Vitamin D and a Yeast Infection

A yeast infection is a nasty ailment whose impact may range from mild to serious with accompanying evident symptoms. Men, women and children who have this illness may have areas of red, itchy, dry skin; complain of constant headaches; have cravings for foods such as sweets, pasta, or potato chips. They may demonstrate learning problems or memory loss. Or they may have a variety of digestive problems including bloating, diarrhea, constipation, gas, and loose stools. It is obvious these symptoms can be manifested from a variety of illnesses so; although; we will discuss the value of incorporating Vitamin D into your diet as a preventive measure against yeast infections; your first line of defense for any illness is to see a physician. Medical professionals are trained to recognize, diagnose, and treat any ailment including yeast infections.

Home remedy seekers have developed the theory that a lack of vitamin D in your system can lead to a yeast infection. Others swear this very same vitamin can cause a yeast infection. With two such varying opinions, our best resort is to consult medical journals.

There is plenty of evidence out there to support the use of Vitamin D supplements for clearing up the oral yeast infection often called thrush. The extract called Propolis has shown itself to be quite effective in battling this oral disease that can be found in babies, older denture wearers, AIDS patients, and cancer patients. Preliminary medical studies support the use of this extract as perhaps even a cure for thrush.

Vitamin D is also found in yogurt, which is a much ballyhooed home remedy for treating vaginal yeast infections. A number of variations to this ‘theme’ can be found but the basic directions are as follows. Purchase the most late-dated plain yogurt available at your local grocers. Once in the privacy of your home, unwrap a fresh tampon and dip it into the yogurt. Then insert this yogurt-soaked tampon into the vaginal area and leave in for 3 or 4 hours up to overnight. Immediate relief from symptoms that include redness, tenderness, and itchiness in the vaginal area should be evident.

While, it is true that Vitamin D is necessary for healthy, strong bones and teeth, and some studies have shown that extracts of this vitamin are useful in treating yeast infections, we again caution suspected sufferers of this ailment to seek proper medical treatment.

Larry King’s Heart Attack Saved His Life

For ten years, I told Larry King that he was a walking time bomb and should change his lifestyle before it was too late. At that time he was a radio broadcaster who smoked to stay alert while he worked day and night, and of course he ate a tremendous amounts of junk food. His blood pressure was 150/100 and his total cholesterol was 280. He suffered chest pains that were severe enough to take him to a cardiologist, but since his electrocardiogram was normal, he didn’t see any reason to change his ways. When he had his heart attack, I was the first person to see him in the emergency room. Now he eats the way I do, exercises regularly, has normal cholesterol and blood pressure, and never felt better. His heart attack saved his life.

Some people are not as lucky as Larry and don’t get a second chance. A heart attack has two components. First you lay down fatty plaques in your arteries over the years and the flow of blood slows to a trickle. Eventually a piece of plaque breaks off, travels further down the artery and forms clots, which block the flow of blood. The clots (which might have passed through a wide-open artery) block the blood supply to a part of your heart muscle, depriving it of oxygen and causing it to die. The same mechanism causes strokes, with a plaque blocking blood flow to some part of your brain.

Taking in more calories than you burn leads to plaques in arteries in susceptible people. Fats are the most concentrated sources of calories, so a diet to lower LDL cholesterol limits fats, particularly saturated fats and partially hydrogenated oils. You need some fat, but for most people, it’s hard not to eat too much fat. Fatty foods are everywhere, because manufacturers know that fat makes food taste good. Too many calories in your diet translates into too much fat in your body and in your bloodstream.

Read more about how to change your diet for heart health in The Good Food Book and the Heart Health section of my web site; see the links below.

Heart Disease – Signs of a Heart Attack

The signs of a heart attack vary from person to person, and the symptoms can be mistaken for something else. More often than not, the signs of an oncoming heart attack will only be noticed once you have one and look back at them.

A clot getting stuck in a narrowed artery and stopping the blood supply to your heart is the main cause of a heart attack. The only symptoms of heart disease, prior to the formation and lodging of a clot, are due to narrow arteries reducing blood supply. So the preliminary indications of a heart attack are the same as the indications of heart disease.

The difficulty presented by heart disease is that it advances slowly, allowing one to grow accustomed to and adapt to the symptoms without the thought that they are warning signs of heart disease or a possible heart attack.

Shortness of breath, chest discomfort and fatigue are the three basic symptoms that become noticeable at first. These symptoms may not all occur at the same time and at the same intervals and will probably won’t be very strong at first.

Perhaps one day, as you climb the steps, you feel somewhat short of breath and may attribute that to your age, your stress level, your tiredness or another minor reason.

You might even decide that the best treatment would be to exercise, but all too often you forget about this commitment. It will become more normal to feel breathless after some weeks. You will acclimate to it and begin to not notice it anymore. This will be the same for any feeling of tiredness or pain. You usually disregard these symptoms and continue to live with them.

Your blood pressure gives the only dependable indication of any heart disease. The symptoms of high blood pressure and heart disease are the same and so your best tool is a blood pressure monitor to check whether you have high blood pressure

You don’t need to see a doctor to do it either. According to recent studies, by consistently taking your own blood pressure at home rather than at the doctor’s office annually or biannually, your results may be more accurate.

If you do not own a monitor, you should get one promptly. If you’ve got a monitor but aren’t using it, then now is the time to start!

Cause of Excessive Sweating: Any Sickness of the Body

Excessive sweating or in medical terms, Hyperhidrosis is a disorder of the sweat glands producing sweats in excess amounts and faster rate. Unlike normal sweating, it is suffered by people even in the absence of too much heat or exhaustion. This condition can be blamed to the over activity of the Sympathetic nervous system. It mostly starts at adolescence to adulthood, both in men and women.

Knowing the underlying causes that trigger this disorder is important to be able to understand how and why it happens to a number of people. The reasons may be bad diet, hormonal imbalance, medications and diseases. Since the first three causes are easily relatable and common, this article will focus more on the medical cause of excessive sweating; diseases or illnesses. Infections like Tuberculosis, Lymphoma, Hyperthyroidism and Hypoglycemia are some of the medical problems associated with the sweating disorder.

Infections in the lungs called the Pulmonary Tuberculosis (TB) contagious and may be spread to other body parts. The disease is caused by the attack of the bacterium, Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. Symptoms of TB may include coughing of blood/phlegm, fatigue, sudden weight loss, fever, breathing difficulty, chest pains and/or night sweating.

Lymphoma is a sickness that may a culprit for excessive sweating. This is associated with the lymphatic system of the body. It originates from lymphoid tissues and forms painless lumps in any body parts. It is a common type of cancer causing deaths. The symptoms may appear as swollen lymph nodes, tiredness/weakness, difficulty breathing, abdominal swelling, chest pain, fever and heavy sweating especially at night.

Hyperthyroidism is another disease that may bring about profuse sweating. This refers to the over activity of the thyroid producing hormones which hastens metabolism. Releasing thyroid hormones in a short period of time leads to this medical issue. This problem results from too much iodine, non – cancerous growth of thyroid gland, excess thyroid hormones, or inflammation. The symptoms for Hyperthyroidism include fatigue, increased sweating, restlessness, weight loss, goiter, heat intolerance, increased appetite, nervousness and frequent bowel movements.

Hypoglycemia refers to having low blood sugar is common in people with diabetes. This disease can be included as a medical cause of excessive sweating. It occurs when insulin is taken in excess, glucose is slowly released into bloodstream and exercise is done without the right amount of food. The Hypoglycemia may lead to symptoms like nervousness, fatigue, convulsions, coma, headache, hunger, confusion, irritability or cold sweats.

Harvesting Herbs – What You Need to Know When Harvesting Rosemary

Rosemary is a perennial herb that can thrive for many years especially in warm and dry climates. It is an evergreen shrub that grows up to six feet tall when planted in the ground under optimum conditions, or 3 feet in height when grown in containers. It doesn’t take frost very well and might die during the cold season without adequate protection. For this reason, many choose to grow rosemary in pots so it can be easily taken indoors during winter.

But many herb gardeners will certainly agree that rosemary is one of the easiest herbs to grow. You can be sure of a good harvest as long as you provide its basic requirements: lots of sun, just the right amount of water and a little pruning here and there to promote a bushy growth.

Harvesting rosemary doesn’t need any special method at all and there is really no harvest season for this herb. You can enjoy its fresh leaves anytime for as long as the plant is growing. But there some points you might find helpful to ensure full benefit from your rosemary herb.

One: Harvest only from an established rosemary plant. Give young plants at least six weeks before harvesting for the first time. Six weeks also for older plants to allow them to grow back their stems and establish new growth.

Two: Harvest is simply done by snipping off its stems. You may find a pair of clippers useful for this purpose because rosemary is a woody plant and cannot be easily pruned by bare hands. Using a sharp pair of clippers also ensures a clean cut and avoids wounding the stems or damaging the plant. Wounded stems may invite pest or make the plant vulnerable to diseases.

Three: Cut or prune only four to eight inches from the tip of the stems, depending on how tall the plant is. If you cut too far down, there won’t be any foliage left to allow the stems to grow back and repopulate.

Four: Also, cut only the leafy stems and not the woody part, especially if you have an older plant. New growth stems only from the leafy ones. Bare wood doesn’t grow back.

Five: Prune or harvest rosemary after it blooms.

Six: Get only as much as you need if you plan to use the herb fresh.

Seven: Harvest anytime of the day. You don’t really have to wait for the full moon or for a specific time in the morning to make sure that the herb is at its peak.

Eight: After you harvest, there are a number of ways to store the herb. You can use it immediately, hang it on a warm and dry place to dry, or toss inside a plastic bag and freeze. Although, dried or frozen rosemary leaves are not as good and as flavorful as fresh leaves.

Rosemary is a truly a wonderful herb to have growing in your garden or inside your house. Knowing how to properly harvest from it and allowing the plant to grow back over and over again could mean many bountiful years for you and your rosemary.

Healing Prayers to Rout Uterine Fibroids

1. I curse you fibroid tumors by fire of the Holy Spirit and decree that you dry up from your roots, in Jesus Name.

(Place your right hand on your abdomen, touching the growth and repeating this prayer 7x)

2. By Holy Ghost fire, I cut off any other tumor or growth in my uterus, tubes or ovaries, in Jesus Name

3. I destroy by Holy Spirit fire, every evil force or familiar spirit behind these fibroids, in Jesus Name.

4. I balance all my body hormones (estrogen, progesterone, testosterone and cortisol), In Jesus Name.

5. I proclaim, declare and decree that my womb is back to normal size, structure and function, In Jesus Name.

6. I Confess and claim that my body works in perfect anatomy, biochemistry and normal physiology as God intended, in Jesus’ Name.

7. Any disease, disorder, lesion, infection, infestation or microform that touches my body dies from the source, In Jesus Name.

8. My body is the temple of the Holy Ghost and every degeneration, disease, disorder, infection or growth that comes to my body withers away, in Jesus Name.

9. I invoke the cleansing power of the blood of Jesus to detoxify my uterus, birth canal, Fallopian tubes and ovaries.

10. Let the healing and redeeming power of the blood of Jesus Christ to melt away all fibroid growth, debris, contamination, abnormal discharge, excessive menstrual bleeding, irregularity or cloths.

11. Let the burden removing, yoke destroying anointing of the Holy Ghost counter all inflammation, pain, discomfort, swelling or pressures as a result of the symptoms of these fibroid tumors in Jesus Name.

12. I immunize my blood stream, uterus and reproductive organs with the supernatural blood of Jesus Christ.

13. Lord Jesus, thank you for the miraculous healing of these fibroids because you are my deliverer and great physician.

14. Because Healing is the Children’s bread, I thank you Lord for my permanent healing as a blood-bought, blood-washed covenant child of God.

15. I bless my uterus and release God’s blessing, peace, mercy and grace over my womb and reproductive organs, in Jesus Name.

16. I receive supernatural transfusion of Jesus blood to correct the anemia of blood loss from these fibroids.

17. Lord, restore by your divine justice all (time, money, energy, health) that I have lost as a result of the fibroids.

I thank God for these prayers offered in the mighty and miraculous name of Jesus Christ, my Great Physician.

Windscreen Wiper Water May Cause Pneumonia and Here’s How to Prevent It

Legionnaires’ disease, a rare disease, is a severe bacterial infection affecting respiratory tract (pneumonia). The organism involved in this condition is Legionella pneumophila that usually founds in mist from hot tubs, air-conditioning units and showers. Transmission occurs by breathing in mist from water that contains these bacteria. General symptoms include fever, cough, chills, muscle pain and headaches.

Windscreen wiper may cause Legionnaires disease A recent study found that “Windscreen wiper water may be the cause of 20% of cases of Legionnaires’ disease and adding screen-wash to wiper fluids could save lives”. This finding is based on a case-control study which surveyed the driving habits and known risk factors of the Legionnaires’ disease. They study was conducted after an unusual high number of cases were reported in England and Wales and around this time it was well established that professional drivers were five times more likely to get Legionnaires’ than people from other lines of work. The study was aimed to further explore the possible reasons for the difference between the occupations.

The researchers contacted the 75 surviving cases who had acquired Legionnaires’ disease and also included 67 control people without the disease. The participants were provided with a questionnaire asking about their driving habits, other recognized risk factors and possible illness sources in the vehicles. They were asked what kind of vehicle they drove, its age, car service history, content of the wiper fluid tank and whether their driving was for societal or occupation reasons.

The results showed that two factors were associated with a high likelihood of being infected: driving all the way through industrial areas and driving or being a traveler in a motor vehicle that used windscreen wiper fluid with no screen-wash. The researchers calculated that about 22% of infections in people could be due to driving or being a traveler in a car that did not use screen-wash in the windscreen wiper fluid. The detected a firm link between people who do not use screen-wash and the danger of Legionnaires’ disease. Although because of case-control nature of study it cannot confirm causation, the investigators state there is a reasonable biological connection. They believe it is plausible that the bacteria grow in the sluggish water of the wiper’s fluid tank that can become an aerosol when it is sprayed onto the windshield.

Though not proved causal relation, until more conclusive results comes, it is advisable to add screen-wash to your car’s wiper fluid as it can limit the transmission of bacterial causing Legionnaires’ disease.

Lower Back Pain When Sneezing

If you feel sudden lower back pain when you sneeze, you may find that you have sneezed so hard that you have actually strained or pulled a muscle. Some people go all out when they sneeze, and belt out huge sneezes that seem to rock the whole body. Often this is accompanied by a jolt forward, and something as simple as this can put additional strain on the muscles in the lower back.

If the pain comes on for the first time when you sneeze then the chances are that sneezing has caused the pain directly. However, if you were already experiencing problems in the back region, your sneezing may have simply set off a pre-existing condition or made it worse. The pain that you experience may be very short term or may continue even after several days. If the discomfort continues you may need to visit your doctor to ensure that there is no underlying problem that is causing the pain.

Determining the cause

It can be easy to assume that your back problem has been caused as a result of the sneezing, but there could be another explanation for it. You should ascertain whether there is any other accompanying pain such as leg pain, numbness, or tingling. If the problem continues after a few days you should get it checked out by the doctor, as you may need assistance with the muscle strain. You may even find that something else is causing the pain. Your doctor will be able to run scans and tests to find out the root cause of the pain.

If you have inflammation or you are experiencing constant discomfort your doctor may prescribe painkillers or anti-inflammatory medication. This may be in addition to other treatments such as physical therapy. This type of therapy is considered highly beneficial to those with back issues. It can involve manipulation of the spine and surrounding muscles, massage, and exercise techniques. This combination can help to ease the discomfort as well as improve mobility in the back region.

Alleviate discomfort further with home stretches

Stretching can help with a multitude of back related problems, and you could find that some simple exercises and stretches can benefit you in many ways. Your physical therapist can recommend some excellent stretches. You will be able to relieve tension from the muscles and reduce stiffness. This can help to ease mobility and flexibility so that you can move more easily and painlessly. Just some simple stretches can help to get the blood flowing, stretch the muscles, and strengthen the spine and back. All of this can help to alleviate the symptoms if you have been experiencing lower back pain when sneezing.

Don’t Ignore That "Not Quite Right" Feeling!

Okay…its 2 a.m. and you wake up with some weird feeling in your chest…or is it in your stomach. Don’t ignore it. Is it reflux or heartburn…maybe…but it could be something much more serious. It could be a heart attack.

Just because the discomfort is not the classic “squeezing, crushing” type pain often described or because it doesn’t cause you to “grip your chest” like in the movies and on television doesn’t mean it couldn’t be your heart. And in women, the symptoms are even more vague…sometimes something as simple as “just feeling more tired than usual” or “just not feeling right.”

If you get that “funny feeling” in your chest or abdomen or that certain “je ne sais quoi”, especially if you have any risk factors for heart disease, make your way to the nearest emergency department. Let the medical professionals sort it all out. We would much rather re-assure you that your symptoms are indeed heartburn, reflux or something less ominous than to have to console your loved ones because you ignored your body’s way of alerting you to a problem. Your nearest emergency department is where you should go.

There are certain things that put a person at risk for heart disease… smoking, a family history of heart attacks (someone in your immediate family who suffered some form of cardiac event before the age of 60), diabetes, hypertension (high blood pressure) to name a few.

Each year heart disease is at the top of the list of this country’s most serious health problems. Statistics show that cardiovascular disease is America’s leading health problem and the leading cause of death.

The forms of cardiovascular disease include:

  • hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • coronary artery disease (blocked arteries around the heart),
  • stroke(brain attack)
  • congestive heart failure
  • congenital (born-with) cardiovascular defects

The American Heart Association estimates the following:

  • More than 2400 American die of cardiovasular disease every day…an average of one death every 36 seconds
  • Cardiovascuar disease is the cause of more deaths than cancer, chronic lung disease, accidents, diabetes and flu/pneumonia COMBINED
  • Cardiovascular diseases are the number one killer of women as well as men. These diseases claim the lives of nearly 500,000 women every year.
  • About 1/3 of cardiovascular disease deaths occur prematurely (before age 75)
  • About 1 out of every 2.7 deaths results from cardiovascular disease.

It makes sense not to ignore anything you think may be a sign of a heart attack.

  • Chest discomfort, Upper Abdominal Discomfort-.
  • Pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the neck, jaw or back.
  • “Cold Sweats”, nausea or lightheadedness
  • Unusual or unexplained fatigue
  • Shortness of Breath

So, get on the phone and call 911. Don’t wait longer than 5 minutes! If you don’t have access to Emergency Medical Systems….get someone to drive you to the hospital. Do not drive yourself. If it is your heart and you develop some kind of funky heart rhythm while driving, you could lose consciousness and have a car wreck…making things that much worse for you and any other individuals who may be involved.

This information is provided for informational purposes only and not designed to diagnose or treat any medical condition. You should always seek the personal attention of a medical professional for accurate diagnosis.

Bronchitis – Easing the Symptoms With Home Remedies

There are two types of bronchitis – acute [short duration and serious] and chronic [of long duration and very serious] – both of them have inflamed mucous membrane linings of the bronchial tubes in the lungs which cause large quantities of mucus to be secreted [we expel it as phlegm – a sticky, semi-fluid which may be purulent] leaving the patient with difficulty in breathing, coughing and a high fever. Other symptoms include hoarseness, chest pain and loss of appetite.

This chest infection has quite a few causes:

* smoking – irritates the bronchial tubes, thus making them less resistant and more susceptible to outside forms of infections [germs we breathe in daily]

* weather change – a sudden and drastic change in the weather [hot then cold] can bring on a bout of this chest infection

* working in a chemical environment – any environment that has harmful chemicals or particles in the air can hasten the onset of this problem

* drug use – medicines given to patient to combat some other medical problem

* hereditary – we don’t always just get blue eyes or height from our parents, they can pass on the odd susceptibility to diseases as well.

Natural foods to help combat this illness


1) Fresh ginger, pepper corns and cloves [half a teaspoon of each if in powder form] – grind to a paste and use 1 1/2 teaspoons of this as a tea or mix with 1 tsp honey and swallow [3 x daily]. Not only does this mixture have anti-pyretic [effective in reducing fever] qualities it will also assist in toning up the metabolism thus increasing the appetite the patient has lost.

2) Turmeric – excellent in giving relief from coughing and expectorating the excess mucus [phlegm] produced by this illness, mix in 1/2 a glass of milk and take it 3 x daily

3) Endive [chicory] – a useful expectorant for chronic bronchitis, mix 1/2 a teaspoon of this dry root with 1 teaspoon of honey and take it 3 x daily.


1) Spinach – an effective expectorant, take about 50 grams of fresh spinach leaves, lightly cook in about 250ml water, cool and add 1 teaspoon honey and a pinch of ammonium chloride. Take 1 tablespoon of this effusion 3 times a day.

2) Onions – 1 teaspoon of raw juice first thing in the morning helps with liquefying and expectorating phlegm as well as preventing the further formation of the same.

Nuts and seeds

1) Almonds – make an emulsion of 7 almonds [crushed to a powder], mix it into a cup of lemon or orange juice and take it every night till better. This emulsion soothes the bronchi and aids in the recovery of the patient.

2) Sesame seeds – effective in assisting with the recovery of the patient, take 1 teaspoon of this seed and mix with 1 teaspoon of linseed, a pinch of salt and a teaspoon of honey, mix and give to patient just before bedtime. While having this the patient should also be given 1/2 a teaspoon of powdered seed mixed with 2 tablespoons of water twice a day.

Exercise and fresh air will also aid in the recovery of this patient, but remember this could be life threatening so do go see your doctor and get the prescribed medication needed to assist the patient in their recovery.

Most Common TMJ Symptoms: How to Know If You Have TMJ

TMJ is a tricky disorder, and it is very often under-diagnosed. Hence the need for a guide to self-diagnosing your TMJ disorder even before consulting a specialist. This article will provide you with a brief but comprehensive list of the most common TMJ symptoms. If you believe that you have two or more or them, it is highly recommended that you consult a specialist as soon as you can.

Severe Pain

All TMJ sufferers report experiencing severe pain – which, in some cases, is even described as excruciating. It generally involves the whole face region (especially the area surrounding the ears and the temples).

However, even though you pain is still manageable, consulting a doctor is always a good idea. Sometimes, what looks like a harmless ear infection can be a TMJ disorder in its early stages.

Grinding, popping and crunching sounds

if you are wondering whether your pain is TMJ-related, this symptom is very likely to provide you with an accurate answer to your dilemma. Asking your parents or friends if they ever noticed you make strange grinding and popping sounds with your jaw is probably the most important tell-tale sign of TMJ.

Visit a doctor immediately if you have this symptom. Grinding your teeth every day, for an extended period of time, can lead to permanent damage to the jaw cartilage, thereby considerably aggravating your TMJ disorder.

Frequent headaches

Do you often complain about your frequent headaches or migraines? If you have had this problem for a long time and the medicaments you have been taking have not helped you, then TMJ is very like the underlying cause of your disorder.

The only way to get rid of them is finding a TMJ specialist as soon as possible. Your dentist or family doctor are simply nor trained enough to diagnose this tricky disorder, which is also why TMJ sufferers very often spend thousands of dollars before being able to find a proper cure.

Over-sensitive eyes

TMJ patient often report having blurred vision, bloodshot eyes, watery eyes and pain below, above and behind the eye region. In addition, a dislocated temporo-mandibular joint can also lead to a disorder called photophobia (also known as “light sensitivity”). Finally, if your eye muscles are often twitching, you are very likely to be suffering from TMJ.

Pain in the neck region

Repeatedly clenching you jaw and contracting your facial muscles is often the underlying cause of your neck pain. The vast majority of TMJ sufferers complain about the severe pain in their neck, but they very often relate it to the wrong cause. In this case, watch out for any other TMJ symptoms. If you are experiencing at least two more, you are very likely suffering from TMJ.


The wisest thing to do if you have many of these TMJ symptoms is looking for a health professional with a proper training on these kind of disorders. Do your research and try to get a second opinion before undergoing surgery or trying extreme or new therapies. Many TMJ sufferers have ruined their lives because of their impatience.

Got Painful Knees? Learn About Chondromalacia Patella and Your Treatment Options

If you have a painful knee, particularly when taking the stairs, you could have a condition called chondromalacia patella. Also known as patellofemoral pain syndrome or anterior knee pain, this condition is often caused by the irritation or injury to the cartilage under your kneecap.

Symptoms and Causes

Picture the cartilage behind the knee cap as a biologica friction reducer, reducing the friction of every step you make whether it is walking, running, jumping or even skipping. Repetitive movements, overuse of the knee or even injury can damage the cartilage over time. The cartilage in the knee joint itself is a shock absorber, the cartilage behind the knee cap is more to help with smooth movement / reducing friction) Because going up and down the stairs puts a lot of stress on the knee, this is when you most often feel the pain. You likely will feel pain if you sit for long periods with a bent knee or when you squat or kneel as well. Some people feel a grinding or crushing sensation during knee extensions.

Repetitive actions which stress the knee joints such as competitive jump roping or track and field events can cause chondromalacia patella. Injury such as a knee fracture or even a dislocation can be a contributing factor. Improperly aligned bones in the foot or knee are another cause of the anterior knee pain.

Specific activities, sex and age all are contributing risk factors of patellofemoral pain. Jumping and running sports strain or traumatise the knee. Women are more likely than men to develop this knee condition due to the wider pelvic region. In addition, young adults and teenagers tend to develop this condition because of their higher physical activity levels.


Treatment of anterior knee pain typically takes a multi-pronged approach using physiotherapy and orthotics in the form of prescription insoles in the shoes). There are specific exercises that can strengthen muscles around the knees, legs and hips that can help with rehabilitation. Exercise such as swimming, which does not put any stress on the knees is encouraged too. An orthopaedic professional will likely also expound on the virtues of ice therapy after exercise as well as over the counter pain relievers with anti-inflammatories.

Orthotic foot insoles and supportive braces for the knees can also go a long way towards reducing pain and increasing mobility. These feet arch supports and knee braces can help improve any misalignments as well as protect the knee joint itself. Only as a last resort would realignment surgery or arthroscopy be considered for a case of chondromalacia patella. Luckily, physical rehabilitation and orthotics often does the job of alleviating the knee pain so you can maintain an active lifestyle.

Physical Therapy for Broken Hip

A broken or fractured hip resulting from a serious fall or accident would require hospitalization. It may not be common among youngsters as they tend to have strong bones which can tolerate the impact better. While surgery may be required for some, physical therapy for broken hip would be necessary for all especially as one would eventually have to overcome pain and restore the body’s range of motion.

Rehabilitation and Therapeutic Sessions

Rehabilitation and therapeutic sessions would commence as soon as possible. Physiotherapists start by helping patients walk. This prevents complications such as blood clots, joint stiffness and worsening of pain. A cane or walker would help patients in moving about gradually. Certain therapeutic exercises would help to improve the body’s strength and mobility. The physiotherapists would assist patients in gait training for balance and coordination.

The therapy sessions are not limited to the hospital alone; some can be performed at home that may include functional training activities such as stretching and resistance training. This would enhance the body’s endurance, thereby making it more capable of withstanding future accidents and reducing the chances of serious injuries.

The intensity, frequency and duration of the sessions required for the patient would be determined by the physiotherapists, taking into consideration the patient’s age, type of hip fracture, level of mobility and many other factors. The condition of the patient would improve gradually in progressive stages. Some tend to recover faster while others may need more time and support. However, one should continue physical therapy till one is able to move about independently without pain or difficulty.

Treatment from Licensed Practitioner

Physical therapy for broken hip is very effective and safe if one follows the instructions to the point from a licensed practitioner. There are quite a few healthcare facilities which offer comprehensive treatment programs for all ages. Special counseling sessions are also given to help patients become more aware of their condition and help them exercise caution at all times.

Horse Ownership – The True Cost of Owning Your Own Horse – Article 2 of 2

This is Article 2/2.

Horse Dreams – Broken Dreams

The real cost of owning your own horse is not just time and money – you must plan ahead before you buy or you could be without an equine friend. I had my own horses when I was young but due to family issues, my horse had to be sold when I was about 15. For many, many years I yearned to have another equine friend. After sharing a few horses, the craving for my own became too much to bear. Basically, I was going to have my own, no matter what. Five years ago, after looking in the UK, I finally went to Holland with a respected trainer and found a beautiful horse. The only problem was that I didn’t do my List and I was not strictly objective (oh, and I had a 4 month old little girl!) Now, my beautiful 17.3 KWPN Dressage horse is on loan with a view to sale, because I really didn’t have the time or the lifestyle to meet his needs and to fulfil my dream. I spent most of my time moving from one livery yard to the next and mucking out in pitch black darkness. I couldn’t afford my training due to no job and being Mum to little baby girl. My bank balance is still reeling after forking out a small fortune for my horsy habit! So, I am now horseless again and very sad about it too. Writing this has been a little bit cathartic maybe, although, I just want to grab a horsebox and go and pick him up. Just devising my plan for buying the next one, one day. This time, I will do The List before I go horse hunting! Please read on and if you know of anyone about to buy their own, please ask them to read it too!

Look around – Ring around

There is no harm contacting trainers and breeders in the UK who you may not know and asking if they ever go abroad and if they can recommend any yards abroad. But also be careful. It is always better to see any horse with a trusted, able individual who can objectively look at the horse, and you when you try it out. Search the web as there are many horses on line here – even if its simply for research purposes. Best to take a trainer, I think, rather than a vet. A vet will be able to check that the horse is fit but not necessarily whether it is the right horse for the job you want it to do. Do be aware however, that some of the prices you pay abroad will be higher simply because you are from the UK – hence, going with a trusted, well known individual who really knows the true value of horses in today’s market really makes sense. They will charge – but it is better to pay them what they are worth and what the horse is worth, rather than paying over-odds for your equine friend.

Horse dealers?

I have mixed opinions about these. Sometimes, the horses they bring over are the ones that cannot be sold abroad and they are not necessarily quality ones as a result. However, you should visit a few and try out some horses. It is a good experience, will test your nerve a bit and help you establish what you really want and don’t want. If you do go to a dealers yard (and when visiting any prospective sale) ensure it is ridden by someone else first before you go anywhere near it. Watch it in the stable, the yard – how does it react to other people and horses. If it comes out rearing, unless you are particularly daring, I suggest leaving that one alone and perhaps, if you liked it, let it settle in its surroundings for a week before coming back and seeing if it has settled. I think dealer yards are quite unfair places to see horses really, as they are very unsettled by the process so it is difficult to see them at their best. If you do see one and your instinct is good, even if the horse wasn’t, then try it again (and again!). You may be able to loan it for a brief period, or if the yard is within sensible travel distance, perhaps try it out for a week (every day) to see if your instinct is right. Let the dealer know you are interested and they may stave off other prospective purchasers for a week or so. Don’t mess the yards around.

Buying abroad

Many good horses come from abroad so if you are up for the challenge, find a good trainer with contacts abroad and spend a few days looking at horses. Don’t go on your own to any yard – you should always have at least one more opinion. If you can, try and see any horses you like again before you return home and make a decision. Take videos to review when you return home. Well organised yards/studs will have a selection of suitable horses to view. Some yards may charge over odds for their horses, so ensure you have a knowledgeable person with you. I would suggest a 5 stage vetting with blood checks just to be on the safe side. All paperwork will be carried out before the horse is exported and these will be handed to you when he arrives! At the end of the day, any horse is worth what you are willing to pay for it in the end – but don’t pay more than you should, regardless of how lovely he/she is and remember The List!

Sharing or loaning a horse?

Another option is to find a quality horse to loan. I would highly recommend this option if you find the right horse and the right owner. You must have a loan agreement and be honest about what it is you want to do and how long you would expect to keep the horse on loan. Don’t mess the owner around by changing your plans unless you simply had no choice. It is a great way to own a quality horse for a while without having to pay the money up front to purchase, and you could spend a few years getting some excellent experience and training before you do later decide to buy your own. I would recommend it if you can find the right horse and owner.


You could also find someone with a good quality horse who needs help. There are very often many owners struggling and needing help. Provided you are realistic and honest about your abilities, look for a good quality horse whose owner needs help (for free!) You can gain invaluable experience and also, it’s a good way to test out your skills and see if you are really ready for ownership. You must be committed – horses need regular attention, even if you are sick, tired and have other commitments. So, I really suggest sharing – particularly if you have been away from horses for a while and are getting back into it, or haven’t owned for a while.

Some sharers are looking for money. Personally, I try to avoid paying and opt for ensuring you are helping with all the horse duties including early morning muck outs, turn outs etc,. If the owner is looking for money instead of help with mucking out etc,. ensure that you are happy with the owner and horse before you hand over any money. Perhaps opt for a 2 week trial before you get involved with handing over any finances. Also, if you are sharing (and loaning) you must respect and pay attention to what the owner asks regarding their horses care, any particular pointers regarding the type of work the horse can/cannot do, etc,. You will quickly be horseless again, possibly out of pocket too, if you blatantly ignore the owners instructions. (I had a sharer who did this and my horse was off for about 4 weeks with blown up tendons because he had been pushed too quickly following time out when I removed his shoes). You will have to learn a large amount of tact and patience when dealing with horse owners (and visa versa) but it is an excellent way to get ‘back in the saddle’ (excuse the pun!)

Trust your instincts

If you are honest with yourself, when you look at a horse, you will have an instinct about it. You may not like the instinctive decision that comes to you, but I urge you to listen to your senses truly on this occasion! If your mind says ‘No’, but your heart says ‘yes please’, listen to your mind, because at the end of the day, owning a horse is not about your heart. It is about your time, your money, your relationships. Heart has to play second fiddle to basic common sense. Particularly, if you don’t want your heart broken later when you realise your equine purchase was really the wrong one! Riding down the centre isle on a beautiful 17hh dark bay Dutch Warmblood is romantic, but he may not be the right one, on this occasion! (Trust me, I know about it – I’ve been there already!) Now, you need to deck you and your horse out with kit and decide where you are going to keep him!

Kitting you and your horse out for the occasion

You must also factor in how much your horse will cost once you get him home. The main cost of a horse is not his purchase, it’s keeping him. Firstly, if you buy a horse locally, chances are he will come with some kit. But, it may not be right for you and it may need replacing soon anyway. If you buy a horse abroad, he is most likely to turn up with a rug and an old lead rope and head collar. That’s it. Kitting out from scratch is expensive: you will need feed buckets; hay nets; grooming kit; bandages; stable rugs; various turnout rugs (goods ones are about £200+ I think); another rug just in case he damages the others; bridles & saddles (can range from £50 – £3000); numnahs, special training aids and equipment; Insurance (normally about 10% of the value of the horse insured, depending on cover required) and of course, livery and shoeing (or foot care if you opt for removing their shoes). If you are bringing a horse from abroad you will need to pay his travel costs (from about £300+ depending) and he should be insured before he leaves on the lorry (although often, the policy has an initial 2 week settling period during which cover is limited).

Make sure you sit down and write a list of what you will need to buy, how much it costs and make sure you have the money in the bank. Particularly, if you need a new saddle, because there are so many saddles and saddle fitters it can be quite mind boggling and a cheap one will not necessarily be a good answer. You sit on the saddle, and the saddle sits on your horses back – so spend a lot of time trying out saddles and find the right one! There are many options including treeless. Worth looking into all options – you should be able to ask a fitter / reseller to bring a selection for you to try out.

Where will you keep your horse – Livery is expensive and not always reliable

One of the biggest issues I have had has been livery. Again, what you require will vary depending on the type of horse you purchase. Make sure that the people who run the yard understand the type of horse you are buying, what you will be doing with him and your needs regarding help and if you are doing DIY, ensure that they won’t mind you being there when you need to access the yard. Some yards can have strict cut off times and if these are too early then getting to your horse could be difficult.

Will stable help, be helpful?

Ensure that any yard helpers will be able to manage your horse effectively. Not everyone is really comfortable with a 17.3hh KWPN warm blood. So, know your horse and ensure that yards are aware of particular habits and methods of behaviour management. If you horse eats rugs make sure that put, in writing, this point (and any others) so that you cannot be held liable for any rugs he eats left by stable help and owners. I was bullied into paying a hefty £100 for a rug even though I had told them to keep rugs away from my horse (he had ripped it to shreds in his stable). Put everything in writing to the yard manager/owner and keep copies.

Managing your horses nutritional needs

It is surprising how many ‘knowledgeable’ yards are oblivious to the amount of food a big horse needs. Regardless of whether a horse is ridden every day or 4 times a week, horses need to munch hay and lots of it (to my mind, ad hoc) – of course, the bigger the horse, the more he is going to eat, especially if grazing is poor. This is particularly relevant for horses boxed for long periods of time. It is better for their gut and it is much better for their mind to keep them occupied and prevent boredom and frustration. There is nothing worse than seeing your prize purchase thoroughly fed up, miserable and frustrated, and be unable to do anything about it (except move him). It is not as easy to find good, safe and happy accommodation for your horse as you might think. An unhappy horse can result in him, through no fault of his own, being given a bad name when all is required is simple respect for his basic equine needs.

Grass Livery

Personally, I would try my utmost to keep a horse at grass, in a safe, well-fenced, appropriately sized field with some equine friends. Even expensive competition horses! This is the ticket to a happy horse – it is natural and enables them to follow their equine instincts and needs. However, some horses from abroad may freak at the concept of a lengthy turnout in a field at the beginning! In these instances, seek professional advice, as I have not had to manage this myself, although I have seen horses ill at ease in a field. The field was small, and whilst other horses were in other paddocks, none were in its own field – perhaps this was part of the issue? My horse was certainly happiest in his field with friends – he was a terrible pacer if he was on his own – it’s not natural for your equine to be void of other equine company and contact. A sniff over a stable wall does not do it for most horses and the constant lack of other equine contact can cause stress. If they are stabled, try to find well thought out stabling which enables horses to see each other with ease. This will fulfill their herding instinct and help to avoid nervous stable pacing and other habits than can develop in a stressed, bored horse.

Found the horse – now what?

Once you have found the right horse, ensure he is thoroughly vetted before buying. Also, when possible visit them a few times for a few extra rides and watch him with his current owners.

Vetting your horse

There are a number of different options ranging from basic check to a 5 Stage Vetting which includes X-rays to check their bone structure and hence, ability to perform. You can also have a blood check to ensure that no illegal substances are being used to hide any sore limbs or injuries. Whichever vetting you choose, ensure it’s carried out by a qualified vet; never use the same one as the owner of your prospective purchase. All horses, by law, have to have a Passport and be vaccinated against Tetanus and Equine Flu (in the UK) so ensure these are up to date (the vet will check this). Horses from abroad will be checked by a vet abroad before being allowed to travel and will arrive with Export papers which you must keep, along with their Passport. These you will be handed by whomever you choose to bring your horse over the channel.

Bringing your horse home

Watching your horse come down the ramps of a horse box (or trailer) is one of the most exciting and exhilarating sights, EVER! After all the waiting, planning and disappointments of horses that weren’t right or didn’t pass the vetting – finally, your equine friend is all yours. Home safely. I am sure you will have quite a lot of apprehension too! Well, now your horse is home, the work really starts!

If you need to bring your horse from abroad, there are a number of quality, professional horse transport companies who regularly bring horses to UK from abroad. They know what they are doing, so use one of these.

Settling In

It will take time for your horse to settle in to his new home. Horses can seem quite different when they arrive at a new yard. Don’t panic! Everything is new and they are sensitive animals so they will pick up on any nerves you have as well! The best approach is patience. Do not think that by next week you will be winning first prize, jumping 4″fences or doing the best piaffe of your life.

Start with what you know – build trust first at ground level

You may need to start at a basic point – do work that you know well, that he knows well and which you will both find easy – build trust. It is worth starting with plenty of ground level, in hand or loose schooling work to build trust and respect for each other. Watch your horse on a lunge (with no gadgets) or even better, provided he is calm and it’s safe, loose school and jump him. Watch how your horse moves and see what he reacts to.

Help him to respect your voice and associate its sound with good, positive reinforcement. Learn to understand and respect his equine voice and needs. Try join-up if you feel it is safe to do so (search the internet and you will find plenty of good advice for this.) Remember, this does involve your being on the ground with a loose horse (or one on a long line) so you must be careful – if you are not sure about this, I would strongly suggest finding a good natural horsemanship trainer who can give you a few lessons and get you on the right tracks. There is something very magical that happens when your horse accepts you and wanders around after you quite happily without being forced or pushed to do so.

Start riding – do what you both find easy at first

Once you have established respect and understanding on ground level, it’s time to get on and start your ridden training. Again, don’t start with the hardest moves and biggest jumps. Spend the first few ridden weeks doing what you know is easy for you both. Build trust now and you will reap the rewards later on. If your horse has travelled he may well be stiff from boxing and if he has come from abroad he will have had quite a long journey. Travelling on the boat is bumpy, so it does no harm to have them checked over by an equine physio on arrival. Don’t feel pressured to ‘show off’ your new horse with impressive new moves and high jumps – ignore the ‘know-it-all’ crowd that will develop each time you are on your new steed.

I really recommend that you have lessons & training as much as possible, particularly when you start riding your new friend. You will save so much time in the long run by getting on the right tracks from the very beginning.

Regular training / lessons

If you only want to plod about then that’s fine – but I would still recommend a few lessons for the first few months to keep you on the right tracks, and then at intervals to keep you in the right direction. If you have bought yourself a quality horse with a view to competing and taking it all quite seriously, and you cannot afford a quality trainer at least every 2-3 weeks – forget it! It’s harsh, but from my experience, without a good trainer every 1-3 weeks you are really wasting your time. Don’t kid yourself about this. Mum teaching you (unless she is a well established, experienced rider in the discipline you are interested in), won’t be enough. This will also help stave of the ‘I know more about it than you’ know-it-alls that a new horse seems to attract!

Everyone ‘knows’ more about your horse than you!

The riding fraternity can be quite cruel – through either envy or sheer ignorance, you will no doubt come across a vast amount of people who will see you with your new steed and be convinced that they know more about it than you. At the beginning, it may well be the case, whilst you build confidence in your new friend and visa versa. But don’t let it undermine you. If you follow basic common sense, build respect for your horse and get a good trainer – you will be the best person to understand your horse/pony (within reason). So don’t let other people grind you down and spoil your time and fun with your horse. This is why finding the right yard, with people who understand and respect you and your horse, is so important. Of course, don’t take this advice as meaning that you ignore all professional help and close the book to advice – but don’t be ground down by others ignorance and envy. It takes time to build a relationship with a new horse and we buy a new horse because we know it will be a challenge – we want the challenge and learning experience it will provide. Assuming you have purchased the right horse for your experience, ability, way of life, and which you can afford to maintain, then it is only a matter of time and patience before all the buttons work (well, most of them – we are speaking about a living, thinking animal at the end of the day!)

Stay open minded to other opinions

At the end of the day, the odd person will say something that is worth noting and learning more about. But don’t be put off by a wealth of ‘I know more about it’ advice. Watch those people with their horses – I am sure you could find plenty to comment about their methods and way of riding. Often, the ones who give the most unconstructive advice are the worst horse-persons, because they think they know it all already.

The wisest person is the one wise enough to know that they don’t know it all!

Watch other’s ride – if you like the way they ride, ask them for advice. If you like the training methods, ask for advice. If you don’t – then, don’t listen to them – just smile and say thank you and walk on by! The essence of any advice should be to the benefit of the horse and your relationship with him.


Ensure your horse has a good routine for turn out, feed times, bring in etc,. It is a good idea, if you can, to find out exactly what his routine had been before he came to you – try to replicate this as much as you can for the first month and slowly change it to suit your needs once he is settled in. There’s nothing worse than expecting your breakfast & turnout at 7am when it doesn’t come until 9am – especially, if you are in a new home, with new sounds and smells. So, respect his old routine and slowly amend it to suit your needs, if you need to.

What to feed/When to feed

Find out what feed he was on and try to provide the same for the first 6 weeks to ensure he doesn’t get an upset stomach – ensure they have plenty of good quality hay to munch. Introduce new feed and supplements (if any) gradually. You should consider the grazing he was on previously. If he was on limited turnout on poor grass, turning him out all day on rich grass is not a good idea – the sugar can go to their head and you could give them tummy troubles! Build things up slowly. If he is going to be turned out 24/7 then manage it appropriately, including the introduction to new friends to avoid any accidents and injuries. (Remember, the first 2 weeks of your insurance policy are often restricted so you may want to play it very safe for the first few weeks!) A healthy horse does not have to be stuffed full with loads of hard feed – quality hay & grass should be the bulk of their diet, with additional hard feed given in moderation and relevant to their age, work levels, breed and build.

DIY Livery vs Part vs Full Livery

The more time you spend with your horse, the better – and for this reason, DIY is excellent. However, unless you have considerable amount of free time and a stash of money somewhere, then the time you spend looking after him will eat in to the time you have to ride him. Full livery is probably my least favourite option – you virtually hand over the responsibility of your horse to a group of ‘knowledgeable’ staff, pay a small fortune for the honour and then will perhaps, spend a lot of time disagreeing with them about how your horse is looked after.

For me the best option is DIY with help, or Part Livery. Spend as much time doing horsy chores as you can, ensuring that you still have plenty of time and energy to enjoy your horse. I spent more time in the end mucking out, heaving 20 bails of hay every 2 weeks, dragging poo filled wheelbarrows up cracked wooden runners to the muck heap, than I did actually riding my beautiful horse (hence the very important Checklist!)

The only time Full Livery may be a good option is for the first few months while you adjust to your horse – spend all your time grooming, working in hand and then riding, before all the mucking out commences! However, don’t underestimate how fit you can get mucking out – and the fitter you are, the better you will be able to ride! I think Full Livery, all the time, is a bit of a cop-out! Real horse people should have a good hands on approach and the time spent around your horse whilst you poo-pick his stable, walk him to and from his field and give him his feed and hay are not to be underestimated. You want the bond with your horse to be between you and him, not him and all the stable help!

How fit are you?

This probably isn’t something you have thought about. If you have been riding a lot already and mucking out then it really isn’t an issue. But if you have not ridden much and have not been mucking out then the arrival of your horse will be that bit more of a shock! Suggest getting fit as much as possible. Also, consider the work your horse will be requiring and whether you will be able to offer it – perhaps you will need help keeping him exercised a few days a week whilst your aches and pains have time to settle in and disappear!

Explaining Horsey-Love to non- Horsey person – Good Luck!

Given up on this one! I don’t think that any amount of explaining can help a non-horsey person understand why you want to go down to a horse (a smelly animal!) at 6am every morning (and evening) and clean up its poo and pee, and spend all your money on it. They just don’t get it. Even more amusing, try explaining lunging. ” Well, the horse is on a long line and it goes round you in a circle?… UH? What’s the point in that then? Even much more amusing than that is – try explaining Dressage to them! What do you do – go around in circles. Anyone can do that! Don’t horses jump.. why don’t you jump – That’s fun – I’ve seen it on the TV.

For goodness sake, such ignorance! It is unlikely that you will be able to convert most non-horsey people it to the beautiful life of the Horse Lover. We seem to be a distinct type of person!

Further updates to these articles and further articles will be available. Best of luck with your new Horse and I hope you have found these articles interesting and helpful. Let me know… leave a comment!

My Child Has Cerebral Palsy – What Do I Do Now?

Has your child just been diagnosed with cerebral palsy? This can be frightening if you are not familiar with what it means and what you can expect. We trust that this article helps you to understand the diagnosis and feel more in control.

Understanding Cerebral Palsy – What Is It and What Does It Mean?

Perhaps your first question is “What is cerebral palsy?” Your doctor may have explained to you in terms that you felt were difficult to understand or you may not even have an explanation at this point.

Cerebral palsy is a very varied disability caused by damage to a portion of the brain (different parts of the brain may be affected) from a lack of oxygen. The symptoms of cerebral palsy may vary quite dramatically with some children experiencing more mental disability and others more physical disability. In general though, cerebral palsy refers to a disorder of movement which could be anything from a slight limp to severe quadriplegic involvement confining the child to a wheelchair and leaving them helpless to care for any of their own needs. You will need to work through with your doctor and other medical team members what exactly it means for your child.

Allow Yourself to Grieve and Move to a Place of Acceptance

Most parents of a disabled child go through a grief period and it is important to accept this grieving so that you can move to a point of acceptance. Grieving does not mean you do not love your child, it just means that you have lost some dreams that you had for your child and are mourning that loss. Allow yourself to feel the pain, the anger, the disbelief and then to move through to a point where you can accept new hopes and dreams for your child.

Build a Support System for Yourself and Your Child

Your support base is going to be extremely important now and for many years to follow. Find friends, family, church members or a support group that can stand by you and support you when you are going through tough times. If you think of an area where friends and family can help then tell them – they often want to help but don’t really know how.

A diagnosis of cerebral palsy is not a death sentence or the end of the world – it is a chance to develop new hopes and dreams, build a strong support system and begin a new life with your child. Allow yourself to grieve and move through this to a point of acceptance, develop a strong support system and learn to understand cerebral palsy.