Natural Remedies For Nausea and Vomiting

When nausea and vomiting occur, it might be an indication that you are suffering from morning sickness, food poisoning, gastrointestinal problems, infections, migraines, motion sickness, kidney problems or more serious health conditions. Most of the common symptoms of nausea is ‘queasiness’ in the stomach and even abdominal cramps. These cramps are often followed by vomiting. Though there are now many medications that could treat nausea and its accompanied symptoms, most people still prefer to use the natural remedies. If you suddenly experience nausea and vomiting, fret not for there are lots of natural remedies that can help you treat your cramps.

  • Drink a cup of ginger tea or chew shaved ginger. These two herbs are known to help people with digestive and gastrointestinal problems. As we all know, ginger has been used for such a long time to cure digestive ailments and to ease the nausea and vomit attacks. But if you have problems with your blood, it is wise to seek your doctor’s advice first before engaging yourself to this type of remedy.
  • Try having a few drops of peppermint essential oil on an ice cube. Sucking the peppermint ice will help your stomach to calm down as well as it could prevent excessive salivation.
  • Eat plain crackers and saltines. Before you get up from your bed in the morning, it is better to munch on some plain crackers to prevent the over production of acid on your stomach. This particular remedy is best with pregnant women who suffer from morning sickness. They can eat these protein rich snacks even before going to bed to help them deal with the accompanied symptoms of morning sickness.
  • Sip some cranberry juice if you feel nauseous. Though fruit juice may aggravate the production of acid on your stomach, cranberry juice will not affects your digestive system at all. In fact it will help ease your cramps.
  • A cup of hot water and a teaspoon of cinnamon powder will also help you deal with nausea and vomiting. But you will have to strain the cinnamon so it would not be too gritty when you drink it. Cinnamon has been proven safe in treating any gastrointestinal ailments.

These are just some of the natural remedies that could help you deal with nausea and vomiting. But make sure that you talk with your doctor first before you engage to any of these remedies. Your doctor will only be the one who can tell which remedies will work best on you.

How Is Salmonella Food Poisoning Harmful?

Microbes and food poisoning are interrelated through thousands of cases of food poisoning due to microbes that are reported everywhere yearly. One of the main types of bacteria that cause food poisoning is Salmonella. The harm of Salmonella comes from food chemicals and poultry items, meat, unprocessed milk and also contaminated water even your pets like birds and even turtles can become the carriers of Salmonella.

Salmonella attacks the intestines and stomach directly. Some of the cases also see the bacteria entering the lymph tracts. The work of these tracts is to carry protein and water to the blood. They are also carriers of blood which means that this kind of infection can lead to some serious problems for the person. These bacteria’s can attack anyone regardless of their age and sex. Anyone who has a weak immune system or is already ill is at a high risk of getting this infection.

The major symptoms of this infection are headaches, stomach cramps, fever, blood in feces, nausea with vomiting and diarrhea or constipation. The cases in which the infection is less, the patient will be cured of them in four to seven days. Some of the infections do not even need treatments and are cured with the help of consumption of fluids.

The more serious cases of salmonella poisoning may lead to excessive diarrhea, and even stomach cramps. It is seen that in some cases that diarrhea continues for long and is frequent, which leads to loss of essential fluids from the body. When the stomach cramps become intolerable and the patient has fever of 38 degrees or higher, one should call a doctor immediately telling him/her about the conditions, and the proper medication issued.

Signs of jaundice may also appear. The eyes will turn yellow and the skin may adopt this color as well. If something like this happens, be aware that there is some problem with the liver or the bile ducts whose work is to carry the bile from the liver to the stomach. You should take immediate actions and prepare the food that you eat hygienically while keeping all food standards in mind. Make a point to wash your hands before you consume anything. Make sure that the utensils kept in your kitchen are clean. The more you know about the disease the more it will be helpful to know how to avoid it and protect your family..

Pilates – The Gentle Healer For Ulcers

Peptic ulcer is a crater-like hole in the stomach or the beginning of the small intestine. The gastric ulcers form in the stomach while the duodenal ulcers form in the beginning of the small intestine. Duodenal ulcers occur in twelve to fifteen percent of adults in the United States.

Ulcers occur due to the breakdown of protective barriers that line the stomach and intestines. Digestive juices are very acidic but there are secretion substances such as bicarbonate and mucus that neutralize this acidity. These protective secretions are emitted to prevent ulcer formation. A loss of integrity in the lining of the small intestine or stomach due to a breakdown of these protective barriers leads to ulcers.

The culprits that cause this loss of integrity and development of ulcers are listed below:

#1. Bacterium Helicobacter pylori, is an infection that attaches to the protective lining in the stomach and weakens it.

#2. Food allergies

#3. Overuse of Naproxen, Ibuprofen and Aspirin increase risk of gastrointestinal bleeding

#4. Emotional stress may be a causative factor

#5. Smoking is a significant factor

It is difficult to diagnose the sometimes vague symptoms of an ulcer. The most common symptom is abdominal pain that feels like an ache, burning sensation or cramp. This gnawing feeling can occur anywhere from forty-five minutes to two hours after a meal.

Sometimes this “heartburn” type feeling can worsen in the evening. Other symptoms are black stools, vomiting or nausea. A procedure known as an endoscopy can be performed by a physician to evaluate this disorder. Swift medical attention is advised. Individuals that have a peptic ulcer must be monitored by a doctor. There are serious complications that can quickly translate to “medical emergencies.” One of the biggest problems is that individuals experiencing these symptoms mask them with a large quantity of antacids. These supplements, natural remedies and dietary considerations have proven to be beneficial:

#1. Vitamin A

#2. Vitamin E

#3. Vitamin C

#4. Aloe Vera – drink a couple of glasses daily

#5. Increase dietary fiber

#6. Flavoniods

#7. Cabbage juice

#8. Rhubarb

#9. Bismuth Sub-citrate – natural mineral available through a compounding pharmacy.

#10. Licorice

Last but not least, control stress through effective relaxation techniques. Deep breathing, Yoga, or stretching through Pilates exercises can provide beneficial and therapeutic outlets. Stress management, high fiber diet and antacids (on an occasional basis only) are helpful. A combination of all of these is the key to preventing and healing ulcers.

Problems With Acid Reflux Heartburn Medications

Many acid reflux heartburn suffers make it through life on one antacid pill after another assuming that heartburn and ant-acid medications are safe to use indefinitely. Sadly this may not be the case. Lifestyle changes probably are the most effective means of curing most acid reflux heartburn disorders. However we live in the take a pill and forget it society that does not consider the consequences of long-term ant-acid heartburn medication.

Almost all antacid medications consist of either aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, sodium bicarbonate or some combination of these chemical compounds to neutralize the acid in your stomach. The downside of neutralizing stomach acid is that your stomach can no longer efficiently digest your food. It also causes problems for the good bacteria that live in your digestive track. When your stomach senses that acid levels are being reduced it automatically makes more hydrochloric acid. This of course causes acid reflux heartburn symptoms to increase. This cycling is hard on your digestive system and makes your life miserable.

Anytime you take any kind of medication you leave yourself open to side effects. This can be minor or in some extreme cases life threatening. Many people do not know that some antacid leave you more vulnerable to food poisoning. The use of antacids affects the levels of good bacteria that normally protect the body from bacterial invasions. Certain enzyme secretions necessary for proper digestion are also affected by the use of antacids. They can also interfere with the absorption of vitamins, micronutrients and calcium compounds.

A very serious consideration that is largely overlooked by antacid users is the adverse reaction with other medicine that the acid reflux heartburn suffer is also taking. These include blood thinners, corticosteroids, diabetic medications, antibiotics, heart medicine, anti-anxiety medications and simple anti-inflammatories. Since you can buy most antacids over the counter most people never bother to consult their physician before taking them. This practice can lead to tragic consequences.

The most commonly prescribed acid reflux heartburn medicines including Nexium, Prilosec and Prevacid are only intended to be used for short periods. However, most people are using them for months at a time. The drug manufactures never conduct tests to determine the long-term side affects of these drugs. It is well known within the medical community that taking these medications increases your risk of contracting pneumonia. It is understood that taking these medications reduces stomach acid and beneficial bacteria that kill the harmful bacteria.

The new H2-recptor blockers like Tagamet greatly reduce the production of hydrochloric acid. Side affects include the poor absorption of key vitamins and enzymes. Long-term effects of this new class of drugs in largely unknown. Proton pump inhibitors or (PPI’s) also work by shutting down the production of hydrochloric acid. They are very powerful with the ability to completely turn off all stomach acid production. As with the H2-receptor blockers no long-term studies have been conducted to fully understand the long-term use of these drugs.

Ingesting any drug into your body causes a reaction to occur. Many of the reactions are mild but some are of a serious nature. The alternative to using medications to reduce your acid reflux heartburn symptoms is basic and safe. Unless you have a serious digestive problem like GERD or cancer, in which you should be under the care of a physician, the most effective way of solving your heartburn problems is through a change in lifestyle. By that we mean reducing your food intake, stopping smoking, cutting back on alcohol use. Eating smaller meals several times a day, avoiding spicy foods or foods with high acid content like citrus and beginning a regular routine of exercise.

Once you have made the decision to change your lifestyle, the hardest part is taking the first steps. If you need help then enlist family members and friends to keep you focused. It just takes one small step at a time but you can do it if you keep focused on the goal to be acid reflux heartburn free.

Stomach Capacity, Uric Acid And Lemons

What does stomach capacity, uric acid and lemons have in common? They represent the cause, effect and remedy of many of today’s most common forms of illnesses and diseases.

Let us briefly examine this concept of cause, effect and remedy from a unique perspective. That perspective can be illustrated by driving your car in all types of weather, never taking the time to maintain it and then suddenly noticing one day that it has now started to deteriorate. Should this be a surprise to us? Of course not.

Let’s begin.


Here in North America we are blessed with an abundance of food. But blessings, if not used correctly can become maledictions. It is virtually impossible to go anywhere to eat out today without expecting to receive a huge plate of food when we order. But are these food portions healthy for us? Much emphasis is placed on the subject of food choices themselves being healthy for us and many experts assert that this is one of the reasons we are experiencing an epidemic of obesity. Then we hear that it’s not what you eat, but how much you eat. Still there are others who assert that it’s what you eat, not how you eat it that is causing the woes we are experiencing.

Who do we believe?

Stomach capacity varies according to the individual – and rightly so. We are not clones who all look and measure the same height and weight. What might be right for one person might be grossly under or overstated for another. Put a 7′ basketball player beside a diminutive 5′ female. Could they consume the same amount? Possibly. Should their food intake be measured the same? Absolutely not!

To determine how much food is right for us at each meal time, let’s do a small exercise together. Join the palms of your hands together and now form a ball with them. Take a moment to carefully examine the size. Memorize it. Now consider this next point:

  • Foods should comprise half of this amount
  • Fluids should comprise 1/4 of this amount

Does this surprise you?

Why should the amount that we consume matter?

Volumes that exceed these amounts now become excess in our bodies and will have to be stored. Even if the amounts you may store daily are minor, over a period of time, they will accumulate.


Uric acid is created in the body as a result of overeating (also consuming too much meat in our diet is another way).

Virtually all of the chronic diseases we currently see prevalent in our society are a result of an accumulation of uric acid.

Normal amounts of uric acid in the blood are very low; however, when that accumulation rises, like rust on a car, it binds with other blood components to form a gel-like substance that can clog our blood vessels. Circulation is impeded and we can be affected in remote areas from the heart like our hands and feet.

Do you suffer from poor circulation?

As these blockages occur, they harden into crystal or salt-like deposits which can end up in our bones and muscles. Toxic properties of these uric salts or crystals can cause the following:

  • anemia
  • arthritis
  • back pains
  • diabetes and obesity
  • disorders of the joints and bones
  • gastritis
  • high blood pressure
  • kidney and liver stones and other disorders
  • neurological diseases such as high blood pressure, headaches, migraines, neurasthenia, insomnia and even epilepsy
  • osteoporosis
  • podagra (gout)
  • chronic rheumatism
  • skin conditions

So how can we interrupt this process – especially if we may already be suffering from any of the above issues?


The best method to eliminate excess toxic uric acid is by the regular use of lemon juice.

Lemon juice is rich is vitamin C, microelements and hormones. It has cleansing properties that target these same insoluble salts and slime produced from uric acid build-up. Some of the chemical compounds found in lemon juice are particularly effective in the prevention or management of infectious diseases (for example, the common cold and viruses).

Incorporating freshly squeezed lemon juice into your diet each and every day* is a beneficial way to manage uric acid buildup in the body. Lemon juice quickly changes its composition under the influence of air and sunlight, so you will need to prepare a fresh new portion every time. Why? Well lemon juice as mentioned, is very high in vitamin C. This disintegrates under the influence of sunlight, daylight or even cooking. Pre-packaged bottled lemon juice will not have the same effect as consuming it fresh each time.

So you might be thinking that lemons are so sour, won’t they upset my stomach? Perhaps you may even be wondering at this point if you can add a little honey to help it go down. Think again. What tastes sour to our tongue will not necessarily influence or damage our stomach lining. Indeed, the juice of a lemon, while acidic, is nowhere near as acidic as the acids found inside our stomach during the digestive process. Many who suffer from gastritis and ulceration often benefit from lemon juice therapy.

So if the jury is still out for you on which of the food experts are correct when it comes to what to eat, or how to eat it or even how much to eat, consider incorporating freshly squeezed lemon juice into your diet as a protective and preventative measure towards maintaining good health.

* More intensive lemon therapies are also available; however it is advisable to do so under the supervised guidance of a natural health practitioner who will be able to tailor it uniquely to your personal circumstances.

Symptoms of Lymphedema

Before taking into account the symptoms of lymphedema, it is essential to understand this health ailment that people experience. Lymphedema can be defined as the swelling of the limbs as a result of the non-functioning of the lymphatic system. A condition which is known as primary lymphedema may be inherited due to genetic factors and lineage of the individual. The other type of lymphedema is secondary lymphedema, where the patient may acquire the ailment as a result of an injury or obstruction to the smooth functioning of the lymphatic system.

Although lymphedema symptoms are seen mainly in the arms and legs, the ailment can influence any body part. The obvious sign of the disease is a swelling present in the area. The limb may feel heavy due to fluid accumulation. Lymph fluid may build up in the region of the head and neck; there may be skin discoloration or patches appearing on the affected limb. General first impression that the patient gets is a feeling of fullness in the limb. A cut or an injury to the limb treated for cancer could be a trigger for the swelling. An airplane trip may also be the first instance to prompt a lymphedema attack. Symptoms of lymphedema that you would notice are a sudden tightness in the wrist or ankles, restricting movement. Sometimes, it could be difficult to fit into your clothes or a ring or bracelet you could wear easily is suddenly becoming tight.

Many a times, lymphedema is a side-effect of breast cancer therapy. Women who undergo lumpectomy, mastectomy or the removal of lymph nodes in the armpit are prime candidates for the condition. In such cases, there is a change in the pathway of the lymph fluid, which is the reason for the condition. The symptoms may show up at any time after the operation and the condition may aggravate if not treated in time.

Recent studies state that controlled weight lifting may reduce the incidence of lymphedema for women who have had a mastectomy. Weight lifting may provide protective benefits to the affected arm by boosting the strength in that arm and improving circulation. Generally, an exercise schedule is a part of the lymphedema treatment therapy that is recommended by doctors.

Since treatment for cancer may lead to lymphedema, persons who have been treated for cancer are at a high risk for contracting the condition. Hence, such patients must be vigilant to note any symptoms of lymphedema. Treating the problem at the initial stage arrests the progress of the condition. If the symptoms are ignored, the ramifications can be severe and the damage may be irreversible. A nutritious diet with proper exercise plays an important role in maintaining the health of the lymphedema patient. A skin care routine is also essential. Lymphedema patients should protect themselves from any injury as much as possible to avoid the complications that may arise later. Even though there may not be a cure for lymphedema, it can be controlled with proper care and treatment.

Intracerebral Hemorrhage: Bleeding Inside the Brain

All strokes damage the brain by disrupting circulation, but strokes come in multiple varieties. Because different parts of the brain are specialized to perform specific functions, symptoms produced by strokes vary according to what part of the brain was injured. In one patient the symptom might be weakness on one side of the body. In another it might be a partial loss of vision. In still another, a loss of speech. And symptoms can vary in intensity from mild to severe according to how large the area of damage is and whether it occurred in a pivotal location.

Strokes can also vary according to another fundamental difference — whether they involve a blocked blood vessel or a hemorrhage. Most strokes are due to the former in which brain-tissue damaged by lack of circulation is called an infarction. But 10-15% of strokes involve bleeding from ruptured blood vessels within the brain tissue, and while it’s bad enough to have an infarction, hemorrhagic strokes (intracerebral hemorrhages) can be even more devastating.

One prominent figure with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage is Ariel Sharon, whose hemorrhagic stroke occurred while he was still prime minister of Israel. Although some patients with intracerebral hemorrhage recover to a point of being able to enjoy other people and regain some independence in functioning, Sharon’s poor clinical outcome is all too common in patients with this disease.

The additional problem with hemorrhagic strokes is that the new deposit of blood occupies space — sometimes a lot of it — and there is only so much space within the skull (braincase) to go around. The fresh hemorrhage crowds and distorts the brain-tissue next to it, and additionally subjects the rest of the brain to increased pressure that can itself be damaging. Because of these distortions and pressure-changes, a patient with intracerebral hemorrhage often shows a decreased level of consciousness or even coma.

Another kind of spontaneous bleed within the braincase is subarachnoid hemorrhage, often caused by ruptured aneurysms outside the brain but inside the braincase. While this, too, is a very serious condition, it is not the focus of this particular essay, and spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhages are not caused by aneurysms of this kind. Yet another kind of bleed that can be confused with (primary) intracerebral hemorrhage is secondary hemorrhage. This occurs in some patients who started out with infarctions of the brain but who had subsequent bleeding from fragile blood-vessels around the infarction’s edges. This kind of bleed is not quite as serious as that which occurs when the bleed is primary (the initial event).

How are intracerebral hemorrhages diagnosed? Since the 1970s when computed tomographic (CT) scans were introduced, this imaging technique has been the most effective and sensitive tool. A fresh hemorrhage within brain tissue is dramatically evident on CT scans. And unlike infarctions that can take a day or two to show up on CT scans, hemorrhages are already visible at the earliest moment a scan can be made.

Although surgical removal of blood-clots from the surface of the brain — called subdural and epidural hematomas — can be life-saving and function-sparing, surgery for a bleed (hematoma or blood-clot) within the brain tissue itself is another story. Some studies comparing outcome between operated and unoperated patients with intracerebral hemorrhage showed improved outcome, on average, for operated patients, while still others showed worsened outcome. Operated or unoperated, patients had high rates of death and disability.

Because of the limited prospects for meaningful improvement, surgery for intracerebral hemorrhage is often an act of desperation. One crusty old clinician was blunt about the direness of the situation, saying, “Show me a patient with intracerebral hemorrhage whose life was saved by surgery, and I’ll show you a patient you wish you hadn’t operated on.” His point was that survivors of this operation usually show severe impairments.

However, one form of hemorrhage within brain tissue is probably a special case, and that is hemorrhage within the cerebellum, located within the bony braincase just above the nape of the neck. Surgical extraction of blood clots occurring within the cerebellum prevents excessive pressure on the nearby brainstem that handles a lot of basic and necessary functions, like breathing.

Administration of cortisol-type steroids is a nonsurgical treatment that has been studied in a scientific way, comparing treated patients to untreated patients with the same condition. The steroids didn’t help. Decreasing the patients’ blood pressures by administering medication has likewise been studied, but with the same outcome — no benefit. However, in a preliminary study one nonsurgical treatment showed promise. Intravenous administration of activated factor VII (a natural component of the blood-clotting system) reduced expansion of the intracerebral blood-clot, death and disability when given within four hours of the initial hemorrhage. A larger study is underway to see if this benefit holds up under further analysis.

Otherwise, what can be done acutely for this condition? Individualizing treatment seems rational, even if unproved. For example, if the patient had a bleed while taking a blood-thinner (as was the case with Ariel Sharon) then it makes sense to stop the blood-thinner or reverse its effects. Supportive management, like administering intravenous fluids to prevent dehydration, monitoring for irregular heartbeats and protecting the patient’s airway also make sense. If the patient can’t consume food in the usual way, feeding through tubes or intravenous lines can be considered, though this decision can be postponed until the patient’s prospects are more apparent.

Who is at risk for intracerebral hemorrhage? Neurologists at Malmo University Hospital in Malmo, Sweden, compared 147 patients with intracerebral hemorrhage with 1029 similar but stroke-free patients in order to determine risk factors. They found that hypertension (high blood pressure), diabetes, elevated triglyceride levels in the bloodstream, history of psychiatric problems, smoking and (surprisingly) short stature were more frequent in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage.

However, when it comes to modifiable risk-factors (those that one can do something about) a variety of studies indicate that hypertension is the single most important factor. Thus, treatment of hypertension, when present, is probably the single most effective thing that one can do in order to prevent this disease.

(C) 2006 by Gary Cordingley

Underdiagnosed Heart Attack Signs in Women

Study after study show that heart attacks and heart disease are grossly under-diagnosed in women and the explanation always seems to be that they did not have any symptoms.  Women, who have had heart attacks, realize now, looking back, they did have symptoms and simply did not realize it.  Why?  Women’s heart attack symptoms are much different to men’s and they are slow to realize what is happening before calling a doctor.

Many of us think that a heart attack comes out of the blue and it happens in a certain way:  the victim clutches the chest area, appears to be in pain and collapses to the floor.  But for women, it does not happen that way at all.  To prevent a heart attack from sneaking up on you, watch for these signs of a heart attack and make an appointment to see your doctor and do what you can to protect your heart.

Symptoms of a heart attack in women include:

1.  OVERWHELMING FATIGUE – this usually occurs months prior to a heart attack and the tiredness is so great that it interferes with normal schedules for a few days at a time.

2.  INSOMNIA – an inability to fall asleep and stay asleep during the month before a heart attack is typical, despite overwhelming fatigue.

3.  STRESS – many women reported feeling anxious, stressed out and keyed up more than usual and describe a feeling of “impending doom.”  They know something is wrong, have difficulty coping, and are not sure what is happening.

4.  INDIGESTION – nausea, stomach pain, intestinal cramps, and other digestive disruptions are common in women before a heart attack.  Learn to notice any change in your digestive habits and notice if your system becomes upset, even if you have not eaten anything out of the ordinary.

5.  SHORTNESS OF BREATH – many women noticed that they could not catch their breath doing simple things like walking upstairs or doing daily tasks around the house. 

6.  FLU-LIKE SYMPTOMS – clammy, sweaty skin, feeling light-headed or weak are signs of a heart attack in women.

7.  SHOULDER, NECK, JAW OR EAR PAIN – women often experienced a sensation of tightness running along their jaw, neck, and up to the ear.  Sometimes the pain can run down the shoulder and arm, particularly, on the left side or it can feel like a backache or pulled muscle in the neck or back.  Men, typically experience pain and numbness in the chest, shoulder, and arm before a heart attack.

All of these symptoms listed above are a main reason why women’s heart attacks go unrecognized and untreated.  Women report feeling no pain in the chest area during their attack or any kind of numbness.  How can you protect yourself?  If you notice any unusual things happening in your body and you just do not feel “quite right”, then it is time to go see your doctor right away.  Mention any risk factors such as heart disease in your family, high blood pressure or cholesterol, or if you smoke, and take steps to reduce your risk. 

What can you do to reduce your risk of a heart attack?  Be good to your heart by:

1.  Eating lots of vegetables and 2 servings of fruit per day. 

2.  Eat fish at least twice a week

3.  Use olive oil in salad dressings, marinades, and for cooking

4.  Eat nuts or use any one of the nut butters – my favorite snack is an organic apple dipped in almond butter.

5.  De-stress yourself every day by meditating, doing Yoga and take time out for YOU! 

Liver and Heart Diseases

The cardio-vascular system comprises of organs of the body concerned with the manufacture, storage and circulation of the blood, namely, the liver, the heart and the arteries. Blood is the most vital fluid in the body and any reduction in its quantity or interruption in, its supply or lack of balance among its constituents, as in anemia, gives rise to many diseases, some of which may prove fatal in the long run.

The human body receives its nutrition from the food which is digested in the stomach and turned into blood. Blood courses through the body and restores the tissues and replaces the energy which we lose while we use our body. It is being constantly manufactured, purified and replaced.

The heart pumps the blood into the various organs from which it returns to the heart and from there goes to the lungs for oxygenation to be reused. The blood, it should be noted, makes a complete circuit of the body in 15 seconds flat.

Its constituents-the red and the white corpuscles and, of course, the plateletshave their own functions to perform. The lack of the red blood corpuscles leads to anaemia since the allotted function of the RBCs (red blood corpuscles) is to carry oxygen. The WBCs (white blood corpuscles) are the soldiers provided by nature to fight infection. The platelets help in coagulation of the blood in case of injury-people whose blood is dificient in platelets ate always in danger of dying of haemorrhage, because once bleeding starts it will not stop since the blood will refuse to coagulate. The fluid part of the blood (plasma) is the carrier of salts and proteins which nourish the tissues. In its journey from the pump that nature has provided (the heart) to the various parts of the body, blood carries the various waste products like carbonic acid gas (exhaled from the lungs), urea and poisons ejected by the kidneys through the urine. Blood is a general medium of communication between the organs which are chemically interdependent: it carries to the stomach the materials for the gastric juice, to the muscles the ferments formed in the pancreas and absorbs secretions needed for the general purposes of the body, like those of the thyroid and the suprarenal glands.

Liver and Its Disorders

The liver is the largest gland in the body and one of the five major organs which are vital to life. A malfunctioning of the liver may not become apparent immediately, unless of course, the flow of blood through it is impeded or the bile ducts are dosed. It has an innate vitality of its own and if it becomes disordered it fights off the disease on its own. But once it becomes diseased, it takes a long time to go back to normal. The liver is a chemical factory which produces heat by its own chemical processes. It secretes biles (salts and pigments) and is vital to the assimilation of fats in the body. It is also a storehouse of the substances necessary for the proper functioning of the bone marrow which plays an important part in the manufacture of red blood corpuscles. It also manufactures the fibrinogen of the blood, stores iron and copper, produces peparin, detoxicates the noxious products made in the intestines and absorbed into the blood. Glycogens (carbohydrates processed by the body) are also stored in the liver.

You Need to Know What Pulmonary Fibrosis Is All About!

Lung parenchyma has no power of regeneration. Hence, destructive lesions lead on to fibrosis. Fibrosis of the lung parenchyma may take three forms-replacement fibrosis focal fibrosis, and interstitial fibrosis.

Replacement fibrosis

In this form fibrous tissue is laid down over areas of lung destruction. The fibrosis is often localized and its extent depends on the extent of parenchymal destruction. Common causes include advanced pulmonary tuberculosis, bronchiectasis, lung abscess, pulmonary infarcts, pneumonias, atelectasis, fungal infections, pleural diseases such as chronic pleural effusion and empyema, response to foreign materials such as lipoid pneumonia, and irradiation of the lung.

Foal fibrosis

This is seen in pneumoconiosis such as silicosis. The extent of fibrosis may vary from small nodular lesions to extensive areas (progressive massive fibrosis).

Interstitial fibrosis

This is the end result of interstitial lung disease. Interstitial fibrosis may result from chronic pulmonary edema (occurring in mitral stenosis), allergic alveolitis, connective tissue disorders such as progressive systemic sclerosis and rheumatoid disease, cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis, radiation injury to the lung, sarcoidosis, asbestosis, and idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis. In this form, interstitial fibrosis and emphysematous changes coexist.

Clinical features

Replacement fibrosis: The most common cause in is Chronic pulmonary tuberculosis. The upper lobes are affected more frequently. The chest is asymmetrical with flattening of the affected side, drooping of the shoulder and diminution of movement. Trachea and mediastinal structures are pulled towards the same side, unless they were already fixed by pre-existing disease. The percussion note is diminished. Vocal fremitus and vocal resonance depend upon the severity of fibrosis. In extensive fibrosis they are reduced. If a major bronchus lies subjacent to the fibrotic area the vocal fremitus and resonance are increased and breath sounds become bronchial. In extensive fibrosis, especially fobrothorax, the breath sounds are considerably diminished. Adventitious sounds may be heard and these are variable. Symptoms and hemodynamic disturbances depend upon the extent of pulmonary lesions and the cause.

Replacement fibrosis has to be distinguished from pulmonary collapse in which there may be ipsilateral shift of midline structures. Pulmonary collapse is usually of shorter duration and the underlying cause may be evident.

Other forms of fibrosis: Since these are generalized, affecting both lungs, there is no marked shift of midline structures. The symptoms are those of ventilatory and diffusive defects predominantly characterized by dyspnea, cyanosis, frequwent respiratory infections, and chronic cor pulmonale. Physical examination may reveal gross clubbing, tachypnea, cyanosis, and diminished respiratory movements. Breath sounds are diminished. Diffuse rales (Crackles) which persist after coughing are characteristic. X-ray of the chest may show generalized loss of translucency and increased reticulation. Cardiac findings include right ventricular enlargement and hypertrophy, and lound pulmonic second sound indicating pulmonary hypertension.

Causes and prognosis

Replacement fibrosis does not usually progress further. The course of the disease and longieivity depend on the extent of the lesion, occurrence of secondary infections and the development of cor pulmonale. In general, with reasonable care, localized fibrosis is compatible with prolonged survival. Diffuse interstitial fibrosis is progressive in most cases and life is considerable shortened. Death is due to respiratory failure or cardiac failure.


General measures include the avoidance of smoking, treatment of intercurrent infections, reduction of weight and respiratory exercises. Specific treatment for the underlying cause should be given, if there are signs of activity of the disease. Diffuse interstitial fibrosis may respond to corticosteroids or immunosuppressant drugs. But the results are not encouraging. Cardiac complications are treated suitably.

Wearing Wigs As Protective Styles For Natural Hair

When your hair is in transition from being relaxed to being in its natural state, it needs protective styling to help retain new growth. But even after your hair has completed the process of transitioning, protective styles for natural hair should be worn to help prevent breakage and to generally help keep your hair and scalp healthy.

Taking It Easy

Many African-American women have the misunderstanding that their hair is thick and coarse, mainly because of how voluminous it appears. More often than not, however, naturally curly hair is quite fine. It’s the overall curl pattern, rather than the thickness of each individual strand of hair, that gives the hair so much volume.

What’s important to note is that fine hair requires very gentle care. If you’re frustrated, thinking your hair just doesn’t grow, it’s actually more likely that it’s breaking off at the ends and simply not retaining new growth. As long as you have a healthy scalp, eat a healthy diet, and otherwise enjoy good health, there’s no reason your hair won’t do what it does naturally – grow. Your job is simply to use gentle care to hold onto the growth.

Well-Known Protective Styles

Among the most popular protective styles for natural hair are braids, cornrows, flat twists, buns, and weaves. These hairstyles do all offer protection from the elements and secure the fragile ends of your hair so they aren’t exposed to manipulation and wear. They also keep your hair from getting caught up in purse straps, spaghetti straps, zippers, and buttons, and from rubbing against clothing which puts wear and tear on the hair.

Have You Considered?

Wigs are another protective style that many women unfortunately don’t immediately think of. Just as with other protective styles, wigs protect your hair and especially the ends from the elements and from being overly manipulated during styling. When human hair wigs undergo a process called ‘yaki’ which reproduces the look of various natural curl patterns, not only can they protect your hair, but it’s very possible that no one will even know you’re wearing a wig.

Wigs are also a protective style that can be changed and styled more quickly and easily than some other styles like weaves, braids, and twists. Good quality wigs such as full lace wigs may take a little time at first to learn how to put on and secure with confidence, but once you get the hang of it, you can easily wear one and take it off daily, or else wear it for several days at a time.

With proper care, a good quality wig can last from one year to 18 months. For some women, that’s enough time to grow their natural hair to their goal length. But even if your hair requires more time to reach the length you want, a good wig can see you through a significant amount of the growing-out process.

Dermoid Cysts and the Vanishing Twin Syndrome

A client writes:I have a question about vanishing twins and was wondering if you could answer it for me:

I have a 10-month old boy. When I got pregnant with him, about five weeks into my pregnancy, I had an ultrasound and they told me that I had two sacs and that it was twins. At the time they couldn’t get a heart beat, so I went back to the Dr. and she told me then that I had one baby. The other was what they called a vanishing twin. She told me that the one twin absorbed the other?! Anyway the other sac disappeared and I have the one baby boy.

Since all that, I have seen several stories on the Discovery Channel that talked about if one twin absorbed another one, that later on, when the surviving twin reached the age of six, seven, or eight…that they could develop a tumor in their stomach where they had absorbed the other baby. This doesn’t even sound right. I can’t figure out how this would or could happen, but I have seen a lot of stories on this. I wanted to ask someone who might really know about this. If you could help, I would really appreciate it. Thank you, Margaret

Answer: Margaret. I wouldn’t be overly concerned about a cancer starting in his abdomen as this event is extremely rare, but do note it in his history that he has a vanishing twin so he knows of it.

On rare occasion one twin can absorb another, but that’s not usually how it works. A close friend of mine has a vanishing twin (I never told him this.) I could tell, because he had what is called a dermoid cyst on his forehead. A dermoid cyst is a growth that has every conceivable type of cell in it. My friend actually had a little piece of nail growing out of the center of the cyst. He had the entire cyst removed, but some of it grew back!

I have heard where a vanishing twin will grow inside the abdomen. Most are just absorbed by the mother’s body and are a part of the mom’s uterus. This happens all the time in veterinary medicine. Once I did have a client who was taking an oral HCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin) spray, and the spray enticed the benign dermoid cyst in her uterus to grow and turn into cancer.

What I think you will see as he grows older are those personality characteristics that seem to occur often in the vanishing twin syndrome such as low self-esteem, lack of self love, self-sabotaging, the ability to make lots of money but not save any, searching for someone who is “just like him”, and an aversion to competition. Pay particular attention to helping him build self-love, self-worth, and self-esteem from an early age.

There is an excellent book coming out in 2007 by Althea Hayton that discusses, in depth, all the aspects of the vanishing twin syndrome through the eyes of many, many professionals who have researched and have been aware of the vanishing twin syndrome for many years. Watch for that.

Most importantly though, enjoy your son. Life is precious. It was the vanishing twin’s decision to come into your body and to leave, giving your son a set of some very special spiritual lessons. The twin–and I’m sensing that his twin is a female–usually hangs around for the life of the child. She will watch over him and protect him, so please don’t discourage him when he interacts with his “imaginal friend” as most likely he will be able to see her and talk to her. I bet he will feel more comfortable with women than men in this lifetime and search for a woman “just like him.” You watch, and keep in touch. Namaste. Dr. Moffat

Are Indoor Air Purifiers Good For Stopping Flu Or Pneumonia?

What do you think? Are indoor air purifiers just another expensive dust collector? The irony being you buy them to collect dust, right? Of course, you really should expect far more of your indoor air purifier than a Hummel figurine collection. For instance, protection from infectious diseases like the swine flu comes to mind.

What options do you have for combating microbes: germs, viruses, bacteria, and mold spores

What does it take to neutralize these little beasts? You have two options: Kill or Contain. Or maybe a little of both.

Killing means UV light. Preferably UVC, a more energetic wavelength and thus more deadly. Microbes in the air passing by a UV lamp may be killed outright but if not, they stand a good chance of being genetically damaged to the point of being unable to reproduce.

There are a few other promising options for killing. Some involve silver treated filters, hydroxyl radicals as in the so called plasma air purifiers. Even titanium dioxide coatings inside indoor air purifiers seem to have a killing effect. Of course, TiO2 coatings are activated by UV light.

Containment is only possible with a true HEPA filter. Preferably in a tightly sealed model with demonstrated total system efficiency close to the HEPA filter’s theoretical efficiency. A good model to consider is any of IQAir’s HealthPro series. In fact, IQAir air purifiers were exclusively chosen to assist Hong Kong hospitals during the SARS virus outbreak a few years ago.

The benefit of the containment route is a higher degree of removal from the air. With UV light some microbes may pass too far from the UV lamp or even be riding on the shady side of microscopic particles, thus dodging the bullet.

Certain air purifier models offer both high system efficiencies and UV light in combination. You may wish to consider them also. Allerair manufactures a variety of excellent indoor air purifiers with a UV option. NQ Clarifier comes with both HEPA filtration and UV.

Herbal Medicines For Common Breathing Problems

Breathing problems are becoming more common as air becomes more polluted. Many alternative therapies, especially herbal medicine and homeopathy, can help in many of the more common conditions that affect the respiratory system.


Coughing is the body’s natural way of clearing irritation and congestion from the lungs and airways. A dry cough is reacting to an irritant, a productive cough helps to expel congested phlegm. A common cold or influenza is usually accompanied by a cough. But coughs can be a sign of other respiratory problems (a hoarse cough may indicate laryngitis in an adult and croup or whooping cough in a child), or more serious breathing disorders (see Pleurisy, Pneumonia, Tuberculosis, Emphysema, and Asthma).


Herbal Medicine Make infusions of the following:

for most coughs white horehound is effective

for a hard cough use mullein

for an irritating cough in adults use wild lettuce, and in children wild cherry bark (a mild sedative)

for a cough with a fever use yarrow or angelica

for a catarrhal cough use elecampane or elderflower.

Diet and Nutrition Biochemic tissue salts, taken in tablet form:

for a hard, dry cough with fever – Ferrum phos.

for a cough with thick, white phlegm – Kali mur.

for a cough with yellow phlegm that is worse at night – Kali sulf.

for a spasmodic painful cough – Magnesia phos.

for a loose, rattling cough with watery phlegm ­Calcarea, alternating with Ferrum phos.

Aromatherapy Massage chest and back with essential oils-eucalyptus, sandalwood, frankincense, and myrrh are recommended. Add essential oils to hot water and inhale to help expel phyegm. For a dry, hard cough, try cypress, hyssop, bergamot, or cammomile oil used as steam inhalations.

Consult a qualified practitioner/therapist for:

Acupressure Coughing spasms in the upper back can be relieved by pressure on the point between the shoulder blade and spine, at heart level.

Acupuncture An imbalance in the flow of energy to the lungs can be treated by inserting needles into the Lung meridian on the arms, or into the meridian of another organ with a related rhythm.


Bronchitis is an inflammation of the airways that connect the windpipe to the lungs (bronchi). Acute bronchitis lasts up to two weeks and is caused by a variety of viruses and bacteria. It can be dangerous in the elderly and those with heart disease. Chronic bronchitis is more serious and can last for months, getting progressively worse. It is usually caused by breathing polluted air or smoking. Coal miners and construction workers, for example, are particularly susceptible.

Symptoms of bronchitis include a persistent cough producing phlegm, breathlessness, chest pains, fever, and headache.


Aromatherapy Take deep inhalations of eucalyptus and sweet thyme.

Herbal Medicine A cupful of elecampane infusion, three times daily, can be helpful in clearing mucus and easing a bronchial cough. And taking garlic capsules every night in winter and herbal teas cold twice daily may help prevent a recurrence of acute bronchitis.

Consult a qualified practitioner/therapist for:

Homeopathy Remedies will be prescribed for the individual case but may include the following: Aconite 6c for fever, tight chest, tickly cough, and thirst might be recommended; Kali bich. 6c when there is loose white sputum, a rattling cough, and irritability; Phosphorus 6c for voice loss, burning throat, cough, and thirst; Pulsatilla for dry

cough at night when lying down, lack of thirst, and loose green sputum in the morning.

Traditional Chinese Medicine This treatment aims to improve lung energy with remedies such as plantain seed, balloon flower root, honeysuckle flowers, or gardenia fruit.

Natural Help for Colds and Flu

Gastrointestinal and respiratory crud: Hmm…Seems like this month I am seeing gobs of gastrointestinal and sore throat symptoms. Nausea, vomiting, coughing… It is testing out as Shigella (gut crud), and some type of Streptococcus (respiratory crud) in our neck of the woods (the United States).

It’s amazing how many people don’t understand the difference between colds and flu and viral vs. bacterial infections, so let’s review that first:

Viral infections are usually responsible for flu symptoms: Flu symptoms include achy muscles and joints, alternating fever and chills, white or clear watery discharge, flu like symptoms. Skin symptoms would be blisters. Asthma is usually associated with viruses. Pneumonia can be both viral and bacterial in origin.

Bacterial infections are often associated with colds: Bacterial signs and symptoms include diarrhea, fever, yellow discharge with congestion, and pus, skin discharges would be carbuncles, acne, boils and secondary infections causing lots of oozing and scabbing.

Of course each specific virus or bacteria has its own signs and symptoms, but that’s what we see in general. I usually just ask the body which one it is. The body will usually tell me if it’s a virus or bacteria, but won’t often let me know which particular strain of virus or bacteria it is if I ask from a list. And I have seen a viral infection followed by bacterial infections after a few days. Your body will tell you with muscle testing which products, given a list of products, will work to stimulate the immune system to help fight off infections of both kinds. I hope that helps.

So, here’s what’s working for most people:

o More electrolytes: fluids, chicken soup, mineral water–we use liquid minerals and vitamins for better absorption. Some people are using the new product called Airborne for the electrolytes and it seems to be helping.

o Rosemary: For some reason people keep testing they need this herb specifically–in capsule, tea or soup form, it doesn’t matter. I’ve been telling people that even if you use canned chicken noodle soup, Lipton’s dehydrated chicken noodle soup (which does not contain MSG) or make your own chicken soup, add additional parsley, sage, rosemary and thyme. All these herbs are antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal and have lots of minerals and a full complement of cell salts in them. I add a dash of Irish moss powder as well, but that is difficult for most of you to find unless you have an awesome herb store.

o Viral Immune System Stimulator Drops and Bacterial System Stimulator Drops by Professional Complementary Health Formulations: Most of my clients have one or both of these homeopathic drops. What’s working for us is to take a dropper (about 17 drops) of each twice a day either under your tongue or in water for exposure, and up to three days after the symptoms stop.

o Ipecac homeopathic tabs (30x strength) to control the nausea or vomiting–3-7 tabs under the tongue daily as needed until these symptoms stop. You can get the Hyland’s brand at your local health food store.

o Immune Stim Herbs: Many of you have these for various immune challenges. The dose right now is two per day for the next 2-3 weeks. This is a combination of herbs that I was guided to make up many, many years ago to fortify the immune system. The formula contains: Alfalfa, Astragalus, Black Walnut Hull, Burdock Root, Chaparral, Echinacea, Goldenseal, Irish Moss, Red Clover and Wormwood in equal portions. (Ooops–so much for my “secret formula” that seems to work great!)

o Remember to eat your raw fruits and veggies. It’s cold out so many of us have not been eating these foods–because they are cold! Our immune systems are suffering from that and all the holiday stress and extra sugar.

o Cut back on sugar: Each time you eat sugar it suppresses your immune system for about six hours. Alcohol also suppresses your immune system because the liver has to work overtime to help remove it from your system.

o Ester C: Ester C is easier on the stomach and has a full complement of molecules to make up the total vitamin C molecule–500mg/day is what is needed (or the juice of two fresh oranges). About half my clients seem to need this.

o Lemons: The juice of one fresh whole lemon once daily for 2-3 days has been helping to break fevers. It helps to flush the system and fry the bacteria, plus it’s alkalizing. Drink it straight or diluted, it doesn’t matter as long as it’s fresh and not that concentrated stuff off the shelf or out of the freezer section.

o Wash your hands regularly and remember to clean the phones and door handles. Carry your own pen and use it instead of using the one the grocery store provides! Imagine all those germs on that utensil!

Well, I hope this helps you all keep from getting the crud! Good luck this cold and flu season!