Patella Stabilization – Stop Dislocating Kneecaps & Promote Stability After Meniscus Injuries

How You Can Benefit from Using a Patella Stabilization Knee Brace

Introduction : Knee braces are used commonly to help protect the knee and prevent injury of the knee from occurring. There are different styles, types and levels of knee brace that all offer different levels of protection to the knee area. Patella stabilization knee braces are commonly used for dislocating kneecap problems where the patella will slide out of place (usually laterally). This can be painful and disturbing as you watch it happen.

1.) Choosing The Best Knee Support

Some people are not sure what type of knee brace they need for their particular injury or condition. Typically, knee braces that provide a lot of support and stabilization are used for injuries that are already existing and after knee surgeries. Elastic knee braces or knee sleeves are commonly used for arthritis or other degenerative conditions of the knee that do not require as much protection and stabilization. Patella stabilization knee braces are designed to keep the patella from shifting from side to side during movements and can help torn ligaments have a chance to heal by keeping the knee in place.

2.) Meniscus Injuries & Improved Support

Meniscus tears are some of the most common injuries that can happen to the knee joint and knee area. The meniscus is a rubbery disc that protects the knee area. Everyone has two menisci around their knees. One is the medial meniscus and the other is the lateral meniscus. A meniscus tear is caused to the knee by turning quickly; twisting quickly and often when the foot is planted on the ground and the knee is in a bent position. Knee braces are commonly recommended for those who suffer from a meniscus tear and can help promote healing.

3.) Constant Strees & Our Knees

Our knees are one of the most heavily relied upon joints in our bodies, and we rely on our knees to carry the weight of our entire bodies every day that we move and in virtually every movement that we make. The constant stress that we put on our knees can cause them to wear down or weaken over time and that can lead to them becoming vulnerable knee injuries. Knee braces can help treat and prevent other knee injuries from occurring and can also help bring relief to those who have injuries to the knee. (This article can help, but remember to consult your physician for medical advice regarding your knee problems.)

Sports Injuries

Sports injuries are a major concern for all sports teams. No team wants any of its players to be injured. The team will suffer because its talent will not be able to play and contribute to the team’s success. Moreover, an injured players will cost a team because of the medical care and attention that she or he required. Moreover, even no athlete wants to be injured. An inured athlete is basically useless: she or he cannot contribute to the team and cannot even practice.

Sports injuries can occur to athletes of all levels, from elementary school children to professionals. Many sports injuries are common. Sprained ankles, for example, affect many athletes. The more athletes have to run, the more stress their ankles experience. For example, after 4 quarters of almost continuous running, a basketball player’s chances of spraining her or his ankle increase dramatically. Or, when a basketball player jumps for a shot and lands, her or his ankle may get sprained because the player lands too hard.

Another common injury that athletes sustain is broken bones. After running for years, or getting hit continuously, as football players do, the body starts to wear down. The bones, after absorbing lots of force, begin to crack little by little. As a result, basketball players, whose knees get pounded, or football or hockey players, whose entire bodies get pounded, are likely to break bones.

Back injury or strain is another major sports injury. The spinal column is an integral body part when it comes to sports, as the spinal column is connected to other bodily movements and thus it also takes a lot of strain when athletes’ play exerts force on other body parts.

These sports injuries are among the more common sports injuries. They occur rather regularly and can be treated efficiently. There are other sports injuries, however, that are more serious and more dangerous that these. One such sports injury is the concussion. Concussions are injuries that affect the brain and are caused when an athlete’s head gets hit. Concussions usually occur to football and soccer players because their heads get hit. Football players tackle one another and soccer players often hit the soccer ball with their head. Additionally hockey players often experience concussions after they body check each other. Another serious sports injury is fractured collar bone. The collar bone is a very delicate bone, and it can tolerate any excessive force well.

An Overview of Feeding Tubes for Children With Cerebral Palsy

Some children with cerebral palsy have difficulty or are unable to feed themselves. Some have trouble ingesting important medications. In these cases, parents may consider utilizing a feeding tube to ensure their child receives adequate nutrition.

Clearly, the decision to use a feeding tube requires the participation of doctors and nutritionists. It may be that your child isn’t experiencing adequate caloric intake and is experiencing a lack of appropriate weight gain. Even if their weight is within the prescribed spectrum, they may be deficient in certain vitamin intake.

If you are considering a feeding tube, your child’s physician will be able to direct you to the most appropriate type. Tubes can be inserted through the nose, leading to the stomach, or directly into the stomach wall. This will be done with the child under anesthesia, so the procedure should be painless.

Some of the types and terms you may want to familiarize yourself with:

G-tube (Gastrostomy Tube) – refers to a tube inserted through the abdomen into the stomach. It is primarily used when long-term feeding is foreseen.

PEG tubes – PEG stands for “percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy.” It is a type of G-tube inserted endoscopically into the stomach.

Bard Buttons – named for the company that manufactures them, a bard button is a G-tube with an external “button” that sits flush with the skin. An extension tube is connected to facilitate feeding.

Nasogastric (NG) Tubes – a tube that is inserted through one nostril, passing through the esophagus and into the stomach. This is usually only used for short term needs. It does not require a surgical procedure to insert.

Nasojejunal (NJ) and Nasoduodenal (ND) tubes – these tubes are very similar to NG Tubes, except that they are ultimately thread into the middle section of the small intestine (the jejunum) or the duodenum (the first part of the small intestine, just beyond the stomach). These are for children who, for whatever reason, cannot tolerate feeding into the stomach.

If it is determined that your child will benefit from the use of one of these feeding tubes, the next step in the process is to work with the doctor and/or nutritionist to determine what type of formula will most benefit them. There are both commercially made formulas as well as recipes for creating your own at home.

The general term for the process of installing a feeding tube is known as “gastrostomy.”

Stamm gastrostomy – the open surgical placement of a tube through an incision in the abdomen. The stomach is sutured to the peritoneum at the exact site.

Janeway gastrostomy – the creation of a permanent gastric fistula by means of a laparoscopic procedure. Laparoscopic refers to a procedure that is a less invasive alternative to open surgery.

Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy (PEG) – as mentioned above, this is considered a non-surgical method of inserting a feeding tube. The patient needs only mild sedation for this type of procedure.

Complications that sometimes arise from the use of a feeding tube include 1) accidental inhalation of the formula 2) choking 3) bacterial infections 4) organ rupture. These complications are somewhat rare and usually result from improper use or cleaning of the device, but they present enough of a risk to stimulate debate on whether children should be force fed in this manner. Despite the risks, many children with cerebral palsy have benefitted and thrived from an upgrade in their nutritional intake. As long as a serious commitment is made to properly monitor and maintain whatever device is used, you should have no problems.

Hernia Symptoms – Important Indicators

A hernia is a protrusion of a certain structure, tissue or part of a certain organ through the muscle tissue by which it is contained. It is composed of three parts-hernial sac, orifice and its contents. Most organs affected are the intestine or abdominal tissue.

There are a lot of factors that result to the formation of hernias. Some causes include heavy lifting, coughing, obesity and chronic lung diseases. Symptoms include swelling, pain, nausea, constipation, urinary symptoms and others.

The first symptom that is very obvious is the presence of a bulge underneath the skin of the abdominal area. The site of the bulge varies depending on the type of hernia. If there are activities such as exercising or lifting, the pressure increases. Consequently, the size of the bulge slowly increases.

A patient suffering from this painful condition experiences pain in different forms-dull, burning or sharp. There is pain because the tissue surrounding the hole is torn or is being stretched resulting to damage. There are different types of pain-localized, referred and generalized. Localized pain is experienced when the pain is on the exact spot of the hernial tear. Referred, on the other hand, is the pain felt at a distant area. Finally, generalized pain occurs when the entire organ is feeling pain.

Nausea, vomiting and constipation are also symptoms. As hernia traps the intestine, the flow of food through it is blocked. Consequently, the patient experiences nausea and vomiting. If the intestine is not entirely blocked, nausea and poor eating habits are experienced. Because normal flow of food is blocked, stool is blocked as well making the patient experience constipation.

Urinary symptoms can be experienced when the bladder is trapped. These symptoms include hesitancy, urinary burning, bladder stones, frequency, frequent infections and others. This condition may also result to impotence-the inability to maintain an erection, loss of ejaculation, which is very rare, dyspareunia-painful intercourse for females and localized inflammation.

Help Interpreting Your Spinal X-Ray Results

An X-ray is one kind of imaging test done to assess internal areas of the body. They are less thorough but cheaper than the popular MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) test, which can provide a picture of both the body’s soft and hard tissues. X-rays provide a clear picture of bones, whereas softer tissues appear as shades of gray.

An X-ray may be ordered if you have back pain to assess the alignment of your spine, its curvatures, the spaces between vertebrae and the condition of spinal joints. X-rays can also indicate the presence of disc degeneration, infections, tumors and bone spurs in the spine.

Many patients are given the reports of their X-rays without receiving an understandable interpretation of what they mean. People with back pain are left wondering what problems are affecting their spines and how severe they are. Online forums are full of people asking for help interpreting their X-ray results. The following explanations may help you understand what your imaging test indicates.

Spinal Anatomy

First, you must understand how vertebrae are named. The top seven vertebrae beginning at the neck make up the cervical spine. Below this, there are 12 vertebrae composing the thoracic spine, 10 of which connect to the ribs. Below this is the lumbar spine, made up of 5 vertebrae. The sacrum attaches to the bottom lumbar vertebrae; it is a large, triangular bone made up of several bones fused together. The coccyx, or tailbone, sits below the sacrum.

The bones of the spine are named with the first letter of the spine section (C for cervical, T for thoracic and so on) and a number denoting its position in the segment (1 for the highest vertebra, 2 for the next one down and so on).

Next, use the following glossary of medical terms to make sense of your X-ray results.

Glossary

Anterior: The front-most part; closest to the front side of the body

Arthritis: Wearing down of the cartilage that protects bone ends at a joint

Arthrosis: A joint

Degenerative Disc Disease: The general condition of discs wearing down, due to either age or overuse

Disc Space: The amount of space a disc takes up and separates vertebrae by. Decreased space means the disc is degenerating, bulging or herniating.

Facets: Joints that connect vertebrae together in the posterior section of the bones.

Foramen/Neuroforamen: The hole between vertebrae through which nerves within the spinal canal exit to reach other parts of the body

Fracture: A break in the continuity of a bone

Fused: A condition that occurs when two bones literally fuse or grow together.

Kyphosis: Outward curvature, naturally found in the thoracic spine. If kyphosis is lost where it is supposed to be, spinal discs will experience excess posterior pressure.

Lordosis: Inward curvature, naturally found in lumbar and cervical spine segments. If lordosis is lost, spinal discs may experience excess anterior pressure.

Posterior: The back-most part; closest to the back of the body

Retrolisthesis: The backward movement of a vertebra

Sacroiliac Joints: Formed where the large hip bones meet the sacrum on each side at the base of the spine; susceptible to hyper- or hypo-mobility

Sagittal Alignment: The alignment of your spine as seen from the side; assesses where the sacrum is relative to the top cervical spine; can show lordosis or kyphosis

Scoliosis: Sideways curvature of the spine

Spondylitis: Inflammation of the joints between spinal bones

Spondylolisthesis: The forward movement of a vertebra

Spondylolysis: The breaking of a facet joint; could lead to spondylolisthesis

Spur: A small fragment of bone that forms due to injury or prolonged friction between bones

Stenosis: Narrowing of the spinal canal in which the bundle of nerves composing the spinal cord runs; caused by bone spur, disc or anything else protruding into the canal.

Transverse Process: Bony protrusions, one at each side of each vertebra, responsible for attaching ligaments and muscles to the spine.

This glossary should help you understand the results of your X-ray. For more back pain terms, see http://www.spine-health.com/glossary.

If your doctor is unable or unwilling to help you understand the results of your imaging test, you will need to do your own research. Understanding the medical jargon and some basic facts about the spine will put you in a position to be an empowered, informed patient.

The Miracle 10 – How Can You Help Your Sciatica?

Are you one of the countless thousands of adults with sciatica? Do you wake up in the morning with back pain that ravels down your leg? Are there activities that make you sweat, as your sciatica gives you that stab in the buttocks?

Would you love to be like so many others and move around pain free? Being able to do everything you wish to do, not restricted as sciatica rules your life. Just imagine what you could do again.

Did you know there are 10 miracle tips that can help you to remove your sciatica and make life enjoyable once again? Here they are…

Miracle Tip 1: Rest – exercise is great at keeping you fit and strong, but once sciatica occurs it pays to ease up or stop exercising for now. The Piriformis muscle which is a common cause of sciatica, can get irritated with exercise that jars your body. So ease up on running, tennis, basketball, soccer and other explosive activity sports. Walking, swimming and other low impact sport is still good.

Miracle Tip 2: Stretch – the lower back muscles and buttock muscles tighten with sciatica. The Piriformis if tight can cause sciatica, but the muscles surrounding the area will also tighten when pain is present. A gentle stretch to each muscle group helps to remove tension form the area and allow your sciatica to heal faster.

To stretch the Piriformis (which helps directly with your sciatica) lie on your back and gently pull your knee towards your opposite shoulder. Hold this as you feel a tightness not pain, hold for 6 seconds, drop your leg down and repeat 5 times. This will help ease tension quickly. For the best stretches and the best ways to stretch this area just visit back stretches

Miracle Tip 3: Ice It – in the first 48 hours use ice. Ice helps to remove pain and any inflammation. Place ice on the area for 10 minutes only, then rest for 10 minutes and then repeat so that you have 3 sessions of ice on the area. Do this every few hours for the first day and then 3-4 times the next day. In this time most sciatica should ease and settle.

After 48 hours alternate ice with heat, finishing with 10 minutes of heat. Sciatica should settle by itself within a few days, if not the final tips are most important.

Miracle Tip 4: Posture – as most of you will sit in your job, sitting straight is important. Try supporting your lower back with a cushion or Lumbar Roll to ease pressure. Avoid sitting in chairs or couches that allow you to slouch. It may feel comfortable while sitting there, but getting out of the chair can cause more damage as you strain to get out. Posture is important, but the best advise is …

Miracle Tip 5: Move It – do sit or stand for more than 20-30 minutes. Any prolonged posture builds tension in your muscles and joints. After all you are a movement based system, so move it often. With movement you improve the blood supply to the area, you also help muscles to ease their tension and keep joints moving. Sciatica is caused by tight muscles and joints, movement helps ease this tightness.

Miracle Tip 6: Sleep On It – sleep is very restorative. Healing speeds up and damage is repaired quicker. If you find your sciatica is preventing you sleeping then follow the advice of tips 8 and 10.

Miracle Tip 7: Drink More – water I mean not booze. Muscles, joints and inflammation all respond well to fluid levels. If you are hydrated more then you heal faster. If you are like me and don’t like water as a drink, then don’t worry. Tea, juice, milk and even fruit and vegetables are now considered as part of your water intake. So increase this volume or squeeze a lemon into your water to add taste if this helps.

Miracle Tip 8: Pain Relief – if you need pain relief use it, whether it is an aspirin or a topical analgesic, if it eases pain then use it. Especially if it helps you sleep or do the activities you can’t avoid in your day. Over use or continued use of pain relief is not good. If pain persists seek help! But if pain is less you heal faster, so don’t think it is macho or strong to avoid it, if you need it use it.

Miracle Tip 9: Massage – gentle massage of the tight muscles will also ease tension. You can do this at home, ask your partner to gently rub the area and even use heat as a way to help the muscles relax. However, this may not be best in the first few days. Massage can cause more inflammation as will heat, so stretching is better in the first 48 hours, then after that use massage and heat. If you know a good massage therapist, then seek their advice as they will know what level of massage you need.

Miracle Tip 10: Help! – Yes if pain persists seek help. Whether it is a Chiropractor, Medical Doctor, Osteopath or Physical Therapist; seek help if pain persists. The earlier you seek treatment the quicker your sciatica will heal. To help your self you can use many safe and effective techniques that ease your sciatica quickly and prevent it returning. Best of all using self help techniques; you can save time and money and use these as soon as your sciatica happens rather than waiting to see if it doesn’t disappear.

Self help techniques can be used with all back pain as soon as it occurs. The quicker you help your self the quicker sciatica and back pain in general will disappear once and for all.

Shingles Treatment

Shingles is a painful, blistering skin rash caused by the varicella-zoster virus, which is the same virus that causes chickenpox. After you get chickenpox, usually as a child, the virus remains dormant in certain nerves in the body.

If the virus becomes active again in these nerves, shingles occurs, even years later after you’ve had chickenpox.

Scientists don’t have an answer as to why the virus suddenly becomes active. Often, only one attack occurs and then it’s dormant the rest of your life.

Shingles can happen in any age group, but it’s more likely to happen if:

Older than 60

Had chickenpox before age 1

Your immune system is weakened by medications or disease

If either an adult or child has direct contact with a shingles rash on someone, and has not already had chickenpox as a child or a chickenpox vaccine, they can develop chickenpox from this contact. They will not get shingles, but rather chickenpox.

The first symptom is usually one-sided pain, tingling, or burning. The pain and burning can be severe and is usually shows up before any rash appears.

For most people, red patches on the skin, followed by small blisters, are the symptoms.

Then the blisters break, forming small ulcers that begin to dry and form crusts. The crusts fall off in 2 to 3 weeks, but fortunately, scarring is rare.

The rash is usually spotted in a narrow area from the spine, around to the front of the belly area or chest.

The face, eyes, mouth, and ears may be affected by the rash.

Other symptoms of shingles may include:

Fever and chills

General ill-feeling

Abdominal pain

Chills

Difficulty moving some of the muscles in the face

Drooping eyelid

Genital lesions

Headache

Hearing loss

Joint pain

Loss of eye motion

Swollen glands (lymph nodes)

Taste problems

Vision problems

Sometimes pain, muscle weakness, and a rash can show around different parts of your face, if shingles affects a nerve in your face.

Signs and tests

Doctor can make the diagnosis by looking at your skin and asking about your medical history.

Tests are rarely needed, but your doctor may take a skin sample to see if the skin is infected with the virus that causes shingles.

Blood tests may show an increase in white blood cells and antibodies to the chickenpox virus, but can’t prove the rash is caused from shingles.

Treatment For Shingles:

Your doctor may prescribe an antiviral like Acyclovir, Famciclovir, or Valacyclovir. The drug helps reduce pain and shortens the course of the disease.

The medications ideally should be started within 24 hours of feeling pain or burning, and preferably before the blisters appear.

The drugs are in pill form, and given in doses many times greater than those recommended for HSV-1 and HSV-2.

Some people may need the medicine through a vein (by IV), instead of pill form.

Anti-inflammatory medicines, (corticosteroids, like Prednisone), may be used to reduce swelling and slow continued pain.

Unfortunately, these drugs don’t work for all patients.

Other medicines to relieve symptoms may include:

Antihistamines to reduce itching

Pain medicines

Zostrix, a cream that may reduce the risk of postherpetic neuralgia

Cool wet compresses can be used to reduce pain.

Colloidal oatmeal bath, starch baths, or calamine lotion, may help relieve itching and discomfort.

Resting in bed until the fever goes down is recommended.

Skin should be kept clean, and contaminated items should not be reused.

Nondisposable items should be washed in boiling water. Isolate the infected person while lesions are oozing, to prevent infecting other people, who have never had chickenpox.

Pregnant women are especially at risk when exposed to an infected person.

Fortunately, herpes zoster (shingles) usually clears in 2 to 3 weeks and rarely recurs.

If the virus affects nerves that control movement, (the motor nerves), you may experience a temporary or permanent weakness or paralysis.

Sometimes, the pain where the shingles occurred may last from months to years in that same area.

This is called postherpetic neuralgia and it’s caused by the nerves being damaged after an outbreak of shingles. Pain ranges from mild to very severe.

Usually, in people over 60 years of age.

Complications of Shingles may include:

Another attack of shingles

Blindness (if shingles occurs in the eye)

Deafness

Infection, including “encephalitis or sepsis” in persons with weakened immune systems

Bacterial skin infections

Ramsay Hunt syndrome (a painful rash around the ear that occurs when the varicella zoster virus infects a nerve in the head)

Call your health care provider if you have symptoms of shingles, and if you have a weakened immune system and your symptoms persist or worsen.

Shingles that affect the eye is most serious, since if you don’t get emergency medical care, it could lead to permanent blindness.

Is there anything that can be done to prevent shingles?

Avoid touching the rash and blisters on people with shingles or chickenpox, especially, if you’ve never had chickenpox or chickenpox vaccine.

A herpes zoster vaccine is available and it’s not the same as the chickenpox vaccine.

Older adults who receive the herpes zoster vaccine are less likely to have complications from shingles.

Doctors recommend that adults older than 60 should receive the vaccine as part of routine medical care..

Spinal Decompression, Pinched Nerves, and Treating Lower and Upper Back Pain

When people think of back pain, they often dread having to deal with incurable discomfort for the rest of their lives, having trouble getting up from a chair and forcing their bodies into strange positions in order to get into and out of their car. A life of back pain may be a life spent lying down and sleeping most of the day, trying to escape from having to perform any of the numerous movements that can cause a twinge in the back or a pinching of the nerve that can lead to not being able to walk at all for hours or days.

And surgery to fix back pain issues is usually ineffective or, even worse, counterproductive. Modern science can fix a lot of issues on the front of the body, from taking out an appendix to removing entire sections of the intestines and stitching them back together. But when it comes to the back and the spinal column, many doctors and hospitals are ill-equipped to handle chronic spine pain issues. Thankfully, new methods and technology have been developed outside of the traditional medical care industry to address such problems.

One relatively new method that is being used effectively in the treatment of back pain and pinched nerves in the spinal column is called spinal decompression therapy. The treatment is designed to relieve pressure on the joints of the spine and the nerves, while releasing any pinching of the nerves throughout the spinal column. The method that this type of therapy uses is traction, and it can be used to address such issues as degenerative, bulging, and herniated discs. Even sciatica or leg pain can be treated with spinal decompression.

The main draw of the procedure for many back pain sufferers is that spinal decompression does not involve invasive surgery, injections, or large amounts of drugs. Instead, it uses decompression and relaxation cycles over a period of about a half hour to promote healing of the nerves and joints of the spine. Typically, there are fifteen cycles that alternate, which is how the procedure gets to about thirty total minutes of treatment time. Several sessions are done over time to further the healing processes of the body.

The point of the procedure is to reduce the pressure on the discs while allowing the body to deliver nutrients and water to the area. A suctioning or vacuum-like effect is observed during spinal decompression, and it is theorized that this is what allows nutrients to enter into the area being worked on, and which also promotes healing of the disc and nerve. This can be especially important for people suffering low back pain, as the spinal discs usually receive poor circulation to begin with.

Thus far, there is relatively little research discussing the effectiveness of spinal decompression for treating back pain. Although some studies have been done indicating that the treatment can reduce chronic back pain, more research will need to be done to discover just how effective it is. However, testimonials and the great demand of the therapy indicate that the general public, at least, is quickly becoming convinced of the effectiveness of spinal decompression in treating lower back pain and pinched nerves in the spine.

Soothing the Colicky Baby

If you’re like many new parents, you are well acquainted with the scenario: it’s 8:00 p.m. and your newborn baby won’t stop crying. You’ve rocked him, sung to him, tried frantically to nurse him but nothing will make him stop. You’ve received tons of well meaning but useless advice on how to ease his crying but nothing has helped.

There is a secret for soothing the colicky baby that many cultures around the world have known for ages that is just now becoming popular in western culture. Carrying your baby, or babywearing is crucial if you have a fussy infant and is essential for soothing the colicky baby.

Studies have shown that babies who are raised in cultures where they are constantly carried or “worn” cry considerably less than their western counterparts. Being held and carried closely by their parents is comforting for infants, particularly those with fussier temperaments. Babies who are often held in such close contact enjoy a closer bond to their parents as well.

Click here for more advice on soothing the colicky baby.

Carrying your baby in a carrier can simplify your life as well. Getting around small aisles in the grocery store or climbing up and down stairs while you are out is easier when you “wear” your baby as opposed to maneuvering a stroller in these difficult places.

Parents who own and use a carrier don’t understand how those parents who don’t can live without one. I feel like I could have never survived the first year of child’s life without my carrier. There were many difficult nights where the only way I could calm my colicky baby and put him down was by putting him in a baby carrier to comfort him to sleep. Wearing my infant transformed my fussy newborn into a much calmer baby. The advice I give my friends for soothing the colicky baby is, “carry your baby”.

Wives Tales and Sore Throat Remedies – Fact or Fiction?

OK – You’re lying in bed dreading going to work because your throat is burning. You may also have a big lump in your throat and find it hard to swallow. Maybe you are all stuffed up and that nasal drainage into your throat is making it raw. These are all sore throat symptoms. If you have them, then I want you to know that I have gone into my mother and granny archives and have pulled out some old wives tales, and other remedies for your sore throat.

Remedy 1: Honey and Lemon

This soothing remedy is an old one that is not so much a tale. As a matter of fact, our family doctor just prescribed this one for my 8 year old who had a sore throat and a cough. The trick to this one is the anti-oxidants in the lemon, and the soothing ability of honey to coat the throat. It actually works. Here is the recipe:

• 1 cup of warm water

• 2 Tablespoons of Pure Lemon Juice

• 1 Teaspoon of honey

Remedy 2: Gargle with Salt Water

My mother was a Registered Nurse and whenever I got a sore throat, she would pull out the salt and a glass of water, and mix it together. I could have sworn it was a 50/50 mixture of salt and water, but I’m sure it wasn’t. All I can remember was the uncontrollable gag reflex as I tried to gargle with the mixture. Anyway it did work. Why? Salt is an antiseptic, and gargling with it mixed with water, helps to kill the bacteria in your throat causing the soreness. It’s not a cure, but it helps.

Remedy 3: Tickle Cocktail

This one is for those that are familiar with health supplements. Basically what do I mean by a tickle cocktail. The “tickle” in the phrase refers to the feeling you get at the back of your throat when you know you are coming down with something. The instant you get this feeling here is what you do. You need to take a 3 pronged supplement mixture: Garlic, Vitamin C, and Echinacea. Take these 3 times per day immediately when you feel the tickle at the back of your throat.

Remedy 4: A little Cognac (A Toddy) every evening before bed

This one is for adults only, obviously. This is one of the wives tales, I think. My grandmother used to make toddy for my grandfather every night. She claimed it kept the colds and sore throats away. I’m not sure about that, but it definitely made his nose red. Anyway, I kind of enjoy this little wives tale for obvious reasons.

Remedy 5: Gargling with Vinegar

I’m not sure about this one, but there are people that swear by this remedy. All you have to do is search the web. Basically all you have to do with this one is mix about 3 tablespoons of vinegar in water, and gargle it taking a tablespoon at a time. This remedy has an added benefit. If your ailment is due to tonsil stones, the vinegar in the solution works to dissolve the calcium that forms the tonsil stones. If you’re not sure what these are, they are calcified deposits around your tonsils that can cause bad breath, and soreness in your throat.

So if you have a sore throat, I hope I was able to give you some ideas that your mom would be glad to take credit for – and yes they do work.

Tonsil Stones 101 – What Causes Tonsil Stones?

If you have ever had tonsil stones, you know they are small, rock-like objects that appear at the back your throat, or between your wisdom teeth and tonsils. These objects can be quite uncomfortable if they get very large. But regardless of size, they taste and smell horribly. What causes them?

Tonsil stones form in pockets in the tonsils known as crypts. Because of their hollow shape, these pockets wind up getting filled with all kinds of germs and floating objects in the mouth. For example, the remnants of food bits that don’t get melted by saliva will end up in these pockets, so will a constant overflow of mucous or “post nasal drip” and oral bacteria. These are bound together by white blood cells, resulting in the white-to-yellow rock-hard calcification. The more materials deposited, the bigger the stones get until they burst open or get dislodged. Infection of the tonsils (tonsillitis) can cause more frequent stone formation since the tonsil crypts grow larger. The formation of stones protect the body from infection since they isolate rotting waste particles in the mouth, but sometimes they can cause infection if left in the tonsils for too long.

Tonsil stones are not as harmful as they appear. When you get stones, remember it is a warning that your mouth and upper respiratory system are unclean. Rinse your mouth often with a solution of water and salt. This will prevent bacteria from growing and also help throw out food residue. Astringent mouthwash serves the same purpose, while also alleviating bad breath.

Yorkshire Terrier Health Problems – The Most Common Diseases And Illnesses In Yorkies

A Yorkie has a life expectancy of fourteen to sixteen years. They don’t suffer any major health problems if they maintain a healthy lifestyle. However, this breed of dog can suffer from the following health issues:

Canine Diabetes in Yorkies

Just like humans, Yorkies can become diabetic. In most cases this is the result of a lack of exercise or a poor diet. The main symptoms of canine diabetes include excessive drinking and urinating. This disease has the potential to shorten your dog’s life and lower its quality of life.

However, if Yorkshire Terrier diabetes is diagnosed early, it can be treated successfully with the proper medication and help from your veterinarian. Once this health problem is addressed, your pet stands a much better chance of living a relatively normal life when this disease is treated in time.

Yorkie Eye problems

A number of Yorkie eye problems are common amongst this breed of canine. A Yorkie can suffer from a range of eye disorders including cataracts, Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) degeneration, Keratoconjuctivitis Sicca and Entropion. Some of these problems are hereditary, while others can be acquired as your dog gets older. In most cases blindness can be prevented, so long as the problem is treated early.

If your pet develops diabetes, this can also cause loss of vision because of cataracts. When this condition is left untreated, it eventually leads to blindness.

Liver Shunt

This illness is also known as Portosystemic Shunt (PSS) and is a disorder associated with the blood flow in a Yorkshire Terrier. Your pets blood gets diverted away from its liver. This leads to a build-up of toxins in the blood, and can result in serious illness for your dog. Liver Shunt is a canine health problem that can be acquired or present in Yorkies when they are born.

Luxated Patella

Many Yorkies suffer from a kneecap problem called Luxated Patella or Trick Knee. You’re pet may have this health issue, and you as an owner, may not realize it exists. If you believe your dog has this health problem, you should pay a visit to your veterinarian as soon as possible. It does not sound like a serious condition, but Yorkshire Terrier Luxated Patella can become a serious health problem and restriction to you dog, if it’s not treated early.

These are just some of the Yorkshire Terrier health problems that can occur, but most can be treated and even avoided by keeping an eye on, and taking care of your Yorkies health.

Diabetes Food List – Healthy Eating for Type 2 Diabetes

What is a diabetes food list?

Being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes is a life-changing event. One of the main challenges is making changes in your diet.

One of the first questions that almost every patient diagnosed with type 2 diabetes asks is “What am I supposed to eat now?”

What you eat is a very important part of maintaining blood sugars in the target range. If a type 2 diabetic has no idea what to eat, being able to control blood sugar levels will be near impossible.

The goal in treating type 2 diabetes successfully is to make lifestyle changes.

My strategy when explaining diet is to keep it simple.

Your mindset should be one of adapting changes that enhance your lifestyle. Find something that works well for you.

There are a lot of websites out there on the Internet touting one diet or another. Some even speak about being able to “reverse type 2 diabetes.”

Recently, the American Diabetes Association made some changes that make it easier for a newly diagnosed diabetic to get into action.

Do diabetes food lists really work?

In the past there was a lot of talk about ‘diabetes food lists’. Diabetes food lists were thought of as restrictive. It’s not likely that a patient is going to follow such a diet for a long time.

The fact is that the foods on a diabetes food list will work for anyone who is committed to a healthy lifestyle.

A diabetes food list helps people living with diabetes understand foods that help maintain the blood sugars within the target range. They will also help to reduce hyperglycemia.

There is a ton of information out there about what makes up a diabetes food list. It’s OK to follow these. But I recommend just using them as a guideline that will help you to adapt healthy food choices.

Here are some of the current recommendations on how to eat healthy while living with type 2 diabetes:

Create your plate

The American Diabetes Association recently did away with the diabetes food pyramid and adapted the “create your plate.” This is a strategy that makes it less overwhelming for someone just diagnosed with type 2 diabetes to get straight into action planning healthy meals.

So here are the steps to create a plate:

  • Take a standard sized dinner plate.
  • Divide it into three sections. Start by dividing in half. Then divide one of the halves in two. There you have three sections. Since it is divided into three sections, one section will be larger.
  • On the larger section of the plate, place you non-starchy vegetables such as broccoli, greens, lettuce, spinach, cucumbers, tomatoes etc.
  • On one of the smaller sections, place your starchy foods like rice (preferably brown rice), grains, corn, pasta, beans etc.
  • On the other small section place a serving of meat or a meat substitute such as turkey, chicken, fish etc.
  • On the side you may add an 8 oz. serving of milk. Or if you are lactose intolerant like a number of adults are, you can have some almond, soy or coconut milk. Water also works just fine.
  • Then a small serving of fruit. Preferably fresh fruit.

You have created your plate

Carbohydrate Counting

One of the important strategies for a person living with type 2 diabetes is to know the amount of sugars they are eating. This will help to reduce the complication of hyperglycemia.

Up till the mid 1990s, carbohydrates were touted as being bad for anyone with diabetes. Now we know that to not entirely be the case. Naturally everything, including carbohydrates, must be eaten in moderation.

A great tool is carbohydrate counting or “carb counting” as it is popularly called.

The strategy is to round up the total amount of carbohydrates that you are allowed in a day. And divide this equally among your meals – including snacks.

One of the advantages of carbohydrate counting is that it reduces the tendency for the blood sugar levels to fluctuate. This helps to prevent huge swings in insulin levels that could lead to fluctuations in blood sugar levels.

If you plan to use carbohydrate counting exclusively, then you may need the assistance of a nutritionist. They will help to customize a meal plan for you.

A good place to start is between 45-60 grams of carbohydrates per day.

Remember that carbohydrates are in starchy foods like breads, grains and pasta. They are also in fruits and vegetables, milk products.

Reading food labels makes it easier to measure how much carbohydrates you are getting in a meal.

What are Diabetes Super Foods?

The American Diabetes Association has a list of ten super foods that it recommends. I love the way that certain foods get tagged as “super foods.”

Just as I like to point out, these “super foods” should be a part of the diet of anyone looking to live healthy.

The added benefit for a diabetic is that these foods help to give extra nutrients and minerals such as calcium, magnesium, and potassium. In addition they also contain powerful antioxidants.

These super foods help to not only control blood sugar levels. But also maintain the health of the cell membranes.

So here are the top ten super foods that everyone should be eating:

  • Berries of all kinds (blueberries, strawberries, raspberries etc.)
  • Dark leafy vegetables– such as spinach, kale and asparagus
  • Beans– all varieties. Beans are high in fiber and low in glycemic index
  • Fish particularly fish that is rich in omega 3 sources such as salmon, herring, sardines
  • Fat free milk & yoghurt
  • Nuts
  • Tomatoes
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Whole grains that have not been processed
  • Citrus fruits

This is by no means an exhaustive list of all the healthy ways to eat as a diabetic.

It is my hope that this article will answer the question, ‘What am I supposed to eat?’

Obesity – The Oppression

I was not planning this article when I started to post today but reading the threads on the blog that I visit there seems to be buzz about it. I am just adding my two cent.

Obesity is a term used to describe body weight that is much greater than what is considered healthy. If you are obese, you have a much higher amount of body fat than lean muscle mass.

Adults with a BMI (Body Mass Index)greater than 30 are considered obese.

Anyone more than 100 pounds overweight or with a BMI greater than 40 is considered morbidly obese.

What does obesity mean? More than half of the U.S. population is overweight. But being obese Adults with a BMI between 25 and 29.9 are considered overweight. There are exceptions.Adults with a BMI between 25 and 29.9 are considered overweight. There are exceptions.

The American Obesity Association (AOA) believes that obesity is disease. In the opinion of the majority with the negative attitude toward people that are over weight seem to harbor that they are just over eater and they would not have this mass if they would just not eat so much.

40% of children in the United States are either overweight or obese. MORBID OBESITY has a significant impact on the health, psychosocial well-being, longevity, and quality of life of those affected.

EDUCATION is key to helping the public understand that obesity is a chronic disease. A new study in the journal Sleep upholds the widely accepted notion that body weight plays a large role in how well a person sleeps.

Being seriously overweight can lead to prolonged inflammation in the heart that can cause heart disease, finds a large U.S. study.

WebMD) Regular exercise has long been touted as the key to a healthy heart, but a new study shows it is unlikely to fully reverse a woman’s chances of heart disease if she is carrying extra weight.

There are studies being conducted to look at this problem closer, with all the negative reaction to people that are overweight, it a really growing concern in the medicai profession. Caregivers should be prepared to meet both the physiological and psychological needs of these patients.Society views surgical intervention as a quick fix, people whose problems could be solved pushing away from the table. Encouraging society to view morbid obesity as a health condition similar to other conditions that can be treated with surgical intervention may take years of educating the public and properly orienting patients and their family members. With the guidance and support of health care providers, psychologists, nutritionists, family members, and friends, individuals who are obese can improve their overall health and quality of life by halting the progression of the disease state.

Contagious Skin Rashes And What To Keep In Mind

There are many viruses, particularly those prevalent in children, which cause contagious skin rashes. These contagious skin rashes can be spread by person to person contact and can also some can be airborne. There are also bacterial rashes that are passed from person to person as well as rashes due to parasites such as scabies which are easily communicated. Let’s see a few below:

Chicken pox is a highly contagious virus, which often affects children below the age of 12. It can also affect people of any age. The main symptoms include hundreds of itchy red blisters which cover the entire body. Chicken pox is caused by the herpes virus family and the same virus can cause shingles in adults. In addition to the rash, it can also produce symptoms such as a high temperature, headaches, stomach aches as well as a noticeable loss of appetite. You can reduce the risk of contracting Chicken pox by having an immunization injection, however it has been known for those who have been immunized to still contract a mild dose if they have been exposed to someone else who has been infected. It is usually a benign, though uncomfortable virus. However, it can lead to complications in a minority of cases. Anyone who believes they are suffering from Chicken pox should seek medical advice from their local health care provider.

Measles, which is also known as Rubella, can be a very serious infection. Measles is still responsible for thousands of deaths globally each year, even with the availability of vaccination. It is highly contagious and is spread via contact with liquids from an infected person. It is usually spread by coughing or sneezing. Measles produces a red rash but they are not contagious skin rashes, as the virus spreads through airborne contact. A vaccination is available which also covers Mumps and is known as the MMR jab (Measles, Mumps and Rubella). Some parents have been reluctant to allow their children to have this due to questions about a possible association with autism. However, this has not been proven. The reduced volume of immunization has caused a rise in these conditions in some areas, which has become a big worry, as they can in worst case scenarios be fatal.

Symptoms of measles include a skin rash, fever, coughing, blood shot eyes, light sensitivity and muscle pain. It is recommended that you rest and take in liquids to keep yourself hydrated. When I was a child I was seriously ill from this and the vaccine came out ironically a year later!

Scabies is another contagious rash that can be passed around at pre-schools, day care centers, schools and camps. It is caused by invisible mites that burrow under the skin and reproduce. The itching is quite uncomfortable and a prescription pesticide treatment of permethrin needs to be applied to the skin overnight. The parasites can also be in bedding and clothing and everything needs to be washed at high heat or bagged to prevent further infection. Antihistamines are used to aid with itching symptoms. Fortunately, the permethrin treatment is highly effective and will eradicate the mites.