What is the Difference Between a Yeast Infection and a Fungal Infection?

Yeasts are actually tiny spores of single cell fungus that belong to the division Ascomycota, which also includes molds, mildews and mushrooms. It grows naturally in the body and performs an important role in ridding the body of various excess nutrients, however when it grows out of control the toxic by-products it creates can irritate and inflame sensitive mucus membranes and tissues.

Yeast infections are not usually harmful or dangerous but they can be very unpleasant, and when situated in the vaginal area can create an uncomfortable itching and burning sensation, along with a lumpy, cheese-like discharge that sometimes has a noticeable smell. Yeast and other fungal infections such as athlete’s foot and ringworm can indicate an imbalance in our bodies and a weak immune system. It is important that you eat a healthy diet, as yeast feeds mostly on glucose and eating a sugar rich diet can encourage yeast to grow out of control. The ‘good’ bacteria that control and prevent yeast infections mainly feed on sugars gained from fruit and vegetables, so a healthy diet can help your body keep the right balance of bacteria and yeasts. You should also avoid wearing synthetic, tight clothes, which can make your body sweat more, and encourage yeast to grow and spread on your skin, and also practice a good daily hygiene ritual of washing and thoroughly drying your clothes before wearing, and showering at least once a day.

Fungal infections thrive in moist, warm conditions, so be careful when using public showers and gyms, and try to wear shower shoes (or flip flops) rather than walk around barefoot. Unlike other fungal infections such as athlete’s foot, yeast infections are not usually transferable from person to person. Yeast infections occur mostly when your own balance of yeast grows out of control, rather than an infection from someone else, the main exception to this being from mother to baby while nursing.

Fungus sounds unpleasant but it performs some vital functions in nature. Mushrooms are not only used for food, but also play a key role in decomposing organic matter in the soil, making nutrients and proteins available again to other plants and animals. Penicillin is a type of mold, and is one of the key treatments for many bacterial infections such as syphilis and meningitis. Yeast itself has many uses, such as to raise bread and ferment wines and beers. Yeast is also used in the biotechnology industry, because of its ability to break down sugar and convert it into ethanol.

Itchy Scalp Hair Loss? Here’s Why

Itchy scalp and hair loss can be very frustrating and worrying, and there can be a number of factors which cause or aggravate the hair loss. The hair loss caused by itchy scalp problems is not always permanent, and will often grow back once the main itchy scalp problem is sorted out.

In saying this though, it is vital that you take swift action to properly diagnose the problem and search for suitable remedies and treatments in order to avoid long term scarring from the itchy scalp irritation, and thus enable your hair to begin growing back.

Here I’d like to tell you about a few common reasons for itchy scalp hair loss and what you can do to alleviate the problem.

Folliculitis – strong ingredients in shampoos can damage hair follicles and lead to infections such as folliculitis.

Symptoms are normally small, white-headed pimples around one or more hair follicles. Deep folliculitis will often result in larger painful red boils.

If left untreated the folliculitis can significantly injure the hair follicle resulting in localised areas of scarring and bald patches where there are no visible follicles; this is known as “cicatricial alopecia“.

Antibiotics are often used to treat folliculitis, but as with all antibiotics they can lead to a resistance to the antibiotic used. Natural remedies containing Tea Tree Oil or Lavender Oil can be extremely effective in treating the itchy scalp hair loss of folliculitis, particularly in the early stages, and can help to stimulate hair growth.

Ringworm of the scalp (tinea capitis) – a superficial fungal infection of the scalp. It is caused by mold-like fungi called dermatophytes, and the symptoms include red, itchy patches on the scalp, hair loss and, if left untreated, can also lead to cicatricial alopecia.

The skin might peel or scale and be red and itchy, with swollen blisters or a rash (that can spread) that appears as black dots.

The rash, being highly contagious, is normally treated with over the counter products containing miconazole, clotrimazole, or similar ingredients. Sometimes prescription medications are needed to clear it up.

There are many natural products that can be used to aid the healing process and act as natural antibiotics, but it must be stressed that ringworm is an aggressive fungus requiring close monitoring and appropriate treatment.

Psoriasis – said to affect some 2.5% of the US population (about 7 or 8 million people) psoriasis is a fairly common, non-contagious skin disease in which the skin cells replace themselves too quickly and cause red lesions covered with scale to appear.

Scalp psoriasis is said to affect at least half of all psoriasis sufferers and is characterized by white scales on patches of very red skin, often accompanied by severe itching and possibly temporary baldness on the affected areas.

Using a shampoo containing zinc pyrithione (in its natural form) can be extremely effective at combating psoriasis and itchy scalp hair loss in general, as it has very strong anti-fungal and anti-bacterial properties.

Home remedies using birch or avocado oil are also extremely effective in soothing and healing psoriasis.

Seborrhoeic dermatitis – similar in appearance to eczema (Atopic Dermatitis), this is an inflammatory reaction to the proliferation of a yeast called Malassezia (or Pityrosporum Ovale). It produces toxic substances that irritate the skin. This yeast is always present on the scalp in small numbers and feeds on the natural oils produced there.

Imbalances in the levels of oils (sebum) on the scalp, (often due to harsh shampoos, conditioners and hair dyes) can cause the yeast to multiply and grow, resulting in dry redness, flaking, itchy scalp and sometimes cause temporary hair loss. The flakes of skin are normally characterized by a yellowish colour and oily texture.

Since the dermatitis is generally caused by the use of harsh shampoos and the stripping and drying out of the scalp, it is advisable to use a shampoo containing only natural ingredients like Tea Tree Oil which will not only help to fight the infection but will control the yeast and condition the skin, as well as maintain the natural pH balance of the scalp. Adding Rosemary Oil to the shampoo can work wonders, in addition to using simple home remedies containing Manuka or Tea Tree Oil, as well as Lavender to stimulate hair growth.

What Is Sensorineural Hearing Loss?

Sensorineural Hearing Loss (SNHL) is basically defined as a hearing defect whereby sound waves travel normally through the external and middle ear region but a problem in the inner ear or cochlea causes auditory problems. It could be a result of damage rendered to what are referred to as sensory hairs or may also be resulting from nervous damage to this inner ear area. In certain cases however, it is a combination of these two factors.

The problem has in some cases been attributed to genetic factors that make it hereditary. This means that as a result of certain genetic mutations, a person may be born with the predisposing factors to the condition. Therefore, it does not in many cases start at birth, but waits until some sort of trigger sets it off. Many are the times when this takes place during adolescence. There are times when the condition is experienced during pregnancy. In such cases, there is a sort of merger of bones causing closure in the inner ear, resulting in gradual deterioration of one’s auditory capacity.

Surgery is the third factor that has been associated with this auditory condition. The most surprising fact about it is that the procedure does not have to physically affect the areas associated with the development of Sensorineural Hearing Loss. Blame is therefore laid on an aesthesia used on the patient or if it was a cardiovascular procedure, the use of a bypass pump is also linked with this effect.

It has in some instances taken place immediately after the anesthetic drug effect wears off though for other patient it has taken up to a week after the procedure for them to experience it. The occurrence of the condition could be gradual or sudden but in both cases the full impact is realized in a short while after the onset of symptoms.

The most common factors leading to its development are rather common place. One of these is constant exposure to high decibel sounds. This causes nervous damage and after a considerable period results in a fully fledged auditory condition. Some may also get it due to bacterial or viral infections in the delicate inner ear region while others develop the condition after a traumatic incident. Age, disease and medication also contribute to certain instances of it.

Some persons who suffer from SNHL get such signs as constant dizziness while others complain of experiencing a constant buzz in the ear that does not go away. The end result is total or partial loss of auditory perception in all cases. The use of a hearing aid has for a long time been the only way to address Sensorineural Hearing Loss. It works by adjusting the frequency of sounds perceived or stimulating the nerves in the cochlea.

But this kind of solution only addresses the symptoms and offers no permanent cure. There are medications prepared to root out the problem by targeting the causal factors and they are prescribed after an assessment of the cause of the problem.

Bible Trivia Questions and Answers – Aaron, Moses, Healing a Deaf Mute, and More

Here are a few Bible Trivia questions and answers that you can use to use to stimulate conversation in your next Bible Study Class. Trivia can be a great way to learn the teachings of the Bible.

Bible Trivia Question #1:

What covered the land when Aaron waved his hand over the water?

Answer: from the King James Bible, Exodus 8:5-8


Question & Answer #2:

What did God do to the rod in the hand of Moses?

Answer: From the KJV, Exodus 4:1-5

God turned the rod into a serpent.

Bible Trivia Question #3:

After his resurrection, what did Jesus eat to prove he was not a spirit?

Answer: From the King James Bible, Luke 24

He ate Fish.

Question & Answer #4:

Who anointed the Lord with ointment and wiped his feet with her hair?

Answer: From the KJV, John 11:1-2

Mary of Bethany.

Bible Trivia Question #5:

How did Jesus heal a deaf mute?

Answer: From the King James Bible, Mark 7:32-35

Jesus put his fingers in the man’s ears and touched his tongue.

Question & Answer #6:

What weather phenomenon comes from the breath of God?

Answer: From the KJV, Job 37:10


Trivia Question #7:

What kind of bread is commonly eaten during Passover?

Answer: from the King James Bible, Exodus 12:15

Unleavened bread; when the Pharaoh freed the Hebrews they left in such a hurry, the bread did not have time to rise. Un-risen bread is now a symbol of Passover.

Question & Answer #8:

What did God use to create Adam?

Answer: From the KJV, Genesis 2:7


Question #9:

What did Jesus save his people from?

Answer: From the King James Bible, Matthew 1:21

Jesus saved the people from their sins.

Question & Answer #10:

What terrible plague was mixed with fire?

Answer: From the KJV, Exodus 9:24


Question #11:

What kind of bread did the Lord give the children to eat?

Answer: From the KJV, Exodus 16:15


Lisps in Children: When to Start Lisp Speech Therapy

Although lisps among young children are fairly common, this issue can still be a source of concern for many parents. The main fear is usually that the lisp will never go away, and that it will potentially become a source of ridicule for the child. This concern is valid; the unfortunate truth is that while society tends to find children with lisps endearing and cute, teenagers and adults who have not managed to get rid of their lisps are often teased and made fun of, and sometimes suffer from self-esteem issues related to their speech impediment.

Make sure to identify whether what your child has is indeed a lisp, or rather some other sort of phonological speech impairment. Lisping is defined as a misarticulation of the silibant /s/ and /z/ sounds, and may fall under the categories of interdental/frontal, dentalised, palatal, or lateral lisps, depending on the placement of the tongue and how the sound is produced. So, what is to be done if your child has a lisp? Many parents are uncertain as to when to start lisp speech therapy, or whether they should “wait it out” to see if the lisp goes away on its own.

Firstly, it’s important to take your child’s age into consideration. It’s not uncommon for some young children to lisp up until they are four and a half or five years old. This is because they are still mastering their articulation skills, and the silibant /s/ and /z/ sounds will often come out sounding either a little bit muffled, or like a /th/ sound. If your child is under the age of five and has a lisp, you could consider scheduling an assessment of your child’s speech with a speech language pathologist, who would be able to determine whether treatment is necessary. However, if your child is already beyond kindergarten and still speaks with a lisp, then it’s important to take action as early as possible, before the lisp becomes a deeply rooted habit that becomes harder to break. Lisps in children beyond the age of five are not considered part of normal speech progression.

Aside from your child’s age, there are other factors that shouldn’t be ignored, as they may contribute directly to your child’s lisp. For example, a missing front tooth, a new retainer or set of braces, or an oral injury could be causing the lisp, in which case treatment may not be an immediate necessity. In the case of an oral deformity, however, it may be necessary for your child to have professional assistance.

Lastly, you should also evaluate whether there is a possible non-physical reason behind your child’s lisp. Lisps in children have been known to form out of habit, from imitation of others, as a reaction to stress, or as a way to seek attention. Lisp speech therapy seeks to identify the source of the lisp, and arm your child with games, tools, exercises, and goals to eliminate the lisp over time.

Lisps in children are often identified early-on, usually by parents or teachers, and can be corrected with proper practice and treatment. The best thing that you can do as a parent is to become as informed as possible, and aid your child patiently and encouragingly so that they don’t become sensitive, overwhelmed, or frustrated. Even if your child is well into elementary school, or is already a teenager, it’s not too late to get them started. There are even grown adults who are completely successful in eliminating their lisps through lisp speech therapy and diligent hard work.

One of the best first steps you can take is to inform yourself further through a good lisp-stopping guide, and to help your child practice the basic exercises that will get them on the right path to proper pronunciation. If you do this early on, you may save yourself the need to pay for expensive professional lisp speech therapy sessions (which can cost between $50-$80 per hour, over the course of several months to a year or more. There is also the cost of up to $300-$500 for the initial assessment). An informative guide should only cost about as much a single session ($80 or less), and is a good stepping stone to aid you in helping your child. Remember, especially if your child is young, then you as the parent will have a very important role in motivating and encouraging your child, and keeping them on track so that they can be as successful as possible in eliminating their lisp altogether.

Strategies to Improve Communication With the Hearing Impaired

In the 1966 Motown hit duet, It Takes Two, Marvin Gaye and Kim Weston sing of all the many things in life that are better with two people instead of one. The same is true when it comes to communicating effectively. To be successful, the speaker and the listener must follow strategic guidelines to maximize understanding.

The person with hearing loss does not suffer alone. Family and friends experience frustration and impatience as a result of communication breakdown. The communication strategies outlined below go a long way to reduce many of these common communication difficulties.

Communication strategies for speaking to the hearing impaired:

  1. Is your listener paying attention? Make sure you have the attention of the hearing impaired person before you begin to speak.
  2. Consider the obvious. If you are speaking to someone who wears hearing aids, uses an assistive listening device or who tells you he has difficulty hearing: slow down! Speak clearly and just a little louder without dropping the volume at the end of a sentence. Do not shout or over-enunciate your words.
  3. Be aware of your environment. Is there distracting background noise? Does the room echo? Is there enough lighting for the hearing impaired person to see your face when you talk.
  4. Help the hearing impaired person “listen with their eyes.” Face the person at all times. Do not talk with anything in your mouth. Keep your hands and other objects away from your mouth.
  5. A positive attitude gets results. Remain patient. Never talk about the hearing impaired person in his presence… as if he cannot hear. Ask what you can do to assist communication.
  6. If at first you don’t succeed, try, try again. If something you say is not understood, don’t just repeat it again. Instead try rephrasing the message using different words.

Communication strategies for the hearing impaired listener:

  1. Get motivated. The more motivated you are to improve your hearing, the more willing you are to wear your hearing aids or use an assistive listening device. In addition, motivation brings with it an openness to change. Out of that openness comes a willingness to discuss your feelings about your hearing loss and to explore new solutions.
  2. Don’t deny that you have a hearing loss. Denial of your hearing loss will only make things worse. Notify the speaker of your hearing difficulties and suggest ways to improve your ability to understand.
  3. Face the speaker. Speech reading skills will develop more quickly if you focus on facing the speaker during communication. Watch the speaker’s mouth and try to focus on the topic of conversation, even if you think you are missing a lot.
  4. Make eye contact. Communication improves when you combine listening with looking. Take note of gestures, facial expressions and body language to help with understanding.
  5. Don’t be a pretender. Pretending you understand when you don’t will only exacerbate the problem. Nothing draws attention to the fact that you have a hearing loss than laughing in the wrong places or answering a question you didn’t understand.
  6. Confirm your understanding. If you think you have missed part of the conversation, ask for it to be repeated. To help with the flow of the dialogue, repeat the portion of the conversation you did understand.
  7. Be aware of your surroundings. Can you position yourself to see the faces of the speaker? Is there distracting background noise? Is the room reverberant?
  8. Be specific with your requests for help. If the speaker is talking too rapidly, request that he slow down. If the speaker is speaking too softly, request that he speak louder. If the speaker covers his mouth with a hand or paper, request that he remove it. If the speaker turns away from you while speaking, request that he face you.
  9. Be patient. If you are patient, the speaker will be more likely to be patient as well.

“It takes two” hearing aids too!

Not only does “it take two” to improve communication, but studies show wearing two hearing aids has many benefits. According to Sergei Kochkin, Ph. D. President of the Better Hearing Institute in Alexandria, VA, “it is important that the person with the hearing loss be given the chance to experience binaural (two hearing aids) amplification before a decision on [wearing] one or two hearing aids is made. Similar to the way refractory problems in both eyes are treated with a pair of glasses, it makes sense that bilateral hearing loss should be treated with binaural hearing aids.”

Some of the benefits of binaural hearing are:

  1. Those who wear two hearing aids routinely understand speech and conversation significantly better than people who wear one. Additionally, speech understanding is improved in difficult listening environments.
  2. Sound quality improves when wearing hearing aids binaurally because the hearing range increases from 180 degrees to 360 degrees.
  3. Wearing two hearing aids generally requires less volume than one, reducing distortion and resulting in better reproduction of amplified sounds.
  4. Often, with just one hearing aid, many noises and words sound alike. But with two, sounds are more easily distinguishable. The origin of the sound is also more easily determined.
  5. Research has shown that when one hearing aid is worn, the unaided ear tends to lose its ability to hear and understand. Wearing two keeps both ears active.
  6. Hearing is less tiring and listening more pleasant because binaural wearers do not have to strain to hear with the better ear.
  7. Two-eared hearing results in a feeling of balanced reception of sound whereas monaural hearing creates an unusual feeling of sounds being heard in one ear.
  8. A lower volume control setting is required with two hearing aids than is required with one. The result is a better tolerance of loud sounds and reduced chances of feedback.
  9. About 50% of tinnitus (ringing in the ears) sufferers report improvement when wearing hearing aids. If a person with tinnitus wears a hearing aid in only one ear, there will still be ringing in the other ear.
  10. An overwhelming majority of hearing aid users with hearing loss in both ears choose two over one, when given the choice to hear binaurally. A survey of over 5,000 consumers with hearing loss in both ears indicates that binaurally fit wearers are more satisfied than those fit with one.

Stuttering in Two-Year-Olds: Eating Their Way to Stuttering

Stuttering in two-year-olds is largely blamed on child development. Stuttering is a common occurrence among children ranging from 2 to 5 years of age and should last for 5 to 6 months. Around 60 percent of child stutterers suffer from simple disfluency and will recover in due time. Those whose stuttering persists after a prolonged period should undergo speech therapy to correct this problem.

There are numerous factors that contribute to child stuttering. The usual suspects are genes (if a parent is a stutterer, the child will likely be one too), gender (boys are more likely to stutter than girls) and stress (a sudden change in a child’s life like the birth of a new baby in the family can cause stuttering). Few people are aware that stuttering can also be triggered by the food they eat. Just as it can be induced by some medications, stuttering can be triggered by the ingredients in food. According to studies, chemicals found in some processed foods may be the reason/s behind the development of child stuttering. These chemicals include:


Commonly used as preservatives, nitrates play a role in delaying the development of children. Since stuttering in two-year-olds is one manifestation of a developmental disorder, processed foods like hotdogs, hams and other cold cuts must be avoided.


Salicylates are found in plant foods and are used in the production of drugs, preservatives, and flavorings. Parents have reported incidents of stuttering in children becoming worse after the consumption of certain fruits or vegetables and other salicylate-containing food.


Sulfites are used as preservatives in many processed foods. According to some parents, stuttering in two-year-olds worsened after the consumption of sulfite-containing foods such as hotdogs and bacon. When sulfites were removed from the diet, stuttering ceased.

Benzoates in medication

Benzoates in medication such as those for cough and asthma have been found to increase stuttering in two-year-olds and other young children. Parents also report that children become sluggish, withdrawn and uncharacteristically silent while taking these medications. Normal behavior and speech return after they stop taking the benzoate-containing medications.

Although many parents report that their children’s stuttering was brought on or aggravated by certain foods or food chemicals such as dairy, wheat, nitrates and salicylates, current medical literature does not confirm this. The effects of the said food components also vary with every individual. Consumption of the chemicals mentioned above may induce stuttering in two-year-olds as well as worsen a child’s behavior as confirmed by some parents. Therefore, to prevent this, it is advised that food or food chemical triggers be eliminated from the child’s diet.

The Job of Tonsils

If you are one of those unfortunate people who had their tonsils yanked out in childhood, it may interest you to know that studies have shown that such an act reduces your overall energy by 5% on average. That’s 5% that you never get back; the best you can do from then on is 95% of top functioning. Sure, some people really did need those pesky little balls of suppurating substance taken out so they could actually breathe, but most people could have had a more natural route of healing.

The tonsils are there for a reason; they are part of the first line of defense in the body. If you check the internet for information about the importance of tonsils, you will usually find they are considered to be fairly unnecessary, like the gallbladder and appendix. This attitude of the conventional medical community is short-sighted at best and criminal at its worst. Rather than taking the time to work with patients to get rid of the cause of tonsillitis, it is easier-and more lucrative-to take the offending organs out.

Most pediatricians will agree that tonsils and adenoids must be removed when they become massively inflamed and full of lymphocytes (pus). This is due to the fact that these organs can become large enough to actually block breathing and swallowing, as well as the concern that left untreated, the tonsils can actually burst, get areas of necrosis, and allow further infections to develop, including cancer. Unfortunately, natural medicine treatments are almost never pursued by conventional physicians, who have developed a method of treating symptoms, rather than causes.

Tonsils and adenoids are composed mainly of lymphoid tissue; this is involved in producing antibodies. Since there are many places in the body with this type of tissue, tonsils and adenoids are thought to be unnecessary. Pediatricians tend to think that the excess of viral infections kids are exposed to these days make the tonsils react too vigorously and thus become ‘dysfunctional’. Perhaps we need look no further than the excessive amount of vaccinations performed upon innocent little bodies to find a cause for such overactive organs.

Another job of tonsils appears to be in the handling of parasites. Since people are more affected by parasites now than in previous decades, it seems having intact tonsils might be a good idea. These little organs considered useless are also the first to jump in and start production of antibodies to whatever has passed by them that is harmful to the body. This lead time gives the immune system the jump-start it needs to get the upper hand in the battle against bacteria, viruses and parasites. True, one can become quite miserable when the tonsils and adenoids are infected, but there are several natural treatments available to lessen the impact. While conventional doctors think tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy have generally positive results, the fact is that adults who still have these organs are actually healthier than the rest of the population. Useless organs? I don’t think so.

©2010 Dr.Valerie Olmsted All Rights Reserved

Sinus Infections – Can Sinus Problems Cause a Sore Throat? Nurse’s Guide

If you’re suffering from a sore throat right now or occasionally find you have a sore throat and not sure what’s causing it, you may be interested in knowing that it could be your sinuses. When most people get sore throats what usually comes to mind as a cause is strep throat, tonsillitis, influenza (the flu) or the common cold among other things. Sinus infections and other sinus problems are seldom thought of.

So how could your sinuses possibly cause a sore throat? When your sinuses normally drain they drain down the back of your throat into your esophagus etc. At times you may have an excessive amount of mucus or sinus drainage or abnormal drainage and if it contains infected material or other irritants you can get a sore throat.

Usually this sore throat is mild and more of an annoyance. But there is a quick way to determine if your sore throat is actually caused by a sinus problem, sinus infection or sinusitis, which is any inflammation of the sinuses.

A warm salt water gargle will help you determine whether it’s your sinuses causing your sore throat or not. If you’ve never tried a salt water gargle before there’s a simple way to do it.

Warm a cup of pure water on the stove until barely tepid, preferably use some bottled water or spring water if you have it. You don’t want it hot, just barely warm. Tap water can be irritating with fluoride and chlorine and other chemicals in it and you may not get it to the proper temperature. Then dissolve about one half measuring teaspoon (it must be a measuring spoon, not a spoon that you use to eat with) of salt in 8 ounces of warm water and gargle with it gently several times.

In the next hour if you notice that your sore throat is easing up then you may just have an irritated throat from the sinus drainage. Now of course there could be other causes of your sore throat too so you want to keep that in mind.

You want to make sure you check with your doctor first to make sure that it’s okay for you to use a salt water gargle.

Of course there are a few natural home treatments that you can do to stop or get rid of a sinus infection or any other type of sinus problems you may have – natural home remedies. Antibiotics are no longer prescribed routinely for sinus infections. Many infections are not caused by bacteria, which antibiotics are meant to be used for. People develop allergies and a resistance to antibiotics also. So get started right away on natural sinus treatments and home sinus busters to get relief and to prevent your infection, sinusitis or other sinus problems from getting worse.

Battling a Runny Nose That Never Stops? There’s a Name for It

It isn’t a common problem; but for those who have to always carry a packet of tissues around because of an endlessly runny nose, it can be a source of serious annoyance. It’s not like they actually have a cold all the time. Why on earth does this happen? One of the most common reasons why, is a condition known as perennial rhinitis. It’s actually quite related to another kind of annoyance that some people put up with, that’s called seasonal rhinitis, which doesn’t last all the time. That one is an allergic problem that is kicked up by pollen or other allergenic substances floating about in the air. People with perennial rhinitis unfortunately, are allergic to things that are around them all year round – stuff like dander, dust or mold.

You could at least conceive of how people could put up with this if a runny nose was all it was. The problem is, a runny nose that comes about for reasons of rhinitis has plenty of other maddening symptoms coming along for the ride as they do for many kinds of allergy – an itch that is on the inside of your throat that you can never get at, or an itch in the eyes and the nose. You can’t stay indoors to protect yourself from whatever causes your allergy because most of the allergens are inside. You can’t go outside, because most of these allergens happen to be present outside, save for moldy air. It’s just an embarrassing and deeply troublesome personal problem.

So what you do to fix a problem like this? Any time you have to deal with an allergy, you know that you’re in for the long haul. You have to go to your allergy expert and get tested to discover what allergen it is that you are sensitive to. It might take you a while (and lots of pinpricks) to identify what exactly causes your allergies. Once you do have the triggers identified, usually, your runny nose problem can be reduced to a good deal of spring cleaning around the house and the installation of HEPA filters. If for instance, you discover that dust mites are what were causing your problem, you’ll be able to narrow your problem down to the carpets, the mattresses and the sofa cushions – the places dust mites love to call home. You’ll probably need to get sofa covers and bedcovers made of very tightly woven fabric. There’s pretty much nothing you can do about the carpeting though other than to get it shampooed. You’ll also need to clean your house inside and out, wiping all surfaces down, and washing everything well, regularly.

If this doesn’t seem to work for you, a runny nose is easily taken care of with a steroidal spray. For a perennial runny nose problem though, a steroidal spray may not entirely be appropriate. Steroids can’t be used for too long without running into some side effects. There have been some developments in this area. Immunotherapy is one of those developments. Your doctor will expose you to small quantities of whatever it is that triggers your runny nose problem. Your body is then able to produce the right kinds this antibodies for it.

With some people, there are a few natural foods and remedies that work. A certain flavonol found in pineapple, apples and onions is known to help. Taking vitamin C supplements can help too. But you can’t just go ahead and diagnose yourself with perennial rhinitis just because you have a runny nose. Sometimes, it could be something that has a more definite cure – it could be a minor tumor in your nasal cavity, or it could be an anatomical problem with your nasal cavity that can be fixed with minor surgery. You’ll rarely need to see your doctor.

What is Muscular Atrophy, and What Causes Denervation and Disuse Atrophy?

What does atrophy mean, and what causes atrophy of a muscle?

The definition of Atrophy, according to Human Anatomy and Physiology (Marieb, 8th Edition) is “reduction in size or wasting away of an organ or cell resulting from disease or lack of use”. Atrophy is also referred to as “muscle wasting”.

Atrophy of a muscle can occur in 2 ways – from disuse or denervation.

Disuse atrophy will occur when a person is unable to use a muscle for any number of reasons. It is very common when a limb has been cast from a break or fracture, or a person has been on bed rest for a extended length of time. Once a person is mobile again, or a cast has been removed, the client should undergo a rehabilitation process designed to challenge and strengthen the involved structures. Assuming that the atrophy was only caused by lack of use, the patient will eventually regain strength and normal size of the muscle.

Denervation atrophy occurs when the nerve supply to a muscle is interrupted and the muscle no longer receives signals or stimulus from the nervous system. This type of atrophy can occur from injury to the central nervous system, as in a spinal cord injury, or in the peripheral nervous system, such as a broken bone which damages surrounding nerve. Damage doesn’t necessarily mean a complete severing of the nerve, in which case nerve tissue is not known to regenerate. Damage will occur in varying degrees of severity, and may be a result of compression (impingement), crushing or partial tearing. If this is the case, with proper care and rehabilitation the injury will heal and muscle strength can be regained.

Why is this important to a Massage Therapist?

Massage therapists are specialists in treating the dysfunctions of the musculoskeletal system, and understanding the anatomy of the involved structures is key to providing a successful treatment. Odds are that you will see quite a few conditions throughout your career that will either cause, or have the potential to cause, muscle atrophy. Conditions such as chronic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome or Carpal Tunnel Syndrome may cause denervation atrophy due to impingement or compression of the ulnar nerve root and median nerve respectively, and can be successfully resolved once the underlying cause of the compression has been addressed.

Atrophied tissue is very fragile, and deep techniques are contraindicated until the condition of the tissue improves. Initially, the primary goal of treatment for atrophied tissue is to increase circulation and to stimulate the nerves – this can be accomplished by gentle dry brushing, followed up by light stimulating techniques such as stroking, effleurage or c-scooping. Great care must be taken if there has been crushing or tearing of the nerve, as any local techniques which apply pressure or traction can disrupt the healing of the injury.

It is highly recommended that you consult with the client’s physician, physiotherapist or chiropractor to verify the cause of atrophy, and that you work under his or her supervision and guidance if the atrophy is caused by denervation.

Glaucoma, Cataracts, Astigmatism and All Other Eye Problems – Let There Be Light

Light, what is it? We say,” Let’s put some light on the subject”. Or, “I see the light”. Is it a state of mind or a state of being? Light has many connotations. Light is spiritual, it is mental and it is needed physically for the health of plants, animals and human beings.

Light Research

John Ott a light researcher found that natural light through the eyes, not through glasses, contacts or sunglasses is vitally important for the health of the mind and body. He has authored two books on the subject, “My Ivory Cellar” and “Health and Light”. Dr. Wm. H. Bates, M.D., ophthalmologist discovered the same thing in the early 1900’s.

Research; The Cause and Cure

Dr. Wm. H. Bates M.D., Ophthalmologist discovered in the early 1900’s the cause and cure of eye problems. He found in his research that stress in the mind interfered with the natural focusing muscles of the eye. He discovered that vision is psycho-somatic. When the mind is tense, the eyes are tense. He discovered that light sensitivity is an indication of the onset of eye problems.

Whether nearsighted, farsighted or if you experience glaucoma, cataracts, astigmatism or any other eye problems you may be able to trace the onset of an eye problem with light sensitivity. Light sensitivity is the first symptom of mental strain and Dr. Bates discovered that mental strain is the cause of eye problems.

Prevention And Cure

This natural method of eye training (physical therapy for the eyes), allows you to release mental strain and tension, regain your ability to handle sunlight and restore your eyesight even if you are already in glasses/contacts or had lazer surgery.

Our Body Is Energy

Normal eyes vibrate at the rate of 60 times per second. Eyes with glaucoma, cataracts, astigmatism, nearsightedness, farsightedness or any other of the numerous eye problems do not experience this natural state of mobility and vibratory rate. The purpose of this natural vision training is to normalize the eyes to their natural state of 60 times per second. We are all made of energy. This energy is blocked through mental strain and tension. Eye-Robics teaches you how to release the mental tension and unblock the energy that is so vital to eye health. You can learn how to accept the sunlight again as you once did and regain healthy eyes.

Causes of Cat Blindness

When a cat goes blind, either slowly or over a short period of time, it is immensely confusing for them and very frightening. Unlike with a human, they can’t understand what is happening and have a sit down talk about how to cope. They have to do it themselves but as their owners, there are things we can do to help. The first and most important is find out the cause of the blindness in case treatment is needed.


Different causes have a different impact on a cat’s vision – some lead to a gradual loss of sight, in which case the cats can often adapt as time goes by. But others cause a rapid loss of sight and this leads to total disorientation and fear in the car.

Optic neuritis is a condition where the optic nerve becomes inflamed and no longer functions properly. This is the nerve responsible for carrying the visual information collected by the eyes to the brain to be interpreted and if it no longer works, neither does the vision. Thankfully, this is a rare condition in cats.

Hypertension or high blood pressure is a major disease in cats and is one of the top causes of acute onset blindness, where the vision is lost totally and quickly. High blood pressure can cause damage to the small blood vessel in the back of the eye that then leads to bleeding or to fluid leaking from them. This has the effect of causing the retina to become detached – this is the layer of light sensitive cells that are found lining the back of the eye and let us see things. If the retina is detached, then it stops working and blindness occurs. High blood pressure can also cause bleeding in the front of the eye, which can be seen from a casual inspection.

Sometimes the problem comes not from the eye but in the brain and some diseases of the brain such as infections, inflammation or tumours can mean that those signals sent from the optic nerve are no longer processed.

Finally, cats can suffer with degeneration of the layer of light sensitive cells at the back of the eye or the retina. When this happens, it tends to be a slow process so cats can often adapt to their reducing vision. Occasionally, however, it can be a sudden onset case that robs them of their sight very quickly.


A trip to the vets is essential if you think your cat is losing its sight so that they can assess what the problem is and what can be done. There are a number of tests that a vet may use to diagnose the problem and help find a course of treatment if there is one. These can include:

– Examination of the eye with an ophthalmoscope

– Blood pressure measurement to see if high blood pressure is the cause or part of the problem. This is done much the same way as with humans by wrapping a special cuff around a leg to monitor the blood flow

– Blood and urine tests may be used to see if there are any underlying medical conditions such as kidney disease.

– Brain scans may be needed if the cause of the problem could be with the brain rather than the eyes.

Treatment will depend on what the cause of the condition is but can often be medication. In some cases, there may be nothing that can be done to cure the problem and the cat will need help to learn to adjust to their new lack of sight.

Caring for a blind cat

Blindness doesn’t mean they have to be euthanized because cats can adapt to a loss of sight. They make use of their other senses including their sense of touch with their whiskers to stop them walking into objects and their smell and hearing are both very acute anyway. It may be more distressing for the owner to see the cat walking into things or stumbling until they adapt to their condition.

During this period, it is important to keep everything in the same place so they can adjust to where things are. Don’t move the furniture around and don’t alter the position of any of their stuff. Try to avoid loud noisy approaches to them as this can frighten them. While blind cats can go outside, it is often best to keep them inside or only allow them out into a small, restricted space for their own safety.

Can I Get Lasik Eye Surgery If I Am Farsighted?

So most people are hearing that lasik surgery is only good for near sighted folks. The truth about lasik surgery is really quite simple. If you are wearing corrective lenses, regardless if you are farsighted or nearsighted there is a great chance you are eligible for lasik eye surgery.

We need to clear something up real quick. Just what is farsightedness? Growing up I wore glasses, thick glasses I might add, and I was always confused as to what the difference is between nearsighted and farsighted. If you think about the names of each of these conditions, it really is quite simple.

Nearsightedness is when you are able to focus on things that are near or close to you. Farsightedness is just the opposite of that; you can focus on things that are farther away from you. Both of these conditions can be fixed with lasik surgery. There only a few cases where a person suffers from farsightedness that lasik eye surgery will not be able to help a person.

Farsightedness is a little more complicated to fix with lasik eye surgery, but with the advancements in technology the lasers are calibrated different for each eye, and each condition. When the cornea flap is opened, the laser simply reshapes the eye to refocus the light directly to the retinal of each eye, and when you sit up from the table you can immediacy start to see and focus on things right in front of you. So the answer to your question, Can I get lasik eye surgery if I am farsighted? Is very simply put as yes, yes you can get lasik eye surgery if you are farsighted. So stop wondering and go get the lasik surgery done, and seeing the world in a whole new way.

How To Fix Screen Resolution Problems

If you have display resolution problems, it’s recommended that you first look to clean out any of the potential issues that may be affecting your system, as well as then ensure the continued protection of the software & hardware that will be involved with this process. The good news is that there are generally a selection of really easy ways to fix the problems you’re facing – meaning that if you want to repair the problems you have, you can follow the steps on this page.

What Causes Screen Resolution Problems?

The screen resolution is basically how Windows controls how large / small the icons & other graphical elements of your system are. Although the resolution of your system is highly important, for the likes of games & other applications, it’s continually causing a large number if problems thanks to the way in which your PC will be either unable to correctly read the hardware settings that it requires to run, as well as any potential software issues inside the Windows system itself.

These are the typical causes of the screen resolution problems on your PC:

  • Windows will have problems with its software / graphics engines
  • Your system will have issues with its graphics drivers

How To Resolve Screen Resolution Issues

The main way to solve these problems is to first ensure that your PC is able to correctly process the screen resolution that you desire. To do this, it’s recommended you first right-click on the desktop of your system, and then select either “Properties” (Windows XP), or “Screen Resolution” (Windows Vista & 7). After you load up the “applet” which controls the screen resolution of your PC, it’s then recommended that you alter the size of the resolution to the highest numbers possible – ensuring that your system is able to show your display in the most direct way possible.

It’s also recommended that you update the graphics driver that powers the display of your PC. The graphics driver of Windows is basically what Windows uses to connect the graphics output from your software to your PC, and is a hugely important part of any Windows system. Unfortunately, this driver will likely become corrupted a lot of the time, and as a result it’s recommended you either re-install it or update it. This can be done by either using a piece of software (such as “Driver Finder”), or by just clicking onto the Device Manager of your PC and then ensuring that your system is able to read all the files it can on there.