh serves to strengthen the area around the incision and greatly reduces the chances of recurrence.

For Faster Hernia Surgery Recovery

Recovery times for hernia surgery vary, usually taking from 1 to 5 weeks depending upon the type of hernia, its seriousness, and the type of surgery performed. Fortunately, there are actions that the patient can take to ensure a smooth recovery.

Hernia Pain after Surgery – 3 Tips for Faster Recovery

1. Stay away from heavy exercises: As you have probably heard, it is important to avoid any strenuous activity during the entire recovery period. This includes avoiding heavy lifting, exercises, or stretching of any kind. Any of these activities run the risk of reopening the repaired hernia.

2. Be sure to move around each day: At the same time, however, it is important to keep mobile each day. Do not make the mistake of just lying still on the bed or couch for days at a time. In fact, your muscles will heal more quickly if they get worked out a bit each day (gently, of course).

3. Hernia pain after surgery: Be sure to listen carefully to your body. While you should definitely listen to everything your doctor tells you, also stay in touch with any signals you get from your body as you walk down the road of recovery. Some pain around the incision area is normal. However, if the pain does not improve or actually gets worse, be sure to consult with your doctor. He or she can verify whether you are recovering normally.

Also: be sure to watch for any signs of redness or swelling around the area of your incision, as well as the development of a fever. If any of these symptoms arise, be sure to contact your doctor right away.

Follow these 3 tips for faster recovery after hernia surgery.

Back Injury In Auto Accidents

As anyone who has ever dealt with a back injury knows, even a minor injury can be a major disruption to everyday life. Unfortunately, back injuries are one of the most common car accident injuries, and in many cases, they carry severe consequences that can last for months, years or even a lifetime. That’s why it is important to speak with your doctors and a personal injury lawyer to understand your options for physical and financial recovery after a serious accident.

Spinal Cord Injuries

A back injury can take many forms, and can vary in severity depending on the nature of the accident. One of the most severe types of injury occurs when the spinal cord itself is damaged in a motor vehicle accident. An injury that damages the spinal cord disrupts the brain’s ability to communicate with the body, and can cause paralysis and numbness in part or all of the body.

Symptoms usually occur in the parts of the body that are lower than the point of injury on the spinal cord. This means that an injury involving the lower spine will most likely affect the legs only, while a neck injury or upper back injury involving the spinal cord can cause paralysis and numbness in the arms as well as the legs.

Disc Injuries

Another common injury among car accident victims is called a slipped disc. This type of back injury is also known as a herniated disc or ruptured disc. The spinal discs are spongy cushions that separate the bones of the spine and protect them from one another. They also help protect the spinal cord and make the back flexible.

A disc may become broken or deformed as a result of a car accident. Damaged discs lose their ability to protect the bones and nerves of the spine, leading to pain, numbness or tingling in any part of the body to which an affected nerve travels.

Disc injuries to the lower back are often associated with a condition called sciatica, which can cause severe and debilitating pain, tingling or numbness in either leg.

Compression Fractures

Compression fractures are another type of injury that can result from a car accident, particularly among older adults. A compression fracture occurs when tiny cracks appear in the vertebrae, which can eventually cause the bone itself to lose its shape or collapse.

A compression fracture can cause permanent changes to the shape and structure of the spine. As a result, this type of back injury can lead to posture changes as well as pain and breathing difficulties.

The Financial Consequences

The financial consequences of a back injury can be severe. These injuries frequently require expensive medical care, often including hospitalization, rehabilitation and ongoing follow-up care. At the same time, a back injury is likely to interfere with the injured person’s ability to work, and they may suffer lost income as a result.

In addition, a person who has suffered a back injury may face additional expenses as a result of having to hire someone to perform ordinary household tasks like yard work or laundry, which he or she otherwise would have done.

Filing a Personal Injury Lawsuit

If you have suffered a back injury from a car accident, you have the option of seeking compensation in court from the person who caused the accident. If you decide to go to court, a personal injury lawyer can advocate on your behalf and help you seek damages.

If your back injury lawsuit is successful, the court will most likely grant you compensatory damages. This is a dollar amount that is calculated to reimburse you for your out-of-pocket expenses, such as medical expenses and lost wages, and your non-economic losses, such as pain and suffering.

In certain cases, punitive damages may be available in addition to compensatory damages. In a back injury lawsuit, these damages are usually limited to cases where the person who caused the accident was acting recklessly or irresponsibly.

Contact a Personal Injury Lawyer as Soon as Possible

If you or someone you love has suffered a back injury as a result of an accident, it is important to talk with a personal injury attorney right away. There is a two-year statute of limitations for personal injury claims in most states, which means that you usually must file a lawsuit within two years after the day that your back injury occurred or the date that you noticed your back injury.

While a financial settlement may never fully make up for a serious back injury, it can help provide the tools you need to start your recovery. A personal injury lawyer can help you decide whether a personal injury lawsuit may be right for you, and can fight to help you receive compensation for your back injury.