Ankle Discomfort and Pain

One of the commonly injured joint in the lower extremity is our ankle. The main reason for this is the fact that the ankle bears most of our body weight. Sprains and strains in the ankles accounts to 2 million treatments each year. Fractures in the ankle are common injuries podiatrist and orthopedists treats.

Since the ankle has a lot of ligamentous and tendinous support, and considering the configuration of its bones, injury to these structures may lead to ankle discomfort and pain. Some of the precursors of ankle problems are enumerated below.

Ankle Sprain

Ankle Sprain is one, if not the most common sports-related injury in the ankle. It is a result of overstretching of its collateral ligament. Depending on the intensity, a minor or complete rupture of the ligament may occur. The sprain can be classified depending on how severe the rupture is. High impact sports activities which include walking, jumping and running may cause ankle sprain. During weight bearing activities, pain may be felt with any movement in the ankle joint.

Achilles Tendinitis

The large tendon posterior to the heel is called the Achilles tendon. It is named after a Greek Mythology hero named Achilles whose body is indestructible except for his heel.This condition is an overuse injury, microscopic ruptures in the Achilles tendon occurs after repetitive use. Edema and pain will appear as the condition becomes more sever.

Stress Fracture

Stress fracture is another condition brought about by overuse of the bone. A microscopic crack will happen if the bone is subjected to frequent impact. When the muscle is weak or fatigued, its shock absorbing properties decreases. The absorption of the impact will then be transferred to the bones which can lead to development of stress fracture. Weight bearing on the affected area, especially high impact activities like jumping and running will cause pain and discomfort.


Osteoarthrithis and Rheumatoid arthritis are also the causes of ankle pains. These types of arthritis are different from each other, but will cause significant amount of pain during rest and even during activities.

To achieve recovery from these conditions, the patient must undergo physical therapy of the ankle. The exercises that are usually given for these conditions generally starts with gentle range of motion exercises which is then progressed to resistance exercise and strengthening.

The Healing Process – Why it Gets Worse Before it Gets Better!

The Healing Process, Often called ‘Herxheimer Reaction’ or ‘Healing Reaction’.

When starting a detox of any kind or beginning a new course of powerful supplements, it is very important to understand the bodies natural healing process. This is to avoid being surprised when things start to ‘happen’!

Understanding this can be the key to completing your detox safely, effectively and not giving up mid-way through.

Many people experience a healing reaction and get disheartened as they think “Hang on, a detox is supposed to make me feel good!”. This can be confusing for some people who are unused to thinking about how the body works – it will make you feel good, but there are a few things to potentially get through first!

When commencing a detox many people can experience or report some pretty uncomfortable symptoms. One of the most common is a reduction in energy or ‘flu-like’ symptoms. They may feel the need to sleep longer, be tired, have aches and pains, digestive symptom disturbances such as gas, constipation, diarrhea, bad skin or the temporary worsening of an existing condition and other miscellaneous complaints. The symptoms vary according to the person and the level of their original toxicity.

The reason for this reaction is very simply explained. The body, during a detox, is ridding itself of the substances that have been making it ill. Detoxes rid the body of the materials that have built up in their individual cells, interfering with their normal functioning. As these substances (or ‘pathogens’) are ejected from the tissues, they are dumped into the system, making the body temporarily more toxic until they are excreted.

The healing reaction is your own immune systems automatic reaction to this temporary overload of toxins in your system before the body can excrete them all safely.

The healing reaction will be worse the more toxic the person originally. If you experience a healing reaction, embrace it as this means you can actually feel the toxins being flushed out of your body! After they have been excreted then you should notice the benefits. As the toxins will be rampaging round your body for a while it is a great idea to drink plenty of water to help the body with the ‘flushing out’ process and enable your liver to process, excrete and flush out the bad guys.

Pre Menstrual Syndrome (PMS) – Essential Oils – Jasmine

Premenstrual syndrome effects over 70% to 90% of women before menopause in the US and less for women in Southeast Asia because of their difference in living style and social structure. It is defined as faulty function of the ovaries related to the women’s menstrual cycle, it effects a women’s physical and emotional state, and sometimes interferes with daily activities as a result of hormone fluctuation. The syndrome occurs one to two weeks before menstruation and then declines when the period starts. In this article, we will discuss how essential oils- jasmine help to treat PMS.

I. Definition

Jasmine is a genus of shrubs in the olive family, native to Afro-Eurasia. It contains variety of chemical compound including benzoate, ceosol,, benzaldehyde, y-terpineol, nerolidol, isohytol, phytol and acetic acid. It has been used in traditional medicine in treating sexual libido. Essential oil jasmine is extracted from the flower of the plant.

II. How essential oil jasmine effects women with PMS

1. Acetic acid

a) Acetic acid is one the main chemical compound of the jasmine, it help reduces the levels of bad cholesterol and triglycerides, thereby increasing the blood flow which is essential for providing oxygen and nutrients to our body resulting in lessening the risk of fatigue and tiredness.

b) It also helps to regulate the levels of glucose in the bloodstream by stimulating the production of insulin by pancreas resulting in resulting food and sugar craving for some women with PMS.

2. Diet control

It is said some chemical compound containing organic vineager in the essential oil jasmine help to reduce appetite, thereby decreasing the amount of food intake and lessening the risk of weight gain and obesity.

3. Lymphatic system

Jasmine contains linalool alicyclic monoterpenes which are spicy and have a function to metabolites in our body fluid, thereby, increasing the lymphatic function in regulating the fluid in body tissues and kidney function in urinary secretion resulting in reducing the risk of water retention.

4. Sexual desire

It is believed that certain chemical compound of the essential oil jasmine helps to improve sexual desire for men and women alike by improving the blood circulation to the reproductive region and stimulating the production of testosterone.

5. Nervous system

It also helps to clam the nervous system by stimulating the production of serotonin and relax the constriction and dilate of reproductive system muscles resulting in reducing the risk of stress, anxiety, depression and premenstrual pain and cramps.

Stress – Types, Causes and Cures (Part One)

Stress is what our minds and bodies experience as we attempt to deal with the changing environment that affects our lives. We often think of pressure at work, queuing for services or rush hour traffic as stress. While these events may well be triggers, stress is actually the body’s reaction to such factors and is activated by adrenaline and other stress hormones, which stimulate a variety of physiological changes. These changes include increased heart rate, blood pressure, faster breathing, muscle tension, dilated pupils, dry mouth and an increased blood sugar level. Stress is the increased stimulation that the body needs in order to defend itself when faced with danger.

Whenever we feel tired, anxious, tense and frightened, depressed or elated, we are undergoing stress. Stress has become an acceptable and also avoidable part of normal everyday existence. Contrary to established opinion stress is not an exclusively modern phenomenon; it has always been part of human existence and life without stress would be difficult to endure. Certain types of stress, such as physical and mental exercise, sex and intense creativity are desirable. It is only when real or perceived change overwhelms the body’s ability to cope, that stress becomes harmful, leaving us prone to unwanted physical, emotional or mental reactions and illnesses.

The causes of stress are varied and multiplied but they can be divided into two general categories, which are external and internal. Examples of external stress include social interaction, the physical environment, daily problems and major life events. Internal stress includes lifestyle choices, stressful personality traits, mind traps and negative self-talk. These factors generate various symptoms of emotional and mental stress, the most common including anger, anxiety, worry, fear and depression.

Excessive, prolonged and emotional stress may have a harmful effect on mental, physical and spiritual health. If left alone, the feelings of anger, frustration, fear and depression generated by stress can set off a number of illnesses. Stress is without doubt the most common cause of ill health in today’s society. Stress is a contributory factor in relatively minor conditions such as headache, digestive problems, skin complaints, insomnia and ulcers. It also plays an important role in the leading causes of death in the western world, which are cancer, suicide, cardiovascular disease, cirrhosis of the liver, respiratory disorders and accidental injuries.

Stress can also have a positive effect. Stress is very important for awareness and motivation. It provides the stimulation that we need in order to deal with demanding situations. Tension and arousal are necessary for the enjoyment of many aspects of life and without them existence would be extremely boring. Stress also provides the sense of alertness and urgency needed for survival when confronting threatening situations.

There is no single level of stress that is optimal for all people. Everyone is different with regard to their perceptions of and reactions to events; what is distressing to one person will be the complete opposite to another. Even when we agree that a particular event is distressing, we are likely to differ in our physiological and psychological approaches to it. Some individuals are more sensitive to stress than others, owing to the experiences in childhood and the influence of teachers, parents and religion. It is also important to bear in mind that most of the stress that we experience is actually self generated. How we view life depends greatly on exactly how we regard ourselves. Self generated stress is something of a paradox because so many people think of external causes when they are depressed. Recognising that we create most of our own depression is an important first step towards coping with it.

Ovarian Cysts and Endometriosis

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs similar to blisters that are situated within or on the surface of an ovary. Many women develop them during their reproductive years, and most women will have at least one during her life. While most ovarian cysts are harmless and present little to no discomfort, they can produce symptoms that can even be life threatening, especially if the cyst ruptures.

Often, women may not feel any symptoms from ovarian cysts, but in some cases they can experience symptoms similar to endometriosis, ectopic pregnancy, appendicitis or ovarian cancer. Menstrual irregularities, pelvic pain (during or before periods, during sexual intercourse or constant pain radiating to the back and thighs), nausea, breast tenderness, vomiting, and pressure on the bladder or rectum are some common symptoms. There are three types of ovarian cysts including follicular or functional ovarian cysts, corpus luteal ovarian cysts and endometrioma or chocolate cysts.

Endometriosis can cause complex ovarian cysts (endometriomas), commonly called chocolate cysts (because they are filled with a thick chocolate-colored material) that are usually sized between 0.4 in. (1.02 cm) and 4 in. (10.16 cm). 60% of women with endometriosis experience ovarian involvement. Small cysts are formed outside of the ovary, which enlarge and produce endometriosis of the ovary. Hormone stimulation during the menstrual cycle produces many small cysts that eventually occupy the normal ovarian tissue. They can rupture and eventually lead to severe pelvic pain.

Chocolate cysts and any other cysts can be dangerous, so it is important to contact a doctor as soon as possible if one of the more serious symptoms appears. It is always advisable to have a check-up once in a while.

Can Hepatitis C Be Transmitted Through Sexual Contact?

There are various possible modes of transmission for the Hepatitis C virus, however a significant portion of those infected cannot identify how they may have contracted the disease. A few of the primary suspects in HCV transmission are blood transfusions (before proper blood screening procedures were implemented) and IV drug use. Though, medical researchers are now making a case for transmission through sexual contact. Since Hepatitis C is spread through the blood, sexual transmission is entirely possible, but only when there is blood-to-blood contact with an infected individual.

Although Hepatitis C may be transmitted by sexual contact, studies have shown that monogamous relationships carry a very low transmission risk. Since hepatitis is blood-borne, sexual activity that is more traumatic to the body’s tissues, or when there is some sort of bleeding or open sore, inherently carries more risk. Some HCV-infected people may be at a higher risk of transmitting the virus to others. Those who have frequent, multiple sexual partners, as well as those who engage in vigorous sexual activities are among those with a higher risk of transmission.

Most experts believe that the risk of sexual transmission of HCV is low, however studies have shown that it is possible to spread this infectious disease when engaging in unsafe sexual behaviors. Practicing safe sex is the general rule of thumb to avoid contagion of diseases, however it’s not just limited to HIV and STD prevention. The key point to keep in mind is that the potential to spread the virus to others is more likely when blood is present.

The rate of infection of HCV is increasing steadily, making it very believable that sexual transmission is not to be taken lightly. While the exact transmission rates of Hepatitis C infection through sexual contact remain inconclusive, it’s safe to assume that contagion is possible, making prevention and protection of utmost importance. With so many people unaware that they are infected with the virus, the potential to spread this disease is heightened, which means that extra protection may be the best prevention.

Is it Possible to Reverse Liver Failure?

Liver failure should not be akin to a death sentence. It happens when important parts of your liver fail to work (hence the name), disrupting the global function of the liver. Though it can be quite hard to reverse and will lead to death if not reversed, it is possible to heal a liver that has entered failure.

This condition can have many different causes, but the most common are alcohol, hepatitis, cirrhosis (of alcoholic or non alcoholic origin) and malnutrition. Most of the time liver failure develops over the years with easy to miss symptoms but sometimes it is very quick (i.e. acute) and is very evident.

Your liver is responsible for clearing your body of toxic waste and for coordinating all metabolism. It also has important endocrine functions, as well as an imunologic role among many other minor roles. When it fails, all these functions are compromised and death comes quickly. Toxic products pile up in the body and, most important, the liver will not convert fat to sugar and your brain literally starves to death.

The traditional treatment involves removing the cause (always a good idea) and either hope for the best or do a liver transplant. However, there have also been cases of chronic (but not acute) disease that were completely removed following a natural treatment consisting of an adjusted diet and a few herbal treatments. These cases lead to an increasing interest on those measures to treat liver disease and gradually are improving the outcome of patients with liver failure.

Why We Don’t Eat Salt

Common table salt, (inorganic sodium chloride)

Whether it is rock salt or sea salt – it’s a harmful substance which health-conscious people should avoid as they would the plague.

Human beings should eat only organic foods.

We are not adapted to the consumption of inorganic materials.

According to the chemical definition:

ORGANIC – means that the substance contains carbon compounds.

INORGANIC – means that the substance does not contain compounds.

However, the original definitions, which are still adhered to in Natural Health Literature are:

ORGANIC – means that the substance is derived from or belongs to the animal or vegetable kingdom.

It is living material which has been “organized” by passing through the structure of a plant or animal.

INORGANIC – means that the substance is not living and has not passed through a plant or animal and has no “organized” physical structure.]

o Table salt is an inorganic compound which cannot be profitably utilized by the human organism.

o Its physical structure is different from that of the salts found in fruits, vegetables, cereals and nuts.

The main difference is in the size of the crystals.

o Under a microscope it will be noted that rock salt, as found in the earth and the ocean, is a very large crystal.

o The salts found in fruits, vegetables, cereals and nuts are very much smaller.

o These small crystals dissolve more readily and become part of the cellular structures of human tissues.

o The larger crystals cannot become an integral part of the cellular tissues,

If forced to do so, the human tissues may accept and lay these substances down externally in muscles and bony tissues.

They never become integral, useful parts of the body structure.

Table salt infiltrates and hardens muscles, glands and arteries and forms deposits or exostoses such as calculi, fibroids, or arthritic growths.

o The salts found in fruits, vegetables, cereals and nuts have a very fine texture which causes them to be freely transported anywhere in the body where they become integral parts of the body structure.

o Small salts are easily digested, assimilated and excreted while large salts are poorly digested, assimilated and excreted.

Empirical proof of these contentions is provided by the fibrositis, arthritis, calculi and growths seen in those who eat inorganic salt and the absence of these symptoms in those who eat organic salts.

There are other differences between table salt and vegetable salt.

o In its natural state, in the earth or ocean, salt is a lifeless, immobile compound.

o After it has passed through the organism of a mould, an earthworm, or a plant, it is a living pulsating substance – It is organized.

Don’t rub salt into your wounds by putting this inorganic substance into your diet – switch to a vegetable salt – or better still – clean up the palate and allow the natural tastes of simple foods to stimulate your taste buds.

Thank you,

Scombroid Poisoning – The Result of Improperly Frozen Fish

When my daughters were in elementary school I bought frozen, breaded fish for sandwiches. I cooked the fish as directed and put it in buns. The kids took one bite, cried ‘Yuk!” and put their sandwiches back on their plates. Because I did not want to waste money I ate one of the sandwiches. Was I sorry!

An hour later my face was red, my skin was itching, and giant hives appeared on my thighs. One hive covered my entire thigh and I had an equally large one on my back. This was scary. I called my husband, who was a medical resident at the time, and told him I was his emergency. He recognized the symptoms right away and said I had Scombroid Poisoning.

This poisoning is the result of eating fish that was improperly frozen after it was caught or a break in refrigeration. According to the Dr. Weil website, symptoms appear right after eating “and can include flushing, hives, itching, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and in severe cases, breathing problems.”

My husband warned me about hives developing in my throat and this is exactly what happened. When I started gagging I realized my throat was closing up. I called my husband again and he rushed home and gave me shot. I also called a friend, who was a nurse, and went to her house for the afternoon.

The “Dermatology Online Journal” describes the poisoning in a website article, “Flushing Associated with Scombroid Fish Poisoning” by Marta Ferran, MD and Mireia Yebenes, MD. The authors think “Scombroid poisoning, also known as histamine fish poisoning, is nowadays the most common form of fish toxicity.” It is associated with fish in the scombroid family: tuna (including canned), bonita, mackerel, and albacore.

The US Food and Drug Administration has identified other fish “most likely to cause scombrotoxin poisoning” and they include Amberjack, Bluefish, Bonito, Herring, Jacks, Mackerels, Mahi Mahi, Marlin, Shad, Sardines, and Wahoo.

Consumers need to understand that cooking does not destroy the toxin. According to the Ice Your fish website, freezing does not destroy the toxin either. Unfortunately, you have no way of knowing if the fish was improperly frozen when it was caught, if the truck refrigeration system broke down, or if the store freezer is set to the right temperature.

Decades later I developed Scombroid Fish Poisoning again. Though I recognized the symptoms and took antihistamine medication, the hives lasted for three weeks. I was miserable. Thankfully, this toxic reaction to fish is relatively uncommon in America. According to the WebMD website, it makes up only five percent of food-borne disease. But the website goes on to say the reaction to bad fish is probably underreported.

You can avoid this poisoning. Ask the meat/fish department manager if the fish has ever been frozen. Many grocery stores receive fish in a frozen state, put it out frozen, and let it defrost in the case. This fish cannot be refrozen. Before you buy frozen fish check the expiration date. What kind of fish is it? Is the product from a reliable company? Few people develop Scombroid Fish Poisoning but, believe me, you do not want to be one of them!

Copyright 2010 by Harriet Hodgson

A Stomach Ulcer Diet With ‘Great Taste No Pain’

Among the many stomach disorders that have been identified to date, there is no doubt that stomach ulcers are among the most frequently experienced by people all over this country. There is a program, ‘Great Taste No Pain,’ and its focus is on great tasting food but without the pain.

Are your symptoms in fact stomach ulcers or GERD – Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease. Common symptoms of this illness include vomiting, inability to swallow properly and stools that are small, hard and dark-colored. When you frequently experience these symptoms, there is a good chance that you might have ulcers. There are several kinds of treatment and one of these is by getting on a stomach ulcer diet.

In order to determine what kind of stomach ulcer diet will work best for your particular situation, the first thing you have to do is to consult with your doctor. After conducting a few examinations, your doctor will be able to recommend the appropriate stomach ulcer diet that will be effective in helping you get rid of the problem or you could try the ‘Great Taste No Pain’ program.

Usually, you won’t have to make very drastic changes in the types of food that you can include in your regular diet. However, you will likely have to make adjustments in the amount of food that you eat and the frequency of your meals. Ideally, someone with stomach ulcers should avoid eating too much at a single meal. Instead, you would have to divide your food consumption into several smaller meals throughout the day.

You will have a much better chance of getting rid of ulcers faster if you chew your food well before swallowing. Also, you should not slouch while eating or lie down immediately after a meal as this will only exacerbate the situation. Schedule your supper early as well, so that you can have at least three hours to rest and digest your food before going to sleep at night. If you are a heavy coffee drinker, you might want to switch to decaf or cut down on your consumption because caffeine has been discovered to increase the risks of serious side effects from stomach ulcers.

A stomach ulcer diet involves avoiding excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages and fatty foods. They have been found to make the situation worse for most patients. There are also some nutritious foods that are usually not so good to eat if you have stomach ulcers but the ‘Great Taste No Pain’ guide shows you how you can with correct eating.

Within one day you can start to feel the benefits.

Chronic Gas – What Are the Causes of Chronic Gastrointestinal Gas

Do you suffer from chronic gas? If so then today I’ll discuss 3 things you must do in order to stop the creation of excessive gas in your bowels and return your digestive tract to healthy functioning ability. First did you know that the #1 cause of digestive problems is created through a lifestyle of poor dietary habits and prescription or OTC drug use. If either or both apply to you then you will need to address these issues if you wish to stop the gas.

The 3 Steps to Ending Chronic Gas

#1. Stop Eating Processed Food: At the very least reduce your consumption of processed food, it’s entirely likely that you are reacting to a artificial flavour or additive which is causing irritation in your digestive tract and gas as a result. The only way to correct this is to clean up your diet and take on a diet of whole foods for 2 weeks and see how you feel.

#2. Get the Bowels Moving: Most people who suffer from chronic gas have one thing in common, they’re all constipated! You might not know it, but if you only have 1-2 bowel movements per day and sometimes less you’re actually considered constipated. 2-3 is the minimum per day you should be having. 4-5 During a cleanse to ensure everything is out. So do yourself a favour and start drinking some high fiber shakes, they may cause an increase in gas initially but they’ll clear everything out and get you back to normal.

#3. Eliminate your Candida Overgrowth: If gas is a problem for you, you have a candida overgrowth. There are no ifs, ands or buts about it. This pervasive yeast causes a huge list of symptoms which cover mental, emotional and most of all physical problems. Candida exists in over 90% of the population, a smaller percentage suffer from symptoms due to it. The yeast creates a great deal of fermentation which creates loads of gas, so if you get bloated a lot as well that’s a huge sign that you’ve got a big problem with it. Candida also inhibits enzyme production and reduces stomach acid production creating digestive problems right from the get go in your stomach, not to mention it also suppresses the production of friendly bacteria which are meant to protect your digestive tract from it.

The best thing you can do is begin to follow an anti-candida diet which starves the yeast, this diet is also incredibly healthy as it removes the toxic foods which can contribute to poor bowel health while also improving the overall health of your body. You don’t want to delay in treating candida since it’s been found that people with cancer virtually always have candida, and that there is a connection between the fermentation process candida creates and cancer growth in the body.

What You Should Know About Atrial Fibrillation Treatment

Atrial Fibrillation is an emergency medical condition characterized by irregular and usually rapid heart rhythm. It primarily affects the atria, which are the 2 upper chambers of the heart. The arrhythmia (irregular rhythm ) is caused by abnormal electrical impulses in the heart due to lack of coordination in atrial activity. As a result, Atrial Fibrillation often leads to more serious medical conditions such as Congestive Heart Failure and Stroke. The normal heart rate for adults is between 60-100 beats per minute. A person with Atrial Fibrillation is tachycardic (the heart rate is above the normal range) and could go as high as having 500-600 beats per minute.

Statistically, AFib is the most frequently diagnosed type of arrythmia. It affects an average of about 2 million in the United States alone though this type of arrhythmia is usually non-life threatening. The risk of suffering from this condition gradually increases with age since 8% of people above 80 have Atrial Fibrillation.

Atrial Fibrillation Classifications

1. Paroxysmal – Episodes usually last for less than 24 hours but could last up to a week.

2. Persistent – Episodes are more recurrent and last for more than 7 days. Medical attention is needed to temporarily terminate the episode.

3. Permanent – There is constantly on-going, and long term Atrial Fibrillation.

4. Lone – Atrial Fibrillation in people with no cardiac or pulmonary structure abnormalities with only one diagnosed episode.

Clinical Manifestations are as follows, though it may differ from person to person:

* Asymptomatic

* Palpitations (most common)

* Light Headedness

* Exercise Intolerance

* Shortness of Breath

* Edema

* Weakness

* Fainting

* Easy Fatigability

During initial assessment, it is best to know which ones need immediate medical attention. Those who need urgent care are the ones who manifest Hypotension and Uncontrolled Angina. Less severe symptoms are the ones mentioned above.

In some cases, Afib occurs as a result of other underlying medical conditions not related to the heart. Some of these non-cardiac causes are Hyperthyroidism, Pulmonary Embolism and Pneumonia. But most of the time, this condition is caused by other heart-related diseases like Angina Pectoris, Hypertension, Rheumatic Fever, Pericarditis, and Coronary Artery Disease. Sometimes, Atrial Fibrillation may take place a few days or weeks post-heart surgery. Alcoholism can also contribute to gradually developing the condition.

Diagnostic tests are performed to confirm the presence of Atrial Fibrillation. Some of these are:

* Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)

* Prothrombin Time (PT)

* Electrocardiogram (ECG) – The most definitive, characterized by the absence of P waves upon exam.

* 2D Echocardiography (2D Echo)

* Holter Monitor – 24-hour ECG monitoring.

* Cardiac Stress Test

When treating afib, the main objective is to prevent circulatory instability, thus helping promote proper oxygenation. Cardioversion is the most common initial treatment. It is the process of converting an abnormally fast or irregular hearth rhythm to normal sinus rhythm. Cardioversion can either by synchronized or chemical. The former makes use of a therapeutic dose of electrical shock to the heart while the latter makes use of a pharmacologic regimen. Administration of anticoagulants like aspirin, heparin, and warfarin are also done. Intravenous Magnesium can also be given to significantly increase the chances of successful rate and rhythm control with rare side effects. Other drugs like beta blockers (metoprolol, propanolol), calcium channel blockers (amlodipine, nifedipine), and Cardiac Glycosides (digoxin) are also given to help control the heart rate – thus preventing complications brought about by Atrial Fibrillation.

Signs And Symptoms Of Low Blood Pressure And The Dangers

People often think of hypertension (high blood pressure) when blood pressure problems or issues are mentioned – they seem to forget that low blood pressure problems also exist.

The American Heart Association defines high blood pressure parameters being 140/90 and higher and normal as 135/85 and lower. The higher numerical reading is the systolic reading – the pressure required to pump blood through your arteries and the higher the number the less elastic your arterial system is. The lower numerical reading is the diastolic reading – the pressure remaining in your system between heart beats and is the number that affects your cardiovascular system the most. If the pressure remains high in your system even when your heart is at rest then there is greater risk of heart failure, kidney failure and stroke.

Likewise the diastolic reading is important in determining warning signs or problems. There is some disagreement about what numbers constitute low blood pressure – it is agreed that symptoms can be identified and some experts regard a reading lower than 90/60 as low. Only one of these numbers has to be low, for example, 115/50 is considered low as the diastolic reading of 50 is below 60.

It can be dangerous when there is a sudden drop in blood pressure. For example, a change of only 20 mm HG (systolic reading change from 130 to 110) may cause fainting or dizziness because not enough oxygen is received by the brain.

While high blood pressure is dangerous, low blood pressure also has dangers that impact negatively on a person’s health. Some low blood pressure sufferers are in great physical shape and have strong cardiovascular systems and experience symptoms because their cardiovascular systems and hearts are strong with arterial systems elasticity being flexible.

Low blood pressure can mean cardiovascular problems or may result by changing anti-hypertensive medications. Symptoms include lightheadedness, dizziness, blurred vision, rapid shallow breathing, clammy and cold skin, lack of concentration, thirst, nausea, fainting and fatigue. Some people suffer from Shy-Drager syndrome (neurological damage) after consuming a large meal which means a lot of blood is directed to the gastrointestinal system for digestion and even causes faulty brain signals. Other common reasons are medication side effects, pregnancy, dehydration, blood loss,infections and anemia.

Cardiology Heart Disease In Men And Its Prevention

Cardiology Heart Disease ranks second after cancer as the major cause of death in America. For men in general, cardiology heart disease is more likely than women. This is because men apparently, acquire cardiovascular disorders 10 to 15 years earlier than women do. Men are more likely to die at their prime age. Heart-disease-related deaths often come to men in ages 35 to 65.

Cardiology heart disease prevention has 1 secret:

The combined approach of making healthier lifestyle choices, one that treats all facets of physical and emotional health. It is highly important as well, to get appropriate treatment for other conditions that can increase risk of coronary artery disease, such as high cholesterol, diabetes, and high blood pressure.

One must also eat foods based on metabolic type to determine whether the diet that’s right for a person is one of low-fat, high-fat, or other diet plans. Regular intense exercise is also recommended. One must also address stress and emotional issues in order to maintain a healthy heart and prevent cardiology heart diseases.

The most common cardiology heart diseases or ailments are:

  • Coronary Artery Disease/Myocardial Infarction
  • Valvular Heart Disease
  • Valvular Heart Disease and Endocarditis
  • Mitral Valve Prolapse
  • Mitral Valve Prolapse Syndrome
  • Heart Failure
  • Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome
  • Atrial Fibrillation
  • Supraventricular Tachycardia
  • AV Nodal Re-entrant Tachycardia

With a growing number of heart-failure patients, the care and prevention of the most vital organ of the body, the heart, is most needed.

A Risk Factor For Heart Attack in Older People

People worry about their cholesterol and most of us have this checked as part of an annual physical. This is very wise for middle-aged men and women, as, at that age level, high cholesterol is a high risk factor for heart attack.

However, there is another high risk factor that increases with age and many people are unaware of it. As you get older, the amount of homocysteine in the blood naturally increases. And high levels of homocysteine have been associated with a high risk of both heart attack and stroke. Homocysteine is an amino acid, which can damage arteries if it builds up in the blood.

Medical scientists first made this discovery when they studied people with homocystinuria. Homocystinuria is a rare inherited disease in which the levels of homocysteine in the blood become excessively high. It was observed that people with homocystinuria developed severe heart problems in adolescence and also in childhood.

Further studies of people with premature heart disease and stroke revealed moderately high levels of homocysteine in their blood even though they did not have homocystinuria.

In addition to older people, high levels of homocysteine are also found in smokers, people with hypertension and high cholesterol and people with a sedentary lifestyle.

However, homocysteine levels in the blood can be controlled. Scientists have also discovered that high levels of homocysteine are associated with low intake of folic acid.

A research study of 80,000 nurses conducted over 14 years concluded that individuals with the highest intake of folic acid had a lower risk of heart attack. The results of this study prompted the national movement to add folic acid to bread.

This is also why many physicians recommend that older people take a 400 mcg. daily supplement of folic acid.

Liver, citrus fruits (especially orange juice), and dark, leafy green vegetables are rich in folic acid. It is also found in meat, cereal and various flours. However, most people do not consume the quantity needed which is why doctors recommend supplementation.

In addition to folic acid, there are two other B vitamins that help control homocysteine levels – Vitamins B-6 and B-12. Medical researchers have found that older people are very often deficient in both B-6 and B-12. It is very important when supplementing with folic acid, to ensure that one does not have a Vitamin B-12 deficiency. This should be checked with a physician.

B-6 is a water-soluble vitamin, which helps metabolize the amino acids that the body uses to create cells. As people age, they become less efficient in absorbing this vitamin. Women have more problems because they have a lower calorie intake than men. Vitamin B-6 deficiency is also very common in people with high alcohol consumption.

The best food sources of Vitamin B6 are chicken, fish, pork, whole grains, legumes, bananas, raisins, sunflower seeds and leafy green vegetables.

Your body also needs Vitamin B-12 to manufacture red blood cells. However, B-12 is found only in animal products. Vegetarians who avoid animal products are particularly at risk for a vitamin B-12 deficiency. So are older people with stomach disorders.

Medical research has now firmly established that the B vitamins are heart protectors and daily intake reduces the risk of heart disease.