Lessons From A Cat

When Colleen learned to live with mitral valve prolapse syndrome with dysautonomia (MVPS/D), her cat Morris taught her some tricks about life. Resting and taking life easy was right up his alley. He often nestled near her midriff, keeping it delightfully warm. Somehow he knew not to step on her painful chest. She found peace in a companionship that needed no talk. Watching Morris, she gleaned possibilities for her new lifestyle.

PATIENCE

Morris took life as it came. Whatever life brought, he handled it in a sensible cat manner. If the weather rained, he found shelter and waited it out. If the temperature grew colder, he found a warm place. When his humans pulled the cockle burrs out of his tail, he sat quietly. He endured monthly baths, though his countenance told them he’d do anything to avoid another. If he wasn’t fed on his schedule, he waited with trust.

As for Colleen, she’d been incredibly angry when the physicians told her it might take a year or longer to recover. She had plans and they were being interrupted!

FORTITUDE

Morris defended his own. Well, when he first came to Colleen as a teenager, he ran from other cats who wanted to take his territory. So she taught him to fight. She shouted and charged and clapped her hands at those other car invaders. After the first row, he caught on and never let another demean or steal from him.

Colleen couldn’t allow the weary first days at home depress her spirit. Her former inner person was learning new ways, and she must hold fast. Better days would come.

LOVE

Morris knew how to love his own. He would saunter to their legs to greet them with a quiet meow. He didn’t expect anything, only wanted to acknowledge their presence. He never bit, scratched, or hurt those he loved. When someone called his name, he galloped across the yard like a pony, hoping for a morsel of food. When instead someone swept him up and cradled him in her arms, giving him only hugs and kisses, he accepted the love.

How did Colleen react to those about her? When she was first home, her body was so weak that even speaking bothered her, so she mostly observed. However, her natural inclinations were to blame and to complain. It was probably best she couldn’t talk.

INDEPENDENCE

Sometimes when Colleen called, Morris looked her way, considering his obedience to her, but in the end he walked off, knowing his need was more important.

Colleen’s was, too. How many times had physicians told her nothing was wrong, live with the pain, or consult a psychiatrist? Her friends overlooked her. She walked off . . . to another doctor who found reasons for the pain . . . and away from friends who wouldn’t have time in her.

She learned to listen to her body rhythms, and though she truly loved her family and friends, at times she needed to do what’s best for her.

Be Colleen’s watching her cat, Morris has shown her that love, patience, independence, and fortitude would give her the courage to live gracefully with MVPS/D.

How to Determine the Difference Between Angina and a Heart Attack

Many people with chest pain fear a heart attack. However, there can be many possible causes of chest pain. Some are mildly inconvenient, while others are serious, even life-threatening. Any organ or tissue in your chest can be the source of pain, including your heart, lungs, oesophagus, muscles, ribs, tendons, or nerves

Suddenly there are lots of questions to be answered:

o What happens now,

o Can it be treated,

o Does it require an operation,

o Will I be able to continue working – or am I on my way to becoming a permanent invalid?

Your family will have their questions and anxieties too. Like you, they want to understand what is happening to you and to be reassured everything will be all right. Joining your local hospital’s cardiac rehabilitation programme will help.

You will discover other people experiencing the same anxieties and worries. (Because it does help to discover other people are in the same boat!)

To look at it simply, the heart is just a mechanical pump, made up of very powerful muscles. Its job is to pumps blood around your body constantly every day of your life. Like any muscle in your body, it requires its own blood supply which brings it oxygen and nutrients to keep it alive, and able to do its job.

This blood supply travels to the heart muscle by way of small coronary arteries. These are normally able to respond to varying demands which the heart muscle makes by dilating (opening wider) or constricting (narrowing). When the heart speeds up, it requires more energy to do the extra work; so the coronary arteries dilate and deliver more oxygen to the heart muscles.

As the heart returns to its resting mode, less oxygen is required and the coronary arteries constrict to their original size. However, things sometimes go wrong with the coronary arteries, and the outcome can be either angina or a heart attack.

Angina is a specific type of pain in the chest caused by inadequate blood flow through the blood vessels (coronary vessels) of the heart muscle (myocardium).

It is brought on by exercise or effort and eases at rest or by using medication.

The pain varies from a dull ache to a sensation often described as a tight band around the chest and it rarely lasts longer than fifteen minutes on complete rest.

The cause of angina is simple to understand. When it’s at rest, the heart is quite happy pumping slowly. However, exercise, effort and exertion cause the heart to pump faster and more forcefully. The heart muscle then requires increased oxygen supply.

Usually this is freely available from the coronary arteries, which dilate on demand. But if the coronary arteries are hardened or partially blocked, then the supply of oxygen to the heart may be restricted. Cholesterol or fatty deposits generally cause these types of blockages.

A heart attack (also called a coronary thrombosis or myocardial infarction), is caused by a complete blockage of one of the coronary arteries. As a result, one part of the heart muscle is permanently deprived of oxygen. The blockage is often caused by a blood clot formed inside a coronary artery.

A clot in the coronary artery interrupts the flow of blood and oxygen to the heart muscle, leading to the death of heart cells in that area. The damaged heart muscle loses its ability to contract, and the remaining heart muscle needs to compensate for that weakened area.

During the first hour or so of the blockage, the pain can be extremely severe. It’s usually felt as a crushing sensation in the centre of the chest and can also affect the arms jaw and neck. It’s also often accompanied by sweating, nausea and/or breathlessness, which lasts much longer than an angina attack.

In the first few days after a heart attack, the heart can be rather irritable with an accompanying erratic heart rate. This is why continuous observation in a health care setting is vital in those first few days.

Heart Attack Cost – How Costly?

With the rising cost of medical services, is it any wonder that heart attack cost is a big winner for those medical services that work in this area. But guess who the big loser is in this heart attack cost ball game? You got it… the heart attack victim.

Even with new medical procedures and breakthroughs in the treatment and repair of a heart problem, the cost has skyrocketed beyond your wildest dreams. The cost associated with an attack is not common knowledge, and until you enter the game and get up close and personal, will you learn this is one game you should have avoided.

Your first heart attack cost, most likely will be, general ambulance service. Figure on at least $800-$1500 or more depending on your location.

Your second heart attack cost will be ambulance medical support, figure on an additional $100+.

Your third attack cost will be emergency room general services at your local hospital. Figure on at least $750, then professional fees for emergency room, another $250 or so. Then tack on miscellaneous supplies, $500 for laboratory tests, about $300 for EKG, plus X-ray drugs etc – for a grand total so far of about $2500 for your emergency room visit.

Your fourth major attack cost will most likely be your stay in the ICU of your local hospital, until they figure out what to do with you. Figure on a day at a cost of about $850.

Now that you have the basic cost out of the way, unless you live within reach of a major medical facility with a heart specialist on staff, you are going to get a ride in a plane or helicopter. Figure on an additional $5000-$6000 for this opportunity.

Now we are getting to the real meat of our heart cost. You have already spent about $10,000 or so getting to this point. The next cost will make that seem like pocket change!

You can figure on about $22,000-$25,000 for your stay in the heart medical center, while they discover your heart problem and try to repair your heart damage. And this does not include the surgeons cost, which can add additional thousands to your overall cost. So now your cost is over $40,000. If everything goes well and your heart problem can be corrected by Coronary Angioplasty, you are left with one remaining cost, the chemical or treadmill stress test. This could add as much as $5,000 more to your already growing bill.

Your minimum cost for this overall experience will be about $45,000-$50,000! If the Coronary Angioplasty procedure cannot repair your damage and open heart surgery is needed, your heart attack cost could more than double.

By choosing foods with lower fat and cholesterol content, quitting smoking… if you do smoke, keeping your blood pressure under control, and exercising regularly, you may avoid this dangerous and costly experience… and eliminate heart attack cost for good.

What Are the Characteristics of Heart Disease?

You may be asking the question, what are the characteristics of heart disease, to make sure that you do not have any of them. This is a good step as you may well then be able to prevent a heart attack from occurring. Although gender, age as well as heredity are issues you cannot avoid, there are other factors that you could reduce or possibly eliminate.

There are different forms of heart disease that one can develop. This disease refers to the different sections that make up the heart. One could have a problem with the heart’s valves. You could have a problem with the heart’s lining. Or you could have a problem with the heart’s muscles.

Coronary artery infection is one of the most common types of heart conditions and thus also the biggest killer. Fat and other substances that travel in your bloodstream will combine and form plaque which sticks to the sides of your vessels. This narrows the blood flow path. If bits of plaque break down and start flowing with the blood, it will sometimes cause a blockage in the blood flow. This will cause a heart attack.

Another characteristic of a heart condition is heart muscle disease or cardiomyopathy. It is a condition where the heart is unusually enlarged and thickened. It could also be stiffened. Due to the organ’s condition, its muscles are weakened and the ability to pump blood is restricted. This causes a backup of blood into the lung area or sometimes into the rest of the body. There are three types of cardiomyopathy, these being dilated, hypertrophic and restrictive cardiomyopathy.

Pericardial disease is caused by an inflammation of the thin fibrous sheath which is around the organ. It is caused by infections, trauma, tumors, cancer or radiation. The symptom of the condition is chest pain. There could also be fever as well as an increased heart rate.

Heart valve disease happens when the valves are no longer functioning the way they should. These valves are at the exit of each of the 4 heart chambers and they control the one-way flow of blood through the heart. They prevent the blood from flowing back into the ventricles. There are several types of heart valve diseases and these include an instance where the opening is smaller than normal. Another is when the valve does not seal correctly.

What are the characteristics of heart disease? The answer is that they vary. Your health-care practitioner will have to do the necessary tests and checks to confirm exactly what your condition is.

Vaccination of the Newborn and Tuberculosis

Vaccine against tuberculosis, known as Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) discovered by two French scientists, Albert Calmette and Camille Guerin in 1922, has got its own limitations, and its efficacy is highly variable. Still the vaccine is recommended for administration to all newborn to protect them against pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis.

The newborn should not be denied this vaccination. If it is ignored, and the child is faced with a serious tuberculous infection, he may suffer from the active disease, before he develops the primary complex. However, if the infection is mild, a primary complex will develop in a natural way, and the BCG vaccination will be of no value, as the child has already acquired natural resistance, of course under risk. As just mentioned, had this infection been a gross one, the newborn would have developed frank tuberculosis, leading even to death.

The BCG vaccination works on the principle that if a newborn is vaccinated (or already infected in a natural way), he will face the subsequent infection much better, and the tubercle bacilli on entering the lungs are likely to be killed. However, as already mentioned, the usefulness of this vaccine does not seem to be up to the mark.

In this vaccination, the strains of Mycobacterium bovis are weakened in their virulence (i.e. they become unable to produce the disease), and hence, when the BCG vaccination is administered, it will only cause an ‘infection’, and there will be no danger of the active disease.

Even if the BCG vaccination has been administered in a newborn who has immediately developed a mild infection/primary complex, for example when the child is born of a mother suffering from active tuberculosis, it will not cause any harm except that the local lesion/ ulcer at the site of injection will be more marked. Hence the BCG vaccination is usually done in the first few days following birth, and before the child contracts the disease.

In highly developed countries like the USA, this vaccine is only restricted to newborns who are more prone to tuberculosis, for example, when the baby is born of a mother suffering from the active disease, or the child is in close contact with a highly infectious drug-resistant patient of tuberculosis. In such countries, the BCG vaccination is not administered, in general, to all newborns, on the plea that this vaccine makes the tuberculin test positive. Hence this test loses its value in identifying ‘infected’ cases of tuberculosis, in a specific community /population, as may be required in certain circumstances.

However, the BCG vaccination has little value in the case of adults, as reported in some studies. It has also been mentioned that the vaccination may prevent the reactivation of dormant/hidden tubercle bacilli which may be lying in the body, but it may not prove helpful, when there is infection of tuberculosis from outside.

For vaccination of the newborn, 0.1 ml of the vaccine is administered intradermally in the uppermost part of the upper arm (deltoid). A crust is formed within 4 days approximately, which heals in about 4-6 weeks, and the child thus develops hypersensitivity.

Correct Management of Ovarian Cysts During Pregnancy – A Must Read!

Ovarian cyst during pregnancy is a common condition among women. Most of these fluid filled sacs will just go away on their own. A sonogram will accurately identify its components, its location and the size. They are usually functional cysts that occur because of hormonal imbalance or other factors. Ovarian cysts are often asymptomatic and are discovered accidentally by routine ultrasound examination. In some cases depending on the size of the growth, women complain of lower abdominal pain or pelvic pain.

Most cases are benign and if they do not grow exponentially during a course of time, they can cause no risks to the baby or to the mother at all. However, the danger lies if they would twist on themselves and cause severe pain to the mother, cause premature labor or pre term delivery. Rupture of the cysts which can happen anytime may cause severe bleeding, increase in heart rate or decrease in blood pressure.

Nevertheless, ovarian cysts during pregnancy can usher in a totally different, but serious medical condition, like torsion of the ovaries, appendicitis or ectopic pregnancy. In these cases, serious attention must be given to eliminate any risks that might harm both the mother and the child.

Follow ups with an expert is crucial for determining the most effective course of treatment option. In some cases, where it has been found that the diameter of the growth is more than 8 inches, tests are usually done to determine the malignancy of these growths. If they are not malignant they can cause obstruction during labor and if they rupture they can also cause severe bleeding and infection.

Ovarian cysts during pregnancy are quite common. Most of them are not as serious as others in rare cases. However, only functional cysts that will go away in time. Abdominal pains or pelvic pains carries a broad spectrum of conditions serious and not. Once it is noted, it is extremely important to seek out medical attention as soon as possible.

Tumors in Rats – What to Do When Your Pet Rat Gets Lumps and Bumps

If you find a bump on your female rat, don’t fret. It is usually a benign tumor. You should of course, still get it checked out by the vet. Female rats are very prone to lumps and bumps, especially around the mammary glands. Rats have nipples in odd places. There are a pair right behind their front legs, so this is a common place for a lump.

Benign tumors can grow very fast. They have been known to be the size of the rat itself. It is possible to have the lump surgically removed. If you catch the lump early, this is probably a good idea, as when it gets bigger it will make it difficult for your rat to groom herself and move around properly.

My beautiful rat Ginger has developed a benign tumor. Unfortunately the vet felt she was too old to operate on. There was too much risk involved. He also felt the lump would probably grow back elsewhere. The lump has grown over the last 4 months, but Ginger still seems happy. Sometimes she goes onto a course of antibiotics to help her feel better and she is more tired these days, but she still loves her cuddles and her best friend Mr T.

I have been giving Ginger a mixture of B vitamin complex, flaxseed oil and CLA, as well as a square of miso every day to help her body fight. Soy milk is also meant to help prevent tumors in rats.

If your male rat gets a lump, there is more chance it could be cancerous. Either way please take your rat to the vets straight away and be prepared for some nursing.

The Truth about "Super Pneumonia"

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) is a form of atypical pneumonia that generates serious impairments at pulmonary level. Although no one can deny the seriousness of SARS, the over-promoted denatured ideas and misconceptions regarding the syndrome can be easily dismissed by taking a look over the facts. The catalyst for the wide range of exaggerations that revolve around the concept of SARS remains unknown. However, the media had a great contribution in triggering and augmenting the mass hysteria generated by the global over-promotion of the syndrome.

The news about SARS endemics in Asia and the later outbreaks in the United States have rapidly become popular all around the world due to exaggerated implication of the mass-media, which caused a pronounced state of panic worldwide. As if this wasn’t enough, the media had quickly introduced various exacerbated rumors and suppositions into the overall picture, generating even more panic and confusion among the masses. Inappropriately referred to as “super pneumonia” or “killer pneumonia”, SARS is in fact a treatable and even preventable form of pneumonia that has caused far less victims in Asia and the U.S. than it was initially stipulated by the media.

Due to the inaccuracy of the information promoted by the media, people have quickly assimilated the idea that the so called “super pneumonia” is a deadly malady with mysterious causes. These beliefs are far from the actual truth. Medical scientists have revealed that the primary cause of SARS is infection with strains of paramyxoviruses, viral organisms that are also responsible for causing influenza, commonly referred to as the flu. Judging by this aspect, “super pneumonia” is nothing more than a form of complicated flu. In addition, SARS has caused far less victims than common seasonal flu epidemics account for each year. Research results indicate that SARS accounted for around 50 deaths among 1500 people afflicted during the outbreak in China.

Medical reports also reveal that there were less than 40 overall cases of SARS in the United States. Not a single death was reported among patients with SARS in the United States. By contrast, influenza accounts for thousands of deaths in the United States and worldwide each year. Furthermore, there are over 50 types of pneumonia that are capable of causing death. Compared to SARS, there are up to 20 forms of atypical pneumonia with a considerably higher killing potential, accounting for more than 40.000 annual deaths among the American population.

If you are wondering how contagious SARS really is, the answer is easily revealed by the previously mentioned statistics. Yet again, compared to the highly contagious character of common flu, which affects millions of Americans each year, the transmissibility of SARS can be considered a negligible factor. As for the idea that SARS can’t be treated with the existent means of treatment, medical scientists have proved the exact opposite: SARS is a highly treatable form of pneumonia. However, prompt medical intervention is required when dealing with this type of pneumonia. Similar to all types of pneumonia, SARS requires immediate medical treatment and proper medical care.

As a conclusion, it is advised not to pay attention to every rumor promoted by the mass-media. Considering the fact that the media would do virtually anything to boost their ratings, it is best to think twice before assimilating doubtful claims and ideas.

Endometriosis and Respiratory Symptoms

For some women that are dealing with endometriosis, they may also find themselves suffering from breathing issues too. However, only a small number of women with endometriosis may also suffer from respiratory problems each month.

If you are coughing up blood or having chest pains each month, suspecting that you have endometriosis may seem a bit ridiculous, but it can cause these symptoms if it lodges in your lungs. Endometriosis can occur in the lining of the lungs (the pleura) or in the lung itself. Endometriosis in the lining is around five times more common than in the lung, and the majority of occurrences are normally on the right hand side.

Pleural endometriosis causes the following:-

o Shortness of breath

o Pain

o Collapsed lung (known as pneumothorax)

o Fluid on the lung (known as pleural effusion)

Having endometriosis on the lung causes a person to cough up blood, but it isn’t the only problem you should suspect if you have breathing difficulties. There are additional diseases that can also cause respiratory issues, such as:-

o Asthma

o Respiratory infection, such as bronchitis or pneumonia

o Pleurisy or pneumothorax unrelated to endometriosis

When it comes to differentiating endometriosis of the respiratory system from other health related causes, it can be a bit difficult and may require a doctor or health professional to suggest the intervention of an MRI or surgery to make sure. For some women that are suffering from this disease, they may also show signs of having asthmatic symptoms which may also interfere with their respiratory system.

How to Get Rid of Phlegm Buildup in the Chest

Congestion of the lungs occurs when the body is incapable of clearing the build up of mucus and fluids, this gives rise to breathing difficulties, wheeziness and coughing. A lot of people think that exposure to the cold is the only cause of chest congestion but there are several other things that can cause the condition.

There are some people who suffer a strong allergic reaction to certain elements including molds, animal furs, pollen, dust and the like and display similar symptoms. Then, of course there is the condition caused by the common cold with accompanying runny nose and sore throat, this invariably leads to an infection of the chest. Similarly a viral infection such as flu can take hold and can become a serious issue. Unfortunately viruses can mutate and produce different flu like illnesses.

Resulting from colds and flu, bronchitis can set in. Bronchitis is an inflammation of the airways leading to the lungs, this condition can set up coughing fits as the body attempts to expel excessive mucus from the area of the lungs.This upper respiratory condition can remain for lengthy periods of time; up to three years in some cases. Smoking is a common cause for this condition which can be serious.

The services of a doctor is essential to differentiate one from the other and help to make a correct diagnoses.

Various other causes are:-

A serious condition called Asthma which is caused by the constriction of the airways thereby depriving the lungs of oxygen. There is no known cure for asthma but the condition can be controlled. An asthma attack can be triggered by many airborne irritants such as smoke, dust mites, mold, animal furs and various types of air pollutants.

Another serious lung condition is that of pneumonia, an infectious disease that is a leading cause of death amongst all age groups. Symptoms include shortness of breath, chest pains and the production of phlegm and mucus. The onset of this respiratory disease requires immediate medical treatment.

Whilst all the above conditions are unpleasant there are treatments available that can offer relief and in most cases a cure. Bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics whilst in the case of asthma, sprays and various other medications alleviate the symptoms should they occur.

In order to breakup the mucus that causes congestion, it is recommended that one should consume plenty of fluids, including hot drinks. The employment of common sense measures can also bring much relief. By assuming a propped up position, whilst resting, will assist in coughing up mucus and clearing the lungs.The avoidance of dust and other air pollutants will help prevent coughing fits and breathing difficulties.By adopting these simple measures the sufferer will hopefully speed up a recovery and keep the doctors away.

Whilst it is not always possible to avoid taking antibiotics and the like, commonsensical self help will minimise there usage in many cases. Essentially it is vital to seek medical advice if congestion and breathing difficulties persist and home remedies have proven unsuccessful.

Whilst the commonest underlying causes for chest congestion has been described in a brief and simple manner above, there are many facets of the various causes that require the expertise of specialists.

Fight Bronchitis With Everyday Home Remedies, Before it Gets You Down

Inflammation of the bronchial tubes is also known as bronchitis,and is uncomfortable and annoying. As the condition worsens, mucus is developed. The swelling of the bronchial tubes is the main cause of bronchitis.

There are at least a few things that can help fight off this hideous disease:

Drink plenty of fluids.

It is highly recommended that you drink a lot of water, and stay away from fluids like coffee etc. Juice from fresh fruit is great. Drinking a lot of fluids will help thin your mucus but note water is the best fluid.

It is often best to avoid cold drinks as it can constrict the air passageway.

Look at home for your everyday product remedies.

Ginger is said to be an effective remedy for breathing problems including bronchitis and respiratory problems. Ginger can be taken in many different ways including tea and adding it to juices etc. By drinking the tea a few times a day it may offer some more relief. Try Apple, lemon and ginger juice – wow it will blow your socks off.

Onions! yes Onions are also a great aid for bronchitis. Juicing onions is most effective if taken first up in the morning. They are known to soften phlegm and possibly prevent the gathering of phlegm.

Almonds are also great. adding the ‘pounded’ 7 almonds to your drink just before going to bed is best.

‘Wheat grass’, spinach or other greens are also fantastic. Juicing these greens with carrot and celery is the most palatable.

Asparagus ! It is believed to be great for the fight against bronchitis and asthma. Fresh asparagus, beetroot, celery and carrots is also a great juicing combination. You can add other vegetables to your liking.

Last but not the least is Vitamin C. It is believed that the antioxidants help your lungs from damage and possible degradation.

Quit Smoking.

Yes that is right, you need to STOP smoking. It is a well known fact that Smoking deteriorates your lungs. This leads to damaged blood vessels which makes it harder to soak in the oxygen. Smoking is bad. Passive smoking (inhaling other people smoke) is just as bad as smoking. Therefore – stay away from smoke in general.

Humidify the air and your environment.

It is best to have a vaporizer in your bedroom when you sleep at night if you feel a bronchial attack or restricted airway. Humidity helps relax and relieve the tense membranes in your bronchial tubes, and is good for reducing coughing.

Exercise regularly – you have to be kidding?! Exercise is good for people with breathing difficulties – (in a moderated environment of course).

Swimming and other forms of light regular exercise are good for bronchitis and asthma sufferers. Breathe in fresh air. Get outside if possible. Morning exercise is probably the best as it ‘sets up a great rhythm’ in your body for the rest of the day. Make sure your posture and breathing is also done correctly when exercising.

Practice these minimal steps to help alleviate some of your bronchial symptoms. Remember that if you experience pain or things you are not sure of, then it is best to seek health care professional help immediately, BUT – don’t be afraid to try something different or new.

Jaw Misalignment – What Does it Mean?

Jaw misalignment is considered to be one of the main causes of TMJ, and treatment of this disorder often focuses solely on re-aligning the jaw in order to reduce the amount of pain and discomfort associated with this condition. Jaw misalignment is characterized by the jaw joint moving out of alignment, and occurs as a result of the muscles of the jaw as well as those used to chew the food not working properly.

These muscles may malfunction due to poor chewing habits, grinding the teeth or clenching the jaw repeatedly, bad bite due to broken or missing teeth, poorly fitting dentures, unusual movements of the neck, poor posture (which may affect the muscles and bone alignments in the spine, neck, and subsequently, jaw areas), an inherited deviation mandibular deviation, and some diseases of the joints (including arthritis).

However, it is believed that both jaw misalignment, weak muscles, and bad bite can at times all be a cause of the other; a bad bite (otherwise known as malocclusion, or a misalignment of teeth or bad fitting of the teeth) and the associated poor chewing may cause the jaw to eventually become misaligned, while weak muscles may also cause the jaw to move improperly and shift to one side, and, in some cases, eventually mis-aligning the teeth and creating a bad bite. Either of the above disorders may be the cause of the other.

In further detail, a jaw may become mis-aligned as follows:

The joints in the jaw area move and function with the aid of these jaw muscles, and have are joined by a disk connecting the ball and socket of the joint; however, once the muscles, or any other of the above parts of the joint, begin to malfunction this can create jaw misalignment. More specifically, once the muscles begin to malfunction, they may also weaken, resulting in the jaw not only becoming misaligned but also overworking to compensate and creating stress and tension on this joint.

Other muscle malfunctioning may occur as a result of continual tightening of the jaw muscle – a jaw muscle that is permanently clenched loses its ability to relax and un-clench, and over time this may cut off the blood supply to this muscle, causing it to constrict, affect jaw movement, and affecting the jaw joint’s ability to move or function (this may lead to a symptom known as lock jaw).

A malocclusion may also result from weak and shifting muscles which cause the jaw to move abnormally and affect the patient’s ability to chew properly, the malocclusion may cause the jaw to move abnormally as well, and may be another cause of a jaw misalignment in addition to or instead of the weak muscles. Finally, teeth grinding or clenching may also cause a jaw misalignment either due to the bad bite which it may create, or the abnormal stress which is placed on the jaw joint itself,as chronic stress may also create a jaw misalignment as well.

In general, muscle malfunction, stress on the joint area which causes it to move abnormally, and inherited joint disorders all may contribute to jaw misalignment. This joint is prone in particular to misalignment due to its structure as well as complexity; the tempromandibular joint, unlike the joints of the fingers or toes, actually functions with two joints that control the movements of sliding and rotating separately. This structure makes it more susceptible to its the cartilage and bone components wearing down, eventually leading to jaw misalignment.

Overall, jaw misalignment is a result of many factors and habits, and its causes should always be investigated thoroughly; this condition is one of the main and most common causes of tmj, and hence should not be taken lightly or left un-treated.

Treatment and Healing After a Joint Dislocation

Dislocations can happen to your shoulder, hip, knee, elbow, ankle, finger, thumb, or toe. If you suspect you have a dislocated joint, seek prompt medical attention. The orthopedic specialist will have to return the joint to its normal alignment.

What do I do if I think I have a dislocated joint?

It is difficult to distinguish a dislocated bone from a broken bone. If you suspect you have a dislocation or a broken bone, there are things you can do while you are waiting to see the doctor. While you are waiting for medical attention:

Don’t move the joint. Sling or splint the affected area in its current position. Do not try to force the joint back into place. This could damage the bones, muscles, ligaments, nerves, and blood vessels.

Ice the injured area. Apply ice to the injured joint to reduce swelling, control pain, decrease the buildup of fluid, and stop internal bleeding.

What causes a dislocation?

The most common cause among young people is sports injuries. Dislocations can occur during contact sporting activities, such as hockey or football. They can also occur with falls during sports, such as gymnastics, volleyball, downhill skiing, or snowboarding. Basketball and football players frequently dislocated the joints of the fingers or hands when striking the ball or during a fall. Also, any fall or hard blow to a joint can result in a dislocation, such as a motor vehicle accident.

What are the complications of a joint dislocation?

There are many serious complications with a dislocated joint. These include:

Nerve or blood vessel damage

Tearing of ligaments, tendons, and muscles

Development of arthritis

Susceptibility to re-injury

How is a dislocated joint treated?

Besides ordering X-rays and MRIs, the treatment of your dislocation may include:

Reduction – This is the process where the orthopedic specialist gently maneuvers the joint to put the bones back into proper position. You will be given an anesthetic or pain reliever prior to this procedure.

Immobilization – Once the doctor has your bones back in the right place, he will immobilize your joint with a sling or split for several weeks. This is done to allow the area to heal and protect it from further injury. How long you will wear the device will depend on the severity of your injury.

Pain Medication – After the doctor does the reduction, your pain will subside. However, if your pain continues, you may be prescribed a mild pain reliever or muscle relaxant.

Surgery – If there is damage to the nerves or blood vessels or if the doctor cannot move your dislocated bones back into position, surgery may be necessary. The orthopedic specialist often recommends surgery if you have recurring dislocations.

Rehabilitation – Once your sling or splint is removed, you will begin a rehabilitation program to help restore your joint’s strength and range of motion. Most dislocations take several months to heal.

What can I do to help heal my dislocated joint?

There are several things you can do to help encourage healing and ease discomfort. These include:

Use ice and heat. Applying ice to your injured joint helps reduce pain and inflammation. You can use a cold pack or a towel filled with ice cubes for 20 minutes at a time. Do this every couple of hours while you are awake. Also, hot packs or a heating pad helps relax sore, tight muscles. Limit heat applications to 15 minutes at a time and do these every couple of hours.

Rest the joint. You don’t want to repeat the activity that caused the injury in the first place. Also, avoid painful movements of the injured joint.

Take a pain reliever. Use your pain medication as prescribed. The orthopedic specialist will suggest an anti-inflammatory agent, such as naproxen (Aleve) or ibuprofen (Motrin). Follow the label directions and stop using the drug when the pain improves.

Maintain the range of motion in your joint. After a few days, do some gently range of motion exercises approved by your doctor or physical therapist. This helps to restore strength to the joint and maintain range of motion.

What can I do to prevent future dislocations?

To prevent further or future dislocations:

Take precautions to avoid falls. Make sure your vision is good by getting your eyes checked. If you take medications that make you dizzy, avoid standing up too fast. Also, keep your home well-lit and remove tripping hazards from walkways.

Wear protective gear. If you play contact sports, wear devices that protect your joints.

Follow doctor’s orders. While you are recovering, follow your doctor’s orders. To avoid recurrence, do the recommended stability and strengthening exercises.

Different Types of Dental Teeth Fractures

The first form of crack is called an oblique supragingival fracture. This fracture is located over the gums, and typically happens when you chew down too hard on something. Typically, this fracture does not involve the nerve. When the fractured area of the tooth breaks off, the soreness will go away. Although the exposed dentin could cause you certain pain, you can visit the dentist and have it fixed. When the break is large, you may need to have a crown positioned on the tooth to prevent additional fractures from happening in that tooth.

The next type of crack exceeds way beneath the gumline, and is called an oblique subgingival fracture. Once the fractured piece of tooth ruptures off, it typically remains attached to the gums and can lead to terrible pain before you have it removed. After you have had the bit of tooth taken off the gums, the tooth will be similar to the supragingival fracture. It normally does not impact the nerves, though as a result of the tooth area getting lost, you may want to have a root canal to clean out the tooth before having a crown placed on it.

The seriousness of the fracture is dependent upon how far it has gone past the gum line. If it has made its way deep within the gumline, you may not be able to save the tooth. The crack may have existed for many years, before you start to feel any pain. To be on the safe side, you need to head to your constant examinations with your dentist, as he can check for cracks and other problems.

The oblique root fracture is next, even though it does not involve the tooth crown in any way. This kind of break is almost always found under the gums, usually under the bone. In case a root fracture is located close to the crown of the tooth, it will normally end up being fatal. Sometimes, you can save the tooth having a root canal, even though it is usually lost later on due to an abscess with the bone that is all around the particular fracture.

The final kind of fracture is easily the most challenging to deal with. Vertical apical root fractures take place with the tip of the root, and may cause you serious to intense pain, even though you have had the nerve taken out using a root canal. Even though the nerve might not be present, vertical apical root fractures trigger lots of pain, which occurs in the tooth.

Usually, vertical apical fractures may cause you a lot more pain compared to any other type of fracture. The ensuing pain comes from the fragments adding pressure on the bone, resulting in the fractured pieces to strain. Just about the only way to get alleviation from this type of fracture is to get a root canal, as it will relieve the pain and have the dead pulp out of the tooth that’s afflicted with the fracture.

Although fractures are very common and very painful, you should never delay going to the dentist. Fractures can become more and more serious if you don’t do something about them, which is why you should never hesitate to visit the dentist. Your dentist should be able to detect the condition, and repair it before it has the opportunity to get any worse.

What Is A Greenstick Fracture?

Before we discuss what a greenstick fracture is, let us first examine where the name has come from. This conditioned was derived from the name of a type of wood known as greenstick. When you try to break this wood, it will be hard to break it all the way through. This is the same for a greenstick fracture. The bone breaks but not completely. There are still parts attached together.

Greenstick fracture normally happens in kids. This is because the bones of younger individuals are more flexible than the bones of adults. Instead of being broken completely, the bone just bends and breaks a little. This is also one of the reasons why this kind of fracture is quite difficult to diagnose. It has symptoms but the symptoms are not that evident unlike the usual fractures and other bone problems.

In some cases, a greenstick fracture will not manifest any symptom making it difficult for the doctors and the patient to determine the condition. Some people, however, feel pain and notice swelling in the affected area. You may also know the presence of this condition from abnormally twisted arm or limb. The symptoms may resemble that of a sprain therefore it is very important to have the affected area diagnosed carefully by experts.

When should your child see a doctor? As soon as you notice that your child is having difficulty moving a part of his body, you should call your doctor right away and have him checked. Most children with a greenstick fracture find it difficult to move the affected area because of weakness or pain. This is especially true is your child loves playing sports and loves doing vigorous physical activities. Active children who always run around are more prone to getting a greenstick fracture.

Greenstick fractures are usually diagnosed using x-ray examination. The x-ray results will show the doctor the actual condition of the bones affected. In many cases, the doctor may also ask you to have the other limb of your child examined. This is important to make a comparison and to pinpoint the problem more accurately. In cases where x-ray examinations are not efficient because of the age of your child, CT scans may be required.

Treatments for a greenstick fracture are almost the same with the other types of fractures and broken bones. The best thing that the doctor can do is to immobilize the affected area to prevent further damage and also to help the bones heal faster. Casts, however, should be worn for a long period of time and this may be inconvenient for your child. If the injury is not that bad, the doctor may advise your child to have splints instead. Splints are more convenient because they can easily be removed when necessary, such as when taking a bath.

Greenstick fractures are not very serious. In fact, the bones of kids heal faster than the bones of adults. However, you should always take care of your child to prevent this condition from happening again.