Cranial Nerves I – The Olfactory Nerve and Its Disorders

The Olfactory nerves which subserve the sense of smell have their cells of origin in the mucous membrane of the upper and posterior part of the nasal cavity. They are bipolar sensory cells, the distal portions of which consist of ciliated processes which penetrate the mucous membrane in the upper portion of the nasal cavity. The central processes of these nerves, approximately twenty on each side, pass through the cribiform plate of the ethmoid cells, the dendrites of which form brush-like terminals of olfactory glomeruli. The axons of the mitral cells enter the Olfactory groove of the frontal bones to the cerebrum. Posteriorly, the olfactory tract divided into medial and lateral olfactory striae. The medial straie passes to the opposite side through the anterior commisure. Fibers in the lateral striae give off collaterals to the anterior perforated substance and terminate in the medial and cortical nuclei of the amygdaloid complex and prepiriform area. The latter represents the primary olfactory cortex.

Testing: Before evaluating Olfactory sensations, one must ascertain that the nasal passages are not blocked. Local lesions such as allergic rhinitis, plyps and sinusitis which impair olfaction have to be excluded. The test substance should be non-irritant and volatile. Freshly ground coffee power, asafoetida, eucalyptus oil or lemon oul are some of the common test substances used. Substances like chloroform which may stimulate gustatory end-organs or the peripheral endings of the trigeminal nerves in the nasal mucosa instead of stimulating the Olfactory nerves, should be avoided. Each nostril should be tested separately with the other nostril being occluded. The patient should be asked to inhaled and identify the test substance. The perception of odor is more important than identification.

Disorders of Olfaction

1. Quantitative: Loss (anosmia), reduction (hyposmia) or increased acuity (hyperosmia).

2. Qualitative: Distortion of smell (dysosmia or parosmia)

3. Illusions and hallucinations of smell.

Anosmia occurs only if the disease is bilateral. Head injury, Olfactory groove meningioma and aneurysms of anterior cerebral or anterior communicating artery are some of the causes of unilateral anosmia. Hyperosmia is usually a feature of neurotic patients. Dysosmia or parosmia may occur with local abnormalities in the Nose. Olfactory hallucinations and delusions usually suggest psychiatric disorders. However, they may be associated with uncinate seizures where the olfactory experience is brief and accompanied by an alteration of consciousness and other epileptic phenomena.

The Olfactory nerve is one of the 12 Cranial nerves of the human body and it is very important if its function and disorders are known.

Type 2 Diabetes – Chiropractic Treatment Can Help People With Diabetes

There are numerous alternative therapies that can help a person who has Type 2 diabetes. This is because they all work in different ways. Chiropractic is one such therapy that can help to ease some of the problems associated with diabetes.

Many people are under the false assumption a chiropractor cracks bones and that’s all. The truth is the total opposite. This therapy is manual manipulation of your vertebrae in such a way as to put them back into alignment.

Under the spine is the spinal cord which is your body’s main nerve and it’s where many main nerves originate. By easing the pressure on these nerves, a chiropractor can help to heal many other problems within your body.

The nerves controlling your pancreas can be eased by adjusting your lower thoracic vertebrae. This also helps your body to improve the regulation of insulin and the release of glucagon. Adjusting vertebrae that are misaligned can improve blood flow to all parts of your body. Regular, early treatment from a chiropractor maybe can prevent you from needing insulin injections.

It’s also important to remember all the signals going to your spinal cord will then be sent to your brain. If certain signals aren’t working properly, you can experience many types of medical problems including digestive issues and urinary tract problems.

The human body is remarkable in the way it works, and seemingly unrelated problems in other parts of the body can have an effect on your diabetes. For example, if you have muscles that are too tight, or pinched nerves in your neck or middle back, your pancreas won’t work as efficiently as it should.

It may not produce enough enzymes to digest the carbohydrates, fats and proteins you consume, and/or it can affect insulin production. These events mean your blood sugar levels may become unbalanced and you may suffer from low blood sugar or even high blood sugar.

Chiropractors work on fixing vertebral subluxations (misalignments in the vertebrae) because they determine how well the nervous system and organs work together. If you have either too many or a few large subluxations, there will always be problems between your organs and nervous system.

It’s important to understand chiropractors aren’t magicians. They can’t cure Type 2 diabetes. What they can do is use their skills and knowledge to ensure your body is functioning at the best level possible by aligning your vertebrae properly. Then your body’s natural healing processes can do their job much more efficiently.

When you visit a chiropractor, it’s important to tell him you have Type 2 diabetes. Don’t just mention the headache or backache you may have, because then they’ll only treat that or anything else they discover. As with your medical doctor, you should always disclose all health issues because you don’t know what a chiropractor can do to help you if he knows everything about you body.

Obesity – What Is It?

The medical world describes the cause of obesity as follows: “An increase in body fat (both visceral and nonvisceral (subcutaneous) requires that energy intake be increased over energy expenditure.” This short description is followed by a lengthy “however” and is destined for doctors who are trained to understand what is written.

In short, obesity has many causes, among which are included genetic disorders, gland disorders, hormonal disorders and metabolism disorders, only to name a few. Suffice it to say that if you want to find the real reason for your obesity, you will need to consult a medical doctor.

The general opinion on obesity could also be summed up as: “people who don’t look that great anymore”, but this is only a popular point of view, trust me I know, I used to be obese. Obesity is a real epidemic, a disease of enormous proportions that is spreading fast all over the world.

The extra mass caused by overweight has many consequences, adding a heavy risk index on the obese person’s survival chances. Having to heave the extra weight, the individual is also less inclined to be physically active, which set in motion a vicious circle causing an aggravation of the problem.

The added weight also puts extra strain on the body’s joints and bones, causing all sorts of discomfort and aches. Often early arthritis set in. In most cases, obesity is caused by consistently eating the wrong type of food, which leads to having much higher cholesterol levels in the bloodstream. This in turn impairs the correct functioning of heart and blood vessels, which can result in high blood pressure and heart failure.

The important layers of added fatty tissue are also the cause of another problem: apnea, or the cessation of breathing during sleep. As the muscles around the throat and neck completely relax during the first phases of deeper sleep, the weight of the fatty tissues causes the throat to collapse, blocking the flow of air. This breaks the cycle of natural recuperation, adding more problems to those already present.

Obesity is associated with many medical problems, most of which improve with weight loss. Both men and women suffering from obesity are at increased risk for the following:

Reduced life expectancy

Diabetes mellitus


Hypertension (high blood pressure)


Coronary heart disease

Abnormal blood lipids


Sleep apnea

Cancer (colon and prostate cancer in men; uterine and gallbladder cancer in women)

Nowadays, most professionals will measure obesity according to Quetelet’s BMI, or Body Mass Index.

It is named after the Belgian scientist, Adolphe Quetelet who invented the method. The BMI is a measurement technique producing a value which takes into consideration a person’s height, gender and weight. It is compared to a chart which is obtained by applying statistics (which implies it was defined only after making a very large number of measurements) so that the results are put in evidence in relation to an average.

The BMI is calculated from a person’s height and weight as follows:

BMI = body weight (in kilograms) / height (in meters) squared.

A BMI between 25 and 30 kg/m2 is considered overweight.

A BMI greater than 30 kg/m2 is considered to be obese.

A waist circumference greater than 35 inches (88 cm) in women and 40 inches (102 cm) in men indicates that there is an excessive amount of fat in the abdominal area.

There are many BMI calculators online, you will find one easily by doing an online search

for the “Centers for Disease Control and Prevention” or by typing “BMI calculator”.

Obesity is causing the world economy to lose billions of dollars every year.

Five Top Home Remedies For Pupp Rash Relief

Pupp rash is a very itchy skin condition that some women develop during the third semester of pregnancy. It also can occur at an earlier stage of pregnancy. Many women find it arises in the stretch mark areas of the abdomen but can develop on the legs, arms, butt and chest area as well.

Trying to sleep with an itchy rash and big belly can seem almost impossible. If you have pupps, take a deep breath and remind yourself that your baby will not be harmed and this is temporary. When we know something is time-limited we ften can change our perspective. Most women will find the itching and rash ceases within a short period of delivering the baby. Of course, this can be a long period of time, if pupp rash develops during month six of pregnancy.

The mind is a powerful tool so keep your spirits up by visualizing your life with your newborn child in your arms, at the park and the bond you’ll share. Use visualizations, cds, decorating the baby’s room and other tools to focus on your child.

Here are some of the top home remedies for pupp rash relief that women recommend. Keep in mind that aspirin may be absorbed by the body so watch out for products that may have this ingredient that you rub on your body. Always check with your doctor.

1) Pine Tar Soap

Pine tar soap is recommended for a number of itchy skin conditions including eczema rashes. When you take a shower, wash your body with it using warm water that is not hot. Some women have commented that the red hives and itching started fading in two to five days.

2) Olive Oil

Apply to skin while it is remains wet after taking a shower. Some women have found relief also with coconut oil.

3) Dandelion Root

Dandelion root is a supplement available at health food stores that is said to aid the liver..

4) Baking Soda with Water Mix

Some women have found that mixing together baking soda with water and then applying to the skin has been a helpful solution. Corn starch in dry form can also be applied for temporary relief.

5) Banana Peels

I’ve read about this as a successful aid for other skin rash problems such as diaper rashes, poison ivy rash and itchy skin bites. Apply this to the pupps rash and get some relief. It is interesting to note that banana peels have

also been used for burns and warts. They contain potassium, enzymes and fiber.

Remember that as frustrating as you may be with the itchy pupps rash, your baby’s birth will reward you a thousand times over. Use those visualizations to get through these rough days.

Scalp Bumps and Sores – Find Out Why Irritating Itchy Scalp Conditions Demand Immediate Attention

Scalp bumps and sores are signs of a severe scalp problem that warrants immediate attention. If you have been suffering from a persistently aggressive scalp problem related to bumps and sores, you need to understand some very important facts about your situation.

What you are currently going through is only one of the multiple stages of a scalp infection. There will be additional stages ahead which will carry a more significant feeling of agony than the previous stage. The bumps and/or sores on your head will advanced past their current stages and will most likely start to bleed, due to a high degree of scratching irritation. My sympathies are with you as this will be a very torturous experience for you. It can only get worse from this point forward unless you find the proper treatment.

So what is the treat for scalp bumps and sores?

The permanent treatment for itchy scalp bumps and sores is not going to be a shampoo, ointment or any off-counter products.

If you have tried a variety of different off-counter products on your scalp bumps and sores, and the problem still hasn’t been cured, it is imperative you refrain from becoming lukewarm in your attitude to keep looking for a cure. Yes, I know the search for a scalp remedy can be both frustrating and discouraging, but you must tug along or else suffer some very miserable repercussions. But you won’t even need to search blindly anymore because I’m going to give you the answers that have been eluding you.

To correctly address your scalp problem and eliminate it so it doesn’t return, you MUST get your hands on the following type of medicines as soon as possible:

The medicines you’ll need to eradicate your itchy scalp disorder is a combination of certain types of prescription drugs (3), a unique shampoo and a prescription cream. See, the magic to this cure is in the combination of all these five ingredients. If you suffer from a serious scalp problem that has been tormenting you for months or years and haven’t been able to get rid of it, this is the solution that will work for you. Take it from me, I’ve been down the road you’re on, and I have pictures to prove it!

Refusal to address a scalp bumps and or scalp sores quickly enough with the aforementioned medicines will result in severe repercussions. The problem will start off as dandruff and if not immediately treated then, it’ll mature into dryness and flakiness and your scalp will begin to itch. From having to itch your head on a regular basis, damage and/or tear to the scalp skin will occur.

Sores and series of bumps will develop, and the itch will intensify. When the itch intensifies, you’ll begin to scratch even more. And the more you scratch, the more your scalp becomes overly sensitive and fragile. When that happens, you’ll be on the verge of tears because now, even your doctor will most likely be clueless as to how to cure you.

There Is A Cure For Psoriasis!

Most doctors will tell you that there’s no cure for psoriasis, and they’re partly right. However, the question is not ‘ is there a cure for psoriasis?’ Since we know that psoriasis is an immune related issue ( T-cells, just like many other health issues ), the question is…what must I do to correct my immune system issues…and if I do…will it cure my psoriasis? And the answer to that folks, is YES. In addition, if your looking for an instant cure for psoriasis, there’s no such thing… but long term (1 to 2 years) definitely. Please read all of this post to follow the chronological order of things.

First, it’s important to understand certain things about the immune system and T-cells. Now, not wanting to give you a complex explanation as Wikipedia does (you can read it for yourself), I’ll keep it as simple as I know how. The immune system is designed to protect the body against infections by bacteria, viruses and other parasites. It is really a collection of responses that the body makes to infection. So it is sometimes called the ‘immune response’. There are two main parts of the immune system.

The inbuilt protection we have from birth.

The immune protection we acquire from being exposed to certain diseases

The inbuilt immune protection is called ‘innate immunity’. These immune mechanisms are always ready and prepared to defend the body from infection. They can act immediately (or very quickly). This inbuilt protection comes from…

The skin outside the body and other lining tissues inside forming a barrier.

Mucus lining of the gut and lungs which traps invading bacteria.

Hairs which move the mucus and trapped bacteria out of the lungs.

Stomach acid which kills bacteria that have been swallowed.

Helpful bacteria growing in the bowel which prevent other bacteria from taking over.

Urine flow which flushes bacteria out of the bladder and urethra

White blood cells called ‘neutrophils’ which can find and kill bacteria and other infectious agents.

Then there’s the acquired immunity.This is immune protection the body learns from being exposed to diseases. The body learns to recognize each different kind of bacteria and virus it meets for the first time. The next time that bug tries to invade the body, the immune system is ready for it and better able to fight it off. This is why you usually only get some infectious diseases once, for example, measles or chicken pox.

B cells and T cells

The white blood cells involved in the acquired immune response are called ‘lymphocytes’. There are two main types of lymphocytes – B cells and T cells. B and T lymphocytes are made in the bone marrow, like the other blood cells. They have to fully mature before they can help in the immune response. B cells mature in the bone marrow. But the immature T cells travel through the blood stream to the thymus gland where they become fully developed.

Once they are fully mature, the B and T cells travel to the spleen and lymph nodes ready to fight infection. What does all this have to do with a cure for psoriasis? Because researches are saying it’s a T-cell imbalance of some kind… T cells gone wrong… so let’s keep reading.

Let’s look at what B cells do. B cells react against invading bacteria or viruses by making proteins called antibodies. The antibody made, is different for each different bug. The antibody locks onto the surface of the invading bacteria or virus. The invader is then marked with the antibody so that the body knows it is dangerous and it can be killed off.

The B cells are part of the memory of the immune system. The next time the same bug tries to invade, the B cells that make the right antibody are ready for it. They are able to make their antibody more quickly than the first time the bug invaded.

What are antibodies?

Antibodies are proteins made by the B cells. They have two ends. One end sticks to proteins on the outside of white blood cells. The other end sticks to and helps to kill the germ or damaged cell. The end of the antibody that sticks to the white blood cell is always the same. So it is called the constant end. The end of the antibody that recognizes germs and damaged cells varies depending on the cell it is designed to recognize. So it is called the variable end. Each B cell makes antibodies with a different variable end from other B cells.

What do T cells do? There are different kinds of T cells called, helper T cells and killer T cells.

The helper T cells stimulate the B cells to make antibodies, and help killer cells develop. Killer T cells kill the body’s own cells that have been invaded by the viruses or bacteria. This prevents the bug from reproducing in the cell and then infecting other cells.

You Need To Understand Antioxidants… To Prevent Disease Pure and Simple

We are bombarded by Free Radicals everyday. Poor eating habits, stress, and environmental conditions increase the amount of free radicals attacking your body on a cellular level and cause your cells to oxidize. Oxidized cells have been linked to premature aging of your skin, some forms of cancer and many other cellular malfunctions, such as T-cells gone wrong.

Antioxidants is a classification of several organic substances, including vitamins C and E, vitamin A (which is converted from beta-carotene), selenium (a mineral), and a group known as the carotenoids. Carotenoids, of which beta-carotene is the most popular, are a pigment that adds color to many fruits and vegetables — without them, carrots wouldn’t be orange, for example. Together as antioxidants, these substances are thought to be effective in helping to prevent cancer, heart disease, and stroke.

At the molecular and cellular levels, antioxidants serve to deactivate certain particles called free radicals. In humans, free radicals usually come in the form of O2, the oxygen molecule. The oxygen molecule wants to be oxidized (remember that stuff from your chemistry class?), and this oxidation process can sometimes be carcinogenic. Free radicals are the natural by-products of many processes within and among cells. They are also created by exposure to various environmental factors, tobacco smoke and radiation, for instance.

If allowed to go their merry way, these free radicals can cause damage to cell walls, certain cell structures, and genetic material within the cells. In the worst case scenario and over a long time period, such damage can become irreversible and lead to disease (e.g., cancer). This is where antioxidants come into play. Based on this can you guess what role antioxidants play in the maintenance of health?

I can go on, and on and on… but I think you get the point! You can research more on antioxidants and free radicals online. But the bottom line is this… if you ever hope to cure your psoriasis you have to change, and we all no change is hard as it requires much discipline. Change what? You must go back to nature!

You will have to change your diet totally. Make sure it has massive amounts of fruits and vegetables. It’s not enough to say eat massive amounts of fruits and vegetables, as they must be free of bacteria and parasites. That means properly washed, unbruised, at all times. Supplement through juicing as many times a day you can. If you can’t, supplement with a multi-carotene in gel form (high doses of vitamin A). This is the key to a cure for psoriasis.

I would suggest that you stick to the diet and supplements for now… as for most this will do the trick towards a cure for psoriasis.

God bless,

Natural Toenail Fungus Remedies – Cures That Are Safe and Work

People advocating for natural toenail fungus remedies do not do so to cause the downfall of big, capitalist pharmaceutical companies that manufacture synthetic drugs. They do so primary to raise awareness and encourage use of natural products. The debate between natural and synthetic rages in many fields but we’ll stick to toenail fungus.

Onychomycosis, or the fungal infection of the nail, is highly common. It accounts for about half of all cases of nail abnormalities. Toenail fungus is more common than fingernail fungus.

The fungi dermatophytes cause onychomycosis, They breed and thrive in wet, warm and dark places. Moist and warm feet enclosed in footwear is therefore an ideal breeding ground for the fungi.

Dermpaophytes feed on the keratin content of the nail. Once acquired, it manifests first as discoloration at the tip of the nail. It sets in quickly though, and once it does, it will embed deeply in the nail. And quickly as well to cover the entire nail. That is why the best opportunity to kill of toenail fungus is during its early stages.

If you should know anything about toenail fungus, it is this – toenail fungus is very difficult and tricky to cure. Treating it often causes frustration because it takes a long time and considerable expense. And this is the main argument for natural treatment and against synthetic drugs.

Treatment should be carried out over a prolonged period of time, anywhere between six to 18 months. Imagine yourself taking oral prescription medication for so long just for toenail fungus! Synthetic drugs need to be prescribed by a physician. Progress needs to be monitored by a physician as well. And we all know that extended consumption of drugs always has adverse side effects. In the case of drugs for toenail fungus, it is possible organ damage specifically to the liver. You may to go in for laboratory testing for toxicity every so often as well.

Latex Allergy Symptoms

A latex skin allergy can be one of the most frustrating of all allergies. It can be caused by rubber gloves, latex pillows, a latex mattress, certain kinds of paint or even condoms.

Who can suffer from latex allergies?

Many times people who work in the healthcare industry develop allergies from latex gloves. Since they use gloves help to fight the spread of germs and bacteria, an allergic reaction to latex can cause serious health issues, not only to the person who suffers from the allergy, but the patience’s they are treating. It’s important to note, in most cases contact with latex is needed to trigger a reaction. However, it is possible for latex allergies to travel through the air. In the health care industry this usually occurs when doctors or nurses take off their gloves, which may release the cornstarch in to the air that carries the latex proteins.

It’s also possible for people to develop a latex allergy from condoms. Not only can this interrupt a couples most intimate moments, but it’s also a serious berth control issue.

Signs and symptoms of latex allergy include the outbreak of a rash or hives in the affect area. This can be followed by tightness in the throat, followed by difficulties in breathing and wheezing. If it’s serous enough these breathing difficulties can result in death.

Because of these severe symptoms, it’s important to see your doctor if think you may be allergic to latex. He’ll be able to find a latex allergy specialist for you to see. Only a specialist will be able to give you the best latex allergy treatment to fit your situation.

Early PMS Pregnancy Symptoms

There are commonalities between early PMS and Pregnancy Symptom(s). It is important that if you even suspect you might be pregnant, go to your doctor to find out and also to make sure there is no underlying cause if you aren’t pregnant. The commonalities that is shared between early PMS and pregnancy symptoms doesn’t stop with the symptoms that might be presented. There may be some treatment protocols that are shared as well.

PMS Definition and Symptoms

PMS is the period of approximately one week before and a few days during a woman’s menstrual period. PMS comes with some uncomfortable complaints. The complaints are believed to be caused by either low serotonin levels or the fluctuation of hormones during this time.

Low serotonin (a derivative of Tryptophan), may include mood swings, aggressive behavior, irritability, and anger. Concentration problems, increased appetites sleep problems, and anxiety and depression among other symptoms.

Hormonal changes symptoms may include anyone of the following: migraines, headaches, sore breasts, weight gain, back ache and bloating among many others.

There are more than 100 symptoms that have been noted as being related to PMS. Please note that symptoms will vary from one woman to another and from one month to the next.

Pregnancy Signs and Symptoms

The most typical sign that you might be pregnant is if you’ve missed one or more periods in a row. There could be other reasons for a missed period so if you do miss one or more, have your doctor check you out to determine if you are pregnant or there is another problem going on.

Many women experience the proverbial “morning sickness,” nausea and/or vomiting. Sore breasts or nipples may also be pregnancy signs. Headaches, fatigue, and mood swings have also been noted to be related to early pregnancy. Food cravings and food aversions have also been reported during pregnancy. You may have increased urination as well. Some women will experience aversions to particular smells.

Early PMS Pregnancy Symptoms

There are similar symptoms with PMS and early pregnancy. These can include mood swings, headaches, food cravings and an increased appetite. Weight gain, sore breasts, and fatigue are also symptoms shared by early PMS pregnancy symptoms.


Early PMS pregnancy has associated symptoms that are the same. You should seek medical care if you suspect you might be pregnant for a couple of reasons. First to determine whether you are pregnant, and second if you are not pregnant, to determine the causes of any missed or irregular periods is reason to get medical treatments. These symptoms can also be connected to other health conditions. Even more important is that once you determine you are pregnant, you should seek prenatal care so that you and your baby can be healthy.

Check out PMS Pregnancy Symptoms treatments at the menopause source for further information.

How Depression Affects School Performance

When a teen is failing or doing poorly in school, parents may react with understandable frustration and try all sorts of strategies, from bribery to punishment, to get their teen to turn things around. When all things fail, tension rises and everyone becomes exasperated and at a loss to figure out the cause – and a cure – of the problems at school.

Depression, and not willfulness or laziness. Approximately 4% to 12% of school-aged children (depending upon their age) meet the criteria for being depressed, and since depression isn’t just experienced at home, it’s likely to affect a teen’s performance at school, too. Teenagers experiencing symptoms of depression usually have difficulty completing schoolwork and are at risk for academic underachievement and failure. Without early diagnosis and treatment, a teen is likely to have a negative cycle of depression > school failure > increased depression because of the failure.

School failure has a negative impact on a teen’s self esteem. A depressed teen is apt to have difficulty working to his academic and intellectual capability. He seldom completes his homework, and his test grades are likely to go down because he is tired and has trouble concentrating. To complicate matters, his teachers nay not recognize the symptoms of depression.

School may also be s source of stress for your teen. For a depressed teen, school may be the primary situation in which substantial demands are placed on her. Significant social stress might result if your teen has difficulty fitting in with his peer group.

Depression is likely to affect your teen in the following areas in school:

  • Ability to focus and pay attention. The depressed teen is often preoccupied with negative thoughts and feelings and finds it hard to put his full attention on schoolwork. Problems with concentration at school are one of the major complaints for teens experiencing depression. A depressed teen can improve his ability to sustain attention if he gets a good night’s sleep and feels rested.
  • Completing class work. When a teen is depressed, he has little energy to apply to activities that he perceives as being stressful or of low interest. A depressed teen may withdraw from typical activities and become resistant to teacher requests to participate in classroom activities. In this situation, it is good that the teachers can provide daily feedback to parents regarding a teen’s completion of assignments. It works better if this is used in a positive instead of a negative way, so that it doesn’t add undue pressure to the teen’s stress level. if he has a bad day, you can ignore it and try to focus on the next day being a better one.
  • Completing homework. Teenagers who are depressed often have great difficulty finishing their homework because they lack focus, energy and motivation. Most teenagers, of course, prefer to have no homework, but they do it because they know they have to. They’re also aware that if they don’t get it done, they may pay a price in the future. The depressed teen is stuck in an unpleasant here and now. He’s not thinking about the future, and when he does, it’s without much hope or interest. You might create a behavior plan to set up rewards for good homework completion. If homework continues to be a problem, you can try to enroll your teen in an after school homework program or suggest finding a peer study buddy.
  • Getting to school. Many depressed teens have difficulty getting up in the morning and going to school. Because they are tired and have a hard time dealing with stressful events, they may try to avoid school. You can help by encouraging your teen to develop good routines for going to bed and waking up. The less your teen has to think about what he has to do in the morning or at night, the better. The process should become automatic, so that it goes smoothly.
  • Peer Relations. Depressed teens often have difficulties that lead to social isolation. It’s another depression cycle. A teen may withdraw and isolate him from friends and classmates, leading to loneliness, which may perpetuate the depression. Having friends and social support system can be of great help to a teen dealing with depression. You should encourage your teen to attend after-school activities that teach a mix of social and academic skills, through activities such as non-competitive sports, special interest clubs or skills enhancement programs.

  • Have No Fear – Phobias Can Be Cured!

    Phobias are defined according to the American Psychiatric Association, as an irrational and excessive fear of an object or situation. Phobias usually develop in late childhood, adolescence, or early adult life in response to a frightening event or situation.

    Phobias are the most common mental disorder in the United States. Far more women than men are affected by phobias. Phobias affect people of all ages, from all walks of life, and in every part of the world. Phobias can deeply impact a person’s life.

    Types of Phobias

    Phobias belong to a large group of mental problems known as anxiety disorders that include obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Social phobia and situational phobias, such as fear of heights or of closed-in spaces, typically appear by the mid-20s.

    The causes of complex phobias, such as agoraphobia and social phobia, are unclear. Sometimes phobias run in families. Phobias are persistent, irrational fears of objects or situations that persist even though the fear has no base in current reality.


    Symptoms of a phobia include the following: Feelings of panic, dread, horror, or terror, rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, trembling, and an overwhelming desire to flee the situation. Symptoms can last several hours, but usually peak after 10 minutes. Symptoms of Phobias can interfere with your ability to work, socialize, and go about a daily routine.


    One of the most successful is cognitive behavioral therapy which helps people with phobias face up to their fears, control their symptoms and in time accepting of whatever was causing their extreme anxiety. Therapy for anxiety disorders often involves medication or specific forms of psychotherapy. Supportive therapy, such as group therapy, or couple or family therapy, and to educate significant others about the disorder is also helpful.

    In addition to conventional medicine, alternative treatments such as relaxation and deep breathing techniques as well as herbal and homeopathic remedies may be very helpful along with psychotherapy.


    Phobias are among the most treatable mental health problems. Depending on the severity of the condition and the type of phobia, most properly treated patients can go on to lead normal lives. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, only about 10 percent of reported cases become life-long phobias. In fact, most people who seek treatment of phobias completely overcome their fears for life.

    The good news is that with a proper mindset in place and the right tools to face life’s daily challenges, facing our anxiety phobias and fears can get much easier over time.

    Anxiety and Panic Disorder Symptoms – Signs of Anxiety

    The symptoms of panic attacks and anxiety can vary greatly from person to person meaning that there is a large variety of symptoms that may indicate one of these conditions. You may not feel all of these symptoms when you suffer from panic or anxiety, and suffering from some of these does not necessarily mean you have a panic or anxiety disorder.

    Physical symptoms are sometimes present in sufferers of anxiety. These can take two extremes depending on the person. For example, they may find that they are constipated or that they have diarrhea, either could be caused by anxiety. They may have various aches and pains all over their bodies. This may be from frequent tensing of the muscles across their body. Problems with digestion may also indicate anxiety. Changes in appetite or frequent nausea for example might be signs of anxiety. Headaches may become more frequent or longer-lasting.

    There are also mental symptoms to anxiety. Victims may find themselves feeling extremely restless. They may not know what to do with themselves or may feel the need to keep moving. They may have trouble concentrating on tasks or conversations. Irritability can also be a symptom of anxiety, and victims may find that they have a much shorter fuse than normal.

    Panic attacks have their own set of symptoms. While panic attack can cause the symptoms previously mentioned, the symptoms of panic are usually more intense and pronounced. For example the victim may sweat profusely. They may suffer from a chest pain. Another common symptom of a panic attack is a fear of dying. This leads may people suffering from a panic attack to go to the hospital, convinced that they are suffering from a heart attack or something equally serious.

    There are many symptoms to anxiety and panic. Having a handful of these symptoms does not mean you are suffering from one of these conditions, and if you are genuinely concerned you should visit your doctor and explain your worries. Panic has far more pronounced symptoms than anxiety, but they are also very short-lived, so they should not last for more than around ten minutes. Anxiety can be a problem that lasts for many years, so if you believe you may have a serious anxiety problem, it is important to decide how you will treat it. There are many treatments for anxiety and panic attacks that have been proven very effective.

    Insomnia? Here Five Startling Things That Can Happen If You Ignore It

    Insomnia is not a disease. It is a condition. There are many reasons why you might suffer from this malady.

    For example, you may be taking a medication that is causing the problem, or maybe you have a medical condition that has yet to be diagnosed. You could have an emotional condition that is causing your sleeplessness.

    Whatever the reason, you can be certain of one thing and that is that there definitely is a reason. Insomnia, especially chronic insomnia is your body’s way of letting you know that something is not right.

    Seriously bad things that can happen if you ignore the problem. If you have chronic sleeplessness, your physical health will eventually deteriorate.

    You’re mental health will suffer as well as you may become depressed or even suffer from anxiety or panic attacks. Your performance at work, and basically in all that you do, will suffer because you will not have the vigor and energy you once had. You may find yourself nodding off at work due to lack of sleep

    You will become irritable and moody with your loved ones and maybe even with fellow workers. You can wake up in the morning feeling like you’d been hit by a truck and with a headache that just ruins your whole day.

    What to do? Since chronic sleeplessness is a condition and not a disease, you need to find out what’s causing it. A good, frank discussion with your healthcare provider can go a long way to discovering the cause of your insomnia. Beyond this, he or she should be able to provide you with medication to help you get some rest.

    Medications for insomnia have come a long way and they can now be used for a period of up to six months and they no longer have the addictive properties that they once had. In other words, they are now safe to use and will not leave you feeling lethargic the next morning.

    Foot Hygiene – Cleaning, Care and Treating Toenail Fungus

    Toenail fungus might be one of the most irritating fungal infections around. The affliction cannot be cured by simple creams. You cannot really see where the fungus is. All you see are the effects on your nails.

    Anatomy of toenail fungus

    What happens to the toenails when brittle nail fungus comes in? The problem with this fungal infection is that it is nearly undetectable the first few weeks.

    The first few weeks are vital in the treatment of all fungal infections. Remember that fungi operate through tissue colonization. Fungi establish and settle at a particular area.

    What exactly does fungus do? First, the spores in the air or the live fungal matter find the perfect conditions for colonization. Usually it requires dark, moist and uncovered spots to thrive. The human feet satisfy all these requirements.

    The human feet are often in the dark (in shoes). The feet are also almost always moist (sweat as a natural byproduct of the skin). Often the feet are also uncovered (taking a bath in public baths or walking in saunas).

    We see now how seemingly innocent activities can lead to toenail fungus. Medical science teaches us that the enemy of fungi is dryness. However, how do you make the nail plates dry?

    The truth is, you cannot make the nail plates or the human feet very dry for any one time. The skin is continuously producing moisture, either through sweat or natural oils.

    A note on footwear

    What you wear on your feet can either save your feet or plunge your pair into fungi purgatory. Just as we require clean and dry clothes, always wear dry footwear.

    If you can, stick to sandals if you already have brittle nail fungus. Avoid shoes at all cost. Avoid thick socks and old rubber shoes too. These are hotbeds of fungus.

    The point of prevention is to prevent the affliction from appearing by making the conditions unfit for the problem. The easiest way to evaluate any bad habits is by observing your daily routine.

    Now, if you think all your footwear would not help, try buying a new pair of shoes or a new pair of open sandals. Remember that you need open air as well. Keep your feet dry and on open air. Do not use public baths.

    Cleaning is also important. Using an old toothbrush and bath gel can be a great bath time habit. Use the brush to clean your nails, especially the undersides.

    Make sure that after you clean the nails that you dry your feet completely with a towel. The towel should be exposed to heat after use.

    Home treatment

    If you want a home remedy that is light on the pocket and does not require much time, use Listerine or other alcohol-based mouthwash products.

    Soak your affected toenails for 30 minutes to about an hour everyday. The alcohol in the mouthwash draws out excess moisture and kills the fungi.

    Soaking is your best option in home treatment. The nails will soften and will allow the active ingredient in the mouthwash to penetrate the affected parts of the nail plate.

    What Nail Fungus Remover is the Best?

    Onychomycosis, better know as nail fungus, is caused by fungi and yeasts that grow beneath the nails. Fungus is an obnoxious condition. It can affect either the toe nails, the finger nails or both. There is a greater chance of getting infected on the feet rather than the hands and there are many reasons for this.

    More and more people are getting infected by nail fungus. Since the 1900’s, millions and millions of men and women have contacted the disease. Prior to that, this disease was barely existent with almost no reported cases.

    Who’s prone to getting an infection, men or women?

    Studies have shown men outnumber the women. People suffering from diabetes have a much higher chance of catching this disease. Athletes are more likely to get infected because of continuous perspiration in the shoe and higher possibility of nail trauma.

    Determine if you have an infection and treat it promptly:

    There are number of ways to determine if you have a nail infection. Most common symptoms are a color change in your nails, unusual appearance and or the thickening. It can look brittle and rough, will lose its shine and sheen and could start to loosen. If you’ve any of these symptoms, you need to find the best natural remover for your condition.

    What Fungus Remover Is The Best?

    There are several fungus removers that are available on the market. You can use oral an anti-fungal treatment for curing the infection. Sporonox and Lamisil are the most commonly used treatments. These medications are expensive and long term, as you may be required to take them for few months. These medications also help in the growth of new nails that are free of fungus. They are found to be successful in 60 to 80% of the cases. But the side effects caused by these medications often discourage many from taking them and chances of recurrence of an infection are high.

    A natural topical solution is your best cure:

    Topical medications are also used widely in curing an infection. They come in various forms; creams, liquids, gels and can be applied directly to the infected nail Thick nails should be filed down and thin as possible, so a topical can penetrate the nail layers. This important tip alone will mean the difference between a successful nail cure and one that doesn’t seem to work.

    Special chemicals and ingredients are used that penetrate the nail in order to reach and heal the area infected. Topical medications like Keralac Nail Gel and Carmol 40 are also used to reduce the thickness of the nails.

    Alternative or Natural medications are very popular now a days and are used by many for a successful cure. They have been proven to be successful in providing long term relief and by reducing the chances of recurrence.

    Natural anti-fungal are very popular for treating an infection and should be used above all other prescription treatments.