Pancreatic Cancer – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Pancreatic cancer is a relatively rare disorder, accounting for about 3 in 100 cases of all cancer in the US. However, the disease, which mainly affects people over 50, is becoming more common in the US as life expectancy increases. Pancreatic cancer occurs almost twice as frequently in men as in women and the disease is slightly more common in African-Americans and Polynesians. People with pancreatic cancer usually have few symptoms until the disorder reaches an advanced stage and often not until it has spread to other parts of the body, typically the lymph nodes in the abdomen and the liver. The disease is nearly always fatal and is the fourth most common cause of death from cancer in the US. Little is known about the causes of pancreatic cancer, but it has been linked with diet, in particular with fatty foods and high alcohol consumption. A higher incidence of the cancer in certain ethnic groups indicates that genetic factors may be involved. The risk of the disease is greater in people who smoke and in those with chronic pancreatitis.

The pancreas is an organ involved in endocrine functions, such as the secretion of insulin and exocrine functions, such as the secretion of insulin and exocrine functions, such as the secretion of enzymes involved in digestion. It is located underneath the stomach and liver and adjacent to the duodenum (the first section of the small intestine).

Causes: The cause of this cancer remains unknown. The most established risk factor for the development of this cancer is cigarette smoking. Other less common risk factors are:

o A high fat diet

o Diabetes

o Chronic pancreatitis, generally related to high alcohol intake

o Workers in contact with organic chemicals

Symptoms: when the cancer originates in the head of the pancreas, which is the closest area to the duodenum, patients suffer from jaundice and generalized itching. If, on the other hand, the tumor originates in the area of the tail of the pancreas, which is furthest from the duodenum, the tumor can grow to larger sizes before causing symptoms. This condition can result in the obstruction of bile excretion leading to the development of

o Jaundice

o Pale-colored stools

o Generalized itching

o Abdominal pain

o Weight loss

o A palpable mass.

Many patients with pancreatic cancer also have symptoms of cancer that has spread to other organs.

Diagnosis: Cancer of the pancreas can be easily seen with computed tomography or ultrasound of the abdomen. The diagnosis needs to be confirmed by obtaining a biopsy.

Complications: Complications arise from the spread (metastasis) of the cancer to other organs or from the physical size of the tumor causing obstruction of the bile duct or other internal structures.

Treatment:

Self Treatment: An overall healthy lifestyle with a well balanced diet is essential to maintain general health during the treatment for pancreatic cancer.

Medical Treatment: Although treatment with chemotherapy has not been very encouraging, promising new chemotherapy agents are always being investigated. Combinations of treatment with chemotherapy and radiation therapy may help control symptoms in some cases of advanced cancer. Surgical Treatment: Removal of the tumor offers the only chance for cure of this type of cancer. Unfortunately, only about 15 percent of patients can have their tumor fully removed. The rest of the patients have cancers that have grown too extensive to remove completely.

Prevention: the only well established risk for the development of pancreatic cancer is cigarette smoking. Smoking cessation should, therefore, result in a decreased chance of development this type of cancer.

How to Satisfy a Man – Sex Tips That’ll Drive Him Wild in the Bedroom

Satisfying a man to his fullest potential is about more than just rubbing or touching. Men deserve to have more fulfilling sexual experiences as well and you want to be able to give your man something along those lines. You want to learn how to satisfy a man and how you can absolutely drive him wild in the bedroom. It is time that you made that happen today.

The most important thing to do when pleasing a man is to use foreplay. Even though men seem like they want to get to the main event right away, if you can use some foreplay on him, you can really make his orgasm much more powerful. The reason is because it builds sexual tension and pressure within his body. This makes him want you and crave you more than he has ever done so in his life. With good foreplay, you can get him very aroused before you start stimulating him and this makes his orgasm very powerful.

When you are actually touching him to satisfy him, don’t be afraid to use a little force on your man. He is designed to be played with in a rough fashion and you should give him that kind of stimulation. Most men would agree that they want women to be rougher with them so don’t be afraid to be rough. Of course, you must find a solid balance to work with and once you do, it will make his head spin and it will give him out of this world pleasure.

Remember that not only do men work with physical stimulation to reach climax, but they use visual stimulation even more. That is why so many men like to look at pictures of women. Visual stimulation is a very crucial part of the male orgasm and you must give him what he needs. Wear some sexy lingerie and don’t be afraid to show your body off. You have sexual confidence and you need to use it to your fullest potential. This will make you a better lover and be able to satisfy him completely and it will also satisfy you as well.

You can please a man and give him pleasure beyond his wildest dreams. Use these tips to help you to make that happen tonight. Guaranteed your man will love it and so will you. Set your sex life on fire and drive your guy wild in the bedroom tonight.

Ayurveda Medicinal Properties of Punarnava Or Boerhavia Diffusa

Boerhavia diffusa or Punarnava belongs to the family Nyctaginaceae. This is also known as spiderlings as this plant grows low and spreads like a spider web. Boerhavia diffusa is identified by the name Punarnava in India. Ayurvedic texts immensely praise the medicinal properties of this plant.

The juice of this plant has varied taste. It tastes sweet, bitter and astringent. Ayurveda acharyas indicate the properties of punarnava as light (laghu), dry (Ruksha) and hot potency (ushna veerya). All parts of plant are used in ayurvedic herbal preparations.

Medicinal properties of Punarnava or Boerhavia diffusa

According to texts of ayurveda this plant alleviates all three doshas.

In Arthritis: It helps to reduce inflammation and pain in joints.

In Indigestion: Punarnava acts as a carminative, increases appetite, digests ama and reduces abdominal pain. It also relieves constipation.

In cough: It helps to reduce productive cough and asthma

Impotence:Seeds of punarnava are used in Vajikarana Preparations. It increases hard erections and quality and quantity of semen. It rejuvenates male reproductive system.

In Skin Diseases: It is very useful in skin diseases like scabies. It is considered as an excellent natural remedy for guinea worms

In Anaemia: Boerhavia diffusa combined with other herbal ingredients help in treating anemia

In Renal diseases: It acts as a diuretic and is used in ayurvedic preparations for renal calculi (kidney stone), Cystis and nephritis.

In liver disorders:Punarnava is widely used to rejuvenate liver and detoxify it. It helps in jaundice o r hepatitis. It is employed in Brazilian herbal medicine to stimulate the emptying of the gallbladder and for all types of liver disorders

In menorrhagia: Boerhavia diffusa is used as an active ingredient in ayurvedic preparations for menorrhagia

Body Rejuvenation: It rejuvenates whole body and gives a new life and health (Hence the name Punarnava (New again)). It strengthens the body and normalizes doshas. This helps to boost the immunity to diseases.

Note: Cardiac patients should use this herb under the supervision of a qualified doctor.

Home Remedies For Nausea – Nausea Treatment

If you have experienced nausea, you know how some home remedies for nausea would have come in handy. Nausea treatment can actually be quite simple if you prepare yourself.

Especially if you suffer from nausea frequently due to your health or maybe you have a system that gets upset easily.

Remember that nausea is a symptom of something else that may be going on in your body. It could be a reaction to an illness that you are unaware of.

I experienced this myself. I could not figure out why I suddenly had nausea all the time. Turns out that when I finally went to the doctor I had pancreatic cancer.

The point is, please see your health care provider if you extreme or frequent nausea and you haven’t in the past.

Some symptoms of nausea could include:

Stomach pain

Dizziness

Sweating

Watery mouth

Some of the causes of nausea are:

Heat stroke or overheating

Dehydration

Car, boat, plane etc. motion – motion sickness

Morning sickness from pregnancy

Stress

Side effects of chemotherapy or radiation treatments

Drugs

Alcohol

Overeating

Food intolerances – dairy, yeast and wheat products, or sugar could be likely culprits

Illnesses – Cancer, gallstones, depression, pancreatitis, depression and others

The way to deal with nausea is to have some home remedies for nausea available to use. Try different ones to see how it works for you.

Try taking 1-2 tablespoons of non-carbonated syrup every 20 to 30 minutes. You can make this with a sugar and water solution or a non-carbonated soft drink

Take a couple of ginger root capsules. These can be found at health stores and online.

You can also make a tea with fresh ginger and drink it at regular intervals.

As you can see, ginger and the products associated with it are great for nausea.

Another thing to try is – vomit! Your body wants to rid itself of whatever is upsetting your stomach. Sometimes that will solve your nausea problem.

Peppermint or chamomile tea might work also.

For pregnant women that have morning sickness, the above home remedies for nausea might help. Here are few more suggestions.

Try 1 tablespoon of apple cider vinegar with 1 tablespoon of honey mixed with cold water and drink before bed.

A few teaspoons of wheat germ mixed with a cup of milk and consumed every hour for a few hours might help.

Or try one-half cup of rice boiled in one cup of water for about 10 minutes and drink the rice water after draining the rice.

Slowly eating saltine crackers has also been known to help.

Some other home remedies for nausea are.

Try taking one half teaspoon of ground cumin seed.

Use pressure points to try an ease the nausea. Place the tip of your right index finger on the underside of your wrist about one-half inch in from your hand. Apply moderate pressure for 2-3 minutes. Pressure points are very small so you may have to try more than once.

Try a cool compress on the back of your neck.

Once you have eased your nausea or to prevent nausea from occurring in the first place there are things you can do in your diet to help prevent nausea.

Eat foods high in fiber and in small amounts. Foods like bananas, rice, apple sauce, toast can help.

Avoid oily and spicy foods, and avoid junk foods.

Eating more fresh fruits and vegetables will also help.

Nausea is no fun. There are not too many other conditions worse than nausea to deal with.

These home remedies for nausea should help but don’t wait until you are feeling nauseous to have something on hand.

For me, ginger in all the different forms discussed earlier works the best.

But to help prevent some of the diseases that may cause nausea supplement your diet with mangosteen juice!

Can Papaya Remedy Heartburn?

Once you understand the causes of heartburn you can then begin to remedy heartburn. You will discover that there are many natural food remedies you can try. Your choice of natural food medicine, whether it is a fruit or herb, depends on your preference, your health, and how well the substance works for treating your symptoms.

While there are many food remedies for heartburn, one fruit in particular that has been seen to be effective is papaya. Papaya fruit comes from the tropical tree Carica papaya. It has been used orally and topically for many years to treat a variety of health ailments such as fungal infections, skin sores, cholesterol, and toothaches. However, despite its anti-inflammatory action, papaya is most widely recognized for the benefits it provides the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.

Papaya encourages digestion, eases indigestion and constipation, can remove parasites from the intestines, and remedy heartburn.

How exactly does papaya alleviate heartburn? The answer is Papain. Papain is a digestive enzyme that exists within papaya. Papain aids digestion and soothes the stomach. It dissolves protein and reduces fats and carbohydrates, promoting a healthy acidic enzyme environment. Papain is also called vegetable pepsin on occasion, because papain is very similar to pepsin which is created by the stomach to digest food.

How can you take papaya for heartburn? Here are some ways you can use papaya to achieve heartburn relief:

– Eat ripe, raw fresh papaya fruit with your meal

– Eat ripe, raw fresh papaya for dessert

– Add papaya to your salad

– Drink papaya juice

– Make papaya part of a marinade

– Eat ripe, raw fresh papaya fruit with honey to treat an attack of heartburn. You can also eat this sweet snack before meals and between meals as heartburn prevention.

– Eat dried papaya after meals (Note: dried papaya should only be eaten in moderation because the concentrated sugar in dried papaya can cancel out the heartburn relief the enzyme papain provides)

– Take papaya tablets or papaya seed extract to remedy heartburn symptoms. You can also take these products before you eat your meals to prevent heartburn from occurring.

Where can I obtain papaya? You can obtain papaya fruit in your local fruit market. You can find papaya tablets and papaya seed extract in health stores.

What are the side effects of papaya? Eating raw, unripe papaya fruit can negatively affect the mouth, esophagus, stomach or intestines by causing inflammation, irritation, pain or sores to occur in these areas. Therefore, papaya should only be ingested when it is ripe.

How can you tell if a papaya is ripe? A ripe papaya fruit has a creamy golden yellow appearance on the outside. The flesh of the fruit is a deep orange-yellow and has many black shiny seeds bunched together in its centre. Ripe papaya fruit tastes juicy and sweet.

You should also be aware that papaya may not be the best heartburn remedy if you suffer from an ulcer, as existing sores can become more inflamed.

Who should avoid taking papaya? Papain may decrease the blood’s ability to clot and might interact with anti-blood clotting medications such as anticoagulants, and antiplatelets. Aspirin can also slow blood clotting, as can the following herbs: danshen, ginger (in excessive amounts), devil’s claw, red clover, saw palmetto, horse chestnut, garlic, and eleuthero. Thus, papaya should not be taken orally with any of the above medications or herbs.

Individuals who are allergic to latex should not use papaya as the fruit contains this substance.

If you are pregnant please consult your health professional before using papaya as a natural heartburn remedy.

Finally, make sure you consult your health care provider before choosing to remedy heartburn with papaya.

Acid Reflux Alternative Treatments – The Most Effective Remedies For GERD

There are over 30 acid reflux alternative treatments that you could find by Googling acid reflux right now! But what ones are the most effective and which ones can you try at the comfort of your own home. With heartburn statistics at an all time high, acid reflux natural health has become the fastest growing treatments for reflux.

But what alternative treatment will you choose from. As a natural health company with over 22 years of combined expertise, we have done the research and what we found will alarm you!

Antacids- Friend of Foe?

Antacids have probably been your friend for the past few years or more! They do what they’re intended to do… get rid of heartburn. But if you look closely you will notice that antacids also have a warning that says ‘do not take for more than 2 weeks’. Though in fine print, you should make sure you are not taking antacids excessively.

Antacids work under the premise that they neutralize stomach acid where it will no longer agitate the esophagus. However, antacids can also lead to worse problems like severe kidney damage if taking for more than 2 weeks continuously.

You should also know that antacids contain calcium or sodium bicarbonate that may cause side effects, such as dizziness, nausea, and vomiting. This primarily happens for people who consume large amounts of calcium. But in some cases, this can lead to permanent kidney damage caused by kidney stones. If you are unaware, kidney stones are primarily composed of calcium.

Now I ask you, “Are antacids a friend or a foe?”

Why You Should Try Acid Reflux Alternative Treatments?

If you suffer from acid reflux only a couple times a week I would recommend antacids. However, if you are finding that your heartburn problem is only getting worse and you are popping antacids like they are chewing mints… it is time you try an acid reflux alternative treatment.

The reason why is that the most effective remedies for Gastro esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) are the ones that work to heal and restore the esophagus and lower esophageal sphincter (LES). The esophagus is the tube that carries food to your stomach. The sphincter is the muscle flap that closes and opens to let food into the stomach.

If you are continuously suffering from GERD, your esophagus and sphincter have been damaged by your stomach acid and will only get worse until you choose to treat them. The good news is that you do not need surgery and you do not need medication.

All you need to do is watch your diet and allow your esophagus and sphincter to heal with simple remedies. In summary, natural health will cure your problem and antacids will cure the symptoms.

Curing Your Esophagus and Sphincter

Fully restoring your esophagus and sphincter can take time but image never having to deal with acid reflux again! I am sure you will feel that it is worth it. Here is a short list on how to begin your treatment.

1. Only eat soft foods for 2 days. This will allow your esophagus to heal from the scratches made from hard or crunchy foods and the stomach acid.

2. Avoid spicy and acidic foods for 2 days. Typically acidic and spicy foods have been shown to cause GERD. We recommend not eating these foods for the first two days to allow the esophagus and sphincter to heal.

3. Lifestyle Changes- You should stop smoking and limit caffeine consumption during the first few days of your treatment. Both of these contribute to your reflux problem.

4. Water – You should drink water after every meal. Drinking water will keep your sphincter clean and allow your stomach to have a good seal. With a good seal, no stomach acid will be refluxed.

5. Honey – Ancient Egyptians knew the power of honey and recent research is showing that they were right. Honey has been shown to heal and restore damaged tissue. Use 1 – 2 teaspoons of raw, liquid honey when symptoms begin.

6. Try Proven Remedies – There are at least 10 more remedies that you can try for reflux. By experimenting with each of them, you will discover which remedy works for your GERD problem. Our Acid Reflux Remedy Report goes in detail about each remedy.

Curing Reflux for Good!

By fully curing your esophagus and sphincter, you will cure your acid reflux permanently. For a 100% guarantee, step by step acid reflux alternative treatments, please visit our Reflux website today! We have helped thousands of sufferers with our researched remedies and would love to help you!

Finally, if you check out our website now, you will find our company’s natural health doctor discuss one simple remedy that has worked for many of his patients.

What Is Acute Congestive Heart Failure?

Acute congestive heart failure is the term given on the rapid onset of weakening heart function that affects oxygenated blood distribution in the body. Hence, the body tends to get lesser amount of oxygen than what it needs. There are a number of reasons why this occurs in the body like cardiac muscle weakening or stiffness.

Heart problems are also the cause why cardiac muscle weakening occurs in a person. These heart conditions are infections and heart attacks. Once these occur in the body, it would affect the proper functioning of the ventricles in pumping the blood because of weakness termed as systolic dysfunction. Systole is the term given to the contraction or movement of the ventricular muscle that assists blood flow throughout the body.

Diastole on the other hand is when the ventricular muscles relax in order to be filled with blood coming from the atria. However, this function is damaged once some diseases occur in the body but causing it not to relax and be filled with the right amount of blood. Hence, it is also causes the body not to receive the adequate amount of oxygenated blood it needs.

The symptoms of acute congestive heart failure may occur in a numerous part of the body. Since there is not enough amount of oxygen delivered in the body, it affects the kidney functions like normal salt and water excretion. This results to the body retaining more water and causes edema. Edema occurs on the ankle and feet part as well as on the lungs in cases of pulmonary edema. Aside from these parts, even the liver is affected by edema and prevents it from functioning properly. This causes the body to retain the toxins instead of the liver getting rid of it. Other symptoms include the chest pain and breathing problems.

Upon seeing these symptoms in your body, make sure to contact your physician for evaluation and possible workup. In this way, you will know whether you have this problem and get it treated immediately.

Protect Your Hernia Surgery With a Man Girdle

Some who have had problems with a hernia may need to have an operation to repair the damaged area. Any muscle group that is cut into will need more support as they will never be the same again. You can protect the hernia surgery area by wearing a girdle for men.

When the muscles in the abdomen are ripped, a hernia is developed. This creates a permanent gap where a bulge occurs. Some are in the internal muscles so they do not have the same bulge but are just as painful. If the hernia is internal, surgery is required to repair it so that the organs are not affected.

This is probably one of the most painful injuries that there are. After surgery, the muscles will not be as strong nor will they ever be the same again. There is no working out when these muscles have been affected.

Those who have had this procedure will risk re-injury if they continue to work out these areas as if there were no hernia. Working out the muscles in the abdomen that were not affected can still make the area where the surgery was done even weaker than it was before. There will be more issues in the surgical area.

If weight is gained, there will be some loose areas that will hang down. People can become injured again when this happens. Wearing a girdle will protect this area from becoming damaged or another hernia from occurring. This is vital for the health of the hernia sufferer who wants to stay healthy.

A girdle for men will help them to recover from hernia surgery. This is a recommendation from many physicians for their patients who have had this type of injury. In the past, males had to wear female support garments which they do not have to do because of the man girdle.

Pulmonary Edema

Pulmonary edema is the accumulation of excess fluid in the extravascular space of the lungs. This accumulation might occur slowly, as in a affected individual with occult renal failure, or with dramatic suddenness, as in a patient with left ventricular failure after an acute myocardial infarction. Pulmonary edema most commonly presents with dyspnea.

Dyspnea is breathing perceived by a affected individual as both uncomfortable or anxiety-provoking and disproportionate towards the degree of activity. The affected individual at first notices dyspnea only with exertion but may progress to experience dyspnea at rest. In severe cases, pulmonary edema may be accompanied by edema fluid in the sputum and can trigger acute respiratory failure.

Etiology:
Pulmonary edema is a common problem associated with a variety of medical problems. In light of these multiple brings about, it’s helpful to think about pulmonary edema in terms of underlying physiologic principles.

Pathophysiology:
All blood vessels leak. In the adult human, leakage from the pulmonary circulation represents lower than 0.01% of pulmonary blood flow, or even a baseline filtration of around 15 mL/h. Two thirds of this flow occurs across the pulmonary capillary endothelium into the pericapillary interstitial room.

This really is 1 of two extravascular spaces in the lung-the interstitial room and also the airspaces-that contain the alveoli and connecting airways. These two spaces are protected by different barriers. The pulmonary capillary endothelium limits extravasation to the interstitial space whilst the alveolar epithelium lines the airspaces and protects them towards the free motion of fluid.

Edema fluid doesn’t readily key in the alveolar space simply because the alveolar epithelium is nearly impermeable towards the passage of protein. This protein barrier creates a powerful osmotic gradient that favors accumulation of fluid within the interstitium. The amount of fluid that crosses the pulmonary capillary endothelium is determined by the area area from the capillary bed, the permeability of the vessel wall, and the net pressure driving it throughout that wall (transmural or driving stress).

The transmural pressure represents the balance in between websites hydrostatic forces that often move fluid out of the capillary and also the net colloid osmotic forces that often maintain it in. The Starling equation Jv ≈ ([Pc – Pi] – [ c – i]) illustrates this relationship mathematically, where Jv may be the net fluid motion in or out of the lungs, Pc is the capillary hydrostatic pressure, Pi is the interstitial hydrostatic stress, is the reflection coefficient, and c and i are the capillary and interstitial hydrostatic pressures.

An imbalance in 1 or a lot more of these four factors-capillary endothelial permeability, alveolar epithelial permeability, hydrostatic pressure, and colloid osmotic pressure-lies behind almost all clinical presentations of pulmonary edema. In the shorthand of clinical practice, these four elements are grouped into two types of pulmonary edema: cardiogenic, referring to edema resulting from a net increase in transmural stress (hydrostatic or osmotic); and noncardiogenic, referring to edema resulting from increased permeability.

The former is largely a mechanical procedure, the latter largely an inflammatory one. Nevertheless, these two types of pulmonary edema are not exclusive but closely linked: Pulmonary edema happens when the transmural stress is excessive for a given capillary permeability. For instance, within the presence of damaged capillary endothelium, small increases in otherwise normal transmural pressure might cause big raises in edema formation.

Similarly, when the alveolar epithelial barrier is broken, even the baseline filtration throughout an intact endothelium might trigger alveolar flooding. A number of mechanisms aid in the clearance of ultrafiltrate and guard against its accumulation as pulmonary edema. Although you will find no lymphatics in the alveolar septa, you will find “juxta-alveolar” lymphatics within the pericapillary space that normally clear all of the ultrafiltrate.

The pericapillary interstitium is contiguous using the perivascular and peribronchial interstitium. The interstitial pressure there’s negative relative to the pericapillary interstitium, so edema fluid tracks centrally, away in the airspaces. In impact, the perivascular and peribronchiolar interstitium acts as a sump for edema fluid. It can accommodate approximately 500 mL with only a little rise in interstitial hydrostatic pressure.

Simply because this edema fluid is protein depleted relative to blood, there is an osmotic balance that favors resorption in the interstitium into the bloodstream. This is the main source of resorption of fluid from these collection locations. The perivascular and peribronchiolar interstitium is also contiguous using the interlobular septa and also the visceral pleura. In the event of pulmonary edema, there’s increased interstitial flow to the pleural space exactly where parietal pleural lymphatics are very effective at clearance.

Pleural effusions observed in patients with elevated pulmonary venous stress represent another reservoir for edema fluid, 1 that may compromise respiratory purpose lower than would having the same fluid in the lung parenchyma. Finally, there’s evidence that edema fluid might track along the interstitium into the mediastinum exactly where it’s taken up by lymphatics.

At some undefined critical degree after the perivascular and peribronchiolar interstitium have been filled, increased interstitial hydrostatic stress causes edema fluid to key in the alveolar room. The pathway into the alveolar room remains unknown. Within the case of cardiogenic pulmonary edema, elevated transmural pressure might outcome from elevated pulmonary venous pressure (causing increased capillary hydrostatic pressure), elevated alveolar area tension (thereby lowering interstitial hydrostatic pressure), or decreased capillary colloid osmotic pressure.

When the rate of ultrafiltration rises beyond the capacity from the pericapillary lymphatics to get rid of it, interstitial fluid accumulates. When the rate of formation continues to exceed lymphatic clearance, alveolar flooding results. Simply because it is an ultrafiltrate of plasma, the edema fluid of cardiogenic pulmonary edema initially has a low protein content, usually less than 60% of the patient’s plasma protein content.

Noncardiogenic (increased permeability) pulmonary edema is occasionally referred to clinically as acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Alveolar fluid accumulates as a result of loss of integrity from the alveolar epithelium, permitting solutes and large molecules this kind of as albumin to key in the alveolar space.

These alterations may outcome from direct damage to the alveolar epithelium by inhaled poisons or pulmonary infection, or they may occur after primary injury to the capillary endothelium by circulating poisons as in sepsis or pancreatitis. This really is in contrast to cardiogenic pulmonary edema, in which both the alveolar epithelium and the capillary endothelium are generally intact. Owing towards the disrupted epithelial barrier, edema fluid in elevated permeability edema includes a high protein content, usually a lot more than 70% of the plasma protein content.

The list of possible causes of injury is broad and is associated with a diverse group of clinical entities. So many various difficulties are grouped together in this syndrome because they share injury to the alveolar epithelium and damage to pulmonary surfactant, which outcomes in characteristic alterations in pulmonary mechanics and function.

With inhalation damage, this kind of as that created by mustard gas throughout Globe War I, there is direct chemical injury to the alveolar epithelium that disrupts this normally tight cellular barrier. The presence of high-protein fluid in the alveolus, especially the presence of fibrinogen and fibrin degradation items, inactivates pulmonary surfactant, causing big raises in area tension.

This outcomes inside a fall in pulmonary compliance and alveolar instability, primary to locations of atelectasis. Elevated surface tension decreases the interstitial hydrostatic stress and favors further fluid movement to the alveolus. A damaged surfactant monolayer may improve susceptibility to infection as well. Circulating elements might act directly on the capillary endothelium or might have an effect on it via various immunologic mediators.

A common instance is gram-negative bacteremia. Bacterial endotoxin does not trigger endothelial harm directly; it causes neutrophils and macrophages to adhere to endothelial surfaces and discharge a range of inflammatory mediators such as leukotrienes, thromboxanes, and prostaglandins too as oxygen radicals that trigger oxidant damage.

Both macrophages and neutrophils may discharge proteolytic enzymes that cause further harm. Alveolar macrophages may also be stimulated. Vasoactive substances might cause intense pulmonary vasoconstriction, primary to capillary failure. The pathology of increased permeability pulmonary edema reflects these changes. The lungs appear grossly edematous and heavy.

The area appears violaceous, and hemorrhagic fluid exudes in the cut pleural area. Microscopically, there is cellular infiltration of the interalveolar septa and the interstitium by inflammatory cells and erythrocytes. Kind I pneumocytes are broken, leaving a denuded alveolar barrier. Hyaline membranes form in the absence of alveolar epithelium.

These are sheets of pink proteinaceous material composed of plasma proteins, fibrin, and coagulated cellular debris. Fibrosis happens in some instances. Nevertheless, complete recovery with regeneration in the kind II pneumocytes of the alveolar epithelium might also occur.

Epilepsy – Living With Intractable Refractory Diagnosis and What That Means

Intractable Refractory Epilepsy (IRE) is a diagnosis, made only after all available treatments have been tried and all have failed — the person continues to suffer from seizure activity. The amount and frequency of seizures will differ from one person to another.

In any case though, life is drastically different for people with this diagnosis than the average person realizes. While it is hard to wrap one’s mind around the effects of intractable refractory epilepsy, it is even more difficult to comprehend the full impact this diagnosis has on daily life.  

The person with intractable refractory epilepsy will never:  

  • Be able to drive a motor vehicle. Most states require a person be seizure free a minimum of six month. This is verified by written report from the person’s doctor for obvious reasons. Motorcycles are strictly off limits. Even a go-cart can be deadly for someone with IRE.  
  • Be able to seek or maintain gainful employment in most industries that require – the operation of any machinery, sharp utensils, handling of glass, hot liquids, precision of touch, abstract thinking, climbing. Or involve strong odors, flashing lights, sharp or sudden noise, extreme temperatures, the list seems to be endless. Even specially jobs developed and aimed towards the handicapped will most often preclude any opportunities for those with a diagnosis of this type epilepsy.  

Imagine never being able to take a bath, unless someone is right next to you. Nor can you take a shower in privacy. Never going on a walk, unless accompanied by a companion. Even visiting amusement parks can be a seizure trigger. No rides that have sudden movements or move too fast, too high, too loud or flashing lights. Snow or water skiing are big no-nos without having someone in tandem. Riding a bike is even dangerous for people with intractable refractory epilepsy.  

Cooking is dangerous for obvious and not so obvious reasons: danger of hot oils or food, heat and fires, blenders and mixers, knives, glassware and more. Whether dropping these items, falling upon these items, or flinging these items during a seizure; all possess the potential for deadly consequences – or at the least, disfiguring and maiming consequences.  

Even in the privacy of their own rooms, there is no privacy. Someone is either watching or at the least, listening at all times. Sporting events, watching movies, even walking can be a life threatening danger for people with this diagnosis.  

For women diagnosed with this condition, the possibility or potential for giving birth is next to none. Many are on volatile medications, some of which cause birth defects. Even removing or barring those risks, there remains high risk and low probability for carrying to full term due to hormonal fluctuations. Changes in hormone levels often trigger seizure onslaughts.  

Sexual relationships are even a ‘stretch of the imagination’ for women and men with this diagnosis. Stimulation and arousal, changes in blood pressure and endorphins which trigger emotional reactions cause chemical changes in the body, thus causing changes in brain activity. All of which can trigger seizure activity.  

Imagine for a moment … being dependent on another person for almost every need you might have. While they are not alone in their circumstances, their special needs tend to be overlooked and under funded. Accommodations must be made for the immobile person which requires wheelchairs, walkers and so forth. But, for these individuals, the gaps and gaping cracks in services, considerations, awareness and legal recourse are the equivalent of trying to cross oceans without a boat or so much as a life preserver.  

To fully grasp the reality of this diagnosis is impossible for anyone who has not dealt with it personally. But, to get a better idea of what these people face I suggest the following:  

Spend just one day trying to function under the shadow of a companion. Whether it’s your morning shower or simply eating breakfast. What about getting out of the house and going somewhere? Did you remember to carry your medical information with you? How about some extra clothes? And odor sealing bag for soiled clothes, if necessary. Yes, this is also a reality for people with this diagnosis.  

Now, imagine again – you are in the store shopping one moment, then the next thing you know, you are lying on the floor [most likely with soiled clothes] and people are standing over you. You hear them speaking, but the words make no sense. You try to speak back, but only garbled syllables come out of your mouth. At first, you are trying to figure out where you are or what you were doing. Slowly it dawns on you what must have just happened – you had a seizure. If this isn’t distressing enough, you must now make your way to the public restroom and clean yourself up. Aware of all the onlookers and ‘calls’ for ‘cleanup’ might also be heard over the PA system. Making a quiet or discrete exit is impossible.

People with IRE won’t even have the benefit of leaving under the cover of medical assistance [ambulance]. You see, with this diagnosis, more often than not, it is up to the caregiver accompanying them to attend their medical needs. Calling an ambulance every time they have a seizure is not only impractical, but is most often not considered a ‘covered’ medical emergency.

Unlike all other seizure disorders, regular seizures are anticipated and considered ‘normal’ for the person with this diagnosis.  Although there are trials going on that hold some promise, the person with IRE can only live each day to the utmost until a cure is found.

I hope this glimmer of insight has given you some idea of what a person with intractable refractory epilepsy deals with on a day to day basis, and over their life times.

Copyright 2009

What is Sulforaphane and Why Are Nutritionists Recommending Its Consumption?

Diabetes, heart-attack, apoplexy and so many other horrible diseases are killing people every day. Partly we can blame our genes. However, it is our lifestyle and the nutrition we provide our body that need to be blamed as well. Now, we can save ourselves from such dreadful diseases. Even if we cannot fully eliminate them, we can at least reduce their effect on our life or delay their occurrence.

The light comes from the antioxidant sulforaphane. After long and extensive researches conducted, British scientists have found that sulforaphane increases the production of special enzymes in our body that protect our blood vessels by reducing the number of molecules which harm the cells.

Sulforaphane has a greatest effect on diabetes patients, since the possibility that they suffer from a heart disease, get a heart attack or apoplexy is 5 times greater than for all other groups of people. The reason for that is related to the fact that diabetes usually causes great damage on the blood vessels and blood clotting function gets disabled in our body if we have diabetes.

A team of specialists from the British University of Warwick, led by Professor Paul Thornalley, has analyzed the influence of the antioxidant sulforaphane on cells from blood vessels, damaged by a high level of glucose (Hyperglycemia), related to diabetes. The consumption of broccoli, the vegetables that is richest in sulforaphane amount, has reduced the number of harmful molecules with 73% success rate. The hyperglycemia increases the number of these molecules 3 times and they damage the cells.

That is exactly why nutritionists recommend sulforaphane consumption. Sulforaphane activates also the protein nrf2, which protects the cells by accelerating the work of protective antioxidants and enzymes that destroy the toxins in our organism.

Here are some details for sportsmen. Most muscle damages that appear after an intensive training are due to free radicals. Their accumulation could lead to serious diseases, related to middle age. That is a good reason for consuming the proper type and quantity of antioxidants, since they will protect your muscle tissue after a hard training.

One of the best choices is the antioxidant that contains sulphur; sulforaphane. Many vegetables contain sulforaphane:; broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, brussels sprout, etc. When you chew them up, a special enzyme gets liberated and it stimulates the transformation of glucoraphanin into its active form; sulforaphane. While vitamins A and C have a direct effect, sulforaphane stimulates the body to produce its own antioxidant enzymes that fight with the free radicals. Moreover, sulforaphane kills the cancer cells and holds up their division, and activates a specific enzyme that purifies liver by neutralizing carcinogens.

Many fruits and vegetables contain sulforaphane. That is why people who eat cruciferous vegetables suffer more rarely from cancer. We cannot claim that sulforaphane is the only reason for that, since there are many other factors that contribute. Also, you need to be aware that although sulforaphane is very healthy, it is not a cure for cancer (if you already have cancer).

May be it is high time we started taking care of our health, prior to having health problems. A body that looks good from the inside, looks good from the outside too. So instead of getting some fast-food for today`s lunch at work, just buy some nice vegetables and start loving your body!

Stroke (Paralysis) – Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

Stroke is a medical emergency which results when the blood supply to a part of the brain is cut off or greatly reduced. An ischemic stroke is the most common type of stroke, occurring about 80 – 85 % of the time, and is due to a blood vessel in the brain getting blocked because of cholesterol deposits called atherosclerosis, or because of blood clots called emboli. A hemorrhagic stroke, resulting from a ruptured blood vessel in the brain, while not so commonly seen, is definitely more serious.

Depending upon what part of the brain and how much of the brain tissue is affected, stroke can cause symptoms like weakness or paralysis of the limbs, paralysis of the muscles of the face, difficulty in speaking, coordination problems, dizziness, vision problems, sudden headache, and loss of consciousness. This can result in monoplegia (paralysis of one limb), hemiplegia (paralysis of upper and lower limb in one side of the body), and paraplegia (paralysis of lower limbs).

Stroke is known in Ayurveda as “Pakshaghaat”. Ayurveda has mentioned facial paralysis as a separate disease entity called “Ardita”. Acute stroke is a full-fledged medical emergency where immediate hospitalization and specialized medical care of the patient can be life saving and can minimize permanent disability. After a patient is discharged from hospital, it is imperative to start Ayurvedic treatment at the earliest possible, to get maximum benefit.

The ancient Ayurvedic texts mention mild purgation as a special form of treatment for stroke. This treatment modality is, surprisingly, not recommended in Ayurveda for any other neurological condition resulting from a disturbed “Vata” dosha. It is believed that this treatment helps to reverse the pathology in stroke, by normalizing the “Prana Vayu” (which regulates the functions of the brain) and bringing about normal functioning of the blood vessels, muscles and tendons. Castor oil, and Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), treated with castor oil, are recommended for this purpose.

Massage of the entire body using medicated oils, followed by steam fomentation, is considered an important part of the treatment for stroke. Bala (Sida cordifolia) oil and Narayan (Asparagus racemosus) oil are commonly used for massage, while a decoction of Nirgundi( Vitex negundo), Dashmool (Ten roots), or Erandmool (Root of Ricinus communis) is used for medicated steam fomentation.

“Basti” or medicated enema is also a unique part of Ayurvedic treatment for stroke. Both the “Niruh” and “Anuvaasan” types of enemas are used in an alternating fashion. Dashmool decoction is usually recommended for Niruh Basti, and Til oil (Oil of Sesame) is recommended for Anuvaasan Basti.

Medicated nasal drops are used to stimulate and bring about early recovery of the special sense organs. This therapy is known as “Nasya”. Anu Tel (oil), Shadbindu Tel, Panchendriya Vardhan Tel and medicated ghee are used for this purpose.

Traditional Ayurvedic formulations used in the treatment of stroke are: Yograj Guggulu, Mahayograj Guggulu, Vata Vidhvansa Ras, Tapyadi Loha, Sameerpannag Ras, Vata Gajankusha Ras, Ekangveer Ras and Bruhat Vata Chintamani. Herbal medicines useful in this condition are: Sarpagandha (Rauwolfia serpentina), Rasna (Pluchea lanceolata), Dashmool, Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), Bala, Maash (Phaseolus mungo) and Nirgundi.

Results with treatment depend upon the amount of permanent damage resulting from stroke, the time of commencement of treatment, the presence of other complications like high blood pressure and diabetes, and the overall physical and mental conditioning of the patient.

Schizophrenia – Information on Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia, from the Greek roots schizein (“to split”) and phren- (“mind”), is a psychiatric diagnosis that describes a mental illness characterized by impairments in the perception or expression of reality, most commonly manifesting as auditory hallucinations, paranoid or bizarre delusions or disorganized speech and thinking in the context of significant social or occupational dysfunction. Onset of symptoms typically occurs in young adulthood.

Schizophrenia is a chronic, disabling mental illness that may be caused by abnormal amounts of certain chemicals in the brain. These chemicals are called neurotransmitters. Neurotransmitters control our thought processes and emotions. Schizophrenia is a group of serious brain disorders in which reality is interpreted abnormally. Schizophrenia results in hallucinations, delusions, and disordered thinking and behavior. People with schizophrenia withdraw from the people and activities in the world around them, retreating into an inner world marked by psychosis.

Schizophrenia is usually diagnosed in people aged 17-35 years. The illness appears earlier in men (in the late teens or early twenties) than in women (who are affected in the twenties to early thirties). Many of them are disabled. They may not be able to hold down jobs or even perform tasks as simple as conversations. Some may be so incapacitated that they are unable to do activities most people take for granted, such as showering or preparing a meal. Many are homeless. Some recover enough to live a life relatively free from assistance.

Environmental factors are merely speculative and may include complications during pregnancy and birth. For instance, some studies have shown that offspring of women whose sixth or seventh month of pregnancy occurs during a flu epidemic are at increased risk for developing schizophrenia although other studies have refuted this. During the first trimester of pregnancy, maternal starvation or viral infection may lead to increased risk for schizophrenia development in the offspring. It has even been conjectured that babies born in the winter season are at higher risk for developing this mental illness in their early adulthood.

Genetic factors appear to play a role, as people who have family members with schizophrenia may be more likely to get the disease themselves. Some researchers believe that events in a person’s environment may trigger schizophrenia. For example, problems during intrauterine development (infection) and birth may increase the risk for developing schizophrenia later in life.

People with schizophrenia describe strange or unrealistic thoughts. In many instances, their speech is hard to follow due to disordered thinking. Common forms of thought disorder include circumstantiality (talking in circles around the issue), looseness of associations (moving from one topic to the next without any logical connection between them), and tangentiality (moving from one topic to another where the logical connection is visible, but not relevant to the issue at hand).

Schizophrenia is a severe, lifelong brain disorder. People who have it may hear voices, see things that aren’t there or believe that others are reading or controlling their minds. In men, symptoms usually start in the late teens and early 20s. They include hallucinations, or seeing things, and delusions such as hearing voices.

Schizophrenia can be treated with medication in the form of tablets or long-acting injections. Social support for the individual and support for carers is important. Counselling may be offered to the person with schizophrenia and their family. Brain scanning, especially MRI scanning, has provided a far greater understanding of the condition and led to the development of antipsychotic medication and therapies.

Mental Illness – Mental Illness and Addiction, Are They the Same?

While Mental Health Care has changed drastically since the 1970’s, it is to the Mental Health Care Recipients advantage for more in-depth drastic changes to happen.

In the 70’s, isolation rooms, and strait jackets were still very much used. As a matter of fact, a good shot of Thorazine was common practice. You might ask, just exactly what is Thorazine? In the Mental Health Field, or in medical terminology, it is a anti-psychotic medication. One that is used to calm the mental health patient. Or, if you are a family member of someone who suffers from a mental illness, you would simply say, “it would tranquilize an elephant”.

Mental Illness Similar to Addiction

Mental illness is just as devastating to a family as an addiction is. The difference between the two is, Mental Illness is not as easy to explain in some families as an addiction to drugs or alcohol would be. Society accepts the drunken behavior of an alcoholic far easier than it does the characteristics of the mentally ill. After all, it is easier to say, they have had one too many to drink vs. oh, they are in the middle of a conversation with Charles Bronson. Both however, immensely impact a family, and both share similar characteristics where treatment is concerned.

Crisis Care

Crisis care is used to treat both patients with mental illness and addicts. However, both should not be treated the same. Addicts have the luxury of counselors who themselves are recovering addicts. Twelve Step Programs are just one example of this. While mental health patients have the luxury of physicians and counselors who have studied psychology. Both addicts and people with mental illness however are, turned back to the street after their brief Crisis Care stay.

Difference Between Addiction and Mental Illness

Addiction starts with a choice. The addicts chose to take that first drink, or take that first drug of choice. The problems that come with that choice basically falls back on them as being self inflicted. On the other hand, the mentally ill are born with or have had a significant factor contribute to their disease. It is not a choice that they made.

Therefore, to treat a mental illness in the same manner as an addiction is simply ridiculous.

Migraine Headache in Eyes

Migraine headache in eyes is a migraine type which has some of the common symptoms of the typical migraine headache in addition to the head vertigo. It is resulted from the changes in the area of the inner ear. This ear is responsible for the balance of your body. Walk and stand ability is changed when this vertigo occurred.

Typical migraine form is a headache that happened on only one side of your head, and it is a painful headache. Visual disturbances (which is also named “eye headache aura”) can be happened before the stage of the headache pain in the normal typical headache and other forms of the migraine such as ocular and intractable migraine.

Headache in eyes has other names such as: silent, eye, painless, visual, vestibular and ocular migraine.

When the sufferers of the eye headache feel the visual symptoms which the headache pain is accompanied with the migraine vertigo, and they suffer from imbalance feeling. It may cause vomiting and nausea. Operating machinery, driving a car and other tasks cannot be performed during this eye headache.

Genetic factors play an important role in causing the eye migraine vertigo. There is no change in the brain stem on the CT scan or MRI test – magnetic resonance imaging which leads the health care to think the nature of the reasons is physical. You may suffer from dizziness, which resulted from the hyper excitability in the brain.

Many eye migraines can be misdiagnosed as the vertigo is not associated with the eye migraine in all time. Misdiagnosis of the eye migraine is presented in older patients.

The most common symptoms of this eye migraine headache are seeing:

1- Ears rings

2- Flashes

3- spots.