Metatarsal Stress Fractures and Top of Foot Pain

A metatarsal stress fracture is a common occurrence amongst adults, and is the formation of small fractures in the long bones of the foot, something which they are prone to due to their weight bearing role. Metatarsal stress fracture symptoms are not exclusive to the hairline fractures in the bones of the feet, and can be indicative of a number of different conditions, making a home diagnosis difficult.

The best way to determine if a metatarsal stress fracture is the cause of top of foot pain is to visit to a doctor for a thorough diagnosis. However, even doctors may have trouble identifying the condition, as the factures are often so small that they do not show up on an X-Ray, certainly until the bones have started to heal, which can take up to 2 weeks after the injury has been sustained. In this case, a case history and an examination of the foot will help to determine if a stress fracture is likely.

Metatarsal stress fractures can be painful, but in the beginning the pain is not generally present all the time. But when pain is felt, it can be intense. As time goes on, the longer you do not deal with the problem, the more frequent, intense, and enduring the pain is likely to become. If you leave the problem untreated for long enough, it could eventually lead of a full break of the bone.

Stress fractures often include swelling and redness around the site of the fracture, which can sometimes be noticed when you actually look at the foot. Stress fractures can form in any bone, although in the feet it is usually the heel bone, or the second, third and fourth metatarsal bones which are most prone to develop these hairline cracks. Pain tends to occur during weight bearing activity, and can continue for some time afterwards, even hen the foot is rested.

In addition to pain, shoes may seem to fit tighter due to localised swelling. If you are suffering from swelling or redness around the site of the pain in the top of the foot, there is a good chance you are dealing with a stress fracture.

Bruising is often a symptom that is noticed when the stress fracture has gone untreated for awhile. Bruising will appear on the foot near the site of the pain, with some inflammation and swelling. This is a pretty good tell-tale sign that you are dealing with a stress fracture of the foot, rather than metatarsal stress syndrome. Also, metatarsal stress fractures tend to cause top of foot pain, rather than ball of foot pain.

These hairline fractures are quite common with teenage girls who participate in sports, due to poor nutrition and calcium of vitamin D deficiency. Since teenage athletes often train hard, and restrict high calorie food intake, they may also be unwittingly avoid calcium rich foods. Cheese, milk, and yoghurt are the primary sources of calcium, and are often shunned by those looking to keep off the pounds.

Treatment is usually simple, and involves time off the feet and rest. The fractures should heal naturally after about 6 weeks, as long as the factors which led to their formation are properly addressed. This can be as simple as replacing old running shoes, not training quite so hard, or wearing arch supports or orthotic insoles to help correct foot function.

In some cases, where multiple stress fractures are present, more involved treatment may be required, although surgery is rarely required. A foot brace or support device may be required to prevent further injury and ensure the foot is kept in the proper position to promote healing.

How to Apply Duoderm Wound Dressings

Duoderm dressings are among the most technologically-advanced wound care systems on the market today. They offer gentle, pain-free care for wounds of all types, something that anyone who has ever experienced a serious wound knows is crucial.

Wounds are extremely painful, no matter how they originate. Whether it’s a healing burn, an abrasion or laceration resulting from an accident, bed sores or a diabetic sore, dressing and re-dressing persistent wounds hurts. It’s one of the most stressful aspects of the healing process.

Easing this painful process was the goal in creating the Duoderm line of wound care products. Duoderm dressings are made with the patient in mind, and are gentle to apply and remove. The pain associated with the application of wound dressings is greatly reduced with Duoderm dressings in comparison to most standard wound care products. This contributes to a better wound care experience overall, and minimizes the stress associated with application and removal.

Proper application of Duoderm dressings will help maximize the level of wear comfort, and will also significantly enhance the healing process. To apply:

1) Clean the wound. Wash your hands first. Then, follow the instructions given by your doctor for cleaning, if any. Most wounds can be cleaned gently and effectively using a mild, fragrance-free antibacterial liquid cleanser or professional-brand surgical scrub solution and a clean cloth. A sterile saline-solution is also a good alternative. Check with your doctor if you are unsure. Always avoid any vigorous rubbing, and rinse away cleansers under running water rather than with a wet cloth, which can introduce more irritants and bacteria into the newly-cleansed wound. Avoid alcohol-based products which can dry and severely irritate the wound and surrounding skin.

2) Allow the area to air dry. Duoderm dressings will adhere best to skin that isn’t wet to the touch. Never dry with a cloth, as this can create further irritation and can also introduce new bacteria into the area.

3) Remove the protective film. Make sure that you don’t touch the surface of the wound dressing when you do.

4) Place the dressing over the wound. Make sure that the dressing is centered over the middle of the wound’s circumference. If the wound is uneven, as many are, choose a Duoderm dressing that most closely resembles the shape of the wound. Dressings come in round, oval, square and triangular shapes, as well as ones that can be cut to fit. Press gently on the borders of the dressing to adhere.

One of the biggest advantages of the Duoderm wound care system is the length of wear time. Dressings can be worn between three and seven days, depending on the product and type of wound. Longer wear time means faster healing and less need to go through the painful process of dressing removal.

Duoderm dressings do not stick to the wound area itself. Therefore, the pain generally associated with removal is greatly reduced or absent. To remove:

1) Wash your hands.

2) Gently lift the border of the dressing. Continue lifting at the border until you can gently pull of the rest of the dressing.

3) Dab off any excess liquid. A wound that has not completely healed may bear some residue (pus or exudate). This should be dabbed away gently, preferably with sterile gauze rather than a washcloth.

4) Clean the wound as per the first step in applying Duoderm dressings.

Check with your doctor beforehand to determine whether or not you need to apply a new Duoderm dressing after removing the old one.

Stool and Candida Test From Great Smokies Lab – Treating High Level of Klebsiella

A friend has just got his candida test from the Great Smokies Lab done. He would like to know if other people have had this done, what their results showed, and how they are treating it. He has found high levels of klebsiella and candida tropicalis during a stool test in him, with no candida albicans.

On another page of his test report (Yeast Sensitivity Results), there is detailed info about candida krusei and geotrichum species. It shows that certain anti-yeast medications would not work for him. They are Nystatin, fluconazole, berberine, caprylic acid, plant tannins, and undecylenic acid that would not work at all against his candida. He found it really cool that they provide this information along with the tests. It saves him a lot of money on supplements that wouldn’t do anything for his particular candida. The only 2 that are effective (according to those tests) are Garlic and Uva-Ursi.

He is worried about these bacteria results and his Dysbiosis risk index shows he is in the severe category. He is only 27 and in perfect shape, but he is so extremely tired all the time. He also has psoriatic arthritis, which he bets these bacteria are the reason for that.

I too had a test done at the Great Smokies lab. My last stool test showed high levels of klebsiella, too. It could be a pathogen. My husband also had the test and didn’t have any klebsiella show up at all. Your troubles are the ones that are marked “I”. You need more bifidobacterium for that, and I had no growth on lactobacillus. So, both of us should be using probiotics! I had a kluyvera species show up on mine, which was imbalanced. That is a fungus.

For klebsiella treatment, the doctor put me on Uva-Ursi, two tablets a day for 2 months. It killed off the Staphylococcus I had on a previous test, so hopefully it will work for this bug, too.

Endometriosis and Silybum Marianum – Milk Thistle

As we mentioned in previous articles, endometriosis growing somewhere else other than the endometrium also reacts to hormonal signals of the monthly menstrual cycle by building up tissue, breaking it, and eliminating it through the menstrual period. As we know, herbs play a very important role in some cultures in treating all kinds of diseases. In this article, we will discuss how silybum marianum helps to treat endometriosis.

I. Definition

Silybum mariaum is also known as milk thistle and it belongs to the Asteraceae family. It has red to purple flowers and shiny pale green leaves with white veins. Milk Thistle is native in Southern Europe and through to Asia. It has been used in traditional Chinese medicine in treating liver diseases.

II. How silybum mariaum effects endometriosis

1. Liver support

Milk thistle is said to help strengthen the liver’s function in fat and protein metabolism that helps to inhibit the over-production of bad estrogen during menstrual cycle by producing bile. With a strong liver, it also helps to increase the circulation of blood through cholesterol conversion leading to balance the prostaglandins hormones resulting in lessening the uterine cramps.

2. Immune system

It contains silymarin, a powerful antioxidant that helps to fight against the bacteria, virus, and the forming of free radicals and inflammation caused by endometriosis implants and adhesion.

3. Disgestive system

Flavones are always found conjunction with vitamin C, that help the digestive system in vitamins and mineral absorption. This function is essential for women with endometriosis, because most of them are found to have some kinds of vitamins and minerals deficiency during menstrual cycle.

4. Menstrual problems

Silymarin in milk thistle is said to help in smoothing the uterine muscle by increasing the blood flow to the region as well as making the small veins in the abdomen become more elastic that prevents heavy flow which is vital for women with heavy bleeding during menstruation.

5. Control food and sugar craving

Silymarin is said to help balance the blood sugar in the bloodstream, by acting as an agent for the pancreas moderator, if the insulin is too low silymarin will stimulate the production for more insulin. On the other hand, if the levels of insulin is too high, silymarin will send signals for stopping the production from the pancreas.

Since endometriosis is treatable and manageable by natural remedies and a self help course, if you have endometroisis, please look on the bright side.

Different Types of Warts and Skin Growths and Their Best Natural Treatment

Warts can be of several forms, some painful like the Planter’s Wart, others causing very little or no discomfiture at all like the common or Flat wart while some again are positively distressing like the Genital Warts. Though they are mostly caused by human papilloma virus (HPV), warts are benign (non-carcinogenic) epidermal eruptions that often go away on their own.

Warts can affect any area of the body but they are mostly found on the hands, feet and the fingers. In fact they tend to appear in the moist warm places where they can grow in clusters or take the shape of cauliflower heads or simple pin heads having the color of normal skin. Kids generally pick up the infection (HPV) while using towels or napkins used by an infected person. Even walking barefoot on the bathmat or swimming pool diving areas that have come into contact with an HPV infected man or woman can cause an unwarranted infection whose immune system is weaker than the average.

The commonest of warts termed as the Common Wart occur as grayish-brown dome-shaped rough surfaced epidermal bumps on hands, elbows, knees as well as on fingers of both males and females, often taking the shape of cauliflower heads with blackish markings inside. They are innocent harmless little projections on the body that create no more problem than creating some amount of cosmetic crises.

Flat Warts on the other hand are flat-topped smooth skin bumps, as against the Common Wart’s roughish, cauliflower-looking sinister appearance. In most cases, they occur on the face but having Flat Warts on the arms, legs hands and knee in cluster formation is not uncommon too.

Now come the most painful of warts in the form of Planter’s Warts and heaven help the person who has got them on the soles of the feet. Even ambling on a smooth surfaced tarmac will give such a person the feeling of walking barefoot over sharp stone chips. In other words, it is a torture for the fellow to enjoy a simple promenade.

Filiform Warts are tiny finger-like flesh-colored warts often growing around the eyes or the mouth or nose. Though disagreeable in looks, they are completely harmless otherwise.

Of all the warts that the HPV creates for human discomfort, the Genital Warts are the worst type. Appearing indiscriminately on the penis, vulva or the anal region in both men and women these cauliflower-looking warts, when irritated can cause itching, burning including severe discomfort and distress, making sexual intercourse extremely painful.

Though warts usually do not require any medical treatment as they mostly go away on their own, certain forms of warts necessitate removal by using OTC medications that should be topically applied to the wart repeatedly till they disappear. Warts may also be removed by a surgeon with the help of an electrically overheated needle or ‘frozen to death’ with liquid nitrogen through Cryosurgery. For recalcitrant warts, laser therapy could possibly be the last word.

Genital warts needs to be removed due to their ability to spread, and to cause cervical cancer in women. Women may have genital warts without knowing, due to the anatomical nature of the female genital organs, and a medical examination by a doctor may be necessary to discover their presence. In males, the condylomas are easily observed, and may easily be eradicated.

There are however very good natural treatment options available for all types of warts, molluscs, skin tags and genital warts/condylomas. They are safe, efficient and easy to use, and do not cause any discomfort, skin irritation or irritation of the mucous membranes during treatment. They are special and specific blends of essential oils designed to inactivate the viruses involved, and removing the skin growths without leaving scars.

Go to this web site to find out more:, and to purchase your remedy for all types of warts, or a remedy for skin tags, molluscs or genital warts.

Infertility From Fibroids

Did you know that many women carry extra growths of tissue called fibroids on and inside their uterus without even knowing about them? This may seem unnerving but these growths are mostly unnoticeable and many live long and happy lives without ever having any procedures done on them. But sometimes these growths can become a problem, not just to the woman who may experience discomfort, but also to the baby who wants to grow inside the uterus. This infertility from fibroid growths can be one of the reasons why you can’t have a child.

Fibroids or myomas are actually tumors. They are benign growths and rarely become cancerous (a study has shown that less than 1 out of a thousand cases of myoma are cancerous). They are fairly common, occurring in up to 50% of women in the prime of their reproductive capacity according to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM). They are actually found in up to 80% of women past the age of reproduction. Though the actual causes of the growths are still largely unknown, evidence shows that they are genetic in nature. They occur more regularly in women who have relatives who had myoma and more regularly in African-American women.

Myomas are found in and around the uterus. With their high rate of incidence among women, they are mostly harmless. However, there are certain myomas that will cause problems. If a myoma becomes so large that it starts to change the shape of the uterus, pregnancy can be seriously affected. The baby needs a healthy uterus to survive and will have a difficult time developing if the uterus is malformed. Myomas have also been known to grow in places near the openings of the uterus that lead to other organs like the fallopian tubes. This will cause blockages that will prevent conception. But these cases remain rare however. In the almost 7.3 million American women who are reportedly infertile (from the National Survey of Family Growth, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2002), only 3% are caused by myoma alone.

Still, for the women who have myomas that interfere with fertility, treatment is very possible. Studies have shown that although myomas can reduce pregnancy rates in women by about 70%, correct treatment will return the woman’s chance of pregnancy back to the baseline level.

To determine whether or not your myomas are the cause of your infertility, an evaluation will be done on your uterus. This can be done through an ultrasound, a hysterosalpingogram, or a hysteroscopy. An ultra sound employs sound waves to get an image of your uterus. A hysterosalpingogram or HSG employs special contrast liquids to get an image. A hysteroscopy employs a hysteroscope which is a small camera that goes into your uterus to get an actual view of what is inside. Although myomas are usually easily detectable, it is important to ascertain their specific characteristics to determine proper treatment so you may have to go into multiple tests and evaluations.

If your myomas are determined to be affecting your fertility, they can be removed. This is usually done through surgery. For women past the age of reproduction, a hysterectomy is usually done but this involves removing the entire uterus along with the myomas. This is certainly not an option if you still want children so a myomectomy is preferred which specifically targets the myomas for removal. However, this is still a surgical procedure and you should discuss with your doctor the potential dangers and risks of going into such treatment. Be sure that you and your doctor know the exact nature of your myomas since the type and severity of the surgery will largely depend on the size, location, and type of your myomas. Some can actually be treated without incisions if they are removable through a hysteroscopic myectomy. A non-surgical approach is through Uterine Artery Embolization (UAE). This shrinks the myomas by cutting off the vessels that feed blood into it. However, as this process is relatively young being introduced in the 90s, not all after effects have been tabulated and studied. Myomectomy or UAE, either way, myomas are treatable and your chances of conceiving can be restored.

Ovarian Cysts Causes

To fully understand ovarian cysts causes, it is important to know that there are a variety of different types of cyst that can form on the ovaries. Some are minor and clear up on their own, while others are more serious and require medical attention, perhaps resulting in surgery. There are a range of methods that can help eradicate and control ovarian cysts.

The basic type of cyst forms during menstruation. Small structures form on the ovaries called follicles, produce the hormones estrogen and progesterone and release an egg when a woman ovulates. Occasionally, these small structures continue to grow and form cysts. These are known as functional cysts, because they are due to the normal monthly cycle. The two types of functional cyst, are the follicular ovarian cyst and the corpus luteum ovarian cyst.

The first is formed if the small structure holding the egg does not release it, and it basically turns into a cyst. It is generally not painful, and disappears after a cycle or two. This is the most common type of cyst.

The latter maybe formed once the egg has left and its escape hole is somehow sealed and tissues collect and turn into a cyst. This type can be quite painful and the cyst could grow as big as 100cm and cause problems such as internal bleeding and twisting the ovary.

Another type of cyst, the dermoid cyst is formed on the ovaries. These are formed by mature skin, tissues and the like. These are almost always benign, ie non cancerous.

Another ovarian cysts causes are polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an increasingly diagnosed syndrome, which currently is not 100% known how this is caused. Insulin resistance, hyperglycaemia, diabetes and obesity have all been linked with it. It is interesting to note that the cases of PCOS has dramatically increased in the past 30 years, perhaps in a similar way to the amount of obesity and poor dietary foods have also increased in the same time span.

In very simple terms, because the body is so out of balance, the right hormones are not being released at the appropriate times, so the egg does not get released. This turns into a cyst and over time, more form and thickens the walls of the ovary and cause it to enlarge. This then causes infertility as one of the many symptoms of PCOS. Other symptoms include excess hair, abdomen, back & thigh pain and acne.

So you can see, there are various ovarian cysts causes, and various types of ovarian cyst too.

Oral Thrush Treatment – Alleviating the Pain of Eating

Oral thrush can literally be a pain in the mouth, and if left untreated, can lead to serious troubles. Eating can be very unpleasant to downright painful if you’re not being mindful of what’s irritating the inflamed areas of your mouth. This article will share a few tips on how you can decrease the pain.

Basically, oral thrush is a yeast like fungus that has grown and caused an infection in the mouth. Known to the medical world as candida albicans, it lives in your skin and is kept at bay by your immune system and other beneficial bacteria. Oral thrush infection can spread to the roof of your mouth, your gums, tonsils, the back of your throat, and even your esophagus. If left untreated, it may also find its way into your stomach and your lungs, which may lead to mouth ulcers and bad breath.

Thrush symptoms usually manifest as white lesions or patches on your tongue or inner cheeks, and even on the roof of your mouth. They can be pretty painful and even bleed if you happen to scrape them. Because of this, eating can really become a terrible experience, so here’s some recommendations to consider:

Drink plenty of fluids, as this will aid in any dehydration. Drinking fluids that help fight fungus overgrowth, such as milk drinks which contain vitamins and minerals.

Eat cultured milk products such as yogurt. Yogurt may aid in preventing bacterial overgrowth because it contains zinc which helps the immune system retain vitamin C. Vitamin C helps fight infections.

Soups are also beneficial, cause they go down easily and contain the necessary vitamins and minerals that help combat infections. Chicken soups and seafood soups can ease the pain of swallowing as well. Be sure to try those as well.

Kidney Cleanses – Can a Kidney Cleanse Really Flush Kidney Stones?

Thousands of people are trying simple kidney cleanses hoping to help pass their kidney stones. But are these natural kidney cleanses really effective?

In this article, you will learn the numerous benefits of cleansing your kidneys regularly including the benefit of passing your kidney stones.

What is a Kidney Cleanse?

A basic kidney cleanse is a way to flush the kidneys of toxins and kidney stones. A basic cleanse consists of drinking plenty of fluids and a diet that flushes the body and kidneys.

Many natural health experts recommend an annual cleanse to prevent toxin buildup and even kidney stones. However, this is often unnecessary if a person stays well hydrated. Most fit and active people have healthy kidneys that are regularly flushed naturally.

However, if you are suffering from kidney stones, water may not be enough to pass them! You may need to try a simple and effective kidney cleanse. Here are some tips to start your home treatment.

Flush Kidney Stones with These Tips

There are 2 basic rules you need to know before you begin this cleanse! You must remember to be always drinking water and keep eating plenty of vegetables throughout the day. Water is needed by the body for many reasons that include flushing stones and toxins. Vegetables are not only great because of the minerals, vitamins and nutrients but because they also contain water soluble fiber which is helpful for flushing the kidneys. (There is also little sugar in vegetables compared to fruit.)

You can also supplement numerous herbs that have been shown to help dissolve the kidney stones and reduce the pain that is associated with this disease. It is important to buy these herbs from a health food store that keeps their produce fresh. If you feel a herb is dried out, then it has probably lost up to half of its potency to work.

Here are some herbs that have been helpful for supplementing with a kidney cleanse.

1. Juniper is one of the most popular herbs that sufferers supplement. Juniper can provide immediate relief to kidney pain and has also been shown to aid in flushing the organs.

2. If you know that you suffer from uric stones, you may want to try gravel root. Gravel root is a wild flower that has been shown most beneficial for renal or urinary calculi (stones) caused by excess uric acid.

3. You could also try fresh parsley which is high in vitamins B, A, and C. It is also high in potassium, iron and chlorophyll. Because fresh parsley is so high in chlorophyll, many experts believe that this fresh herb is a miraculous remedy for cleansing the organs like the kidneys. Make sure you use fresh parsley and not the dried flakes.

4. Ginger is also very popular in the east for cleansing the bowels and kidneys. Ginger can be found in capsule form or you can try fresh ginger root which is available in most produce aisles.

How to Cure Emetophobia Naturally

Many people, even experts, are unclear on how to cure emetophobia naturally or otherwise. Many emetophobics already display great skills in fighting nausea and it is an interesting fact that many sufferers actually vomit much less than the average person.

Some deal with their emetophobia by taking anti-nausea medicine, such as Tigan or Compazine which can be bought on prescription whilst some rely on less effective over the counter remedies. Some will try to boost their immune systems by taking herbal remedies and vitamins.

Some sufferers will deal with emetophobia by using breathing exercises to control the urge to vomit until the feeling actually passes. Others might take ginger root or eat a very basic diet consisting of light carbohydrates and clear liquids. Distraction can also work for some.

Despite the fact that emetophobics have often become very proficient at knowing how to deal with emetophobia and avoid vomiting or situations where vomit might be an issue, the real issue is that there is a constant mental stress in worrying when you might vomit yourself or when you might be in this type of situation. Indeed, many report that it is constantly at the forefront of the mind and they cannot even enjoy a meal through fear. Many female sufferers might also put off having children until they learn how to cure emetophobia.

There is no “one cure fits all” scenario, but some experts suggest desensitization. However, this rarely proves popular or effective with suffers. Sometimes, sufferers have learned how to cure emetophobia by being in a situation where they have vomited themselves due to illness and this natural vomiting is, by some, embraced, although this is rarely a situation which emetophobes would choose themselves!

Some psychiatrists recommend following a type of desensitizing program whereby the sufferer gradually resumes activities which they would normally deem “risky”, such as riding a carousel or eating foods which they might think of as dangerous, such as restaurant-cooked chicken.

Natural Home Remedies for Food Poisoning That Work

Food poisoning refers to severe gastroenteritis that occurs due to the consumption of contaminated and stale food items in hotels, restaurants and picnics. The inner lining of the stomach and the small intestine gets inflamed, followed by passing of watery stools, vomiting and abdominal cramps. The stool contains blood and mucous, and there is a burning sensation in the rectum due to frequent passing of stools. This results in huge loss of fluids from the body causing dehydration and shock. Both adults and children get affected by this disease, and severe cases may call for emergency.


Food poisoning can be serious and life threatening. This can be diagnosed by the following symptoms –

1. Diarrhea and vomiting.

2. Cramps in the abdomen.

3. Dehydration

4. Patient may suffer from severe shocks.


Germs like Staphylococcus bacteria produce toxins in the food items like meat, fish, milk, custards and other dairy products, consumption of which results in food poisoning.

Home Remedies

Food poisoning can be life-threatening, and so it demands immediate treatment. Some home remedies are widely practiced in curing this disease.

1. The patient must be given Oral Re-hydration Solution (ORS) in little amounts to prevent dehydration and shock. The solution can be prepared by mixing 1 teaspoonful of sugar and a pinch of salt in a glass of water.

2. Drinking water must be boiled and cooled to prevent the aggravation of this disease.

3. Tea, rice water, water from tender coconut, barley etc. can also be given to the patient after the vomiting subsides. This also prevents dehydration.

4. A mixture is prepared from one tablespoon of poppy seeds, one tablespoon cardamom powder and one teaspoon of edible gum, half teaspoon of nutmeg powder and two tablespoons of sugar. The whole mixture is ground into fine powder and is given to the patient after every two hours.

5. Herbal tea prepared from chamomile, mint, raspberry and blackberry are useful in treating food poisoning.

6. Make a paste of ginger and add buttermilk to it. Having this mixture 2-3 times a day helps in curing this problem.

7. Taking ginger extract with lemon juice also provides fast relief from vomiting.

8. Mix 2-3 tablespoons of ginger and lemon extract and add a little amount of black pepper powder. This mixture should be taken 2-3 times daily to get relief from food poisoning.

9. Prepare a mixture by adding 2-3 tablespoons of basil leaf extract in half cup of curd. Sprinkle a little amount of salt and black pepper powder in it. Taking this mixture 3-4 times a day reduces the symptoms of food poisoning.

Causes And Symptoms Of an Esophagus Ulcer

The sophagus is a part of the digestive system that connects the mouth and the stomach. When the food is swallowed, it travels to the stomach via the esophagus. This long and hollow tube is lined with mucus and when this mucus gets damaged, it results in an ulcer.

Invariably, it has been seen that people suffering from gastro-esophageal reflux disease are prone to getting ulcers in the esophagus. When there is a problem with lower esophageal sphincter, it allows the contents of the stomach to regurgitate into the esophagus. The digestive acid present in the regurgitated food erodes the mucus layer and this causes sores to form. These sores are nothing but ulcers. At other times, due to Helicobacter pylori, which is a bacterium present in the digestive tract, ulcers in the esophagus can also form. When the number of this bacterium increases, it can find its way into the esophagus causing damage to the delicate mucus layer. This, in turn, results in the formation of an ulcer. Alternatively, the bacterium can be ingested via food and water that is contaminated. Another cause of esophageal ulcers is taking anti-inflammatory medications. When these medications are taken for prolonged period of time, they can irritate the lining of the esophagus causing the ulcers. Also, smoking and drinking alcohol can cause ulcers in the esophagus.

The symptoms of esophageal ulcers are similar to the symptoms experienced by people suffering from gastro-esophageal reflux disease. The most frequently seen symptoms are as follows:

• Pain in the esophagus that is concentrated behind and below the breast bone.

• Heartburn that tends to come and go and the symptoms of the heartburn tend to aggravate after consuming spicy food or not eating food when feeling hungry.

• Nausea

• Vomiting with the vomitus containing little blood or bloody streaks.

• Reduction in appetite

• Loss of weight

• A feeling of fullness in the stomach

If the ulcer is not treated, the person may have complications such as Barrett’s esophagus wherein the mucus layer undergoes changes. In addition, the person will also complain of pain in the chest, have difficulty while swallowing, vomit out blood and have blood in the stools.

Having an ulcer in the esophagus can be extremely painful. You should get the problem checked by a doctor, who will then prescribe a course of treatment. If the ulcer is due to bacterial infection, then antibiotics will be prescribed. On the other hand, if the ulcer is due to gastro-esophageal reflux disease, then the person would have to make dietary changes. In case these measures do not help, then the doctor may recommend a surgery.

Acid Reflux Natural Cures – A Better Alternative to Antacids

You suffer with recurring heartburn, so you went to your doctor and he told you it was acid reflux. Now you’re thinking you have to be strapped to a prescription for the rest of your life just to be able to eat. Here you thought it was just heartburn and now you find out that you have to take a daily acid reducer to reduce the symptoms. First of all, you should know that acid reflux is the cause of your heartburn, so there is no difference there. The second thing that you need to know is that there are alternatives to antacids in the form of natural acid reflux cures, that don’t have the side effects that traditional antacids can have.

The problem with many antacids is that they either quit working right when you need them or they just don’t work at all. In many cases, antacids can block the absorption of essential nutrients, such as calcium into the system, so they may be doing you more harm than good. The problem is, though, that if you get heartburn, you need relief – quickly.

Begin With Lifestyle Changes

There are many acid reflux natural cures that you can try which aren’t harmful or expensive. In fact, curing your heartburn may be as simple as changing what you eat or how much you eat. Studies have found that by reducing how much you eat at a meal can greatly reduce your chances of getting heartburn. In addition to a smaller meal, you should make sure to chew everything very thoroughly. This will reduce the chances that the muscle at the bottom of the esophagus becomes scratched or damaged, which will help to keep it strong so it can create a good seal.

So, what do you do if you wind up having heartburn even when you change the size of your meals? You need to get rid of your acid reflux, but are there any other things that you can do to keep it from happening all the time? Consider losing some extra belly fat rather than reaching for the antacids. The extra weight can press on the stomach and cause heartburn.

Nobody Likes Hearing These Acid Reflux Natural Cures

You should also cut back on carbonated beverages and if you smoke, you should stop. Lots of people who smoke find that they have frequent heartburn, as the nicotine in cigarettes can cause the esophagus and the sphincter to become irritated.

It’s also important to keep your head up after a meal and not fall asleep right away after you eat. By lying down, you might find that the esophageal sphincter relaxes, which will allow acid to get into the esophagus. If you are sleepy after a meal, consider propping yourself up so that you don’t add unnecessary pressure to your stomach while you’re digesting your food.

If you suffer from acid reflux at all, you are going to want to cure it. It’s painful and bothersome and if you stick with the same daily habits, your heartburn can become chronic. By making these few lifestyle changes you will benefit from these acid reflux natural cures. Why not make these adjustments in your life and see if you can cure your acid reflux naturally instead of turning to the antacids? It is a far better alternative than just treating it.

Complications – Symptomatology of Chronic Renal (Kidney) Failure (CRF)

As the disease advances, various systems/organs of the body start deteriorating due to the collection of poisons/toxins in the body, which the diseased kidneys cannot excrete fully.

The patient complains of marked loss of appetite, nausea and recurrent vomiting (especially in the morning). These are the early symptoms, and the patient may report only with these vague complaints, and at such a stage, it is only the clinician who can clinch the diagnosis, provided the patient reports to him well in time.

The taste of the mouth gets altered. A marked ulceration may follow in the mouth as well as in the stomach and/ orintestine, leading to haemorrhage in both the stomach and the intestine, causing–vomiting of blood (haematemesis) or the passing of blood in stools (melaena). There is a marked pain in the abdomen and the patient usually reports as a case of bleeding peptic ulcer. Loss of fluids, as a result of vomiting/ haemorrhage, further deteriorates kidney functions as a result of dehydration. Hiccoughs are another symptom as the disease progresses.

In addition, blood pressure rises as a result of the damage to the kidneys, called ‘renal hypertension’. Sometimes, the patient may be already suffering from high blood pressure, which may have contributed to the injury to the kidneys. Further, heart failure may occur due to the persistent elevation of blood pressure. In advanced cases, the pericardium, i.e. the membrane covering the heart may also be involved (pericarditis) .

Fall in haemoglobin (chronic anaemia) becomes a constant feature of CRE As the blood urea/serum creatinine rises, haemoglobin falls accordingly, and both are so corelated that even an estimation of haemoglobin, which is a simple test, can indicate the progress of the disease. The fall in haemoglobin occurs due to the toxic effect on the bone marrow, which gets depressed, as well as due to haemorrhages in the stomach/ intestine, etc. Anaemia is difficult to treat as the patient cannot tolerate oral iron due to constant nausea, vomiting and ulceration in the gastrointestinal tract.

Soon the lungs may be affected, and the patient may experience difficulty in breathing (uraemic lungs).

In the same way, the bones may be affected (renalosteodystrophy), and, likewise, the peripheral nerves may be involved (neuropathy), and there may develop a marked weakness in the muscles (myopathy), and a number of other conditions like muscle twitches / tremors etc. may show up.

The brain or the central nervous system may be involved, leading to drowsiness and even coma. CRF or uraemia is one of the important causes of coma:

Sometimes epilepsy/epileptic fits may also manifest itself. Epilepsy may be the only presenting signal of CRF, i.e. the patient can present himself as a case of epilepsy, and if blood ureal serum creatinine estimation is done, his blood urea may be as high as 400 mg/ dl, and likewise there will be a higher level of serum creatinine. Although such cases are not common, the estimation of blood urea/serum creatinine in all cases of epilepsy may prove rewarding, in excluding advanced cases of CRF.

There may also occur high levels of blood uric acid (hyperuricaemia), as a result of blood uric acid not being excreted by the kidneys fully. This results in the various complications of high blood uric acid. Marked itching (pruritus) of the whole body adds to the misery of the patient, and it hardly responds to any treatment.

Hence, as a result of CRF, almost every part of the body gets significantly involved, threatening the life of the patient.

Medical Procedures Of Cardiac Arrest Treatment

Cardiac arrest is too sudden, unexpected and rapid. A person that is experiencing it can only last for less than ten minutes if not properly attended medical attention. It is for this reason that medical attention and procedures are needed to be immediately performed.

The term cardiac arrest pertains to arrest or seizure to the circulatory system under two (2) circumstances, which are (1) ventricular fibrillation; and (2) cardiac shutdown. In the cardiac shutdown or standstill, the heart is motionless and emits no electrical activity, which is seen in electrocardiogram. On the other hand, in ventricular fibrillation, the heart displays a writhing, twisting action, which is signified by the irregular and continuous wave motion in the electrocardiogram. In these conditions, the heart is not expelling blood resulting for the circulation to be completely arrested.

During incidence of cardiac arrest, basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation or CPR and initial defibrillation are essential and life-saving. Drug administration comes only next with secondary importance.

For the most part, the automated external defibrillator or AED is widely available in the government building in the United States of America. This was in pursuit to the Cardiac Arrest Survival Act of 2000, which promoted for the installation of automated external defibrillator in government buildings.

The automated external defibrillator is a portable electronic device that instantly diagnoses cardiac arrhythmias occurring due to ventricular fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia. The device is also capable in treating the said illnesses through defibrillation. Defibrillation is in-charge of delivering therapeutic amount of electrical energy to terminate the arrhythmia. Instead, this device helps the heart to have a normal sinus rhythm or heartbeat.

There are also other forms of defibrillators like transvenous or implanted, depending on its specific use. The automated external defibrillator was created and made available in the public so that even the bystander can use it in saving life of any person that is under cardiac arrest.

Aside from the automated external defibrillator, use of prophylaxis is also one of the most important ways in cardiac arrest treatment. Prophylaxis is, however, technically not applied to medically treat cardiac arrest. The term prophylaxis is used to refer to medical measures performed to prevent health problems from occurring. This is applied to somehow minimize the symptoms.