The Symptoms of the Various Types of Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an illness that affects the lungs, and that used to be the disease with the largest number of deaths in the beginning of the century. It is an inflammation of the lungs that is caused by a virus or a bacteria, but fortunately since the discovery of antibiotics it can be easily cured, especially if it’s discovered early. But it can still be dangerous for the elder people or for those with a weak defense system.

The pneumonia symptoms usually depend on its cause, but most of the patients cough, have fever and chest pain. These symptoms appear at all the patients with pneumonia, no matter what caused it.

More than half the pneumonia cases are cause by viruses. In this case, the pneumonia is called a viral pneumonia. Viral pneumonia symptoms are:

-the chest pain is accompanied by headache and fever

-the cough is dry

-the patient experiences a general feeling of weakness and exhaustion

Some of the pneumonias are caused by a bacteria. In this case the most common symptoms that occur are:

-a general sensation of cold, which causes shivering and accelerated heart beat

-high fever

-a blueish color of the skin

-the cough produces a green liquid

Pneumonia mostly affects elder people and young children. The elders usually have viral or bacterial pneumonia, while those that are under 40 years old and suffer from pneumonia mostly have mycoplasmal pneumonia. This form is very contagious, once it affected a family member it will soon affect the others too. It is not as dangerous as the first two forms, but it can cause serious complications if it’s not treated. The common symptoms of the mycoplasmal pneumonia are:

-dry cough accompanied by fever

-a sore throat

-a general sensation of weakness and fatigue

-pain in the joints

When pneumonia affects young children it causes quite a disturbing feeling of illness and it also makes the skin turn slightly blue. The child will have high fever and breathlessness.

If you have two or more of the pneumonia symptoms you should call your doctor as soon as you can because pneumonia causes severe complications if you don’t treat it. If you start coughing blood then it means that the disease has advanced and it needs immediate treatment. If the illness is discovered early it can be treated at home with a few antibiotics, but if it’s not then the patient needs hospitalization.

Symptoms of Yeast Infection in the Lungs

There are numerous symptoms of yeast infection in the lungs. To start, let’s take a look at what causes this and then how to fix it.

This became a problem for mankind when modern medicine started using antibiotics and steroids. If you have ever taken either of these for anything, chances are that you developed a yeast infection. The reason this happens is due to the antibiotics and steroids killing the micro organism’s in your body that keep the yeast in your body in check. From there, it’s easy for the infection to spread to any and all parts of your body.

Some symptoms of yeast infection in the lungs are shortness of breath, suddenly not being able to breath as well. I had this once and I literally was able to breath fine one day, and woke up the next day with less than half the same lung capacity. Aching of the hands, knees, hips, and other joints are also a sign. Memory problems, the inability to focus, tiredness and fatigue, as well as headaches and migraines are also symptoms.

The problem with over the counter solutions is that they only fix the problem temporarily and don’t get things back in check. In order to completely cure the infection, you will need to pay close attention to your diet. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms of a yeast infection in the lungs, chances are very good you have one as 70% of people suffer from it and don’t even know it.

You will need to eat lot’s of vegetables high in fiber and low in starch. Broccoli, asparagus, leafy green vegetables such as lettuce and cabbage are all a great place to start. Be sure to cut out as much sugar as possible if not all of it completely. Also be sure to get rid of simple carbohydrates such as pastas and breads as these turn into sugar in the body. Cut back on fruits also as they have natural sugar.

A Few Cold And Flu Remedies Passed On To Me By A Wicca Witch

It is that time of year again colds and flu are just around the corner, of course according to me I never get a cold it is always flu.

These are just a few home made recipes passed on by my good ladies cousin, she is a Wicca witch, but do not worry these ladies are not the scary witches you see in the movies.

She does not live out in the country in a hovel, far from it she resides in a block of flats in my home city.

We never buy any of the cold and flu remedies from the chemist shop, instead we use natures pharmacy.

Obviously if your symptoms get no better after a few days it may be time to visit the doctor.

1. Onion and honey cough syrup.

This is not really a cough medicine as such because you could put it directly onto potatoes or your favourite vegetables. But personally I like to take it by the spoonful as many times as required.

Cooking this mixture up could not be easier, use a small saucepan chop a yellow skinned onion, add a cup of honey and a tablespoon of thyme, as much as you want if you can get it fresh, cook until the onion is soft, that is it job done.

Research has proven that onions and garlic irritate the lining of the stomach, this in turn forces the lungs to release a secretion that thins the thick mucus that makes you feel ill.

When peeling onions they make your eyes water this is the same action working, but it is getting rid of the sticky mucus in the lungs.

2. Thyme is an age old remedy, boil it up with some honey and drink as a tea, effective against laryngitis.

3. I remember an old remedy my dear old mother used on us as kids to relieve coughing.

Chop an onion place it in the oven to heat up then wrap it in a cloth, make sure it is not to hot and place directly on the chest, if you are using this on a child it may help to tape it on.

The fumes from the onion will stop any cough dead in it’s tracks, fair comment the bedroom and you will stink the next day, but hey you have had a good nights sleep.

4. Lemons and honey are another great remedy, squeeze a couple of lemons heat with a teaspoon of honey, and drink the mixture, this is an excellent way to help ease sore throats.

5. Another Wicca remedy I have tried and I would sooner have the flu, take some elder-flowers fresh or dried boil them up and make a tea, drink hot. Good luck with this one I have never tasted anything like it, totally disgusting.

This seems a bit strange it has nothing to do with Wicca, I do not know how it works but it did for me.

Although I think maybe you should get medical advise before trying this, as I am not responsible I am just passing on the information.

There has been research done, I believe many years ago, that says cold and flu bugs enter through the ears.

This is certainly not what we have been taught, do you remember all of the adverts and posters coughs and sneezes spread diseases, yes as far as we knew we inhaled these bugs.

Although I am convinced this remedy works I am not prepared to put my name to it, but the information is out there if you require it.

But the best remedy of all go to bed for a couple of days, get well wrapped up and have someone run around after you.

Convince them that alcohol is the perfect cure, and get them to make you a few hot toddies, read a good book and sleep a lot.

Chronic Bronchitis Symptoms – Smoking Facts About the Early Symptoms of Emphysema

Chronic bronchitis symptoms can easily be dismissed as a nagging smoker’s cough. The characteristic productive and persistent cough experienced by many smokers is one of the early symptoms of emphysema. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) symptoms include both the productive cough associated with chronic bronchitis and the shortness of breath that results from emphysema. The smoking facts on emphysema reveal that damage to the lungs cannot be reversed and you must quit smoking cigarettes to avoid complications and worsening of the disease.

Smoker’s Cough vs Chronic Bronchitis Symptoms

Anytime you are coughing and bringing up mucus it is a clear sign that there is something wrong in the respiratory system. A smoker’s cough is the term used to describe the productive persistent cough that occurs (usually in the morning) in smokers. It occurs as a result of damage to the lungs.

The way the body normally keeps the respiratory tract clean is by trapping foreign particles and dust in mucus that is secreted by the lining of your respiratory passages. Tiny hair like structures called cilia use a sweeping motion to move mucus and trapped debris out of the air passages. It is a self cleansing mechanism that works 24 hours a day without any conscious effort from you.

Smoking however, damages this system and destroys these fine hair like particles. Without cilia to sweep that mucus out of there it builds up overnight. The only way that you can remove it is by coughing. This is why smoker’s cough is worse in the morning.

If you have smoker’s cough your ability to protect your respiratory tract from infection is compromised. Because of this you will be more prone to upper respiratory infections. An infection in the upper respiratory tract is what causes bronchitis. The word bronchitis literally means inflammation of the airways.

Acute and Chronic Bronchitis

If you get acute infection in your airways, the symptoms will most likely be a fever, tightness in your chest, and a build up of mucus in the airways which will cause wheezing and a productive cough. This will resolve itself as your body fights the infection, disables the invading pathogen and then heals itself and restores everything back to normal functioning.

In contrast, chronic bronchitis is not an infection but is caused by inflammation. Symptoms occur because of damage to the self cleaning mechanism of the air passages. The lining of the air passages become chronically inflammed as a reaction to the constant irritation caused by cigarette smoke. The cilia are destroyed and cannot do the required “sweeping” necessary to keep the air passages clean. Debris becomes trapped in the mucus and accumulates there. As it builds up the airways become obstructed stimulating your cough reflex and as a result you cough and cough until the mucus is expelled.

If you develop chronic bronchitis, the symptoms will be coughing up yellow or green sputum along with shortness of breath. There will not be any fever or malaise because no infection is present and the symptoms will not get better over time, in fact they will get worse.

The constant obstruction of the airways with mucus eventually leads to emphysema making it difficult to get good gas exchange in the lungs. As a result the main symptoms of emphysema are shortness of breath and fatigue.

Once emphysema and chronic bronchitis are present together you have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (or COPD). Symptoms include the combined symptoms of emphysema and chronic bronchitis (shortness of breath and productive coughing) because once the lung damage starts both conditions will always be present together.

With all of the damage to the lungs there is a real risk of infection and any infection of the airways can become an infection of the lungs or pneumonia. Pneumonia that occurs in lungs already damaged and filled with mucus is much more likely to be fatal than if it occurs in normal lungs.

If you are a smoker and you have a persistent cough, do not dismiss it as an allergy, a chest cold or even smoker’s cough. Chronic bronchitis symptoms such as a productive cough are a sign that there is already damage in your airways and that you are on your way to developing emphysema and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

If you have chronic bronchitis symptoms and continue to smoke cigarettes your lung function will get worse. Chances are you will progress to develop emphysema and chronic obstructive lung disease. While medical interventions can help to control and relieve some COPD symptoms, the disease process itself cannot be stopped unless you quit smoking cigarettes.

Shoulder Injury and Shoulder Stiffness

The shoulder consists of the head of your upper arm bone (the humerus), your shoulder blade (the scapula), and your collarbone (the clavicle). The humerus fits into a round socket called the glenoid. The rotator cuff is a combination of tendons and muscles that keep your humerus in alignment.

The shoulder’s unique mobility leads to problems of impingement of the bony structures or the soft tissues as well as instability. With some shoulder injuries, you may only feel pain with movement of the joint. Others, however, result in pain at rest.

What are the types of shoulder injuries?

Most shoulder injuries fall into one of the four major categories: 1. tendon inflammation or tear; 2. instability; 3. arthritis; and 4. fracture.

Rotator Cuff Tears – The rotator cuff is one of the most significant structures of the shoulder. This component allows you to lift your arm and reach overhead. When your rotator cuff is injured, you will have loss of function of the shoulder.

Bursitis – A bursae is a small, fluid-filled sac that is located in the shoulder joint and other joints of the body. When the bursae is inflamed and swollen, there is loss of cushion between the bones and the overlying soft tissues that reduce the friction of the gliding motion. This condition is called bursitis, and it can cause the shoulder to have pain and loss of function.

Tendinitis – A tendon is a cordlike structure that connects muscle to bone. Tendinitis of the shoulder is the result of wearing down of the tendon from overuse. The acute form of tendinitis results from excessive throwing or other overhead activities during sporting activities or work. Chronic tendinitis is due to age, and there is degeneration of the tendon with this condition.

Tendon Tears – The tendon can split and tear from an acute injury or degenerative changes related to the aging process, long-term overuse and wear and tear, or from sudden trauma. Tendon tears can be partial or complete.

Impingement – Shoulder impingement is the result of the top of the shoulder blade putting pressure on the underlying soft tissues during arm lifting. The blade rubs on the bursa and rotator cuff causing limited movement and pain. If left untreated, severe impingement can result in rotator cuff tearing.

Instability – The shoulder is considered unstable when the head of the humerus is forced out of the socket. Instability occurs from sudden trauma or due to overuse of the joint. Dislocations can be partial (called subluxation), where the ball of the upper arm just partially comes out of socket. A complete dislocation is where the ball comes all of the way out of position. If the surrounding support structures are torn or loose, dislocations can occur repeatedly. Shoulder instability leads to increased risk of arthritis.

Arthritis – When there is wear and tear on a joint with inflammation, the joint is considered to have arthritis. Shoulder joint arthritis causes stiffness, decreased range of motion, crepitus, and pain. This type of injury is more common among older people.

Fracture – A fracture is a broken bone. Shoulder trauma can result in a fracture of the humerus, the clavicle, or the scapula, and this causes severe pain, bruising, and swelling of the shoulder.

What can I expect at the doctor’s examination?

If you have a shoulder injury, you should seek medical attention immediately. A doctor will conduct a thorough evaluation in order to determine the cause of your shoulder pain and offer prompt treatment. During the physical examination, the doctor will inspect your shoulder for physical abnormalities, deformity, muscle weakness, tender areas, and swelling.

It is also necessary to assess your joint range of motion and strength. To properly evaluate your injury, The orthopedic specialist will take X-rays and possibly order a MRI, CT scan, and/or ultrasound. An arthroscopy is a surgical procedure where the doctor will look inside the joint with a tiny camera to evaluate the extent of the injury. This may be necessary for repair and diagnosis of certain shoulder injuries that are complex.

What is the treatment for shoulder injury?

The treatment of your shoulder injury depends on the type of injury. Some of the various options include:

Activity Changes – Treatment typically involves alteration of your activities and rest so your shoulder can regain strength and flexibility.

Physical Therapy – Certain types of shoulder injuries require physical therapy. This treatment involves exercises and range of motion techniques that help you regain strength and motion of the shoulder joint.

Medications – Often, the doctor will prescribe certain medications to reduce inflammation and pain. Also, specific shoulder injuries require injections of anesthetics or steroids.

Surgery – While some shoulder injuries respond to conventional treatment modalities, others require surgical correction and intervention. Rotator cuff tears and recurring dislocations often require surgery. Arthroscopic procedures are also performed to remove scar tissue and repair torn tissues for some shoulder injuries.

Common Shoulder Sports Injuries

Shoulder Instability

When the shoulder joint is forced out of normal position, the condition is known as instability. Shoulder instability can result in a dislocation, which is quite painful. Most people who suffer with shoulder instability have pain when raising the arm and the shoulder feels as if it is slipping out of place. If this instability becomes a chronic, recurring problem, the surgeon may find it necessary to perform an arthroscopy. This procedure allows for the orthopedic specialist to look inside the shoulder with a tiny camera to assess the extent of the injury and perform surgery on the area to repair the soft tissues.

Shoulder Impingement

Impingement of the shoulder is caused by excessive rubbing of the tendons against the upper portion of the shoulder blade (the acromion). When there is repeated use of the arm overhead, shoulder impingement is likely. Injections and physiotherapy can improve this syndrome, but surgery is often necessary to remove bony spurs that trap the rotator cuff tendons and worsen the condition.

Shoulder Separation

With a separated shoulder, the acromioclavicular (AC) joint is injured. The AC joint is located where the collarbone (clavicle) meets the upper area of the shoulder blade (acromion). Most of these injuries are the result of a fall where the ligaments attaching to the underside of the clavicle become torn. A separated shoulder causes pain and deformity of the shoulder region. A mild separation involves AC ligament sprain and will appear normal on X-rays. With a more serious injury, the AC ligament could tear, putting the collarbone out of alignment. Most minor shoulder separations can be treated conservatively with the use of slings, cold packs, and medications for pain. For more severe injuries, the orthopedic specialist may need to surgically trim back part of the end of the collarbone to prevent rubbing against the acromion. Also, the torn ligaments may need to be addressed by attaching them back to the underside of the collarbone to restore stability of the AC joint therefore allowing motion, flexibility, and strength to return.

Shoulder Dislocation

The shoulder joint is the most mobile joint of the body, making it potentially unstable and at risk for dislocation. Repeated dislocations result in instability and stretching of the shoulder joint, which can lead to poor sports performance and long periods out of the game. In order to reduce a shoulder dislocation, the surgeon will position the ball of the upper arm bone back into the joint socket by means of a closed reduction. For severely dislocated shoulders, however, surgery is often necessary to repair the torn or stretched tissues around the shoulder that normally support the joint.

Rotator Cuff Tears

The rotator cuff is a group of tendons and muscles that allow for movement and stability of the shoulder. The rotator cuff allows an individual to lift the arm and reach overhead. When this structure is injured, pain and weakness occurs. If tearing is significant, the surgeon may need to perform a rotator cuff repair through small incisions (arthroscopy) or by an open method.

Acromioclavicular Joint Sprain

The AC joint is important for athletes who throw and put their arms overhead. It is often sprained from repeated falls and can dislocate easily. When this joint is sprained, there will be pain and loss of normal movement of the shoulder. The orthopedic specialist can provide injections and physiotherapy to improve an AC sprain. Occasionally, with more significant AC sprains, an operation may be necessary to help alleviate persistent, long-term pain.

SLAP Lesions

Tears of the Superior Labral Antero-Posterior (SLAP) region of the shoulder occur with overhead throwing, tackling sports, and heavy lifting. Because the biceps anchors the shoulder, it is easily pulled off the bone by force. The symptoms of this type of injury include pain within the shoulder with lifting and sports. Many complain of a clicking sensation that extends down the upper arm. If the SLAP tears are not serious, the orthopedic specialist will prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications and physical therapy. Some tears, however, will require surgical repair via arthroscopy or open techniques. This way, the surgeon can determine the extent of your injury and repair it at the same time.

5 Tips To Healing Your Fracture Faster

If you have suffered a fracture, the healing process can be excruciatingly slow. Depending on the kind of bone fracture you have suffered, your health, the type of bone affected, and other elements of your injury, healing varies from one person to the other. However, most people just want the fracture to heal fast so that they can resume their normal routines. Here are a few tips to help your fracture recover faster.

• Focus on consuming a balanced diet: Nutrition is a key aspect in healing fractures. However, most people with broken bones end up taking certain nutrients excessively or inadequately. For instance, taking too much calcium will not accelerate your healing if you are not taking adequate amounts of other nutrients. Take modest amounts of proteins, as proteins are needed in synthesizing the new bone structure. This will reduce your healing time, limit complications, and discourage further loss of bones in the affected area.

• Exercise: When you have a fracture, you probably think you need to just sit around and limit your movement as much as you can. On the contrary, you should engage in low impact exercise to increase blood flow in the fractured area. Ideally, the tissue found in fractured bones will respond to the loading and biomechanical simulation created by exercise. This will accelerate the repair and restoration of the bone. It also increases the structural strength of the affected bone. Nonetheless, avoid strenuous exercise as it may worsen your fracture.

• Massage Therapy: Apart from exercise, you can schedule regular massages to foster faster healing. The massage is done around the fracture and it increases blood circulation and fosters bone regeneration, which encourages fast healing. The massage should be done gently and as you near the fracture point, be careful because it can be quite painful if done the wrong way. Avoid massages if the fracture is too painful.

• Use Magnets: For some time now, people have used static magnets to promote faster healing of a fracture. Even though there is no scientific proof to support this claim, it will not hurt to try it. Get static magnets from a drug store and tie them around the fracture tightly and leave them for a few days. The magnets work by improving blood circulation, which is necessary for healing the fracture. Be on the look out for such side effects like nausea or dizziness and stop using the magnets immediately you experience them. You should also avoid using them in case of metal implants.

• Use electrical stimulation: This involves having an electric current passed through your fracture using electrodes. You will have to wear the electrodes all the time. This process is painless and you will not even feel the electric current. This remedy works especially if you have a stubborn fracture that is taking too long to heal. It stimulates the bone cells causing them to proliferate thus enhancing healing.

Why Does a Bone Seem to Stick Out in My Upper Back and How Can I Prevent It Or Get Rid of It?

Usually when I see this it is associated with forward head posture. Forward head posture occurs for many reasons. You may have had a neck injury or whiplash injury that shifted the spine and was never corrected, or it could be from repetitive motion or a repetitive posture.

Especially with the emergence of computers, laptops and mobile devices you see many people who log long hours with their head down and forward. This is the posture I’m referring to.

What happens as the head shifts forward is that the cervical spine often loses curvature. The upper back follows and starts to hunch outward. This often creates what is called an increased khyphosis. A khyphotic curve is in your dorsal or thoracic spine, otherwise known as your upper and mid back. In the neck and lower back the curvature opens towards the back and is called a lordosis.

An accentuation of one of these curves is called Hyperlordosis, and a flattening or loss of one of these curvatures is referred to as a Hypolordosis. One more thing to note is that in some cases of forward head and hunching of the upper back we see a cervical khyphosis. This is when the normal “C” curve in the neck, the cervical lordosis, actually curves in the wrong direction. And don’t forget, any misalignment, even millimeters, is enough to block the nerve flow over 50% of the normal amount.

A cervical khyphosis puts an abnormally large amount of stress on the spine as well as the spinal cord, nerves, and neck and upper back muscles. Imagine taking a loose rubber band, pulling and stretching it, this is analogous to what you would be doing to your spinal cord. However, this is a topic for another ezine.

Let’s get back to the upper back. In some cases we see extreme humping of the upper back and a hyper khyphosis in the thoracic spine. This is often associated with severe degeneration and osteoporosis. We will sometimes see fractures of the vertebrae allowing this extreme change in alignment to occur. This is called a Dowager’s Hump.

What ever the case, I see hunching out of the upperback more often than I like. I see it in patients, and often they present into the office with neck or back pain, but not always. I also see it sometimes in relatives, people at the grocery store, you name it, just look around.

Remember that if your posture is starting to look like this, then your spine inside is looking like this also, and it usually will continue to worsen. Use postural exercises to prevent as well as get rid of this hump. Also, always be aware of your posture; this can make a huge difference because you can correct it if you are in one position to long or find yourself with your head forward to often. Lastly, a great posture correction tool is a neck pillow. Not only will it prevent this bad posture but it will keep the nerves free from pressure in other instances too.

Cerebral Palsy Resources – Support For Families With a Cerebral Palsy Child

A cerebral palsy child may have various special needs, depending on the severity of his/her condition. In more severe cases, a child may also suffer from mental retardation, behavioral problems, epilepsy and other associated conditions. Finding sufficient resources for support of  can be difficult for families that are dealing with a family member with the condition.

Still, there are plenty of resources for families to get information about disabilities out there.  They range from local, nationwide, governmental and non-profit organizations. 

Some resources include:

United Cerebral Palsy Associations (UCP) – is an organization that is supported nationwide. They have local chapters all over to offer services for people dealing with cerebral palsy.

Parent Training and Information Center – These organizations are in every state, however they might not be the same name.  They offer great resources for parents that have children with disabilities.  These Community Parent Resource Centers are comparable to state resource except they focus on the underserved.

National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities – NICHCY offers families with children that have cerebral palsy information about associations, programs that are educational, state agencies and other related resources.

U.S. Dept. of Education – offers services for children with developmental disabilities.  They also offer information about programs such as Individualized Education Programs and Individualized Family Service Plans.    

AbleNet – to better the quality of life for people with disabilities AbleNet make products and technology.

Kids on the Block – Kids can enjoy an educational puppet show that is fun and interactive.  The show includes puppets with disabilities such as cerebral palsy.

These are just a few of the many resources available. You can find related information such as newsletters that are provided by these organizations. 

Want to Get Rid of Sleep Paralysis? Read This Now

If you do not get rid of sleep paralysis you will suffer in the long run. These episodes leave you tired and emotionally drained and if not corrected will lead to more episodes. This condition normally occurs when a person is under tension and their stress levels are high. Stress and tension can be avoided by exercising frequently and not too close to sleep times.

Maintaining a regular sleeping pattern will also help. The idea is to get the body used to sleeping and waking up at particular times only. A random sleeping pattern will no doubt contribute to this condition because the brain is used to waking up at anytime. Sometimes even the position that you sleep in can have an effect. Some circles do not recommend sleeping on your back.

Some people believe that sleeping with lights on or having the TV or radio on helps. Yet these are the same things that will interfere with your sleep. The brain cannot ignore the stimuli produced by these things and at some point in your sleep they might trigger of a reaction. If you want to get rid of sleep paralysis a nice dark quiet room is what I recommend. Do note I said dark and not pitch black.

Other people have tried things like meditation and yoga or seeing a therapist. These alternatives do work because they focus on you having a clear mind. They try and get you in a relaxed mood. Which is what I said earlier avoid stress and get rid of tension.

If you want to get rid of sleep paralysis just try avoiding things that will interrupt your normal sleep pattern. There are some in depth, comprehensive and well looked into ideas available on this subject. Just make sure you know all there is to know.

Testicle Pain – Are Swollen Testicles, Scrotum Pain, Or Lumps Signs of Testicular Cancer Or Hernia?

I assume you are here because your suffering from testicle pain, and just like other blokes with painful testicles you want to know why they are sore and the best way to treat the problem. Or is your reason more a concern that the pain is caused by something more serious like testicular cancer. Its perfectly natural for any man to worry about testicle pain with all the stories you hear, but its best you turn a deaf ear to hearsay. The only person you should listen too is your GP. Painful or swollen testicles can be a result of an injury, so pain in this area does not necessarily mean cancer. Not all cancers bring pain and testicular cancer is usually one of those. Pain or no pain, if you feel a lump in your testicle then you must see your doctor.

I understand for some guys having a stranger mess about with their mebs is not something they may relish, but holding back in seeking help – then these same men later down the line might have no choice but to allow a queue of strangers to be touchy feely with them. Guys just like women get easily embarrassed over having to show their private parts, but it has to be done, so pluck up your courage and seek medical advice if you have testicle pain.

Sudden, severe testicle pain should not be ignored

Testicle pain is soreness in one or both testicles which can spread to the lower abdomen. The testicles are the two rounded balls located inside the scrotum (sac.) Some conditions that affect the male will have him suffer from abdominal pain first before testicle pain kicks in. One condition to name is testicular torsion.

Testicular torsion causes testicle twisting. Due to distortion the blood supply is cut off and causes tissue to die. It is a very serious condition which requires urgent attention. The condition is mostly diagnosed in young men between ages of 10 to 20 years old

Let us take a look at what might be causing your testicle pain

Injury

Infection

Inflammation

Testicular torsion

Possible infections:

Epididymitis is a condition which causes inflammation of the epididymis (a curved structure to the rear of the testicle where sperm ripens and is kept.) It can cause mild discomfort to the more severe. Its typical to see the scrotum swell, turn red and feel warm. Epididymitis is the common cause of scrotal pain, and normally an outcome of a complication of a urinary system infection, and bacteria being primarily the cause. The sexually transmitted disease gonorrhoea was once listed as the chief cause. Over time things have changed and now it is more known to be brought about by chlamydia. Main symptom is inflammation of the ducts where sperm leaves the testicle. Another condition caused by bacteria, or virus, is Orchitis which is an inflammation of testicle tissue.

Swollen testicles (swelling) can occur because of many factors, and one to mention is fluid. There are many sorts of fluid collection:

Varicocele affects the veins in the scrotum causing them to become enlarged. These veins carry blood away from the testicles.

Spermatocele is fluid in the epididymis that forms a cyst which normally holds dead sperm cells.

Hydrocele is commonly found in newborns. (Fluid filled scrotum.)

Another obvious reason for testicle pain could be a hernia…which is a result of weakness in the muscular wall of the abdomen. Due to the weakness a ring of intestine can easily thrust through causing a lump to form on the outside. A large hernia located in the groin region can work its way down into the scrotum making it look chunkier. Soreness suffered is more abdominal pain rather than scrotal, and can worsen with bouts of coughing or sneezing. Surgery to repair underlying muscle weakness is called “herniorrhaphy.”

As with most conditions you have to be careful to what they might lead to if not treated right away. Its imperative you act on the sighting of a lump in your testicle, inflammation, swelling and pain sooner than later. Testicular torsion the condition mentioned earlier can lead to infertility if treated to late, so early treatment is the best and only way you can help prevent this from happening to you.

If your testicle pain is caused by a minor injury or fluid buildup, then pain relief medicine might help ease soreness and reduce swelling if any.

Self help advice:

You can help support the scrotum by wearing a athletic supporter

Apply an icepack to the scrotum

Warm water helps reduce inflammation

Place a rolled towel under your scrotum when lying flat on your back

Take pain killers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen.

Aspirin should not be given to children

It is always better to be safe than sorry, so should you experience severe or sudden pain in and around the groin, or you have damaged the scrotum though injury, or if you are physically sick then get medical attention.

You are not to ignore symptoms like

A lump in the scrotum

High fever

The scrotum is warm, red, or sore to the touch

Most men with problems that affect their penis, testicles and scrotum worry more over how the actual diagnosis of their condition is determined. This brings us back to the issue mentioned earlier about being embarrassed, and how men hate the idea of having someone they don’t know fiddle with their tackle. Medics in emergency rooms on a wide scale treat men in the thousands daily for penal conditions, and are there to treat and cure problems, and not ogle your bits. Your member and its two mates are just the same as the next blokes so doctors won’t be taking a blind bit of notice of how your John Thomas looks unless he/she has to examine three balls…so go get yourself checked.

There is nothing to fear when having a physical examination. Your GP will focus on the groin, testicles, and abdomen. To give an accurate diagnosis your GP will need to know a little about your medical background. He/she may ask questions like

How long have you had testicular pain

Is it one or both testicles that is affected

Did the pain start suddenly

Is the pain regular or irregular

How bad is the pain

Is the pain easing or getting worse

Is there pain in the abdomen or back

Have you injured yourself

Have you had an infection

Have you been treated for an STD

Is there something in particular you do that makes the pain worse

Does the pain disappear with medication

What symptoms do you have (swelling, redness, urine color, high fever, or unexplained weight loss)

After your consultation with the doctor the following diagnostic tests may be carried out:

Ultrasound of the testicles

Urinalysis

Inspection of prostate secretions

Treatment may include:

Untwisting of the testicle

Surgery to repair testicular torsion (if untwisting failed)

Antibiotics to clear infections

Medication

Surgical drainage or removal of an abscess (uncommon)

Surgery for a varicocele, a hydrocele, or spermatocele, more so if the varicocele is threatening infertility

If you have testicle pain then get it checked out. It may only take a pill popping course to remedy the problem.

If you come from my part of the world and your “feeling down” people tend to say that life is one “Big Ball Ache”. So in your case it looks like you have both. So why not kill two birds with one stone and put a stop to the worrying and soothe them aching balls.

Suffering The Agony Of Back Pain

For many people middle back pain is something they live with on a daily basis. This can be a chronic condition which recurs frequently or it may be a condition that is constant due to a back injury. Often this is debilitating and can affect as many as nine out of ten adults at one point or another. The most common pain is found in the lower back but often people experience pain in the middle of their back as well.

Many people will start feeling a dull ache which will progress to a burning sensation. If left untreated the pain can become very sharp and radiate down the legs and into the feet. In rare cases a spinal deformity will cause middle back pain but the most common cause is muscular irritation or ligament injuries.

Poor posture, repetitive motion, and trauma such as an automobile accident can all be attributed to middle back pain. For people who sit at a desk all day they tend to get into the habit of slouching without even realizing what they are doing until they start feeling the pain. This problem is fairly easily corrected by using correct posture and exercising to increase the strength of the muscles surrounding the area.

Trauma cannot be treated quite as easily as poor posture but it can be successfully treated. Often that results from trauma will respond to ice or heat packs and/or deep massage. Often physical therapy will be needed if the trauma is severe enough or if surgery is required to repair the damage.

Repetitive motion strain is caused by performing the same tasks over and over again. People who do a lot of work on keyboards will often suffer pain from the repetitive motion. A good way to avoid this type pain is to take frequent breaks. Get up and walk around the room or down the hall and back. Stand and stretch your arms upward and hold for ten seconds. Doing this ever hour or so will help prevent the pain from occurring.

Age Can Be A Factor In Back Pain

Women over the age of fifty often suffer from a compression fracture which is caused by a condition known as osteoporosis. A compression fracture does not mean there has been any kind of trauma; it is often a common sign of aging. When women reach their fifties they usually experience a decrease in hormone levels. This can lead to bones becoming brittle and small fractures can result. This can usually be prevented by taking calcium supplements and sticking with a regular exercise program. In some cases a hormone supplement may be called for.

Men who are in their fifties and have driven trucks for several years will often have middle back pain which is associated with spinal disc herniation. This is caused by the constant jarring which is experienced from uneven road services. Often this type will require surgery to repair the damage.

Middle back pain is not as common as lower back pain but it is one of the major factors which cause people to miss work each year. The best treatment is prevention but on those occasional days when the pain gets to be too annoying you can try taking anti-inflammatory pain killers that will help reduce the inflammation as well as the pain. If you must lift a heavy object, be sure to do so correctly by using the muscles in your legs instead of the ones in your back. You might also want to check into a mattress which helps support the spine. This can go a long way in preventing pain during the day.

Taking the Shame out of Pudendal Neuralgia!

What could possibly be worse than struggling with a painful condition and feeling ashamed to discuss the problem because of its intimate nature? Such is the case for many suffering with pudendal neuralgia, a little known disease that affects one of the most sensitive areas of the body. This area is innervated by the pudendal nerve, named after the Latin word for shame. Due to the location of the discomfort combined with inadequate knowledge, some physicians make reference to the pain as psychological. But nothing could be further from the truth. Unfortunately, discussing the condition with gynecologists, urologists and neurologists often proves fruitless since most know nothing about the condition and therefore cannot diagnose it.

Pudendal neuralgia is a chronic and painful condition that occurs in both men and women, although studies reveal that about two-thirds of those with the disease are women. The primary symptom is pain in the genitals or the anal-rectal area and the immense discomfort is usually worse when sitting. The pain tends to move around in the pelvic area and can occur on one or both sides of the body. Sufferers describe the pain as burning, knife-like or aching, stabbing, pinching, twisting and even numbness. These symptoms are usually accompanied by urinary problems, bowel problems and sexual dysfunction. Because the pudendal nerve is responsible for sexual pleasure and is one of the primary nerves related to orgasm, sexual activity is extremely painful, if not impossible for many pudendalites. When this nerve becomes damaged, irritated, or entrapped, and pudendal neuralgia sets in, life loses most of its pleasure.

So, where exactly is the pudendal nerve? It lies deep in the pelvis and follows a path that comes from the sacral area and later separates into three branches, one going to the anal-rectal area, one to the perineum, and one to the penis or clitoris. Since there are slight anatomic variations with each person, a patient’s symptoms can depend on which of the branches are affected, although often all three branches are involved. The fact that the pudendal nerve carries sensory, motor, and autonomic signals adds to the variety of symptoms that can be exhibited.

Because pudendal neuralgia is uncommon and can be similar to other diseases, it is often misdiagnosed, leading some to have inappropriate and unnecessary surgery. Early in the diagnosis process, it is crucially important to undergo an MRI of the lumbar-sacral and pelvic regions to determine that no tumors or cysts are pressing on the nerve. In addition, the patient should be screened for possible infections or immune diseases, as well as having an evaluation by a pelvic floor physical therapist to determine the health of the pelvic floor muscles and to uncover whether skeletal alignment abnormalities exist. An accurate patient history is needed to assess whether there has been a trauma or an injury to the nerve from surgery, childbirth, or exercise. Tests that offer additional diagnostic clues include sensory testing, the pudendal nerve motor latency test, and electromyography. A nerve block that provides several hours of relief is another tool that helps to determine if the pudendal nerve is the source of pain.

One of the most common symptoms that accompanies pudendal neuralgia is severe depression. Some people with the disease have committed suicide due to the intractable pain. For that reason, it is important to consider antidepressants, as they can help lessen the hypersensitivity of the genital area in addition to relieving bladder problems. Certain anti-seizure drugs reportedly help to alleviate neuropathic pain while anti-anxiety drugs provide substantial relief of muscle spasms and assist with sleeping. Uninformed physicians are reluctant to prescribe opiates for an illness that shows no visible abnormality, yet the desperate nature of genital nerve pain requires that opiates be prescribed for these patients. While medications are not always satisfactory, they do help take the edge off of the pain for many people. Until the correct treatment is determined, it is imperative that patients with pudendal neuralgia receive adequate pain management since the pain associated with this illness can be intense.

Treatment depends on the cause of distress to the nerve. When the cause is not obvious patients are advised to try the least invasive and least risky therapies initially.

  • Physical therapy that includes myofascial release and trigger point therapy internally through the vagina or rectum assists with relaxing of the pelvic floor, especially if pelvic floor dysfunction is the cause of nerve irritation. If no improvement is found after six to twelve sessions, nerve damage or nerve entrapment might be considered.
  • Botox is now used in medical settings to relax muscles and shows promise when injected into pelvic floor muscles; though finding a physician adept at this treatment is difficult.
  • Pudendal nerve blocks using a long-acting analgesic and a steroid can reduce the nerve inflammation and are usually given in a series of three injections four to six weeks apart.
  • If physical therapy, Botox, and nerve injections fail to provide adequate relief, some patients opt for pudendal nerve decompression surgery.

There are three published approaches to pudendal nerve decompression surgery but there is debate among members of the pudendal nerve entrapment community as to which approach is the best. Since there are advantages and disadvantages to each approach, patients face considerable confusion when deciding which type of surgery to choose. Because there are only a handful of surgeons in the world who perform these surgeries, most patients have to travel long distances for help. Moreover, the recovery period is often painful and takes anywhere from six months to several years since nerves heal very slowly. Unfortunately, early statistics indicate that only 60 to 80 percent of surgeries are successful in offering at least a 50 percent improvement. Patients whose surgeries are not successful or who do not wish to pursue surgery have the option of trying an intrathecal pain pump which delivers pain medication locally and helps to avoid some of the side effects of oral medications. Others pursue the option of a neurostimulator either to the sacral area or directly to the pudendal nerves. These are relatively new therapies for pudendal neuralgia so it is difficult to predict success rates. Some pudendalites have devised ingenious contraptions for pain relief ranging from u-shaped cushions cut from garden pads all the way to balloons filled with water, frozen, and inserted into the vagina. Most have a favorite cushion for sitting and many have special computer set-ups for home and office use in order to avoid sitting. Generally speaking, jeans are a no-no, so patients revise their wardrobes to include baggy pants and baggy underwear – if they are able to tolerate wearing underwear.

Clearly more research is required to find effective methods to better manage the pain and debilitation of pudendal neuralgia. But in the meantime, friends and family close to those who have this devastating illness play a huge role in helping patients cope, thereby maintaining the best quality of life possible. Support, love and understanding are of primary importance for those suffering with this affliction.

A Pinched Cervical Nerve

Radiculopathy or a pinched cervical nerve as its also known, occurs when there is compression or something irritating the nerves in the neck and is a common cause for back pain. This condition is often a result of an injury such as whiplash from a car accident or a fall, but it can also be caused by the degeneration of other parts of your spine as you get older. In the older population it is often a result of osteoarthritis, while in the younger population it is often causes by injury or a herniated disc. Since you use your neck every day, even when you sleep when you have a pinched nerve it can greatly affect your day-to-day life.

Listed below are some of the more common conditions that can lead to pinched nerves.

Causes of Cervical Radiculopathy

Herniated Discs

This occurs when the tough outer shell of our inter-vertebral discs ruptures or tears. When this happens, the gel like center of the disc (helps to cushion the spine) pushes out and into the spinal canal. Since there is only a limited amount of space in the spinal canal it is very easy for the surrounding nerves to become pinched.

Bone spurs

These boney growths (also known as osteophytes) can be caused by many back conditions, all of which are known contributors to pinched nerves. These bony growths form as a result of friction, pressure, or stress to bones in the spine over a long period of time. The longer this process is allowed to go on, the larger your bone spur would become, increasing the risk of nerve compression.

Injury

An injury to the neck due to an accident or injury can damage the neck in many ways; many times it can be linked to whiplash as a result of a car accident or sudden force applied to the cervical spine.

Cervical Spondylosis

This is the degeneration of the disks and vertebrae in your spine that occurs as we get older. Another name for this is cervical osteoarthritis and is seen in those who are age 40 and older.

Cervical Degenerative Disease

As we get older the bones and vertebrae that make up the spine start to deteriorate at a faster rate. To an extent, everybody suffers from this degeneration, but in some this damage is much more pronounced and may go on to cause other problems such as bone spurs or a narrowing of the spinal spaces. These irregularities in the back can go on to compress or pinch your nerves as they branch out into the body. Thankfully only a small amount of people with spinal degeneration go on to experience any symptoms.

Cervical Stenosis

This is a narrowing of the spaces in the neck and upper parts of the spine and is most often seen in those who are over the age of 50. There are exemptions to the rule including those who are born with naturally small spinal canals. As the space in your spine becomes smaller there is an increase in pressure on the nerves.

Bottle Feeding: Is Baby Getting Too Much?

Recent studies have linked adult obesity with being over fed bottle milk in infancy. So, are you giving too much milk to your baby?

If you’re bottle feeding your baby it’s easy to see how much baby is getting. Manufacturers provide instructions on how to make formula milk and how much milk a baby should consume. The guidelines state how much to feed a baby for a particular age and weight. So, why do babies run a greater risk of being overweight when they are bottle fed?

The biggest reason for excessive weight gain is because parents ignore a baby’s signals that she’s had enough. Breastfeeding mothers are taught to follow baby’s lead. Breastfeeding mothers are taught to offer breast milk when the baby wants it and to stop breastfeeding when she sees signs that baby has had enough. Mothers who choose to bottle feed are seldom, if ever, given this advice. Rather, mothers feel obliged to follow instructions printed on the side of a container. But guidelines aren’t suitable for every child; each child is unique, different. Because of blind acceptance that manufacturers of formula milk know best, many mothers are tempted to make baby finish the bottle.

Nicolas Stettler, a pediatric nutrition specialist at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, studied data on a large group of bottle-fed babies. He found a correlation between rapid weight gain in the first four months and being overweight at age seven. This, he suggests, may be due to overfeeding. “With bottle-fed babies, a mother can override her baby by urging him to finish the bottle,” he explains. “The mother needs to be responsive to her baby’s cues.” When babies are constantly overfilled, past the point of feeling replete, then in time they may learn to ignore the ‘full signal’. Also, for most babies, drinking milk isn’t just about getting nutrition; it’s about comfort. Therefore some babies will often feed even when they’re not hungry.

A mother must be on the lookout for signals that baby has been fed enough. But what signals should a bottle-feeding mother be looking for? Firstly, follow the advice given to breastfeeding mothers. That means letting your baby take ten or 12 sucks, then removing the bottle, then allowing ten or 12 more sucks, then another break, and so on. This pacing is particularly important for a newborn, less so after about four months. During these breaks, remove the nipple from your baby’s mouth as you might accidentally press it against her palate. If, after one of these breaks, your baby does not open her mouth for the bottle, she’s probably finished. When you baby is drinking watch her mouth. If your baby’s mouth relaxes or goes slack so that she’s no longer sucking actively, she is finished drinking. If you baby is no longer keeping eye contact, rolling her head from side to side, or is trying to push the bottle way; she’s finished drinking.

Formula-fed babies are known to put on weight in a different pattern compared to breastfed babies. This difference is most marked after two or three months, when formula-fed babies gain weight slightly faster than breastfed babies on average. Breastfeed babies typically gain weight more slowly after the first three months. Also, they tend to be slightly leaner at a year old than formula-fed babies. Bear this in mind if you are comparing your baby’s weight gains against a weight chart.

Baby’s weight gains can be erratic and it’s not unusual for new born babies to loose weight in the first few days. If you are concerned about your baby’s weight you should immediately get medical advice. As discussed above, the most important thing is to follow your baby’s lead as to how much it needs; not anyone else’s.