Adenoids Tonsils – What Exactly Are Adenoids Tonsils?

While most of us are familiar with the location and function of our lymph nodes, not many of us understand much about our adenoids tonsils. Comprised of a ring of glandular tissue, these structures are found in the back of the throat. They are believed to serve an immunological function, particularly in the first year of life.

Looking into the mouth, a portion of these structures are readily seen as two, hopefully healthy and pink, masses on either side at the back of the throat. The unseen portion of the adenoids tonsils rests behind the nose and roof of the mouth.

The surface of the two dangling structures at the back of the throat may be pitted with crypts, or indentations. These indentations may appear quite deep and contain tonsil stones. Pus pockets may also be found within the adenoids tonsils.

Medical professionals have speculated that the need for for these structures later in life is low or non-existent. While the structures do provide a barrier for bacteria and help the body produce antibodies, problems and illness are also common.

A frequent complaint associated with adenoids tonsils is tonsil stones. These are globs comprised of bacteria and post nasal drip. In addition to the bacteria and post nasal drip, these uncomfortable bits also contain odorous sulfur compounds.

Other common discomforts include infection, which can require complete removal of one or both of the structures, and enlargement of the structures, also known as hypertrophy. Adenoids tonsils problems can be characterized by pain, fever, bad breath, and often a feeling of having something caught in the throat.

Symptoms Of Sinus Infection – 10 Ways To Tell If You Have A Sinus Infection And Where To Go For Help

Here are the 10 most common symptoms of sinus infection. Does any of these sound like the problems you are having right now?

  1. Pain and/or pressure in the area of your eyes or forehead. Or pain in the very top of your head – especially if the pain gets more intense when you bend over or move your head quickly.
  2. Sinus drainage. This can be any color from clear to greenish-yellow or even bloody. And it may not drain out your nose. Often your sinuses will drain down the back of your throat-and you swallow it.
  3. Nausea or upset stomach-often caused by swallowing the drainage.
  4. Fatigue-Even when you should feel rested. This is the sneakiest one of all. This is the one that creeps up on you slowly and unnoticed. If you are living with the symptoms on this list you are certainly not reaching your true potential at work, family life or at rest.
  5. Blocked nasal or sinus passages. Especially at night. Are you sleeping with your mouth open because you cant breathe through your nose when you lie down?
  6. Do you have a poor sense of smell or taste? If you are staying clogged up with mucous I bet you do.
  7. Bad breath. Think about it this way-your senses of smell and taste are really messed up right now-and you can still smell and taste your bad breath. What does everybody else think about your breath right now?
  8. Ear pain. It’s not uncommon for a bad sinus infection to spread to your inner ears.
  9. Sore Throat.
  10. Chills, fever or general malaise. Are you feeling generally crappy?

If you are suffering from any of the sinus infection symptoms above you have my support. I really do know how you feel. I had chronic sinus infections for literally decades.

I had decided to just “live” with my symptoms, until they got so intense that they cost me my job-and nearly my home.

I had gotten so sick I couldn’t hold a job, or support my family. I was scared. And miserable.

It was a real-life-up-close look at losing everything. I am thankful to be healthy again.

The thing that gave me back control over my life was the knowledge that my chronic sinus infections were caused by a fungal (yeast) infection.

And in case you don’t already know-Antibiotics treat bacterial, not fungal infections. This means that even when you have just finished that course of antibiotics your Doctor gave you, the real fungal cause of your problem is as alive as ever up there in your head. And just like a bad pop singer is already planning a comeback!

The following is a direct quote from Dr David Sherris, a M.D. and Mayo Clinic researcher:

“We’ve seen significant improvement in the quality of life for the large majority of patients with chronic sinus infection who were treated with anti-fungal drugs.”

Dr Sherris also added:

“Many of them had been miserable for years and were severely hampered at work and in social situations by their illness. Many are pain-free and able to breathe effectively through their noses for the first time in years.”

OK… Now we know that the most advanced research hospital in the world has taken the position that “the large majority” of folks who suffer from chronic sinus infections could benefit tremendously from treating the real fungal cause of our problems.

But what about the rest of us who don’t have access to the cutting edge research trials at Mayo Clinic?

We have to be a little more resourceful. And thats OK. We can find ways to help ourselves.

There are genuine, natural ways to beat a fungal sinus infection-And stop it from coming back. I know because I did it.

If you want to learn more about the book that taught me how to stop my sinus misery here is the link:

Check it out. The website is really hokey but the information is really great and thats what matters.

Take Charge – Treat Runny Nose, Cough, and Watery Eyes the Right Way!

I had a young couple come to the pharmacy the other day. The man looked miserable – with itchy, puffy, watery eyes, stuffy nose and a horrible cough. His girlfriend came to the pharmacy and said, “My boyfriend is sick and has been a baby about it and snoring at night! What can I give him?”

All of his symptoms were caused by histamines (which are released when we have a cold or allergies). Histamine can also cause hives (itchy, red, raised bumpy rash). So, we treat them by taking an ANTIhistamine. The antihistamine neutralizes some or all of the histamines so that our symptoms are lessened. Antihistamines come in many forms -oral, topical, nasal spray and eye drops.

These oral antihistamines can help with cold/allergy symptoms and hives…

The following are available OTC:

1. Benadryl (diphenhydramine) -Best for rashes and to take at bedtime if the patient can’t sleep due to cold/allergy symptoms (it will help symptoms and cause drowsiness).

2. Dimetapp allergy (brompheniramine)

3. Chlor-Trimeton (chlorpheniramine)

4. Tavist (clemastine) The above antihistamines work well but can cause a lot of sedation for most people (although some young kids may become hyperactive). It has been estimated that up to 90% of the Benadryl sold is used as a sleeping aid.

Helpful hint: Diphenhydramine (the active ingredient in Benadryl) is used in most OTC sleeping pills and can be used to treat motion sickness.

5. Claritin and Alavert (loratadine)

6. Zyrtec (cetirizine) The two above do not usually cause drowsiness. They are available in generics, combo products with pseudophedrine (decongestants) and come in formulations for kids 2 years old to adult.

The following antihistamines are available with a prescription

7. Xyzal (levocetirizine) -Great for rashes and itchy skin due to allergies. It often causes drowsiness.

8. Allegra (fexofenadine) -Option for those that an OTC antihistamines does not work or causes too much drowsiness. It is available in a generic!

9. Clarinex (desloratadine) -It does not come in a generic and hasn’t really been proven to help more than the generic OTC Claritin.

If you have questions about how to treat other symptoms from allergies/cold, come check out this other article.

Although all the drugs are antihistamines they work differently for each person. You may need to try out a few to see which one works for you.

Oral antihistamines are also used to treat acid reflux, motion sickness and dizziness…but that is a story for a different time.

Natural Remedies For Vaginal Atrophy – Can You Really Fix This Disorder Yourself?

Do natural remedies for vaginal atrophy exist? If your doctor has told you that you suffer from this condition, you may be wondering what your options are. Do you have to start on hormonal replacement? Or is there a natural way to restore vaginal tissue?

First of all, you need to understand what causes this disorder. Only then can you know how to treat it.

The Cause

This condition occurs where the lining of the vagina starts to thin. Over time, this progresses to be a serious condition. It’s caused by a lack of estrogen, generally brought about by menopause. Early symptoms include vaginal dryness. As the disorder progresses, sex becomes increasingly painful and may even cause bleeding. But to get a diagnosis, you do need to see your doctor.

What You Need To Do To Treat It

To treat it, it makes sense to replace estrogen in your body. That is why most doctors will prescribe low-dose estrogen therapy to help you. However, this treatment plan is not without side effects. Plus, there is the risk of cancer from the extra estrogen.

How Estrogen Helps

Fortunately, many women have found relief using natural sources of estrogen. Many plants contained what is known as phytoestrogen. You find the highest concentration of this in soy and other legumes. However, most of these foods do not contain enough to effectively reverse vaginal atrophy.

Looking To Natural Remedies to Treat It

But other natural remedies for vaginal atrophy include supplements that contain a higher concentration of this phytoestrogen. These usually also contain a mix of vitamins and minerals that help keep you in optimal health. Plus, many women have found them to be effective at treating vaginal atrophy.

How Soon Can I Wear Eye Makeup After Cataract Surgery?

Cataracts in its early development can cause blurred vision, nearsightedness or color blindness. If it goes without treatment and the cataract advances to covering up the lens of the eye, the person can go blind and cannot recover his or her vision unless subjected to cataract surgery. Generally, cataract surgeries are done on outpatient basis, meaning, the person with a cataract can get operated by an eye surgeon and in just few minutes cataract extraction is completed. The patient can rest for a couple of hours in the doctor’s office and can go home after.

There are things that must be done in order for the operated eye to heal faster and heal successfully. Medicated eye drops, taking antibiotics and regular check-up with the doctor would be necessary. On the other hand, there are people who are asking how soon women can wear eye makeup after cataract surgery. Well the answer to this depends on the condition of the eye after surgery. Generally, the eye needs to be covered with sterile gauze after the surgery to prevent contamination and during this time no eye makeup should be used around the eye. After a day or two, the gauze can be removed but for a week the eye cover should be worn at night for assured protection.

Ask For Doctor’s Advise

Some doctors agree that eye makeup should not be used until the eye has completely healed though putting on face makeup like face foundation or lipstick is not restricted. Also, with medicated eye drops that must be regularly applied, wearing eye makeup must be taken with precautions. However, women should still consult their eye surgeons prior to using eye makeup few days after their cataract surgeries because complications could still possibly happen. A call to the doctor’s office won’t hurt. The doctor may want to know the ingredients of the eye makeup if it is safe or can possibly cause allergic reactions to the healing iris of the eye.

On the one hand, we have known doctors to give consent to their women patients about putting on eye makeup two weeks after cataract surgeries while some doctors advise it must be after a month for a total makeup. Cataract removal can be done in two different methods. Either by ultrasound process in which a small machine “sonically” breaks the cataract’s material or by mechanically breaking up the cloudy lens bit by bit until completely removed. Both processes can only take 10 to 15 minutes to complete.

Your Eye Makeup After Cataract Surgery

The sonic method which in technical term is known as “phacoemulsification” can cost more than the mechanical method but the healing process is much faster. Incision or the mechanical method, on the other hand is known as the “phacofracture” and with this method, there is the need for suturing the eye lens after an artificial lens is placed over the iris. This method is the old method, cheaper but healing may take longer.

So the question on how soon women can wear eye makeup after their eye surgeries depends on the condition of the eye after the surgical removal of the cataract. If the eye is completely healed, then there will be no problem whatsoever. If not, women must be careful because some eye makeup can contain ingredients that can irritate the eye so it is suggested that a consultation to the doctor is the best thing a woman can do before using eye makeup again.

Natural Treatment For Glaucoma – With One Homeopathic Medicine

The natural treatment for glaucoma is likely to resolve more than the glaucoma. Natural treatment, especially homeopathic, works by clearing blockages that prevent your immune system working properly. Once it can resume its normal function, everything starts to come right.

Glaucoma is an increase in the pressure within your eye structure. This comes about because the aqueous humor (eye fluid) is being created more quickly than it is leaving the eye. This increased pressure can change the optical efficiency of the parts of the eye, especially the retina, the optic disc and eventually the optic nerve. This can lead to vision defects and eventually to blindness. The symptoms can come on unnoticed, as there is no pain, so it may take some time to notice a decrease in your vision.

When the natural treatment for glaucoma, or any health problem, is using homeopathy, it’s always helpful to know what was going on in your life at the time it started. Since the symptoms come on slowly in glaucoma, this can be difficult. So the accurate prescription may rely entirely on the matching of your symptoms to those of the chosen medicine. The homeopathic medicine Phosphorus works very well on the structures of the eye. Here are some of the symptoms:

  • glaucoma
  • retinal bleeding
  • degenerative changes in the retina
  • detached retina
  • atrophy (degeneration) of the optic nerve
  • writing appears red
  • there is a green halo around light sources
  • as if there is a veil over your eyes
  • photophobia (unable to tolerate direct sunlight or glare)

Along with one or more of the above symptoms, for this medicine to work for you, you will also need some of the general symptoms:

  • a great thirst for icy cold drinks
  • a history or respiratory troubles which go to your chest easily
  • a history of bleeding which is bright red and won’t clot (wounds, nose bleeds, etc), including hemophilia
  • worse for fasting, spicy food, lying on left side, twilight
  • better for company, eating, sleep
  • anxiety especially for sudden noises and/or that something bad is going to happen

Causes Of Change Blindness

Change blindness can be described as the inability of the person to observe non-trivial changes happening in the visual field. In fact, change blindness is a peculiar but interesting visual phenomenon that can help in understanding the concept of visual perception in a better way. Although the concept has been in existence for almost 40 years, the term ‘change blindness’ was introduced by Ronald Rensink in 1997.

There are different causes of change blindness. According to scientists, change blindness can happen as a result of disturbance or disruption in visual continuity. This disruption can be either due to eye sacchade, an eyelid flicker, an eye blink, a shift of the picture or even a film cut in case of a motion picture. In order to differentiate changes in the vision, it is important that there is effective coordination between the eye and the brain where one image is compared with another image that already exists in the memory. In case of change blindness, second image occurs after the first image with the least time interval that the storage of first image in the memory compartment of the brain does not occur. As a result, comparison of information does not take place. Apart from that, change blindness occurs when the observer is already immersed in observing a certain picture and fails to observe any subtle changes happening in the picture. Other incidents that can cause change blindness include mud splashes, oscillatory movements, luminance changes and color onsets and offsets.

Sometimes, scientists tend to relate change blindness to inattentional blindness, another visual phenomenon where the individual fails to perceive a sudden and unexpected stimulus that comes within the field of vision and is completely visible.

Farsighted Eyes – What Your Optometrist Should Have Told You About This Confusing Vision Condition

Eye terminology can be very confusing. When your optometrist diagnoses you or your family members with farsighted vision, that is usually the end of the explanation. Farsighted vision can create so many different effects on your eyesight that it may not even seem to be one visual condition. Being farsighted (hyperopia) usually results in good distance vision, with problems induced by near tasks like reading and computer work. It is a somewhat muddled term since farsightedness is actually an optical error of distance vision, while the symptoms are most common when you use your near vision.

To further complicate the situation, if your optometrist finds your eye prescription is extremely farsighted, you will not see clear up close or far away. If you are young and have a low or moderate degree of farsightedness your eyesight may be clear for all distances. There is no wonder people have trouble grasping the concept of farsighted vision, and why eye doctors often avoid trying to explain it. Fortunately there is a muscle referred to as the ciliary muscle that surrounds the lens in the eye, and is attached to the lens with small fibers. Active contraction of this muscle loosens the tension on the lens in the eye and increases the eyes focusing power. In lower amounts of farsightedness if you are under the age of forty, the focusing capacity of the eye can accommodate for farsightedness and clear your vision for both distance and near easily. Eye Doctors use the words focusing and accommodation interchangeably to mean the eye muscle has gone to work to increase the power of the eye for near vision.

Even lower amounts hyperopia have been shown to interfere with reading in some children and adults, but normally between two to three prescription units it starts to create visually related symptoms. Kids and teens have an enormous amount of accommodation, and sometimes very large prescriptions for farsightedness are not noticed because they can clear near and distance vision by focusing. Often they will suffer headaches and an unconscious aversion to reading because of the eyestrain and effort constantly being required to keep their vision clear. As we grow older we gradually lose the ability to focus. This degradation of focusing starts between the age of fifteen to twenty, but effects distances so close at first that we never notice because we do not use our vision one or two inches away.

People who are farsighted have a different type of problem than individuals who are nearsighted. They constantly have to focus to keep their distance vision clear and as objects move closer they have to ramp up their focusing efforts even more. This is not a problem if you are young and have lower amounts of hyperopia, but as you age or with larger amounts of hyperopia the extra effort you exert starts to become noticeable. This occurs with reading and computer use initially, due to the added effort of focusing on top of the amount required for distance. In high tech areas like Northern Colorado there is a larger percentage of the population using computers all day and more symptoms from farsightedness are being seen by optometrists. Farsighted vision that is not corrected can be a significant component of Computer Vision Syndrome. Frequently, eye patients will be prescribed glasses or contact lenses for close work that only correct the distance amount of farsightedness. This lessens the amount of focusing needed for near to normal levels. The remaining normal effort to read or work on a computer rarely creates visual discomfort. This is another reason your optometrist may not communicate much about your farsighted vision. It is tough for them to explain why you are having a distance eye glass prescription being recommended when you are only having problems up close.

As farsighted optometry patients enter their early forties they find they have gradually started wearing glasses all the time. Many people mistakenly believe that wearing the glasses have made their eyes weaker, and sometimes feel their eye doctor has made them dependent on the lenses. This is an incorrect assumption, as the loss of accommodating ability would have occurred without wearing glasses, and would have been a problem at an earlier age in the absence of corrective eye wear. This loss of focusing power is a visual condition specified as presbyopia, which patients often confuse with farsightedness. Although it progresses from an early age as explained before, it is only diagnosed when it reduces your focusing capacity so you cannot see at about sixteen inches, the average reading distance.

Optically, the farsighted eye is usually too short and light focuses behind it instead of on the retina for distance. There may also be individual components of the eye that are too weak to focus vision adequately. The lens could be a little short in power, or the clear cornea tissue on the front of the eye could be curved slightly less than normal. A lens with plus, or positive power is used to correct for hyperopia. This is a lens thicker in the middle and thinner on the edges, like a biconvex lens. Best optical design for clear central and peripheral vision is a lens more curved on the front and still curved forward on the back, just to a lesser degree. This results in a lens with a center that sits relatively far away from the front of the eye, with a bulging appearance.

As you move an ophthalmic lens used for farsightedness away from the eye, the eye appears larger, just like the effect produced from moving a magnifier away from an object. This also magnifies the size of the image seen by the eye. Advanced optical designs have eliminated the resulting type of bug eye appearance by using aspheric lens designs. Aspheric lenses start out with a front lens surface spherical in the center (like the curve on a tennis ball) then the curvature gradually decreases or flattens towards the edge of the lens. This is the traditional design that has an accompanying spherical curvature on the back surface of the lens. Newly emerging free form lens technology allows aspherical lens curves to be ground on the back surface of a lens. These lenses are very sophisticated designs using different degrees of asphericity in different tangential lines to compensate for astigmatism in your prescription.

Either way, the flattened lens design allows the lenses to sit closer to your eyes decreasing the magnification or bug eye effect. The aspherical design by the complex quirks of optics also counters several forms of optical aberrations (blurring of vision) that normally occur when you look to the side of a spherical lens using a flatter lens design. A common misconception is that aspherical lenses improve vision. They do not significantly improve vision but they do allow for a thinner, lighter, more cosmetically appealing lens with less magnification. The aspherical design allows these improvements to be achieved without compromising clear peripheral vision. The lenses available to your eye doctor have been undergoing quantum advances in the last five years, probably equivalent to all of the advances made in the prior fifty years. The improvements in lens design are starting to resemble computer chips which double in capacity every eighteen months. The future for lenses has never looked brighter!

Some Farsighted Eye Facts:

  • Some people are farsighted in one eye and nearsighted in the other. If the amounts are just right they can see near and distance without bifocals.
  • President James Buchannan was farsighted in one eye and nearsighted in the other (and had an eye twitch).
  • President Harry Truman was farsighted.
  • Latent farsightedness occurs when a child has compensated by sustained focusing for distance for so long they cannot relax their eyes for a true reading of the prescription. Only checking the eye glass prescription after special eye drops have eliminated the eyes focusing capacity can yield an accurate prescription reading.
  • Ohio State University has started a study to see if providing prescriptions that are not strong enough for extremely farsightedness infants will help the eyes self correct themselves.
  • The eyes tend to become slightly more farsighted (or less nearsighted) between the age of forty to fifty.
  • Young to middle age males can develop fluid swelling in the central retina and become farsighted as a direct result of stress.
  • Children that are farsighted tend to have brothers and sisters that are farsighted, but not necessarily parents with the eye condition.
  • Approximately one in four people are farsighted, but the number is slowly decreasing as nearsightedness is increasing in prevalence.

Contact lenses can be very useful in correcting farsighted eyes for a number of reasons. Unlike eye glasses which bow away from the eye, contact lenses sit right on the surface of your eye and therefore supply very little magnification effect. When you wear contact lenses you are always looking through the optical center of the lens which is the point maximized for good vision. This is by virtue of the fact that contact lenses move with your eye when you look to the sides. With eye glasses you view though the lens at an angle when you turn your eyes, and this creates optical aberrations that degrade your vision. These benefits often frequently result in contact lenses being the primary choice for corrective eye wear for higher amounts of farsightedness in children and teenagers. This is often an age when their appearance is intensely important to their self esteem. Who does not want to look better, especially when the old alternative was bug eye magnifying lenses that weighed a ton and slipped down your nose constantly.

Vision screenings have value in detecting eye prescription problems, but often miss farsightedness because children have a large capacity to focus and pass the 20/20 test. Only a thorough eye exam by your eye doctor can assure you your children and teens have the correct eye prescription for efficient reading and learning in school. Schedule them for an annual eye check up today. And do not forget the new options you have as a farsighted adult.

How to Naturally Correct Nearsightedness?

Millions of people all over the world want to know how to naturally correct nearsightedness? The best way to naturally correct your nearsightedness is through a series of eye relaxation exercises. Studies have found that stress and strain have an affect on your vision and eye relaxation exercises help reduce these factors.


Here are a few simple eye relaxation exercises that you can do through out the day:

  • Sit and relax, roll your eyes clockwise, blink, then roll your eyes counter-clockwise. Repeat five times
  • Hold a pencil in front at arm’s length. Move your arm slowly to your nose, follow then pencil with your eyes until you cannot focus. Repeat 10 times.
  • Look in front of you at the opposite wall and pretend you are writing with your eyes, without turning your head. The bigger the letters are, the better it is for your eyes.
  • Focus on a distant object at least 150 feet away for several seconds then slowly refocus on a nearby object less than 30 feet away. Stay focused on the nearby object for several seconds then focus on the distant object again. Repeat 4 times.

As you can see these exercises are very easy to follow and you can do them just about anywhere. Exercising your eyes for short periods several times a day are more important than exercising them for longer periods.


Now you have a few tips to help you naturally correct your nearsightedness. After the first day of performing eye relaxation exercises you should notice a difference in how your eyes feel.

What is Myopia?

Nearsightedness is caused by a refractive error in the eye and this occurs at times when the eye has a surplus of optical power lengthwise from the front to the back.   As a result the eye projects the light rays from faraway objects to a mid point of the eye instead of onto the retina.  Such images are perceived by the brain as blurry in appearance. When glasses or contact lenses are worn the problem is solved as the light is once again refracted in order to project the image to the place it belongs, on the retina. 

In a similar way to which some people have larger hands than others, when the eye is larger or elongated, Myopia occurs.  The condition is also considered to be hereditary and children born of two nearsighted parents have a 33% chance of developing the condition. For the most part, myopia tends to show itself in a hereditary way in children aged between 8 and 12 years.  As the eyes grow there could well be a period of rapid changes until stabilization is reached in adulthood.

Performing close work may affect an already existing myopia condition but it will not simply appear in someone doing close work that does not already have it. Middle age often sees the onset of myopia and it is recognized as an early symptom of cataracts forming.  It can also be an indication of the rare condition of keratoconus which makes the cornea of the eye change shape and become conical as well as a side effect of uncontrolled diabetes. 

Whilst there are several other symptoms of nearsightedness which may occur such as burning or tired eyes, headaches and a restricted tolerance to reading, these are not indicative of myopia being present as the only true symptom of myopia is the fact that objects in the distance tend to appear fuzzy.   It’s worth bearing in mind that when a youngster chooses to sit up close to the television, it does not necessarily mean he or she cannot see it properly – it’s simply a matter of personal choice.

The results of a new study suggest that children who spend more of their time out in the fresh air are less likely to have this condition than the ones who channel their energy into playing video games or looking at a computer or television screen.  

Treatment for myopia is relatively straightforward and the problem can be effectively rectified with glasses or contact lenses.  Children’s eyes should be tested for any changes on an annual basis and adults need their eyes examined every two or three years if they have no reason to believe their eyes have altered since the last test took place.

These days more and more people are deciding on surgical correction such as using LASIK or PRK.  LASIK works by making a flap in the cornea and by taking away a small piece of tissue prior to the flap being reattached.  The eye can then focus again normally as the length of the eye from front to back is reduced.  

As with any surgery being considered it is important to carry out some research into the possible or likely side effects before going ahead with the treatment.

What is Therapy?

First we should understand the word ‘therapy’ not what therapy is about. Mostly medical terms are derived from Greek language, so is the case with the word therapy. In this the problem of the patient is tried to be solved. Simply therapy means treatment. Depending on the treatment a patient can be treated by giving prescriptions or exercises.

A question can be what are the different forms a therapy can take? The truth is a person could simply write a book on types of therapy as they exist in a large number. Art therapy, behavioral therapy, cognitive analytical therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, counseling, and occupational therapy deals with the mental and emotional characteristics of a person.

Some patients in art therapy discover a whole new perspective about themselves. Behavioral therapy helps in cases in which people experience phobias. In behavioral therapy the doctor helps the patient by changing his views about few things by changing what he normally does. The kind of therapy in which a patient is helped in remembering his past and the events related to it is called Cognitive analytical therapy. Simply a patient is helped to move on in his life without being held back by the regrets of the past. People who have pessimistic opinions and are affected by them are treated with Cognitive behavioral therapy. The medical professional then focuses on these thoughts and helps to turn them into positive opinions. People suffering from emotional or mental difficulties are suggested to go for counseling. Occupational therapy is when patient’s self confidence is built up by involving him in some functional and practical activity.

Geriatric, neurological, orthopedic and pediatric therapy deals with the physical aspects. Geriatric therapy is normally for older people as they are going through the aging process. As these people grow old they are expected to have arthritis or cancer so geriatric therapy can be very useful. It reduces pain and increase mobility in an older person. People who have suffered from a brain or spinal injury are most likely advice to take up Neurological therapy. It is also used for people who are suffering from diseases such as Alzheimer’s. Getting bones injured is commonly seen so patients are recommended orthopedic therapy. It is also useful for those who have orthopedic surgery. Pediatric therapy plays an important role in detecting early signs of health problems. Disorders such as spinal bifida and cerebral palsy are found in children so for them Pediatric therapy is also recommended.

The modern world has progressed so much that there is a specific therapy for every problem. Sometimes prescriptions are also used with the therapy in the patient’s treatment but the above mentioned therapies didn’t really refer to any medication. A small number of therapies were only discussed here out of the large number available. It changes from patient to patient depending on their condition. It also depends on the doctor as he suggests which therapy is best for the patient. As days go by new diseases have been discovered that have an effect on human population so for their cure new therapies are also been develop.

5 Foods to Include in a Balanced, Healthy Diet

If having a balanced, healthy diet is on your list of resolutions for the new year, here are five foods that you can add to your diet that taste great and might also help you avoid certain diseases. While no one food is going to magically make you invincible in terms of getting sick – moderation and balance in good foods are important when it comes to living healthier.

Everyone agrees that eating well, drinking in moderation and staying active all lead to a healthier body.

Start by adding a little bit of any (or all) of these healthy foods to your diet.

1. Dietary fiber

That means eating oats, barley and rye to as part of your diet. Doctors know that oats can bring down cholesterol, and rye can do the same. In a study in the current issue of Nutrition, Finnish researchers found that eating dense rye bread lowered borderline high cholesterol in men. The American Diabetes Association also suggests upping your dietary fiber to prevent type 2 diabetes – rye lowers cholesterol and evens out blood glucose levels for diabetics.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture found diets high in barley lowered total cholesterol levels and cut the risk factors that are linked to extra weight – type 2 diabetes and heart disease being the two biggest. Barley can be cooked and eaten as a side dish just like potatoes or rice, or used in soups, stews, casseroles or salads. Rather than buying regular rye bread, buy rye mixed with whole wheat, found in dense, whole grain breads and specially made crackers.

Long story short, expert Dr. Peter Shields, professor of medicine and oncology and deputy director of the Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center at Georgetown University Medical Center, says any diet with fiber (from fruits, veggies or grains) is good for your body.

2. Soy

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration says that foods rich in soy proteins may cut the risk of coronary heart disease – 25 grams of soy protein a day can reduce heart problems by lowering cholesterol. You’ll find soy in lots of things – tofu burgers, soy meats and milk. When introduced to children soy can have a very strong protective effect against breast and prostate cancers. It also helps in the fight against childhood obesity and has vitamins, minerals, fiber and protein.

3. Salmon and other oily fish

“Wild salmon is a wonderful dish that’s not only tasty but is great for you,” explains Katherine Tallmadge, national spokeswoman for the American Dietetic Association and a registered dietitian in Washington, D.C. “It cuts inflammation in the body that can lead to heart problems. It’s a good source of vitamin D and also contains omega-3 fatty acids that keep the brain and heart healthy.”

The American Heart Association suggests we eat oily fish two times a week. This type of fish has omega-3 fatty acids (known to be beneficial for heart disease, triglyceride levels and the growth rate of atherosclerotic plaque) as well as being one of the few food sources of vitamin D. A 3.5 ounce fillet of cooked salmon has 360 IUs of the vitamin, almost a full days supply for anyone under 70 years old.

Still there is a note of caution – some oily fish (swordfish and fresh cuts of tuna) might be contaminated with mercury. This heavy metal is known to interfere with the brain and nervous system – high levels can cause serious problems for pregnant women and children.

4. Red wine

While nutritionally red wine might be a perfect drink, it does have alcohol, which means you need to drink it in moderation – that’s about 5 ounces a day for women, 10 ounces a day for men. If you drink wine for heath, stick to red because red grapes have 10 times more health benefits than white grapes do. While your own doctor (and others) might hesitate to recommend an alcoholic beverage to patients, most agree that red wine is okay in moderation.

The antioxidants in red wine known as polyphenols help protect the lining of blood vessels in the heart. Resveratrol, one of the antioxidants is a key ingredient in red wine that seems to protect blood vessels from damage, reduce LDL (bad) cholesterol and prevent blood clots. There is some current research that shows this antioxidant may cut inflammation and blood clotting both which can bring on cardiovascular disease.

However, there have been studies linking any alcohol, including wine, to increases in the risks of breast cancer. A recently published study found that drinking moderate amounts of alcohol does raise the risk of a breast cancer recurrence.

5. Green tea

Another drink that’s loaded with antioxidants, green tea is believed to be able to ward off some cancers. Japanese work involving nearly 500 women with stage I and II breast cancer found that those who drank more green tea, before and after surgery, had a lower rate of cancer recurrence. Chinese studies have found that the more green tea patients drank, the lower the risk for stomach, esophageal, prostate, pancreatic and colorectal cancer compared to those who didn’t drink the tea.

Green tea has also been shown to keep you leaner by helping to lower body fat. A study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found that green tea extract increased energy expenditure, a measure of metabolism. It also had a significant effect on fat oxidation, which is how much fat your body actually burns.

But you need to drink more than a cup or two, at least three to six cups a day. Plus how you make the tea counts – you need to use bags or loose tea – you can’t just buy a bottle of iced green tea and get the benefit, the tea must be brewed.

It’s also important to understand that a lot of the research on green tea’s benefits has been done on animals. And though this is an accepted way to conduct research, the data on humans isn’t there to back up the claims. That’s why you won’t see such claims on green tea products, the FDA believes there’s not enough human evidence to support them.

So, by adding these 5 items to your diet you will be on your way to eating a balanced, healthy diet.

10 Weight Loss Statistics

On the surface, weight loss sounds like a simple concept: eat fewer calories than you burn, and you’ll lose weight.

But our world’s growing obesity problem has completely changed the way we view weight loss, leading to some truly desperate measures and shocking statistics.

Here are ten of the most startling facts about weight loss:

1. The whole world needs to lose weight.

According to the World Health Organization, 1 billion of the world’s inhabitants are overweight. (That’s almost equal to the number of people who are malnourished in the world.)

Globally, over 22 million children under the age of 5 are considered overweight. This epidemic is largely due to increased consumption of processed foods high in calories and saturated fat, and a decrease in physical activity.

2. Nearly two-thirds of Americans are overweight or obese.

The World Health Organization estimates that nearly two-thirds of all American adults are overweight. The National Center for Health Statistics recently found that 34% of Americans are clinically obese.

3. 50% of American women and 25% of American men are currently on a diet.

With numbers like the ones above, it’s no wonder most Americans feel the need to count calories.

However, society’s obsession with thinness comes at a price: Chronic dieting and emerging eating disorders are becoming more common among elementary school children.

4. America’s top three killers are linked to obesity.

National Geographic published some eye-opening facts about mortality in the USA.

They found that the top three most statistically likely causes of death were heart disease (with a 1 in 5 chance), cancer (with a 1 in 7 chance), and stroke (with a 1 in 24 chance). All of these have been linked to excess weight.

5. Surprisingly, America isn’t the world’s fattest nation.

The World Health Organization gives that dubious honor to Samoa, where more than 93% of the population is overweight or obese. The Pacific isle of Kiribati comes next, with an 82% obesity rate.

America rounds out the top three, but is closely followed by Germany (66.5%), Egypt (66%), and Bosnia-Herzegovina (63%).

6. The weight loss industry is fat and happy.

The obesity epidemic might mean misery for some, but it’s certainly padded the pockets of the weight loss industry.

In 2007 alone, the American Diatetic Association found that Americans spent $58 billion on weight loss products. Considering that obesity has gone global, you can imagine how lucrative the weight loss industry must be.

7. Over half of the diet industry’s claims are false.

As with any booming industry, there are plenty of unscrupulous sellers trying to prey on people’s weight loss dreams. The Federal Trade Commission published a study in 2002 which found that 55% of all weight loss claims “strained credibility”.

The American Diatetic Association concurs, pointing out the fact that most weight loss products focus on atypical success stories instead of real chances of success.

8. Bariatric surgery doesn’t always work.

Discouraged by multiple failed attempts at weight loss, more people than ever are turning to bariatric surgery. However, there is no evidence that gastric bypass or banding result in permanent weight loss.

The University of Virginia conducted a study that revealed gradual weight regain after 6 years post-surgery.

9. Diets don’t work either.

The National Institute of Health has estimated that dieters can expect to regain two-thirds of their lost weight within a year of completing their diet plan. These dieters can expect to regain all of their weight, and possibly more, within 5 years.

10. Fortunately, there is a perfect recipe for lasting weight loss.

The National Weight Control Registry tracks 3,000 people who have lost more than 30 pounds and kept it off for more than a year.

They have found that most of the successful dieters have four behaviors in common: they keep a food journal and monitor their weight; they never skip breakfast; they get an hour of exercise almost every day; and they eat diets consisting of 24% fat, 56% carbs, and 19% lean protein.

You can follow that perfect weight loss recipe for yourself and enjoy better health for years to come.

Basic First Aid Questions and Answers

There are several Basic First Aid questions and answers. Here are some of the most important.

What are the three most important considerations in basic emergency first aid? The three important considerations in basic emergency first aid are stopping bleeding, restoring breathing, and treating for shock. These are the life threatening circumstances that must be addressed even before help is summoned. It will do no good run for help if the patient is dead when it arrives.

Should the use of a tourniquet be part of basic first aid in the control of bleeding? The answer to that should most likely be no. The only time a tourniquet should be used in a first aid situation is in the case of a major injury such as a severed limb. Such a case would hardly qualify as basic first aid. However, the true definition of first aid should include the idea that it is what to do first in a process that has the ultimate goal of saving a life. So, when a tourniquet is the only way to stop the bleeding, it is first aid by definition.

Do you have to be licensed to perform CPR? This answer again touches on ethics. It is a good idea to take formal training and be licensed for CPR. In a perfect world everyone would know how to do it. Many jobs and positions require a license. If you are faced with a person who is not breathing, and no one else is there, the question of a license is not significant.

Why is treatment of shock a basic first aid consideration? Shock is the body’s reaction to trauma. It is a life threatening condition. The two important steps in the treatment of shock are keeping the patient warm and lifting the feet. The lifting of the feet is as simple as placing a blanket and rolled up coat under the feet. Since these two things are so easy to accomplish quickly, it should always be addressed in first aid.

How much training is required to perform basic first aid? The most basic principles of first aid can be taught to anyone very quickly. On the other hand, no amount of training would be considered too much by anyone in a position where basic first aid might be their responsibility. This would include pretty much anyone from parents to doctors.

Temporary Hospital Dementia

Your Dad is old and a bit doddery, but always good in mind. After a fall, they took him to hospital where they wanted to keep him in for observation. This quiet old man started hallucinating, hitting out and clearly didn’t know where he was.

“Oh, no!” you think, “Dad caught Alzheimer’s in the hospital.”

It is very common for elders to develop a temporary hospital dementia, more properly called a delirium.

Don’t panic and don’t listen to anyone who tells you it’s Alzheimer’s. Alzheimer’s cannot possibly be diagnosed by looking at someone else’s behaviors. Alzheimer’s needs a full and complicated workup, including MRI, CT scan, blood tests, oxygen tests and more.

No-one knows why elders develop this temporary but alarming condition, but let’s guess.

Five Causes of Hospital Dementia:

1. Too much light, noise and little sleep;

2. Too much new medication;

3. Too little human contact;

4. Too much loss of calming routine;

5. Poor communication from hospital personnel.

Caregivers of people who already have dementia already know how devastating a hospital stay can be. The terrible surprise of temporary hospital delirium usually frightens family members.

No-one develops Alzheimer’s overnight or even in one week. This delirium is a temporary condition and the person usually returns to normal functioning. Somewhere from two weeks to as much as two months.

The bad news is that, although this happens often to elders, hospital staff often seem woefully ill-prepared to deal with it. They may use violent methods of restraint or overuse anti-psychotic drugs. Staff are unable to recognize and help an elder who is being overcome by a displacement trauma.

Elders do not do well in hospital. That’s why you should go as little as possible though,of course, it’s not always avoidable.

However, think about this. Over 65 percent of admissions of elders to hospital is due to, NOT their medical conditions, but to the medications they are taking.

That gives you something else to factor into your care of an elder. When I was running my care home, our biggest battle was over medications.

We negotiated with each person’s doctor. We drew up a list of side effects, correlated with that resident’s daily problems. Often, the duplication of medication was the result of different doctors prescribing different medications without consulting each other.

This approach to elder health keeps many balanced upon a knife-edge of overwhelm. Then they go to hospital. And they plunge into the abyss.

I don’t think I’m a doctor — I’d be earning lots more money if I were. But as a caregiver, I am often the gatekeeper whose job is to keep my person as safe as I can.

I read up on side effects. I negotiate on medications. I question the wisdom of applying, say, thyroid standards for 50-year-olds to someone of 93. I always ask, would it be safe to watch this for a while? And often, it is.

We have one standard only. If it ain’t broke, don’t go to the hospital. If it ain’t broke, don’t start a new medication — because you’ll probably fall down and then you will break.

If you do go to the hospital, I go too because I have to be your safe environment in all the noise, confusion, bustle and lack of normal routine which is, I feel sure, the big reason for temporary hospital dementia.