Hepatitis B Treatment, Recently Discovered by Australian Scientists, Can Fight Off the Disease!

Believe it or not, there is a hepatitis b treatment. It’s based on enabling your body to fight off the disease. Hepatitis b is a viral disease, which means we cannot fight it directly, and kill the viruses. But we can enable the body to do just that. Read on to learn more on the subject!

The main research on the hepatitis b treatment is done in Australia, where scientists have been working on a cure for years. What’s strange about this disease is that almost all people some time in their life, come in contact with the hepatitis b virus. But only a small percentage of those people actually develop the disease. And that’s what the research is based on – how can we enable a body of a person who is sick, to fight off the virus, by the same way, the immune system of someone else would fight it. After years of research, the scientists have been able to discover a cure, and it’s very simple, and anyone can easily apply it.

The medical industry hasn’t yet introduced the new hepatitis b treatment as an official method, and that’s for a couple of reasons. Firstly, they claim they need more time to test it. That’s understandable, although the treatment cannot possibly have any side effects, as it’s natural. But still, some drug companies have begun to manufacture herbal tablets. The truth is, probably a lot of people are currently on the hepatitis medication, which offers no cure to the disease, but instead relieves the symptoms, and also – slows down the multiplication of the hepatitis b virus. Why would the medical industry want to introduce some kind of a hepatitis b treatment, which only would have to be taken a few days, and gets rid of the disease, when they can keep you on the other drug for months, probably even years?

Hepatic Encephalopathy

Hepatic encephalopathy is manifested by waxing and waning alterations in mental standing that happen as a consequence of superior decompensated liver disease or portal-to-systemic shunting. Abnormalities range from subtle alterations in psychological status to profound obtundation.

Changes within the rest pattern beginning with hypersomnia and progressing to reversal of the sleep-wake cycle are frequently an early sign. Cognitive changes consist of a full spectrum of psychological abnormalities, ranging from mild confusion, apathy, agitation, euphoria, and restlessness, to marked confusion as well as coma.

Motor changes range from fine tremor, slowed coordination, and asterixis to decerebrate posturing and flaccidity. Asterixis is really a phenomenon of intermittent myoelectrical silence manifested by many muscle groups and improved by exhaustion. It is greatest demonstrated by asking the individual to flex the wrists with fingers extended (“stop traffic”) after which observing a flapping motion from the fingers.

It is thought to become because of reduced sensory input to the brainstem reticular formation, leading to transient lapses in posture. Cerebral edema, which is an important accompanying feature in patients with encephalopathy in acute liver illness, is not seen in cirrhotic patients with encephalopathy.

Common precipitants of encephalopathy are onset of GI bleeding, elevated dietary protein intake, and an increased catabolic rate producing from infection (including spontaneous bacterial peritonitis). Similarly, because of compromised first-pass clearance of ingested medicines, affected individuals are exquisitely delicate to sedatives along with other medicines normally metabolized within the liver.

Other causes consist of electrolyte imbalance as a result of diuretics, vomiting, alcohol ingestion or withdrawal, or procedures such as Ideas. The pathogenesis of hepatic encephalopathy is badly understood. One proposed mechanism postulates that the encephalopathy is caused by poisons in the gut such as ammonia, extracted from metabolic degradation of urea or protein; glutamine, extracted from degradation of ammonia; or mercaptans, derived from degradation of sulfur-containing compounds.

Because of anatomic or functional portal-systemic shunts, these toxins bypass the liver’s detoxification processes and produce alterations in psychological status. Elevated amounts of ammonia, glutamine, and mercaptans could be found in the blood vessels and cerebrospinal fluid. However, blood ammonia and spinal fluid glutamine levels correlate badly using the presence and severity of encephalopathy.

Alternatively, there may be impairment from the regular blood-brain barrier, rendering the CNS susceptible to various noxious agents. Elevated levels of other substances, including metabolic products for example short-chain fatty acids and endogenous benzodiazepine-like metabolites, have also been found in the blood vessels. Importantly, some patients show enhancement in encephalopathy when treated with flumazenil, a benzodiazepine receptor antagonist.

A third proposed system postulates a part for GABA, the principal inhibitory neurotransmitter from the brain. GABA is created within the gut, and increased levels are found in the blood vessels of patients with liver failure. A fourth proposal postulates that there’s an elevated entry of aromatic amino acids to the CNS, resulting in elevated synthesis of “false” neurotransmitters for example octopamine and decreased synthesis of regular neurotransmitters for example norepinephrine.

Azotemia – What is This Medical Condition?

Azotemia is a medical condition in which there are abnormal levels of some things in the patient’s blood. These may include: urea, creatinine, and other nitrogen-containing compounds. This article discusses some of the general information related to the condition, including classifications, symptoms, and medical causes. This article does not attempt to tie the symptoms and underlying causes to any one particular classification, or say that the symptoms or causes are always linked to azotemia. Please look for qualified medical assistance on matters needing such advice.

For classifications, two major ones are prerenal and postrenal. In the prerenal form, a decreased cardiac output leads to insufficient blood supply to the kidneys. In the postrenal classification, the urine flow is blocked below the kidneys.

Some of the symptoms include items such as: confusion, dry mouth, fatigue, orthostatic hypotension, thirst, and more. One other such symptom is tachycardia, or a rapid pulse, which can be a serious issue. When the heart rate is elevated past the normal range, the heart is doing more work and needing more oxygen. Issues such as a heart attack or angina have the potential to follow as complications.

Some potential underlying medical causes of azotemia include these issues: blood volume loss, burns, dehydration, bloodstream fluid loss, kidney trauma, cancer, some congenital disorders, and inflammation of the kidneys. Additionally, kidney stones can be a problem that leads to this condition. Also known as renal calculi or nephrolithiasis, these stones occur from in the kidneys dissolved urinary minerals. Smaller ones can pass without leading to any symptoms or issues, however, larger ones can become stuck.

Personalized Wedding Vows – How To Make Your Vows Original

All weddings are handles with a personal touch by the couples as they plan it. There are many ideas that have been exploited to come up with the most unique and tailored fitting wedding. Themed weddings are more than just a craze, nowadays, it have leveled up to become a norm. Guests are actually on the hunt for something different in each wedding they go to. It is quite hard to scrounge up originality unless it came from the couple themselves. Now there’s an idea, being original can take form in one segment of the rites. Though, everything remains to be traditional it will standout as the most original things in the whole celebration, not to mention it will be unforgettable.

The saying of vows should be the highlight of the whole wedding ceremony. This is when two hearts profess their adoration for one another. Usually, this seems to be the least paid attention on by the celebrators. They often let the usual rites of saying I do’s take over. But, not to fret because with the right preparation personal vows can be arranged.

The easiest way to bend the rules is to consult the proper authorities how to work around them. Pastors, priests or any officiating authority that will hold the ceremony are the best consult for this. They will probably give you some reminders on the dos and don’ts of making a proper wedding vows. Asking to help set up limitations for the vows will give a more structured guidelines for the couples. It will make it easier to compose.

Picking the right words are not as easy as it may seem. They can be excruciating to the brain. Having to actually say out loud what can only be felt is tremendous work. But, it will be painless if they come straight for the heart. People who are in love don’t think, they just feel. This will give a venue for a more reflective appreciation of how each of the lovebirds, so to speak, really feel for each other.

Vows are not meant to impress the guest. This line of thinking will only create a writer’s block problem in writing wedding vows. Keeping it real and close to the heart is the key. Short, simple and sincere, those three S’s will come in handy. Affirmations like I do, I swear, I promise are essential to oath taking. Vows are chiefly like that in principle. A sort of contract signing between hearts, that’s why saying those words are imperative.

After composing the vow it will be well advised to solicit the presiding minister or priest about those vows. They can shed a lot of insights to it. Plus, this will be the best time to consult them it you have gone over the boundaries of what a proper wedding vow should be. Then, if everything is favorable it is time to make the vow final.

Practicing is the best way to get rid of the butterflies in the stomach. That feeling of nervousness might make you vomit or faint during the actual ceremony. Not everyone has the ability to speak publicly, which it why practicing the vows can make it less unfamiliar. It will be the best time to adjust the tone of the voice and manner of speaking are good points to rehearse. Use a full view mirror, it will help for the awkwardness to go away. It will be very good to memorize the vows. This way it will not look like it’s scripted. This can make it more touching and romantic for the audience, your guests. Keeping the vow in secret is a good idea. It will be the first time everyone has heard it, that means there is a big chance of a more dramatic effect.

On the day of the “performance” it will be good to shake off all negative thoughts before marching down the isle. If the need to vomit arises better do it before the wedding takes place than during. It won’t be good for the wedding picture.

Identifying and Treating a Corneal Ulcer

A corneal ulcer is an open sore that appears on the cornea of the eye. Warning signs that one might be forming or present include: eye pain, a discharge of pus in the cornea, feeling that something is in your eye, tears forming for no apparent reason, blurry vision or red eye.

If you think that you are experiencing any of these symptoms then go and see your ophthalmologist, as soon as possible. They will consider your symptoms and thoroughly examine your eye before giving a diagnosis. They will stain your eye with a fluorescein dye so that they can see the ulcer more easily and be sure that the diagnosis is correct. They might perform other tests from a sample so that they can determine what type of fungus or bacteria has caused the infection.

Corneal ulcers usually result from an infection. These infections are usually caused by a bacteria, virus or fungus. They can also be caused by some sort of injury to the eye. If something, such as glass, scratches the surface of the eye it opens up the chance for bacteria to breed in the wound and results in a corneal ulcer.

Other things that can lead to a corneal ulcer are medical conditions such as dry eye or Bell’s palsy. You really need to be careful not to get chemicals or harsh solutions into your eyes because these can also lead to corneal ulcers. Make sure that you take your contacts out at night and give your eyes a breather. They are really not meant to be left in all the time so take your ophthalmologist’s advice to heart. Make sure that you clean your contacts the way they are supposed to be. If you are using eyedrops that contain steroids then make sure that you do not use them for too long because this puts you in the risk group, as well.

Natural remedies can help your eyes by increasing your vision, strengthening the capillaries in your eyes and lowering the chance that they will become sensitive. The biggest advantage of herbs is that they are completely safe and do not have the side effects like prescription medicines. They can give you relief from a wide range of eye problems by attacking the problem at it’s source.

Eyphrasia, Graphites, Pulsatilla, Psorinum and Merc Sol are all beneficial to your eyes and can help to alleviate the symptoms that you might be having. Calendula, Arg Nit and Agrimony are good for helping to make your eyes feel better when they become irritated.

How to Overcome Acid Reflux, IBS and Other GI Problems

There can be many symptoms associated with acid reflux including heartburn, nausea and a sore throat, but did you know that there is also an acid reflux IBS connection? This may sound surprising considering acid reflux is a condition that affects the esophagus, while irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a condition that tends to be related to the intestines. However, many people who suffer from IBS often complain of symptoms that occur in their upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract including stomach pain, nausea, and acid reflux/heartburn.

It is thought that the upper GI symptoms an IBS sufferer experiences is related to the rate that the stomach empties its acid and food contents. If the stomach environment is ‘unbalanced’, it can effectively try to expel partially digested contents from both of its openings – the small intestine and the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). This can lead to acid reflux IBS symptoms occurring simultaneously.

In some cases, the imbalance in the gastric environment related to acid reflux and GI problems is the result of not enough stomach acid for proper food digestion. When the stomach is deficient in acid, food cannot be broken down and easily digested. This can not only lead to heartburn because food isn’t being moved into the small intestine fast enough, but it can allow bad bacteria that are usually kept in check by stomach acid to flourish. This may lead to fungal overgrowths and nutrient deficiencies, which can lead to chronic conditions such as IBS. Furthermore, it is now widely believed that bacterial infections within the GI tract may cause ulcers.

For this reason, many acid reflux and IBS sufferers may in fact be making both conditions worse if they take antacids to treat their heartburn if their stomach does not produce enough acid. Antacids are designed to neutralize stomach acid, and frequent use may put an individual at a greater risk of bacterial infection. However, keep in mind that if your doctor has prescribed you medication for your heartburn or acid reflux/GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) symptoms, you should not stop taking prescription antacid medication without first notifying your doctor.

Many GI issues including acid reflux can be by controlled through your diet and lifestyle choices. Here are some tips to help you bring your symptoms under control:

– Friendly foods and beverages. Knowing what foods you should eat and avoid is very important for controlling acid reflux, IBS or other GI symptoms. The first step is to know what foods trigger your acid reflux (I.E. fatty foods, spicy food, tomatoes, citrus fruits and juices, caffeine, and alcohol) and avoid them. The next step is to find out what foods cause your IBS symptoms (I.E. bloating, stomach pain and cramping, gas, constipation, diarrhea, etc.).

Keeping a food diary to find out what specific foods cause your symptoms is a great way to stay on top of your food choices. By removing potential trigger foods from your diet and reintroducing them one food at a time to your diet can help you identify those items which cause symptoms to flare.

Foods that many IBS sufferers report make their symptoms worse include: foods high in fat, caffeine, and milk and milk products. In fact, a large number of IBS sufferers are actually lactose intolerant.

Essentially, when it comes to creating a diet for acid reflux, IBS, or other GI issues you will want to ensure you are drinking plenty of water, and are providing your body with as much healthy food variety as possible.

– Change eating habits. Eat smaller portions and more frequent meals, and avoid lying down directly after eating. You should also wear comfortable clothing, and sit down and relax while you eat your meals slowly. This will allow your body the time it needs to properly digest the food you’ve eaten.

– Reduce stress. Stress can wreak havoc on the GI tract and make symptoms worse. Learn how to relax and deal with your stress through exercise, meditation, or enjoying activities that make you happy such as reading, going shopping, and so on.

What is Acid Reflux

The basic answer is that acid reflux is when the acids from your stomach flow back into your esophagus, causing heartburn symptoms. The result is a painful, burning sensation that you can feel in your throat, just below the breastbone. It starts in your chest area and moves up to your neck and throat.

Normally, the lower esophagus sphincter (LES) works as a lid to the stomach, keeping your food where it belongs. However, problems start if the LES becomes weakened. That’s when the acids and other stomach contents creep back into the esophagus.

Most people have acid reflux problems. For most people it’s just an occasional problem and it isn’t a serious problem. However, occasional heartburn can develop into Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) if it isn’t treated. In chronic and severe cases, it can scar the esophagus and even make it hard for a person to swallow It also increases a person’s chance of having esophagus cancer.

If you have heartburn just once a month, doctors classify it as mild. Acid reflux problems once a week is classified as moderate. Daily problems is classified as severe.

Causes Of Acid Reflux

The most common cause of acid reflux is an under active LES. An under active LES allows acids and other contents fro your stomach to enter the esophagus and cause the heartburn symptoms.

Eating too much is another common cause of acid reflux. If you eat larger portions, your body has to create ore acids to break down your food, increasing the chance that the acids will make their way back into your esophagus. Also, a full stomach puts pressure on the LES, which allows ore acids to reflux into the esophagus.

Another common acid reflux cause is too much pressure on the stomach cause by obesity or pregnancy. The additional pressure on the abdomen area increases the chance that your stomach contents will pass the LES and into your esophagus.

What you’re eating can also cause your heartburn problems. Certain foods have high acidity like oranges and tomatoes add extra acid to your stomach, acid that can reflux back into your throat. Certain foods also relax the LES. These are foods like chocolate and beverages like alcohol.

Also, if you’re a smoker and have acid reflux problems, there’s never been a better reason to quit. Smoking not only causes the LES to reflux, but it also causes the creation of extra stomach acids.

Soda vs Acid Reflux

Do you enjoy drinking carbonated beverages but frequently suffer from acid reflux? Did you know that carbonated beverages are not conducive to your condition? Drinking carbonated beverages on a daily basis can lead to more than just a bad case of heartburn. In fact, research is finding that frequent consumption of these beverages over time, can actually dramatically increase your risk of developing esophageal cancer.

Esophageal cancer was a disease that was non-existent two generations ago, now it’s becoming a common concern. Researchers in India discovered a link between the rise in carbonation consumption and esophageal cancer in America over the past two decades. They found that the average consumption of carbonated soft drinks sky rocketed from less than 11 gallons per year in the late 1940’s to nearly 50 gallons per year by 2000. They also found that since the 1980’s, esophageal cancer has increased by more than 565% among white American men.

Studies have concluded that soft drinks have a direct link to gastric distension, a condition that brings on reflux. It was found that the consumption of liquid from a single standard soda can cause acid levels to remain elevated in the stomach for more than 52 minutes. Thus, if a person were to drink one can of soda a day, for a year, that would add up to more than 32,000 minutes of the esophagus being exposed to elevated acid levels.

Furthermore, the lower esophagus has a much higher chance of being damaged by soft drink consumption than by other non-carbonated beverages. For instance, if you were to drink 8 oz. of a carbonated beverage, your stomach might distend to 16 oz., instead of only distending by 8 oz. when drinking the same amount of water.

The distending that carbonation causes to the stomach results in acid reflux. Recurring acid reflux dramatically increases the risk of developing esophageal cancer, and drinking carbonated beverages increases gastric pressure, which may lead to an increase in reflux.

How exactly does acid reflux and esophageal cancer result from drinking carbonated beverages? The following is a basic breakdown of what occurs:

o The carbonated beverage is ingested

o The carbonation induces a burp

o The burp goes up through the esophagus and carries acid with it

o Over time the carbonation causes mechanical damage to cells causing lesions. Mechanical cell damage increases the risk of cancer.

o Frequent drinking causes a radical increase in the mutation of cells and excessive level of free radicals which can eventually lead to cancer.

Carbonated beverages don’t only include soft drinks like cola, root-beer and ginger ale. Any beverage with carbonation can cause acid reflux. Other beverages that contain carbonation include:

o Soda water – regular or flavored water with carbonation

o Beer

o Champagne

o Fruit juice

To find out if a beverage is carbonated, “carbonated water” is usually listed in the ingredients.

If you suffer from frequent acid reflux or GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease), it’s a good idea to eliminate carbonated beverages from your diet altogether. However, if you really enjoy drinking carbonated beverages, and aren’t ready to go cold turkey, here are some tips for you to keep in mind when it comes to limiting your carbon consumption:

o Take one sip at a time – Don’t gulp down your drinks as this encourages burping, making it more likely for the esophagus to become irritated.

o Limit your intake -Treat yourself to one drink once in a while; don’t make it apart of your daily diet.

o Buy bottles not cans – If you purchase soft drinks, avoid buying cans and opt for a bottle instead. A bottle will allow you to control the amount you drink without making you feel obligated to finish the whole drink as you would with a can.

How to Evaluate Chest Pain in Emergency Medicine

Don’t make a lethal, critical mistake!

“Who’s Your PAPPA” is a system to assist you in the evaluation of any patient with chest pain. Whether it is chest pain, pressure, shortness of breath, indigestion or cough, you have to ask, “Who’s Your PAPPA?”. You need to look at them, point to them and say, “Who’s your PAPPA?The mnemonic PAPPA is designed for the high risk causes of chest pain that may cause a lethal outcome. So, these are the high-risk, can’t-miss causes of chest pain.

If we play the odds, we are obligated to focus our attention toward the acute coronary syndrome. Even if it’s not an acute coronary syndrome, it may still be lethal diagnosis. Trust me when I say that you do not want to come to work and have someone say to you, “Hey, remember that patient you saw the other day… because these conversations never end positively, it’s not that they sent you a thank you note. More commonly it is that the patient was admitted to another hospital with something bad, or came back with something bad, or died!

I developed the mnemonic “PAPPA” to identify the main causes of chest pain. The first two, “PA” or “PAPPA” have to do with the heart. The next two, “PP,” have to do with the lungs. And the last “A” is an aneurysm.

P is Pericarditis A is as Acute coronary syndrome (or acute myocardial infarction) P is Pneumothorax P is Pulmonary embolism A is Aneurysm.

When evaluating a patient with chest pain, there are two key points: you need a system of patient evaluation as well as a system of objective evaluation: the EKG/ECG and cardiac enzymes.

You have to be a master at 12 lead EKG/EKG interpretation. Are you able to recall the causes of os ST segment that may mimic an acute myocardial infarction? I cannot stress this enough, and if you have been sleeping through this article, you need to wake up for these points: chest pain is a risky business. You need a system, to apply 100% of the time in any patient that presents with chest symptoms. It has to be reproducible and easy to apply. Ask, “Who’s Your PAPPA.” This works, I swear by it. Then, you have to be strong at evaluating the 12 lead EKG/ECG. There are no larger law suits then a missed myocardial infarction. 25% of missed myocardial infarctions are due to miss read EKG/ECGs. Sharpen you EKG/ECG skills!

Clinical Manifestations of Pulmonary Edema

Cardiogenic and noncardiogenic pulmonary edema each result in increased extravascular lung water, and each may outcome in respiratory failure. Given the differences in pathophysiology, it is not surprising that the clinical manifestations are very various within the two syndromes.

Elevated Transmural Stress Pulmonary Edema (Cardiogenic Pulmonary Edema):
Early raises in pulmonary venous stress may be asymptomatic. The affected individual might notice only mild exertional dyspnea or a nonproductive cough stimulated by activation of irritant receptors coupled with C fibers.

Orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea occur when recumbency causes redistribution of blood or edema fluid, usually pooled in the lower extremities, into the venous circulation, thereby increasing thoracic blood volume and pulmonary venous pressures. Clinical signs start using the accumulation of interstitial fluid. Physical examination may reveal a third heart sound, but there’s a paucity of lung findings in purely interstitial edema.

The earliest sign is frequently a chest radiograph showing an improve in the caliber of the upper lobe vessels (“pulmonary vascular redistribution”) and fluid accumulating within the perivascular and peribronchial spaces (“cuffing”). It may also show Kerley B lines, which represent fluid within the interlobular septa.

Pulmonary compliance falls, and also the patient starts to breathe more rapidly and shallowly to minimize the elevated elastic function of breathing. As alveolar flooding begins, there are further decreases in lung volume and pulmonary compliance. With some alveoli filled with fluid, there’s an improve within the fraction of the lung that’s perfused but poorly ventilated. This shift toward reduced / ratios brings about an improve in A-a PO2, if not frank hypoxemia.

Supplemental oxygen corrects the hypoxemia. The PaCO2 is normal or reduced, reflecting the increased drive to breathe. The patient may turn out to be sweaty and cyanotic. The sputum might display edema fluid that is pink from capillary hemorrhage and frothy from protein. Auscultation reveals inspiratory crackles chiefly at the bases, exactly where the hydrostatic pressure is greatest, but potentially all through both lungs. Rhonchi and wheezing (“cardiac asthma”) might occur. The radiograph shows areas of alveolar flooding.

Increased Permeability Pulmonary Edema (Noncardiogenic Pulmonary Edema):
Probably the most common form of increased-permeability pulmonary edema is ARDS. ARDS is the final typical pathway of a quantity of various serious medical conditions, all of which lead to elevated pulmonary capillary leak.

The range of clinical presentations includes all the diagnoses in the adult ICU, such as sepsis, aspiration of gastric contents, pneumonia, and pancreatitis. Nevertheless, there are scientific observations that mirror the pathophysiology. After the initial insult (eg, an episode of high-grade bacteremia), there is usually a period of stability, reflecting the time it takes for numerous immunologic mediators to harm the pulmonary capillary integrity.

Surfactant is inactivated, primary to a significant increase in surface forces and markedly reduced pulmonary compliance. For that first 24-48 hours after the insult, the affected individual might experience elevated function of breathing, manifested by dyspnea and tachypnea but without abnormalities in the chest radiograph. At this early stage, the elevated A-a PO2 reflects alveolar edema and / mismatching and is corrected by increased FiO2 and increased minute air flow.

Pathologically, there’s alveolar edema, hemorrhage, and atelectasis. The clinical picture may enhance, or there might be a further fall in compliance and disruption of pulmonary capillaries, leading to areas of true shunting and refractory hypoxemia. The combination of increased function of breathing and progressive hypoxemia generally requires mechanical ventilation.

Alveolar filling with inflammatory fluid leads to decreased efficacy of surfactant and elevated atelectasis. This procedure, which leads to decreased lung compliance (ie, stiffer lungs), is heterogeneous and might increase ventilation/perfusion imbalance. The higher pressures required to ventilate these sufferers might overdistend normal alveoli and decrease blood flow to areas of sufficient air flow.

Hypoxemia can be profound, and hypercapnia due to growing dead space ventilation might ensue. Radiographically, there might be diffuse alveolar infiltrates or “whiteout” of the lungs, representing diffuse confluent alveolar filling. Pathologically, diffuse alveolar harm (DAD) is observed, characterized by inflammatory cells and also the formation of hyaline membranes.

The mortality rate is 30-40%. Most patients die from some complication of their presenting illness, not from refractory hypoxemia. Of those who survive, most will recover near-normal lung function, but their recovery might be prolonged to 6 or even 12 months. A significant number will develop new reactive airway illness or pulmonary fibrosis.

LDL Cholesterol And Heart Disease

We’ve all heard that there’s good cholesterol and bad cholesterol. LDL falls into the bad category.

LDL refers to a combination of low-density lipoprotein and cholesterol. The liver produces cholesterol to perform a number of important cellular functions, however when our body produces more than we need, our health can seriously suffer. Low-density lipoproteins bind with the cholesterol and carry it throughout the body in the bloodstream. When they bind with too much, we can end up with high bad cholesterol levels. LDL is often referred to as the ‘unhealthy’ or ‘bad’ cholesterol because it tends to stick to the walls of our arteries. This can lead to arteriosclerosis cardiovascular disease. The build up on the walls of blood vessels and arteries is also known as plaque.

As the plaque thickens over time, blood flow is reduced and blood pressure is increased, which can lead to a number of potential problems including heart disease. If bits of plaque come away from the walls and begin to flow through the blood vessels they can clot other sections of the narrowed artery. This can cause the onset of a stroke or a heart attack. High cholesterol levels are therefore very significant and need to be taken seriously.

You can lower your levels by eating a balanced, natural diet devoid of processed, trans-fatty, and sugary foods and drinks, and engaging in daily aerobic exercise that is strenuous but not too strenuous. Including fatty fish such as salmon or tuna or omega-3 fatty acid supplements can also help to lower levels. It is also very important to drink an adequate amount of pure water in order to unclog your arteries. Avoid margarine and use only small amounts of butter or no butter at all. If you are purchasing a sandwich and they ask if you want butter, it is important to clarify if they are talking about real butter or margarine. A lot of people do not differentiate between them and use the words interchangeably. Poly-unsaturated vegetable oils should not be used for cooking since they become trans-fats under high heat. Virgin olive oil is the safest choice. Simply by making these simple changes can improve your levels and reduce serious health risks.

Cigarette smoking also raises cholesterol levels in the blood. If you smoke, you will gain limited benefit from exercise and dietary change until you quit smoking. Once you stop smoking, your cholesterol levels will begin to drop, even more so if you eat healthy and exercise daily.

Minimizing negative stress where possible and managing it when necessary are also important aspects of maintaining healthy cholesterol levels. High stress levels have been found to increase ‘bad’ cholesterol levels whereas being in a calm and positive state of mind can lower them.

High LDL cholesterol does not need to become a health crisis. It is reversible if you are willing to take the steps mentioned here. Keeping those levels down is important for cardiovascular health. By eating right, exercising regularly, minimizing stress and not smoking you will be able to achieve and maintain healthy cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke.

Worries Over New Arthritis ‘Smart Drug’ Monthly Injection

While the media currently feeds a frenzy of excitement regarding the new arthritis gene therapy drug known as Tocilizumab, Hundreds of thousands of rheumatoid arthritis sufferers are offered new hope in beating there debilitating condition.

The new drug is being heralded as a mile stone in rheumatoid arthritis treatment following a trial in which nearly half of patients on the medication found their condition did not get any worse. Tocilizumab, which will be sold under the brand name ‘Actemra’ works in conjunction with an existing treatment, methotrexate, and is administered monthly in hospital.

In the trial, taking methotrexate on its own only stopped symptoms in eight per cent of patients.Combined with Tocilizumab, 47 per cent of patients saw their condition halted. The drug is still under review in the UK by Nice ( National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence) but is it expected to gain its UK marketing license in January 2009.

Nice caused some controversy recently by ruling that rheumatoid arthritis sufferers could not switch from one form of a pain relieving drug to another if the initial treatment did not work. There are fears that Tocilizumab – which could cost up to £10,000 per annum – may not become available on the NHS and if it does become available will it be available to the masses and not just the few.

Known side effects include diarrhea thalamic infarction, hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, vomiting, upper respiratory tract inflammation, ligament rupture, hypoaesthesia, headache, cholelithiasis. gastrointestinal bleeding, gastroenteritis, bronchitis, Pneumonia and a potentially serious bacterial skin infection called cellulitis. Concerns have also been expressed in regard of cholesterol levels apparently Tocilizumab is thought to raise LDL, which is bad cholesterol, & could put patients at risk of heart attack or stroke.

Study participants who took Tocilizumab also had a higher risk of serious infections compared to study participants who were treated with methotrexate alone or with a combination of a disease modifying anti-rheumatic drug and a placebo.

Reported problems with Tocilizumab in Japan,

Reported Tocilizumab problem on Oct 25, 2005. Male patient, 34 years of age, was treated with Tocilizumab. After the drug was administered, patient experienced the following problems/side effects: acidosis, alpha haemolytic streptococcal infection, bacteraemia, brain abscess, candidiasis, cerebral hemorrhage, dehydration, depressed level of consciousness, disseminated tuberculosis.

Dosage: unknown.

During the same period the patient was treated with Klaricid, Iscotin, Ethambutol, Hydrochloride, Rifadin & Pyrazinamide, following the medication the patient was hospitalized. Patient unfortunately died on 02/19/2006.

Another reported Tocilizumab problem was reported by a Physician from Japan on Nov 30, 2005. a female patient, 53 years old, was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis and was treated with Tocilizumab. After the drug was administered the patient in question experienced the following side effects: condition aggravated, hyperlipidaemia, hypertension, thalamic infarction.

Tocilizumab dosage: unknown

During the same period the patient was treated with Methotrexate, Predonine, Diclofenac, Misoprostol, Nifedipine, Arotinolol, The patient was hospitalized but later recovered.

These are just a couple of incidents which have been reported, however many more can be found if you Google Tocilizumab, of course, as with any medication, problems will exist due to their toxicity. Tocilizumab may be an excellent treatment for some, but perhaps not so for others.

Cayenne Pepper and Heart Health – Is Cayenne a Cure For Heart Disease?

Cayenne pepper is one of the most powerful and beneficial herbs known to mankind, but unfortunately very few know of its efficacy. Cayenne pepper and heart health should be synonymous for anyone with heart disease or cardiovascular issues but it is not. Due to the power and might of Big Pharma and their unholy alliance with the United States government, many Americans are simply unaware of natural herbs that can dramatically improve their heart health.

“If this is true, then why haven’t the masses heard of it?” you may ask. A fair question. In a word, money. Literally billions of dollars have been spent on heart disease care and research, not to mention the billions on pharmaceutical drugs fighting cholesterol.

In fact, the number-one-selling drug in the US is Lipitor — ostensibly sold to reduce cholesterol and by extension heart disease. Cayenne could eliminate all that and that is why the medical establishment doesn’t want people to know about it.

Before discussing the benefits of cayenne pepper and heart health however, let’s consider the result of the billions that have been “invested” in the name of curing heart disease for if there is one fundamental criterion by which government and medical institutional spending should be judged, it should be by the results.

According to a May 25th, 2006 report by the BBC, heart disease is the biggest killer in the United Kingdom. Across the pond in the United States, the National Heart Foundation says, “Coronary heart disease is the single greatest cause of death for both men and women in the US, eclipsing all other causes, including cancer and lung diseases. Every year more than 479,000 Americans die of coronary heart disease.”

Clearly, the current allopathic (traditional Western medicine) approach is lacking.

The unholy collusion between government, pharmaceutical interests and institutional medicine, with its powerful financial influence, pervades nearly every facet of society. Homeopathic medicine is not only derided but persecuted and even criminalized while allopathic medicine is deified as the only way to health.

In reality, the joining of the best of allopathic and homeopathic interventions would be ideal, but for that to happen, results would have to be the final arbiter as to an intervention’s effectiveness, not corporate and governmental interests.

Background Info

So, what is cayenne? You probably recognize its name as a potent condiment often used in cooking, but its value lies well beyond its culinary uses. It is an herb that is nothing short of amazing.

It is a multi-talented herb that is also known, although obliquely so, as African red pepper, American red pepper, Spanish pepper, capsicum, and bird pepper. Cayenne is derived from two related plants. Specifically, the American variety (Capsicum minimum) is distinguished from its African counterpart the African birdseye cayenne (Capsicum fastigiatum) although both are highly beneficial to man. The African birdseye cayenne is the most pungent with small, yellowish red pods while the American variety is distinguished with its herb-sized plants and larger fruit or pods.

The food value of cayenne is known, of course, but its real value is as a medicinal and nutritional herb. Its medical uses include using it for wounds, heart disease, heart attacks, heart problems at large, ulcers, congestion, colds, chills, bleeding of the lungs, neuralgia, lumbago, hemorrhage, hemorrhoids, high and low blood pressure, indigestion, and kidney and related problems. (This is by no means a comprehensive list as to the herb’s effectiveness.)

Cayenne is a stimulant and as such is an activator, carrier, and accentuator to other herbs as well. Still, it can and should be used by itself. Let’s discuss now some of those ancillary uses before we talk in depth about capsicum and heart health.

Cayenne pepper anti-fungal properties are tangible although this is not its primary health benefit. It has been shown in some studies to be active against collectotrichum and phomopsis, both of which are fungal pathogens. These important fungal pathogens affect strawberries and other fruits and are not directly related to humans per se.

However, cayenne immune system benefits are of interest to researchers. Currently, it is being studied by many nutritional supplement companies for its therapeutic and nutritional benefits. If you desire a natural anti-fungal aid, garlic is preferred over cayenne for garlic has long been known for its anti-fungal properties. (In Russia, it has long been called “the Russian penicillin.”)

Health Benefits of Cayenne Pepper

Capsicum increases metabolism by immediately influencing the venous structure. It is remarkable with its immediate effects on the circulatory system as it feeds the vital elements into the cell structure of capillaries, veins, arteries and helps adjust blood pressure to normal levels. Yes, cayenne pepper for high blood pressure is certainly one of its core uses, but it cleans the arteries as well.

It also stimulates the peristaltic motion of the intestines and aids in assimilation and elimination. When taken internally, it warms the body and has even been used by some herbalist doctors to help severe frostbite as cayenne not only facilitates the healing of the flesh but it helps rebuild tissue as well.

Notwithstanding its hot taste, it is superb for rebuilding the tissue in the stomach for it actually facilitates rapid healing with stomach and intestinal ulcers. Capsicum for ulcers is not something most would have considered due to its native calidity but the author can testify to this aspect of this wonder herb.

Its Dramatic Effects

Dr. John Christopher, the famed natural herbalist, was persecuted relentlessly by the government while assisting patients in curing cancer, heart disease, pleurisy, tuberculosis, infertility, rheumatism, leukemia, and other maladies. One of his greatest stories in his long career was how he could instantly stop a heart attack if he could get the patient to drink a glass of warm cayenne water. In his writings, he said, “A teaspoon of cayenne should bring the patient out of the heart attack.”

(While this is not directly related to heart health, with internal hemorrhaging, if the patient can drink a glass of extra warm water with cayenne, Dr. Christopher wrote, “…by the count of ten the bleeding will stop. Instead of all the pressure being centralized, it is equalized and the clotting becomes more rapid.”)

Perhaps now you can see why cayenne is regarded as a “miracle herb.” With over 700,000 Americans experiencing a stroke each year and almost half a million dying of heart disease, the cure to a healthy heart is as close as your local grocery store. The cayenne detoxification drink, when taken religiously, will dramatically improve your heart health as well as your venous structure.

Side Effects of Cayenne Pepper

What are the side effects of cayenne pepper? What are its bad points? Well, it is certainly hot to the taste. Drinking what the author calls the cayenne detoxification drink is not for the faint of heart (on second thought perhaps it is!). When starting to drink the cayenne pepper detoxification drink, it tends to come out of the body’s orifices with a burning sensation.

Not to worry, though. It is very beneficial. In fact, capsicum will help clear up hemorrhoids if taken regularly — especially if the hemorrhoid sufferer changes their diet to one more rich in fiber.

To mitigate its heat, the author suggests starting with just a half a teaspoon of cayenne in a glass of eight ounces of lukewarm water (or even less if desired). Have another glass of just water nearby as drinking cold water after the cayenne drink will help mitigate the calidity of the drink’s after effects. Yes, you can take it in capsule form but its effects won’t be immediate the way it would be by direct application.

There are also some who suggest combining lemon water and cayenne for fast metabolism. (There are also some who think that a combination of cayenne lemon fat burn facilitates adipose loss. That is debatable, but drinking a concoction of lemon water and cayenne for fast metabolism is certainly more palatable.)

Drinking the capsicum detoxification drink daily will produce noticeable benefits, and the body will acclimate very quickly to its native heat. Within a month or two, you will be able to drink a tablespoon of capsicum without too much discomfort.

Yes, you could go on a cayenne fruit diet, but drinking it is easier and more convenient. One last comment: no significant side effects have been reported. Of course, taking too much of anything is not healthy, a problem never really attributed to cayenne due to its heat. In terms of health side effects, there are none. As with all things, though, use with discretion and wisdom.


If you are concerned about your heart health, or if you are suffering from heart ailments, cayenne should be a daily staple in your diet. This incredible herb is a wonder and can tremendously affect your health. Cayenne is one of the greatest health secrets in the world.

Cayenne certainly is a great condiment, used with panache by great cooks and chefs, but its true value lies in its medicinal qualities. Slowly and surely, its remarkable benefits are gaining awareness by a public becoming increasingly disenchanted by traditional medicine’s non-causal approach. Perhaps now you can see why cayenne is a prince among herbs.

Heart Disease Risk – Activity Levels and the Risk of Early Death from Heart Disease

It’s official.

You have the power to choose – get active now or be prepared to die at a young age.

This is scary stuff but the message above is real enough. Researchers have now confirmed what common sense and instinct always told us: that general physical activity and exercise is a critically important part of maintaining good health.

People who are physically active are less likely than their sedentary counterparts to develop chronic diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure and other heart or cardiovascular disease. There is also a strong link between physical activity and death rates. In particular, physical activity is associated with a reduction in the risk of death due to heart disease. Those of us who exercise regularly – even in a modest way – die less often from heart disease than our sedentary friends.

Please try to get active – just stop and think about this for a minute: the amount of physical activity that you undertake is directly predictive of your risk of early death even if you have multiple heart risk factors or if you have preexisting heart disease. Risk factors for heart disease include having high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, high cholesterol and smoking. What this means is that it’s never too late to start a bit of regular exercise.

Many of us in the Western World have a high risk of heart disease because of our lifestyle habits and our body weight. A number of good research studies have shown that those with most risk factors to start with tend to be more sedentary than individuals at lower risk for heart disease. Could this be you – do you fit this description? If you do then for goodness sake do something about it .. Now!

A recent research study looked at almost one thousand American adults below retirement age. They followed these people for eight years and a huge amount of data was gathered about their health and their lifestyle. The study found that those with risk factors for heart disease were about thirty percent more likely to die than the rest of the population. They were also more likely to live a sedentary lifestyle.

Taking regular light or moderate exercise reduced the risk of early death by a dramatic ratio.

What’s the message – we should all be active to a greater degree than at present. If you have high blood pressure, are overweight, have diabetes, a high cholesterol or are a smoker (or more than one of these risks) – then you need to increase your level of exercise … and start now. Your life, quite literally, depends on it!

What Causes Night Sweats?

Excessive bedtime sweating known as night sweats, produced while you are sleeping, is not normally due to an excess of heat into the room or on the bed that you are sleeping in. This sweating disorder is very much like hot flashes that you might experience during the day and can end up soaking your bedtime clothing or bed linens. Did you ever wonder what causes night sweats?

Researchers have been able to identify several conditions that can lead up to this disorder. The most common causes include:

  • Infectious illnesses (i.e. influenza, tuberculosis, AIDS, malaria)
  • Autoimmune disorders (i.e. rheumatoid arthritis)
  • Diet (i.e. consuming hot spices, or eating large meals just before going to sleep)
  • Neurological illnesses (i.e. multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, stroke)
  • Hormonal disturbances (i.e. hyperthyroidism, discomfort of menopause)
  • Metabolic conditions (i.e. diabetes, thyroid disorders )
  • Tumors (i.e. leukemia, lymphoma)
  • Psychic causes (i.e. fear disorders, sleep disturbances or bad dreams)
  • Alcohol, drug abuse, and programs that you might be undergoing for purposes of detoxifying from any substance abuse
  • Temperature factors that you fail to recognize as controllable such as a high thermostat setting

As you can see from the aforementioned list of what causes night sweats, some factors are within your control while others are not. With the help of trained professionals such as your doctor or fitness expert, you can put a plan into motion that should address the root causes of your discomfort. Your physician can help you to balance your hormones. A proper plan of fitness and nutrition, will also be needed for relieving night sweats. Other symptoms that could result from hormonal imbalance such as the loss of muscle mass, a decreased sexual drive, possible weight gain, fatigue and many others will also be addressed. The low levels of testosterone that are found in andropause in men, might be the cause for sending signals to the body’s temperature center know as the hypothalamus. This in turn would result in andropause being added to the list of ” what cause night sweats”. Finally, high levels of cortisol which the body produces during times of stress, can also contribute to this disorder.

It would behoove you to consult your doctor if you suffer from night sweats. As you can see from the above list, the reasons as to what causes night sweats, can range from very simple to very serious. With professional help, it should not be too difficult for you to get your sweat demons under control! Do it today for a better tomorrow.