Computer Addiction Symptoms

You may ask yourself “What are the symptoms of Computer Addiction?” The answer is: “They can vary according to the extent of the addiction”. For instance, some people may be only addicted mildly to the internet and computer, therefore, they display little nor no symptoms other than the constant desire to be using the internet or computer.

On the other hand, those suffering from severe computer addiction may display a variety of symptoms, some of which can be hazardous to health. There are some symptoms of acute computer-related addiction outlined below with a brief description of each.

*Mood swings and irritability when not at the computer.

One of the first, and the most pressing signs of computer addiction is when the person shows anger, irritability and mood swings when not at the computer. Very often, all lifes’ situations become insignificant and they feel they must get back to the computer. The person seems to be completely preoccupied and focused on nothing else other than getting back online or back to the computer. If the person displays this sort of symptom, then it is a sure sign that this person is completely addicted to the computer.

*Showing signs of a lack of interest in offline activities.

This is a huge indication that computer addiction has taken hold. A computer addict may totally ignore their offline friends in favor of forming online relationships. It could even reach the extent that they sever relationships with their family as well. This is one of the most tragic symptoms, and when this happens, the computer addict needs to seek professional help as they are showing severe computer addiction symptoms.

*Loss of sleep and the abandoning of commitments to spend time at the computer.

This has a drastic effect on the health of a computer addict. They will often lose all track of time and will stay up all night to be at the computer with little or no sleep. They rarely go outside for fresh air and sunshine which will obviously affect their health. Another tragic computer addiction symptom is when the sufferer abandons their commitments to work, school, college, study and family to favor computer time. The abandoning of commitments will have a long-term effect on the life of the sufferer. Loss of their job, poor grades and failure of courses.

*Not eating balanced meals and lack of personal hygiene.

A person suffering from computer addiction, will very often miss meals. This is because it takes time to prepare a proper meal, time which would rather be spent at the computer. A computer addict will often favor snacks, fast food and soda. Another thing to bear in mind is the fact that a severe computer addict will not spend time for their ablutions. Again, these fundamental actions take time and some important conversation or a bad guy on the game who needs to be watched and could be missed if the addict were completing his or her ablutions.

*Lack of concentration and motivation for anything other than the computer.

The lack of motivation for any sort of activity outside of the computer environment. Computer addiction will cause lack of concentration, which could be very dangerous for those operating machinery or driving. This could have an obvious tragic effect on theirs – and others – health.

Sadly, these computer addictions are obviously very dangerous and should serve as a dire warning to the family and friends of addicts that the person needs to seek professional help before they crawl deeper into a virtual reality world with disastrous consequences. All these symptoms are due to computer addiction.

Depression In The Elderly – The Facts

Depression in the elderly is common. There are various factors that contribute towards this condition. Oftentimes it is a dramatic change in circumstances such as the loss of a life partner, an illness or children moving away to start their own lives which can have a very negative effect on the mood of anyone particularly the elderly.

The facts about depression are:

1. Depression is a serious medical condition that can cause a disruption in the daily functioning of a depressed person. This is contrary to the belief by many that it is just another condition that comes with age. People who are extremely depressed may do things that will harm them. The part of the brain regulates behavior, mood, appetite, thoughts or sleep does not function normally in the people who have depression.

2. Most people who experience depression do not get medical assistance. It is only a paltry 39 per cent of people who are suffering from severe depression approach professionals who deal with mental health conditions. Many depressed people have never had their problem diagnosed or they have never received the level of treatment that is needed for their condition. In some instances depression in the elderly can be difficult to treat. This is only a small percentage because majority of the cases are treatable using talk therapy and/or antidepressants. Treatment is more effective if it starts as soon as the condition is discovered.

3. The risk of getting depression is brought about by a combination of psychological, environmental and genetic factors. If your parents had depression, the likelihood of getting depressed is three times more but it is not a given that you will suffer from depression.

4. Depression can present itself with physical symptoms. Chest pain, head ache, dizziness nauseated sensations and feeling sickly are some symptoms that can develop due to depression. It also causes difficulties in sleeping, change in appetite, weight and exhaustion. It also causes irritability, hopelessness and anxiety.

5. Depression in the elderly can affect any elderly person not just elderly persons who have a history of emotional problems. Depression can be triggered by trauma, illness, loneliness, chronic pain, financial worries death of close person or job loss or any change in life circumstances.

6. Side effects of medication and being isolated socially are two major causes of depression in the elderly.

Remember, people can and do make recoveries from depression and go on to lead their best lives imaginable. Seek help.

Siderophobia – The Fear of Stars

Of the many types of irrational phobias that exist out there, one of the most obscure ones is the fear of stars. This is also known as siderophobia. Although very rare and indeed quite peculiar, it is a very real problem for a small number of people.

Phobias are irrational fears of any sort of thing. There are so many different types but some are much more common than others. It is impossible to list them all here, since there are literally hundreds of possible different types of phobias. Phobias are psychological conditions that usually can be eradicated through a number of ways. Some phobias maybe more powerful than others as well and one of the most common phobias is perhaps the fear of heights.

As with any phobia, siderophobia comes with intense feelings of anxiety and overwhelming thoughts. Disturbed vision and increased heart rate can also be common symptoms, some of these being quite dangerous potentially. Getting rid of such a phobia can be complicated and there are a number of different methods that people use, some reporting more success than others.

To put it as simply as possible, you basically need to redirect the unconsciousness of your mind. You need to realise the or fear is utterly irrational and really has no basis. You basically need to reprogram your mind and you might find it hypnotism is a way to do this.

As with any phobia, most of these things begin when you are a child. They often start due to an irrational fear you had when you were very young. It could be part of your personality, particularly if you have a general tendency to feeling anxious. There are a number of reasons, but getting down to the root cause is often the best way to help you recover.

Does Drinking Alcohol Increase Anxiety?

I have what they call generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Certain situations make me anxious to a point to where I start to shake, can’t eat and just feel overall anxious like I’m about to go out on stage in front of a big crowd. I can honestly say that for many years before I took up drinking, I did have anxiety but nothing like I do now. If you suffer from anxiety, you may have noticed this as well. While drinking a 6 pack or more might be a lot of fun the night before, the next day is ruined. I find myself barely functional and very anti-social and full of anxiety. Drinking dehydrates you and thins out your blood which will increase your heart rate. An increased heart rate generally makes you feel anxious and can cause anxiety. I’ve also read that alcohol destroys a good amount of vitamins that your body needs and it’s been known that taking vitamins can help reduce your anxiety. Alcohol also lowers your blood sugar and causes the adrenal glands to produce noradrenalin and the increase of noradrenalin and lowered blood sugar can produce and / or intensify anxiety.

I enjoy hanging out at night and drinking with my buddies. Most of the time, if I’m feeling good, it’s hard for me not to drink because I’m not feeling crappy from drinking the night before and forget how terrible I will feel the next day. I can honestly say from my experience, having GAD and drinking alcohol is not a fun mix the day after a night of drinking. I have spent an entire day throwing up and feeling sick because I had drank too much the night before too quickly and woke up the next day with terrible anxiety and a terrible hang over.

I constantly remind myself when I go to the store to buy beer that I’m going to probably feel sick and anxious the next day and things that don’t usually bother me will give me anxiety. This is something that I’m reminding myself over and over and although I might feel relaxed and goofy during a night of drinking, all the fun is sucked up from the next day into one night. Hardly worth it if you ask me.

Now if you’re like me and enjoy drinking beer and hanging out, then learn your limit. Drink slowly throughout the evening / night. Don’t chug your beer to get drunk faster. Drink slowly. I know it can be hard to stop once you’ve hit the point of “I don’t care if I feel crappy tomorrow!” but you’ll have to quit hours before you go to bed so you can sober up. Bring water with you. After your last beer or alcoholic beverage, crack open a bottle of water and drink away. Drink as much water as you can before you go to bed and at least 3 tall glasses of water the next day. Water helps and food helps (if you can eat it). I’m still planning to cut way down on my alcohol intake to reduce my anxiety. I hate anxiety and drinking makes it worse.

Insomnia Cure

Sleep disrupters are a class of disorders that prevent us from achieving this vital dream and deep sleep. Often the person with a sleep-disrupting condition will sleep eight hours a night or more. But they still wake up tired and often experience sleepiness throughout the day.

Sleep disrupters also cause other problems. Researchers have recently discovered that lack of sleep, particularly lack of dream sleep, can impair the ability to lay down new memory. It is not surprising that people suffering from sleep disrupting disorders often complain of difficulty in remembering things.

The primary symptoms of sleep disorders include excessive daytime sleepiness and fatigue. Difficulty in falling asleep and staying asleep may also occur. Sleep disrupters act in a variety of ways, in different parts of the body.

Alcohol is a sedative hypnotic, just like prescription sleeping pills. It is medication that can affect sleep. If too much is consumed, it can cause coma and even death. Alcohol’s effect on sleep changes with increasing consumption. Over time the chronic alcohol abuser will totally disrupt their sleep wake cycle and may never be able to sleep normally again. Hopefully, an alcohol abuser will realize this serious complication and stop drinking.

Caffeine stimulates the central nervous system. As all of us “coffee achievers” know, caffeine can wake up in the morning and keep us alert during the day. One of the most interesting aspects of caffeine is the body’s changing ability to metabolize it as we age. Many individuals are able to tolerate large amount of caffeine when we are young. But as we age, our ability to metabolize caffeine slows and it’s wise to limit consumption too early in the day. Senior citizens should even consider eliminating caffeine altogether.

My own favorite recipe for the ideal bedtime snack consists of half or quarter sandwich of turkey, cheese, and lettuce on white bread, with a little cranberry sauce. Wild lettuce is a natural soporific, but you can use any common lettuce and still have a great sleep-promoting snack. The cranberry sauce in addition to tasting great and adds extra carbohydrates to help transport the tryptophan into the brain.

Dark Color Changes To Toenails: Potential Causes and Treatment

Dark-colored streaks in toenails are common in the United States, especially amongst people with darker skin toes, particularly in African-Americans. For the most part, these streaks usually represent non-serious conditions. However, especially in fair-skinned people, the presence of these streaks could represent a deadly cancer. This article will discuss the common causes or dark streaks in toenails, and what condition is cause for alarm.

Before beginning, the reader should be aware while reading this article that the information contained is not meant to provide tailored medical advice specific for one’s own medical condition, but is meant as a general discussion on this health topic. Any specific questions or concerns for the conditions described in this article should be directed to one’s own general physician or specialist for proper diagnosis and treatment.

The toenail is a dense tissue made of compressed keratin. The nail plate itself begins in the nail matrix, which is essentially the root of the nail. The outer edge of the matrix is seen externally as the lunula, or the white semi-circular shaped area at the base of the nail just beyond the cuticle. The nail slowly grows outward, sliding semi-loosely along the skin. The color of the nail itself is a kind of opaque white or cream, with some clearness in it to see the skin below it. Discolorations in the nail plate, be they solid white, yellow, blue, brown, or black, are abnormal and represent a disease process. The most common sources of toe nail discoloration are due to keratin debris built up under the nail from natural nail thickening and aging, as well as discoloration from a fungus infection. These typically create a white, yellow, or yellow-brown discoloration. Since both of these lengthy topics have been covered by this author in other articles, the causes of darker shades of discoloration will be presented here.

Dark toenail discoloration has several causes, and properly diagnosing the cause is key to a successful treatment. The most common reason nails become darkly colored is because of bruising under the nail. Bruising is essentially blood left behind by bleeding. It can occur under the skin, and can also occur under and over the top of the skin located directly under the toenail. Bleeding under a toenail can be caused by dropping a heavy object onto the toe, by pressure from tight fitting shoes, by toes jamming into the end of the shoe as seen often in runners, and by stubbing injuries that cause blood vessels to burst. Spontaneous rarely if ever occurs, and often if one does not remember injuring the toe it usually means the injury was minor enough not to cause initial, memorable pain. The bruising under the nail stays in the nail plate until it grows out with the nail.

Bruises that do not grow out as the nail continues to grow are cause for concern, and a podiatrist should be contacted. The potential cause for this will be discussed later. When the bruising takes up less than a quarter or a third of the nail, it can likely be left alone and the nail can be allowed to grow out. If the bruising is more extensive, covering the entire area of the nail, the nail plate should be removed. This is done for two reasons. Firstly, it allows the blood to properly drain, and limit’s the amount of damage the bleeding caused to the nail root when it slightly lifted the nail plate during the time of active bleeding. Secondly, the bleeding may have been caused by a deep cut to the skin underneath the nail plate during the initial injury, and this skin needs to be evaluated for any cuts that need to be stitched. Another concern, especially if a fracture has occurred to the bone under the nail, is pieces of bone sticking out into the skin externally. If these are not removed and the skin cleaned and treated properly, infection can develop which may spread to the underlying bone.

Another cause of dark discoloration is infection. As discussed before, fungus can enter the skin under the nail and cause discoloration, thickening, brittleness, and debris. This fungus is the same in the same group of organisms that causes Athlete’s foot, and from a color perspective can change the nail from opaque to solid white, yellow, grey, brown, or even black in some cases. Treatment is somewhat complex, as only certain medications have any scientifically proven effectiveness, and there are many home-spun treatments still used that simply fail to show any real worth. Another source of infection is from bacteria, specifically bacteria from a family of organisms called Pseudomonas. This bacteria is prone to invade skin that has been kept moist for awhile, and is commonly spread in whirlpools and hot tubs. The bacteria creates a green color change in the skin and nail tissue, presumably from iron pigment. The so-called green nail syndrome is common, and is treated with a special diluted vinegar solution (acetic acid) soak, or with specific antibiotics targeted against pseudomonas. This infection rarely progresses to a more serious condition in otherwise healthy people, and is usually easily treated.

Nail discoloration that moves across the width of the nail in a thin line from one side to the other side has many different causes to numerous to discuss in detail. The causes can include disorders of the kidney, deficiencies of certain minerals, toxic metal poisoning, heart disease, chemotherapy for cancer, certain chronic medications, and major injury to the body. Due to the wide variety of causes, a visit to one’s primary care doctor, dermatologist, or podiatrist is recommended. There is generally no immediate treatment for these lines, but one’s physician may be able to diagnose another condition that needs treatment through examining the nail, especially if something like metal poisoning or mineral deficiency is undiagnosed.

Nail discoloration that travels in a streak from the beginning of the nail to the end is the one symptom that is cause for the most concern. This streak is typically brown, dark blue, or black, and can be found on one side of the nail or in the center. Usually, this streak takes up less than one quarter of the width of the nail itself, although in some cases it can be wider. The usual cause of this streak is the overproduction of the cells that produce skin pigmentation, otherwise called the melanocytes. These cells produce melanin, which gives darker-skinned people their skin tone, and Caucasians their skin tan. It naturally protects the skin from the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun, although overexposure to sun can lead to a mutation in the production of melanocytes. This is technically a cancerous growth. In most instances of nail streaking and skin conditions such as moles, this is a benign growth. However, malignant cancer can develop which has the potential to spread to other organs, leading to death. This cancer is called melanoma, and it is deadly. Dark streaks beginning at the cuticle and traveling along the length of the nail are very common in those with darker skin tones, particularly African-Americans.

In fact, many people have streaks on nearly all their toenails, and have had them since birth. These do not generally represent melanoma of the nail, and are usually benign. When these streaks are newly developed in caucasians, or if there is a new growth or change in a preexisting streak in someone with darker skin, the nail and skin surrounding the nail needs to be assessed by a physician. This is especially true if a discoloration of the skin next to the nail is developing, no matter what the original tone of the skin. A biopsy of the streaked part of the nail, the nail root, and the surrounding area of skin needs to be performed to ensure there is no malignant cancer. This is a simple procedure, done usually in an office by a podiatrist, dermatologist, or sometimes a general surgeon or family doctor, and it heals quickly. The nail usually grows back healthy if the condition was benign. If melanoma is present, immediate attention must be made to the toe to prevent further spread. This usually includes amputation of the tip of the toe, or the toe in its entirety depending on the size of the melanoma. This is absolutely necessary to save one’s life and prevent spread of the cancer.

As one can see, dark discoloration of the toenails can have numerous different causes. Most are benign, and resolve with simple treatment. Some are simply genetic, such as the common nail streaks in darker-skinned individuals. Others are dangerous cancers that need immediate treatment. Due to the potential for cancer, this author recommends that all areas of dark discoloration in one’s nails be assessed by a physician to ensure the condition is benign. The least one wastes is a little time in the doctor’s office, and at best one can save their own life.

How To Treat Toenail Fungus At Home – Find Out How To Get Rid Of Toenail Fungus Naturally!

Toenail fungus is a very common infection and can be difficult to treat. Known medically as onychomycosis, nail fungus often causes the end of the nail to separate from the rest of the nail. White, green, yellow or black residues can accumulate under the nail plate and cause discoloration. This infection occurs more frequently in the toenails, because usually our toenails are continually exposed to warm and moist environments such as sweaty shoes. The toenail fungus infection is not the same as athlete’s foot, which primarily affects the skin of the feet.

The body normally hosts a variety of microorganisms, including bacteria and fungi. Some of these microorganisms are useful to the body. Others may multiply rapidly and cause infections. Onychomycosis can be caused by many different types of fungus (microscopic organisms related to mold). These organisms thrive in dark and humid environments and as they grow, they feed on keratin, the protein that makes up the hard surface of the toenails.

The prevalence of this condition among elderly individuals and diabetics is 25%. In the past this disease was very rare. Today it is more widespread due to the increased exposure to fungus through the use of showering facilities in gyms and the use of hot tubs, saunas and public pool areas. Some of the risk factors for developing this condition include old age, gender, nail trauma, sweaty feet, poor circulation, poor hygiene, and a compromised immune system. Athletes also tend to have a higher rate of fungal infection compared to non-athletes. The moisture caused by the shoes combined with repeated traumas increase the chances of onychomycosis.

Toenail fungus rarely heals on its own. It is usually a chronic condition that progresses gradually and becomes worse over time. Even if the affected nail falls off, the new nail will also be infected with the fungus.

How to treat toenail fungus:

  • Use apple cider vinegar: apple cider vinegar is an effective and inexpensive home remedy. Simply put a few drops of apple cider vinegar on your toenails or soak your toenails in a reservoir with vinegar for at least 20 minutes. Of course, you will need to continue this treatment for several months.
  • Use tea tree oil but make sure it is 100% tea tree oil. Apply one drop of this oil to the affected area every day to eliminate the condition.
  • Use Listerine: this can also be an effective and cheap treatment. You simply need to soak your toenails in a bowl of Listerine, which has antiseptic properties.

Rotator Cuff Strain – Its Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

What is a rotator cuff strain? Let me start with a definition of sorts. A strain is an injury to a muscle or a tendon whereas a sprain is an injury to a ligament.

A ligament is a fibrous, thick, tough tissue that connects a bone to a bone. The primary purpose of the body’s ligaments is to hold your skeleton together in normal alignment. A tendon such as a rotator cuff tendon is a tough fibrous tissue that attaches a muscle to a bone.

The cuff is composed of a group of four muscles, with associated tendons. When discussing a strain therefore, we are always talking about a cuff tendon or muscle injury.

What causes a strain

Muscles are designed to stretch. The problems begin when the muscles are stretched too far, or, if they are stretched whilst in the process of contracting.

It is at this point the muscles become susceptible to a rotator cuff strain or potentially rotator cuff tears. This is a very common cause of shoulder pain rotator cuff problems.

A strain can have a chronic or an acute onset. Acute injuries have a more sudden onset such as those caused by a fall. Whereas chronic injuries will have developed over a longer period of time due to overuse.

For this reason those who are most at risk are those involved in sports or activities requiring a lot of overhead work. It is these sorts of activity that typically exercise rotator cuff muscles the most.

Strain symptoms

The main symptoms of a strain are characteristically

  • pain
  • swelling
  • bruising of the affected joint

Often there is no need to consult a doctor. That is, unless any of the following symptoms apply.

  • You have severe pain and are unable to place any weight on the injured joint.
  • You cannot move the injured joint.
  • The injured area is numb
  • The injured joint is crooked or has lumps that are not visible on the uninjured joint.
  • The area over the injured joint or close to it is very tender to touch.
  • There is redness or red streaks radiating from the injury.
  • Re injure a joint that has been injured previously.

Mouthwash As A Natural Remedy

We’ve all seen the commercials touting mouthwash as an effective way he to kill germs in your mouth, but have you ever considered that any liquid that will eliminate germs in your mouth can also be used to prevent and treat other health issues?

Mouthwash can be used as a natural remedy for a variety of issues, ranging from minor scrapes to killing fungus. Like most commonly sold household products, there are more ways to use mouthwash than you might expect, in this article we will outline a few of this versatile product’s other uses.

1. Cuts and Scrapes

If you’ve ever taken a good swig of Listerine brand mouthwash, you’re no doubt well aware that it contains quite a bit of alcohol and is very strong. In fact, Listerine is so strong and contains so much alcohol — approximately 20% — that it is a very effective way to kill germs when cleaning minor cuts and scrapes on the body. Of course, for severe cuts or burns you should see your doctor before applying any home remedies.

2. Killing Fungus

Fungus in and around the toe nails or fingernails is a common problem. The fungus can result in a thickening of the skin around the nails, and cause the skin to turn yellow in color. But a strong alcohol based mouthwash can be mixed half and half with vinegar to clean the affected nails and kill the fungus. For best results, soak cotton balls in the mouthwash/vinegar solution and clean the affected area three times daily.

3. Sanitizing Toothbrushes

It is strange in a way that toothbrushes are kept in the bathroom. After all, the bathroom is without a doubt the room in your home with the most germs. But toothbrushes can be kept sanitary by soaking them in a strong alcohol-based mouthwash such as Listerine. Another helpful tip is to store your toothbrush inside a medicine cabinet where it is not exposed to as many germs and bacteria as being left out in the open in your bathroom.

4. Fading Bruises

The next time you take a sharp hit to the arm or leg; you can prevent or at least minimize the chances of getting a serious bruise by massaging the area with an alcohol-based mouthwash. The alcohol will often keep the bruise from being as pronounced.

5. Relieving Poison Ivy

If you’ve ever stepped in poison Ivy out in the woods, I don’t have to tell you how itchy and uncomfortable it can be. Many people will wind up with rashes and welts on their body that will take several days to fade.

But did you know that another home remedy using regular alcohol based mouthwash is to apply it to two poison ivy of affected areas of the body several times a day to relieve both itching and inflammation. The best way to apply the mouthwash is to use clean cotton gauze or cotton balls soaked in mouthwash and then apply liberally to the affected area. Once the alcohol takes effect, the poison ivy will begin to dry up and heal.

These five are just a few of the more popular ways to use regular everyday mouthwash as a home remedy.

What is Upper Endoscopy and Why Is Small Intestine Biopsy Recommended for Celiac Disease?

When undergoing an evaluation for possible celiac disease or gluten sensitive enteropathy doctors usually recommend an upper endoscopy and small intestine biopsy. What that may mean or why it is recommended may not be clear to people who are facing the decision to undergo the procedure themselves or to subject their child to the exam.

Endoscopy in celiac: What is it and how is it done?

The medical name for upper endoscopy is esophagogastroduodenoscopy or EGD for short. The endoscope is a thin flexible tube about the diameter of a fat pencil that has a video chip in the end and channels for flushing of water, suctioning of secretions and passage of instruments. It has dials that allow the tube to be turned up/down and right and left at the tip permitting it to be passed through the mouth, down the esophagus or feeding tube, into the stomach and then into the first part of the small intestine the duodenum, hence the name EGD.

Endoscopy in celiac: Do you feel it or remember it?

People undergoing the exam in the U.S. typically are sedated with a medication. Medications similar to valium with good amnesia and relaxing effect called midazolam or versed combined with a narcotic like meperidine (demerol) or fentanyl are generally used. More recently a very short acting intravenous sedative, propofol (diprovan), may be administered for deep sedation or an intravenous form of general anesthesia. Occasionally, usually in very young children or people with severe lung problems, general anesthesia is required. The exam is usually not felt or remembered because of the medications.

Endoscopy in celiac: What is examined in celiac and how well can the lining be seen?

Celiac disease affects the upper portion of the small intestine, in the two sections known as the duodenum and jejunum. The examination of the small intestine is usually limited to the first section termed the duodenum though occasionally the second section known as the jejunum may be reached especially when a longer endoscope is used. The resolution of video images are very high with the latest endoscopes and also may have a magnification and color contrast mode to detect very subtle signs of damage of the small intestine.

Endoscopy in celiac: What are the typical findings?

The characteristic appearance of the surface of the small intestine in celiac disease include superficial ulcerations that are commonly linear, flattening of the folds, notching or scalloping of the folds and a mosaic like pattern. However, the surface may appear normal and only under microscopic examination of samples will the lining show signs of gluten caused injury.

Endoscopy in celiac: What are biopsies?

Samples of small intestine are obtained with biopsy forceps that consist of tiny jaws with cups that permit pinching off samples of the intestinal lining. This is painless and very safe. The samples are sent to a pathology lab in a preservative solution, processed, mounted on a microscope slide, and stained for examination under the microscope by a pathologist. Small intestine injury from gluten may be patchy, therefore, several samples are recommended. A minimum of 4 pieces and preferably 8-12 samples should be obtained to avoid missing microscopic signs of celiac disease.

Endoscopy in celiac: What does the pathologist look for on the slides?

The pathologist examines the slide for evidence of damage or injury characteristic of gluten sensitivity. Occasionally special stains are required to see signs of irritation known as inflammation characterized by an increased number of a type of immune active white blood cells called lymphocytes. In early celiac and gluten sensitivity without celiac disease the biopsy may be normal and the diagnosis cannot be established by the biopsy.

Endoscopy in celiac: Summary.

The procedure of endoscopy is safe, painless, and very helpful for establishing the diagnosis of celiac disease while excluding other upper intestinal disorders. The main drawback of endoscopy is that nearly everyone must have sedation to tolerate the exam and it can be expensive if not fully covered by insurance. Sometimes, celiac disease is diagnosed by endoscopic biopsy in people who either have normal blood tests or as an incidental finding in those undergoing endoscopy for other reasons. Fear or confusion about endoscopy should not prevent anyone who is suspected of having celiac or gluten sensitivity from undergoing endoscopy. Further information about celiac disease and other digestive diseases are available at, the premier website under development by “the food doc”, Dr. Scot Lewey, a practicing stomach and intestinal specialist (gastroenterologist).

Copyright 2006, The Food Doc, LLC All Rights Reserved.

Using Garlic & Goldenseal Against Allergies

Garlic (Allium Sativum)

One of the least expensive yet most effective ways to deal with parasites is to use an extract of garlic. Raw garlic and garlic extract have been shown to destroy common intestinal parasites, including roundworms and hookworms. According to Chinese research, in the treatment of 100 cases of amoebic dysentery, the cure rate with garlic was 88%. The study found the purple-skinned bulbous garlic was more effective than the white-skinned variety. In another case, enemas made from tea containing garlic were used for 154 cases of pinworm in children two to nine years old; treatments were repeated on the third and seventh day after the initial treatment. After this period, tests for parasite eggs around the anus were negative (meaning no eggs were found) in 76 of the patients.

Some alternative medicine physicians use freshly juiced garlic (refrigerated after pressing) in the treatment of parasites, dysbiosis, Candida albicans, and other infectious microbes. Common dosage is two to three teaspoons in a two-liter bag, which is infused into the patient’s colon at the end of a colonic. If doing an enema at home, use 1-2 cloves of garlic, crush them, steep them in a tea for 10-15 minutes with a tight cover, allow this to cool to body temperature, and then put this in the enema bag. Garlic is fairly caustic and if you use too much, you can injure tissues, so it’s better to use a small amount. As an oral supplement, two cloves of fresh garlic daily are recommended; in capsule form, 500 mg, twice daily.

Goldenseal (Hydrastic Canadensis)

The alkaloid berberine is found in many plants and in particularly high concentrations in goldenseal. Berberine inhibits the growth of several common parasities that invade the intestine, including Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia lamblia, Erwinia carotovora, and Leishmania donvania. In one study, children with giardiasis were given either berberine sulfate (a standardized goldenseal extract) or the drug Flagyl. After ten days, both substances produced similar results: 90% of the berberine-treated group no longer had Giardia in their stools compared to 95% of the Flagyl-treated group. Unlike the Flagyl-treated group, however, those receiving berberine suffered no negative side effects. Typical dosage: 500 mg, three times daily.

Detoxing While Menstruating

Commercial detoxing while you are pregnant or menstruating is generally advised against by doctors and medical professionals. There are a lot of warnings given when a person is ‘normal’, but they can be even worse if you are pregnant or on your menstruation cycle. There is always the natural, and much healthier, type of detoxing that is recommended as an alternative but even these are not advised at these times.

When your menstruation begins, and throughout the week, your body is in a state of ‘natural detox’ as it gets rid of the tissue it doesn’t need. As this occurs the lining of the uterus breaks down and dissolves and moves slowly to outside your body. Depending on the woman, there can be several different ways that the body will react; cramps, dizziness, fatigue and so on.

If you choose to attempt a detox at this stage you will be trying to make your body rid itself of things it doesn’t need. In other words, to do what it’s already doing! Women who detox during menstruation can experience more intense cramping and pain, greater weakness and fatigue and other symptoms that they normally would not have.

The only detoxing that you should be doing during your menstruation cycle is the ‘natural’ type of detoxing and then only the nutritional aspect of it. There are several things that you can naturally consume that are beneficial and may even help reduce or even eliminate menstruation discomfort.

Some foods that can give your body the ‘fuel’ it needs for its natural detoxification are usually raw fruits and vegetables but there are some supplements that can help as well. Make sure you increase your consumption of high calcium foods like milk, yogurt and vegetables that have green leaves. Keep in mind that chamomile and peppermint teas are also a good choice that not only help to naturally detox your body but can reduce unpleasant menstruation symptoms.

Also, reducing your salt, sugar and caffeine intake during the week prior to your period can help prevent cramping. You may also want to take vitamin B-complex as well as Vitamin B6. If you use supplements be sure to only take the recommended dosage and DO NOT exceed more than 100mg of B6 per day. Remember, you can experience more adverse symptoms if you do detox whilst menstruating. So think very seriously about this please!

What Are the Main Gallbladder Attack Symptoms?

The gallbladder is an organ that is not necessary for survival, but nonetheless it is there and just like every other organ it can also cause problems. A gallbladder can develop gallstones, polyps or cancer. Gallbladder disease is when it becomes thick and the gallstones block the passing of bile. Gallstones can also form because of too much cholesterol in the diet or the hormone estrogen and the larger ones can cause pain and get in the ducts. Once this happens it is considered to be an attack. There are many gallbladder attack symptoms and although painful and discomforting, they are also not always easy to link to the gallbladder.

If you are having gallbladder attack symptoms, you may not even know it. This is because the mild or moderate pain in the upper abdominal area on the right side can also be biliary problems. Other common symptoms of an attack include constipation, diarrhea, gas, nausea, belching, bitter fluid repeating after eating, trouble with inhaling deeply and vomiting. All of these can easily be mistaken for symptoms of other things such as indigestion or getting a cold. If the pain is severe, though, that is different. Severe and intense gallbladder attack symptoms can be excruciating and even crippling to the point that you can not even walk right anymore or sit up straight. Such attacks also can last for up to fifteen hours straight, but some can also be over with in as little as half an hour. If a gallbladder attack is accompanied by a fever, then medical attention is needed right away.

Usually there is a pattern to when gallbladder attack symptoms appear. They more often than not occur at night and also usually are triggered by certain foods. Especially after eating foods that are greasy or fatty you can expect an attack. Other foods that can cause the attack symptoms to appear include pork, milk, beans, eggs, onions and some kinds of nuts. The symptoms of a gallbladder attack which are mild to moderate in nature can be dealt with by taking a painkiller with paracetamol or ibuprofen.

Controlling Fibroids After Menopause

Nearly twenty percent of all women will experience uterine fibroid tumors during their reproductive years, and the number will rise to almost eighty percent among women of fifty or more. Fibroids are simply clumps of muscular or other tissues which develop on the uterine walls, and while the cause of their appearance is still an object of medical debate, fibroids after menopause are believed to be the result of hormonal changes, heredity, and environmental factors.

Menopause itself can be defined as the cessation of a woman’s menstrual flow for at least twelve consecutive months, and because fibroid growth is thought to be related to the production of the female hormone estradiol, the appearance of fibroids after menopause may be less obvious. Estradiol is typically present in higher concentrations during the early stages of menopause.

Fibroids Thrive On Hormone Replacements

Especially if a woman decides not to take hormone replacements after menopause, her fibroids after menopause may remain small due to the lack of estradiol. But fibroids after menopause rarely simply disappear, and fibroid cells may lie in wait along the uterine wall, until hormonal levels are increased and they can begin growing again.

Fibroids after menopause can be so small that that the women who have them remain unaware of their existence. Even gynecologists may have difficulty in finding fibroids after menopause during a standard pelvic exam. Fibroids after menopause can even escape detection by ultrasound, in particular when a woman is not receiving estrogen supplements.

Should a woman decide to begin taking hormone replacement therapy which included both estrogen and progestin, she may experience the re-growth of her fibroids after menopause along her uterine walls. The rate of growth of fibroids after menopause, however, has not yet been scientifically determined. But it is the hormone progestin which has the greatest impact on stimulating new growth in fibroids after menopause.

Stay Away From Strong Estrogens

Fibroids after menopause do not seem to respond to the presence of weaker forms of estrogen like estriol, and will not begin to grow in its presence. So for those women in whom the growth of fibroids after menopause could cause medical problems, a conjugated form of estrogen with a high concentration of estrone, or estriol in place of manufactured ethynil estradiol, or even natural estradiol would be the best choices for hormone replacement..

Abnormal Bleeding: Can Ovarian Cysts Be To Blame?

While it is normal for a woman who is of a childbearing age to bleed, not every type of vaginal bleeding experienced by such a woman is usually normal. This is especially so when such a bleeding occurs between periods. There are many causes of vaginal bleeding between periods, most of which are usually easy to treat. Given the fact that there are many ovarian cyst myths, most women are never sure whether cysts on ovaries can cause abnormal bleeding. Here is the truth that you should know.

Normally, ovarian cysts do not cause any kind of bleeding between periods. In fact, in most of the cases, cysts on ovaries usually appear and then disappear without women knowing of their presence. This however usually happens in cases where the cysts on ovaries are small and thus do not have any effect on a woman’s reproductive system. There are cases where due to the lifestyle a woman leads, the cysts can grow. This growth may cause them to affect adjacent tissues and organs of the reproductive system and thus causing most of the symptoms associated with ovarian cysts.

Due to physical trauma or continued growth, cysts on ovaries may rupture. When a cyst burst occurs, a woman usually feels sharp abdominal and pelvic pain. In addition to this pain, a vaginal discharge usually occurs as a result of the spilling of the contents of the cyst. In some cases, ovarian cysts usually contain blood and thus the leaking of this cystic fluid into the uterine cavity usually leads to abnormal bleeding.

Women who have endometriosis are at an increased risk of having endometriod cysts. These types of cysts are usually also known as chocolate cysts by virtue of the thickness and general appearance of the cystic fluid. When this type of ovarian cyst ruptures, the resulting discharge will appear as a form of abnormal bleeding. A woman whose cysts have ruptured is thus likely to experience bleeding or spotting between periods. An ovarian cyst rupture however usually happens rarely and when it does, it is usually accompanied by sharp pains. When this happens, you should make sure that you see a doctor immediately to avoid any complications arising from the cyst burst.

This does not however mean that cysts are always to blame for any vaginal bleeding that occurs between periods. This is because there are other factors that can cause abnormal bleeding, including injury during sexual intercourse. What is important is that you pay a visit to the doctor early enough for diagnosis and possible treatment.