Abdominal Hernia Support

Most people who get hernias are usually men, as they tend to exert themself more often, lifting heavy object over time etc. Doing this can lead to a tear in you abdominal wall and then the hernia protrudes. You may be thinking that older men are the only ones that get hernias but this is not true, much younger men (myself included) can get hernia also. Remember hernia is also heredity in some men.

If you notice that you have a small lump in your lower abdomen then you should see a doctor straight away to get it assessed. Most doctors will recommend that you have surgery, because leaving a hernia untreated will cause it to become larger in time and it could become strangulated. A strangulated hernia while rare can cause significant blood loss when the hernia gets entangled with a blood vessel and your intestine, not very pleasant at all.

If you decide that you do not want to get the operation then you can wear a truss or abdominal hernia support belt. Wearing this will keep the hernia from protruding, thus slowing down your abdominal wall tear. It is important that you do not carry out any heavy lifting or strenuous activities from now on, or otherwise your hernia will get worse.

If you happen to get a hiatal hernias, the common treatment is to change your diet and life schedule. You should improve your vegetable, fruit and grain intake to improve your fibre intake. This will put less strain on your bowel and abdominal wall, plus it is more beneficial to your overall health. Your doctor can also prescribe medication also in certain situations.

So while wearing a abdominal hernia support belt will work in the short term, eventually you will have to get surgery. The surgery these days is very quick, usually only take 1-2hrs and you are in and out of the hospital in under a day.

McKenzie Derangement Syndrome

The third syndrome which McKenzie distinguished was derangement syndrome. This syndrome has its theoretical basis in the effect of repetition of movement on the nucleus of the intervertebral discs. The outer covering of the disc, the annulus fibrosus, is firm and resilient to withstand the stresses on the structure and contain the nucleus when it is under pressure. The nucleus is much higher in water content and develops pressures in its fluid matrix when put under postural and activity stresses. These stresses can alter the position of the nucleus to a minor degree so that it has a greater or lesser effect on the posterior wall of the disc which is the main areas which suffers from stresses which cause pain.

McKenzie’s idea was that the nucleus is dynamic to some degree and that repeated movements can change the dynamics of the nucleus, altering the symptoms of the patient in a rational and consistent fashion. He developed the idea of centralisation and peripheralisation to describe the symptom changes. In centralisation the symptoms of the patient reduced or disappeared in a farther part of the pain distribution and concentrated more towards the low back to a degree. In peripheralisation the reverse occurred with symptoms perhaps spreading from the low back to the buttock or down the leg.

Centralisation implies improvement in the disc mechanics while peripheralisation implies a worsening and the physiotherapist will test a patient using a variety of repeated movements in particular directions to see what effect this has on the symptoms. Commonly the patient will display a directional preference, in other words a particular movement which, when repeated, improves their symptoms and will likely be the basis their treatment. Sitting and bending over both involved repeated or sustained flexion and it is to correct these problems that much therapy is aimed.

The physiotherapist will give the patient postural correction again, as poor posture allows the vertebrae to hold an unhelpful position, impacting on the nucleus and allowing it to be displaced in the painful direction. Repeated movements of the directional preference will also be prescribed, with the centralisation as a guide to improvement. This syndrome can be unstable, with rapid worsening of symptoms if posture or activity is wrongly performed, so patients need to persist until the symptoms are well under control and the disc mechanics are more stable. Later the physiotherapist will want the patient to perform movements in the aggravating direction to ensure that a dysfunction does not develop.

Dosage to Treat Postherpetic Neuralgia

Neurontin doses

Gabapentin (Neurontin) is given by mouth with food or between meals. If Gabapentin dose is lessened, interrupted or replaced with a similar medication, this should be done little by little over a minimum of 1 week (a longer period may be necessary at the discretion of the doctor who prescribes it).

Postherpetic Neuralgia

In grown-up patients with postherpetic neuralgia, treatment with Gabapentin may be started as a singular 300-mg dose on Day 1, 600 mg/day on Day 2, and 900 mg/day on Day 3. The dose can be then titrated up as needed for pain alleviation to a daily dose of 1800 mg. In clinical studies, efficiency was shown over a dose range from 1800 mg/day to 3600 mg/day with equivalent effects across the dose range. Extra benefit of taking doses greater than 1800 mg/day was not demonstrated.

Epilepsy

Gabapentin is prescriptible for additional therapy in patients at least 3 years of age. Effectiveness in pediatric patients below the age of 3 years has not been ascertained.

Patients 12 years of age

The successful dosage of Gabapentin is 900 to 1800 mg/day and given in divided doses (three times per day) using 300 or 400 mg capsules, or 600 or 800 mg tablets. The initial dose is 300 mg thrice daily. If necessary, the dosage could be augmented using 300 or 400 mg capsules, or 600 or 800 mg tablets three times daily up to 1800 mg/day. Amounts up to 2400 mg/day have been well accepted in long-term clinical studies. Doses of 3600 mg/day have also been given to several patients for a quite short duration, and have been well accepted. The longest time between doses in the TID schedule should not surpass 12 hours.

Kids Age 3-12 years

The first dose should be from 10-15 mg/kg/day in 3 divided doses, and the efficient dose attained by upward titration duringapproximately 3 days. The efficient dose of Gabapentin in patients more than 5 years of age is 25-35 mg/kg/day and given in divided doses (thrice a day). The effective dose in children ages 3 and 4 years is 40 mg/kg/day and administered in divided doses ((in three doses). Neurontin may be prescribed as the oral solution, capsule, or tablet, or using combinations of these formulations. Dosages up to 50 mg/kg/day have been well received in a long-term clinical study. The greatest length of time between doses should not surpass 12 hours.

If Gabapentin is not administered anymore and/or a similar anticonvulsant is added to the treatment, this should be done gradually over a minimum of 1 week.

Dosage in Renal Impairment

Dosage correction in patients at least 12 years of age with renal dysfunction or undergoing hemodialysis is prescribed following strict dosing indications above for efficient doses in each indication.

Gabapentin employment in patients less than 12 years of age with renal impairment has not been studied.

My Hand Tingles – Could I Have a Pinched Nerve? And if So, What Can I Do About It?

Having a hand fall asleep and stay asleep with numbness and tingling is often caused by a pinched nerve.

The term “pinched nerve” describes a type of damage or injury to a nerve or set of nerves. The two most common problems that cause pain and numbness in the arm and hand are carpal tunnel syndrome and a pinched nerve in the neck.

Carpal tunnel syndrome is often associated with repetitive movements with the hand such as typing or factory line work. The most common symptoms are numbness in the first two fingers, pain at the wrist and loss of grip strength. The symptoms can also involve the whole hand and radiate up the arm, and they are usually worse with movement. Symptoms often wake a person up at night due to the position of the hand during sleep.

An unusual condition, entrapment of the ulnar nerve at the wrist, is usually the result of a space-occupying lesion such as a ganglion cyst, a lipoma, or ulnar artery aneurism. Repetitive trauma, such as operating a jackhammer, sometimes causes this condition. Nerve compression is more common in people with arthritis, alcoholism, diabetes, and/or thyroid problems.

Pain is not usually a symptom of ulnar nerve entrapment at the wrist. Most patients report weakness and increasing numbness, symptoms that may be the result of direct pressure on the outside edge of the hand.

Depending on the location of the problem, ulnar nerve entrapment at the wrist produces sensory and/or motor changes to the hand. The most common of these is a tingling sensation over the ring and little fingers, as well as the loss of sensation at the tip of the little finger. There may be signs of muscle atrophy, or weakness of the muscles uses to spread the fingers apart.

A pinched nerve in the neck is caused by the nerve being compressed as it exits the spine. The problem is usually a herniated disc or a bone spur. The pain often shoots down the arm when the neck moves; it can also cause numbness and weakness.

Peripheral neuropathy is a general term for disorders of the peripheral nervous system. The peripheral nervous system is the network of nerves outside the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord) connected to the spinal cord. Peripheral neuropathy is a common condition that can cause numbness and tingling. It can be caused by diseases of the nerves or by other illnesses. Diabetes is one of the most common causes of peripheral neuropathy. Other causes may include:

o Excessive alcohol consumption

o Nutritional deficiencies

o Infection or inflammation

o Overexposure to toxic chemicals, such as mercury or lead

o Tumors

o Rheumatoid arthritis

Nerve compression problems behind the elbow are called cubital tunnel syndrome. The ulnar nerve passes through the cubital tunnel which is a bony passageway. When you “hit your funny bone” and have tingling in the small and ring fingers, you are hitting the ulnar nerve at the cubital tunnel.

Treatment for a pinched nerve usually involves resting the affected area. Pain medication may be prescribed. Occasionally corticosteroid injections are used along with splinting and physical therapy. Sometimes changes in occupational routine will be recommended. In some cases, surgery is recommended. Carpal tunnel syndrome may be managed with either closed endoscopic nerve release or open release. Cubital tunnel is managed with open release. Physical therapy and splints or collars may also be used.

Treatment for peripheral neuropathy often focuses on treating the condition that caused it–for example, controlling diabetes or repairing a ruptured disk. Physical therapy may also be recommended.

Are Video Baby Monitors Safe?

When it comes to the safety of our children and home, nothing is too much trouble. But have you thought about whether using a video baby monitors is safe? In this article, I will discuss whether these monitors can cause harm to your children and whether they can be misused by others.

You may be aware that during 2010/11 there were reports of two deaths of infants from strangulation by the electrical cords of Summer Infant video baby monitors. In both cases this was caused by the camera being placed too close to the baby’s crib, one on top of the crib rail and the other on a changing table next to the crib. To avoid further tragic incidences, Summer Infant announced a voluntary recall so they could provide new product labeling and instructions. Now instructions clearly state that the camera should be placed at least three feet from the baby’s crib.

You really don’t have to place the camera right on top of your baby in order to see them clearly. Even with night vision you can see them from at least six feet away. Also many camera’s have a zoom function so you can see them at close range.

The other aspect to video baby monitor safety is lack of security. ABC News (2010) brought to the attention of parents the fact that their babies could be seen through a baby video monitor whilst driving around the neighborhood. All the parents were absolutely shocked that other people could see their baby in their cribs and felt very concerned that they had no warning that this could happen.

The news report questioned whether this could invite burglars as well as other unwanted attention. Whilst some people thought this was really good to know, others felt that this was an irresponsible piece of news reporting, bringing this to the attention of people that could misuse baby video monitors. Whatever you feel about this, the question of your child’s safety is or should be a huge concern for all parents thinking of buying one.

You may be asking how it’s possible for other people to see your baby in it’s crib? The first thing to know is how these monitors work. A baby monitor is essentially a radio transmitter on a fixed frequency of around 49MHz, 900MHz or 2.4GHz that sends a signal from the monitor to the receiver. A signal is received either through an analog or digital transmission. Analog has been around for a long time, but given the rise in wireless devices around it’s become harder to transmit and much more open to interference. Digital wireless on the other hand is much more reliable and less open to interference.

The problem is that many wireless electronic devices such as cordless phones, microwave ovens, radios, remote controlled devices, security video cameras, smart meters for electric energy and, of course, baby monitors all run on similar frequencies. So if you have neighbors who also have baby monitors running on the same frequency, then you will be open to interference. Usually video baby monitors come with more than one channel, so if you get interference then you can switch to another channel without interference, but this doesn’t guarantee security.

Unlike WiFi computers which you can password protect, most video baby monitors don’t have any security features. This means that the signal can easily be picked up by the receiver of anyone’s video monitor in your area. Obviously people can only see the signal whilst the transmitter is on. The problem is that many people with video monitors leave them on for 24 hours which could enable a burglar to determine whether someone is at home or not.

To ensure complete security then you should look for a model that offers frequency hopping and if possible, data encryption technology as it’s highly resistant to interference. A model that offers both is the Motorola MBP36 digital video baby monitor. Unfortunately having this sort of technology comes at a higher price, but if you want peace of mind then it’s worth considering.

So are video baby monitors safe? Video baby monitors are very safe as long as you read the instructions and place the camera at least three feet away from your baby’s crib. Transmission signals are open to interception so you need to make sure that you choose the right one for your circumstances.

Children’s Health – Brain Development Disorder – Definition and Types

I. Definition

A neurodevelopmental disorder is defined as an impairment of the growth and development of the central nervous system. It effects the child’s brain function in controlling emotion, learning ability and memory as well as social interaction. Today, one in six children is diagnosed with some forms of development and behaviour disorder. It is advised for parent to have their child diagnosed early, if they found that their child is withdrawing from social world, failing to learn the basic communication skill or struggle with emotional regulation, etc.. otherwise, a child may be at risk of becoming serious lifelong disability.

II. Most common types of brain development disorder

1. Autism disorder

Autism is one most common form of brain development disorder and one in 166 child is diagnosed with some forms of autism. It is defined as medical condition in which a child has some of the following impairments

a) Speech

b) Social and communication skills

c) Limited interest

d) Repetitive behaviour

2. Asperger syndrome

Children with Asperger syndrome has no problem with speech development, but have very poor social and communication skills. they may talk a lot, but fail to focus and keep up with the subject. they also have a very narrow interest as they may talk about only one single subject for months or years. Some children with Asperger syndrome may also engage in repetitive behaviour such as flagging hand.

3. Pervasive Development disorder

Children who have developed some or mild forms of autism are considered to have pervasive development disorder. Although some symptoms or important signs of autism are missing, they are likely to diagnoses with autism or Asperger syndrome later in their life.

4. Rett Syndrome

Rett syndrome effects mostly girl, is defined as a condition of which children lose social and communication skills as well as purposely use of their hand. It may also accompany with symptoms of hand repetitive and seizures.

5. Childhood integrative disorder

Children with childhood integrative disorder may gradually lose their language, social communication and self help skills between the period of 2 -4 years old.

6. Sensory integration dysfunction

Sensory integration dysfunction is a condition of which a child fails to react to the information collected from the scene, caused by abnormal brain function in processing information. Typically, most children with sensory integration syndrome may be under sensitive in reaction to pain or noise or over sensitive in reaction to certain environments such as noise, bright light or often both.

7. Auditory processing disorder

Auditory processing disorder is defined as damaging of the neurological structures and pathways of sound perception, therefore children with this disorder are able to hear sounds but have trouble to interpret what they hear.

8. Expressive language disorder

This is defined as a condition of which the children have a limited vocabulary and difficulty in recalling words or expressing themselves by using complex sentences.

9. Speech apraxia

It is caused by the broken down of the inter-reaction between the brain in controlling the speech muscles during speech. Children with speech appraxia know what they want to say, but can not speak through their voice and their words are difficult to understand.

10. Attention deficit hyperactivity

ADHD is defined as psychological condition of which a child has a poor attention skill, impulsive behavior and hyper-activity. The symptoms may appear to be innocent but annoying nuisances to other children. It effects between 3-5% of children globally and most of them are diagnosed later in their childhood life.

11. Attention deficit disorder

Unlike ADHD, children with attention deficit disorder are diagnosed only with symptoms of poor attention skill and impulsive behaviour. Although, the symptoms may appear only annoying to other children, it can inflict the learning ability of the children in the class.

12. Mental retardation

Metal retardation is considered as a generalized disorder. Children with mental retardation normally fail to adapt or adjust to another type of behaviour or situation. They also have a below average IQ ( 70 or lower) and difficulty in performing routine activity.

13. Hearing impairment

Hearing impairment is characterized as a child have a reduce of the ability to detect or understand sounds. Since the children can not hear well, it may interfere with normal progress of social and communication skills causing disruptive behaviour.

14. Seizure disorder (Epilepsy)

Since the normal function of neurons is to generate electrochemical impulses to act on other neurons, glands, and muscles to produce human thoughts, the damage or abnormal function of neurons in case of seizure disorder interferes with sensations, emotions, and behavior, resulting in delay or loss of social and communication skills.

15. Nonverbal learning disorder

The problems of the nonverbal learning disorder are not speech and memory, they may seem normal when they talk and understand what they hear, but in abstracted thinking such as non-verbal problem-solving, daily change of routine and social skills.

16. Traumatic brain injury

Traumatic brain injury normally caused by physical impacts such as car accident or lack of oxygen circulated in their body for a certain amount of time that damage certain areas of the brain in controlling speech, thinking, behaviour and social skills.

17. Fragile X syndrome

Fragile X syndrome is defined as a genetic defect. Children with this syndrome have difficult to control the physical, intellectual, emotional and behavioural aspects in their daily activity as resulting of inherited cause of mental retardation.

18. Tuberous sclerosis

This another type of genetic disease, which causes tumor to be growth in the brain and other organ, leading to seizure, delay development, behaviour problem and sometimes mental retardation.

19. William syndrome

William syndrome is a genetic defect, caused by a deletion of about 26 genes from the long arm of chromosome. Children with William syndrome appear to have unusual language skill and eager for social interaction, but can also be mental retardation and heart problems.

20. Angelman syndrome

This is a condition caused by deletion or inactivation of genes on the maternally inherited chromosome 15. Children with this type of syndrome have severe mental retardation that effect their intellectual and interfere with normal development. The syndrome also accompanies with unexplained smiling and laughing.

21. Prader-Willi syndrome

Prader-Will syndrome is also another genetic defect caused by missing or partial missing of the seven genes on chromosome 15. Children who was born with Prader-Willi syndrome have delay development and feeding difficulty in infancy and develop compulsive eating and food obsession after age one.

22. Phenylketonuria

Phenylketonuria is a genetically metabolic disorder caused by deficiency of phenylalanine hydroxylase, leading to accumulation of phenylalanine, interfering with development of the brain, causing severe brain damage, mental retardation if it is not controlled by a special diet in their early life.

23. Early-onset childhood bipolar disorder

It is also known as manic-depression. Children who are diagnosed with this disorder have symptoms of frequent mood swing, alternate thinking and behaviour .

24. Obsessive-compulsive disorder

Obsessive-compulsive disorder is characterized as a children life is disrupted by unwanted, unnecessary and repetitive thought, as well as an overwhelming need to do certain thing compulsively such as washing their hand many times a day, drinking a cup water before leaving home, etc.

25. Generalized anxiety disorder

It is a kind of anxiety disorder. Children with generalized anxiety disorder always worry about something, restlessness and fear without reason.

26. Selective mutism

Selective mutism is defined as another type of anxiety in which a child who is normally capable of speech is unable to speak or becomes silent in certain situations or in front of specific people.

27. Oppositional defiant disorder

Oppositional defiant disorder is defined as an ongoing pattern of uncooperative, disobedient, hostile and defiant behaviour toward parent and authority.

28. Pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorder association with streptococcal infection ( PANDAS)

It is defined as a condition in which the immune system attack the child central nervous system, leading to behaviour, thinking and movement problems.

29. Reactive attachment disorder

Reactive attachment disorder is defined as an inappropriate social behaviour caused by severe early experiences of neglect, abuse of parent or caregivers between the ages of six months and three years.

30. Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is described as a mental disorder characterized by abnormalities in the perception or expression of reality caused by inability of a child to cope with the change in the internal or external environment, leading to hallucination and delusion.

Illnesses That Mimic Strep Throat

When you get that sore throat coming on, do you automatically think of strep throat? Is strep throat the only thing that causes a sore throat and swollen glands in the neck? The answer of course is no. There are several diseases that can mimic having strep throat and there are subtle ways of knowing which are which.

When the condition is, in fact, strep throat, you have a serious sore throat, swollen glands in the neck, and a high fever. You usually have no nasal symptoms and your voice isn’t that hoarse. You hardly ever have a cough and the throat feels full, just like you have golf balls in it.

If you have, for example, a virus that is causing a cold, most notably an adenovirus infection, your symptoms are a bit different. Your throat feels tender but you mostly have a scratchy or itchy throat. The tonsils may be red but generally aren’t as swollen as they are in strep throat. You generally have nasal congestion along with the sore throat and this can be a lot of nasal congestion. Generally the nasal congestion is worse than the sore throat when you have a cold virus. You have little or no fever when you are suffering from this condition. You don’t usually have to see the doctor as this condition is self-limited and you’ll get better in a week or so.

You can have a sore throat when the condition is, in fact, bronchitis. The soreness in the throat involves the lower part of the throat and often is scratchy or itchy. A cough is relatively prominent and you generally experience a worsening of the sore throat when you cough a lot. You have little or no fever and the cough is more prominent than the sore throat. You generally don’t have to see the doctor for this kind of thing unless you are coughing up green or yellow sputum or run a fever. You also may need to see the doctor if you are asthmatic and are prone to complications of bronchitis, such as pneumonia.

You can have other bacteria causing a sore throat such as a staph infection or other pathogenic bacteria. The symptoms can be exactly like a sore throat but generally you won’t have as much of a fever with these sorts of infections. Most of the time you should see a doctor with this sort of infection because it is hard to tell the difference between this sort of infection and a strep infection. Only a throat culture can really tell the difference between the two types of infections.

A tonsillar abscess can act like a regular case of strep throat but is much worse. The whole side of the oral cavity near the tonsils is swollen to the point that the uvula can be pushed to the side. This means that there is a strep infection that has formed an abscess in the area behind the tonsils. This is a severe condition that needs immediate medical attention and surgery to drain the abscess.

Do Swollen Tonsils Create Tonsil Stones?

Have you ever noticed that when you have swollen tonsils there are tonsil stones for some strange reason? Or is this really the case? Is there a link between the two?

First we have to look at the reason for the swelling of the tonsils. Although some people think that tonsils swell because of tonsil stones this is not the case. Tonsil swell because of something called tonsillitis. A virus triggers tonsillitis. The virus can bring about complications such as strep throat, fever, ear and throat pain.

Tonsillitis also is accompanied very often with white pus in the back of the throat. The whiteness of the pus is often confused with tonsil stones. This confusion is what makes people believe that there is a link. However, when the pus bursts or goes away it leaves scarring, also known as crypts. In these crypts is where tonsil stones grow.

When there is swelling this is a sign of tonsillitis and is therefore a reason to seek medical attention. Strep throat is a reason for concern and it is important not to let the condition worsen. Tonsil balls however are not a reason for concern.

Tonsil stones are simply caused when oral bacteria, postnasal drip, mucous, food residue, and dead white blood cells come together in these crypts and then harden. It is therefore common for them to grow during a sinus infection, flu, common cold or allergies. The residue that grows in these crypts then comes off at some point on their own. When they come out it is easy to recognize them for their bitter taste and awful smell.

As you can see there isn’t a link between tonsillitis and tonsil stones. Although they do not cause health problems they do bring about other discomforts such as bad breath. It is important to note that there are easy treatments which can be done at home and which can eliminate this problem permanently.

Metabolic Syndrome – The Silent Heart Epidemic

“All parts of the body which have a function, if used in moderation and exercise in labours in which each is accustomed, become thereby healthy, well-developed and age slowly, but if unused and left idle they become liable to disease, defective growth, and age quickly.” Hippocrates

Metabolic Syndrome represents a group of markers that increases your risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease and other pathologic states. People with the metabolic syndrome, have one and a half to three times the risk of getting cardiovascular disease compared to otherwise normal people. If there is associated diabetes, the risk goes up many times more. It is estimated by the American Heart Association, that 50 million American adults have it, and many of them don’t even know it. It is a true “silent epidemic.” Unfortunately, an alarming number of children also suffer from this syndrome.

Metabolic syndrome is present if there are three or more of the following abnormalities present in a person: abdominal obesity measured as a waist circumference more than 102 cm in men and more than 88 cm in women, raised triglycerides of more than 150 mg/dl, good HDL cholesterol levels of less than 40 mg/dl in men and less than 50 mg/dl in women, elevated blood pressure with readings more than 130/85 and raised plasma glucose of more than 110 mg/dl. The International Diabetes Foundation however suggests different criteria for the waist circumference. For people of European descent, the waist circumference is abnormal if it is more than 94 cm in men and more than 80 cm in women, for those of South Asian descent, men more than 90 cm and women more than 80 cm and for Japanese people, more than 85 cm for men and more than 90 cm for women. The rest of the criteria remain the same.

You are at an increased risk of having metabolic syndrome if you are:

Older: The older you are, the higher the risk of suffering from metabolic syndrome. It affects almost 40% of the people who are in their 60s.

Ethnically Different: Hispanics, Native American or South Asian people are at a higher risk.

Obese: A body mass index (BMI) greater than 25 increases your risk of metabolic syndrome.

Apple shaped: Abdominal obesity increasing your waist circumference increases your chance of having metabolic syndrome.

Diabetes Prone: People with a family history of diabetes or with a history of diabetes during pregnancy are more likely to have metabolic syndrome.

Certain Diseases: If you have high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease or polycystic ovary syndrome – your risk of metabolic syndrome is increased.

Gami and associates recently did a meta analysis of 37 studies on metabolic syndrome and reported their data in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology in 2007. This study reviewed the results of clinical trials involving 172,573 people, and found a significantly increased risk of cardiovascular events and death in people with the metabolic syndrome. This is not unexpected – data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey of 15,000 subjects showed that for each 1″ increase in waist circumference, the risk for blood pressure increases by 10%, total cholesterol increases by 8%, triglycerides increase by 18%, and the good HDL decreases by 15%. And these are all risk factors for cardiovascular disease and premature death.

Other heart deleterious abnormalities in patients with metabolic syndrome include an increase in the small dense highly utilizable bad LDL particles, increase in factors such as fibrinogen and PAI-1 which increase blood clotting, increased 5inflammation as measured by markers such as CRP and TNF-@, and decreased cardio protective adiponectin. There is also an increase in other factors associated with an increased cardiovascular risk, namely increased homocysteine and uric acid, obstructive sleep apnea and erectile dysfunction.

Metabolic syndrome can be improved by making positive lifestyle changes. These include:

Lose Weight. You can reduce your risk of metabolic syndrome and improve your health by losing as little as ten pounds. Eat right and exercise more.

Increase Physical Activity. Even light exercise helps. Exercise for about 30 minutes most days of the week, and you will reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke, control your weight, and reduce insulin resistance.

Lower Blood Pressure. Physical activity and weight loss will also help reduce your blood pressure. Medications may be needed to bring your blood pressure under control.

Lower Cholesterol. The bad LDL cholesterol can be reduced by a diet low in saturated fats and high in fiber. Exercise can help increase your good HDL cholesterol levels. Cholesterol-lowering medications may be prescribed by your doctor.

Stop Smoking. Smoking is the number one preventable cause of heart disease. You will decrease your risk for heart disease, stroke, and certain cancers by quitting smoking..

Eat Better: Eat more whole grains, beans, fruits and vegetables. These items are packed with dietary fiber, which can lower your insulin and cholesterol levels.

So check yourself in the mirror. Are you an apple or a pear? Get a complete physical examination. Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of factors that can be altered, resulting in better health and a lesser risk of cardiovascular disease. Remember, as Shakti Gawain said, “We always attract into our lives whatever we think about most, believe in most strongly, expect on the deepest level, and imagine most vividly.”

What Are Signs of Diabetes – First 8 Symptoms of Diabetes

Diabetes is a serious medical condition. If left untreated it is not only lifelong but also life threatening. It is estimated that more than 20 million individuals are suffering from symptoms of diabetes in United States of America alone. More alarming figure is that around 6 million of the above figures are not yet diagnosed with diabetes. These unlucky individuals are experiencing diabetic symptoms but are not ware of their medical condition.

What Are First 8 Symptoms Of Diabetes?

Diabetes is generally diagnosed when a person visits his family doctor for the treatment of other problems. There are some earliest signs of diabetes that people confuse and attribute them to other medical conditions.

Frequent Urination: The frequency of urination of the person increases because of the increased level of sugar in blood. This increases the amount of blood that is flowing through the kidneys. However some people also start to experience frequent urination as they get older. Mostly this condition is written off as they are getting older. If the underlying cause is diabetes it must be diagnosed. If this chronic medical condition is left untreated it may lead to kidney failure as well.

Extreme Thirst: As kidneys are extracting more water from the body; to restock the water supply the body experiences an unquenchable thirst.

Excessive Hunger: There is a deficiency of insulin in the body and the cells are unable to get adequate amount of energy for the processing of body functions. The cells get energy starved and give signals to the brain that they are hungry. Though the food is around but the cells are unable to extract glucose from the food because of lack f insulin.

Sudden or Unexplained Weight Loss: As mentioned earlier the lack of insulin causes the cells to stay away from energy. The body needs energy for its processing. It starts to break down the muscle and the fat mass of the body to get enough energy. The result is then sudden or unexplained weight loss.

Fatigue: Decrease level of energy cause the diabetic person to feel fatigued tired or even completely exhausted after the routine work.

Irritability, Mood Swings and Depression: The diabetic becomes irritable and depressed because of the drastic changes and the undiagnosed signs and symptoms of diabetes experienced by him.

Impaired Vision or Blurriness in Vision: More blood flows through the retina of eye which results in the swelling of eye lens. The blurriness in vision is experienced. If left untreated it may result in complete blindness as well.

Numbness or Tingling In Extremities: Numbness is experienced generally in leg, feet, hands or arms.

If you are experiencing any of the above mentioned warning signs of diabetes it is important to get tested.

Remember diabetes is not an illness that will go by itself. Further it only progresses if left untreated. It is the 6th leading cause of death in USA.

So do not be the next victim of this chronic ailment.

Obesity – Personal Responsibility Or Societal Responsibility?

Do you think that you have control over your weight? Some of us doubt our control and others of us “know” we have control. To those that are thin, weight issues are merely a matter of simple diet and exercise. Anyone who is fat, is then considered too lazy to workout and eat right.

The Battle Rages On

In light of culture telling you to take responsibility, each of us strives to take responsibility into our lives. Nobody wants to be the lazy one or the person that lacks motivation. In the end, we all want to lose weight. We incorporate self responsibility and feel failure and lack of self esteem if our plans do not work out. In light of this battle, with self, let’s consider some basic facts about personal responsibility.

People are Losing the Battle

The truth of the matter is that obesity is skyrocketing. People are getting fatter and the numbers are growing. There are zillions of diet plans out there, gyms to work out at, home gyms, row machines, elliptical machines, thigh busters, gut masters, and more. The message has always been to be responsible with your weight. So, what has happened? Have people become less responsible than they used to be?

In the era of personal responsibility, people are taking on more and more each and every year. The work week continues to get higher. People are working two or three jobs. Most homes have dual income earners. Extra time is becoming a precious commodity that nobody has much of. In reality, people are more responsible now than ever.

Societal Responsibility

There are societies like China that have an obesity rate at around 2%. Compared with the 35% rate in the United States that is extremely low. Statistics like this point to the idea that societal factors make a huge difference in outcomes.

Cities Fight Back

Some cities are fighting back. Some cities have refused to allow fast food to come into their area. Some cities are promoting fitness for children and adults. Some cities are encouraging the consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables by placing them in lots of accessible places.

Many of these cities have become very successful at reducing obesity in their areas. One of the most successful states with obesity is Colorado and that is because they have tried to encourage restaurants to serve healthy portions and to have lots of outdoor areas to get exercise.

Food Lobby Encourages Personal Responsibility

Yes, there is a food lobby, a soda lobby, a candy bar lobby, and even a bubble gum lobby. There are highly paid people out there with one goal and that is to increase your consumption of foods that are terrible for you. They try and influence people with money and advertise junk food to your children. What is their main argument?

Their main argument is to that it is a personal choice and to take personal responsibility. The only thing is that they are backed by lots of people and money working together in a cohesive way. Like them, society must work together and battle these corporations.

The worst thing we can do is to fall for the line that we should take personal responsibility and then as a group do nothing. As a group, efforts to curb obesity have been proven to work well. Many changes need to take place because we are the fattest nation on earth with no end in sight.

Amoxicillin Rash – How to Deal With it and Assist Your Skin to Heal

A rash can occur due to taking antibiotics that can result in red, itchy skin. One antibiotic that one can be allergic to is amoxicillin. If your skin erupts after taking an antibiotic, don’t consider it a side effect. It means you are having an allergic reaction the medication you are taking. There are different classes of antibiotics and your doctor can give you or child something different to take instead that your system will accept. If you can’t take amoxicillin without getting a rash, you also shouldn’t take penicillin.

An amoxicillin rash is often on the trunk of the body. Your doctor may refer to it as maculopapular exanthem. It doesn’t have to appear immediately. Some people may not get a drug rash reaction for eight day later or longer. The rash may also be due to the underlying infection that the medication was prescribed for to begin with. In some cases, if there is a very bad infection and there is no alternative to taking amoxicilin, it may be necessary. On the whole, there are other medications that can be prescribed to treat the infection. There are some serious reactions such as Steven Johnson Syndrome from a drug medication so once the causality is established, it’s important to discontinue the medication. Steven Johnson Syndrome is rare but a serious situation which can be fatal. Toxic epidermal necrolysis is another problem that can develop due to a drug reaction.

Taking an oatmeal bath is soothing for an amoxicillin rash and benadryl will help relieve the itching. If you are watching your own child struggling with an itchy drug rash reaction, it can be difficult as a parent. Drinking water will help to flush your system. A drug reaction needs to be taken seriously as it can impair breathing for some individuals. For kids, it can be scary seeing a scalp rash and possible ankle swelling in addition to incessant itching. Be sure to tell your doctor as well as dentist whenever you or your child needs a medication for any type of infection as sometimes amoxicillin is prescribed for dental procedures as well.

Red, Irritated Penis Skin – How to Treat It, How to Avoid It

It is a natural reaction for men to worry if they start noticing their penis skin becoming red and irritated. The usual culprits for these skin conditions are frequent masturbation or aggressive sex that can result in red, irritated penis skin. However, an inflammation of the penile glans (often referred to as balanitis) is quite common. It is predominantly a condition seen in young boys under and men who have not been circumcised. Red, irritated penis skin is also less common in men who use a penis health creme on a regular basis to protect their penis from irritation and redness.

What Other Symptoms May Be Noticed?

As well as the penile skin become red and irritated, men with the condition may notice their penis becoming particularly sensitive and sore. The redness may be seen in an isolated area or it may affect the whole glans of the penis. There may also be a thick discharge emanating from the penis, which many men mistakenly take to mean they have contracted an STD, while pain during urination and a loss of the ability to pull back the foreskin may also be experienced.

What Causes These Symptoms?

There may be a number of reasons why the penis skin becomes red and irritated:

• Lack of proper hygiene – irritation of the penis can be exasperated by not properly washing and maintaining care of the penis. Excess smegma can form around the base of the glans if it is not cleaned properly and can cause redness and irritation, particularly if the foreskin is tight

• STDs – although it is possible for conditions like herpes and gonorrhoea to cause balanitis, they are not usually the root cause. Many men often worry needlessly that their symptoms are the result of a contracted STD, when usually it is some other minor reason that is causing the problem

• Infection – aside from STD infection, other fungal diseases can cause problems. Candida is a small bacterium that lives on the skin and can lead to balanitis in men (it is also the same bacteria that causes women to suffer from vaginal thrush). These bacterial infections may often be sped up due to a number of factors – for example, if a man has diabetes or a pre-existing allergy, balanitis may occur quicker

• Bodily and chemical irritants – lack of a proper hygiene regime may cause sweat and other bodily fluids to build up around the glans, leading to it becoming inflamed. Additionally, many men experience the problem when they switch to a new soap, as the chemicals in the product can have an irritating effect on the penile skin. Spermicides and other powerful chemicals found on condoms may exasperate an existing redness or irritation as well.

How Is A Disease Diagnosed?

General practice is for a doctor to use a swab directly under the penis. This swab is then tested for infections while the patient may also be given a diabetes test. Occasionally, referral to a penis specialist may be required.

How Do You Prevent These Symptoms?

As mentioned previously, keeping the penis clean and hygienic is the best way to prevent redness and irritation. Men who are prone to these symptoms should also try using a condom designed for sensitive skin, and condoms should NEVER be used more than once. There are also various penis emollients and creams that can soothe penile redness and irritation.

For example, the penis specific vitamins and minerals that make up Man1 Man Oil can help protect the penis from infection and various other diseases, as well as ensure the penis skin does not become red and irritated.

Methods to Get Rid of Toenail Fungus

The skin tissues in the toe easily affected by the micro organism namely fungus, There are some methods to get rid of toenail fungus and to prevent it.

All types of infection in the body and on the body are due to the micro organism fungus, this fungus is of several types and infection, diseases are also several types. Some fungal infection develops life threatening diseases. Fungus also attacks the plants and animal life. This dangerous infection can be prevented through some methods.

Human diseases are caused by more than fifty species of fungus. The mechanisms of fungal infection include three stages before complete attack. Hyper sensitivity in skin tissues is first stage. That results in allergic problem. Example of this stage is asthma complaint which due to the infection of aspergillus.

The second stage of the mechanism is poisoning state, which results in tumors on the affected organ. The third stage is caused by the organism namely opportunistic; this third state fungal infection is mycoses, most of the time it won’t develop dangerous diseases. But possibilities are there for life threatening diseases.

Fungal infection can easily spread from one person to the other. It quickly reacted in less resistive body. The common infection parts are skin, nails, hair and scalp. Fungus easily spreads through contaminated objects and wounds on the skin. Some fungus infection are challenging to treat when internal organs attacked by it like infection in urinary track of the body

Fungal infection is due to many reasons but the unpleasant surprise is some medicines and drugs cause fungal infection. Tolterodine, Aldara, Remicade, Antibiotics, Mycophenolate, Broad-spectrum antibiotics, Minoxidil tablets, CellCept, Loniten tablets, Detrol, Infliximab, Detrol LA, Immunosuppressants, Imiquimod are some medicines cause fungal infections.

Possibility of fungal infection is high in tissues of nails. Toenails get attacked by fungus than the finger nails. It is challengeable to so many people to get rid of toenail fungus. Toe nail fungus is common in old age people, diabetic complaint patients. It’s very rare in younger age peoples.

Topical medicines alone are not enough to get rid of toenail fungus. Because fungal infection medicines may not suit for liver or kidney problem patients, extreme care is essential on those patients when they affected by fungus infection. The duration to take medicines may 6 weeks, or 6 months or more than that based on which part is affected and how worse it is.

If it’s a starting stage of fungal infection then it’s possible to get rid toenail fungus shortly by some preventive measures. Wear cotton gloves, or other water proof foot wear while involving in water activities. Anti fungal foot powder can be used to keep the feet always dry. Use separate nail cutter or trimmer on infected nail, usage of same nail cutter may spread the fungus.

Oral medicines to fungal infection are very traditional procedure. Home remedies and medical treatments both proved to produce effective results in curing the infection. Some medicines to get rid of toenail fungus Abelcet, AmBisome, Amphotericin B lipid complex, Amphotericin B Liposomal.