Handling Guinea Pigs

Guinea pigs are very sensitive to sound, smell and movement. They need to be handled calmly and with care to prevent distress and injury. This is very important as they can die from being handled to roughly. Lets learn how to pick up and carry these gentle creatures.

Hand Taming

You should always wash your hands before and after handling your pet. Owners are sometimes bitten when their hands smell of food. What you need to do first is have your guinea pig associate good things with the scent of your hand. Offering food, a piece of apple or carrot, while speaking softly to your piggie is a good way to do this. Be patient. When your pet piggie is happily eating out of your hand you can then try to stroke it.

Guinea pigs love and respond to affection. When your piggie has gotten used to the scent of your hand you can scratch its head gently. It should enjoy this and sit quietly. Then you can move on to stroking its back. If you are able to do this then you have won its trust.

Picking up your guinea pig is the next step. Never make this a battle. If your piggie runs away or struggles then it is not ready to trust you. Always approach the pet slowly and without making too much noise.To develop the trust where a pet piggie will allow you to pick him or her up with little struggle will take time. Always use both hands when attempting to pick up a guinea pig.

Once you have picked up your pet piggie you need to carry it correctly. You should also use both hands, by putting one hand under the belly and the other under the rear legs to offer support and comfort. Children should carry them more securely by holding them against the chest with both hands so that it can brace itself with all four feet.

Since these animals have very delicate limbs you should never pick them up or hold them up by the legs. Doing this will result in horrific dislocations and broken bones. When you want to carry a guinea pig around, set it on the palm of your hand or the crook of your arm, and keep it falling with the other hand.

How to Prevent Hip Fractures

If you are over the age of 65, have osteoporosis, or other health issues related to poor bone health, then you should know how to prevent hip fractures. Too many people do not seriously think they will ever suffer a broken hip. Human nature dictates that it will happen to the other guy. But, waiting until the ambulance pulls up to your home, to take you to the hospital, can be a fatal mistake.

According to an article by the Globe Newspaper Company in 2006, 29% of people over the age of 64 will die within a year of breaking their hips. The odds are even greater than the potential from succumbing to health concerns related to a stroke.

So, why do almost one third of people die within a year of suffering from a broken hip? Some say individuals are more confined, get depressed, and simply have a fatalistic attitude about their well-being in general. However, there are also legitimate health issues that evolve after a fracture of the hip.

The biggest worry is probably circulation. If an individual breaks an arm, he/she is still able to function for the most part. It may be more difficult, but it does not take long to go about the business of living. Conversely, breaking the hip leads to a very sedentary lifestyle.

Some patients cannot benefit from surgical repair, so traction is required to hold the hip in place, during the healing process. Even if surgery is possible, it is a long and slow recovery, and it is impossible to resume a normal lifestyle, which leads to one of the biggest health issues related to a major break.

Unable to move and maintain good circulation, patients are more likely to suffer from blood clots. Unfortunately, a blood clot in the leg does not stay in the lower extremity. Instead, a clot can travel through the blood stream and find its way into the lung or heart. Then, it becomes a fatal problem. A hip fracture can lead to a pulmonary embolism.

So, now that you understand the situation, knowing how to prevent hip fractures becomes a bid deal, right? A few recommendations are:

  • Good Nutrition
  • Calcium Supplements
  • Prescriptions, if Necessary
  • Ambulatory Aids
  • Home Safety Aids

Although there is no guarantee that anyone will/will not suffer from a fracture of the hip, being careful to take care of the body can greatly reduce the odds.

Good Nutrition and Calcium

As seniors it is sometime difficult to ensure good nutrition. You may not have a good appetite. But, there are products available to make sure the body is fed all the needed vitamins and minerals. However, calcium supplements are generally needed to give less dense bones some help to prevent further depletion of bone quality.

Prescriptions

To improve the quality of your bones, or at least keep from developing more brittle bones, your doctor will probably prescribe something for osteoporosis. Faithful adherence to the regiment is important.

Ambulatory Aids

With age, it is natural for the body to become less steady or have aches and pains that might adversely affect the ability to get around safely. So, it is better to start using a cane, walker, or wheelchair before breaking a hip than waiting until something bad happens.

Home Safety Aids

One of the riskiest activities for a senior to engage in, that might result in a bad break, is daily self-care. Falls in the bathroom, getting out of bed or other seemingly normal functions can mean a trip to the emergency room. So, home safety aids, to help prevent falls, can make a big difference.

So, do not wait until you are a statistic to learn how to prevent hip fractures. A step in the right direction today can help increase the chances that you will have many safe and happy steps in the future.

Entering an Old English Sheepdog Into the Show Ring

An Old English Sheepdog is a breed which commands a regal presence anywhere it goes. The breed does well in conformation events and truly stands out among other breeds. The dog has a strong, sturdy body which is square shaped. Though the dog has a muscular build and a thick coat, they are deceptively agile and physically adept. True to the breed, the Old English Sheepdog should exhibit qualities typical of a shepherd’s assistant and have an even temperament. The bark of the dog is long and deep with broken ring as the hallmark.

The ears of an Old English Sheepdog should be medium sized and lay flat against the side of the head. The skull is large and square-shaped, having orbital ridges that are arched and well-defined. The entire head of the dog is covered with long hair and the jaw is long, blunted and square-shaped. The nose of an Old English Sheepdog is black in color and very large. The teeth must be in a leveled, scissor bite and the dog has a long, gracefully arched neck. The top line of the dog is higher in the back than in the front and should not show any sign of weakness. The dog has a compact, short body which is broader in the rear; the loins also have a gentle arch.

Males of the breed should 22 inches in height, while females are smaller and stand around 20 inches. The height of the dog should be equal to the same as length, and the dog should have a good amount of muscle and bone. Show judges will be especially aware of the dog’s proportion and balance, rather than overall dimensions. The dog should have an expression that belies intelligence and the eyes should be blue or brown, dogs with one blue and one brown eye are also allowable in show competition. If the eyes of the dog are blue, the judges prefer a light blue or steel-gray color, while if the eyes are brown they should be dark. Yellow eyes have also been witnessed in the dog, though are not preferable and could result in penalization.

The tail of an Old English Sheepdog should be completely docked, leaving it bobbed. Some of the dogs have a natural bobtail. The shoulders of the dog should be laid back and narrow with straight front legs, the distance between the shoulders and elbow should be the same as the elbow distance to the ground. One of the main characteristics of the breed is the thick coat, which should not make the dog appear overweight or obese, but rather fluffy and shaggy, not straight and not curly. The coat must be rough in texture and a soft or flat coat would be grounds for penalization. The dogs also have a waterproof undercoat and the only trimming an owner can do is on the feet and rear end, and only for hygienic purposes. The coat of an Old English Sheepdog can be in colors of gray (any coloration), blue, blue merle, grizzle and may or may not have patches of white. Sometimes the dog may be seen with colors of brown or fawn in the coat and these would be undesirable.

Living Independently With Cerebral Palsy

For the mildly and moderately disabled, living independently with Cerebral Palsy is not out of the question. In fact, it is recommended for parents and caregivers to challenge people with CP to maximize their potential abilities and not settle for anything less than their best efforts. The more any persons with disabilities can do for themselves; the better off those individuals will be as adults. 

For example, living independently with cerebral palsy can solve a lot of problems later in life. What happens when the parents become too elderly and sick to care for a son/daughter with cerebral palsy? Does the chore then fall to the siblings or the state? What not aim for the possibility that a physically challenged child can grow up to have a job, have his/her own home, or at least live in an assisted living apartment where someone will come in and do the cleaning and make sure an individual with CP is doing okay on his/her own.

Children with cerebral palsy with reach their full potential both physically and mentally, if they have parents that concentrate on the abilities rather than the disability. Even the smallest victories can be monumental. But, sometimes it takes a lot of tough love and a strong heart to help a child with cerebral palsy discover new abilities. 

Case in Point: A young girl born with cerebral palsy has loving parents who unfortunately disagree on the approach to her care. The father prefers to have someone do things for her, to make life a little easier. On the other hand, the mom does not want her to be 40 years old and still living at home, if there is any chance she has the potential to lead an independent life.

So, at around the age of seven, the mom decides it is time she quits dressing her physically challenged daughter every day, just to make the process faster and easier. Instead, she knows this ability, that most people take for granted, is absolutely necessary to any level of independence.

One Saturday morning, with nothing on the agenda, the young girl is given her clothes for the day and told she can go outside and play, after she gets dressed. Of course, a temper tantrum ensues. Why has Mom abandoned her? Well, the desire to play outside on a summer day is a great motivator. Although the first solo attempt at dressing takes 2-3 hours, she is able to go outside.

Love is Often Hard Was it hard for Mom to walk away, while hearing her daughter cry and struggle? Of course! But, she knew that if the task is accomplished today, it would get easier tomorrow and the next day. The end goal keeps Mom from rushing in, wiping away her daughter’s tears and frustration, and finishing the job in just a couple of minutes.

The Rest of the Story So, you probably want to know what happened. Did the girl with cerebral palsy live independently as an adult? The answer is yes. No, she will never change a ceiling light bulb. She occasionally has to ask for help from a friend. But, she learns to drive with hand controls, owns her home, is raising two children and working to make a living.

Is this outcome typical? Maybe. Maybe not. But, if you are the parent of a child with cerebral palsy, concentrate on his/her abilities, not the disabilities. You are the cheerleader, the number one fan. You have the power to push, console, and get the necessary help to encourage your child with cerebral palsy to live independently, if possible. Isn’t that what all parents do for their children, whether they have a disability or not?

What Back Problems Does Spinal Decompression Work Best For?

Recent advances in biotechnology have resulted in a revolutionary treatment for patients suffering from major back problems. Spinal decompression, as it is called, has been cleared by the FDA as a non-invasive cure for neuromuscular and skeletal disorders that cause chronic back pain. This method involves mechanical decompression to stretch the spine slowly and gently and remove pressure on the affected discs and vertebrae. Spinal decompression works best for back problems such as herniated discs, degenerative disc disease and facet joint syndrome. The treatment offers long-term pain relief for individuals who have not benefited much from medication, injections, surgery, chiropractic care or physiotherapy.

Symptomatic Relief through Traction Therapy

Spinal decompression is a painless treatment that works on the principle of traction. Spinal compression puts pressure on the vertebrae discs and results in excruciating pain. It gently separates the vertebrae to create a vacuum inside the injured discs. The resulting negative pressure pulls back the herniated or protruded disc material, thereby relieving pressure and stress from the compressed nerve roots. Essential nutrients that heal the damaged or injured disc are also sucked in during the cycles of traction and partial relaxation.

The retraction of the disc is microscopical during each session. However, cumulative treatment spread over a period of four to five weeks would provide symptomatic relief. Depending upon the extensiveness of the treatment required a patient may need to undergo around 15 to 20 sessions to get good relief. Each session would last for about 30 to 45 minutes.

Some of the other reasons why back pain specialists recommend spinal decompression are:

• Repairs connective tissue of the discs

• Promotes disc hydration with oxygen, blood

• Enhancing the disc’s structural integrity

• Reduces loading of the spine

• Increased motion and flexibility

• Improved sleep and quick return to pre-injury lifestyle

• Also relieves neck, arm and leg pain associated with spine

Back Problems Treated with Spinal Decompression

This treatment has proved quite effective in treating the following degenerative disc diseases and ailments:

• Sciatica

• Disc hernia

• Degenerative disc disease

• Disc protrusion

• Foraminal stenosis

• Radiculopathy

• Spinal stenosis

• Spondylosis

• Posterior facet syndrome

• Spinal arthritis

• Facet syndrome

Ensure Early Treatment

While spinal decompression works effectively for many back problems in the case of most people, is not recommend for pregnant women and those who have moderate to severe osteoporosis, infection of the spine, recent spinal fractures, surgically repaired aneurysms, metastatic cancer or pathologic aortic aneurysm.

There is a common misconception that most back problems get sorted out without treatment. Those who have back problems that result in difficulty in sleeping, working or performing routine activities should not delay in consulting a back pain specialist for decompression therapy. The repercussions of delaying treatment can be quite serious and possibly irreversible. Early treatment for back problems with spinal decompression can offer very effective results.

Defining Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

I INTRODUCTION

The purpose of this article is to acquaint lawyers whose clients may be suffering from unfamiliar symptoms neither they nor their current doctors can explain. The erraticness of head injury was summarized by Hippocrates: “No head injury is too serious to despair of, nor too trivial to ignore.” Hopefully this article will provide clarification of the symptoms, and their cause, for those who have sustained Mild Traumatic Brain Injury.

II BRIEF HISTORY

Mild Traumatic Brain has been controversial for over a century. Strauss and Savitsky 1934; Trimble 1981. Dr. Randolf W. Evans states in his book Neurology and Trauma at page 93, The Post-concussion syndrome follows head injury that is usually mild and compromises one or more of the following systems and signs: headaches, dizziness, vertigo, tinnitus, hearing loss, blurred vision, diplopia, convergence insufficiency, light and noise sensitivity, diminished taste and smell, irritability, anxiety, depression, personality change, fatigue, sleep disturbance, decreased libido, decreased appetite, memory dysfunction, impaired concentration and attention, slowing of reaction time, and slowing of information processing speed. … The most common complaints are the headaches, dizziness, fatigue, irritability, anxiety, insomnia, loss of concentration and memory, and noise sensitivity. Loss of consciousness does not have to occur for the post-concussive syndrome to develop. At page 94, under the heading of “Historical Aspects”, Dr. Evans writes: The post-concussion syndrome has been recognized for at least the last few hundred years. One interesting historical case involved a 26 year old maid servant who had been hit over the head with a stick and complained of retrograde amnesia. Six months later, she was still complaining of headaches, dizziness, tinnitus and tiredness. A judge requested the opinion of Swiss physician J.J. Wepfer and two other surgeons, who stated, ,,We can‟t say anything definite, but it is certain that this will leave its mark in the form of an impediment.‟ This statement was made in 1694. Brain injuries date into biblical times such as when Joel slew King Sisera by driving Aa metal tent stake through his temples while he slept”. And of course Giant Goliath who suffered a concussion and, presumably, a depressed skull fracture, as a result of young David‟s sling shot stone. (Corville CB: some notes on the history to the skull and brain. Bull LA Neurol Soc 9:1-16, 1944.)

III DEFINING CLOSED HEAD INJURY

In his article Terminology of Post-Concussion Syndrome, Seldon Berrol, M.D. states:

The mild traumatic brain injury subcommittee of the Head Injury Interdisciplinary Special Interest Group of the American Congress of Rehabilitation medicine has designated mild traumatic brain injury (mild TBI) as the preferred term for persons who sustain a traumatically induced physiologic disruption of brain function, as manifested by at least one of the following:

1. Any period of loss of consciousness.

2. Any loss of memory for events immediately before or after the accident.

3. Any alteration in mental state at the time of the accident (eg. feeling dazed, disorientated or confused.)

4. Focal neurological deficits, which may or may not be transient, but when the severity of the injury does not exceed the following:

a. Loss of consciousness approximately 30 minutes or less.

b. After 30 minutes an initial Glasgow Coma Scale score of 13-15.

c. Post traumatic amnesia not greater than 24 hours. This definition includes:

(a) the head being struck,

(b) the head striking an object, and

(c) the brain undergoing an acceleration/deceleration movement (ie., whiplash) without direct external trauma to the head. It excludes stroke, anoxia, tumor, encephalitis, etc. CT, MRI, EEG, and routine neurologic evaluations may be normal.

Due to the lack of medical emergency, or the realities of certain medical systems, some patients may not have the above factors medically documented in the acute stage. In such cases, it is appropriate to consider a symptom complex that, when linked to a traumatic head injury, can suggest the existence of mild TBI.” Alexander defines Mild TBI as follows:

The severity of TBI must be defined by the acute injury characteristics and not by the severity of symptoms at random points after trauma. Mild TBI is characterized by the following:

(1) Head trauma may be due to contact forces or to acceleration/deceleration trauma.

(2) The duration of unconsciousness is brief, usually seconds to minutes, and in some cases there is no loss of consciousness (LOC) but simply a brief period of dazed consciousness.

(3) When the patient is evaluated in the emergency room or at the scene, the Glasgow coma scale (GCS) must be 13 to 15, by common definition . . . only a score of 15 probably represents true Mild TBI.

(4) Whether the patient is briefly unconscious or not, confusion with amnesia . . . is present, by definition for less than 24 hours but usually for minutes to a few hours . . . (b) by common clinical agreement, neuroimaging studies are negative, but this defining characteristic may be more complex than just positive or negative findings on CT. Mild Traumatic Brain Injury, Neurology 1995; 45:1253-1260. The term mild traumatic brain injury is still undergoing refinement however does incorporate criteria that have been widely accepted by physicians in sports medicine to assess the degree of cerebral dysfunction. “A closed head injury occurs when the soft tissue of the brain is forced into contact with the hard, boney, outer covering of the brain, the skull. Along with the head injury, the average patient usually experiences, neck and back injuries as well. Mild closed head injuries can occur after a severe neck injury without the head actually striking any surface. …Mild head injuries should no way be considered ,,minor.‟ The long-term sequela of this type of injury and its poor prognosis often make it a very major problem. Neck and back injury frequently occur, and soft tissue manifestations are inevitable, at least for short time, after mild to moderate closed head injury.”

Closed Head Injury: A Clinical Source Book 2nd Ed. Dr. Peter Bernad 1998, Lexis Law Publishing.

IV THE HOLLYWOOD MYTH

Mild traumatic brain injury will occur when the soft tissues of the brain are pushed against the boney structures of the skull in whiplash type, acceleration/deceleration movements. The problem with most of us is described well in Randolf Evans‟ chapter entitled The Post Concussion Syndrome in Prognosis of Neurological Disorders, Evans, Baskins and Yatsu, Oxford University Press 1992, at page 99: Most people’s knowledge of the sequela of mild head injuries is largely the product of movie magic. Some of the funniest scenes in slap stick comedies and cartoons depict the character sustaining a single or multiple head injuries, looking dazed and then recovering immediately. In cowboy movies, detective and action stories, and boxing and kung fu films, seemingly serious head trauma is often inflicted by blows from guns and heavy objects, falls, motor vehicle injuries, fists, and kicks, all without lasting sequela. Our experience is minuscule compared to the thousands of simulated head injuries witnessed in the movies and on television. Because of the compelling mythology, the physician has a difficult job educating patients, their families, and others in the realities of mild head injuries. However, when one looks at examples of two successful boxers, Joe Lewis and Muhammad Ali, they have witnessed powerful punches resulting in dazed, disorientated boxers or knock outs. AMemory loss and dementia have been a frequent finding in ex fighters.” Sports and Head Injuries, Chapter 10 of Neurology and Trauma, Polin Alves and Jane.

“Mild head injury typified by transient amnesia, brief loss of consciousness, and persistent headache or mild neurological signs is more difficult to document than severe or moderate head injuries. In an analysis of 1,165 bouts: Sercl and Jaros found that 79% of boxers had momentary neurological signs, whereas 21% demonstrated deficits for at least 24 hours.”

IV ANATOMY OF BRAIN INJURY

Brain injuries are produced by displacement and distortion of the neuronal tissues at the moment of impact. The brain, which is incompressible, may be likened to a water-soaked log floating submerged in water. The brain is floating in the cerebrospinal fluid in the subarachnoid space and is capable of a certain amount . . . of gliding movement. It follows from these anatomical facts that blows on the front or back of the head lead to displacement of the brain, which may produce severe cerebral damage, stretching and distortion of the brainstem, and stretching and even tearing of the commissures of the brain . . . . furthermore, it is important to remember that glancing blows to the head may cause considerable rotation of the brain, with shearing strains and distortion of the brain, particularly in areas where further rotation is prevented by bony prominence . . . brain lacerations are very likely to occur when the brain is forcibly thrown against the sharp edges of bone within the skull . . . . A sudden severe blow to the head, as in an automobile accident, may result in damage to the brain . . .

Richard S. Snell, M.D., Ph.D. Clinical Neuroanatomy for Medical Students, 4th ed., p. 27-28.

V CONCLUSION

Traumatic Brain Injury significantly impacts the lives of those it touches. Mild Traumatic Brain Injury should not be equated with a minor injury. Mild Brain Injury is the temporary disruption of brain functioning due to trauma to the head. A Mild Brain Injury is one where it is not judged serious enough to require formal rehabilitation. Usually the individual is sent directly home from the hospital. However if enough brain cells are damaged a person can experience permanent changes in the way they think, feel and act.

Why Does Apple Cider Vinegar Relieve Pain?

Chronic pain tends to build up over time, starting as a mild annoyance or muscles ache that intensifies as the years go by until it creates persistent suffering that people accept as ‘normal.’ Sometimes chronic pain is all pervasive, affecting your entire body, while other times it’s localized within a single area, most often a troublesome joint that produces annoying joint pain. The good news is you do NOT have to suffer through chronic pain. There are some really great all natural pain relief methods out there which will bring you back to what ‘normal’ was meant to be- feeling good!

The Most Popular Natural Cure on the Market

Apple Cider Vinegar is probably the most prescribed all natural pain treatment when it comes to reducing and eliminating nerve pain, muscles pain and the like. This vinegar is a fermented product that can be purchased in most grocery stores, though it’s easiest to find in health food stores. If possible you’re going to want to get organic, raw apple cider vinegar that still contains “the mother.” All of this will be clearly stated on the container, and Bragg’s vinegar is regularly cited as one of the best and most commonly used sources of this liquid pain relief.

Now, there are a lot of different theories out there about why apple cider vinegar works to relieve pain, even chronic pain like nerve pain, but it’s impossible to say what it is about the drink that actually brings relief. Some people argue that apple vinegar works as an effective pain treatment because it’s rich in potassium, and as such is great for restoring your cell’s natural sodium-potassium balance. Other people argue that the vinegar ‘alkalizes’ your body and removes pain-producing acidic states. Still others state that apple cider vinegar is primarily useful for improving digestion, and that fixing your digestion is the best form of pain control out there.

Regardless of why apple cider vinegar works, all that really matter is the fact that it does work. There’s a massive amount of anecdotal evidence supporting this all natural pain relief treatment, and the drink is inexpensive enough and produces effects fast enough that there’s no excuse for not giving it a shot. Natural pain treatment with apple cider vinegar usually revolves around consuming 1-2 TBs of the liquid mixed with water, taken 2-4 times a day. As you can imagine apple vinegar tastes like, well, vinegar, and isn’t the most palatable treatment around. Most people who find it distasteful are able to consume it easily when they mix it with juice or when they dilute it heavily with water, especially when they add honey to that water. Others choose to add it to salad as a dressing, but the vinegar appears to be most effective for pain treatment when drank.

Trying apple cider vinegar for a week to reduce or eliminate nerve pain, back pain, or any form of chronic pain is a wise investment of your time. For a few bucks and a few moments of temporary discomfort a day, many people have found their chronic pain noticeably reduced within a day or two and all but eliminated within a week of starting this all natural pain relief treatment.

Sciatic Nerve Pain Relief – What is the Best Mattress For Sciatic Nerve Pain?

Do you remember a time when you were able to sleep through the night? Many people dealing with sciatica have not slept through the night in months, or longer. Not being able to sleep only adds to the frustrations of sciatic nerve pain. But there is good news, more and more people are learning to take control of their pain and find the ability to sleep again.

Why can’t I get a good night’s sleep? – when the nerves in the lower back become inflamed, they cause a sciatic flare. When you lay down to sleep, there is automatic pressure on your nerve. This is what inevitably causes those sleepless nights.

What are the 3 Best Mattresses to Relieve my Pain?

1. Foam Mattresses – with a foam mattress, no one part of the body bears more weight than any other part. This is very important because it does not allow extra stress to be put on the lower back. Many people who have dealt with sciatica have found this to be an amazing help. Whether you choose Latex Foam, Memory Foam, or Temperpedic Foam, there is a good chance that you will get some great relief with this.

2. Select Comfort Bed – also known as a sleep number bed. I have to be honest here, I have heard mixed reviews on this, and it is a little pricey. The best benefit it has is the ability to adjust the firmness of the mattress. Side sleepers tend to benefit the most from this.

3. Dormia Bed – this is by far one of the best sciatica home treatments available for a good night’s sleep. Not only is this bed comfortable, but you can also raise your legs, head, or both to relieve strain on the lower back. If you have severe sciatica, this would mean no more sleeping in recliners.

Imagine Sleeping Through the Night Again. Although the decision to purchase a new mattress or bed can be a pricey one, it is well worth it to finally find some relief.

Most sciatica sufferers do simple things every night that will lead to excruciating pain. Are you one of them?

Got a Sore Throat? Try These Natural Remedies

Almost everyone has suffered from sore throat at one time or another. For many of us this unpleasant experience occurs more than once a year. This particular infection can be viral or bacterial, however, majority of the time it is a contagious viral infection. Some of the contagious viral infections include a cold, flu, and mononucleosis. Although the bacterial throat infections have to be cured with doctor prescribed medications, the viral infections can be treated by many successful at home remedies.

One of the oldest and the most trusted ways in relieving sore throat is with apple cider vinegar. Many people gargle with this concoction upon experiencing the initial uncomfortable aches. Several times per day will usually do the trick. This natural remedy tends to ease the pain almost immediately. Another great remedy for reducing throat pain comes from the consumption of garlic. Many people swear by this technique as it relieves the pain almost instantly by coating the throat and soothing the soreness. However, some people are comfortable with simply cutting a garlic clove into little slices and eating it plain. An alternative way would be to make the garlic clove into a paste and place it on a sandwich. This way the burning effect is not as strong.

And a third and final remedy in reducing throat pain comes from cayenne pepper. Numerous people swear by this technique. You can gargle with the product or add it to your tea or coffee. There are many different recipes available online, so if you don’t like cayenne pepper with your coffee, you might find something else that you won’t mind drinking. So the next time you are suffering from a viral sore throat infection, try applying some of these natural remedies.

Need Motivation To Work Out?

There are several reasons people incorporate daily workouts in their schedules. Out of all of them one of the high rated reason is for their health. Many if not all doctors recommend at least 30 minutes of some sort of exercise (This depends on your fitness level).

Very simple workouts such as a lite walk, lite jog, lite stair walking, swimming or even a sport which incorporates some cardio (Soccer, football, tennis, basketball, etc). These may be a small part of your day but I promise you it will make a life changing difference. A few of the great benefits working out produces are as followed.

Reduces the risk of having any of the following:

1.) Stroke

2.) Metabolic syndrome

3.) Type 2 diabetes

4.) Depression

5.) Cancer

6.) Arthritis

Now some of us may not have any of these problems but that doesn’t mean were not close to them. I’ll explain each of these as simple as possible and I will explain what exercise does to help prevent this.

(Keep in mind these are just 6 out of hundreds of benefits that working out gives)

STROKE

What causes a stroke?

The basic reason for a stroke is the reduction of blood flow to your brain and at the same time reduces the amount of oxygen your brain receives. Reduction of these things also kill some of your brain cells. The stronger the reduction of blood flow the stronger the stroke which can result in death.

METABOLIC SYNDROME

What is Metabolic Syndrome?

This is a cluster of conditions that occur together risking your health dramatically (Increased blood pressure, a high blood sugar level, excess body fat around the waist and abnormal cholesterol levels).

TYPE 2 DIABETES

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

Our main focuses here is weight, genes, too much glucose from liver, bad communication between cells, and broke beta cells. Research these things to get more in-depth. Now for the simple answer. Assuming we know that all these terms listed above are understood, your pancreas creates what is called insulin to get glucose into your cells. Because of the high blood pressure people will have, the pancreas goes into overdrive and tries to keep up. Eventually it cannot and the combination of these two things becomes Type 2 Diabetes.

DEPRESSION

What is Depression?

There are many types of way to describe depression. So in plain text Depression is the feeling of worthlessness. When someone feels less of themselves then they actually are.

CANCER

What is Cancer?

Cancer is basically a combination of genetic changes, as cancer grows so do the changes. Cancer arises from DNA (Past down from generation) and from several environmental exposures such as tobacco smoke, radiation and ultraviolet rays from the sun.

ARTHRITIS

What is Arthritis?

Typically, pain, aching, stiffness and swelling in and around one or more joints characterize rheumatic conditions. The symptoms can develop gradually or suddenly. There are hundred type of arthritis illnesses but this is basically what they are. The only difference is that each type of arthritis are different joints.

Now the big question!

How can Exercising help all of these things?

Exercise can lower your blood pressure, increase your level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and improve overall health of your blood vessels and heart. Regular exercising helps with the following: Blood glucose levels, blood lipid levels and blood pressure, helping them go to normal levels. So to shorten it all together, when you exercise your strongest muscle in your body, the heart, works so much harder which in turn affects all and much more of the listen things above. As your blood runs through your body faster and more effectively it allows for better flow of all types of nutrition your body wants and needs to help reduce the risk of illness. When it comes to cancer there is still no cure but research has in fact found that patients who begin workout programs after therapy their lifespan Is much greater than those who do not implement exercise in their lives.

So to summarize we all could benefit greatly if we incorporate daily workout routines in our everyday lives. Instead of getting ill let’s prevent it all together and start working out today!

Skin Rash Symptoms

You know when you have a rash. Its an outbreak of red bumps on the skin. The most common types of rash are as follows. Scaly patches of skin not caused by infection. Scaly patches of skin caused by a fungus or bacterial infection. Red itchy bumps scattered randomly on the skin.

Rashes are seldom dangerous self diagnosis is not a good idea. The proper evaluation of a rash should be done by a doctor. A doctor can determine what type of rash you have and prescribe proper treatment. Scaly patches of skin that are not caused by an infection are usually referred to as eczema.

Atopic dermatitis is the most common type of eczema. This type is hereditary and often appears in childhood as chapped cheeks and scaly patches on the hands, legs torso and arms. This type of eczema appears on adults on the hands, genitals, eyelids and can appear almost anywhere on the body.

This type of eczema is inherited from your parents. Atopic dermatitis can appear and disappear for no apparent reason but things like the weather can have an effect on it.

The word “dermatitis” means inflammation of the skin, “atopic means hereditary. Hereditary means that it runs in your family.

Diseases that are hereditary often occur together, that is they can tend to make their appearance simultaneously. In atopic dermatitis the skin can become inflamed and itchy with swelling and cracking and can include weeping, crusting and scaling.

People afflicted with this type of rash may also have allergies but most cases of this type of rash are not the result of an allergic reaction. This type of rash is not contagious even though spread patterns may make it apear as though it is.

Another type of rash is “contact dermatitis”. This type of rash is brought on by contact with a substance that is irritating to the skin. This can be any one of a number of things including allergic reactions to substances or contact with chemical irritants.

This type of rash can be causes by poison ivy or poison oak as well as prolonged contact with something like gasoline or strong cleaning products. Frequently it is caused by exposure to nickel in costume jewelry. Almost everyone has experienced this type of rash at some point in their life.

Topical treatments such as ointments along with avoidance of what caused the rash in the first place are the usual prescription for this type of rash.

Another type of rash is red or scaly patches of skin caused by fungus or bacterial infection. Fungus infections are the most common. They have nothing to do with hygiene clean people get them as well as those who might not be so clean. In contrary to the myth they are not highly contagious.

They are not easily transmitted in gym shower or locker rooms or on toilet seats. Antifungal creams are the usual course of treatment. Many of these types of creams can be purchased over the counter at your local drug store.

Another type of rash is a bacterial infection. This type of rash is caused by a bacteria rather than a fungus. Again hygiene plays little or no part in this infection. Treatment for this type of rash might include oral antibiotics and a prescription strength topical ointment. The over the counter treatment that are effective on fubgus caused rashes are just not very effective on bacterial rashes.

Viral rashes are caused by a viral infection. They can come as a symptom to a disease like chicken pocks or herpes or a number of other diseases. But this is not always the case the viral infection can also be just the rash itself. Many diseases do have a rash as one of their symptoms though

Allergic drug rashes are caused by an allergic reaction to a drug. Many people are allergic to a specific drug and a rash can appear days or weeks after taking the drug they are allergic to. A common drug that people are allergic to is penicillin.

Treatment for this type of rash is to discontinue the use of the drug and wait for it to go away. Topical treatments to sooth the itching are available over the counter. In extreme cases you may require a perscription strength topical treatment.

What Causes Cold Sores To Flare Up?

Cold sores can be painful and are caused by the herpes simplex virus. The sores can cause the skin around the blister to get red, puffy, and irritated. It is thought that 90 percent of adults will have one within their lives with the first one being the worst. Some people develop antibodies to fight the infection and will never get them again. However, 40 percent of people will have recurrent cold sores.

Unfortunately, there is no cure for cold sores, but there are some treatments that you can use to ease the symptoms or make them go away faster.

Causes of Cold Sore Flare-Ups

Cold sores are caused by the herpes virus that enters through the skin or the mouth. If you touch a cold sore or touch the person’s infected fluid (even through shared cups, razors, a kiss, or touching the infected person’s saliva), you can get them too. They commonly show up around the mouth, but can be spread to other parts of the body as well. The sores can show up as many as twenty days after the initial infection.

Some people get symptoms when they are stressed, get a cold, or have the flu. Avoiding these situations can help. Also, try to avoid being in too much sunlight, or at least use sunscreen and chapstick to protect your skin and lips from the sun. Allergies or certain foods also can trigger an outbreak. Even menstruation has been thought to trigger the sores for some people. Talk about adding insult to injury there!

Symptoms

Symptoms depend on different people. Some people have the virus, but show no signs of it. Others get pain around their mouth, fevers, swollen glands in the neck, or a sore throat. The cold sores appear, then the blisters break open and ooze out a clear liquid. After a few days to up to a couple weeks, the sores crust over and go away.

Treatments

There is no cure for the disease, but you can use some treatments to make the cold sores go away a little faster or ease the pain you may get from them. Your doctor may recommend skin cream, ointments, or even pills as treatment options.

When you do have a sore, make sure to wash your hands more frequently and avoid touching the sore. You can still spread it to other areas of your body and to others so it is best to limit contact with the sore. If the infection spreads to your eye, you can become blind. If it spreads to your brain, you could develop meningitis or encephalitis.

Avoid Getting Cold Sores in the First Place

The best way to avoid getting cold sores is by not sharing utensils or items that might come in contact with someone’s saliva, mouth, lips, or skin. That means, do not share lipstick, facial makeup, lip gloss, straws, toothbrushes, towels, or food with others. You may think it is too rude to refuse to share food or items with others, but you can still take precautions and share things with others. Prevention is key here. Otherwise, you may have herpes simplex virus to deal with for the rest of your life.

Stressed Out by Food? Tips on How to Reduce Your Stress Overload

Are you always busy, always on the run, always stressed out? Have you being worn out or tired recently? Sometimes the food you eat causes stress too. Surprised? Do you have no time for taking care of yourself because you always put children, relatives, relationship, and career first priority? No wonder you have no time to eat regularly!

When overstressed, you may have headaches or migraines, anxiety or panic attacks, pounding heart, chest pain, sadness and depression, tension in back of neck or head, stomach problems, irritability, moodiness, bad temper, overeating, fatigue, frequent colds and other maladies. Sound familiar?

What is stress in the first place? According to the Webster-Merriam Dictionary, stress is “a physical, chemical or emotional factor that causes bodily or mental tension. Stress may be a factor in disease causation.”

You shouldn’t always blame your children, or husband, or work, or traffic fad food labels, you will find out how many chemicals, colors and preservatives we consume every day.

According to Ayurveda, we are what we eat. When we are stressed out, we need better quality meals to help us stay focused, grounded, in balance. But instead, we get trapped in cycles: we eat too much junk/processed food – we get even more stressed out – we eat even more refined, processed, junk. What shall we do? We have to break the cycle!

We have to understand that there are foods that might help us feel angry, depressed, fearful, worried, exhausted, anxious, cranky, irritable, jittery, gloomy, aggravated, and impatient.

To help ourselves with being stressed out by food we have to avoid:

1. Foods with ingredients we cannot pronounce or don’t know the meaning of.

2. Foods with trans fatty acids. The trans fatty acids (even 0.5 per serving) in junk food and refined carbohydrates we consume reduce circulation and raise blood pressure keeping our body in a constant state of stress.

3. Refined sugars. Processed sugars raise our insulin level too high and too quick, and when it drops too fast we feel moody, depressed, etc.

4. Caffeine and alcohol. Caffeine boosts production of the stress hormone adrenaline, and alcohol upsets the blood sugar level which can lead to insomnia.

Take your first step to a healthier you by watching what you eat as well as by avoiding foods which can make you stressed out, unhappy or anxious.

Depression – You’re Never Really Cured

There is a misconception about people who suffer from depression that once they are treated, the underlying causes revealed and the proper medication given, they are cured and can go on to live normal happy and healthy lives without ever having to worry about suffering from the symptoms of depression or becoming depressed ever again. Unfortunately, this is far from the truth.

Depression is not a disease with a cure. Depression, like alcoholism or drug addiction, is a disease that a person must constantly fight against, even with all the medication in the world. The reason for this is simple. Most people who suffer from depression are prone to it because of a number of factors, not just physical. Many times the combination of factors makes it so that no one treatment will be effective enough to insure that the sufferer will never experience symptoms of depression again. There are cases where a person suffered from depression for years, was symptom free for years and suddenly developed symptoms again for no apparent reason; though there are always reasons.

Sometimes it’s simply a matter of a further chemical imbalance in the brain that the current medication the patient is taking is unable to correct, either because it is the wrong medication, the wrong dosage or just not strong enough any longer. In other cases, where the person’s depression stems from an unhappy childhood with many conflicts, the person may have been going through a tranquil period in their life when suddenly something terrible happens, such as illness or injury, that makes a sudden and drastic change in the person’s life. Because this person was prone to depression in the first place, it became easy for him or her to sink back into a depressed state, especially if they never were prescribed any medication for their symptoms because they were treated through simple therapy.

So what exactly does this mean? Does it mean that a person who suffers from depression is going to be depressed for the rest of their life? Not at all. A person who once suffered from depression, even if it was many years ago, can go through the rest of their life and never develop any symptoms again. There are things that a person can do to help see that the symptoms don’t come back, but it is important to also understand that there are some things that are beyond the person’s control.

The best way to make sure that symptoms of depression don’t return is to lead an active life. Don’t allow yourself to sit around and think too much. People prone to depression often think about things that make them depressed or even about the fear of becoming depressed again. It is important to keep a positive attitude, keep active, keep busy and don’t dwell on negative emotions. It is also important to understand your illness and realize that you are never really cured. By understanding this, you can prepare yourself in advance for the unexpected things that life can and will throw at you.

If you’re prone to depression, you probably always will be. That doesn’t mean you have to give in to it. You can win this war. One day at a time.

Anxiety Disorders, Panic Attacks & Phobias – 5 Reasons Why People Who Receive Help Don’t Get Better

Approximately 30-40 percent of people who receive state-of-the-art treatment for their anxiety problems have limited recovery. They do not experience the relief they were hoping to find.

Of those people who do initially derive benefit from treatment, a significant percentage has a relapse after a period of time. In some cases the relapse is a temporary response to increased stress and may be overcome; in other, less fortunate cases, it seems to be enduring.

Why do some persons not get better in spite of good treatment? Why do others relapse? If you´ve not gotten better because you´ve not received appropriate treatment i.e., your therapist sat and just talked with you or tried some other form of treatment instead of cognitive-behavioral therapy, you need to keep looking until you find effective help.

So keep in mind that the reasons that follow assume you’ve already had proper treatment but have not improved as much as you would like.

1. YOU SHOULD CONTINUE TO PRACTICE THE BASIC TECHNIQUES AND STRATEGIES OF COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY.

Recovery from panic, phobias, obsessions and compulsions, or general anxiety requires consistent effort over a period of time. You need to make time each day to practice deep muscle relaxation, engage in aerobic exercise, challenge and counter anxiety-provoking self-talk, and incrementally face internal anxiety sensations or avoided external situations.

If you’re unable or unwilling to make such an effort during a course of cognitive-behavioral therapy, you will probably not benefit much from it. And if you don’t keep up with the basic practices of relaxation, exercise, and exposure following the completion of therapy, you increase your risk of relapse.

Recovery from an anxiety disorder requires a permanent change in lifestyle, with time allocated each day for practicing skills that keep anxiety and phobias from recurring. If you find you’re having difficulty maintaining a commitment to the daily practices that can ensure your long-term recovery, there are a couple of things you might do.

First, you might arrange with your therapist to have periodic “booster sessions”, after you’ve finished therapy, to help you stay on track with your recovery program.

Second, if you live in a large metropolitan area, you can attend an anxiety disorders support group. Such a group needs to be a place where the focus is on what everybody is doing to maintain or enhance recovery, not just venting about their problems. If you don’t have a support group in your area, you can find support through message boards and chat rooms online.

2. YOU SHOULD TAKE MEDICATION WHEN IT’S NEEDED OR STOP TAKING IT BEFORE IT HAS OFFERED ITS FULL BENEFIT.

Often prescription medication is unnecessary. However, if your problem is relatively severe, you may well need to combine medication with cognitive-behavioral therapy to get the best results. By “severe,” I mean that your problem meets at least one of the following criteria:

o Your anxiety is disruptive enough that it’s difficult for you to get to work and/or function on your job, or it has caused you to stop working.

o Your anxiety interferes with your ability to maintain fulfilling and close relationships with family members and/or significant others, or it prevents you from establishing a relationship with any significant other.

o Your anxiety causes you significant distress 50 percent of the time you’re awake. It’s not just a major nuisance or irritation; you often feel overwhelmed and find it hard to get through the day.

If you believe your anxiety problem meets any one or more of these criteria, it’s likely you may benefit from a trial of medication subscribed by your doctor. Not to try medications because you’re afraid or philosophically opposed to them may hamper your recovery if your situation is severe.

3. YOU SHOULD MODIFY YOUR LIFESTYLE IN A WAY THAT SUPPORTS GREATER PEACE AND EASE IN YOUR LIFE.

Even if you’ve received cognitive-behavioral therapy and have taken the proper medication(s), your recovery may still be limited if your lifestyle is so complicated and busy that you continually keep yourself at a high level of stress.

Anxiety disorders are caused by three factors: heredity, personality based on childhood experience, and cumulative stress. You can’t do much about your genetic makeup or your early childhood, but you can do a lot to mitigate stress in your life.

If you reduce and manage your stress, you will reduce your vulnerability to anxiety. It’s that simple. Stress arises from both external and internal factors. External stress factors include things like work demands, rush-hour commuters, smog, food additives, negative relatives, and noise pollution.

These types of stressors usually require external solutions. Internal stress factors have to do with your own attitudes, such as overemphasizing success at the cost of everything else, or a tendency to cram too many things into too short a time. They require internal solutions, basically shifting your attitudes and priorities.

Many persons do not recover from panic or anxiety until they are willing to place as much importance on their peace of mind and health as they do on career success and material accomplishment.

4. YOU SHOULD NOT FAIL TO ADDRESS PERSONALITY AND INTERPERSONAL ISSUES THAT PERPETUATE ANXIETY.

Cognitive therapy and exposure may help you to change panic-provoking thoughts and face your fears. However, they may not modify core personality traits that predispose you to be anxious in the first place.

If you grew up with perfectionist, overly controlling parents, for example, you’re likely to be perfectionistic yourself. Nothing in yourself or your life ever quite meets your overdrawn standards, and so you set yourself up for continuous stress.

Or if your parents were highly critical of you, you may have grown up with an excessive need to please and win approval. If you spend your life trying to please others at the expense of your own personal needs, you’re likely to harbor a lot of unexpressed resentment and thus be more prone to anxiety.

Insecurity, over-dependency, over-cautiousness, and the excessive need for control are additional personality issues common to people with anxiety disorders. Such core personality traits are often associated with interpersonal problems, i.e., perhaps you expect too much of your spouse (perfectionism) or you don’t ask enough (excessive need to please). Or you may resent your parents’ attempts to control you, but you don’t assert your needs with them.

5. EXISTENTIAL ISSUES

The problem at the root of your anxiety may lie still deeper than personality. Anxiety may persist in spite of therapy and medication because you experience a sense of emptiness or meaninglessness about your life.

In present times, with so many conflicting values and a loss of traditional authorities such as the church or social mores, it’s easy to feel adrift and confused. The very pace of modern life can lead to feelings of confusion, if not outright chaos.

What has been called “existential anxiety” does not respond to cognitive-behavioral therapy and demands a different kind of approach.

If your life feels meaningless or without direction, perhaps you need to discover your own unique gifts and creativity, and then find a way to meaningfully express them in the world. I believe each of us has a unique gift to offer, a unique contribution to make.