C6 C7 Disc Herniated

A C6 C7 disc that is herniated can be one of the most painful and debilitating conditions a person could ever suffer with. This article will discuss what a C6 C7 herniated disc is, how it occurs, and 3 steps you can use for relief.

The spinal discs are a special type of ligament that not only hold the vertebrae of the spine together, but also act as cushions and shock-absorbers between each bone of the spine.

They are composed of 2 parts – a firm outer covering (called the annulus), and a jelly center (called the nucleus). I often refer to them as “jelly doughnuts” because of this structure. When a disc herniates, the “jelly” is essentially being pushed out of the doughnut.

What’s interesting about the discs of the spine is that they are designed to not feel pain (think about it – if they’re shock absorbers, wouldn’t it be a bad idea if they were designed to feel pain? You’d feel pain every time you moved if this were the case!).

So, why is a herniated disc so painful and problematic? Well, the area of the disc that usually herniates is actually right by the nerves of the spine, which control everything in the body. These nerves are very sensitive to pressure, so if a disc herniates and applies pressure to one of these nerves, it can be incredibly painful.

What’s even worse is that it’s not just pain you will experience – you will also experience problems with whatever the aggravated nerve is controlling.

Let me give you a very specific example, since this article is about a C6 C7 disc that is herniated. The C6 C7 disc is also referred to as the 6th Cervical Disc. This disc is located in the lower part of the neck, near the top of the shoulders.

The nerve that would be affected by the C6 C7 disc controls the arms, the shoulders, the heart, the lungs, the thyroid gland, and many other things.

Because of this, if a C6 C7 disc herniates, it is very common that a person will not only experience neck pain, but you may also experience pain in the arms, weakness in the hands and arms, shoulder pain, chest pains, uncontrollable sweating, headaches, etc.

In fact, this condition is often misdiagnosed at first, because the symptoms aren’t always in the neck.

Let’s discuss the treatment options available for a C6 C7 herniated disc before we discuss the 3 tips I’ll be sharing with you to help alleviate your pain.

In most cases, the treatments your doctor recommends will be medications (usually a combination of muscle relaxers and pain killers), physical therapy, pain injections (such as cortisone or epidurals), and surgery (as a last resort).

Although these treatments will often provide relief, the result is usually very temporary. This is because they are all designed to do one thing – numb the painful nerve. These treatments do not actually heal the disc, which is why the pain inevitably returns for most people.

This begs the question – if these treatments don’t heal the disc, why use them? Well, the truth of the matter is that a C6 C7 herniated disc is one of the most difficult conditions to treat because of how the disc is made.

Remember we talked about the jelly inside the disc? Well, this jelly is very unique, because this is where the discs of the spine store the oxygen and nutrients they need in order to stay healthy. The reason they do this is because they don’t receive a lot of blood, which is the normal way our body receives oxygen and nutrients for healing.

This makes the disc very difficult to heal, simply because most medical treatments depend on the blood stream to transport the medication that is chosen for treatment. So, most of the treatments are designed to numb the nerve, which really doesn’t solve the problem.

Unfortunately, surgery is not a good option for this condition either (which is why most doctors will not recommend surgery unless they have tried everything else first). The success rate of C6 C7 herniated disc surgery is only 16%, so the odds are not in your favor.

So, what can you do about this? Well, I’m going to give you 3 tips you can use from the comfort of your home to not only alleviate the pain, but also get to the source of the problem and help the disc heal, rather than just numb the pain.

My first recommendation would be that you use ice over the C6 C7 disc. Using real ice rather than an artificial ice pack will provide better results. Place the ice at the base of your neck, and leave it there for 15 minutes, or until you feel numbness – whichever comes first.

The real key with ice is that you have to use it multiple times, and you have to be consistent to alleviate the pain. I recommend that you repeat the ice treatment every hour that you’re awake, and you should start to notice some relief after 3 or 4 treatments.

It usually takes about 3 days of using ice to notice considerable relief, so stick with it – this is usually the fastest way to relief.

My next piece of advice is to be careful with your sleeping position. I’m referring to a couple of things here – first of all, make sure you aren’t sleeping on more than 1 pillow. Elevating your head too high is a big problem with a C6 C7 herniated disc, because this position adds a lot of extra strain on the injured disc.

In addition to that, make sure you are not sleeping on your stomach. This also aggravates the injured disc, and you will dramatically slow your healing time. Always sleep on your back or sides.

My final piece of advice is to gently bounce on a therapy ball. These are the large balls you see people using at gyms – they usually use them to work on their abdominal muscles. Simply sit on the ball, keep your head looking straight ahead, and gently bounce up and down for about 5 minutes a day.

I know that sounds a bit odd, but remember when we were talking about the nutrients and oxygen inside of the jelly of the disc? Well, the only way to get more nutrients and oxygen into the disc for healing is to physically pump it. Bouncing on the therapy ball is a simple way to accomplish this.

You can learn about 30 other steps you can use to heal your C6 C7 herniated disc at http://www.healyourbulgingdisc.com.

An Overview of Visual Impairments in Children With Cerebral Palsy

Unfortunately, visual impairment is common in children with cerebral palsy. As many as 75 percent will develop some degree of visual impairment during their development. Because sight is such a key element to a child’s growth and development, diagnosis and treatment of vision issues at the earliest possible stage is critical in children with cerebral palsy. Parents need to familiarize themselves with the types of vision disorders common in children with CP as part of an effort to provide them with a full and functional life as they grow older.

Cerebral palsy can result in many different vision disorders, but the 4 most common are CVI (cortical visual impairment), acuity loss, field loss and amblyopia.

CVI is a dysfunction of the brain and not a direct problem with the eyes. It is the most common visual impairment among children with CP. It is known as “cortical visual impairment,” “cerebral visual impairment” or sometimes “cortical blindness” (despite the fact that not all people who suffer from CVI are totally blind). The list of potential causes of CVI-asphyxia, ischemia or hypoxia during the birth process; developmental brain defects, head injury, hydrocephalus, infant stroke, etc. mirrors the list of potential causes for cerebral palsy. Symptoms of CVI include: poor visual acuity, abnormal response to light, atypical eye movement, fatigue from visual tasks and difficulty picking out specific objects in a busy array.

Acuity loss is what it sound like: blurred vision. Common farsightedness and nearsightedness are examples of acuity loss and can usually be treated by corrective glasses or contact lenses.

Field loss is the umbrella term for a dysfunction in the eye’s field of vision. For instance, “Central loss” would refer to a visual impairment in the center of the field of vision. “Hemianopia” refers to visual impairment in one of the four corners of the field of vision. “Island of vision” is when all but one or two isolated spots are visually impaired “Scotomas” refers to the reversal symptoms of “Island of vision-when only one or two spots are visually impaired. “Peripheral loss” (aka “tunnel vision”) is the loss of visual fidelity on one or more sides.

“Amblyopia” (aka “lazy eye) occurs when a person has trouble determining depth of field and one eye will have noticeably poorer vision than the other.

Apart from the symptoms of CVI listed above, it is important for parents of children with cerebral palsy to be on the constant lookout for other eye and vision related problems. Poor focusing or tracking, constant eye rubbing, squinting, chronic redness or tearing could be indicators of the early stages of a vision disorder and should be checked out as soon as possible.

Most vision impairments in children with cerebral palsy are just as treatable as they are in children without and many can be managed with corrective lenses of some kind. For children diagnosed with CVI, the treatment can become more involved. Recent developments in “visual stimulation therapies” can help maximize your child’s visual skills and resources. If a child’s visual skills have not reached prescribed milestones within the first 10 years, it may become necessary to begin training the child in non-visual forms of communication, writing and reading, including Braille and text-to-speech software. You will need to work with your child’s optometrist to develop the appropriate treatment and education path to fit the child’s specific needs.

Overcoming Analysis Paralysis – Get Out of Your Head and Go With Your Gut

Don, a computer programmer and amateur saxophonist, spent the better part of a year driving his long-suffering family all over the Midwest in search of the perfect replacement for his aging horn. After a particularly memorable trip involving carsick twins and pursuit by an outraged Rottweiler, his wife finally demanded he buy a sax, any sax, or he and his old horn would end up sharing a rented room with a hot plate.

Michelle, a statistics professor, is the go-to gal when her friends are in the market for anything from a microwave to a labradoodle-because whatever it is, she’s exhaustively researched it. Ironically, Michelle rarely buys anything herself-in fact, her dishwasher bit the dust three months ago, but she just can’t commit to a new one when she suspects that with just a little more digging, she’ll nail down the perfect choice.

Lisa, an engineer for a major consumer products firm, was among several staffers tasked to determine whether musical disposable diapers could be the Next Big Thing. She spent five days detailing every possible reason why the product was too impractical and expensive to manufacture (not to mention just plain annoying). She also put in overtime computing exactly how much money it would lose over the course of the next fiscal year. In the meantime, one of her colleagues gave her boss the yes-or-no answer he was really looking for after just one day.

Don, Michelle, and Lisa are born researchers-and in their chosen careers, their passion for digging deep often serves them well. But when decisions need to be made on the fly or with limited information, they choke. Kathy Kolbe, a pioneering researcher in the study of action and decision-making, calls people like this Fact Finders: those who are only comfortable taking action when all available data has been gathered and weighed.

Kolbe’s deceptively simple online questionnaire (www.kolbe.com) identifies four different action styles: Fact Finders, or the researchers and engineers of the world; Quick Starts, who think fast on their feet and make their best decisions intuitively; Follow Throughs, natural organizers whose spice racks are alphabetized; and Implementors, who think best when working hands-on in 3-D.

The two biggest takeaways from Kolbe’s research are these: that no one style is superior to any other, and that we all have some degree of capability in each of the four categories. Even the most impetuous Quick Start has some organizational skills, although they may not believe that filing cabinets and flow charts are their friends. Similarly, even off-the-chart Fact Finders have gut instincts, although they may not be able to hear or trust them.

But by learning to tune in to those faint intuitive cries, a Fact Finder can gain forward momentum. Note: listening to your intuition doesn’t mean going with the first stray thought that drifts, cloudlike, through your head. It means using gut instinct as a starting place, then selectively researching until you have just enough information to confirm or contradict your original hypothesis.

It’s hard to hear your inner voice if you drown it out with the “noise” of too much information. Before you start researching a decision, take a moment to imagine that you already know the answer. Hearing what you already know may be as simple as paying attention to your body as you consider the alternatives.

If you’re trying to decide between vacationing in Mexico or Las Vegas, mentally try on each experience and do a quick body scan. Are your muscles loose and relaxed? Are you shoulders beginning to creep up around your ears? Are you clenching your teeth, or holding your breath? It’s relatively easy to trick your brain into believing you want something you don’t; it’s much harder to get your body on board with a decision that just feels intuitively wrong.

Once you’ve learned to hear your intuitive self, it may still take some time before you’re ready to trust it-and that’s okay. If your son had just gotten his license, you probably wouldn’t hand him your car keys and send him on a cross-country road trip. You’d help him build his skills-and our trust-on smaller excursions, like a drive to the store.

Similarly, begin earning your own trust by going with your gut on small decisions whose outcomes are of minimal consequence: Paper or plastic? Chinese or Thai? Try seeing a movie that sounds intriguing without reading any reviews, or buying a book because you something about the title or the subject resonates with you. In other words, let your intuition take the wheel one short trip at a time, until you develop some sense that it can handle the open road.

If you’re having trouble going it alone, team up. Think of people you know who are excitable, talk quickly, have big ideas, and get bored easily. These are the Quick Starts of the world, and when you’re trying to make a fast decision, they can be your best friends. Their Quick Start energy will give you a kick in the pants; your Fact Finder sensibilities will keep them from running amok.

By listening to his gut-and the sound of each sax he was checking out-Don probably could have found a great sax in two months instead of ten. By leading with her intuition, Michelle could have focused on two or three brands, made a decision, and be happily loading her new dishwasher instead of lamenting her dishpan hands. By brainstorming with a colleague, Lisa might have had the courage to go with the little voice screaming that musical diapers were non-starters, and have spent one day confirming her hypothesis instead of five days compiling data her supervisors didn’t want or need.

So the next time you’re find yourself unable to make a decision and drowning in input, consider these words from Jonas Salk, creator of the polio vaccine, and doubtless a solid Fact Finder: “Intuition will tell the thinking mind where to look next.”

In other words, what does your gut say?

Flatback Syndrome Is a Cause of Back Pain

A healthy human spine has three curves that ensure proper balancing of weight and shock absorption. The lumbar spine in the lower back naturally curves inward; this type of curve is called lordosis. The thoracic spine in the mid-back connects to the ribcage and curves outward, which is called kyphosis. Finally, the cervical spine in the neck is naturally lordotic.

Some people with lower back pain may find that they suffer from what is called flatback syndrome. This is characterized by the loss of normal curvature in the spine and usually manifests in the lumbar region. As the lumbar spine loses its curve, a number of mechanical changes occur in the body. Spinal discs, which act as shock absorbers between vertebrae, are subjected to uneven pressure. The muscles, tendons and ligaments throughout the back are pulled and lengthened; a muscle’s natural response to being pulled is to pull back in order to prevent being torn, and this extra work further strains the muscles. Pelvic position changes as well. The sacrum and coccyx together form a hook-shaped bone series at the very base of the spine which connects to the hip bones. As the lumbar spine becomes elongated, this hook is pushed down and under, putting the pelvis into what is called posterior pelvic tilt.

Not all instances of posterior pelvic tilt are instances of flatback syndrome. The two are interchangeable only if the pelvic position is accompanied by near-total loss of lordosis.

Symptoms

An obvious symptom of flatback syndrome is flatness of the spine.

In most people with flatback syndrome, the straightening of the lumbar spine causes the thoracic and cervical segments to pitch forward. One of the main symptoms of the condition is feeling like you might fall forward. As the condition progresses, you may require a cane or walker for balance.

People with flatback syndrome often have muscular pain in the back and pelvis.

Disc problems like bulging and herniation are a common result of prolonged flatback.

Causes

The most discussed cause of flatback syndrome is hardware implanted in the spine during surgery to correct scoliosis. Harrington rods used to be inserted into the spine to correct sideways curvature, but over time these devices tended to cause the spine to straighten out on the saggital plane as well.

Another, less commonly discussed cause of flatback begins below the back. Muscle imbalances in the lower body can pull the pelvis down and under, flattening out the lumbar lordosis from the bottom. One muscle imbalance scenario that may cause posterior pelvic tilt is tight hamstrings, glutes and lower abdominal muscles coupled with weak quadriceps, psoas and lower back muscles. Tight muscles exert a pull on body structures that is not balanced by the pull of weak muscles. The pelvis is pulled downward by the glutes and hamstrings and under by the lower abdominals.

Flatback syndrome may also be associated with other health conditions, such as arthritis and vertebral compression fractures common among people with osteoporosis.

Treatments

The only real way to correct loss of curvature caused by scoliosis surgery is to re-operate, which entails breaking the original fusion, removing the devices that caused flatback and re-setting the fusion with newer techniques.

To correct flatback caused by muscle imbalances, tight muscles must be forced to regain elasticity and weak ones must be developed. For imbalances severe enough to cause flatback, simple stretching will not be enough to lengthen tight muscles. A technique called self-myofascial release (SMR) can be used to regain elasticity and reduce the pull these muscles are exerting on your spine. You can see videos of SMR for different muscles at http://www.myweightlifting.com/self-myofascial-release.html.

Once flexibility has been restored, you can begin a stretching routine to maintain it. You can also start building your weaker muscle groups. If you can, work with a physical therapist to ensure your form is correct and you are not causing harm.

It is important to understand that the lumbar curve is essential to the health of your back. If you suspect that your spine doesn’t curve naturally, consider the possibility that muscle imbalance is causing your lower back pain.

Biology Experiments for Teachers – Enzymes: Catalase

Safety. Although the hazards in the following experiments are negligible, you are advised to consult the latest edition of ‘Safeguards in the School Laboratory’ published by The Association for Science Education (ase.org.uk) before embarking on any experiment.

Outline. Catalase is an enzyme which occurs in the cells of many living organisms. Certain of the energy-releasing reactions in the cell produce hydrogen peroxide as an end-product. This compound, which is toxic to the cell, is split to water and oxygen by the action of catalase. 2H2O2 = 2H2O + O2

Samples of liver and yeast are dropped into hydrogen peroxide. Oxygen is evolved and the student is asked to extend the experiment to try and decide if an enzyme in the tissues is responsible. The experiments and the questions take about one hour.

Prior knowledge. The existence of inorganic catalysts; enzymes denatured on boiling; oxygen relights a glowing splint.

Advance preparation and materials – per group

20 volume hydrogen peroxide 50 cm3

splint

liver, about 1 cm cube

distilled water 20 cm3

dried yeast about 1 g

clean sand about 1 g

activated charcoal granules, about 1 g

Apparatus – per group

test-tube rack and 4 test-tubes

forceps or seeker for pushing liver into test-tube

4 labels or spirit marker

filter funnel

Bunsen burner

filter paper

test-tube holder

mortar and pestle

Experiment

The investigation below is a fairly critical examination of plant and animal tissues to see if

they contain catalase.

(a) Label three test-tubes 1-3.

(b) Pour about 20 mm (depth) hydrogen peroxide into each tube.

(c) Cut the liver into 3 pieces.

(d) To tube 1 add a small piece of liver, and to tube 2 add a pinch of dried yeast.

(e) Insert a glowing splint into tubes 1 and 2, bringing it close to the liquid surface or into the upper part of the froth.

1 Describe what you saw happening and the effect on the glowing splint.

2 How do you interpret these observations?

3 Is there any evidence from this experiment so far, to indicate whether the gas is coming from the hydrogen peroxide or from the solid?

4 Is there any evidence at this stage that an enzyme is involved in the production of gas in this reaction?

(f) In tube 3 place a few granules of charcoal and observe the reaction.

5 Could charcoal be an enzyme? Explain your answer.

6 Assuming (i) that the gas in (f) is the same as before and (ii) that the charcoal is almost pure carbon, does the result with charcoal help you to decide on the source of the gas in this and the previous experiments?

(g) Suppose the hypothesis is advanced that there is an enzyme in the liver and yeast, which decomposes hydrogen peroxide to oxygen and water; design and carry out a control experiment to test this hypothesis.

7 Record (i) the experiment, (ii) the reasons which led you to conduct it, (iii) the observed

results and (iv) your conclusions.

(h) Wash out the test-tubes. Design and carry out an experiment to see if the supposed enzyme in the plant and animal material can be extracted and still retain its properties. The experiment should include a control.

8 Describe briefly your procedure, your results and your conclusions.

9 Assuming that liver and yeast each contain an enzyme which splits hydrogen peroxide, is there any evidence to show that it is the same enzyme? What would have to be done to find this out for certain?

Discussion – answers

1 Effervescence should be observed in each case but it is more vigorous with yeast than with liver. The glowing splint should relight.

2 Oxygen is being produced.

3 There is no evidence to indicate whether the liquid or solid is giving the gas. If the students think that a solid is unlikely to give off a gas they could be reminded of marble and hydrochloric acid in which it is the solid producing the carbon dioxide. It seems less likely, however, that yeast and liver would both give off oxygen when treated with hydrogen peroxide, than that hydrogen peroxide should give oxygen when treated with diverse substances.

4 So far, there is no evidence of an enzyme being involved.

5 A gas will come off but not sufficiently rapidly to relight a glowing splint. Charcoal could not

be an enzyme because (a) it is an element and (b) it has been produced by very high temperatures that would destroy enzymes.

6 Charcoal, as an element, could not be giving off oxygen. The gas must be coming from the

hydrogen peroxide.

7 (i) The experiment should involve boiling the tissues and then putting them into hydrogen peroxide.

(ii) If an enzyme is involved,

(iii) no gas will be produced.

8 The student should grind the samples with a little sand and distilled water, filter and test the filtrate with hydrogen peroxide. Oxygen will be evolved with a vigour proportional to that witnessed when the original substances were tested.

The student should boil half of each extract and show that it loses its activity.

9 There seems no fundamental reason why yeast and liver should not have different enzymes which catalyse the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide. To be certain on this point, the enzymes would have to be extracted and their chemical composition determined.

Gamma Knife Surgery – Have Brain Surgery, Be Home in Time For Dinner

Gamma Knife Surgery is not really surgery as you know it. There is no knife, no scalpel. Why did they name it Gamma Knife Surgery? Beats me. But I can tell you it’s an effective tool. Take it from someone who has had their head opened up more than once. Gamma Knife patients usually waltz out of the hospital the same day and still have their hair. I walked, or rather walked gingerly to my car the week after each of my craniotomies. And my head was shaved which did not qualify me as a fashion diva. So it’s worth the effort to see if your brain tumor or brain disorder qualifies for gamma knife surgery.

It is important to note that Gamma Knife (GK) and Cyber Knife are not the same thing. The GK was specifically created, designed and built to treat brain tumors and disorders. The cyber knife was not. There are other distinctions, however, this will focus on the benefits of gamma knife and what to look for in terms of good GK treatment.

Gamma Knife is a life-saving treatment for patients previously considered untreatable

Many brain tumors and disorders that did not qualify as a Gamma Knife procedure in 1999 or 2000 when I had my surgery. But many of those do now. Many who have been diagnosed with inoperable brain tumors or inoperable neurological disorders can be treated with the GK. Patients who could not undergo the risk of a craniotomy now have this as an option.

How does it work?

Basically GK is a non-invasive, outpatient procedure that focuses extremely precise cobalt radiation beams on the target area. Patients wear a Collimator, a sort of helmet that has little holes in it. Beams of radiation are focused through these holes in the collimator.

Individual beams are too weak to damage healthy tissue, but very powerful when they simultaneously merge at a single focal point. In particular, GK is a very effective tool in the treatment of Trigeminal Neuralgia, a nerve disorder that causes intense facial pain.

GK treatment is designed to stop the growth of tumors or lesions, which means that the effect will happen over a period of weeks or months. It is usually more immediate in the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia. Your doctor will stay in contact with you to assess your progress, which may include follow-up MRI, CT or angiography images to assess the effectiveness.

What can GK be used to treat?

Determining whether or not you are a candidate for GK treatment is up to your doctor or team of doctors. But Gamma Knife treatment has been successfully used for the following:

o Trigeminal Neuralgia (TN)

o Benign Brain Tumors–meningiomas, pituitary tumors, acoustic neuromas

o Intracranial tumors

o Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM)

o Metastatic brain disease

o Research is being done for Parkinson’s, epilepsy, chronic pain & glaucoma

The Advantages of Gamma Knife Surgery

Since there is no incision, the risks of infection, hemorrhage and adverse reactions to anesthesia are minimal. Most patients receive only local anesthesia and a mild sedative. No anesthesia means patients are up and about quicker. Here are other benefits:

o Surrounding tissue is spared from unnecessary radiation.

o Gamma Knife surgery is often more cost-effective because recovery time is reduced. Most patients leave the hospital on the same day as the treatment. (Medicare and most insurance companies cover this treatment.)

o Patients experience little, if any, discomfort during and after this minimally invasive procedure.

What to look for in a Gamma Knife Treatment Center

Not every city has a Gamma Knife Center. So it may mean traveling out of your city or state. So your first step should be to find out what insurance will pay for and if you need to make an appeal for a particular center.

Your doctor’s office will often know what centers have good outcomes and experience and can assist in the insurance approval process. If you are having difficulty with insurance approval, don’t hesitate to ask for assistance from the originating physician or from the center where you wish to have your treatment.

Here are some other things you might want to look for in a treatment center:

oPhysician experience. You want to know that the surgeon performing gamma knife is not out on his maiden voyage.

oA team of specialists and a comprehensive treatment plan. A good center will develop a treatment plan for a patient depending on many factors and may include consults from neurosurgeons, oncologists, interventional radiologists to name a few.

oLook for a center that has more recent technology-a 4th generation or greater. The GK technology has been around a while so it is hardly in a prototype state.

oA treatment center than is a Gamma Knife Host site. There is Peace of Mind when you’re at a center that sets a standard for Gamma Knife Surgery. The manufacturer designates some centers as “host sites”, meaning they are models by which they’d like other centers to follow.

oThere is complementary technology available on site. Is there a PET scanner, a CT scanner, Digital angiography, 3DRA, a trilogy? A full suite of neurosurgery and oncology technology means it’s a place dedicated to neurological and oncology treatment. It means there are more resources in terms of technology and physician experience.

oComprehensive treatment plans. You are looking for a center that offers the most possible treatment options in one place. Going from one city to the next is inconvenient and stressful. Not only that, it’s unnecessary today. –For example, if you seek treatment for trigeminal neuralgia, you would want to know if they offer gamma knife, medication options, glycerol injections and microvascular decompression.

Twenty years ago, a patient would have had to have divine intervention to leave the hospital the very same day he or she had brain surgery. The gamma knife makes this possible for over 30,000 patients every year. So if you are a candidate for gamma knife, you may not be in the kind of shape it takes to put together a thanksgiving feast, but you can certainly enjoy dinner at home. Even desert if you want.

Causes of Hip And Buttock Pain

Hip buttock pain may be triggered by many different causes and conditions. The goal of this article is to briefly list and describe the most common causes of hip buttock pain, but only a doctor can diagnose the source of your discomfort and recommend ways to get relief.

Pain in the hip and buttocks areas are, more often than not, caused by issues related to the nerves, muscles and blood vessels.

Of all the possibilities, a condition known as sciatica is probably accounts for the most frequent complaints. The word sciatica comes from the sciatic nerve, which is one of the largest and longest nerves in the human body. The sciatic nerve travels from the spine all the way down to the feet. It passes through the buttocks and hips, and when there’s a problem with it, the result is hip buttock pain.

There are a number of ways this nerve can cause problems. Most often, it is damaged when you have to sit in the same position for a long time. Professional truck drivers and those who sit all day in cubicles or office settings are candidates for sciatica. When the sciatic nerve is compressed by an injury or by sitting too long, it causes stinging buttock and hip pain that can be intense and distressing.

A similar cause of hip buttock pain is a pinched nerve. This can happen anywhere in the body, of course, but when it happens in the hip and buttock area it can be especially uncomfortable. Sitting, standing, and walking can be difficult, and at times you may feel as if you can’t get comfortable.

Another type of nerve pain that affects the hips and buttocks is called referred pain. This happens when there’s damage to a nerve somewhere else in the body (usually the spine). The pain follows a nerve pathway and “hurts” in a location different from the origin of the problem.

Piriformis syndrome is another source of hip buttock pain. A muscle called the piriformis is located deep within the buttocks. When there is damage to this muscle, the pain can range from mild to intense.

Claudication is a problem involving blood vessels in the hip and buttock region. If these blood vessels don’t get an adequate supply of blood, pain will result. Claudication usually involves a blockage or obstruction in an artery, and the pain is worst when you’re walking or exercising. If the pain stops when you rest, you probably have a claudication problem somewhere.

Claudication can be a symptom of peripheral arterial disease (PAD), which is caused by a blockage or narrowing of arteries in the legs. Reduced blood flow to the muscles in the buttock region triggers pain in the hip.

Bone, joint and soft tissue problems are sometimes the cause of hip buttock pain. Arthritis causes inflammation of the joints, and since the hips are among the largest joints in the body, arthritis in the hip area can be especially unpleasant.

One of the most painful joint conditions is known as sacroiliitis. Sacroiliitis occurs due to inflammation in one or both of the sacroiliac joints, which are major joints in the lower back and pelvis. Sacroiliitis can be caused by many other illnesses and conditions, including injuries, arthritis, or an infection.

Bursitis pain comes from an inflammation of the fluid-filled sac between a tendon and bone. Several different kinds of bursitis can affect the buttocks and hips.

Osteoporosis is particularly common among the elderly, and it sometimes results in hip buttock pain. Osteoporosis causes the bones of the pelvis to become weak and brittle.

Other possible causes of hip buttock pain include a number of diseases involving organs of the abdomen. There are, unfortunately, several different kinds of cancer that can cause discomfort in the pelvic area. Cancer can occur in the bones of the pelvis themselves, as well as other bones nearby.

Colon cancer and rectal cancer don’t usually present symptoms at first. But when they advance to a later stage, hip and buttock pain are prominent signs.

Finally, pregnancy can be a cause of hip and buttock pain. Carrying the extra weight of an unborn child places a strain on the muscles of a woman’s lower back, hips and buttocks. This pain usually goes away after childbirth.

Once again, the intent of this article was to give you an overview of the most common causes of hip buttock pain. Your doctor, however, is always your best source for information about causes and treatment.

Parent & Baby Activity 3 – 6 months

Your baby can still enjoy the exercises from the first 3 months but you can also add the following:

o To help stimulate baby’s desire to learn you should encourage him to touch various items of all shapes, forms, materials and textures. Give him big items, small items (but not small enough to go in his mouth), round, square, long, short, thick or thin. Remember, don’t just use toys – make use of anything from kitchen utensils to fruit. You could also try to fill a little plastic bottle with rice, couscous or peas to make a rattle!

o Sit down with your legs straight and lay baby across your legs on his tummy. He must be able to touch the floor with his hands. Put a hand on his bottom or back to give some support. Put a toy on the floor in front of him and encourage him to play. This exercise is good to help develop coordination.

o From the age of 4-5 months your baby will want to see the world from a different perspective so he will try to sit up. If your baby lifts his head a little, this is an indicator that he wants to sit up. Offer your hands and if baby takes them, pull him up a little but not all the way. With patience, eventually baby should learn to pull himself up with your support.

o Sit on the floor with your legs straight. Hold baby around his middle and lift carefully then let him touch your legs slightly with his feet. His legs should start bending and straightening in a jumping motion.

Tonsil Stones and What Causes Them

Tonsil stones, also medically known as tonsilloliths, are actually very common and can also be very irritating. These can appear as white, beige or yellowish spots on the tonsils and can feel uncomfortable as though something is stuck in your throat. Another symptom can be very bad breath. Sometimes these can be coughed up, but they don’t all fall out so easily. So what exactly are these beastly tonsil stones, and just what can be done about them?

These are actually masses of mucus and bacteria that form around tiny food particles that can get caught in tonsil crypts, which are simply pockets or divots in the surface of your tonsils (for this reason, the condition of having tonsil stones can also be known as “cryptic tonsils”). They generally cause no physical harm, but can be uncomfortable and the bad breath can be something that no-one would wish to bear. Doctors usually prescribe antibiotics for this, but they often do nothing, as they aren’t quite the right tool for the right job.

Only very recently have tonsil stones and their causes been fully researched and understood, which is why most doctors may think that antibiotics can help. They might often mistake these as a precursor to tonsillitis, and recommend a tonsillectomy when the antibiotics seem to have no effect. But the truth of the matter is that the removal of your tonsils is not necessary at all, and would be like cutting down an apple tree just because you found a worm in two or three apples. There are herbal remedies for ridding ourselves permanently of tonsil stones, and drastic surgery is simply not needed. If a tonsillectomy is suggested to rid you of tonsil stones, is well recommended to seek a second opinion, perhaps from a doctor of naturopathy, or a doctor of TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine).

Diabetes Can Be Cured – Some Scientists Agree

Can Diabetes Be Cured? yes-but it does not involve drugs and insulin shots. Diabetic drugs and insulin are a multi-billion dollar business, so the drug company lobbyists and drug salesman make every effort to hush up the fact that diabetes can be cure naturally-without costly medication. This article will lead you to some startling facts about how the public is being duped.

Diabetes Can Be Cured-Scientists Agree

Some call diabetes the “Silent Killer.” Many people are pre-diabetic (borderline) and some have reached the chronic stage: Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes-and they don’t even know it!

The American Diabetes Association says that 23.6 million adults and children (about 8% of the U.S. population has some form of diabetes.

An alarming 5.7 million people are undiagnosed diabetics, and 5.7 million are pre-diabetic.

For the most part, the medical community believes that diabetes is incurable, despite authenticated studies and testimonials showing that thousands of people around the world are free of all symptoms and are back to living normal lives.

So how can this be? If one person claims to be cured, if two or three claim to be cured, if hundreds claim to be cured by using natural processes-why isn’t medical science paying attention?

The truth is that only a fraction of healthcare providers have accepted the fact that natural cures-instead of drugs and insulin injections-can, in fact, reverse diabetes. It’s just taking forever to get the word out!

In my situation I have seen one good friend, a type 2 diabetic, develop congestive heart failure, kidney and liver complications. His slide down hill was rapid, and thank the Lord; the end came quickly for him.

Another family friend had one leg amputated as a result of poor blood circulation (a diabetic side-effect). He was awaiting a prosthetic leg when his medical team suggested that it may be necessary to amputate the other leg.

Closer to home, my wife was informed after a routine checkup that she was pre-diabetic. Well no way was this tough old gal going to live with that. God bless her, she went on a strict, low carbohydrate, no sugar diet, and began working out at the gym. In just three months her next blood sugar test-hemoglobin ALC reading had dropped from 6.8 to 6.0. 7.0 is considered chronic diabetes. An unexpected bonus is that she went from a dress size of 18 to a size 8!

Like I said if one person can do it or a thousand can do it, then why can’t you? Well that depends on which column of statistics you want to be on.

Here are just a few natural tips that she is following:

  1. Exercise regularly. If you can’t get to a gym try a brisk walk several times each week.
  2. Take two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar mixed in a glass of water. Flavor it if you wish-just don’t use sugar.
  3. Cinnamon is also thought to be helpful on correcting a number of ills. My wife is taking cinnamon capsules, but two teaspoons of the powder works too.
  4. Cut way back on the carbs and eliminate sugar all together.

These tips are just the tip of the iceberg. A great deal more information is available. This could be some of the most valuable, live-saving information you’ll come across. Follow the link below to get a real education on diabetes. Learn how many in the medical and healthcare field are appalled that it is taking the medical community so long to get with it! Drugs and injections of insulin are not a cure. The merely treat the symptoms.

Is Obesity a Sin in Christianity?

For all Christians our Lord and savior Jesus Christ is our icon of existence. He is the point of comparison for all our actions, thoughts and endeavors. It is by him and for him that we try to live our lives. To understand whether or not obesity is a sin in Christianity we must first understand why any of us could be obese.

Appetite

Having a wealthy appetite than the normal man that allows us to consume more food in our bodies than others is not a sin. However eating without control to the point whereby we can hardly take care of ourselves and become a burden onto others is a sin. Being obese is not the sin but the result of it. Our bodies are the temple of God. We must remember to look after them in the same way that we would look after a church or anything that we care about. If we have a wealthy appetite we are bound to eat more than the normal person, however controlling one’s self is also a part of our Christian faith. We are examples to others as our Lord and savior was and so setting a good example for others to follow is important. Eating without control is unhealthy and limits whatever help we can offer others. For this reason we are not fulfilling our duty or loving our neighbor as ourselves. Eating selfishly to meet our own needs is a sin. Being obese is the result of this sin.

Depression

Eating more than usual due to depression, frustration or other reactions of a similar nature is not committing a sin. Once more if the result of this is obesity then the obesity is not the sin. The Lord judges us based on our thoughts and actions and he is aware of our responsibilities and the pressures we face in life. However he has also given us his Word to learn from and understand how to cope in life. For Christians our faith and understanding has a lot to do in how we think and react in life. Time is afforded anyone to overcome negative thoughts. During these times food could be a means to a solution. However abusing our bodies excessively with food or alcohol or anything for that matter is a sin as we are destroying the temple of God. We must learn to do everything in moderation as we are not only responsible to ourselves but to those around us.

Inheritance

Sometimes we are obese because we were born that way or it is in our genes. This is not a sin. It is beyond our control and it is who we are.

It must be noted here that obesity itself is not a sin. We sin when we go against the commandments of God. The method by which we became obese is what we are judged upon. If we exhibit greed to become obese, then the sin is in the greed and not the result of it.

Can You Get a Rash From Black Mold?

There are many health conditions that can occur from mold exposure, and one common symptoms is a rash from black mold. Typically, this is not the only symptom that occurs, there are other health problems that will begin along with the rash from black mold. These are some of the symptoms to watch for:

Symptoms of Black Mold

The symptoms of a mold problem can vary from one person to the next, because different people react in different ways to the mold toxicity. Some people feel like they have a cold or flu that never goes away, so they constantly have a runny nose, headache, sinus problems, cough, or respiratory problems. These symptoms usually start out small, and then they become more aggravated if the mold exposure continues.

Other health problems can develop such as respiratory infections, sinus infections, weakness, dizziness, memory loss, urinary tract infections, autoimmune diseases, digestive problems, nausea, cancer, and even death. These symptoms should not be taken lightly, because they can severely impact a person’s life if the mold is not removed as quickly as possible.

A rash from black mold is a common symptom, and the rash can occur for one of two reasons:

Allergies: If the person is allergic to the mold spores, hives or an itchy rash may start on the skin as a reaction to the allergens.

Toxicity: The skin is sensitive to toxicity, and it works to keep harmful substances from getting into the body. Additionally, the skin also is an organ that can be used to get rid of the toxicity that may be present, and a rash is one manifestation of the body trying to get rid of the toxicity.

If a rash from black mold occurs, it may be in a specific location on the skin where the skin came in contact with the mold. Or, the rash may start to develop in moist areas such as the armpits and underneath the hair. Sometimes, the rash may be over multiple areas of the body if the person has high levels of toxicity, because the body is just doing everything that it can to get rid of the toxic elements that are present.

How to Stop Symptoms of Black Mold

The only way to get rid of these health symptoms is to get rid of the mold problems that are present. Some people don’t realize that they have mold within their home, so they go to the doctor looking for treatments for the individual symptoms. Medical treatments can be used to minimize the symptoms that are occurring, but medications cannot take away the root of the problem. Also, as the mold exposure continues, it is likely that the symptoms will become worse and other symptoms will also begin to develop.

Mold is very difficult to eliminate once it starts growing, so the best solution is to hire a company that specializes in mold cleanup. They will be able to come into your come and clean all of the surfaces and air that has been affected by the mold. Also, keep in mind that it may be necessary to get rid of certain things that were affected, such as fabric, wood, or any other porous materials or objects.

Once the mold has been cleaned up, you will see that the symptoms will start to subside and the rash from black mold will go away. You may need to combine medical treatments with the mold cleanup process, but it is possible to get rid of the uncomfortable symptoms as long as you have eliminated the mold problem from your home.

Do I Have a Pimple or a Cold Sore?

If you’ve got a small red bump on your face, you may be wondering if it’s a pimple or a cold sore. There is a very big difference between the two.

Both cold sores and pimples can appear near to the mouth and they can look quite similar in their early phases, which can cause confusion. However, they will feel very totally different and they will also change in appearance as they develop.

Pimples are red in colour and will develop a white cap a few days after they first appear. They are brought on by a blockage in a skin pore. They are especially frequent in teenagers, because of to hormonal shifts which result in oily skin.

Cold sores on the other hand, have a more blister like appearance and are caused by the herpes simplex virus. Before a sore apears, you will often feel a tingle like ache under the skin where it will eventually show up.

This tingle is a clear symptom that you have a cold sore and not a pimple.

Pimples can be sore, but they are not as painful as sores. The skin around a sore will normally feel itchy and tingling in the early stages. The blister will then crack and ooze before scabbing, which is a much more painful process.

Cold sores usually pop up on the lips, chin and around the mouth. They can also breakout around the nostrils and inside the mouth, but this is much rarer. They can sometimes also appear on the cheeks.

Because pimples are brought on by a skin pore blockage, they can develop anywhere that hair follicles are present. For this reason pimples can’t appear on your lips, so if you have a red bump on your lips it is more than likely a cold sore.

The bad news is that anyone can suffer from cold sores and pimples. They are very common amongst a good deal of the population. Teens are the worst sufferers of pimples. During adolesence certain hormonal shifts take place and the result is often oily skin and pimples.

Cold sores are triggered by the herpes simplex virus and are extremely transmittable. The virus is easily transferred through kissing, skin to skin contact, and through sharing items like utensils, cups, towels and make-up.

Once you have contracted the HSV-1 virus, it will remain in your body for life. It lies dormant in your system until activated by a trigger.

But even if you have the HSV-1 virus, you may never suffer from a breakout. Some statistics show that as few as 10% of people carrying the virus will suffer from outbreaks.

The one simple rule to remember is don’t touch it! This is same for both pimples and sores. Squeezing pimples can force the infection in the skin pore deeper, making it more serious. And popping acne can bring about scarring, as well as spreading the infection to nearby areas of the skin. There are a range of treatments available at supermarkets and chemists, as well as prescription medicines for those with more serious acne.

We’ve mentioned before that the HSV virus is highly contagious, and touching a cold sore is the easiest way to spread it to other parts of your face and body.

Psoriasis – A General Overview

Psoriasis is a skin disease that is more likely to affect people with fair skin complexion. It remains to be fully understood as to why Asian and African origin are less predisposed to it compare to Caucasian. Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease with no permanent cure available as of today.

Genetic and hereditary factors seem to contribute to the triggering of Psoriasis. This skin disease usually runs in the family and affects both men and women alike. Psoriasis usually affects adults between the ages of fifteen to thirty five years of age.

Patches of red scaly skin usually appear on the armpit, elbow, leg, scalp, face and at times even as far as private parts of the body such as the chest, breast and genitalia region. Psoriasis is not contagious and cannot be contracted through physical skin contacts such as touch.

There are at least five different types of Psoriasis and blood test analysis can readily reveal and confirm if a person is suffering from it. Blood test can reveal the type of antibody generated by the body immune system in response to the different type of Psoriasis affecting a patient.

Psoriasis occurs when a person’s skin replaces itself too quickly. This might occur if the persons immune system is compromised and faulty biological immune system signals causes the skin cells to grow quickly and uncontrollably.

Medical research conducted by a team from the University Of Michigan indicates the presence of a specific gene, designated ‘PORS1’ and scientists believed this gene contributes to the triggering of skin inflammation leading to Psoriasis outbreak.

Further research is needed to map out the genetic determinants of Psoriasis and with the knowledge acquired it is hope that doctors and medical scientists can someday develop better treatments to not only treat the symptoms but in addition to that a universal permanent cure for all those suffering from it.

Psoriasis can be quite difficult to cope with, both from physical and psychological aspects. The self-esteemed of a person could be deeply affected due to disfigurement caused by this skin disease, more so if it affects visible parts of the body such as the face. The pain and itch associated with it could be quite traumatic and unbearable at times.

Psoriasis is usually not a life threatening disease and does not require long-term hospitalization treatment. There are exceptional isolated severe cases whereby the skin starts to lose its protective functions and as such is unable to prevent bacteria and other substances from entering the body.

Various factors could trigger the outbreak and worsen the condition of Psoriasis. These include severe stress, hormone imbalance and poor detoxification of the body. Prolong exposure to pollutants and chemicals such as heavy metals, pesticides, uncontrolled intake of drugs such as beta-blockers, smoking and drinking exacerbates and worsen the condition of Psoriasis.

Vitamin and mineral deficiencies such as zinc, selenium, chromium, vitamin A, B and E could worsen the condition of Psoriasis. It is important to maintain good health with strong immune body system to keep this skin disease at bay.

There are various medical treatments available to alleviate the pain and itch associated with Psoriasis. Doctors normally prescribed treatments based on the severity, the conditions and the type of Psoriasis that the patient is suffering from. Patients with suppressed immune system may experienced more severe painful symptoms and as such it is not surprising that doctors may recommend holistic treatments that involves the combinations of topical, laser light and other form of antibiotics treatments.

Foot Fungus Treatment – Can it Be Treated Using Vinegar?

Vinegar has been used for foot fungus treatment for quite sometime now. One, because it is a homemade remedy and second because it will do the foot fungus treatment quick and fast if you do it right. The most important thing is to make sure that the vinegar comes in direct contact to the fungus.

Why is vinegar so popular amongst foot fungus treatment methods? Vinegar contains acetic acid which is a strong anti-fungal agent ceasing the growth of the fungus simply by burning it down to nil.

The most important thing in nail treatment vinegar is to make sure that vinegar is successful in penetrating into the nail bed where the fungus feeds itself. For this to happen, one needs to cut the nails short and clean it as much as possible in order to reduce the nails thickness. The yellow leftovers of the nails make the passage for the vinegar all the more airtight and compact.

Foot fungus treatment is not painful as the infection is on the nail, unless of course the infection becomes so severe that it penetrates into the skin. Filing the nail is a good option because this will reduce the thickness of the nail making it easy for the vinegar to reach the fungal infected area.

Nail treatment vinegar is most effective when vinegar comes in touch with the fungus directly. This might sound painful but it isn’t as one can remove the toenail with the clippers and it won’t hurt at all leaving the fungus exposed. Scrape off as much as fungus possible. This makes the treatment all the more effective.

Nail fungus treatment requires the vinegar not to be diluted with water. A completely concentrated solution of vinegar in a bowl which is large enough to submerge the infected part of the toe should suffice the treatment requirement.

Nail fungus treatment vinegar may take its time, normally around 6-8 months but the effect is noticeable, especially in case of foot fungus treatment. The nails start growing back and the fungal infected area of the nail reduces considerable with time as the treatment cycle is repeated.

The above mentioned remedial method is effective but it requires its own time. It’s a slow process but an effective one. There are other products like AHA creams and FungiBan in the market which can give you faster results but will cost you equally as a tradeoff for time.