How to Clean Vomit Off Spirit Sleep Mattresses

It’s a problem that not many people think about, until it happens to them. What do you do if your child or pet vomits on your mattress? And the even better question: what if that mattress is all memory foam, like a Spirit Sleep brand mattress?

1. First, remove the cover if possible, and wash it in the washing machine. If the cover is not removable (on the premium models), then continue cleaning with one of the ideas below

2. After removing the solids and as much of the liquid as possible, start with a counter cleaner (without dyes) and try to spray and blot out as much of the stain as possible. Follow with a lot of antibacterial spray (such as Lysol), and let it dry. Sprinkle baking soda and let it sit for a few days, then vacuum it off. Finally, let it sit in the sun with no sheets on to air it out and try to get the last bit of smell out.

3. If you’re concerned about using harsh chemicals, try hydrogen peroxide, blotting when it bubbles, or seltzer water.

4. Use an enzyme cleaner (found in pet stores where the house training pads are), they break down proteins and can take out the smell.

5. After cleaning, if the smell still remains, you can try fabric refresher, if the cover was not able to be removed.

6. Spray vinegar on the area and blot, several times to get the smell and stain out.

7. Put OxyClean and hot water into a spray bottle, and spray and blot.

The main thing to remember is to only soak the mattress as much as you have to, and to blot, not rub. Memory foam like that in Spirit Sleep beds don’t absorb like a kitchen sponge, they are too dense for that. Also, make sure that the mattress is completely dry before putting sheets back on. I would recommend putting it outside in the sun, regardless if it still smells or not. This will warm up the memory foam, and get rid of the residual moisture.

Many of these recommendations also work for urine – especially the enzyme cleaner tip. Of course, if you just spill your morning cup of coffee, you can use these ideas also.

The most important thing to remember for next time: cover all of your mattresses with a waterproof mattress protector. Modern protectors don’t feel like plastic sheeting, and are breathable so that you won’t sleep hot. Then, the next time that this happens (and there will be a next time), you will just have to take the sheets, comforter, and mattress protector over to the washing machine, and push the on button. I have one on each of the beds in my house (including my own and the guest room that’s never used), because I never want to run the risk of ruining a $1000 mattress by not putting a $50 protector on it.

Clostridium In Dogs – Symptoms and Treatment

The genus Clostridium is a group of anaerobic bacteria (they can thrive in conditions where oxygen is not present) which have been linked to several important diseases in dogs. Two of the most common clostridial infections in dogs are caused by Clostridium perfringens and Clostridium difficile.

Some healthy dogs have been found to harbor C. difficile in their gastrointestinal tract without suffering any infection. However antibiotic treatment can create a favorable environment for this bacterium to increase in number and cause a condition called pseudomembranous colitis, a serious local infection affecting the colon.

Clostridium perfringens is also considered a normal bacterial flora of the gastrointestinal tract. However when conditions are favorable for their multiplication and colonization, the infectious agent can cause Clostridial enterotoxicosis, an abnormal condition of the intestinal tract which is manifested by diarrhea and abdominal pain. Vomiting and fever may also be present. There are certain types of Clostridium perfringens that produce toxins and have been linked to food poisoning in dogs. These are bacteria which are acquired when dogs eat poorly cooked meat or poultry.

Most dogs suffering from food poisoning often recover from the gastrointestinal symptoms after a day or two without any serious complications. However, there are those that develop into clostridial necrotizing enteritis, an infection which may be fatal for dogs.

There are several predisposing factors that may pave the way for proliferation and colonization of Clostridium perfringens which includes a sudden change in diet, deficient antibodies, high intestinal pH, exposure to sick dogs in a kennel or hospital, and concurrent conditions affecting the digestive system such as gastroenteritis, parvovirus, and inflammatory bowel disease.

Diagnosis of Clostridial infections in dogs is based on a complete history and thorough physical exam. Your veterinarian may also recommend specific diagnostic tests such as complete blood count, urinalysis, and biochemical blood profile. Microscopic analysis of a fecal sample is also indicated. An endoscope can be used to get a clear view of the condition of the dog’s intestines and also to get tissue samples for further examination and bacterial culture.

The latest state of the art diagnostic tool for Clostridium perfringens infection is an immunologic test which can identify the presence of the bacterial toxin in the fecal sample. The test is made more accurate when combined with the PCR testing to detect the Clostridial gene which has been linked to enterotoxin production.

Clostridium infection in dogs can be treated with a round of antibiotics which can be given orally for several weeks. Some of the most common antibiotics of choice include metronidazole, ampicillin, tylosin, amoxicillin, and tylosin.

A Healing Diet to Plug Pressure Sores

Pressure ulcers are a significant and costly healthcare problem for patients and healthcare providers. An understanding of the role of nutrition in their prevention and management can help ameliorate the condition to a large extent.

Pressure ulcers are also referred to as decubitus ulcers, pressure sores, and bedsores. The National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel defines them as ‘localized areas of tissue necrosis (cell death) that develops when soft tissue is compressed between a bony prominence and an external surface for a prolonged period of time’. Therefore, pressure ulcers are most likely to occur on the sacrum, hipbone and the heels.

Pressure ulcers vary in severity and can be staged. A Stage 1 ulcer is a non-blanchable, reddened area of intact skin. In darker skin tones, the ulcer may appear with red, blue or purple hues. A stage 2 ulcer is partial thickness skin loss involving the epidermis, dermis, or both. A stage 3 ulcer is full thickness skin loss involving damage to or necrosis of subcutaneous tissue. A stage 4 ulcer is full thickness skin loss with extensive destruction, tissue necrosis, or damage to muscle or bone.

A proper assessment of the risk of developing a pressure ulcer, or the stage of an existing ulcer, can help determine the correct dietary intervention. Other factors including other medical conditions, age and the weight of the patient should also be taken into account. The following recommendations are a general guide to diet in pressure sores. A dietician should be consulted to amend them to a particular case.

Calories are needed to spare the protein. Pressure sores often get infected, due to the decreased blood supply, further increasing the calorie requirement. The recommended calorie intake for treating pressure ulcers is usually 30 to 35 calories per kilogram. Adjusted body weight must be used when determining the needs for an obese patient.

There is no known benefit of excessive calories on wound healing. However, the spectrum of macronutrients does make a difference. Appropriate macronutrients can often accelerate healing and prevent infection.

An inadequate protein intake delays wound healing and prolongs the inflammatory (destructive) phase of pressure ulcers. Therefore, protein recommendations for treating pressure ulcers are usually 1.2 to 1.5 grams per kilogram. Expressed as a percentage, at least 24% of the calorie intake should come from calories. The advantage of a high-protein diet is further supplemented with the correct choice of protein supplements.

Whey proteins are an excellent choice for any case of pressure ulcers. From a nutritional perspective, whey proteins are an ideal candidate for healing. Essential amino acids that need to be provided by the diet comprise 60% of whey protein. Protein quality scoring methods rank whey protein at or near the top because of the excellent amino acid profile, easy digestibility and high utility quotient. Exciting new research indicates certain whey protein components also help promote the growth of new body tissues. Regeneration and repair is augmented on a diet rich in whey proteins.

Casein constitutes 80% of the total nitrogen in milk. Glutamic acid is the predominant amino acid in casein. Proline, Aspartic Acid, Leucine, Lysine and Valine are also present. Casein is a good source of essential amino acids. Casein is also a good source of non-essential amino acids like arginine and glutamine that repair the damaged muscle fibers and maintain a healthy immune system. Arginine supplementation appears to benefit wound healing even if the patient is not deficient. Oral supplementation of 17 to 24.8 grams of free arginine per day has been shown to affect wound healing. The safe maximum intake of glutamine is 0.57 grams per kilogram.

A high fluid intake is also needed to maintain good skin turgor and blood flow to wounded tissues. This also helps prevent dehydration, a risk factor for skin breakdown and pressure ulcers. The fluid intake should match the person’s weight (30 to 35 milliliters per kilogram) and the calorie intake, as well (1 ml/cal). Correct calorie consumption from a fluid-based protein diet can achieve the best result. More fluids may be needed if there is a fever, or if there is fluid loss from an open wound.

Micronutrients also play a role in healing pressure ulcers. Vitamin C aids in collagen synthesis and expedites wound healing. Vitamin A also enhances collagen formation, and a deficiency results in delayed wound healing and increased vulnerability to infection. Zinc is required for both collagen formation and protein synthesis. Low serum zinc levels have been associated with impaired healing. Recommendations for treating pressure ulcers are usually 15 to 25 mg of elemental zinc per day, which is present in 66 to 110 mg zinc sulphate. However, long-term excessive use of zinc supplementation can induce a copper deficiency, so zinc should be taken for 10 days and then the wound should be reassessed.

Foods to Avoid With Acid Reflux Disease – Top 3 Food Groups That Cause Acid Reflux & Heartburn

Being aware of what foods to avoid with acid reflux disease is one of the great things you can do to yourself in order to lessen frequent attacks especially at night. There are certain foods and drinks that can aggravate your acid reflux and heartburn symptoms so it is of your best interest to consume those foods in moderation or better yet, totally avoid them.

The following list is a guide that could help you in determining what foods to avoid with acid reflux and heartburn. Results may vary from person to person and its up to your own experience to find out which ones are responsible for a higher occurrence. We grouped these foods and beverages into three types according to how they cause the problem.

1)Foods that weaken the muscles at the lower esophageal sphincter

  • Fried or fatty foods
  • Chocolate
  • Peppermint and spearmint

Fried foods are greasy and it is the presence of too much fat that wreak havoc. The higher the fat content, the longer it tends to stay in the stomach before moving on to the small intestine. The presence of high calories in fried and fatty foods also contribute to the problem. Chocolate, peppermint and spearmint might be a sad fact as they are undoubtedly delicious and yummy. It is up to you to find out how much you can consume before it have effect on your stomach.

2)Beverages that increase the acid content of the stomach.

  • Coffee (including decaffeinated coffee
  • Tea even the decaffeinated one
  • Alcoholic beverages such as beer, wine, rhum etc.

These beverages mention above are considered inciting agents meaning they encourage the occurrence of the attacks. Their effect on the body when consume is to increase the acid content of the stomach which we all know, can lead to acid reflux and heartburn.

3)Foods that can irritate and damage the esophageal lining

  • Citrus fruits and citrus juices
  • Pepper Tomatoes and tomato products
  • Chili pepper

You might be seeing the picture here that this might mean you should avoid some of your favorite dishes like Italian, Mexican and Indian. It might be tough to avoid those foods if you are used to having them regularly. You can do a little experiment for yourself to find out which ones you need to totally avoid and which ones you can consume in moderation. The above list of foods to avoid with acid reflux can serve as forewarning to you if you want to avoid having frequent attacks. Once you master the discipline and determination to stick to the rules, you will find yourself experiencing less pain and attack from the symptoms brought about by this gastrointestinal disorder.

Reasons Why Your Stomach Ulcer Won’t Heal

Here are some possible reasons why you may still be suffering from stomach ulcers and what steps you could take to help cure your stomach ulcer.

1.) If you’ve returned back to the same old eating habits as before your stomach ulcer ordeal, your digestive system will become clogged up in no time, forcing your stomach to produce an excess of acid.

2.) The prescribed medication didn’t address the issue of Helicobacter infection, so the main culprit is still there.

Whether or not the helicobacter pylori bacteria are directly responsible for stomach ulcers or not is still under debate, but they are certainly responsible for worsening and prolonging the ulceration.

They thrive on stomach acid, so an over acidic digestive system makes them feel right at home.

3.) You may still be in a high stress situation, although this is regarded less as a cause of stomach ulcers nowadays, my own experience indicates that it is definitely a contributing factor.

Sometimes the anxiety you may be experiencing is subtle enough to evade being recognized, like a subconscious fear that is constantly being re-stimulated.

4.) You may be a slow healer or a bleeder. This means that your blood doesn’t clot as easily, so your stomach ulcer may have a hard time healing itself.

It is said that smokers take longer to heal, seeing as nicotine deprives the body of essential nutrients crucial to the healing process.

5.) Perhaps you’re not drinking as much water as you should be. Although this is more of a general health tip, it can help to keep your digestive system running a lot more smoothly.

Although there are many medications available for stomach ulcers, few of them really address the main issues that cause stomach ulcers.

Most remedies focus on reducing the stomachs acid secretion or neutralizing it in some way or another.

This is why a lot of people who have suffered once from stomach ulcers, end up having repeat attacks.

To heal your stomach ulcer, it is necessary to treat your digestive system as a whole, and bring it into a state of optimum function.

This is not difficult to do, and for those moments when you just can’t help eating the wrong thing, just take a day or two afterwards to give yourself enough high fiber foods to balance things out.

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Thank you for reading.

Lymphedema Surgery – What You Need to Know Before You Go Under the Knife

Though it is not popular in the U.S., lymphedema surgery is being tested as a treatment for lymphedema Asia and Europe. Surgery is a fairly recent option for the effects of lymphedema, and it’s still being tested to find a cure for the problems associated with this condition. Though surgical methods have not been widely adopted in the U.S., there are new procedures that are less invasive and gaining in popularity among doctors. Ablative procedures, also called debulking, and lymphaticovenular bypass are the two main types of procedures being tested to find a quick, long-term solution to the symptoms of lymphedema.

Lymphaticovenular bypass is being tested as a solution for lymphedema, specifically among breast cancer patients. This procedure places a few incisions in the affected arm to redirect fluid away from the damaged lymph vessels. A couple of microsurgical tools redirect the vessels in the affected area in order to prevent the buildup of the lymph fluids. The procedure does not last very long, and usually the patient can be released from the hospital within a day of the surgery.

Though this lymphedema surgery is effective within a few months after it’s complete, the patient is still required or encouraged to continue the use of compression bandages as an additional method of treating the lymphedema.

And although this procedure is beginning to show that is effective at reducing swelling and the collection of fluids over periods longer than 1 year, it does not cure the causes of lymphedema. It is only a way to reduce the swelling and weight. Continued use of compression and massage are still needed. There are no surgical or medical treatments available yet that will cure the root causes of swelling, which is why these methods of controlling the symptoms are not readily endorsed or practiced yet in the United States.

The second type of surgery mentioned in connection with treating lyphedema is called debulking. Debulking is fairly controversial surgery, and a rarely used one, because of the damage it can do to the tissues. It is one of the oldest types of lymphedema surgery, and is not without its own set of complications. Debulking involves opening up the affected areas and removing the engorged tissues. There can be a few problems that develop during this procedure. In certain instances, it can cause paralysis of the affected limbs.

The risks associated with this second type of lymphedema surgery are the main reason why it’s not commonly used anymore. But, with the development and testing of Lymphaticovenular bypass, new procedures are coming out that suggest doctors and surgeons are getting closer to a cure for the symptoms of lymphedema. However, with all the progress that’s being made to help the symptoms subside, little progress is being made in curing the causes of lymphedema.

What is Angioprim?

What exactly is Angioprim and why thousands of peoples with angina are rushing to find an alternative treatment like angioprinm instead of angioplasty?

Angioprim is a proprietary liquid blend of amino acids which is effective in the elimination of plaque and calcium or fatty deposits that has been collected in our arteries.

The main cause of heart attack and stroke are the plaque built up in our blood streams. Accumulation of plaques will cause hardening of arteries and obstruct our blood flow in our body. If they are untreated, it will lead to strokes and heart attacks.

It is a fact that EDTA oral chelation the use of Angioprim or any other amino acids has proven itself to be an effective method in unclogging blocked arteries and veins.

Angioprim can clear our clogged arteries by removing the calcium “glue” from the plaque which are in our arteries and in result leaves artery walls clean. Our kidneys will excrete Angioprim along with the now-harmless calcium and cholesterol.

Our body approximately has 75,000 miles of arteries, veins, capillaries and microscopic arterioles and with the help of Angioprim, we can cleans all those clogged veins, and arteries etc in our body.

After Angioprim clears all the blocked arteries, our life-giving blood can be supplied to places where it hasn’t reached in years – or even in decades. Results in smooth blood flow, cells that were once starved and dying throughout your body are being reborn!

Why go with Angioprim?

1. The best and most effective alternative treatment to clear and clean blocked arteries without costly & sometime dangerous surgery and drug.

2. Helps in relieving or reverse many common illness like Alzheimer’s, Angina, Bone Spurs, Cardiovascular Disease, Congestive Heart Failure, Diabetes, Erectile Dysfunction, Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and Diabetes.

Obesity Erectile Dysfunction – What Are the Symptoms?

An obese person should not be discriminated and treated as if he is different from anyone else. He has to right to live, to enjoy life, and to eat more. But the issue on obesity is usually not centered on the over-all appearance of the person being plump, but it is more focused on how unhealthy his lifestyle has been and can get. Obesity is not normal; it is a disease condition that can initiate more grave disorders to happen.

Being obese is indeed a negative notion, because it only means that one did not exert extra effort to maintain the ideal body weight, and prevent a number of chronic illnesses to spawn.

One of the disorder associated with this condition is called Obesity Erectile Dysfunction that is being endured by more that fifteen million Americans nowadays. And every now and then, it gets worse and the number of those who are affected continues to increase.

The cause of the condition

Several factors and processes that continuously occur inside the body cause obesity erectile dysfunction. One of these factors is decreased blood flow to the penile area.

Obese persons usually experiences a decreased blood flow on their penile area, because of too much fat intake that can build up on blood vessels. When these fats are not burned out, they accumulate and eventually form a plaque that causes vessel infarction and blockage. When the blood vessels are blocked, the blood that carries nourishment, hormones, and oxygen, which are all necessary to stimulate erection, does not reach the organ, thus making the person impotent.

Another cause of obesity erectile dysfunction is when the compound, nitric oxide, is not released from the epithelial layer of the heart to stimulate the penis to erect. Furthermore, nitric oxide is responsible to dilate the blood vessels in the penis to allow blood flow to enter.

In the case of people with obesity erectile dysfunction, Nitric oxide was not released, because the epithelium was damaged by excessive insulin production that helps in the digestion of bad cholesterol. Obese persons have higher amounts of bad cholesterol; therefore, their insulin rate also escalates.

The signs and symptoms of the disease condition

A person suffering form obesity erectile dysfunction will obviously manifest symptoms of being obese. That is, he is overweight or heavy, looks plump, and his body fats are distributed unevenly throughout his body. There are also more adipose tissues than muscles. He may sweat more often, and continuous to engage himself on over eating.

Furthermore, the signs and symptoms of erectile dysfunction are also present. The most apparent one is that he cannot initiate or maintain erection throughout the course of the sexual activity. He may also experience some psychological dilemmas, such as confusion, depression and anxiety. Moreover, the person may feel week, helpless, empowered, and has a very low self-esteem that can lead to sexual malfunction.

If the case is severe, the person will not only manifest symptoms of erectile dysfunction, but also of other disease conditions that resulted secondary to obesity. Some of these chronic disease conditions are diabetes mellitus, myocardial infarction, atherosclerosis, and kidney problems.

How to mange the condition

The management of obesity erectile dysfunction is directed towards treating the underlying disorder, which is obesity, by eating a modified and healthy diet, as well as exercise.

If impotency is the major concern, the person can ask for an advice from his health care provider regarding the use of alternative therapy, herbal medicines, or other pharmacological agents.

Life After a Heart Attack – Plain Sailing Or Rough Seas?

After a person has a heart attack and comes out of hospital, there is often an immediate period of feeling slightly anxious and upset, when there may be anxieties about another heart attack or whether or not life is going to get ‘back to normal’. This period is then replaced with a less stressful period where life does indeed seem to be becoming less challenging and there is almost an air of optimism about the future.

However, when undertaking research for an ‘ebook’ and talking to the wives and partners of someone who has had a heart attack, and from personal experience, it soon became clear that many people who have had a heart attack do not come out of hospital and have a straightforward recovery process. Often it is far from plain sailing and can seem like rough seas for those on the journey to recovery.

Caught on a Plateau?

Many wives and partners of heart attack survivors relate how they felt that there was a period of immediate recovery, followed by a period that didn’t seem to be leading anywhere; it was as if the survivor was caught on a plateau. They weren’t getting worse, but on the other hand, they didn’t feel like they were getting better.

This period often seems to bring new anxieties. There are fears that the recovery process will never be complete. There are fears that this period could be a precursor to another attack and there is also a sense of frustration over lack of progress. The anxieties and the fears then feed off the frustration and it can be a disheartening time for many, because they feel that they are never going to get better.


Somehow being aware that the road to recovery may not be a smooth one can help diffuse the frustration. Sometimes the immediate period after an attack is busy, with cardiac rehabilitation, practical considerations and many medical appointments. It is only after this period that the reality of what happened can sink in and around 1 in 3 people who have had an attack will have some kind of anxiety or depression and this can affect the recovery process.

Being aware of the risk of anxiety or depression and its affect on the recovery process can help you to feel less fearful if recovery is not wholly straightforward. We often assume that someone has a heart attack, gets better, end of story. Yet this is often far from the case and it is only through true understanding of what has happened and the risk of anxiety, depression, stress and so on that we can be equipped with the skills to support someone who has had a heart attack.

If you assume that the heart attack survivor will just come out of hospital and be ‘back to normal’ within weeks, then you will probably be disappointed. If you are realistic, aware and willing to be patient and understanding, then the road ahead may well be less difficult, so you need to simply accept that there may well be setbacks and keep your expectations down to earth. Take each day at a time and don’t expect miracles!

Manteno Illinois Healthcare History

Manteno State Hospital was for most of the twentieth century the largest institution for the mentally ill in Illinois, and one of the largest in America. Located in Kankakee County about forty miles southeast of Chicago and fifteen miles west of Wilmington hospital, Manteno State Hospital opened in 1930 and from its inception was in the forefront of technological and psychological advances in the treatment of the mentally ill throughout its history. For one thing, the 1,000 acres of grounds of Manteno State Hospital were landscaped, and the interiors of its 100 buildings were decorated (during the 1930’s, with WPA murals executed and installed by well-known artist Gustaf Dahlstrom to create a pleasant and salubrious ambience for both patients and staff.

The first of these murals, installed in the administration building lobby, depicted the legend of the Indian maiden Mantenau, for whom the town is named. With a population which ultimately exceeded eight thousand patients, the hospital was a community unto itself, with (starting in 1945) its own newspaper – the Manteno State Hospital News. MSH was also the first state hospital in Illinois to open its own synagogue, when it acquired a Torah and Ark for conducting Jewish services in 1953. Occupational and art therapy programs, such as the drum corps (instituted in 1955), were an integral part of MSH treatment. An annual Art-o-Rama exhibit and sale of patients’ artwork was instituted in 1957. The hospital even had its own Cinemascope movie theater, which opened in 1955, and its own bus line. Manteno State Hospital also had a farm colony worked by patients which produced over $30,000 in farm products in 1938, and provided the dining halls with fresh produce as well as earning spending money for the less-seriously ill inmates. A subterranean root cellar, completed in 1939, was used for storing vegetables.

As new psychiatric techniques for treating mental illness were introduced, they were quickly adopted as part of Manteno Illinois healthcare. For example, treatment trials of the Metrazol shock therapy for treating certain forms of schizophrenia and depression were begun in 1936, shortly after the technique was invented. Insulin, electro pyrexia, and electric shock therapies were also employed. A tuberculosis sanitarium was opened at Manteno in the fall of 1937. As new psychiatric drugs, such as chlorpromazine, reserpine, and other drugs used to treat schizophrenia and epilepsy were invented in the 1950’s, their effects were carefully studied at MSH. Since most voluntary admissions were patients with chronic alcoholism, a pioneering Alcoholics Anonymous program was instituted at MSH in 1958.

Manteno State Hospital was also closely associated with area educational and research institutions. In 1939 an outbreak of typhoid fever resulted in sixty patient deaths, which caused the authorities to issue a quarantine and a moratorium on new patient admittances for six months. As a result, Monteno State Hospital became a center for typhoid and malaria research; and later on research programs in steroid treatment of breast cancer were introduced. In 1947 the hospital became associated with the University of Illinois Department of Psychology, which offered its students two-month residencies at Manteno as part of their training. In 1950 the Manteno State Hospital bacteriological laboratory became part of the Illinois state Department of Health.

In the 1970’s Manteno State Hospital was rocked by several scandals, including the revelation of experimental surgeries which had been done on patients without their consent in the 1950’s, as well as charges of sexual abuse and a high percentage of patient deaths. The hospital population by this time had fallen to three thousand and continued to fall, and it was increasingly difficult to obtain competent staff. The hospital began to receive “undomiciled patients”: when a homeless person with no family ties showed up at any Chicago or Wilmington Illinois hospital, they were automatically sent to Manteno. Although Manteno was never designed to deal with violent patients, more and more mittimus patients – felons who were more intelligent and violent than regular patients – were sent to the hospital. Walkaways – escapees from the hospital due to inadequate supervision – caused fear in the community. By 1983 Governor Thompson decided to close MSH, which shut down operations on December 31, 1985.

Present and Expected Future Growth of Catering Services Business

Catering services business is a rewarding option with huge potential of growth. Considering the importance of social celebrations and events, corporate cultures and social lifestyle, you can consider the catering industry to expend its status and profitable nature further.

Catering service providers are finding recognition at small as well as big levels. The catering industry is not only favorable for home based businesses; it is helping the social caterers to make big profits. Though, it is obvious that only those service providers in the industry succeed who are able to withstand this demanding business option.

As far as the current trends of catering services industry are concerned, it has attained status among top industries with an ever-increasing demand of various services offered by it. Social caterers in the United States, for example, make sales of over 6.5 billion dollars every year. This figure should significantly increase if the sales generated by home-based and unknown caterers are added to it.

The restaurant industry came up with good figures even when other industries were struggling during the period of recession. The consumers in the United States spend about 50 percent of their total food budget in the restaurants. This clearly indicates how the establishments like restaurants, cafes and other types of eateries are growing their profits year after year.

The catering services industry in the developing countries too is enjoying the favorable period of growth. The countries like India has its people adopting to the new lifestyles which include better food preparations for different types of social and cultural functions and increased habit of people to eat in restaurants regularly.

The main promising factors that ensure that the catering industry is going to maintain its consistent growth for the years to come include:

  • Household with higher income are helping the catering industry to flourish. In the developing countries as well, the household income is increasing at a fast pace. So, more and more people are attracted towards the catering industry and the services offered by it.
  • Corporate culture that holds a number of meetings, conferences, business lunch and dinner parties are becoming greatly dependent upon the catering industry services. The trend might not be that new for the developed countries, but the countries that have recently discovered the corporate culture are helping in the industry to attain popularity.
  • Birthday parties, wedding receptions and other types of family events are more and more relying upon the catering service providers. This is mainly because of the increase in number of working mothers that give them less time to do preparations in the kitchen.
  • Finally, people are getting more attracted towards the fashion of eating out with families and friends. This type of lifestyle is again new for the developing countries.

As you can have an idea from the discussion above, the catering services industry is one of the best options for those planning to have their own business. Start with a good business plan and keep an eye on the existing competition to have a successful catering business.

Signs of Gall Bladder Tumors

The exact indications of gall bladder cancer tumor usually are registered while in the advanced state of the cancer and people who know about gallbladder diseases have also been conscious of this. That is the reason why people with gallbladder difficulties have to test their own issue on a regular basis.

Gallbladder cancer tumor symptoms normally include a weakness, decrease of appetite plus bodyweight; aches in the upper abdomen zone, a feeling of sickness and even vomiting. It is additionally likely that the gallbladder may be bigger. Typically the signs of gall bladder cancer tumor can be accompanied by a fever, bloating and even irritation. Truly the only successful treatment plan to the gallbladder tumors is definitely surgical treatments for the reason that removal of the whole of the organ is the most efficient treatment for the outlined disease. The fact is that, full recovery can be carried out mainly in cases where the ailment was clinically determined on time. Since the indications come about very late (often inside its final stages), cancer can get started in its advanced degree making it tough as well as really impossible to help remedy it. Gall bladder can be taken off, however it is no confirm that the problem would actually disappear as well as the patient definitely will live life. In some instances, loss of life may appear although gall bladder is removed out.

However there exist a number of other illnesses which all have indications that are just like the signs of gall bladder cancer tumor. Due to this, you should be calm when you initially spot the symptoms and await the diagnose from the doctor. Constant medical tests are well-advised for those who currently have difficulties with your own gall bladder. It’s also wise to care for your present health, lifestyle and diet. This should help you live your life without the need for stresses, and you shouldn’t wait for the indicators to happen. Regular professional medical check ups may actually save your life since your physician will present you with a reply to any or all your queries and provide you with information on how to cope with gallbladder complications properly.

Common Reasons of Chest Pain

Chest hurt generally means heart pain for most people because that is where the vital organs are located. Besides the heart, organs such as lungs, stomach, esophagus and diaphragm are covered by the ribs and muscles in a tight hold that protects them from injury and any external pressure. Chest pains can therefore signal a life threatening situation and the causes can be anything from heart failure to lung problems. Getting help for a heart attack or lung injury could save your life.

The cause of chest pain can be traced to chest wall syndrome in people who don’t have any heart or lung problems. This is the most regular cause chest hurts in basic care patients.

Harmless as well as imaginary

Chest (wall) syndrome is absolutely harmless and musculoskeletal in nature. A person who has chest pain has discomfort originating from the structures of chest wall. Skin, muscles and ribs are included in the chest wall. Pain in chest wall is generally caused by inflammation, injury or infection to these structures. Some common causes of chest wall pain are chest contusion, muscle strain and costochondritis.

Symptoms of chest wall pain include cough, difficulty in breathing, chest swelling, and chest bruising and chest tenderness. The treatments for chest wall pain are muscle relaxants, cold compresses, rest and anti pain nonsteroidal inflammatory medications. Sensitive Heart Syndrome, Atypical Chest Pain and Syndrome X are other chest pains that are caused by blockages in the heart that are not visible.

Besides these kinds of causes, chest hurt may also be related to psychiatric conditions and panic disorder. Muscle contractions in the chest wall are likely the cause of chest hurt from panic attacks. After panic attack, the chest wall may feel sore for several hours or days. In these cases, patients can be screened by two item questionnaire suggested by American Family Physician online journal. Medication and relaxation techniques can be used for its easy treatment.

Deadly and dangerous

It doesn’t mean that chest pains altogether should be discounted just because many patients complain of chest hurts that are often harmless. Heart disease is the leading cause of deaths in the US so far. Aortic dissection, coronary artery spasm, angina, mitral valve prolapsed; Prinzmetals syndrome or Graybiel’s syndrome and Prinzmetalsare are other deadly cardiac causes of chest pain.

Causes of chest pain that are not related to heart are pulmonary embolism, heartburn, pleurisy, pinched nerves, shingles caused by virus, injured ribs, espophageal spasms which are swallowing disorders, lung problems and pancreas or gallbladder problems. Most of these are not quickly dangerous for life but they are as deadly as heart problems when these medical get deteriorated and treatments many not be any more effective. It’s not always easy to tell how one knows when medical help is needed for chest pain. If one is not sure why the chest hurts then it’s best to check it out.

How Does Scuba Diving Cause Pulmonary Embolism?

This was asked of me at a recent beach diving get together.  I believe this is important to be aware of overexpansion lung injuries (from an uncontrolled ascent) and secondary pulmonary embolism  (air in the bloodstream from insulted lung tissue).

Lung over-expansion injury occurs when a SCUBA Diver holds their breath when ascending underwater. This can be as little as a 1.5 meter ascent near the surface.

How it happens (The technical reason)

When using SCUBA equipment underwater, the diver is breathing compressed air at a pressure equal to that of the water around him/her. This means the air entering their lungs is at the same pressure as the water. When the diver ascends, according to Boyle’s Law, the air expands due to reducing hydrostatic pressure, (the shallower the depth, the less the pressure) causing the lungs to over-inflate.

The lung does not burst like a balloon when over-inflated, instead it tears. However the tear itself is not so much a problem as the resulting air entering the tissues and bloodstream. The result of such a rupture causes the pulmonary capillaries and alveoli to rupture mixing blood and air into the lungs usually causing the diver to cough up blood. (A definite alert sign) The rupture can also cause one of four injuries: Air embolism, pneumothorax, mediastinal emphysema, and subcutaneous emphysema.

Why it happens (The human factor)

The most common causes of lung over-expansion injury are panic and ignorance. Other less common causes are choking, nausea, carelessness, and even smoking. Smoking can destroy the surfactant which keeps the lungs from sticking shut when they are vented. This can cause the parts of the lungs to stick shut and simulate holding ones breath.

How to avoid

 Never hold your breath while using SCUBA equipment.

  • Never give a “puff” of air to a free diver when using SCUBA equipment underwater. The free diver may not be aware of the problem of lung over-expansion injury and ascend without releasing their breath.
  • Avoid diving while having chest congestion problems (eg colds, flu’s, etc).
  • Smokers should not smoke for several hours before a dive. (Good luck convincing them of that! So do NOT dive if you are a heavy smoker and have had a cold or flu recently).
  • See a diving-aware doctor before learning to dive, and if you have any injury to your lungs or chest, see the doctor again.

    What to do
    The most common, and biggest warning sign of a lung over-expansion injury is coughing up blood. Other indications include chest pains and difficulty breathing. If you suspect such an injury immediately consult an emergency medical specialist.

    If you want to know the nitty gritty more, please ping me at a local dive get together.  All that medical school needs to be used somehow!


Bronchitis – What it is and How to Treat It

1. What Is Bronchitis?

Bronchitis is an inflammation of the large bronchial tubes, the main airway of the lungs. There are two types of bronchitis: Acute and Chronic. Chronic bronchitis occurs as a result of the lungs being constantly irritated and inflammed. Cigarette smokers generally end up developing chronic bronchitis, a serious disease of the bronchial tubes that lead to excessive mucus production and chronic cough. Because their airways are already damaged, treatment differs for people with chronic bronchitis. These people will need to see their provider right away.

Acute bronchitis (short term bronchitis) is caused by the same viruses that cause the common cold or the flu. This article deals with the symptoms and treatment of acute bronchitis.

2. What Are the Chief Symptoms of Acute Bronchitis?

  • cough
  • shortness of breath
  • chest tightness or wheezing

Bronchitis usually starts as a cold with symptoms such as sore throat, runny nose, or sinus infection which then settles in the chest. The large airway becomes inflammed and produces excessive mucus (can be yellow or brown), cough and shortness of breath.

This cough can last 3 weeks. Bronchitis is sometimes referred to as a “chest cold”. In 90% to 95% of cases, it is caused by a VIRUS. Antibiotics kill BACTERIAL infections, not VIRAL infections. That is why antibiotics are generally not prescribed.

3. How Do I Know It Is Not Pneumonia?

In healthy, non-elderly adults, pneumonia is uncommon in the absence of certain signs. The classic signs of pneumonia include:

  • fever greater than 101
  • rapid heart rate
  • rapid breathing

In addition, listening to your lungs with a stethoscope will let your provider know if your lungs are likely to be infected.

A chest x-ray is generally not needed unless your cough continues for more than 3 weeks in the absence of other known causes such as allergies, asthma or gastroesophageal reflux (GERD).

4. What Can Be Done To Help Me Feel Better?

Since antibiotics are useless in killing viruses, the key is to manage your symptoms. Expectorants to help you bring up phlegm, ibuprofen or acetaminophen, and sometimes an inhaler will help reduce your symptoms. Keep in mind though that your cough will probably be the last thing to clear up.

Changes in air temperature (going from a warm house to the outside), cigarette smoke, chemical odors etc. can often trigger a coughing spasm. That is why if you smoke, please try to stop during your illness (in fact, now might be the time to stop for good!).Wear a muffler to protect your nose and mouth when you go outside into the cold.

You should start to feel better in 7 to 10 days, but your cough may linger for up to 3 weeks. If your cough has shown no improvement by then, you will need to see your provider.