Basic Science Behind Fingernails Rubbing For Hair Re-Growth

Factors responsible for hair problems are:

  • Thyroid disorders
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Smoking
  • Anaemia
  • Heavy medication
  • Using hair dye of high ammonium content
  • Deficiency of vitamin B12
  • Protein deficiency
  • Hereditary and old age

Rubbing fingernails:

  • Rubbing left and right hand’s fingernails with each other is a powerful technique for curing hair fall and increasing hair growth.
  • It is a simple yet very effective technique. It is a powerful hair loss solution.
  • Besides convenient, quick, powerful and pleasant this technique is relaxing as well as free of cost.
  • It is a tried and tested technique and will definitely shows results.
  • This is a potent unified solution of hair all problems.


  • Fold both your palms inwards and place the fingernails of both hands against each other. Then with regular swift motions, rub them against each other. It is a simple technique and can be done anywhere anytime.
  • Rub fingernails for 5-10 minutes twice a day.

Benefits of fingernails rubbing:

  • Prevent hair loss
  • Reverse baldness
  • Prevent greying of hair
  • Restore natural colour of hair
  • Usually it takes 3-6 months to get relief from hair loss, 6-9 months to watch new hair growth and 9-12 months to see prominent re-growth and substantial increase in hair volume.

Adult stem cells theory:

  • Adult stem cells are undifferentiated cells, found throughout the body after embryonic development. They can make identical copies of themselves for long periods of time and multiply by cell division to replenish dying cells and regenerate damaged tissues for self-renewal and self-healing.
  • The adult stem cell has unique ability to heal itself. Whenever a tissue is damaged, adult stem cell are activated to produce new cells that will regenerate the damaged tissues and revitalize the organ.
  • The adult stem cells are mostly found in brain, spinal cord, blood vessel, bone marrow, peripheral blood, dental pulp, skeletal muscles, skin, digestive system, retina, pancreases and cornea.
  • The stem cells that are located in the bulge of a hair follicle actually cause hair growth.
  • Rubbing fingernails stimulates the brain to send the chemical signal to the adult stem cells located near the damaged/unproductive hair follicles.
  • The adult stem cells migrate to the base of dead/damaged hair follicle and due to their ability of self-renewing they make new hair follicles and revitalize the damaged follicles.
  • Thus by fingernails rubbing one can manipulate the adult stem cells into becoming new hair follicles, and can accelerate the hair growth and revitalize the damaged follicles to revere the hair loss or baldness.


  • In reflexology it is believed that stimulation of certain parts of body will directly affect other parts of body.
  • The nerve endings just under your fingernails are directly connected to your hair follicles or scalp.
  • By rubbing your fingernails together, the blood circulation in your scalp is activated.
  • Thus rubbing procedure increases the blood flow to the scalp and helps in strengthening the hair follicles, which in turn reduces hair fall and premature greying.


  • Don’t rub your thumbnails because it will accelerate the growth of beard, moustache or facial hairs and soon hairs will start peeping from the ears also.
  • Avoid it during Pregnancy; rubbing nails can cause uterine contractions and can elevate blood pressure.
  • Avoid in it in some surgical conditions such as acute appendicitis and angiography etc.
  • Don’t do it on problematic skin/nails or if there are infected sores or lesions on the hands, or on brittle/diseased nails.
  • People with the history of hypertension should avoid vigorous rubbing of finger nails as it may elevate their blood pressure.
  • Avoid long, excessive and vigorous rubbing as it may damage nails permanently.
  • Before rubbing fingernails, you may apply small quantity of castor oil/almond oil/olive oil/petroleum jelly on nails, for beautiful and strong nails, the extra lubrication will decrease the excessive friction produced during rubbing procedure, this will make the nails stronger, lustrous and moisturized.
  • Only rub the fingernails gently for 5-10 minutes, twice a day for better results.




Astrocytoma Brain Cancer Tumors

Astrocytoma brain cancer tumors are considered to be the most common type of Glioma. These tumors may develop in various regions of the brain, as well as the spinal cord. These particular type of brain cancer tumors initiate from cells that are called astrocytes. The area of the brain that these are most commonly identified is the main region. This is commonly referred to as the cerebrum.

It has been established that these have the capability of affecting any individual, at any time in their life. While there have been cases of Astrocytoma a brain cancer tumor in children, this condition is most often diagnosed among those that are part of the adult population. When children are diagnosed with these tumors, they are most commonly located in the base region of the brain rather than the main region of the brain.

Common Symptoms

There are many common symptoms that are often experienced when an individual has an Astrocytoma brain cancer tumor. The symptoms that are experienced often correlate with the pressure against the brain and skull regions as a result of the size of the tumor. It is common for an individual to exhibit behavior changes.

The person may exhibit a personality that is much different than their own, they may seem to change from one mood to another in a fast-paced and mysterious manner, and they may exhibit marked signs of irritability.

Individuals that have this type of tumor with their brain cancer will often experience headaches and pain in the neck region. Gastrointestinal complications such as vomiting are also one of the most common symptoms associated with the Astrocytoma brain cancer tumor.

Diagnosing the Astrocytoma Brain Tumor

Diagnosing the Astrocytoma brain tumor is a challenging task to many medical professionals. A full neurological examination is typically ordered if a patient is exhibiting certain symptoms. One of the main signs that a doctor will look for is any type of mental based dysfunction.

In some instances, a patient that is exhibiting new, unusually painful headaches and swelling may be further evaluated. In addition to these symptoms, those that experience seizures and signs of potential swelling such as vomiting will be referred to a neurologist for a full, in-depth medical examination.

There are many different tests that may be used to determine if an individual has an Astrocytoma brain cancer tumor. One of the main diagnostic tools used to scan the brain for this type of tumor is the MRI or the Magnetic Resonance Imaging scan.

Many neurologists will also use the CT or CAT scan, which stands for Computed Tomography. In diagnosing this type of brain cancer tumor, many doctors may utilize tests that help gauge the coordination, the hearing, and the vision in order to effectively rule out other medical conditions.


There are several different methods used to treat an Astrocytoma brain cancer tumor. The first is usually surgery as the neurologist will want to remove as much of it as possible. Immediately following surgery, the patient may have to undergo chemotherapy and possibly even radiation therapy to ensure that all components of the tumor are successfully eliminated.

If you have this type of tumor, it is important to work closely with your doctor and follow the treatment regimen as closely as possible so that your symptoms are reduced and that as much of the tumor is eliminated as possible.

Home Care Services Can Reduce Hospital Readmissions for Pneumonia Patients

When it comes to reducing hospital readmission rates, are you working with the right home care povider?

Section 3025 of the Affordable Care Act added section 1886q to the Social Security Act establishing the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program, which requires CMS to reduce payments to IPPS hospitals with excess readmissions, effective for discharges beginning on October 1, 2012.

Pneumonia readmission rates are currently being tracked. Learn how home care can help reduce hospital readmission rates.

What is Pneumonia?

Pneumonia is an inflammation and infection in the lungs usually caused by viruses and bacteria. Alveoli, which are microscopic air sacs in the lungs that absorb oxygen, become inflamed and are filled with fluid, causing various symptoms such as a cough with phlegm, fever, chills, body aches, and shortness of breath.

Symptoms can vary in intensity from mild to severe. Factors such as age, health, and the type of germs associated with pneumonia will contribute to the seriousness of the sickness.

Those at high risk include:

Infants and children

Men and women age 65 or older.

Those suffering from health issues, such as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), heart disease, emphysema, HIV/AIDS, or diabetes.

Why do seniors get admitted to the hospital when they have pneumonia?

It is not necessary for everyone who has pneumonia to seek hospital care, although certain signs indicate that one should seek medical care as soon as possible. Seniors especially are at risk of developing complications, so it is advised that anyone age 65 or older or those on oxygen, visit a medical professional if you believe you have pneumonia.

Furthermore, if you experience the following symptoms, seek medical attention immediately:

Confusion Rapid breathing

A sudden drop in blood pressure

Those that are on oxygen or respiratory therapy

Why Home Health Care Is Important For Seniors Who Have Pneumonia.

Seniors age 65 and older are more susceptible to developing pneumonia due to their age, health conditions, and weakened immune systems. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that there are more deaths each year as a result of pneumonia complications than from car accidents.

Once a person contracts pneumonia, he or she has a higher chance of getting it again. In order to combat this, it is a good idea to have a home health care companion come into the home to assist with recovery and watch for worsening symptoms.

Home health care workers can assist with healthy meal preparation, monitor medication doses, encourage and assist with chores and light exercise, be sure home is sanitary, and make sure the patient is performing adequate hygienic self-care.

With pneumonia being a bacterial infection, it is important to allow seniors to stay in their homes so that they are not around those who are sick with the flu and bronchitis, as these oftentimes progress into pneumonia.

Home care companions have the senior population’s best interest in mind and knowing how dangerous pneumonia can be, it is a great idea to have a companion provide the necessary services to keep seniors’ safe and healthy- especially after a bout with pneumonia.

Reduce hospital readmission rates post-pneumonia discharge by using home health care services.

Who Do You Believe You Are?

A small finger-sized control center located at the base of the brain called the reticular activating system (RAS) sorts and evaluates incoming data. It’s responsible for filtering all the incoming information our brain receives and acts as a receiver for information that is tagged as important. It is deep inside the brain and not very big but it does something really clever, it controls what we believe The RAS works a bit like a radio. We are surrounded by radio waves from various stations and a radio can be tuned to one of those channels. Our RAS is programmed to prioritize information like listening for particular sounds. We hear our name and all our focus is diverted in the direction we heard it, because that bit of information is tagged as important. The RAS is responsible for one of the strangest abilities we have, the ability not to hear our own 80-decibel snoring, but wake when the baby cries.

Our RAS has no direct link to the outside world. Everything it “knows”, we have told it. We can reprogram it to think we are talented and wonderful and it will then begin to look for things to prove what we are telling it. A good example is buying a car. I bought a yellow car in 2001 and then started to notice how many other yellow cars there were on the road. I had not noticed this fact until then.

The RAS works on the principle of what we tell it to concentrate on, needs to be tagged as important and that it should will look for confirmation of these facts. If we tell it we are awesome, it will look for evidence to prove we are and ignore all evidence we are not. If we tell it we are unimportant, even disgusting. the RAS will look for evidence to support this set of facts and ignore any evidence that disproves it.

As I write this, I have Shingles, a rather nasty disease.that causes a painful rash. Although shingles can occur anywhere on your body, it most often appears as a single stripe of blisters that wraps around either the left or the right side of your torso. In my case it is my right hand.

Shingles is caused by the varicella-zoster virus – the same virus that causes chickenpox. I had chicken pox as a child and the virus has lain inactive in nerve tissue near my spinal cord and brain. Fifty Years later, the virus has been reactivated as shingles.There is a medicine that stops the spread of the virus but does nothing to get rid of the flu-like symptoms or the painful rash already present. When I was younger, my older brother and I competed to see who had the most Chicken pox blisters. We quickly gave up when we realized we really wanted to lose. Here is the conundrum for when we are trying to work out how to find joy in pain. My daughter reminded me that when she had chicken pox she counted 40 pox. The blisters I have are concentrated on my finger and I counted over 40 of them. So I can then consider myself lucky and be joyous it is concentrated in such a small, albeit very painful, area.

This I believe is the crux of fighting pain finding joy. I am in horrendous pain, but I need to invoke the Dunkirk Spirit or accept that I cannot overcome the problems in hand. The shingles are making the RSD worse. RSD is the disease I have that makes every trauma I have suffered feel as if it just happened. For me this is particularly problematical as I have broken 40 of the 105 bones not in the hands and feet and ten of my toes and fingers. I have also damaged 4 of my internal organs. So having the RSD flare up is a major issue for me.

Unfortunately for me, the gremlins read my quote and decided that they needed to do something about my obvious positive attitude. They searched their medical books for something new, something I hadn’t previously overcome and came up with shingles. This is particularly clever because most insurance companies won’t pay for the shingles shot until you reach the age of 60 and guess who is 60 in three weeks time? That’s right, I reach the grand old age of 60 on October 20 1955. I cannot pretend to believe the calendar because even though my oldest child, Simon is 37 this year, my youngest, Olivia is 5. When my oldest was 5, I was only 28, so I choose to act as if I was a person who is 28. My body doesn’t always agree with this, but then, who is in charge? My body or me? This where the RAS works, finding proof of the information we have given it. If I tell it I am 28 years old, it will look for evidence this is so. If I tell it I am 60 with 54 broken bones and damaged body parts and feel dreadful all the time, it will substantiate this apparent fact.

My RAS is receiving messages from all over my body describing in gruesome details how badly that area is doing. Everything it is receiving is negative, but I am not part of the body, I am independent. I choose to tell my RAS that things aren’t that terrible. I cannot force the body to stop sending the depressing messages that everything is going badly nor stop it sending my RAS all the grisly details.There is actually method to this apparent madness. I need to take it easy and allow my body to recover. But what I do not need to do is to throw in the towel and give up completely. I cannot force the flu-like symptoms away but I can make the effort to be positive and suffer the least instead of the most. I may feel like I am dying the death of a thousand cuts and that the very molecules of the air are individually attacking every square inch of my body. In fact that is exactly how I do feel. but I can force myself to ignore the extra pain and discomfort I am feeling as a result of the RSD being made worse. This is not easy, but I can improve things. What I am trying, no scratch that word, trying suggests the possibility of defeat. What I am going to do is battle back as much as I possibly can.

If I can convince my RAS that, despite all evidence to the contrary, I don’t feel as bad as I should, considering what I am dealing with, I know I can also convince myself and my RAS that I am awesome, talented and wonderful. My RAS will then be able to get on with finding evidence of my awesomeness and ignore all evidence to the contrary. I can give it something else to concentrate other than the mind bending chronic pain that was already at a very high level and has been ratcheted up a couple of notches because of the varicella-zoster virus. I cannot totally ignore the pain, but, as I already suffer from a lot of pain, I can simply add the new one to the list that has pleurisy, orchitis and a few others. I can now add shingles and decide the new one is no more difficult to handle than any of the others. I intend to make my life as simple as I can so that I can help others, especially those who are members of my family and to make my life wonderful. Being positive is the only way I can do this is. My RAS will force me to find evidence to prove this fact or, if I let it, it will find things to discourage me. I choose what it searches for. The pain won’t go, but I can manage it the best I possibly can. I am left with many things I cannot do, but I can then concentrate on the things I can do and do them wonderfully.

If I can convince my broken down body that things are not that bad, or at least copacetic and be optimistic because, as Winston Churchill said, there is not much use being anything else, then you can tell your RAS how talented and wonderful you are.

Talk to yourself and tell your RAS that you are wonderful and talented. Force it to find evidence to prove you right and it will do so. When you see this evidence, acknowledge it and you will have begun to convince your RAS and yourself that you are in reality, awesome, talented and wonderful.

Can My Cat Catch a Cold?

If you are like me, you probably have never had a cat with a cold, but cats with colds are fairly common.

How does a cat get a cold? The first thought that comes to mind is “can my cat catch my cold?”

The answer to that is no and “no” you cannot catch your cat’s cold. It is said that cold viruses are species-specific, which means pets and humans cannot pass a cold back and forth.

While we can (for the most part) “doctor” our colds with over-the-counter remedies, our cats cannot.

A cold is serious business for a cat and even more serious if you have a multiple cat household.

Oddly enough, your cat’s symptoms will be very similar to yours, sneezing, runny nose, coughing, wheezing and sometimes a mucous discharge either from its nose or mouth. It is also possible for your cat to have a breathing problem, cold sore type ulcers around it mouth and red teary eyes that have a discharge.

Cat colds are very contagious and interestingly, cats are more susceptible to colds in the summer time.

Where can your cat pick up a cold?

At a boarding kennel, the groomers, at your vets and if your cat is an indoor/outdoor cat, it can pick up the virus from any cat it encounters outside.

What can you do for your cat’s cold?

First of all do not try any human over-the-counter remedies. Usually a cat cold lasts just about as long as a human cold (7 to 10 days) and the cat will get over it just as we do.

Where it gets complicated is, if the viral infection travels to the lungs or bronchial area causing a lower respiratory infection or if a secondary bacterial infection occurs in the nose, mouth or eye area.

This is why at the first sign your cat is coming down with a cold, you should call your vet. This ounce of prevention can honestly save you many vet dollars, should the cold develop into something more serious.

Once a cat gets a respiratory infection it is possible that it will re-occur time and time again (like the proverbial bad penny.)

Another important thing to take under consideration is cats smell their food before they eat it. This is normal cat behavior and if your cat has a stuffy nose, it cannot smell its food.

What happens when a cat can’t smell its food?

The cat will not eat or even drink. The cat becomes dehydrated and starts using up its own fat stores for energy.

A cat needs to eat and drink (most canned cat food provides not only nutrition, but water,) the result of not eating can cause a condition known as hepatic lipidosis or fatty liver syndrome, which can be life threatening.

This is why, if your cat shows any sign of a cold or stops eating for any reason call your vet at once.

I can’t say this enough, that one simple phone call may save you many future vet dollars.

A cat’s cold can be a simple runny nose (wipe it with a warm wet washcloth, cats can’t blow) and require nothing more than some TLC from you, but check with your vet first.

There are two types of viruses that can cause a cat to have cold like symptoms, the first is felline herpesvirus (FHV) and feline calicivirus (FCV). Keep up all of your cat’s recommended vaccinations as the vaccine for FHV and FCV is given at regular intervals.

Keeping your cat indoors is truly the best way to protect your cat from being the recipient of “what is going around.”

Natural Ways to Treat the Bronchitis

The term bronchitis is explained as the inflammation of bronchial tubes. Bronchial tubes are the airways leading towards the lungs. There are two types, namely acute bronchitis and chronic bronchitis. Acute bronchitis is normally caused by the same viruses that are the reason of the common cold. However, the chronic bronchitis is mainly due to smoking or breathing in dust for a long period. Chronic bronchitis can result in long-term respiratory tract problems.

Acute bronchitis starts with a sore throat or sinus infection and then spread to the airways. The main symptoms are dry cough over a long period of time, production of mucus, shortness of breath and difficulty in breathing and fatigue. Bronchitis is, however, a little complicated than the common cold, but acute bronchitis can be healed by using simple home remedies.

If you have bronchitis, get sufficient rest and drink plenty of liquids. That will help you with acute bronchitis. If the cough lasts for more than 3-4 weeks, you should consult a Doctor. The alternative medicines for bronchitis are limited. However, there are some home remedies that can help cure this disease. Eat a diet with high content of fatty acids. The fatty acids can be those that you can obtain from Omega 3 oil or fish. Avoid smoking, if you do, if you have bronchitis. Also, avoid second hand smoking as it is equally hazardous. Herbal teas can help a lot while suffering from the disease. Slippery elm tea helps in cough and sore throat. Fenugreek and thyme are the herbal supplements that help in reducing the inflammation. Thyme has an antiseptic effect which also helps cure cough. Lobelia is also helpful to cure coughs and for releasing the inflamed tissues.

Breathing in warm, moist air can help a lot with the inflamed tissues. Bronchitis can be healed by adding warm water in eucalyptus oil and inhaling its steam. Using red clover also helps cure acute bronchitis. It has antispasmodic properties that are a good sedative to relax the muscle cramping and nervous exhaustion associated with bronchitis. Marshmallow root and mullein can also help in the same way like slippery elm.

There is a need to boost up your immune system so that it can fight the disease and illness. Take vitamin C containing fruit juices like citrus fruit juices. Echinacea can also boost up the immune response of the body and help in getting back to normal. Zinc supplements are also a way to boost up the immune system.

Eucalyptus oil can also be applied externally to reduce the inflammation and for comforting muscles. Take a steam bath. Inhaling steam can help cure inflammation of the bronchitis. The peppermint relaxes the airways and fights bacteria and viruses. It contains menthol that helps in the opening and relaxation of airways.

Avoid caffeine and alcohol as they are diuretics. Drink herbal teas that can help you feel better. Garlic capsules can also help in reducing the severity of bronchitis. Drinking ginger tea is very helpful in almost all respiratory tract diseases. Carrot and garlic mix juice can help inflamed tissues to relax. Eat red pepper or increase its amount in your meal. Sipping hot lubricants like chicken soup also helps in acute bronchitis. It will give you energy as well as a soothing feeling to your bronchial tubes. The ideal way to use all the herbs is to make herb tea. It combines the effect of herb with a warm, soothing effect of the hot lubricant that will make you feel better. Hot poultice of linseed can be applied on the back and chest as it will ease the pain. These remedies are very helpful but don’t forget to contact your medical advisor if the bronchitis gets worse.

What Are The Reasons For Shoulder Pain When Lifting Arm?

Are you one of the thousands of people each year that suffer from shoulder pain when lifting your arm? If you are you are certainly not alone. The shoulder joint is one of the most injured joints in the human body second only to the lower back. This article will summarize some of the common causes of shoulder pain.

Shoulder Dislocation – this is an obvious source of shoulder pain and if this occurs it is highly unlikely you won’t recognize what happened. Dislocation means that the shoulder joint has come apart. The joint may stay apart until a doctor “puts in back in place” or it may go back into place by itself. It is usually very painful and can leave your arm feeling “dead.” In many cases once you dislocate you will dislocate again and again as the ligaments and shoulder capsule become loose and overstretched. A less severe form of dislocation is called subluxation and this means that the shoulder joint doesn’t fully separate but slips in and out with certain movements (like raising your arm overhead).

Rotator Cuff Injury – this is the most common cause of shoulder pain when lifting arm. The rotator cuff is a group of four muscles that help move and stabilize the shoulder joint. These muscles can be injured in the form of a tendonitis or tearing. Both of these problems can cause shoulder pain when lifting arm, weakness or both. The rotator cuff can be injured as easily in common people as it is in athletes.

Shoulder Bursitis – this is another common form of pain in the shoulder and can be caused from trauma, poor mechanics in the shoulder or repetitive overuse. The symptoms from this problem can be quite intense and severely limit the motion, strength and use of the affected arm. The symptoms here are very similar to a rotator cuff injury.

Acromioclavicular Joint Injury – this is a small joint on the top of the shoulder and can be injured or cause pain as a result of a trauma, overuse, or arthritis. When this joint is affected pain will usually be felt on the top of the shoulder. Lifting the arm can be painful as well. This joint is small which is why it is prone to injury.

As you can see there are several causes of shoulder pain lifting arm. Anyone can experience these types of problems whether you are active or sedentary. Do any of these problems sound familiar to you?

Rib Pain From Broken Ribs – Some of the Worst Pain You Can Have

It’s probably no exaggeration to state that broken ribs rank high on the list of most painful injuries you can suffer, including gunshot wounds or childbirth. You can’t put a cast on a broken rib as you can any other bone. Every time you breathe, pain in the ribs can be very intense. Even if the bone is not completely broken and is just cracked, it is called as a broken rib.

There is a definite difference in other types of pain as this pain is going to feel like a knife or skewer poking in the area of the damaged rib. When you move or spin your torso, pain can be intense. It can really hurt just touch a the rib. If you are experiencing this type of pain, you probably have a fractured rib.

There are many ways you can break a rib, but the most common happens during sports competition or vehicular accidents.

Why a Broken Rib Is Especially Dangerous

While a cracked rib is considered to be the same as a broken one, when the break splits the bone in half, it can pose a serious danger. Sharp edges of bone can move around and damage nearby internal organs and tissues.

Just trying to take a deep breath brings sharp and stabbing pain. Exhaling can be as painful as inhaling. Additionally, this breathing difficulty can complicate your respiration so seriously that you can get pneumonia.

How to Treat Broken Ribs

Even though broken or cracked ribs cause severe pain, they generally heal on their own. It can take up to fifty days for a cracked rib to completely heal and for the pain to go away.

Because of the intensity of the pain, and the fact that it can hurt every time you move, recovery seems to take a very long time.

Most doctors will not hesitate to prescribe pain killers when you have fractured ribs. There are also many good pain medications available over the counter that can also help reduce the discomfort as your recovery progresses.

The Financial and Emotional Costs of Cerebral Palsy

According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), one out of every 303 children born in the United States will be stricken with Cerebral Palsy. Thousands of new parents face this reality each year, and over 500,000 Americans suffer from the condition.

Cerebral Palsy is a group of medical disorders which affects a person’s ability to properly control their muscles or keep their balance. Other medical conditions stemming from Cerebral Palsy include hearing loss, problems with speech and intellectual disabilities (known in the past as mental retardation). Depending on the case, these symptoms range from mild to severe. In the most severe cases, the patient needs to be institutionalized.

The essential care and treatment of a person afflicted with Cerebral Palsy carries a tremendous financial commitment. According to the CDC, medical costs for children born with the condition are ten times higher than for their non-affected counterparts. The CDC has also estimated that the lifetime cost of caring for an individual with Cerebral Palsy is over one million dollars.

The emotional cost is harder to establish. Families are subjected to all forms of stress and emotional trauma as they care for their loved one, including the fear they may not be able to afford or continue the level of care needed by the patient. Sadly, there is no way to put a dollar figure on the anxiety and grief families can suffer while performing the intensive task of caregiver.

According to the CDC, Cerebral Palsy can be triggered either by an abnormal development of a fetal brain or damage to a growing brain. In many cases this damage or abnormality occurs naturally. There are instances however where the medical team, while providing care and treatment during the pregnancy, is at fault. The improper use of forceps, vacuums, and delayed (or mismanaged) caesarian sections have all been linked to the development.

Just how often the cause and onset of Cerebral Palsy can be traced to medical malpractice is the subject of an intense dispute between the legal and medical communities, but there is no doubt the costs involved are huge. In June of 2012, a jury in Baltimore awarded the parents of child a record breaking settlement of $55 million dollars after deciding the medical condition was a direct result of oxygen deprivation caused by an unduly delayed caesarian section.

In 2003, the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACAP) issued a report entitled “Neonatal Encephopathy and Cerebral Palsy” (NEACP) in which they attempted to establish medical criteria for when a lawsuit to determine malpractice would be allowable. In concluding her 2003 article “Can We Prevent Cerebral Palsy?” for the New England Journal of Medicine, Dr. Karin Nelson wrote that lawsuits related to Cerebral Palsy contributed to the high cost of medical malpractice insurance.

Many lawyers have argued that the standards set forth by NEACP are unduly narrow. Furthermore, even in cases where the NEACP’s standards might be viewed as acceptable, there are investigated cases on record where medical staff have taken inaccurate readings or even mislabeled blood samples.

This medical condition is a neurological disorder which carries with it a tremendously heavy financial and emotional cost. For the parents who face the unimaginable challenges of caring for a child born with Cerebral Palsy, it is important that they retain a highly skilled attorney who has extensive experience in medical malpractice as it regards to this condition. It is not fair for parents to bear the burden alone if avoidable medical error is to blame.

Caring For Dogs With Rear Paralysis

Spinal injury is one of the most serious ailments that can affect dogs. If your canine pet acquires this injury, it can suffer rear paralysis. This is because, in most cases, the point of injury and downwards is the most vulnerable. When this happens, your dog can no longer move his rear legs.

Unfortunately, this condition of your paralyzed dog can be permanent. Veterinary researches show that there are only very few cases that rear paralysis are cured. As someone who treats your dog as a real best friend, you will certainly have to double your efforts in caring for it.

One of the most immediate concerns in taking care of a paralyzed dog is cleanliness. Your dog may have been trained before to defecate only in the place you designated. However, because of its current conditions it will no longer be able to submit to the rules that you had set before. Oftentimes, it may just decide to defecate in the very place where it is staying. Because of this, you have to regularly clean your dog as well as the very spot where it stays most of the time. Giving your dog a bath and cleaning its spot in the house, prevents diseases that may just harm it further.

It is the nature of a dog to move towards what interests it, especially if it is still young. Therefore, your pet may attempt to walk or move despite the rear paralysis. While doing it too often, your dog may just drag its rear and develop sores and rashes on its skin. The problem is that you can never tell your dog to just stay put in one place. Like humans, they also want to overcome their handicaps. The best that you can do is to provide your pet with a means to be mobile, such as a dog wheelchair.

With a dog wheelchair, your pet can go easily from one place to another. It may not be able to do some of the fun activities that can demand so much physically but, at least, it does not get bored in just lazing in a corner for the entire day. In fact, it can already go back to defecating in the spot that you once assigned for it. By regaining some mobility, your dog will no longer suffer so much from its rear paralysis. Walking around the house is again made possible, which is a good coping mechanism for it.

Cure Hernia Pain During Pregnancy

Immense pressure on the abdominal walls during pregnancy can often times be enough to cause fatty tissue or intestine to protrude through a hole formed in the abdominal muscle wall. That means lots of baby pressure on your belly caused a bit of intestine to peek out through a hole in your muscle. This can result in an inguinal hernia: bulge in the groin area, abdominal hernia: bulge in the abdomen (besides the large baby bulge), umbilical hernia: bulge on the bellybutton, or femoral hernia: bulge on the inner leg near the groin. These can all be very painful and impair walking.

Many medical professionals will tell you there is nothing you can do for this pain and to withstand the pain until the baby is born. Relief is possible. Know that you can wear a pregnancy supporter for hernia care to prevent more damage and reduce the pain. I experienced inguinal hernias while pregnant and wearing support bands made all the difference in the world, from impaired almost impossible walking to normal walking and playing with my kids again. There are 2 excellent pregnancy hernia support products on the market and if you type in pregnancy hernia band you will find access to them on search engines. Elastic based products tend to stretch out and are not durable so buyer beware.

What are the life changing steps you can do to relieve hernia pain in pregnancy:

  • Wear a pregnancy hernia support band!!! Relief will come immediately.
  • Avoid lifting or if that’s impossible avoid holding a child for long periods of time while standing (sounds impossible if you have little ones, but bend down and talk to them, sit side by side, have them sit in a ‘big person chair’ at the table if you are working in the kitchen, you may have to get creative.
  • Rest your hernia–lay down and take the pressure off at night, support your belly with a pillow and place a pillow between or under your knees at night.
  • Have your husband/significant other lift for you: leave heavy groceries or boxes in the car for him/her to bring in. Let them know you are in pain. If you are alone, get a folding shopping cart and wheel your groceries, etc. into the house.

Hernia surgery after pregnancy may be necessary depending on the severity of the hernia, check with your doctor. My inguinal hernia went away, only to return again in my 3rd pregnancy, but never to return there after, I am almost 50.

Spinal Cord Injuries During Football Season

Football is a violent sport. For many fans, this is part of its appeal. For the players, however, the violence inherent in the game poses a serious health risk. With this year’s football season already begun, there’s no time like the present to focus on the potential for spinal cord injury, measures for prevention, and methods of treatment.

Spinal Cord Injuries

The spinal cord is a bundle of nerves that carries messages between the brain and the rest of the body. It is protected by the vertebrae and extends into the lumbar spine. The signals that pass between the brain and the body via the spinal cord are responsible for regulating our most essential functions: bowel and bladder control, blood pressure, body temperature regulation and sensation.

Injury to the spinal cord can occur as the result of tumors, developmental disorders, disease, and – what I’ll be focusing on in this article – trauma. A physical trauma can cause strain on the spinal cord, compression of the spinal cord, or fracture of the vertebrae surrounding the spinal cord, resulting in damage to the cord itself. Oftentimes, when the spinal cord is injured, the messages cannot pass between the brain and the body. When this is the case, essential bodily functions can fail – causing paralysis or even death.

Football Injuries

Head, neck, and spine injuries are common in football; this stands to reason as falls and hard hits are an everyday occurrence for all players – no matter what position they play or level of play (high school, college, or the NFL). If the angle and velocity of these impacts are just right, spinal cord injury is a natural result. Various sources offer statistics regarding football-related injuries. Although the exact figures in these reports may vary, all sources agree that even just a single severe spinal cord injury is too many.

To be fair, I believe equal attention should be paid to the athletes on the sidelines: cheerleaders. These men and women have progressed to complex acrobatics that send them hurtling through the air. Stunts like these can result in cheerleaders falling on their heads or backs, or with other cheerleaders landing on top of them. Clearly, these scenarios can result in head trauma or spinal cord injury, and these types of injuries are also an unfortunate reality of the sport of cheer leading.


At my practice, we use several methods for treating our patients with spinal cord injuries on Long Island. The ultimate goal of these therapies is to decompress the spinal cord and stabilize the spinal column.

After surgery, most of our spinal cord injury patients in the NYC metro also undergo physical therapy and other ancillary therapies. Thanks to advanced treatment methods, life expectancy and quality of life for these patients may be significantly improved. Victims of these injuries can go on to lead full lives, even if they have lost the use of their arms and legs.

Prevention While improving treatment for football-related injuries is a worthy goal, equal emphasis needs to be placed on preventing the injuries from occurring in the first place. I can offer several suggestions.

  • Coaches and trainers: Perform thorough physical exams to ensure that no athletes are playing injured. Encourage training for coaches and staff so that they are prepared to respond to a spine injury. Coach players to use methods of blocking and tackling that do not use the head as a “battering ram.” Arrange for a physician to be on the field during practice or a game in case of emergencies. Make sure that helmets are well-fitted and that straps are tight.
  • Officials: Continue to enforce penalties against helmet-to-helmet contact.
  • Players: Focus on keeping the head up, even when blocking and tackling. Trainers should work with players to strengthen neck muscles so that they can maintain proper posture during the game. Players need to immediately report “warning signs” of an injury (such as numbness or tingling, pain or pressure in the head/neck/back, weakness or uncoordination, and difficulty breathing) – and should not return to the game.

Measures can also be taken to prevent cheer leading injuries. Experts suggest improving the facilities where stunts are performed (for example, requiring floor mats and avoiding wet surfaces), limiting the participants who can perform more dangerous stunts to those with more experience, and requiring coaches to undergo specialized safety training. It’s important to note that cheer leading is not considered a sport by some schools, and thus is not as heavily-regulated as other athletics. Many have suggested that, until cheer leading is sufficiently regulated by all schools, sufficient safety improvements cannot be made.

4 Sport ATVs For the Common Man Who Needs to Let Loose

Hard work has its rewards. It puts food on the table, beer in the fridge and gives you the ability to buy cool things you can store in that newly added third garage stall. Mountain bikes, campers, fishing boats and ATVs are just some of the toys you may own for recreating outdoors. The last thing you need to do on a Saturday is find more work to do.

While we enjoy using 4×4 ATVs to plow snow and tackle mud bogs, we also love to let loose and just ride for fun. And there’s nothing like carving the dunes or dicing through the trees on a lighter weight sport quad or the freedom they provide.

Here are four sport quads between 330 and 400cc that are capable of providing a great joyride or day escape. Each packs more punch than the small entry-level models and is less intimidating than the larger displacement speedsters and race-specific quads.

Honda TRX400X

This sport quad was the talk of the industry a decade ago, but that was a different time and 450cc sport quads didn’t exist! Despite its age, the 400X (the artist formerly known as 400EX) has proven itself to be fun, reliable and affordable! Its 2005 upgrades included a sportier look and reverse to make it more convenient. Then in ’08, it received a sleeker fender package and new seat.

Powered by an air-cooled single-cylinder 397cc four-stroke, the 400X doesn’t quite pack the hit or zip as Suzuki’s Z400, but it’s darn close and every bit as enjoyable. While the 400X could benefit from the addition of electronic fuel injection, the 38mm piston-valve carburetor has proven to be reliable and provides a smooth throttle pull.

Its narrower 45.5-inch width and 32.5-inch seat height make runs through heavily forested trails quick and controllable. Aggressive cornering and big jumps can overmatch the front preload-adjustable Showa shocks. However, while we’d love to see better front shocks, complete with piggyback reservoirs, we understand this machine’s affordability would diminish. The fully adjustable rear shock offers 9.1 inches of travel and does an admirable job of soaking up hard hits.

At 408 pounds wet, the steel-framed 400X is considered “heavy” for motocross racing, but it’s capable of tackling milder tracks in stock form. Aluminum wheels and an aluminum swingarm reduce the weight somewhat. The 20-inch rear Ohtsu tires are decent at supplying traction and work well in muddier and sandy conditions, but could be stronger.

The 400X has one of the industry’s best chain adjustment systems. Triple disc brakes are standard and provide ample stopping power, yet aren’t as instant as some sport quads we’ve ridden. The newer seat is less plush but

is also more refined – with a slender front section and wider rear edges – for sport riders. Since its ’05 redesign, the 400X has continued to rise in price (up $500).

With the current state of the economy, model saturation and sport quad sales figures continuing to decline, we wonder if the 400X will remain in the lineup or follow the 250R into Honda heaven.

Polaris Trail Blazer 330

Polaris categorizes the Trail Blazer 330 as an entry-level ATV and we agree. Although, its weight, displacement and overall size may be too much for some first-time riders, its automatic transmission, power, full floorboards and single-lever braking make it easier to ride than the other three quads in this group. Plus, a host of 2010 upgrades have improved this machine.

Updates were made to the plastic, seat, lighting, suspension, chassis, disc brakes, master cylinder and fuel gauge. Visually, it’s easiest to see the changes to the modern plastic, taller seat and the brighter front headlight, which was borrowed from the Outlaw and has 28 percent more power. Owners should also notice the more convenient remote fuel gauge even if they fail to realize the fuel tank’s capacity grew .75 gallons.

It’s also easy to spot the Trail Blazer’s new stance. New floorboards are fashionable and functional and contribute to its improved ergonomics. The seat is more contoured and longer and its height increased an inch, up to 35 inches, due to thicker seat foam and a new suspension. It could be the most comfortable seat in the sport quad market. The ground clearance declined from 5.5 inches to 4.75 because Polaris added a beefier eccentric protection skid plate, which it calls “much improved.”

On paper, the 330 is also three inches taller. That’s partly due to the incorporation of the half-inch taller Sportsman handlebars that are designed to better accept a windshield and other accessories.

Beneath the plastic, the suspension and chassis also went under the knife. Sportsman front struts (castings), with separate front spindles for mounting the wheels, replace the old front-end setup. Also, the shocks have new springs to improve the ride. Polaris engineers made the chassis stronger, improved the engine mounting and alignment and increased the skid protection. Braking action was altered by using the Sportsman calipers, larger brake discs and new master cylinder, which upped the bleeding capacity. The machine is also an inch wider, but retains the same A-arms.

The 329cc four-stroke engine does OK for lighter riders, but feels sluggish for heavy riders, especially when the quad’s 492-pound dry weight is factored in. However, the Trail Blazer better accommodates larger riders due to its overall dimensions. But then again, Polaris didn’t design this ATV to break any speed records or contend for honors on an MX track. It was built for convenience, ease of use and cruising terrain and other moderately challenging trails. The Trail Blazer has always produces stable cornering and can be fun to wheelie if the Carlisle tires find enough traction.

Suzuki QuadSport Z400

Although the Z400 is the most expensive 400-class sport quad, it’s the most comfortable and loaded with features. Electronic fuel injection was added last year giving the Suzuki improved throttle control and stronger, more efficient acceleration. There’s nothing wrong with a quicker 400, right? For anyone not looking to compete in a motocross race, this is the Suzuki sport quad for you. Even if you do want to race it, the removable headlight, suspension and stronger steel-alloy chassis should appease you.

The resilient 398cc single-cylinder four-stroke has the most thrilling power and is the lone liquid-cooled mill in this quartet. It fires electronically and is outfitted with a nearly bulletproof five-speed transmission with reverse. I’ve ridden the Z400 with a group of 450 machines and, although underpowered, its abilities, speed, controllable powerband and comfort levels all made me forget about its power disadvantage.

At 46.9 inches, the Z400 is the widest of these four ATVs and has the best stock suspension. Despite its advantageous width, the four-stroke remains a stable stalwart in the dense woods and can carve through trees like a love-hungry 10-point buck. A 31.9-inch seat height helps it rail corners.

Fully adjustable piggyback shocks supply excellent suspension travel figures and superb tuning capabilities. The linkage-type rear end, with it’s lightweight aluminum swingarm and single shock, offers 9.1 inches of wheel travel. Up front, the fully independent A-arm suspension offers 8.5 inches of travel and tracks very well – point and shoot! In addition, this machine feels lighter on the trail than its 425-pound curb weight would suggest.

Ergonomically, the Z can appeal to riders of various sizes and shapes. The Z400’s signature T-shaped seat may be the best platform in the business and is definitely the most copied. The larger 46mm foot pegs aid in supporting

boots for aggressive racers and weekend warriors alike. The 20-inch rear tires are great for casual woods riders and admirably supply a good balance between straight-line traction and sliding.

For those who enjoy a custom look, Suzuki offers a limited edition Z400 with special graphics and black wheels, for an additional $200. The Z400 is in a similar predicament as the Honda 400X, seeing huge sales figures early on in

its history and market saturation more recently. However, the Z400 is Suzuki’s trail machine not the QuadRacer 450, which targets MX racers. Plus, the addition of EFI gives it a technological edge over the other guys.

Yamaha Raptor 350

The Raptor 350 dates back to 1987 and the Warrior nameplate, yet it’s still living off a 2004 redesign and its new name. And the fact that it shares a lot of parts with its big-bore brothers, the Raptor 700R and YFZ450, and has a unique package also help. Yamaha has confirmed the 350 Raptor will return to its lineup for 2010.

The hearty, two-valve, 348cc, air-cooled four-stroke has just enough muscle to put a smile on your face, but can eventually leave you wanting more. Reverse gear has also been a strong selling point for the Raptor, even though it has the trickiest reverse lever to operate in this group. The Raptor’s six-speed transmission is also unique to the industry.

Surprisingly, at 396 pounds (wet), the Raptor is the lightest quad in this group. Even so, it can feel heavy and slightly underpowered when the trails require all-out speed. On the forest trails, however, the 350 is better than average partly due to its thin 43.1-inch width.

That skinny design and a dated suspension can also make it more challenging to control for inexperienced riders. And the five-way preload-adjustable shocks can only do so much to slow body roll. Some of the handling quirks are also due to the Raptor’s tires; especially the rear treads which have a more rounded profile and are often slide happy. The hydraulic discs do the job and I’ve always enjoyed the flip-type parking brake.

Unfortunately the Raptor’s size may be its biggest detractor. It’s the shortest (length-and height-wise) and the narrowest machine in this group and has the shortest wheelbase. This ergonomic configuration can make some riders taller than 6 feet feel cramped.

Type 2 Diabetes – Are Diabetics Susceptible to Developing Shingles?

It is known having Type 2 diabetes affects the immune system, making diabetics susceptible to many different types of infections. In June 2014, the medical journal Infection reported the results of a study carried out on shingles, which is also known as herpes zoster, in people who have been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes.

Shingles is caused by the varicella zoster virus, the same virus that causes chickenpox. People who had chickenpox have the virus in their nervous system where it usually lies dormant. Occasionally it causes shingles, a painful burning rash on the skin over a nerve. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, United States, one in three people develop shingles during their lifetimes and 10 percent of those will develop postherpetic neuralgia. Postherpetic neuralgia causes pain for months or even years. Ten to 25 percent of shingles incidents can cause scarring of the face, and blindness.

Researchers at GlaxoSmithKline Vaccines in Wavre, Belgium compared the number of shingles cases in…

  • 380,401 people with Type 2 diabetes to those in over
  • one million nondiabetic individuals.

Over a period of 9 years…

  • Type 2 diabetics 65 years of age and older, had more than three times the risk of shingles than did nondiabetic participants.
  • diabetic participants between 40 and 64 years of age had a 51 percent higher risk of shingles than nondiabetics in the same age group.

From the above information it was concluded their work suggests an increased risk of shingles in those people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes.

Shingles is treated with…

  • antiviral medications, acyclovir, valacyclovir, and famciclovir.
  • anti-pain medications are also sometimes used.
  • persistent pain can be treated with antidepressants.

Zostavax, a vaccine developed by the US drug company, Merck, is partially successful at preventing shingles. It also reduces the severity and length of episodes in some, and reduces the risk of chronic pain.

GlaxoSmithKline is currently recruiting patients for a phase 3 study of its new herpes zoster vaccine…

  • In phase 1, new drugs are tested on healthy individuals to determine how safe the new drugs are.
  • In phase 2, the medications are tested on volunteers to learn how effective they are in doing the job they are intended to do.
  • In phase 3, they are retested to confirm their safety and efficacy, often on subgroups of individuals with special health needs.

To volunteer for a study of the new vaccine in people 50 years of age and over, see

Back Pain – How Does a Pinched Nerve Cause Back Pain?

What is a pinched nerve and how does it cause back pain? We have all heard the term either from a doctor or friend. If like me you suffer from an aching back then you maybe a victim of a pinched nerve. All you know is it hurts! All you care about is finding a way to lose the pain. Hopefully this article will help.

A pinched or compressed nerve is what happens when a nerve is irritated because of an injury to the surrounding tissue. In the case of back and spinal conditions the problem is usually from a disc that has bulged out from the vertebrae and is pressing against the root of a spinal nerve. The medical term for this is condition is “radiculopathy”. Pressure on this nerve root can send pain radiated down the nerve. In my case a herniated disc in my lower back pressed against my sciatic nerve resulting in pain shooting all the way to my right foot. In addition to pain you may also experience tingling sensations, numbness and cold.

Is there a cure for a pinched nerve? The good news is yes! In most cases taking Tylenol or other over the counter medication, rest and an ice pack will relieve the pain. In more severe cases spinal injections and even surgery maybe necessary. However more and more doctors are recommending physical therapy and/or some form of exercise program in lieu of surgery.

But how do you prevent a pinched nerve? How do you lose the pain and get on with your life? Well the answer is to find a system that strengthens the back and abdominal muscles correcting muscle imbalance. One of the top rated programs is The Lose The Back Pain System developed by The Healthy Back Institute. This program has helped thousands to lose their back pain for good. The Lose The Back Pain System custom designs a program of specific movements and exercises tailored to your exact needs.