10 Ways to Beat Kidney Stones

The tubes within the kidneys allow formed urine to pass out into the bladder. Kidney stones are crystallised build ups of minerals in the kidney tubes. There are four types:

o Calcium stones in the form of calcium oxalate or phosphate.

o Uric acid stones. Formed from excess uric acid, a byproduct of certain foods including animal proteins.

o Infection stones (Struvite) Urinary tract infection tends to alter the chemical balance of the urine. This causes stones to form from ammonium, magnesium and/or phosphate salts.

o Cystine stones. Genetic fault in amino acid transportation leaves large amounts of cystine in the urine, which causes the formation of cystine stones that are difficult to treat.

This is a very painful condition. However, there is actually a precursor of kidney stones called Kidney sludge. Kidney sludge happens because crystalline materials accumulate over time and obstruct the flow of urine and damage the kidneys. If there are enough minerals in the mix, the sludge actually forms into rough stones that can rip and tear at the ureters on their way out of the kidneys.

Over the past ten years, the numbers of kidney problems, including stones, has exploded. This has brought about the need for better information about how to deal with the condition without necessarily becoming a hospital statistic.

Depending on where they are located, stones can cause various long lasting infections and even permanent kidney or bladder damage. The real danger from kidney stones lies in their unpredictability and potential for damage. It is vital that you dissolve kidney stones quickly, and not just because they hurt so much! You have to break down the stones so that they are small enough to pass to the outside world without getting stuck.

Steps to beat the Stones

1. Kidney stones are held together by a sticky substance known as mucin. Mucin is a large protein molecule. If you take proteolytic enzymes in between meals, there will be extra enzymes in the body to deny the stones the glue content. If they form at all they will be smaller; and smaller stones hurt less, and can be passed more easily.

2. There are general changes in your diet which can be beneficial no matter what the kidney stone was made of. To increase the absorption of calcium and reduce the risk of calcium stones consider taking a magnesium supplement. Magnesium can also have a relaxing effect on the body.

3. Finding sources of calcium that are from green vegetables will help prevent calcium stones as well. Kale contains good amounts of bioavailable calcium.

4. Take Vitamin K2 (menaquinone) supplements. Vitamin K2 supports calcium metabolism and actively prevents calcium from being deposited in unnecessary places including the blood vessels. This will also support other body systems such as the heart and improve general health.

5. Cut down your meat intake. Individuals who are susceptible to uric acid stones should lessen their intake of animal proteins. High animal protein consumption can accelerate formation of uric acid and calcium in the urine, causing a greater risk of developing uric acid stones.

6. Cut down intake of rhubarb and spinach because they contain oxalates. Other oxalate-rich foods include chocolate, tea, cola, parsley, peanuts and citrus fruit.

7. Increase vitamin A intake which is vital for the health of your urinary tract. Recent studies have linked vitamin A deficiency and kidney stones. Foods rich in vitamin A include sweet potatoes, pumpkin, winter squash, broccoli and carrots. Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) of vitamin A for healthy adults is 5,000 iu, which can be met through a balanced diet. Please be careful with vitamin A intake as the body does not excrete the excess, which can be toxic.

8. Improve your intake of the B vitamins. This may actually lower the oxalate levels in the blood, thereby minimising the risk of stone formation. Vitamin B6 is particularly important, but be aware of the synergy between these vitamins. It is advisable to take B6, B12 and folate together.

9. Drink plenty of water. By drinking at least four pints of pure water each day, your body will be able to flush your bladder effectively, preventing kidney stones.

10. It is sometimes difficult to measure water intake. In such a case please keep an eye on your urine output. It is advisable to make sure you are urinating 1.2 to 1.5 litres or 40 to 45 ounces daily. A daily water intake below 1litre is too small.

Finally, kidney stones risk can also be reduced by consuming juniper berries or adding lemon juice to your water. Lemon juice helps prevent crystallisation in the kidneys. Teas such as thyme tea and knotgrass tea are good for dissolving mineral build-up in the kidneys as well.

Dog Vomiting – When to Get Worried

When your dog is vomiting it is a sight you do not like to see. This means there is something going on in its happy little world. Most of the times it is a health issue. If vomiting happens from time to time, it may not be reason for concern. But when the dog vomits really often, then it is time to get worried.

You will see that after vomiting the dog will want to re-ingest the vomited food. This is a natural instinct for the dog and it is nothing wrong with that if vomiting happens quite rarely. Dogs can not ask for an antacid like we do, when we are feeling sick. Instead, dogs have other ways of taking care of themselves when they feel sick. Dog vomiting can be a part of a natural process from time to time and you should not get worried for nothing.

But sometimes there are other reasons, others than nature, for your dog’s vomiting. Some of the reasons are quite serious. If the dog is perpetually vomiting than it is high time you took it to the vet.

People react badly when their dog is vomiting. Usually the dog tries to go to a place that is hidden, vomit there and then re-ingurgitate the fluids. The dog knows that the vomit fluids are not accepted in the house. If you start screaming or act in a bad way, you will only add up to the stress that the dog is already feeling. The dog can not feel that he has disappointed the human friend because this will make it feel worst than it already is.

So, when you see that the dog is vomiting, encourage it and do not act terrified. Even if vomiting is uncomfortable for you because it ruins the carpet, think about how bad the dog is feeling. Vomiting is not a pleasant sensation for humans and it is the same for dogs too. Also, it is a great idea to go see what kind of vomit the dog took out. See if there is undigested food or liquid. See if there is blood in the vomit or other abnormalities. This will help the vet realize what is going on with the dog. You can also be smart about it and take a sample of the dog’s vomit. Take the sample to the vet for analysis.

For example, the undigested food in the vomit can mean that the dog has stomach problems. Put the vomit in a plastic baggie and take it to the vet. It is the best thing you can do. Make sure you get a deep breath before you do that and all will be ok. Also, do not pick the vomit up using paper towels. This can be your first instinct but ignore it. It is best if you pick the vomit using a plastic hand glove or plastic bag.

If the vomit has a lot of undigested particles, then maybe the intestinal tract is upset and needs treatment.

What Are the Common Signs of Food Poisoning?

The signs of food poisoning are not always the same. Particular causes of the illness, such as some forms of bacteria can result in very different signs than food poisoning caused by a virus. There are some common warning signs that you can be aware of though.

The most important consideration when being vigilant for signs of food poisoning is whether you have reason to be concerned. If you are in an area that is known for lower food safety standards then there may be sufficient cause to be more careful. Similarly if something you have recently (forty-eight hours) eaten did not seem cooked thoroughly, was sitting out at room temperature, or smell / tasted different or odd then you may have reason to suspect poisoning by food.

Among the most common signs, and often the first to develop, is diarrhea. There may be other forms of bowel movement irregularity as well. As well as discomfort in the intestinal tract there may be discomfort in the abdomen as well. This may come in waves or may become rather constant. The pain or discomfort may be extreme or mild. There are other signs of food poisoning that do not involve the digestive system. These include fever, headache, and general fatigue or malaise. Individuals may experience variations of these symptoms throughout the illness

In cases that involve symptoms that are extreme in nature you should seek immediate medical care. These include extreme fever and extreme diarrhea (dehydration) for example. In cases when the symptoms continue to get worse or the number of symptoms continues to increase you should seek medical care. If you are individual with an existing illness or medical condition you should seek medical care as well. Individuals that have reduced immune system functions, such as individuals receiving chemotherapy and the elderly and very young should also consult a physician.

There is a possibility that this can be a deadly condition. Food poisoning that may have resulted from fish, mushrooms, or botulism should receive immediate care. There is also a possibility that the poisoning can develop into a deadly condition. If the symptoms have not resolved within forty-eight hours of onset you should consult a doctor.

Stomach Ulcers – Symptoms & Causes – Digestive Disorders

The stomach is a bag of muscle and these muscles crushes and mixes food with the digestive juices like hydrochloric acid and pepsin. In case the lining of the stomach is damaged from one place or another, the particular acid and pepsin go to work on the lining as they would on food, breaking it down as though to digest it.

An ulcer is considered the breach over the surface of the skin or on the membrane on the lining a cavity such that stomach ulcer. A stomach ulcer is considered the small hole in the gastrointestinal tract. The most common type of ulcer is duodenal and this occurs in the first 12 inches of small intestine that is beyond the stomach. This particular type of ulcers is called gastric ulcers.

Symptoms of stomach ulcers

Generally, stomach ulcers are asymptomatic but this may have some symptoms and these are indigestion, nausea, and vomiting and weight loss. A person having stomach ulcer may have abdominal pain just below the ribcage. Patient may receive loss of appetite. The most common symptom is that a person has altered blood present in bowel movements and vomiting. The patients of stomach ulcers also receive some symptoms of anemia such as light-headedness.

Causes of stomach ulcers

The cause of stomach ulcer is the destruction of the gastric or intestinal mucosal lining of the stomach by hydrochloric acid; this is an acid, which is present in the digestive juices of the stomach. The infection with bacterium plays an important role in causing gastric and duodenal ulcers. This infection can be transmitted through person to person by contaminated food and water.

Helpful Tips

If you are having stomach ulcers then, smoking and drinking alcohol can led to the development of ulcer. In that case you should stop taking alcohol and smoking too. Avoid eating spicy and fried food items. Milk can provide you relief at the time of pain so you should drink 2-3 glasses of milk in case of having stomach ulcer.

Proper rest, sleep and healthy diet can prove beneficial for the patient of stomach ulcer. So, patient of stomach ulcer must take sound sleep and complete rest as well. If you have a history of indigestion or stomach trouble, you should only take aspirin and NSAIDs after prescription of your doctor or pharmacist. If you have previously had bleeding from a peptic ulcer, you should avoid aspirin and NSAIDs completely.

Understanding the Link between Gastric Reflux and Fibromyalgia

Gastric reflux and Fibromyalgia are two difficult conditions. On their own they cause so much pain and trouble — together they make matters worse when it comes to disrupting your life. So, it is a good strategy to try and understand the link between gastric reflux and fibromyalgia, so you can find ways to ease the symptoms.

Fibromyalgia leads to aching joints and muscles and can make normal activities like getting out of bed or taking a bath a struggle. This pain is also accompanied by fatigue, headaches and sleep disturbances, which makes waking up in the middle of the night and struggling to go back to sleep a fairly frequent event.

Gastric Reflux and Fibromyalgia: A Link?

Sufferers of Fibromyalgia appear to also be at a higher risk of developing certain other conditions and GERD (Gastrointestinal Esophageal Reflux Disease) is one of them. GERD is a particularly severe form of acid reflux.

GERD is caused by acid produced in the stomach, along with food particles, refluxing into the esophagus. This can lead to a number of symptoms including burning feeling in the throat, chest pains, nausea and a bad taste in your mouth. The worst part is that gastric reflux often happens at night, waking you up and making you feel more tired and frustrated the next day. If GERD goes untreated it can cause health problems and even severe complications.

Around 60% of all Fibromyalgia sufferers also suffer with GERD, however the reason for this is not clear. The problem with GERD is that it can impact on your already interrupted sleep cycle, as the symptoms are often worse when lying down.

It is best to do everything you can to avoid gastric reflux once you already have fibromyalgia to contend with. Adding further interruptions to your sleep patterns will lead to worsening fibromyalgia symptoms, especially daytime fatigue.

Keep reading for tips on overcoming gastric reflux and to sign up for the free fibromyalgia newsletter offering insights into overcoming fibromyalgia naturally.

Here are some of the techniques you can use to alleviate the effects of gastric reflux.

o Consulting a physician is imperative once you feel bouts of heartburn. The doctor can properly identify if it is gastric reflux you’re going through, and if you have a problem with acidity. The physician can also prescribe medications so that you can alleviate the pains of gastric reflux. This is also a good chance to ask about over-the-counter drugs.

o It is highly recommended that you change your position when you sleep. It is best to keep your head in an elevated position. This will allow gravity to help keep the acids in your stomach from splashing back into the esophagus or the throat. Adopting an elevated position can be a good way to ensure that your sleep is not effected by gastric reflux symptoms.

o Be sure also to avoid certain kinds of food. Spicy foods and alcohol can worsen the acid in your stomach. These elements can really aggravate the acids in your stomach. It is also helpful to consider some herbal remedies. These could help in maintaining a good balance in your system.

Gastric reflux and fibromyalgia do seem to be linked, although the reason for this link is unclear. However, there are steps you can take to address the gastric reflux to remove that complication from your life.

Top 10 Reasons For Neck Pain And How To Correct Them

Here is a list of the top 10 most common causes of neck pain and how to fix them so you can get rid of your neck pain once and for all:

#1 Misalignments in the spine – This is number 1 because it puts pressure on nerves which can cause muscle tension and more. I recommend seeing a good Chiropractor; first he can tell you if this is in fact your problem, then he can help correct it. Postural exercises and a good neck pillow will also help correct the problem.

#2 Poor Posture – Posture is a window to your spine and if you have poor posture that is what your spine looks like and inside – misaligned ! Look at yourself in the mirror or have someone else look at you from the front and the side. From the front your spine should be straight, shoulders even and hips even. From the side your spine should have smooth flowing curves, ear even with your shoulder and shoulder even with your hip socket.

#3 Bad sleeping habits – Sleeping on your stomach is the worst because you have to turn your head ninety degrees to the side to breathe. Sleeping with a pillow too thick or thin can be a major problem also. Get a good neck pillow to sleep with. Read #4 for our pillow recommendation.

#4 Not using a good pillow – A proper neck pillow is the best like the Cervical Traction Neck Pillow – it keeps the proper neck posture when sleeping on your back or side.

#5 Muscle strain and tension – Makes it difficult to move and creates inflammation, putting pressure on nerves causing pain. Try to perform occasion neck stretches to loosen the muscles and avoid motions or positions that are painful.

#6 Stress – Most people carry their stress right across the back of their neck. Stress, in fact doesn’t exactly cause anything, but it exacerbates anything and everything. Try your best to relax or take a beak from work if you are starting to get stressed. Take a couple deep breathes and smile, you’d be surprised at how much this helps.

#7 Work or Computer Station Set-up – If you are forced to be in an awkward position or have continued poor posture it creates misalignment and muscle strain therefore nerve pressure. The nerve pressure causes pain. Move around periodically and do some neck stretches to relieve tension starting to build.

#8 Improper exercise or work out, maneuvers – Sometimes lifting to much weight or not using proper mechanics or posture when working out can cause a major episode of neck pain. The most common mistake I see is people pulling on their neck when doing abdominal crunches. Keep your eyes at the ceiling and focus on crunching with your abs, not your neck.

#9 Putting your neck in awkward positions for extended periods – This relates to the previous 2 reasons for neck pain. Doing this creates tension – things like sleeping in awkward positions, reading with your head down, too many hours in one position at the computer, are just a few. Try to eliminate these things as much as possible.

#10 Lack of stretches before physical activity makes it easier to strain a muscle – Just like before you started gym class or basketball practice, you always did stretches 1st. Most seem to neglect the old stretching routine. It only takes second and could prevent many needless days of suffering.

How to Treat Water Edema

Suffering from water edema? There are a few things you need to understand about how our bodies work in order for you to understand this condition and, ultimately, learn what you can do to try to get rid of any excess water from your system.

Firstly, the importance of water to our bodies cannot ever be under emphasized. Without plenty of good clean fresh water – if we fail to drink at least eight glasses of water daily, the bare minimum – we would soon become comatose and die. This is because water plays such a vital part in how our bodies functions that we cannot do without a constant supply of it – water is constantly moving out of our systems even while we sleep, it is exhaled as water vapor all the time. Water is an important part of our blood, helps us carry nutrients all around the body, and waste materials to the colon and out of it. As a matter of fact, our cells themselves actually contain water as part of their makeup. It’s no stretch of the imagination to say that water IS life itself, and if the level of water in our systems falls below levels required for survival, we will die very quickly.

That said, having too much water in our bodies – having water edema – is definitely not ideal. Excess fluids such as these collect in open spaces in our tissues and make certain parts of our bodies swell. In extreme cases a person’s entire body may be filled with water, even the lungs. However, in the majority of cases it is the legs and lower extremities that swell thanks to water accumulation, because they are most susceptible to such thanks to gravity’s action on the fluids. This fluid accumulation in some cases may be due to severe causes such as organ failure – heart failure or liver failure for instance. Or it can take place thanks to less worrisome causes such as staying immobile for too long (and not being able to urinate), for instance.

Whatever the cause, those suffering from water retention can avail of medicines that can help deal with bloating and eliminate the excess water from the system. Calcium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate and Pepto-Bismol are three over-the-counter medicines that can help deal with water bloating. There are also natural treatments that can be used to help, too, such as herbal diuretic teas, which make use of powerful natural diuretics such as nettle and golden seal, to help induce urination. Caffeine is a diuretic substance that can also help to get people to urinate more and bring out more water from their systems; it is present in coffee and tea, although certain types of tea contain more of it than others. The herbal remedies may be more efficient than caffeine, though, and may have fewer side effects as well.

Lastly, it can also help to exercise more. Engaging in more frequent exercise can increase the metabolism, improve circulation and increase sweat rates too.

Heart Disease is the Most Dangerous Disease These Days

The sad truth today that people all around the globe and more especially in the United States have to face is that heart disease today has continued to remain among the topmost most dangerous killer diseases in the US, and it’s not showing any signs of being brought under control despite conducting the most thorough research in finding means to prevent it from happening. Furthermore, when you consider heart disease in total, you will find that there are a number of things to worry about regarding the health of your heart as well as coronary heart disease, abnormal heart rhythms, heart valve disease, heart failure as well as congenital heart disease, pericardial disease, cardiomyopathy and besides vascular disease and even marfan syndrome.

Furthermore, when you consider heart disease in total, you will find that there are a number of things to worry about regarding the health of your heart as well as coronary heart disease, abnormal heart rhythms, heart valve disease, heart failure as well as congenital heart disease, pericardial disease, cardiomyopathy and besides vascular disease and even marfan syndrome.

Affects Structure Including Functioning Of The Heart

The problem with each of these types of heart disease is that they all will adversely impact either your heart’ s structure or its functioning, and thus you need to take a close look at how varied things make you more liable to suffer from various types of heart problems.

Take for example congenital heart disease that is believed to affect as many as half a million adults in the US, and although this kind of condition is because of a birth defect which may only be minor in nature; it still means that a person suffering from it may need to monitor his health all through his life or even resort to taking medications over the long term.

There are besides a number of things that cause heart disease including genetics, substance abuse, chromosomal abnormalities, and alcohol use as well as some medications that pregnant women need to take.

Besides, it is possible for a person to suffer from the more common type of heart disease which is heart failure that can happen due to having high blood pressure, diabetes or kidney disease and even due to thyroid disease, and they can occur either alone or combined together and will then cause a person’ s heart to fail.

What Happens During a Heart Attack?

The primary organ of the cardiovascular system is the heart, and is the muscle that continually pumps blood to the rest of the body. The heart’s blood supply comes by way of the coronary arteries, carrying the oxygen and nutrients required for it to function properly. Red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs), and other substances flow freely to the heart. The red blood cells carry oxygen, while the function of the white blood cells is to fight infection.

When a person is healthy, the artery walls are smooth and uniform in thickness, However, as time goes on, a high level of cholesterol circulates, causing fatty deposits called plaque to accumulate on the interior walls of the arteries.

As the plaque deposits onto the artery wall, it hardens making the artery more narrow and not as flexible as it should be. This is called atherosclerosis. If atherosclerosis develops in the coronary arteries, it becomes a condition called coronary artery disease (CAD)

When blood flow to the heart is blocked, a heart attack (myocardial infarction, MI ) can result. If blockage of a coronary artery extends past 90%, there is an increased risk for a heart attack. When plaque completely blocks or occludes a coronary artery, the risk for heart attack is certain.

The development of a blood clot can also increase the risk for a heart attack. It is common for a crack to develop at the site of the plaque buildup. Blood can coagulate, or clump, at the site of the crack forming a blood clot. This blood clot, or thrombus, can grow to totally block blood flow and cause a myocardial infarction.

The extent of damage the heart acquires during an attack depends largely on the location of the blockage and the speed of obtaining medical treatment. The longer it takes to get help the more extensive the heart damage. Fortunately, atherosclerosis can be prevented, thus lowering the risk of having a heart attack.

It is important to slow the progression of the disease process. This can be accomplished by medications, and reducing your risk factors. You can reduce risk factors by losing excess weight, starting a low fat – low cholesterol – low saturated fat diet, quitting smoking, control of diabetes and hypertension if present, and regular exercise.

In an ideal world everyone would get complete instructions and education on how to reduce their risk factors for heart disease, but due to shortened hospital stays this is not always possible. Take the time to educate yourself to stay healthy.

Anxiety After A Heart Attack – Be Aware Of The Signs That May Cause Depression After A Heart Attack

Anxiety after a heart attack is a natural reaction. You have been through a sudden traumatic experience, which may take longer to recover from emotionally and mentally than it does to recover from physically.

It is normal that in the early days after a heart attack you may have nightmares, however after a couple of weeks they should start to become less and less frequent.

Some people will find that passing a hospital (even if it isn’t the one where they were a patient) will bring on feelings of distress or anxiety. Other people will find that reading or hearing about someone else having a heart attack fills them with dread or fear. Films and television can have an even stronger impact due the way they dramatize the event.

However there are many indications of anxiety and possible depression that are not brought on by an actual association to a heart attack. For example you may have lost interest in your hobbies or become irritable; you may have difficulty making decisions or your memory may have become poor; you may be experiencing feelings of helplessness, pessimism or sadness.

You may not directly associate these changes to being anxious or depressed after a heart attack, but they are all signs that you should take note of especially if they continue for any length of time.

Anxiety usually diminishes over time, however it can sometimes lead to depression. Counselling can quickly and easily prevent this, but you need to be aware of the signs that you need to take notice of. Everyone deals with traumatic situations differently and it is not a sign of weakness to see a counselor or a therapist. On the contrary, dealing with your emotional and mental reactions rather than ignoring them, will help with your physical recovery and also help to reduce the risk of a future heart attack.

Green Tea Benefits – Heart Disease and Stroke

Green tea is increasingly becoming associated with its health promoting properties, but what can it do it to combat heart disease and strok? Let’s look over some of the research being done into the antioxidants and other things found in tea and their use in combating various types of heart disease.

In the United States, Heart disease is the leading cause of death. According to the American Heart Association Statistics Committee, roughly 785,000 Americans had their first coronary attack last year in 2010, and something in the neighborhood of 470,000 had a recurrent attack; nearly one heart attack in the U.S.A. every 25 seconds, and one death every minute.

Scary stuff. So what can tea, be it green, black, white or oolong, do to help? Quite a bit actually

· Cholesterol- Tea has been found to have a number of effects on cholesterol levels in the body. Green tea and white tea, having the most of the catechin EGCG (epi gallo catechin gallate), have been shown to be the most effective. Japanese research indicates that green tea reduces the levels of bad LDL in the blood stream and can actually reduce the risk of heart disease by 36%. Early research shows that the polyphenols in green and white tea can block the intestinal absorption of cholesterol and excrete it from the body. Some animal studies indicate that it might also promote the development of good HDL cholesterol.

· Green tea has also been found to reduce the activity of platelets, which are the agents of the blood that facilitate clotting. This is significant in preventing and managing heart disease and various forms of stroke, as blood that isn’t too thick or “sticky” is less likely to clot up and block an artery

· Anti inflammatory- The anti-inflammatory properties of EGCG can be of huge benefit to any healthy dietary regimen, especially as arterial inflammation is thought to play a key role in the development of heart disease.

· EGCG has been found to inhibit lipid peroxidation, a process of oxidation that is involved with several pathologic conditions, most notably atherosclerosis (or hardening of the arteries). Yay antioxidants.

· EGCG has also been found to help people post cardiac attack and prevent the development of a cardiac arrhythmia. It has been found to inhibit the HERG potassium channels, which play a role in cardiac repolarization and are indicated in the cardiac electrical disorder Long QT syndrome (which causes arrhythmias) and extra cardiac tumors.

This is actually only a small part of the massive body of data that is beginning to pile up on the subject of tea and maintaining a healthy heart and circulatory system, but it is certainly enough to make you ask the question “What could it hurt to drink a little tea from time to time?” If you are healthy now, the answer is nothing. But if you are already on medications for heart disease, you should talk to your doctor as some medications are affected by heavy tea intake. Good luck in finding a diet that works for you, with or without tea, and live well!

Strengthen Your Weak Spots And Spur New Muscle Growth

One great way to strengthen your weak spots and add new muscle growth to your body is by implementing the stop-pause-and-go technique to your workout routine. Stopping and pausing at various points during each repetition of a specific exercise will put more muscle fibers to work building strength where you need it most while adding new muscle growth in the process.

The stop-pause-and-go technique is effective for the following three reasons:

1. Constant resistance throughout the entire range of motion during each rep. This includes negative resistance when returning to the starting point after completing each rep.

2. More muscle fibers are put to work increasing your strength and promoting new muscle growth. By forcing you not to use momentum from the weight used or from your body to complete each rep, you must engage more muscle to control the weight and to keep your body from swaying in order to complete each rep.

3. Cuts down on your workout time while being more productive. Instead of having to do 4-6 sets of 10-12 reps of each exercise, with the stop-pause-and-go technique you can do 3 sets of 8-10 reps with greater intensity and in less time.

The Stop-Pause-and-Go Barbell Curl

One example using the stop-pause-and-go technique is by doing barbell curls and pausing at various points during each movement. Beginning with the barbell at the starting position below the waist, slowly curl the barbell half way up and stop. Pause for two seconds then go, continue curling the barbell towards the chest and stop once again before reaching the top and pause for two seconds. Now, instead of returning the barbell back down to the starting position in one single motion, you can really blast your biceps by implementing the stop-pause-and-go technique on the negative part of the movement when bringing the barbell back down. Slowly bring down the barbell to just above waist level and stop. Pause for two seconds and go, continue lowering the barbell until it’s about 3/4 of the way down and stop once again. Pause for two seconds then bring the barbell all the way down to the starting point and repeat the process. For constant resistance, you may choose to curl the weight back up starting from the last pause instead of going all the way down to the original starting point. This is a great way to build bigger biceps, plus by gripping the barbell at different points on the bar from wide grip to shoulder width grip to close grip, you attack the bicep muscles from different angles for even greater results.

When using weights like dumbbells or barbells, make sure to use enough weight to get in at least 8-10 reps. If you use too much weight you might not be able to complete the full range of motion without using momentum to control the weight during each pause. Remember, because of the constant resistance, each rep will get harder and more difficult as you complete each rep.

The stop-pause-and-go technique is also very effective when no weights are available simply by using bodyweight exercises like push-ups or abdominal crunches and pausing at various points during the movement. This is a great way to get in a quick workout at home when time is short or when you don’t have any weights available.

In Conclusion

The stop-pause-and-go technique instantly enhances your workout and keeps your muscles guessing giving them a reason to grow by not allowing your body to become accustomed to the same workout routines. The key to strengthening your weak spots and adding new muscle growth is to challenge and confuse your muscles into doing new routines and adding challenging techniques to keep your workouts fresh and productive.

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Bone Tumor – Description, Symptoms and Diagnosis

Bones of the human body are essential because they serve numerous purposes. They hold and protect inner organs, for instance, the lungs are protected by the ribs and the brain is protected by the skull. Muscles stretch against every bone to allow movement of the body. Bone marrow is a soft tissue found at the core of several bones that make and store blood cells.

Tumor that starts within the bone was identified as primary bone tumor or cancer. Primary bone cancers are quite unusual compared to stage II or metastatic cancers. Primary bone cancers are found mostly in the legs and arms, but they can happen also in some bones of body. Children, as well as young persons are more prone to get bone tumor than adults.

Primary bone tumors are frequently called sarcoma. There are numerous kinds of sarcoma and each type starts in diverse kinds of bone tissues. Majority of the sarcomas are known as osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma and Ewing’s sarcoma.

The most ordinary form of bone tumor in young persons is osteosarcoma. It happens usually between ten to twenty five years old young people. Men are mostly affected frequently then women. This type of bone tumor often begins at the end of the bones, wherein fresh bone tissue form when an adolescent grows. The lengthy bones in the legs or arms are usually affected by osteosarcoma.

Chondrosarcoma is generally found in adults. This type of cancer forms in cartilages, the tough tissues around the joints.

Ewing’s sarcoma is generally found in persons between ten and twenty five years old; teenagers are mostly affected frequently. This tumor forms at the central portion of the large bone. It affects mostly hipbones and lengthy bones of the thigh along with the upper arms. It happens also in ribs.

Treatment for tumor that has scattered towards the bones depend where the tumor starts and the scope of the scatter. More or less eighty percent of metastatic lesions come from principal carcinomas, specifically of the prostate, breast, lungs, kidney, stomach, thyroid and pancreas.

Patients with bone cancer may suffer persistent pain, tenderness or swelling of the bone. They can have fracture of bones which are unexplainable, occasionally without visible trauma. The presenting sign is generally pain. The pathological fracture can be seen and mostly common within the lower extremity than upper extremity.

How Can You Know when You are Infected with a Viral Pneumonia?

Pneumonia is an infection caused by viruses, bacteria, and fungi which affects the human lungs. Pneumonia is a contagious disease and it can spread in the air. By breathing other healthy people bring the germ into their lungs and most of them develop the illness. Sometimes there appear epidemics inside small collectivities.

Pneumonia generally occurs at those who have a weakened immune system, like children, old people and those who have other diseases (HIV, organ transplanted people, cancer, chemotherapy). Smoking, drinking alcohol, working in cold places are also factors of risk.

The possible viruses to cause pneumonia are: the influenza virus, the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), Para-influenza virus, adenovirus and herpes or varicella virus.

In spring, usually attack the influenza A and B virus and the respiratory syncytial virus. A flu shot can prevent the infection if it is made out of the virus strain that wants to infect you.

Human influenza virus is also present in winter.

The herpes or varicella pneumonia can occur if you are infected with chickenpox.

If you develop a running nose and conjunctivitis, you could be infected with adenovirus and Para influenza virus.

The symptoms that tell the doctor that you are affected of a viral pneumonia are: low grade fevers (less then 102° F), muscle pain, cough with translucent sputum, fatigue. Sometimes if a healthy person is affected, the disease could not manifest in such obvious ways, and the patient could only have some fever and fatigue.

If you do not go for a check up immediately the virus will continue to multiply inside your lungs and you can develop the following symptoms: chest pain, severe fatigue, you can not breathe properly, your cough is with bloody sputum and you begin to vomit and get dehydrated.

Among the symptoms the doctor can diagnose the pneumonia using a thoracic Rx. The doctor will also perform a test of your sputum to see which virus causes the pneumonia.

Not treated, the viral pneumonia is a severe threat to our lives and can cause pulmonary edema, encephalitis, and even death.

The treatment consists in antiviral drugs, adjuvant drugs (C vitamin). The patient must be hospitalized and rest in bed for at least five days after their fever disappeared. In this case doctors can not use antibiotics because the pneumonia is not caused by a bacteria, it is caused by a virus.

Neoplasms of the Lungs – Bronchogenic Carcinoma

This tumour originates from the basal cell layer of the bronchial wall. What is it all about?


The disease is much more common in the western world and the highest prevalence has been reported from Scotland. In Asia also the number of cases reported is steadily increasing and bronchogenic carcinoma accounts for 0.12-0.13% of all medical admissions in the major general hospitals.

The role of external factors such as carcinogens derived from cigarette smoke, and from atmospheric pollution in the pathogenesis has been established by several epidemiological studies. In addition to cigarette smoke, exposure to several substances such as 3, 4 benzpyrene from automobile smokes, asbestos, nickel chromate, arsenic, vinyl chloride, Uranium and radioactive materials increase the risk of developing pulmonary cancer. Among these the most widely investigated factor is cigarette smoking. Cigarettes and to a less extent beedies, considerably increase the risk of developing bronchogenic carcinoma. especially the squamous and large cell types. Adenocarcinoma and small cell carcinomas do not show this relationship. Smoking more than 20 cigarettes dialy for 20 years or more, increases the risk of developing bronchogenic carcinoma 8-10 times above that of non-smokers. Cigar and pipe-smoking is less and the components of the paper have been found to increase the risk cumulatively. Both inhalation of smoke exhaled by others in a closed environment, are found to be harmful. Incidence in males is 10-15 times more than that in females. The disease is most frequent in the fifth and sixth decades.

Histological classification:

The lesion may be epidermoid carcinoma (50-60%), undifferentiated carcinomas (small and large cell types 30-40%) and adenocarcinoma (5-10%). One variety of adenocarcinoma is bronchiolo-alveolar cell carcinoma. In some tumours both epidermoid and adenocarcinomatous patterns are seen. Around 50% of tumors are situated centrally proximal to a segmental bronchus, and the rest upper lobe. In some cases adenocarcinoma may supervene on areas of infarction or scars of tuberculosis. Lung tumours have been staged, taking into account the size, location, local effects, local lymphadenopathy and distant metastases.

Clinical features:

In many cases a long latent period may elapse before the tumour produces symptoms. Sometimes the radiological abnormality may be the finding that draws attention. In some cases metastases are the first to produce symptoms. Clinical features may be described as;

1. intrathoracic manifestations

2. symptoms due to metastases, and

3. paraneoplastic syndromes.

General symptomatology includes nonspecific manifestations such as tiredness, anorexia, weight loss, clubbing of fingers and toes, fever and pulmonary osteoarthropathy.

Pulmonary manifestations:

Cough due to irritation of the bronchus may be troublesome, interfering with sleep. In the chronic smoker, this is likely to be mistaken for cough due to excessive smoking. Hemoptysis occurs in many cases. Bleeding may be from the tumour or from other pulmonary complications. The tumour may block the bronchus and lead to obstructive symptoms like unilateral or localized wheezing, atelectasis, recurrent Pneumonia or Lung abscess. Further complications like Pleurisy or empyema may be evident. At times the obstruction to the bronchus becomes valvular and the affected segment undergoes localized emphysema. In some cases, a peripheral tumour undergoes central liquefaction and abscess formation.

Tumour of the apical region or the lung may invade the pleura, the brachial plexus and the cervical sympathetic chain. In most cases the tumour is a squamous cell carcinoma and this is called “Pancoast’s tumours” or superior sulcus tumour. Involvement of the brachial plexus leads to intense neuralgic pain along the arm. Paralysis of the sympathetic chain gives rise to ipsilateral Horner’s syndrome.

Malignant pleural effusion may develop due to spread to the pleura. At times, the tumour may grown along the pleural surface resulting in pleural thickening. The hilar lymph nodes are enlarged. Mediastinal glands may be affected and enlargement of these structures gives rise to mediastinal syndrome. Compression of the phrenic nerve gives rise to diaphragmatic paralysis. Malignant pericardial effusion may develop. Direct spread to the ribs may lead to their destruction.

Physical examination of the chest may reveal signs of consolidation, cavitation, atelectasis, or pleural effusion. Enlargement of pretracheal and scalene lymph nodes and recent onset of finger should suggest the possibility of malignancy.

Extra-thoracic manifestations:

Widespread secondaries may occur in the liver, bone, adrenal glands, brain, kidney, spleen, peritoneum, skin, and other organs manifestations caused by metastases may be presenting features in many. For example, late onset seizures of a pathological fracture may be the first evidence of bronchogenic neoplasm.

Nonmetastatic manifestations:

Bronchogenic carcinoma may lead to paraneoplastic syndromes since the tumour may elaborate several hormones or allied substances. Well- known endocrine presentations include hypercalcemia, syndrome of inappropriate ADH secretion, Cushing’s syndrome, carcinoid syndrome, and feminization in makes. Neuro-muscular manifestations like proximal myopathy, myasthenic syndrome (Eaton- Lambert), peripheral neuropathy, and cortical cerebella myositis, Polyarthritis, thrombocytopenic purpura, myelophthisic anemia, leukemoid reaction, red cell aplasia, and secondary polycythemia may develop in rare cases.