The Problem Of Obesity In Teenagers

Obesity in teenagers is a growing problem that has become worse in recent times, and the rates are growing every year. The America is a top leader in obesity in teenagers. Some report indicated that as many as 33% of teenagers are now obese. It is believed that more than 25% of schoolchildren are overweight and in fact, obese, and nearly a fourth of them are at risk of getting heart disease, diabetes, stroke as well as possibly early death. The worse thing is that according to research study conducted on obesity in teenagers, it was found that teenagers aged from ten to thirteen would have an 80% chance of becoming obese adults.

What are the possible causes for Obesity?

Obesity in teenagers may result when the teenager has more than 10% extra weight over that what is suggested weight for that particular height. Obesity in child and teenagers will occur when their total energy intake is greater than the total energy expended, which is the energy the child or teenager’s uses up during physical exercise or activity. There are quite a few factors to consider when looking at the problem.

Family history

If there is a family history of obesity the chances are high the teenager will also develop obesity… With parents over prepare food, imbalance diet or both parents are working and no time to prepare food, all this may lead to develop poor eating habits for the teenagers when they left to their own devices.

Food

As the times pass, the way we prepare food and the frequency has varied, and it is much different from the way our ancestors do. Back then, our ancestors cooked from scratch, but now fast food restaurants and quick fix meals are available everywhere, simply just dial a number will do. Some research studies show that teenagers will eat an average of four meal of fast food per week. This will lead to the list of causes is unhealthy eating habits and poor food choices.

Stress

Teenagers are under tremendous peer pressure at school and in their everyday lives. There may be stressful events in the teenager’s life such as death, divorce, or even abuse. Many teenagers react to stress by overeating. On top of that, it may also result in not only other peoples putting them down, but also his/her own self-esteem taking a hit. It has been found that a large percentage of overweight teenagers are thought to be clinically depressed. While depression can often cause overeating, usually being obese can also cause depression. Depression can lead to low self-esteem, and if the problem left untreated, it can lead to teenager suicide.

Medical & Psychologically

There may also be medical problems which require the teenagers to take medication such as steroids, although medical problems represent only about 1% of teenager obesity. Overweight teenagers in particular, may not be as affected physically as psychologically with them becoming targets of ridicule, taunts, as well as poor treatment meted out to them by other teenager at school as well as in the community.

Lack of exercise

Today’s lifestyle is much different from ten year ago, with modern technology and fast food offers little to improve one’s health. Now a day, the teenagers are so enthusiasm in spending whole day and night in front of computers, game box or any gaming console playing their love game. Some teenagers can sit and watch television while text messaging their good friends. Many teenagers now own a car so the chance for walking is also reduce.

Searching For Relief

Obesity in teenagers is literally taking years off of their life. They are setting the stage for type II diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and breathing and high blood pressure problems. The treatment for Obesity in teenagers should focus on long-term changes to diet, regular exercise, and family support should be forthcoming if the teenagers are to avoid dramatic swings in body weight. It is essential for parents to get a handle on this problem before it gets worse.

Balance diet

To control obesity in teenagers, the teenagers may need to take a healthy as well as balanced die. Putting a child on a diet is impossibility. The medical profession does not recommend because they are still growing and need plenty of nutrients to develop strong bones. Dieting also leads to failure because not many people who can stick with a diet for life. When we are preparing meals at home be sure to choose foods that have a high nutritional content. Try to keep away from processed and fried foods. Do not try to take away foods the children love; allow the children to eat those foods on a less frequent basis. Denying a child’s favorite fast foods will only lead to failure. Get the teenagers involved in preparing the meal. Coach them to make the correct choices, balanced meal without sacrificing on taste.

Regular Exercise

Obesity in children is often the result of too little exercise. Regular exercise is considered to be as important as good nutrition. If children are encouraged to develop regular exercise during their childhood, they have a much better chance of taking it with them into adulthood. Get them involved in some kind of physical activity such as gardening, cleaning the house or washing the car. Take part in some kind of outdoor sports, like swimming, playing basket ball or hiking on the local nature trails.

Support from Family

It is important to remember to show your support. Obesity in teenagers is a serious problem and parents, family members need to tackle this problem with consistence love and support. Reinforce the need for a healthy lifestyle, and remember to offer rewards and praise when the teenagers reach the goals. Keeping your children healthy gives them the best chance of living a healthy and long life.

Red Rash After Shaving? The Truth About It’s Causes and How to Cure it For Good

Unfortunately, shaving rash is a very common problem for men (and women) around the World. This issue is more common in men because we shave more often than women… but the causes and cures for this rash are constant in both genders. This tutorial will show you how to cure shaving rash and the hidden problem that most people don’t realize they have.

Shaving red rash is characterized by having a series of red bumps after shaving and a big itchy rash on the affected area. This is a problem which can start overnight and is something many people find difficult to cure. The reason why shaving rash develops is because shaving your skin is actually a very strenuous procedure, and any infection or problem with the hair follicles will cause them to become inflamed and itchy (which is what you are seeing right now).

Not many people know this, but the main cause of shaving rash is actually down to a hidden condition called “Folliculitis”. This is an infection of your hair follicles, and is where bacteria or fungi live & breed inside the roots of your neck or bikini-line hair. The infected follicles may appear to be okay when you don’t shave them for a few days but as soon as they become irritated, they will become red and very itchy.

Folliculitis is a condition that affects millions of people around the World and is the main cause of shaving rash. You can tell if you have it by looking at the way in which your rash develops after the shave – if it looks red, feels itchy and has a series of unsightly bumps or zits inside it, then you’ve probably got a case of Folliculitis.

To cure this condition, you first need to make sure you have a good electric razor. This is crucial and you should go shopping for the highest quality one that you can afford. This will work to sooth a lot of the irritation that most folliculitis-infected hairs receive from shaving. After that, you also need to kill the bacteria or fungi inside the hair follicles. There are currently no “official” cures for this, but there’s a very easy way to get rid of them by using some home-made antiseptic remedies.

Psoriasis – The Benefits and the Dangers of the Sun

What do we know about the influence of the sun on psoriasis? Does the sun improve or worsen psoriasis? Is the affect of the sunlight same in all the people with psoriasis?

The majority of the people with psoriasis (about 95%) report that the exposure to the sun helps them in their psoriasis treatment.

The exception is the people with the so-called summer psoriasis, which is known to get worse in the summer, possibly under the influence of the sun.

The summer psoriasis is also known as the Photoinduced or the Photosensitive psoriasis. This rare type affects about 5% of the people with psoriasis. The so-called summer psoriasis may be the result of the Koebner phenomenon — when the psoriatic lesions are triggered by any kind of skin trauma. Therefore the people with the photosensitive psoriasis should be extremely careful when exposing their skin to the sun.

The UV light in the sun is capable of suppressing the activity of the T cells in the people with psoriasis. Therefore, the sun in moderation is really capable of improving the course of psoriasis in the people with the so-called winter psoriasis.

Many people with psoriasis often go on vacations to the places with a better climate. People, who live in the Northern climate, usually notice a significant improvement in their psoriasis after a stay in a warm sunny Southern climate. Some people with psoriasis even choose to relocate to the places with a better climate.

But unfortunately the sun in excess may become harmful for the people with psoriasis, even for the people with the so-called winter psoriasis, which is known to get better in the summer, under the influence of the sunlight.

The UV light in excess may cause sunburn. Skin traumas are one of the major psoriasis triggers. Any skin trauma, be it cut, a bruise or a burn may cause either the appearance of psoriasis in the genetically predisposed to psoriasis people, or the flare-up of psoriasis in the people with psoriasis.

And thus the sun may become a psoriasis treatment method, as well as a psoriasis provoking factor.

Therefore, if you decide to improve the state of your psoriasis with the sunlight, you should treat the sun just as you would treat any other psoriasis treatment – there has to be a particular scheme, which you should follow while sun tanning.

If you have fair skin, or in the case, you want to be 100% sure that you will not get a sunburn, it is better to suntan in the shade (i.e. under an umbrella) for the first few days.

Apply gentle moisturizing creams after every sun tanning.

It is also known that some medications can make your skin sensitive to the sunlight, for example St. John’s wort, which is sometimes used in holistic medicine for psoriasis treatment.

If you do develop sunburn, you have to stay out of the sun. Even the strongest sunscreen, cannot protect you 100% from the UV light of the sun.

Allergy Effects on The Pancreas and Small Intestine

Pancreas:

The pancreas is a long, narrow gland which stretches from the spleen to about the middle of the duodenum. It has three main functions. Firstly, to provide digestive juices for everything that goes through the duodenum. These digestive juices contain pancreatic enzymes in an alkaline solution to provide the right conditions for the digestive process to be completed in the small intestine. Secondly, the pancreas produces insulin, the hormone which controls blood sugar by the metabolism of sugar and other carbohydrates. Thirdly, it produces sodium bicarbonate to neutralize acids coming from the stomach and so provide the right environment for the pancreatic enzymes to be effective.

Many people with food and chemical allergy problems have an inability, either to produce a certain enzyme, or to produce enough enzymes for the digestive process to work effectively. In conjunction with this is an inability to produce enough sodium bicarbonate essential for the pancreatic enzymes to function properly. As a result, partially digested peptides (protein particles) are absorbed into the bloodstream and attach themselves to other proteins, thereby inducing further allergic reactions. The inflammation in the system, resulting from continuing allergic reactions, can focus on a ‘target’ organ, causing injury and, finally, serious disease. This can often happen to the pancreas, thus the initial malfunction may, not only accentuate an allergic response, but may also lead to further inflammation of the pancreas itself.

Clinical ecologists have discovered that production of insulin by the pancreas is directly related, not only to the intake of carbohydrates, but also to the ingestion of all types of food. They have also noticed that insulin production is altered by allergenic foods. Accordingly, this abnormal insulin reaction can be used to identify the offending allergen, by giving a person a standard dose of the suspected food, or chemical, and observing his blood sugar level after a measured time.

The pancreas therefore is an important organ in the mediation of both addiction and allergy. Very often it is the first organ in the body to be significantly affected by any allergen.

Small Intestine:

The small intestine is a narrow tube, about six meters long, which empties into the large intestine or colon. It is a vital organ of the body as it carries out most of the digestive processes.

After being mixed with hydrochloric acid in the stomach, food passes through the duodenum into the small intestine. Here, enzymes secreted by the intestinal wall set about the biochemical process of breaking down the food into its various chemical components. Absorption of these components then takes place through the villi, which are tiny finger-like projections in the intestinal wall. In this way the body receives its essential nutrients of vitamins, minerals, amino acids and enzymes.

Food allergy problems usually cause some damage to the small intestine. In the case of grain allergies, this can be serious and even result in death, through intestinal cancer. At best, damage to the villi and intestinal wall will cause malabsorption: a reduction in absorption of essential nutrients. This leads to exacerbation of the allergy problem with further food intolerance developing. The intestinal wall becomes porous and allows undigested food particles to enter the blood stream, causing further havoc to a floundering immune system. Eventually, a complete breakdown in health can occur.

Vitamin B6 for PMS?

Some women experience a variety of symptoms a week or 10 days before menstruation. These include bloating, weight gain due to water retention, tender or swollen breasts, headaches, backaches, irritability, depression, joint pains and a craving for sweets.

These short-lived symptoms are part of the premenstrual syndrome (PMS) which is apparently caused by too much estrogen (the female sex hormone) and lack of progesterone (another hormone secreted by the ovaries). Decreased levels of the neurotransmitters (brain chemicals) dopamine and serotonin are other factors.

To prevent this, Kurt Butler and Dr. Lynn Rayner of the University of Hawaii recommend the following in “The Best Medicine”:

Cut down on salt and concentrated sugars to reduce water retention and symptoms of hypoglycemia (a deficiency of glucose in the bloodstream common in diabetes).

Exercise regularly to decrease water retention. Avoid excessive alcohol intake days before your period begins.

Diuretics can reduce water retention and bloating. These are drugs which make the kidney produce more urine, thus getting rid of excess salt and fluid from the body. In

view of their side effects, however, see a doctor for the right medicines.

Some megavitamin advocates believe high doses of vita¬min B6 or pyridoxine can treat PMS. Consumer Reports, a magazine published by Consumers Union which has been providing people with helpful information since 1936 says “the evidence supporting this practice is thin.”

While daily pyridoxine supplements may relieve the symptoms of PMS in some people, mega dosing should be avoided since it can cause severe neurological damage and may harm the fetus of a pregnant woman. This was reported by Drs. Schaumburg and A. Berger in the New England Journal of Medicine.

They observed that seven adults who took daily pyridoxine megadoses of 2,000 to 6,000 milligrams suffered from severe and permanent nerve damage.

Even small doses of pyridoxine can be harmful. Schaum¬burg said 30 people who took 500 milligrams of pyri¬doxine every day also developed neurological disorders. Six¬teen other subjects suffered the same fate with only 200 milligrams a day of vitamin B6, he said.

“Their symptoms, which resembled those of multiple sclerosis, included numbness and tingling of the hands, difficulty in walking, and electric shocks shooting down the spine,” warned Consumer Reports.

If you must take pyridoxine supplements, do so under the guidance of a competent doctor. To help you rest during a PMS attack, take Sedamine – the supplement that will help you sleep naturally. Visit http://sedamine.com/ for details.

Food Prices During the Great Depression

Food prices of the great depression in the 30s, were somewhat of a paradox, when you look back and consider how everything was so cheap, and, yet, at the same time, way too expensive for many people living through those times.

Food prices weren’t so much a problem for those who were employed during the great depression, as they could afford the daily essentials, and, perhaps, some extras, like a movie or ice cream; but, for the unfortunate ones who were unemployed, even the every-day, basic necessities were totally out of reach.

Actually, it wasn’t that the food prices were high, but it was the lack of, or absence of money that kept most things people not only desired, but needed, at arms length, or on the other side of the shop’s glass window.

Imagine not being able to run to the store and grab your desired food items, clothing, and, if you needed it, medicine; and then not being able to afford the mortgage or rent, or the electricity or gas for cooking. Could you go without?

Who, in our prior affluent day-and-age, could deal with that kind of inconvenience, when we’re used to flipping the light switch on in the morning, and turning on the automatic coffee machine to dilute some of those twelve-dollar-a-pound grounds we bought from the specialty coffee beanery-after already enjoying a six-dollar mocha grande with friends.

No such thing for families during the great depression, under their poor circumstances. Imagine buying just a plain (if you can get one today) cup of coffee with cream and sugar, for five cents; a two-egg-bacon-and-toast-with-a-piece-of-pie-and-a-cup-of-coffee breakfast, for 25 cents; or a candy bar for a dime.

It doesn’t sound like a lot, except those who were employed might only have been earning $2 or $3 a-day, but when you don’t have those few small coins, food prices of the great depression seemed pretty high! For those who had money, life was, undoubtedly, more comfortable even considering the times, but for those who had to scrimp and scrape to put food on the table, their days were filled with worry and strife.

Many mothers often went without food, so their children had more to eat. She didn’t spend her pennies foolishly, if she had them, but used them for the things that were vital to her family’s survival. She’d account for every cent.

With money during the great depression being so scarce, families frequently ran out of the little bit they may have acquired, from some type of labor, or, perhaps, from hocking something of sentimental value.

And, to make things worse, families lives were often compromised, or drasitically challenged, as the men would set out for other parts of the country seeking employment. Some men, never returned, but, instead, turned to illegal activities in hopes of gain, or to alcohol, only making their own, and their family’s problems worse. Some even chose suicide.

At any rate, most people had nowhere to turn, since borrowing from their neighbors or relatives would cause them further problems. Local stores might have extended credit to certain people, but they were rarely let off the hook to pay, as some people were still paying off bills that were outstanding, long after the war, which followed The Great Depression, ended.

Money-or, the lack of it-was the main thing that dominated millions of lives for many years during the earlier part of this century. And, it’s no different today. Money, for many people, in one way or the other, still rules.

Tough times are coming again for those who don’t think so, as many people world wide, are already experiencing our plummeting economy. I sure notice the presently rising food prices (or, more realistically, decreasing dollar value), as it costs way more for a half-empty grocery bag today, than it did not so long ago.

But, hey! There is hope, and for those who are informed, there’s no need to be surprised and led to despair by these coming hard times. We can take precaution, and plan and prepare for our now, and our future lifestyle management, by getting ahead of the game.

We can learn more about food prices of the great depression, and valuable ways on how we can prepare ourselves and our families, for what likely will, in some form or other, depending on our circumstances, be much like, or worse than, The Great Depression of the 30s.

Fear of Skin Disease is a Common Phobia That Many People Face

There are a plethora of people who have a fear of skin disease, and often times they don’t even realize it. The scientific term for this fear is dermatosiophobia, it’s a lot more complicated then just viewing it as a fear of skin disease.

The people that often times have this fear of skin disease, have their own particular reasons for having them. They have either been told of different skin conditions, which has awakened this fear or perhaps they have seen someone with the condition, and vowed never to get it.

This fear is associated with things such as sores, warts, melanomas, and an overall fear of the skin. So many things can happen to a person’s skin throughout their lives. On a personal matter this phobia is truly real and I personally have had my bout with this phobia.

Your skin is what everyone sees when they look at you, if something is wrong with any piece of your skin this can cause people to view you in a different light. Instead of getting the glances of happiness or people wanted to come up and speak with you it often turns to disgust.

Many people who have a fear of skin disease will seek help from a dermatologist in means to find ways to help them cope with the disorder. They often times keep themselves away from people who may appear as if their skin is not in the best shape.

This disorder can cause many difficulties in your life. In fact is can cause you to remain a hermit in your own home. You fear leaving the shelter of your home, because you fear things being able to attack your skin which will inadvertently alter your overall appearance as well.

The fear of a skin disorder is extremely common, it is nothing to joke about there are wide arrays of people who have this condition, and many people can not even tell if they have it or not.

Baby Insomnia – Understanding Your Baby’s Insomnia

Baby insomnia is a well-known problem to many parents. The causes are difficult to pinpoint because unlike adults, infants can’t communicate to us why they’re having trouble falling asleep. it is up to parents to find out why there is a sleep disturbance and how to address the situation. Common causes of infant sleep disturbances are teething, colds, and separation anxiety.

The Basics of Infant Sleep Cycles

The sleep/wake cycle of an infant is extremely different from that of an adult. The infant experiences a shorter sleep cycle that is easier to interrupt than an average adult sleep cycle; hunger, noise, and even light can awaken a sleeping infant. While the interruption of sleep is normal, the lack of sleep is not. Infants sleep much longer than adults. Between the ages of 3 months and 1 year, a baby will sleep up to 12 hours and frequent naps are interspersed throughout periods of wakefulness.

Baby Insomnia

Baby insomnia has a medical name: Infant Sleep Disturbance, or ISD. it is difficult to diagnose because of the sporadic nature of an infant’s sleep. At some time or another, most infants experience difficulty sleeping. There are illnesses and environmental factors that play a part in keeping a child awake. Baby insomnia is a common sleep problem for infants and it is a problem for parents as well. They want to know how to treat the problem.

Parents that have a child that suffers from baby insomnia are advised to rule out causes such as teething or illness first, and then if these problems aren’t the culprit, they are advised to create a better sleep routine for their child. Doctors recommend setting and sticking to regular feeding times, creating a bedtime and sticking to it, and maintaining a quiet, low-light environment for the child while it is trying to sleep.

With close observation by parents, and a loving, patient attitude, baby insomnia doesn’t have to grow out of control. it is tough for parents to cope with because their routine is disrupted by the baby insomnia too, but in the end there’s a resolution for parents that tough it out, identify the causes, and act appropriately. If sleep problems don’t resolve with doctor recommended solutions, then returning to the doctor is advised.

There may be an underlying illness that is unknown to the family that needs to be identified and treated before normal sleep patterns are resumed by the baby.

Toenail Rot: Toe Nail Fungus and How to Treat It

You can see why people call it “toenail rot,” even though that is not the correct medical term for the condition. Nail fungus can make your toe nails and even your fingernails look like they are rotting away when the nails turn an unsightly yellow and become unnaturally thick. An infection of the nails by fungi (called onychomycosis in medical terminology) is not simply a cosmetic problem; it is not inherited; and it is contagious. A nail fungus infection must be taken seriously. It can be cured permanently if it is treated correctly, but if it is ignored or simply covered up, it can do substantial damage that may be permanent.

Fungal infections can occur in both the fingernails and in the toenails, but toe infections are more common. A fungal infection of the nails is usually easy to recognize by thickened, brittle nails that lose their luster and become discolored – yellow, brown, black or even green. “Toe nail rot” is not an accurate description, even though that is what it may appear as to the toe nail fungus patient.

The fungi that cause the infection invade the skin through small cuts or separations between the nail and the nail bed. Infections usually take hold after repeated exposure to warm, moist environments. Sources of infection can include public showers and swimming pools, old shoes with closed toes, or even home showers that are not cleaned often enough and that are used by other people with fungal infections. Athlete’s foot is caused by the same types of fungi from the same sources as the fungi that infect the nails, but athlete’s foot infections are limited to just the skin of the feet.

Fungal infections of the nails can spread from one nail to all of the nails, and the longer the infection grows, the harder it is to cure. IF YOU NOTICE A NAIL FUNGUS PROBLEM EARLY ENOUGH, YOU MIGHT BE ABLE TO SUCCESSFULLY TREAT IT WITH A NATURAL REMEDY LIKE TEA TREE OIL. HOWEVER, because of the damage that can result from long-term infection, it is very important to seek medical help and to obtain access to prescription drugs rather than just relying on home remedies, IF YOU ARE NOT QUICKLY SUCCESSFUL WITH A NATURAL REMEDY.

A doctor can prescribe one of several medicines you can take in pill form. These include itraconazole, fluconazole and terbinafine. Remember that it takes many weeks of daily treatment to cure a nail fungus infection with oral medication, so do not stop taking the prescribed medicine early just because your nails start to look better and you think your “nail rot” is cured. The appearance of the nail can improve even though the infection is still present. For a permanent “toenail rot” cure, the medicine must be taken long enough to kill all of the fungus. Other medical treatments that your doctor might recommend include daily use of an antifungal nail lacquer (ciclopirox), or a topical cream with an active ingredient such as econazole nitrate.

In severe “toenail rot” cases, the infected nail may have to be surgically removed to get rid of the infection. So, remember that early nail fungus treatment is always best, followed by care to prevent re-infection by avoiding repeated exposure to the sources of infection.

Toe Nail Fungus

Toe nail fungus is a phrase often used to refer to a common type of fungal infection – an infection where a fungus has somehow gotten into a toenail and begun to grow there, causing discoloration, disintegration of the nail and, frequently, considerable discomfort. Although there are many species of fungi in the world, only a relatively small number of them are capable of living and growing on human nails. Most of them belong to a group collectively known as dermatophytes: these fungi typically live on hair, skin, and nails and spread from person to person. A few others belong to the saprophytes, fungi that live on decaying organic materials in nature and sometimes infect nails more or less accidentally.

Invading fungus in nail and skin is fairly common – more than ten percent of the North American population suffers from such an infection, with the risk increasing with age. While fungal invasion of a fingernail does occur, toe nail fungus is much more common, probably because feet have more contact with damp earth and floors, are washed less frequently, and spend more time in enclosed, humid coverings such as shoes and boots. Fungal nail infections tend to start in a toe nail and then spread to other toe nails, skin, and finger nails secondarily.

Risk factors for acquiring a toe nail fungus include injury to the nail or the skin around the nail. Cuts and scrapes, hangnails, ingrown toenails, dry cracked skin and damp conditions all provide a route of entry into the skin and nails, as will toenails that are damaged or deformed due to recent or prior injury. Nails that have lifted away from the nail bed are particularly susceptible. Public swimming and wading pools, public showers, and shared footwear are all likely places to come in contact with a dermatophyte. Saprophytes are more likely to come from soil, decaying leaves or other organic material in the environment. In salons, fungus in nail clippings and filings or on manicure or pedicure equipment is a documented source of infection in people who use these services.

Once established, a toe nail fungus is generally quite difficult to get rid of. The invader grows within the nail itself, deriving nutrients from keratin, a protein found in nails, hair and skin cells. Nails are meant to be a tough shield to protect the tips of our fingers and toes, and they are quite good at blocking medications and treatments applied to nails. In order to kill the fungus, you need to find something that can penetrate the nail or get underneath it like the fungus did. Most prescription medications are taken internally and act on the infection systemically, while natural and home remedies are applied topically. The key to any treatment for fungus in nail infections is patience: nails grow slowly and it usually takes months before the nail looks normal again.

Any suspected toe nail fungus infection should be seen and diagnosed by a doctor because other types of nail infection and nail abnormality can mimic a fungal infection. If the problem is fungal, spores of the fungus in nail clippings will grow in the laboratory and the fungal species can be identified. Once you know for sure that the problem is fungal, treatment can be started.

How to Help Improve the Recovery of Your Sprained Ankle

There are many times in your life that you may experience the discomfort as a light sprain. Whether you are playing basketball with your friends or dancing an untreated sprain can delay your pain and make your sports harder. Therefore in this article we hope to share more information on how you can help heal any light sprains you might have. The most important thing you can remember is old saying RICE. This saying stands for rest, ice, compression and elevation.

In the first step you will need to rest your foot. It is important to try and take any weight you have off your foot so that it can begin the healing process. Next you will want to ice your ankle or sprained foot. This will prevent any extra swelling that might affect your healing process. You will also notice that it feels a lot better to have an ice pack on. I would recommend simply using a bag of ice wrapped in a cloth over any other icing methods. I have tried ice packs that become instantly cold upon rupture but have always been disappointed. The old traditional ice and a bag are also far more inexpensive. However, if you are camping or away from a place you can get ice you will want to use one of the instant cold packs.

Next you will want to use compression. If you sprained your foot in a shoe be sure to leave it on for a short while so that you can further compress the sprain. The last step in the RICE process is elevation; although this step can be one of the most uncomfortable it is vital. Be sure to elevate your foot slightly above your body. For instance if you are lying down use a small pillow to elevate your foot. This will help the healing process and get you back on your feet.

With these above steps you will be able to heal quickly from and sprains you might have incurred. You will be right back on your feet in no time ready to have fun again.

Cellulitis Do You Have It – Read How To Tell If You Do & Some Home Remedies

Cellulitis is a skin disease characterized by the inflammation of the skin.

Although akin to a bruise, cut or even a simple bump, cellulitis exhibits

symptoms that include swelling and redness. The inflammation caused by

cellulitis is due to a bacterial infection in the skin.

The most common cause of cellulitis is improper treatment of wounds or skin

cuts. This is because wounds that are not well cleaned may be the breeding

ground of bacteria. There are several bacteria normally found on all skin

cells. Untreated wounds or cuts may provide the avenue for bacteria to attack

the lower layers of the skin and may even reach up to its deepest layers.

The most common bacteria that causes cellulitis are streptococcus and

straphylococcus.

Those who become more prone to this disease are the ones that have skin

conditions that easily lead to wounds and open cuts. Some of these skin

conditions include dry skin, skin allergies and sometimes even those with acne,

athlete’s foot, and other common skin fungal infections.

Cellulitis can spread quickly and can lead to more extensive skin damage. If

an individual suspects having contracted the disease, immediate professional

medical attention may be necessary. Cellulitis may cause fevers and swollen

glands. To observe the signs of cellulitis, one may watch out for red streaks

along the area where the disease is believed to have occurred.

The prevention of cellulitis is very simple. The first important advice is to

observe proper procedures when treating wounds. It is important to sanitize

the area where the wound is found. This can be done by washing fresh cuts

soon after they are discovered. For deep cuts and wounds, one may dab betadine

on the wounded area. Betadine is a powerful chemical disinfectant that can

sway off bacterial infection. Persons with diabetes have an increased chance

of contracting the disease. The reason is that diabetes slows down the healing

of wounds.

The best way not to contract cellulitis is to enhance your body to be resistant

to infection. This can be achieved by taking in nutritional supplements such

as Colloidal Silver, vitamins A and E. Vitamin A is required for a healthy skin. In addition to

contributing to the skin’s youthful appearance, vitamin A strengthens the skin

to make it more resistant to infection. Vitamin E is found to be effective in

minimizing dry skin. Dry skins are more prone to cuts and wounds and wounds

are the common starting point of cellulitis.

A food diet rich in keratin, melanin and carotene would definitely improve

one’s skin condition. This means that one should take a lot of carrots, pumpkin

as well as other yellow, orange and red vegetables. However, the amount of melanin

in vegetables is considerably less active than botanical supplements.

Rehabilitation After Femoral Shaft Fracture

The shaft of the femur is a very strong structure and well padded with the large muscles which propel the body in gait so it is rare for it to be fractured as this requires high levels of force. Motorcycle, bicycle or car accidents are the commonest sources of this kind of fracture and they are most common in younger people. When the femoral shaft fractures there is a significant amount of bleeding into the local tissues, the fragments may damage the surrounding muscles as they move passed each other and this can cause the muscles to go into spasm. High levels of pain and disability mean that hospitalisation is essential.

Conservative treatment used to be the main technique of managing these fractures, with many weeks on traction in bed, but this has all been superseded by internal fixation surgery. Surgeons ream down the centre of the bone and typically place a nail down the length of the bone to stabilise the fracture with screws at the knee end to prevent rotation around the nail. Once the operation has been performed the physiotherapist will assess the patient, mostly concentrating on whether they can get their quadriceps muscle to activate despite the injury and pain. Movements of the feet and an attempt at gentle bending of the knee will be encouraged.

Once the patient is medically stable and their pain is under control the physio will get them up with an assistant and elbow crutches. The surgeon will have indicated how much weight to put on the leg and typically the patient is allowed to take partial body weight if the fracture fixation is stable. This is more functional and the weight on the leg stimulates the bone to heal. The physio will teach the patient an initial easy and safe gait, placing the crutches ahead of the body, moving the operated leg up to the crutches and then bringing the unaffected leg up to it. Once the patient is safe they often naturally progress onto a more advanced gait and can walk much more quickly.

Once mobility and gait are good enough the patient is discharged home to rehabilitate themselves to a greater or lesser degree. Most patients improve steadily back to normal function by themselves with a bit of advice but sometimes there are limitations which need physiotherapy assessment and treatment. Hip abductor weakness is common and may need the physio to prescribe hip strengthening exercises.

Celiac Disease and Gluten Sensitivity Detected Under the Microscope

INCREASED SPECIAL WHITE BLOOD CELLS IN INTESTINE IS THE EARLIES SIGN OF GLUTEN INTOLERANCE AND CELIAC DISEASE

Specialized white blood cells known as lymphocytes are present in the tips of the villi of small intestine. They are believed to be important in surveying the digestive tract for potential invaders or attacks from viruses, bacteria and parasites. In the context of leaky gut that can occur from eating gluten containing grains and flour, these lymphocytes can increase in numbers at the tips of the intestinal villi. This change is critical in the development of celiac disease (CD).

INCREASES IN INTESTINAL LYMPHOCYTES CAN BE SEEN UNDER THE MICROSCOPE BEFORE DAMAGE OF THE INTESTINE LINING IS SEEN

Though not specific for CD, increased lymphocytes in the tips of the villi, also known as increased intraepithelial lymphocytosis, is accepted as the earliest sign of gluten intolerance in the gut. This increase when significant is obvious to most pathologists reviewing biopsy slides from tissue obtained from the intestine during a scope examination. However, this may not be obvious without an objective count of the number lymphocytes in the tips of the intestinal villi.

HOW DO THE PATHOLOGISTS COUNT THE NUMBER OF LYMPHOCYTES IN THE INTESTINAL LINING AND WHAT IS NORMAL?

Most pathologists either report the number of IEL’s per 20 intestinal lining cells (enterocytes) or per 100 enterocytes. Generally there are only 1-4 lymphocytes in the tips of each villous where there are typically 20 intestinal cells. When the pathologist or a computerized counting microscope reports or counts the lymphocytes per 100 intestinal cells there are usually no more than 12-15 per 100 intestinal lining cells. In the past, 40 lymphocytes per 100 intestinal cells (or about 8 per villous tip) was considered the cut off for abnormal. More recently that number has been lowered to 30 lymphocytes per 100 intestinal or epithelial cells (about 6 per villous tip). There are some researchers who believe the number should be lowered to 25 per 100 (or about 5 per villous tip).

WHAT ARE CAUSES OF INCREASED WHITE BLOOD CELLS OR LYMPHOCYTES IN THE INTESTINE?

Celiac disease is the most common but infection from the ulcer causing bacterium Helicobacter pylori or the parasite giardia can be a cause as well as recent viral infection. Cow’s milk protein sensitivity and allergy is also a cause. Though not well established, it is believed that the number of lymphocytes in conditions other than Celiac disease or gluten intolerance may not be as high.

Inflammatory conditions in the esophagus, stomach, distal small bowel or colon may be associated with increased IEL’s in those areas but the number has not been well studied. There is a concern that some pathologists may falsely attribute increased duodenal lymphocytes to associated inflammation going on in either the esophagus or stomach. Increased lympnocytes have been noted in the gut above the duodenum (esophagus and stomach) and below the jejunum (ileum and colon) in both celiac and microscopic or collagenous colitis caused by gluten sensitivity.

WHAT IS CELIAC DISEASE?

Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease of gluten intolerance or sensitivity not a food allergy though many people mistakenly refer to it as gluten allergy or wheat allergy. Previously thought to be rare it is now known to be very common, affecting 1/100 worldwide.

Celiac Sprue, as CD is also commonly known, is definitively diagnosed by the combination positive results for specific blood antibodies for CD, either endomysial (EMA) or tissue transglutaminase (tTG); a characteristic small intestine biopsy; and response to a gluten-free diet (GFD). Classically, flattening of the intestinal villi, known as villous atrophy, has been the gold standard for diagnosis. Positive EMA or tTG tests without villous atrophy on biopsy but increased IEL’s is accepted as diagnostic in the context of response to GFD, especially when an individual is positive for one of the two predisposing genes, DQ2 or DQ8.

WHAT DID THIS RECENT STUDY FIND REGARDING THE NUMBERS OF LYMPHOCYTES IN THE DIGESTIVE LINING?

A recent study of biopsies of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum of 46 people without Celiac disease reached several conclusions. Though there may be a slight increase in lymphocytes in esophagitis and gastritis, the difference in lymphocyte numbers is not significantly different in normal biopsies of the esophagus and stomach. Though general ranges of duodenal lymphocytes found in active esophagitis (2-13, average 8.8), active gastritis with Helicobacter pylori infection (2-13, average 7.2) and chronic gastritis without H. pylori infection (4-20, average 10.2) was very similar to those with negative esophagus, stomach and duodenal biopsies (2-18, average 6.7) the average number of lymphocytes was slightly higher, though not statistically significant.

WHAT MIGHT THIS TELL US ABOUT LYMPHOCYTE NUMBERS IN THE INTESTINE?

In my opinion, I believe this study showed that the numbers of lymphocytes in people with normal biopsies, esophagitis and gastritis were significantly lower than those reported in people with Celiac disease (>30/100 ) and early gluten injury (20-25/100 enterocytes) but not meeting diagnostic criteria for Celiac disease. I believe this study is helpful because it argues against attributing more than 20-25 lymphocytes/ 100 enterocytes to other inflammatory processes in the esophagus or stomach. It also supports the findings of other studies that have found that >20-25 /100 as an early sign of gluten sensitivity.

WHAT ABOUT LYMPHOCYTE COUNTS LESS THAN 30 BUT 25 OR MORE?

In the context of elevated gliadin antibody levels I believe that intestinal lymphocyte counts in the villi of 25 or more likely indicates gluten sensitivity though it does not necessarliy mean Celiac disease. Strict criteria for diagnosing of this disease require a positive specific blood test such as endomysial antibody or tissue transglutaminase antibody and >30 IEL’s/100 enterocytes and evidence of villous atrophy on small intestinal biopsy.

WHAT SHOULD I TAKE FROM THIS?

If you have had an intestinal biopsy but were told you did not have signs of Celiac disease, I recommend you consider asking that biopsy be reviewed by another pathologist who has experience in Celiac disease and you ask them to provide you with the number of lymphocytes in the villi. If they provided the number and you find there were 30 or more then that is clearly abnormal and can be diagnostic of Celiac disease if you have a positive specific blood test such as the endomysial or tissue transglutaminase antibodies, especially if you carry either the DQ2 and/or the DQ8 genetics. If you have less than 30 lymphocytes per 100 enterocytes but 20 or more and have a gliadin antibody elevation I would recommend you get HLA DQ genetic testing and try a gluten free diet.

Food Intolerances And Allergies – Is It Just In Your Head?

Food intolerance has become a major health issue today, dividing conventional and alternative medicine.

1. Are we a bunch of hypochondriacs?

“An astonishing 45% of us believe we are allergic to basic foodstuffs such as wheat and dairy – causing anything from headaches to bloating and insomnia.” (1)

So how do we get to a stage of leaky gut?

It is believed that through one of the most common digestive problems the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) arise.

It is believed by many health practitioners Leaky gut is associated with one of the most common digestive problems; irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

2. Definitions

Food allergy – Is a genetic condition that affects about 2% of the population. The reaction to the food can range from a rash to something very severe including anaphylactic shock. The RAST test confirms this by detecting the antibody (like IgE). Common foods associated with a genetic inherited allergy are: cows milk, soy, tree nuts, eggs, strawberries, bananas, chocolate, wheat, peanuts, fish, shell fish, beans and oranges.

Those with a true food allergy if ever exposed to that food more than once will know about it. (2)

Food intolerance/sensitivity – Involves any adverse reaction to foods, but whereby the immune system’s roll is uncertain because the standard tests appear negative. There are other tests including the ones outlined in the Daily Mail but the validity of many is questionable. (2)

So where does this leave the 45% who experience real problems like abdominal bloating, gas, diarrhoea after eating a particular food? Furthermore, according to the Allergy Clinic scientific studies have suggested that intolerance may trigger or worsen the symptoms of a range of common conditions including asthma, joint and muscle pains, headaches, migraines, sinusitis, hyperactivity, ADHD, chronic fatigue, and Crohn’s Disease. (3)

Possible sources of food intolerance

There is a strong suggestion that the increased permeability of the gut wall, known as leaky gut syndrome (LGS), is behind food intolerance. The basic premise behind LGS is that large molecules pass through the weak (leaky) gut wall and enter into the bloodstream. This results in calling to arms the body’s defensive mechanisms like white blood cells that produce antibodies to destroy the invaders.

So how do we get to a stage of leaky gut?

It is believed that through one of the most common digestive problems the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) arise.

According to Dr. Dan Rutherford, GP, IBS is the commonest condition seen by doctors and some estimates suggest that as many as one in five of the adult population in the UK suffer from it at any one time. (4)

So what is the source of IBS?

Experts give a range of probable causes including:

o Poor diet (including eating foods our bodies are not accustomed to)

o Toxins

o Lack of stomach acid or digestive enzymes

o Drugs (antibiotics, cortisone)

o Dysbiosis (leading to a bad bug overgrowth, e.g. Candida)

o Stress

o Inadequate chewing

As you can see this is a controversial topic because of the lack of hard evidence.

The Daily Mail (Tuesday, March 7th, 2006) contained an article called “The Allergy Fraud” from the reporter Charlotte Dovey. After receiving a RAST test (a blood test indicating an allergy) from a Harley Street doctor she was told she suffered from no food allergies. Then Ms Dovey compared the RAST result with other various methods of allergy detection from alternate medicine practitioners. Or as the reporter put it: entered the “wacky world of food intolerance testing”.

Now Ms Dovey, who was told by various alternate practitioners that she was intolerant to a range of foods like wheat, dairy and citrus (when the RAST test showed no allergies) concludes: “if I took this advice, my diet could be dangerous. Basics such as wheat, gluten, sugar and lactose are staples”. (However this I believe is an incorrect statement as I have personally seen amazing transformations from people giving up two commonly considered intolerances; wheat and dairy.)

What is interesting to note is the health columnist for the Daily Mail is Dr. John Briffa, author of Bodywise. Dr. Briffa is widely regarded as one of Britain’s foremost experts in the field of natural health. His book is an excellent source on the various causes of excess weight including food intolerance.

Dr. John Briffa has come up with a 10 question test as a guide to whether food intolerance may be a problem for you.

The following questionnaire is designed to help you ascertain whether food sensitivity is a problem for you. Score each question as indicated, and then add up your total score.

1. Do you feel lethargic soon after eating?

No 0 points

Occasional or mild problems 2 points

Frequent or severe problems

4 points

2. Do you often feel better if you don’t eat?

No 0 points

Marginally better 2 points

Much better

4 points

3. Did you have problems such as colic, glue ear, ear infections,

eczema, asthma or recurrent tonsillitis as a child?

No 0 points

Yes, occasional problems 3 points

Yes, frequent and/or severe problems

5 points

4. Do you have recurrent, unexplained symptons?

No 0 points

Occasional or mild problems 2 points

Frequent or severe problems 4 points

5. Do you suffer from excess mucus or catarrh formation in the

throat, nose or sinuses?

No 0 points

Occasional or mild problems 2 points

Frequent or severe problems

4 points

6. Do you feel particularly drawn to certain foods such as bread

or cheese?

No 0 points

Occasionally 2 points

Frequently

4 points

7. Do you have dark circles under your eyes?

No 0 points

Yes 2 points

Frequent or severe problems

4 points

8. Do you suffer from fluid retention? (Tight rings, puffy face or

ankles and a weight which fluctuates by two or more pounds

from day to day are classic signs.)

No 0 points

Occasional or mild problems 2 points

Frequent or severe problems

4 points

9. Do you suffer from irritable bowel syndrome?

No 0 points

Occasional or mild problems 1 points

Frequent or severe problems

2 points

10. Do you suffer from eczema, hives (urticaria) or undiagnosed

rash?

No 0 points

Occasional or mild problems 2 points

Frequent or severe problems

4 points

Interpreting your score

0-9:food sensitivity is unlikely10-20:food sensitivity should be considered as a possibility and testing is recommended21 and above:food sensitivity is very likely and testing is highly recommendedSo what are the options if you have food sensitivity?

Apart from the various tests conducted by allergy clinics a food elimination diet is one of the most common methods practitioners use.

Your 3d Coach

Craig Burton

References

1. The Allergy Fraud, Charlotte Dovey, Daily Mail, March 7th, 2006

2. Nutrition and lifestyle coach manual, Level 2, Chek Institute, 2002

3. http://www.allergyclinic.co.uk

4. http://www.netdoctor.co.uk

5. Bodywise, Dr. John Briffa, CIMA books, 2000