Spinal Fracture

The skeletal system is made up of 206 bones and provides support, allows for movements and protects the internal organs of the body. Sometimes, too much pressure is applied to the bones that results to what we know as fracture. Fractures are often classified as either open or closed. An open fracture is a fracture where a piece of a broken bone pierces through the skin. This can be dangerous because the bone is exposed, increasing the risk of infection. A closed fracture is a fracture where the bone is broken but does not come through the skin. A compression fracture is a close fracture that occurs when two or more bones are forced against each other. It commonly occurs to bones at the spine and maybe caused by falling into a standing or sitting position or a result of an advanced osteoporosis.

Plan of Management

Rehabilitative exercises and proper diet are the two thing involved in managing fractures and back pains. Doing some stretching and isometric exercises are also of great help in minimizing, if not totally eliminating, the pain. As the affected patient, you also have to pay attention to your daily routine to prevent further damage to your fracture. You have to minimize your mobility and avoid carrying heavy objects since they can only get you into a worse condition. All in all, a well – balanced diet and vitamin supplementation are of great importance in having proper and adequate nutrition.

Prevention

How do you prevent spinal fracture? Very simple. All you have to do is pay careful attention to your fitness and daily routine. Having proper warm ups before going over your reps can help prevent such condition. In order to prevent bone loss or bone degradation, taking your preventive regiments like vitamin D, calcium and biphosphonate supplements is medically advised by most doctors.

Warning

Any type of bone fracture, whether it is serious or not so serious, needs proper and immediate medical attention. The moment you experience recurring back pain, consulting your doctor is also essential to accurately and immediately determine the cause and identify proper treatment/s. If you have experienced back pain which runs down the legs, which also comes along with numbness and tingling sensations, might as well consult your doctor. These are just a few of the common flags of possibly more serious conditions or complications.

Basic Information You Should Know About Birth Injuries

Although you may know that there are often babies born with birth defects, you might not be that knowledgeable about how these birth defects came about. Although many are hereditary or caused by some other natural reason, there are other birth defects caused through injury at time of the birth. The injury can happen whilst the baby is still in the womb or even during the delivery. These injuries can be minor or fatal. If the baby sustains brain injury then it will prove to be fatal as the whole life of the baby will be affected. Due to the injury a bay may develop cerebral palsy or become mentally retarded. This type of major birth injury not only affects the child but also affects the family members as they have to bear the burden of the child throughout their life. Sometimes the injury may be caused due to the negligence of the hospital staff. In this kind of situation there is a provision in law where the parents can sue the hospital for compensation.

Possible Reasons For Birth Injuries

There are various causes of birth injuries. If the baby is overweight during birth then problem may arise during delivery due to which the baby may suffer from shortage of oxygen which may affect his brain tissues. If a baby is born premature he may sustain birth injury as the body of a baby who is born within thirty seven weeks is very fragile the baby may be injured during birth. The pelvis shape and size of the mother is defective due to which normal delivery is not possible and the baby sustains injury. The mother suffers from prolong labor pain which may cut off the supply of oxygen to the undelivered baby and cause damage to his delicate brain tissues. Abnormal position of the child during birth that is the leg comes out first and then the head which is also known as breach position.

Types of Birth Injuries

Caput is the injury caused when there is difficulty in delivery. This injury mostly occurs in babies who are delivered with the help of the vacuum extraction. The soft tissues of the babies scalp is bruised which heals within few days. A baby may show signs of bruising due to the use of forceps during the delivery. Hemorrhage in the small blood vessels of the eyes, this is very common and does not cause any damage. Temporary or permanent facial paralysis may occur due to the breakage of the facial nerve. Fracture of the collar bone during delivery is a very common occurrence. Healing occurs quickly. The group of nerves that supply blood to the arms and the hands may be injured if there is difficulty in delivering the baby’s shoulders. Some the injuries are minor and the baby recovers within a short period but some of the injuries are fatal which may have a permanent impact for life.

Helping a Coworker With Cerebral Palsy

Has a colleague recently been diagnosed with cerebral palsy? If so, you may be wondering how you can help him or her through this difficult period. Here, we’ll provide some ways that you can show your support without feeling uncomfortable (or making anyone else feel awkward).

1. Be a Good Listener

If your coworker tells you he or she has cerebral palsy, don’t suddenly launch into a long monologue about your aunt who died who had the condition. Instead, keep your lips closed, nod, and just listen. Your colleague probably is very worried about the cerebral palsy diagnosis and likely wants to talk with you, not be “wowed” by your knowledge of the subject. Obviously, if he or she asks you a question, you can speak… just don’t take over the conversation.

2. Offer to Help… but Be Specific

There’s nothing wrong with offering to help a friend who has been diagnosed with cerebral palsy, but make sure you’re specific. Don’t simply say, “Can I help you?”, as doing so puts an undue onus on the cerebral palsy victim to figure out how you can be of service. Instead, ask, “Do you need any rides to appointments? I’d love to come with you,” or, “I make a mean meatloaf and my family adores my grandmother’s lasagna recipe. Why don’t I put together some dinners so you don’t have to worry about cooking for the next few days?” That way, your friend with cerebral palsy can say “yes” or “no” to specific requests.

3. Hold Back on Gossip

The office will no doubt be buzzing with gossip, especially about your coworker’s cerebral palsy (it’s difficult to keep things like this quiet.) However, if you want to be a helpful colleague, resist the temptation to engage in discussions about the cerebral palsy. Even if you’re dying to join your office mates in a rip-roaring speculative conversation about cerebral palsy, don’t do it. By staying silent, you’ll be showing your coworker that you respect his or her privacy.

4. Be Observant

Finally, if a teammate has confided in you that he or she has cerebral palsy, make sure you’re observant. If you notice that tasks are becoming particularly difficult for him or her, ask him or her in private if they think it’s because of the cerebral palsy and, if it is, how you can help.

Dangerous Holiday Sea Creatures

All marine animals should be assumed to be venomous and treated with great respect. Swimmers, bathers and paddlers are stung by venomous fish even in temperate regions, and noxious creatures abound in tropical seas. Fish toxins are inactivated by immersion in very hot water, and prevention and treatment are described in detail below. Touch nothing unless you are sure it is harmless, and wear stout gloves if you are collecting anything or generally rummaging around in crevices. Collecting living creatures is not only bad news for them, it could be for you too.

The very attractive cone mollusks (Conus spp.) of the IndPacific seas are equipped with a venomous tongue like harpoon tooth. They range up to about 23cm in length, although the majority are much smaller. They have stung collectors through the trouser pocket. Stings can cause unpleasant tingling and numbness, and sometimes even paralysis and death from respiratory arrest. Resuscitation can be lifesaving, but there is no ant venom. Do not collect live specimens.

Octopus saliva contains a vicious toxin that can be introduced into the skin by a bite from the animal’s powerful beak, between the tentacles. Bites are painful and bleed, swell and become inflamed. Blue ringed octopi, Hapalochlaena macula’s and H. undulate of Australia, Indonesia and the Philippines, possess such toxic nerve poisons that they can cause fatal paralysis within 15 minutes of a bite. They are only 10cm long and occur in shallow waters.

The flying squid, Onychoteuthis banksi, is also dangerous, but since it only comes up to shallow waters after dark it rarely comes into contact with people. Those bitten are almost always fishermen. They are sold as food throughout their range; exercise care when preparing them for the table, in case they are still alive.

Jellyfish, sea wasps, Portuguese man-of-war, fire coral, sea anemones and sea nettles all have venomous stinging capsules called nematocysts. Jellyfish stings are most common when there are onshore winds. At worst, jellyfish poisoning causes paralysis of the muscles of respiration. This is transient but lasts long enough to kill, unless someone is on hand to carry out resuscitation.

Worldwide there are about 30 deaths a year due to jellyfish. Just six species are responsible; three of them are the box jellyfish, Chironexspp. or ‘sea wasps’. They are box shaped, with tentacles hanging from the four corners of the squares ‘bell’. The largest and most venomous, Chiron fleckeri, inhabits tropical coasts of Australia and Southeast Asia. These fast Swimming jellyfish have bodies as big as basketballs (20cm diameter) and tentacles that trail out for 3m. The tentacles (which carry the sting cells) are translucent, so they are difficult to see and thus easy to brush against by mistake. Those stung experience incredible pain and often collapse and die, sometimes within four minutes. Flooding stung skin with vinegar inactivates any undercharged stingers. There is a specific ant venom in Australia.

Chiropsalmas quadrigatus kills quite often in Indochina seas, from the Maldives to the Philippines. It also occurs in the Atlantic, from Brazil to North Carolina. The fifth lethal species is the Portuguese men-of-war (Physician physicist), which is common in warm waters of the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans. Finally, there has been one reported death by stings of Stomolophus nomuraiin southeast China, which has a 105m diameter bell. Stay away from big jellyfish wherever you are.

Try to remove any fragments of tentacles, remembering that they can still sting after they have broken off the jellyfish. Vinegar (46 per cent acetic acid) inactivates the stingers of the IndPacific and Australian box jellyfish, but do not use this on other species. A half and half solution of baking soda in water inactivates the stingers of the unpleasant Chrysaora sea nettle jellyfish of the Atlantic. Never ‘treat’ stings by applying alcoholic solutions, such as methylated spirits and suntan lotion: this causes massive discharge of stingers and exacerbates poisoning. Superficial pain usually responds to cold packs or ice applied for 15 minutes. If a victim has stopped breathing give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation and, if necessary, cardiac massage. The effects of the venom are remarkably short lived, so that keeping the victim alive for a few minutes should ensure survival and complete recovery, albeit with scars.

Anemones sting their prey, so treat them with respect. One species, Anemone solvate, found as close to home as the Adriatic coast, can inflict painful stings.Starfish and sea urchins have venomous spines and grapples, which can produce dangerous poisoning. Spines embedded in skin are at best a painful nuisance. Remove them after softening the skin with two per cent salicylic acid ointment, or acetone or magnesium sulphate paste (readily available in pharmacies). This technique may also be useful for extracting deeply embedded pieces of coral.

Newborn Umbilical Hernia Treatment

UMBILICAL HERNIAS (“OUTIES”) (Birth-12 Months)

What is happening inside my baby’s body?

A pair of stomach muscles runs down the belly from the ribs to the pelvis. These muscles are the same ones that you can see on a bodybuilder’s abdomen. The muscles are parallel and are joined together from top to bottom by their surrounding thick tissues.

Newborns have these muscles, but the connecting tissue is not entirely attached. This makes sense, because the umbilical cord comes out through the space between these muscles. When your baby was inside the womb, if these muscles had been attached, then they would have cut off the blood exchange between mother and child. The two muscles and their accompanying tissue attach above and below the belly button but remain unattached right around the umbilical cord until after delivery.

Once your baby is delivered and the umbilical cord is cut, it is safe for the muscles to attach themselves. If, after the umbilical stump falls off, the muscles still haven’t attached themselves, then the intestines can protrude through this hole and the belly button will look like an “outie,” also known as an umbilical hernia. The actual hernia is made of a sac protruding through this opening between the pieces of muscle and tissue in the abdominal wall. This opening is called the umbilical ring.

Some babies have small hernias and some have large ones. The hernia always pops out when a baby cries because the pressure generated by crying causes the intestines to push out through the umbilical ring. The hernia may also look quite prominent when a baby strains. Sometimes hernias can get stuck.

Umbilical hernias are seen in more than 10 percent of normal Caucasian babies and an even higher number of African American babies. They are more common in premature than full-term babies.

What can I do?

You need not – and really cannot – do anything to help an umbilical hernia. It is an age-old myth that one can tie a coin to a string and wrap the contraption around a baby’s waist to push the belly button back in. Given the reason why umbilical hernias exist in the first place, you can easily see why this does not work.

When does my doctor need to be involved?

Hernias pop out – sometimes a remarkable amount – but should be easily flattened: with gentle pushing, a parent should be able to maneuver the hernia back down. When a baby is crying, it is difficult to push the hernia in; but when a baby is calm, it should be quite easy.

Hernias need to be seen by a doctor when they cannot be pushed back in easily or when the area around them becomes red and hot. Sometimes they are incarcerated – the intestines get stuck in the muscle and cannot be pushed back in because they are swollen. When this happens, they can become strangulated. This is when the blood supply to the part of the intestine that is stuck is compromised and that part of the intestine is starved of important nutrients, including oxygen. This can cause vomiting and remarkable pain.

Both incarcerated and strangulated hernias are medical emergencies. Strangulated hernias must be treated immediately with surgery, because if the part of the intestine deprived of oxygen dies, then that piece of bowel must be removed before life threatening consequences set in. Incarcerated hernias may not require urgent surgery, but they need to be examined by doctors (often surgeons) quickly in order to prevent strangulation.

What tests need to be done, and what do the results mean?

The only test is to apply gentle pressure to the hernia to see if it can be pushed back in (in medical terms this is called reduced). You or your doctor can perform this test. If a hernia can be easily reduced, then it is normal. If it cannot, then it may be incarcerated or strangulated.

In the case of a strangulated or incarcerated hernia, an ultrasound may help determine whether or not there is still blood flowing to the part of the bowel stuck in the hernia.

What are the treatments?

The treatment for a normal, reducible hernia is time. By two years of age, 95 percent of all umbilical hernias close on their own. If a hernia has not closed by kindergarten, then you may choose to have it surgically closed for cosmetic reasons.

All strangulated hernias and some incarcerated hernias must be treated surgically. The piece of intestine stuck in the gap between the muscles needs to be pushed back behind the muscles, and then the gap can be sewn closed. Sometimes the bowel is swollen or has had minimal blood flow while entrapped. In very extreme cases, when a segment of bowel has been so severely deprived of oxygen that it is no longer functional, it needs to be removed.

What are the possible complications?

Incarceration and strangulation are very, very rare. Babies with trapped hernias will almost always have pain and vomiting. Remember, when a baby is crying, a hernia will always be difficult to push back in.

Experimental Back Pain Treatment – Helpful Tips For Sufferers

It is common to find that nine out of every ten Americans suffer from back pain. As a matter of fact people are willing to spend millions of dollars just to rid themselves of back pain. Back pain is one of the major reasons next only to cold and fever and is one of the major reasons why many people take leave from work. When patients approach doctors for back pain treatment he or she is given pain killers and anti- inflammatory drugs as part of the routine treatment along with the use hot and cold bags alternatively on the affected parts for at least a week before surgery is recommended.

Usually, most back pains get treated by following these simple treatments, but there is also a possibility that it can sometime take weeks or even some months before patients get completely relieved of back pain. Today, there are many different types of back pain treatment of the experimental type which is available to patients but normally doctors? advice their patients not to try them and recommend them only if they feel that their patients would benefit from such treatments. Experimental back pain treatment is not for everyone.

Experimental back pain treatment which is less risky is recommended only for those who are suffering from herniated or slipped discs. In this type of treatment a laser is inserted in to the patient’s skin through a small hole. A tiny video camera which is attached to the laser helps to monitor the procedure while the laser goes into the area to repair the disc which has been injured.

Epiduralysis is the latest form of experimental back pain treatment where the surgeon makes an incision near the spinal cord so that he or she can access the epidural spot in order to remove the scar tissue from the nerves. This type of treatment is recommended only for those patients who have no other options left when it comes to treatment of their chronic back pain. This is not only an operation which is very serious in nature but it can also result in complications.

Percutaneous vertebroplasy is the experimental back pain treatment used for treating broken vertebrae. Here in this surgical procedure, medical glue is injected into the patient’s vertebras which help to repair any problems associated with them. The medical glue helps to cover all the cracks in the vertebral bones. This treatment works extremely well in patients with compression fractures or any fracture due to osteoporosis and does not require the patient to stay in the hospital. This method is however not recommended for most patients who have back pain. For more information on experimental back pain procedures, the best person to approach would be your doctor who would be the best person to tell you all you would need to know about experimental back pain treatments.

Spinal Stenosis – Finally a Non-Surgical Solution

What is Stenosis?

Spinal Stenosis is a medical condition in which the spinal canal narrows and compresses the spinal cord and/or exiting nerve roots. Stenosis is from the Greek word meaning “a narrowing”. Central canal stenosis is a narrowing of the channel in the center of each vertebra through which passes the spinal cord on its way down the spine. Foraminal stenosis is a narrowing of the channel on either side of the vertebra where the spinal nerve roots exit on their way to various parts of the body such as down the arms or legs. The vertebral foramen is a small opening or hole for the exiting spinal nerve root that is formed where the downward notch in the bone of a vertebra meets the upward notch of the vertebra below it. Spinal stenosis may affect the cervical, thoracic or lumbar spine. Lumbar spinal stenosis results in low back pain and can radiate down the nerves into the buttocks, hips, thighs, legs, or feet. Cervical spinal stenosis results in neck pain and can radiate down the nerves into the shoulders, arms, wrists, and hands.

What Causes it?

Although it is true that some individuals congenitally have larger or smaller canals than do others, the cause of the narrowing is usually a combination of 3 different degenerative factors present in varying degrees in different patients. First, when a disc herniates the bulge takes up space narrowing the nerve channel. Second, as the involved disc dries out and loses height (a process known as desiccation) it causes the vertebra to become closer together further narrowing the nerve channel. Third, as the stress on the joint compounds and osteoarthritis begins to result, bone spurs (osteophytes) form and ligaments thicken (hypertrophy) gradually narrowing the channel even further. These 3 factors in various combinations and degrees of severity compromise the space in the channel and conspire to compress (pinch) the spinal cord or nerve root. These 3 factors may also be referred to as Degenerative Disc Disease, the most common cause of spinal stenosis.

Spondylolisthesis and scar tissue formation as a result of prior surgical fusion are other factors that can contribute to spinal stenosis. Spondylolisthesis describes the anterior displacement of a vertebra or the vertebral column in relation to the vertebra below. Also, rarely, various bone diseases such as Paget’s Disease or tumors in the spine are responsible for the narrowing. An MRI can rule in or rule out a wide range of possibilities rare though they may be.

A Non-surgical Solution

Spinal Decompression Therapy, first approved by the FDA in 2001, has since evolved into a cost-effective treatment for herniated and degenerative spinal discs, and the resultant spinal stenosis; one of the major causes of back pain and neck pain. It works on the affected spinal segment by significantly reducing intradiscal pressures. The vacuum thus created retracts the extruded disc material allowing more room for the pinched nerve, and will many times additionally increase the spacing between the vertebra as the involved discs are rehydrated, allowing even more room for the nerve. Furthermore, as the disc rehydrates its shock absorbing capabilities are restored reducing mechanical stress on the related structures (facet joints and supporting ligamentous tissues) slowing or halting the osteoarthritc damage. This is a non-surgical conservative procedure for patients suffering with bulging or herniated discs, degenerative disc disease, posterior facet syndrome, sciatica, failed back surgery syndrome, and non-specified mechanical low back or neck pain resulting in spinal stenosis.

Shingles Cures – Is There One?

Shingles cures are very desirable because no one wants to be in pain. Shingles (Also called: Herpes zoster, Postherpetic neuralgia) is a painful, blistering rash caused by the same virus as chickenpox.

Finding shingles cures for anyone who suffers from it, is necessary, even though it affects only a limited area of skin. Someone with shingles may feel unwell and develop a localized area of pain a few days before the rash appears. Shingles cures that help aleviate pain, are the best gift a sufferer can get.

The rash starts off as “red spots,” which quickly turn into blisters. The pain from the blisters can be intense. The rash only affects one side of the body because the blisters appear on the area of skin connected to one particular nerve.

Shingles are not contagious. but, a person with shingles can transfer chicken pox to anyone around them. Shingles is a disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus – the same virus that causes chickenpox. After you have chickenpox, the virus stays in your body. It may not cause problems for many years. As you get older, the virus may reappear as shingles. Unlike chickenpox, you can’t catch shingles from someone who has it.

Most vulnerable are the elderly, people on chemotherapy or radiation therapy, people with a bad immune system, and babies and little children who have not yet had the immunization.

It was once thought best to try to have your children get chicken pox from a friend or schoolmate – on purpose – so they would get them while they were young. It’s much worse to have chicken pox when you’re older (and it can make males sterile).

We now know that the lifelong risk from ever having chicken pox is to possibly contract shingles someday. Some people have a very light case of shingles, but most suffer terribly. Shingles cures are of little value, without taking the antiviral medication at the onset of shingles, all are at risk of nerve pain lasting for years or a lifetime.

There is no cure for shingles. Early treatment with medicines that fight the virus may help. These medicines may also help prevent lingering pain. A vaccine may prevent shingles or lessen its effects. Shingles cures are helpful in lessening the pain and easing the suffering. While it isn’t a life-threatening condition, shingles can be very painful.

Shingles cures for pain and discomfort include:

Apply natural apple cider vinegar, just as it comes from the bottle, to the skin area where the shingles are located, four times during the day and three times during the night if you are awake. The itching and burning sensation in the skin will leave usually within a few minutes after the vinegar is applied.

Use Jewelweed topically.

Take a Mega Vitamin that includes: Lysine, Selenium, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Zinc, Vitamin B-12, Vitamin E, Calcium, and Magnesium.

Avoid foods like chocolate, nuts, and seeds since they contain arginine which counteracts the beneficial effects of Lysine.

Take Acidophilus tablets or liquid.

Take Garlic tablets. Better yet, eat garlic.

The idea with all these shingles cures is to increase and build up your immune system and lessen the outbreak of symptoms.

Sciatica – The Best Position to Relieve Extreme Pain

Sciatica can be a very painful and debilitating condition which is a result of irritation upon the sciatic nerve. This irritation has several potential causes and the best position to relieve it will depend a great deal upon what is causing the pain in the first place.

First and foremost I would suggest that if your pain is that extreme and constant, you need to speak to a health professional. It is likely you will benefit from a short course of anti-inflammatories in order to help settle the pain.

However, getting back to what would be the best position, as I mentioned above, this is likely to depend upon what is causing your sciatica in the first place.

If it is a disc bulge/herniation/slipped disc etc. then lying on your stomach is likely to be the most comfortable position. If your pain is still very sensitive, I would suggest placing 1 or 2 pillows under your stomach to begin with. It would probably be best if you adopted this position for a few minutes every hour or so (if this is practical) or let’s just say ‘little & often’ throughout the day.

If it is the facet joints of your lower back which are irritating the sciatic nerve however, then I would adopt a completely different approach. This time you will be wanting to ‘flex’ your back. An easy way to do this is to lay yourself on your back, with your knees slightly bent, maybe placing a pillow or two under your knees.

Sometimes, the pain can be too sensitive for either of the above positions. If this is the case, I have found side lying is usually best. However, make sure that while in this position, your bottom leg is straight and your top leg supported by one or two pillows (so that your top leg is roughly parallel with the bed/floor you are lying on). By adopting this position, you will be encouraging your back to maintain a neutral position and also be stopping your pelvis from dropping forwards and down, which can place increased stress across the sciatic nerve.

In summary, your diagnosis is key, therefore it is important to be able to find out why it is you are suffering with sciatica in the first place. Having said that, it is always important you listen to your body, therefore try out the above positions and which ever you find the most comforting, that’s the one to stick with for a while.

Before I finish, it is important I stress that activity is vitally important as well. As your pain begins to settle, it is imperative you start to become more active. By this I mean generally active as in getting up and about, as well as providing yourself with a specific exercise programme in order to address the cause of your sciatica.

Tonsil Rocks Treatment – How to Get Rid of Tonsil Rocks

There are several home treatments for tonsil rocks, here are the most common types of treatments for tonsil rocks.

The use of a medicine dropper is recommended when it is possible to see the rocks somewhat clearly. With this approach, the tip of the medicine dropper is positioned over the stone, and the depressed bulb on the dropper is opened. The suction may help to dislodge the stone from the infected tonsil and also allow for removal from the body altogether.

This approach usually requires assistance of a trusted friend or relative, as it is virtually impossible to use mirrors to achieve a good view of the tonsils and still manipulate the medicine dropper at the same time.

For persons who seem to have excellent control over the gag reflex, there is also the option of calling the toothbrush into active duty. With this approach, the toothbrush is coated with some agent to help cling to and remove the tonsil rocks while the tonsils are gently brushed.

It may be necessary to brush for a few strokes, then remove the toothbrush while the urge to gag subsides, then continue the process. Keep in mind this home treatment is not for the squeamish.

Along with the toothbrush, it may also work to use a cotton swab or even a finger to press lightly on the infected tonsil. The idea behind this approach is that the slight pressure will alter the surface of the tonsil momentarily and thus dislodge the tonsil rock from its secure nesting spot.

Most often, tonsil rocks are effectively treated at home using natural home remedies. This is the most efficient way and easiest way to permanently eliminate tonsil stones.

Short Occasional Fasts May Be Good

Recent research has shown that planned occasional short periods of not eating are beneficial to your health. This does not mean missing breakfast, and then eating a lot later in the day. It is a brief period of time without food and then resumption of normal eating.

Planned periods without consumption of food are technically fasting. Fasting is often part of religious observances and can last various periods of time. It is not the common habit of many people trying to lose weight of skipping breakfast, but then “compensating” by consuming a large quantity of calories in the evening is known to be unhealthy.

Research has shown that occasional fasts can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. For instance, studies of members of the Church of the Latter Day Saints (LDS) demonstrated that those who fasted once a month had lower rates of heart disease than either other church members who did not fast, or non members.

Our prehistoric ancestors would have had periods of time when they did not eat. There would not have been a constant supply of food, and some of the time there would have been nothing to eat. The result of this is likely to be, that our bodies are adapted for short periods of time when no food was consumed.

One characteristic of prediabetes, and metabolic syndrome, is that the level of glucose in the blood is increased. The body starts to adapt to the continued increased level of glucose and the body tissues become less sensitive to insulin (insulin resistance). High levels of glucose in the blood are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, mainly due to an increased rate of atherosclerosis (blocking of arteries).

Why should a short fast be of benefit?

One possible explanation is that a period of time when the body receives no nutrients allows it to reset. When food has not been recently consumed, the level of glucose drops in the blood. The mechanisms of glucose sensing and insulin production could then become more sensitive and return to a more responsive level. The result of this would be that the body responds more efficiently to glucose and becomes more sensitive to insulin. These lowered levels of glucose may mean less risk of cardiovascular disease.

It should be noted that skipping meals is currently NOT recommended for diabetics. Occasional brief fasts may be beneficial to those with prediabetes and metabolic syndrome who are starting to have inappropriate regulation of glucose and insulin.

How long and how often should one consider not eating? The LDS members miss two meals, once a month. Probably a fast should be occasional and not longer than a day and should include drinks with no calories, such as water and tea.

Symptoms Of Diabetes – 4 Tell Tale Signs Of Diabetes

Some of the risk associated with diabetes.When you are over weight the risk of getting diabetes are much higher.

Exercising will definitely reduce the risk of diabetes. Sedentary people are known to have higher risk of diabetes. The risk will also increase as you get older. Other common illness associated with diabetic people are hypertension and high cholesterol. If your family has a diabetes record then your chances of developing the disease are increased.

Most diabetes symptoms are pretty hard to recognize.

Excess urination are often associated with diabetes problems The cause of excess urination is high sugar content in the urine. It will make the person go to the bathroom often to urinate and often disrupts their sleeps. When you have this frequent urination problems, make sure you look for another sign of diabetes problems. The out come of polyuria is polydipsia; excess thirst. When this happens and you are feeling it all day long, please see your GP immediately.

The veins in your eye may also be damaged due to the diabetic problems that you have. The lens in your eye are damage due to swollen caused by high sugar content in your blood. In the worst case your vision will be loss and in a best case scenario, you’ll only have slight blur in your vision. Almost one third of the persons diagnosed with diabetes suffers of retinopathy.

When you have numbness in your limbs, this may be a sign of diabetes. When you have the sensation of numbness in your limbs, then it might be caused by diabetic problems as it affect your nerves.

In the later stage of diabetes, wounds and ulcers will begin to make appearance on the feet and toes. This is almost without doubt a diabetic problems. Diabetic sufferer often have prolonged wounds and ulcers as the disease delays healing time.

The bad part is that most people do not recognize the symptoms just after diabetes steps in. If you have any of these symptoms, do see your GP immediately so that your doctor can run some test. A blood sugar check is all you need to do to confirm if you really have diabetes.

How Dangerous Is Prickly Heat Rash?

Prickly heat rash is more than a skin problem that occurs due to excessive sweating. It can be a dangerous physical condition that affects the entire body. In its most severe form, it can even be life threatening. It should not be taken lightly.

Prickly heat rash is most likely to happen, as you’d expect, in hot, humid weather. The rash looks like an outbreak of tiny blisters that typically cause a persistent itch. It can happen to anyone at any age, but it occurs more often in active children because their sweat glands are not yet fully developed.

There are other names for heat rash, including sweat rash and miliaria. The name miliaria should not be mistaken for malaria, which is a serious disease caused by parasites.

Prickly heat may be caused by bacteria that become trapped in clogged sweat gland ducts. Not only does the skin around these ducts become irritated, but the clogs also prevent sweating. This can have serious consequences. When sweat glands are clogged, the body can’t cool itself efficiently. Trapped sweat eventually causes the blisters to burst, which triggers a variety of problems that affect the immune system, adrenal system, and psychological functions. Some people have described the process as the body cooking itself.

The first symptom to appear when you have prickly heat is a small red rash that usually causes itchiness. The rash may appear in several places simultaneously. The first signs of the rash often show up on the face, neck, under breasts in women or beneath the scrotum in men. It also often appears where clothing rubs against the skin.

Prickly heat is sometimes mistaken for a condition known as shingles, which presents a similar rash. Generally speaking, however, shingles only causes a rash on a single side of the body. Prickly heat symptoms can show up in multiple places, as noted above, and can resemble severe burns. If heat rash isn’t treated, it can grow worse quickly, accompanied by growing pain and discomfort.

When prickly heat is treated, it usually resolves itself in several days. It’s important to stay in a cool or air-conditioned place during recovery, and to avoid sweating. If the blisters turn into open sores, a variety of secondary problems could follow.

There are several types of heat rash. Miliaria rubra is the most common type. Miliaria crystallina is a variety that features tiny blisters that look more like perspiration beads rather than a rash.

A third type called miliaria profunda is known to some as “wildfire.” It is a very severe and dangerous type that results from recurring episodes of miliaria rubra. When you have miliaria profunda, your sweat ducts are entirely blocked, making it impossible to sweat. This can trigger heat exhaustion, severe fever, and other physical problems that include brain damage. It can even be fatal. Miliaria profunda can require a recovery period of five to six weeks.

Pressure Sores and Good Nutrition

Pressure sores are not a new thing and have been around since ancient times. There is evidence that Egyptians suffered from bed sores when their scars have been found on the mummified remains (Source: Feinstein, ed 1996). If you have never been stuck in bed or in a chair for any length of time without being able to change position, you may not understand the pressure sore. However, if you have ever sat still for a very long lecture, funeral or presentation and then felt the sore spot, you might have a small concept. Now think of that same pressure, day after day for hours and you see how a bed sore or pressure sore may begin (The pressure sore is commonly called a “bed sore” but it does not always happen just in bed and really has little to do with the bed itself).

The Reality of Pressure Sores

Pressure sores are not just the bane of the elderly although they are the ones that get these sores most often. Elderly women as well as those who have heart disease or diabetes are the most vulnerable to bed sores (Source: MacLean, 1993) There are some places on the body that are more prone to bed sores than others and there are some factors that encourage their development. While smaller, thinner people are more likely to develop a bed sore, the main reason that they begin and worsen is poor nutrition. Those who are prone to bed sores or who are recovering from one, should make certain adjustments to their diet first and foremost, as well as making some simple adjustments.

The more seriously malnourished a person is, the more serious the pressure ulcer will be. Doctors rate a pressure sore by the degree of tunneling, meaning how deep the damage goes into the skin. A pressure sore may start as a simple reddened spot in the beginning but will start going deeper and deeper. The skin will crack open and may go through the layers of the skin, to the muscles and in some cases, all the way to the bone. Once the red areas are noticed, it may already be too late, however, there are some times that the area will not be noticed at all- especially in those who have reduced sensitivity and commonly in the case of diabetics who may not feel any pain that would move them to investigate.

Pressure sores start in the areas that have the least amount of tissue, fat and muscles, the so called bony prominences: the elbows, the knees, the buttocks and the spinal column. They do not only start because of the time in the bed, they can also develop for people who spend a lot of time sitting down as well (Pressure sores for those who are stuck in chairs or wheelchairs are typically found on the base of the spine and the buttocks as well as the heels).

There are three ways to prevent and to deal with pressure sores: careful investigation and monitoring, proper nutrition and proper treatment. People who have bed sores should be under a doctor’s care, especially those who have diabetes, kidney disease, immunity suppressing diseases or heart disease. People who are older than sixty years old or older should also be especially vigilant.

Careful Investigation and Monitoring

Those people that are most prone to bed sores are also those who are probably least able to care for themselves properly. For those who are living in a nursing home or extended care facilities, the skin should be monitored during each bath or linen change. For those who are confined to bed or wheel chair, there should be constant position changes and preventative measures should also be taken for proper care. While the entire body should be looked over carefully, special attention should be paid to the areas of the most pressure- especially in those who are severely underweight or poorly nourished. It is a myth that pressure sores only happen to thin or slim people. There have been cases of people who weigh over 400 pounds who have developed pressure sores because they are not mobile at all and not being cared for properly.

The areas that should be looked at include: the elbows, the heels, the tail bone and the spine. The spine is most likely to develop pressure sores in the areas where it makes the most contact with the bed or the chair. For instance, in someone with a humped back, the middle spine area may be the spot that has the most pressure.

Any spot that is noted to be red should be carefully monitored. Once the pressure is removed, give the area fifteen to twenty minutes and then recheck. If the redness continues, consider the area to be a beginning stage pressure sore and seek medical assistance and advice.

Proper Nutrition

Elderly women are the group most likely to get a bed sore, along with those with Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias, those with diabetes and those who have been paralyzed by any condition or disease. Sadly, these groups are also the same people most likely to have poor diet and poor appetites. It is important to note that despite suggestions of eating better, these people may not be interested or may be unable to eat very well. Using a protein supplement may be a good suggestion, especially in light of the fact that the protein needs for those who have bed sores is highly increased over the normal needs.

The average, healthy person needs around.8 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight, however, an older person may need slightly more (even while healthy). For the person who is prone to bed sores or is trying to heal one, the protein needs are increased. It may be difficult to get more protein into a diet that is limited and largely ignored as it is. Using protein supplements can make sure that the patient is getting enough protein plus other vitamins and minerals. There are several types of protein supplements to choose from, each with different pros and cons.

Protein supplements include: protein shakes, powders, bars and supplement shots. Protein shakes are pre-made and convenient but may be too much to deal with. Protein bars may not be a good choice for those who are not eating very well to begin with and may not be able to be chewed by some patients. A protein supplement shot is a good idea because it is small and packs a huge amount of protein. Profect, by Protica is small (it is less than three fluid ounces) but has 25 grams of protein, a day’s worth of Vitamin C and 10% of the daily supply of the Vitamin Bs.

Psoriasis, Is There a Herbal Cure for It?

Psoriasis is a skin condition that affects around 4.5 million Americans and a huge number of other people all over the world. The disease includes five different manifest forms with distinct symptoms from each other; there may be joint inflammations as in psoriatic arthritis, reddish blotches on the skin in plaque psoriasis, pustules and red skin lesions and the list could go on. No matter the kind of psoriasis one is suffering from, the ailment brings great discomfort by the itching or painful symptoms common to all forms. Studies show that patients, who have undergone some form of alternative herbal treatment besides the regular psoriasis cures, have reported an improved health condition.

The most common herbs used in the treatment of psoriasis are tea tree oil, calendula and ginger. Mention should be made that in each individual case, the efficiency of the herbal remedy highly depends on the specificity of the personal condition. Tea tree oil is a very powerful antifungal extract with a wide specter of action particularly at the skin level. The great advantage of tea tree oil is that it immediately combines with the natural oils secreted by the skin and is therefore quickly processed by the system. It drastically reduces itching and burning sensations associated with psoriasis, having a local soothing effect that will allow you to enjoy a good night’s rest without any skin discomfort. It case you suffer from some form of psoriasis it is a good idea to use cosmetic products that contain tea tree extract.

Calendula is a herb with a wide dermatological specter, as it covers the anti-microbial and healing necessities of a large number of skin problems. For psoriasis it is highly recommended to use a very concentrated form such as the essential oil extracted from this herb. Results are immediate; it reduces redness and the bothering itching sensation. Just like most herbal remedies, calendula accelerates the healing process at the local level, while also protecting the skin against bacterial infections. For further information on natural cures and homeopathic treatments, please subscribe to the silver bulletin e-news magazine HERE.