How to Lose Weight While Battling Depression

As if depression is not already a hard enough condition to cope with then the pounds start packing on as a result of the depression. Battling depression is tough enough but battling your weight at the same time can really add to the stress.

Sometimes when a person realizes that they are depressed it can cause a chain reaction within their body. Lack of sleep, severe headaches, loss of energy, sadness, weight gain, are only a few of the reactions some have.

Weight gain is a big one due to the fact that many people are more concerned about how they look than anything else. If you have packed on the pounds it does not help with your self-image, therefore it can make you even more depressed.

If you have gained weight due to depression you need to figure out a way to lose weight while battling depression. Find a good program, have your doctor approve it if you feel the need, and start getting yourself back in shape.

As you may or may not know serotonin is a chemical in our brain which contributes to our happiness and thankfully we can get this from everyday foods. Make sure that when you decide on a healthy diet program that it is one that has the good carbohydrates such as oats, whole wheat breads, beans and whole grain rice. They can and will help with your serotonin levels.

Struggling with how to lose weight while battling depression does not have to keep dragging you down. Eating right and exercising is an important part of not only battling depression but also helping with the weight gain. Staying active is a great way to stay healthy and happy!

Serrapeptase Side Effects

The remarkable but little known enzyme called serrapeptase (or serrapeptidase, serratio peptidase, or just “the butterfly enzyme”) has been in wide use in Europe and Asia for the better part of 30 years. During that time there have been very few if any reports of side effects in the various scientific studies done mostly in Europe and Asia for serrapeptase, so serrapeptse is considered quite safe. As a result, most of the non-scientific reports you find on serrapeptase conclude that there are “no known side effects.”

The fact is that there have been a few side-effect as reported anecdotally, though side effects are rare.

These reports have included:

* a worsening instead of lessening of pain or edema

* a sudden onset of pain and tight muscles in the legs, knees and ankles

* the sudden appearance of varicose veins; digestive upsets

* increase in blood pressure

* lung congestion problems and even a case or two of pneumonitis.

Curiously, the reported side effects of serrapeptase involve the inverse of some of its strongest benefits. For example, while serrapeptase is known for helping with pain and edema, it’s been reported (anecdotally) to cause these problems.

The reported pulmonary side-effects are especially disappointing, perhaps, since there is so much promise otherwise for improving chronic and longstanding lung problems, and so many positive reports of efficacy for various lung impairments as serious and “incurable” as asbestosis, emphysema, asthma and COPD. This is not to say that serrapeptase isn’t useful and mostly helpful for these conditions, just that there can be the occasional inversion of results.

Unfortunately, it’s not clear whether or not these negative results could possibly be due to what is well-known in the natural and alternative health fields as “healing crises.” Here’s what happens: as the body throws off toxins, they are free to circulate around the body until expelled, and that makes people feel worse temporarily, not better. Sometimes these healing crises retrace the steps a disease or other condition took as it was acquired, or as it developed.

Too, it helps to put these reports into perspective. Any pharmaceutical you can name has a long list of side effects which have shown up in clinical studies to such an extent that they must be reported to alert or warn the public, although for most drugs, only a few of usually many side effects are published in the drug’s insert material.

By comparison, in the case of the reports of serripeptidase side effects to date, they are rare enough that they are anecdotally reported rather than routine occurrences, and they seem both mild and easy to eliminate by not taking the supplement any more.

Of course, it’s always better to be safe than sorry, and to proceed carefully enough with dosage to be able to self-correct if one encounters negative effects while taking serrapeptase. So many people have had no problems whatsoever while enjoying results ranging from good to fabulous to miraculous, that most people would consider giving serrapaptae a try, even if a somewhat cautious try.

Heart Attack – Delaying Brain Death in Cardiac Arrest Victims

As the victim of a heart attack stops breathing, a process of irreversible brain damage starts to occur within the first three or four minutes. Or, does it?

Years ago, while researching heart attack and cases of sudden cardiac arrest, I stumbled upon an article in Newsweek Magazine about a boy drowning in icy waters. Despite being submerged for over half an hour, he was pulled from the frigid river, resuscitated, and lived to recover completely. He suffered no brain damage, and I wondered how this could happen.

My investigations shifted to how some people can apparently drown in cold water, have their heart stop beating (as in acute myocardial infarction or cardiac arrest,) stop breathing, and upon resuscitation – sometimes up to an hour later – completely recover and experience no brain damage.

I wondered if a person’s chance for survival from a heart attack without brain damage could be extended past the 4-minute mark, as if he were submerged in cold water.

My investigations became centered around why there is a delay of brain damage and brain death in cold water drowning victims and could that transfer to heart attack victims.

Brain Injury

An injury to the brain occurs when the flow of blood is disrupted. It’s called a hypoxic-anoxic brain injury or “HAI.” Hypoxic means partial lack of oxygen, anoxic means total lack of oxygen.

When oxygen deprivation to the brain is caused by an internal event like a heart attack, or acute myocardial infarction, it is considered an Hypoxicischemic injury – or HII. The most frequent cause is from cardiac arrest.

Driven to Research

I became curious… Every day I thought about “What if?”

What if… we could delay brain death by submersing the heart attack victim in cold water?

What if… in an emergency – a victim could be placed in cold water at the first signs of cardiac arrest.

What if… we could trigger this delay of brain damage in the event of an acute myocardial infarction by placing the victim in a cold shower? What if… that would delay the onset of an hypoxic brain damage injury? What if… there was just something we could do to delay brain death in heart attack victims – like in cold water drownings…

The real question remained: In an emergency can the delay of brain damage be extended in cardiac arrest victims?

If this were possible, to delay brain damage past four minutes, it would allow critical extra time before brain damage would start to occur to allow emergency personnel to reach heart attack victims and apply CPR, chest compressions or other therapy.

What if… you lived in the country and your spouse had a heart attack, and you didn’t know CPR? Would submersion in cold water delay the onset of brain damage? Because your choices of what you can do would be very poor without this kind of option. You could call for help or an ambulance, then you could watch. Sorry if this doesn’t sound good, but that’s the reality of it.

The questions kept me up at nights for years.

I kept thinking about it and thinking about it – what is it about cold water that delayed brain damage? Can this be used in heart attack victims? What if… if it worked? How many lives it would save.

I spent the nights and weekends, and the next few summers in the Philadelphia medical hospital libraries. Days and nights of research. Until I figured out the answer. And here it is.

Here’s how to delay brain damage in heart attack victims.

My research into cold water drowning victims showed that the hypothermia created by the cold water helps to delay brain damage in cold water drowning victims. But that’s not the specific reason cold water drowning victims survive up to an hour with no brain damage.

The specific reason cold-water drowning victims survival without brain damage is due to the triggering of a natural reflex called the Mammalian Diving Reflex. This oxygen-conserving reflex – found in all mammals – is responsible for delaying brain death and saving cold water drowning victim’s lives without brain injury, or HAI.

My research also uncovered that the specific trigger point of initiating the diving reflex is a facial immersion in cold water. Just the face. Cold water – face only, triggers this entire reflex.


When the oxygen supply to the brain of a person is shut off by heart attack or acute myocardial infarction, I believe it is possible to delay the onset of brain damage by triggering the mammalian diving reflex.

The Dobkin Technique to trigger the diving reflex is to apply wet, cold compresses TO THE FACE of the victim. When a person has a heart attack and stops breathing, immediately apply cold water, cold wet towels, or cold compresses (58 degrees or colder) to the face of the victim specifically covering the eyes.

The eyes, the ophthalmic nerve, is the exact trigger point to initiate the diving reflex – and delay the onset of brain damage formerly thought to occur within 3 to 4 minutes of oxygen deprivation to the brain.

The most apparent and immediate application for initiating the Dobkin Technique is to delay brain damage in heart attack victims. Heart attacks are the fourth largest cause of death in the U.S. Using The Dobkin Trigger to initiate the diving reflex would expand the 3 or 4 minute safety window by delaying brain damage and brain death up to a half hour, maybe longer in heart attack victims.

The Dobkin Technique to delay brain death in heart attack victims will also work in victims of suffocation (asphyxia), electrocution, drug overdose, warm water drownings (which does not trigger this reflex), chest trauma – all these people could be helped by this easy to use, time-buying procedure of a simple cold wet towel or cold water compress to the face to delay the onset of brain damage.

You can help. You can help a lot. Simply be aware you may be able to save someone’s life by initiating the Dobkin Technique – the immediate application of cold water or cold wet towels to the face of a heart attack victim in an emergency.

The Dobkin Technique is a simple-to-do, non-invasive time-buying procedure to delay brain damage. It can be explained over the phone. The procedure can be done someone who is not trained; or by a child.

Please help. Please report any instances of cold water drownings or the application of The Dobkin Technique to Delay Brain Damage to the writer – we’ll make sure to post all results.

You can make a real difference. Right here, right now. Pass it on. Publish this article on your website. Please forward this article to family and friends, anyone you care about. This simple technique may save someone’s life. Maybe the life of someone you know – or the life of one of their children. Thanks.

Anxiety and Depression After a Heart Attack

It is almost easy to think that after someone has had a heart attack and come out of hospital, that they will be filled with immense relief and be really happy that they not only survived, but they are now home. Yet for many people who have had this experience, the immediate period after they have been discharged from hospital is a time of anxiety, depression and fear about what the future holds.

Lack of Medical Support

In hospital there is a feeling of security, a sense that if anything happens, medical assistance is only a few seconds away. Upon discharge this security blanket is removed and there can be a real concern that something may go wrong and medical help is not at hand.

Psychological Effects of a Heart Attack

Having a heart attack also has psychological effects. In a sense the whole experience is a brush with mortality, an experience that could have been fatal. OK it wasn’t fatal this time, but many attack survivors relate that there is a sense that the ‘next one’ could be and you never know if or when there will be a ‘next one’. This can lead to anxiety and sometimes depression as well. Sometimes anxiety is a front for depression and so instead of acknowledging that we are actually feeling depressed, instead we feel anxious. So to some extent to feel anxiety and depression after a heart attack is normal; it is a response to a near fatal experience.

There are no absolute statistics available for how many people who have had a heart attack will develop anxiety and/or depression after their attack, but it is estimated that up to 45% of people who have had an attack may develop either anxiety or depression or both. However, many others may have developed these conditions, but be reluctant to admit to these feelings. Most heart attack survivors are male and they often do not like to admitting that they feel anxious or depressed! So in reality there are probably many more people who feel very anxious and depressed after they have had a heart attack.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

People who have had a heart attack can actually experience such anxiety and depression that they develop post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Estimates vary as to how many survivors actually develop PTSD, but the general view is that between 15 and 25% of survivors could be viewed as having PTSD.

The difficulty is that the survivor is always on the alert in case another heart attack is imminent. Sufferers also take action to stop themselves having another attack, so they stop doing anything that is likely to make the heart beat faster, such as making love, being active or doing exercise. This in turn makes the heart condition difficult to improve; after all if the heart is not exercised, then it will become sluggish.

Be Aware if You Know Someone Who Has Had a Heart Attack

If you know someone who has been through this experience, then be aware that they may well be experiencing anxiety and or depression and be patient and understanding, so that you can try to help them through what can be a very difficult time. It isn’t easy and it does take time, but at least being aware of how that person may be feeling can make it easier for you all to deal with!

Treatment of Heart Disease with Coenzyme Q10

Since its discovery in the late 1950s Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) has received much attention as a necessary compound for proper cellular function. It is the essential coenzyme necessary for the production of ATP (adenosine triphosphate) upon which all cellular functions depend. Without ATP our bodies cannot function properly. Without CoQ10, ATP cannot function. This connection has made CoQ10 a very important object of study in relation to chronic disease.

In many cases the presence of chronic disease is associated with inadequate levels of CoQ10. But no area of study has received more attention than the relation between CoQ10 and heart disease. That is because CoQ10 is believed to be of fundamental importance in cells with high metabolic demands such as cardiac cells. A further reason the connection of heart disease and CoQ10 has gained so much attention is because heart conditions of many kinds are associated with chronically low CoQ10 levels.

CoQ10 is highly concentrated in heart muscle cells because of their high energy requirements. Add this to the fact that heart disease is the number one killer in developed and developing countries and one can see why the bulk of scientific research on CoQ10 has been concerned with heart disease. Specifically, studies on congestive heart failure have demonstrated a strong correlation between the severity of heart failure and the degree of CoQ10 deficiency. The lower the levels of CoQ10 in the heart muscles the more severe the heart failure. If indeed CoQ10 deficiency is a primary cause of congestive heart failure then, in such cases, the remedy is simple and cost effective; CoQ10 supplementation.

Congestive heart failure is a condition where the heart does not pump effectively resulting in an accumulation of fluid in the lungs. Symptoms may include shortness of breath, difficulty breathing when lying flat and leg or ankle swelling. Causes include chronic hypertension, cardiomyopathy (primary heart disease) and myocardial infarction (irreversible injury to heart muscles). Heart muscle strength is measure by the ejection fraction which is a measure of the fraction of blood pumped out of the heart with each beat. A low ejection fraction indicates a weak heart.

Several trials have been conducted involving patients with enlarged weak heart muscles of unknown causes. For those of you who like difficult phrases this condition (or variety of conditions) is known as idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. In these trials CoQ10 supplementation was compared to placebo effects. Standard treatments for heart failure were not discontinued. The results were measured by echocardiography (a diagnostic test which uses ultrasound waves to make images of the heart chambers, valves and surrounding structures).

The overall results of CoQ10 supplementation demonstrated a steady and continued improvement in heart function as well as steady and continued reduction in patient symptoms including fatigue, chest pains, palpitations and breathing difficulty. Patients with more establish and long-term cases showed gradual improvement but did not gain normal heart function. Patients with newer cases of heart failure demonstrated much more rapid improvement often returning to normal heart function.

Papers numbering in the hundreds from eight different symposia have been written and presented on the effects of CoQ10 on heart disease. International clinical studies have also been conducted in the United States, Japan, Germany, Italy and Sweden. Together these studies and the papers that have been derived from them demonstrate significant improvement in heart muscle function while causing no adverse effects.

One particular area of study involves diastolic dysfunction which is one of the earliest signs of myocardial failure. Diastole is the phase of the cardiac cycle when the heart is filled with returning blood. Because this phase requires more cellular energy than the systolic phase (when the blood is pushed out of the heart) it is more dependent on CoQ10. Diastolic dysfunction is a stiffening of the heart muscle which naturally restricts the heart’s ability to pump. This condition is associated with many cardiac disorders. Hypertension is among these disorders. As the heart muscles become stiff there is often a corresponding rise in blood pressure. When the diastolic dysfunction is reversed, blood pressure tends to lower as well.

In one study involving 109 patients with hypertension, CoQ10 supplementation was added to normal hypertension treatments. In an average of 4.4 months 51% of the patients were able stop using at least one blood pressure lowering medication. Some were able to stop using up to three medications. Another study produced similar results. In that study 43% of 424 patients were able to stop using between one and three cardiovascular drugs because of CoQ10 supplementation.

These examples are just a drop in the bucket. Diastolic dysfunction (and by proxy, hypertension) includes only a small sampling of heart conditions that respond favorably to CoQ10 supplementation. Other areas of research show great promise for CoQ10 treatments. Among these are cancer and AIDS. But such conditions are beyond the scope of this essay. CoQ10 is essential to the proper functioning of all cell types. It is not surprising, therefore, to find a diverse number of diseases that respond favorably to CoQ10 supplementation. Since all metabolically active tissues are highly sensitive to CoQ10 deficiency, we can expect to see CoQ10 research expand to many other areas of chronic diseases.

Famous People and the Infectious Diseases They Were Afflicted With

With the recent discovery that King Tut was afflicted with the parasitic disease malaria, I wanted to briefly explore infectious diseases that affected or killed famous people throughout history, ancient and current.

The diseases are as old as history, like tuberculosis, polio and syphilis, and particularly in the pre-antibiotic and pre-vaccine era, afflicted people regardless of fame and socioeconomic status.

Here I’d like to go over some of the more common diseases and famous people.

Tuberculosis has afflicted famous people throughout history and was once considered a romantic disease since it produced no repulsive or unattractive lesions like smallpox for example. Some musicians, poets and writers are notorious for their affliction with TB.

Here is a small list:

Writers are well represented in the tuberculosis list: Walt Whitman, John Keats, Lord Byron, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Sir Walter Scott, D.H. Lawrence, Robert Louis Stevenson, Edgar Allen Poe, and George Orwell are a small sample of writers who were afflicted with TB.

Others included musician Frederic Chopin, Gone with the Wind star, Vivian Leigh and former first lady Eleanor Roosevelt.

Sexually transmitted diseases like syphilis have also been a “plague” on humankind since the beginning. The conventional theory is that Columbus brought it to Europe from the New World. But it is certain that some people had syphilis: Al Capone, Henry VIII and Ivan the Terrible did have the STD.

J.E.B. Stuart, Joseph Goebbles and Frederick the Great each were infected with Neisseria gonorrheaoe, the cause of gonorrhea.

Several of the US Presidents also could not escape the scourge of infectious diseases. As everyone knows, Franklin Roosevelt had polio, Woodrow Wilson had influenza from the 1919 pandemic and the father of our country, George Washington perished to a peritonsillar abscess infection.

Many historians believe Alexander the Great perished to typhoid fever.

AIDS, which many consider the modern day “plague” and makes people susceptible to a plethora of infectious agents has claimed the lives of actor Rock Hudson, Queen frontman Freddie Mercury and tennis great, Arthur Ashe.

In addition, we saw Muppets creator Jim Henson perish to a streptococcal pneumonia/bacteremia, and rock icon Bob Dylan suffer from a Histoplasma fungal infection surrounding his heart.

This is a very short, non-exhaustive list, but it illustrates that infectious diseases do not respect status, fame, fortune or time, and will certainly raise its ugly head even in the era of vaccination and antibiotics.

8 Natural Ways to Promote Hair Growth

Promote hair growth? Are there ways to do this? Many people suffering from hair loss and bad hair are desperate to find natural ways to grow their manes back.

Well if you wish to encourage the rapid growth of your mane then there are a few things you will need to do. Most of these can be done from items found in your own home and are relatively inexpensive.

Here are the eight ways to help grow a longer and thicker mane.

1. Begin by massaging your scalp every day for a few minutes. Simple use your fingers and not your nails massage in small circles. Start from the base of ten head to the front of your head.this simple massage will promote hair growth.

2. If you want to bring back life and shine to your hair you can rinse it with the juice of 1 lemon and a cup of water. This will bring vibrancy back to dull hair. Another trick along these lines is rubbing one egg yolk on your hair, leave it on for an hour and then wash it off.

3. To help encourage the growth of healthy tresses, rub your hair with olive oil and then brush your hair gently with a wooden brush. Do not brush your hair when wet as it can damage it. A wide toothed comb will go a long way to grow longer locks

4. If you trim your hair every month it will help promote hair growth. Even if you only cut the tips it will prevent damage and remove split ends. Some experts say if you sleep on one side more than the other that side will grow longer and faster. This is due to the nightly massaging of the scalp on the pillow which promotes blood flow to the scalp which helps promote hair growth.

5. If you have beer in your home, let it go flat and then apply it to your hair, wrap your hair in a towel for an hour and then wash it out with shampoo. This will prevent split ends from occurring.

6. Using Coconut milk is another great way to promote hair growth. Simply massage small amounts of either canned or fresh coconut milk to your hair and try to keep it on overnight; simply wash out in the morning. This will help your hair grow longer, thicker and make it soft and shiny.

7. Applying an egg to your hair is an excellent way to add nourishment and shine. Apply a whipped egg at least once a week and then wash with mild shampoo.

8. One product you can purchase in a store is Mira hair oil; this product has herbs and oils that promote hair growth. Use it overnight to get the best results.

These are the eight ways to grow longer and thicker locks. In a few short weeks you will see your mane taking on new life and vibrancy.

Uterine Cancer Survival Rate – Dare To Know Your Chances

A Uterine cancer survival rate refers to the percentage of people who were reported still living after being diagnosed with the cancer about 5 yrs ago.

Endometrial carcinoma or Uterine Cancer is the most common malignancy of the female population. Each year, there are about 40,300 new cases diagnosed with this type of cancer, although in many occasions (around 75%), the diagnosis is established when the tumor is confined to the body of the uterus, therefore, many tumors can be cured. The 7,000 annual deaths caused by the cancer mean that this tumor ranks as the seventh leading cause of cancer death in women. It is primarily a neoplasm of postmenopausal women, although there are 25% of cases occurring in women under 50 years and 5% in women under 40 years. It is a predominantly common in Eastern Europe and the U.S. but quite rare in Asia.

Phenotypic traits and risk factors common in patients with endometrial cancer are obesity, menstrual disorders, a low fertility rate, late menopause, lack of ovulation and bleeding after menopausal. The risk is doubled in women taking tamoxifen to treat or prevent breast cancer. The maximum age of onset of endometrial carcinoma is the sixth and seventh decades of life. The symptoms are: abnormal vaginal discharge (90%), abnormal bleeding (80%), usually postmenopausal and vaginal discharge (10%). The study of patients with endometrial cancer may require a history and physical and gynecological examination, followed by endometrial biopsy or dilation of the cervix with fractional curettage. It may require an invasive procedure or minor surgery to establish the extent and degree of myometrial invasion or determine the staging. You have to take samples of peritoneal fluid, to explore the abdomen and pelvis, and perform a pelvic lymphadenectomy. As of today, around 74% of the patients are in stage I, 13% in stage II, 9% stage III, and 3% stage IV.

Uterine Cancer Survival rates at five years are as follows: Stage I: 89%, stage II: 80%, stage III: 30%, and stage IV: 9%.

A superficial invasion of the uterus (Stage I) can be treated with chemotherapy, but if the invasion is a bit larger, your doctor may suggest a radical hysterectomy or preoperative radiotherapy followed by extrafascial hysterectomy. About 15% of women with endometrial cancer are in stage II and the treatment depends on the intensity of this invasion. When the process has spread outside the uterus, but remains within the pelvis (stage III), treatment usually consists of surgery plus radiation. Patients whose cancer is only confined in the ovary and fallopian tubes, outcome with this treatment is quite high (80% uterine cancer survival rate at five years). Other stage III patients with a tumor spread beyond the Annexes and those with serous endometrial carcinoma have a significantly worse prognosis (uterine cancer survival rate of 15% at five years).

Signs And Symptoms Of Chemical Pneumonia

Pneumonia is a lung inflammation, usually caused by viruses, bacteria or fungi. An unusual type of pneumonia is the one caused by chemicals.

Small particles, liquids, gases and dust inhalation can lead to a chemical pneumonia. Some of these chemicals affect not only the lungs; they can also cause multi-organ damage.

Another form of chemical pneumonia is aspiration pneumonia. Aspiration pneumonia refers to the problem of mouth contents entering the airways instead of going into the stomach. This can lead to an infection of the lungs, fever and breathing problems, even a bacterial pneumonia. Generally, a person who has a malfunctioning swallowing mechanism, who does not posses a good cough reflex, could develop aspiration pneumonia. You can also get pneumonia if you breathe in when vomiting.

The seriousness of chemical pneumonia is determined by many factors. One that inhales chlorine from a large outdoor pool will not have the same symptoms with the one that inhales chlorine from a small room.

The signs and symptoms vary with the time someone was exposed to the substance, the place (indoor or outdoor), type and strength of the substance (gas, vapor, particles, and liquid), the age of the exposed person, and the immediate health care measures applied.

Signs and symptoms of chemical pneumonia are: dry or wet cough (with bloody or yellowish sputum), the sensation of burning eyes, nose, mouth or throat; chest pain, nausea, difficulty in breathing, the change of voice, headaches, and disorientation.

When going to the doctor it might observe skin or nose burns, swelling eyes and tongue, blue or pale lips, rapid pulse, rapid breaths, fever, chemical odors, all depending of what type of chemical substance has affected you.

A person that has chemical pneumonia must be quickly transported to the hospital. Knowing what substance produced the pneumonia will help the doctors cure the patient.

You must go immediately to the doctor that is capable of treating someone with chemical pneumonia if you see and feel any of these symptoms: blue mouth and skin, nausea, vomiting, breathing problems, fatigue, chest pains, cough with bloody sputum, sudden chance of voice, unconsciousness.

To prevent chemical pneumonia people should use protective measures, and in case of an exposure to potentially deadly chemical substances, they should seek help at the hospital or at the poison control center. You should avoid fumes in closed spaces, open windows when cleaning with chemicals, and wear a mask and protective clothing when you use chemicals.

How is Trichomoniasis Transmitted?

Trichomoniasis is known to be the most widespread yet treatable sexually transmitted disease that affects both men and women. It is also considered as one of the most frequent infection of a women’s vagina.

According to the annual estimates of the WHO, there are around 7.4 million cases of trichomoniasis in the US each year and 180 million reported cases all over the world.

How is Trichomoniasis Transmitted?

Trichomoniasis is produced by a single-celled parasite, Trichomonas vaginalis. It can affect both men and women. The most general location of infection in men is the urethra, while it usually occur in the vagina for women. Individuals get trichomoniasis through sexual contact. Example is penis-to-vagina intercourse or vulva-to-vulva contact with an infected person. Women get trichomoniasis from affected men or women, while men usually acquire the disease only from infected women. Trichomonas vaginal can also be contracted through oral or anal sex with an infected partner. It can be passed from a mother to her newborn; newborns with mothers infected with trichomoniasis were evidenced of the parasite in their lungs. You cannot contract this STD from intimate kissing, sharing utensils, or toilet seats.

How is Trichomoniasis Recognized?

The symptoms of this sexually transmitted disease in women may include vaginal discharge that is yellow-green in color, fishy odor of the vagina, pain during sexual intercourse and urination, and irritation or itching of the vulva, the genital area outside the vagina. Men generally do not show signs and symptoms of trichomoniasis, but may experience burning during ejaculation or urination and evidence of discharge from the penis.

How is Trichomoniasis Diagnosed?

Diagnosis of this STD requires both sexes to undergo physical exam and lab testing. It is diagnosed by observing the trichomonads under a microscope. The infection in men is more difficult to detect compared to the women. For the female community, the specimen is collected during an examination in the pelvic wherein a doctor inserts a speculum into the vagina and swabs the wall using a cotton-tipped applicator to collect the specimen. The sample is then sent to the laboratory to be analyzed. The visual analysis of the specimen under a microscope may reveal small red ulcerations or sores in the vaginal cervix. If this case appears, the term used is “strawberry cervix”.

How is Trichomoniasis Treated?

Trichomoniasis can be commonly treated with drugs that are prescribed by the doctor. Patients can choose either tinidazole or metronidazole that is taken orally just once. Symptoms of this STD in men may vanish in a couple of weeks even without curing treatment. However, a man who has not shown any symptoms or have continued symptoms can still affect or infect his partner whose symptoms have disappeared. In such knowledge, both partners should be cured all at once to fully eradicate the parasite. Individuals who undergo treatment for trichomoniasis should prohibit having sex until they and partners are done with the treatment and show no symptoms of the disease. Pregnant women with trichomoniasis can use metronidazole to treat the disease.

Your having trichomoniasis once does not keep you from getting the disease again. People are still prone to reacquiring the disease even after a successful treatment. So in order to be completely sure that you don’t have trichomoniasis, you should be sure to get tested every now and then.

Facts about Stomach Flu, Common Cold and Influenza Disease

The influenza disease is an illness which affects the upper respiratory system. Influenza signs and symptoms can vary, but are often similar to the common cold, except that relatively high fevers are almost always present in cases of the flu, but rarely in adults who have a cold. Although most people recover quickly from the flu, there is a risk of developing complications in some people.

The influenza disease is caused by infection with an influenza virus. The symptoms of the common cold can be caused by any of nearly 200 different viruses, including the rhinovirus, corona virus or influenza virus. The stomach flu is caused by an infection with the norovirus. Although the names are similar and people often refer to either condition as “the flu”, influenza signs and symptoms (other than headache and fever) are quite different from those associated with the stomach flu. What is referred to as “cold and flu season” is not actually caused by changes in the weather, but by an increase in indoor activities and close contact among large groups of children and adults in school settings.

If you have nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain, then you have probably been infected with a norovirus. Stomach flu is sometimes referred to as gastroenteritis or food poisoning, because the symptoms are the same. Stomach flu symptoms appear suddenly and usually last less than three days. Influenza signs and symptoms can last for as long as ten days, usually beginning with fever, body aches and chills and ending with cold-like symptoms (runny or stuffy nose, dry cough, sore throat, etc.) usually noticed after the other symptoms improve.

Influenza disease, stomach flu and the common cold are all contagious diseases. The viruses can be transmitted from one person to another by close contact, touching contaminated surfaces or eating contaminated food. The ways to avoid these viruses include avoiding close contact with those who are obviously sick, washing hands after touching public surfaces and keeping the hands away from the mouth, nose and eyes. Antibiotics cannot kill any of these infections, as they are all viral infections. A visit to the doctor is usually unnecessary, unless fever is unusually high or prolonged or symptoms of bacterial infection or other complications occur. A cough that produces mucus may indicate bronchitis or pneumonia. Pain in the ears can indicate an ear infection. Severe headache, facial pain and pain in the teeth can indicate a sinus infection.

Those people who are at high risk for developing complications from influenza disease should call their doctor within 48 hours of developing symptoms, as anti-viral medications are sometimes prescribed to shorten the duration and severity of influenza signs and symptoms in these people, as well as to reduce the chances of spreading the virus among these groups. Those people who are at high risk include people older than 50, nursing home and long-term care residents, people with heart problems, lung disease, diabetes, kidney problems, sickle cell disease and children who are on an aspirin therapy regimen and anyone who suffers from an impaired immune system, including those who are taking immuno-suppressive drugs. Women in their second or third trimester of pregnancy also have an increased risk of developing complications from the virus.

Scientific research has shown that some vitamins, minerals, herbs and other natural products can be used to shorten the duration and severity of influenza signs and symptoms. These can also be taken safely as a regular health supplement to reduce the likelihood of developing influenza disease and other viral infections.

Tracheal Bronchitis

This is a condition also referred to as laryngo tracheo bronchitis. It is an infection of the larynx or the throat of a child. It affects the other parts of the tracheal tree and in children it affects the tonsils. The causes of tracheal bronchitis also known as croup are viruses or influenza organisms like streptococci pneumococci.

Tracheal bronchitis symptoms include difficulty in breathing since the passageway is narrow resulting to a harsh cough, wheezing and hoarseness of the voice. In children some will turn bluish due to lack of oxygen. All these leads to congestion and mucus that makes it difficult to cough.

Tracheal bronchitis still remains a major threat to millions of people. Doctors are forced to focus more on their knowledge and skills about the illness. Antibiotics must satisfy efficacy in the treatment of bronchitis the ideal antibiotics for bronchitis must have low side effects, bacterial resistance is slow, tissue penetration must be good and offer action against principal respiratory organisms and bacterial resistance is developed slowly.

In managing tracheal bronchitis and other respiratory illnesses, the doctors and physicians must have a great understanding of all organisms involved in the infection, and a thorough awareness of potential therapies that are quite effective. In treating this disease, there are various strategies that are being utilized.

Generally, the patients are treated quickly. Although they expect that once they have paid for a consultation, they are already entitled to get an antibiotic, the doctor must educate his patients and tell them that if they have a cough for a day or two, they should not rush into the doctor’s clinic. They have to wait about five to seven days. Viral infections disappear, but if your bronchitis is caused by bacteria, the coughing will continue. Then, that is the time that you should pay a visit to your doctor.

Differential Diagnosis of Gout – What Causes The Joint Pain?

The differential diagnosis of patients presenting with joint pain is extensive, ranging from mild sprain, joint dislocation, trauma, malignancy, infection, and some life-threatening autoimmune diseases.

Joint pains that caused by physical activities are very obvious and easy to be diagnosed. Examples of this kind of injury are sprained ankle, joint separation, ligament sprain, torn cartilage and torn cartilage. Usually, this kind of pain is immediate and the patient can vividly remember the physical activity that causes the pain at the joint. These kinds of traumatic condition can happen to people of all ages.

Other causes of joint paint that usually affect people of older age are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis is the result of mechanical degradation of the joints due the years or wear and tear. It usually happens to those who were physically active during their younger years, such as sportsman or those who work in hard labour jobs.

One the other hand, rheumatoid arthritis is form of autoimmune disease where the abnormal immune system attacks the tissues around the joints and causes inflammation and pain. The actual cause of rheumatoid arthritis is still unknown, some say it is because of viral or bacterial infections, some say it is because of genetically inherited abnormalities. Extensive researches are still taking place around the world to find out the answer to this mysterious illness that affects a huge number of elderly population.

Although these 2 types of arthritis have very different causes, but they share certain similar symptoms that make them easy to be ruled out in the differential diagnosis of gout. Both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis usually develop the pain over a long period of time and they usually affect joints of both sides of the body such as in the feet, hands. These kinds of arthritis usually attack multiple joints at the same time and the pain develops gradually.

Another more common cause of joint pain in the modern day is gouty arthritis which is more commonly known as gout. Gout attack is a type of inflammation that is caused by the formation of urate crystals inside a particular joint due to long term exposure to hyperuricemia. Many times, gout is mistaken as one of the above mention arthritis conditions, especially when the patient get the gout attack for the very first time.

Differential diagnosis of gout is very straight forward and easy, here are some of the unique properties of gout that differentiate it from other causes of joint inflammation.

  • Suddenly occurrence of intense pain
  • The attack starts in the middle of the night when the victim is sleeping
  • It usually attack one side of the joints
  • 90% of the gout attacks happen at big toe
  • If blood test is conducted, it usually shows a high blood serum uric acid level that is beyond healthy range

Although Gout is easy to be diagnosed, but it is not easy to get rid this awful devil. Those gout drugs and pain killers can only temporarily control the gouty inflammation, none of them can remove the root cause of gout, which is the urate crystal.

It is commonly known among the gout patients that gout pain is the worst and most unbearable pain in their life. Instead of wasting your money on those expensive tests involved in the differential diagnosis of gout, you should spend some time to understand the actual cause of gout and remove the root once and for all.

Understanding FHO Surgery for Dogs

Dog femoral head ostectomy, often known as, femoral head osteotomy or fho surgery are all names which are used to describe exactly the same thing, a medical procedure where the femoral head and neck are removed from the femur. Once removed there no longer is any hip joint, yet overtime scar tissue forms between the acetabulum (socket) and the remaining part of the femur. Often this is called a false joint mainly because the scar tissue reduces the amount of bone on bone contact thereby resulting in a large decrease in overall pain. Usually only one side is done at one time allowing for it to heal before the other side is performed, if needed of course. The remaining femoral bone is supported entirely by the dog’s thigh muscles. This is often why it is very critical to make sure you enroll your dog in canine rehabilitation right after the FHO surgery. This will truly give your dog the best chance to improve muscle size in the back legs.

An FHO can be done on any size dog however, smaller dogs usually do far better with this surgery. Dogs which are heavy or have a significant amount of muscle atrophy will probably have a harder time recovering, but as long as you have a plan for post-operative physical therapy everything will be good.

The FHO surgery often is believed to be a salvage procedure and quite often is performed when other surgical procedures are not an option for example, a total hip replacement. The FHO Surgery is really a straight-forward procedure for the most part. Almost all dogs go back to normal activity level right after the surgery. The false joint which forms is smoother and allows for comfortable range of motion when running, playing and walking.

On the positive side of things, there is almost little or no down time following the surgery. Exercise restriction is generally only a few days. Exercise is encouraged soon after surgery as a result of the need to produce the scar tissue. Have a good plan for after surgery or visiting a canine rehabilitation facility in your area can dramatically improve your results.

Last but not least it is important to discuss one more thing. Proper pain management for the dog after surgery is vital. Sometimes the veterinary surgeon may likely just prescribe pain meds for just the first week after surgery. This can be fine for some dogs but not for others. If your dog is off of pain medications but not using their leg 100% of the time, it is important to consult with your veterinarian about going forward with the pain medications for a little while longer.

Dog femoral head ostectomy or femoral head osteotomy or FHO surgery, no matter which you choose to call it, is an extremely good surgical option that will better the day-to-day lives of many dogs which might be suffering with joint disease.

The Three Stages of Bone Healing

Bone healing is a process to join the broken or fractured bones. The process restores tissues and bones back to their original mechanical and physical properties. Many systemic factors involved in this process and can be distinguished into three overlapping stages.

1. Inflammatory stage: a hematoma grows in fracture site within few hours or days of damage in this stage. Fibroblasts and inflammatory cells including macrophages, lymphocytes, and monocytes infiltrate the damaged bone with prostaglandin mediation. Granulation tissues are formatted in this process along the vascular tissues growth due to the relocation of mesenchymal cells. The exposed muscles and cancellous bones provide oxygen and primary nutrient in this early stage. The cytotoxic or anti-inflammatory medications at this stage can damage this process and bone healing.

2. Repair stage: a storma lay down by the fibroblasts to support the growth of vascular in this stage. The existence of nicotine can inhibits the capillary growth at this stage. During the growth of the vascular, a soft callus formed around the fractured site due to the collagen matrix and osteoid growth and their subsequently mineralized. This callus is not enough strong in initial 4-6 weeks of healing process, so they need adequate protection, which can be provided by the internal fixation or bracing as required. Eventually, callus solidifies and forms a woven bone bridge between the two broken or fractured fragments. However, if mobilization is continued, than callus may not ossified properly and stable union of fibrous may not developed as a result.

3. Remodeling stage: this is the last stage of bone healing where the fractured bone is reinstate to its inventive structure, mechanical shape, and strength. Remodeling of fractured bone is a slow process and takes months or years to complete according to their damage, it also needs mechanical stress to facilitate the healing process. Adequate strength can be achieved within 3-8 months.

In healing bones most critical tenure is the initial two weeks when revascularization and inflammation crop up. It is the requirement of the remodeling and incorporation of fractured bone healing that the mesenchymal cells get vascular access to graft for differentiating them into osteoclast and osteoblasts. Several factors are inhibiting in the bone healing process, like smoking, diabetes, osteoporosis, and rheumatoid arthritis. Many local mechanical factors also strongly infect the bone grafts during remodeling process. The mechanical requirement of bone graft can change the geometry, density, thickness of bone and trabecullar orientation of fractured object.

Lots of food supplements required to speedy healing, but differ in every stage of healing. At the same time, several food restrictions needed during each healing process. Calcium is a key supplement in healing, but you have to be careful to use it in every stage. You have to adjust the intake of calcium according to the ability to absorb it. Vitamin C is another great supplement for fast healing process which makes collagen to help the body for strong bones. Vitamin K or Menadione is also helpful in the remodeling process to clotting the fractured bones. However, Aspirin, smoking, salt, caffeine, alcohol, sugar, and red meats are harmful during the bone healing process, you can get a better and speedy healing with avoiding these objects.