Heart Complications With Total Joint Replacement Surgery on Knees and Hips

Doctors have always known that there is some risk of heart complications associated with major surgery, especially for those who are older or who have preexisting heart problems. There was a study done in the summer of 2008 that looked at the risk factors for cardiovascular problems after total joint replacement (TJR) surgery on the knees and the hips. Two new heart risk factors in TJR surgery were identified: having bilateral joint replacement, replacing joints on both sites of the body during one surgery, and having revision surgery to replace an earlier joint implant.

Researchers looked into the heart risk of TJR by studying the medical records of those who received new or revision total hip or knee replacements over the time of 29 months at a large hospital in New England. From these, the researchers identified the records of patients who, during their hospitalization, had experienced an irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia), heart attack, unstable angina, congestive heart failure, or blockage of an artery in the lung. Records were then matched with those of another group of those who had joint replacement surgery but no documented heart problems. These groups were matched as closely as possible according to surgeon, approximate age of the patient, and year when they had their total joint replacement. Eliminating incomplete records, the researchers had a total of 418 patient records for the study with an average age of 71.4 years; 55% were women; and 51% had knee surgery, 49% were hip surgeries; 20% of the operations were revisions; the rest were initial joint replacements; 11% were bilateral procedures, replacing both knees or both hips in one operation.

The researchers obtained information about any preexisting heart risk factors fro the medical record reviews and fro physical exams, electrocardiograms (EKG), and patient intake questionnaires. Included in these are the well known risks like high blood pressure, diabetes, lung disease, and smoking just for example. Researchers also sifted through data to pick out the factors associated with cardiac problems during the patients’ hospital stays. In 70% of the patients who had some post-surgical heart problems irregular heartbeat was present; 24% had a drop in blood pressure; 8% had unstable angina; 2% had a heart attack; 11% had congestive heart failure and in 1% there was death.

There were many factors had no effect on the risk of heart complications, including gender, being overweight, type of anesthesia, use of NSAIDs, knee versus hip surgery, or having diabetes or high blood pressure are just a few examples of these factors. Some of the traditional factors known to raise heart risk in other types of surgery also hold risk for those who are getting a TJR; age over 75 years; some preexisting heart problems like coronary artery disease, heart attack, congestive heart failure, or diseased heart valves; and irregular heartbeat were confirmed by this study.

A new finding from this study is that patients getting a bilateral joint replacement or revision surgery have 2 to 3.5 times the risk of heart complications during a total joint replacement compared to those getting a single, first time joint replacement.

There were two drawbacks to this study, and they were that it included the data from only one hospital and the results were not typical for other populations where there were TJR’s or hospitals.

Researchers hope that their findings will help doctors to do a better job of weighing the risk and reducing the heart complications that come up in total joint replacement patients. And giving that more than 700,000 total hip or knee replacements were done in the U. S. in 2004, it is essential that there are targeted measures to reduce cardiovascular risks and potentially save many lives.

Closer to Your Heart Than You Think – The Connection Between Thyroid Function and Heart Attacks

The Profile of a Heart Attack

Heart attack is a popular term used by regular people to refer to what medical science specifically calls a myocardial infarction. It could also be used to denote any of several types of acute episodes of ischemic heart disease.

Ischemic heart disease is one of the most common causes of death in Western culture. It results from insufficient coronary blood flow, which means that the blood supply of your heart is cut off or severely impaired. Immediately after blocking the coronary arteries, blood flow beyond the occlusion is stopped. When this happens, the affected area is said to be infarcted and receives little to no blood flow. The cardiac muscle then suffers from oxygen and nutrient deprivation and is rendered incapable of sustaining normal cardiac function. The whole process is called a myocardial infarction.

What Causes Ischemic Heart Disease?

Ischemic heart disease can be caused by an increased demand of the body for oxygen or diminished oxygen blood transport. Most commonly, IHD is caused by a decrease in coronary blood flow due to narrowing or destruction of the walls of the coronary arteries as in atherosclerosis.

In atherosclerosis, there is an accumulation or formation of deposits of yellowish plaques called atheromas containing cholesterol, lipoid material, and lipophages in the walls of the arteries. These deposits cause the diameter of the artery to narrow as they accumulate until only little or no amount of blood flows through the lumen at all, causing ischemia or deprivation of the arteries.

Thyroid Function in Fat Metabolism

The thyroid gland, located just below the larynx or the voicebox, secretes two hormones called thyroxine or T4 and triiodothyronine or T3. These two hormones raise almost all aspects of fat metabolism in the body, especially T3. Lipids, especially, are mobilized from fat tissue rapidly so that fat stores in the body are depleted to a certain extent.

Thyroid hormones also facilitate the excretion of cholesterol through the bile. Increased amounts of thyroid hormones cause the cholesterol circulating in the plasma of the blood to be secreted into the bile, which can then be removed totally from the body when the bile is excreted through the feces.

Hypothyroidism and Atherosclerosis

Lack of thyroid hormone consequently raises the amount of cholesterol in the blood because fat and cholesterol metabolism is slowed down and there is a decreased rate in the secretion of cholesterol into the bile for excretion. Increase in blood cholesterol predisposes a person to atherosclerosis because the increased amount of cholesterol in the blood then forms plaques in arterial walls, the atheromas.

Hypothyroid patients usually develop atherosclerosis because of their decreased levels of thyroid hormone. This condition, in turn, could result in coronary artery disease, leading to heart attack, and possibly, early death.

Some people may be genetically predisposed to suffer a heart attack. For some, it is the kind of life they lead that could cause them to suffer a heart attack in the future. But with exercise and proper nutrition as well as a vigilant eye on all other aspects of health, heart attacks can be prevented from happening.

Sweaty Palms – Introduction, Symptoms and Treatment

Sweaty Palms is a common problem. Let us know about sweaty palms introduction, symptoms and treatment.

Definition of Sweaty Palms

The condition of sweaty palms is medically known as Palmer Hyperhidrosis. Hyperhidrosis is profuse perspiration of the body and Palmer Hyperhidrosis refers to the condition where there is excessive sweating in palms. However, there the term ‘hypersympathetic activity’ fits more since excessive perspiration is because of over activity in the sympathetic chain.

Symptoms of Sweaty Palms

In case of palmer hyperhidrosis there is a profuse perspiration in the hands. In severe cases, the sweat can be seen dripping down from the hands. The condition is very embarrassing while shaking the hands as a common custom. Some patients with this problem report that they are even embarrassed while holding hands to those whom they love and are closest. Because of the force to hide the problem of excessive palm-sweating, some patients say that this prevents them from being sociable the way they want.

Other problems due to sweaty palms include smeared ink while writing and uncomfortableness using electronic devices such as pianos and computer keyboard. Palmer hyperhidrosis can also affect one’s life and career as a cop can drop a gun when needed. Similarly, a cashier may not be able to count the money fast.

Causes of Sweaty Palms:

Though neurological, metabolic and other health ailments may cause sweaty palms but generally, patients with this problem are otherwise healthy. Heat and some emotional factors may trigger perspiration in few but most patients suffer from Palmer hyperhidrosis almost all the time irrespective of mood swings or the weather. Sweating in palms is found reduced when the patient is sleeping.

A study published in the issue of the Journal of Vascular Surgery, University of California reveals that there is strong evidence that excessive sweating in palms is genetic. Generally, hyperhidrosis is because of sympathetic nerve that governs the nervous system. The nerve contracts the blood vessels in the palms leaving them cold and sweaty. The patients suffering from Palmer hyperhidrosis produce excessive sweat which continuous all the day.

Secondary hyperhidrosis could be due to diabetes, menopause, poisoning (such as lead and mercury), disorders of thyroid/pituitary glands, tumors, gout etc. Such secondary hyperhidrosis reflects more serious problems as compared to primary (uncomplicated) Palmer hyperhidrosis. Certain psychosis illegal drugs are also found to cause excessive sweating. Rheumatoid arthritis and SLE- systemic lupus erythematosus are also considered as triggering factors.

Risk Factors of Sweaty Palms:

The risk factors for Palmer hyperhidrosis include:

o Stress

o Tension or anxiety

o Hormonal changes

o Health conditions like diabetes

o Adolescence (where the body undergoes many physical and mental changes)

o Increased metabolic rate

o Obesity

Additional Investigations required for Sweaty Palms:

In most of the cases, Palmer hyperhidrosis is visible and it does not require any test or investigation to confirm the health ailment. However, tests are done in order to carry out the exact causes. For instance, thyroid function test – TFT is suggested to know the levels of thyroid hormones and also fasting blood glucose (FBG) is advised to detect low blood glucose. A chest X-Ray to rule out chest infection like pneumonia or tuberculosis and special X-Ray (called as Cranial CT Scan) may suggest any strokes. Hemogram and urine tests are also required to find any disorder that may cause excess sweating in the palms.

Thermoregulatory Sweat Test is the test that uses moisture-sensitive indicator powder that is being applied on the body skin. At room temperature, the change in color of the powder (yellowish green to dark purple) indicates the areas those sweat excessively.

Conservative management for Sweaty Palms:

The prevention of the sweaty palms depends upon the cause. For instance, profuse perspiration in the palms can be due to over-exercises or hot atmosphere and hence one can avoid this. Reduced levels of blood glucose can be avoided by taking enough diet or some medications. The conservative or non surgical treatment is often advised before undergoing any surgical intervention to treat primary hyperhidrosis. Some of the common ways to treat sweaty palms include: –

1. Anticholinergic Drugs: These drugs require prescription. They help to reduce the sweating.

2. Iontophoresis: This therapy uses an electric current passed through the solution in which, hands are to be kept. The current is very minimal and so bearable.

3. Botulinum A Neurotoxin (Injection): This therapy includes injecting Botulinum A Neurotoxin into the palms. Generally, the therapy is repeated every 7-12 months.

4. Aluminum Chloride: The solution containing Aluminum Chloride (20%) is used that serves as active chemical antiperspirant. The solution is directly applied on to the affected areas (palms).

Treatment (Surgery and Modern Drugs) for Sweaty Palms:

Generally, when the conservative treatment (including oral medications) fails curing primary palmer hyperhidrosis, the surgical treatment is indicated. The surgical procedure is known as Bilateral ETS (Endoscopic Transthoracic Sympathectomy). The surgery is considered as a standard, safe, effective and least invasive as compared to other surgeries. In the procedure, the patient is operated under general anesthesia. An incision near the axilla between 3rd and 4th rib is made and then thoracoscope is inserted to indentify the sympathetic chain that is finally divided. The surgery is performed under both the arms.

The drugs that block the effects of the nerves that stimulate the glands producing sweating. Drug such as propantheline bromide can be used, however, not too often. This is because the result may vary and side effects such as blurring of the vision and dry mouth are quite common. Nevertheless, in a few patients, such drugs work wonderfully and they do not require any other treatment.

In Ayurveda, the herbs that detoxifies blood can be used in the treatment of sweaty palms. Herbs such as shatavari, manjishtha, haridra, khadir, patola, nimba etc have been used to treat various health ailments including Palmer hyperhidrosis.

Brain Cancer Survival Rate – Dare to Know Your Chances

A brain cancer survival rate refers to the percentage of people who were reported still living after being diagnosed with the cancer about 5 yrs ago.

Basically, brain tumor is the abnormal growth of cells in the brain and we commonly refer to it as cancer cells. There are different ways in which a tumor may spread. One is that it can be a cause of the spread of cancerous cells originating from another body part or the cancer cells are really coming from the brain itself.

It is true that exposure to harmful chemicals leads to abnormal growth of brain tumor. It was statistically confirmed that about 80% of brain cancer patients are suffering from oligodendroglioma.

Cancer of the brain remains one of the most incurable cancers with an average survival period of one to two years.

Factors Affecting Survival

A five-year brain cancer survival rate may be influenced by several factors including the size of the tumor, at which part of the brain, the severity of the cancer and the stage. In most occasions, the general health of the patient is also an indicative factor of survival.

How do you calculate the rate of survival?

Survival statistics are based on a large number of people, and should not be used to predict the survival of an individual or patient.

Healthline.com reported that children at the age of 14 have around 73 percent chance of surviving cancer of the brain and live until five years of more, while the rate drops to 55 percent with young adults between 15 and 44. Middle-aged patients between 45 and 64 have a rate of 16 percent, and older people have a survival rate of only 5 percent.

Other facts

Statistical facts show that with the proper combination and usage of radiotherapy and chemotherapeutic drugs, the lives of those with brain cancer may be prolonged. In some patients, the quality of live may even be improved but there are those who easily give up and were not luckily able to live more than 2 years.

The brain cancer survival rate presented here is based on a relative result. The total 5-year brain cancer survival rate from the years 1995-2001 was more than 33%. The relative survival rates at 5 years for brain cancer by race and sex were:

• 32.1 percent of Caucasian men

• 37.7 percent for African-American men

• 33.5 percent of Caucasian women

• 37.5 percent for African-American women.

Brain cancer survival rate statistics reveals that about 85% of physical disorders were affected by the negative mental and emotional stress at the fourth/metastatic stage of the disease.

Many patients could attest to the fact that negative emotion and mental stress weaken the immune system despite the fact that there is no such direct connection between negative emotion and cancer, medically speaking. This is one thing we should remember when dealing with patients suffering from cancer, in general.

In Which Cases Are Heat or Cold Therapy Useful?

Go take a warm bath. Put some ice on it. Soak it in cool water. How many times have you heard this sort of advice after an accident or injury or during a time you were experiencing pain? Hot therapy –applying heat– and cold therapy –applying cold– for an affected area are both age-old methods. But for what are they most useful, and how should they be used?

Heat Therapy

The function of hot therapy is to open the blood vessels. This increases blood flow throughout the body or to one area of the body, which helps to deliver oxygen and nutrients and remove waste. It also relaxes the muscles and helps to reduce pain in the affected area.

Hot therapy is generally used for muscle stiffness and ongoing pain. It can also be used on more acute problems, such as incipient respiratory infection, bronchitis, asthma, circulatory problems, and lung disease. Heat therapy is also effective at treating cramps, muscle pain, gastric and duodenal ulcers, and rheumatoid arthritis and arthrosis.

Heat therapy is generally applied as a wrap, a compress, a sauna, a shower, or a bath. Heat baths can be used to treat the whole body, or used to treat only the affected area. You should always use caution when using heat therapy, and always check that the temperature is comfortable for you. Don’t use heat therapy over open wounds or stitches, or if you have poor circulation. Hot treatment should not last more than thirty minutes.

Cold Therapy

As you might guess, cold therapy does just the opposite of hot therapy. It slows down blood flow to a particular area, helping to reduce inflammation, muscle spasms, and pain.

For injuries, cold treatment is generally used right after the injury itself. It’s effective in treating sprains and strains caused by physical activity. It also helps stop nosebleeds, and can be used to reduce the severity of minor burns, as well as treat pain. Other than injuries, cold therapy is effective in treating varicose veins, edemas, low blood pressure, headaches, circulatory problems, sleeplessness, and strangely enough, even susceptibility to the common cold. It also helps with various inflammatory arthropathies, pleurisy, and respiratory infections.

Superficial cold (that is, cold applied to the outside of the body) is available in a variety of forms, including cold packs (you can purchase these at your local drug store), cold towels or compresses, ice cubes, and hydrotherapy (baths). Cold therapy is generally known to last longer than heat therapy, and should only be applied a maximum of twenty minutes at a time. Ice should never be applied directly to the skin. While using cold therapy, it’s very important to check the skin often (every five minutes or so) to assure than no damage, such as freezer burn, has been done. Wait at least an hour between cold treatments.

Cold Compress

This is a local application using a cloth which has been wrung out in cold water. The cloth should be folded into a broad strip and dipped in cold water or ice water. The compress is generally applied to the head, neck, chest, abdomen, and back.

The cold compress is an effective means of controlling inflammatory conditions of the liver, spleen, stomach, kidneys, intestines, lungs, brain, pelvic organs and so on. It is also advantageous in cases of fever and heart disease. The cold compress soothes dermities and inflammations of external portions of the eye. When the eyeball is affected, the cold compress should follow a short fomentation.

Healing compress

This is a cold compress covered in such a manner as to bring warmth. A heating compress consists of three or four folds of linen cloth wrung out in cold water which is then covered completely with dry flannel or blanket to prevent the circulation of air and help accumulation of body heat. It is sometimes applied for several hours. The duration of the application is determined by the extent and location of the surface involved, the nature and thickness of the coverings and the water temperature. After removing the compress, the area should be rubbed with a wet cloth and then dried with a towel.

A heating compress can be applied to the throat, chest, abdomen, and joints. A throat compress relieves sore throat, hoarseness, tonsillitis, pharyngitis and laryngitis. An abdominal compress helps those suffering from gastritis, hyperacidity, indigestion, jaundice, constipation, diarrhoea, dysentery and other ailments relating to the abdominal organs. The chest compress also known as chest pack, relieves cold, bronchitis, pleurisy, pneumonia, fever, cough and so on, while the joints compress is helpful for inflamed joints, rheumatism, rheumatic fever and sprains.

Knee Pain: Natural Treatment Works Best

Knee pain is very common in modern life. This is not surprising since knees provide major support for walking, standing and getting up from sitting or lying down. They are also at risk of injuries from bumping into hard surfaces or twisting the wrong way. Pain in the knees ranges from a dull ache to intense pain that prevents even walking.

Most of the time, natural methods can help knee pain. These include self-care people can do at home. They also include natural medicine. In a few cases, however, medical treatment, including surgery, may be necessary.

Accompanying Symptoms

In most cases of knee pain, there may also be additional symptoms. Here are some of the things to notice:

  • Swelling of the knee due to inflammation
  • Stiffness in the knee joint causing weakness, instability and reduced movement
  • Popping or crunching sounds whenever the knees are moved

Possible Causes

Knee aches and pains do not always happen from just one cause. They can also happen from a combination of reasons at once. These reasons include:

Injuries: Injuries cause ligaments, tendons and sacs of the knee joint become inflamed.

Structural Problems: These also add to knee pain. Moving the wrong way can lead to locking knees, dislocated kneecaps, and hip or foot pain going to the knees.

Arthritis: Inflammation is at the root of arthritic pain. Many things can cause inflammation.

Other problems can also lead to pain in the knees. These include tightness of the muscles of the leg.

Natural Treatments Recommended

Fortunately, there are effective natural treatments for knee pain. To get the best results, it is important to choose the right method of treatment. At the same time, it is a good idea to treat the accompanying symptoms of such pain.

You may be asking why we do not recommend medications as first options for most knee pain. This is because there are considerable risks of side effects. And they are not always effective in relieving the pain. On top of that, these drugs do not take care of the underlying problems that caused the pain in the first place. For example, injections of corticosteroids into the knee joint are not effective in all cases, not to mention carries the risk of infection that can aggravate the pain.

The following natural treatments have high levels of safety, efficacy and affordability:

  • Resting the knee joint to avoid placing more pressure on it. This allows the knee to heal.
  • Applying ice on the affected knee to reduce the pain, swelling and inflammation.
  • Using compression methods to prevent fluid buildup.

For some people, nutritional supplements containing glucosamine and chondroitin are effective. Acupuncture can also provide long-term relief from knee pain. In time, your knees should feel better and look healthier.

Cowboys Running Back Out With Toe Injury

While many were carving turkey, the Dallas Cowboys were defeating the Seattle Seahawks. Though a sweet victory, Marion Barber left the game with a foot injury. The Dallas Cowboy’s running back dislocated his right pinky toe. Now many wonder if he will be able to play in their next game against Pittsburgh on December 7th.

So what is a dislocated toe and how serious can it be? Toe dislocations are very common in athletes and are often considered a minor injury. There are three bones that make up the pinky toe. A dislocation is a displacement of bones from their normal position. Depending on the severity of the injury, the dislocation may be associated with a fracture, ligament sprain, and other soft tissue damage. The x-rays of Marion Barber did not reveal any fractures.

Signs and Symptoms of a Dislocated Toe

Barber most likely felt excruciating pain in the toe at the time of injury and when he attempts to move the injured joint. Often, there is a change in walking and running patterns due to the pain. This was noted with the running backs injury after he returned to the game. Barber will experience tenderness, swelling, and bruising over the sight of the injury and if serious enough, there may be nerve damage and vessel damage. This will lead to numbness or paralysis in surrounding areas.

What the Doctor Will Do

A Podiatric Physician or Emergency Physician will take x-rays and an MRI to exam the injury. The joint is manipulated to reposition the bones back to their normal alignment. At times, surgery may be needed to restore torn ligaments and tendons. After the joint has been corrected, it may require immobilization with a splint, taping, or special shoe for 2-3 weeks. If ligament damage is present, recovery will take a minimum of 6 weeks. During recovery, it is very important to follow instructions for R.I.C.E. which stands for Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation. Rehabilitation and Medication After the pain subsides, daily rehabilitation exercises should start. To recover normal range of motion, one should start with passive movement by moving the joint back and forth using your fingers. Over time the therapy should advance to active movement by scrunching toes against the floor or with a towel. Ice massages should be used before and after workouts. Local anesthesia and muscle relaxants are used to manipulate the joint. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) or Aspirin is used to relieve moderate pain. If the pain is severe, narcotic pain relievers are used.

Marion Barber’s Future

If the injury is not severe, the recovery should be fast. The most common complication is recurrent injury to the joint. Once a joint has been dislocated once, it is more likely to dislocate again. The joint may be unstable or arthritic fallowing repeated injuries. If Marion Barber returns to activity too soon, the healing process will take longer and he will have an increased chance of a repeated injury. Since it has not been released how severe his dislocation is, we can only speculate whether or not he well be able to play in December 7th game. As long as there is no soft tissue damage, full rehabilitation may only take 2 weeks.

It would be best if he sat out in the game against Pittsburgh, but as professional sports go, there is a chance we will see him on the field!

What Is a Nonunion Bone Fracture?

A bone fracture can occur in many different ways. You can suffer a broken bone in a motor vehicle accident, a work mishap, or even simply slipping and falling. Normally, a cast or other stabilizing device will be wrapped around the break for a few weeks, and your bone will repair itself for you to be good as new. Sometimes, though, you can develop a nonunion, which is a frustrating and painful complication.

When bones break, they repair themselves in several different steps. First, the ends of the broken bone die, leaving only fresh, healthy bones in their places. Next, the ends of the fracture release signaling molecules to begin the healing process. They form a callus made of tough proteins such as collagen, which is later replaced by a special form of cartilage. This cartilage eventually develops into a tough bridge spanning the break. After, a bone callus replaces the cartilage, but it is not the final stage of bone. This softer bone callus is then replaced by hard bone that is gradually shaped and strengthened into the bone’s final, healed state.

Sometimes, however, bones are unable to repair themselves. If your fracture fails to heal after several months, you may have a nonunion fracture. This is a complication that can arise if the ends of your fracture are too far apart or if there is tissue caught between the bones-the bone ends are unable to signal to each other to heal together. A nonunion fracture can also arise if the break is improperly stabilized or if the cast is removed too soon. Nonunions are especially prevalent with severe fractures or breaks where a single bone is shattered into many pieces.

In most cases, nonunion fractures require surgery to correct. Doctors may choose to pin, screw, or plate the ends of the bone together so that they can eventually join. The surgical implants also provide strength and internal immobilization at the site of the injury to increase your chance of healing. Sometimes, you may require a bone graft to give fresh, healthy bone to the site so that it can stimulate the healing process.

Frustratingly, because broken bones are usually a relatively simple injury, they can be overlooked in personal injury cases. However, if your broken bone is the result of another person or party’s negligence, they may be obligated to cover your medical bills associated with the treatment of your fracture or nonunion break. To learn more about your legal options, contact a Milwaukee broken bones attorney from Habush Habush & Rottier, S.C., today.

Emotional Freedom Technique – A Personal Development Plan

Using the Emotional Freedom Technique you work with the body’s electrical energy systems to release limiting beliefs and actions by changing patterns of reaction to experience focused self development. Emotional Freedom Technique is simple to do, can give you a huge boost in personal development and doesn’t require that you believe in it to be successful.

Personal Development in High Gear

What a great personal development plan. You can change the way you react to situations by working with your subtle energy systems. These subtle energy systems were mapped out over 5,000 years ago and form the basis for the success of acupuncture in healing. Needles aren’t necessary for this. A simple tapping on various points on the body can result in the release of limiting beliefs and emotions, changing the body’s patterns and reactions developed in the past and opening the individual up for rapid self development.

Emotional Freedom Technique represents a personal development plan for your life. It works in all areas and on all types of situations, personal or business. You might have nightmares that are affecting your sleep and performance at work. You might want an edge for your sports or business performance. Maybe you suffer depression or a craving for alcohol that you can’t seem to get away from and it is having a negative effect on your life. Maybe you fear speaking to people but your job or business requires you to be on the telephone setting appointments. Perhaps whenever you approach success you become unable to follow through or sabotage yourself in some way. Your business may be failing. You can form a simple affirmation to address any of these situations and perform a simple tapping sequence to release the self defeating, negative patterns which are controlling you.

The process of Emotional Freedom Technique is easily learned and performed by a beginner. There is a lot of information about how and why the emotional Freedom Technique works as it does. You can certainly gain a great understanding of how the body/mind connection works by studying that. But, luckily, the process is kind of like driving a car. You don’t have to understand how the engine works or the brakes. You just need to know what kind of gas to put in and basic maintenance procedures and you can drive away. The same is true with the Emotional Freedom Technique.

Basic Emotional Freedom Technique Procedure

To begin your personal development Emotional Freedom Technique session, you first choose a specific situation or quality you want to change. You then fill in the blank in this statement to form your affirmation. “Even thought I have this____________, I deeply and completely accept myself.” One I worked with was blocked creativity and writing. My statement would be “Even though I have this block to creativity and writing, I deeply and completely accept myself.”

Next you follow the Basic Recipe. which consists of the Set-up, the Sequence, the 9 Gamut Procedure and the Sequence again. The Set-up aligns the polarity of your energy lines, you repeat the affirmation 3 times while rubbing the first meridian point on your chest, 3 inches below your collar bone and 3 inches to the right or left.

For the Sequence you tap about 7 times with your first and second fingers on each of 13 points on your face, hand and chest. The face points, either right or left side,are the inside edge of the eye brow, outside of the eye, one inch beneath the pupil of the eye, half way between the nose and upper lip and half way between the lower lip and chin. The hand points are on the outer edge of the thumb at the base of the nail and on the base of the nail of the index, middle and little fingers on the side closest to the thumb. The last hand point is the Karate chop point, the middle of the fleshy part of the outside of the hand.

For the 9 Gamute Procedure you repeat your affirmation and tap on the back of the hand point while following 9 actions which help reprogram your brain.

1. Eyes closed, 2. Eyes Open, 3. Eyes hard down right, 4. Eyes hard down left, 5. Roll eyes in a circle right, 6. Roll eyes in a circle left, 7. Hum 2 seconds of a song, 8. Count to 5, 9. Hum 2 seconds of a song.

Finally, you repeat the Sequence again. Once you have memorized the Basic Recipe, the whole process will take about 1 minute.

Will Emotional Freedom Technique Work for Me?

Skepticism is good. But you don’t have to believe Emotional Freedom Technique will work, to get results. Just give it a try. Maybe you have doubts about the validity of the electrical systems of the body. OK. But keep in mind that you may some day have an EEG or and EKG. An EEG records the electrical activity of the brain and the EKG describes the electrical activity of the heart. This electrical activity is not visible but it is vital to your well being-whether you believe in it or not. Emotional Freedom Technique is the same.

Skeptical or not, you can tune your electromagnetic energy system to remove your stumbling blocks to success and positively impact all areas of your life, personal and professional. Even a beginner can follow the simple, free, process and be successful.

The Causes of Back and Neck Pain

When dealing with back and neck pain, it is important to have your pain

evaluated by a professional. Simply dismissing back or neck pain as

typical and unimportant can be a very harmful mistake.

Overuse or under use of the back muscles is by far the most common

cause of back pain that manifests as tightening or spasm of the muscles

that connect to the spine. Inflammation and swelling often occur in the

joints and ligaments, especially in the cervical and lumbar regions, as

people age.

Many conditions can cause back and neck pain, ranging from injury to

infection to simply twisting the wrong way. Traumatic injuries such as

those sustained in an automobile accident or other type of accidents can damage muscles, joints, ligaments, and

vertebrae.

A herniated disc occurs when the nuclear pulposus, the inner material

of the disc, pushes through a tear in the annulus fibrosis, the outer

material of the disc causing nerve root compression. The cervical and

lumbar regions of the spine have the most mobility and the discs there

are more likely to wear down or be injured. Ninety percent of disc

herniations occur in the lower two lumbar vertebrae.

Spinal stenosis, the narrowing of the spinal canal, can cause spinal

cord irritation and injury. Conditions that cause spinal stenosis include

infection, tumors, trauma, herniated disc, arthritis, thickening of

ligaments, growth of bone spurs, and disc degeneration. Spinal stenosis

most commonly occurs in older individuals as a result of vertebral

degeneration.

A pinched

nerve, or radiculopathy, occurs when something rubs or presses against a

nerve, creating irritation or inflammation. Radiculopathy can result

from a herniated disc, bone spur, tumor growing into the nerves, and

vertebral fracture, and many other conditions.

Sciatica is a certain type of radiculopathy that involves inflammation

of the sciatic nerve. Pain is experienced along the large sciatic

nerve, from the lower back down through the buttocks and along the back of

the leg.

A spinal tumor that originates in the spine (primary tumor) or spreads

to the spine from another part of the body (metastatic tumor) can

compress the spine or nerve roots and cause significant pain.

Infections of the vertebrae (e.g., vertebral osteomyelitis), the discs,

the meninges (e.g., spinal meningitis), or the cerebrospinal fluid can

compress the spinal cord and result in serious neurological

deterioration, if it is not diagnosed and treated immediately.

Facet joints allow movement of the spine. The facet joints are formed

by two adjacent vertebra and direct or guide movement of the spine.

As facet joints degenerate, they may not align correctly, and the

cartilage and fluid that lubricates the joints may deteriorate. Bone then

rubs against bone, which can be very painful.

These are just a few of the conditions that can be responsible for back

and neck pain. Thankfully, most cases of back and neck pains are

related to mechanical causes and can be readily addressed by a trained

chiropractor. The point is, however, pain is a warning signal that should

not be ignored. The best place to have your back and neck pain

evaluated is with a chiropractor.

My chiropractic office in San Diego California is like many across the

United States. While chiropractic care helps many different

conditions, it is often viewed as treatment for back pain and neck pain.

Balance Exercises And The Stability Index

Balance exercises are incredibly useful for individuals of all ages in all activity levels. Balance training is imperative for athletes to incorporate into their work out regime in order to maximize their performance in every game. Additionally, stability exercises are useful for the older generation of individuals over the age of 60 years old who need to improve balance and reduce the risk of falling and injuring themselves. Furthermore, equilibrium exercises can benefit individuals who struggle with orthopedic or medical conditions that negatively influence their balance such as:

-numbness in the feet from diabetes or peripheral neuropathy

-chronic dizziness or lightheadedness from inner ear issues or medication

-stiffness in the ankles secondary to chronic ankle sprains

-lower extremity weakness of trunk generalized aging or joint arthritis

-one-sided weakness or paralysis from a stroke

All of these medical conditions can diminish balance abilities and lead to a greater risk for falling.

Balance Exercises Help Improve Your Stability Index

One of the key components of balance exercises and balance training is appropriate weight shifting at the feet and ankles. Our body responds to changing balance needs via moving about the feet and ankles, which realigns our body weight over our base of support. Physical Therapists develop exercise programs for their patients that help to restore normal movement and control of the balance reactions at the ankles. Physical Therapists define the stability index as the percentage of the base of support over which the patients can move their center of pressure (COP) during weight shifting without loss of balance. In this example, weight shifting would involve a person being able to lean side to side and forwards and backwards over their feet in a controlled and safe manner. A person’s limits of stability is defined as the maximal distance that an individual can shift his or her weight in any direction without loss of balance. Normal limits of stability describe a theoretical cone extending around a person’s feet, with a maximal displacement angle equal to 6 to 8 degrees to the front, 4 degrees to the back, and 8 degrees laterally to each side.

With orthopedic or medical conditions such as a stroke, knee or hip arthritis or chronic ankle sprains, typically an individual decreases their limit of stability. With a smaller limit of stability the person is unable to control the body’s weight shifting from side to side or forwards and backwards, thereby setting the person up for a greater risk for falling. Additionally, in physical therapy we commonly see older individuals presenting with a limited stability index secondary to natural aging issues of stiffness in the ankles, weakness in the legs and a greater fear of falling. These natural changes that accompany the aging process result in decreased balance abilities and a greater risk and incidence of falling. Consequently, balance exercises are extremely important for individuals with medical conditions or for older adults to practice on a daily basis to help improve their balance abilities, specifically increasing their limit of stability.

The Stages of Shingles

A lot of people contract the herpes zoster virus or the chickenpox while they are still younger. Shingles is a disease that involves the “reactivation” of the virus. The symptoms of the illness include sensitivity to light, flu-like symptoms minus the fever and headache. Other signs of shingles include red, itchy rashes, scabs and blisters. The illness comes with different stages of shingles.

There are 3 known stages of shingles and for each phase, the symptoms also vary. There could be times when health care workers mistake shingles for flu or a cold. In rare cases, it is also even mistaken as symptoms of heart attack.

Prodromal

During the beginning part of the condition, tickling, pain, burning, numbness and tingling may be experienced on some areas of the body before the rashes appear. In other cases, flu-like symptoms are also experienced along with stomachache, swelling of the lymph nodes and chills.

Active or Eruptive

During these different phases, the first strips or bands of rash will show on the body and usually appears along one side of the body. Typical areas include the face and the torso. After some time, the rash will then become blisters. At first, the fluid inside blisters may look clear but turns cloudy after 3 to 4 weeks. There is severe discomfort and excruciating pain that comes with the rashes. After around 5 days, the blisters will start to crust. During this stage of shingles, the rashes will disappear as short as 2 weeks and as long as 4 weeks.

Post-Herpetic Neuralgia

This stage is where chronic pain is experienced for severe shingles cases. This last phase is characterized by extreme pain, stabbing, persistent pain, burning and intense sensitivity to touch which can be experienced for as long as 30 days.

Warning

The most infectious stages of shingles is the active or eruptive phase. This is the time when a person who is suffering with shingles gains the biggest chance or contracting it to others who have never experienced chicken pox in their life or those people who have a weak immune system. The risk of infection increases when the blisters begin breaking and oozing with fluid. In addition to that, it is also possible that the shingles virus can find their way into a person’s eyes which may cause permanent damage. The illness does not really need hospitalization but it needs some ways to control the pain and to prevent further infection and complications.

Causes and Solutions For Sciatic Nerve Pain

Sciatic Nerve Treatment and Chiropractic Manipulations

Sciatica pain originates in the lower back and radiates down one or both legs. The pain may be intense, moderate, or minimal, and occasional, frequent, or constant.

Physicians term sciatica as a radiating or referred pain, or as neuralgia. This pain is often dull, achy, sharp, or even similar to an electric shock.

Causes of Sciatica Pain

Sciatica pain is not a disorder, but a symptom of compression of the sciatic nerve. The most common causes are spinal disorders due to:

– partial dislocation of a vertebra in lumbar spine

– herniated or bulging discs

– postural problems

– sitting on one’s back pocket wallet

Sciatica pain may sometimes be due to certain non-spinal conditions such as diabetes and chronic constipation and pregnancy, childbirth, infections or tumors.

Piriformis syndrome also causes pain similar to sciatica. The Piriformis muscle in the lower spinal region and connects to the thigh. It is crucial for the rotation of the hips. When this muscle shortens or spasms due to an injury, hip arthritis, or difference in leg length, it pinches the sciatic nerve. The pinched nerve causes pain, numbness and tingling in the buttocks and along the path of the sciatic nerve.

Treatment of Sciatica Pain

Conventional sciatic nerve treatment involves symptomatic pain relief through non-steroidal anti inflammatory drugs and/or muscle relaxants. The problem is that the pain is caused due to the pinched nerve, and medications cannot correct that. Surgery may lead to irreversible changes in the disc or bones. Another problem is presented by the fact that sciatica pain gets worse with bed rest.

Chiropractic manipulations play an important role in alternative treatment modalities. Even in conventional treatments of sciatica pain, the initial step is stretching exercises, massage and avoidance of activities that add to the pain.

Chiropractic Treatment of Sciatica Pain

Chiropractic treatment of the pinched sciatic nerve is based on the scientific principle that the cause of the pain is the restricted spinal movement due to reduced functionality and performance. Chiropractic care is drug-free and non-invasive, which means that there is no risk of side effects.

A chiropractor employs various methods for treating sciatica pain. The most common and effective among them is spinal manipulation of the dislocations that have occurred in the patient’s body. This involves application of gentle and minimal pressure, or fast high velocity thrusts to restore the position of the misaligned vertebrae in the spinal column.

In addition, a chiropractor may employ cold therapy and/or heat from ultrasound. Cold therapy is an effective way of reducing inflammation and pain relief. Heat produced from gentle sound waves from an ultrasound increases circulation and reduces muscle spasms.

It is important that you get chiropractic care from a qualified chiropractor. Chiropractic practitioners undergo training in colleges where techniques of treating partial dislocation of joints or organs are taught.

Like all alternative therapies, chiropractic care is also based on the self-healing capacity of the body. Chiropractic care does not seek to cure, but instead helps to restore the spine to its original position so that the herniated disc does not compress the sciatic nerve.

A qualified chiropractor will refer you to another sciatic nerve treatment if the condition is not within the scope of chiropractic care.

Sciatic Nerve Treatment and Chiropractic Manipulations

Sciatica pain originates in the lower back and radiates down one or both legs. The pain may be intense, moderate, or minimal, and occasional, frequent, or constant.

Physicians term sciatica as a radiating or referred pain, or as neuralgia. This pain is often dull, achy, sharp, or even similar to an electric shock.

Causes of Sciatica Pain

Sciatica pain is not a disorder, but a symptom of compression of the sciatic nerve. The most common causes are spinal disorders due to:

– partial dislocation of a vertebra in lumbar spine

– herniated or bulging discs

– postural problems

– sitting on one’s back pocket wallet

Sciatica pain may sometimes be due to certain non-spinal conditions such as diabetes and chronic constipation and pregnancy, childbirth, infections or tumors.

Piriformis syndrome also causes pain similar to sciatica. The Piriformis muscle in the lower spinal region and connects to the thigh. It is crucial for the rotation of the hips. When this muscle shortens or spasms due to an injury, hip arthritis, or difference in leg length, it pinches the sciatic nerve. The pinched nerve causes pain, numbness and tingling in the buttocks and along the path of the sciatic nerve.

Treatment of Sciatica Pain

Conventional sciatic nerve treatment involves symptomatic pain relief through non-steroidal anti inflammatory drugs and/or muscle relaxants. The problem is that the pain is caused due to the pinched nerve, and medications cannot correct that. Surgery may lead to irreversible changes in the disc or bones. Another problem is presented by the fact that sciatica pain gets worse with bed rest.

Chiropractic manipulations play an important role in alternative treatment modalities. Even in conventional treatments of sciatica pain, the initial step is stretching exercises, massage and avoidance of activities that add to the pain.

Chiropractic Treatment of Sciatica Pain

Chiropractic treatment of the pinched sciatic nerve is based on the scientific principle that the cause of the pain is the restricted spinal movement due to reduced functionality and performance. Chiropractic care is drug-free and non-invasive, which means that there is no risk of side effects.

A chiropractor employs various methods for treating sciatica pain. The most common and effective among them is spinal manipulation of the dislocations that have occurred in the patient’s body. This involves application of gentle and minimal pressure, or fast high velocity thrusts to restore the position of the misaligned vertebrae in the spinal column.

In addition, a chiropractor may employ cold therapy and/or heat from ultrasound. Cold therapy is an effective way of reducing inflammation and pain relief. Heat produced from gentle sound waves from an ultrasound increases circulation and reduces muscle spasms.

It is important that you get chiropractic care from a qualified chiropractor. Chiropractic practitioners undergo training in colleges where techniques of treating partial dislocation of joints or organs are taught.

Like all alternative therapies, chiropractic care is also based on the self-healing capacity of the body. Chiropractic care does not seek to cure, but instead helps to restore the spine to its original position so that the herniated disc does not compress the sciatic nerve.

A qualified chiropractor will refer you to another sciatic nerve treatment if the condition is not within the scope of chiropractic care.

Baby Bassinet Or Crib – Which is Better?

A baby is a very precious gift. You want your baby to be well-cared for in those first few months of their life. They need to feel close to their mommy and daddy. All children need that warmth and nourishment to start on their journey in life.

If you’re not sure to start out using a crib or bassinet, here are a few tips on the difference between the two:

Bassinets

A bassinet is a piece of furniture that often baby sleeps in from birth until approximately four months of age. It is small enough that an infant might actually think they are still in their mommy’s tummy. A mother might often wrap up her baby to feel closer to his/her mommy. A bassinet could be kept next to mommy’s bed so that when baby needs to eat she is right there and will not have to get up and rush to the next room to attend to baby. There are many advantages to using a bassinet.

Cribs

A crib is usually set up in a separate room but can often be put in the parents’ bedroom. Some cribs can often be converted into a toddler bed as the child grows out of the crib. A toddler bed is often used when the baby gets a little bigger. He/she might be around four months of age when they transition into a crib. Mommy might elect to use a crib and just have a baby monitor beside her bed so that she can hear when baby cries. A baby might not feel as close and snuggly as he/she would in a bassinet. Remember, baby has just been born and they need to feel as if he/she is close to their mother.

I hope you have found this to be helpful when it comes time for you to make your decision on a bassinet versus a crib.