Compounding Pharmacy – The Growing Trend In The Industry Today

The pharmacy industry has changed quite a lot in the past few years, and this is largely thanks to advanced in technology, which has lead to advancements in science. One of the growing trends these days is compounding pharmacy. Whether you are a pharmacist looking to get into the field, or if you are just interested to know what it is all about here is a closer look.

Past practice

In the past pharmacists would just market what the drug companies sold to them. This usually meant that everyone with similar needs received the same mass produced medication. As you can imagine this worked really well for some people, but there were those who were not quite as fortunate. This practice was cheap and convenient for the pharmacists.

Current practice

In the past few years, the medical fraternity has moved away from giving everyone the same generic care, especially in the private sector. Instead, each case is taken on an individual basis and all management, both drug and non-drug measures, are specifically tailored to that person. This means that any medication they receive is intended to target their specific needs. This is why compounding pharmacy is such a growing success.

About compounding pharmacy

Compounding pharmacy, as the name suggests, is basically when various drugs are compounded to form one capsule or mixture. This means that doses can be tailored so that patients won’t have to get any more or less than they need. Instead of taking a wad of different pills, they can just take one. This means that they will be more likely to take it because of the convenience associated with it. This is especially great if you want to get a child to take their medication. In this case it can be turned into syrup for easy use.

Drugs, Side Effects, and Pharmaceutical Error

Modern medicine can do many things. Today, doctors can transplant organs, attack cancers, and even fight diseases on a genetic level. Millions – even billions – of people around the world benefit every day from the treatments, therapies, and drugs created by medical professionals and scientists.

Side Effects and Regulations

But there is a darker side to prescription meds. As new drugs are invented and new chemicals synthesized, people become increasingly dependent on substances which are, quite literally, foreign. Though chemicals in a given medicine may boost resistance to asthma attacks, they may also have other, unintended effects. Sometimes these side effects are revealed during laboratory trials to be nothing more than minor inconveniences; other times, severe side effects are not detected – or even covered up – until thousands of unsuspecting people have been hurt. Although the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates the safety of pharmaceuticals, it is far from perfect; the recent Baxter heparin contamination scandal demonstrates this fact.

Pharmaceutical Error

Another concern with prescription meds is how targeted and specific they are. Because these drugs are often very potent, only patients with certain conditions can safely take them – and then only in carefully measured doses. Unfortunately, given the complexity of modern medicine and science, few laypeople know very much about their own prescriptions. We rely on doctors and pharmacists to provide us with the correct medicine, in the correct amounts, for the correct diagnosis. If errors happen at any time in the process, the effects could be disastrous.

Safety concerns do not stop there – recent criticism of the FDA’s drug labeling system has spurred the agency to propose a series of changes intended to make labels easier to read and understand, particularly for pregnant women. Of course, pregnant women are not the only ones at risk. Elderly patients, many of whom have trouble with their vision, are also at a high risk of making a deadly mistake. The similar appearance of many pills also contributes to the confusion; only an especially careful person would notice the difference.

Prescription medicine mix-ups are not confined to the home. In many cases, doctors and nurses in busy hospitals have been known to administer the wrong drugs to a patient. In others, a drug may be prescribed without taking into account a patient’s health conditions or drug allergies.

Protecting Yourself

Ultimately the best defense against taking the wrong drug is a healthy dose of caution. Never assume that each refill of your prescription has been filled correctly – check carefully to make sure the new batch of pills looks identical to the last batch. A number of online resources can help you make this comparison. Read labels thoroughly – especially if you are taking a prescription for the first time. While it may be tedious, you may be glad you did.

Pain Medicine: Different Types of Pain Medicine

The formal term for painkillers is analgesics, a word derived from the Greek words an (without) and algia (pain). The three most commonly used types of pain medicine today are the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), the paracetamol based drugs and the opioid drugs.

The nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs) group contains a wide range of different painkillers. Examples of commonly known NSAID painkillers are Aspirin, Diclofenac and Ibuprofen. NSAID pain killers do not only alleviate pain; they will also lower fever and decrease inflammations. They are called non-steroidal in order to discern them from the steroids, since the steroids are also used for their anti-inflammatory capacity. Aspirin was discovered in 1829 when salicylic acid was chemically isolated for the first time, but willow bark containing salicylic acid has been used as a pain killer long before the 19th century. A lot of NSAIDs are available over-the-counter but this does not mean that they are harmless. When misused, even comparatively weak NSAIDs can have severe side effects, including bleeding ulcers and photosensitivity. NSAIDs are generally not recommended during pregnancy.

Paracetamol is also known as acetaminophen. Both words are derived from the chemical name for this painkilling compound: N-acetyl-para-aminophenol and para-acetyl-amino-phenol. Two examples of commonly known brand names under which Paracetamol is marketed are Tylenol and Panadol. Painkillers containing Paracetamol will relieve pain and decrease a fever, but unlike the NSAID painkillers they have no anti-inflammatory properties. One of the advantages of Paracetamol compared to NSAIDs is that Paracetamol painkillers will not affect the blood’s ability to clot. Nor will they damage the kidney or lining of the stomach as long as you stay within the recommended limits and never use too much Paracetamol. High doses of Paracetamol will however be damaging to a wide range of bodily functions. Paracetamol should never be combined with alcohol since the liver will be overloaded with the burden of breaking down both alcohol and Paracetamol, which makes the risk of Paracetamol poisoning higher. If you are healthy, well-nourished and do not drink alcohol, a single 10 gram dose of Paracetamol can cause significant liver damage.

Opioid drugs are very potent painkillers but will come with a sever side effects, even in low concentrations. Morphine is one of the most commonly used opioids in pain killing drugs. An example of a morphine based painkiller is Tramal. Pethidine is another pain killing opiate and can be found in medications such as Alodan and Demerol. Morphine will act directly on the central nervous system and can relieve even sever pains, such as post surgery pains and cancer pains. Morphine is addictive and it is important that it is used with caution. The addiction can be physical as well as physiological. The side effects are also both physical and psychological. Among the physical side effects are constipation and an inhibition of the cough reflex. Psychological side effects include euphoria as well as nightmares, and drowsiness can come hand in hand with insomnia. Morphine was isolated from opium in 1803 by Friedrich Serturner, a German pharmacist. He named it morphium after the Greek god of dreams, Morpheus. Serturner soon discovered its usefulness as a painkiller, but morphine didn’t grow really popular until the hypodermic needle was invented in 1853.

Vitamins, The Difference Between Pharmaceutical Grade Vitamins vs Regular

Vitamins are necessary for human life and health. They are required in minute amounts, and with the exception of Vitamin B12, cannot be manufactured in your bodies. These organic compounds need to be obtained from diet, and if deprived of a particular vitamin, you will suffer from disease specific to that vitamin. It is a matter of record that you are not getting enough vitamins. Though we Americans are living longer, our quality of life leaves much to be desired.

The thirteen different vitamins are classified into two main categories:

· Water Soluble Vitamins – They dissolve easily in water. They are Vitamin C and the eight types of Vitamins B, B-1, B-2, B-3, B-5, B-6, B-7, B-9, and B-12.

· Fat Soluble Vitamins – With the help of lipids, they are absorbed through the intestinal tract. These vitamins are Vitamins A. D, E, and K.

The term Vitamin does not mean to include essential nutrients, such as, dietary minerals, essential fatty acids, or essential amino acids; neither does it mean to include other nutrients that just promote health, and may not be essential.

The Different Grades of Vitamins

Vitamin supplements are taken by more than 75% of the world’s population. With the plethora of different brands, it becomes difficult to know what is what. Vitamins and other nutritional supplements are made from three different grades of raw materials:

· Pharmaceutical Grade – It meets pharmaceutical standards

· Food Grade – It meets standards for human consumption

· Feed Grade – It meets standards for animal consumption

The main difference is of quality and purity. Due to the addition of various other substances, no product is 100% pure. Pharmaceutical Grade Vitamins must be in excess of 99% purity containing no binders, fillers, excipients – substances used as diluents for a drug – dyes, or unknown substances. Regular Vitamins of the other two grades are available as Over The Counter (OTC) products, whereas pharmaceutical grade vitamins are only available through prescriptions.

Pharmaceutical grade vitamins are formulated to yield a higher degree of bioavailability – the degree at which the vitamin is absorbed into a living system. As these vitamins can be absorbed into your body quickly, they improve and enhance the quality of your life rapidly.

Of late, the American vitamin industry has gained a lot of bad reputation, and many feel it is rightly deserved. People walk into stores and pharmacies to buy regular vitamins. In some of the cases, the ingredients specified on the label are not in conformity with what they find inside the bottle. A variety of ingredients do not absorb into the body.

More and more people are opting for pharmaceutical grade vitamins, as they are available through prescriptions from doctors and licensed medical practitioners. Pharmaceutical grade vitamins, vis-à-vis regular vitamins, have been tested for their quality and ability to give results. They are tested by third parties to confirm that the bottles contain what they profess to contain.

What Are Centers of Excellence at Hospitals?

When I first began researching information on various hospitals across the United States, I came across many hospitals that offered a variety of Centers of Excellence. I was curious as to what constituted a Center of Excellence as opposed to just listing a program as a specialty service, so I decided to research this as well.

What I found out was that a Center of Excellence essentially means that a hospital specializes in the treatment of a certain illness or specializes in particular treatments. Centers of excellence can be anything from heart or cancer care to neurosurgery or organ transplants. Some hospitals offer a variety of Centers of Excellence whereas other hospitals might just offer one or two.

It was more difficult to find out how a hospital was able to claim the distinction of having a Center of Excellence. From what I could gather, each individual program and treatment has particular criteria that needs to be met in order for the hospital to state that their program is a Center of Excellence. They might require that the treatments be performed by a certain type of doctor or that a certain amount of treatments are performed annually.

I also found that different health care programs and health insurance programs will also designate a program of a hospital as a Center of Excellence based on their own criteria. This might mean that they are more likely to recommend this hospital as opposed to another hospital. They do this as a service to the patients who have their insurance to help them make an informed decision about which program is right for them. If you have a question about a particular hospitals Center of Excellence designation, you should ask them about how they received the designation and who gave it to them.

Internal Medicine Doctor – About Diabetes

According to new research from the Archives of Internal Medicine, doctor and patient alike will want to watch the growth of diabetes. By the year 2025, there could be as many as 380 million people affected by complications of type 2 diabetes. Because this epidemic is becoming so widespread, it is in everyone’s best interest to understand as much as possible about the disease, including how it is contracted and what you can do to control it.

Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are disorders of the body’s natural insulin production. When a person has type 1 diabetes, the body produces very little insulin, or sometimes none at all. This kind of diabetes is often hereditary and often shows up in children. Type 2 diabetes is sometimes called “the preventable diabetes”. Even so, it is becoming increasingly common due to diets high in sugar, calories, along with lifestyles that do not incorporate much physical activity. When a person has type 2, their cells do not respond to insulin production. Though it has long been referred to as “adult-onset diabetes”, more and more children are becoming susceptible to the condition. More and more soft drink consumption, sugary cereals, larger portions, and decreased exercise have all been blamed for this rise.

There are a number of risk factors that any internal medicine doctor will tell you are warning signs of being susceptible to type 2 diabetes. These include being over the age of 45 along with being more than 20 percent overweight, also defined as having a BMI of 27 or more. Having immediate family members with the condition is also a risk factor. Certain ethnicities, such as African Americans, Alaska Natives, and American Indians are at higher risk for the disease.

Type 2 diabetes, as any internal medicine doctor can tell you, is one of the few diseases that can be almost entirely eliminated by changes in a person’s diet and lifestyle. Even losing a small amount of weight can have a drastic impact on the condition and the symptoms. A study in the New England Journal of Medicine showed that the participants who made lifestyle changes such as getting more exercise and cleaning up their diets were able to reduce their risk of contracting diabetes by 58 percent.

If you or someone you know is pre-diabetic or is suffering from symptoms related to diabetes, it is important to see an internal medicine doctor as soon as possible. Get some blood work done and find out your status. The physician will be able to give you all the information you need when it comes to controlling the condition.

Can Adults Get Diaper Rash From Pads?

Incontinence is a very common problem. Millions of people of all ages, health status and both genders have to deal with some form of incontinence. It is important to realize that not all incontinence is the same. Some people are experiencing complete loss of bladder and bowel control while others may only have light leaking. Hence one should find the right incontinence product for them to use in order to control and manage their incontinence. For those with light incontinence the option to use an incontinence pad can be highly effective. However, many users of this type of incontinence supplies report that they can get a diaper rash from using them. This is a serious concern since a rash in this area can not only be painful but it may also cause skin breakdown which can lead to infection.

The good news is that by taking certain precautions you can avoid getting a diaper rash and be able to wear your incontinence pad discreetly and comfortably. The tips listed below can help you to use your incontinence pad in an effective way and not have to deal with painful and potentially serious rashes. Here are a few tips to help you avoid getting a painful diaper rash while using pads-

• Use the right kind of incontinence pad – The first thing that needs to be done to prevent adult diaper rash is to use the right kind of pad. Many people feel that they need to use the heaviest and most absorbent pad possible in order to get the right protection. This is not a good idea. If you don’t need this kind of incontinence pad you are increasing the chances that you will have adult diaper rash. Instead, make sure that you are using the right level of protection for your incontinence management needs.

• Use the right size of incontinence pad – It should also be stressed that incontinence pads come in different sizes. This is because the manufacturers of incontinence pads understand that everybody is different. This means that you can get an incontinence pad that fits your body size. This is important because if you are wearing an incontinence pad that is too small or too big you are increasing your chances of developing an adult diaper rash. Keep in mind that you may have to try a few different kinds of incontinence pads until you find the right size for your needs.

• Change your pad often – Health experts stress that anyone using pads needs to change them often. Even if you are using a highly absorbent pad, you should still change it on a regular basis. The reason for this is simple; you want to limit the amount of exposure that your skin has to the urinary or fecal matter that can be released with incontinence. One of the major benefits of using pads is that they are easy to take on the go; so changing them often shouldn’t be a problem.

• Apply a skin cream to protect the skin – Another way to prevent adult diaper rash is to use a skin cream that helps to protect the skin. Different types of creams are available in the market (many are specifically made for babies); however, many adults have highly sensitive skin and it can be beneficial to check out what is available for adult skin types. This can allow you to select a product that is specifically made to protect your skin from diaper rash. There are many online sites that offer skin protection products along with adult incontinence supplies.

Andropause Vs Menopause – Differences Between The Sexes

Unknown to several men, they also experience the horrors of male menopause, which involves a significant drop in the reproductive hormones during middle age generally between the ages of forty and sixty. The condition is medically known as Andropause, Testosterone Deficiency, Viropause, Late Onset Hypogonadism (LOH), Male Climacteric, Androgen Deficiency in the Aging Male (ADAM) or Partial Androgen Deficiency in the Aging Male (PADAM).

To be more specific, while female menopause occurs when the ovaries cease to function and ovulation and menstruation ends, which lead to the sudden decrease and eventual loss of estrogen hormones; alternately, andropause involves a gradual decline in the testosterone level. However, while the former leads to complete infertility, the same is not true for men. Sexual impotence aside, testosterones as well as sperm cells are continually produced, permitting the latter to produce children even up to the age of eighty.

People experience menopause as a natural biological occurrence. However, some other factors are said to contribute to an earlier onslaught of the condition, such as: excessive alcohol intake, hormonal deficiencies, obesity, improper diet, hypertension, smoking, medications, lack of exercise, psychological problems, heart and lung diseases, and surgical removal of the ovaries or the uterus among females.

The major effect of both menopause and andropause is that people are steadily brought back to pre-puberty stage, with symptoms that affect not only their hormones but also their physiological, psychological, social, spiritual and sexual aspects. Noticeable symptoms that are common to both include: hot flashes and night sweats, fatigue, muscle and joint pains, headaches and dizziness, hair loss, low sex drive, memory loss, poorer judgments, lethargy, weight gain, digestive problems, gum and oral problems, incontinence, itches and allergies, vaginal dryness for women and erectile dysfunction for men, difficulty concentrating, irregular heartbeat, and sleeping disorders.

Mid-life crisis or psychological and emotional changes are likewise experienced, such as intermittent mood swings, irritability, depression and anxiety. Men undergoing andropause become more boyish and childish but with less bravado. They grow to be more emotionally attached to family and friends. They become more motherly and domesticated.

There are now medically recognized treatments for both menopause and andropause. The most common one is hormone replacement therapy. There is Testosterone Replacement Therapy (TRT) for andropause and Postmenopausal Hormone Therapy (PHT) for menopause, which help to bring the hormonal levels back up. However, it is said that when improperly administered, TRT can affect sperm production and increase the risk of having prostate cancer, stroke and liver toxicity. PHT is likewise said to be a triggering cause for stroke among women. Other symptoms for menopause and andropause are treated for the specific medical condition experienced. The problem seen here is that the condition is not addressed holistically and there still remain other symptoms that are untreated.

In any case, people must know that the condition is inevitable. Men or women alike would eventually have to experience menopause. Perhaps, like other health conditions, menopause might actually be bearable save for some indications that affect one’s interpersonal relationships. The best way to deal with this is for the whole family to be familiar with the condition and its symptoms. Doing so will certainly help how they relate with one another as everyone begins to understand what the loved one is going through.

Depression Anxiety Symptoms – Identification For Timely Treatment

Depression is one serious illness that needs to be addressed as early as possible. Depression anxiety symptoms vary and may include one or a combination of the following: sadness or disinterest and displeasure in the simplest of activities or undertakings, weight loss or weight gain, insomnia or sometimes oversleeping, lack of energy and enthusiasm, feelings or delusions of self-pity and worthlessness, and on the extreme sometimes suicidal tendencies. The patient is oftentimes confused at his or her own irritability, irrational anger, worrying and agitation, pessimism, lethargy, guilt feelings and indifference.

Why People Get Depressed and Anxious

The human mind is a complex thing; nothing can understand it completely, even the person who owns the mind. It is a very powerful organ responsible for every thing that we are: the way we think, the way we react and how we show emotions. Everything is lodged in that mass of gray matter called the brain.

The brain learns things through experience. One region of the brain that regulates moods and emotions learns through stresses, happiness and sadness. How it reacts to these outside stressors depend largely on how it functions. If it lacks biochemicals so that things will be process clearly, a person will fall into a state of anxiety and depression.

In short, when there is chemical imbalance in the brain, it will show depression anxiety symptoms. Until such imbalance is attended to, the brain won’t be able to get out of its state of being anxious and depressed.

Different Types of Anxiety

Different types of anxiety may be classified separately from different depression modes. The two, however, may have overlapping symptoms and even possibility of congruency in moods. According to a survey by the National Institutes of Mental Health, majority of those who suffer from depression also are afflicted with anxiety. This accounts for the term agitated depression, which is a depression state that includes a high level of restlessness and anxiety, insomnia or lack or inability to sleep, and a general feeling of constant panic or fear.

The combination of even the mildest of symptoms of anxiety with a clearly depressive illness is very critical to consider.

Common Symptoms

To put these two in a clinical perspective, the National Institute of Mental Health catalogued the following symptoms of depression: a persistently anxious mood of emptiness, pessimism and hopelessness, guilt-feelings, loss of enthusiasm for previously enjoyable activities (like hobbies or even sex), lethargy and loss of enthusiasm, insomnia, oversleeping, loss of appetite resulting in weight loss or the exact opposite which is overeating and the corresponding sudden weight gain, suicidal tendencies and attempts, and physical symptoms like constipation or diarrhea, severe unexplained pain, migraines or headaches.

Psycho Indicators in Depression and Anxiety

On the other hand, anxiety, according to the medical encyclopedia, is a physiological, cognitive, mix of psycho-somatic and behavior aspects. Anxiety usually is characterized by irrational feelings of worry and apprehension, even fear. These psycho-indicators are often accompanied by the somatic or bodily manifestations of irregular heartbeats, difficulty in breathing, headaches, chest pains, nausea, or intestinal problems.

While these are highly treatable illnesses, it is vital that symptoms are identified as early as possible and treatment sought after soon enough. Some patients fear the stigma of being branded with a psychological disorder, but families need to be supportive and allow a coping environment.

Depression Anxiety Symptoms Vary By Gender and Age Group

Depression in men may manifest itself differently from depression in women. Women are more often prone to depression than their male counterparts. Although attributable to hormonal factors in a way, as women go through more complex somatic processes of menstruation, pregnancy, childbirth, miscarriage, and menopause, women compared to men are more prone to additional depressants in their careers or home chores, in their parenting, and in their caring for the elderly (like their parents).

Other Depression Anxiety Symptoms

Depression anxiety symptoms, causes, and effects also vary between the young and the old. While the youth will have depressants like the incessant need to be accepted, even the elderly sometimes experience those same depressants that afflict the youth but may be manifested in different ways and symptoms.

Students Stress and Anxiety!

High school and college students suffer from and are faced with significant amounts of stress and anxiety that can result in both physical and emotional health issues.

A recent study shows that five times as many high school and college students suffer and are dealing with stress, anxiety and other mental health issues as their counterparts that were studied during the Great Depression. This research study is based on the responses of 77,576 high school and college students who from 1938 through 2007, took the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI).

* Students themselves point to everything from pressure to succeed – self-imposed and otherwise – to a fast-paced world that’s only sped up by the technology they love so much.

* Another major contributor appears to be the unrealistic feelings ingrained in young people, that they need to have huge amounts of money to be considered a success. This leads to feelings of inadequacy, anxiety and depression.

* In addition, today’s youth is brought up in a “you can do anything” environment. This leads to false expectations which when not met results in anxiety and depression.

Are you a student or parent of a student that suffers with stress and anxiety? Here are some ways for students to maintain good health and keep their sanity.

* Establish a quiet space to study. This is a place were you can focus and concentrate away from distractions. If you live with a noisy roommate, find a quiet spot in the library or your favorite coffee shop.

* Create a schedule. Leave yourself plenty of time to study for exams and get work done.

* Don’t pull “All Nighters”. Make sure to leave yourself enough study time.

* Stay away from caffeine, alcohol and drugs. Caffeine only provides a temporary jolt. You will eventually crash from excessive use. Need I say anything about excessive alcohol use other than moderation my young friends, moderation. And please just forget about drugs altogether.

* Get on a healthy diet.

* Get plenty of sleep.

* Don’t obsess on results. Test scores are important but you need to keep things in perspective. Otherwise you will become overly anxious about a test’s outcome which can actually cause you to do poorly. You need to shift your focus and stay present minded. Try some positive affirmations and visualization techniques to change your perspective, and remember that Yoga and Meditation techniques are time tested and proven stress relievers.

* Know your learning style. Not everyone learns in the same way. It’s important to know if you’re a visual, auditory or kinesthetic type learner.

* Practice visualization techniques. Imagine yourself having already achieved your desired results.

* Develop optimism. People that are optimistic are healthier, less stressed, and more successful.

* Use stress management techniques. The Yoga Awakening Meditation Collection is comprised of over 24 stress reduction techniques and exercises that will help. This meditation collection is complete and comprehensive, and includes everything you need to control and manage stress and anxiety.

There are so many secrets that Yoga and Meditation will reveal to you. There are so many ways that Yoga and Meditation can make your life easier and more fulfilling. Come and explore these secrets with me now by going to:

How Naturally Increase Production of Pancreatic Enzymes

Unfortunately, most people know next to nothing about the pancreas or pancreatic enzymes, and are unaware of their importance in digestion and the maintenance of health. The liver and the gallbladder are given a lot of attention – the pancreatic gland is a forgotten organ.

Many know about the role of the pancreas in developing diabetes, but don’t have a clue that the pancreas and pancreatic enzymes break down food products into an absorbable, usable form for the body. Without adequate digestion, good health is impossible. Even the healthiest diet will be of little value if the pancreas cannot produce the correct amount of high-quality digestive enzymes to break down the food for optimal bodily function.

No matter what we eat, we consume mostly proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. In order to convert these basic food groups into material our body can use, we need to have three types of enzymes present in our bodies. They are:

o Lipase-which breaks down fat

o Protease- which breaks down protein

o Amylase-which breaks down starch.

The pancreas is of primary importance to our digestive system as it secretes lipase, amylase and protease. To do this, the pancreas needs minerals, trace elements, bicarbonates and vitamins to function properly. On the other hand, deficiency of these vital nutrients leads to pancreatic insufficiency, causing a vicious cycle. The utilization of minerals and vitamins depends upon enzymes, and enzymes are dependent on the presence of minerals and vitamins.

If the pancreatic output of enzymes is hindered, the whole body is affected. Life could not exist without digestive enzymes and proper digestion.

The pancreas is regulated in two ways.

First, by the nervous system.

Secondly, by digestive hormones called secretin and cholecystokinin.

Like Pavlov’s salivating dogs reacting to the dinner bell, the pancreas is affected and activated by what we see, hear, smell and touch with our tongues. The partially digested food (chyme) moving from the stomach to the duodenum (beginning of the small intestine) activates the formation of two hormones, secretin and cholecystokinin. These hormones are carried by the bloodstream to the pancreas, the liver and gallbladder. The function of secretin and cholecystokinin is to carry information regarding the amount of undigested protein, carbohydrate and fat that is in the partially digested food, as well as the amount of bicarbonate that is needed to neutralize the acid from the stomach. The healthy pancreas then provides the exact amount of its own digestive enzymes needed to finish the job.

The pancreatic enzymes work only when the pH of the intestine is slightly on the alkaline side. The food coming from the stomach has been acidified, so the body must also provide enough alkalinity for the enzymes to work. Smoking, alcohol, drugs, some medications, Candida-yeast overgrowth and toxic, aggressive bile suppress the pancreatic cells and keep them from producing the needed amount of quality digestive enzymes.

In summary, the conditions that make the pancreas work improperly are:

o Disorders of the nervous system, stress and anxiety, “eating on the go”, etc.

o Problems with the manufacture and release of the digestive hormones secretin and cholecystokinin

o Deficiency of minerals, microelements, bicarbonates and vitamins

o Severe acidosis – whole body acidity

o Toxic substances inside and outside the body

o Inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis)

o Fatty pancreas

o Back-up of the pancreatic juice after blockage of the pancreatic duct (gall stones, inflammation, cancer, parasites)

o Trauma, surgery, cancer, etc.

Many of these problems overlap with each other and can cause anything from hidden pancreatic insufficiency to a complete shut – down of the functions of this vital organ. That’s why the symptoms of pancreatic insufficiency are so varied. Millions of Americans suffer from a variety of gastro-intestinal disorders including abdominal pain, cramps, gas, bloating, malnutrition, alteration in bowel habits, foul-smelling stool, etc. Many of them have pancreatic insufficiency and don’t realize it. Those suffering from this malady can eat a healthy diet, but the nutrients from the food will not be utilized by the body-their organisms are literally starving. Without the proper amount of high quality digestive pancreatic enzymes people suffer from a deficiency of essential minerals, trace elements and vitamins. They are continually tired, develop chronic diseases, and age prematurely. In the worse case scenario, they develop pancreatic cancer.

For today in United States there is only one way to help people with pancreatic insufficiency by giving them artificial for their body’s enzymes prepared from plants, fungi or animals.

There is, however, an additional treatment modality that promotes proper function of the peoples’ own pancreas, even in cases of severe pancreatic insufficiency.

Many European physicians send their patients with chronic pancreatic disorders to healing mineral spas or sanatoriums. Balneotherapy (treatment with mineral water) is the medical science that is taught in European medical schools and medical doctors there are very familiar with it. There are numerous healing mineral spas all over Europe and every year thousands of ill people spend their vacations in resorts with access to mineral springs. Some insurance companies even cover this procedure.

The most popular European mineral spa for pancreatic insufficiency is the Czech town of Karlovy Vary (Carlsbad). It has been a well-known international healing resort since the 1700s. Patients call the Karlovy Vary mineral water the “healing gift from the earth” or the “miracle mineral water.” People from all over the globe have traveled to Karlovy Vary and stay there for one to six months to drink the Karlovy Vary healing mineral water for various kinds of chronic gastro-intestinal, liver, and metabolic conditions.

A hundred years ago, Karlovy Vary spring water was carried by barrels and bottles all over Europe for those who could not afford the treatment abroad. In 1764, European doctors realized that this water’s mineral content was its most beneficial property. Karlovy Vary began to produce the salt from the evaporated thermal spring water which made it possible to distribute the Karlovy Vary thermal spring salt all over the world for treatment at home. Czech doctors determined that the water manufactured from the genuine Karlovy Vary thermal spring salt had the same healing actions as at the spring.

Karlovy Vary healing mineral water is among the world’s best-studied remedies. Hundreds of clinical texts, articles, dissertations and books have been published that document the positive effects of the water on both animals and humans. Most of them were published in Czech, German, Russian, thus they are unknown by American medical professionals and public.

Researchers have concluded that this water may reduce the symptoms of pancreatic insufficiency by improving the function of the pancreas. Clinical and experimental findings found that the water:

o Promotes the manufacture and release of digestive hormones in the duodenum and naturally regulates the digestive process in the whole gastro-intestinal tract

o Restores the deficiency of essential minerals and microelements such as magnesium, potassium, selenium, zinc, etc, and bicarbonates

o Promotes secretion and elimination of pancreatic juices

o Increases the activity of pancreatic enzymes in the duodenum

o Normalizes the body’s and the pancreas’ acid-alkaline balance for the secretion of alkaline pancreatic juices

o Improves the digestion and absorption of food

o Decreases inflammation and swelling of the pancreas

These effects are caused by the unique and beneficial complex composition of potassium, sodium, magnesium, calcium, sulfates, bicarbonates, chlorides and trace minerals such as zinc, cobalt, selenium, lithium, copper, in ionic, easy digestible form.

The mineral content of Karlovy Vary mineral water manufactured from the genuine Karlovy Vary thermal spring salt is close to the mineral content of human plasma. Fortunately, this mineral water, compared with other mineral waters, does not contain toxic heavy metals.

To successfully treat pancreatic insufficiency using Karlovy Vary mineral water, one needs to follow particular instructions pertaining to temperature, amount of drinking water, frequency and time of consumption.

Despite its popularity among patients in Europe, this therapy is still basically unknown in the United States. Treatment with Karlovy Vary mineral water makes it beneficial to many different health professionals: medical doctors, naturopathic physicians, chiropractors, acupuncturists, herbalists, nutritionists, colon hydro-therapists and hundreds of thousands of people with pancreatic insufficiency.

The information on this article is presented for educational, informational purposes only. It is not intended as a substitute for the diagnosis, treatment and advice of a qualified licensed professional.

Dog Dangers – 11 Toxins and Poisons You Need to Know About to Protect Your Dog

Keep in mind that some of these items may only produce minor problems like vomiting if they are eaten in small amounts, but others can cause severe symptoms. If your dog eats any of the things listed below you need to take instant action and get your dog to the veterinarian for treatment so you can prevent long term damage or death.

Here are a few items that are definitely dangerous for your dog if eaten. Even though some of these items look to you as “my dog would never eat that”, you need to remember that dogs are curious and will eat anything if put in front of them.


1. Amitraz: Did you realize that this is an insecticide used on certain brands of tick collars and topical solutions for fleas and ticks? This is even more dangerous for puppies since they have not built up their immune systems yet. Usually the symptoms start within a few hours and your dog will become very weak and lethargic along with vomiting and diarrhea. If not treated, they could go into a coma or even die. Please check what goes into your flea and tick collars as well as liquids you put on their skin.

2. Permethrin: I feel it necessary to list this because it is also an insecticide used to kill fleas. If ingested by your dog his symptoms will include being lethargic, vomiting, seizures and muscle tremors. If you feel your dog has this poisoning you should bath him in lukewarm water. This will make him feel comfortable. DO NOT use a flea shampoo. It may contain permethrin in it and will just make things worse. Make sure you don’t use hot water because that could also make it worse. (You should never use hot water on your dog anyway) After bathing, get your dog to the vet.


3. Aspirin: The reason this is toxic to dogs is because they can’t metabolize it very quickly and can result in difficulty with blood clotting. Bleeding may occur and they can have respiratory problems as well as kidney failure.

4. Amphetamines: Medications are just plain dangerous to dogs. Humans may accidentally leave these out somewhere and your dog will snatch it up quickly. They can affect their brain as well as their nervous system. The symptoms will occur within 2 hours and include seizures, hyperactivity, tremors and restlessness.


5. Potpourri: Yes, we all love the smell of potpourri, but it can be very dangerous for Fido. Even if they just lick it, it can cause chemical burns to their tongue, esophagus and throat.

6. Burning Bush: If your dog ingests this plant they will vomit, have diarrhea, depression and a lack of appetite. If you feel it getting severe, call your veterinarian right away.

7. Chrysanthemum: If ingested, it will have the same results as the burning bush.

Spices and Baking Ingredients

8. Nutmeg: This is so toxic in high levels that it has been known to be fatal in some cases. Signs to look for are abnormalities of the nervous system, tremors and seizures.

9. Baking Powder and Baking Soda: As we all know both of these are leavening agents that make batter rise when baking. If your dog consumes a large amount of this they can have abnormalities in their electrolytes and create muscle spasms and heart failure.

10. Macadamia Nuts: Oh how we love these little nuts. Unfortunately if your dog eats as little as 6 of these nuts, it can cause severe toxicity. Signs to look for include vomiting, abdominal pain and stiffness, tremors, weakness and depression. Usually these symptoms will disappear within 24 hours, but if they still persist, call your vet.


11. Antifreeze: I felt I should include this in the list and you may laugh at this one, but there have been dogs that have had access to this and ate some. They come down with something called ethylene glycol toxicosis. It’s very poisonous! Dogs that ingest this usually stop putting out urine and will get severe kidney failure. You must get them treatment within four to eight hours.

Please keep all these items out of reach where your dog cannot get to them. If you have plants, you made need to train your dog to stay clear from them. Check all labels when getting something to get rid of fleas and ticks. There are many good “natural” products you could use. Do

Acid Reflux – How Apple Cider Vinegar Will Affect Your Heartburn

Some remedies for acid reflux are somewhat surprising. Many people have never even considered using apple cider vinegar for the sake of heartburn relief. Indeed, the idea that apple cider vinegar could be effective for those purposes is not very intuitive. Taking antacids for the sake of reducing the symptoms of heartburn makes more intuitive sense. If there’s too much acid in a person’s digestive system, it makes sense to counteract that acid with something that is highly basic. However, this strategy may be somewhat counterproductive for people with severe and ongoing heartburn, and it is possible that they should seek out other remedies for acid reflux.

For one thing, many stomach problems are actually caused by insufficient levels of acid as opposed to an overabundance of acid. The stomach sometimes contracts more as a result of this insufficient stomach acid. As such, consuming something that is more acidic can actually be beneficial. The acid that people will add to their digestive systems as a result of consuming apple cider vinegar will be a weak acid compared to stomach acid, making it a trade that works in the favor of the person experiencing the symptoms of acid reflux.

The acid in apple cider vinegar is acetic acid, which is only slightly acidic. Stomach acid is among the most acidic of all acids available, which is why misplaced stomach acid can be so disruptive biologically. Heartburn relief is often all about changing the internal environment of a person’s digestive system. In some cases, making that internal environment more basic, and thus significantly less acidic, is going to help people more. In other cases, making that internal environment only slightly less acidic is enough to do the trick. Controlling acid reflux is all a matter of managing stomach acid, and apple cider vinegar may be able to accomplish that more effectively than many other types of home remedies or standard medicinal remedies.

Swinging too far in the other direction can sometimes simply set a person up for more severe heartburn down the line, and using antacids can sometimes cause that vicious cycle. Technically, apple cider vinegar does the exact same thing that antacids do: it makes the internal environment of a person’s digestive system less acidic. However, it only makes slight changes as opposed to dramatic changes, which may be the partial secret to its success.

Heartburn relief needs to be handled carefully, and it often isn’t. People tend to want quick and dramatic fixes for their heartburn, which is understandable. However, drinking two or three teaspoons of apple cider vinegar mixed into an eight-ounce glass of water will often provide that quick fix for heartburn relief, even if it is not yet considered a conventional remedy for acid reflux.

Best Home Remedy For Acid Reflux – Cure Your Acid Reflux Permanently With Proven Natural Treatments

Home remedy for acid reflux has become the ultimate necessity for the people who are badly suffering from this disease and are desperately looking for permanent and long term cure for acid reflux. Home remedies are one of the most reliable and widely accepted cures for this disease. Best of all it has no side effects like other homeopathic treatments. Only thing to remember here is you have to make your own schedule and follow it religiously in order to make the natural treatments for acid reflux more effective and efficient.

There are number of home remedies you can implement to cure this disease like using herbal medicines, home exercises and special pillows. One of the major benefits of the home remedies are they are 100% natural and very cost effective. We can even use the natural foods and green vegetables to cure it in weeks.

There are some natural treatments for acid reflux you can start on your own with the proper medical advice.

1) Include green vegetables in the diet: The green and fresh vegetables are most effective against acid reflux. You can also prepare the juices of different vegetables to bring some changes in the dieting habit.

2) Amla is the best anti-oxidant: Amla is mainly used in the diet for reducing the effects of acid reflux. It is also the best cure for your hair growth problems and it helps to improve your eye sight too.

3) An apple a day keeps doctor away: This is 100% true. Apple is the best fruit for curing almost all types of health related problems. Apple can be considered as one of the most effective home remedy for acid reflux and should be consumed on the daily basis.

4) Inclusion of ginger and garlic in the diet: These two ingredients should be included in your daily diet. They are very effective when it comes to reducing heart pain, cold, cough and cholesterol. They also help in the food digestion and reduce the effects of acid reflux.

5) Use Aloe Vera in the diet: Aloe Vera is very efficient and effective in minimizing the burning sensation in the stomach and throat caused because of the acid reflux.

6) Use Jesthamadh herb in your tea: Jesthamadh herb is the effective cure for acid reflux and also helps to cure other blood related disorders and headaches.

These are some of the home remedies for curing acid reflux. These home remedies should be well complemented with the regular home exercises and yoga like activities. Healthy regular routine with proper diet is the key to reduce your acid reflux problem.

Leg Lymphedema Treatment Options Reduce Pain And Swelling

While the diagnosis of lymphedema may seem like the end of the world, this is actually a condition that can be managed. When a person has lymphedema, or lymphatic obstruction as it is also known, there is swelling of the tissues and fluid retention in localized areas due to a compromised lymphatic system. The fluid retention is due in part to the interstitial fluids in the thoracic duct no longer being properly returned to the blood stream and this causes an increase in the risk for infection.

When the problem is localized in the legs, it will be important to have a leg lymphedema treatment you can use to help control the pain and swelling.

Since there is no known cure at this time, most physicians will recommend exercise as a leg lymphedema treatment. With light exercises, you can encourage circulatory movement in the area and this can help the lymph fluids to travel properly. This should be a minor exercise that is gentle enough you do not find it strenuous or have it cause you to become over tired.

If you are on the go and exercising routinely isn’t possible, another leg lymphedema treatment will be to apply a large bandage around the affected limb. When it is tight and secure, you will find that it helps you by compressing the area so there is better drainage. You may even want to explore the possibility of using compression stockings for your legs to help reduce the occurrences you may have. Since you will also be at an increased risk of things like skin infections and blood clots, this will be a smart choice to help reduce the overall risk you will have of these problems.

Massages are another good choice for dealing with this condition. This doesn’t mean a deep tissue massage at your favorite spa though. Instead, there is a massage technique to help drain the lymph nodes better and to ensure the fluids continue properly moving through your body. Ask your physical therapist or doctor about this unique massage technique, as it will help you in the event you see a buildup at a later time.

Another treatment option for leg lymphedema is the lymphedema pump. This device has the potential to reduce the pain you are experiencing, while being used to help stimulate circulation in the leg. That makes it an effective choice. Best of all, these machines can be covered by your insurance provider. That makes them an affordable treatment option for lymphedema.

While there may be no cure out there, you will find you do have some leg lymphedema treatment options available to deal with the condition. Make sure you take the time to speak to your physical therapist and doctor and find the treatments that will work best for you, based on your unique condition and ensure you have several options available to you in the event you do have a flare up.