Prevent Heart Disease in a Child

According to the American Heart Association (2008) heart disease in a child is either congenital or acquired. Children of parents with heart disease are more likely to acquire the illness at a future time in their lives. Therefore, preventing heart disease in a child should begin at infancy. Routine pediatric physician visits ought to include interviewing the parent and recording any family history of heart disease; it should also include taking measures of the child’s growth, body mass index and blood pressure. A child with heart disease may not always show signs or symptoms; health care practitioners must be vigilant when it comes to assessing a child for the risk factors associated with heart disease.

When caring for the child, it is important that parents be educated on how lifestyle decisions (involving diet, physical activity, and avoidance of tobacco use) can affect a child with heart disease. Parents must be reminded that hey are role models; taking care of their own health will also benefit their children. Studies have found that children are at a higher risk of obesity, if one or both parents are obese. Risk factors of heart disease in a child should be assessed during prenatal or neonatal appointments; this history should be updated with each visit and used for future reference when evaluating family related risk factors. A parental smoking history should be recorded during the initial prenatal or neonatal visit. The risks associated with second hand smoke should be communicated to the parents and smoking cessation methods should be strongly recommended. It is well known that second hand smoke can contribute to heart disease in a child.

During the first 24 months, parents will often express concerns and questions regarding the child’s feeding schedule. Discussions regarding the introduction of solid foods should include information on nutritionally sound food options; emphasis is to be placed on the need to monitor sodium, cholesterol and sugar consumption. Preventing heart disease in a child starts with making the right food choices. Health care practitioners can advise parents of when to start introducing a variety of vegetables, fruits and grains into the pre-schooler’s diet. It is important that the child acquire a taste for healthy foods. Variety and portion sizes should be consistent with the US Department of Agriculture’s Food Guide Pyramid.

Healthy eating is an important factor in avoiding heart disease in a child; prevention steps must be taken when a child begins to show signs of becoming overweight. Formally reviewing th child’s weight and growth chart, with the parent, may help to emphasize the need for changes.

During this time, parents should combine regular play with excises. It is important that children create a connection between fun and physical activity. As the child grows older, it becomes increasingly important to educate them on the dangers associated with smoking. Fitness should be perceived as a fun and exciting part of their lives; through either formal or informal sports activities. Sedentary time spent watching television or playing on the computer should be monitored. Acquired heart disease in a child stems from a number of modifiable factors including; smoking, blood pressure, cholesterol, obesity, exercise, and nutrition. Evaluating heart health during regular pediatric care has the potential to reduce the risk of heart disease in the child, the parents and the general population.

Venture Leasing: Startup Financing On the Rise

According to Pricewaterhouse Coopers, investment by institutional venture capitalists in startups grew from less than $3.0 billion at the beginning of the 1990’s to over $106 billion in 2000. Although venture capital volume has retreated significantly since the economic “bubble” years of the late 1990’s, the present volume of around $ 19 billion per year still represents a substantial rate of growth. Venture capitalists will fund more than 2,500 high growth startups in the U.S. this year.

The growth in venture capital investing has given rise to a relatively new and expanding area of equipment leasing known as ‘venture leasing’. Exactly what is venture leasing and what has fueled its growth since the early 1990’s? Why has venture leasing become so attractive to venture capital-backed startups? To find answers, one must look at several important developments that have bolstered the growth of this important equipment leasing segment.

The term venture leasing describes equipment financing provided by equipment leasing firms to pre-profit, early stage companies funded by venture capital investors. These startups, like most growing businesses, need computers, networking equipment, furniture, telephone equipment, and equipment for production and R&D. They rely on outside investor support until they prove their business models or achieve profitability. Fueling the growth in venture leasing is a combination of several factors, including: renewed economic expansion, improvement in the IPO market, abundant entrepreneurial talent, promising new technologies, and government policies favoring venture capital formation.

In this environment, venture investors have formed a sizeable pool of venture capital to launch and support the development of many new technologies and business concepts. Additionally, an array of services is now available to support the development of startups and to promote their growth. CPA firms, banks, attorneys, investment banks, consultants, lessors, and even search firms have committed significant resources to this emerging market segment.

Where does equipment leasing fit into the venture financing mix? The relatively high cost of venture capital versus venture leasing tells the story. Financing new ventures is a high risk proposition. To compensate venture capitalists for this risk, they generally require a sizeable equity stake in the companies they finance. They typically seek investment returns of at least 35% on their investments over five to seven years. Their return is achieved via an IPO or other sale of their equity stake. In comparison, venture lessors seek a return in the 15% – 22% range. These transactions amortize in two to four years and are secured by the underlying equipment.

Although the risk to venture lessors is also high, venture lessors mitigate the risk by having a security interest in the leased equipment and structuring transactions that amortize. Appreciating the obvious cost advantage of venture leasing over venture capital, startup companies have turned to venture leasing as a significant source of funding to support their growth. Additional advantages to the startup of venture leasing include the traditional leasing strong points — conservation of cash for working capital, management of cash flow, flexibility, and serving as a supplement to other available capital.

What makes a ‘good’ venture lease transaction? Venture lessors look at several factors. Two of the main ingredients of a successful new venture are the caliber of its management team and the quality of its venture capital sponsors. In many cases the two groups seem to find one another. A good management team has usually demonstrated prior successes in the field in which the new venture is active. Additionally, they must have experience in the key business functions–sales, marketing, R&D, production, engineering, and finance. Although there are many venture capitalists financing new ventures, there can be a significant difference in their abilities, staying power, and resources. The better venture capitalists have successful track records and direct experience with the type of companies they financed.

The best VCs have industry specialization and many are staffed by individuals with direct operating experience within the industries they finance. The amount of capital a venture capitalist allocates to the startup for future rounds is also important. An otherwise good VC group that has exhausted its allocated funding can be problematic.

After determining that the caliber of the management team and venture capitalists is high, a venture lessor looks at the startup’s business model and market potential. It is unrealistic to expect expert evaluation of the technology, market, business model and competitive climate by equipment leasing firms. Many leasing firms rely on experienced and reputable venture capitalists who have evaluated these factors during their ‘due diligence’ process. However, the lessor must still undertake significant independent evaluation. During this evaluation he considers questions such as: Does the business plan make sense? Is the product/ service necessary, who is the targeted customer and how large is the potential market? How are products and services priced and what are the projected revenues? What are the production costs and what are the other projected expenses? Do these projections seem reasonable? How much cash is on hand and how long will it last the startup according to the projections? When will the startup need the next equity round? These, and questions like these, help the lessor determine whether the business plan and model are reasonable

The most basic credit question facing the leasing company considering leasing equipment to a startup is whether there is sufficient cash on hand to support the startup through a significant part of the lease term. If no more venture capital is raised and the venture runs out of cash, the lessor is not likely to collect lease payments. To mitigate this risk, most experienced venture lessors require that the startup have at least nine months or more of cash on hand before proceeding. Usually, startups approved by venture lessors have raised $ 5 million or more in venture capital and have not yet exhausted a healthy portion of this amount.

Where do startups turn to get their leases funded? Part of the infrastructure supporting venture startups is a handful of national leasing companies that specialize in venture lease transactions. These firms have experience in structuring, pricing and documenting transactions, performing due diligence, and working with startup companies through their ups and downs. The better venture lessors respond quickly to lease proposal requests, expedite the credit review process, and work closely with startups to get documents executed and the equipment ordered. Most venture lessors provide leases to startups under lines of credit so that the lessee can schedule multiple takedowns during the year. These lease lines typically range from as little as $200,000 to over $ 5,000,000, depending on the start-up’s need, projected growth and the level of venture capital support.

The better venture lease providers also assist customers, directly or indirectly, in identifying other resources to support their growth. They help the startup acquire equipment at better prices, arrange takeouts of existing equipment, find additional working capital funding, locate temporary CFO’s, and provide introductions to potential strategic partners— these are all value-added services the best venture lessors bring to the table.

What is the outlook for venture leasing? Venture leasing has really come into its own since the early 1990s. With venture investors pouring tens of billion of dollars into startups annually, this market segment has evolved into an attractive one for the equipment leasing industry. The most attractive industries for venture leasing include life sciences, software, telecommunications, information services, medical services and devices, and the Internet. As long as the factors supporting the formation of startups remain favorable, the outlook for venture leasing continues to look promising.

Herbs For Congestion – Natural Supplements That Act As Expectorants

Sure, being achy and feverish is no fun when you have a cold or the flu, but sneezing and coughing up thick phlegm is the least attractive symptom. There is an entire aisle dedicated to loosening the mucus, but you don’t want to take a lot of over-the-counter products chock full of drugs. Luckily, there are natural herbal supplements that act as expectorants to help clear your lungs and sinuses.

Here are some of the more common herbs for congestion:

Licorice- When it comes to clearing out your passages, this herb is way better than just an ingredient in candy. It has been used for thousands of years to treat upper respiratory conditions that accompany allergies and colds.

While it gives a boost to the immune system and aids in fighting off viruses, it is most notably used as an expectorant and as a laxative. Hot tea is a flavorful way to take this herb and break up the mucus.

Peppermint- Inhaling the essential oils of peppermint is a great way to clear the sinus passages and hot peppermint tea works its magic on the bronchial tubes in the chest. Sucking on a peppermint candy can also help clear the congestion in your chest and sinuses.

There’s just something about mint that opens up the airways and it is pleasing to the senses as well. While it is one of the herbs for congestion, peppermint also acts as a fever reducer.

Juniper- It isn’t necessary to ingest the herb to get the benefits. A couple of drops of juniper essential oil and some boiling hot water are all you need to start breaking up the congestion in your sinuses and chest. Cover your head with a towel, lean over the bowl and breathe in deeply.

Borage- You may not have heard of this particular flowering plant, but it has been used for its medicinal properties for years. Borage is also called starflower and it has great expectorant properties. While it helps break up congestion, it also helps the body break a fever by causing it to sweat.

Fenugreek- The seeds of this plant are used in a variety of foods, spices and teas. But, it is also used for its expectorant properties. It also helps fight infection and kill the bacteria that cause cold and flu viruses. A nice hot tea with some honey can help break up the mucus in the lungs and repair the damage that coughing does to the throat.

While these herbs for congestion are all natural and safe to take, you should talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking supplements, especially if you are taking prescription medications either for your cold or for some other medical condition.

Though they are natural, it is possible that prescription medications will either adversely react to the natural compounds in the herbs or reduce the efficacy of the prescription drugs. Just to be on the safe side, always check before taking supplements, natural or otherwise. Most of these can be found in tea, capsule or essential oil form in any drugstore, but you may need to check out your local natural food store for a bigger selection.

A Lawyer’s Guide to Cerebral Palsy and Medical Malpractice

Cerebral Palsy is a term for a group of chronic conditions that impair the brain’s ability to control body movement and muscle coordination due to brain-related damage which occurs before, during or after childbirth. When a part of the brain is damaged during pre-natal development, childbirth, or the first few years of an infant’s life, Cerebral Palsy may result. There are an estimated 10,000 cases of Cerebral Palsy diagnosed in the United States (US) every year. There is no known cure for Cerebral Palsy.

There are three major types or classifications of Cerebral Palsy: Spastic, Athetoid and Ataxic.

Spastic Cerebral Palsy is further classified by the affected region of the body as follows:

Spastic Diplegia is the most common of the spastic forms of CP and is marked by spasticity of the lower extremities with little to no upper body spasticity. Intelligence is not impacted. Most of those affected are ambulatory, but tight adductors cause a “scissors gait.” Other typical features include flexion at the knee, plantar flexion of the ankle, adduction and internal rotation at the hip, crossed eyes, nearsightedness, movements of the upper extremities to assist walking, and tip toe walking.

Spastic Hemiplegia is a condition not exclusive to Cerebral Palsy that affects one side of the body. Injured muscle nerves controlled by the brain’s right side will cause a left body deficit, and vice versa. Those with Spastic Hemiplegia are usually the most ambulatory, although they suffer from equinus, a condition in which the upward bending motion of the ankle is limited and causes a lack of flexibility to bring the top of the foot toward the front of the leg. There is no cure for Hemiplegia but its effects can be minimized through therapy.

Spastic Quadriplegia CP is characterized by the lack of the ability to move, control or feel both arms and both legs as a result of an injury to the spinal cord. It is the most severe type of Cerebral Palsy, and patients usually suffer other disabilities such as mental retardation, difficulty speaking, and uncontrollable shaking (hemiparetic tremors). Respiratory problems are common and a respirator is often necessary for breathing.

Athetoid Cerebral Palsy involves mixed muscle tone (sometimes hypertonia and sometimes hypotonia – loss of or diminished muscle tone). Athetoid CP results in uncontrolled or involuntary movements, difficulty holding oneself in an upright position, difficulty holding onto objects, facial movements, drooling, and difficulty controlling the tongue, breathing and vocal cords. These problems are caused by the muscles alternating between floppy and tense, and uncontrolled movements may be small or big, rapid, irregularly repetitive, random, or jerky.

Ataxic Cerebral Palsy, the least common form of CP, is caused by damage to the brain’s cerebellum and its symptoms include visual loss of depth perception, auditory processing, balance difficulties, and walking with a wide-based gait. Ataxic individuals suffer from tremors and hypotonia. Intention tremors are the most significant symptom of the Ataxic CP patient.

About 750,000 Americans are currently living with some form of CP, and in the United States (US) approximately 10,000 infants develop Cerebral Palsy annually. Many CP patients develop their condition during the childbirth process. An estimated thirty percent of all CP patients develop the condition during fetal development.

Cerebral Palsy can have devastating financial consequences for the CP patient and his or her family, and the average cost of expenses related to a CP patient is about $925,000. Those with severe Cerebral Palsy can expend millions of dollars. Some medical and non-medical expenses can include, but are not limited to, the following: hospitalizations and doctor visits, work and home space modifications, speech, phyiscal and occupational therapists, life care planners, neurologists and neurosurgeons, car modifications, orthotic devices, surgeons, medications, rehabilitation equipment, respirators or respiratory therapists, psychological or psychiatric counseling, and special education programs.

There are numerous maternal and fetal factors that can lead to Cerebral Palsy in a new born if a failure to diagnose occurs. Certain maternal infections during pregnancy can cause CP, such as toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegallovirus (CMV), herpes simplex, and untreated group B strep. A mother’s use or abuse of alcohol, prescription or non-prescription drugs, malnutrition, or exposure to toxic chemicals or poisons can cause CP. Certain medical conditions, including high blood pressure, preeclampsia, eclampsia, toxemia, diabetes, thyroid problems, blood Rh incompatibility between mother and fetus, fetal anoxia, fetal stroke, placental insufficiency or premature aging of the placenta, premature or sudden separation of the placenta from the wall of the uterus (placental abruption), intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) of the fetus, and other complications have been found to cause Cerebral Palsy. Cerebral Palsy can be caused by birth trauma resulting from the improper dating of the pregnancy which can lead to premature delivery or over-gestation. Other than genetic defects or syndromes which can cause CP, the foregoing risk factors can be recognized and addressed by a medical professional during pregnancy. CP acquired during fetal development is often preventable when a physician timely and appropriately responds to maternal and fetal risks.

Cerebral Palsy can be caused when the flow of blood and oxygen to a child’s brain is disrupted during the childbirth process (fetal anoxia), which can occur as a result of a long labor, low amniotic fluid, a twisted umbilical cord resulting in umbilical cord compression, prolapse or occlusion, large fetal head size, newborn lung problems, brain hemorrhaging or inter-cranial bleeding, unrecognized or untreated signs of fetal distress from pressure on the umbilical cord or due to dystocia, a fetus stuck in the birth canal because of the position of its descent down the birth canal, placenta being prematurely sheared by the birth process (placenta previa or placental abruption), too much pitocin, and other conditions. Failure of the obstetrician to recognize the necessity of a Cesarean Section as opposed to a vaginal delivery, or the failure to interpret fetal monitor strips, may be medical malpractice which can cause CP. Head trauma caused by a difficult forceps or vacuum extraction delivery can also cause Cerebral Palsy. Most of the adverse outcomes caused by these childbirth Cerebral Palsy risk factors are preventable if a medical doctor acts within the standard of care to timely and appropriately diagnose and treat these conditions.

About 10% to 20% of children in the United States with CP acquire the disorder after birth. Brain damage after child birth, brain infections such as bacterial meningitis or viral encephalitis, and head injuries represent many of the acquired Cerebral Palsy cases. Brain or head trauma can occur in the first few years of life from accidents such as falls or motor vehicle collisions, or may occur from child abuse or shaken baby syndrome.

The above causes of CP have the potential to interfere with proper development of the nervous system or potential to interfere with the delivery of oxygen and nutrition to the brain of the fetus or the newborn infant. If the oxygen supply and nutrition to the brain is interrupted, impeded or decreased for a period of time, the brain may become injured.

Diagnosis of CP can sometimes be difficult. Some methods which help determine whether or not brain damage has occurred include reflex tests, hand preference checks, diagnostic radiological tests. Reflex test are used because some reflexes disappear in a normal child, while an affected child may retain these reflexes for abnormally long periods of time. Hand preference checks are used because an early tendency to prefer either the right or left hand may indicate CP. It is important to rule out of other movement disorders which can cause the loss of motor skills, including genetic diseases, muscle diseases, metabolism disorders, or tumors in the nervous system. Some of these conditions are progressive or worsen over time. If the child’s conditions are not worsening, this may be an indication of a CP diagnosis. Performing diagnostic imaging tests, such as CT scans, MRIs, and/or ultrasounds, can reveal underdeveloped brain areas, abnormal cysts, or other physical problems. It is also important to assess conditions linked to CP such as seizure disorders, mental impairment, and vision or hearing problems.

Medical malpractice litigation involving Cerebral Palsy in South Carolina (SC) requires expert testimony to prove both a breach of the standard of care and that the breach was the proximate or legal cause of the patient’s injury. For such cases arising on or after July 1, 2005, S.C. Code § 15-79-125 requires that before a medical malpractice suit can be filed, a plaintiff has to simultaneously file both a notice of intent to file suit and an affidavit of an expert witness subject to the affidavit requirements established in § 15-36-100 in a county in which venue would be proper for filing or initiating the action. The expert affidavit must specify at least one negligent act or omission claimed to exist and the factual basis for each claim based on the available evidence at the time of the filing of the affidavit. Qualified, experienced, board certified obstetricians and registered obstetrical nurses should be used to evaluate claims of medical malpractice and to provide the requisite expert opinion testimony in litigation with respect to Cerebral Palsy cases.

If your child has developed Cerebral Palsy and you believe that medical malpractice or negligence was a possible cause of the brain injury which resulted in CP, you should seek out a competent medical malpractice attorney to evaluate your child’s case.

Hernia Repair – Part Three

The operative site of the repaired hernia will typically exhibit swelling, hardness and bruising secondary to the tissue fluid and blood under the wound, the wound being pulled together by the stitches and lastly by scar formation. All this will settle within a few weeks as healing progresses. Bruising tends to track downwards as the blood moves under the influence of gravity so at times the genital area can become black and blue in colour, but again will settle.

Sometimes bruising can be very extensive. Occasionally bleeding from a small blood vessel under the skin or near the repair can produce a collection of blood, visible as a bulge under the wound, called a haematoma. This may settle slowly on its own but sometimes needs to be let out by a further operation. If bleeding spreads down into the scrotum some swelling may remain around the testicle for a long time.

During the operation a small nerve which travels across the incision line may be cut through, causing a minor area of numb feeling at the inner end of the incision. To do the operation well this nerve has to be cut but because the numb area gets smaller with time and is hidden under the pubic hair it does not normally cause any problems. A chronic pain problem over the area of the repair can develop in one in twenty patients and can be a significant problem. Nerve stretch as the operation is being done or the nerve becoming tethered as the healing proceeds are possible reasons for this pain. A pain killer can be injected into the painful area to reduce the pain but in some cases the surgeon will need to re-explore the area to find the trapped nerve and release it.

There is the possibility of damage during the operation to structures around the hernia, the artery, tube to the testicle and the vein. These risks are greater when surgery is done for a recurrent hernia. The testicle can lose its blood supply and shrivel and require removal, and if the tube to the testicle is damaged it will mean the other testicle will need to maintain fertility. This is usually very possible. Removal of the testicle in older patients may be advised routinely by surgeons who are repairing a recurrent hernia and want the best outcome.

Wound infection is uncommon but is a risk and if the wound reddens then a prescription for antibiotics will be necessary. The wound may need to be surgically explored to release infection if pus develops and starts oozing from the wound. The hernia is more likely to return with an infection present. A further operation may be needed to remove infected mesh and then the hernia will be repaired once more at a later time. After hernia repair deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is rare but important, with doctors taking special precautions should the patient have a raised risk of clotting. To reduce the risk of thrombosis it is useful to start moving the legs and feet and getting walking about again.

Recurrence, the risk of the hernia coming back, occurs in less than one in twenty cases after the repair of hernia for the first time. General anaesthetics also have some risks which can be greater if the patient has a chronic medical condition. Temporary side effects, about one in ten to one in a hundred risk, include bruising or pain in the area of injections, blurred vision and sickness, all of which can be treated and pass off easily.

Infrequent complications, risk one in a hundred to one in ten thousand, include temporary breathing difficulties, muscle pains, headaches, damage to teeth, lip or tongue, sore throat and temporary difficulty speaking. Extremely rare and serious complications, risk of less than one in ten thousand, include severe allergic reactions and death, brain damage, kidney and liver failure, lung damage, permanent nerve or blood vessel damage, eye injury and damage to the voice box. These are very rare and may depend on whether a patient has other serious medical conditions.

Lumbar Fusion

Severe impact due to a car accident can shove bones, muscles, and tissues out of their normal positioning. While all of these results are highly painful, accidents that affect the spine can also cause far reaching symptoms. The spinal column is made up of 24 vertebrae, each separated by a disc to provide cushioning and separation of the bones. The lowest five vertebrae are called the lumbar vertebrae and make up the lower portion of the back. Many people complain of lower back pain as they age. A car accident can push this pain to a new level and can introduce it to young individuals as well.

A sudden impact can force a lumbar disc out of its proper positioning. This results in the bones grinding against each other and rubbing against the spinal nerves. The resulting symptoms are lower back and leg pain, and numbness, tingling, and weakness in the legs. These pains can be debilitating when persistent and severe. There are many types of treatment that attempt to relieve the pain, but in many cases these do little to help the individual’s situation. When this is the case, many physicians turn to lumbar fusion. This is a procedure that fuses two of the lumbar vertebrae together. By fusing the vertebrae it is believed that the area will be stabilized and the nerves will have a clear unencumbered pathway thereby reducing the opportunity and persistence of pain.

In lumbar fusion procedures, the surgeon removes the intervertebral disc that is causing problems. Access to the spinal column can be achieved from the front (anterior lumbar fusion) or from the back (posterior lumbar fusion). Once the disc is removed, the surgeon will remove any bone spurs that may be in the area and irritating the spinal cord. The surgeon then inserts a bone graft between the two vertebrae to maintain the original amount of space between the vertebrae. This piece of bone can come from the hip bone of the patient or from a bone bank. Both options have their benefits and obstacles. The fusion of the bones is slightly more successful in cases of an autogeneous bone graft (coming from the patient’s own body). However, this requires an additional step to the surgical process whereby the donor bone is harvested (usually from the hip), resulting in more pain and recovery time. An allograft (a piece of bone from a bone bank) reduces the healing time, but might not fuse as well with the other bones. In either case, the surgeon is likely to insert screws and metal plates to hold the vertebrae in place while the bones fuse together. This fusion occurs in largely the same manner as the healing of a bone fracture. Once fused, the vertebrae make up one larger bone, which reduced the chances for painful movement.

Lumbar fusion procedures are highly successful at stabilization. Fusion occurs in over 80% of all cases. However, successful fusion does not necessarily indicate the elimination of all pain. In fact a fusion can often lead to increased pain. Full recovery from lumbar fusion procedures usually takes six to eight months.

Mini Stroke Symptoms for Women

When talking about the mini stroke symptoms for women, the first question that probably comes in people’s mind is what exactly a mini stroke is.

A mini stroke is, in many occasions, considered a sort of warning for the possibility of a regular stroke to appear. If a mini stroke occurs and no prevention steps are made, you’re incurring in the risk of suffering another stroke (and possibly bigger, as well).

In the US, there are about 500,000 mini strokes every single year. When talking about a stroke, it’s usually related to the brain cells getting damaged.

As you probably know, the brain is responsible for pretty much every activity in our daily life, but to do so, it needs oxygen. The blood that comes from your heart and brings the oxygen the brain needs. In a stroke, there is some sort of blockage of the vessels that bring the blood, which will stop the oxygen from coming into your brain cells.

What Are the Mini Stroke Symptoms for Women?

The signs that a mini stroke brings are directly related to how severe the attack is. These symptoms appear instantly and will usually last anytime from a few minutes to a full day and will disappear.

Do not let the disappearance of the symptoms make you forget that this is a very serious condition that needs to be taken care of to prevent further damage.

Despite being different from a regular stroke in concept, the symptoms that appear related to it are pretty much identical with the sole difference that when having a mini stroke, the symptoms will not last for over 24 hours (make sure to check a doctor as soon as you detect or even suspect some of the symptoms of stroke, as the only way to truly prevent the damage it brings to the brain cells if it is treated properly with enough time).

With the right side of the brain taking care of the left part of your body and vice versa, when the signs are visible they will likely only be noticeable on one side of the body and not on both. One common method to check if there’s something wrong with someone is to ask him or her to smile. If the smile turns out to by asymmetric then it could be a very visible mini stroke symptom for women.

The Mini Stroke Symptoms for Women:

First, muscle weakness is probably one of the easiest ways of detecting a stroke. Particularly, take note about any strange behavior of the muscles of the face, leg, or arm. It’s probably more noticeable on only one side of the body. A feeling of numbness is also very commonly reported.

While it’s not always the case, if the attack occurs in the speech centers of the heart, you’ll quickly notice that the person will have a hard time speaking and understanding what people say.

Sometimes (again, depending on where the attack actually occurs) it may be the mood and emotions that get affected, causing some very sudden mood swings.

Memory losses, difficulty in writing and reading, dizziness, having a hard time walking are also some very common signs.

When noticing any of these mini stroke symptoms for women it’s best for you to see a doctor as soon as possible. Then, you’ll need to take good care of your heart.

The Name Of The Demon – Schizophrenia – Demonic Possession Exorcism

The Name of the Demon, Telepathic Communications

Everything evolves, albeit slowly. Obviously, it is not just time which is responsible for evolution; it is discovery without which society would still be using stone tools. The human consciousness is truly one of the last frontiers but even our understanding of this, must one day evolve.

Before one can understand this machine we call consciousness, one must be prepared to accept new concepts. Human consciousness like all things in the universe is contained and governed by the law of physics. To find truth, one must venture into places that turn most people back, as truth exists at a point of greatest pressure. Truth exists upstream and one must swim against the current in order to discover it. If one accepts the false truths of the status quo, they simply float downstream with the rest and make up their truths as they travel. These are beliefs! Beliefs constitute the lazy man’s truth. Beliefs are derived as a means to cover up one’s own inadequacy and intellectual activism or rather the lack thereof, and present to those who would listen…a facade of knowing.

What happens to us when we die is the best kept secret on earth and there is good reason for this. We are here on the earth to be blind! We came here to follow in the footsteps of God our creator because it is in our blindness that we learn how to listen to logic and in so doing, develop the characteristics of those capable of living within an eternal community… Paradise!

When we leave the planet and experience the process of death, we are transported to a place that exists within another dimension. This place, which I refer to as Solamenta, is very much like the earth we just left. When we arrive, we are human in most respects. We look human and we talk human, albeit telepathically; we also act human, although society there tends to be a little more radical and self-righteous, even more so than it is on the earth. The primary difference between Solamenta and earth is the advanced technology that becomes omnipresent from the moment of our arrival. In our new home, Solamenta, everyone has the opportunity to work and for all new arrivals, the work is basically all the same; we talk to and hopefully guide people on the earth. This is done with a very advanced computer which facilitates communication via our conscious or sub-conscious. Often this communication can be done in a more pronounced and dramatic way, that being… direct telepathic communication.

In order for a guide to communicate with their person on the earth telepathically, there are guidelines in place which make this type of communication almost impossible and for those willing to supersede these guidelines… there are dire consequences for those who are discovered.

Telepathic communication is a lot like being on the internet; if you are chatting with a group of people on the internet, you will often not know those who you are talking with. The internet is a great place for someone to portray themselves falsely. It is a place where peripheral fantasies can be realized. For instance it is possible for age, gender, physical characteristics, race, social status etc. to be easily faked. This is what happens on the telepathic internet, when people out there, Solamenta, abuse the technology which has been made available to them in order to care for and guide their earth-bound brothers and sisters until it is their time to leave the planet and join them there.

When our guides talk to us, they use a highly sophisticated “other dimensional radio”. All of us on the earth have a computer address which is just like an IP address for those of us who understand a little about computer terminology. This address is considered sacred and given only to those who are authorized to have it, those who are authorized to speak to a specific person on the earth. However, just like on the earth, there are those out there who are willing to commit crimes for one reason or another. There are as many reasons for this law to be violated as there are reasons for one to commit crimes here on the earth.

People on the earth who can hear telepathic communication are extremely valuable out there, Solamenta. Every guide wants their person to communicate with them in this manner but because the guidelines for doing this are so strict, you can’t just press a button and do it, it has to be done a certain way, and only to those on the earth who have met all of the criteria. The process of talking to someone on the earth in this manner is like brain surgery times a thousand. It’s exacting and difficult work and there is a good reason for it. God wants us all to be able to hear in this way. If we could hear our guides in this manner, our problems on the earth would be over very quickly and earth would become a virtual paradise. However, we are not here to be robots, to simply do as we are told, we are here to follow in the footsteps of God, to utilize our free will and in so doing, develop our ability to think logically. God wants us to figure this out on our own within designed parameters and in this way; we evolve as opposed to simply reacting. In so doing, we eventually become those capable of communicating with God which is why we were created in the first place.

A great psychic on the earth is held in high esteem out there, Solamenta, much like a rock star is held in high esteem here on the earth. Out there, psychics get a lot of attention, everyone knows who they are and everyone wants to come see them and hopefully talk to them. Like a rock star, it’s hard to talk to a psychic out there as they are surrounded and protected by their guides.

One of the most important variables about beings out there is this; there is “not” a lot of difference between “out there”, Solamenta and here on the earth. It’s a hard concept to understand but it is an important one. Out there, power, economy and social division are just as much a part of the society, Solamenta, as it is in our own society here on earth. When a person on the earth breaks through, like the budding rock star… they attract a variety of people, often low-lifes (“demons”) who seek to capitalize on their potential success. Fame and fortune out there, are just as much a temptation as they are here on earth.

Psychological disorders particularly those associated with “demon possession” and “schizophrenia” are the result of either; guides who lack skill, are irresponsible and/or,the final product of crimes that are committed “out there” by insensitive and opportunistic people. When we leave the planet, we arrive “out there”, the same people with the same issues and challenges not overcome here on earth. Just like on the earth, Solamenta, out there is a place where opportunity for growth exists and not everyone is ready to take advantage of this opportunity.

It is important for those who work in the field of human behavior including the religious and scientific communities, to understand what is truly occurring in order to put an end to it. When we can move beyond our primitive beliefs and theories in both science and religion and see these disorders for what they truly are, then they can be confronted by the scientists, the priests and those afflicted in an intelligent and effective manner.

Understanding the mentality of those who commit these crimes out there is a key element but just as important… is for all here on earth, to understand how the equipment and technology they use “out there” works and how to help others out there who want to end this abuse, and help us to do it. Those out there, Solamenta, who are dedicated to finding and punishing those who commit these crimes, need our help. Just like internet crimes here on the earth, finding those who commit them is a matter of triangulation.

One of the most devastating crimes that are committed “out there” is referred to as “demon possession”! Demon possession is a very dramatic form of schizophrenia. Obviously when a disorder is called “demon possession”, religion becomes the primary form of therapy and as primitive as our beliefs are, religion and a sincere priest or priests or other religious practitioners can be just what the doctor ordered! A priest who understands this can be beneficial in ridding those afflicted from the demon.

The entire point of an “exorcism” whether understood or not is to help those out there to locate who is unlawfully communicating; this is why finding out what the demons name is, is so important. If you can get the demon to say his or her actual name, then it is possible that someone will recognize it. Getting a demon to say their name happens when the demon becomes stressed and basically loses it. Getting the demon to a point where they let their guard down and thus, give away their position is how you end the possession.

There are several ways to do this. You can appeal to the demon’s religious beliefs; however, be advised that the demon may be from anywhere in the world and there are no guarantees that the demon will be familiar with Christianity. Out there… are people who practice all religions and there are atheists as well. Any religious beliefs that exist on the earth exist also,out there.

An exorcist wants to create as much attention around the demon as possible, if an exorcism is done with a priest, many priests might be better than just one. For every priest or sincere member of a congregation determined to help a victim, there are many guides who live in the same dimension as the demon who also wish to find him or her and stop the abuse. Our guides are very much like we are. Exorcising a demon is more a matter of networking than it is a matter of magical symbols or religious ceremony. However, religion does play its part as your guides may also be very religious as well might the demon be. Because exorcising a demon is about networking, the more sincere people who can bring attention to the demon by their close proximity, the better! Any person that does this work needs to be of pure and sincere heart. A good “exorcist” must be of stronger character than the demon. The more resistance the demon must endure, the greater the chance of causing a mental breakdown in the demon and forcing them to seek help. The more you let the demon know, how much you know about what’s really happening, the more it becomes worried about being discovered. It is not just about its name, it will always give you a false name unless it has given up and just doesn’t care anymore. This is dangerous! Before this happens… it might be a good strategy to reason with the demon and just let it know that you understand how it does what it does and that it is going to be caught and punished and the sooner it lets go or stops, the better for all concerned.

The term “demon possession” is a misnomer. No one is being possessed! The demon works from a control room and “not in close proximity to the victim”. These disorders are strictly a matter of frequency control by an advanced computer. No one, even those capable of subjugating one to great stress, can deprive us of our free will. Understanding what the feelings, voices, visions, strange vibrations and fears associated with extreme mental strain truly are, can help with ones’ decision to overcome them! Anytime we must use words that we feel are beyond our understanding like spirit, soul, mystical etc… advanced technology is the only logical explanation. It serves no one to diagnose with certainty, these things we feel are beyond our ability to understand. Everything, anything, can be explained by following a logical path. Deferring a serious condition to the powers of the unknown is primitive; however, any sincere effort can be successful.

Demons often work in groups but just like with crimes on the earth; however, when they turn violent, the group often diminishes and sometimes those who leave can be compelled to turn the demon or demons in. Appeal to those who know this crime is being committed.

The demon often doesn’t understand to any great degree how the technology they are using works. Let them know that their signal can be traced if they are on-line long enough… that you intend to be there until they are caught.

Demons are like pedophiles. They often share information with those who are like themselves. When they get a hold of someone’s IP Address, out there by whatever means they happened to come by it, they are likely to give it others. However, when one demon is discovered, those who dedicate their lives out there to stopping these crimes can easily track others who are inclined to do this.

Getting rid of the demon is one thing; however, there is a good possibility that the voices won’t stop but they will become more reasonable and if the afflicted person continues to be fearful, normal psychiatric care can minimize the discomfort associated with schizophrenia. Psychotropic drugs do interfere with the frequency signal which allows telepathic communication.

There is one primary difference between a psychic and a psychotic; the psychotic fears the darkness associated with telepathic communication and the psychic, explores it. God wants us all to be explorers and one day, we all must walk this path into the darkness. It is the strong will of the explorer that discovers God and eventually eternal life in Paradise.

Every person on the earth has guides out there, Solamenta, who want us to be able to hear them telepathically. If they are doing their jobs properly and responsibly, they won’t talk to us until we are ready. When we are ready and this process begins, our guides can’t say what they want as all communication is restricted and controlled by an advanced computer in order to accomplish a specific mission; to present the challenges that will allow us to develop the characteristics necessary to live in an eternal community, Paradise, and in so doing, bring us closer to God!

Memory Loss Because of Mental Illness

Neurology and psychiatry are related in more than one ways. Naturally, an adverse effect on your mind can lead to some neurological problems. That is why mental illness can lead to memory loss in many cases. There are several types of mental illnesses and their effect on your memory varies depending on the severity of the disease. It has been seen in several studies and researches that severe mental trauma can lead to a number of memory disorders, mostly temporary, but sometimes permanent as well.

Here is how mental illness can lead to memory loss sometimes.

Mental Disorder and Loss of Memory

• Depression is a mental illness that has been seen in a number of people, mainly in the age group of 25-44. This is a major affective disorder, which is a sign of improper functioning of the brain. People suffering from bipolar or unipolar affective disorders are more prone to memory loss than the normal people.

• Dementia is more prominent of all mental illnesses that can directly lead to memory loss. This is a disease which is characterized by memory loss, personality change and deterioration in intellectual ability. At first, small amount of loss of memory is noticed in the patients of dementia, which gradually worsens over a period of time, if untreated.

• Another illness where prominent memory loss can be noticed is schizophrenia. This is a situation where the patient experiences inability in differentiating between reality and something that’s unreal. They may have excessive delusions, hallucination and can also show inefficiency to think. There are several medical reasons as to what can lead to schizophrenia. Mental illness can be one of these. A person who has suffered from severe mental trauma can get affected by this mental disorder in the later stages of his/her life.

• Alzheimer’s is another condition that can lead to loss of memory, generally in older people. This disease generally cause short term loss of memory.

There are several other mental disorders and illnesses that can affect the proper functioning of your brain and the memory center – hippocampus. As a result, these conditions can lead to loss of memory, sometimes temporary and sometimes of a more severe nature.

Penis Fungal Infection

A penis fungal infection can affect a man at any point in his life. He doesn’t have to be sexually active to contract candida albicans, however if a man is sexually active with a partner who has an active vaginal yeast infection outbreak, he is certainly at risk for getting yeast in his penis (and surrounding genitals). Since these types of infections are generally known to occur in women, it is difficult for a man to deal with the reality that he can also be affected by this fungus. In addition, it can be quite embarrassing to discuss or share with another person, or even their physician. This article will discuss some symptoms, causes and effective home remedies for a penile fungal infection.

Penis fungal infection symptoms

A man with excessive yeast in his penis usually experiences a bumpy, itchy rash along the penis shaft, with the tip (or head) of the penis experiencing the most discomfort. In some cases, the rash can turn into sores and lesions – in severe cases bleeding can occur. Also – some men experience a white creamy discharge coming from the penis that is of a cottage-cheese consistency in nature. Untreated penile yeast can also travel beyond the penis into the scrotom and around the male genitals. Some men with a the yeast fungus also experience pain during intercourse or swelling at the head of the penis. Note that some sexually transmitted diseases could also present themselves with symptoms that appear to be that of a yeast infection, so care must be taken to determine the proper diagnosis.

Penis fungal infection causes

As discussed earlier, men who are sexually active with a partner who has a current vaginal yeast infection are at risk for catching it. Although this is the most common cause for sexually active men, other causes could be not giving enough ventilation (or air) to the male genitalia. Yeast thrives and multiplies in areas in the body that are dark, unventilated and prone to excessive moisture – making the male genitals (particularly the penis) prime candidates for the infection. Other reasons for excessive yeast in the body is the consumption of excessive sugar in the diet – this includes foods high in refined sugars as well as carbohydrates (which convert to sugar when digested in the body). Beer also contains yeast.

Penis fungal infection remedies

Many men who suffer from yeast infection of the penis can have some success with topical creams that can be purchased at the drugstore or stronger ones that are prescribed by their physician. Others opt for home remedies for yeast infection – including tea tree oil and apple cider vinegar solutions which are good options if one is suffering from recurrent yeast infections where traditional treatments don’t seem to work. Another option is to apply yogurt to the affected area(s). Yogurt will offer some soothing relief for the pain and itching, however make sure that the yogurt is 100% natural and sugar free. While applying yogurt containing sugar might appear to work initially, remember that excessive sugar in the body can contribute to the spread of yeast. Sexually active men should abstain from sex until an active yeast infection is under control. Wearing a condom might only server to irritate the lesions and sores.

Keep in mind that to do nothing is not a remedy. Once a yeast infection takes hold in your body, action needs to be taken to remediate the problem. Doing nothing will also give the yeast an opportunity to further multiply, spread and cause more pain and discomfort. Hoping that the infection will go away is not an effective solution.

What are the Different Kinds of Alopecia?

Alopecia is a kind of disease where the autoimmune system of the body attacks the new cells forming in the hair follicles by mistake. Its main characteristic is hair loss that is sudden and random, as well as recurrent in some cases. Alopecia affects both men and women, regardless of age. There are different kinds of alopecia; the variation depends on where the disease occurs in the body, as well as its probable causes.

The different kinds of alopecia are as follows:

1. Alopecia Areata. Alopecia areata is a kind of alopecia that refers to hair loss that occurs in rounded patches. These patches can appear anywhere on the body.

2. Alopecia Totalis. Alopecia totalis refers to the loss of hair on the scalp. As the name suggests, alopecia totalis is total baldness.

3. Alopecia Universalis. Alopecia universalis is a kind of alopecia where the affected person loses all the hair on his or her body.

4. Alopecia Barbae. Alopecia barbae happens only with men. It is the loss of hair on the beard area.

5. Alopecia Mucinosa. Alopecia mucinosa happens when the hair loss is accompanied by the appearance of scaly patches on the skin.

6. Anagen Effluvium. Anagen effluvium is hair loss that is commonly associated with chemotherapy and with taking certain kinds of medication. In anagen effluvium, the hair falls off in patches, although it grows back as soon as the chemotherapy or the consumption of certain drugs is stopped.

7. Telogen Effluvium. Telogen effluvium is also called temporary hair loss. It happens when the amount of hair being shed is more than normal and the hair visibly thins.

8. Androgenetic Alopecia. Androgenetic alopecia is the type of alopecia that is considered hereditary. It is also known as male pattern baldness, although it can also affect women. In androgenetic alopecia, the hair on the scalp turns nearly transparent before falling off.

9. Scarring Alopecia. Scarring alopecia happens when the hair shedding leaves the skin scarred.

10 Traction Alopecia. When a person is prone to pulling too much at his or her hair due to styling perhaps or personal habits, the excessive pulling can discourage the hair follicles to stop developing new cells for new hair. The shedding that occurs as a result is called traction alopecia.

There are varying causes for each of these different kinds of alopecia, and doctors normally isolate the cause for the ailment while examining the patient. The patient should, therefore, be honest and transparent with his or her attending doctor so that alopecia, regardless of what kind it is that is affecting the patient, would be treated properly.

Holistic Otitis Media Treatment With One Important Medicine

Otitis media is an inflammation of the middle ear. It can be in an acute (short lived) or chronic (long term) form. Apart from the pain that this brings, there’s also the possibility of temporary hearing loss.

Otitis media can easily be resolved using homeopathic medicine. As with the use of all homeopathic medicines, you need to be able to match the individual symptoms of the conditions expressed by that person, to that of the homeopathic medicine.

This may be too difficult for you to do, in which case a consultation with a professional homeopath may be your best way to go. But if you like to home prescribe, there are some excellent, common homeopathic medicines for you to choose from.

A child’s immune system is practising how to become efficient. And the only way to do that is to get ailments. But sometimes the ailments are too much for the child.

Using antibiotics can help many children, but a growing number of parents are concerned about the long term help of the child from their repeated use. And there are many times where a child will need many courses of antibiotics.

By using homeopathy, you are helping the body to achieve what it is trying to do. You are boosting the immune system when the child gets benefit from the homeopathic medicine.

Chamomilla is a great medicine for children. And it is typically children who suffer from ear problems. So let’s look at the keynote symptoms of Chamomilla:

  • any ear inflammation, infection
  • ear pain is worse for touch and worse being out in the wind
  • around 9 am or 9 pm may be the worst times
  • child is oversensitive to pain
  • the child may be capricious – wants things then throws them away
  • inconsolable and/or irritable children, better by being carried

This capricious nature can really test your patience. There are times when you feel like taking the child back to where s/he came from. That is an excellent indication fro this medicine.

You’ll find that the successful homeopathic treatment of otitis media will prevent it’s further occurrences.

How Traumatic Brain Injury Affects Hearing

Hearing problems are quite common after a traumatic brain injury (TBI) because the inner ear is directly connected to the central nervous system. Ringing in the ear (tinnitus) and hearing loss are two of the most widely reported side effects of a traumatic brain injury. Some other hearing problems that may occur following a brain injury include hyperacusis (normal situations seem very loud); difficulty filtering one set of sounds from background noise; and auditory agnosia (also called pure word deafness). Auditory agnosia is a condition in which the person is unable to recognize the meanings of certain sounds.

Following a TBI, hearing problems can occur for a number of reasons, both mechanical and neurological, particularly when the inner ear and/or temporal lobes have been damaged. External bleeding in the ear canal, middle ear damage, cochlear injury and/or temporal lobe lesions can all cause auditory dysfunction.

Children who suffer TBI typically face additional problems in the areas of communication, acquiring new information, spatial orientation, task completion, impulse control, and social conversation.

The inner ear is made up of a series of delicate membranes, which can easily rupture during a head trauma. The cochlea, which is the important spiral-shaped bone in the ear, can be damaged by a strong blow to the head causing hearing damage. Other types of membrane damage may cause hearing loss as well as dizziness (vertigo) and nausea. Sometimes, surgery can correct damage to the inner ear.

Because hearing loss limits or takes away one of the primary means we use to communicate, hearing loss has the potential to complicate many of the other side effects of brain damage, mainly cognitive and social problems. Many TBI victims already suffer cognitive issues such as trouble finding words, and these problems are only exacerbated if the patient cannot hear what is going on around him.

Fortunately, for some TBI victims, hearing problems disappear a few weeks after the accident that led to the patient’s brain damage, but other hearing problems will last indefinitely. Since many hearing problems cannot even be detected by the patient himself after the TBI, it is recommended that anyone suffering a traumatic brain injury be evaluated by an audiologist, even if nothing appears to be wrong with the victim’s hearing.

A Stammering Treatment to Cure Your Speech Impediment

Having an issue with stammering or stuttering takes a huge toll on a person’s life. If you have a problem with a stutter or a stammer, then you know that your life is affected. You don’t have the same confidence as other people do because you worry about the way that you talk. You don’t want people to laugh or giggle at you because you have no control over it. You just want it to go away.

A lot of people assume that stammering or stuttering are just childhood phases that go away after time, but this is not the case. A child with a stutter or a stammer will have a speech impediment as an adult if it is not corrected at any early age. If you are an adult with a stutter, then you need to fix your problem now.

There is a stammering treatment that will work for you. There are many things that you can do that will help to remedy your condition so you can have more confidence in your everyday speech. For instance, practicing in front of the mirror whenever possible will help you to control your stutter. Feeling the words rolling off of your tongue before you say them to a person will allow you to get more control over your speed of speech. Also, reading more will help you to control your stutter. Try reading some poetry to practice pentameter and you will be able to speak better and with more confidence.

How to Talk With the Hearing Impaired

My husband tells me he knows “the look.” Hearing-impaired since about age 6, when a firecracker exploded near him, he sometimes mishears what people say, causing people to look at him in a quizzical way. For example, as he was leaving a business partner’s home one morning, the partner’s wife asked him if he would be eating something for breakfast. He replied, “No. I don’t think I could stomach it this morning.” She gave him “the look.” It turns out she had asked if he would be “meeting someone for breakfast.” Although that was a humorous incident, communication and networking with a hearing impaired person can be challenging. Based on my experience with my husband and others, I’ve arranged a few tips for talking with the hard-of-hearing using the acronym FACE.

Face. Face the other person straight-on. My husband thinks this is the #1 thing people can do to improve communication with the hearing-impaired. He says he actually feels anxious when he can’t see the other person’s face.

The first step is to make sure you get the person’s attention so that they are looking at your face while you are talking. Say the person’s name or, if appropriate, tap them on the forearm.

Then you need to consciously make sure that the person can see your face at all times while you are talking (this pretty much rules out talking from around the corner or from another room). You may need to move closer. Make sure that your face is adequately lit. Don’t stand in front of a bright window or with your back to the sun, as that silhouettes or shadows your face, making it harder to see. Don’t turn your head away and talk. Don’t put anything in front of your mouth to block the view of your lips moving. Don’t put anything in your mouth, either. If you are eating, chewing or smoking, you will be more difficult to understand. Facial hair, especially mustaches, can impair understanding. So if you have facial hair, keep it neatly trimmed. Even if the person doesn’t formally read lips, they will use movements of the face and lips to discern meaning.

If the person indicates to you (or it becomes obvious) that they hear better on one side, direct your comments to the “good” side.

Adjust Volume and Rate. You may need to speak slightly louder than normal, especially if there is a lot of background noise, but do not shout as shouting distorts sound. If at all possible avoid conversing in areas with a lot of background noise (TV, parties, noisy restaurants, multiple conversations, etc.). Speak at a moderate rate-not too fast, not too slow. You need to speak slowly enough to clearly articulate your words, but don’t exaggerate your speech, as that makes it more difficult to understand.

Clarify. If your hearing-impaired conversation partner asks you to repeat something try rephrasing in simpler, clearer terms. Subtly encourage responses to verify understanding. For example, you could ask, “Tell me what you think about…” Be ready to write down information to avoid confusion, especially on important details like a future meeting time and place. In business situations, you may want to follow up with an email to recap the conversation. Clarify your topic. Like a journalist, make sure you highlight the What, When, Where, Why, and Who of your topic. Be very clear when you change the topic, or the hearing-impaired person may misinterpret the conversation.

Empathize. If you start to become frustrated and begin to doubt the intelligence of the hearing-impaired person, try to imagine what it might be like to try to converse while wearing earplugs. I wear ear plugs at night to help block out my husband’s snoring and sometimes he tries to talk with me while I am wearing them. All I have to do to have normal hearing is to take them out. My husband, even with hearing aids, has challenges hearing (although, he conveniently could take out the hearing aids when our children were crying as babies). Consider how you would feel if you saw someone give you “the look” and you knew it was because you misheard them and said something “stupid.” Patient, empathetic and respectful attention to the conversation needs of the hearing-impaired person will be rewarded with more meaningful communication.

Remember to FACE your hearing-impaired conversation partner!


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