8 Fast Hair Growth Accelerator Tips You Can Use For Growing a Longer Mane

Want to grow a longer mane? Then you need a hair growth accelerator. Well in this article I will show you how to create a fast hair growth accelerator in your own home, by simply changing a few things you do every day including your diet and care of your hair. Here are a few ideas you can do to help make your locks grow faster.

1- Your diet is very important in maintaining healthy hair which makes your hair grow faster. Making sure you have plenty of protein and fatty acids in your food intake will make sure your hair grows at an accelerated pace; fish is a great source of both protein and fatty acids. If you are vegetarian you can make sure you eat lots of legumes and beans to gain the protein you need.

2- Water is an important accelerator when it comes to growing a longer mane and this is because it helps boost the immune system. So drink at least 8-10 glasses of water a day and begin taking vitamin B supplements daily.

3- For an even faster fast hair growth accelerator try using one of the shampoos in the Mira herbals line of herbal hair products. They contain herbs proven to stimulate blood flow to the scalp and mane

4- Another way to accelerate the growth of your mane is to use a scalp massage. Try massaging your scalp for at least 5 minutes a day to distribute the oils through your hair. Before you go to bed braid your hair loosely to protect it from being pulled while sleeping.

5- Trim split ends at least once a month, just enough to remove the damaged ends; this will prevent the hair from curling up and looking shorter and unhealthy. Then use organic shampoos to wash your hair. Organic shampoos don’t have the same amount of chemicals that regular shampoos do. For a conditioning treatment try using olive oil to make your hair soft and shiny.

6- Stress will cause thinning and falling out of hair so try to relax. If you are under stress this will do nothing to help your hair grow.

7- Try using Mira hair oil treatment as a fast hair growth accelerator.

8- Wash your mane when it needs to be washed using gentle shampoos and conditioners

Remember that everyone’s hair grows at different rates but in all cases good care tips like I have just shown you will help make it grow even faster. Stay with these suggestions and in no time you would have a longer thicker mane you can be proud off

Coal Oil (Kerosene), Lard and Zinc Lids

Eastern Kentucky had a home remedy to break up congestion: coal oil (kerosene), lard and zinc lids. I never knew why they called kerosene, “coal oil,” but that’s what we called it back home.

The remedy for chest congestion: a zinc lid, a small amount of coal oil (kerosene) and a dab of lard. The women would put the kerosene and lard in a zinc lid. Then they would rake a few coals from the fire place onto the hearth. Then the zinc lid with the mixture inside would be set atop these hot coals.

Soon the lard would melt and mix with the kerosene. When the mixture was hot, the woman would take it and pour some on a wool cloth. Then while the mixture was still very warm, she would apply this wool cloth to the patient’s chest. Then she would cover the cloth with the patient’s PJ’s or T-shirt, pull the quilts back over his chest, and let the home remedy work its magic.

The aroma would penetrate the nostril membranes to help relieve nasal congestion, but its most important job was, along with the heat, to penetrate the chest cavity and relieve congestion in bronchial passages and lungs. This procedure would be repeated over and over until results were gained.

I’ll never forget Mrs. Cummings making the coal oil (kerosene) and lard concoction in a zinc lid for my younger brother. He had pneumonia and the local doctor told mom that her youngest son would be lucky to make it through the night.

Enter Mrs. Cummings and her home remedy. She kept the wool cloth warm with the mixture. She applied these compresses to my little brother’s chest through out the night. Around 3:00 A.M., his fever broke, and we knew he would live because Mrs. Cummings went home.

Yes, the coal oil (kerosene) and lard kept hot in a zinc lid saved my brother’s life. That was in 1946, and he’s still alive today. Home remedies work, and so do natural foods for your diet. So as always, eat healthy my friends.

Ouch! I Have Constant Back Pain Under My Rib Cage

The rib cage is termed as such because it houses the thoracic vertebrae and ribs, sternum-breastbone and the coastal cartilages and most importantly the heart and lungs. When you feel pain to the back side of the chest what happens is that the nerves springing out from the spine sends fiber-like signals that travels halfway around the chest. The other signal travels through the bottom of the rib around the sternum bone to the skin.

To determine exactly what type of pain your feeling around the rib cage area, go get an x-ray just to make sure your ribs aren’t fractured. A fractured or cracked rib causes pain in the rig cage area also called as costochondritis. Inflammation of the cartilage near the breast bone may also be signs of osteoporosis and pleurisy. If it is indeed a cracked rib, a surgery should be scheduled. If you have been feeling pain for a long time like 3 months or so, it’s better to go get an MRI or CT scan and consult a professional to check for damaged nerves, tumor or cancer even.

An inflamed cartilage between the ribs and breastbone can cause pain radiating around the back to the arms. Such symptoms could mean an impending heart attack or lung problems. Though benign, this is very painful and uncomfortable.

There are cases though that when constant back pains under the left rib cage could be a gastrointestinal problem. You feel you have an empty stomach and a growl is just about to come out, but nothing you eat makes you feel better. You often get heartburn and pain underneath the left rib cage. Go get routine blood pathology to rule out any infections of the intestine or pancreas. Digestive, gastro and bowel disorders must be ruled out by seeking medical advice to make sure that you don’t have a twisted bowel but do get your colon checked.

If you are in the advanced stages of pregnancy, there is a constant pain under the left rib area and the breasts. This causes extreme discomfort for a pregnant woman because it makes it difficult to sleep.

Say goodbye to your problems of thoracic back pain by downloading your NO COST report on how to rid your back pain now! Also discover if lower back pain and high heels can be a reason for back pain.

Sprained Wrist Treatment Using Essential Oils Has More Benefits

Having a sprained wrist not only is painful but can become a real inconvenience also. We are so dependent on the use of our hands for our normal living, that an injury makes simple everyday tasks become a real chore.

With all the side effects of pharmaceuticals, alternative remedies that bring pain relief along with an increase in immune function is a bonus.

It is natural, when falling, to reach out to catch ourselves and in doing so, the wrist can be forced past the natural stretching limit of a tendon or ligament. The forced twist or torque of the ligament can cause an injury in the wrist resulting in mild to severe pain, swelling, bruising and possible loss of function. You may experience a tearing in the wrist or perhaps a popping sound as you try moving it. These sprained wrist symptoms can begin with a simple slip on the stair, on an icy sidewalk or playing a sports game.

Although falls are the number one cause of a sprained wrist, it is possible to get a sprain from exerting intense pressure or by the wrist twisting in an abnormal position. There are three grades of severity when diagnosing sprained wrist symptoms.

  • Grade # 1: Mild to moderate pain along with minor damage to the ligament.
  • Grade # 2: Moderate to acute pain with a loose feeling in the joint, some loss of function and more severe ligament damage. Sprain should be checked by a doctor to be sure it will heal without extended trouble such as wrist tendonitis.
  • Grade # 3: Acute Pain, total detached torn ligament with a severe loss of function. This type of sprain must be seen by a doctor and will require surgical repair.

Finding a sprained wrist treatment that is convenient and lessons the healing time really helps your life to get back to normal. Using essential oils is one natural remedy for beneficial relief. They are simple to use, do not take much space to carry and gives many more benefits to the recipient than just relieving an injured wrist.

Many of the pharmaceutical medications you could use to treat a wrist injury will suppress or compromise your immune system, adding a risk to your health. But with true essential oils, they add to your health by sending the healing properties of the herbal plant they came from directly into your body. Any single essential oil has several healing qualities. For example, the geranium essential oils (rose geranium or geranium bourbon) have pain relieving properties and also healing and increase the function of your liver.

Essential oils follow the nerves, sending the healing qualities to the area that needs repair. This makes them ideal for use in the relief of:

  • Sprains
  • Muscle strains
  • Bulging disc
  • Ganglion cyst in wrist
  • Wrist tendonitis
  • Golfer’s elbow
  • Sprained ankle
  • Back spasms

And…many pain related maladies. In fact, most likely, there isn’t an injury or illness that would not be benefited with the use of essential oils as an addition to the treatment already established.

Because essential oils transport through the body by the nervous system, they are very beneficial relief other nerve disorders such as carpal tunnel syndrome which often feels somewhat like a sprain in the wrist.

OK, so here is the plan of action when you have sprained wrist symptoms:

  1. Immobilize the wrist. Use a cast or splint to keep the joint secure from movement.
  2. Rest your wrist. If you can, let your wrist rest for at least 2 days (48 hours)
  3. Put Ice packs on the wrist for twenty minutes every 4 hours during the 2 day period or until the pain has subsided some. This helps minimize swelling and bruising.
  4. Carefully massage pain relieving (analgesic), anti inflammatory essential oils such as Helichrysum Italicum, Elemi, Helichrysum Gemnosephalum and Geranium. Many other essential oils have analgesic anti-inflammatory properties, but these oils seem to add more instant relief when blended.
  5. Keep your wrist elevated above your heart. Lay it on a pillow or the back of the couch/chair as often as you can. This will help it to not swell as much.
  6. You may wish to take anti inflammatory pain reliever such as ibuprofen. However, taking this can thin the blood causing the sprained wrist to have more bruising.
  7. After pain has subsided some, practice strengthening exercises, carefully stretching the wrist to begin with as your doctor recommends. Do not rush this healing time. To use your wrist too soon after an injury could cause permanent damage to the joint.

Some sprains take up to 10 weeks recovery time. And, some people experience wrist tendonitis after a wrist injury. Everyone is different. Continue using the essential oils sprained wrist treatment that will help relieve inflammation that could still be in the joint.

Typical Elbow Injuries and Some Work Out Routines to Avoid Further Injury in Sports

Elbow injuries can be acute or chronic. The former occur in an instant (e.g. an accident) and the latter over a longer period of time, due to overuse (e.g. tendinitis). An elbow injury may be classified as mild, moderate or severe. Elbow strains (i.e. tendon injury) and sprains (i.e. ligament injury) are classified in severity from first degree to second degree and third degree (most severe with complete rupture).

The elbow is a hinge joint in which the upper arm bone (humerus) is connected to the two forearm bones (ulna and radius). The ulna is the largest forearm bone and positioned on the side of the little finger. Two main ligaments stabilise and support the elbow joint; the radial (lateral) collateral ligament and the annular ligament. The former ligament reinforces the lateral side of the elbow capsule.

Some typical elbow injuries include:

1. Fracture of one or more of the three main arm bones, in the region of the elbow, caused by a blunt impact or twisting of the elbow beyond its normal range of motion (e.g falling over in football).

2. Elbow strain occurs when any of the elbow ligaments are stretched or torn (e.g. the medial collateral ligament in a throwing sport such as javelin).

3. Elbow dislocation is defined as a condition in which the upper arm bone is forced into the wrong position relative to the forearm bones (e.g. an outstretched arm struck in a contact sport and it may also be accompanied by fractures, artery and nerve damage).

4. Tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis) is the most common overuse injury and is caused by irritation of the muscle tendons attached to the upper arm bone at the lateral epicondylitis (a bony protrusion).

5. Golfers elbow (medial epicondylitis) is similar to tennis elbow but inflammation occurs on the inside (medial side) of the elbow due to overuse of the muscles (and bone insertion points) used to bend the wrist downwards (e.g. in lifting or grasping) or direct blunt impact.

6. Elbow bursitis (olecranon bursitis) is caused by inflammation of the largest fluid filled sack (that reduces friction between bones and soft tissues) located above the tip of the elbow (the olecranon process). Typical causes include leaning on the elbow too much or direct impact.

Immediate treatment normally includes RICER (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation and immediate Referral to an injury specialist) for the first three days. Prompt medical care is essential for all injuries where elbow misalignment or fracture occurs to ensure that elbow recovery occurs with the bones and ligaments set in the correct position.

This should be followed by at least three weeks of rehabilitation with a physio or specialist personal trainer to restore the function of the elbow (e.g. normal range of motion, strength, power, endurance and proprioception) and speed up recovery in gentle work out routines. For a complete recovery, the final stage involves up to 3 months of conditioning with more strenuous work out routines to strengthen the arms and elbows to reduce the risk of future injuries.

Regaining the full motion of the elbow with simple bending, straightening exercises and gentle rotations is the first priority. This may be followed isometric exercises (e.g. statically pushing the hands against a wall with the elbows bent), rubber tube, free weight and finally full body weight exercises. A progressive set of work out routines may include for example:

1. Sitting down on a chair with good upright back posture, place your arms by your side hanging down. Then twist and lift your lower arms up until your elbow has a 90 degree bend and your hands are palms up. This is the starting position. Holding your elbows still, simply twist your forearms until your palms are facing down, twist them back so that your palms are facing up again to facing up and then repeat as many times as possible. The main goal is to increase the range of motion with each twist but you will also begin to give the muscles a work out as well.

2. Remaining in the seated position start by letting your arms drop down straight by your side. Then simultaneously rotate your arms upwards from the shoulders (in front of you) and try to bend your elbow as far as possible so that your hands are in contact with your shoulders. This is mainly a stretching exercise in which the key factor is taking your time to relax into the final stretched position with your elbows above your shoulders. Hold for 30 seconds and repeat if desired.

3. Again from the seated position you can use a similar exercise to the last one except this time, instead of lifting the elbows in front you, first bring the hands to the shoulders and then lift the elbows upwards but to each side. As before hold for 30 seconds and repeat if desired.

4. The next exercise involves both a stretch and an isometric exercise. Stand upright in a doorway and then raise your upper arms out to your sides until they are horizontal. At the same time keep your elbows bent at 90 degrees and resting against each side of the door jambs. Slowly lunge one leg forward and bend your back knee so that you can feel both a stretch in your arms/chest/shoulders and a force in your elbows.

5. Once you begin to regain the full range of motion of the elbow you can start to use rubber tubes for strength exercises. These will allow you to load your elbows in any direction (unlike gravity dependent dumbbells) and in a very controlled manner. As with other types of injury rehabilitation it is best to mix up locally focused exercises (e.g. for just the arms) with compound exercises (i.e. involve more of the body, such as the shoulders and chest as well). This ensures that both the injury site and all the related muscle systems are strengthened together.

In this case use a bench with a seat back at 45 degrees to do chest presses with a tube attached to the bench. With both hands starting at the nipple line height simply slowly push your hands away from you until your arms are almost straight, return slowly and repeat at least fifteen times. The strength rating of the tube should be high enough so that you can only just manage fifteen reps with good form.

6. Once your strength begins to return you can use more load in the form of dumbbells. Start with a single dumbbell and a one arm bent over row. To do this lunge forward with one leg, bend your straight back forward at 45 degrees and with one arm on your hip (the arm that is on the same side as the leading leg) lift the dumbbell in your other hand slowly towards your side. Lower it slowly to starting position and repeat fifteen times. Swap the dumbbell to your other hand and swap the leading leg so that you can do the same number of reps on the other side.

7. Another simple exercise is to sit or stand up and do bicep arm curls using one or two dumbbells. Try to keep your elbows stationary by your side and just move your lower arm up and towards your shoulder. If you use two dumbbells it is best to alternate the arm curl on each side.

8. The final example exercise is the press up. This is a great all round exercise for many purposes and you can easily change the intensity from press ups in a kneeling position (easiest) to press ups with a straightened body on tip toes and many more difficult variations (e.g. hands touching, one foot in contact with the ground). For the purpose of elbow recovery it is better to start from the kneeling position and progressively make the exercise more difficult if desired! Try to find a position of the arms that does not put excessive strain on the elbows and feels more natural. This will vary slightly between individuals.

Bone Fracture Treatments Options

As medical science advances so does our ability to treat bone fractures. For a fractured or broken bone to heal properly the bone must first be realigned. In previous years splinting or casting used to be the only viable treatment option and was used even when it was not the best method of treatment because it was the only method of treatment!

Today this is no longer the case, as many fractures require surgical interventions. Though this is one of the most common and effective bone fracture treatment options, bone casting & splinting should not be considered alone for complex or compound fractures.

Removable pins can be surgically placed to align broken bones and allow a speedy healing. Once sufficient healing has taken place, the pin can be removed during a regularly scheduled outpatient hospital visit. Bone pins are usually not too painful and can be removed without any pain medication or anesthesia. On the other hand, fractures which are so severe will require permanent hardware, usually metal plates, to be surgically placed to allow the bone to heal properly. When this happens, the patient will likely experience a great deal of pain and stiffness while healing. Therefore, this treatment is only considered a last resort.

Dietary changes can also aid a patient in healing quickly. It is important to consume a large amount of protein, calcium, and vitamin D while healing. If your unfamiliar with these nutrients and are not sure how to fit them into a healthy diet you may wish to refer to a dietitian or nutritionist.

Rehabilitation and physiotherapy are common follow-up treatments that you should consider after the fracture has healed. Many people lose a great deal of strength and mobility when suffering from a bone fracture, which can lead to depression and often weight gain. Physical therapy can assist you in regaining strength and mobility that was lost during the healing process. However, regaining lost abilities takes time and does not happen overnight. It is typical to spend at an equal period of time in physical therapy after the completion of healing from a bone fracture as was actually spent in a cast or other mobility limiting device.

Some bone fracture patients maybe un-suspectingly suffer bone disease osteoporosis, in this case bone treatment options are very limited and must be treated with extreme care. Specialist osteoporosis treatment [http://www.formybones.com.au/page.php?pid=225] is usually required to help facilitate bone regrowth after a break or fracture.

When medical intervention, dietary chances, and physical therapy are used in conjunction with one another, a great deal of bone fracture treatment options present themselves and can help your patient fully recover.

The Injured Acromioclavicular Joint – Part One

The shoulder is a very vulnerable joint in many functional and sporting situations and needs careful treatment and management to recover back to its normal abilities. The main joint in this region is the shoulder joint proper, known as the glenohumeral joint, but above the shoulder itself lies the acromioclavicular joint which is vulnerable to sporting injuries. Contact sports, falling off bicycles, skiing and falls are common reasons for suffering an injury to this joint. Above the shoulder the end of the clavicle or collar bone and part of the scapula, the acromion, come together to make up the acromioclavicular joint.

The acromioclavicular joint is strengthened and supported by a group of ligaments, injury to which can result in joint sprains up to visible deformity of the joint. Either side of the joint may suffer from a fracture which adds to the complexity of the situation and may cause joint arthritis to develop with time. Medical consultation by athletes for shoulder injuries is most commonly for acromioclavicular joint damage with second place going to shoulder dislocations. It is more likely that patients will have more limited sprains and ligamentous tears rather than joint deformity, all more likely in young men.

The far end of the clavicle or collar bone and the lateral part of the scapula (the acromion), make up the acromioclavicular joint, held by four small ligaments and enveloped in the fibrous joint capsule. The ligaments prevent the joint from having its joint surfaces moved in a front or back direction against each other, another ligament group taking care of the upward and downward stability of the area. These ligaments originate on another part of the shoulder blade and run up to attach to the collar bone just inwards of the acromioclavicular joint. Which ligaments are injured and how badly will dictate the nature of the presenting injury.

Falling onto the shoulder pushes the tip of the shoulder downwards compared to the rest of the shoulder girdle area, potentially injuring the ligaments or causing a fracture as the clavicle remains in its original position. A sprain may result or the ligaments may be completely torn, making the joint unstable and unable to perform its primary function. Sprains of this area are classified as to their severity. A type 1 sprain results from a relatively minor force and results in some spraining of the ligaments but no change in the joint position, which looks normal despite being painful.

A type 2 sprain involves some disruption of the acromioclavicular ligaments but leaves the others which attach to the other part of the scapula uninjured. The far end of the clavicle or collar bone may now show a little prominently above the joint line as the supports have been damaged. In type 3 sprains both sets of ligaments are completely ruptured and the collar bone is obviously separated from the acromion, forming a visible and palpable lump towards the outside of the upper shoulder area. More severe injuries may involve fractures and complete disruption and malposition of the bony elements.

If a patient complains of pain over the top of the elbow then an acromioclavicular joint injury should be suspected and screened for. A fall directly onto the point of the shoulder is the most common injury mechanism, with the arm usually held close to the body at the time. There can be many other methods of injuring this joint including the very common fall on an outstretched hand. Initial symptoms may not be localised to the acromioclavicular joint itself with a more generalised pain and swelling of the shoulder area, but once a few days have elapsed then it may be more apparent that there is tenderness on pressure over the acromioclavicular joint.

Injuries to this joint may cause athletes who train with weight to find it is difficult to perform certain exercises such as the bench press. Typically the shoulder is painful at night as finding a non-stressful position for the shoulder is difficult and the joint pain may wake someone as they roll over onto it. On examination the pain complaint is very localised to the small joint area itself and if the injury is a bad one there may be a significant deformity of the outward end of the clavicle as it has moved upwards. Limitation of shoulder movement is common with pain making lifting above the horizontal uncomfortable.

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy and Cerebral Palsy Children

One of the treatments that is increasingly being used to treat cerebral palsy is hyperbaric oxygen therapy. This treatment involves administering pure oxygen to patients at controlled pressures in a chamber. This has been found to be very useful in the treatment of some symptoms of it as we will discuss below.

What is Cerebral Palsy?

Cerebral palsy is a disorder of movement that is caused by damage to the brain before, during or shortly after birth. This results in the muscles and brain not being able to communicate effectively leading to disordered movement, problems with muscle tone, and other symptoms.

What is Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy?

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is the administration of pure oxygen to patients in a chamber which has a controlled pressure. It is used to treat a number of different disorders and diseases, one of them being cerebral palsy. In the case of children with cerebral palsy oxygen is administered at a pressure of 1.5ATA which is the equivalent of 16.5 feet below sea level. Treatments may take place twice a day, five days a week though the number of treatments given will vary.

Research Studies Done Involving Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy and Cerebral Palsy

Research that has been done to determine the effect of using hyperbaric oxygen therapy on patients with cerebral palsy has been positive and a Brazilian study showed a 50% reduction in spasticity for 94% of the patients who took part in this study.

If your child has this and you feel that they may benefit from this treatment then you can speak to your medical practitioner about its use and get referred for treatment to a center near you.

Overview of Compartment Syndrome

Compartment syndrome is a medical condition that, in some cases, is a medical emergency requiring surgery.

It occurs when there is increased pressure in a certain “compartment” of the body, or area of muscles, usually in arms, hands, legs, abdomen and buttocks. The pressure is usually due to an inflammation but could also be the result of bleeding.

Symptoms include pain that appears disproportionate to the injury, a “pins and needles” feeling and tight shiny skin over the affected area. If there is an artery in the affected area, a lack of pulse may also be a symptom. Paralysis of a limb is also a symptom but is typically a later stage symptom. If any of the other symptoms are present, the patient should seek immediate medical attention before paralysis sets in.

Acute compartment syndrome is a medical emergency and may require immediate surgery. For example, if someone experiences a “crush injury” when a scaffold breaks and crushes a worker’s arm, it may take only a matter of hours before the acute cs develops in the arm.

Irreversible tissue damage can occur within only six hours. If left untreated, cs can result in nerve damage or muscle death and in some cases lead to kidney failure and amputation.

If acute compartment syndrome is diagnosed, a fascitomy may be required. A fasciotomy is a procedure where the connective tissue is opened to relieve the pressure. It results in an open wound that must then be monitored for infection and a skin graft may be needed.

Chronic compartment syndrome occurs where there is extensive muscle us. This occurs typically with athletes, often cyclists who may experience chronic cs in the legs.

For chronic cs, pressure is usually tested before and after exercise. Treatment includes a combination of rest, anti-inflammatories and elevation of the limb, among other things.

Legal issues –

In the example above where the worker experienced a crush injury at work, he may have a medical malpractice claim if he went to the ER and the compartment syndrome was not diagnosed at the time. He would also have a workers’ compensation claim because the injury that caused the compartment syndrome occurred at work. In addition, if the scaffold was being adjusted by someone who was not an employee of the same company, then he could also have a potential personal injury claim.

Symptoms of Hiatal Hernia – Find Out If You Could Have a Hiatal Hernia

Symptoms of hiatal hernia are recognized easily if you know what to look for. They can also be confused for symptoms of other conditions. In this article, I’ll show you the clues that you need to be on the lookout for and the options you have if you suspect a hiatal hernia.


The most obvious symptom of a hiatal hernia is heartburn. This is a burning sensation that can be felt in the esophagus which itself goes from the throat to the stomach.

Other Symptoms

There are also a number of other symptoms associated with this condition. You could have any of these: belching, sour taste (from regurgitation), excess gas or other abdominal discomfort/pain.

No Symptoms

Half of all people with this hernia do not even have any symptoms at all. Basically, there is no problem in such cases so you don’t need to worry about this possibility.

Other Conditions

If you have any of these symptoms frequently (at least once per week, especially heartburn) then you have GERD, also known as acid reflux. Only some cases of GERD are caused by a hiatal hernia. Many of them are not caused by a hiatal hernia at all.

Most cases of GERD (including those with hiatal hernia) are caused by a malfunctioning of the lower esophageal sphincter. Sometimes a slow emptying of the stomach is implicated.


If you have these symptoms then I recommend seeing a doctor. You can arrange for various diagnostic tests to verify your condition.


If you have a hiatal hernia then it can be repaired with surgery if that is your wish. If you don’t want surgery or you don’t have a hiatal hernia then you can manage your condition using either drugs or natural methods.

All About the Human Spine – An In Depth Look at the Human Vertebral Column

We all think of man as being upright and indeed sometimes apply moral values to this posture! However, simple observation will show that the spine is not straight but has a number of curves. The low back or lumbar region is slightly hollowed so that it is curved backwards. This is known technically as the lumbar lordosis. The back of the chest is curved slightly forwards and the neck points slightly forwards. In the various problems that arise in the spine this normal pattern may change. The curves may be lost or exaggerated. There may be an abnormal curvature forwards – a kyphosis, a sideways twist – a scoliosis, or there may be a sharp kink. Not only do these abnormal postures develop due to various types of disease, but also they may make things worse by altering the ways in which the spine works and placing stresses on parts of the spine not designed to deal with them.

The spine consists of a column of bony blocks known as vertebrae standing one on top of the other. In the neck there are seven which are known as cervical vertebrae; there are twelve in the back of the chest – the dorsal or thoracic vertebrae; and five in the back – the lumbar vertebrae. The bottom or fifth lumbar vertebra (L5) is directly attached to the sacrum or tail bone. The sacrum is the back part of the pelvis, a ring of bone providing support for the spine and trunk.

All the vertebrae have similar basic structures but with considerable variations at each level, reflecting the different functions at each site. For example, the neck is remarkably flexible and only has to bear the weight of the skull. The cervical vertebrae are very lightly built and shaped so as to allow a considerable range of movement between them. In contrast the back has to bear the weight of the trunk and transmits forceful movements of the body. The lumbar vertebrae are much thicker and tougher structures with relatively limited movements allowed between them.

Each vertebra consists of a cylindrical part in front known as the vertebral body. This has flat upper and lower surfaces known as the vertebral end-plates. The vertebral body is convex in the front and flattened behind. This flattened area forms the front part of the canal down which the spinal cord and nerve roots pass. The vertebral arch surrounds the rest of the canal giving protection to the structures within. Each vertebra is joined to those above and below by joints between the vertebral bodies and between the arches.

The intervertebral disc lies between the vertebral end-plates. It is a cushion of tissue that normally provides a springy and movable connection between the bones. Three types of movement occur at this cushion – flattening under loads, bending, and twisting. However, unlike a cushion the disc has a very definite structure that is all-important when things go wrong. Basically the disc consists of two parts: a central area known as the nucleus pulposus and an outer ring, the annulus fibrosus.

In his drawings of the spine Vesalius showed the structure of the disc and realized that it was complex. He knew that the outermost layer is different from the inner material but he did not get the details absolutely right. The nucleus consists of jelly-like material containing a few tangled fibres and many large molecules known as proteoglycans. The nucleus has the property of all gelatinous materials, namely that it can be squashed and then alters in shape but its total volume will remain constant. The nucleus is kept in shape by the outer annular ring and the vertebral end-plates above and below.

This allows it to transmit the enormous loads that may be carried by the spine. It is the nature of the proteoglycans in the nucleus that they are constantly trying to suck in water and swell. This tendency is resisted by pressures produced by the weight of the body. When we sleep lying horizontally at night this swelling process is unimpeded. It is a fact that we are slightly taller when we first rise in the morning than at the end of the day. This process is carried to the extreme in spacemen who after several days of weightlessness may grow by a couple of inches. As their space suits are individually and very precisely designed this produced considerable difficulties and a lot of complaints from the spacemen before the cause was appreciated.

The annulus fibrosus which surrounds the nucleus has quite a different structure. It consists mainly of fibres of collagen. This is a fibrous protein which is uniquely designed for tensile or stretching strength. A collagen fibre is considerably stronger than a steel wire of the same dimensions. The collagen fibres of the annulus are attached around the edge of the vertebral end-plate and spiral obliquely upwards and downwards to the end-plates above and below. They cross over and interweave one another in a complex fashion so forming an extremely strong network that surrounds the nucleus. When vertical loads are placed on the spine the nucleus is squashed and slightly flattened and the annular ring will expand slightly, but nevertheless will not give way. Indeed, the annulus is so strong that under extreme load it is the vertebral end-plates that will fracture rather than the annulus itself. This criss-cross arrangement of annular fibres allows relatively easily the movements of bending forwards and backwards and to the side. However, twisting movements are more difficult. This is one of the reasons why back problems are more likely to arise with this type of activity.

At the back of the spine the vertebral arches are also joined to the arches above and below by the small facet joints. There is one joint on each side at each level so that connecting each pair of vertebrae are three joints: one between the vertebral bodies and two between the arches. The facet joints differ from the intervertebral disc in that they are synovial joints. The opposing joint surfaces are covered by cartilage or gristle and are connected to each other by a fibrous capsule lined by a layer of tissue known as the synovial membrane. Within the joint is a lubricant known as the synovial fluid which allows the joint surfaces to move against each other. This arrangement is very similar to that of the joints in the limbs, although the sizes and shapes of the various joints differ enormously. Any movement between a pair of vertebrae must involve all three joints; it is not possible for one of these joints to move to the exclusion of the others- It may seem trite to point this out but one often hears statements that one of these joints alone is stiff or that manipulation is applied to a single joint, ignoring the movements that must take place at the others.

The vertebrae are also joined to one another by a series of ligaments which ensheath the bodies and connect the arches. These ligaments are relatively flexible and yet have an important role in covering the bony and joint surfaces.

A pile of vertebrae one on top of the other is intrinsically unstable and one can readily imagine how bowing or slipping of the structure could occur. The spine is stabilized by very powerful muscles attached to the vertebrae, the pelvis, and the back of the chest wall. An interesting analogy is with the stays on a yacht which have a remarkably similar function in stiffening and stabilizing the mast. During any exertion these muscles contract so stiffening the spine and enabling it to bear the load.

The spinal cord emerges from the base of the brain and passes down through the vertebral canal behind the vertebral bodies and surrounded by the vertebral arches. During its passage downwards nerve roots separate off to emerge through the invertebral foramina between the vertebral arches at every level. The spinal cord itself finally ends at about the junction between the first and second lumbar vertebrae (Ll/2) and below that level there are only nerve roots in the vertebral canal. The roots emerge from the canal and pass on to their ultimate destinations, uniting and dividing in complex fashions to provide appropriate nerve supplies to all the structures of the human body.

The spinal cord and nerve roots are not in direct contact with the bony vertebral canal but are covered by several protective sheaths. The outermost is known as the dura mater and is a strong fibrous membrane which forms a wide tubular sheath around the spinal cord and the upper part of the nerve roots with tubular prolongations along the nerve roots themselves as they pass out through the intervertebral foramina. Inside the dura is the arachnoid which is a much more delicate membrane loosely investing the spinal cord and nerve roots. The innermost layer is known as the pia and is intimately adherent to the spinal cord and nerve roots. In the course of various back disorders these coverings may become inflammed and thickened with a lot of scar tissue. This is known as arachnoiditis and can be the cause of severe pain in the back and in the areas in the legs that the nerves supply.

The spine itself also has a nerve supply. Tiny branches from the nerve roots will supply the ligaments around the spine, the capsule or surroundings of the facet joints, the dura, arachnoid, and pia coats around the spinal cord and the blood vessels in the bone marrow. Surprisingly they do not occur in the substance of the intervertebral disc but only in the very outermost layers of the annulus fibrosus. As damage to a nerve fibre is a prerequisite to produce the sensation of pain, it is clear that most disorders of the disc alone will be painless. The presence of damage to a disc seen on X-rays does not mean that this has been the cause of back pain. It is only when a disc disorder produces damage to the surrounding structures that pain may develop.

Another point about the nerve supply to the spine is that the nerves from each level combine with one another in extremely complex fashions. This produces the phenomenon known as cross-innervation which means that any nerve may carry information about abnormalities arising at several different levels. For this reason it is often extremely difficult to localize the source of symptoms felt in the back. Pain felt at one site can be due to abnormalities at a quite different area. Considerable circumspection is required when trying to identify the source of the problem in the back pain subject.

Keeway Cruiser 250cc Review

A few months ago I purchased a new Keeway Cruiser 250cc motorcycle in Montevideo, Uruguay; I wanted a cheap mode of daily transport and an enjoyable way to see more of Uruguay and possibly Argentina. There seems to be a lack of reviews on the bike online so this is to help address the lack.

The official Keeway statistics are:

Engine Type: 2 cylinder, 4 stroke

Displacement: 248cc (250cc)

Power: 12.9 kW @ 8000 RPM

Torque: 16.00 @ 6000 RPM

Compression: 9.4:1

Induction: DOHC

Ignition: CDI

Starter: Electric

Cooling system: Air

Gearbox: 5-speed

Transmission: Chain

Clutch: Wet shoe, multi plate

Dry weight: 150 kg

Overall height: 1145 mm

Overall length: 2300 mm

Overall width: 762 mm

Ground clearance: 150 mm

Wheelbase: 1530 mm

Seat height: 753 mm

Front tyre: 110×90×16 Tubeless

Rear tyre: 120×90×16 Tubeless

Front brakes: Single disc

Rear brakes: Single disc

Top speed: 115 km/h

Fuel capacity: 14 litres

Fuel consumption: 2.4 Litres/100 km

Accessories: Windscreen, alarm, remote ignition, saddlebags, side luggage racks.

Clearly depending on which dealer and which country the bike is purchased in the price will vary, however I purchased this one in Montevideo, Uruguay from a dealership called Vladimir Kaitazoff with a list price of US $3600; it came with a 6 month or 6000Km guarantee.

In my experience with this bike I can happily state that it is a generally reliable if slightly underpowered cruiser that is ideal for short road trips, general commuting and as a learner/first bike.

The appearance of the bike is extremely striking for 250cc. Styled in the Harley image it certainly draws attention on the road; particularly in Uruguay where it is uncommon to find large bikes, I am often asked about it at traffic lights or in car parks by other riders and drivers. The appearance of the bike is more akin to a 500cc cruiser such as the Yamaha Virago and the 14L tank, screen and saddlebags all go together to give the bike reasonable road presence and a larger image than the engine might imply. In addition, at idle the engine sounds particularly nice as there are a set of sporty(ish) twin pipes fitted.

The handling and ride of the bike are reasonable; not amazing but for a cheap, small engined imitation cruiser you can’t expect to feel like you are riding a one of its big brothers. Around town it has more than enough power to get you out off (or into) trouble, it is reasonably nimble and easy to manoeuvre but obviously there are occasions where it is to wide to follow a scooter through traffic. On motorways/highways it is capable of reaching and cruising at (for at least 2 days straight in my experience) the 100Km speed limits here; the ride is steady if not luxurious and the position is relatively comfortable on long rides. I managed to load it up (with my non standard saddlebags) with around 25Kg of baggage and it coped admirably; throw on a pillion as well and the suspension did bottom out occasionally on bumpy ground but on smooth highways it was fine.

The brakes are sufficient for the speed it is capable of, however I have locked up several times; I put this down to the road surfaces in Uruguay rather than the bike as it only seems to happen on one type of surface here – perhaps I could resolve that by replacing the standard tyres which are pretty basic. The brakes do feel a bit overloaded when carrying a lot of luggage and pillion but with just a pillion or just luggage they are fine.

The gearbox initially felt extremely loose and frequently dropped out of gear in 2nd; I have since been to a local mechanic to get it is resolved, it appears to have been a settling in problem on a new gearbox as it is now fixed. The clutch also felt a bit spongy initially; the same mechanic has now resolved that with some adjustments. I am now happy with the clutch and the gearbox functions correctly; however on occasion it is still evident the gearbox is cheap from the occasional clunk into gear. I think the lesson here might be to take it to a good mechanic for initial setup and not trust a dealership/service centre to do the work.

Fuel consumption on the bike is very low, I was able to make 350Km on a 14L tank of fuel on long runs consistently; although this obviously varied with luggage etc. Around town it normally gives a bit more than 300km to the tank (probably more but I am cautious with fuel).

The suspension is fluid around town and it does feel cheaper than its more expensive counterparts; probably because it is! I have also found that it is prone to squeaks which appear, stay for a couple of Kms and then disappear, however none have been persistent and a drop of lubricant has resolved them all.

The gauges are clear and display in Km/h and Mp/h, there is however a lack of rev counter and fuel gauge which would have been a nice addition. They are also well lit and readable at night with no problems. The headlights are big and strong enough to enable out of town riding at night and the main beam is sufficient for country roads etc.

In terms of accessories the bike comes with:

  • An alarm on the models from late 2007 onwards and it is of medium sensitivity; I expect it would sound if you sat on it but not if you walked near it.
  • Remote ignition; an electronic key fob (plus spare) is provided that allow you to start and stop the engine remotely as well as activate the alarm. It is a nice gimmick which I in practice don’t use often – however disabling the engine cut of on the side stand does allow you to warm the engine up from across the street (if you trust the neighbours!).
  • Screen; the standard screen is reasonable and effective at speed, judging from the state of it after 1500Km of desert riding it keeps the bugs at bay as well!
  • Fitted saddlebags; they are useful for general daily use but for long trips they a bit flimsy and too small for my requirements. The saddlebag supports can however be fitted without the bags so you can fit aftermarket bags if need be.
  • Saddlebag support racks; sturdy chrome racks are fitted that make the addition of aftermarket bags easy – I opted to have some made as they are difficult to buy in Uruguay but I imagine most throw over bags would fit and the spacing of the indicators and suspension does allow some pretty deep bags.

My experiences of this bike are generally positive. There were some initial reliability issues which I have since put down to poor set up from the workshop as I have managed to resolve all but one problem by using an alternative mechanic.If you are planning long tours with a passenger and lots of luggage I think this bike will cope as well as most cheap, small cruisers, you may need bigger bags fitting; but I would advise you look at bigger options designed for the job in that case.

I have no qualms about recommending this bike if you are looking for a relatively cheap, economical cruiser that is capable of undertaking some touring if required and more than up to the job of running round town in comfort.

Shingles – The Adult Chicken Pox

If you are a Baby Boomer one thing that you should know is that even adults can be affected by that old childhood virus that causes millions of individuals to develop chicken pox. You see once you have battled this disease your body forces the virus into submission but while it may lie dormant for many years the chicken pox/shingles virus can still be resurrected.

Age, stress and poor physical health are all factors that can lower your immune system’s ability to contain this shingles virus completely. In this case the virus could once again attack but this time instead of the herpes zoster virus creating an annoying case of chicken pox it will target your body with a painful and debilitating disease known as Shingles.

Herpes zoster, or Shingles, is caused by a virus and there are no immunizations that can prevent this outbreak from occurring. Shingles virus attacks the nerve endings and this is what causes such intense pain for people who develop this disease.

The interesting thing about shingles symptoms is the uni-lateral appearance. Shingles symptoms such as rash, pustules, draining sores and pain on just one side of a person’s body. When the rash first appears it usually forms a band that can be seen on either the left or right side of your body, but it does not cross over the middle of your body and travel to the opposite side.

It is primarily older people who develop shingles virus, but sometimes younger adults with weakened immune systems can also develop this disease. Stress, physical illness, immune disorders, and even some medications can make people more prone to shingles. No one can determine who will, or will not, develop a case of shingles virus. However, the good news is that almost everyone who does suffer with this disease will recover and will not have to deal with the disease again in the future. The bad news is that there are an unfortunate few cases where people have had shingles reappear but at least any future outbreaks will not be as severe as the original one was.

These are the most common shingles symptoms that you should know.

* Pain or extreme discomfort (that is not related to arthritis or other ailments) that is present on just the left or right side of your face, torso or body. This symptom is especially significant if it is accompanied by sensitivity to light, chills, and a headache.

* Skin that is intensely tingling, prickling or itching for no apparent reason, again on just one side of your body.

* Another shingles symptom is the sudden development of burning or stabbing pain on one side of your body. This pain may occur for just a short period of time or you might notice that it lasts for a while. This type of “shingles related” pain often occurs in the face, arm, back, leg, hip or shoulder.

* The inflammation and rash associated with shingles virus outbreaks usually appears within several days of the itching, although it could take 1-3 weeks for the rash to appear.

* Small fluid filled pustules that resemble blisters will appear on your body about 3-5 days after the rash is first seen. These blistery formations will generally form a band or a small line on some area of your body, but only be on the right or left side.

* It will take a few days for the blisters caused by shingles virus to open and begin to drain. Then they will form crusts and scabs as the first healing stages begin. It will take 2-5 weeks for all traces of your shingles virus to completely disappear. Much like with the chicken pox you suffered from as a child, shingles virus can also cause permanent or semi-permanent scarring of the skin.

If you suspect that you are being affected by a shingles virus outbreak you need to contact your physician or health care provider as soon as possible. There are now certain antiviral medications that can shorten the outbreak and even lessen the severity of the shingles symptoms if you begin to take them early enough.

Because the pustules will open and begin to drain at some point and time it is possible for a secondary bacterial infection (such as staph) to develop. You need to practice good hygiene if you have shingles so that your chances of a secondary skin infection are reduced.

Signs of a skin infection would include spiking fevers, pus and foul drainage, and increased redness and inflammation. Doctors can prescribe skin ointments and antibiotics to help control this type of problem if is should occur.

Shingles on the facial area will often spread to the eyes where the disease can create corneal scarring. You need to make sure that you are seen by an ophthalmologist so this danger can be prevented.

A shingles virus rash that lingers for more than 7-10 days without any noticeable improvement must be addressed immediately to prevent the possibility of long term nerve damage.

Although most doctors can prescribe medication to help control the pain caused by shingles it is difficult to completely eliminate all of the discomfort because of the nerve involvement. Do ask you physician for help if you have severe pain because in some instances nerve block therapy can be performed.

Some people will develop post herpetic neuralgic pain. This is a nerve induced pain that is still present a month after a shingles virus outbreak. Approximately 15% of all people with shingles will develop some degree of post herpetic neuralgia. This is more likely to occur in individuals who are over the age of 50, or have underlying health concerns such as HIV, diabetes or renal disease. It has been noted that this type of pain is more commonly seen in those who experienced extreme instances of skin rash and pain during their outbreak of shingles virus.

Can Too Much Coffee Cause Sciatica? The Strange Truth Behind Your Cup of Joe

Okay, this is another odd-ball article topic here, but please bear with me. Have you ever wondered if the coffee you grab in the morning on the way to work might be causing your back pain and sciatica?

Well, of course there are foods that you can eat that either hurt or help inflammation in your body, which may contribute to back pain. Foods like junk food, fast food, red meats, fried foods, pastries, and cakes are of course not good for you. These foods are loaded with trans fat, saturated fats, and have a high glycemic index. All of which will only exacerbate inflammation and make your back pain worse.

On the other end of the spectrum there are foods like walnuts, blueberries, salmon, cod, and other fruits which are extremely good for your health. These foods are filled with Omega 3 fatty acids, antioxidants, and vitamin D. All of these foods are great for you for a lot of different reasons, but when it comes to your back, these all help to reduce inflammation which takes pressure off of your spinal nerves and relieves back pain.

But where does coffee fit into this spectrum? Now, of course there are extremely sugary, high-calorie coffees that you can get at coffee shop chains. These types of coffees have high glycemic indices and many of them contain a high amount of saturated fats in them. These coffees are definitely not good for your inflammation and your back pain.

But what about straight black coffee without all the sugar and other goodies that turn a breakfast drink into more of a dessert?

Well, black coffee is a lot better for you and it doesn’t really have the “not good for you” ingredients. But it also doesn’t have any of the good ingredients either.

However, I’m sure you’re aware that coffee has caffeine in it. If you’ve ever had to write a college term paper the night before it was due, you’ve probably used this to your advantage.

But did you know that caffeine can actually elevate levels of anxiety that you experience? This is why people that get the jitters from too much coffee seem a little jumpier than normal. Essentially the coffee is putting them on edge and sending their bodies into the fight or flight condition.

When you are in fight or flight, your muscles are a bit more tense than normal, mostly to prepare you for a quick escape or confrontation with any perceived threat.

Now, if you have back pain, this isn’t good news. Even a little bit of muscle tension can cause your piriformis or psoas muscle to irritate your sciatic nerve and cause back pain. Definitely not good.

So, you see, although there probably isn’t much real danger in drinking a cup of coffee in the morning, it can contribute to back pain issues. If your back pain is something you’ve been struggling with for awhile, it might be worth the effort to cut back on the coffee.

The Power of the Mind – You Can Do Anything

There is nothing more than a parent can hope for than to watch their kids grow up happy and healthy. My son was exactly that, fit, playing sports, he had a great bunch of friends, learning to drive and happy, pretty much a ‘normal’ seventeen year old.

One night he went to bed and woke up the next morning with a headache and a stiff neck and needless to say panic mode set in and I took him straight to the hospital. He had blood tests was given medication, was told that he had slept with his neck in an awkward position and that this was quite common. He was diagnosed with a condition called Torticollis and it should last about three days.

Within one week my son had lost full movement of his neck as all of his muscles had seized and it was like his neck was encased in concrete. He wasn’t able to turn his head, look up or down and was in constant pain.

Then began the circus of going from one Doctor to the next trying in vain to find out what was going on and in saying that each Doctor prescribing a different drug. From then on it was from Specialist to Specialist and each time sitting in the waiting room hoping that this time we would find an answer.

This was tough for my son as he gave up everything he loved without an explanation to ease his mind, no one knew and whatever it was that he had lasted six months. Can you imagine what it would be like not being able to move your head at all?

He was in pain everyday with headaches and his neck muscles were so taut and as thick as rope and still we had no answer.

He was at the dinner table one night with his plate sitting on top of two very thick phone books when suddenly he said “Mum, did you see that?”, I said “What” and he said “My head, did you see it move?”. I laser focused on his head and yes I did see it move, a tiny almost minuscule twitch.

(I have to say that as I am writing this I can feel my heart starting to beat a little faster)

From what began as a tiny head twitch resulted in uncontrollable full body movements which was not diagnosed until two and a half years later. My son’s body would not only shake but would contort and twist, his arms and legs would fling out and all the while he was in excruciating pain. Some of these episodes lasted for ten hours at a time, only stopping when he was completely exhausted. As his condition worsened he forgot how to walk and even lost his speech.

This condition left him suicidal and it took all of my strength to keep him hanging on

After a 3 hour drive I took my son to a hospital that I knew well and I am so grateful I followed my gut instinct on that day, little did we know that he was going to meet an amazing Specialist.

After assessing my son he was officially diagnosed with a Conversion Disorder or Psychogenic Movement Disorder. A condition that presents with no medical symptoms as it is caused by internalizing stress which alters the mind. To this day we do not know how this dreadful condition was triggered off.

I remember Dr Feung sitting on my son’s bed and he was so close to his face. He looked deeply into his eyes and spoke so slowly and clearly in words that a seventeen year old could understand. He told him that there was nothing medically wrong with him and that he was going to be OK. He said that this was just an interruption in what is going to be a great life. He told my son that he could achieve anything he wanted and he said that all he needed to do was take back control of his mind.

To think about this even now simply blows me away. After three years of pain and movement everything stopped within two hours and I was speechless. I asked my son to explain what had happened because I wanted to hear it from him.

He said “Mum, I know what I have, I know I’m OK and I know that I don’t want this anymore, I don’t want this anymore I can do anything” and that is the truth. My son is such an inspiration and he has a gift he hasn’t realised yet.

Your mind is extremely powerful and you can achieve anything.