Homemade Canning – Best Kinds of Soup for Home Canning

Canned soup is delicious and easy for lunches, dinners, and even snacks. Store-bought soup often contains large amounts of sodium and even hidden ingredients such as monosodium glutamate, yeast, and unknown spices and added artificial flavorings.

Soup done by homemade canning is not only healthier, it is less expensive than the store-bought versions and you can control what goes into it. Which soups are best for canning at home?

Canned Cream Soup

Tomato, mushroom, celery, pumpkin, squash, broccoli, cauliflower, and other vegetables and blends make delicious creamed soup. Creamed foods are often cooked vegetables run through a blender and then made into a delicious and creamy soup with fresh milk or cream and a variety of spices. These may take a few extra steps to prepare, but are well worth the effort.

To make them a condensed soup, simply leave off the addition of cream and extra water in the recipe you follow and note on the label how much to add for that particular recipe. When opening a jar of creamed soup, simply add the amount of milk or water just like the condensed soup you would purchase at the store, but at a fraction of the cost.

Canned Vegetable Soup

Depending on the recipe, you may or may not need to pre-cook the vegetables. One delicious method of making homemade canned vegetable soup is to save the vegetable refuse from processing other vegetables in a bin in the freezer. These can range from clean potato skin and apple skins and cores to onion peels and lettuce cores. When you have enough to boil for stock, boil them up until soft and then cool the stock. Blend them in a blender and run through a food sieve or mesh strainer to remove the larger particles.

Take the resulting stock and use it as a base for any vegetable or meat soup base. Simply chop up the desired vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower, garlic, onions, par-cooked potatoes or root vegetables, zucchini, peas, cooked beans, green beans, or raw dark leafy greens and place them in a bowl. Then add your favorite dried or fresh herbs or spice blends and mix it thoroughly.

Finally, add this mixture to the jar, leaving half to one-third head space. Add the broth, stir, and pressure can the blend for about 20 minutes, or as directed in the vegetable soup recipe you are using.

Canned Noodle Soup

  • Noodle soups are not that hard to can. The easiest part is that the noodles go in dry. You will need:
  • A vegetable or chicken stock that has just been boiled and is still hot.
  • Chopped cooked meat such as chicken or beef.
  • A favorite spice blend or fresh herbs; Italian seasoning works best.
  • Fresh, raw or par-cooked vegetables.
  • Dried noodles such as egg noodles, stars, alphabets, ditalini, macaroni, gemelli, or mostaccioli.

Measure one-fourth of the jar for each ingredient plus the spices. Again, leave roughly a half-inch head space air pocket for a good seal. Then, layer the ingredients as you add them: noodles, half the hot broth, spices, meat, vegetables, and half the hot broth again. Make sure that the rim and lid are clean and dry when you add the lid. Pressure can for the time specified in the pressure canning directions.

Canned Bean, Chili, or Split Pea Soup

Unlike the other soups, bean soup must be cooked and completely ready to eat before canning to ensure that the finished product is actually edible. When you are done cooking the bean soup, simply jar it up while still hot, leaving roughly a half-inch to an inch of head space and then pressure can it according to the manufacturer’s directions.

Detecting Spoilage in Home-canned foods

Unlike high-acid canned foods such as tomato sauces and fruits, low-acid foods like soup are more prone to spoilage due to improper canning or not achieving a good seal. Before serving up your delicious creation, inspect the jar lid for leaks, a swollen lid, rust, strange coloring, or a foamy or murky appearance.

If all looks well, open the jar and smell the food-it should smell pleasant and delicious. If you detect any of the above, discard the food immediately. Before eating, bring the food to a boil for at least 10 minutes just in case any dangerous microbes are in the food. If the food still smells pleasant, it’s probably safe to eat.

Home-canned soups are not only tailored to your dietary needs, they contain less sodium, fat, and artificial ingredients. Healthy, hearty, and cheap, soup made by homemade canning cost a fraction off store-bought varieties and definitely have better flavor.

Bronchitis And Pneumonia – Various Differences Explained

It is very difficult to understand the differences between bronchitis and pneumonia. Both diseases of the lower respiratory system and have an equally adverse effect on pulmonary air passages. Proper knowledge about the difference between pneumonia and bronchitis facilitates correct diagnosis, a factor that is of utmost importance in the effective management and treatment of respiratory disorders.

What is Pneumonia?

Pneumonia is a severe infection of the lungs in which pus and other fluids fill the alveoli and prevent the free flow of air into the lungs. Due to this, the body does not get sufficient oxygen, and the cells are unable to function normally. Headache, excessive sweating, fatigue, and lack of appetite are some of the symptoms of pneumonia. The condition, if not treated with care, can cause death.

Several factors are responsible for pneumonia; however, the major causes of this condition are bacteria.

– Streptococcus pneumoniae causes community-acquired pneumonia in around 20-60 percent adults and 13-30 percent children.
– Group A or streptococcus pyogenes is also responsible for pneumonia.
– Staphylococcus aureus causes pneumonia in about 10-15 percent of hospitalized people. A fragile immune system and pre-existing viral influence go hand in hand with this variety of pneumonia.
– Gram negative bacteria causes certain cases of community-acquired pneumonia. It also attacks people suffering from chronic lung disorders and children suffering from cystic fibrosis.

Certain viruses such as SARS (severe acute respiratory distress syndrome) virus, adenoviruses, herpesviruses, influenza viruses, RSV (respiratory syncytial virus), and HPV (human parainfluenza virus) also cause pneumonia.

Types of Pneumonia

There are different types of pneumonia.

Atypical Pneumonia: Bacteria are responsible for these types of pnuemonia, including walking pneumonia. A person suffering from this variety could have a dry cough. It is a mild variety, and the patient need not be admitted to the hospital.

Aspiration Pneumonia: In this condition, bacteria are present in the oral cavity. If the bacteria remain in the oral cavity, they are harmless. However, if they penetrate the lungs, sometimes due to a weakening of the gag reflex, they could cause pneumonia.

Opportunistic pneumonia: As long as your immune system is in good condition, you do not have to worry about contracting this disease. However, people with weak immune systems should take special care not to get infected.

Regional and occupational pneumonia: For example, exposure to chemicals or cattle can cause this condition.

What is Bronchitis?

Bronchitis is a disorder characterized by inflammation of the bronchi or air passes that transport air from the trachea to the lungs. Inflammation of the bronchi leads to the accumulation of mucus, which causes the blocking of the bronchial cells. The body then takes refuge in the cough mechanism to get rid of the accumulated mucus. Unfortunately, cough, while it gets rid of excess mucus, also makes the air passes more susceptible to infection. Moreover, if the infection continues, the tissues of the bronchi might get damaged.

Types of bronchitis

Basically, there are two types of bronchitis – acute and chronic bronchitis.

Acute bronchitis is a short-term condition accompanied by a bad flu or a cold. It can keep you in a miserable condition for around two weeks. In certain cases, viral bronchitis can last for 8-12 weeks.

Chronic bronchitis is a long-term condition that can last anywhere from three weeks to two years. It always comes with a danger of relapse. In severe cases of chronic bronchitis, the bronchi get dilated, and this makes the patient more vulnerable to all types of infection. Due to its life-threatening nature, it should be taken seriously, and proper medical care should be taken to keep it in check.

Causes and Treatment of Bronchitis

Around ninety percent of the people contract acute bronchitis due to viral infection. Many cases are also caused due to bacterial infection. If you contract acute bronchitis many times, you may contract chronic bronchitis sooner or later. Infection need not always be the cause for acute bronchitis. If you live in a dirty, polluted area or if you are heavy smoker, you stand a greater risk of contracting chronic bronchitis.

If the condition is due to viral infection, contaminated conditions, or heavy smoking, it is of no use taking antibiotics because they can do nothing to eliminate irritants or viruses. Antibiotics are useful only in case of bacterial infection.

It is possible to draw up any number of treatment plans for acute bronchitis. Follow your doctor's advice, avoid irritants, and adopt healthy patterns of lifestyle.

Classification of Values

Education is a social process; Education is growth;

Education is not preparation for life; Education is life itself. — John Dewey

The prosperity of a country depends not on the abundance of its revenues, not on the strength of its fortifications, not on the beauty of its public buildings; but it consists in the number of its cultivated citizens, in its men of education, enlightenment and character. —martin Luther.

If wealth is lost nothing is lost.

If health is lost something is lost.

If character is lost everything is lost. —M.K. Gandhi (Father of Indian Nation)

Value is a conception, explicit, distinctive of an individual or characteristic of a group of the desirable which influences the selection from available, means and ends of action.

Values are the desirable ends, goals or modes of action which makes human behaviour selective. Value not only orients but also determines human behaviour.

Classification of Values:

It is necessary to know types of values. It is necessary to improve values in the children.

1. Gail M. Inlaw Classification

* Traditional and cultural values

* Economic values

* Political values

* Values in science and technology

* Philosophical values

* Values of the new left

* Values of the back community

2. Spranger’s Classification:

* Theoretical values

* Economic values

* Aesthetic values

* Social values

* Political values

* Religious values

3. Ploto’s Classification:

* Truth

* Beauty

* Goodness

4. Parker’s Classification of Values:

* Biological values

* Economic values

* Affective values

* Social values

* Intellectual values

* Aesthetic values

* Moral values

* Religious value

5. Gandhi’s Classification:

* Truth

* Non-violence

* Freedom

* Democracy

* Equality

* Self-realization

* Purity of ends and means

* Self-discipline

6. B.R. Goel Classification: ( Documents on Social, Moral and Spiritual Values)

1. Abstinence

2. Anti-touch ability

3. Consideration for others

4. Co-operation

5. Compassion

6. Common good

7. Courtesy

8. Democratic decision making

9. Dignity of the individual

10. Duty

11. Endurance

12. Friendship

13. Fellow-feeling

14. Forward look

15. Gentlemanliness

16. Honesty

17. Appreciation

18. Citizenship

19. Concern for others

20. Cleanliness

21. Common cause

22. Courage

23. Curiosity

24. Devotion

25. Dignity of manual work

26. Discipline

27. Quality

28. Faithfulness

29. Freedom

30. Good manner

31. Gratitude

32. Helpfulness

33. Humanism

34. Initiative

35. Justice

36. Kindness to animals

37. Leadership

38. National consciousness

39. National integration

40. Peace

41. Punctuality

42. Purity

43. Resourcefulness

44. Respect for others

45. Sincerity

46. Social justice

47. Self-help

48. Self-confidence

49. Self-study

50. Self-control

51. Social service

52. Sense of discrimination between good and bad

53. Socialism

54. Secularism and respect for all religions

55. Team work

56. Truthfulness

57. Universal truth

58. Value for national and civic property

59. Hygienic living

60. Integrity

61. Kindness

62. Loyalty to duty

63. National unity

64. Non- violence

65. Obedience

66. Proper utilization of time

67. Patriotism

68. Quest for knowledge

69. Regularity

70. Reverence for old age

71. Simple living

72. Self-discipline

73. Self- respect

74. Self-support

75. Self- reliance

76. Self-restraint

77. Solidarity of mankind

78. Sense of social responsibility

79. Sympathy

80. Spirit of enquiry

81. Team spirit

82. Tolerance

83. Universal love

7. In generally, values may be classified as personal, social moral, spiritual and behavioural values.

The Chiropractic Subluxation Story

I attended chiropractic college way back in the 1970s when the profession was all about the detection and correction of spinal subluxations. This may sound funny to those of you who still go to a chiropractor who corrects subluxations with spinal adjustments. You see, even within the profession, this term has become unpopular with some colleges. In recent years, the college I attended, which now calls itself a University, does not use the term at all but requests the students to check for the "tissue in lesion." I guess the university lecturers of chiropractic philosophy became embarrassed using the term with their medical doctor friends and decided on a new description of what is happening in the spine. I can not say I fully blame them for their shift in terminology but am sadened that they are leading the next generation of practitioners astray.

When I was sitting in the first year principals and philosophy class as it was called back then, our lecturer had a definition of subluxation which never really sat well with me. It went something like, a subluxation is a condition of the spine which is less than a dislocation. The term "luxation" was supposedly a nineteenth century term for a dislocation and the term "sub" meant under or less than.

So, a spinal subluxation was a condition where the bones moved, pinched nerves and was less than a luxation. This entity was criticized by some detractors who suggested that the concept was all in the mind of the chiropractor.

The controversies investigated and continues within the chiropractic profession. The main thing about the above definition is that it is false. The first-year lecturer had given me a wrong definition.

What then is the true meaning of the term. From Latin, we learn that sub means "less than" or "under," yet the word "lux" actually means "light" and the term "ation" means "the condition or state of." This gives a totally different meaning to what I do on a daily basis as a chiropractor.

I'm actually turning on the light! So, the concept is about there being darkness in the body as a result of the spinal subluxation. This sets well with me and my old High School motto, which was "luceat lux vestra," which translates as "let your light shine."

So, if you want your light to shine, and want to get out of the darkness, you can go and visit your chiropractor.

Broken Nose – What is This Fracture?

A broken nose is a type of fracture or break that occurs on the bone of the patient's nose. This article briefly mentions general details about the condition, including some possible symptoms, underlying medical causes, diagnosis methods, and options for treatment. If you suspect a broken nose, or complications arising from one, please look for qualified assistance. The information on this page is not professional medical advice, nor is it intended to be used in place of such.

Amongst the potential symptoms, pain in the nose is one common item. The nose may appear different than normal, with some kind of bend or crookedness. Bruises may show up both on the nose and below the eyes – as black eyes. The nose may bleed – known as epistaxis – and may also be tender to the touch. Additionally, there can be difficulty breathing through the nasal passage. These are only some of the possible symptoms, as others can also be found in this condition. Additionally, a broken nose can occur despite the patient not having all of these symptoms.

Any one of a variety of causes can lead to a fraction like this. When enough force is executed on the nose, it can lead to a break. Falling down is one possibility, as are accidents on bicycles or motor vehicles. A broken nose is also a common occurrence during a fight.

Diagnosis is generally made by an examination of the area. Treatment options may vary, but in standard cases, a doctor may recommend only at-home care, including ice held in a cloth and applied to the broken nose, pain killers, etc. More severe breaches, instances with other injuries, or complications arising from the condition may lead to consideration of other treatment methods.

Signs Of Cerebral Palsy

Signs of cerebral palsy are often shown in the way a child motor skills. In most cases, children with cerebral palsy show varying signs of the illness that may range from mild to severe.

Cerebral palsy can be detected before 18 months of age. Within such time, a normal child learns how to sit, crawl, walk or smile. These are what may be called as developmental milestones. However, a child with cerebral palsy is not able to reach these miles within 18 months and is showing signs of abnormal motor development.

In some cases, children with cerebral palsy also have abnormal muscle tone. The baby looks floppy and does not show signs of normal activity. Such a condition is called hypotonia. Meanwhile, there are some children with cerebral palsy who manifest the opposite of hypotonia. They show signs of stiffness and rigidity. This condition is called hypertonia.

During the latter years of life, children with cerebral palsy also show difficulty in writing. Often, they exhibit a very slow involuntary writing movement. This is called athetosis. Some children also show involuntary motor skills and find it hard to speak, see and hear.

Other symptoms involve excessive drooling or difficulties in speaking, swallowing and sucking.

Children with cerebral palsy also find it hard to control defecation. They can not decipher the proper reaction to signs of defecation at an age where they should already be able to detect bowel movement. Other children also have difficulty urinating. They are unable to control their bladder.

While there may be no exact combination of the symptoms of cerebral palsy, parents should take responsibility in bringing their children to the physician once they detect any abnormal behavior from them. This way, the physician can validate whether the child's reaction is normal or not such that it computes what may be called as a developmental disorder. If needed, necessary medication and therapy can be provided.

Analysis Paralysis – The Mindset

So you are probably reaching the point in your business where you're still wanting to learn all you can get your hands on, but not sure how to transfer this information into progress. So instead of taking a chance you tell yourself that you'll just listen to one more training call, or finish one more training module. In other words you have analysis paralysis.

A procrastination method that can collectively be blamed on the overload of information that is wildly available on the Internet on virtually any subject. So when sifting through all the information available think "Do I really need to know this right now?" "Will this have a direct and instant impact?" If you answer no or not yet, make a mental note or bookmark it and comeback later when it will be more useful to you.

Analysis paralysis can also happen when you start to hit the wall. You may start to get frustrated with the amount of work you have put into your business and have yet to reap the benefits. You may think the answer is to keep adding to your knowledge database. Sometimes this may work and trigger an unknown fact or marketing method, but most time this just ends as another method of procrastination.

In order to overview this analysis you need to ask yourself "How much do I really want this?" If you are ready to take the leap into a successful business than you need to fink a way to break through the wall. You will never be successful if you do not try.

Anti-Aging – Educate Yourself

"You can not help getting older, but you do not have to get old." said George Burns who lived well into his nineties. Aging, unfortunately, is a part of life. How we age is now, becoming becoming a fate we place in our own hands. On the predictions of Francis Bacon, Rene Descartes, and Benjamin Franklin, the science of anti-aging has become an art. Unfortunately less than 1% of MD's and 1/2% of nurseries have received training dealing with the special needs of older adults.

Instead of searching for the ever illusive "fountain of youth", millions of Americans are slowing their own biological clocks with the proven methods of today's latest research. While genetic make-up and the world's environmental influences will still affect the aging process, never before have so many had the chance to fight father time and extend their life.

Aging used to be inevitable and while some degree of aging still is, the information found on these and the following pages, offers some insight to the many fantastic breakthroughs in the science of anti-aging.

Rising life expectancy means members of the huge baby boom generation who are near old age, can look forward to more golden years than their parents. With aging prevention is key. Start your own journey to a younger feeling and healthyier you.

The Key to Anti-Aging: Telomeres

Robert Browning wrote, "Grow old with me, the best is yet to be" more than 100 years ago. At that time, it may have well been very true. Even twenty, or ten, years ago that still held true. As the dawn rises on a new millennium amazing new advances in science and technology are occurring along with a shift in public consciousness, make it possible to now control the aging process.

Over the recorded existence of man the average human life span has increased. This increase is owed to improvements in medical care, including the use of antibiotics, improvements in housing, education and sanitation. However, there appears to be a maximum, or fixed, end point. Recent research reports have indicated that the aging process itself could indeed be modified. Evidence for this coming from the isolation of "longevity genes", as well as the effect on cell longevity by modification of the ends of the chromosomes (the telomeres), elimination of treacherous free radicals, glucose cross-linking of proteins, and the effect of hormones and protective enzymes.

Human cells have a limited life span. In a test tube a normal human cell will divide about 50 times and then dies of old age. This seems to put a ceiling on the human life span. The culprits are telomeres-minute units at the end of the DNA chain. Each time a cell divides it must duplicate its DNA. This process results in the shortening of the telomeres. After about 50 such replications the telomeres are gone, and the cell loses its ability to divide.

Howard Cooke of the Medical Research Council in Edinburgh, documented the first connection between aging and telomeres. He noticed that the telomeres in reproducing cells were longer than those in shorter-lived somatic cells (the kind found in muscle, skin and nerve tissue). He suggested that ever-shortening telomeres might determine a cells life-span. In other words, he proposed that the telomere length offered a clock for telling a cell's longevity.

In a barrage of papers published over the last few years, researchers have shown that the telomerase gene can be activated in human cells, and that it does extend cell life. The initial development was a report in the August 15, 1997, issue of Science. A group headed by Nobel Laureate Thomas Cech, of the University of Colorado at Boulder, and colleagues at Geron Corporation, had isolated the human gene for a chemical protein called telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTRT).

hTRT is only present in immortal cells, where the gene for telomerase is pre-sent in all cells. hTRT serves to fuse the repeating sequences of DNA to the chromosomes, thereby lengthening the telomeres. Proof that introduction of the hTRT gene into mortal cells would cause them to produce active telomerase was offered in the December 1, 1997, issue of Nature Genetics by the Geron group, in a collaboration with researchers from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas .

Telomerase is a rarely-expressed enzyme believed to play a key role in the regulation of cell life span, functioning as part of a molecular clock of cell aging. Its absence risks mortality to some cells and its presence impracts replicative immortality to others.

"Reconstituting telomerase activity, especially in normal human cells, is a major milestone in telomerase biology that has widespread implications for the treatment of cancer and age-related diseases," said Jerry Shay, Ph.D., professor of cell biology at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas.

"Since cell senescence contributions to age-related disorders and limits the efficacy of cell and gene therapies, the ability to extend the life span of normal cells would have broad therapeutic and commercial impact," stated Ronald Eastman, Geron's President and Chief Executive Officer.

While the effect this will have on the general public is still yet undetermined, according to Jerry Shay Ph.D., "Telomerase will allow us to take a person's own cells, manipulate and rejuvenate them, and give them back to the same patient. The rejuvenated cells could help grow new skin for burn victims and cure diseases caused by the failure of aging cells to divide, such as macular degeneration. "

For the first time in history, control of the aging process lies in the hands of mankind. How we will respond to that challenge is still an open question. But one thing is certain, for the generations just being born, living to be 100 will be routine.

The Ultimate Spare Part: Stem Cells

In July 1997, a researcher from Johns Hopkins Medical Institute announced that he had human stem cells growing in a lab dish. That announcement, following close on the heels of Dolly (the cloned sheep), represents another step towards a brave new world of high-tech reproduction. The most exciting leap in this race is that while Dolly grows into a very normal looking sheep, the stem cells in professor John Gearhart's petri dish, should be able to develop into any cell in the human body.

Umbilical cord blood stem cells are considered a medical breakthrough and have been in the news recently in terms of advances in health, science, transplant medicine, women's health and disease treatments such as Hodgkin's disease, lymphoma and leukemia. Future applications and research are in areas of gene therapy and autoimmune diseases; rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, lupus and other immune system disorders.

Gearhart says, "We clearly had evidence for human stem cells. Move over Dolly, stem cells are really the ultimate spare part.

Sleep: one of the most important functions

"Early to bed, early to rise, makes a man, healthy, wealthy and wise," states the nursery rhyme, but for many older Americans, "early to rise" may be a familiar, although troubling, part of their daily routine.

One of the most common complaints among the aging is that of sleep difficulty. In a study completed by the National Institute on Aging, of 9000 people aged 65 years and older, over one half of the men and women reported at least one chronic sleep complaint. Typical sleep problems as we age include difficulty falling asleep, maintaining sleep, early morning awakening, and excessive daytime sleepiness.

Melatonin secretion is involved in physiologic sleep injury. We produce melatonin abundantly until puberty, and then it declines steadily into old age, thus causing the associated sleep deficiencies.

Chronic sleep loss, according to Dr. Eve Van Cauter, may speed the sunset or increase the severity of age related conditions such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, and memory loss.

Several generalizations can be made relating aging and sleep characteristics. Compared with younger persons, as we age we tend to achieve less total nighttime sleep. Neverheless, it can not be assumed that older people require less sleep. Overall, the sleep-wake cycle in the elderly is fragmented, thus causing them to have more nighttime arousal's and awakenings. Although a mild deterioration in sleep quality may be a normal part of the aging process, complaints of significantly disrupted nighttime sleep, or impaired daytime functioning due to excessive sleepiness, must be addressed.

The Obesity Epidemic

Since 1991 the United States has seen a drastic increase in the number of obese citizens, according to a report in an issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association. The study's author wrote, "The obsessive epidemic has spread with the speed and dispersion characteristic of a communicable disease epidemic".

A decade ago 1 in every 4 Americans was seriously overweight. Today it is 1 in 3, and climbing. Obesity is a disease that affects at least 70 million Americans; more than one-third of all adults and one in every five children. Many of today's obese are elderly. As many as 3 million of Americans aged 65 and over have weight problems. Each year, obesity causes at least 300,000 deaths and costs the country more than $ 100 billion.

In today's society the terms obesity and overweight are often interchanged in daily conversations, but they mean two different weight states. The term obesity refers to an excess of body fat suffient to impair health, function or longevity. Obesity is most often defined as being 20% ​​or more over your ideal body weight. Using this definition, obesity affects an estimated 70 million Americans. Obesity is a common condition, which can have substantially negative health and social consequences, and is considered a serious disease that has been linked to shortened life expectancy. According to C. Everett Koop, former Surgeon General of the United States, obesity is the second leading cause of preventable death in America today.

Obesity is an independent risk factor or aggravating agent for more than 30 medical conditions including diabetes, bad knees, high blood pressure, hardening of the arteries, and increased blood cholesterol.

How to figure your BMI Index

The following table of Body Mass Index (BMI) will help you determine your own BMI. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg (kg = pounds / 2.2) and dividing by the persons of height in meters squared (meters = inches x 0.0254).

Find the row that most closely matches your weight in pounds. Read across the row until it crosses the column that most closely matches your height in feet and inches. If you find yourself in a cell that is dark red (BMI Greater or equal to 30 kg / m2), then you may be a candidate for weight reduction therapy. If the cell is pink (BMI greater or equal to 27 kg / m2 and less than 20 kg / m2) then you may be a candidate if you have other risk factors, as stated in the obesity article.

BMI 5'0 "5'3" 5'6 "5'9" 6'0 "6'3" Smoke: no Drink: occasionally Recreational Drugs:
140 # 27 25 23 21 19 18
150 # 29 27 24 22 20 19
160 # 31 28 26 24 22 20
170 # 33 30 28 25 23 21
180 # 35 32 29 27 25 23
190 # 37 34 31 28 26 24
200 # 39 36 32 30 27 25
210 # 41 37 34 31 29 26
220 # 43 39 36 33 30 28
230 # 45 41 37 34 31 29
240 # 47 43 39 36 33 30
250 # 49 44 40 37 34 31

How Fat Affects Us

* Lungs – In overweight people an increased body volume must be supplied with oxygen by lungs that have not correspondingly increased in size. In addition, the presences of thick pads of fat in the abdomen restricts breathing. Anesthetic risk in increased in overweight patients. Being overweight can be a special problem for asthmatics.
* Diabetes – Diabetes is more common in overweight patients than in patients of normal weight. In one group of studies, 70-80% of diabetics had a history of obesity. When an overweight diabetic loses weight, the diabetes often improves.
* Pregnancy – being overwight can be a factor in producing difficult and prolonged labor due to abnormal positioning of the fetus. This can cause fetel distress, which, in turn, may complicate labor and delivery. In addition, severely overweight women have more difficult pregnancies and an increased incidence of maternal and infant deaths.
* Sugery – Surgical procedures are more difficult in overweight individuals due to the very bulk of the adipose tissues.
* Hernia – Certain types of hernias, involving displacement of the upper part of the stomach into the cavity cavity, are more prevalent in overweight individuals than in those of normal weight.
* Joint-Disease – A vicious cycle is set up in overweight patients with arthiritis of the hip, knees, or feet, or in those who suffer from a ruptured intervertebral disc. Increased weight leads to greater wear and tear on these joints, which may become more irritated and painful. The increased discomfort forces the patient to become less and less active, thereby favoring further gain in weight.
* Adipose Tissue – Adipose (fat) tissue is composed of highly elastic cells that contain varying amounts of faty deposits acquired through the bloodstream. Adipose tissue occurs through the body, covering vital organs and muscles. Overweight people have excess fat deposits on all all soft organs and tissues. The number of fat cells present, and the amount of fat they contain, determines the degree of overweight.
* Blood Pressure – High blood pressure (hypertension) occurs more frequently in overweight people. Since hypertension can result in varying degrees of damage to the brain (stroke) and kidneys (degeneration), as well as the heart, it is essential that hypertensive overweight patients lose weight.
* Heart – Because the heart must supply nutrients to all tissues of the body, the greater body mass, the greater the strain on the heart. Overweight people have a higher incidence of heart disease, the nations number oen killer.
* Atherosclerosis – Atherosclerosis is the deposit of fatty material on the lining of the arterial wall. It can result in the rupture of the blood vessel or in narrowing of these vessels, which may lead to stroke or heart attack. Studies show that there is a marked increase in the occurrence of atherosclerosis in overweight people.
* Gallbladder – a significantly higher incidence of gallbladder disease is observed in overweight patients than in those of normal weight. In one study, 88% of the patients operated on for gallstones were found to be overweight.
* The Omentum – the "pot bellied" appearance of many individuals is prmarily the result of fat accumulating within the abdominal cavity (omentum).
* Baby Fat – No type of fat, baby or otherwise, is cute. The fat cells produced by childhood weight-gain remain throughout life and can make it difficult to lose weight as an adult.

Nutrition For Life

As we approach the 21st century, there is even greater focus on the baby boom generation. Baby boomers are a key factor in the statistics that the elderly will embark a much larger share of the population. According to Food Insight, in 1980 one in ten persons were age 65 or older. By 2030, the 65 and older number will be one in five. In the year 2011 the first "boomers" will reach age 65.

Most projections say the median age of death in the next century will climb to 84. Currently the median life span is 73 years. Due to the latest in anti-aging research, life spans are now being extended to ensure that the second 50 years are healthy, creating more quality and enjoyment

According to Ann W. Sorenson, Ph.D., health science administrator at the National Institute on Aging, "we do not have a good handle on nutrient performance for older people." Most experts agree that the diet needs of people in their 50s or 60s are different from people in their 70s and 80s.

Irwin B. Rosenberg, MD, stated "The challenge we face is to maintain a higher degree of physiological performance through the life cycle so that the individuals in our society are more independent, more mobile, more able to take care of themselves." Diet and nutrition are going to be very important aspects of health patterns in which there can be intervention.

Many chronic diseases that develop late in life can be linked to earlier poor eating habits. Insufficient exercise and calcium intake during adolescence and early adulthood significantly increase the risk of osteoporosis, which causes bones to be brittle, and crack or break. However, good diet in later years can lessen the effects of diseases such as osteoporosis, obesity, high blood pressure, heart disease, certain cancers, gastrointestinal problems and chronic under-nutrition.

Having a good diet in later years contributes to a higher quality of life, enabling older people to maintain their independence by continuing to perform basic daily activities such as bathing, dressing and eating. On the other hand poor nutrition increases the recovery time from illness, increases the possibility of institutionalization, and creates poor quality of life.

The American Dietetic Association states that, as you age, minerals are lost in your bones causing osteoporosis to develop. Bones break easily and take longer time to heal. It can develop in any man or woman. There are several ways to protect and strengthen your bones, for example walking makes strong bones, calcium intake needs to be high, along with getting enough vitamin D. An article in Newsweek stated that among those at greatest risk for vitamin D deficiencies are the elderly , alcoholics, and people living in sun-poor climates. Studies suggest that vitamin D may also protect against cancer. Typically as we age we tend to get less exposure to the sun, causing reduced capacity for synthesis of vitamin D, which is necessary for proper calcium absorption.

For a variety of reasons, according to Food Insight, the sense of taste and smell decline as we age. This is the result of disease, injury, drug treatments, as well as normal aging. Susan Schiffman, Ph.D. states that a reduction of overall quality of life is experienced, creating increased depression, stress, and poor nutrition. In extreme cases, older people can become anorexic.

The US Food and Drug Administration states, chewing problems are also associated with aging, causing people to lack certain foods in their diets. Gastrointestinal disorders, such as constipation, diarrhea, and heartburn, are also attributed to poor nutrition. Supplements are suggested to keep your body functioning properly. Through appropriate lifestyle, the degenerative biological changes associated with old age can, in many cases, be arrested.

Poor nutrition worsens the impact of chronic disease, reduces resistance to infections, slows healing, and increases use of the healthcare system. Nutrient density can be increased by nutritional supplements. Traditionally, pills and painful shots were your options. Using the concept of oral absorption, through spray vitamins and nutraceuticals, today's technology has created a revolutionary, convenient alternative to maintaining adequate levels of nutrients. Spray vitamins and nutrients are up to 90 percent effective, allowing your body to obtain the necessary nutrients. Pills contain fillers and binders. Such as talcum powder, yeast, starch, sugar, wax and shellac. In comparison to sprays, pills are only 10 to 50 percent effective.

How are pills made?

Makers of pills, tablets, or caplets have standard size molds for the precise size of their pillow. It does not matter what the active ingredients are because the manufacturer will add fillers, binders, waxes, and other excipients to take up the space. A filler does nothing more than take-up volume. Some common fillers are talcum powder, sugar, whey and yeast.

If a company claims it does not use any of these common fillers, then they will definitely use dehydrogenated animal fat. They have to use something to fill up the space within the mold. Also they must use wax or some kind of binders to make the components stick together when they squeeze everything to make the pill.

The molds must be sprayed with a releasing agent which is another form of wax or grease to allow the pill to drop out of the mold. Some tablets are coated with a shiny coating. This is normally shellac-the same as used on wood floors and boats! Time release capsules are made of a mixture of shellac, fillers and 200 proof alcohol. There is a little bit of active ingredient and fillers coated with the shellac / alcohol mixture. The percentage of alcohol controls the time the pill takes to dissolve in the stomach.

Normal tablets must meet US Pharmacopeia (USP) standards. USP standards require that tablets must dissolve within 15 to 30 minutes once in your stomach. To test your tablets, place white vinegar in a dish or glass and drop in your pill. Check periodically. It should dissolve (disappear) within 15 to 30 minutes to meet USP standards. If it does not, then you are paying a high price for fillers! You can keep this test up for 45 to 60 minutes, but if the pill is not dissected by then, it can not possibly generate any benefit to your body.

What are By-Products?

By-products are the second-hand substances derived from an original product. Brewer's Yeast is a leftover in the making of beer, yeast is used to ferment the sugar. Many companies take these secondary products, put them in a white plastic bottle with some other ingredient like caffeine, and label them with sensational sounding names but what they really are is just waste products with little nutritional value. Sure, they list the percentages of each component they can find, but dirt is high in mineral contents too. Would you pay money for dirt? It's hard to understand why some people will pay a high price for secondhand products.

Using a Heating Pad for Sore Muscles

Oh, heating pad. How I love thee. Let me count the ways.

After turning 30 years old, I can remember feeling parts of my body going downhill in many different ways. 30 is not even middle-aged! I will not dive into that too much, but if I were lifting heavy things, running, or just on my feet for too long, I would feel it a lot more than I used to. As time went on, things did not get much better.

Fortunately for me, there are so many pain relief agents out there that one would think pain would not exist anymore. However, we do not live in a perfect world now do we? One must shift through pain medications, massage techniques, stretching techniques, special pillows and special mattresses, and of course, heating pads!

The first time I used a heat pad was after I must have slept in a strange position. I had this piercing pain rushing through my neck, and I could only turn my head one way. I looked pretty silly turning my entire body to see what was off to my side. I took Tylenol. I even took Ibuprofen, but those just helped mildly. It's a lot like taking cough medicine when you have a cold. It does not treat the problem. Rather, it just fears the symptoms.

My friends were recommending hot baths or showers followed by some icing. I admit that that did help in one way or another. It was not until my mother wave me an electric heat pad that I felt a marked difference. First off, it just feels nice, especially in the winter. Secondly, it really works! The heat relaxes your muscles, and a heating pad can localize the heat in such a way that a bath or an electric blanket can not. Combine this with an ice pack every 15 minutes for a few sessions, and you'll really notice the difference!

I mentioned that my mother provided me with an electric heating pad, but there are many different kinds out there to choose from. The most popular versions are electric, chemical, and microwavable heating pads. I've tried them all. I do not recommend the microwavable ones simply because it's too hard to control the amount of heat that comes out, and they tend to lose their heat too quickly. Getting up to microwave them again and again can get annoying.

The chemical ones are much better in the sense that the amount of heat that they give off is controlled. I just feel weird putting a chemical reaction like that on any part of my body! The electric ones seem to be the way to go since the heat is controlled, you do not have to reheat them over and over if they are plugged in, and they do the job quite well! There's a lot more to this subject, but I hope you've enjoyed this initial overview.

How Lupus Is Diagnosed

General Symptoms Present In Lupus

Skin rashes are extremely common in people who are suffering from lupus. A "butterfly" rash can typically occur on the face, and it can be visually disturbing for the person with lupus. It can also be exacerbated from sun exposure. A large majority of people with lupus also report having ulcerations in their mouths. Joint pain is one of the initial indicators of lupus; a formerly active and healthy individual having developed joint pain and malaise a possible pointer towards having lupus.

Photosensitivity, where the skin can blister from sun exposure, is also experienced in people with lupus. Fever and headaches and reporting of migraines can be an ongoing occurrence as a result of having lupus. Inflammation of various organs such as the lungs can become life threatening if not treated. Alopecia – hair loss – can be caused as a result of lupus.

People who have lupus can occasionally expeience what is known as Raynaud's phenomenon – blood flow is restricted to the fingers – causing numbness and cold; then there is a sudden rush of hot blood to the fingers causing extreme pain.

Insomnia can be a result of having lupus, and also a lot of patients with lupus report having depression. Lupus can also cause problems such as inflated kidneys, and a consequent injury in kidney function, leading to the retention of toxins in the body. This can cause the appearance of blood in the urine, swelling of the feet and ankles and dysuria. SLE can also cause the enlargement of glands. The possible multi-system effects of lupus are:

Disorders Within The Body Caused By Lupus

Endocrine disorders: thyroid problems, glucose intolerance
Respiratory disorders: pleurisy, pneumonitis, interstitial fibrosis
Gastrointestinal disorders: lack of appetite, nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea
Musculoskeletal disorders: arthritis type symptoms, joint swelling, morning stiffness
Sensory issues: conjunctivitis, photophobia, retinal vasculitis with transient blindness, cotton-wool spots on retina
Neurological: seizures, depression, psychosis, neuropathies, potential complications including stroke, organic brain syndrome – memory loss, intellectual impairment, personality changes, disorientation
Cardiovascular disorders: pericarditis, myocarditis, endocarditis, vasculitis, venous or arterial thrombosis
Blood system: anemia, leukopenia
Reproductive system disorders: fetal loss, pregnancy induced hypertension, edema
Metabolic processes: low grade fever, malaise, unexplained weight loss
Other symptoms include potential skin disorders and kidney disorders.

Clinical Diagnosis of Lupus

The diagnostic process of lupus is complex, as the condition involves multiple affected systems. A diagnosis is made upon a patient's personal clinical history, physical assessment and diagnostic tests.

These diagnostic tests include:

Anti-DNA antibody testing – this can provide the most accurate diagnosis of the disease (it was found to be highly accurate in one study); however it indicates any form of connective tissue disease. What distinguishes a SLE diagnosis is the presence of other clinical manifestations of SLE. When a patient has two or more clinical manifestations of SLE, and elevated Anti-DNA antibodies, a diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus is confirmed.

Other laboratory indicators can be tested, and these include:

ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate) is typically elevated – this test has been used for many years to indicate inflammation is present within the body. It is a simple and straightforward test.

Serum complement levels – these are done to measure the activity of certain proteins moving through the blood, and indicate inflammatory processes that are associated with the immune system.

CBC (complete blood cell count) abnormalities include moderate to severe anemia, leukopenia and lymphocytopenia and possible thrombocytopenia if there is lupus present.

Urinalysis shows mild proteinuria, hematuria, and blood cell casts during exacerbation of the disease when the kidneys are involved. Renal function tests include serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen is also evaluated.

Kidney biopsies may be performed to determine the extent of possible lesions.

A rarer subtype of lupus, that co-exists with lupus is Bullous Systemic Lupus Erythematosus – it is a disease where autoantibodies attack the subdermal layer of the skin and cause skin deformities to type VII collagen resulting in bullous dermatoses (lumps) under the skin. Its presentation is similar to other types of bullous dermatoses – including dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) and epidermolysis bolosa acquisita (EBA). The diagnosis of BSLE is made possible because of its co-existence with SLE.

In addition to the physically debilitating symptoms of lupus, it effects other general areas of a patient's life, including absenteeism from work, reducing overall education opportunities, lower rates of employment and greater overall work related disabilities. This has a significant negative economic impact on sufferers of lupus.

Early diagnosis and treatment of lupus helps reduce the negative economic impacts of patients with the condition, and appropriate treatment protocols help to alleviate painful symptoms. Thereafter diagnosis and treatment are essential for a better overall quality of life for people with lupus.

Clinical diagnosis includes the taking of the client's medical history and a physical examination and consideration of any of the above symptoms that is caused by lupus.

Definition of Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is basically a common sleeping syndrome manifested by a decline or suspension of normal breathing process while sleeping. It is most widespread among grown-ups and is a rare occurrence among kids. In most cases these sleep disorders can be easily diagnosed on the basis of an individual’s past medical record; but in certain cases the doctor needs to perform a number of tests in order to prove the analysis. This sleeping disorder can be treated by both nonsurgical and surgical procedure.

Sleep apnea arises when the breathing mechanism gets obstructed or is unusually lessened. In uncomplicated language, sleep apnea crops up when an individual discontinues inhaling and exhaling air for more than 10 seconds. When you suspend breathing totally or inhale not more than 25% of a standard breath for round about 10 seconds, you tend to suffer from apnea. Another common definition of sleep apnea is that when there is nearly a 4% fall in the blood oxygen level, it results in sudden decline in the transmission of oxygen in the blood which in turn hinders normal breathing process.

Apnea generally takes place during slumber. Due to the occurrence of apnea, sleep commonly gets disrupted owing to insufficient breathing and reduction of oxygen concentration in the bloodstream. At times because of sleep apnea an individual wakes up entirely, while at other times the individual emerges from an intense sleep to a lesser intensity of sleep. In most cases apnea is evaluated when the patient is in sleep for more than two-hours. The acuteness of sleep apnea is determined by dividing the number of times apnea occurred with the number of sleeping hours, which helps to get an apnea index; the larger the AI(AI stands for apnea per hour), the more critical is the condition. A healthcare professional should be consulted in such situation.

The Real, No Holds Barred Relationship Between Auto Insurance and Traffic Violations

When you were a teenager did you ever stop to wonder why was that your dad had an apoplexy when you drve a measly fifteen miles per hour over the speed limit? It was probably because, along with a healthy respect for the well being of their kid and their car, they had a healthy fear of watching their auto insurance premiums go flying up even higher than they already were. (Hey, insuring teenage drivers is not cheap!)

All joking besides, even a traffic violation as minor as a speeding ticket can have a devastating impact on your auto insurance premiums-and really, do not you have better things to do with your money than spend it on your auto insurance?

Important Facts:

· A single speeding ticket can raise your auto insurance premiums by as much as $ 900 over the course of 3 years.
· Even a minor traffic violation will stay on your record for up to 5 years, and some stay on for even longer than that.
· It's entirely up to the discretion of your auto insurance provider to determine whether or not your first liability will have an effect on your insurance premiums.

In order for a traffic violation to affect your auto insurance premiums, however, you have to be persuaded of the liability by a court, either by appearing before a judge and having him formally pronounce your guilt or by "confessing" by mailing in the payment for your ticket and skipping your fifteen minutes of fame in court. An officer writing a ticket is not sufficient to raise your rates. This offers you the unique opportunity to do one of two things:

1) Fight the ticket. If you feel that you really were innocent (ie the car in front of you was speeding and the officer took you over instead, or if the officer wrote you a ticket for a DUI and failed to test you properly) and you have witnesses to back you up you may be able to fight the ticket and get a judge to throw it out. If a judge decides that you did not do it, you did not do it. It's as simple as that.

2) Ask for driving school. Everyone makes mistakes, and it's easy to commit a simple traffic violation through a moment of inattention or a blind panic over being late for work. That's why the court often offers you the alternative of attending driving school for your first offense. After you complete the class (which usually consist of two interminable days of feeling like you've been transported back to driver's education, although the instructors are usually more entertaining than your high school teachers ever were) you get to start with a clean slate.

If you can convince a judge to either throw out your ticket or send you to driving school your auto insurance premiums will never be affected and you'll have the chance to start over again without a ticket or a conviction hanging over your head.

Is Black Seed Oil An Effective Acne Treatment? Find Out The Facts

Acne Remedies have been around as long as acne has been in existence. With so many acne remedies, it can be overwhelming and confusing to really trust which ones are effective. At Remedies For Acne Site we review all the acne merchandise on the market and every one the newest acne remedies to help you discover the most effective acne treatment that is suitable for your skin condition.

This oil is very potent because of its ingredients and their properties. It oil contains essential fatty acids and vitamins which the body needs to healthy hair, skin and nails. The Linoleic acid and Arginine in black seed oil are known to fight inflammation, eliminate free radicals and stop infections. These very same ingredients improves the elasticity of the skin, advances and improvements wrinkles and scars. Lately scientists have confirmed the anti-bacterial and anti-mycotic effects of black seed oil.

Nigella Sativa has also been used to treat arthritic due to its anti-inflammatory properties. Acne sufferers can mix this oil with honey to be used as an acne treatment mask. It helps renew cells and heal acne scars. In addition to infection and inflammation, black seed is also used to treat fungal infections. As acne infections are caused by bacteria as well as fungus, this oil can be used to address both types of infections in acne sufferers.

Even a remarkable reduction of blood sugar levels has been found by scientists. Nigella Sativa extracts have been found to help stimulate bone marrow and immune cells, so writes the scientists of the Cancer Immuno-Biology Laboratory and adding that it raises the interferon production, protects normal cells against cell destruction effects of viruses, destroys tumor cells andises the number of anti-bodies producing B cells.

There are so many uses of this essential oil that it is really something one should have in the home. Scientists have discovered that it helps reduce blood sugar levels. According to the Cancer Immuno-Biology Laboratory, Nigella Sativa extracts can stimulate the growth of bone marrow, immune cells and increases interferon to destroy tumor cells and cancer causing viruses. The oil has also been used to treat upset stomach, jaundice, wind and jaundice. The arginine in black seed has the remarkable ability to increase the production of mother's milk.

In ancient times, black seed oil has been used as a remedy to treat all kinds of health problems. Allergies, bronchitis, asthma, dermatitis, inflammation and infections are some of the ailments where this oil was centuries ago. However, since black seed oil is very potent, you have to exercise caution when using it. There are risks involved if you opt to use this oil.

Black seed has been reported to increase the chance of seizures in epileptic patients. However, more analysis needs to be connected to fully evaluate the risks. Apart from the risks involved, This particular oil contains helpful properties that greatly scale back acne formation. The oil is made from black currant, a woody perennial shrub found in milder climate regions. It is well-known for nourishing the skin and obtaining rid of acne. If you decide to use Nigella Sativa oil to treat your acne, make sure you get only pure cold pressed black seed oil.

Alopecia Barbae – Even With Alopecia Treatments – Still Hurts a Mans Ego

Hair loss is an abnormal condition that happens in a person's body and is scientifically named Alopecia. Among all the types of hair loss, Alopecia Areata is something that is really undesirable in appearance and the person having this may actually look like there is something irregular going on with him. It appears really obvious with all the round patches of hair missing on a person's head and body.

While hair thinning and shedding could happen to both men and women, there is one particular sub-type of Alopecia Areata that occurs only to men and it is known through its scientific term as Alopecia Barbae or the loss of hair on the bearded regions on a man's face. Carrying in itself the characteristics of Alopecia Areata, this kind also emerges with small, rounded patches and it naturally leads its victims to find any kind of Alopecia treatment in order to eliminate self pity, psychosocial problems, and annoyance from their lives.

Alopecia Barbae, as well as the other types of Alopecia, exist because of the malfunctions that occur in one's immune system. This is the system which has an innate ability to fight the antagonists inside a person's body. And there comes a time when it could actually become confused on the appearance and the role of the hair follicles inside the head. When it suddenly starts to think that these follicles are invaders of the body, the immune system will naturally start attacking them causing them to break down as well, then seriously stopping hair growth.

There is actually nothing wrong inside the body when this attack happens that is why even those healthy people could become victims of Alopecia. The immune system is a complex area and taking medications or any other forms of Alopecia treatment has nothing to do with curing the malfunctions that has happened in it. The good thing about this is that it never really kills the hair follicles when doing its injuries on them that is why over a period of time or over some number of years these follicles could possibly regain strength and could then carry on their tasks causing another cycle and hope of hair re-growth over the Alopecia's affected areas.

A lot of men who are suffering from Alopecia Barbae are also suffering from some hurtful psychological and social impacts that this kind of abnormal hair-loss had brought into their almost healthy lives. They do not usually seek for physical medications and alopecia treatment but they are continuously looking for a way to reduce the condition's effects on their damaged emotions and social confidence. When someone loses his hair on his face leaving him with undesirable round patches of absent hairs, there will always be a hope of getting normal hair growth back into their faces.

But when a person loses not only his hair but also earned small patches of smashed up ego and social happiness because of his abnormal conditions, then that is something that might take time and a lot of years to regain. Losing hair is one thing that associates Alopecia and losing oneself is another side that comes with it.